Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 16, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 16, 1849 Page 1
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TH NO. 5370. Our Itlhmai Conrctpondiue*. Panama, (N. G ,) Jan. 12,1849. AJfairt on the Isthmus?The British Consul?7U Atntrican Consul?The Steamship Agents?The Means of Conveyance to California?Deaths, # < . 4re. Mr Bevrxtt!? The ship Philadelphia went over to Pagoda, a short distance from Panama, and which contain* acme 700 inhabitants, to discharge her coal, when she will return here and take off some of the passengers immediately?tnose who have purchased tickets in the California having the precedence of passage; but I think it will be some time ere we get off There are poor facilities for discharging, and a want of energy near the equator, which will tetard our advance. The sickness is dreadfully fatal among the natives between this and Chagres. We have a hospital here, (if it can be called so,) and many of ine passengers tiom the various vessels that arrived at Chagres are sick there. The British Consul at this place is a most excellent man; indeed, 1 have seldom seen a more accomplisbrd, and amiable, and accommodating gen tlemun. He la one ol nature's noblemen. I never received such couiteaies from a stranger as I have received from Mr. Lewis, the British Consul. The Ameiicao Consul, Mr. Nelson, has also treated Die, and the passengers generally, with extraordinaiy kindness, tor which I am truly grateful. Mr Zacisou, the agent of Howland <x Aspinwall, u also a perfect gentleman, and seems to do all iu his power to promote our welfare. All who are agents in our transit 10 Francisco would, doubtless, effect our journey to Francisco more rapidly it they had the strengthening breezes of the North to give them mote rneigy, and had stronger laborers to obey their iiifetiUciions; but under all the circumstances, 1 think ihey are doiog all in their power to promote our highest welfare. There is a report this morning that the passage in the Philadelphia will be from $100 to $175, which 1 still think high; but when we consider that flour is $40 ntr barrel, perhaps I may do the ^ents aud principals injustice in publicly ceoaurmg them, so 1 will not until 1 see what will be their fiaal arrangements. The truth is, there are so many tumors circulating constantly among the panicstricken passengers, that it is hari to learn the truth on any subject. A " lady," only len years of age, was married to-day; This seems extraordinary ; but you may place implicit confidrnce iu its truth. Females mature more rapidly here than iu any other part of the earih. At eight aud nine there ia sometimes every indication of womanhood. I saw the vouug lady of ten, who was married to-day, and was utterly astonished at her maturity. 6he was extremely beauuiul, and very devoted to her young lover. Two more passengers have died. I have not learned their nuinea. A passenger of the Crescent city, who attended Mr. Myers, ot New York, and who helped to carry him to hut grave, said that Capt. Ellivtt, Mr. Birch, Mr. Hayaen, Mr. Lucket, ana Mr. Myers are all buried side by side. Messrs. Dunbar and Haytord, ei RhoJe Island, emigrants to California, assumed the superintendence of Mr. Myers' effects. Mr. Taylor, oi Rhode Island, was buiied in one of the cross-paths of Pizarro's banditti, whose hillock will be a terror to emigrants who dare to cross the Isthmus of Darieu in coming ye-rs. It rainsin these lalitudeslO months in the year,and even during th^two remaining months it sprinkles occasionally so bard as to astonish the natives. The thunder and lightening here are terrific. They rock the ground or swamps, and make the alligators and rattle snakes look glassy about the eye. We had a shcch ol an earthquake here last night, which lasted some seconds. It created quite a sensation among the emigrants. A small lizard got into the ear of an emigrant, who came in the ship John Benson, who lives near the shore, which neatly killed him; but I understand he is doing tolerably well. Mr. Seybert, oi the Benson, is lying very low, in the hospital. The ruins of this place are melancholy to behold. Millions on millions have been expended, in past ages. The eld Spanish had water-works, whose relics are now visible, that mast have cost live times that the Croton water-works. They are within a short distance olthe gates of the city, and are wonderful to behold, indicating as thev da the magnificence that once existed here, and tne countless generations that have risen since. Truly, &c., S. H. Branch. Panama, (N. G,) Jan. 13, 1849. Sukmtu and Deatht on the Isthmue?The Effecti of thou uho have Dud?Ancient Ruint?Aligators ?Svtcu?The English, &c. fc. f-c. Mr. Brhnett:? Four natives were buried yesterday before breakfast, who died ol Asiatic cholera. The Governor ot the Province of Panama, and mite, left for Chagres yesterday (having received in contestable evidence of the violence of the cholera among emigrants and natives along the whole Isthmus ; five out of six dying in the canoes coming up from the vessels recently arrived from New Orkans) to establish quarantine regulations, intending to quarantine all vessels from nil parts of the eatlb, some Unity days. This will be hard news lor the vessels arriving at Chagres, having passensrsra fn* P.nlifnrnia Thn ormimnnt nf ff Kiss frHVAr. nor is, that provisions are very scarce in every town and city on the Isthmus, and that the facilities lor leaving Panama are very limited on account of the non-arrival ot the steamer and other vessels; and that black vomit, yellow fever, bilious, intermittent, and the cholera and famine will depopulate this whole region. I give you the argument as it is reported here. It seems hard for our countrymen 10 be ihus impeded in their course. You have ttie argument, and can torm your own opinion us to the expediency of the course adopted by the government ot Panama. The weather is very warm, (although it is winter here,) and it is hazardous for the stoutest to expose themselves to the sun. The Pntladelphia is discharging her coal, and may or may not be in readiness i'?r departure in one or two weeks. W net the passage will be in her, no mortal can tell, the rumors are ro contradictory. Messrs. Dunbar, of .New York, 1 believe, and Hayloid, ot Rhode Island, agent tor M. Angell, a;e the committee to take care ot the effects of Mr. Myers, late of Poughkeepsie, and recently a flour merchant in Broad street. New York, who died at Ctuces. Part ot his effects they have, I learn, sent home, and part is on its way to Panama, wbeie they will sell them or carry them to Calitoruia. Mr. llsyfoid sent home Mr. Taylor's batgnge, and pait ot Mr. Tail's, (Mr. Taylor's travelling companion,) througn mistake, wbich is a source of much regret to Mr. Tin. 1 say these things tor the benefit ot their trienas in the rfiates, who niuft he watching us with intense solicitude. Mr. Home's ?fleets, ut Iphbi his watch and money, were stolen before he died; and what became of his outfit, 1 huve not learned. Captain Elliot's eff? cts were sold here yesterday at auction. Lieut. Williamson was the largest purchaser. His double barrel rifle sold for $10 O.mftead died very soon indeed, as I learn, and was to have gone from here to Cslitornia as mate of a schooner. Of the effects ot Lucket, Hirch and others, who have died, I know nothing. j auenoea ine great cauieurai mis inuiiuu^;, (Sunday,) and muat any that the music and ceremonies were grateful to my heart, after the solemn scenes of the oust week. Tne attendance was not large; youth, and age, and decrepitude, and competence, and penury, and rags kneeling side by side. Some aix or eight priests, ol various grades, were