Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 29, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 29, 1855 Page 2
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ADDITIONAL NEWS PROM EUROPE. T%? Dominican Treaty with the UnlUd VbIM ?utr? the Slmveholdlng Interest ud Jk. nnciiitl? > ? [From the London New*. Jan. 9 ] Ob Um 28th of December, 1801, a single watch bad Mt on the ateep promontory of Samaaa, on the east coast of Bt. Domingo, counting tae ahipa of war which came to invade the Island. The Pint Consul hal ahead/ decreed the re eaUbliahment of ?lavs 17; and he now aent fifty-four ships of war to aaoooqner the French part ot the ialaod. and reduce the colored population to bondage. Last month, after a lapse of lifty three tears, was again a critical December at 8am ana. For some time past it has boen known te all who were aware of the import ance of the hot, aad wbo therefore attended pro serin to it, that tbe alaveh ldlng party in the United Btatee were resolved to get possession of St Do ?to go, aa well as Cub?; and that the rem nant of President Pierce's term of offljs would be diligently employed in preparation for soch annexation. Tbe American slaveholder* can not be ignoiant, as too many Europeans are, of the real cause of the horrors of the St. Domingo war, which the? choose to treat aa a conaequenoe of negro emancipation. They oannot bat know that the war waa oze of rase ? between the whites and the mul ) at toe* ? aad that the slaves were released only when they were wanted as a reinforce nent in the strug gle. That release gave the world the services and MM exam le of Tonssaint L'Ouverture? a man, a leader, and a ruler ? whom the filibustering Amerl ?at a would tod it bard to match from among th-ir ?giutora. He waa the solitary watJhman on the Bamana heights on that December morning, flfty thiee jesis ago. His place is not vacant, It germs. There are eyea wide a vake at Saraina, and ears open to tidings from the friends and foes of social and political freedom ?veiywbere. On the 6th of last month the treaty pwpoeed by the United States? the first step tv wards annexation- was rejected by toe Dominican Congress, without a dissentient vote. And why? What is ti e toiemoat reason alleged for the rejec tion? It was the case of Manuel Pereira, tbe sea man in tbe British aervioe, whose imprisonment at Charleston on scoount of his color, was brought be fore Parliament by Mr. Moncktoa Milnes, k?pt in view by t e Uativ N-wt, and mtde the subject of aegoiiatior and legal proceedings between the Bri tain wd American governments, and in the courts of the United State?. The St. Domingo legislators have kept their eye noon that case, and have re?d the AsKiican treaty by its light; and finding that tae third clauie denied equal rights to them in tne Southern State* ot tbe Uuion, tbet with ut hesitation lefuted tieir suction to it. They know the ooase Snencee. Tbey have been watenful enough to see latthe xlaveholdiug pover ia the United States, though numerically weak, has iu fact determined the whole policy and ac inn of tbe country, fr in the time when tbe institution of slavery iras first practically brought in'-o question, rathir more taan twt nty years ago. They have taken warning by the annexation of Texas? as high-handed a theft aa the Czar or Lis precece-aoraevsr perpetrated. ft ey na-.ei stand, no doubt, t1. e t rue history <?( tbe Sem sole war, and ot tbe Mcxicon war? no less than of the repeal of the Mif*ouri com,>romisn, aul its oon aeqoeo es? now becoming too burdensome for the great repnblio to endure. They have watched the Cuba business throughout, aad no doubt have their own opinion of Lord John Rus aell'a slashing letter, and Mr. Everett'a auicidal re ply. They ail know about Manuel Pereira, we dnd, and the care taken of bis person bv Uis Charles ton gaolers, and of his rights by British statesmen. Tbey also know that their temp'.lng promju tory and bay of Sameta will bring upoa them euch expeditions as Cuba baa been vi sited and threatened with; and mde d the Ame ?cau plenipotentiary on t< e spot has made ao see et of the risk. He has thr3wn out hid'* that Grejtown ia not, the only olace tnat the Am9t?evis ssn lay in aahea, and 'h^t the city ot Si Do mingo is within their range. His countrymen 1m med ately picked a quarrel In thu roaostea I of Bt. Dom>ngo, which speedily b.ougtit to the snot two Bri u-h steam i-loops, and a French fri gate atad two war brigs, it ia in StmtiM, bos ?ver, that tne Anwicuis desire to effect a lodg ment, and thence will a look-out be stilt kept tor the approach of invadr re These wide-awake Do-otni ssiis >re prubabi ? aware 4 so tnav tne invasion of the r eoasta wi l lie partly determined, m tj timi aad manner, by the course of the war in tne Crimea We have baa occasion to *how, in rn than ouce store 'be war began, how tb? poll y of the United BtaUs is a fie ted by the pontics of Harope, through the regular practice of the Czars o* Russia to *tir np a pro-a.avery agitation iu Amenoa vrntnever hberal movements arc impend'og in Europe. Cue Fugitive Slave law and tae N^brtska bill ? which may be r? gar tied as the frnita of the European revolutions of 1848 and 1840 ? are found t > bt too had, I' oogh both are extolled by one of the Czv'a favored guesta, Dr. Cottman, and one ? the Nobr**ka toll? w aa aotuai Iy procured by another St. Petersburg eourticr, Senator Douglas. The more intolerable these netHires are foubd.the more necesoary is it to have f/tt-h onea of the same tendency. We witness aocortfit gi> the persevering declaration of tbe Piwai dent 1 bat Cuba shall be obtained; the recent attempt an the Dominican Congress, and the urgtnizati.m of a sew slave tenitory extending over 43 000,040 of acres, between the aoiubsra boundary of K-iasaa aid tne lied river. Tbe bill for constituting this sew tenitory oi Neosbo was quietly brought iu. just before the runng of Co gross. It is a 'lot of the stavebolding interest, as mu.h as the carrying on ot the slave trade ficm tbe port of Now York, whicn has recently been ascertained to be grea er taan from any other port in all these ai-aa. The Southern le gislatora and citizens tamper with p liloaophy, and emasculate literature, to prevent tneir wivea aud cbi'drt n knowing a hat is thiught of slavery in the foremost countries ot tbe worid. Tbere tbe lady who 'akes up Cowper to read while ahe rests from the heat find* no traoe in her oo jy of tbe pa?sage, " Heaven speed the canvass gallantly uufurleJ," nor ot a good many others whicn women elaewhere are wont to et joy. Her aon at < oliegs i? obliged to take bis moral and political philosophy all ali< ed and hashed, there being no edition of any European weik on lhoae subjects tit for his atudy, ia a 0 >m K" ste form, (he little child, too voong for church, t beginning to keep Sunday by learning Mrs. Barbaslo'a Hymns, of world wide fame, finaa one shorter than tbe reat. It ia ao from the eat ing out sf that apostrophe so aftect'.ng to English children. " Negio woman, who sittest pining in captivity.'