Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 29, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 29, 1848 Page 1
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TH I NO. 5322. 1 K.iiAtmla TtArald. I We lb all publish another CALiroawi* Herald in a taw iiji. It wilt contain all the additional intelligence that nay arrive from the Gold Region, and be illustrated with a splendid map of the Bay of San Franniseo, with all the soundings anl inlands oarefully delineated. HERALD ALMANAC. Wo intend to publish a Herald Almanac for 1849. It will contain, among other valuable matter, the detail* of the Presidential Elections of 1844 and 1848, and a complete Chronologioal Table of the important and startling events of the year just closing. gneh an Almanac has been much needed. Those now pnbllrbod are not oomplete enough, nor strictly accurate. We therefore intend to publish one that wilt he correct !n every r articular, and unencumbered With useless matter. The Chronological Table of the Bvents ef 1848 will alone be worth the pr oe of the hook. It will be resdy on Tuesday next. It will be printed in tbe forn of a neat compact pamphlet, and be ready lor delivery in a day or two, *?( tirpmee per copy. Agents will please send in their rden. THE CALIFORNIA HKRALD. The California He bald, full of valuable information relative te tbe Gold Region, and the rontes thither> accompanied by a MAP OF THE GOLD AND QUICK I SILVER REGION, is ready for delivery. Tb? map, the latest and most accarat* in existence I la universally admired. It waa drawn on the spot) ^ since the discovery of the mines, by an officer of I the uay, and embraces all the prinoipal points, distances, ho., fcc., in in the gold region. Such a map, with the Information accompany ing it, is of the greates^ ralne to those who remain at home, as well as to thoee swho intend to seek a fortnne, or something worse, in the v*lleyi of the Saoramente. Single copies, in wrappers, sixpence. Agents are Nqnosted to send In their orders as rapld'y as possible. PRESENTATION OP A GOLD MEDAL, AND Grand Complimentary Dinner, TO COLONEL JAMES DUNCAN, U. S. A., AT THE Astor House, Last Evening. { One oi the most agreeable and elegant leetive entertainments ever given in the metropolis, took place at the Astor House, last evening, on occasion of the presentation of a gold medal to Colonel Dvneaa, in token o the regard and ? steem of his jpiends ana teuow citizens 01 me cuy 01 x\ew i ore. At tave o'clock t:.e company began to assemble, in one of the spacious ante rooms of the Astor, and few minutes after six, the Hon. Judge Edmonds, alter calling the assemblage to order, read the following address. Sib?Upon me. as the selected organ of this company, has devolved the agre able ta<k of presenting for your acceptance this gold medal, struck in commemoration of your services as ag officer of our gallant army, during the war with Mextoo. In speaking oftbosa services, beginning as they did at Palo Alto, and embracing every action (except only that at Buena Vista.) from tbenee until the final capture of the oity of Mexico, I oan scarcely resist the temptation to speak In a tone of unbecoming exultaHou of the whole care* r of our aru.y during (hat war. and to challenge profane history to furnish its superior, if net its equal. But as we are assembled on this occasion to commemorate alone your participation in those extraordinary vents, it will rather become me to abstain from a task to whioh I am oonscieus I should not be equal, and In respect to which I could not hope profitably to do more than baiely to give utteranoe to the feelings of gratulatlon and wonder which filled my breast, in common with that of the whole country My task How. though a mere limited, is not a leas grateful one. for it constitutes me the organ of your feilow-oltixens. to express to you their admiration of the large share which you bora in those extraordinary events, and their fratitude for the distinguished part whioh you aoted n the career which has shed so much honor on our common country. The arm of the servioe to which you were attached., attracted, during the whole war. in a very large degree.the attention of the whole oountry. The thsory of the (lying artillery was of foreign origin; bat it was reserved for Vankee enterprise, guided Dy yourself, and Ringgold, and Bragg, and Washington, and Taylor. and your gallant associates, fully to develops its resources and demonstrate Its wonderful efficiency The establishment of the first batteries at ' m I_ mm i.nrlur lllnmnM Tmlnr and jourself. must be fresh in the recollection of many; yet U is known to only a few, I suppose. that the experiment waa for mom time regarded with disfavor, and might ultimately have failed had it not been for the energy and determined perseverance of those wh ? had thus been charged with its immediate superintendence. The success of your efforts was fully developed in the first battle with the eBemy. Need I piuse. in this pretence, to dwell upon the extent to which, id the battle of i*alo Alto, thai first In the series of victories which eovertd our arms, Ringgold's aud Duncan's batteries contributed to the result, or how eminently serviceable thev were In the ensuing conflict at Resaca? All that ia written In the history of that campaign, and will long dwell in the memory of your countrymen. But It regained for you. In the last of tbe*e affrays, to display a novel element of usefulness? ?or much to the gratiS?ation of even the commanding General, you pursnal with your battery the enemy when in full flight from the field of battle, and, adding to their panto, aided in their diversion Transferred after the battle of Monterey, in which also you earned distinction, to the foroes designed for an ndvaooe on the city of Mexico by the way of Vera Cruz. you were engaged in the various conflicts at that port? at Cerro Oordo, at San Antonio, Chembusco, Molino del Rey, Chapultepe.;, at both the Uaretas, and finally in the eity of Mexico. In all thes? actions, yon were conspicuously engaged, and in all of them your batttry was eminently useful, displacing upon all occasions the aJmlr&ble discipline and perfect condition iato whinh It had b*en brought, and realising, t.hrou<h your gallantry, kill and oondnct, the high hopes which had been en4 tertained of the usefulness of this arm or our service, and oontributlng, in a large degr<*e. to those successes which wereannounoed to the country wl.h the rapidity and almost the extravagance of romanoe For these service* you have already received from government the reward of rapid promotion; and that war whloh found you alieutenant. In two short years returned you to us with the rank of a colonel A higher, and, to a gallant soldier, a more valuable reward, awaits you in the N approbation of your own conscience and the applause of jour country To oonvey to you, In a feeble degree, perhaps, the conviction that that applause has indeed been earned, is our otueot on this occasion; and we. as eltisena of the Stat* whioh gave you birth and education and witnessed your growth to manhood, claim th? ri {ht to express, for ourselves and for others, th* admiration wo feel Tor tne ?nptinguienea merit you ntve displayed and our gratitnde for the eminent services you have rendered; and we do thif with the greater pleasure because of the oonvlction which is wrought in out minds by your conduct, that a* Ion* we hare ?uoh officer* to lead our forces into action." no craven ?. fears, no eold-blooded delays,'' will be found la out riny to yield np a gallant einprlze. It Is with snot feelings that we now pray your acceptance of thii medal, as a slight testimonial of the high sense which we are assured the whole country mu*t entertain ol the gallant conduct, which we desire appropriately to commemorate. When the applause which followed thin address had subsided, Col. Pi-scan, in a clear, manly, and melodious voice, returned the following RKPt-Y: Sir?I Mcept, through yon, as the organ of ray friends thi? evidence of their own partiality and generosity, designed as a compliment to my professional sernoes. f will not attempt to Jisgulse. though no lamjmifA ol mine can adequately express, the pride and grtt.illation I feel for this distinguished oomp'im -nt of my feilow-eltix?n*. For my own profession*! smness, to which you have so eloquently referred. I feel that I we something to chance, muofi to opportunity, and till more to the teal and cordial co operation of tht eeowpltshed ofilners and brave men with whou I hire bad the honor and good fortune to be associated It oannot be denied that the aroi to which I hats had the honor to belong since it* first or^anir.Ulna, has an Imniulint InrtnanM in limn t nVcfV tetory that ban b**n Holiie?t*.l by oar array In > For th? KUfdfm of thl? arm, It in but natural, und?r tb? clrntim?t*nn?