Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 7, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 7, 1849 Page 1
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) . TH NO. 5330. Ottr PmM Corrcaponetence. PVaia, December 7, 1848 CmtfMt'i Jhantrei in Uefertnce to the Pope ? The KUttion? The *1uitrio- Itvlian ^motion, jrc. As tbe epoch of th? election approaches, tbsoon- 1 tending parties be or me more animated and more ieree. The advocate* of either party sbow bnt little respeot i in tfceir means of mutual attack. Falsehoods tbe mast flagrant, and ealnmnies the meat foul, ara circulated -by tbe organs of each party daily. Uen. I'avaiguao uses unsparingly all tha lnetrcmenta of electioneering wbiob are plaoed at his , dispo-al by the position be holda. But one of his manoeuvres, regarded at tbe moment as the most adroit, has recoiled upon him In an unexpected man1 ner, and covered him with ridieule. 1 mentioned in my last, thst he bad suddenly availed himself of the rumor of tbe Imprisonment of the rope, to eend sn expedition to Rome for his liberation, and that 8 600 men were ordered to be embarked at Marseilles for tbe purpoee, and M. de Coreelles was expedited as ambassador extraordinary, to see to the safety of tbe Tope's person. At the moment, all this was ccnaldeied to be a great card for Uen Cavaignao. It was a windfall in tbe eleotoral game, which he did auk cxpcck, uait events aim proceed raster even man the process of imagination. The order bed loeroely reached Marseilles. end M. de Coreelles bed scarcely sailed for Civita Veochie, before the Intelligence you will perceive by the London journals, thet the Pope bed effected hia escape,with the eld of several xnimoers of the corjit diplomatique, end has gained the Neapolitan frontier at the .viola dl Uaeta, where of course he waa taken under the proteotion end liorpitallty of the Court of Neplea. The entire carpa diplomatique, with the exoeptlon of the Sardinian Ambairador. and the whole conclave of Cardinala, either preceded or followed bla Holiness; and, at the time 1 write there line*, it la almoet certain that Naplaa bea 1 become temporarily the aeat of the Holy See. Sc. Januariua baa for the moment put out of joint the t note of St. Peter. But the glat of the joke, at least in Parte, ia, that It tnrna Gen Cavaignac into abaolute ridicule. Hie 1) 600 men were in the a*t of embarking, at Marseilles, on beard sundry abtpa of war, and butletlnaand telegraphic deapatchea, and extraordinary oouriera. were rent daily to Peria to report progreaa; r but. in the meanwhile, a counter order waa aent yesterday to command all the troopa to reland and return -4 to their quartern. M de Corceliea, however, the envoy, had unfortunately aailed on a wild gooae ohaae before the countermanding order bad arrived, and the * " report la. to-day, that be encountered a storm which drove him into Coreloa. B-sides. the perronal inconvenience to the worthy ambassador, this la now a matter of the smallest Imaginable importance Ibua fell the hopea of Gen. Cavaignac. A programme bad been sent to Marseilles, giving detailed ordera as to the manner in which the Popeabould he received Addreeeea were ordered to be got up by the Prefecta end the Malrea in all tbeprovineea through which he bad to para. Guards of honor were to attend blm, and. to crown all, M. Freelon, Minister of Public Worship was sent down with an address, ready out and dried, to deliver to him on the pier of Marseilles when the sole of his holy footshonld first tread thereon. The effect of all this on the election of Gen Cavalgnac waa expected to be quite prodigious; hia name was to be everywhere coupled with that of Pius IX , and the whole tegiment of French clergy were to be enrolled in the service. All these castles have melted away, with the '-cloud oapt towers, the gorgeous palaces. be ," and have vanished into thin air. The more he W4S invited the more the Holy Father would not come. But seriously tbe matter appears likely now to deprive General Cavalgnae of whatever little ohanoe ha v Lad of auoeesB in the election. The utmost ridioule baa been tbrewn upon bla precipitate measures at.d tbeir abortive results, and they who were disposed before to regard them as seriona and bona fide, now look on them as a mere electioneering trlok. In any care, the majority of Louis Napoleon would have been great, but unless matters should intervene wbieh cannot now be foreseen or anticipated, he will have anch a majority as to pat the matter out of the I question. His supporters augment daily in number and I n? >h_ P.-I. inn,i?li all lhnu nSeh. 1...S I is refutation or influence. with the exception of the Na- ' lional and Steele, are in his favor. The Journal dee D'baf. which at first deolart-d for Cavaignao. has rek traded ; at this moment it is neuter, but no donbt before the eleotion It will oome ont strong for Louis Napoleon. The Constitutional, the Preete. and all the other journals of the moderate party support him.? Tbe ftw journals which are organs of the red republic of eouree support Ledru Rollio. but as hie candidature is a hopeless affair, it is needless to mention it.? Almost all tie names of French statesmen with which we are familiar bate declared for rrinoe Louis Thus Mole. Thiers, Odillon Bariot, Montalembert, Leon Fancber kc.. he., in a word, all the leading members of the old Chamber are tor him. All tbe general offldere. from Bigeaud downwards, with the exception of General Lsi>.prioiereand General Cavaignao himself, arealsfffog htm. Y<u m?} juog? frnm this what* slender ebance General Cavaignao will hare Tbe conference to be held by ministers appointed by France and England, for tbe settlement of the dlffer. enees between Austria and Northern Italy, is decided to be held at Brussels. Sir Henry Ellis Is to rspresent England, and M. do Tooqueville, France. The conference, however, will probably be postponed until after tbe nomination of tbe President and, in that ease, as tbefp will be a ebange of ministry, it Is not improbable that the appointment of M. do Tocquerille, which has b> en made by Gen Cavaignao, will be revoked. Already lists are handed about of the cabinet wbleh tbe two candidates would severally appoint, if successful If Cavaignec bo elected. Armand Marrast, exeditor of tbe Notional, will be Vloe President of the Republic; M. Dufaure will be President of the Council, and M do Tocquerille will bo Minister of Pnblio Instruction If Prince Louis be eleeted, M O. Barrot will be Vice President; Gen. Bugeaud will be Minister of War; Gen. Cbangarnier, CommsDder ot Paris; M Passy. Minister <f Finance; and M Leon Fancber, Minister of Public Works. It is not Improbable also that in tbe event of tbe success of Prince Lonls, M. Dufaure may be elected President of tbe As?embly. Tbe duration of tbe Assembly will mainly depend on the result of the election If Prince Louis be elected. It will be speedily dissolved. If Cavaignao be elect-d it will probably be maintained for the whole period of the Presidency. The reason of this is that the present Assembly basa strong majority hostile to Louis Napoleon and favorable to Gen. Cavaignao If it were dlsap solved and another eleeted. the majority would he just the other way. Paris December 11,1849. The Peniion Difficulty?Terrible Diecloturei?The Election? Causet of Napoleon"1 s Sveceet, <J-c. Events of great Importance have occurred since the date of my last, and which, like many others whleh have signalised the present year, have been most unexpected Tbe first is that which is now talked of ae tha Infamous pension list. Tbe origin of this was as follows:?Immediately aftsr the revolution of February. a committee was appointed to select each individuals as had suffered in their person or parses, for their politics! opinions, under the regime of Lonls i Philippe, or who bed suffered for the events of