* All this is, in fact, the central Idea of every device for preserving the " peculiar domeatic iastiait.ou " of the aootht rn Staves from molestation? from what the planters are pleiaed to call " the narrowness of foreign opinion " on that subject. We repeat here the declaration we alwaja make to prevent mistakes when treating of American af faire, that *e are apeaking of the Southern State* and not of the whole Union. But we must ala > add ear nansl Question- How long does the entire nation ?ssn to allow the slaveholdlog intere it to represent Ma domestic policy and its foreign relations? Of ths millions of heads cf families in the United Statea, only 347,625 ate aiavenoldera; and yet the slave holoera have been tbe gu.des and masters of Amerl san politics from tbe time that the nation entered on trie retrograde path of foreign conquest and an nexation. President Pierce conjures ua all lo be lieve that hie nation haa no ambition, and explain* that all its annexations have Happened merely through manifest destiny. This destiny is becom so extremely manifest no*, that even laths snsia of our war in tbe Crimes, the Frsoch and we are carefully placing our war shioa in tte roadatead of St. Domingo; and we ahall not Minx our watch over Cuba, or any other land'which he* within trs biundery of "destiny." Meantime, there are features of Americaa destiny which it wsnld be well for all the geouiae republlcaoa to av trnd to before it is too late. Tfce destiny of ail tojla ef t e Rn Man Czara la the a?me they becima slaves politically and morally. While there ia negro slavery in tbe United S atea the Cztr nas a hand.e hy which be can guide tbe political machl .e whi n is totrnyed into his handa by the snons and m >o owners ot tbe repnhlic. Ana who csnnot aee thtt tbo time most come when it will suit hisrouvedsn e the- there shall be no democratic republic on the shores oppo*it* h s own eastern biundry? If he caa bow embroil tbe Republic, it is time to be taking toed t> at be doea not break It uj when the nouve nient moment comes. Tbe g eat Amrrl< *n U nu has received a rebuff from tne little Djoiloicaa Bute. All trno lovers of frwdom mn>t bope fiat it will ifrve as an admonit'on to the sound part of ths nation lo take the management of their affairs into their own lux da The I'alUd IUtM Orpartln^ from their MMMk [From the Ix>o<lon New*, Jan. 13.] F>?n under ttie most democratic f irm* of govern Milt the active btUilMM Of DOlltiSa la, fir the lQMt put. it i tm tue banja of the re*. Tseajtiee, pn?niog amateuia of pontic* take the laboring oar, and Mk of the I - mmanity art contented to lotk on or tallow their lead. We have Marie experience of 1 1m troth here at home; aod they who bare paid intt attention to th< morementa of par tie* in tne United Btatee bare pui reaeon to be oonriac*d that tcauera ate managed there ranch in the aaaae way. T lere, aa here, political rliacnaalon ia oa tried on in the public jonrn%!?- at meeticga where the aune indirt ioala make apeetrteH on all o ctaiona to itaeeDUliM aatiafled with lietening and hearing? aid in legisla tive aaaembiiea aeU otad from a comparetirelj limited I of candidate*. Thla la the reenlt of the great al law, prompting a dirtaloo of employment, which to at once the .-auae and tha characteriatic of J drill nation. It ia aot to be expected that the j body of as y people will ever take a eoattna ewa aotire part fca politic*. All that can he expect ed la that when (what may be oaDed) the profee atoral poiltUdana become too glaringly aalfUh or di? hooMt la their alma, the hooeaty and intellfenoe tt the aattoo will revolt, caa&ier their aeif-appoiated 1 agenta, andlaaUl MM* trustworthy mania their I r?Our kinsmen acroaa the Atlantto mast fogtre ua if we trankly state that it Is high time cney were turning their serious attention to thia tiuin, ?m preparing to act ui?on it. That the great {he Kens of the United states do one in thia ountry entertains a doubt. bat M Aurediv tbe name oonfldaoo# in nat i? < in * powerful section of their pobdi meo- The citiiie^i Sf the United Btatea ?tu--bio?t ssarsrsv ffti wag sponsible in little more then name, to ! PKbMtouU politicians. And pohticlaos by Wide, like all trades I men are maen addicted to onflng out work for . - r Zl-~m Dbfuoiana, ar ;hitect?- all professional men have a oi?a, when consulted by I emuloven wito long purses, to advise a line of coo to^ Which ia likely to brirg^WeH iemuuer^ ?iu pniniovment. It ia the name eith soldiers mJ dipkmatifts wl en they contrive to monopolize to any considerable extent the legislative and admin istrative authwity of any Slate. Would it not be viae in our traneatlauti i cousins to aak themse vee I whether their government acd legulato-e are not at present taking a false direction ? whether tie re public, in ita foreign po'icy, i* not diverging tnsen aihiy tiom tie great prindplea of Washington and j? tier eon, under the influence of toe heroes of M.?xi oau wars andainexation, and (lever diplomatists, eager to aoo * that they can heat tne diplomatist i or the Old World at tbeirowu weapons* We do not mean that the government or the uni ted Mates ia wrocg in seeking to aemsr' the niiwns right to be admitted, on a froang ol ?qnality, to tae councils of the leadirg Powers ol tbe oivinz d The extended aid extending commerce 01 tne United States compk la ?hem to euwrtaiu relations with every lortlgn government., an I re iidew it adT* sable for them to tollow tb". exa nple of '.tier Suws in establishing ?epota for tdeir trade beyon. i their own boundaries. The at mission of the Uaitod til ate. s into tbe ommon oouniii of civilized g?v.ra men's is a necessity ot' their position; aud if tne-r dipU uii?t;Bth will out btiag along w.ti taem he Bound jugment aud high ot thtir states men ol tne age of Waehiugton audJ. fferam.t le'r %o ceseiou to these councils will ne a blessing to nnJ*"i iy. We are convinced that we s eak ti a of toe great majoiity ot ?*r ? ouutry rneu ia respect of nutn bers an" o< tbe iKSt intellects among them, whou we oecla-e that we fee without grudge or ja.'o.i^y the extending inBumce of the U:itod 8tatoa. We welcome their tppeavauce in tne w**1* ?- China and tbe Eastern Archipelago as caxuiatedtoaooe leta e tte development of the Msouees of those re gion's; we anticipate nothing but good fromtbeir mighiont to Jat au; we are ?eil contented that toe t-audfcich lolards, which ar** dt facto an Amen *u coii ny, ehould become for the North Americau Union in the Noith Pacitto wba* ^aiaud is about to btceme for England lu tbe South gallic. Th? re is room enougb in the wide world for us both; a healthy, friendly emulation wDl better us both; and tbe i onsequ-mces uanuot lall to beaedt ^ Lot k ? il g& tow^irr qu*rtei s, however, there d?9s appear to be imminent danger ol tne foteign policy otibe Uoiud States taklug a false diveo-a^a. We Hpe*k with mere immediate reference to Cab* and St. Domingo. Tie quesuon of Cuba we aumit to be not altogether free trim difficulty. It is possible that in Cuba a desire m+y ar-ss totermloato lae ( onn> ction with tr e mother country. W.,en we see Soaoish statesmen of aUolaists ?pp'?p. utmg t >e reverues tf Cuba to purely 6pa"ia1 purpos-s, it seems extremely probably that such ade-ire may roon arise. In that case it may ta? duty of tbe leadv g foreign St?tes to iu?erte e to put a clcae .o an otherwise interminable mtoroecine war between ihe mother country *n?t tae oolony, by ie ct-itnisicK tbe int'ejetdeooe i t the latter, fbi^j ^*s been d' l? in tbe ca ah of tlje (Jai'ed rtUtes l^m ,tlves: ol Mexico ana the South Am-nesu republics, ?ud the o?se 01 toe hing.lom ol G.'iece ?s ueaily a parauel on-. Cuba on e indene. deut, were iwoitr Lns really desiroua ?f bring r ? ved InMtM Nnr'.h Amtiioao Union a:.d the -i'tte* ot that Un?a wilW mff U. itceive them, no o&e uould citve ? rga. to lav naj', i'ut it is a very oiff-rcnt thing foi .be B. venment ot tbe United States to #onmve at in tris ues car i iei on by Auih loan ci?iaeus V? ore^e a taity in Out a that may aft' rd a pretext tor saymg tbe Oubans w'ah "o be annexed to the republic; and I at -be o'gauixuuon of armtd b?nds in 'he Ujrti'.ory UtoeUuitu to conquer Cuba under ;r,teXiof em*iicipa?.iiig it. Su h oonduc'. ?'