present. As I gazed on these splendid ruing?at the images, paintings and costly decorations, and took a retrospect of the long hne of generations of Spanish no* bilny who had worshipped in its sacred aisles, and long since been gathered to their fathers? contrasting this noble structure with its crumbling rums and sparse worshippers, with*what it once was?I was really impressed with the most solemn and overwhelming emotions. Iastead of 160 or 180, as I before said, it is about 200 test square, and a great wilderness ol dilapidated magnificence within. Its bells, cracked and broken, aie ringing the every day, Sunday and all, and the worshippers going in and out at every hour ot the day and evening, though never many there at the same time. A church n*ar my lodgings has trees ol tidy years growth in the very ct-nire ?t its walls. It must have been unroofed one hundred years st least. List evening I visited the ramparts, which encircle a portion ol the city ts the extent of ihree miles; they are on the very verge 01 inr nunc, seveniy-ti ve reel nign auo iniy fret wide. Tne caacmale is tilled with anbtarrunean apartments, each one containing 21 and 36 poundera. On a part of the ramp insure barbadian lor the muahetiy, whoae tire must have been deadly, from their appearance. You c.ui judge of tne masatiudc of the arches from the length aad breadth E NE MOR ot the ramparts, which are bomb proof. No oae, I at a dibtaucft, can form much conception of the coot and extent ot these ramparts. A tew brass and iron 24 and 36-pounders are toe only relies ot their armament. The walk Is trnly beautiful and exhilirating at early twilight, when the burning sun is gone, and when, especially as on last evening, the glorious full moon was emerging with uncommon splendor from the far horizon ot a tranquil sea. The walla sou ramparts euclose some one hundred acres. Just run a fifty feet wall through Wall street to the East and North river (as really existed in the olden time), with ramparts seventy-five feet high and fifty feet wide, from Rector street, down Washington street, around the Battery, down South atreet to Wall street, wuh subterranean apartments, formed by arches, containing 24 aad 36 pounders, facing the North and East rivers and the islands, and you can ionn a perfect idea of Pmama, keeping steadily in the eye the ruins after the great firea of '30 and '46. The comparison is nothing without those ruins. The walled portions ot the entrenchments are one hundred feet wide. and. in New York, would take in Tri. nity Church, City Hotel, Arc , to the North and ' East livers, water from both filling the entrenchments, as water from the Pacific fills the entrenchments here on both sides of the city. Tais is the brat companion I can make, and I have thus simplified it, so that the humblest minds can comprehend it. I shall be happy it I have succeeded in doing so. It such be the antiquity and former magnificence of New Panama, what, indeed, must be ihe wonders of Old Panama, a few miles distant from which the old Bucanneers drove the old Spaniards to this place. I fear 1 shall not have time 10 visit Old Panama, but confine myself to New Panama, where Pixarro, the scourge, and the great and good Bolwar, the deliver of lna countiy, once flourished. We shall have religious worship to-day at the Custom House or Governor's House, which the emigrants will attend, an account of which I shall transmit. I state*. m one of my letters thnt the English got some $tf,000,000 per annum through the lsthmuB. It is infinitely more; and the treasure she gets annually tioin Peru, Chili, See , transpolled through the Isthmus, is incredible; f2,000,000 nave passed through Panama siuce 1 have been here, The true operations ot England in this Dirt of the world are about to burst, For the first time, upon Chiistendom, and if Christian nations do not open their eyes with amazement, I will acknowledge myself greatly mistaken. Wheal have got up in the colder latitudes, and it I am myaelf not too much absorbed in the love and acquisition ot gold, I will make revelations ot Englaud'a operations on the Pacific coast that will be of considerable interest and importance to the American government at least, and, perhaps, to other nations _ The theme is a great one, and the weather a little to warm in the equator to discuss it with true fidelity. A group of lovely little children have just passed my window, tollowed by their servants. A passenger just entered my apartment, who says that while coming up toe Chagres, his boatman fastened his canoe, and went up to a hut on its banks, in the shades ot evening, who had not been gone long when he saw witn terror the hideous jaws of an immense alligator entering his canoe, when he, as fast as possible, crawled out of the other end ot the canoe, and ran for his Tie u to the hut whither his boatman had gone, ith the alligator in hot pursuit, which * arly caught him by tie tail ot his coat. 1 he n. s of the hut, and the passenger, alter closing .or upon the alligator, fled to the beams oft ut, where they bravely hurled a torrent of de. at the alligator, who, after some hours, wei way. There are turkey buzzards in countless -an'Ia, hovering over the city, which greatly al. n the natives. They are unaccountable. Such l.ocks never were before seen. The natives are predicting every thing horrible, from their appearauce in Buch numbers, almost darkening the air like a dark cloud, with their unwelcome presence. Some ot the intelligent natives prognosticate a famine, others extraoidinary heat (thermometer now about 100) and other equally fatal calair lties. So we must be prepared lor the worst. But I do not fear muuh evil from the presence of large numbero ot turkey buzzards, as I have been taught to scout every thing in the foim ot superstition. Truly, &c S. H. Branch. ait.isa l? ENTHUSIASTIC PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT MEETING? UNANIMITY AND ACTION. [Prom the Ssn Fi-rdoIioo Star end Cllforntan, Dee. 23 ] At a netting of the citisens of Sen Fraaclsoe, held In the public eehool honee on Thursday evening, December El, IMS, fpt the purpose of considering the necessity for immediate action, for the eatabllfhment of a provisional government In the territory of Upper CaHfornlA, Dr. John Tewnaend was cAiled to the ehntr, And William C. Claik And J. C. WArd elected Viee Presidents, And Willi Am M. Smith And 8. 8. Howleon, Appointed Sacretarlie. The President, upon taking the ehnlr, explained the object of thn meeting to be *a Above atAted; And enjoined upon the people the necessity for the Adoption of early And decieive meat urea to neeemplteh An object involving ao mneh of Internet to every good oltlsen. On motion, neommittee of aeven, via : Meetra. Gilbert, Hyde, Schcoloraft, Norton, BnekAlew, Naglee, And Creighton, wna appointed to prnpAre reeolntiona expresalve of the vlewe And feelinga of the meeting. The committee having retired to perform the duty asalgned. aeveral gentlemen engaged the Attention of the meeting in remark* appropiiate to the occasion. The committee returned, and reported through their chairman, Mr. Gilbert, that owing to eome difference of opinion, they had not ancceaded in preparing a preamble and resolutions far the meeting, and asked to be aliowrd to report progress until Saturday evening next, at 7 o'clock. The motion was put apd carried, and the meeting adjourned over to Saturday evening, at 7 o'clock. Satusdat, Dee. 28,1848?7 o'clock P. M. Pursuant to adjournment, a meeting of the eltiaeni cf San Francisco was hold In the public school-house on Saturday evening. December 23, 1848 -the president, Dr. l'ownaend, in the ehalr. Proceedings of the last meeting were read and adopted, and the committee deputed to prepare % preamble and resolutions ox prenlve of the sense of the meeting, with t?