the rose ut revolution, and to decide on the manner in whleh the republic ?u to eompensnto them Three categories were to he formed, two to be endowed with life peaalone of dilTrrrnt amounts, and the third to be reworded either by honorary distinction* or pecuniary gifts. This committee con tinned its labors until the commencement ol last September, when Its report and lists of persons proposed to be rewarded, were submitted to the government, of which Uen. Cavalgoao was then the ohi?f. and M Senatd. Minister of the Interior On the 10th of that month Gen Cavaignao accordingly presented to the Chamber a project of law, signed by himself and countersigned by M Senard by which the pensions, gifts and distinctions proposed by the commitiee of. national recompenses, were to be granted and oenferred to ihe individuals named In the said lists. According to the ordinary couree, ibis, like all other , project* wss submitted toacosamittee of the \?sombly b?f re bring adopted, the duly .if such committee being to esamine into tbe grounds of tne propo?ed grant and report thereon to tdie Assembly. This committee na, turally d? mandril tbe lists ot individuals to whom these extensive grants were to be made, with the grounds L > upon which their respective claims rested. Much r hesitation war evloeed In the production of the lists and bef, re they wets forthcoming M Scnaid was removed from the .ministry. and wa* succeeded by M. Ontanre At length, and afte. much delay and difficulty tbe persistence of tbe oemmittee forced the lists . from tbe government, and rhey were accordingly presented by M Liu fa or* last week: bat on presenting tb?m be announced te tba eonimitUe that lbs government bad abandoned the proposed project of law. On xamlnlng the lists, tbe ast.-nl-hment and Indignation of the csvntnittee were quite unbounded They found ibrre the name* of tbe accomplices and friends of sit the assa?sis* and political murderers wh'Ch were tendered nototicos by their crimes under tbe monarchy of I.oul* Tbilippe There were found tbo obi dr?n of fepln. tbe a>aomplice of Fiesehl, the re- , Intlvrs < # 1> aomte. w ho matfe the atrocious attempt In tbe lowot of Fontainbleau; the fHmtllee of pereon* who ( bad commuted murders on tbe police and the military; , Individual* who had n-en condemned to the galleys . for assaying'inn; tbWves. robb- rs. and person* eon- , virti-d Of oufYage agsjnit religion. To crown all, j there was found there the yiuindun prostitute of Ficaehl ( and who exhibited herself for hire afterwards in the Cafe de la Bourse Beside* these, were fonnd proposed , as objects for national reavn>d. Mas members of the , Comth't'ee of Nstlonsl ltr?oiupen?e th ra-elve. who reei mmendeii theui. Also, M Armaod Marrp?t, the , President of tbe Assembly ; M Floeon. ex Minister; . hi Keouit Cnfect of tbe <eine : M Gervals (d? ('aeo ) , |> Prefeet of Pe lee | M Bartide Minister of Foreign Af- t /> fair* f'aiiMldlere. wb.i hart fled unrterthe charge of i an attempt against the Aasemhly. and Barbi's, Blaoqtll, , si d the pther prisoner* of Vincennr*. An att-mpt . wa* msrte to smother these lists, but the thing was , Impossible. Tbo tteuikvre of tho Assembly getting | I I ' fl e E NE alnd of them, rushed Into the committee room and copied them, and thus they got Into the newspapers. ftodereriptioneaaeflFeetueily eonvey the indignation produced ibr< ugbcui the country by Ibcir publication Tbe government Instantly breams conscious of thedi sar trows effect which would b? produoed the mum of Uoitiil (evaignso He bad signed the project ef law rercnic ending tbe iadlviduaU contained in these li-ts u object* of the national bounty; and It baa b-en eaid that tbe nation, in nafcing these gift*, was still more honored tban tbe individual* on whom this benefit vii i onfeired A debate w?s raised on tbe subset In tbe Naticnai Assembly, which you will see reported in tbe English jonrnale. and you will there perceive bow lamely tbe government attempted to get out of tbe ecrat a, by dieavowing tbe knowledge of tbe eontenta of of these list* to which, notwithstanding, it bad recommended tbe pensions to be granted. To connteract in some measure tbe injurious effect of tbe publication of these lists, tbe goverinnnnt committed another fault, which as the eve. t ptoved. was still norr grave. On tbe night of the detmteln the Assembly, tbe mails were detained at the poet ciflee. and instead of starting at their usual hour of d f M , were kept till midnight. Meanwhile tbe government employed ail the large printing offices of I'aris In printing off millions of copies of the exculpatary and apologetic ryr ruuoc ui uvunm vsnngusc iOU *1. L/uiturH, uo tun subject The malls went loaded with these, beiog llllad wit hi hem both itelde and out,to (be esclusiou of passengers Tbe alsrui spread In the provinces by thin delay of tbe mail* wa? extreme. Pari* eatd to be In revolt, aad preparation# were made to march upon It. Tbe Indignation of the commeroWl elaseee. wboee eor Dependence eat euependrd and business damaged by tbie nieaeure, ear of eourae great; and, together with the publication of tbe Date themselves. It# effeota on tb# eandidatnie of General Cavaigttao was fatal. Even before tbie. there was not tbe lightest hope that Gen t ava*gnae would obtain a majority. His only obano# of election waa'.bat tbe majority of Prince Lout* Napoleon might not be such as ir required by tbe constitution, and that tbe eleotion would go iotothe hand# of tbe Arsrmbly. Even tbie chance was considered to be let by tbe measures to which I have just referred. While i am writing, tbe examination of the votes is going on all over France, and partial results are reported Horn every quart* r. As yet. tb?seresults give almost invariably an Immense majority for Priuoe Louts. It is probable, however, before I olose this letter. I may be ab.e to give in a P S such Information respecting tbe ejection as may enable you to judge of tbe result with a great degree of probability. Meanwhile, I must repeat that no one now doubta of the final nomination of Prince Louis The journals of bis competitors give Dp I be thing as lost. To-day, tbe Uourrier Frannaii, one of tbe organs of Lamartine sajs that Prinoe Louis may be considered as elected, and the tone adopted by ibe journals of Gen. Cavaignao render their despair >nly too evident. Of tbe eigbty-slx departments into which France is divided. Prince Louis is ascertained to have received a oisjorlty of votes in sixty; in several of tbeae his election will be almost unanimous. There are, however, in ibe other tvfjffy-'i*- * 'BW- '#rRe sad populous, in which tbere will be almost tbe same unanimity in fhror at Gen Cavalgnae. Looking at Pranoe from across tbe Atlantic, at a distance et great as to render Invisible ull the more minute piingsci political action, you will doubtless find It difficult to understand how the young republio can hesitate between Gen. Cavalgnae, an unquestionable republican, and Prince Louis, tbe impersonation of monarchical reaction. It will not. therefore, be unaaoep'able to you to give here a brltf view of tbe grounds upon which tbe moderate party, as tb?y are called, are determined to oppose Gen. Cavaignao and to support Prince Louii. I will not say that these reason# are sltrgetber sincere, and still less, tbat tbere are not many motives which are unexplained and unacknowledged Tbe following 1*. however. In #ubstaaoe, tb# pology which tbe moderate party, constituting the preat majority of tbe country, now give for tbe part they are about to play Tbey say. we adopt tbe constitution ; tbe cpnstttutlon has converted France into s republic; we nave seen many governments destroyed by toe faults they bave committed; the duration of tbe republic, therefore, will depend on tbe manner in which it governs France It is clear tbat tba republio Is democratic; tbat is, it is not anaristooiatie republic, Ike Venice.nor Is it a dfmimillln and nnlallstronnhUo I What we. the immense mojority of Franae, demand, a republic with order; that is, without the club* ahicb disorganize and deprave the people daily, from morning to tilgbt. without peace or truou? the republic gvarantevlngjuaticeand the immovability of the ma gist racy? the republic, with a aye tern of taxation whleh ball not ruin the cltlaen of propetty, to the great [rejudlce of the poor, by preventing the former from living employment to the latter-the republlo which ball not drive out from our country the fabrication it at tides o i luxury, the main aliment of our foreign commerce. is such a republic possible ! That la a secret of !