Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 24, 1849, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 24, 1849 Page 1
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TH NO. 5378. INTERESTING INTELLIGENCE FllOM (EAGRES, PANAI1A, LIRA AND VtlPUUlSOAffairs in the Isthmus of Panama, Ar. Ac. Ac* W* 1 ? I A*., a a..r. kg >.Lg,,,k " v iiuvuuki U) ?* ivw vtmj a u^V| m/ M.ivgia|'U| that the brig Henrico had arrived at Chaileston, S. C, with later advices from Chagres. Since then we have received the despatches ol our Isthmus correspondents by mail. Among the passengers in the Henrico are the following:? Capt. W D Phelps, H MsJIm and lady, R. Thorns P. Hiedis, Pvter Hrtadia, K. Putx, A. Pray, and T. Jump The Chaileston Ncu-t, of the 20th mat., says:? Capt. Win. D. Puelpx. who oains in ths Hoorioo. Street Iroiii the mines, e?>? tUel nis rrlsnd wiib liim had a ptoee of California gold weighing &K ouuoes, toe largest pieoe be, Capt. Pbrlpa. sew t?ud lie bad tn#a frequently at lbs mines, and sorsed bunsslf merely to say tbat be bad dug il) weighed o or 7 ounnes He, Capt. Pbeipi, bad loads enough ; he was on bin way horns to Maeracbaeetts. to enjoy bis fortuoe He hid made bis money not by digging, but by trading with the d ggrrs. On the arrival of Mr. Atherton at this port, we a earned that Capt. Phelps and Mr. Mallus, menioned in the above list, It tt San Francisco for he United States with $100,000 in gold dust. Our advices from Cli tgres are ot the 31st alt.; Panama, of the 2thh; Lima, ot the 28th ot December; and Valparaiso ol the 22<1 ot that mouth. We have files of El Con to, of Lima; El Comtrcio and El Mer-uno, of Valparaiso, and El Panamano, ol Panama. Annexed is the intelligence:? AFFAIRS ON TUG ISTHMUS. The Panamenians are quite wild with delight at the sudden importance which their city and Isthmus has attained We proceed to give translations ot several items. After publishing an official communication irom the New Granadian Legation at Washington, to Governor Herrera, of Panama, under date 27th November last, wherein he is informed that the nteumer Falcon will commence to make regular tripe, as a mail steamer, between New York and Chagree, on the 1st December,.and that the Or us will leave New York on the 15tn, in order to take her station on the Chagres river, and lurthermore, commending these ateamers and their passengers to the attention und the hospitality of the Isthmenians, the editor oi the Panumeno goes on to Bay: ' Alter reading the above artiste, it Is Impassible that the are ot patriotism should not glow brigotor In tbe bosom of every inhabitant of the lsthmne. A new era?a brlAiant prospect tor tbe future - a material, as w*u as an intellectual improvement-an Increase in all kinds f business, riches, prosperity, in faut all kinds of fortune aud happiness, M in waiting for us, and commences to be apparent In this Interesting portion of the New Granadian territory. Killed with an unspeakable joy, and bewildared by this sudden ohange oi eondi'ion which bae ooourred iu this our native spot, we can but write a faw short Pnes to bless the hand of the Divine Omnipotence, who, softened by the miserable and abandoned oendition in which we languished, is now making up to us lor the many sulleringe we have undergone.'' Again he says:? The 1st of January this year, will always be a memorable epoch in the commercial history of tbe Isthmus : its dawn has been gilded with gorgeuus splendor, and in years ,to come, our desoendants will remember this day with pleasure and gratltwdo. At the olose of last year every thing seem?.d to portend a happy future for tne country i but no one Imagined that it was so near, and that the country would aaaume such importauce so suddenly. Many events took plaoe in the Inner part cf December. On the 26th, tnere arrived at Chagres, the tirst steamer of the American line with 1AA na.uiinirm*a ntui Iflfl frtr?m t\t sarffil Imnmr t.ha naa Sanger* wtie General Smith, the Uovernor of Calif or ma. hi* fatally and inlta. On the 29ch, the R. M. teamer Tay left Cbagret with $7*0,000 In specie ; on the 3uth, tue Amerioau bark John Benson arrived at Chagrt* with CO passengers and !4u0 tons of cargo, aad ou the 31st, there arrived at this port H. B >1. brig Pandora, from Mexico, with near $3000u0 In specie for Earope. On the let of January, the sapper* and mineis were on tht Cruces roau ready to commenoe repairing it, according to uoncraot entered into between the government and the Royal Mall Steam Company. At lbs same time there appeared the prospeotus ot a new paper, the fur>omenu, destiaed to have a great influencc on the country. If managed correctly. The news from the United State* Is, that many vessel* were preparing to come to Chagres with passengers and freight ror I allfornia, and taat a company was making ariangement* with Oen. llerrera tor the oonstruotion of a railroad aorosa the Isthmus. What will those say now who have regarded all progress in this country as but a dream?who have called freetrader* visionaries, madmen, ho. Ills not to such as these lUat we address ourselves now?we speak to tbe friends of true progress, te our brilliant deputies to the Congress of 18m; they are the ones to give the tinai blow to tbe aberratluD* of such men. Away wita custom boasts! down with tbe estenoos (government monopolies)! down with all monopolies, and let passengers, baggage, specie, and comuerolal articles pass aoroes the Iscnmus of Panama without any let or hindrance! We address ourselves to the consignee* in chagres and Cruoes ? the owners of oauoee and horsas? to nrge them not to allow passengers, ko , to be Imposed on or to suffer any axtortion. Let them to aot, that thosa engaged in these transit operations shall sufler no loss; and this will ensure to tne country a eontluuanoe of the well merited reputation it baa, ot being the most moral in South America. To tbe inhabitants generally, we would say, every thiog here Is activity, opportunities for maki'jg money abound: atthe veiy least 60U mere mules are required immediately." Houses of entertainment are required for the tnousands that will ere long croes the leihmus? tbe Custom House warehouses are entirely too small for the present wants; in fine, many things are wanting, am it Is lnoumbent on our neighbors to oo operate with us, in order to bring to a happy conclusion aliens which at the present time are In a difficult position. Ho more Inactivity, then; activity, zeal and ellioienoy are waated now, aad he whoexerelees these virtues will surely reap his reward. Hurrah, then, for the 1st of January, 1840. On the 17th January Governor Herrera issued a proclamation retarding quarantining vessels at Ghagree. The following la a condensed transla tion of the document:? Art. 1.?All vessels arriving at Chagrei from New Orleans or any other port h? tn? L'nltea States where there exists that horrible epidemic, Aslatio cholera, than undergo a quarantine ot thirty days Art. a? IroTides that the captain of the port and ne or more members of the board or health shall proceed towards eiery vessel on her arrival Art 3? 