^t no m >ri be toierwad bv i lie aggregate of clvi vied nfttiou^ than th?' eu r ?<? iimeuts of Russia up u Turkey, the United States would be the greatest hutferers f-om curb a diihoBeet p-Xcy, -e c it to prove suc.coasful. Ibe main object ot the filib ister par uuuih in t ie Un ted States, who i:ontemiiate the annexion ol Cuba by nnwii'thy means, la to extend and streiiplirn the infloi n e of the slave States in the councils of the Union. Are the clt.zeos of the tre? Sutes pr.parc? 'o b? thedupesofso'Jiua rarent a juggle? The annexUianot Cuba by the ii'fai.H eiAMnpli^d wooJd introduce a uewele me nt of discord intj tbe republic, ^e slave ownera ol Cuba would make oornmon caiae with toe otner a-ave owiers of the Union against the M??de of emancipaticn; but there would be a fierce nv-iry between the slave breeiera in the old ?tat?a, wao wish their produse to b? protected , and the slave dealers in Cuba, w) o wou d persbt in smuggling the produce of Africa. The evil aoea uot aud cai ni t ?top rere. Tr.e psrtiea who seek ti annex Csba ai d eetab lah a lor? i? g la St. D .mt'igo are animated by the fierce aud reckless spirit of ihe old buccaneers The p^HtiJans ia the Butea who coquet with and countenance th?m are ca'chug the contagion of their re ckieaa demesnor. They are assuming a swagKeriijga^d offensive demeanor towards alt ?p eiga^rs. The un favorable effect of this, as rega ds tbeUultedjiUus, may be reeogi.lzed in the late Boule dffi mlty ia Fnui(e.and n the Inimical spint to"ar^ which ie growing up In Denmark and Holland. We regret this, 'or we yearn f?r the felliVjUpoftne Anglican race In America in the couu^.i of -he free Butes of Europe. These are fsaturea In the contemporary htotory of America on wi.tch we, though foreigners, are eati tied to comment, as we would upon aocial pheno mena recorded in t he history of thepaat. But it ia only for American citizens to act upon auch ewU era'icns ? to apply the remedy. We submit these cot Mden turns to the sound judgment of the Ameri can people in general, to the men of N^w EogUnd, ot Pennsylvania, of tbe free Weatern States, to pa_ tit ular. What we have aald may give offence, bit for that? much thoogh we love and reelect toe Mf ublic- we care not, conscious that discharging tbe duty of sincere friend a towards them. 1 Terrible Scene at a Hpanlih Ball. At Madrid, a few nights back, a lady (r?ve a ball, and amongat the gueats were a M. B ? - ? - and M'lie P . It wm observed that the yuog mm coo ?tautiv kept cloee to the >oung Laoy, and b low d her when abe wt at from one put o I tbe roora to afictber. It wm also MllM that abe seemed gr<-atiy anco>ed by his attention*. Tie mot ?o- of V young lady vlabed to interfere. bat the mi^ea* of the MM, anxiona to avoid ac nnplrawio; anna, 1 prevented her. At a lata bear, a UJy of h'gh rink and her daughter a were aonotured , and ti.e wthM [ part; roae to receive them. M. R , t*kiog */? vantage of the alight corfusi< a which this created, leizcd M'lle B by the hand, and whisperel a< at: thing In her ear. Bhe tamed pal", then hlnib td, and replied In a low vol*. Thereupon the ycurg man, without saying a word, palled a po'^fn ?ri from bia pocket, stabhed the young lady in the br? ?wt , and then atahhed himself near the bear'. I Both fell batted in bl'?>d. A nurgeon was imme diately aent for, and ? n bis arrival r?e found that tba wouni of the yong lady was not mortal, <a the (oignard bad utrnrk me ?t-rnnra, ha' the young man ?aa qnte dead. It ia a?id that M. R *?ed 1 long arng'il M lie ? ? ia mtrritge, hut that ale i had n fused toa/ept h m, and that, meeting her at 1 the ball, be tad ag?in prene>d her to acnept hia ad i d ? wee, but that iM bad aHaia peremptorily re lu*ed. , FtTAt Accident to in Indiana Pionihl? i cap reap* L<lent writing trom Suu'.b . i . Indian t. un | drr date of JaLoar? 21, aay*:? Among toe in-nt important aid abotk ng occunvnoea n this n.*ig> borho. d la fie sudden death of l(r. Alexia C ?t|uH lard on the flth loatant. On the evening of the rt'.h, Co^nillaert A Miller a Hearing mill we? oon?nm-d j b> hre. I/osa ab >nt $12 000. No Innanoe. On ' Nth.ahile he waa walling ov?r anl viewing tie i bu red premiere, his footing gave way. and un-.a 1 taWd him beau foremost among the chirred timbtfr* hel. w, some tweive feet, leaving hia hraina Mattered where be fell. Lfe remained some tfcirtv minute*, i III* loac will b1* ?even ly lelt ?nnong the poor, who 1 placed inucii d? pettier re on ms benevolence." Mr. I Coquillard waa an earl* aet'ler, a trader with the Frtn:h and I'-oiai*. an! waa tbe agent employed ; to it move many Indian tritwa at the Wnat. Men* Impobtant moa Ct:BA^--*Ve hare private advices from Havana np to ite 2 lit mutant, convey ing to ua positive intelligence ( I the existence A In tenae excitenwat throughout tfe island, arising from tbe action of the Certea la Madrid oput toe question of the sale of t ie laf aid to the United States. Hecret meetings are again taking piaee al> over toe island, and thouaanda wbo heretofore were amyei agaiset the revolutionary cause have become identi fied with It, in the belief that there ie oow no other hope of camping from "ptalah domination bat la a mieoeeafnl ? evolution. Tbe beat Informed persons ia the city of Havana, aa well as la Washington city, are now momentarily expecting a m *i ssrinas out break to occmr tn Cabetaan ever before. ? Wmthmg tern Oar. TM U* ?CP. T. Bantam. (From the London Times.] Is there one amoog us, gentle or simple, rich or poor, young or old, that ha* out heard of the nan who joined the besd of a monkey t > the tail of a fish, advsi tised " a mermaid, " and " showed " It to the Yankees ?? who discovered and bought np a decrepit negrese of eighty winter*, extracted her teeth, deepened her wrinkles, shaved tier head, and palmed her off upon the citlaeoa of the tepublic aa the nnrae of their patriot, Father Washington, " aged 161 ? who encountered a dwarf at Bridgeport, Char.'ea Straiten by name, five years old, and tiro feet l igh, borrowed him from bis parents ( worthy folks to "loan" thtir offspring !) taught bin to chatter and lie almoat in a breath, and, wben thoroughly " trained, " presented bun to the Ime lican pec pie as General Tom Tbamb, tbe extra ?di narj dwarf, eleven years of age, '? Just arrived from England ; " brought him to London, and vet him before the Queen at Buckingham Palace, persnaded Albert Smith, his " particular frond,*1 to wriie a piece called " Hop "o my thumb," with a view to the exhibition of hia anort protigi at the theatres, and otherwise b.-uited his new " article" to such good purpose that tbe British public in tow a and conitrj wa? whipped into "aons'derable particular" excitement?