>?aven in is the only one that oan be tcknowlsdged and tried. Now who are the m.m who ire in power? They are they who. beloDging to an mperceptible minority In number, profoundly iucapa?le. crmpletely inexperienced, would nevertheless monopolize all office*, without having a si ogle person salable of filling them ; tbey who have created ministers >y legerdemain, ana of what materials ? they who sould not find in their ranks a slng*e diplomatic agent resent able to foreign courts?they have peopled be administration with what? Prefects and SubPr,-f*cts? tbey wbo bave taken as their representative ne of tbe officers of Marshal Bugeand. are eertainly neither tbe first in rank or military services. Such are tbe men. and now what would tbey7 I bey desire tbe anarebical liberty of tbe cltibe. tne jemntUMo organisation of tbe army, a m*g'.?tr?qv emovable. progressive taxation, and public los'ruo- I iion acoerditig to tbe plan of M. Carnot. whleb would ieinpel ever? father of a family te place bia children inOer the tuition of professors teashlng ibe doctrines if socialism It Is thus that General Cavaignac Is tied hand and foot to t bis party and these principles To vote, then, or General Cavalgcae. la to vote for these men ana hese principles; and it is for this reason that tbe molerats party will not vote for General Cavalgnao, cbnowUdglng at tbe same time the debt that society >wes to him personally, fer his conduot in the insured Ion of June. v W. U T ??l, M../>l.? n??anIv .. ? ,,v n. ...... jecause by blm wf exclude the other party, but beoause re approve blm. W? will not adopt aa to our candidate ;be language of flattery We. frr our part, aay plainly, M. Bonaparte la not a man of geniua. But. is Geo ~avagnao? M. Booaparta did not gain the battlea of Rlvoll and Marengo, tor make the civil code Did 3eneral Cavaignac ? M Louie Bonaparte la an boneat, naible, educated, modeat, and perfeotly reasonable nan, and tbeae qualities are worth more than many itbera M Louie Bonaparte has for bia aupportera all noderate men With blm. tre aball hare the republic icnsst and rational, Instead of drmagogulc; an army sroperly organised, equitable taxation, free aduaatloo, in iirenovable magistracy; in short, a wiae ad minis;ration, aalected from the talent and experience of the :ountry, In substitution of the commtaeariea of the provisional government. Pixta. Deo. 13, 1848. Result of the Flection. $e. I take np the pen from day to day, aa the event* in the midst of wbicb we are develop* themeelvea. These iventa are big with importance. It ia not the fate of Prance only which banga npon them, but probably the peace of Europe. The people closed its great work of the election of a Chief of the State on Monday evening V o'clock. The results were gradually oozing out yestsrday. Last night we resolved intelligent}* ot partial returns fiom various department*, and this morning we are in possession of the principal portion Dt the returns of Paris, and the Banlleu, and of 23 department*. The result of the eleollon is no longer doubtful . Prince Louts Napoleon wilt be returned by d overwhelming majority At the moment I write, three four the ol e nnlili n of votes have been published. ot which Prince Lout* will receive two-third*?the renaining third being distributed between General Cavaignac, Ledru Hoilin. Itaspatl. sod Laraartine?the last having an insignificant fraotloo. Who that remembers, es you must do. the immense popularity of Lemsrtine lest March.when his reception* were arowded wlih flatterers, could believe It possible that he would new be unable to obtain even one percent of the suflrtgis? Such however, are the vicissitudes of politics! life in democracies. Of the thirty fix million* of soul* that constitnte the population of krance, there are e ghteen million* or thereabout*. males. Of these eighteen millions, about 9 million* are above 21. and tbu* U uilll'| D' constitute, unaer the tetni* of the constitution, ihe elector* Judging by past experience. It Is calculated that abont seven million* of them will deliver tbeir vote*; and out of tbeae *even million*, it I* ex <jt u < avsif crc ih by d. scent by family by assoeWtion, i d bj oilmen a staunch republican He l? opposed to n olalisn and to the led republic; he ii. la fact. a moderate but Arm republican If tbc purpose of the I'tHith people Here o establish the tepublto. It* ehlef could not hare beeu doubtful-Uenoral Cavaigoao w ould have been eieo'eu by acclamation But the truih murt be told however dwagrceab e it may be to there a>>o deslie to witness the rapid progression of natl> nr lo??id- demnciacy ? France is not republican. I'M* i* the vimplet. the inooutwst.lble. truth. The slicMon of rrisice Louie le nothing tuore nor lea* th?n the solemn pro'est* tun of the Krenoh people against the act of the provisional government tu Kehruary by which It prcc aimed the r> pulilio It proclaimed ibat republte ?i bout conrultiBg the nation When Beiutoarte raised himself to the imperial throne.he put tbo que*. Mod?" An Fniperor or not to the whole people ; and em deola ed empror by four million* of votea I he provisional gnve; ument did not dare do thi* with the republic A republic or uorepublic ?" was never II ted of ihe Fienrh people 11-tJ it been *o the aepine wouid have been protested by one universal >b< lit. of indlynwtlon Ibir may be displeasing to ? IphNned prreens of IdUII- ctual progress - they may (hint ihat In the growth of people an ep ich will coma ben they can govern tlieai*>|?e? without the pageant r tbefcilrnof a monarchy; the* will see thia with iesprigtst. But It is not the less true, anil it la not 'he lee* nerss>nr> that these whose d.tty it I* to report the irmh should s*y it iVoetiwIitle what, will he the resnlt ? What will be he neat sicp to follow this soleuio protest |iape|* d hy Pilnre J.ouls In. ell. d in the Utile palace of he Klysoe Rouibnn, bow Iudk will be be allowed to reraintbere? rbere are question* wtiloh no on# e,>o iristime to ant*sr. I'he general Impression I* thdC other the present Aassmhiy or the legislative Cham - i >?r, which must soou succeed it, rW submit to ual W Y O SUNDAY MORNING, Terra! tnffrsge the question of a republic or no republic If a 1irg* majority respond In the negative, then will come the terr?bl<* task of undoing the w >rk of the last year and of repressing that loeurreetion which will probably arise by the resistance of the republican party small as It Is Such Is the germ of these event* wh'eb lie In tha womb of the future, and which It will be my duty to detail to you, from week to week, during the ensuing year. Paris. December 14, 1818. Tk* PrttiienC$ Cabinet tf-c. To what I have written, I hare little to add that may not hare been expected from what I hare already communicated. We are receiving, hourly, bulletins from tbo departments which swell more and more the majority of Prince Louis. It Is now calculated by some, that he will actually be returned by six-sevenths of the entire number of votes Such unanimity amongst a great people, on such a political question, is without any previous example. Even the Emperor, when he put the establishment of the imperial throne to the