1'rtvldes that they sbail hail her and ascertain whence she comes. It Irons Naw Orleam she is to periorm the speoitied quarantine in the bay of Silit' n or i'uerto ne 1'iuas, whioh places are to be used as a quarantine station. ArcRles b and 7 provide, that if the vessel does not come from New Oiteans. she must have a clean bill of health fiom wherevt r the conies; aad if she have that, toil there was no clioWia there when she left, and she has not touched at New Urieans cr any other port where cholera extiis, and has no other ountagieut disease en board. Ihe paitengers and goods may be landed. Article a provides that the term of quarantine is previsional, aid can be concluded by the Uoreraor wnen he hvs positive and authentic information that the ooourreiices tbat led lo it have orated. Artloie D tixea the penalty for bating quarantine hy any captain, stamen, passenger, or aB/ other individual, at liou six months imprisonment to twelve y?ar? of bard labor, according to tbe remits that may nappen from such breaking the regulations. Article 10.?A like penalty can be inflicted on any captain concealing that be uas come from or tonohed at a port where oholcra exists, ot'K InTIIMCS correspondence. Cuaores, Jan. 31, 1S49. t Gtti tloA Writing a lew linen to you on a coil o( rope, on boaid the schooner Sovereign, from Baltimore to Vera Crux, via Mazatlan, for Son Francisco. We are fifty passengers on boards and at sea decided to take the route via Chagres. We left the Capes lSth instant, arid came to anchor in the bay or bamn of Chagres this morning, 31st instant. Never did 1 experience so much unanimity and friendly ieelnig among fellow-men as dunug our entire vovage. Fair wind and weather?prayers every day?no cards?no drink?no squalls or (quailing?everyinrug peace and traceable. We were towed into the basin, a place of about 360 yards broad, by the steamer Orus? came to anchor, boarded by the custom house officer, who examined and received the vessel's papers? gave us permission, wi'hout anything being examined, to place all our luggage, implements, tec , on board the steamer, nt auy time we nngnt hud it most convenient. The Orus takes us, la (he morning, up the river twenty miles, tiuas canoes tor quiselves, and luggage, provisions, tec , to frorgoui, ' at $10 each. At this season of the year Cordon a it considered tbe beat roud to Panama. Provisions, bed, tec , rxtia. Dinner, 7ftc.; breakfast, 60c ; bed, 60c.; ten, 60c. boon alter Uie custom-house officer had left us, E NE MORI several of our party visited the town, composed o' ah?ut eighty huts, situated from two to twenty feet from the level of the sea, which appears never to have suffered from any inuudatton. To-day is a lovely day, and health and contentment depicted in the inhabitants. We landed with perfect ease, safety, and convenierce; the boats and canoes lying close to the beach; and I kept my drills as clean as if 1 had b en in a drawing room In the rainy weather, Chagres, not being |>aved, is of courte a dirty place. Senor Julien Ramos, a native of Panama, is the princi|>al, I may say only commercial person here, and you would find him as honest as any other man, but of gentlemanly, oolite, and tractable manners. nerlimm not aur. passed. Chsgres and Panama possess privileges over every other porta in New Granada; and never (u?w my &th voyage) did I ever meet with lean delay, less inconvenience, and mote satiafaction, in the whole course of ray travels. Our p*|>ere and bill o! health being satisfactory, and our passengers in a clean and healthy looking condition, we have avoided bi ing quarantined All vessels from New Orleans are placed in quarantine for thirty days, and so will all others, if cholera or other sickness then prevail. The three masted schooner Florida, with 87 passengers, tor New Orleans, was off this morning, but undergoes 80 days quarantine. I pity tht m most sincerely, i hear, from best authority, that not more than 600 persons have arrived here, since the gold fever, via Panama, was heard of; that 200 may now be at Panama; but that tnere are two vessels aithal port, which will convey them all, and, probably, ourselves included. There are at Chagres two houses where you can put up, if necessary, Breakfast, dinner, tea and bed, ft 50 per day; exchange, 25c ; one dollar Spanish worth (1 25, New Granada currency; merchandise, with buttew exceptions, are admitted on entryat aduty ot 5 reals, oi (i2ic. per 100 lbs weight ?The port charges on the sovereign, 96; joes will be about fH. This vessel will carry 1,200 ubla. The Henrico, from New York, via Charleston, sails on the 31st (to-morrow.) she is the only vt-KBci iii jmii otBiucB ourselves. The water is pure una good. In the rainy season, sb in all low and swampy locations, you are in danger ot ague and lever; but 1 donotapprehtnu more risk here than 1 would on some portions ot the Eastern Shore ot Maryland, notwithstanding what many say to the contrary. Puerto Cabello is laid down in the "Coast Pilot" as being subject to putrid tever, black vomit, &c., all ot which is false. We are enjoying on board, and some on shore, aa delightful a day and evening as I have often done on your flattery. There is a small fort ou the northwestern entrance of the bay. IMPORTANT NOTIFICATION. Panama, Jan. 10.1349. To Wn Nklion, Esq . U S. Consul At Panama:? Km:?The laws of tba United States infliot the penalty of One and Imprisonment on treapa-eers on the public lands. As nothing ean be more umreaeonable or unjust tban the eondoet pursued by persons not cttlten* of the United 8tates, who are fioeklng from all parts to search for and carry off gold from the lands belonging to the United States in California, and as suchcouonet is In direct violation of law, It will beeeme my doty, Immediately on nay arrival thare, to pat these law* In foroe, and to prevent their infraetlon In future, by punishing, with the penalties provided by law, all those whotffend. As these laws ara probably not known to many who are about staitlng to California, It would bo well to make it publicly known that there are snob lawe in ax istence, and that they wilt be, in futnre, enforced against ell persons not eltisene of the United States, who Bhall commit any trespass on the lands of tho United 8tates in California. Your position as Consul hare, being in communication with our consuls on the eoaet of South Amertoa, affords y du the opportunity of making this known mo it generally, and 1 will be muoh obliged to you If you will do It. With sincere respeet, your ob't serv't, PERS1KER F. SMITH.Br Major General V. 0. A*) Will g X BUIUU I/ITIBIOD. Panama, Jan. 20?9 P. M. The above is genuine, from the pen ot Gen. Smith, handed to me by Mr. Nelson, the American Consul, who has done all in his power to enable me to forward the latest intelligence to the JVSne York Mtrald. He has consecrated all his energies to the comfort and expeditious transport ot the American emigrants. The California is a splendid steamer. Captain Forbes reports that the weather in the Straits of Magellan was very bad; yet the Caluornia, (now the fleetest and staunchest steamer in the world,) iorced through the Straits in40 hours?having experienced two very heavy gales before she entered htm?leaving the Straits amid a tremendous gale, the wink blowing W.N. W.; although the weather was foggy, and the sea extremely rough, the California aid not ship a solitary spray. The California met with no accident whatever during the whole voyage, the engines operating far better now than wntn she left New York. There were some G7 Peruvians on board the California when at Calao. The note ot General Smith to Mr. Nelson, the Consul, doubtless applies to the Peruviana. What the eflect will be at California is obvious. We must tight on our arrival at San Francisco. It is a rich joke, iudeed.that we should travel, at our own expense, to this distant hind, passing the most horrible mountain defiles ot the Isthmus, and the Alligator Cieek trom Chagres to Cruces, with its tearful currents,its banks teeming with amima's, ruttlesnakes, and every species of poisonous reptiles, and the defiles ou either side abounding with panthers? 