- who made a trip to tbe midland counties, in company with tbe author of " Hop 'o my Thumb," his " particular frie..d," under whjae auspices whs I'Urcbhse.d tbe happy mmiiv of " 200" beasts. to b<- aided to tbat famous Ameiic*n Museum of " 6CO.OOO objects," ?o bouorab'.y purloined, witn the spirited o operation of " No*n Biiso, Ropes" & Co., from tbe onlu ky " lacorporavd company ?" -wto erec ed " Humbug Patace," (Irahistan.) in which h< dwells, legitimate lord aud m-wter; clscouise d, like Oily Gammon in honeyed w ma, of temperance; n aoe seimons, like tbe priests of Mo !o>h, "in tbe Giove," and otpt?d Lis exploit by putting salt upon the qniventig tail or the veritable " Swedish Nightingale" wbom be lured to "the States," proclaimed a "saint" as well a? ringer, qul.'e aa charitable as vocal, mora moiest nil a clscreet even th*n melxnous, crnt.i, patceiving fbat re bad at a?t met with i is match, In another poi t of ge neial than Goneral Vo n rhumb, a general to out g?ne-al 'bat general's prime ministr, tie " br.kt with" the " Nightingale," aud retired to Iranistan (?? Humbug Paia *,' ) th?re u rest for a time on bis bays, and suck 1 ed water C rough a uuiil intjt< ad of sherry ooboler and mint juleti? is there one among us wbo has not he&M sp -:?k of tbe u an wbo did ail these a^id man; other thing* of more or lea* a^oount? the prosperous and pushing, tbe icgeni' us, spirited, unabashed, aud " go-*-be*d Yankee, Phin?.?s ajtor Btronin? If there ba auoi a one, iet bin. declare himself, tbat hia indiO'e^nce may lecelve a just rebuke, a'o bis ignoanoe be en lightened. "N<tto know" B .ruii i, " arguas one tell unknown." We ail maat know, and ail admire him. Havirg been repeatedly acmooisbed, hy pab lishtrs and personal friends, t>j write th- story of bis life, Mr. P. r. Bwnum, undismayed by crjum st&nces tbat might l ave restrained any gentleman Hi ecu *tor of leas nototlety and candor, consen ted. Hi' was assured teat tbe do k would be "readable," and, wtiat vas more to nit mind, that, it wjold sell. We have bestowed more than ordinary space upon t'-tse "Confessions," because we seriously think that th? system of morality tbey reveal should not be >.ermittea to escape tbe strongei* censure. Ine tasy , eff-band vein assumed by tbe author in re counting bis most fhamehss expedients may oause hem to be accented Dy many as rather amusing than repiehensible, asfod tor laughter ins tend of matur fc- tevere rebnke ; hot if tbe avowal of a continued cwte cf dtsintegnty, of fraud and iai posiiion oa tbe public, I* to be tolerated as not altoge'iibr indefensible, winked at a? diverting, or, stiu worse, received with api laa?e, taiogs mast, indeed, have come to a i retty pass. Wlat is the nse if beiig holiest if the doings of Mr. P, T. b -r i om ars to be endorsed wi*.h the world's a^'iovai ? U i oer tbe motto of " go a-h*ad," we are aware that uaty to ng? may beatu)mp<?d wiih impunity which bun bet'er be left untried, miny '? nvn .lo'i-il i ties"? a coLvenient term? int raged which it w?uld lit ni'Mt s?.uuy to respect; out we havt* a higner f p<uioi> of our TransatlaatM br< thrrn than to De lieve that sue" a book as t^e " Li e" we have re vie wed 'an pissibly receive the welcome ?t .heir h?n(ts wbicb i s author- wbo, after enriching him seif at ti-eir expense, now unoiusmnglv leUa thetn, f;om Lis easy chair, that ha h*B bamboozle 1 them trom first to last- tppe<tra to anticipate. Borne vs.lee will suieijr be lifted in admoiiistiment; some stener tensor than 'be rest will advise him hhat, sm<i.g tbe "humbugs" se bas pamel upon ;he worl;, tb>- ''F?jee M era aid" not excei>'*l, this bi.-t<>ry of his lite is .he gronsest a> d most flag-aa'. Tbe Umax surpsscea al>. In the " retrospective" chsp'er. tbe summing up or tbe ' ben li s'" be aw ?"nies to have ct nlerrea upen his "oenntrymea a. d ccunirywrn.en, us a minister t>i tbe<r mstruotioh and happiness" (!), Mr. Barcum, with an andacitv that sets deocrnm at d^flani e, ventures on the foilowing estimate of b<m>elf:? An h buxinsrp man, DD<1oubt*illy, my prime object bas been to put nioni-y in n; pur-c. I succMded bt-yond my moat tangulnr MUticipationx, an>! am natiiUed; but whit 1 Iistc lo re raid will prepare tbe reader for what I con eeive to be a just ana altogether reasonable claim, that I lave been a public Une'uctor to an extent seldom pa rallel* o in the n stories of proteased and professional phi luntbropiRts (!) "Hunibng"is too vague a term to apply to sa^h nrpsral's-ied effiontery. If ibis pa?ses current in Mr. B*raum's own country, he may at taun rest as sure i that it tss no > bancs here. Misrepresentations of tile Abolitionist Prut. Coldw ater,, Jan- 3, 1865. TO TDK EDITOR OF TBI HERALD. Is tbe Weekly Herald of the 23d December Ivit, utder tie bead "Mis eiunejus," la a paragraph (copied iuadTertent1?, no doubt,) from one of the many s lancers of toe New Yo. k Frtbune, or its puny Western rival in mendacity, tt.e Cincinnati Gazette. The article alluded to above says: ? "A man wan re cently proved guilty, at Indianapolis, of violating tbe ae veuth section cf the Fugitive Slave law, bat the jury would not render in their verdict unless ths Judge would promise to remit the fine the aot im poses mb a penalty for tee oftm e, which waa agrwd to, and the juty thereupon brou*:>t in their verdict, that the pr<aoi>< r ray a tine of ttfly dollar* and be >mpri??ij? <1 one hour in the court room." The toiegoing statement, pub'.iabed fltat in the Cincin nati Vusttte, and then republished in toe Tribune, revUM, improved aua adoried with sundry euts and engraves strlen from the "Key to lira. Uucle Tom Belcher Stop's Cabin," la a sheer fabrication, false in every particular, a b >*e slander on tha Judge aid juiy, ana well cai ulated to mislead ths public mind in regaia t? the admin.stration or jestlcs in Indiana, bring discreditupon the court and disgrace ?pnn the State, when publlphed in a journal ao universally read and credited aa the New Yore Herald. In justice to all con' erned, I hope you will con foiit to publish the facta 'a t.he case, "and leave to the Ti to unt and its co-laborers in treason an nqdlt tub? d mor<"polj in tbe uu worthy Uek of fabricating, jobrr alizing and publishing tue moat absurd false hotd< in texard to (South; rn nun, unscrupulously ?n?eil i g their inst tutions, and heaping up inoun uin bi*h tho grosnest calumnies auu siaadns on the heavs of jndgea jurors, and all effloera who dare vu.duate tbe law, with a malignity and frrecity not torperaed by tbe Dantoas and Robespierre* of the ; French revolution; and all with the oool philosophic assurance of Voltaire and other illumxioux Fienoh atheists that the philoenpher O eeley knows so well bow to imitate, whoee principles he a<) insiduously inculcates, and whose atroc lies his successful preaching w uld be sure to re-enest. Tbe cafe referred to waa that of B. B.Waterhonse, indicted U*t Mav In tne United H'atee District Court of Indiatu, for aiding fugiave a'.aves to eac ips lr? m Kentucky, or, in Tiber words, for noting as Londnckr on the under-ground railroad, a secret orgaci/a>i'in for robbing Southern men of their property, and c< nveyirg it beyond their reaeh. The case whs ao fuIiy rui-tained by the testimony, (hit (Jec. Jniien the prisoner's principal coumwI, and late aliootkro candidate for Vice- President, made no I attenpt to vudicate bis c lent other than tbe m *t j vindictive sa-aulta n^oo the character of the wit nem* in the cate, and the ?ffi<*rs Itstrnrnental in 1 feireting out acd bringing to jnstloe ens of the phi- I lanihri pic individual* who tbitik stealing a oertaiD ' number of Degree* from Kentnckian* a aura passport to heaven. Cytus Fillmore, in an espewtal manner, cacc in for Julien 'a particular attent on In vftnpe raticn ard abuse; he p?