Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 17, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 17, 1855 Page 4
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A, . - ?C 1VEW YORK HERALD. iamr a fiORDun bknuwtt, PROPRIETOR AND EDTTl H. wnow n. v. oouan ha*8ao asv ruirom ttn AMCfiK*XNT3 THIS 1TRNIKO. ,V"S7;?s:v>* ????.?? >i>u m Bdiiumi. '*?*? Jack Sut-r ?ORTOM'B IHBATKE, Chamber* Joh* WH1K 3HAL1. i Dllil -SwiKTllLi&tl As LI WlVBa. 7ALLA CE'B THS.ATAJE, 3ru?d?fcf? Oam* or Lirt - OfMCJOAJt AND TUB rAIBIZ*. AMERICAN JTCTffCVM? Att?roo-?m? Dos r?<?* di Iaiax GTCklag Rom* a Viai>ow? - Tin Smith*. ?WJ VINSTRSL9, U<ihABl?i> H?1I? 17J ?r?Mwsy RCCRIEY'9 OPERA !I9C9R, S3 9 nr??iw?y-9"o?. ?.??'? Htmiohaw On a a Taovpa. Hew York, Saturday, February 17, 1S55. T.'ie New*. Our Washington despatches are very interesting. Tbo motementa of the government to checkmate fee fililusters are minutely detailed. Ve have additional new from Cuba which atetee tdatGeu. Concha was well acquainted with the design* of (he expeditionists, aad thai he had isffced aprocW ??tion commandiig thbt no quarter be ahown them in case of capture. President Pierce has ap ?re,ea the resolution conferring the rank of L ent. Central uj-on General Scott. A veto of the F :e ach Spoliation bill has been prepared, and wlli probv My be sent to the House today. Wo have received the important decision or Mr. McLane, the United States Commwsioaer, in tho (.Hair cf the disputed import, export and wan ago duties at Btanghae, alleged to be due and owing by citizens of the United States during the vicarious udm ii is trat ion ol the Custom House at that port by ttK American and English Consuls, and which ex tended from the 7th of September, 1853, to the 12ih of July, 1864. The amount awarded -to the Culnew Superintendent of Customs at Shanghae, by thia de cision, is 118,040 taels, nine mace and four candv Mens, or in round figures about $'230,000. Tais tBicunt will t ave to be collected by the United Btates Consul from the following houses:? Ruaselt & Co.; Smith, King & Co.; Ball, Nye & Co.; Augus tine Heard & Co.; Wetmsre & Co.; Hiram Fogg & Co.; Wei. G. Pierce, Frank Foster, and F. D. Wil liams. The award was rendered on tho 231 of No. vtmber. We pub'ish to-day highly interesting lettera from qut London and Paris correspondents, received by fee Asia, with com? additio n! ex iracts from on< Europsan files. The subjects of the ministerial diais ia F.tgland, the management of the War Dd paitm'nt, the re'ative political pos'tlons of Austrii H,1 PitBhia, with the latest report from Sabastopjl, are treated of at length. An article from ths London Times shows that that journal was dis posed to look at the position of the British army to ibo Crime* in & more chucrful light. Gen. Paez, the Vene sue ian chief, haa tffered h'.i serrioes to the British to drill a light cavalry corps on the South American sjstsm. It is stated that the Western Powers have entered into confidential negotiations with Spain for the accession of an aaxillaty ,'oroe of 26,000 men to be sent to tbe Crimea. The " consi deration" for this seivice is stated to be the assist ance of England and France to protect Spain in tHe poaeessloH of Cuba a ainst any freebooting atUok on the pait of citizens of the United States. A state ment to the same effect was made previous to the temmencement of active hostilities on the Diiuub' . Bpain refused at that time to make the arrangement. The recent news from Cuba, however, readers it highly prcbable that the " consideration" alluled to hsb been accepted, and the arrival of a portion of the BntiBh West IadU fleet at Havana confirms the toiprission. it will be ?een, from a notice in another ooIumni feat a meeting (f t-hippi&g merchants is to be he.d at the Merchants' Exchange to day, at ,34 o'clock, P.M., to lake into consideration the iavsrogH lating the transportation of emigrant passeeigorH. The prtrest law wsj passed when neatly, If cot quite, all the American packets were two dejk<rs; but since then they have been built with three decks. The efTect of the present law, tigUly #3' forced, will be to cause a large nujoii'.y of them to be seized for violation of law, although actually affording more room and better accanmoda tons to emigrants than wet* provide! for nn der the law. It seems that a new lav, th-j present Ea&ion, was agreed upon joiutiy by the Secretary cf the Treasury, the shipping merchants, aid the Committee on Cimmirce. The latter reported it unanimously, w^on it was nlled np in the Senate. Mr. Benjamin, of Louisi ana, opposed it on the gTonnd thit Sana'or Fish, who had left fer the remainder of the session, Ui left a hill of his own, on the same subject, with a request for him to press that, and to oppose ah others. In the meantime the Secretary of tha Treasury dsctares that unless a new a~v is pi's^u, he will enforce the old lav in the John Cochtaoe ?esse of it, ?whkb, U carried out, may lead to the ?? eurc and withdrawal from service of about one hundred first class aerchant v*ssels. At the nr;ot tog to-day, resolutions w 11, no doubt, lw adopted, ?rging strongly upon the attention of Congress tho necessity of speedy legislation on the subject. Ra gret was expriffd that Senator Fish should, while unexpectedly withdrawing himself for the r?,miU der of the session, have left the subject thus tm fearrasterf. The United SUtes Senate yesterday was occupied tott.e consideration of private bills. Ike rao'bn to reconsider the vote laying the bill relative to tLe pnva'cer Gen. ArmsteoEg on the tablo wa agr.ed to, and after some explanati in as to the agreements entered Into between the friends and opponents of the measure, it was again tabled? 