1 say it is a joke, and a serious one with some, that we rhould come out here, and hence to C., to tight, at an expense of trora $1,900 to $1,500, (piovisions excluded)?to tight, not far our homes, and friends, and wives, and children,-no, but simply for our unis, which, from all accounts, must be first pitched in ban Francisco, on a soil at this season so muddy that a man weighing some 130 lbs. will sink nearly to his waist. 1 repeat, it is a stupendous joke that we, and the Cape Horn (migrants, should travel from 16,000 to 17,000miles to tight tor our lives and tents, pitched in the odious mud, and tight, not for $8 or $10 per month, the wages of a common soldier, but fight at our own expense. President Polk and Secretaries Buehanpn, Marcy, Walker, Mason, aud the knowing ones, must be shaking their sides at Washington, to see us tusning like the niipeiuous Miagaia tor thas lar distaiit.region, leaving the dearest associations and objects ot affection behind, to become the pioneers ola lorest region, where the slightest api roximation to civilization tins nnl ann^mr^A When lbts order ot Gen. Smith is generally known in Panama and San Francisco, I think there will be many a sad face; yet, from my knowledge ot the emigrants in Panama now, and of the American character, I think that a disposition to assert our countiy'u rights, come what may, and a spirit ot cheeitulnces and hilarity will supersede all melancholly emotions. There will be hut little gold dinging lor some time alter our arrival, because 1 know that Gen. Smith, the hero in Mexico, is the man ot men to execute the law, and especially a proclamation of his own. Uncle Sam has hit the nail on the head, in alluring so many bravo and noble Americans from their homeB at this important crisis, with guns, blunderbusses, pikes, pick axes, ana shovels, and every implement o destruction under heaven, with plenty ot money and provisions puichastd by themselves, with their own money and with great care, to fight the enemies ot our country?to drive all foreigners from the richest soil ever discovered in the whole journey ot the sun. Mr. Foster, at Lima, informed Capt. Forbes, that he had just received a letter from San Francisco, stating that flour at the mines was $50 per barrel, and $5 per barrel in San Francisco, brought up trom the Pacific coast. Brandy is one ounce of geld per bottle; best beef is rated from $19 to $12 per bullock,?at the mines dearer,?whole droves going up to the mines. Capt. Forbes says that Leoting and Co, ot Valparaiso, hava got $150,000 m bags, that they are keeping for sailors and others, who are continually arriving ttiere. Capt. Phelps, ot the brig Malek Adhel, captuied from the Mexicans in the war, in the employ ot Jos. B. Eaton, of Boston, has realized $100,000. He operated thus : hmcrew being about to desert, he said: "Boys, let ua all go together; you want provts.ons, and I will eupply tnem. The crew accepted Capt. Phelps' proposition, and oil they went, and all got rich, the captain doing the best business, and nas sold (be vessel. The crew ot Capt. Phelps said somehow the large lumps always fell into Capt. Phelp's bag, and tne smaller ones into the bag of the sailors; a good joke tor the gallant captain. A clever and faithful Bon writes to his mother, tending a jonk bottle full ot du?t, saying?"Dear mother, I have only time to say that 1 send you a bottle ot gold dust. I would send you more, but I can't, because bottles are scarce in these diggins." Cspl. Forbes told me this, having seen the letter ot the boy st Valparaiso. A iimn^ the Peruviana who applied for passage on hoard the California, was a man worth $29,OM.OOO! I'm nun m only contains some G.OOO inhabitants, and not 10,000. as formerly stated On coming down to the Consul's, from where I now write, (with Carpit Foihes sitting by my side, und other eminent gentlemen present,) I aa w some twenty liuiuuu ekulls projecting trom Hie walla ot W YO iING EDITION?SATO * dilapidated church or prison, doubtless cemented there an hundred years ago, to intimidate the miserable Spaniards of that far ofl.lime. They were doubtless culprits, who were hungor shot for murder and other dreadful crunea. These skulls are revolting to the passer by, but may prevent eritne, even now, among the more miserable creaturea of Panama, which, by the way, contains a large number ot very peaceable, intelligent, and worthy citizens, who are very rigid in their observance of the religion of the country. I shall remember with pleasure and gratitude my association with its citizens. The rains have continued later by one month thia year than ever known; but they have ceased, and in the morning, at meridian, and in the evening, the air is mild aud truly delightful. Th? Spanish cookery is excellent, and I am fattening upon it Being so near the equator, (within hi decrees.) we have all the fruits of the globe. and in Spanish cooking they are indeed most delicious. ice creams, aod the choicest luxuries of the North, are eclipsed and forgotten in a comparison with the indescribable luxuries of the equator. But I recommend Americans travelling in these legions to be strictly temperate, and never eat any raw fruit. We are informed that Capt. Weare owns the ship Philadelphia?that Howland A; Aspinwall chartered her to go lrom New York to Wales, lor coal?to proceed thence to Panama, discharge the coal, ana proceed immediately south, in the employ of A loop At Co., to take a cargo home. Now, instead of proceeding south, she violates her charter by going north to San Frannsco?me agents of Huwlund iV Aspinwall here having received orders through the Isthmus of Damn, to violate the contract wild Alsop \ Co., (flowland & A ? piiiwull thus subjecting themselves to a forfeit of some $10,000,) 111 order to accommodate the enitfrants at Panama, by their earlier transit to San 'rancisco, in case of tlie non-arrival of the(Cdlilornia and other steamers ; and in case of the arrival of the California, for the Philadelphia to take all that the California might leave behind. Stephen H. Branch. Panama, Jan. 23, 18-49. The British mail steamer is just in, and oil the bay. II I can get some of her papers, I stiall do so, if I shall have to board her some two miles distant. I shall send all my dtspatcheBof this date to you, by the Burgeon of the Isthmus, as far as Chagres, at least, where he may snt them in the mail. There must be some half a dozen letters on the Isthmus for you. Stephen H. Branch. N. B. An American died last night at the Acnelicano, whose name I did not learn. The schr. Angelita sails to-day, with 26 passengers, for California. Panama, Jan. 25?6 P. M. a17*.11 t k.? . i 1?j TV writ, ? HOTC uun e?ni jruu ?uuic uuc IIUIIUICU and fifty closely written pages, the first batch by Mr. Carrington, clerk of the Crescent City; several batches by vessels, several by the Isthmus, (the most probably by the Isthmus) and the residue, (a solitary package by the British RKil steamer Forth;) and now send my last, very lat>t despatch, by a gentleman named Melius, irom California, via Valparaiso and Luna, laden down