Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 28, 1849, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 28, 1849 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. IHtkWMl earner of f'mllflh and NuiU IU. JAMKS COM DON BDMMBTT, PROPRIETOR. wax OXILY HERALD - Two eduiont, 1 cent* per ropy?*7 par annum. 1 he MORS ISO EDITION it puMithcdul S o eteck AJN-ond dutributed before breoEJaet: tfu AFTERNOON WDJWION' ?u* d n/ fAr ncwihoyt at lo'c-ock TUM H EEKLY HERALD, far eir ulation on Hue Conti umt, it publwhed every Snuril at 6.% e?nt? per copy or J3 fn amniTi , /#r circulatum in Europe and printed in French tend Rmpluh at 6)4 centi per copy, or $i per annum ; Die latter price to include thepeetnye. ALL LETTERS by mail. for tubeeriptiene. or with adeer Neomenti, to Le po t paid, or the p itaoe will be deducted from the money remitted. VULUNTAR Y CORRESPONDENCE, contain***important ?HII. eolUitrd from any i/uaiter of the world , if uted, will be Uberalty pain for. AJHMAJLKXT8 TliJS EVRN1N0. BOWRRY THBATRR. Bowai-t-Nayal IMiiniisnTosa add Jbbbv?Mill tr Aldebyuh. llOiDViT m?T?l BrnedwoY? Don C*l?l ? B Aiah?Midmomt Watch?Hiahab ahd Uaamu-Qiaid A?umn BY THB MaB H > EfTI E. NATIONAL TBEATBB Chatham 8yn SlMYiaw k Co Mbbb U> CAUTO (IT i A?Wo HA K. BURTON'S THIATHB, Chamberi HnM-IilT Man?Kino r TUB PBACOCEI MBCHANlCff HA Hi, Broadway, mk Broom#?Cumin T> BlWIlMI SOCIETY LIBRART, Broadway?New Obi. a aw# Serena. HU dlUmilA, Broadway, near Pitaee-BAnns, Lbnt k Co.'# iEUnia Ciboue. ZOOLOGICAL HALL, Bowery?Yah Ambtboh ft Co.'* ! >? ? OUKHI KUBBUM, 98V Broadway?Ohibebb Oumoamaa BROOKLYN CONCERT sTmKJN-White'a Serena hero. Blow York, Wedneaday, F'cbi unry tiH, 18-19. Vo Elko Publl?-__[Vevr NoTcinent In Bewa* paper Advertising# The extensive establishment of tho New York Herald Id bow complete in all its part*. During tbe last few BOB he, vast improvements In tbe constrnotlonof new ma blntry, and other details, have been made, whieb involved an expense te tbe proprietor of forty thousand dollars. Those eminent maohine makers, Messrs. Hoe ? VV.) IMTO 1UIUIBUVU UD WILLI bUlO UOW UIAUUIIIUJ) vB a new plan; and it is, we believe, without a parallel, in altbar Europe or America. Messrs James Connor & Son. type founders, are now engaged in finishing a maw font of type, whioh will ooma into operation with the maw system of advertising whioh wa aro now enabled ta present to the great business community of New Tack, and to the neighboring olties. By these Improvements wa are enabled to print, with equal facility, a single or a double sheet, at the ratio of nearly tenthousand copies per hour. Our daily edition, of nearly twenty-five thousand copies, can now be easily printed in about two hours and a half. No other newspaper establishment in the world, with the exeeptlon of the London Times, oan command snob maohinery, or produoesncb results in daily journalism. Those are the mean* ana instruments with whiob we now go to work, to improve and enlarge the oapa itiet of a dally newspaper. We are enabled to offer to the bnaineea community of all classes, advantages, In the way of advertising whloh no other journal in the country oan present te their consideration With the present form of our iesue?a single sheet?our capacity hat been limited, raueh to the regret of a large portion of the business community, who have, again and again, wished to publish their advertisements in a journal possessing the comprehensive circulation whleh the Ilerald has among tbe mercantile and business people of the country, not only in New York, but In every oity and State In the Union, and throughout Europe. We beg, therefore, to state to the publio, of all classes ghat ws intend to begin tbe issuing of a double sheet, name time in the middle of next week for whioh we Shall receive sdvertisements, at a reduction of fifty per cent fram the ratei now charged iw the tingle ihcet? all such advertisements to be ineerted in the inside Of the double sheet, along with other reading matter that will be neoessary to fill up that portion of tbe Journal. Tbe existing rates for advertisements in ths Inside of the single sheet, and the plan on whleh they Me reoelved, having received the approbation of the pnblie, will remain as they have been for tbe last few Months. That this plan and the rates for advertising la tbe single sheet, have been satlefaetory to ths eccomunity, we entertain no denbt, from the feot that MM we commenoea ium ejeiem oar aremsiag patronage has doubled, and in numerooi instanoea Store than doubled. Tha dlatlnot proposition whleh wo now make to the business community of all olaaioi, will, wo hope, be learly understood. We can publish a double sheet orery day, with the same facility with whioh we now publish the single sheet ; but the lntroduotion of an extended and oheaper system ef advertising, whioh the douMe sheet will provide, must have a beginning before Its advantages oan be realised by the community, and of eouree we Intend to begin the new movement in this system of advertising, by first colleoting a sufficient number ot advertisements at the proposed rates for the double sheet, and of issuing that sheet only when thai sufficient number shall have been obtained. By this process we shall first publish a double sheet, With this new elasa of advertisements, ones a week, coordlng to the patronage offerad by tha public, and M that patronage taoraaaaa and presses on us?which era hara bo danbt it will?wa ahall ba enabled to pabliah danbla ahaat twiaa a weak, and gradually extend It, until we shall publiah a double ahaet every day in the week. When thia point la reached, the Xew Jar* Herald, double eheet, at two oenta par copy, will be tha o baa pact newapapar In the world. Thia we conceive will be the eaaleet and moat practicable method of Introducing thia extended ayatom of adrertlalEg, which we contemplate, to the consideration of the bualneea community of New York and tha ourrewnding cities With theaa views, therefore, and with these explamattona, we beg to state to bualneea man of all kinds? anerohaato, shippers, jobbers, (general or particular) gnarlna and insurance eompanlaa, association!, booknail ere, renders of medicines of all kinds, dry goods dealers, fancy store keepers, and In fact all olaases eneirnd In the dlrerelfled bualneea of New York?that we *rs now prepared to receive thoir advertise Etente at our oOee, oa the northweet corner of Fulton and Nassau atrooto ; iucA mivertiiemente te bt inter ltd en I At iniide of lie daub It ib eel, ml fifty per cent letl in price than thue which we pub hi h in tbe iniide of the mingle ehtei?n reduction which hi of th? greatest