24 to 23. The Hcufe at an early hour went Into comm'ttoe en the Mail Bteumtr Appropriation bill AfVr a debate ct two dnys duration, the friends of the CjV fee eteamehlpa have triumphed. Theameadmnt ?f Mr. Olds, repealing the directions glv??n to t is Secretary of the Navy to terminate the additional allowance to the Collins line, was agreed to -80 votes in the affi'iiative, na>s not caunted. Tis committee then toee, and without taking the que* tton cf concurrence on tin ameudment the House adjonrted. Tbe steamboit C immodore arrive! last nieht 'n safety with her passengers from B aston, after being blocked up in the ice off Head* Point iiac> Wednes *7 forenoon. We give elie where &a uccoa it of tbe inclctnts and infieringe onboard. The Lieutenant Governor of tbe B*.%te, and hie ?cpir'cerfl in the Daily Tim*$, are'to appear before the Marire Conrt tiia morning to show cause why ?hey sh >c!d not be committed fit a <mrtei?(rt, arising ont of a lampoon published in that p\p?r on Thursday. The Singapore Bi- Monthly Circular of Dm. 25, ba* come to Land. The imports of gold and s.iver ?o*t daring the fortnight consiited of 118 bancilj from the Arch!p<lsgo. The rates reported for Aun traliau are (29 to 12!) 25 for ban*, and $29 to $28 60 per lrancal for dtu*? Export*, aa aba re, 1 ,0G2 bus* rata. The cotton market wr? more active jesterley, a?d all grades above mldlllng were qolto ateidy, with a tendency to atlffer prices. Inferior and mid dtfog grades were easy to pnrcbaae, without further ?bangs In prices. The vales embraced about 3,000 bales, about fcalf of which were in transitu. Flour was steady, without c^anjr* of moment In pviCM. Some purchases were m*do for export. wb*at was quiet. Corn so d at $l for Jereey white. Pork was some easier, with moderate sales. Betf was Arm. Wt%p ft w^tk cbWM hfti ftdTusced en* itat p pound, ud ia now be'-d it eleven Mats, owiag to some speculative movement. The spirit rappera wermlsa In fall fore# at the Tabernacle last evening. We present a graphic re port of the sayings and doings, together with the address of ex- Judge Edmaods, the first tie has de Uvered In this cHy euioe he beoame a convert t) the doctricca of spiritualism. In the New York Senate yesterday, the bid to prevent encroachments on our hurSor passed to a third reading, the section reqoiring a report reipcot ' ing certain obstructions on the Brookljn shore bav | ing been htru.k out. The Lemon aiavo case res> I hition was tken np, when the dispute between I M.esie. Brooks and Dickiaaon, relative to the quarrels of the silver grey and woolly seo'iona of the iate whig party, was continued. We forbear in flioting npon onr reiders a report of the discuvioa. A number of bills ot local Importance were passed in tie Assembly. The Prohibitory Liquor bill was considered in the afternoon se&ion, but the question to recommit had not been taken when the ad jourrment took pla :e. We have received a copy of Mr. Weed's substitute, which prohibits the sale of intoxicating: liquors to be drank on the premises, but permits tn* sale in qu entities not leu than live gaiions, under certain limitations anl restrictions and punishes intoxication summarily. As yet we do not perceive that this substitute has received the slightest favor frc? the ultra tenp*ranoj party, and, therefore, pjst.>one its publication. The senseless practice of burning delinquent po liticians in effigy has increased since the election of Mr. Seward. Daniel Ullman was served in this way at Albany yesterday, and Mr. Little] ihn, Speaker of the Assembly, was hung before the cturt bouse at Poug>>keept>ie the night prev.o us. We }.nbllsh else were the proceedings yutarday be fore the Ccrom'.tUe on Public Health, of the Council men, the subject ur der consideration being the ex pediency of prohibiting the slaughtering of cattle below Fiftieth street. Dr. Downing, City Inspector, appeared, and not only strongly urged the prohibi tion, but counselled the paisajje of an ordinance abolishing slaughter houses from the city altogether. The Doctor made eom 3 startling revelation* respect ing sale of diseased meat, a practice, it seems, of daily occurerce, and one which, under tne prescut regulatkLS, there is no way of stopping. He re lated an instance of "the meat of a cow which he bad seized as it was about beiog sold, which was absolutely putrii} Lag, and when the linger pressed against the hind quarters the matter exuded as though from an abcess." No wonder Dr. Un derbill exclaimed, with every ind cation of disgust, that henceforth he was a convert to vegetarianism. Aid jet tola sort of stuff is dally sold in the mar kcts and butchers' shops, under the nosa of the City Inspects, end he has withheld the facts from the public. He likewise stated that were the pub lic to knew all he w>s acquainted with in regard to tliis practice of selling diseased meat they would be astonished. Why haste not "astonished" the public long ago? We trust Mayor Wood will Had it within the scope of his powers to institute an in vestigation into this matter. More Cuban I>UcIo?ures-.K*tent of the Con ?]p 1 1 u c y? Pol it y ?r Uie United State, and the j WfBtem Kuropean Powers* It will le eecn froni our special correspon dence of thiB morning, from Washington, that government id adopting active measures to intercept the filibuHter<.B, should they attempt to leave our shores, in any suspicious vessel or vessels, for the invasion of Cuba. At the same time we are informed by our Havana correB ponuent, that the local government of the inland considers the conspiracy there as practi cally extinguished, through the vigilance and activity of General Concha in detecting the sup posed ringleaders; while, for ' the security of the future," in ignorance ofthese late Havana disclosures, our correspondent at London re ports the revival of a late important rumor there from Spain. It is thin: that overtures had been made to England and France from the government at Madrid, proffering 15,000 Spa Dish tioops for the service of the allies