choice of the country, wa* only responded to by four million* of voices His nephew wilt, en the present occasion, undoubtedly reoelve a muoh larger number. The advisers of the Prince were In eonfsrenoe the most of yesterday, as to the formation of his first cabinet The individuals composing this will beM VI Odilon Barrot. Admit* Kould. Leon Gaucher. Leon de Mallevllle. Drouln del Hoys, Uen Oudl -ot. and -Otne others, not yet settled The distribution Of the offices among them Is not deflnltvlely settled, except in a few instances Koala will be Minlsterof Finance, Kancber, of Public Works, and de Mallevtlle. of the Interior; but the others remain. as yet undecided. Uen Cbangarnier will htve the command of the National Guard and the garrison of Paris The report which I send of the Bourse and money market, will show bow serious an effect these circumstances have produced on the financial Interests. The Cholera In the Booth and West. Health ok N. Orleans?The weather yesterday again became dump,"and lost u uch of tliat bracing character which it had assumed during the pievious 24 hours. The "ekiey influences," at all times eccentric during the winter in New Orleans, have been lately more than usually variable; in fact, it would be difficult for the meteorologist to follow the niHreh of mind and weather, so as to exhibit anything like a regular series of tables, to niuik correctly then fluctuations. For an ndex to the state of the health of the city, we do not think we can do better than to point to the report of the Charity Hospital, and the returns from the cemeteries. Perhaps it wou'd be idle and profitless to bn/aid any conjecture as to the ss,iect which the cholera will wear to-niorrow; like all other epidemics, we oresume it wil' lun its course, and hence, we may active this negative consolation, that the lapse 01 each day biings us nearer to its end. Ciisaiiv HoariTAL- Report for ths 24 hours, ending led evening it 6 o dock Admitted of Arietta oholere 46 Admitted of other distaste SO Total 76 Diiobargedof Ariatio ehrlera 1 Died of Ariatio obolera 39 Died of otber dUeases 2 Total.. 41 A". O. Timet. Dec. 28 Geobgb W. ff keder.?This gentleman, so well known in this community us a writer of sketches, arid reporter for the newspapcis of this city, died jesteiday, of cholera. Mr. Reeder was for some ume connected with thus paper, and Ins contributions were much admired and co,<ied He postttsed a line fund of humor, a happy wit, great command of language, a poetical imagination and temperament, hi disposition, he was liberal and confiding, ilia heart was full ot kindness and g> nerosity?Ins sympathies were ever readv in behalf of objects of suffering and distress. Poor Gtorge ! A few hours before his death, his ready wit spotted with the terrors ot the pestilence, ana bis sAngume disposition treated its a iproach with indifference. The sudde? death of a younger brother checked thio confidence, and ere the corpse of ihat brother was consigned to the tomb, he himself was seized with cholera, and died in a t-whom s. His deatli was not unlamented: for all who knew h i talents and virtues will ever cherish the remembrance thereof. Mr. Reeder was a native of lit. Mary a county, M*>yUn?l. lis u It-fl a wife nnd a largo circle of triendB to lament his untimely death ?JV O. Delia, Dec 27. Tbe Mobile Re filter and Journal of the 27th alt. says tbat all the necessary precaution* bare been taken to prevent tbe cbo'era In tbat city No ease Hrs originated, or exists; and tbe change in the weather gives strni g hope tbat the oity will entirely escape tbe pestilence. No t holkra in CtNciNNATi.?Wa feel duly authorised fr< in tbe infornatioa in car possession, to state thiol tht-ri* in no nhnl* r* In this and ihat fhuvo haa bin Bene (lnc? the preeeot excitement commenced. The Board of Htilth bin ben witobfa , and they do notreprrtany inch dleea*e A few ilrtiba bare oooarr>d 'bit by ?o?e wyte thoughta dlaeaae alanUr to the cholera, but ?ueb tlleeaaee were, we are oonfldent, brought on by expnaure. and by tbe Into extraordinary wrather. To ?bow that whit we have raid abo?? la true, wa copy balow the action of the Board of Health, wbiah held a full meating yttterday. -Cincinnati Commercial, Ju n 1. Hialth or Locmville.?Tbe moat exaggerated and groundleae rumore In regard to tha haaith of LouiariUe are in circulation Tneee rum or a hare been induitrlcurly propagated throughout the country, and bave affactad tha buaintaa of the city in order to aatiafy our readera in the country, we hare male careful inquiry f aon e of our moat intelligent phyeiciana. and hare lrarned fnm them that LouiariUe la In a remarkable degree exempt 'rem di> a e at tbe preaant time, la relaiion 10 the cbohra. not a ample caae of that di'eaaw baa yrt appeared brre Whenever any well authenticated caae doea occur we aball Immediately intorm the public of it. Bepirtabare alao gone abroad to tbe effect that amall pox waa making extena re raragea here. Two or three weekasgo there were en nnuaual number of caeee of that dheeaa bare, but they hare generally been cored, and at pnsent there la but little of it in thla oity.? Louiivillt Journal, Jan. 1. Singular Affair?Korbbry at a Music Store. ?t>ii Saturday evening, between six ttnd seven o'clock, the music store ot Johnson &Co. was entered by mesne ot a lalse key ; two guitars, and sevt rsl vslusb.e flutes, tuning torks, and violins were taken therefrom. The ciioumstances attending the robbery were veiy peculiar, and involve a thiilling udventure, in which a young lady .L? V ? >ru U. V...A A tvoo mr jirnnnc x lie yuuiia ill nil wm? niieiiiiru the store. had closed the place just before six o'clock, and proceeded to his home .a Spring (>artieo, intending to accompany his sister to Wilson's conceit. lit- had nibde the agreement with his sister dutu g the day, but ahe misunderstood the place of m eting; Accoidingly, she proceeded to ihe s'oie, exp# ctii g to meet her brother there; but in this she ?a< mistaken. The store was closed, but a lightover ihe main entrance thereto attract? d her attention, and she tried ihe door and found it i pen. C>?i enieiuig, she nbsrivtd a man wuh a lighitd candle in hin hand, standing h hind the 1 counter. The yoni g laoy, not knowing but that . he mitht be connected with the establishment, asktd him if h? r brother had gone out. He re- i plied yes, but would be back in about an hour, i hhe stood musing whether to wait lor him, or to 1 pioceed to the house ot an acquaints nee, not far distant, and ihe man stepped round the counter and walktd towa'ds the frontdoor. He held the est die in h s hand, and his manner indicated that he would like the young lady to retire. Sne took the hint, and said, "1 suppose, sir, that you wimi to close the store 1" "Y?e, replied he, and she ot couise, without lurther cersmony, took her departuie. Shortly a'ter 'his event, she incidentally met a 5 out g gentleman wuh wh< m she had an acquaintance. and to htm she related the story. It instantly flush# d across his mind lhatthe man was a thisf, and the intelligence was immediately givt n at the ponce office. A party of officers pmci edsd lo the store, and found that u number of ailiclcs had bet n taken, and that the thief had gone to pans unknot* n ?I'htluiliij/hnt Rrpubltc. Woman Dkvoukcd nv Wolves.?A deplorable ocrun# nee look place in the township of Rnxboicnsb in the rear of Cornwall. on Monday. ISth ult. A *od so rtsldli/g Id lbs r#tr of the township left her hi bis lor lbs purpose of rltltlni neighbor who llred at tbs iIIs'slcs if a mile st.d a balf or so Notre lill DU g at dtrk as hsr hu> band? ipi U il be proas, dad <r sssirh ol on p??sthif through a i?i?ee of lush, be i bisiTrU a t'< iifia if wi I ?s* hiimy devouring si n.stbil'g or other He cha-rd The sdiiumih . ff, when. <> in* potior ie oi*c<iT*r*d ih? mangid remain* or He nil.?in fart Ihera wa- nothing l> ft xcep'InR a ptice if It* ill-fat- ii ?fmiau> br?