*, that I *ta inld f??l the prof"olonal pridnof a *oldl?r ; but I f??l| gr?*f?r prid? ?h*t my own country bill b??n tb* 11 Mt to .Thiblt to ib t nor Id ltd ?lBalfnoy And liup>rUnc? Thi* uir>rd*d ?4H^oIiIIod to th? lamented ltinx>< >ld In lb* li't mometr" of hi* Wlita hi* *ur<*oit t<>M bim that &< mint dl?. h?> remlyed the iiit*IIUcni? w.ttiout fmotlob'.and *?t about making bin pr?p iratl'V for ib? " loo** journey,'' with thn oooIop** of a mail wh? I* not afralij to dl? ? f >r b-? f?lt that, h? din I In a <l> >1 (>g<?- (n thf raiNt* of hi* nountry Aft?r barln< <Umpatolifcl the w?.<rl(fly hniin???. Int*rn*tlng and Imoort-MDt (r hi* fninllf jn4 fr'inJ*, whom li ? ir -iV"". * E NE MOI leave behind him, h? Mkcd for * aegtr, which h? | lighted and tmeked: be talked to bis surgeon o? indifferent subjects, with a calmness of manner that was cbsrscterUtic ot him; and amongst the laat -vords that ha uttered were these " It Is a consolation to me, that I have myself witnessed, even at so great a cost, the complete suocess of my favorite arm." He spoke a few words more, and died Thus ended the , I military and eartbly oareer of Ringgold, the father of the UjlDg artillery. He fell on the first field that witnessed its triumph, an if he had gained glory enough for one man?lor this triumph wm his own. You have b^en pleated, sir, to allude to the faot that the empire 8tate Is the place of my birth, my youth, and my education. As a dutiful son, I have never been unmindful of my parentage. The mountains of the Highlands In wbioh I was born, I rambled and climbed ever so often, when a boy that every stone, tree, and oool spring, far miles around, waa as familiar to me as the fireside of my humble home. These scenes of my childhood and youth are toe deeply stamped upon my heart and rocolleoticn ever to be forgotten Aftv the lapse of years, when far aw*y from my native land, even amid the din of battle, when the thought came ever me. as it often did oome, what will they say of this at horns? it proved an Incentive to Increased exertion. Though I yield to none In my maternal love and attachment, yet am I proud and happy to acknowledge, that 1 have many brothers who possess far stronger oUiin* to the admiration of our common mother Not a battle has been fought in Mexico, from Palo Alto to the city, in which the tens of New York have not h id a distinguished participation. Some < f these sons brought au<t deposited in their mother's lap the wreaths of laurel which they gathered from the plains of Ch'ppowa, th? heights of Uueenstown, and the field of Niagara, wore tnan thirty years ago. These garland) are not withered yet, for the leaves that form them ar^ evergreen. In our recent confiiot with Mexico, the Kmpire State may point wiih just pride to her Worth, her Wool, her Belknap, and a host of subordinates of every grade; for he may rely with ceitainty, that wherever theso men were found, there was the brunt of battle, Sir. as the organ of my friends and fellow-oitiinns. I beg you to express to them my grateful acknowledgements for the honor they have this day conferred upon me, and to accept fir for yourself, in the eame connection, ray pour ibaukd. which have nothing to reoommend them but their liuuttl. Alter this highly agreeable prelude, the company proceeded to the magnificent dining room, which had been decorated tor the occasion in a style of great tMM and propriety. At the head of the room, immed ately behind the chair of the Presid? nt, was an elegant scroll, bearing the following inscriptions;? Palo Alto, H?f ftott? Monterey, Vera Cru??Cerro Oordo, San Antonio, Churnbueco?Molino del Rey. Chapultepec, UtrMa Be en?Uarita Coeme, City of Mexico. This scroll was draped by two banner*, embla' zoned with the staiB and stripes, while underneath was the famous flag presented to the New York regimenl, with its broken shaft and tattered silk ?glorious memorials ot the distinguished pait taken by that gallant band on the bloody field of Churubueco. Nothing could have been in better taste than the entire arrangements of the room and tables; and an for the dinner, it is enough to say that it was altogether worthy of the well known liberality and spirit of the hosts of the Astor. Judge Edmonds occupied the chair, supported on his right by General Cadwallader; on the left by Commander McKeever. Among the company we noticed Major Craig, Lieut. Bankhead, Lieut. Col. J. J. Aator, Col. titebbms, ften. Ward, Capt. Frazer, Col. Yates, Lieut. Hayes, Gen. Morris, Col. Ward, Capt. Vincent, JameB G. Bennett, P. M. Wetmore, Hon. John McKeon, Chas. O'Conor, General Storms, Alderman Hart, Hon. A. Wells, Col. Spicer, Arc., flee. All parties were represented on the occasion, while every rank and profession seemed to unite m rendering this tribute of regard to the gallant and distinguished son ot New York, who was tlie guest of the evening. When the eloth wai removed. Judge Edmonds, the chairman on the oooaalon, read tae correspondence which bad paased between the gentlemen of the com mittee and Col. Dnnsan, tendering the presentation of amedal, and a complimentary dinner, and the reply to the lime. Letters were also re id from ax-President Van Bnren, the Secretary of War, Major On. Scott, ex-Governor Bouok, and General Wool, who gavs as an excuse for his inability to attend the dinner, that be was obliged to attend the presentation of si sword to him, which was ordered by tne last legislature of thi? Statu Let'ers of exaus* were also read ' from Brigadier General Whiting. Commander Perry. Hon. Joba Van Buren. Colonel Crane, Assistant Adjutant Freeman, and from Col. Page, of Philadelphia, all of whom expressed their regret. In tbe strongest teims. of circumstances beyond their control placing it beyond their ability to participate in the hilarities of the dinner which was proposed to be given to the gallant Colonel Duncan, whose fame, name, and bravery, are so well known throughout this country and Lurope, on aooonnt of the eflioiency of the flying ; artillery, which produced so much havoc on the enemy , during we recent war with Mexico, and ftom bis being I connected with it from its first organization as an arm ] of our military strength. | Judge Kdmonds rose for the purpose, he said, at proposing a tcai-t, which he was oonfldent tbe company i would drink with glasses charged to the brim?a toast I which the company might easily have anticipated, as a source of pleasure this evening. 