agaiust Russia, if they will guarantee, first, the protec tion of Cuba against our filibusters; and se condly, a loan of a million sterling on the con dition of the Sardinian loan, for a Bimilar con tinent to the Crimea. Such is the present posture of the question respectively at Havana, Washington, London and Madrid. The present anti-fllibustering ac tivity of our government under the now peace policy of Marcy, is somewhat romarkablo. It is a reaction brought very sud denly about by the terrible anti-slavery j working of the Nebraska bill in the late elec tions. When Soul? set out for Spain, it was amid the cheers and plaudits of the assembled Cuban Jnnta. He was their man, and they were to await the upshot *f his movements at Madrid, nis antecedents, his instincts, his in structions, and the inclinations of the adminis tration, were all of the filibustering type. His programme wa i a rupture with Spain, under cover of wbich the filibusters were to " let slip the uogs of war." Soul* failed at Madrid. Dudley Mann went over to assist him in con cocting a rupture at Ostcnd; and that experi ment was a failure. Soule returned again to Madrid, for a last and desperate effort there to precipitate a quarrel with the new government Hut the Nebraska bill and the late elections in j the meantime, hud created a stampede ' at | Wu*hington; and in the excess of his alarm, Mr. j l'icrce abandoned the Soul6 programme, and ( fled for shelter under the wing of Marcy, aud to j a m lk and water peace policy. Soulc was met at Madrid with instructions to this effect, lie read them, pockcted them, turned upon his heel, and resigned in disgust. Thus the most comprehensive and formidable conspiracy lor a buccaueering raid upon the leautiful and productive island of Cuba of which any conception could have been en I teitained, Involving thousands of men and millions of money, was suddenly defeated. o. could have dreamed that Nebraska would thus rebound against Cuba, and demolish at a blow the darling mewuro of a high pressure administration? There was something of positive grandeur in the extensive Cuba plot tbus incontinently knocked in the . Its ramifications extended from Wash ington to New York, to New Orleans, to Ila t? London, to Paris, to Ostend and ? S?uI< Was Paring the mine, the filibusters here, and their associate con spiratois in Cuba, were preparing to run in 1 h8, W*,nal of "plosion. That ap pointed signal was the expected rupture with Spain. and justice to Soul* requires the ad mission that his ingenious and tremendous ef forts to accomplish it were deserving of better UuccesB. He did bis duty to the coalition. It was the countermine of the Nebraska bill that j blew him up. After waiting upon Soule w long for nothirg. the Cabinet organs may no* return to the Africanization of Cuba. There may lie qgmething in it, after all. The disclosures which have successively fol lowed from Ostend to Havana, are full of mo mentous suggestions. The ascertained migoj. tudeof this buccaneering organization in the I'nited States, thu? covertly leading the ad | ministration to the verge of a general war l. , ,D?^*tlTe o existence of the notices ele. ments here of pef^etual danger to the peace of the country while Cuba continue# a possession of Spain. Tbe important arrests made by Gen. Concha indicate a complete system of corres pondence between this country and the island, in spite of the stringent espionage of the Cuban authorities. For some mouths past we have had, now and then, a vague iumor of a filibustering expedition on foot, but so vague and indefinite as to attract neither the public attention nor belief. This shows the consummate Bkill with which the vast machinery of this secretly contrived foray has been managed, and suggests the very possible recurrence of another organization, and a more successtul plot, at the first opportunity, under the eupcricr discipline of the Southern Know Nothing . We are informed from Havana that this last revolutionary enterprise is there considered as extinguished- that the British men-of-war, the Colossus and Boscawen. on guard, are, accord ingly, about to leave for England; but that, to make ail sure, a French squadron is shortly expected in their place, to watch the approaches to the inland. But this is an unsafe and a very unsatisfactory state of things. The present despotic government of Caba, as long as it con tinues, must continue to excite schemes of re volt among the Creoles, and from a love of liberty, a spirit of daring adventure, and a spirit of cupidity, if you please, those Creoles will continue to find hosts of sympathizers and conspirators in these States, able to command money, arm", ships, and all the munitions of war, and thousands of volunteers, ready to risk their lives <or Cuba, as freely as for a foujth-of July excursion. For the sake of peace, for the maintenance of our amicable relations with t he maritime Pow ers of Europe, for the sake of our friendly so cial and commercial intercourse with Cuba, a:*u in behalf of that great fundamental law oi public faith which lies at *he basis of every ho nest government, it is incumbent upon our ad ministration to think and act upon some plan for the permanent settlement of this vexed Cu ban question. Spain wants money. We have a surplus. Can England and France for ever guarantee her the protection of Cuba against the Danes and Sa: oi>s from our shores? Even with that protect ion her if 'and is insecure. IIow are they to guturd a aiuuous seacoait of fourteen hundred miles against the swift clip pers and steamers of the filibusters ? They miy slip in under cover of night from Yucatan, or Dominica, or Florida, and sot the i land in a blaze of revolt, in the teeth of a coast guard of a hundred armed vessels. And let two of three thousand Americans thus effect a land ing and excite a stirring insurrection, and