-a?t Ur h??p unt 1 r?nl ahelhtr in Ihqueat *? held upon I ha remain*; hit It the coroner ha* not already in??*'igatnl <he naltir It in not jet too late to do #o.? Comwetl h'rt* I holder. Kxrosrit*.?f'n ThniedH)- lupf, while *nm* e;ent i int ii were t>i bump on (,'njiimuV lelmid, near the f'o? (ter Vagaiine, they diMtovertd a female partij ennIteled 'A a ta??r cou'lri.rteii of ploe hough*. whlnb *h* hid patheied tor the porpo*e ?od mn partly roT*r?d wilh Mioa which had fallen after 'he had ia* en tip l et ab de In har new bahitam u. abebad h?? n thtre iwe daja aid two illume H?r feet were tret hulit ard if fe probable ?h? rnuld not haeelonu UIWITtd. Her heme I* Heed Hie bel> pg? fO Vtllton, td w?e op a tleii fo *i me friend* !u Boatoo, who** fionte rha left earlj on 'J'Oeriaj morning. before th? family wara bp hiia U Imana - C'??iA*id*? Cfnundcf*. 1 RK E JANUARY 7, 1849. Additional Information respecting the Gold Region? Movements of the Kmigrant*. The enthusiasm which was so general here and elsewhere, a few weeks since, is apparently on the wane, to far at least as being the all-absorbing topic of conversation ; but persons who now really intend migrating have adopted a quiet but active course, and their operations?many of which we know to be extensive?are not made public, or understood, beyond their own circle; so that to estimate the number moving in the matter is quite out of the question. Independent, however, of the many individuals who have already started for San Francisco, both by land and sea, there are numerous a*80ciations forming, as well here as in many other cities of the United States, to proceed there ; and several vessels arc on the point of sailing which have been purchased, manned, and loaded by clubs of young men, mutually agreed to share alike the com'orts, the profits, and the privations. To those who purpose going, and have determined upon taking the sea route, we would recommend to them strongly the propriety of making no engu?rments until they have personally inspected he accommodations of the vessel, and ascertained from the underwriters her standing, as regards capabilities and sea worthiness. This is easily effected. No insurance office will refuse the inoitriatton, and when obtained trom this source, it may be relied upon aa being correct. We have been induced to offer these suggestions with a hope of putting those who are ignorant of these matters upon their guard, as there are speculations on foot, originating from sellish and dishonest motives, offering grand inducements to entrap the uninitiated and the stranger into schemes that would eventually, if not immediately, destroy all their prospects of reaching thetr destination. Unless the originators nnd the individuals forming these associations are well known, and the ship to which they are attached bears a good name, and a clear story be made, no attentu n should be paid them. Such as these we would have all avoid, as being entirely unworthy of the least confidence. It ia a matter of more importance than is generally thought of, to the well-being of passengers going on a voyage to the Pacific, that the vessel is staunch and capable, and pos- < sesses facilities to ensure a small share of comfort. Persons who would lose sight of this fact, and for the sake of a tew dollars engage a passage without taking these precautions, ought, and will, no doubt, suffer. There area large number of vessels of all classes now up at this port for San Francisco; ol which onehall at Ipnat ?r? noarlu if nnf worthy and unsafe for a short voyage, much less for one around Cape Horn. The list of those ad' vcrticed is large, but it is doubtful if they all receive sufficient encouragement to give them a start; already, we notice many that were up have been withdrawnSince the steamer California sailed, October 6, the following vessels have left for the Pacific, many of them sailed before the gold excitement broke out, and are destined for the various ports qp the coast, between Cape Horn and the mouth of the Columbia River. It is, however, vr ry probable that they will all eventually reach California ;? . FAILED FROM NtW lOM-IIIICrOCT. 1. Ships Brewster Hnar/ Fanny Forrester,* Mary k AMltS,' II. nrp N>-*mU.h.* I?n?.* Silvia ?i? OruiF,* Sea (Jum ? Florence. Sutton, Walpole. and Cbrlstoval Colon; bark* J W Cater, F.xpress, and Oeean Bird ; trip* R chert Bruce, and Sacramento. Those marked thus * were employed by government as transports. Steamships Edith, Mississippi, Calilorma, and Oregon, have also left since October. Tht two former are government ships laden with supplies From Boston.? Ships I,eland; Sophia Walker; Independence ; Barks, Carib; Elvira; Brighton; Prompt; J W. Ccflln. Fiom Baltimore,?George * Henry; Saldana ; Trevor t. From Salem.? Zotoff: Sterling. From Philadelphia.- Louisiana. Those above enumerated are all that have sailed fiom the United States direct to the Pacific, and the number of persons gone out with thein wiH not exceed, exclusive of the troops, three hundred, w hich, added to the parties that have proceeded, via the Isthmus, will swell the list to about eight or nine hundred only. At this city the following vessels are advertised for California, about two thirds of which ouly will 1 probably leave,:? snips?*, AiDacy, tsrnoKiyn, Tsnemaroo, | Tsrolmta. Mouth (Carolina Massachusetts, Thomas bickason Capitol Daniel Webster, Sarah and Klisa, Morrison Robert Down and Apollo. Barks?Hersalia, Madur a Peytoaa Croton, Kliza, H Newell, Mazeppa, Ann Walsh '/.irton. Rolla, Vernon, Mopang, Viotorjr. Borne Adele (French.) Marietta, Kdlnhurg, Warsaw, Keoka Brigs- Wolcott, leabel, Cordelia, Mary Stewart. Georgia! a. Leeerett. Luoj Ann. Darid lienshaw. Schooners?Nan.uel Roberta. A. F.uiery, Laura Virginia, Joaeph Ilewett, W. G. Hackataff. Steamers? Panama. Hartford. At Boston there are twenty-two vessels up, at Philadelphia, six Baltimore five, Charleston one, Sa'em one, Mystic one, New London one, New Bedioid one. The steamer Panama will leave between the j 5th and riOth of next month, touching at Rio | Janeiro and Valparaiso. lath in us of Panama. Wa annex another account of this interesting Isthmus, compiled by a gentleman of the highest respectability of this elty, which, it will he seen, tallies in I all respects with the description given by our previous j correspondent-" Vlstor." After describing the hay and harbor of Cbsgres, he proceeds as follows :? A reef extends fiom a neck of land from the western i bore terminating in anal is called the bar of the river, over wbioh twelve leet own be oarrled with safety. I Ike channel at the entrance is very narrow, and a sunken 100a in the middle, ov. r whicb the sea breaks, I which In going in must be left on the starboard band : I tfcen run oiieolly for the land juet to the eastward of the fort, and when eiore in shoro haul round the wails 01 the fort, within twenty yards ; and when above the town anchor hear the bank of the rivsr. hail should not betaken in until yon anchor, or the eunent may drift jeu back towards the bar, and glvo much troub e in keugiog and warping. At-er b< log vinted (torn the oueiom house, we ware psiu.itted to land with e ur baggage In a (as Iks- canoee are inked/ which took us to a mud flat, vbich mended iron, the town about 200 leet, nearly < fl to the channel of the liver Over this mud flat we v. ere rairted on nsg.oes, backs, who sank ankle deep at eveiy step to the shoir, where we picked our way tl ii.t gh the mud by stepping from stone to stone to the cu-torn house wheie our tiunss Were opened and ULdirasnt a very scrutinising examination Alter which, wi took theui to the hole); but suob a hotel ! A wickei work, jack ura* hou e plastered inside and < ut with or mi d. wi.b oo Uuoriog but mud. I the root ih*;<h-d with palm leaves j and we had the | ptl Mine ol peyu.g two uollnrs a day for two ordinary I n.eHi. suu a uhkcn cot to sleep on, and extra charges I lot Mint bino ?io nillk. < W|iii? 1 * a loleeiahie looking place of torn* 1(0 <>t '?