1 can well imagine *.i ?t to one who is present among us it will be a source I of annoyance, far greater, I am sure, than would be a obarge of Mexican bayonets (Laughter and applause ) But use 1b all, and our gallant friend (Col Dunoan) will learn that even a charge on this occasion is as harmless as one of the enemy on the hills and valleys of Mtxioo. I do not propose to preface tne sentiment wblch I intend to offer by any lengthy dissertation on tbe wonders of the war with Mexico, for if I ventured I on that >uhject, I oonld not hold within myself the I spirit which the reminisce aces of that war creates in i the American breast. (Applause ) I spaa* of only one of those who have won military renown In that o latest, and of him I may say that he was born in Orange county, in this State, graduated at West Point, and having creditably passed through ttaut institution, he . received his brevtt as a Lieutenant of artillery. From that period until the commencement of the Florida war. he had no opportunity of distinguishing himself; but in that camoaicn our zaliant Colonel received a | compliment from the enemy of a rival ft hot In the head. ; Krem thenoe. to the establishment of m battery of flying artillery, nit life was that ot a subaltern. with ease , and quiet. In the year 1830. the first battery of flying j artillery was established in tbia country. It was or; ganized at Camp Washington, under the direction of our gallant guert, of Captain Taylor, and the lamented j Ringgold? Hinggold who lived to perfect the work he began, and died like a soldier, with his face to the foe. and in tba midst of the glory which be bad achieved. Work, however, thus begun, was not dirpUyed in all its advantages, until the first o( the many brilliant actions in the war with Mexico was fought and won. It is unnecessary fir me to go into the details of that action As fax as our gallant gu^st was concerned In it. there are some points on which it is certainly worth while to dwell. One of these wan the rapidity with which the artillery was served, and which caused the cneny, on mora than ona oaiaatou, to suppose that the battery of four guas was one ot elites n; and one of eight to be of twenty.four Another is the certainty and precliion with wbioh they were served As an instance of this accuracy and prtcision, 1 will mention that, on oh occasion, when a column of the enemy II.ed out from some secure place, with the drum* playing and banners flying, and all the I fanfaronade so characteristic of Mexican troops, and ; when this column was approaching our forces, a hoi! low phot was sent from the battery of our gallant guest, which alighted among trie band of music and exploded, causing so much damage that every man of that band was el .her killed or wounded. Tne extraordinary degree of perfection t > whioh the m?n o->mpoking ihli battery had arrived, U a point to which rtft rrnre ought also to be made; and ti o iu b* illus ' trated by one inci lent. to which I shall call your 1 attention It occurred on an occasion when ' it was found necessary for Duncan's battery to advance on the load on whioh the enemy bad been cut down, and whioh was much ol> 1 etruoted. One of thoa? obstructions was an | ammunition wagon, belonging to the enemy. which wan on Ore. and from which aver and anon one ' of the flxed ammunition whioh it contained would ex1 plode. An order to remove it was given, so that th? ' army could advance; but those who undertook to re move it, did so with hesitation, for In case of the exploetr & of one of those fixed lire arm*, it was certain death to htm who received tts oon'ents Uadei this | state of thing*, Col Dunoan gave the command to his men to remove the obstruction, and on the instant hl? men dismounted. One ot them olimbed up on the wagon, and taking up the box containing this flx^d ammunition, which was larger than an ordinary sixed ( champaign basket, he extinguished such parts of the fire as he couid. and threw the rest into the river. In ' this manner the ob?truotion was removed. Itreoiinds me of an anecdote whioh I heard in my youth It was related as an act of daring bravery, that during no aclii n at sea, a lighted bomo hell fell on a ship's dsjli, and before It exploded, one of the sailors deliberately took it up In his arms and threw It orerboard. But the feat which I have related was done at on ie an 1 without hesitation ; and It Is with regret that I sty that the gallant aoldler who performed this gallant feat, met with an untimely end by being killed In one of the actions whioh happened a f- w d iys afterwar Is. I introduced the anoodote, to ehow the great perfection of thn dljoiflinw of the arm r an J oneoUily of ?hm portion of It; and I t*'?o ; pliamre in being abb- to rseord th* nam* of t*io K?l nut fallow who p?rfornwd it -hi* Damn w?i Killmore, and hi* native country ?n Ireland Judi(? K.Iiriond* then fo'lowed Col. Dunotn during bi< vh ili< caret r, during the war to the end of It. an i remarked upon hi* many promotion* for mnritorl iu? oondiMt and gallimt d*ring All then* honor* wer?. hnvufur, gained on one line, whlla no promotion wa* stlren to ht.n for bin brilliant ??r*loi'? from Vera ('run td Matioo, berau?e of a rula that no man aliall hare, at on* lima, morn tban threw brevet promotion* Thi* arbitrary ?ul? t*ll* mm that th?y mint not perform any gallant deed*, with the hop* of roward, more than thru* tim?*; ??.<! (Set ail bejvna t!iif DM A^tr aian t;; d?a? oo their A w r o tNING EDITION?FRII own hook. Th!a tt in that has prevented our guest frrm attaining the highest rank in the army matter for that rule; onr gallant guest ha*, besides his promotive, gained the glory whioh is breath to the nostrils of the soldier, and wbteh la to him worth living, ay. worth dying for Suih are some of the difficulties which onr gallant Col. Duncan had to enoounI ter: and such are some of the circumstances of the achievements which he hu performed in the war with Mexico, and from which he baa risen both in rank and fame He hu risen, not an a rocket to fall down like the stick, but rather as the northern star, to its a-cent In the heaven of our fathers, aa a guide to others to travel the career which he has travelled. Siritur ad ailra. ''This Is the road to distinction I will no longer detain you, and will conclude by proposing the following toast:? Our Gallant Guest? Proud of him as a fellow-citizen?proud of him as an accomplished soldier ? we bid him a hearty welcome home, as a worthy son of New York." This toast was drank with the greatest enthusiasm. Colonel Du.ncan rose to reply, and was received with vehement applause He said : When Sheridan made his first speech in the House of Commons, he asked a friend how he had succeeded. His friend gave him the consoling intelligence that "he had made a failure;" to whioh Sheridan replied? ' It's In me. and, by 11 -d. it shall come out!" (Laughter.I Gentlemen, in the w?rds of Sheridan, (not entirely, but partly.) I will sty my tpeeoh is in my pocket,"and by- (wrapping the table)?it tball oome out ! (Roars of laughter, and uprorieus applause, in the midst of whioh the gallant colonel drew a page or two of manuscript his pocket.) Gentlemen, he continued, during the speeoh of my eloquent lr.ead on the left, while turning around to conceal my bkushes, I encountered more than one pair ol bright ey*n; and. befere I prooeed, I beg to tuggest that tome officer, a sergeant-at arms, or. of arms, or, more properly, perhaps, with arma, should be des Datched. tor the DurDOSe of bringing the fair on?s Lere; and tbat a committee be appointed to provide tor them suitable accommodation. (Load and long ooutlnued applause. amid whieh CoL Yates. < apt. Vincent, and Mr. Cba?. Ste'i-on waited on the ladles; and the Colonel resumed hie teat, in order to await tkelr report.) Cot Yiits foon returned, and aaid Mr. resident and Cientlenien. In behalf of the ladies, I beg to inform you that they are comfortably situated where they are; aid tbat they prefer there to witneaa the festivities of thla occasion. (< ln< rs) Col. Duncan?Well, then, gentlemen, I will begin my speech?for this is not the speech proper- by r?versing the usual custom and giving you a toast If you will oblige me by filling your glasses. Vlentlemen, 1 -"A health of the ladies behind the curtain." Drank with all the honora and the greatest enthusiasm. Air?" Green grow the rushes O I" Co). Duncan then began what he was pleased to term his " spseoh proper;" and that it wan a very proper ipecch the rapturous applause and hilarity which it excited abundantly proved. He said :? Mr President?Aa I am obliged to speak not only to one distinguished judge, but before many, it Is important that I should speak from the record Cai n was the first warrior of whom history, either sacred or profane makes any mention; but whether or not he had a publio dinner tendered to. history does not Hay One thing ia certain-he did not deserve one. and the infe renoe is fair that he never got It. for the public are very discriminating in matters of this kind (Loud laughter and applause.) But the discrimination that withheld this honor from Cain, doubtless caused it to be oonferred on Joshua, for he was an old and faithful soldier. Not only was he a veteran, but a great commander; for the saored volume tells ua he commanded the sun to stand still?and what ia very remarkable, the ann obeyed him. (Laughter and oheers ) A very excellent military maxim may be drawn from this fact, founded on the authority of fcoly writ, that, to a soldier, nothing is impvaaible. (Continued applause) Aaearning that this great captain had a public dinner offered to him, of oourse he aooepted it?