-niert unt upon his head Ml the pent up vials cf his wrath, with the double pur pose nndnub fdl) of a-wnl ug ex President Fill more, and raising party feellug* in the mind* of the iuroia that were democrat*. Hon. R. (J. Thompson closed the ca?e for the i United States, in a most lcg>>*al. eloquent and pa triotic *pe?ch of more than three boon, breading 1 away tbe cobweb rophtstry of opposing oounstl with , an ease ar d gcod nature reailv amasing, and with a < keen cutting arder current of satire and *1?n'rable j tact turnei back upon their own heada tbe anafts i of malevolence buried with sn;h fury at offloers and I witnesses, la a manner t .at made them shrink fro u I the gsxe m the bystanders, and their cheek i crimson ! with staffs. After receiving tfce charge of Judge Hantlngtoa, tbe jory retired and brought in a v*rdi -t of guilty. That, every lawyer knows, is aJ they < onld do. The power of impoeing the fine is reserved by law to the Judge, and be ? zeroised it by lining Waterbooge fifty dollars and imprisoning him one Irar, witboat sny understanding whatever with the Jury. And aD this clamor of the aa J-Nebraeka press is founded upon the msrest Action. Jrsrtca. Pr rerrs it ah Ol> Mar ? We learn that Mr. Walter J. Thomas, as old, reepected and wealthy ntident of Onrotlne, Tompkins ooonty, eomaUMed 1 sulsids by hanging klnmif on the 2 Jd inst I The LaMtfUit Ihrtiw Wdhlnvton Cm*. [Comspondance of the Arktuu Whif ] G alex a, Dee. 19, 1854. The Martha Waahington caae which, for tne last two years, has been the untiring theme with a oer tain olaae of newspaper publishers, has this eve ning suddenly vanished into "thin air." It will bs recollected that, at the Inst term of this court, Capt. Cumjaings, and Holland, the mate of the ill fated boat, Nicholson, the clerk, and the Messrs. Chapln, Earl, Kiseane, Cole, and others, were indieted for bntniog the boat, and also for the murder of certain passengers on board. The above named persons, except Nicholson, had been illegally kidnapped in Ohio, and dragged to this place in ire as on the charge that ibey had committed the crime in this Biae, aad fled from justice. On a motion then made for bail, the ooart very properly fixed it at a large som; bat on a?plicitioa to leduce it, on beating tbe eviden e, and on argu ment cf oounsel, Menwrs. Pike and Fowler, of your city, tbe former for toe prosecution and the latter for t e prisoners, their bail was redaoed to a reaacnab e sum and they all gave security and re turned to tbeir homes. Ai tr >s term, the captain, mate, Earl, and the Me>ai a. Cbapins, were in attendance and allready for trial. Ounsei for the State, Ur. Henry A.. Badham, State 'h Attorney, t.nd Messrs. Moore <fc Sutton, nil John C. Painter, of cais place; and Mr. Walter C "to man, of Memr bis. For tee defence, Messrs. Hanly &, Atexander, Jacksoti A Craiy,ofthis plane; Messrs. Wni T> Brown, and E. M. Yerger, of Mempnis; and Mr. Fow'er, of your cuy. Caut. Oiimn g s was 1'nt put upon h<s trial on' tbe < k< go ol murder j ?nd hi Su e, after produ on g ail herevioenoe, and making an entire failure, refused to submit it 10 the Jury on her own ev dmoa, aril entered a null* prvityui on the indictment tor murder. 1 be pat ties then being arraigned on the indict meLt tor ktiou, pleaded severally, the captain and mate, not gui:ty, and tbe three M> ssrs. Oiapin and Earl, t-p?> lai'.y to the jurisdiction ot tae court, pro testirg their inno ence of any < rime, an i averting i hat it aiiy was committed t':at th y we e at t^e time iu t/ e Stale of Ohio, and not amenable to the la vs ot tfeiv Hiate, which couid only punish those who did tbs de?-d within its limits t^ey necessarily being gui'ty ag* nts, and alone responsible. TMh plea was oe ided in their favor, and they were out barged. On this question Judge Adams delivered a wiitcea opinion, which I ptesnme will be published, and which of itself, with all legal men, aside from other cla m? to mer.t, must piace hm on ulga ground at a lawjer and a jucge. Capt. Cutnminis was thf n put upon his trial, on tbe indictment tor arson, which e oca pit d nearly a wet k. The widest le? ;al scope was given to evi den e on tfce part of t e pro-ecatnn; and even oq tbe supposition t\at it was entitled to full c-e'lit, wtic1' nob- <iy present believed, it did not eveuraue a repptctible suapidon of gu It against any of the parties charged. Yet, that the whole matter might be doubly dear, a part oi the evidence was introduced, whicu made ?he defence full, peifeot. and bey end all question. It was fully proved by olerks, mere aata draymen, and otheiH in Ciccinnati, who had bandied the pro duce and goods slumped, and by pl ots, haods and passengers on the boat, that every pound of freight for which irsuraice bad been taken, on tie part of CummlBga, the Charms, Earl, Cole, and Kiisaue, bad been actually shipped on tne boat, in good order. It wan alro proved that Cumminga had paid tO 000 fur the boat, and was making hu first \T\i> with re', iiaviog only insurance on her to tM amount of $4,600, neatly hia entire means being in vested in tre boat; and tnat he had other freight on board sufficient to m*ka the trip one ol hand some pr fit to him. It was also proved that tbe boat took fire about midnight, in the midd e of the Mississippi river, on tbe oddest night during the winter, with no moonlight, and everything aliof>ery with ice, the banks frozen, ana ice floating in the river, and at a place where the banks of tne river were mere < iflieuit to ascend man any oiher on the lower Mississippi It was also fully proved tbat the captain, mate and clerk, at tbe eminent peiilot their lives, made every eflb-t to save, aco did save nearly ail uw pas cecgers; and that Capt. Cummlngs, with Holland, the mate, in a last desperate ? Sort to save a lady and ber two little daugn.ers, wera envelope 1 in j smoke and fire; and when tbe fire ? al frightened or driven tbeir oarameu away from them witu the jawl, ne e almost miraculously saved by a c&noe trom a coal boat a eideutaliy uassiag, won h in the luht moment snaw hod ih?m t rom tbe tongue of the devouring flames, lo tbeir testimony this scK-sacii 3clng, herric conduct, aid tint ttv> fire -*aa a mere accident, tie passengeis and all the survivors and uianimour y concumd. Indeed, in this ttie proof clear iy shewed, tbat instead of infauiy and a dung* on, L'ummings *vss rather entitled to a monu ment tor b;s c< urayn and humanity. 'i he evulerce Laving been closed lsst bight, and tbe Hme leaving faicd entirely to make proof, and tbe deter ce b wing pne>l u< mountains of evidence to as to it-move nil d< ubt>, Mr. Yerger announced :hat tje dtfen e wotnd ciose tbeir evidenoe, al'/iough :bey had several depositions not yet .eau, aod sove rsl witnesses under the rale, wbie^i the prosecuMon mi|.bt call in ard cross-examlue if they thought propi r, and at tne same time proposed to submit be esse to the jury without argument. This the SMseiuHcj) declired, announcing that three of them esirtd to address tbe jury. Tne court tben, ai'u>r staling that three on eath side might arnue the cause, being Lmikd to two hours each, adjourned till this morning. When tbe court met this morning, Mr. Fowler arose snd announced to the court that tils colleagues i ao ifrolved that under no contingency would tuera be bat one speecb tor tfce defence, and again calmly proposed to submit the cause to tbe jary without sr> argument at all, which the prosecution again declired, assigning as one reason, that one ot them, Mr. rainier, from tbe position which be bad held in the case, felt it incumber^ on him to addreu tne jnry, and argue tbe tacts and law involved. It being ?ben ascertaiLed tbat be, as well a a Mr. Csleman, Fowler and others, would speak, a number of ladies assembled to the entertainment. Mr. Palmer spoke tre full two honrs allotted nim, in behalf of the pro secution, and i.aopg ether things, intimated that the counsel fcr tbe defence wished to avoid