with gold. Captain Phelps is on the way with $110,000, who comes by the quickest possible conveyance. Two Americans died yesterday in the city, and many are sick, some of whom will assuredly die. I again entreat the Americans to reflect ere they rush madly upon this perilous voyage of gold-hunting. There is plenty of gold in California; but as common as it is there, 1 know that a large number ot those here would retreat tor home, sweet home, were it not for the contumely that would confront them and follow them. My health is good. The California will sail on Monday at farthest, on her long and solitary journey through a wilderness of tranquil and maddered waters. I have sent you a package of Valparaiso and Lima and Panama newspapeis. The brig of war Pandora left a day or two since {or Tobago, and hence for a surveying expedition in the bay ot Panama. The P. has been on this this coast some four years, and will return next year to England. Her officers I have seen and dined with, and pronounce them very intelligent, gentlemanly and generous; I have seldom met with nobler men, and sincerely hope I will again see them ere 1 leave this part of the world. The P. had hardly left when in comes the British frigate "Herald," from the North Pole, after a cruise ot one year and a half in pursuit ot Sir John Frankik.l,. .k.A: C b I I _s me im,uj me Binjjui win ?>rcDaB,wiiu wcni lowaras North Pole some live years since, with three years provisions, to tiled a passage Irom east to west, and has not since been heard of. Victoria, or the British Ministry, from love of Sir.John, have sent vessels on either side of the wes.ern continent, with lrom three to five years ascertain the whereabouts of Sir John; supposing that tl shipwrecked he may yet be on some uninhabitaed island. The British Empire deserve much credit lor such fidelity and humanity to its great maritime discoverers. The British Consul is in town, on his wav to Mazatlan, and assures me that a vessel will be down from Mszatlan in a tew days, with $2,000,OtK) in specie, and that the enormous sum ot 12,000,000 will pass the Isthmus ot Darien lor England, lrom the same source, the present year, to say nothing ot the specie from Chili and the southern coast, which will be incalculable. England is a stupendous empire, and her statesmen, (most judiciously selected troin her middle, sensible and thinking classes) are among the most Ebgaciou9 and wisest and mightitst statesmen and philosophers ot ancient or modern times. 1 am no eulogist of Britain. She is our rival, our enemy, ana our common mother?our language and blood are the same?oar interests are mutual ?and in speaking in encomiastic terms of her states men, I at the same time lavish great praise on her American child.en, whose fathers were nourished at her bosom, and on the great statesmen and scholars and eminent military men of my own dear native land. Britain, in her rapacity for conque st, has done more tor civilization than any other nation, ancient or modern. Her destiny is mysterious and wondertul. A handful ot her noble and daring sons have spread the blessings ol lreedom and a liberal and untrammeled Christianity over the lairest portion ot the curih. England, whose original isle is a mere speck on the map ot the world, would enslave the entire population ot the globe to sustain her natural pride and proud nobility; and she would vanquish and trample all nations, in the absence ot justice, and honor, and humanity, which, as with individuals, must recoil upon her, and lay her in ruins and ashes, like the mighty empires that have preceded her; and I fancy T can see her fate in the dingy and falling temples, and churches, and palaces, and prisons of Panama, which my eyes behold, even while I write. But in these fatal prognostications of Britain's downfall, I will yet do her the justice to assert that, in the long line of British history, her statesmen ever have been, and are, and, I believe, will be, (perhaps tor sgea), for brilliancy and profound sagacity and diplomacy, among the ablest of patient, to which, more than to nature, she is indebted for her greatness. And that she will, through the mysterious operations ot Providence, notwithstanding her cruelty towards her colonies, on which the sun never sets, and her unceasing disposition to deal unjuatly with other nations, (vide our own history) as she alwaa has, spread the glorious principles of liberty and prosperity over the earth. When the passengers of the Orua and Isthmus arrive, with all others between tins and Chagres. 1 think we ahall number tome 600, perhaps 650?all ot whom will soon be on their journey to the rich mtnea ot Francisco. Some 200 or 250 will leave in the Californiasteanier.and among them, will bey our correspondent, who will write you by the California s return, and ever after. On this you may rely; ao that you will often hear from the mines. The coal ship Philadelphia, Captain Weare, will also leave next week with some 300, which will clear Panama, and then sith a desolation as tta streets will present you can only find ia picturing to yourself the relics of an Arabian city, with a modern Arab lurking here and there amid its ruins A schooner ot seventy tons will also sail on Monday, with acme twenty-five on board, among whom ia Christopher Lilly, Esq. The currency here is very changeable. When I entered tne city, New Granadian doubloons were worth $lft sua $19; but to-day they are worth only $16, and 1 think they will be woith that hereafter. I he Mexican doubloon, strange to aay, ia worth one dollar moie than the New Granadian. Our otmea are worth a York shilling, 12^ cents, and are sought at that. French five tranc pieces are worth $1 25. and probably will be. Piatareena are woith 25 cents; Mexican dollars are worth $1 25. In making change, you get in return only tour dimes tor an American halt dollar, and eight dimes for a dollar, which makea the receiver as bad as the thief. For a halt eagle you only get tour Mexican dollars, and ao on. So, alter all, we Yankees don't get much ahead of the Spaniards ot New Granhda. They are wide awaite, I assure yon. We like to buy doubloona for $15 or $16, and pass them here lor $18 and $19, ami pars <fl -ur dime* lor twelve and a hall cents.; L-ut when we are paid in our own co.u, our pa se IRK I RDAY, FEBKUABY 24 is quickened a little, it not more. The truth is, there has been a tremendous stir among the alligators of the Isthmus, who have been basaiag unmolested in the genial sun for so many ages. They are taken by surprise; and if the hunters get bitten occasionally, or are a little disappointed at the large size ot the elephants in these regions, they mutt bear the inconvenience tbat must necessarily attend the pilgrim, with philosophical composure. For own part, when I left New York i calculated the chances ot the voyage, and concluded that the chances ot ever reaching California were much against me. Indeed, 1 mad* up my mind that 1 could never arrive there, and if I ever do, 1 shall consider it so much gain?a most agreeable disappointment. For who, after reading from day to dav the horrihle accounts ot the Isthmus, io the private and public circle, could, with hia reason about him, ever deem that he could ever pars it saftlyl And now, the immediate prospect of fighting on our arrival at San Francisco, instead ot digging the brilliant and fascinating stuff, is not altogether agreeable, when we might have fought and died for