(roars oflaugh* ter.) and was toasttd in a complimentary apeech, to wbioh he was In duty bound to reply; and I have no ffauVi* thfl inuaph of whirth th? ir&llant niLnf.nin wag then delivered, has served as a model for all military men since, on similar occasion*. I infer so from the strong family likeness of all their speeches, which usually begin ts follows: "Mr. President? Unacoustomed as l am to this kind of duty, little can be expected of me?speech making is not my vocatlen-my profession is to fight, not to talk," fcc , and so on, to the end of the chapter. (Great laughter ) Now, although this Is my debut, I have ventured to depart from this time-honored cuttom of Joshua and his successors. (Chters.) 1 did not tell you. when I got up, that 1 cannot make a speech, for my fear is that you , will be sure to find this out before 1 sit down. Nor did i deem it necessary to apologise in advance, for | the fact that I fled myself here at all is a gu.ranty tbat I am surrounded by friends, who will, if necessary, without my asking. extend to me the band ofcharity, as fr?cty -n* ?i,?.<?r"i*?'ly they have extended the hand ot hospitality. (Loud cheers ) 1 timl my >ell. Mr. President, much in the same position as that of a young lady who hears herself praised for mental accomplishments and personal charms, whioh hsr own good sense and good glass tell l>er she dees not possess. Her own judgment convinces her that these compliments are unmerited, whilst that amiable weakness attributed to the sex, whispers to her that, after a>l. she Ill*; ur UII9WHCU IU ??uuu lu U?1 vnu attractions. (Applause and laughter ) Military mi<n are pretty generally the victims of this name fcmi nine weakness, and the aharc of it that has fallen to my lot forbida me to quarrel with my ftiend 'on the left for his extravagance, because what be haa aaid has been to exceedingly agreeable (Laughter ) All that I propose to aay of myaelf ia. that throughout my military oarear. my desire haa been not to mueh to receive, aa to merit, the applause of my countrymen. (Applause) My profrssional ambition baa bean, ao to shap* my conduct that what the poet aaid of the reputation of Boon might be applicable to nine, and tbia la an ambition I feel confident my countrymen will approve. Speaking of this "pioneer of the West, Byron said? - ? be left bellied a name Tvr which men vairly decimate the throng; Not only famous, bat of that good fame W ithout which (lory's > uf,a tavtrn song." These linea I read when I waa a boy, and I trust that tbey may never be forgotten. (Great applause.) Thia ia all, Mr President, I have to say of myaelf; and at the risk of being tedious, I will make afew remarka of a general character, that have auggested themselves to me in conectton with the war. Whatever diversity of opinion t>i?re mar be in relation to the necessity of a war, there oan be no doubt that the uniform aucceaa that has crowned our arms, afforda just cause for national pride and exultation ? Military annals furnish no examples that surplus in brilliancy our campaigns in Mexico. The early Italian oampaigns of Napoleon alone afford a parallel Tin-re has been much speculation, at h)me and abroad, to account for these extraordinary achievements, whioh have astonished the whole world, and none more than the actors themselves, who participated in them Some bare been so kind as to believe that much credit was due to the regular army. who. " solitary and alone, set tbe ball In motion" at Palo Alto and lUnaca 8<>me baTe thought that West I'oint, by disseminating military intelligence throughout the country, may have contributed largely to this result ; some tbat onr gallant volunteers were entitled to the "lion's share" of the glory;' whilst others have attributed our success to tbe indomitable will andiron nerve of Taylor; and other*,a?*in to the vatchlew military skill and genius of Scott. Such are a few of the opinion* at horn*. Our friend* across the water, after predicting a'l sorti of df'jri'e* and reverse* to otir arms, when these predictions were falsl&ed by results, with characteristic coolne.? took all the credit to themselves; for sail they. Brother Jonathan. ! only a " chip of the old block," and his successes must be set down to the lnvinoibttlty of the Anglo Saxon race Kach if these cause* has no doubt 1 I produced it* effect; but no one. nor all combined, are ' sufficient to account tor the uniformity 01 th>* result. . | Not a few of our oountrymen have attributed these I j successes to the pusillanimity of onr foe Thi?, In my j humble judgement is doing injuitioe. not only to the ' Mexlcau nation, but eur own In the early b*ttle*. the Mexicans stood up to their work as w>> 1 a? troops i i usually do, If not better Speaking of Palo Alto, an I old ' Texan tighter," raid to me. ' Sir, these Mexicans : do stand killing mighty well.'' I for one, am free to , i confess that I really thought so. at the time; an 1 the i night after the battle. I doubt if i were the only mm In camp who entertained this opinion. (Laughter and cheers ) At ilesaca, the American and vlexlsaa i troop* fell, not as single individual*, but In numbers tbat distinctly marked tbe respective lines for weelu after the battle, within les* than the width of this room of one another. Assuredly, thl* is clo?e enough i for all practloal purposes, except that of the bayonet ; and In seme instances, even that instrument was used. Their officer* of rank aregeoeral y men of f4ir Intelligence and education, and many of thwm are men of the richest professional acquirements. Scarcely a battle was fought In which these officers were not killed and wounded in their due proportion and Rometines in more than their proportion At Cerro <>ordo one general officer (General Va*qu->z) w*s killed, whilst In the act of oheering his men, long aft-r all IIU|W "I Mi?mk?iuiug um wi?i nil a Ilia twoaida, one t colonel, the other a captain, were tn>rtally wounded by his aid*. Verily, to my luiod this looks more like heroism thin co-virJ;cj. I have myself witnessed and other offl -era roust have witn??'ed, examples of p"r?on*l K*ilantry on the part of both men and oiBjera of tun \I xioati army, that would retieot honor upon any troops in t ie world. Much ha* been aald of the oormnnder In chief of the Mexican army. Sauta Anna He lia-i .i?*i denounced throughout tU? length an 1 brea ith of fte land, bvcaure he did not (fvt, killed or captured in one of the hattlea. and hie conduct 11 held t > h iveN?en particularly repreheuxible at < Vrro Garlj N >? thla la unreasonable There are critical and turulo^ pointa In every baitle, thit >m ac iompl|<l)?d i*o?r?! ever faila to observe and | rofi". by. It is of tlv ilr-a importance that he nboul'.l b? abln t> dl?ci??tr fit xaot m*in?nt when thit tidn of battle turn' In hi* f??or. or ?< >iii?t hi i. *ol no: >r The expcrinocn of Sun'a \nna Ui' enViind dim to Mft*rtam, a* if by in.itinor. lh?? earUent nui'ili of defeat, and ft will hirdly b* m%intaii?l. that any (Jt?ner*l of ancient or ra >d-r i ti n-M ha* fhomi gri'jfi-r Ul.-nt for turning to hWon.1 jidTantag* It may be ptrtlstnt here to reiatrk thftt ww h??e at ler-* one (innertl In our ?nnT. ??>?> knowledge. (if M^ort bi true), i? ex'jeedimiy d?f??M?? in tha* particular. A* therr "i%y b? *otu? l'.*:>?n I of ta ? (c*h*r n * ll ?'i' JM'sk.vl) T - -jtet ? R K 1 >AY, DECEMBER 29, that I fhould itate that I mean no dl?*?"peot I need oot tell you that I allude to Oeneral Taylor. It In currently rumored, and, I believe, an currently or dit.A that h. !