importance to the bur I oar a classes of this great olty. Thoio advertisements will bo displayed la a reaaonablo way, calculated to attract the attention of the reader. The first double sheet to be Issued on this plan, will appear OB Tuesday or Wednesday of next week, or earlier or later, according as tbe advertisements come In. Tun Takiff Question.?We have received the report of the Committee of Ways and Means ?f the Houae of Representatives at Washington, on the MJbject of the tariff, but we cannot make room for it. In regard to manufactures of cot'on from abroad, the committee think a specific duty of from twenty-fire to thirty per cent on the usual pnoea is necessary; and the duty on woollens ought to be between thirty and fifty per cent specific. The result to which the committee have arrived is, that medium duties, between those provided by the present tariff and those of the act of 1*12, should b be imposed on all foreign importations. This reL port is the beginning of the agitation oa the tariff Q i oaMCiM. iX i A. Crisis.?Is tkcr* Hop* for California 1?1>* la tacr* Mont T The latest accounts trom Washington brought to as the gratifying intelligence that an attempt to provide u temporary government lor California had been successful in the Senate. We allude to the adoption, by a vote of twenty-nine to twenty-seven, of an amendment to the general appropriation bill, introduced by Mr. Walker, of Wisconsin, providing for the application to the territory west of the Rio del Norte, acquired by the treaty with Mexico, of all those Congressional enactment* which have been heretofore adopted for ths government of the territories of the United States, and authorizing the President to prescribe and establish all proper ana useful regulations for the enforcement of these laws, the preservation of order and tranquillity, and the establishment of justice. Not at all to our surprise, this movement has elicited a howl of indignation from our socialist sensible friend, and mileage cotemporary, of the Tnbvnt. He denounces the whole scheme, and, turning up the whites of his eyes, expresses the feivent prayer that the House will tack to it the Wilniot proviso, and defeat the measure entirely. The zeal of these "friends of humanity" is amazing. They are so much afrail of the extent-ion of slavery to the shores of the Pacific, that they are prepared to abandon the thousands of our fellow-citizens who have reached California, and the tens of thousands who are destined to follow them, to all the horrors of anarchy and murder. They are so much in love with freedom, that they will permit the woik of rapine and assassination 10 proceed unchecked in California, until their daring abstraction receive the Eanctton of Congress. Can the public be any longer blind to the hy;K>crisy and wickedness of these ni'serable abstractionists ?inese mileage ariveuers or me press ! wo man pretends to believe that slavery will ever insinuate taelf into California; and yet theae scheming, cold-blooded politicians exert all their energies to prevent the establishment of regular government there, unless the act be accompanied by a pompous and unmeaning prohibition of that institution. Nothing could more intelligibly indicate the holjow-heartedness of Greeley and niB associates in Congress, than this desperate resistance of every attempt to avert the calamitous state of affairs with which California is threatened What do these men really want ? Is it their desire that California should be converted into a pandemonium I Or do thev seek to nreeinitnfe its disruption from ths territory of this Union 1 Already we have had tearlul admonition of the evils which are the natural result of the disorganized slate of society on the coast of the Pacific. Every week?every day?the necessity of the establishment of some settled system of government becomes more and more urgent and crying. Were that region an unpeopled wilderness, we might behold unmoved this quarrel about an abstraction. But when the national character is at stake ?when thousands of our brethren, bone of our bone, and flesh of our flesh, who have just gone from amongst us, are threatened with all ' the horrors which the unbridled indulgence of the worst passions of the human heart can inflict upon society, is it not fitting to implore all good men to unite in defeating the aim ol designing and unprincipled demagogues, who, for paltry and despicable ends, now attempt to deprive California of the inestimable blessings ol regular government! What, in the name of common sense, has the Wilmot pioviso to do with the establishment of government in California! Slavery can never emigrate or exist in that region. The safety of chlorofom?the squaring of the circle?perpetual motion?the doctrine of free-will?or any other abstraction, might, with equal propriety, be attached to the appropriation bill, or be connected with the organization of California as a territoryVery transparent is the insincerity of all this opposition to Mr. Walker's amendment; nor will the anppra of the Trihunr spri filial v Hamncrp that orpn tleninn. Mr. Walker is a practical maa. He knows something of the privations and difficulties of irontier life. He can well estimate the dangers which threaten California, and proprely appreciate the importance of congressional action. He at least has discharged his duty. It now emain to be seen what the House will do. A fearful responsibility rests upon it. If the abstrac. tionists, be they stupid or blind, designing or unprincipled, be permitted to defeat this measure, it is impossible to forsee the weight of disgrace and crime which will, through their fatal success, press hereafter on the name and fame of this Union. The IIecent State Elections foe Senators. ?Several elections for United States Senators have recently taken place in the Western States? in Ohio, Illinois, Indiana and Michigan. The election in Michigan resulted ia the choice of Gen. Cass ; but it was not effected without a considerable struggle among the new and old party elements of that State. General Cass's election to the United States Senate may be considered more in the light of a compliment than as an indication of any strv ng purpose, in the Legislature (ji mai ciaie, to endorse me opinions ana political views with which he has keen identified. The elections in Ohio and other Western States are, however, strong points from which to deduce important conclusions relative to the course of parties hereafter. In fact, they are significant in the sentiment that has heretofore prevailed among parties in the free States, either in the East or West. Messrs. Breese, Hannegan