our country's sake in Mexico, without going near 16,000 or 17,000 miles, including the awful Isthmus. But let tins all pass. In one word, the currency labad m Ch>igres, at Gogoua, at Crucea, and at Panama. Doubloons are worih $16 in San Francisco, and have been down to $1 :f. There is there a great aoarcity ot small change, so the Ca|>e Horn boys had better line their pockets wall with diuncB, halt dimes, eagles, hall eagles, and American coin generally. The raiaa have ceased. All here will be oil next week. The road, or dehle, or Pixiirro'a footpath tor his banditti, is drier, but not leas rosky > nd subterranean, and frightful and impassable; the natives ate not leas rapacious and dishonest, many passengers having loat their entire baggage, and most of us have losi part of our oaggage, afier 1 laying tlO and $15 per trunk or bundle, and $10. |lft, and $25 p?r mule, and from $10 ts $20 and $25 tor a canoe. The coal ehip Humbold is here, and will probably take the place of the Panutua or Oregon, it they do not arrive, it being reported that the Panama nas returned to New York with broken cylinder, Ate. The Orua is at Chagres, whose gallant and brave commander 1 was proud to shake by the hand, and who was quite a lion here, as he deserved to be. He is not less courageous than Captain J. L. Fowler, the Boston pilot, who so nobly lowered and dashed into the Crescent City's lite-boat amid a severe blow in the gulf stream, off Hatleraa, and saved the life of a man who was washed from the wheal house. A gentleman came in just now, and wanted to | inlorm the Americans that 150 miles from Panama, there are 100.000 head of cattle belonging to the churches of Panama,?that Panama and the surrounding country has resources for 20,000 strnnfers. Mr. Robinson, the agent of H. <V A., in Sun 'rancisco, now on his way up in the C., vouched for this. 1 give it as I received it. Capt. Weare, one of the most experienced, accomplished and bravest sailors of the seas, has three schooners, (one of which has already sailed,) and by the noble steamer Caliiornia, which must be a source of infinite pleasure to our friends in Amenoa, who now doubtless have tears that we are all under ground by cholera, black vomit, (alas! too many ot us are gone !) <Ve , instead of being about to depart on a long voyage on a coast parts of which are difficult of navigation at this seaaou of the year. Mr. Mallus, who brings this, will hand you some California paprs, requesting exchange, and says that he saw figs sold for their respective weight m fold, and saw a blanket, belonging to Captain 'helps, (who accompanies him, and who is said to be a glorious fellow,) sold for $180. I might go on in tacts of this kind tor pages, but (In smuch as Mr. Frederick. Mallus has promised me that he would walk right straight up to the IJtrald office, and take out his watch, and stand a severe questioning for half an hour,) 1 will simply say that he has got mere gold than he can prudently spend in this life, and carries a hunk in hia pocket weighing four ounces, with which an Indian stubbed his toe, picked it up amid imprecations of ill luck,and gladly old to Mr. Mallus for a dirty shirt he tiad in his addlwbag. Mr Mallus says that California con nine some iu,uwu loimuiunus; mw population 01 San Francisco and the mines he has no conception of. There are 300 houses in San Francisco, two hotels, one accommodating about 100, and the other 200. Provisions were plenty on the 12th September. O. the States and their supplies! Yet the increase of population may enable the American adventurer or speculator in supplies to reap a t olden harvest. Messrs. Mallus and Phelps leave m the morning at 4 o'clock, and this is the latest despatch they take, as I have just taken supper wttn them, and they soon retire lor the night. It is now T P. M., Thursday, Jan. 25, 1349. Two millions of dollars in specie passed the isthmus to-day tor the Bank of England, via Jamaica, tec. Where's Benton, Calhoun, Webster, Clay, ('lay ton, and where's the eloquent and patriotic Crittenden, and where'sOld Zack 7 For God's sake, tell these gentlemen to stir their stumps, and flash their eyes like a rifle, and arouse themselves to the importance of conceiving plans that will essble the Americans to get possession of at least one-hall of the Isthmus lor the transit el gold and silver to the American mint, and for the benefit of enterprising Americans. Tne British have had the monopoly lor two hundred years, and I think it is high time that our country should have at least their little finger in this highway of nations. Cape Horn alone will net answer for the transit of our riches in California. J he idea is utterly preposterous. Bend on c magnetic despatch to our leading statesmen ,on these points, and arouse them belore it is too late. British vessels are arriving here every day with silver and gold from the whole coastot the Pacific, and the Lord only knows how much gold dust from California is crossing the Isthmus under the guise of sitter from Mazatlan. Peru, <Vc. Come, come, wake up, gentlemen; and on you and me, Mr. B, may rest the stupendous responsibility to the present and comtng generations ol arousing our countrymen to a sense ot the importance ot immediate action in this business. Wake up, wake up, Americans, and treat witn the New Granadians in time, or all may be lost, as legislation to eiisure a permanent transit over the Isihmus, of our treasures, is indispensably necessary at this moment. Well, I think 1 have done all in my power to awake the Americans, and I leave the rest to Mr. B. II he will only set about it forthwith, I am sure the work will he done, and done quickly. Adieu. Stephen H. Branch. P. S.?I send a notice lor a pugilistic exhibition at the Americano to-morrow night, and the proclamation of the Governor oi the province of Panama. NOTICE TO THE SPORTING MTILIC. A grand Sparring Exhibition to take pises st the AMERICAN HOTEL on Tbnrrday evening, January 36,1M?. at TS' o'olook, on whiah oocasion the following Gentlemen will poiltlvrly appearand spar. Yak* or N Y D Hamilton GCobnell D Cornell Eroliah Ned Fu?m hi. aliai Sixcitr Jack Smith Tom White Pries of admission 50 ots. The exhibition was prevented from taking place I y the authorities. I think you have at least loO closely wntten ages on the way; so look out for them. In or out 1 the mines, 3. H. B. VALPARAISO. On examining the Mercuno and Comtrcio, we find but little ol interest in them. They notice the arrival ol the California, and eulogize the appear/ionnfrunfinn nf thai vooanI in th? hiahnnl OlIVC UIU VVMUUUHVM ?I Vila* ?V??7VI tM miv inguvv. term* The departures for California, as shown by the list ol passports given for that destination, till continued numerous; during the three days mentioned, above 68 persons left. We notice that iome of the companies consisted of two or more individuals with fifteen or twenty Indian laborers. We see gold washing machines ' of the newest pattern, ".advertised. LIMA. El Correo contains a complimentary notice of he California steamer. We fine nothing else of ^terest in it. it-acksxitms wAirrnn in California. We have seen two letters from California, and heard of several others, which called loudly for blacksmiths, and held out wonderful inducements tor mechanics of that trade, who would come to fan Francisco and establish shops. As all sorts of people and professions are going out in companies, why do not some of our young