>. ?l>. ill.htut lilak shafl h* III bdttail. I do not assert this of my own personal knowledge, nor on nit own responsibility ; hut thin I. will say ? I have h?ard many oomplainta of hia professional Ignorance in this respect, especially amongst the Mexicans History tells ns. that at Waterloo, when Napoleon saw bis old guard charge again and again without effect, against the British squares, he exclaimed, "tout rst fitrdu " and, M burying hla nose in his snuffbox, left the field." Those whobave taken the trouble to ascertain the facta, know that Santa Anna did not leave the heights of Cerro Oordo till all hope of saving the day was gone. When be saw that the battle was irretrievably lost, it is not known whether or not. a la Napoleon, be stuck his nose in his snuff-box -It-it It Is well established that he " stuck his spur in the flank of bis mule " "leaving" not only the "field," but what was worse, his ' leg" behind him. [Laughter ] It wruld be just as reasonable to accuse Nanolwon of o?wardice at Santa A nna at Cerro Oordo. That fioor unfortunate leg "did the business for hiu." and t hay done a much better ' business" for a good many men since. (Roars of laughter.) Dean Swift said (hat if all the specimens purporting to be wood of tbe "original cross," could be oollected, they would sfTord timber enough '-to build a ship of tbe line There are ''identical legs" enough of Santa Anna travelling about tbe country to build a whole n%vy; and bow many fortunes and reputations have already been built out of them it is impossible to determku. I'r< l>?Ny no leg. not even Santa Anna's sound on*, or tbe famous patent cork leg Burton used to sing abou in the theatre, has ever bad such a run. It has bettered tbe fortune of every proprietor except the origlna. 1 here Is not a nnicum, itinerant oircus, meua$ . rle. or wax work show, where miy n?t b? seen tha "Idettical lag," Aotors Introduced it upon the stage, and tbe negro minstrels in their songs. It is the standing joke of avery boy In the street. Candidates for oltice have stumped over their d'stdcr.n?and it is said that one politician warned into uongress on it; ana ten at tbl* lata day. at a public <lluu?r, at least one speaker has stepped oat of bis way to take a kick at It. Now, thin ma; dm a violation of good taste, and i think It is?but after all, that Is the worst that can be said of it , for It tbe maxim bn true' that, there in always aom< thing, even in tbe misfortunes of our best friends, tbat is pleasing to us." surely we have a right to ma te Berry at tbe misfortunes of our enemies. But seriously: Impartial history will, In another generation, tell a very different *t< ry of Santa Anna. The mist rf prejudice will then be cleared away, and the actions of men, and the events to which they relate, be seen in their true light. Then, if this man's oharacter be faithfully portrayed, he must be represented as one of tbe most remarkable and distinguished men of his day, both as a statesman and a soldier. That he has committed great faul s? not to say orimes- is true ; bntlt is equally true that he possesses civil and military talent of tbe very highest order, and great public virtues, tbat cannot fall to command tbe admiration of posterity. These considerations have forced upon me the can victlon, that for our uniform success we are not Indebted to the inferiority of the Mexican troops, but to the superiority of our own. 1 refer to the jttnonntl of our army and set its organisation, which is miserably defective, both of the regulars and volunteers The army nan achieved victories, not by the aid of good organization, but in spite of bad. as an examination of its composition will, I think, show. When our country called for her sons, in the hour of seed, who responded to her call' Legislators left the hall of the national oouncil. judges left the bench, lawyers left the bar. and ministers of the gospel left the pulpit--farmers, artisans, sailors, and men of every craft and calling, abandoned their vocations, to rally around the standard of their country ; husbands left their wives, and lovers their mistresses, grey-headed fathers stood by the sides of their beardless boys, and mothers sent forth, with a blessing, their only sons to battle Such was the perionnel of the army of Mexico. And herein is to be found the secret of our success ; for anaimy thus constituted, embodying the patriotism and intelligence, the energy of character and devotion, the self reliance, and practical resources of a free people, which none but free institutions ever develope, can have no destiny but to oonquer. (Great applause.) Such men possresx the will to dare, and the hearts and hands to execute. Snoh men have borne our banners triumphantly over the sea and land, from the battle of Lexington to the City of Mexico. (Cheers ) I have now come to that part of my speech which oertainly is most interesting to myself and hearer* the eid. It only remains for me to thank you, Mr. President. for the very flattering and eloquent terms in whioh you have been pleased to allude to my professional services ; and you. gentlemen, for the favor with which these remarks have been received, as well as for the approbation you have been ao kind as to bestow upon my feeble effort to reply. This pleasing duty I perlorm, most sinoerely, from the bottom of my heart I will oonalnde, by proposing, In the language of the American poet, a sentiment that I am sure will m?et w th a response in every Americas bosom. I give ..... >1 nn> L' v '? u I |(ruviruicu, v m? ? ' Forever Boat that standard nheet; Where breathes the fo?, but falls before us? Wltb freedom's "Oil b?n< dU. our feet. And freedom's banner streaming o'er us!" (Loud and long continued applause.) The Chiirmik then said that a friend of bis would oblige the company with a song; and Mr. JierfKins accordingly sang, in excellent style, the following splrit-atiring and appropriate lyric SOKO TO THE 1IEBOKS Of MEXICO. The days when we went Gipsying.'' When first our banners gaily wared O'er Palo Alto's field, The foe were taught ' the better part Of valor'' was to yield : And when at Buena Vista They made a desperate stand, Onr Taylor gained a victory That rung throughout the land. And now we'll paaa a pleasant time. Nor think of care or woe, And we'll Ceil again the story Of our war in Mezioo. From Vera Crus to Mextoo, By sun light and by star. Was one continued moving scene Of panoramio war. The chief who led the bright array Can never be forgot. While fame Immortal shall entwine A glorious wreath for Scott And now.ko. Ere yet the shadow of the past O'er memory shall tltng Her dusky mantle?dim and greyLike some forgotten thing, We'll linger for a moment WHO mofe wno nooiy reu, And trom our swelling hearts shall go A long?a long farewell. And now, fee. When in the gorges of the Alp* Napoleon appeared, His eagles, 'mid an iron bail, On Montenotte were reared; But where, among the generals Who fonght that glorious day, Will one bn found more brilliant Than Worth at Monterey? And now, fee. While Smith and Shields will gaily float On glory's topmost ware, With Twiggs, and Wool, and Captain Bragg. The bravest of the brave. Let Garland, in bis country's flag Be weath'd for ever more. An d Dunrnn's name go down to fame Amid his eannosi' roar. I And now, fee. | John CociiFifiK. Ksq . one of th<* Vine Presidents' was then called on for a toa?t. and after some eloquent remarks, gave "The American army, in connexion with the war in Mextcu " Drank wl ,h great applause. Colonel Cniui responled Me said that nothing was more grateful to the officers of the army than the approbation of their fellow cltissns. He gave '-Tfte people of New York, always ready to do honor to her distinguished sons." A favorite glee was here sung, and an amtteur favored t lie company with the beautiful song, "'Oh' would I were a boy again, in a ?tyle which elioited the most marked approbation ? ol 11 our.t, of the first division of the uniformed mi litia of the State of New Vnrk. was then called on for a toa*t lie made soai* very eloi(U-nt exterop jraueous remarks, complimentary to West Point which he fell onou/iiy cnaracienze'i ?e in" wnnrrui mn <rrao?ui, *ttuated on the bank* of the 11 ud?on. In the State of New Vork." whose proudest triumph* had been on the plains of Mexico Ht gave. West Point?The war of 1612 introduced her to Kurope; M?xioo h%4 introduced her to the world " Drank wl:b great appUuse Air? Washington's March " Major Finite*, of th? U. S army, replied to the last toast. lie raid. whl)? th? benefits of the National Military Academy had been long acknowledged by the reflecting portion of the community yet prejudice* had existed against it in pom* quarters. h'.ren some comj munitie* bad instruoted their representative* In ('.on| gress to vote against appropriation* for its support; 1 and a report had once be-n made by a Southern menaI ber entirely oppoted to the Institution But such prejudice* had H it been allowed to operate injuriously < n the minds of the legislators of th'* country, l'hay t>ad admitted the excellence and utility of the Institu tion; and In a spirit of Intelligent aft.1 liberal pitron age, tbey had sustained it and cherishei It as one of the most important establishment* which had been erected by the general government. In the time of the graduate* of \Ve*t Point he bogged propi*e as | a loaet, " The ladle* of New Vork. f.