|*td to the necessity for the establishment of a provisional government In tbe territory of Upper (California, report?u tbe following preamble aad resolutions: ? Wheieas, by the treaty of peace eonelnded In May laet. between tbe republlee of tbe United States of America and Msxloo, tbe territory of Upper California was ceded by Mexleo to tbe foraer power; and whereas the military government nnder which we heretofore existed has oeased, and tbe inhabitants, ibis oouatry are without any organised lo*m of government; and whereas, tbe prer/?nt insecure condition of tbeleonntry?its aitsrobical and anomalous position?and the impunity with wbioh outrage and violence are committed, will have a very injurious effect open ite future giowth and advancement; and whereae, tbe want of some regular iyiUm, and tbe laok of laws and ofllotrs, bars rsndered the punishment of crimes difficult andurimost impossible, and tbtreby led to taeir alarming frequency and to tbe consequent insecurity of life and property; and whereas,the recent diecovetyof tbe existence In this country of large quantities of one ef tbe precious meteis bee already eaused a great it flux of emigrants, aad Is likely to bring, In a very sbort time, etill greater additions to onr population; and whereas, It appears, by intelligence recently received, tbat tbe recommendation of the President to tbe Congress of the United States, in June last, to Immediately establish a territorial govern ment in California and extend over ber tbe fostering and protecting influence of tbe laws of tbe United S ates, did not meet with attention from that body ; therefore, 1. Resolved, Thst, in the opinion of this meeting, it is tbs right and ibo duty of lbs inhabitants ot California to lorm a provisional government, wbieb, while it aims to advance the interests, preserve tbe livee and propeity, and protect tbe rights of tbe people who livo unaer it, will not conflict with or injure tne ngbte which the government of tbe United States may havo acquiied by the treaty of peace X Resolved, That we nailed with joy the intelligence that henoeferlh this evil was to be protected by the flag of freedom, and that this country wae to participate In tbe blessings of edueetlon. liberty, and law; tbat we are ready to aoeept and abide by a proper form of territorial government, whenever tne United 8tates Cengress win vouchsafe us tbat mercy and consideration; and tbat wo deeply regret their Inactivity bte forced upon the iimhIIj of eitabliibtng ? provttlonol |?i?bmd( for the protection of oar arnaide* ad liver. 8 Reeelved, That we concur in the ntimeat* and epirit of tba meeting in favor of a provteiooal government which woe recently held in tne Pueblo de San Joie. and tbat we recommend to the Inhabitant* of California that they held meeting* and elect delegate* to represent tbem tn a aonv*ntlon to be aveembled at the Pneblo de San Joe*, on Monday, the 4th day of March, 1840, at 10 o'clock, A M , for the purpoee of drafting and preparing a form of provteiooal government; and that, in our opinion, each form of government, when prepared, ahould be (ubaiitted to the people, tbat they may determine by ballot whether they will or will not adopt It. 4. Kerolved. Tbat tht* meeting recommend to the Inhabitant* of the town and diitrlet of San Kranelteo, tbat an election be held at the echool hour* in the vlllege of Sen Kranoleoo. on Monday, the 8 h day of January. 1849. lor chooeing Ave delegate* to repreeent them In the piopi.ted convention. 6 Hetolved, rbat lb* f'rerideut nominate aeerreepoedin* committee, to eoneiet of three pereone, to be confirmed by the meeting, wboee duty it nball be to oemmunieut* wttb tb* other diatriete, that thereby unanimity and concert nf nation may be produced 0 Ktictved, That the Pre?ld"nt nominate three per w ro NING EDITION?FRII mi, to be couflrmtd by the meeting, te not e* judges of the eleotien for delegate*. On motion, tbereeoletloee, wltb their preamble, worn token up. eoneidered nepomtely, end adopted On motion, tbe Preoident pnt the qoeetlon to tbe meeting,u 8bell the prenmble end reeolutlone be ndopted nnanimooely T" Cerried The Preeldent then proceeded In dioehnrge or the duty eeeigeed him by the reeelntlone. end nomine ted Meter* Gilbert. J. C. Word, end Hyde, eaeoorreepondleg eommittee, end Mteere. Howard, Toler, end Devi*, to eet ea judge* of the election, whloh woe eonAimed by tbe meeting. Mr. Bicbolbw offered the following reeolutlone, ReeoWed. That, in the opinion of thia mooting, tbo dutiae whiab hove boon ooilootod in tbo aoverel porta of Uppor California, ainao tbo 10th day of Angoat, 1148 rigbtfoUy belong to tbo pooplo of thia Torritory, at, at that dato, tbo -atifleatlon of tbo treaty of poaoo between thoropnblieo of Mexleo and tbo United Statoa of Ameilea wbiob ooeurrcd on tbo 80th day of May, of tbo prevent year, wai fully known throughout tbo entire aetilementa of thia Torritory. and renderod the continuance of extraordinary military ooeupatloa annecepeery, and of eontequeneo annulled the military contribution duttan that exlntod during tbo war. Retolved, That, in the opinion of thia mooting, tbo right of any dooeription of taxation exlata only in tbo noeeeitty of ineurnng and defraying tbo oxpenaea of tbo government of the pooplo ao taxed; and aa tbo Unltod Statea of America have not eotabliabod any | government or or CaliforDla'ainoo its coalon by Mexico, tbeiefoio, aueb dutiea aa bare been eolleetel ainoo the diabai dment of the extraordinary military foreeo. juetly belong to tbo people of tbii torritory. and ehould be elaimed for our benefit by tbo government wo may i aueretd in creating On motion, tbo thanka of the mooting wore tendered to tbo onmmitteo for the able and faithful maanor in wbleb tboir duty waa diaehargod. On motion, the proceed!nge of tbo meoting wore ordered to bo publifhed In the Star end Califamiau, and tbo moating adjourned nee Jit. J. TOWNSEND, Proaldont. wi s | V1~ J" 1 h..8:.'.::: | K181NO OF TUX FkOPLX?FROOIXSS OF TUX CA178X? MKKT1M0 IN SAN JOSK. The following report of the flrat provisional government meeting In tbo territory waa reoetvad last week. A meeting of the oitiaonaof tbo Puobio, Upper California, waa held at the Aloelda's office. In tbo Pueblo de ban Joee, on Monday evening, Dee 11,1849, for the purpcae of taking Into conatderation the propriety ot r.WUiir U>U^ |f(Vf?IVUHI VOllliVi Ml (VTVlUIUfUV. I"I the batter protection of ltfa and propartj, until tba United State* shall extend over ua their protection, bp furnishing government and law* for California. Cbarlea White, ?q , waa called to the chair, and the following gentlemen were elected Vice Presidents;?Or, James Stokea. Id a J. Thomaa Campbell, and J alius Martin, K?q. j and P. B. Cornwall and Wo. L. Beebe were appointed Secretarlea. The abject of the meeting waa atated In a brief and happy manner bp the preeldent; after which. It waa msveu and carried, that a oommlttea of tire be appointed to draft and report to the meeting a preamble and reaolotlona ex prendre of lta object. The follow- ' ing gentleman ware appolntedaueheommlttee:?Capt K. H. Dlmmlek, Dr. Ord, Or. Benjamin Corp, Myron Norton, Esq., J. D. Hoppe, Esq. Dnriig theabaonea if the oommlttea, O. C. Pratt, Esq., from Galena, Ullnola, waa called forward, and addressed the maeting, urging, In a vary eloquent man- i nor. the Import anoe of the immediate eatabuahment of i aome kind of civil government. Mr. Norton, from the committee for drafting pre- ! amble and reaolutiona, reported the following, whloh were unanlmoualp adopted:? Wharena, the treaty of peace between the United Statea of Ameriaa and tho republlo of Mexloo haa loft