blacksmiths form an association, ship a few anvils, bellows, hammers, and other implements of the trade, and, thus equipped, go to the neighborhood of the diggings, and make their fortunes! Due letter says that $20 per day bos been offered to good journeymen blacksmiths, but they can make $60 per day by working on their own account. Political Intolllganeo* Ccl Thossas H Mimonr boa bma nominated as the 'W m.i 1.1Kiio csiididsts fur Uoismcr nl Cuausotlout. IE R A , 1849. The New York Academy of Medicine?Tho Cholera Debate Again? Heform In the Profession. An adjourned meeting of the Academy of Medicine was held on Wednesday night, at Convention j Hall, Wooster street, to take into consideration Dr. S. R. Manly's resolutions on the teaching and li- ' censing powers in the profession?which were of- I fered at the lust session of the Academy. Dr. Valentine Mott, the new President of the Society, occupied the chatr. The Secretary having called the roll, and a quorum of meniberu being present, the meeting wasorganlaed. Tbe minutes of the last meeting wore tbci read and approved Tba PuciiDKKT iben aakad If It was the pleasure of the mretlrg that tbe revolutions of Ur Mealy, on eoeonnt if wbloh tbe maattng had been eonvened,should be read. Ur. Manlt raid that be aboold prefer to postpone thrtr consideration for en hour ben?e on aoconnt of the amallneta of tbe numbsr of membera preient. In tbe meantime, If It was tbe wish of tba meeting, they might pioered with ibe sojourned deba'e oa onalare. A motion I avlng been made to that effect the meetlag resolved itself into a Committee of tbe Wboie on tbe subjret of Cholera- Dr. Carter in the ehalr The mtnotea of tbe meeting bald on tbe 37th December, on tbiseuhjt ct, having been read aad approved, Ur Drake's resolutions, wbieh were standing over since that meeting. were alro read There revolutions traced tbe diseara which made its appearance here about tbe eiose f Uat year, to tbe him called .he New York, and attributed all tla ravages to communication witb the loeallty where eboiera existed As a oooaequenoj of this view, they pledged tbe Aoademy to the doo'.rine of a complete isolation of tbe disease where practicable. These resolutions were nearly ihe fame aa those offered at a previous meeting by Dr. Stevens. Dr M anly gave it as bis opiniou that oholera was j not a contagions disease. The; might as well quarantine against en eoilpre, or against tbe iotlaeuea. or any atmospheric disease. It was quite absurd Ha thought, however, that tbe aeatieiny shsnld eotne to acme dveision upon the subject so aa to settle tbe public mind. He wished for some expression of opinion on tbe part of tbat body Ur A Watts offered tbe following, as a substitute for Ur. Drake's resolutions * hvnss, a dttbasaaa oi npiuiou exists as to whether shviom is sommbnieah e Iron p rion 10 peison, or fr mi thin? to thing-in the shtoLOo of soffi lent ki owleage on the eulijuct. it is inexpodijat tor this academy to decide ti ? question by a formal vote. Dr. Mani-v boped that tbat resolution wonld not pasa. If tbe dlseas* waa oommuiiioable, It wonld never stop lie challenged rny one In tbe room to aey tbat It was personally communicable, or tnat h? ever kn?? a care wbtre It waa oommuaicated by personal contact. l)r. Watts did Dot Intend to atop disoussion on the abject by offering hi* resolution He thought a great deal of good had resulted from tbe discussions whioh bad already taken place upon it. There was no neoea ity, however, in hie opinion, for a positive vote of the academy upon tbe subject He believed tbe great mesa of tbe member6 bad their opinions still unsettled with regard to It. Dr Phxits thought it dangerous to coma to any conclusion. It was an open subject, and there it ought to be left. He oonaidered It little short of presumption in those who were aoeroa two years In existence, to jump to conclusions on matters which the oldest academies tn Europe had not touohed. Such was not the patient, Inductive mode of proceeding which was adopted by older institutions of a similar descTlp'lon. Dr. Wktiis considered that the resolutions were ont of order. The proper mode of prooeedlng. in his opinion, was to take up the report of their own commttteu an this subject, and consider it by sections. That oommittee had drawn up a statement of the various facts and circumstanoes, together with the causes that produced cholera, without committing themselves to the dootrlnes ef contagion or non-sontsgion, and a consideration of their report in detail would elicit more information for the academy than the desultory way they were now proceeding. Dr. Bubl here moved that the oommittee do rise, report progress, and ask leave to sit again. This motion having been put, was pa?eed unanimously, and so ended the latest debate of tbe academy upon cholera. The next business in order, and tbe rprolal business for which tbe meeting had been oalled, was tbe following resolutions of Dr Manly : ? ? harass, The diploma* iseuod by mtdioxl aohooln and colleges are amply certificates if aeqairi-meut, depending for the.* character ea the character of those who issue ibtin, sad Uhertas The multiplication of achaola of medicine, and the facilitiee which they afford to the pnpila, render* it not only doubtful, bctimpotaibie, thet in all uatea sudi oertiheatoe are of a diameter to a arrant the belief that thoee who poaaeae Uium are iromrly qualified ft r theaidnvna and reeponeibie duties of tbe medical profession?therefore, Resolved, Ae the seas* of tale academy, that the Interests of the pablio ead tbe profession both require thet the diplomas should be legarded einply eeeoedeinio heuors,aadia no caee es confirming the right to praoiiie phyeic. Resolved, Thet the teaching and lioene'ng power*, now exereised by the schools mentioned, ought to be separated, end thet Kwtrs tolicenee.for the practice ol physic aud surgery, ought t* exerciaed by asperate end distinct boards of tiaminsrs, who art notinteieati din teaching. Reiolvtd, Thet tho American Medical Aasoolation be earnestly rolielied to bring thit subject bctoru the various Isglelatures of the several fctatea. in order to jiroeure the passage of such enactments as shall produce this important result. On the queitlon that the foregoing preamble be received and tbe resolution adopted, Dr Ubesk said be did not anticipate tbat an attempt would be made to peas tbsae resolution* by a coup He main. He supposed that tbe author of tbe resolutions wonld bare got ?p to stats some ground or reason on wblob be beaed tbe expectation tbat they wonld reoei^i tbe approval of the academy. For bis own part, he was not actuated by any belligerent feeling towards Dr Manly, but considered that It was only decorous in bim to allow bis venerable Mend to make such a statement. Dr. Manlt was very muoh obliged to tbe laattpeaker. but thought tbat It was perfectly nnneeeseary to take up tbe time of tbe meeting by making a epeecb, till be knew if there wae aay objection to bis resolutions. He then proceeded to show tbsevils of the present system of granting diplomas, and the neoeeeity for areform tntbeproleeelon. At tbe oreeeattims, dootors were trade at the rate oi from 1 ?00 to 1 600 a year, not for the benefit of tbe poblle or the profeeslon itself, but for tbe benefit of the very men who made thavn H/iflnn Thara van fnrtw martlaal anllaaaa throughout tbo country, which gave diplomas, end at many of them, there were hut two and tbice profes(trs-no