an encounter with him, on tbe law aod facta, waa the reason for their proposition. When he bad conduded, Mr. Fowler a#ain, tbe third tune, proposed, and said ae did it in all "aLdor and seriousness, that aa the gentleman had now defined his position and unbur dered himself, they wodd still aubmit the cause without an> argument on their part. Tbe propo sition waa tlen accepted; and, attar an able charge tr. m tbe court, the jury, after an abeenoe of fifteen mil utee, returned avercict of "not guilty." Hal land was also then discharged. Thus baa ended in smoke, a prosecution with which the publi) has been regaled with miraculous s.ories ot horrid crime, for two years paat. Marriage a, Blrtha ??id Deatlti In Sew Jeraejr [from the I ren'oa Ua/<ttei, Jan. 27.] In pniBuanre ot the act of 1849, the Secretary of State du prepared hia aon-tal repoit of the birtha, nairiagea aud dcati<a in the BUte during the put ?wr, which will be pteaected early next week to the ?giclHtare. Aa tliw atactica are valuable now, arid are yearly growing mare and mam no, it u tu be regmt- d ti at the oifloeta whose anty it (a to col lect, register ar<d pref?rve tb<sm, in ao many in nancts, oeg)e> t their dutj. Ol tue 102 town* hi pa in the State, tort j- four hate made no return of t&e r umber of drains; forty bave made no ratura of blrtha; lorlj -eight bave made oe return ?f marriagea, anu thirty ei(m! bate mado con tarn tnitw. The report U very elaborate, giving the return by iowuabipti, the u'^e una iwx ->f thf*e who bave died within the year, ind tlie aexof the children born, and >Le imn ea and occupation* of parent*. tVe give, in aubmarforra.the i.c^reg-vt?j oi each county, being aa much on we cau tluu room for. Chu%( irt. broth.,. Bn'ilM. Marriage*. At. hp tie till 127 4."> I'rrin Ill *83 68 Hurliugtaa f>!'2 1,218 248 fumJra vl- JS'J 187 ('ape May t''l lf>5 20 e'umberuind 241 UK) 153 F#-t* 2.1' 1 3,i..;8 1,MS (tloucrater... Iltlt 4 3d 6? HU'Ikd M 74 113 Hunterdon.,,. ... 652 144 Mener.... i M3 341 Ui.UI??e W t>V!> 22i VoDmeatb 24* 4m 8 MB Motrin iiii 4H4 183 Oc?ftDMtl, 110 208 85 h* MC ?M 178 821 fatam..,, 407 83 ft iTH-r-rt 1M 70 tluatri 2^2 447 122 Wairen H20 737 180 ToM 6,8. 3 12,1,02 4.242 Tbtre Utinrea only apprcxima e the true amount of t?,<> I', in?rfi??''H auu d'aita, aa the only counties in the fltale wueh bave made complete re tui n? aro Pa*e*ic and Cnmbeiiaod. The other* have at at re'tunn (rom oniy a part of tbe V>wnaUit>a, Bur Kngton ; " \ 'i k cmitud nx.Andf erralof theotbera fi< ra three to hve townrbija. Merocr orJy givea oom plcte return* h m ?lx ol Ue nine toanabipt. Tnr. WniAT Cuor is Vihoish.? It ia atated that tlie *b?al trup in tba_ valley *-ounti?i of Virginia la Irokn.g r< markahlj toe. No laaa^ ha- Wo eunta nod fnn fie*iiop, ?n-l uo?>r the g<-uial illKta of tha flue ?pAih?-r for the |*?t week or mora, ia improving much. Tbe Kirbaor 1 W Aty aaj*:? A large ijuuo'lty of wheat ??> rown Uat fail in that #' c'm.o of tbo and wtliuut tb? interference of tlia fly, join' w?,im.%r tometbiag of Uia aort, an aHaadant hareeat may b? ? I pec ? ad By tba uaa of gaaao In tbfae rmitiN. lb* vknl leada Kava bean mueb improved, and the qnaotlty of wheat prodn-ed greatly la, reaaed aa haa h?n the eaae aleewher*. Hut little of laat jaar'a vbaat rrop ia !? ft ia Ikal part of tha State? nana near re ly or eirwrtalion The home ooonuarption will reqaliw nearly, if not all, that haa been r.'lalaed, and It I* are dieted tbai flour w. II brag eonething like tea dollar a par barrel there before aeat harveet "??'JJJ* ?'?J* Wwufcto PHmmi flbr an Attempt to Rmcm a VagHlv* IUtc. D*xntD- orii?ioN op thi judoe The Krt SSfi*1* W"COn*i"' J" *J I. Tor J ""f ?al ta thi cm of Booth, i 'R?? ground that two of the jurors expressed opinion? advene to the canae ef the defendant pre that the ? ooit charged th* SSuumS 5Jr*^>'^o/the Marehal it i iSRfi Si^-U s.viss'ffjssi ino^BBd ^u00*1^? of thb 0<Bo#r antil the beir ?f? toe person arrested was merely i5 "J ?Wer P1*?*. not under the cereol the 8h? riff cr jailor, bat under persona soe ciaby appointed dj tne offloera for that purpoee. In anpport or the first point, aeveral tx parte affidavits in the handwriting o I thi defonc/ant'a attorneys were re*d for the dotdom J3,? that wiiiM, Kinkier and JoJffT TrelTSS ef the jaion, (More the trial, made uae <A ex? preaaiona advene to the defendant, and that he w^i pucieoed. This ooart has never, within my reooileetlon, granted a new tria upon ,x pa, u affidavit, drSwn aa these are. Va ttue practice ia to hate depoeitiona taken, upon no 7?ole ^"ersatians, and declarations can be obtained Irom tne ivitueaa upon maanxitni "iou: ?^h la the practice in t?ta olSrt ^2 nerhf ? * t hearing upon theae affidavits ma fttnrViLe coo?io*red a waiver of the role. Th I""" be'wa ?worn in the caae were examined on th?w /*' Md tlley ?*Proaaly ansrered tha th? DOf ,orm#d nor expressed an opinion aa 1 1 ^mLati>o? n^eC?" ofUla d,f"n<1?ut- *bile thi* i .i. ** *!S,D* on> ?ome ot tbe persona wbj have made these ?fllda?irs were in the Wt loom /?' Jbe dtfendaat aaid at the argument o? demotion, that during the tnal aome of theae wit T?m? ii'tvli ot I,rertoua expressions of nt thi' I. v p?reona present at the examination mil ^ Jur?r bao gmn tbe information then thev thf ?"?, Joror 00010 h,Te ttoen examined as to the matter; and it true that ne had itade the ex* u'aftu'dMibf^h^i W?"'d haT" 6een ?zotaded ; or, r_. I ? h*d commenoea and witoeisea ex amined tue defendant's attorney nad brought l no matter to the notice of tbe ?ourt, itwoufd hSe tfcithrtfJCWn 1 ?t0' *Dd trne? tb0 juror could be withdrawn and tbe ewe continued, aco^rdinir to the K"5H? !?? Sum SSTttt'&.'S va. Morris, 1 Curtis Re;.. 23.) We cannot favor a *Vtly h T'i rBt '*to hl" chance vnth the jury, ?V ohJecli0DS to ary of tham. 1.T ^ J1 re DO m*anB ea isfactory: tnev ?ith mttWiTT lb" olr-umetarcea connect*! TU ?nu0 tK)i; *{ 1,or t,je ?"?vafsatk>na. ite reaiue ot Glov r and its attendant < ircum etanree, and the aubject of thia prosecution have before the public in a>me form or othor, to t u'.h an extent tt at it might be impuaaibie to nr? cure a jury ?bo had not saio s metliing on tbe sub & _Uy tbe oeftndent hlamc:f thia very public a:t b?tore the pubbc. ?(i. ^er ,by hl8 ?ffldavit oxplainiog tue oonveraa tion, clearly i emovea all obje Loi.* aa to htm. ^ affidavit, positively states, that at the time ue was sworn aa a had not ex whetb?r the oerendaat wai ?! h0* ?n,lt> 01 *b? matters alleged agaiiut ct fclJiw t ,That be has no recollection g i exprrsaed an opinijn tbtt the defen ^ 3 "l00^ gujl,-y tf t&e offence aUeged agaiiat him, or should be puj isbed therefor, prior nf flif f TnCt gi? tte verdicT ; but belie? jt hat he or eu f xpretw d opuiona that the persons iruiltv of ? oJV" Bbo^ld J" co^ated and ponisaed.wd ^ u tle lll&t t5e d?'eniact, if so guilty, ? h H Im? 0c.I1T'?c1t?? Md Pnntahed. That be hureiMl he aflidavita filed, and that if he ever used auch expiei-aions aa are Hated in thoee affidavits be hat Ita'ffiS h ftI'd b"?wa b. Dev? ?S; J things, because he knJWa he had not .ome to an} opinio i cn tne subject. Jbe expnaaiona aa stated in the affidavit, to bave been mare by Treat are strong, bat for thi c?r>nSJitVhd &?d M thili M fcxoerdiogly pl,ta c?fe u,jon the eviaenee, so plain that thi jurv could not do othtrwiae ?ban convict, toe court now does ? 'J 'tted ln, ?rantlr? thU ? "tion upoa tlose umatwrattorj affidavit, accompanied F^ ^Xp titM,i0n of the -iurof ,n ba affidavit quai!f y^Cj"(?