the territorp of California without anp organised government, or form of law; and whereaa. alio. It la tho dutp aa well aa the privilege of all good Amerloan oU tliena, when thrown upon their own reaouroea, to adopt aueh meaaurea for their own protection aa comport* with tho constitution of the United Statea, and will beat anbaerve tho Interest* of the eltisan* of thta territorp; and whoreaa, alao, the manp recant depredation* upon life and property, committed within aatd territorp, call* upon all good cltiaena to be active In the organisation of a government, and oode of laws for the apprehension and punishment of aueh depredators : therefore, Resolved, That it la expedient and proper for this meeting to recommend, and urge upon the ottlsans of the several diatriets of the Territorp of Upper California. to send delegates to a general convention for the purpose of nominating a auitable candidate for governor, and for such other business aa map be deemed expedient bp the members of aueh convention. Resolved, That this meeting appoint three delegates to represent this district tn said convention. Resolved, That It be recommended that said convention be held at the Puebla de San Joee en the second Monday of January next. The lollewlng gentlemen were eleeted bp ballot, to serve at delegate* to the convention as above?Captain K. H. Dlmmlek, Dr. Benjamin Corp, and J D. floppe, Esq. On motion, it waa Resolved, That Dr. J. Stokes be a committee to wait on O. C. Pratt, Esq , and request a copy of his eloquent remarks to this meeting, for publication. On motion, It waa Rssolvad, That the secretaries be a committee to procure the publication of the proceedings of this meeting la tut (Salt/arm a Star. Ob motion, It was resolved that this meeting adjourn. CHAS. WHITE, President. J. Stoics, I T. Campbell, > Via* Proaidanta. J. Martin, ) W. L. BsabT^11' | ADDITIONAL ACCOUNTS. [From the New Haven Journal, Fab 14 ] We ats able, through the politeness of a friend In thia city, to present to our readers the following oxtraot from a letter ef a friend and eollege classmate bow at Sen Franclseo. The writer is the Her. C. 8. Lyman, a graduate of the elaae of'97, who soon after his settlement in the ministry lost his health, and made a voyage to the Paeifle. He was there when the gold mines were first discovered, nnd going to them he ia reported to have gathered la the short space of six weeka some 81.600 In gold. A letter from Mr. C. 8. Lyman, dated 8an Franelsoo, Nor. 18,1948, and rec-.ived to-day, oontains interesting observations on the grand aurora borealls of Friday, Not. 17,1848. (whleh was also seen in the United States and In Europe)? and also some information coneerning the gold regions of Upper California. As to the first matter, it is enough to say here that the auroral display was brilliant at San Franelsoo, and that an Old CaiUornlan who saw It declared it was the first time he bpd ever witnessed any thing of the kind. The following extract of the letter reletee to the second toplo. Mr. L*man ls well known in this community as a man of 'scion ?e and excellent character, and his statements are entitled to great credit. " The Immense gold deposit in the Sierra Nevada has been the prominent objeot of thought ia California the last six months, and it well be for years. 1 hare Tisited sevrj.i different pitta or It. * * I* ?T?I wb?t* txtremcbr rich. Its length along tine Sierra has already been explored some 400 miles, and rloh diggings have been actively worked. At a moderate estimate probably four or five millions of dollars at gld per ounoe, Troy, has already been taken out siaee the working were first commenced about nine months ago, >? > Ul IS W1SDIB IOV IMS ISUS mODIJBB. AS SOS SipiOratlon proceeds, the remits become rlehsr and rlebsr ; from four to six t bout sod people have probably been digging and average days' work for tbs whole would baldly fall short of au on nee. Five, six and ten ounces ate not uncommon days' works, and soma Individually have taken eut two, three, fc-ur and even ten or mere pounds of gold In a single day. 1 design at my earliest leisure te write a ptetiy full description of the placers, and their geological m (notations Suffl-e It to say that tbe roeks or the Sierra Nevada range are primitive and metamorpblc. and that tbe geld oocure vo far as I have observed solgly In one geological posl. tion, and that tbe stratum or drift or diluvium, wblch In places where the diggings bave been carried on, varies from half a fool to several feet in thickness Tbs richest excavations bave keen In the bottom of dry ravines, though gold It found on tbe slopes, and even on the summits of the bills, dingle pieces have been reported as weighing IS and 20 pounds; but tbs largest I bave seen It one at present in my ketplug. It weighs between six and seven pounds Troy, being ccmpoted of a large proportion In bulk or quarts rock with metalie gold interspersed?tbe weight of the gold amounting probably to two and a half or three peonds." [From the Newark Advertiser, Feb 14 ] Man] readers will be gratified to know that highly encouraging letters have been received by bis family friends In this city ft om Rev. T. Dwight Hunt, who recently left tbe Sandwich Islands to establish nebureh In San Francisco. Having been politely favored with a perusal, we are permitted to make the following extlkCt "Saw Fsawcisco, California, Nov. 21, 1848 * * * Yon win be rejoiced tn know that my pros pects here are cheering. Last 8abbath there was a toller honse than on any preceding day?Indeed, there were no vacant seats. Gov. Masan, of this territory, and > Gov, Brlggs, of Missouri, were present. I preeebed In tbe Burning from James 1. a7, on the spirituality, humility and nnehaageableness of purs religltn ; In the evening, from Kpbesians VI. 2?having on bcth occasions the eye and ear of all present. Gar Sabbetb school numbered seven tbe first gebbatb. and ixriii vii? niuxg, sou rxpfoi ing h) riport 1 Tourhblng reboot. A weekly prater mooting and ringing ichiol kMntlio been comuienoed. I >m tatoati|M, Ihougb I do not look for n aontlnuel ruoehine." [From tbo Baltimore Sun, Fob 16 ] Wo bete boon farored wi b tbo peroral of I latter dotf d on boord the U 8 ebip Oblo, tad written on her eoyoge from Hon Prenetrco to Mosellen ond moiled on tbo bib of Janurr; It wot written on tbn rojeg?, tbo Oblo boring relitd flora Son Kronolino on tbo itkh of Deo Wo moko tbo following extract* from It: ? ' Yon ark mo wbot I tblok of your rotntng oat here : I will giro you o plain lUttmml of matter* end iblnge. You eon form no Idoe of tbo oteto of tblqg" In Fen Fronoloeo dineo the dleooeery of the gold noer tb? to It In detuned to bo e Tory krge olty. end eren now It In difficult to buy property in tbo burin*** pert ol the town,05cept it tbo most tk.k*?,;afl5 p.Jdir. I RE i >AY, FEBRUARY 16, 1 npRon I la In bound* when I any thnt]for thn ntan of tho place, More boil dm* hw boon dona thoro for tbo lut tlx month* than In any other plooo In tho world. If yon could com* ont hero with 10. 16. or $1 000, or e*u ! **. joa nut mnho monoy, cntor Into nt ba*litn yon would. " A largo hotel (frame) ha* boon gat up. Tho proprietor bo* already ranted room* to tho amount of 90 000 jpor annum, to my nothing of the table, bar. ho. nww, U JVU 1MT? muj IW? oi oumiDg uuv ovrv, JOU Utd better String i houae with you. I iu Mrioua; on* I know baa abend* been brought. " Oerka get the moat extrerageat eaiarlea. A eaptalu'a elark lately went aabore, and reoeteee 91,800 per annum and bla board. ' It la my deoided opinion that tbtnga will bo favorable to maktng money out hare for many year*. 