our government will be powerless to arrest rein forcements to the extent of fifty thousand men, if required, to make the work complete. A special diplomatic commission, then, to England, France and Spain in behalf of the cession of Cuba to the United States, might possibly be successful in persuading Spain to cede for a good round sum a piece of property which, sooner or later, she muBt I otherwise surrender at less than cost. But if I she will not sell, there is still the alternative of an independent State government for the colo- | ny, leaving to the State the indemnification of Spain for the surrender of her jurisd'ntion While Cuba remains in her present anomalous half-and-balt position to Spain, of an " imperium n imycrio ," she will continue a " bone of con- i tention " and of danger to all parties cmcerned, 1 till they close up"n the bone, as Russia, England and France have closed upon Turkey. In that event the allies will have a tougher job thin Sebastopo), and poor Spiin will have to foot the bills. Marcy has been for two years studying the science of diplomacy, ard especially in refer ence to this Cuba question. Driven off by the Nebraska bill from the filibustering plan, has ho not some other expedient of settlement to pro pose? Has he learned nothing except the policy of Micawber, of waiting for " something to turn up ?" Leaving Pierce, Cushing, and Dudley Mnnn out of the question, we commend to Marcy at this crisis, the trill of a special commission to England, France and Spain* England has a lien upon Spain and her assets, France an interest through the Empress, and so we must treat with all three. Something has turned up. Wo muBt choosc between a present settlement or a future par upon the Cuba ques tion. What says Micawber? I Thk Bank Su'erintkvdknt.? Ex^Governor Hunt arrived at the St. Nicholas Hotel a few I liajfl Eince, from Albany, where he spent some time in endeavoring to secure the re-appoint ment of Mr. St. John to the office of Bank Su perintendent. Now, let us see why the ex-Gov ernor takes such an interest in this matter. Previous to the election of Washington Hunt to the gubernatorial chair, he was President of the Lockport Trust and Banking Company. Upon hiB election he resigned, but retained his interest as a stockholder in that institution. For some time past that bank has been embar rassed, and it became highly important that no change should be made in the office of Superin tendent, so that the favors now extended by the department could be continued. E* Governor Hunt, therefore, start* post haste lor Albany to to Fave, if possible, his friend St. John from de capitation. The immediate cause of the embar rassments of the Lockport Trust and Banking Company was tbc withdrawal of ftinds belong ing to the Banking Department on deposit in that institution, previous to the regular annual legislative examination of the affairs of the de partment Mr. St. John, not wishing to show such a deposit to the committee, withdrew it, much to the injury of the bank, which has since been repeatedly protested, and is now a fair subject tor the Superintendent's care and guar dianthip. lie will, of coursc. let it take care of itielf and cheat the public as much as it pbaees. Ex Governor Hunt is one of the sure ties of St. John, and it is, therefor*, but natu ral that he should look out for his protrgi, and for the lank in which he is a large stockholder The Lockport Trust and Banking Company would not long survive the retirement of St John from the Banking Department. It has for a long time been sustained by deposits of the public money held in trust by the Superinten dent. If Governor Clark suffers himself to be made a tool of by these political financiers, he is not the man we take him to be. Tiik Pennsylvania Know Nothing# and this Sknatorial Qiestjon ? Another Scrkw Loose. ? The election of a United State* Sena tor ftom Pennsylvania has been postponed to the 27th Instant. In the meantime twenty eight Know Nothings have, in a strong mani festo, (which we published yesterday,) repu Simon Cameron, tl? Know Notbiag caucus nominee. Among other objections against him, they say he is a Pierce adminis tration man, a Nebraska bill man, an old trad ing party politician, and hence they repudiate him because the new American revolution calls for something fresher and better than Mr. Cameron. The Philadelphia Pennsylvanian, the chief State organ of the 'Administration, on the other hand, is fighting to defeat the election of Cam eron, as against a political heretic of the black est dye. The administration disowns him and demands his defeat. ''A beautiful quarrel as it stands." We like the progressive ideas of the seceding Know Nothings; but the Cabinet org in makes discord of the music. How would Bu chanan do? The Liverpool Journal says, point blank, that he is a Know Nothing. If there are no fresh and young men in Pennsyl vania worthy of the United States Senate, the issue must lie between Buchanan and Cameron. We await the rt;salt. The Crista In Kngland. The newspapers brought by the mwl reader it pretty cert.?ia that Lord Palinerston will be the next Prime Minister of England, and pos eibiy Earl Grey Minister of War. But there are changes at band in the British Isles of far greater import than this: changes in compari son with which the substitution of this for that lord, or the fall of this or that ministry are mere child's play. From the accession of William and Mary to the present day, England has been ruled by a clique. One hundred and seventy years has the great British oligarchy held supreme power, and trodden the people under foot. Not with out fitful bursts of impatience, dark sy mptomB of uprising on the part of the down-trodden. William weut to his grave without hearing of them. Anne served as shuttlecock to the aris tocratic battledores till she, too, died