/.WpUllai1 ftgaUihl cttB c-""ne do not uia dderid^th ln. arT7t ?! JQ ,?ment I hive coa Wk.iii. ? t?ire to i la correct dsoi-ion. f? ia linoambent upon tbe prose 1 n to prove on these indictments for tne timber 1H?0 Pth?"thl?,Ufcd up n th0 1401 ?r ^P" tenjDer 1?jO, that tbe person rescued la a u?r?n "wmg service or labor ud that h?i a^JTiT! ^rVr^ch 8??d lawyers and judges may ? 'k ,on lllM' been, that ujon iodic ^ rant ai teat a?H 'm? '* ' V"1' M5ttin* fo,t0 tb? war V^d T ue ,rom tfe custody of the offi ceiF, b taking rheceventn and eignth se tiona to gether, pr of teed rot be made of tbe slavery and Z%VJ,ertrr ot lhe P*rson arrested. He is described in tre wartant as soch person, and as ? "'e waaanested and rescued; aud in tbe Thf 'ection he ia called tbe supposed funiiive. The i-oretru tion of statufea by Judges of tne Su ft DC?tSnrfo? rhWie?!Jniled 8,*te'' "" H"oald tL^wWh ( h be> h4*6 for consulta I bave not; and to that court tti? court " Mdlt?on 10 the autboritiee refer red to in He charge upon thia nuhj?ct,I am advised court 8D opinion of oth^r judges of that wa? * *n 'P?*ed and alleged fugitive, and cued waaarreattd upon tbe warrant, and re? oveT"?l?d- I^gal prooeca In thi. ?a ! ? Marinal, the executive officer of this court, *aa violently /edited in open ointemut ?p,,h of ,7 .? bad to be met in the dne administra tion ot juatice, and tbe maintenance of oar boasted pmiltge* and rigbta nnder our free institutions. I hia rpirit did not >.eaae with the commission of tne ^".tut *" b?en kept nP; and the curt, ?d Ita officeis and jurors, have been tohjeotcd to gross pteiettationa. Under ah taeee clrcumetaoc-a n,?ei^ rm,kuce of, lheit Bever*1 officii acta, no ^ i. ?^5T a doDe than dn'y "Quired; and ^ "d tbeir coadjutors would Sf ?b'iged to do It they wese called upon ^ndUob*;*"_tfcMe official duties. Neither the !? . !? nor JUfie8 bave matifest fnidufa^ Witt againat either of tbe-e ce if cdaLta. while they bave regretted to have h??n impelled to per'orm tbeir reapective do. ice they have^ reiiated a 1 outside pressure with the ttrmneea ihl^iL o/?int Mbj' th* 111 tb? faithfnl dia t^i^?K m? mwi '*f r,t" tbe occurence of ^,iil . ?L mor# tban I do. Rach outraeee gov? ii m nu* ^ fXi'toDoe of a free and popular tariifin of 'be w "*? and the verdicu of the juries in there ca^es are not proper subjects for anl madverekir . The com* endeavored to reaiat an extra preranre upon tbe administration of iustije in IV & "wd, eaaea of guiiT,Jr.d thS 1511!-*% ni<re ">?"> their oaths required of horeet men. Tne case- were so clear of doubt, that HM .iST M.d Jnfy we,e 10 do "therwise than they ^H^y^?nld proT* their own imbecility or co' rnption. The court would have been justified in ft? C?t^n from ad?cing more Uan oi. ^ Til? . pra9f ln "nopwt of the iniic nwnte, 5. /rt!iUtl!we W<M* ,oor t?n?a more evidence ' of tbe defendant a pullt than waa nece?ary to aatla i *LJ **t mil,di and if the warrant bad b.-en anylother '??' a c^n rlotion wonld bave been maca without a murmur firm any individual eave poeeibly the delendante tbema^lves In tt is tb?- cnuntrv .U law. ara aJiTe hiding nod most be cfiforocd tiiic a poo all. Tbe#t cases weie so dear of doubt that a iuror who ?cuid refuse to convict, would be aui:r v of S'averv being conacientionaly du?ap piovrd of by strne of the jurore to my knowledge fn*1- 'i f PrBC,PJ*1 wbe'h?r all lawa at. a, I beeo-' ,fo.c? d f caaiict txihted whether or n-A the t .C!T* ? . , l,w ?id of the court* thomd bs re ?i^ted with im\ ni.ltj ; and to the credit of thi* hLate ord? r ?l,y' 11 '* det?nnined in favor cf law and Bat it is ft ecnree of regret that the Marshal, ft highly rcspectftbie oUlzen, abouid he the only innocent man to ?nfler. By law he is liable to tbe cit mau* or the full lvalue of the fugitve in the Fute of Missocri ; and ft sott 'a pending Id this Ccnit, by Garland, the Claimant, against him nod hia sureties. If GarWnd pr .ven that Glover was bis *l?*e, and that ho en-Aped from Missouri, tbe Marshal an.i his ball rami pay the value of tlx- fugitive id that State, notwithstanding ibe ttmiUve waa resetted by superior force. He was obHgrd by law to ?ei?e the warrant , and be i* now liable Pf on tbat watr?nt. He sbralid not be left to mfler tin* kcocently. The mej<*ty or the lawn of UeKrd Is vindicated bv these conristiann. Ofber tinea ta found at this term, without my knowl edge until jites* nted is c urt by tbe Grand Jury, are pending. Fnruer sgitetion of that disrt-prtth'e ? flair n.ay be pnjudkial to tbe interests of tbe par t'tr, without bet editing in the least any person ; I bad hoped that tboee who inflicted the frj-iry nim a ottaen of a neighboring hJta'e, and have rvongbt pe ? or iary embarrassment upon ? worthy < t, w.nld before this, hare voluntarily discharged a ligal nnd just duty by rendtrlng c-mpensfttkHi. I hope rich may yet be rftne.snd t all farther trials bt ttopped. All rebellions cttlsen* now see that legal prcc* in ti>e bstds of the proper ifflcer, cannot be opitoaed with insanity. Tbtre is ? wi4* dlffbresce between these two de fendants. Ose Is aa honest, indnstrions, hard-work iig nxcbasic, pit tend lug to no distinction; aod alio such s man as through tbe means tued oa that cccftfion, might be tbooghtlesaly excited to hueh, *t? n in the astounding < atrage of breaking the Jail. Ike other le a man of the wise, a man of infloeuoe, a speech maker, scd resolution rnuner soon that oo raaton,an4 one who it sssme wo aid be more willing to t icite ttmpte minced men to do the work sad to rtek th?ir i enoeal stfety in committing that overt act, than to do tt himself. While the extreme oT law would be i mild panlebment for the ootn committed by thia defendant, I am iIimIM ll be bM bat recently risen from abed of akkMB, a that bia health la not jet folly reetored. Uw ancb circumstances, tbe court la not to be vindicti bnt merciful; and I shall do what I should reel mend tbe President to do In oaae of the ???*?"< health of a prisoner. Tbe lory in the otae of ] craft recommended that a light aeateaoe be pas upon him, to wbich I readily aocede. Tbe court sentences Sherman M. Boo h that be impilaoned far one month in tbe Jail of Mtlw kle county, and all) in auoh other nnsona or pla< aa tbe Gcurt or the Judge thereof may from time time direct, and (bat he pay a fine of one thouai dollara, and the ooata of proaeoutkm to be tax and tbat be be and remain in cuatody until thia a tence be complied with. The court sentences John By craft that he be 1 prlaoned for ten daya In tbe jail of Milwaakle cot ty, and alao in tuch other prisons or plaoee aa I court or tbe Judge thereof may from time to tt direct; and that he pay a One of two hundred i are, and that he remain In custody until tbe a tence be compiled with. Strike on the Bate Canal. ? THE MILITARY (JALLKD OUT. [From the Itocbester Advertiser, Jan. 36.J It haa been bbvoi al times stated, that a portion he men employed nt-on the enlargement juat 01 he city line weat, and ao on for four mi lee, mora ec?, have been engaged upon a strike for big wages. After a few day a of ldleneaa, a majority tbe laborers were willing to resume work, butl movers in the game, determined they anould not t ess their demands for more pay were eompli with. These who have attempted to work hi been mo'ested. including not only auoh as were gaged in digging, but the te austere also. Wh ever a team waa brought out, it waa taken forcil posset8ion of and put b&< k into the i table. Y terday, a German took a barrow for the purpoee going to work, when be waa pounced upon and verely beaten. One of the overseers waa alao hunt aiong tbe line for the