1 hope I bar* aaourad a lot?aome offloera who eatered iota for a mere aoag, during tba war. are now mado Hob by it. I am told Poraer Frloe'a lota, whlob ooat bim about (1.600. are now worth (90,000. " Now, you may think tba plan I am going to eng. gaat to you 1* a wild, enthuaiaatle dream, but if 1 were In tba United Stataa I would do thla, if I had tba money, and I advire you by all meana to do It Buy or ebarter a email retool; inveet all tba mauay you eanralee in tboea oottegea? you aan get ttaam with from two to four room* for from (000 to (800 apiece?hare tbem already pot up, area bring tha brink for tba eblmneya and flre-plaeea, and I am earta<n thay would make you aa bandaama a return aa anything you oould bring. You oould either aall tba veaeel at a great proIt, or put bar Into tba trade between Oregon and San Franeiroe. which la a profitable one. I believe one tboueaadof there oottegea would find a ready aula. * WW|M? MV wvu?hj tuiivnul ivr m |iim* ??w? w w?jp, and Ubu in pitched In lb* vary town. " AU that 1 bin inld depends of csurse upon, the gold, and there U no donbt enough to keep thousands of people employed for year*. X'hey hove already taken It out by mtllloni, and have ooarooly gone below the surface of the earth." LIEUT. I. AN MAN'S JOURNEY PROM CAI.1FORNIA. [ Krom the National latelligvnoer. Keb 16.] On Tuesday evening, Lieutenant Joseph Laoman, of tbe United Slates navy, arrived in this olty ae bearer of despatches from the Paeiflo squadron. He eontrms the reports in regatd to tbe exteut and prodoetireneea of tbe gold mines, but eaye that many of the letter- writers la that region, who ate holders of lands, have colored tbelr facta to some extent, with a view of promoting tbelr individual interest*. Only about an hour before be left, he eaw a men on board tbe flag ship, juet arrived from tbe mlnee, who confirmed tbe previous repcrta in regard to the discoveries on the river Staneslow, where be bad teen a tingle lump of gold weighing nine pounds and beard of one that weighed twenty pounds. The gold excitement in Monterey bad entirely abated, tbe immense mineral wealth of the country being locked upon as an esiablithed fact. There was no disposition (except among tbe landholders) to exaggerate, aod tile was mentioned to Lieut Lanman by (Jovernor R. B. Mason as a singular circumstance. For a year past Llent Lanman baa been performing tbe duties of eollecior at the port of Monterey; and, having seen every man who had returned from a visit to tbe mines, bis opportunities for obtaining autbentlo information were better than if be bad visited tbe mines in person. He informs us that no large amounts at gold dust or ore were selling at a seen Hoe; be does not believe that one hundred ounces of tbe gold dust could have been purchased at tbe reported rate of eight dollars, the ordinary prices ranging from ten to twelve dollars per ouuee. The weekly receipts of gold at San Kranelico wire estimated at from thirty to fifty thousand dollars, and Lieut Lanman knew of one individual who bad in bis possession thirty thousand dollars worth of pure ore and dust. Tbe current value of gold in trade was $10 per ounoe. Tbere was a scarcity of coin througcut the country; but when Lieut L arrived at Panama, be was informed that $000,000 had just been shipped for California by oertaln Mexican gentlemen, sna that the American Consul, nt Pattn, |U> III,A? V h-H I- .V.... --1- ?- 1 - * 1 " , VVIH WW WW VWIUI VI 91 ! ]' I 010. *bleb bo Intended to wxchange for ore and dost. IVm end ( hill ere not behind the United State* In regard to the gold esoltement, no lea* than twenty | vetcele having sailed from those two eonntrlee within a short time, bound to 8an Franeieeo. They were all well laden with provisions and other neoeiiariee of life, and their arrival wonld probably rednoa the prises, which hare heretofore been so exorbitant. Lient. L an man left Palta in the steamship California on the 13th January, and arrived at Panama on the 17th This noble steamer was fifty-six days and nineteen hours (steaming tims) from the elty of Mew York to her anchorage In Panama Bay. She performed the whole route, coming through the Straits of Magellan, without the least aoeldent or Injury to the tbip. She had seventeen eabln passengers and eighty forward passengers, and it wat understood that they should not interfere with the "through passengers" from New York to California, who might be waiting at Panama. The number of perrons at that plaoe was found to be about five hundred, svd theie was no doubt bat they would all find an Immediate passage to their plase of destination by the Amertoen tbip Philadelphia and an English ship delivering eoala for the steamers. There were tome report# ef ebolera at Panama, but bmt few deaths among the emigrants. Llant. Lnnman Istt Panama on the 10th January, with two mules, fur whlob the Consul had to pay 124, tbrrs times the usual prlss. The distance thus travel ed was twenty one miles, and was per 1VIIMCU 1H WB Huuri. UTW fcHIW XUIIW OI I QIC rOA? the mules could trot-two miles of tho road won Indifferent, fourteen very bad, and two almost Impassable. It ia not billy, bat some of tbo passes are ao narrow tbat tbo ladies wbo travel aoroaa are compelled to dispense with their aide saddles. The remaining portion of the route aoroaa the iathmna ia performed in eannee, tbo diotanee from tbo place where tbe males are Kit to Cbagres being forty- nine miles. Lieutenant Lanman sailed in the sanemer Iathmna on tbe 23d Jannary tor Havana, thenee to Kingston, and arrived in Washington, as be fere stated, on tbe evening of tbe 10th inat. Movements for California. MAttbacHuaK'rrs. Three different companies are forming in this city to proceed to California. One ot them com* prises eight or ten individuals, fitted out to the amount of about five hundred dollars, by gentlemen who share the proceeds ot the expedition. They are to be at no expense themselves, and will be gone about a year. We hear, alao, that one or two of the overseers in the factories contemp.ate going out, taking a steam engine for a saw mill, ore. One of the companies sails this week ib the Sweden, from Boston.?Ia,u>*U Journal, F*b. 14. company is forming in Boston to prsceed to California, via St. Louis and the South Pass of the Hocky Mountains. Tlie schooner Gazelle, Capt. Currier, cleared at New Bedlord on the 13th mat, tor San Francisco. Annexed is a hit of her officers and crew:? Mr. John Merrill, supercargo; Erastas W. Haywood, clerk, and the tollowUg cf.mpauy: -Joseph C. Currier, waster; Kredeilek 8. Honiara. l?t mate; Daolal B. Akiris. 2d de : 8aml. Small. Leandnr Patter F.U iVndall Willlin K. Cbtubtr*. Hubert 8. Smith, Justus W. Bevies, seamen; Nathaniel Howland, steward; John H. Ccggeihail, cock- Total. U, COKNECI (CUT. Wc learn that a number of gentlemen in this city and vicinity, at the head ot whom is Hvn. Alonzo W Bnge, of Coventry, late Treasurer of the State, have formed a company with a capital ol $25,000, to bediv.ded into fitly aharea. They are 10 pau hate a ship, provisions lor three years, and the frame woik twr a large hotel, which is to be Kept by one ol the company. They are to take out their families, nnd go prepared tor a permanent settlement.?Norwich Ceurur, Ftb. 14. maine. The following are the names of the passengers in the Kudorus, from Frank tort, tor San Franciscoi Msrirs. D. L. I) cSry, J a rasa 8 Martin, Csptnln L. Blancbard, O. A. Wsnso, J J. Burnham. Jams* Mwett, Thomas Botntoa. K. 8 Buiton, A. Alford, 8. K. Taylor. C T Holland. M. 8. Dunbar, W. T Staoy, A. Gocfrey R Wiggtn, W H Bridgas. J V. Hutohlnson. Jam*-* Mnllay. David (Jtbaon, and R Nowall, of Bangoi; William Koala, of Harmon; U K Unby, of Athens; John Gordon, II. H Gray, and C. V. Mour, of Oldtown; N. Butler, and O Maitia. of Ellsworth: O. W. llonlsr a>a W H Dnnbar,of Boston Total 