and Allen, all of whom are members of the present United States Senate, have lost their re-election, more on account of the position which they maintained in reference to the slavery question than from any local or general cause. They were considered by the democrats, as belonging to that class designated old hunkers?a class of politicians who have heretofore maintained an opposition to the abolition doctrines of the North, in order to conconciliate the politicians of the South, in connection with the party in power, in this respect, the two great parties of the day seem to be changing ground, and taking a position in opposition to that which they heretofore held. The whig party, for the first lime, with aome slight exceptions, in fifty years, assume the responsibility of conduct, ing the national government under the Presidency of General Taylor. In all that time they have been opposed to the extension of slavery, and at the same time went so far, in particular States and dis tricts, a* to bear considerably in favor of abolition in the abstract. The introduction of the Wilmot proviso into the ranks of the democrats, has made a wonderful revolution among them, and it is probable that the democrats ef the North, now out of |K>wer, will reunite all the fragments of parties in one general movement, hostile to the extension of slavery in any direction whatever. This question has certainly been the cause of the defeat of Messrs. Allen, Hannegan and Breese, who were formerly leading democratic Senators. Hunkeriem in the democratic party in the free States, mny be considered as nearly at a close. Hereafter we have no doubt the party will|reunite under ths cry of free democracy, as understood by the Wilm<>t proviso and its aflinities. Thus we go in the natural process of revolution. The whig party will have much to contend with in the manMgt men*, of its sentiments among its supporters at the North. It has to conduct a' popular government, and must, therefore, combine its strength, both at the South and No th. The democrats are n*w thrown into the opposition. In this State they will become the agitators?the ultras; and there is every reason to believe that ths free soil party, as it is called, will hereafter attract te itself nil the(;remaining Ifragments of |the democracy, of every shade ana form, and concentrate themlin one strong and powerful party for future action. The revolution which ihe Wilmot proviso commenced among the democrats, is still going on, and probably will not cense until the whole h leavened witii the same feelings on the subject of the entcnsioA of slavery. telegraphic: intelligence. Summary of Lautt News. fcBy our telegraphic despatches, it will he par* ceivrd that both houses of Congress are prolong ing their daily sessions. and ?vinco an earneat desire to post up their business belote the close of the session. In the United States Senate, yesterday, the re. port of the committee appointed to notify Gen Taylor and Mr. Fillmore of their electisn, was read; and a resolution for the appointment of a committee to make arrangements for the inauguration was passed; the committee consists of Messrs. Reverdy Johnson, Jefietson Davis and Isilm huvin A hill rpfnilfitina fh? nnvmonf nf tensions to disabled aoldiers and seamen, was passed. The appropriation bill was then taken up, and various amendments were discussed, some of which were adopted?among thein, one appropriating 1100,000 to defray the mileage of members of Congress. At half-past eleven o'clock^ P.M., when our despatch closed, the Senate was still in session. The House ef Representatives were chiefly engaged yesterday in the discusiioa of the bills providing governments foi the territories of California and New Mexico, the former of which was passed, by a vste ot yeas 126, nays86. By this vote it will be perceived fiat measures have been adopted in both houses, providing for territor al governments in California, and only require the signature of the President to carry them to consummation. A bill for the establishment of a Branch Mint at San Francisco, was also debated, but was informally aid aside. We have also despatches from St. John, New Brunswick, giving an account of an extensive con flngration at that place. The late news from Europe was received over this line of wires?the distance being about seven hundred mtleB?anticipating the arrival of the steamer at this port about two daysThe line is now working finely. ffloTtuumiu 01 Ootid at 1'nylor. Wa.hinoton, Feb. 27,1840. General Taylor visited Georgetown to-day. lis is rapidly regaining bis wonted good health. General Taylor's Visit to Georgetown. WisHinoTos, Feb 27, 1810. General Taylor has accepted the invitation of the authorities of Georgetown, to be present, and a'low the people of that place the pleasure of an lntrodaotlon. The oeremony will take plaoe In the afternoon tomorrow, under the direction of the Mayor and Council. Great fire at St. John, N. B?\ Large Aumber of Houses and Other Valuable JTroperty^llestroyed?Several Persons Injured. Sr. John, N. B , Feb. 27,1840. A treat riaitrnntUa flro n..nrr.d In ihi. .it? last n'gbt. It broke out at half-pest 11 o'olook. In the rear of the three etory wooden building near the head ef Kicg street, owned and oooupied by Messrs. J. k Q. Lawtence, as a cabinet ware room, and tenanted by Meeere. B. O'Brien, as a book store; W. Carvllle, aa a saddler's shop; and the Sons of Temperanoe, as a division room. The fire spread with great rapidity, and, in a short time, enveloped the adjoining buildings, sweeping everything before it, until it readied the Ceanty Market House, on King's Square, when it was fortunately stayed in that direotion. On the west, every building on that side of King street, as far down as the briok build'ng of Moses Vernon, was consumed; and bore the conflagration was happily arrested. A strong nerth wind prevailed at the time, sweeping the cinders and burning embers te a considerable distance. All the houses on the south side of King street were at one time in imminent danger. The cupola of Trinity Churoh, as well as several building! in that vioinity, several timre caught fire. At one time we were fearful that ths old Trinity was destined to beoome a prey to the flames; but the strenuous exertions of our oitisenr, aided by the military, saved this edifice from destruction, alt hough the cupola, and the pillars whioh supported it, were burned off. We regret to state that three persons were seriously Injured by the falling of the timber* and pillars of the cupola of Trinity Chureh; hut all ef them, we trust, will reoover. We are unable to give, at this