>i their petition tt 1 ( ongress that the author of the report to witch he had alluded might be permitted to with'lrair it froTi the : file* of Congrefi." ' Or?r.k with tr tnendou? applause. Col. Yatc* was called upon a lentim'iot. ?n I in compliance with the re(iie*t. sai l that white w i p ty | tribute to the army, w.i should n oeerloot ano-n-r important arm <f our strength II m m . *-h it .vv (Applause) The navy h is ever suid >rted the hoaor of our flag The extensioi ?f our in?rati as cov?t b-n placed upon u* additional reason f >r stren (thenlii* thl* arm of our pervitin H-re'of .re New York wa' the 1 fii rnni* weot itnd th? Indian th? **tr m? ??tt. N >? ! th? r?T?r.?? l*th?i c???. W* look to onr na?y to ? tbf budji m*raw w'i n ti?i< ?v?y.)ii'vut ('> m j b'.ato.&'uli? d, ? i.-.' 1 t [ERA 1S4VJ. American commerce wherever that cnmiM^" nhn.ll | extend ttn white satin In conclusion, Col Yates proposed the -'Nary of the I'Bited States," wbicb waa drsnk with all the honors Mr Jenkins and his associates were nailed upon to sing another glee, whloh they did to theeatiifaotien of all present. Tothe above toa>t, Commander McKckv?:h replied In a brief and pertinent speech sail can hardly be allowed to have had any professional participation m the late war with Mexico. To the army belongs the honor of h iving " oon m-red a peace;" ! but if the naT? has heen excluded, it cannot be prevail'ed from joining with others in honoring the army tor the great feat* which it has performed It is to him a pleasure that he has be.-n through the hoipltality of New York, allowed to take pitrt in doing honor to a gallant soliter. Me gave, as a sentiment, I ''Honor to the citizen soldier, who will never desert , hi* ship while his country needs hla services,1' whioh was enthusiastically drank. The (>lre Club struck up the ''Bold Soldier Boy," j with which Col Duncan seemed to be much p'eaauil <?en. PaospKB M. Wktmohi: wa? then called on by the chair for a toast. He rose and said No enemy in the field ever placed the gallant soldiers who sir, on your right hand and your left, this night, in such a dilemma as that in which you have plaoed me by this call, you bavo indued surprised me. 1 might complain and say with the old Austrian Marshal. that you do not conduct the warfare of the table "according to the rules"; or, if I belonged to your own profrsslon, and were at liberty to practioa, I might my itiat you should have served me witb " a declaration,''and given me '-time to plead." (Laughter.) The toast, which you have sent to me, and on such abort notice desired me to introduce, is one that ought to stir the heart ofevery man; andjtowhich no man who is permitted to sit in this company, and to gir.-t upon that emblazoned shield behind you. can for an ln<tant heMtateto respond (Cheers ) TbOM who b*v? bee 11 onr guests cannot b* aware of the exceeding excitement with which we received the accounts of our ?uccesses from the army in Mcxico. Out you. and I, and tbis cimpany. know bsw we dwelt upon these successes ; with what gratitude we remembered the native of ih<se fighting and bleeding for us (Cheer* ) Kvery battle gave to ua tiding* which made our heart* thrill with a patriotic enthmiasm tlia'. ha* soarjsly subsided at tbia day. (Applause.) What thn onnsequunoe of the diffusion of these glorious tiding* ' Kvery man wan prepared to rush to the standard of bis country. Volunteers thronged to the fluid. The oouocilsof the nation were beset by the most diatin- I guiehed men of the Union, asking to be permitted to serve their country in the Held. You hare had by ycur side to-night, one of those men? (General Cadwalladert ?who passed from the quiet and calm flretiile at Dons to the battle fields of Mexioo. Kvery man of them was worthy to bear his country's standard?every man did honor to that standard ; and I, therefore, give with greut pleasure the sentiment you have sent me : ? ' The Volunteers of the Army In Mexioo?Worthy sons of their revolutionary sires !" Drank with vehement applause. After another song by the Glee Clnb, Gen. Morris was called upon for a toast. He said he would with the greatest pleasure respond to the oall which was made upon hlro; but he was unexpectedly oalled npon, and he assured the company that he bad not a spsvoh in either bis head or his pocket. (Laughter ) lie hoped, nevertheless, that the toa?t which he would give would be acceptable to all present. He would give, "The Klylng Artillery? The arm of the servioe from which the legs ef the Mexicans could not fly." This toast was reoelved with great eclat, and drank with all the honors In response, Col. Duncan spoke as follows:? Through the kindness of the Committee of Invitations, the company of all the officers who have bsen tetive'.y associated with me In Mexioo, has been solicited on this occasion. Some of them are serving at stations too re mrte to be expected; why those who are within reach are not present, I cannot say. They certainly all (tood by me "without flinching," in the face of the enemy; and why should they oot do so when surrounded by my friends? 1 can assigu but one reason for their absence, and that is no doubt, the true , one?they had rather breast a "sho aror of grape shot" than the shower of compliments they would here have been obliged to enoounter One of them, however, is present, and only one, who has been with me from the tirst gun till the last. In the discharge of his official duties, botb on tbe battle neia ana in ine camp, ne left me nothing to do: to-da; he leave* me all. Nature ha* given him more than hi* share of modesty; and henoetb? n<*oessity of my again rising to reply. I have already occupied more time than I ought to have done. In the name, and in behalf of my associates, I will merely thank the eloquent gentleman who has just taken his seat, for the compliment he has paid us through the arm to whleh we have tta>' honor to belong ?and propose, to be drank standing, '-The memory of Ringgold.'' The Chairman said he had yet one more sentiment to propose to the oompany, and then hl-< duty in that regard .as the organ orthe Committee of Arrangements, would oea'e It had not failed to strike every American uitit.b who htj abroad, how va*t *ai the difference, in one respect.betweentn* Appearanuv nt foreign countries and our own, and that wax in the military demonstration* which met the eye at almost every stap. 1'he country, bristling with forts and batteries, and walled towns, and the cities daily and hourly exhibiting the military garb and parades, which are here witnessed only on gala days, and at rare intervals. This difference rested not merely with the taste and dispositions of the people here and elsewhere. It sprung aihofrom the nature of the government* established among |tbem ; here th > military power not necessarily constituting a part of andan element in the governing antbority: and hern It being an essential principle, both in theory and praotioe, that the functions of government, whan exercised Internally, should be exercised without the intervention of the military.? We had inherited from our fathers of the revolution an inveterate repugnancetoataadingarmies,and therefore regarded with a jealous eye the acoeasi >n of power which such an institution would give our n*cutlve, though chosen by ourselves. Henoe. with us the military bad not grown up to be a dl-tlnrt and formidab'e ord>r of itself in the State; but a martial spirit, instead. had been diffused abroad among the whole people. Perhaps another feellog operated to produce this this result?an unwillingness on the part of mere olvliians to bave'those whose tiade i* war, do all tha fighting, or monopolize all the renown flowing from i liJim.i; rriMtrn. i 1n.11. xun v, .luun.