2?. OHIO. Three companies of young men from the interior of the Mult, who have set out to seek their fortunes in the gold " diggings," are now stopping at the Peail street House. One of tin parties is from Clevtlaiid, the others from Lsncuster and Newark. ? Ctmtnnait DttpuUh, Ftb. 8. The Louisville Journal of the 9th inst, sajsi? Every siesmer that descends the Ohio has on board more or less California ad venturers. The Vorktuwn left hrre yesteroay, with eiutht young men trorn CU veland, Ohio, who go by the way ot Chagres and the Isthmus. stississippi The Vicksburg Seuimtl, ot the 8th inst. anyai? The Worth carried down on Tuesday evening some ten or twelve passengers bound for California, four of whom were from this city, the others from the interior of the State. Some twelve or twtmy ethers start from here during the ensuing two or three weeks. Tun Fbie Port or Amapat.a, in the Pacific.? We have btloie us copies ot decrees ot the government ot floudurae, constituting the port of An.apala, on Tiger Island, a lire i ort, and the circular ol the houae of Carlos IWdauos it Co , announcing their establishment in said port aa commission merchants, recommending the port as a very ciiiymiihii Mopping ptriCe, Wlt>l wale ancboraae tor atemnera and other vepieln bound to California. No duties of any tort are levied in the port i t Ama|>ala. A letter Ironi San Miguel (addreaaed to Paul Neyren, a merchant of tine pin re) btatea that the port of Union, Are on the Pacific, in the Stare of Hoadutue, hnd been blockaded hv the Kngliab, on account ot claims that they had upon the sa;d ji vctttcitst t f Honduras. [ERA L849. __ Cenrt of Oyer ud Ttnalaar. Before Joatlee Edmonds, Aldirw Crollna ul Itmu. tbial roa muidii. Fab. 15.?Tba trial of David Sherry, for the airdtr of Edward MeGntra, waa renamed tbfa moraine. Tba RUoner'e aoanaal oommanaad summing up by Isapcaaa ig an tba mlnda of tba jury tba soksmn doty tbay bad id par form to tba prisoner Ha eon'rataiatad tbam on tba olaarnaaa and simplicity of tba testimony. There waa, ba aald, two theories In tba eaaa; tba tbaory of tba provocation waa, that tba decanted aaaa to bla daatb by ktoka and brnlaaa reoatvad from tba prisoner Tba theory of tba dafanoa waa. tbat ba oama to bla daatb by a fall; bat wbtobavar tbaory tba jury might adopt. It waa clearly shown tbat tbara *a< no riiemodlteted dailgn, and or course no malloa oould be nferred, and tharafora, tba Jury aannot Ind him gnllty of tba offence charged Tba proeeontton here abown no motive; It appeara tbat tba prlaonar and tba drcraeod wore nttcr atiangara to oacb other, never having aacn each other before tba nlgbtof tba 18th of N ovembar lut In tble aapact of tne aaaa. tba flret question yon bava to daclda la, waa the homicide committed In tba boat of paaalon, and In a moment of excitement ? Tbe.testlmony for tba proeccntlon laada yon to tbia view. Cockelet and tbe policeman tall yon tbat tba prlioner a aid tbat the drceaaed, having ran against bin and knocked him down, wbloh was the commencement of tba affray, and It la plainly Inferable that what followed waa the effect of passion and excitement. Ho then went an to argue, tbat if tba teatlmony left any donbt on tbelr minds as to tba manner In whtoh tba d* ceased came to bla death, tbay ware bound to gm tne prisoner the benefit or that doubt; it m for that reason tbat nodical men ?r? examined, that they might give their opinion aa to the causae whleb pro dueed deaib, and the jury were bound to dteoard their own tbeorire, and adopt the oplnlone of men who bare nade the (olence or medloine and surgery the study of their lives. He then dwelt on the testimony ot Doctor Whlttlker. and Insisted that he left It in doubt whether the death rf the deceased was pro dueed bylintoxlcatlon and the fall, or by external violence. Here, then, said he. the question was left In donbt by the testimony of Doctor Whlttlker ; and it was, therefore, the duty of the Jury, with this doubt on their minds, to acquit the prisoner Supposing, i aid he, that it be assumed, aa the eounael for the persecution undoubtedly will, that the deoeased oame to his death by the blows desoribed by the witoeases. He (the counsel) would, however, contend, that he rame to bis death by means of circumstances whtoh happened pravious to the Infliction of the blows - that is, the kicking and stamping Dootor Whlttiker distinctly atated, that a concussion of the brain would be effected by a fall as well as by external vlolenoe ; tbey would also recollect, that Mr. Morris testiled when be came up, be found the deceased lying on the sidewalk In a state of Insensibility, with the prisoner standing over him, and no violence at that timelnflloied, as he supposed grossly iutoxlcated. You will alsa remember, that 1 insisted the District Attorney should call bis employer and put him on the stand,and he tells you that he was not grossly intoxloated; that be bad drank a little ; that be bad sent a man home with uiui, who 11BU riiuintu, ana hw m WW ton to lose oar* of himself. From this testimony, then, it distinctly spprsrs that be fell, end tbe congestion of tbe brain (u in its ineiplent state at tbe time that Morris came up aqd found tbe prisoner standing over bin. It is impossible that, if oongestion bad not set in. tbe deceased, wbe was so muoh superior in pbysloal strsngtb and power to tbe prisoner would not bare rel ltd and resisted blm wben Morris saw them a seoond time; be, tberefore. ooatended that if tbe jury wee satisfied that tbe fall was tbe ineiplent oauie of tbe compression of the brain, they could not Inquire (how much soever thry might deprroate tbe kicking and s ami ing by tbe prisoner) into bis subsequent oonduet. lie then contended that, as tne prossoutlng eounsel gave tbe statement of tbe prisoner in evidence, they should tahe tbe whole ef it, unless evidenoe or elroumstsnoes were shown to rebut that part of it whteb made against them. Tbe jury would recolleot that botb Mini* and Cookeletswore thatjthe prisoner stated, at the moment tbat tbe transaotlon was fresh on hie mind, that tbe deceased and be met on the side | walk; tbat the deoeased struck or shored him, and tbat be (tbe prisoner) bad kneoked blm down in self dsfence. There was no eridenee produced to robot tbat declaration, and tbe jury were bound to receive it as true. There was another eiroumitanoe conneeted with it, from which the jury should infer that the deceased was tbe aggressor. They would reeollcet tbat Doctor Whittiker swore tbat the prisoner was a man of a herculean frame?a much larger man than tbe doetor himself, who tbo ] jurj would recollect wm a man of fair proportions; ha therefore submitted that it wm not within tba range of possibility that tha priaonsr who was so mush iofarior la also and stisagth to the decsMsd, wai ths aggresser in the uulortunete all'ray in will jh MoOuire came to his death. Taking Into eonslderation these faete, he contended that the jury oould coma to no other conclusion than that It was justifiable homicide. But if the jury disagreed with oounsel, and were of opinion that the deoeated came to his death feem the blows, ho indicted upon the.daceased by the prisoner, then the Inquiry was, what wm the degree of crime to be imputed to the prisoner f la this aepeofof the ease, he eontended thej could only dad him guilty of manslaughter in the fourth degree. The Diutsict Attorney then eommenosd summing up on the part of the prosecution. He said that the able defence made by the prisoner's counsel, and the patient and considers e hearing of the Court towaxds the prisoner, he felt it his duty to call for a conviction. We are not, said he, here to Indulge In vindictive feelings, neither are ws permitted t# Indulge in a mistaken sympathy