clinical instruction wbetewr, and no practice of anatomy. Tbe effect of thle state of things bad been to admit numbers of ignorant and incompetent men into tbe profession, and to degrade them as a profession In the ejes of tbe community at large. It was a subject ot regret that tbe ichoola who issued tbe diplomas were private corporations. There were not more than 20, out cf tbe 40 schools, where medioine could be properly taught. The ohjeot of his resolution was to break up tbo vlcioue system by which diplomas wete made a negotiable commodity, an 1 te get instead of the preeent licensing powers in medleine, an independent board of examiners, who would etriotly test the qualifications of ell candidates. He considered, also, that such a change would infuse aew life into the various school*. Dr Rusr. regarded the presentation of the resolutions a* exceptionable in every lease. He thought they were most untimely, for the subject tbey treated of wee new before tbe committee of the National Medical Association. In whioh committee their academy was duly represented. That committee, whose authority he had no doubt would be of some weight with them, wee of opinion that their progress with regard to medical education was as rspld as was nesossary. or as otrcumstaaccs oallcd for. He hsd graver objeotions. however, to Dr. Manly* resolutions. The first resolution stated that " the diplomas issued by medical schools and colleges wero simply certificates of acquirements. Now this statement is Inascurate. Every dlpteaa given In any of the soboola cf medicine in the State,was sanctioned by the Regents cf the University and authorised by the Legislature as empowctlng its holder to teaeh and praotloo the art of medioine, in tote mundo. The second member cf the sentence was a mere truism Every ono.ofoourse knew that tbe character of a diploma depended on the character of tboee who leenod it. Ha waa of opinion, however, that tbe exproeslon was discourteous and offensive, and contained an innando intelligible enough, but ho would Isrltfsr further Anmwist After commenting on the " facllltiea" alluded tola the eeeond part of the preamble?be *aid that the conduct of tha autbar of thaaa raaolutloDt forcibly reminded bin of tba atorr of thooe who kicked away tha laddar by whleh thay themeeleee attended. Ha looked open any attempt to daory ot die parage tba laatrnmentalitiee by wbioh thay tbemtalve* attained the poeitlon* thay occupied to bo unbecoming. Any drctor who beard him, If adaeatad In an Amerlean college, mnit admit that auch waa tha eaec; and that any ooontenanoe thay gave to thaaa reaeluilona wonld be an nnjuat Imputation againat thamlelree. After aama further ramarka againat tha reeolutloua, ha conoluded by hoping that Dr. Maaly wonld either withdraw, or plana hia reeolutfona In abayauaa till after tba neat meeting ol tha National Medloal Aarotlation in Boa ton. Dr waa mora than aver oonrlnead,from what be bad juat heard, that the reaolotlona ware right and were needed. An able profeeeor had aald tha' great abuaaa axltted lathe praaant mode of granting dlptomaa, and If reform, aa all aaamad to think, waa aeoeeeary, why iboulditnot be attempted? Ha truated tha reaolutlona wonld ba adopted, thay ware right In theory, and would work wall In praotioe. After bo ma farther explanatlonr from Or. Manly and Dr Reeea, Dr. Bt-aL wlahad to know If the ohanga waa daalrabla, and If ao, waa It praetleable? Ha did not think the profreelon In thla country wat rcduoad to low aa In Knpland Ha had eoma double aa to tba praotlblllty of tba abange; at all areata ba wlahad far further time to eoneldor it. Dr. STBTBtt bad alwayt bean of opinion that It waa beat for erary profeaaion to regulate tba tarma of admtaalon to lta mamberahlp. Ha did not know whera to put bla foot down with regard to tha preeent conflicting opinion*; but it lermed to him bettor to appeal to tha good aanra of tha eollegee themielree, and to laara It to time to effeat a ohanga of tha arlla eomplalned of. Ha bad a plan at pratant before tha Lagialature. whloh ba ooaaldered would ba affnetlre In redraoaiag tha onla of wblah thay complained, namely, to pat the prefttror* on aaiarlea. In the meantime ho thought It better for tha academy to take t<me to eonaldor lta cpinion*. Ho hoped the Preeldeat wonld dallrar hla own opinion with regard to thla anbjeot. Dr V Mott tad no objaotlon to do ao. but that ho raw ajmptone of a daelre to adjourn tha debate Ur. Wuou here took tha hint, and moved that tha it * -via??E LD. TWO CENTS. r?iot?tlena )l? on the tabl* for the prevent, whleh wee carried, to the trident ehagrtn of Dr Manly, who called ont luntlly for Immediate notion on them. fli, meeting va> then adjourned till he next regular night of matting, when thte adjourned debate la to cviuo u|i w m ijiDwiw viwti Th? Supposed Arson st Hempstead, Long Island?Suspectrd Murders?Intense Ex* eltemcnt, die., die. In consequence, of the notice given at Hempstead, by Justice Pesrtsll, tbst an examination would take place yesterday at nine o'closk. at the hotel of Boa. jamln Smith, in order, If possible, to asoertaia the perpetrators of the horrible murders of Mrs. MiUer and her thrae children, on the morning of the 13th Inst y i (last Thursday a week ago,) added to whioh, the hous) was fired and the unfortunate viotiins consumed ia the Hemes, the little town of Hempstead and its aurrounding Tillages have been thrown into the atnaofg | stats of excitememt, consequent upon so horrible a deed htTlng beer penetrated lo their very midst. l ull an hour before ibe meeting of the oonrt arrired, several hundred pt rsons were anxiously watting around the interns and in the vicinity, dlronsaing the merite and demerits of this tragical affair. Sleighs and wagone war# drawn np at Smith's Hotsl, and the house wae completely besieged with the Inhabitanta of the town, nd farmers frrm the adjoining neighborhood. The I ar-room was particularly crowded, where the guilt or innocence of Mr. Miller was most freely discussed, over a whiskey skin or a brandy rmasher. In fact, the town of Hempstead yesterday, bora the roeamblanoe cf a town matting, on the evo of an eleetlon, Instead of the solemn examination on a charge of murder. About nqnartsr often o'eloek a sry was heard, "The Sheriff la coming," and a general rush was made bjr the spectators far the stoop of the hotol sagar to eatob a glance of Mr. Miller, the prisoner. The Sheriff drew up to the bouBe in a one horse sleigh, having la costody Mr. Miller, the prisoner, who Is now under examination for the murder of his wife and burning hln own dwelling house. The prisoner was elosely muffled up with the collar of his eoat, and a handkerchief tied thereround,. looking vary dejected and pale, keeping his eyaa fixed on the ground. Ha was esoorted from the sleigh by the Sheriff, to a private room 1 la the house, where he took the handkerohlef front ma nee* ana wm apparently mooring unaer great menial excitement He waa pale aa death, and kept peeing backward! and forward! aoroaa the room, and every now and then would give vent to hie feeliaga bp a teirlble groan. The place In which the Inveatlgatlon wad to be held waa a room built over the horse rhed alongside of the home; and no aooner waa the door opened for the court than a tromendoua rath waa made by the excited multitude up the ataire, eaeh one being anxioua to obtain a aeat or atandlng place whereby to hear the testimony Some two hundred persons weic