knowing nothbg of the people. The two first Georges Bpent their swinish lives in unconsciousness that there was a people at all. But the third George began to learn. Outspoken remonstrances, and fieree mobs, nay, Btones rattling on windows and peers' carriages overset were his teachers. It was necessary to compromise, and a few men of the people, much to their astonishment and to the delight of blockheads, were raised to power; these, of course, to lose their popular origin, to blend with the aristocracy and to betray the cause which had raised them. Then more out cries from the real people, and more quakiog of lordly knees, and paling of lordly cheeks. An impulse fierce, almost uncontrollable, is given to the movement by the French revolution. This time no compromise is tried ; but the gullible masses are hushed by a senseless de claration of war with France. For twenty years men are too bu?y cutting French throats to think of English rights. At the end of the slaughtering, the people have been bled so freely as to require repletion before they can fight with spirit at. home. With 3 ears their stren 3th is strong again and the battle is renewed with the aristocracy. All the prestige of England's military glory is on the side of the latter. The Duke of Wellington belocgs "to the order;" he will die for it. Parliament is sold body and soul to the peers : members wipe the lords boots. But by this time there iB a new power in England, the press The Edinburg Review and others as bold de mand parliamentary reform; meaning, the over throw of the nobility. Ten years they fight; then tltf lords, fearing worse, sulkily succumb For ten years or so, the people are satisfied That cycle accomplished, up starts Dick Cob dtn, and asks that the lords be no longer al lowed to tax the people to keep up the price 0 corn, and hence land, wherein lies their wealth Then another long fight, at polls, and meetings and Parliament and printing press. But it ends like the former ones: the lords walk out of their home into the lobby so that free trade shall pass. A pretty stiotig foundation here for the con tinuance of the war. Accordingly Mr. Locke King or some other nobody moves for Parlia mentary reform, meaning the old story; and Lord John Russell the model trimmer resists it for a while, then whips round and fathers the bill hiuiSflf. This time it is a serious nutter, the margin left for monarchy being quite fractional, and universal suffrage olose at hind. ! At that critical moment the war with Russia ? 1 it was a war with France which Baved the no bles In 1793 ? looms up, and for a time no one thinks any more of the war that iB being waged at home. The nobles are in an ecstasy. How grievous their disappointment! The foreign wur haB hardly begun, and the poor fools have hardly settled themselves in the best offices of State, when the domestic war bursts I out more desperate than ever. Men see that the aristocracy have ruined the army, demoral ized the State, disgraced the nation. That they are fighting bitterly with each other Lord Russell tripping Lord Aberdeen, Lord Derby quarrelling with Lord Newcastle, Lord Palmerston refusing to act with Lord Derby, | all the lords together in a confused hand to band scramble? ominous symptoms of portending ruin. And with one voice the men of England pronounce their doom. Sneer ingly, bitterly the great London Timet tells us that Parliament has adjourned to keep holy ! the festival of King Charles the Martyr; as though beheading had not been too good for the fellow, and as though every one in England 1 did not know it. Angrily this or that leading man asks the people whether they will sell themselves to the people; and ev<:n the street \ ballads? that speaking literature of the masses I ? call for "lords in deed, not lords in name.'' There is a wonderful signiQcancy in all these facts. That the day has come when the final battle between the men and the noblemen of England must be fought, it were venturesome to assert. Tricks have saved them before : dodges, false promises, lying pretexts ; the armory of tricks, dodges and lies may save them again. But the oftener these allies arc used, the feebler they must become. Every time the lords are driven to shirk the great issue, it strides nearer and nearer to their hearths, grows huger and huger in the lessen ing distance. What if the people, sick of Lord Grey as of Lord Newcastle, sick of the whole family of lords and peers, should rise suddenly and knock them bodily on the head ? Stranger things have been seen in France. Not all the virtues of the Chorieuls or the valor of the Rohans could save their noble houses from the iron heel of democracy or their noblo necks from the sharp edge of the guillotine. Down tbey fell, not in the long lapse of time with the dust of a weary conflict bedraggled ' with their ashes, but suddenly, In a day. in an i hour, with a shock and a crash which shook the kiagdom. So terrible, so stunning was the fall that to th<9 da j tb'j *ai from the year wherein the nobles of England tricked the people with a baseless war with France, that country has had no nobility. Mili tary chieftains have given odd titles to their generals. Old Bourbons have tried to galvanize life into the corpses of the Faubourg St. Ger main. Louis Philippe has created a republican peerage. But of the old nobles ? the like of whom Las governed England ever since the Great Protestant Revolution (it saves time to call things hy their old names, absurd though they be) France has had none kince the Con stituent Assembly. Herein she is in advance of England. Tire Opera at Niblo'b.? The Italian opera season at Niblo's Garden will commence sbont the lit of April. Mtstrs. Oilman and Jacobsohn have engaged dome of the first Euiopean artists, among them Slgnora UrnmbdU and Uille Lagrange, of whom tlio European critica