for ths prisoner, his family, or friends: wo are only to oonelder the guilt or Innocence of the prisoner. Therefore the reference by the prisoner's counsel to the family of the prisoner was out tf place; if it applied at all it would apply equally to the family of the unfortute deceased; they are, to sav the leMtof It, M much entitled to your sympathy m those of the prisoner. He thenprooesded to define the erime of murder; after,which be said It wm contended on the other side that an excusable bcmiclde only wm committed. But does that agrse with the teatimony In the ease? We have It frem the llpe (ftbe witnesses that a most oowardly and unmanly advantage wm taken of the deeeMed, and that a cruel and cold blooded murder wm perpetrated on him, whioh agrees exactly with ths definition I have read to you. The first question you bars to consider Is, is MsOuIre deed? The second question is, did tha wiunda Inflicted on his faoe and breMt, by the prisoner produce his death ? To decide these two questions it is only necessary to point your attention to the evidence of Morris. He tells you distinctly that when he first taw the deeeaeed be had no signs of vlolsnoe on his fees; bnt when hs turned round. In a minute after, he saw the prisoner kicking him on the head and breMt; he also telle jou be examined his lus, and fonnd it most dreadfully mutilated, for the murderous intent or too prisoner you need only refer to the testimony of the policemen Sweeny?he telle you he Ml qonirelsome, ugly, end unmanageable. The ileoeeied, on toe ether bend, wee e quiet, inoffensive men. Upon thie occasion be happeni a to be in liquor. 1 eeu very well understood bow the wholeeffelr ooourred?the two ran against tech other, end the prisoner knocked the deceased down, he being most ovtrcoma by liquor. Morris came up before the prisoner bed time to indulge in his vindictive feelings, end he seemed tojmova off, bat bis malice having ore rooms his belter feelings, If cv?r be hsd reinmed, end assaulted the deceased la the brutal way wbloh baa terminated so fatally tor both parties. Tbe District Attorney addressed the jury ior about ap hour, and eonolnded by calling on them for a ten let of gniliy. Tbe Jim.?. tbensntered upon his charge to the jury. He told them tbe crime of murder, with which the prisoner was charged, wee defined by tbe statute to be the killing of a human being by poison, shooting be , when perpetrated with a premeditated design to effeet the death tt tbe person killed, or of any human being, or wben perpetrated by any aet imminently dangerous to others, eviacing a depraved mind, regardless or human life, although without any premeditated design to fleet tbe death of a*y partisuiar individual. Tue first thing to be made out Is tbu corpui dilttta of thu crime, tbut Is tbs death of tha deceased, and that it was caused by violence It is certainly trus, as tbs prisoner's coenssl Insists, that tbe prosuontor should Baku out affirmatively tbu death of the party; but in regard to that, there la no reuuooable doubt, becaaso ft ie proved that he died on the 18th of November lest. '1 be evidence ef the phyateiune showa that he died of cvngesUon of the brain and the luage; end the only question for you to consider la wbetner the oongeetlon i f tbe brain and lunge waa occasioned by the external violent which appeared on the deceased'* body, or, as tha prisoners counsel son tends, was It oesastoasd by Intoxication? If It Is doubtful in your minds whether this Injury resulted from Intoxication, or the bruise* on the deceases'# body. It would not be safe for you to eonvlet. Bat the pbysietans both tall you that this eongestiou was produced by the blows, and this testimony, gentlemen, you oaunot overlook. In determining wtatmay be in* Immediate cause ef death, yon ara to ark yourselves whether death waa caused by Intoxication or by tbs fall? or was It produosd by tbe blows Isolated on him by the prisoner? In deoidit g this quest ion. you are to bear these tilings to mind; and I repeat to you, that you cannot lightly overlook the testimony of the physicians. You will oonstnotly in minn tbsy both stats that death was produced by the kick* on the breast; bnt If you are of opinion that death waa oaused by the fall, er by intoxication, then it la nut necessary te go any further?the priaoner is atltled to his dlsebarg*. But if you should find i bat his death was canned by tha blows, tben It Is for yon to consider the degree of the prisoner's guilt, In inflicting those blows. Ills honor then defined the crime et murder and the law applicable to it, a* laid down by the vartoua authorities, both inCihis.aouutry and Kngland. He next reoapltuiated the exidenee, and told the jury they were to deetda on the prisoner's motives and intentions from all those eiroamstaooos. It waa argued by prisoner's counsel, tbat he killed the deceased in eelf- Or fence: but tbe iorv would recollect that ibex* blow* were Indicted at a time when lha da- I ?i need wa* Ijirg proairate and unable ta maka any ra teiance. I theretare eaaaot ?ta bow tbia defense eaa ta made available for the prisoner But there la another defence ret up for tbe pri-ener here-lt la aald he tai Intc xleatad; but, lamp opinion, the plea of int< xtcalU n la a bad one, except so far aa it may enable )ou to judge whether be eeuld or eoold not at the time have a premeditated deelgn to kill tbe deeseaed. Hut ibere la another ground ><f defence aet up by hie ctunrel, nanniy, Ibe provocation tbe dreeaeed had given lo tbe pilioner; but lhie ground of defence oau re only material la deciding ?nether toe prisoner is gnlliy i f morder er manelaughter. Now. woetber the (tieoner bed lime btfoir be IcB'etid tbe blow*, to oool,' o a? to nduce tbe erltie dean to ?i*d? a.ig'iter, ti a o.ia'. incj o,;iit ; ai .vu.ilicrj naj lu jja. 1st LD. TWO CENTS. lag tblo part of the ?h 70a in alto to opirit la whleb bo mod* tbo bouti teittfle4 to by tbo poi leaven; if >o? or* of opinion that theee boneta wrr* aade while tbo nrteoner wae la a state of drankOB BtM. It would not bo evident* of maltoe; but If you eon* to tbo eoaelorlon that at tbo time bo nttwet tblo eentiment bo bad enllelent tlmo to oool, and ?u terod It deliberately, It would bo ovldouoo of maliee. Tbo Judge delivered au eloquent charge, and oallod upon tbo jury, ao oenservoter* of tbo puMlo poaee and guardians of tbo mannora and ooorulo of tbo comma, nlty. to a fearlooo verdict; but If tboro obould bo any doubt oa tbolr mi a do In regard to tbo prlooaor'o guilt, be woo en tit ltd to tbo benefit *f tbat doubt. Tbo Jury retired at 4 o'olook, and at 7 returned witb a verdiat of manelaogbtor la tbo oeoond degreo agelnot too prl envr He wao tboa remanded, to bo brought np at a fntnre day for eeatence. T*? jUltgti Slava Core.?Tbo Grand Jury, la tbo eaie of the Ana D Rlcbardooa, lately Mat bom* from Rio oa oneplelon of being eonoeraed la tbo elave trade, ignored tbo billo ogalnot Copt Storor tblo moral eg. Court Calendar liar Thlo Day, Suroaioe Couot.?No*. 108. Ill, 118, lid. 191 191 134 189,18 38, 1 884 30. 73 77,141, 143 144. 148. 141 147.149 133. 168, 134, 133, 139, 100,101, 8, 880, 76, 08, 88,83, 80. T 34, 3,131. Common Plii. -Noe. 70, 81, 84. 37, 38, 88, 88, 87, 88, 89,80,98,83,84.05 iiiw inMiii|cnct, li rtiHtCouiT ofthi Uritkd Stitu. i'lbrsuj IS.?No SO. E Irving* t *1 ,plaintiffs in error, vs. Maxwell Wilsen In arror to the dlatriot court United States for Mississippi Tha judgment of tbe district court intbU out *w affirmed with oeita N >. 