(>i inaiu lu ll-. ruoied with paiui bi?uctae*, tud ooutaiut about 600 i r tUU iBhabuaut* niorlly neurue* and nuiatlie*. Hud obi lae " cr hair Diteil Indiana I law t r y one wbltf ra?D In ilir place, nod ne was a "iiiho' iii ni t bii?ii.i?, titi *? iti? ( oi . otor of iht I on. on I'm) a 11H'" *>f? I h*-' lublim" am a mixed iti id H ? ?6 it hi.a mgro blood nod generally bam a ledmrb lirokli d t.ce. eorly r.d ban. aud light eyea 1 ht fo- u l> bu li on H?? laud, nearly turrouod> d I y 'a|intiiii i f uiuddy water, nl d an tar an the eye Cru |tl> tali* nub lieu* ai.d high cane grant, full of at i on < u? r?pm?e aud lotcett , uotaonou* eerpenta are ia<d li i fit n In- run a bout tho e'r-et* and houeea. ? lnuiibt e- nltnua talon, the ftrietc are knee dwp la it uij aud oni) paontie by eleppiug on log* ?nd large ii tit |i ictii ?' ai.u.o dm a nor apai t, there mitbt once i ate bitii pntii k but it In iiHfe all gained loon* by tne r? i.h Id all peri* if I be eorid I nave vnlted, I n*mr a* id or t raity weather and *uoh heavy torrent* wf It ? i t tbl* l-tbinu*, anu ail tbiough the province of < hi ro tri m ihe river M Juan i t ihe raottlo, to the river A ttati. or I>*rie li which enjptle* Into toe A i Ian tic; Hill I fell, lull i n ed 11 in * ! I he w joie year round, hav tig uiid'.v eea-ou xn> pt a *ht.ri interval of Miorcjlng UDibinr lot ? few boor* I u ton a day* T Qoulghu ate eot I al.tbdanip , the la.oh prevail mnatly thro ugh tie day. bultHU eilniaa It ram* eteauy ail P'gul, tbougn Nldooi lb# rlluvia and auaaoia drawn up from tbe * [ERA awampe, whlltTthe nn does shine, creates a nauseous Kt> am onapor. which is horrible te the smell, and le lull Of pestilence. No traveller ekould land here if lie can kelp it; but if he oao obtain ? "oayuoe," go ditect from the vessel up the river, for a single week'a reticence here would almoet insure aiokneaa. and some.ime* deatb to the stranger. Kv?n the natives are a sickly, puny. miserable looking set of beings always afflicted with agues, fevers, and other dlseasea. JOt'RNKV t*P THE RIVER CRt'CES. rasaagea can be had in the large oayuoaa which carry cargoes, for four dollars, and in the email ones for twelve dollars, Hading their own provisions, it la alwaya preferable for single passengers to take the latter, which, when there is no freshet, will take one to Crures In twenty four hours, yet I waa two daja in getting there, stopping through ] the nights on the river, made fast to the limb of atrse, and it raining continually The large oayuoaa are often four, and even sis days on the passage. A small oanoe baa two negroes to pole and paddle, and sometimes wade, dragging the canoe after them round the points, the current being very rapid in some placet where the river in uarrow. The cai.ore are long, low, and very narrow, with a email arched "toido," or awning, about seven feet long, covtred with plan'aln leaves, under which the paaeenger hea to lie the whole time, with hardly room to sit up straight. They are made thus low, to keep them from being swept away by the branehes and limb* of treee. stumps, and vines hanging over the banks of the river and under whioh they are obliged to pass, to keep out of the strength of the current. In some places the riTer is so narrow that the branches of the treee hanging over its banks nearly Intertwine together; aud though I think it navigable to Cruces, or even up to San Juan, (a lew leagues farther up,) for small shallow steam boats, yet the river, being bo very cicoked, with so many short tarns or reaches, and the current so rapid, they would require powerful engines; and, even then, meet with many Impediments. There are also some snsgs and sawyers to be removed, und trees to be out down, to keep their branohes from weeping off the funnels. The river will, sometimes, heavy rains, rise, In tweuty-four hours, eight or ten teet; and as suddenly fall, on aconunt of the rapidity of the current. The scenery, after ascending a few miles, becomes bsautlful?the trees and vines, festooned with flowers of rlob vaiiegated hues, overhang the banks of the river; while, here and there, as we turn a point, are seen, In the open vistas beyond, ilcli vsllies, hills, and towering mountains, with the oloude wreathing along their sides?now and then ob outing their summits, then rolling away, in the distance eapoilng them for a few moments to the bright rays of the sun in all their magnificent verdure, with here and th?re a small "hacienda'' and rude hut, surrounded with waving ooru, sugar oane, and plantain trees; while tbtre ure continually orossing and recrossing, overhead, large flockr of noisy green parrots, paroquets, and wild pigeons, with many other a nail and large birds of beautiful plumbs; and while a person Is musing in wonder and admiration at this magnificent scenery of nature, down oomss a sudden shower of rain, which obscures the whole behind a sombre curtain of thick mist, and obliges klm to draw in his htad beneath hla email canopy orplantain leaves?rsmiadlng one ol a land tortoise drawing his bead within his shell. There being no vessel at Panama In wbloh I oould get a passage to Bona Ventura, and it being roported very unhealthy at the first-named oity, from the prevailing of a eontaglous dysentery, I resolved to spend some lime at Uorgona and Cruces. 1 went ashore at Uorgena, whioh is a small village, elevated on a table land about thirty feet above the river. 1 found the people very hospitable and kind, and spent a week with them, boarding in the best house In the place lor one doitir and a half per day. The houses are muoh the same as at Chagres, but larger, and kept in much tetter order. The inhabitants mostly have farms or laoiendas not far from the village, on each side of the tiler, where they ra ee abundance of oorn, some rice, ingar cane, plantains, and other tropical fruits, and caeava, yucas. yams, and other roots. Around and in every house may be seen many dogs, ducks, chickens, bogs, aud goate, and many keep horses ana mules. It contains about as many inhabitants as Chagres. There is a road from here to Panama, which intersects wilh the road from Cruces. about three leawuss from tie termer place, and is said to be about the same distance vis: seven leagues, but is not as much travelled as that lrom Ciucee. although " nine host " said the travelling was much better, and the distance a little shorter. But hie objeot was to get his mules employed to take me there; yet what he said may be trne; but 1 pr?felled the most frequented route. There is a mountain, about a league from the vlllsge. which traveller* otten amend, to have a view of , tb? Atlantic and raoifio, which can be Been on a clear duy After spending a week here. I went up In a canoe te i rutes, which is about two leagues farther up. Here I fiund the people quite kind and hospitable, and, in fict. every way like thoee at Gorgona The town u a little larger, and the houses much better, many of them bating boarded floors and tiled roofs. There Is a church here, and curate; the church mostly inruius, end only one half of it used for worship; but it is now nndeigc Ing repairs, i boarded at Senor Alieinoiaa. a gentleman woo generally accommodates travellers with board aDd lodging, and mules and muleteers. QtatUtnR costs the eauin as atGorgone; but the living Is much better He s a nueold man, -?.