eoon huddled together in this imaJI room, aome kneeling, other* silting, and ether* atandlng on ohalra, and hanging on the shouldere of their companion*, all exhibiting the moat Intenae anxiety. The feeling generally expreiaed waa advene to the prisoner At 10 o'clock, Justloea Bradlee and Paanall opened the Court, assisted by Mr. Lambeitson. the efflolent and talented district attornay. The prisoner waa than brought in by the sheriff and took his seat by the aide of bla counsel at the table. All eyea were now fixed on the prisoner, who appeared tojbe quite feeble, and with his band up to his faoe covering bis eyet.woald occasionally give a mournful groan, while the audience were crowding and kkoaiug eaeh other about, iu order to push themselves in for a better sight. Order now being somewhat restored, at the request of the magistrate, the first witnegn waa called upon to tas tily. Dari.oiv being sworn, said- I reside about simile below Trimming Square, and about half a mile from the premises of Jonathan Miller, which were recently destroyed by fire; I saw the fire on Thursday of lest week ; I don't know at what particular time the fire occurred ; 1 went to the fire, and than went to Daniel Fewler'a, one of my neighbors, when it struok five o'clock ; I did not stay at the fire until the house burnt down ; 1 do not knew how long I wai at the firs; could not tell bow long it was after I left the houte before the clock struok five ; after the fire was out. so that wa could get the bodies out. I helped to get them out of the rules ; there were four bodiee : I thought I recognised Mrs. Millar ; I thought it waa ner ; did nob make an examination of the remains of Mrs. Miller; her daughter ; I fair the body of Mrs. Miller again that eay. J ha brother of the last witness waa nailed. Joikph Dun.on sworn says? I wa? about the premises at the time ot the fire; I mean while the bonne ot Jonathan Miller was burning; 1 saw three bodiea taken out; I did not examine them particularly; I wee aatlafled In my mind from the elae. which waa Mra MUlei'a; the tody 1 took for Mrs. Miller waa conveyed to the barn; I did not make any examination of the bodiea; I was at the post mortem examination made by Dr. Webb and other a; ber body waa pretty much burnt, her lege and one arm were burnt off; her head waa net muoh burnt; I don't knowthe hour the die waa dlaooeered; the house, when I got there,was pretty mach burned down; the frame work, the main stays and girts were left tending; they fell before I left; the body of Mra. Miller appeared to be pretty much covered up with rubbith; acme part of the chimney fell thi way the bo ly laid, but the main partfell wept.the other w.y; there might have been eome brick and timber on the body; the back of her bead and hair were not burnt; tha oomb waa still in ber batr, ae if something had bean laid on her bead and kept it from being burnt; my brother ?liaa was at the Ore when I got there Craii namitied - I waa called up by my brother to ree the fire; when I got there It waa all pretty muoh burnt except the frame; In about fifteen miontea I hi rived at the fire; Mr. Samuel Fleet oame next, and then Mr L. N. Miller and Wm. Lverett, jr., thefculldIng waa all dawn before I left At this stage of the proceedings one of the Justices remai ked that he fait the floor of the room giving way; and, ae the supports to the building were very slight, he coupidered the room to be dangerous, (rem the great weight occasioned by the large assemblage. He therefore requested them to move as slowly aa possible to the door, as tf the building fell, many liven would certainly be lost. Thle expulsion from the room I created greet dipsa'.letactlon to tbote who had, after much difficulty, obtained an entrance I The Court stated that the examination ahonld be I public, bat still they did not feel authorised to prooeed, I at tha imminent il>ti?ar nf th*fr own IIvma tn<l m>iv Other* berldt-a The Court hereupan took o rece?a for on? bout, ami at tbo eecond meeting It wa* decided to adjourn the inTeetlgation ever until 9 o'clock thu (Saturday) morning, to be held at the court houre. After the adjournment our reporter vMted tbo ruin* of the boueo. where tb* ache* of the unfortunate viotime lay moulilering amongrt tbo burnt brleko and mortar. On* of tbe finger bone*, apparently belonging to one of tb* children, wa* dlaeovered between acme piece* of burnt timber. Tbe farm of Jonathan Miller 1* very prettily aitueted, abont three mile* tbl* tide of Ilempetead. aome three quartara of a mll*?outh from the turnpike, eooaiatlng of llOacre?,in very good cultivation. Thiafhrm,ttaeein*, waa the property of hia wife'a father, who, at bta death, willed it to bia ton and daughter; the *ein died aome year or eo ago, but before be died b* willed bio ahare to Mr*. Miller'* children, and now, by tb* extermination of tbe mother and tbre* ob ldren, Mr Miliar ban I eccme tb* *ola proprietor. Mr. MlUoc woo la* tired fir (700, which It I* raid will oovor the loi* of tbobotuo. nt where I* the wife and oblldron? Wha U tbo marererT Can any on* oolvo tbia borribto and myatorlna qneatlon? Timo will toll, when w* bop* to aoo tb* uilty pnntabed. What * picture waa bar* to b* aaan. Tb* howa, that hot a faw daja ago, contained a happy mot bar and bar threa cblldran, now Ilea In rntna-and th* bones of tbo unfortunate victim* ara mo aide ring In tb* dnst. Tb* poor lit tie ehlekon* o*m* ohuokllag aranmd tb# ruin*, In th* bop* of balng fad by tbalr llttl* friend*, Md appaared tob* lost.. W* undarstand that Mr. Millar baa advartlaad hi* lock, eon*l*tlng of bona*, eow*, be., for *ala, aama day n**t week. We have many eurlona atorlea to r*lata raapaeting tbe *udd*n diaappearanoe of a young woman, together with many other rumor#?which we refrain from gtvtag nt present, nntll tb* eaaa 1* further In veittgatod-many of which will possibly be brought np In evideaee. Han Stannaaltlp United Itatm, New fon, Feb 38,1848. Dbau Sin It i* atatad by tba greater part of tb* m?m, and also by to-day's Herald. that um iMwkly United Stotaa bae been bought by order of tho Prussian government. Thin la not cornet; It ought tc ha foe acoonnt of tha Control rower of Germany. By Inserting the oboro In your trainable payor, yon will greatly oblige on* of yonr CONSTANT GERMAN READERS. the Wirthiaalng lyitrau New logo, Feb. 38,1MB. Eoitoo New Yobk Hibald :? The report of the Secretary of the Treasury on tho warehousing system, published In your paper of today, contains a typographical error that debars a correct understanding of tho actually eery low rate at which Insuranes is effected upon Ore proof warehouse# In England. The printers of the Commissioner's report in December 1847, rendered the figures In ' Is. ?d.to3s. 6d. sterling per eent," as set down In the manuscript, In letters, as "one-sixth to two-sliths sterling per cent:" and this typographical blunder was very naturally eontlnued unobserved la the extract embodied In the warehousing report of the Secretary Just issued. Business men will rssdliy apprehend the difference this error makes la their estimate of the understood securlsy of the kind of warehouses referred to In the reports. D- r ? The Liberia Packet did not sail from Baltimore on Tuesday. In eonseqaenoe of the loe In the Patapeeo rlrer. which Is four lushes thlek. The brig Robert Brown, which cleared fer California, is detained from the earns cause, | I i

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