36. J. O. rage'* administrator, appellant, vs Rufu* K. Page. Tbe argument of tbi* causa was oooeludad by Mr. Evas* for tha appellant. No. 149. f. Hogg at al , plaintiffs In error, v* John B. Emerson. Tha argument on the motion made in tbi* eauaa waa eonetuded oy Mr. Coxa for tbe defendant in error. sfrbbmb Coubt or thi Uwitbd Srivcs?'Tuesday* Feb. 18 ? H R. Gamble, Esq , of Mlsaourl, vaa admitted an at'ernej and counsellor of thle oourt. No. 37. H. Smith ra Wm. Hnnter, treasurer, ho?la error to tbe Supierne Court of Ohio. Mr Justice Daniel delivered tbe opinion of thie eourt, dismissing this oansa ior tbe want of Jurisdiction. No 8. Tbe United States vs. ding and Coxa.?In error to the Clrenlt Court of tbe United States for Louisiana. Mr. Chtel Justice Taney delivered tbe opinion of this eourt, reversing tbe judgment of the Clrouit Court and remanding the cause, wli b directions to enter judgment for tbe United States fur the laud dgsertbed In their petition. No. 1. Tbe State of Missouri, complainant, vs. tbe State of Iowa ?Tbe argument of tbia cause waa commenced by Mr. Green for tbe oomplalnaat n Fbb 14?Charles T. Cromwell and Heman B.Ely. Esqrs , of New York, were admitted attorneys ana counsellors of tbis oourt. No. 1. Tbe State of Missouri, oomplainant, vs the State of Iowa The argument ?f tbis cause was continued by Mr Green for tbe oomplainant, and by Mr. Mason for the respendent. Adjourned till to- morrow, li o'clock. Baltimore, Feb. 15,1849. ExpttUd Arrival of Hyer?l\e Sunday I aw 8mt ained?I he Mechanic*' Institute?The Mohnetocke. Arc. Thomas Hyer, accompanied bjr his family, will reach hers this afternoon, and I venture to say that not less than fire thousand persons will be at the cars to get a sight of him. The Court of Appeals of this State hare decided in favor of the constitutionality of the law prohibiting the sale of liquor on Sunday, and the Attorney General has quashed all previous indictments, with a general notice that the law wilt be enforced to the letter against all wr.o may hereafter violate its provisions. The consequence was, that on Sunday lost it was impossible for any one to wet tlreir wnistles unless they carried the needful article in their pocket. The Maryland Institute of Baltimore hare procuped a splendid site for thttr new hall, which is to be devoted to the promotion ot science and the mechanic arts. It is to be located on the corner of Fayette and Gay streets, 67 feet front by about 120 oeep. The city appointments are to be made to-day, and so far the Mayor has pretty much kept his own counsel- The impression is abroad that there ie to be a general removal; who is to be appointed seems to be somewhat of a mystery. The business men of our city are in anticipation of a most prosperous spring trade. Already tho ountiy merchants are Hocking in with lull purses. The twin artists, Charles and Adele Uolinatock, had a crowded house last night at Carroll Hall. < omposed principally of the "uuper ten," ana ur beat musical critics. It was larger and more faahionBbletbaB the audience on the previous evening at Madame Bishop's concert. Further Proceedings in IIyer's Case.?Yeserday, Thomas flyer was again Drought before hs Court. Judge Parsons delivered hta opt ale n upon the constitutional point submitted to bin, in wbtoh be suit atned the ground taken by Mr Haselbnrst against the * arrant of tho Executive, but deoided Shot the r .? u vu?uu; U 1111 lUf WBtnBt of the Governor oould be amended. la refer*m to the argument of the prisoner s oouaeel (hat the orlglnel arreet and detention of Hyer vaa not jut tided under the law, the Judge referred to the deeielone of the Supreme Court to ehow that an offender maybe arreeted with or without warrant, wbiob are founded upon the principle* of the common law, errential to the welfare of eoelety, and not Intended to he altered or laprtred by the oonetltntlon 8*nee the adoption of the federal constitution. and the peerage of the aot of Congress. in 1799, It bed alwayi been the praetiee In every Stat* to emit a orlmtnal who bad fled from jnette* and taken refuge ln<another State, and detain hla until a formal rqnlsiton can be made by the proper authority, and thie la done upon the principle of comity between the Stater. He laid imiti were made and offender* detained, under precirely elmtlar elrcumetaaeee, repeatedly by the court, and the legality of each proceeding* bar not been quertioued,end he preaumed the subject would not hate been mooted uow. only la eonsequence of the notorlou* individual that ha* been held amenable to the law. When the Court had finished lie dselslon. Win, B. Reed, K-q produced anoib?r warrant from the K.iooutlre wbteh be reeelred from lierrieborg on Tuesday evening' The warrant ret forth that It had been itcued upon affidavit* taken before Walton Oray. Ksq , a maglitrate of the State of Maryland. The eouneel of the prlaoner made no ohjeetirn to this warrant, who eiprearad hit wllllngntre to proceed to Maryland with officer Co-?h, who bad teen rent on for fci* removal By order of the Court, I!y?r va* handed over to the ourtody of the sheriff, to be eu-r?nder*d Into the charge of Mr Cook, when ready to take him to Maryland. Hyer will depart for Baltimore thie morning ? HAilurfrlpAia Ltdgtr, h'cl. It. Domestic Miscellany. A young married women, in Clnoinnati, ha? become amaniao in oenrequenc* of ruppormg. through the aid <f * fortune teller, her husbuud had died at New Orleans. Albert Lawrence *? ebot at Winchester. Ky., a few day* tinee, by Samuel Hansen. The ball took effect In tb* throat. Tb* bulliMcg known a* the marble bloek, at Near Haven, Conn., was destroyed by fire on Tuesday night. It wee occupied generally aa stores. The amount of lot* le very great A violent wind ard snow storm pawed over Nantucket. Maes., oo Monday last. On Tuesday morning the harbor was full of lee The paint warehouse of Mr. Clannon, In New Orleans. *a? destroyed on the 4th I net. loss gift.000. and tbe dwelling house #f Mr. Charles White, who** losa ... *20tl0 A rtrsnt family difficulty to Washington county, Ma rernlted In the death of a brother ( the wlfss husband by the hand of the elf*! The poet office at Troy, Pa , waa robbed last week of abi nt one tfaeaeand dollars Capt Haiuuel rrask, a soldier of the revolution, aged ninety-aloe yeara and nine months, died at Rotbury, Mesa . on Wednesday of last week. High Constable Ulffotd baa returned to Baltimore after an nnenceestful search for Yankee SaUlvaa la Iblladelphla and Now York. Jamas W halen la on trial at Albany, N.Y., for tba murder of Peter Turner. A destructive Are oeeurred In Warren. Ohio, on Friday morning, which destroyed nearly one half of the buslne'S square on Market atrnet. The aufferere are Veirra. Iddlngs, Steele h Co., merchanta ; A Bartholomew. msrohant; Howard a Fitch. tlanene ; Weeteott It Weeka. msrobant tailor* : Wa Chsmberlla.sad Her; Jsfferson Palm, book merchant; A. W Bllsa, batter; U. Cranage ahoa merchant ; Dumas k Foots, pdMiah. <re ef the TYumhull Cimnfy IK1I|; Crowell h Brown, end T. J. MeLaia. attorney# Mr. Wm. Cranch Bond, tba director of tha Observe, trry. Harvard Unlvereity, Cambridge, ha* been eleoted Fellow of the Brltleh Royal Aetroaomleai Society. The eoeeh factory of T. S. Abbott, at Concord, !t. H.. waa daatroyed by flra on Tueadoy night; loan 140,000. Estimates o>- ruK Cnors or the United States. We have received from our Washington norrenjrndrnt an estimate Irom the report ol the patent cftice, relative to the eropn ot the United Stairs lor the past year. The tablet are too long for insertion thin morning, but we have condensed them into the following space Popalatloa In 1MB. . 21.AM 000 of wheat raised 1WU4NO < barlay A-JJ3 060 " oat 186 SUO 000 " 82 Ml 300 " buekwheat It 68* 000 " Indian torn 6U1600C0 " potatoes 114.476 000 Tons ef bay 16 786,000 Founds of tobacco 818 000.000 ' OOttOtt l.bMOOOOM " rle* lit) l??,600 _ " , aooooo.oM TcSB of htirp 3).3rtv

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