npeak in the highest terms of praise. The arrangements for the tea. ton will be on the moat liberal scale. Tire E*aiJ8n Opera at thk Buoadway.? &Iina LouUa Pyno takes a benefit at the Broadway this evening. It ia to be ber last appearance. This fact alone will cause the house to be filled to overflowing. THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Abolitionism In Harvard College. Bosto.v, Feb. 18, 1856. At ft meeting of the Board of Overseers of Harvard Uni versity, in the Senate chamber, yesterday afternoon, Got. Gardiner In the chair, the nomination of Judge E<lwar l Greely I -o ring an law Teacher in the University wai submitted for approval. Without debate, a vote was taken, aid resulted in yeas 10, nays 20. This action is in consequence of Mr. Lo-iog acting as Commissioner in the rendition of the fugitive slave Burns, and, in the view of some, foreshadows his removal from his Judge ship by the legislature. [?pecial despatch to the New York Tribune ? Seward's organ.] KEJIG'TION OF MR. EDWARD U. LORINO? CHEAT RE JOICING IN BOSTON? FIllINU OF CANNON? "THBBK 18 A NORTH." IVibton, Friday, Feb. 10, 1855. At a meeting of the Board of Overseer 4 cf Harvard College, in the Senate chamber, the nomination by the Corporation of Edward Greely Loring, (of Burns mem ory,) as law lecturer, was rejected without dUcussion, by u vote of 20 nays to 10 yeas. The following named gentlemen voted in favor of Mr. I-onng:? K. A. Chapman, John II. Clifford, Rev. Dr. Gannett. 8. I). Bradford, Dr. Walker, President Dr. Blagden, ? of the College, Thomas Worcester, Mr. Andrews, Treasurer, Kaiory Washburn, It. C. Winthrop. Governor Gardner voted against Mr. Lnrlng. Ibus kidnapping has been rebuked in con, crvitive Harvard I There is gTeat rejoicing in the city, and twenty guns are to be llred on the Common to-morrow. Atout three bushels of petitions liive been presented to the legislature In favor of Judge Loring's removal as Judge of I'robate Off with his head ! So Jnnch for Buckingham. Rfmarks.? According to the abive ppsjial de% patch to Senator Seward's organ? tbe Tribune -the abslitionista are carrjicg thtir agitation icto ool" leges and literary institutions. Thus Hi. Loring, a United States Commissioner, is not permitted to lecture before the Law School cf Haivai d University, simply becuue his constitutional oath compelled hiai to render Bursa back to the South as a fugitive fro a juiticc. What a curious law schjol ia that of Hatvarti University, to repudiate a solemn statute of their country in the presence of student, who aie se t there from all parts of tLe Union for the expifex ' purpose of learning and respecting the lairs that | govern the affairs of this republic ! Further from Havana. Cl'BAN ACCOUNTS OF THE RUMORED INVASION? NO qUAIlTKB TO TIIB FILIBUSTERS ? INTENSE KXOITK MKKT. Nkw Oruan-8, Feb. 13, 186(1. Ihe advices by the Empire City, from Havana, confirm the accounts by the Crescent City and Isabel, and, in addition, it ll stated that General Concha was fully pasted relative to the designs of the filibusters. Colonel I Kinney is represented as tbe chtcf of the expedition, but Generals Quitman and Henderson as the prime movers. Tbe Pampero conveys a part of tbe expedition. Seven hundred acres of land are ottered to each soldier. General Concha has issued a proclamation commandlnj that no quarter be given to the filibusters in ease they are captured, and saying that be relies npon the strength and loyalty of the people to uphold him in his efforts to defeat them. A squadron of lancers have revolted at Pinar del Rio. All is confasion in tbe island, and troops are moving about in all directions. Interesting from Washington. THE CUBAN FILE BUSTERS ? MOVEMENTS OP THE GOVERNMENT TO CATCH THEM, ETC. Washington, Feb. 10, 1&.16. Tbe Navy Department has issued orders to New York, New Orleans and Boston to keep in a state of prepared, ness certain steam vessels chartered by government some two weeks since toj meet a hasty demand. Two private steamers have been chartered by government in New York, one in Boston, and two in New Orleans. In tbe navy yards at these several stations every thing 1 1 in a state of readiness to meet the demands from this city, yet- so |quietly mantged that but few are in the secret. It is supposed that twenty four hours notioe would be all sufficient te get these vessels off on their missions. George Law's steamer, the name of which I now forget, repairing in New Yort for some private ex pedition, will not be permitted to leave your waters un til her destination is ascertained and her cargo exam ined into. Tbs Grafeshot, of notoriety, is understood to be in the neighborhood of the Narrows, freighted with her old cargo of muskets, kc. The brig of-war Bainbridge is instructed to " speak her," for what end can only be guessed at. These active preparations are all made with a view to Cuba. Tbe telegraphic report that reached here yesterday, of the expedition having sailed from New Orleans, is not believed in. The government leok apjn it ai a rutr put forth by the leaders to get important information of the force that would be likely to meet the expedition, and of the material on hand by Concha to defeat it. It is, however, believed that tbe filibusters designed taking immediate advantage of the Cuban ar my's return, to set sail for their selected parts of the island, where, comparatively speaking, they would be likely to meet with little opposing force, the first alarm having proved a counterfeit. This new conceived mi'itary movement, if attempted, will prove a certain failure; the government baa its re liable inferraanta in every suspectel spot in the Union, and no expedition will be allowed to leave without en conntering the full force of the government. It will turn out tbat a member of the Cabinet, an ex Senator, members of Congress, New York capitalists, and