^m an apprehension that we might not be adequately prepaid d lor any indden emergency; and foreigners, unacquainted with our institution* and accustomed only to government* whose very exintence seem* d to deFend upon the magnitude an 1 stability of their standng armies, were apt to ADeerat the power which could muster only, perhaps, an army of 10,000 men to guard a oountry which bad nearly 10 000 miles of co?st and frontier. They, however, knew not. and we scarcely ourselves knew. Hotil the emergency called it forth, how TMt a fu nd of martial spirit la; buried among our wbole people, ready attbe call of the common weal. Something j of it was, indeed, displayed during the last war with I Great Britain That was chiefly a ui&ritiuie struggle; | and while our national marine was very limited, private armed ships swarmed in every sea. carded our flag to every clime, and achieved some of the most renowned victories of that contest. Outfit was left for ' the Mexican war fully to develope that spirit ConI aress determined to raise an army of bo 000 men with, in three monthi; four times the required number were j at the service of the government, and at least 1.10.000 | men were doomed to be disappointed; pome of them doubtless afterwards to eviuce their anger at being ! thus cheeked in their cravings for military experience. I It mattered little of what kind, or how durable was the service, so that it was but service Were they to serve j for one year or five, or during the war. It ni'.tered I not?the ranks were readily filled. Were they wanted for an advance into the enemy's country, where every 1 st?n would be marked bv wounds and d'ath? They | were at hand. Were they required to garrison in ignoble security ports already captured, while the tide of glorious war rolled on at a distance ? They were ready. Were they wanted to penetrate far into hostile lands, and at a hopeless distance from sacoor and supplies, to waDder for months a nld an exasperated enemy ? Knough were found willing for the enterprise Were they required to dinble ('ape Horn, and far np the Pacific to Invale a >anl al most unknown except by name? Still they were ready. Were they wanted to cross the Rocky Mountains and hie away to the wild and far dlstint Oregon? J The cry was ever the same we are ready. The material thus e er at hand. w?? too. of the right sort ; No cowardly v?s<als, but free men. with brave spirits, to fill up our ranks. A ga'lant i fllcer. who had gone through some ten or twelve battles In Mexico, was asked whether he had ever witnessed any cowardice 1 among our men. and his answer w?s, ' Never an in1 stance; but on th( contrary, many displays of wonderI ful and romantic daring." There seemed to be a determination to make courage common enough in our country, and cheap enough, in a p?i?uniary respect, when thus any desired quantity of it could be procured | for 2s tid a day. It must not be supposed that our ranks were tilled with desperate an I broken uien Th-y wersj not ' discarded, nnjust s?rvlng men, revolted tapsters and ostler* trade-fallen, the cankrr" of a c? in j world and a long peaoe. ten times more di?h*norablv i rugged than an old fao-d ancient." whou Ka1 staff j would be ashame 1 to march through Coventry with ' They were of a very different order citizens of staud ; log and Intelligence In one Instance th* late <?hlcf Justice cf the Supreme Court of one of the State*, ! served as a private soldier. Defeated in an elT.irt to obtain command, and disdaining ti take a subI ordinate i Dice, he sought and served in a private's etation doe regiment entvrrd the service wi h i'nie three hudred servant" si many of the privates fcavlr.g the means to alf >rd tb? Indulgence The graduates of our military a-ademy. wh > had tired of * military life in peaoeful tltms sprang up ail over the country, r<-ady and able to o!Tl <. r aa 1 le?d to victory our gallant force?, and fully luiba-d with the spirit of that institution which t?'?ehss fli?t the very difficulties <*hi?b ren ler an enterprise dangerous irske it de'liable. The caiitp (lie-1 at ni.<^?t. aftar . v.rvhanl finehl Ral.l .ilrrnmt.<l llV r.Tloors , an<l writing home to their frinnii- and fur wrrkr afur ev?ry cue of thoa? Tlctori?.?, wbo'? announcement thril'nl through th? wtion laid, tlm CfWfpipMm J with i;r?p>iln ?n l w-II-* Ut?-n toill?Mn?. the production* of t!*? pr.yit.-i ot our'trrny The pre** acc>mp'iai> d .>ur*dt >hlmn?, nditor* rrrvrd ?r volunteer ?i'l? m l unnrnaly w.inlil the tent* ?>? pitched before * n?w?pap*r waui 1 be *t?rt?l. I w#c nijeelf uiuoh atnii?ed on one oc'--i?l>in at re.i-iring Iroin of Vlrx rt-?, through f.h? p<v' olll ? .?> ?. Tul hi.iiilwT' <>f a nv*Mi ir>?r l tv r" ln'n < |. % iy u !? t # j,.. \j "O. TWO CENTS. ft<iTHrtir?mrDta?for ynn may b? ?<ir* I rnal It *11 ?T?rT wrrrt -I found < at noma Amrr o*n had ?tart*d hi > - U in hnainitaa and annnv hlx rifiraniwi >u nna tn what he IU plotted to term, " Hon John W tJmonds, Circuit Judge, New York " On mother oooaaioa 1 received a letter, dated 'City of Mexloo," from a oeoh^w, who, i tuppimed, waa quietly ai.jijyiu< i??iu Kentucky Hut it aeetna tha', intnotij Ik) olh?r young men with the military f*ver, he n?l railed a company of cavalry aol ollnrej it to government. Denied the privilege. h.< hail enlist# 1 as a privatn in 'he Voltigeur Hegiiii-nt and in oue campaign I ad fnuiibt hie wty thr uth ail tb? ?ral?a no to a commlaalon. But the war is ended. A few star* have been added to tbe blue Armament of eur Hag -our national boner han been vindicated ? anil peruap* <oia? additional respect excited fur ouj.national character; yet no man in tbe land ba? felt th- addition of a farthing to Lie burthena, and our national debt la not to largu that we need to tax pu.<t< rity to pay It; and otrtainiy not to remain a d ad weight upon tbe industry of our childien to remote generation" But wharaia th* gallant a:my that rprung up ho like ma<m fron oi r midst? Di ?o;ved intn it* original element* itaaur* vivort have returned to the civil walk* of life, and again been commingled witn lh? great maaa of the p-ople. are a< u.e of tbe marka of i hat martial spirit to whiati I allude And If auoh were it* teaulta In a war wblrh war regarded alth dl-favor by noma of our people, wh'j can calculate ita elT cta when a<>me ruthleaa invaaicn ut our loll ahall make ua a united people, or who appreciate lt? wr.nder* when ?* uiay he cillad anon with ciatcooid to do bait'e for that ffoJom whose temple *? Imve raised no hi?.n iu our land' Lot, then the |.a riot a heart be at. re?t, and the tluitd illamlaa hi? aiwebeufdons, (or 111 mav b? a-sared thatithe nation baa within Itseir ?n lumtiaustih.e mine, not of gold "id >llver only, but of etoui b?ait?. dear huads, una hardy arum, on whiob, in tfrn hour of It* n?.:e<>ity. it may draw for succor and for ?nf?ty It is this spirit which is the subject ol roy storv. and I auk you, grntltmrn, to pledge me, whl.'? I give you ? The martial spirit ?t our people-Guided by lnM'lgence and prompted by patriotism, It will inaks .ha best of all possible defetdtrs of a free people?ft citixen soldiery. The health of the President of tha United States was pmpoM-d. and drank *1 h uue oeretnony Tha health ot tinn W*md. of Westchester, having bfen proposed. that gentleman, In a vary capital speech. ten ponded to the toast In honor of the A'nerlcan volunteers. lie traced their brilliant doings in the war ol the revolution ? the war of Itl'J, and tan umunrous successful rontlics which theybad with tb? veteran troops of Kurope in loth of those period*, and draw a fluttering picture of the servloes whiob the voluateers < f the I nited States hare, in the late Metluau war, performed In conclusion, he alluded to the serrloej which the navy performed in the reoent war with Mexico?services, without which, he ?aid, the army could not have penetrated Mexico a" It did. Col. Hkwitt said that lien. Ward had referred to the battle of riattsburg; andas Oen. Morrit was present. be hoped he would confer an obligation on the company by tinging the song which he o imposed some jears untie and of which PlaUehurg f >rmed the subject. With this the Gen. complied, and sang the song in question; and it la only fair to say that It was received with great pleasure. Mr. Smhwood proposed the memory ef Col Martin Scott, be a ho'- brought down the coous." The Hon. A. Wtm was then oalled for, and responded in some eloquent remarks complimentary to inn wit Ufparimeni. n? oi ia> preuiun >u? difficult labor which had been Imposed on that departmeat?ltd weighty responsibilities during the war, and its efficient and successful discharge of Ita oneroua duties. 