*j .nnnmtaodetlcg, and for that place, his charges reasonable; and I would recommend travellers who are bound either way over the isthmus to speud tueir time there while waiting for a ve?eel at either port, as It is the healthiest place on the iethuius; and one may amuse himtelf with gUDning, flshlDg. fandangoes, itc. Tae town Is built upon an elevated situation, on two small hills, in'erseoimg each other in the form of across, frvo which I suppose it takes its name of truces. ROAD rHOM CHUCKS TO PANAMA. I remained heiea fortnight and then went to Panama ; the charge for a eaaule mule was $'>, and for a baggage mule und muleteer $3 more, making $8 1 stalled aPtrao early breakfast and arrived late In the afiernocn,H rslnea nearly all the way ; the road or mule path was in the worst of order It wes once paved in many places with huge round stones, but tbey were nil washed loose by the rains, and the path Klulled away la mauy places, so that the mules bud at almost every step to pick their way between them, stepping in holes of mud and water up to their girths; and iu nany places the path Is gullied away so deep SLd narrow that one is obliged to haul up bis legs, to keep them from being bruised by proJactlDg rooks and crege. and in some places it is Use u-cendlDg and detendliia lliahtsol steoe. with d?ei> hole.* In them worn by the mules' feet stepping tingle file after eaoh other, J with d.fiicinty withdrawing their lent, as these holed j re filled with a wet clay almost of the consistency of I potty A pereon not accustomed, would hard y be j able to pick hit way afoot without meeting with many ' fails J-.Tt-n the rure-tooted inule of en makeeaalp | and throws hid rider over his bead to the danger of : lite or limb, against the creggy rock*, or plump in the tnnd ano sahr below. It is really surprising t be poor anioirls can get along at all. with such heavy bunhens; ttey do often tall under ibem, and bete and there the road idktirwed with their bones. Their back*, shoulders, and hips are oiten cruelly lacerated by chafes, and the akin torn from tbeir legs by the rooks they bare to step between. And yet with a little trouble and expetite by widening, paring and cutting drains, the roads might be kept iu good order. Nothing appears to bare bun done to keep them In repair, ainoe the country became free from the d-iminion of old Spain. But mule owners command higher freight than ih?y would get it it was kept In order * A great part of j the way the ravines und mule paths are completely covered over by the branches of trees and vines uniting tcgeiber aciots the road, scarcely admitting light rn< ugh to p'ck the way, and one must keep bis hat tied on bis bead, or often get It knocked oft, and his bead with it. it be does not stoop low, by the branches, vines and old trees that extend overhead across the read. A cargo tor a mult Is liOO pounds, and goods are geneialiy put up in waterprooi packages of lf>U pounds At vanous places aloug the road are seen haciendas, and op? n isncboa or huts, and women swinging list- , issely in tbeir hammocks, or sitting on mats, smoking I cigartiios, while their little naked red akin half Indian children are playing abaut on the clay doors, and , good Itokiug cattle grartng in the fields The soil is exceeding rich being a deep loam, the color of Spanish j brown, pioducibg corn, sugar oane, rice, beans, peas, melons, and all the tropical fruits, if cultivated, in great abundance; but here they only cultivate enough tor borne consumption, and a little for Panama market. A mi re indcieui. Imy looking set no one ever saw, and yet they look tat and hesrt^; and tbe women, who are ' generally short in stature, with very remarkable small leet. aco well turned ankles, bare, tome of them, very 1 pretty leatures, with long glossy black hair, and large lull lustroua black eyes; indeed, many of the youug ! tholes" < ae tte Indian women are called.) are quite bauds'me, and all very kind and hospitable to ! etiai yen IV noons ie a compact city, walled all around, and nx a?? o * it b only one ? nirance from the country, over 1 a u ?: 11?e stone bridge of one at rh, then through a*tone atcbtci ya'e way into the city Ilia situated in the botti m of a brautiful randy buy, and built mostly on leva thai bar Hoard out into tba Bra from some ancient vo cenu. or eruption ol nature, one layer Hawing orer I he other, and bat dining until It forme a point, jutting < ut into the m a acme distance irom the walla of the < l<}. cvet whiob the tide Howe up and washes against the wall*. ah cb in tome pieces are uudermtneil by (he a aver ot the tea. 1 he tide rises and talis about tltteen fret, [other accounts ray twenty two feet.- Kd. Hereld ) li avirg the iava-toeks wh>rh are Hat. b ire some listener oil where one can pick up beautiful shells ana < yrtrls. Ships here to ley a long distance off from the shore, n eccount ot the shallowness of the wa*er; and cargoes reiitt.y be lent to and taken off at hi^h water, from tie export aud import gate, through which ail goods hate to puce Miii haut Tsseels very seldom touch tere Koi .'10 days I raw t nly the British war scoamer ( cimrrant, French vrisel, and the IVruvtan rrlnsni r in which I took a passage Charges are very hljih here tbi re being but one ho'el. callrd the Nth miis Ho'rl in ihe place , but those who become eeqi sinti d with the plare can get board at private hi U' rs for i nr dollar per day , at the b 't"l the price Is tao dt bars prr day ; but now ooarcouutef tha great tush of iravrlltrs across the Isthmus towards the gold rtguns el ergo may have Increased t?cfoid its different companies are trying to make arrange* By ecroentsnesivsd, vie Jair.aloa, we reroeive tiiat t'ie Cruoee linn ?ta ta U n panto by the H. U. Sal luiiia dteain lurupnoy, vis, ) an Sfttttuent with the Nt? (liansdiai. govrm<n<.'i t, were elm r lib its n: 11" i * and n. uteri. lo o< niu uprratioi s on t oe is' mst. b<> thai is ti. >i? iiureu that l-eeoeforth this toad will be m battvr vrtftr.? |ko. Mass on. 1 LD. TWO CENTS. mama to build ? railroad from Cruces to Panama. It may not ba amiss to suggest another route, having all thr advantages of a good seaport on thir aids for ships of an? draught, and doing away for any neoessity of a steamboat paraago, aa tbat up Chagres river ; and that la, by making a railroad direct from Porto Bello to rantma, a dlataaoe said to be not over tivvnty leagues, wbioh con Id be done, I think at less expense than from Chagres with a steamboat connected with It. The City of San Francisco. [From ths CaliforniaS'-ar ] Verba Finns, (Sen Francisco) the name of our town, which means "good Herb," is situated on the eouth wcstside of the principal arm of San Francisco bay, about live miles trom the ocean, I on a narrow neck of land, van ing from tour to ten miles in width -the narrowest place being sixteen I miiau couth..,.,.. #Uu tvt.1... Iv I..a UT IR N. This narrow strip of land is about sixty miles in length, extending t torn the point formed by the bay and the ocean, to the valley of iian Jose. The site ot the town is hmidsonr- and commanding? being an inclined plane oi about a mile in exteat (rem the water's edge, to the hills in the rear. Twonointsof land?one on each side, extending into the bay, form a crescent, or small bay, in the Fhape ot a crescent, in tri ot, which bears the name ot the town. These points atiord a tine view of 'he surrounding country?tne snow-capped mountains in the distance?the green valleys beneath them?the beautiful, smooth ^nd unruffled bay in front and on either side, at once burst upon the eye. There is in Iront ol the town a small island, rising high above the eurlace of the hay, uhout two miles long, and one wide, which is covered the greater part of the year with the most exuberant herbage of unTodden freshness. This little island is ubout three miles troni the shore. Between it and the town is the principal anchorage. Here vessels of all nations res. in safety and peace, and their flags are displayed by the aromatic breeze. Two hundred yards from the shore, there is twenty-four feet wuter, und a short distance beyond (bat as many fathoms.. The beach immediately in Iront of the noiv business part of the town is shelving; but it