the editor < of one of the President's organs, are the coun sellors and conductors of this desperate enterprise. TUE NATURALIZATION LAWS? VETO OP THE FRENCH SPOLIATION BILI.? TF1B LIEUTENANT OEN'EK.H.?niP ArraovT.D? powkll'h fainting of i>a soto? OEN. SHIELDS AND HIS DEFEAT, ETC. Waswiwoto*, Feb. IS, 185#. We understand tbat Senator Jonos, of Tennessee, will shortly introduce in tbe Senate a preamble, stating that the constitution confers upon Onagreas tie power to establiah a uniform rule of naturalisation, but that tt is ilent upon the subject of emigraton ; and a resolution tbat the power to regulate emigration never having been delegated by th<* people to Congress, the govern ments of these States afflicted by tbe Influx of foreign ers, possess the whole power to make laws regulating their admission or exclusion. A veto message has been prepared by the President against the French spolia lion bill, which will probably be sent to the Senate tc -morrow. The President has approved and sent to the Senate tbe bill creating Winfield Scott Uentenaat General of , the United States. Powell's great painting or Be Scto discovering tbe Mississippi was placed last evening in the vacant panel j of the Rotunda. Crowds of visiters have thronged the Capitol all day te see it. The InteUigtnctr of this morning contains a note from Senator Shields, in which he says that Jadge Dong lae and his colleagues la the Reuse, exerted them selves to seenre Ms re election, aad are as much dis appointed at the reealt as himself. JU the //tfritymfr of aa atvrojt to create ill-blood between 8hisld? Mil Dougla* by a r? Mnt publication. tTDITKO STAT KM BUPKMM COUWT. WArtuiN<m>M, Fob. 14, 1856. Jobn ?. Watt*, of New Mexico ?#? admitted m mi at torney and counsellor of the United State* Supreme Court to-day. No. 73. Stephen J. Lewi*, administrator .Mpltaat, r*. Bdward It. V-ell, of J. Bell, Jr. The argument was eomnstnced by Mr Chilton for the appellant, and continued by Mr. llradley for the appellee. The following cane* will come up lor trial next week:? Monday, 19Ui? No. 44? J. C. Fremont v*. the United Statin Wednesday, 21 it? No. 74? A.vres vs. Carrer. Thursday, aid? No. 77? The Baltimore Pucxet Compa ny vs. Bailing. Friday, 28<i? No. 78? Judson to. Corcoran. I.atest from the State Capital. TUB Will OF THE WHIOB? THE TEMl'BIl ANOB BILL? FLAttE-UP IN TUB AS.-KilULY ? A 1'1'OISTMBNT OF COUU1SSAIIY UKNERAL? PAMEL ULLit AN BURNT IN EFFIGY? A NtW COUNTY 1'KOrOKED., Feb. 18, 1855. The audience about the Senate chamber wore ano* :il an hour or two thU morning, in listening to ICMwrn. Brooks and Dickinson, in revealing certain transaction* in tbe late united whig parly, and particularly what was ?aid to bavo occurred in 1K48 in thin city, when a public meeting wan in embryo to dofeat the election of General Taylor. Mr. Dickinson road a .engthy prated letter from Thurlow Weed, coutradic'lu.; the one from exlYe sident Fillmore, read by Mr. Brooks some few days 'since. In thin, Mr. Weed ray* that Mr. I'illmoro was freely consulted in relatiou to that meeting, had fre quent conversations on that subject, and when finally oT?r, and General Taylor was not denounced, Mr. Fill more congratulated him (Weed) fcr having brought the meeting to such a happy is-ue and preserved his (F.'s) pol thai character from injury. Mr Broou s replied by stating that he was willing, all tbewoild over, to leave the jeople to judge between the statement* of Millard Fillmore and Thurlow Weed. Mr. 15. alro produced letters from W ill am Lacy and James Kii'd, Esq*., of this city, fu ly confirming tbo assertion that the intended meeting to denounce (ieneral Hylor was i-.oncosted mil arranged in the office of the Hotnmj Journal. The debate was quite as epl.-y as on any previous oc casion, hut neither gentleman alluded in tbo I at* to the resolution vis : authorising the employment of counsel to defend tbe Slate in the l.emmon appeal case. Mr. Brooks Intimated that Mr. Fillmore would Issue a re joinder to Mr Weed's letter. The till for the relief o* I .if u tenant Sweeney, of the New York Volunteers, granting him two hundred an 1 fifty dollars, was pa.-sed. It parsed the House yester day, A new dodge is on the !ap!s in relation to the tempe rance bill. 1 ate in tbe sessi ju last evening, just previous to adjournment, the Honorable William W. Weed, dele gate in tbe Mouse from Erie county, and ? lending whig, lose and presented a substitute for the prohibitory law under cocsideration Comli g as it did, from such a dis tinguished member, It received the most respectful con sideration. The suhstitut" was read by th* ClerM and ordered to be printed. It contains only sixteen abort *e? tipns, and is much less strlr^ent than the one before the House Titers Is some politi- at financiering about tbi* engrossing matter, and th* result may prove that the predictions made at the early pirt of the seaaion, that the prohibitory bill would he thrown overboard after the election of Reward, will become truthful history. The ultra-'empersnce fanitics are highly incensed at this movement of Mr. Weed of Erie. I Quite a Uare up occurred in the House this morning. Mr. l.eigh rose and stated t'.at the select committee on so much of the Governor's message as reHtes to the Imprisonment of witnesses, wa ready to report. The ?entlemar commenced reading the document, when Mr Pager Interrupted and wnn'cd to introduce a resolution relating to the subject The decided that Mr. I eigh was entitled to the llonr and reading his report. When be concluded, Mr. Stanton stated that as one of the members of the select committee, be disagreed to much of the matter contained in tbe report Mr. Baker, another of t o select comn.ittee, also disapproved of the report. Mr. Wsgr r then ofered a resolution, referring th* report hack to the 'elect mmittee. He said there were sUtements contained