early moment, any additional particulars. Fire In fllllMraulUe. Milwavkis, Feb. 20,1840. A Are broke out thla morning, about 2 o'olook, on the corner of East Water and Mioblgan streets, and destroyed four frame stores - embracing Alba Kimball's wholesale grocery ; Township & Cane's dry goods ; J. Smith's grooery and fruit store, and H. Mabbett's grocery. Total loss in buildings and goods, about $20,000. Goods mostly Insured. Daring Burglary. Chamdkrsburo, Pa., Feb 27,1849. The court house was broken into last night, the Treasurer's office was entered| and ths vault broken into in whiob tbe aoeounts were kept?the books defaced, and a part taken away. The public documents connected with the Treasurer's offioe were destroyed, tbe private papers being left untocobed. The objeot of tbe depredators was, evidently, not to obtain money, of which a considerable sum was enolosed in ths safei for tke money was profusely strewn around the room. Tbe Commissioner's office was also entered, and ths papers scattered in all dlreotions about ths room. Certain persons are suspected. The Southern Hsdl-The State of the Route. rHii.ADSi.rHiA, Feb 27,1849. The Baltimore mall arrived this evening at 7X o'clock?It was delayed in crossing the Susquehanna. The Baltimore Union Line eommeuoed running their boats this morning, to aooommodate the travel to Philadelphia. Tbe Railroad Company oarrted the mall across ths 8uequehanna yesterday, notwithstanding that ths lee was so mnoh deoayed at to reader the en* pertinent somewhat has rdout TUIKTIKTH CURORBM, SECOND SESSION. natai Wash mores, February 27,1110. The Senate organised la the naval manner. The bill amendatory to the act for authenticating certain reoorde of tho United States wae taken np, and after eonaideratioa pawed. thi iRAuauaaTioif. Mr. JarrnitfOn Dun, from the eommlttee heretofore appointed to notify Meeera. Taylor and Fillmore of | their election to the Prealdeaey and Vloe Preaideney of the United States, reported that they had discharged the duty. He alao submitted a resolution for the appointment of a oommittee to make arrangements for the reception of Messrs Taylor and Fillmore In the Senate ohember cn the 6th of Mareb, and to make other suitable arrangements for the Inauguration oeremoniee. The resolution wae oonaldered by unanimous consent, and agreed to. The Chair appointedjMesars. Revsrdy Johnson, Jeffcraon Davis, and John Darls, as the eommlttee. bknkwai. or rsTEHTs. The bill giving authority to the Commissioner of Tatents to renew patents within thrse yea-* after the explraMon of the same, wae considered, and, after a brief dlaouselon, laid on the table. rsnuoN BILL. The bill to regulate the allowance of psnsions to officers, soldiers, and seamen, who hare been disabled in the public serrloe, was next taken np, debated, and passed. Was then taken up A proposition to inorsaee the salaries of ministers to England, France, and Russia was submitted, and advocated at some length. The members who took part in tho debate, generally *dmltted that an Increase la tbe compensation was necessary for tbe missions to England, France, and Russia, They also oontended that a reduction was neoesssry In some other casesj but were agreed in the opinion that the subject m ght as well go over to the nest Congress, when the whcie system, In reference to the salaries of ministers, oculd be]revived and freely considered. The Senate then prooeeded to the consideration of various minor amendments, ssvsral of which were adopted. An amendment, appropriating ths sum of #100,000, to defray tbo espeaees Of to* mileage Of km of Congress wh odoptcd. Ab amendment, making provision for an outfit la addition to the salary for tbo Commissioner totho r>and wioh lalaudi, gar* rise to some debate, and was finally rejeoted?yeas, 0 ; nay*, 38. Ad amendment, submitted by Mr. Dn, of New Ycrk, giving to the widow of Commodore Be Kay (8,000, was disoneaed at length, and loet, without a division. An amendment, appropriating $30,000 for the purpcae of purchasing the paper* of Oeorge Washington, and a like sum to purohave the papers of the late James Monroe, was dlsousaed at some length, and carried?yeas, 31; nays, 14. An amendment, appropriating $300 to pay for certain ezpenaesinoorred in notifying John Tyler of the death of Oen Harrison, late President of the United States, ertated some sensation, but was finally agreed to. An emeDumeDi, proposing vo inortan u? iiiuj 01 the chief clerk of the Petition Offle, o ailed forth n brief debate, when It was lost, An amendment giving to Judge Cranoh the son of $600, In consideration of his series of appeals In the Patent Offloe, after some debate, wasrejeoted. An amendment In favor of purchasing Catlln's Gallery of Indian Paintings, at an expense not exceeding $60,000. payable in 10 years, at $6,000 annually, gars rise to a lengthy debate, which is still going on as this despatoh oloees. It is now half past eleven, and there are no signs of adjournment. House of Representatives. Washington, Feb. 37,1840. conclusion of last niuht's dibati. In the House of Representatives, last night, after the cenolusion of our despatch, the discussion on the California bill waa continued by Messrs. Mont, Pali-bet, Vknablk, Behrikn, Grkklet, and Roman. The latter speaker had not oonoluded when the comm.ttee rose, and the Ilouae adjourned. to-DAT's raOCEEUINQS. ? VOTE VOURSELP A FARM. This morning, after the usnal opening preliminaries, the cemmittee on the subjeot reported sundry land and other bills. One of them, giving eaeh settler a farm, was briefly advocated by [Mr. Obeklet, of New York, and then aid on the table. the california bill. On motion, the House then went into Committee of the Whole, Mr. Vinton ohalrman, and resumed the consideration and discussion of the California Government bill. Mr. Roman rose and reiumed his remarks npon the subject. He advooated the whig doctrine of a protective tariff gave a history of the mining and manufacturing business of England, comparing the same with the business of this oountry. The result of the comparison. be argued, was greatly to the advantage of this oountry. He set down the President and the Secretary of the Treasury as friends of England,striving to reduoe our working elasses to the degradation with whiohthey were oppressed in that oountry. Before he had oonoluded his remarks the hour of twelve arrived, and the debate was olosed, agreeably to a previous resolution. Mr. Sawter, of Ohio, then submitted an amendment to the bill, striking out the 13th seotloas which contains the prinoiple of the Wilmot Proviso. He took advantage of the rule, and spoke five minutes upon