purpose of being aaaaii' i and some went so far aa to threaten his life. t Among tbe leernat operations to ttositp,'* those upon the jobe of Ira B. R. Wood and P. Potier, none of whose men are allowed to wo thongb many have expressed a wish to resume. I approving of tbis method or intimidatl >n, tb contractors appealed to tbe Sheriff of the com for redress, and this torenoon a posse waa au mcntd f<>r the the purpose of repairing to the lot rf the sirkes, with tbe iutent of pottiug au end th*i syren of ever Ion by irhica men were deprti of (be right to labor for those in whose employ tl were. It is to be hop- d that the reign of mob 1 will be of she rt dura* ion in thia section, ho we potent it may be else where. In the course of the forenoon to day such reo (?enratio'.s were made to tbe proper authorities tl any attempt to arresi the leading canal riit would be rtsisu d, Peer iff Wood worth made the I lowing requisition upon the military of the elty: RocHKTKR, '20th of Jan., 1855, 1 Company A of Rochester Union Grays, j C. O. Lec, Capt.of tbe Union (Jrsyn ? Itear fc-ir ? There ban Ofen romp laiot ma< e to the p per authorities of the county of Monroe tbat a riot uts nitli tbe laborers on the Krie caual, In the towns (iates and Greece, in haul county, and that precepts b been duly issued to arrrst several of the said rioV and it is represented to me by food and reliable aatn< ty that there will be a htrong renlitance made to | vent the execution of the said precepts: You are ben commanded and required by me, the undersigned She of tbe county of Monroe, to call out your said compt of Union Grays, armed and equipped, to aid ;me la execution of toe said precept*. C. B. WOODWORTH, Sberifl In response to tbi? requisition about forty fin M- jor G. G. Lee'a c<>mmat.dat oo e repaiied to tb aimrry and preiand thenwlvea for duty. Ei man i? arm d with a mutket and twenty-one red) of ball cartridge, bnt. it is to be hoped no occm for using them w-ll arihe The ( ompeny start sle'ghs lor the scene of disturbance at abac o'ciock. Restoring the Officers of the Canadian Pad War. It will be remembered that the last official of Lord Elgin was to cause a nutioe to itMr'ed In tbe Canada Gazitu, to the effect t tie clemisstd annexationists would be reito to tbtir fi rmer positions in the militia, and U were invited to avail themselre* of the act of ck ercy, by ommuni at leg their desireato the gort men'. By some, it waa considered tba* Lard Bl ii tended to conoummate tbe aot hi (me If, and (I add totne insult injury, effected by theexeioiie an arbitrary po?er. Buch was not the iatontl however, tor it now appeuathat tbe notice la qi tion was aiven ?impl> ?i h a view t > direct fid teatioi, or tbe paClktMMl to the sabject, ".he following circular, addressed to the respec; partita, wiliaiow:? Aujitant Gknxkal's Office, ) Qcubkc, January 9, 1866.) Pin? I am cotrmacoed by the Governor Geae to lufoim ycu that the alt ation of his Excel lei tbe late Governo General having been drawn, tore bis departure from the province, to tbe pom of tbe several parties who were removed from oil -met to held by them under the Crown, for ? ir hg to irocure ti e severance of the connect between Great Britain a-d Canada, and to an this province to the neighboring republic ; t his Eioelleicy being impressed with tbe be tbat the state of ie* ling wbicb gave rise to that | ctfdlrg bas happily parsed away, and that the i jor tj of tfcoee w! o t ok part in it are deeplfa s'Ue tbat the advance meL t and prosperity & ccnntry have been promoted, and coa.intie to ms*ntamed by Its remsiticg a dependency of Gi Britain, was p CHeed to order that the parties (erred to be restored >o their rortner, or sitmlar rai and appointments under the Crown, aa soon and so far as ?. ircumnta. ces would permit. It is left with tbe Governor General to carry I efl? c nt liberal intention of his predecessor; I h.t Excellency having no doubt that you eoneui the viewa above expressed, commands me to o manicate to you that he will be prepa< ed to dii your reappointment to your former rauk in the ? tia, ot being atturedor your intention to eervt tbat force. An early answer will oblige. I bave tbe honor to be, air, your most obedl bumble servant, A. DeSallabkrhy Lieut. Colonel D. A. G. II Meeting of the Crnctnnatl Llqaor D**l?r| (From iki Cincinnati Commercial, Jan. 26} Pursuant to adjournment, the landlords of principal hotels, m eu rants and public nooses L acmbied at the But net Hook yesterday afterne| to take advisory measures in regard to the late d> kion of the Hon f me Court of thie 8?ate of Ohio, i taming tne constitutionality of the " Liquor Lai lbs attendance was numerous, and toe meet! conducted with decorum and an unanimity feeling. i On motion, an agreement waa d awn up biadfl ite feigners to pay toe various sums affixed to tlfl name*, for the purpose cf raising a fund to mat! the tsiociation in taking such legal steps as til nay deem advltory in resisting the law. Abfl thiee thousand dollars were subscribed fjrthia pi pot? j eater ay afternoon, and a oommittee of thf was api oinfed to ciiouiate tbe subscription Hat | tisnauuta sm<>Dg tbe landlords throughout city. On mrtlon, it was unanimoua'y agreed that oce could become a member of the association | paying into the trew>nry the sum o ( five dollars, il amsud for violating the law, in order to see to tbtnueivee the beneit ot mutual protecttm, if n>ukt psy sn aJditional sum of fort* Are dollars. ? Alter tbe testing aod approval of the m Mr. A. B. Cok man, f cm tbe commute* on Mors, t ported the roUowing:? Har-cl v?1, That all petauDk violating the ttaaday o r>i> nrr ? pre liibltlng tte ia> of liquor on the Sabbat eli a II be eicluded Irom a ny and all beneBta of the Aj elation. KeaoWed, That an txeratire committee of thro* be jointcl to rec?l?e in 'her*e tli? fundi collected, take aoch atrpa aa may b? nt>re-??rjr for tba protect of tbi?e who bara f at >er>l.e?l. and to attend to a>T prw??cutlor?a aa majr arm undar the '-Unuor Iaw' tbe Male. M'Smb. Yonqg. of the Wirne Hon**; Caleman| be Burtet; and Selves, of the Ht. Charles, were printed tbe <x mnnttee. Tbe German Catholies of New Haven R 0* m Piles*. The Prman Catholic B'uhop of Hartford WUh* 01m a man parish at Nrw Haven, and fort V or pose hss sett a tiernnui Catbdio piieat a?< hese people to get itagoicg, whereupon they h ac'oued tie follow n? resolutions by way of pro sgslnst tbe pro- eetLu*. They do not lo.ik very p petous for the Rigtit ite v. gentleman's pr< jeot: ? l'.mcWed, that we. Koiran Cattaolica, eaioeaUy n laat aaainit auah prt*e?d ilk- and dac'ate to tba Rl| Kit. Bitliop that we do nit want atierman Roman Ca' f lie prieat here in New ilavn. kaaolved, That wa hare anlTrrnl alr?*djr la ear fatherland too much |>r.??tcr*'t and kingcraft; tl at wa nere, la onr new hom?. ttiank our L>ord and ? in at li a?t thirty ehurchee other tlian Roman CaUx Ihnt wa are fr?a frum that y ke, and that arery oa | ni can worahip hia (iod according t* hi* beat belief conecieac*. Reanlved, That (theae reaalutkna be sent to lbs R? | Bar Buliop A Cacsk for Sticide.- The canse* why An . Pale committed suicide at Walpole, N. IL, wseek be bad been to California, and ha4 saved ssepe I ? Ik ht ?konsand dollars from his gnlna wmH tbe moet of watch be invented in ChaabJWIM?r | itcck, and its depreciation weighed hewvWTw bin spirits. Hetel akoM ?*?LT!rT7I dollars within a few days by tee MNM> >** firm. Besides these loansa he had property sms bet did not think so.

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