in the report which he be lieved to be nntrue, and language which was disrespect ful to a foreign nation. The te?oluiioa waa adopted, and the report goes back for oorr -ction Ti e new Commiisary Gen-ral is Colonel J. H Hobart VoTd, of tiie city of New York, in place of (ieneral l/ii, who hs* held the station fir several years, and was nit t.r applicant for re appointment. Being a gentleman of military ability, there is the best reason to congratulate the militia of the State in having an able and intelligent tfid ot the Commissary I'epsrtment. Th" rsge 'or effit>y burning iucreases. The burning ol Speaker Littlejohn has produced a retaliatory spirit, and last ni^ht the old clo' ot Daniel UPm%n, stuffed with straw end smeared with tar, was burut in front ot tbe Journal office. l'etitkne are pouring in num erously every day, pray ing for the erection of Ue new county of Highland, on the Hudson river, lbe proposition is, to take from the county of Ulster the towns of Gardner, Shawanguol^ Piatt' kill Msrlborougb; ant from Orange, Crawford, Montpomi ry, New Winds- r, Cornwall and Newburg. The population in this district is about 3a, 000, leaving the old counties each with a population of something like 46,000. The Capitol of tbe new county would be placed at New burg, to wh'ch all the plank roads, turn, pikes, snd t' e branch of Kr e Kailroad, running into the interior centre. Nenrly all the inhabitants with* in tbe region named do 'their marketing at Newburg? and those and the I'lster towns, when compelled to perform a iourney to Kingston, the capital, proceed southerly to Newburg, cross tbe river, and take tne rail road through Dutchess county, as far north as Rhine beck, and tl.en recioss the r.ver to their own county. So with regard to tbe flown* m Orauge county, proposed to be incorporated in the new county. In attending county courts at Gosh< a, tbe people cross the river into Putnam county, and alight from the cars at Fishkiil, recross the river to Newburg, and then proceed some twenty miles into the interior. The present location of the county buildings in both Ulster and Orange will remain as at present, at Cossen and Kingston. Tbe propoxltio* for the new county of Highlrnd seems to meet with appro bation thus far. ANOTHER RESriTl OF J UKI PS THE Mt'RDKHBR. Alba.vt, Feb. 10, 1H66. Another respite of three weeks has been granted by the Governor to Phelps, tto murderer of his wife, who was to have been hung tbi* morning. Another Effigy of Speaker Ultl?Joiin. I'orotinxreR, Feb. 10, 185ft. An effigy, labelled "Little John the Perjurer, may God help lilm," ?u huog on a tree ia front of oar Court House tat night. It created little excitement, and wai taken down thil morning by two Irishmen without opposition. From Uofton. RTRIX1 OF THE 1.ABOKRIM ON Till NSW PORK CEN TRAL RAILROAD ? AKKE8T OP OOT. (UKDNEll ? KH'KCTS OF TBK FBX8U1ST, KTC. Bostow, Feb. IS, 1865. About Tour hundred laborer* on the New York Central Railroad struck yesterday for wages dne to them. Many ol them are tbe heada of families, without the ireans of obtaining the necessaries of I fe. Their claim* upon the company are laid to amount to between seventeen aail eighteen thousand dollars. William Flnlay, a lad fourteen years old, was Arrested in Providence to-day, charged with stealing funds to the amount of twenty-two hundred dollars from hia tm ployers, Messrs. Jenkim A Coffin, of 22 Doane street, la this city. A warrant was issued from the Police conrt to-day far the arrest of Governor Gar Jner, for the violation of a city ordinance, he being of the Brm of Denny, A Gardner, dry goods dealers; and the charge ia blocking up tbe side walks with baits and boxes of goods. The fine will probably be paid without allowing the matter to go to trial. The northern trains detained by the freshet, arrived this afternoon. At various points the water on the track wai quite deep. The Bos tun and Maine road had suffered considerable damage. At Wilmlngtoe a?l North Aodover culverts have been made of eucli exten as to stop the passage of tbe trains. At llaverhJl an arch stone bridge across the river has been earrle away. Tbere is also a serious culvert at East Kingst m. I*i ge gangs of men have teen put to wor * '-ore pa these damages, and It is e* pec ted they w i *eio fa? completed as to allow tbe trains to pass to-morrow. Opening of Navigation at Plttabnrg. rrrrsBcao, Feb. 1#, IMS. Navigation is open here Tntre ia now eigat feet of water in the channel of the Ohio, rnd the river till eon inues i -slug. Market*. 1IULADI Lr.'U A STOCK BOARD. l'liit.A DKLPtiiA, Feb. 16, 1865. Our stock market was steady this morning ?t the fol lowing rates Reading Railroad, 38.H ; Morris canal, lWlonn Island Railroad, 17; Pennsylvania State Fives, 87. Money continues easy. Nkw Ohtxav* Feb. 13, 18A5. Our cotton msrket has been firm to day, with sale* of fl.POO bale*. Height* to Liverpool are rather Brmer. Sterling exchange is quoted at 6 a 8J4 per cent premium. CiukMBTON, Feb. 10, 1855. The as lee of cotton here for the week have been 10,000 balee, at prices ranging from 8c. a 9 per lb., a deoluae ef an He a '*?? "? leal week's quotations. The reeelpte add np 14,0t>0 bales. The stock, exclusive of shipboard, is 22.000 bales. Tbers is no change to report .a the rl? market. Tbe receipts for the week amount to 3,000 tierre*, and the stock on hand Is 0,7(0 tierces. Freight* ?Cotton to Liverpool, S-lCd. ; to Havre, \d. Msuatlme Afkln. TBI AFRICA AT HALIFAX? in DVilTinC FOR LITF.RPOOL. Halifax, FeY 1?, 1???. The steamship Africa, frun Roe to*. arrived here at & o'clock this morning, and aail?d for Liverpool a* half past -even, with a strong fr-ete Irom tbe southward. Weather foggy. THE BTRAlMUr NORTH CAROL IK A 1R BIRTRRW. RFC* PRtLAMURU, M. N, HM Ifce yttytMf Ffft* QMv'-lD*, be ace fit Urrg^

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