bis proposition, contending that it should be left with the people of California and New Mexloo to say whether slavery should exist within their territories or Vint A series of amendments,of varloui purport,were sabsequently offered by Messrs. Mo .lellsul of Miohigan; Murphy, of New York; Meade, of Virginia; Ashcaun, of Metssohusetts; Bird sell and Oreeley, of New York, and other*, whieh were discussed by the morers in as many live minutes1 speeches. The vote on Mr. Preston's bill was than taken, when it was rejected as an amendment only; Mr. Oayle voting In the affirmative. No essential amendment having been agreed to, the committee rose and reported the hill to the Ilcuse, when it was ordered to be engrossed for the third reading. At this stage of the proceedings, Mr. Misdi, of Virginia, moved 'o lay the bill upon the table, whieh was deoided in the negative, by yeas 80, nays 137. The question on the passage of the bill was then taken, by yeas and nays, and deoided In the affirmative by the following vote?yeas 130. nays 80. must roe california, The House then took up for consideration the bill for the establishment of a branoh of the United States Mint at San F'ranoisoo, California. The hill was then laid aside. territorial government for nsw mexico. The House then resolved itself Into a Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union. Mr. Cranston In the Chair, and took up the bill making provision for the government of the territory of New Mexioo. Mr. Vinton, of Ohio, offered an amendment, giving the settlement of the boundary question to the Supreme Ceurt, and offered a few cogent remarks in supa# i* Mr. greeley, of new York, made a speech In oppo itlon to the amendment, on the ground that the majority of the judges of the Supreme Court were ilare holders, and in favor of the bill. Mr.TooBMi, of Georgia, made a vehement epeeohln opposition to the bill, replying to the remarks of Messrs. Vinton and Greeley, with muoh severity. Mr. scssrnce, of Ohio, followed. His remarks were listened to with marked attention. He denied that Texas bad any olalm upon New Mexioe,and denounced, in strong language, the whole annexation bus ness. He was opposed to Mr. Vinton's amendment. The committee then, on motion, rose and reported progress, when the House adjourned. SEW YORK. LBOKShATVRB, SEN ATI. albans, Feb. 37, 1840, agricultural school. Mr. Beta, of the Slet dlstriot, reported a bill for the establishment of a State Agricultural Sohool. reduction of interest. Mr. cole, of the 28th dletrlot, presented an adverse report upon the petition praying for a reduction of the rate of interest in this State, to 0 per oent. surRRioa court justices. Mr. wileix, of the Oth dlstriot, reported a bill to increase the number of Justloes in the Superior Court of the olty of New York, and to extend the Jurisdiction of the same. frotrction from sires. The bill to afford a more effsotual protection to the ii yah of adrbans ft trial nit flrss 4 r? the aifw a# ma? va.l WAS read ? third time And passed. STATU AKSKHAL. The bill relating to the State are#nil vaa alio read a third time and parsed . oehkral daisriwq law. The Committee of the Whole took up the bill respecting the general banking law, and made nme progreee therein, and had lease to ait again. On motion, the Senate then adjourned. assembly. Albart, Feb. 37,1849. railroad. Mr. ViRirrM, of New York, reported a bill relative to a railway from Buffalo to Howellerille, | rk.i.ikk to rCRItARDO wood. The bill for the relief ef Fernando Wood was taken np, read a third time, and paseed. cjold medals, A reeolutlon was offered for the presentation of gold medals to Majors Taloott and Smith, whloh wai laid over. tsacijae amd rochester railroad. A motion to put forward the bill relative te the ?on?traction of a railway from Syraouee to Kooheater, was made and rejeoted. SAVlftOI BASES. Mr. Vai* Norded, of New Y?rk, gavenotloe of his Intention te introdnoe a bill relative to the formation of Saving* Banks. si.une shot. Mr. Cornell, of New York, gave netloe of a bill to prevent the eale and use of slung shot. On motion, the houae then took a reoess till afternoon. divorces The Committee of the Whole House took np the bill relative to divorces, and discussed the same at ooastderable length. Ne amendment was mads. A test vote vas taken, on the motion to grant leave to alt again. Leave was granted, by a large majority. The House thea adjourned. Markets. Baltimore, Feb. 37, 1MB. The Stock on band Is abeut fHO,000 barrels. We notlee aalea of 1,700 barrels, Inoludlng Howard tieet, at $6a$6 1SX Small (ale* of oora meal at %1 02, and rya flour el $8 SO, For wheet there It bat Utile dameod ; moderate aulas ot prime red et $1 10. Tbe sales ef oorn are vary large at 40e for prime I white, SOo for prime yellow, la provlelone thsre is no change to notiee. Stocks are buoyant: Maryland I #iAesolosedatMe^andOhlottalfraj?at4y|^^^^^ Moke Opera Libel Suits ?In relation to the Italian Opera, we find the following curious article in the Courier and Enquirer ot yesterday :? Tiii Oriii ?u Norma" was p?rf.irin?d lac. night, to a good sudionoo. Complaint! h??# burn m?d* mat the orebsstra was sometimss ot?rp>w?riosly lou't. It* | strength wa( not felt aa a fault at all last night, during the remarkable performance of Mona Laborde ia the part of Pollloae The elTaot of hie singing and noting aai nnlike any thing we ever saw bef ire. or hope toeee train There are parta In many opera* whioh can oe caricatured without spelling the performance, but that of Polltone In not oss of tbeui. It the musical critiqun on Mr. Pry's management, which have appeared la thv> Herald, are libels on that manager, then, certainly, the above paragraph, which appeared in the Courier and Enquirer, ' in large editorial type, and not in the usual theatrical column," is a most atrocious attack and libel on poor Laborde, for his performances in the character Ul ruiUUIICi iv oay uvuuu^ wi iuo iiuti uu iuo pwwi devils of the orchestra, who come in for their share. Laborde lias been considered, in his own country, an artist oi great respectability. He is not a debutant in his profession, as the manager was in his. His singing and his acting are the bread and wine of his existence; and to pass such a criticism on his performances is certainly more libellous than any thing we ever Baid of the Opera codfish coterie, or its management. Such being the case, in this era of libel suitB, is it not probable that Laborde will at once commence an action against the proprietors of the Courier and Enquirer, and lay his datnagM immediately at twenty thousand dollars 1 H# JMp an equal cause of action