1 he army owed much of ita success to tba ability, sagacity, and intelligence of the head of the War Department. (Applause ) Governor Marey had been a aoldier himself \Cbeers, and crieaof" oh! oh!") Yes?be had taken the first sttnjard won from the British In the war of 1813. (Applause) After a fa w mere remarks, Mr. Welis proposed the health of Major Hayes. A short time previous to this, Colonel Danoan left his seat at the head of the table, (the President of the evening having previously left for home.) and exchanged compliments in a homely and familiar waj with tils numerous friends seated at the table*. Major Hay?.s responded In a very handsome manner to the sentiment proposed in his honor by Hon. Mr. i Welle. Hon. J:\o. Mi'Kko* made a vary neat speech, in which Co onel Duncan, the gallant guett ef the evening, waa vtry favorably mentioned. As he waa not present, he | said he might be excused for saying what his heart prompted, at>d what he, Co1. Duncan, deserved. Oar | limits will not allow us to give his remarks in full, but | must content curselves with saying that he did juatioe ! to that illuetiious officer. He then referred to West ' Point to Ueneral Jaekton's appreciation of that exoelI lent and noble instituticn, wntch he said had fought is way into ditioction. and alluded in most favorable terms to the services of the New York volunteers, who, with the feouthCarolina volunteers, charged together in tbe recent glorious war. and who, he waa proud to say, were the associates of such a man as tbe brave Unm an on the bloody fields of Mexico. He, however, would disrard ail sectional differences. He proposed, n f-ntin ent?The union of the States, effected in a spirit cf coBpmmika uiuy it never be * nd*ng*red fey a want of mutual good feeling. Drank with great enthusiasm. Mr. Jis. K. Otis, In response to a call from the ohilr. made some eloquent temai ks in allusion to those who went to Mexico t? fight the battles of their oonntey, but unfortunately never returned He proposed toe [ following sentiment:? "Ibe cherirbfd and honored memory of the late Captain John K. Vinton, of the Third Artillery, who I fell gallantly fighting for bis country before the wa'.la ' of Vera (Jruz?Every relation of life, (for be was d's| tinguisbed in every one he filled, both public and private.) was strikingly illustrated by that remarkable | fidelity and honor which characterized him aa a soldier ; and an officer? " 'How ilecp tlio who tick to mt, By all t heir voui try's honon blest!' " (ironiik F. Thomp?oj>, k?q , then offered the follow j inn henlinient.? "Ibe soldier who direct* and the soldier who executes? If one deserves tbe highest hooore in the gift of 1 a free people, tbe other la entitled to share with him the love and admiration of his idlow oountryme*." Drank with violent applause. At a late bonr the company separated, all well pleased with the attention bestowed on tbe gallant gaeit of the evening, and ntij man settled with the PWwhich he ttok in contributing to th? festivities of the occasion, and in rendering wrll earned tribute to a modest, patriotic, and moat meritorious servant of this gnat tepublio. Police Intelligence. Stetiri btfort Juitiee McOrath ?The effects of Christis aa were quite visible at the potioe oourt on Taesday the office was well tilled with a motley group of wbiics'and blacks, all bearing evident inarms of high drinking and lew living, as tbelr clothing was well narked with mud, and tbelr faces varlgated with spot* of blood and mud together, giving their general appearance one of pitiful wretchedness Tbe effects of Christmas cheer appear to be just making their appearance. and no doubt before New Year many will scarcely be able to make tbe last oall. The ilrat prisoner called waa a woman of rather irood lookmu an pearance, calling hertelf Sarah Add Watson, Offlier Riley said he brought her in on a charge of assaulting Sarah Peter* at No 48 Orange street. Peters, what charge do you mike against the prisoner ? Mra. pctiaa-Jndga. thla here woman la a werry bad one, /be Is a bin a 11 Ting with my husband for two year* past and last night my husband cone back to ma agin, and was quite sober; I bad bin sorubblng all day at the Cit^ Hotel, and when I oatne hone my huaI land waa home too; he then wentout a little way tegat a peony's worth of peanuts for my littla boy. and just aa be was coming back,tbii here woman mat hltnandooaxedbim up stair* stnl for some gin and made him drunk, and tben he would not come home; ao do you see I went | in fearch of him. and fonndhlm up stairs, a few door* from iry house, drank, and In the arms of this naaty thing here, who is all the time with him whan she can get a chance; and when I went to pull hold of my old man, to fetch blm home, she took nold of me and tore my cap and mun'er>d ma Mai.iitb?rr ? Vou don't look aa if yon had been much murdered; you bad better let your husbind alone; he dnn't appear to do anything for you, and you are bett?r rff without him There, you can both go. and if this woman is brought hera before ma again, I'll s?nd her to the penitentiary. The next prisoner was one of the Five Flint thieves, called John Anderson, aliai " Billy Barlow,'' who was arreated by officer Wooldrllge, having a gold lorket worth $10 In hts poisesMon. The Justice locked blm up for a further hearing, as he could not account satisfactorily how It d?im into bis possession, having rta'ed that he bought It of a young man on the Battery, and paid $4 for It Thla humbug strry was not credited, and he was taken down until hd owner is found, as. no doubt. It has bee a stolen. Jerry Reed, or more commonly known by the ntiae of Brick," wan next put to the b?r on the charge of two jretty good looking young wo nen, with having asfaulted and beaten them, and threatened their Uvea. i i?. ,,f th? oomolalnants said that " Brick" came into tbelr hru?e at Pto. 4 Trinity Plao?. and er>n>ire?rfd to break the furniture, and represented himcelf to be tbe Alderman ?f the l*t ward, and i>? arc Lad tbe houee under preencaof earching fir itru n good*; and further stated tha'. ha (hould break up ail ?U' b b< u*en of dlerepate. and intended to diraet the ( aj tain of that ward to break up and k?ep a oatoh on all Mioh *u?plelou? hnuaer Tha tnagi?trate took the maiplaint. aodheld Drlek to bail la thaaum of 1600. to infer tbe rbar^<' at < ourl The balanra of the priaonern were let ofT with a reprlm?r il on the proiutae of not balng found again lu the ?lr*ftt drunk. Daring the day. Tuesday, an application wa* mt I* before Justice MeOrath. for a warrant to be indued ?galn*t Cbtrlae Bird and Sidney Clayton, the twoollcer* whowert- Mid <o hai? kidnapped thaalava loaeph ' Belt. In Mipport of thin applla ttion. two afll lartta . ?rie Mibuiftted. made by the nlare and another biaok I (i an by the rarne cf Th?iua? I'aek. The Magia:i?t* | rrfupeil to lerue th? warrant, or t**? any action in tha n atte* until tbe deeicion i? made by JuJga Kdinunda. *1 leh to mpected to be tflien to- i?y +hm Ditm i'td \ few dayn a*o a complaint wan ri i t-fore Jnitlce Meli.-a'h by one Alexandar Mo< ardy, chafing Samuel W Crook and MaDoa ugh HuekHn with a ron*plra?y in r<-f.'reoae to obtaining a lot pf Mat* and cap* Tha baa been in?e*ti?ak? <! befote I be m?gHtr?te, andVie charge dia-wxed aa t?e'e nant fall-id tn make out hi? oaw in ?uh - ? * . .. _

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