will no doubt in a short time be filled up aud become the most valuable part ol the place. The climate here is, in the winter, which is the rainy senson, damp and chilly. During the balance of the year it is diy, but chilly, in consequence of the continual strong winds from the north and noithwest. There is but little variation in the atmosphere throughout the year; the thermometer ranging from fifiy-five to seventy degrees Fahrenheit Verba ISueua is one ot the moat neulthy places on the whole coast uf the Pacific. Sickness ol any kind is rarely known among us. The salubrity of the climate?beauty of the site oi the town?its contiguity to the mouth of the bay? the finest harbor on tne whole coast in front?the rich and beautiful country around it, all conspire to render it one ot the best commercial points in the world. Tne town is new, having been laid oil'in 1611!) by (.'apt John Vioget;aud notwithstanding all ihe troubles in the country, hasgradually increased in size and importance. It now contains a population of about five hundred permanent citizens. Two ^ears ago there were but MiMKK iwm iiuiiurru. Hirer 1111168 B?um 18 me Mission Dolores on Mission creek, surrounded by I a nuall valley of rich aud beautiful Land. The water Ironi this creek can eaBily be brought by means of aqueducts to any point to supply vessels. For the supply ol the citizens the best of well water is obtained in every part of the town, by boring the distance of foriy feet. In going south from Yeiba lluena, the traveller p isses over this narrow neck oi land ; u moat dehglulul region, interspersed with hills, vadeys and mountains?the valleys r ch und beautiful?the hills covered witu tall pines red-wood and cedar, that have withstood the tempests and whirlwinds of a century, and the mountains rising in majestic grundebr to the clouds. In passing out, the valley of San Jose opens to the view in all the loveliness of the climate of Italy and beauty of the tropics. This valley is about sixty miles in length, and ten in width. The Pueblo, which moans an incorporated town, is the principal place of business lor the valley, and is ubout five nnles trom Santa Clara, the landing, on he bay, or as u is termed here, "the embarcadaro." Pursing ? n trom here northeast, the traveller in a tew hours ride reaches the Straits, which separate the Susisunbay. formed by the confluence of the Sacismento and San Joaquin rivers, from that of San Pablo. Here it set ins that the accumulated wnters of n thousand years had suddenly rent ttie opposing mountains asunder, and flowed with tremendous force to the great bocom of the deep. On the north side of the bay, from the straits to Sousi'.ito, is one of the finest districts of country lit all Upper California Next to Yerha Buena, Sousilito is the licst point on the whole bay for a commercial town. It is seven miles a little east of north from ttiis place, on the opposite side of the bay, and hus long be? n a watering point for vessels. An attempt bus recently been made to lay off and build up a town at the straits, to supersede the two lust mentioned places. It will no doubt, however. be an entire failure. San Francisco bay being (lie safest and most commodious harbor on the entire coast of the Pacific, some point on it must be the great mart of the western world. We believe Yerba Buena is the point, commanding as it does new, all the trade of the surrounding country, sad there being already a large amount of cspital concentrated here. The town of Yerba Buena is culled in some of the old maps of the country San Francisco. It is not known by that name here, however. The town takes its name from an herb to be found all around it, which is said lo make good tea; and possessing excellent , medicinal qualities, it is culled irood herb, or Yer | ba Buena. movement* Tnuardi California, Ar. U'b learn Iron tbe Nantucket /wyiursr, that she ship Aurora, Captain Seth M. Swain, ?m cleared a day or two since for California Sho fa the first vessel from Nantcckst. and ka* seventeen passengers and a cargo consisting principally of bullaingR framed, raady to be put up. lumber. naval stores. provisions, and ?pTia candle* She takes out no Intoxicating liquors Tba crew receive one dollar a month apiere for tb# voyage cut. with liberty to leave tbe eblp on her arrival at San Krsnclrco. They and tbe passengers are principally young men. Intelligent, energetic and respectable oitlten*. mostly mechanics. A joint atook company la al*o orgabltlpgln Nantucket to proofed to California; phare* fixed at (400 Eleven of her passenger* belong to Nantucket, five to fall River, and one to New York. The ecbooncr Iowa. Howe*, tailed from Sag Harbor at 3 P M . on the 4th Instant, for San KraneHeo. touching at Yalparalco She takes out three passengers. Tbs bark Ocean Bird was despatched by a mercantile bouse in Broad street, and carried out a very valuable cargo ANOTHER ASSAY OP T1IR OOCD. Bkanch Mint or Tin IJ. 8., ) New Orleans, Deo. 22. 1848 ) Editor* Crescent In your journal of yeatera*y, there ?m *n cittcial aunounceuient o; aesays of California gold at the Philadelphia mint, ft appears that tpveral assavs were made showing a variation of title fiiluM'2to 697 thousandths-tbe average being 894, and value per standard ounce $18 60; the lose In malVliig averaging '1% percent. On the 26tb November I npiaji d nbuut sixty ounces of the said gold, deposited in tLe form of dust. by T. A Ml nerd end when melted ar.d assayed. the total proved to ba 806 ' or itandard Ip '.? <) thouiaodtbs, '21.too carats. $18 GO. Th?lr's. 696 ' 21 480 " 18 60. The lor* In melting 02 ox 37dwt wtilH 03 dsc. or 2 til percent. I know noreasou why tbl* result should be conrluert d exttaord,oar<. On the 28th November I aMRjed Alabnnia gold diiRt of tbe tlnene*e of 910 Iboupacdtbs On the lOih of the r?me month I a sityed another specimen of 1'23 thousandths. In short, tbe title of the gold dust from tba State, when well wtihad and unmixed, always exceeds 900 thousand*hi ? our standi.rd; It fa '* b-low only whea the gold ll allOVt d wllb tbeiiiiloksilver emnloveil a- a Su* tit em. pai ate It from the ?re I'he California lot of gold w*e id the form < f flat spangles: there ?n alloy of 100 part*, of which 85 thousandths were estimated to ba eilrer. and 20 thousandth* mi-roii'y This omt hare teen a nature) anil not au urilHcWl combination IltspecMuliy. W vl I' llOIir, Assayer. Caw* of Poisonrbo?< 'n Sundey af ernoon, tins family of Mr. Conover, at Flatlaud* Seek, went to chuicii, and on returning, hud coffee served up by ilie family servant, a colored girl, who had been | Irtt at h< me. Nlr. Conover, hi? wile, and one ot the childnn partook of the cuffee, and wareaei/.ed wnh vioieiit vomiting A physician was sent for, who tame to the conclusion that they must hava taken some | oiBuningauhatHUce. Search being m.ide through the bouse, a white powder was found in the room of the black girl, marked "aiaenic," and it was subsequently ascertained lit it she purchased it at Mallard* Although she stoutly denies all know It dee of the matter, there ap(>TBre to be no doubt of Iter guilt. Raisins were also fouud rolled in the arsenic, which, it is supposed, she intended 10 give to ihe younger children. <>n Saturday she bud been reprimanded for some delinquency, and it is w as probably her mode ot obtaining revenge. The poison* d persons ate in a fair way ol recovering ? ltrookitjn Advertiser, Jon 4. fur C?ti tir Jottni Jtcwtix.? The Criminal Court of hoftt d bin granted a tmHe praiti/ui io the dim of Joseph Jewell, who has been ?i1j?I In tba ptisou of that city for a year undo a charge of raps. The couotry rralduaet* of Mr 8odl*eo, tbs Russian minister. aoout three miles from Washington elty. was destroyed hy fits on Thursday last. Vhs teatly had prtiTlourly restored to Usorgetown, I __ i

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