against the Courier dee Etats Unit; but as that is a smJI concern, he maybe moderate, and consent to lay his damages at only ten thousand. Benedeiti and Truffi, against that and the other journals in the interest of the Opera salt perk aristocracy, have like causes ol action, and we presume they will take those matters into serious consideration between the acts, and bring all their libel Buits before the bench of justice and the big world, in a lump, so that the whole matter of musical criticism, operatic excellence, codfish and s&itpork aristocracy, new social habits, the morality of the polka, the decency of fancy balls, and ine price 01 tickets, may oe au determined and decided upon according to the evidence in 6uch cases, and the new code of New York, before it burets up, by an independent and intelligent Jury of the country. The rights of critics, of managers, of editors, of newspaper proprietors, and of the Opera aristocracy, should all receive a judicial decision together. Fashionable society must be set on its legs, and hereafter be able to walk on its own upright pins, or to walk out of its legitimate existence, or go forward to California, or back to codfish. Some of the journals, in announcing the commencement of the suit against us by Mr. Fry, stated that Prescott Hall, Charles O'Conor, J. W.Gerard, and we don't know how many other lawyers who attend the Opera, are engtged on his side. We shall meet them with only two or three, such aB Ben. Galbraith, Esq ., our able attorney, E. Sanford, Esq., whoso ably conducted the defence in the suit brought against us by Clark, of 27 Beekman street, and last, John Van Buren, Esq., who, we believe, has been heard of in this community more than once before. In naming these distin1 i .......i ?;i,K, ,i.. KotiU jSUitluU tuuijori, Diicticu iu 11511k mo isaiaiv ui Waterloo, on the great questions of opera, salt pork, music, morality, codfish and fashion, the public can see at a glance on which side the Napoleon of the New York bar will take up his headquarters. Five la rtvuhlii/ue f Col Fremont's Expedition to California? Moke Traders in that Reoion.?Some singular intimations have appeared in various quarters, relative to the motives which hurried C<>lonel Fremont to California, immediately after the last court martial. According to the last accounts, he took the Southern route to that region, and by this time is probably near the head waters of the Gila. It is surmised that Col. Fremont, in his various peregrinations in that region, made many curious discoveries, not only in gold mines, but in other mines of equal, if not greater, value. It is Baid that on returning from his last expedition to that country, he brought with him a number of beautiful emeralds, of immense size, some of which are in the hands of jewellers in this region of the POllnfru nnrl it So BiirinAcorl fp<\nr fkat tknt tKa a* peditlon in which he is now engaged, has some object in relation to emerald hunting in California, ii not, also, gold hunting. It is a curious circumstance in the history of Col. Fremont's expeditions, that on no occasion did he put forth a statement, or even a whisper, that would lead the public to believe that California possessed any mines of any value at all. His silence on that particular point is now considered by some to have arisen from the desire to obtain what he had an exclusive knowledge of; and his hastening to that country, with the various circumstances attending it, and the mystery thrown around his movements, leads one to believe that some new wonders have been discovered, and that the present expedition will give them general publicity at an early day. What truth there may be in those surmises we cannot tell: but certainly there is some ground for believing tnat strong inducements of some kind must have led Col. Fremont so soon to his old camping ground in California, and the new route taken indicates nothing less. Uolb Mink in Maryland.-~Wc mentiAfied a report, a few days ago, that gold hrtd been fonnd on the farm of Mr. Ellicott, in Montgomery county. The Advocate, published at Ellicott's Mills, sa'ys? We bar* Information from a gentleman connected with tba family, that Mr. Samuel LUlontt's farm, near Brookvlllc, Montgomery oounty, in this State, quite probably cantatas gold, as wa published last week ? Tba farm aontatns about 100 aoras, for whioh Mr. B. gate $10,000. Ha has bad $90,000 bidden for It on risk, and $30,000 if !U supposed mineral wealth should be realised, A company is about being formed, with a capital oi $100,000, to purchase the farm and work the mines. Olty Intelligence. Fatal Accident ?The Coroner was yesterday called te bold an inquest on board the steamship United States, on tba body of Thomas Knox, a native of Scotland, aged 36 years, who mat with bis death by falling dawn the fore hatchway into tba bold of the ship Deceased was employed as a laborer en board the United States. A friend of his, who was present at,the InJneit. stated that deceased had a wife and five obllran living in Scotland. Ha received a letter from them on Monday and expressed himself highly delighted at baring heard from his family. It Is supposed that he fell through the hatchway by acoident. When bis body was discovered it was quite warm, and his dinner, which he brought on board, was lying by his side. Will the Doctors Permit Dr, Brandroth 1 e sell his villr I Reed throush, end answer. J-ImPOATANT OVIMON.? Ds. BENJAMIN fftANKI.IN'fl OPINION or the Action or Pvroativb Medicines.?' a work entitled "Medical Im/uirire unit IIbterv itiom by Iiocter Benjamin Bvhh Profeetor of the Institute of Medicine and of Clinical Practice m the Umvireily of I'rnneylvamta." printed la Phi laitiphia la tha year I7M. 1 Hud quoted the f..U?wTax eiplielt opinion of the peat and juatly r antra led Dr. Fsanklin, on tha low ports not ot meated purgation aa a remedy for dieeaee. It heart the data of 1711; and although It hflf Roeatly aome under my ehlereauea, it will te found te agree, In every pertionlar, with the loo true upon tkle en (jtot whioh t hare endeavored te promulgate thr< tighout amerce and Europe for enteral yea re pact, tad whioh bat loon dietlneuiahed nlth pro eminent mooett The dleoaae to whleh Dr fiANiMe Immediately applied his remarVs, wts the Yellow Fever -yet It will instantly be p.rxlredtlat the principle* whleli he elucidate# are equally appli sshln in tirkAftCO t A auueo "u-Md Jaw.Ia?-A-t -9 - rn. .-A -'-A >t tl.ohumere. ? hethertho dioeaee boCHoi.naa, Oytentrry, or * RAmmnlin ; Mtatln, or An ill fx/ Jnvndict, or li'Opty ; Frvwr, putrid or b.ltoua, or typhoon or oearlot. or yollow?ttio ?mi in each end oil being radically the earn*? mamelt. a ourrapt tt d feculent otole of tho homiM?they demand the nut rtdioal mod* of onre, namely, tho prompt and pmeeer ng eipiileioa of ho*? humor* by purgation. All dieeaeco demand thia mod* of treatmont and If toaoaromoro eaailyaad rpeedfly oared hy it than other*, it ia only boeaure tho humor* whioh hare genera ted J??n are Irot corrupt 1* degree, and therefor* l*M malignant ia 'ffeot Bat boar tho plain good aona* of tho truly wteo Br. PnaitKLin:It nut bo romarhod.l that thlo oracaation, (meaning by purrtt) la moro ntoeaoary In thla than ia moot other ferera " The abdooiiaal Tloeera art the porta prlnetpally alfeotod by thla dlaeaie, bat by thia Mmtlj oyaeuitlen toelr feoaleat eorrupilhle oontenta are diaohargod. beloro they eorrupt and prodao* tay 111 effeote. and their vartoua omanotorlea and aeornUag to*. to at* aot open. * aa to allow a ft** dtaoharg* of their ooatoata, utd oonaeqntntly aaoourlty to tho part* thoaaelrea, daring tho ton roe of the d Irene* By thia evacuation the rery miner* of the ll*#a*o, proceeding irom the putrid mlaama fermenting with tha mlivary, Mllona, aad other o n rept humor* of tho body, la aierayo wndwated by timely emptying tha abdominal riaeera on whieh t lirat die*, after whioh a geMlotweat doee, aalt wnit nipt it la ho bod Where the prhrwe vim, bnt eapertlally Um atom aoh, I* oadad with aa offenalr* mattar. 01 oontraottd. and ooarailed ellh tho Irritation of ita atimulaa, there ia a* preen ring a land* il# ****!'Ill that I* removed ; attar whtok a nooooaary quantity ifawoat breaha oat of ita own aooord, tbwo part* promoting It, thoahypnrgn l*o mtdte'no thay arooaaod or thobardaa or idQUlno whioh o'rpte*^* them. -AH there amteaod putrid lb me ever require oem* evaenv Inn t* bring them to a perfeet oriel*, and taat ere* by oteolo, rhioh mnet lie promoted by art, what* nature doe* not do tho HiasauaJiuittaasaieMiiBifcj DM* of tto? Wj. U of had onnqMN to thaaa nrgiag aiie-i? tw*w arltiiu*! wkloh aonma thirflr mrka ev.oaarlaaa aeeevaory. rhiah uwittvniiuinpl>. after tha humor* are It M heeipaiied, bat unoiai'a to aa .oiaplnh fur mo aoit p?r? ib this Iimki and i oaa affirm that I have (iron a p?<gt id thia oaor, ?bea (he pol?o baa iwaa ao low that itooa'd hardly ba fell, and thed.bitity ag-jeme. jal both oaa and tha athar bar* barn It a to j ul by it. W??t <baa I* tha raaaca that ao large a portion of tha aa-dioai prnitari' a of tha pneent uaj ara " up ui arma' aaaioat in* porna lira tyaraaa ot praotioe, den-unuiug it a? pornioloua .(aaohaery. tieat. uctiro of tba hoalth of tiia oominuaity r Tba asp aoatioa la M obvtoi a at it ieawuei.g?it la bioau?a tnU of proattaa extended at it now la. thruab ovory aootion of the Union. it roar aTio u- iDi/ftir hjut u>. la vary iioaWaot4?? . f (taw pre Ow.? I Jorwrrrat yaara i aat theoe pr fata. ra of a aimple .oia oa wbdoh they baro bantofore aoooaoOad in pertuadi g too world ao ba ana m<ati r nua ana itnonitanla or tn? oauipr heneiou of hay bat thamte re?. bare been o"tnplaining of a want of baitnne?, "an'aai ing tint whilat ih< |4ain dan ii*g praotitioaera are anting fog ;oua% (/try, nth all thelrejrfaiur riy/i'a to uuinont and ekill, araaa duoodto tormry It Hat ta th a nut ? oouf-xlou tint tba pnblia atIrrga arabenflteed by the change? if it wera utbatwtaa?if thrlr ohargaa agnloat tba puifntira aiatem wore wa'l foandal tiey ara d have no iraaou to eomplon of a want of praotioa, tor. in this oa r, ti an haoda ? ould ba full of work, nud 'bay would any littl> hg unrt i a) atom no productive tu their own pockeha Thau mu t p le.i fa annd a oi.gatel t>r a would btiugall their objnatl ma int" a itata 11 aweat r poaa; but thair aontoiauoea are now mom rouaulreiy te der. and they cry nlond and apart not. But, aa thai the f nbiir irjniee, lot them cry. M ran now. theae men ot meroury and the Uaoat are uaing a vary exertion to nbitin tha ptaatna nf n law through the Legitimate if haw Yolk, baring tha intention entirely to prarent the peaple of tbu. Blat? Irom uiing any n.euicii aa butvu-h aa ttiej ahaJI Srraonba. Such n law did ptaa and wna iu force in tha 3lata of lame tor one yrar but t'ia neit Legielatiire rapaalad it and why I Becaua. the people f und it a moat tyiaa ioua ananttuaak n. t to bo p-nnit'ed to hava tha priv lege of ch > ring their own ao> oleum Bmnlm. a la i ul liranure'h e t l'li was easy to oo-aia. and m-e to do (ooc, while U u doe tor was often far off, and uodi* a y eireuii etauors expensive to tt.e poor. (Should t'tia law nana In Albeay this will be repealed next; on thi* the ilea tort nay depenn. I tell them thia for thei' ova fort The idea of tiying ti saddle the p>Op e of thia free country with any ?aek rettrictlerr, It an inaul> to ihtir onnimon (en e. aid highly to tlie putlio welfare It in olear that thoee who art tryfi d ti the lives and pnekets of the orinrnu'lty for their I individual Ion-lit. oan have no just spprtomt ou of theincelli. genre t l tho people, 1 ham too inunh roolidence In that ietutli. gtnoe, ever to believo it 01 p.b e of submitting to either a king rw a medieai tyranny. The po pie ot th a aligatened ooaetry wilt be fiee in evert t ing?in law?in politioe? in religion?and in phveio. Ti e puhlio'a servant, B. UHaNDillrii. Mew York, JeLraaiy 27. 1849. Gold Pen* and WatchriwPenoni going ta California should by all moans take with tbem one of the oolabiated hiohelieu uold Pens, whioh are watraa'ed te wear five Kjfl yeara: for sale, together with a large rt ot of Gold and Silver I Waiehts, by J. Y. SAVaUB, Jr, It Wail at. The Hat for 184 0 ? Uenlii, 414- Hroudvrajr, willcite the bat to bioawtaoMia on Thuroday, Barak let. rue I ikme akiU that hie earner croAtiona mauifiated wi l be e-itneiend I ivldenoe that in the tiprina syle f r 1-411 ho hsa lo.t none of that originality of oenoeption whioh has horotofore cUstingniab?d him PI re Arms I?Plre Ahum J?Joooph St Hart, I inaporiora, manufacturer*. and dialers in every description of fire Arms; aleo ao e agents tor the sale of North's olenratef Carbinei (called by tome Ball's) They load at the breeoh, nod era bettor adap'eo for theCalit'crn'a trade thau any known arm. Very portable barrel, only 21 Inches; warranted to aheot 201 tarai. t an be loaded wltn great rapid ty, with eithar shot ec all Light in wcieht.ann are highly valued by the United State army and nary. For salt low, by JOSEPH It HART, 74 Balden lane. No G?llft>rnlan ought to go without one of H them live Dollar Suits You can sell them tor six tiaras ahetr value, and If tow do nut aell tbem yuu can wear thorn. They oonsistif a flue cloth o<at, osstnmere rant- and faaey vesta. Five Dollar Suit Btore, ooruer Na-aau and Be.kmanat. n. vani? tnuiniu nyer r??|nxnuuy III. dershi# thinks to tho oitnevs 01 BuH'moreRud Pnilade'phiR, tor the ktnduPH they lave inanifeittd tn hti bahaif during tin reoeat trmit lei, Rod ? h? ban foiraed a tlrji d? t-rmtoRti- n never ageia to be engaged in any pugiliitio encounter, hope* leng to nidt tlie r nppi ebntlon. COMMERCIAL AFFAIRS. I HONEf HAHKET. I 1'uegUiiy, Feb. P. Bit H Tho upward movement in stooka wat renewed to day, and all the fanoiee advanced' The bulla appear to be too strong for the bears, even In the faee of the large deposits of speole in the Sub-treasuiy. The proipest of a distribution of tho government funds, as soon ai the appropriation bill passes both houses of Congreu takes away all the horrors of the operation of the In* dependent Treasury system, and relieves the market from the depression whioh would otherwise be experleneed. At the first board to-day, U. S. 6's, 1862, ad* vanoed X per cent; U. S. 6's, 1868, X; Reading Bond* 1; Farmers' Loan, X; Canton Company X; Morris Canal X; Harlem X; Stonington X; Long Island Xi Reading Eailroad X; Pennsylvania 6's fell off X P?r oent, and Erie Railroad X- The transactions wore large, and the bulls are In fine spirits. The bears have, within the past day or two. been buying in their shorts; many of them not daring to risk it any longer. Some of the bears are purchasing fauoiea at prioes six and eight per oent higher than these they sold at, te deliver at the maturity of their eontraots, or in antieipatlon of their expiration. If nothing transpires to disturb the npward movement in the fanoies, the bulls wiu arain me bears or all tbelr proflts or the past peat or two. At the second board there were large sales of the fanoles, at an advanoe on prices onrrent In the morning, varying from an eighth to one and a half per cent. Treasury Notes went up X P? oent; Erie Railroad X ; Harlem 1; Canton Company X \ Reading Railroad IX i Farmer's Loan X i Long Island XThe Seoretary of the Treasury hat issued new instructions relative to bonded merebandiie. He has deoided that all stores may be considered public stores and the addition of the custom house lock is all that ls necessary to make goods so stored and se secured, in full possession of the government. The Committee of Ways and Means in the House of Representatives, have made a report upon the subjeet of Amerloan manufactures, ho , in connection with the operation of the present tariff aot. This report oondemns the present act as a revenue measure, and rajs that It has failed to answer the purposes for whioh >t was Intended. As a rerenue measure It maj hare met the wants of the government, but it has failed, It is said, to have met the wants of the people, bj net protecting. sufficiently, their industry and most important Interests. The committee reoommend a modification of the present aot, with a view to lnorease its protective features. There is no doubt but that the existing aot is defeotlve?that it is not sufficiently protective, and|that it is by no means perfeot in the provisions regulating the levy of duties; but we do not admit that it shculd undergo alterations to tbe extent proposed, as they would make such changes as would give us ft new system, upen new principles, entirely. The report is lengthy, and brlnrj, forth all the old arguments te prove the strength of tbe position assumed. It is not proposed to make the rate of duties as high as provided by the tariff of 1842; but suoh discriminations are recommended as will, withour increasing muoh the average per oent, give bette.* protection te domestic industry, and a more equitable system of levying those adopted. The extension of tbe Baltimore and Ohio RrallfSftd from Cumberland, Its present western termination to the Ohio river, has been Anally determined upon, the question ot route disposed of, and oontrae s are about being entered Into for its completion, it'is estimated that the cost of the road to the Monnnanhai* I will be $4,600,000. It It farther etiraated, that, wh?o the road It oompleted to that point, tha gross inaoma of tha road woald be increased one-half, or would amount to $3,168,749, equal te 0 per oeat on the ag gragate ooet of the line. The fire per oent sterling honde, amounting to $8,000 000, would yield $1,700,000 The revenue of the road, during the proeose of extension, would probably amount to $1,800,000; and it is calculated that $600,000 ean be raised from the oltlsena of Baltimore. This would make the sum required? $4,600,000?to oarry the road to the Menongahela river* provided Its revenue* kept up to the point estimated. The entire debt of the main stem, after the road wad completed te the Monongahela, might he put down at $9 300,000. The entire oapltal Invested in the road, thus extended, would be $18,000 000, from which deduct the debt, and there would be a basis of nearly bine millions of dollars, for any latere loans neoessary te oomplete the road to the Ohio river, Independent of the subscription of $600,000 from the oity of Wheeling. It therefore appears that the resouroes of the oompany are ample te complete the II ae, and it Is fhll time semething woe done towards carrying out the plans proposed. This valuable and Important work has lingered | along for so many years, and its securities, particularly to stock, have beeome so much depreciated, that those n teres ted have lost all patienoe, and almost despair ef he road being completed to the Ohio river, from whieh >olnt It must draw an immense amount of business, t Is estimated that the mall eontract of the company Tom the Ohio to the Chesapeake, would he equal to a ?l,.l > ill n? ? -- " " . v. f?)vw,WV. M tU? piHSUt UieXIHlU? 01 $208 >er nil*. The icmmnt botwsen the Boston and Woresnter nd Wstfts Railroads, for regulating ths ratss of far* nd freight an ths Joint line of ths two roads, as weR a ths manner of ooadnotiag ths Joint hnslnsss, whisk iss subsisted for ths throo last years, has boon reiswad, with soma inoonsidarabls mollOoatlons. Ths annual rsport of tha Csnnoationt Rirsr Ralload Company statas that ths road Is naw completed ' a tha south Una of Vormont, 62 mllos, at a oost a' 1 688,874 Tha staok amounts to 11,207,878. Tha eoalpta of tha last yoar wars as follows For paaeenars, #88,817; freight, $71 807; mails, aiprsss, fts., >4 7 88?total, $166,24t-?iaeedtng tha iwsetpts of 184T >y $41,288. Tha axpensae bate naaaasarUy bean welled by tha inorf a?* of buatnass. $28,887 hare been aid out In building; $61,668 bars bean expended for tew ears and anginas. Those, and athor expanses tor rminnM?it?

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