Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 26, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 26, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. 3 *.*??" ooauon flKJJKTf, rHOPRr?TOB AND EWTOB 9JT10* M. W. OCRSTCJ OF WAB8SP tTV WMPOW Tolnmc XX ... *??? ?? AMrPEMKKTS THIS KVKM^O ?KOJ. JW A I raJBA-H* .rH-tm sr. Ma&o-Mv kvwr BOW75R? THIATR*. fcytvr. - fjtUOMAR -Th anB ?Miir ?a?iu*d i#? ?OKYOW A TB*?* tivt yu Too If 49 r- ? it "i ? Bhio?.o"?oo?i DILIBI 3V1H. TT*l.LAC? *1 FDlATaS. JroJirAf- The ?\jiv Son*? *1W rotTMiW. a.alSSICAN 4CSBVM? AfWTni**? Jf*? avj> Tiisr.,;_ JtMiiioii ? C Ua?ui Tom a O.m*. WOOD S ?ll'.-i; Tltiia, /?.;t.*' HtU 473 SirCKCK^ a omA ?i yCHit, 889 Ur<iwi?w* Mj-a ? irmovrL* 0**j?a T?ov?>?. New ?or>?, BioiuUy, K'?-r.?iu-y >46.. ns&a. Tim Vfwi. By tJfc a-rival r f the nteamship George Li it at this port jwtarday we lave liter acw^lrosi the fol towirc points:? San Francisco . Fob 1 #repr;> Jan. GO Jkttinlco Feb. ft Paoaxv ....Feb. 16 AspiftWAll. Feb. 1 li iegctft, N. 0., ...Jan. 10 Vaiparairo Jan. 16 Ctllao Jan. 20 Sydney, N, S. W Dec. 7 AdoUite, Au6tm.Ua Dec. 2 H*uo)u!a Dec. 30 Kingston, Ja... Feb. 7 The intelligence from OUiferula in one week liter. We give a highly Interesting nummary of Great*. The most (tattling i'c o of news ia tho account of the fzpt<iBk>n of the boilers of the steamboat Pearl, ?n the Sacramento river, b ? which unlucky asoident between foity and fifty persons were sent torn and macg led into eternity, while may others were manned and crlppltd for the remainder of their lives. Among tho killed are numbered soaie of the best citizens ot California. Tho cause of the catastrophe is attributed to the feet that tho Pearl wi.s racing at the time of the expksion w ih an opposition boat. The joint meeting of the Leg' si it rue had taken thirty-five votes fir Uiited States Senator, but were no nearer a choice tha>< tbey were on the first ballot. G win had gone up to fort) -one votes on the twenty-sixth ballot, hot had again fallen offer, tne last trial to thirty nine A new candidate wac brought forward on the thirty -second trial? General Whiteside, of Yuba county, who received tea votes on the last ballot. II was the prevailing opinion that Senator Gwln had no chance. The miners were anticipating a nch harvest at the sitting in of the rainy season, wbieh had already commenced. A week's steady tain, it wlp thought, would add millions to the pro duct; of the placers. The criminal record presents an ui. usual number of atirocitlcs, too numerous for us to recour t, but we have given among our item? a summary of the most important murders and Lj nch iaw executions that had been made public during the week. The steamer brings upwards of one million one bundled thousand dollars in gold dust, to b well the largn amount of specie already accumulated in the vaults of our banks. Basiaes* was exceedingly dull, but a revival was confidently looked tor with the cjinmenoement of the rainy season. Tho bowb frcm Oregon la solely political. Th? ?apital bad been removed from Salem t j Corv illip, xbtd also tbe UuWernUy. A joint oommlt'ee of both bon?en of the Legislature had been appointed to draft a State constitution, to be ratified or rejsctel at tbe popular election in Juno, thus saving the ex piree, trouble and cir!ay of a cocatitational conven tion, and securing a voice in tbe next Presidential election. Tbe temp* ranee men were urging tba enactment of a prohibitory liquor law, bat it was questionable whether it wculd bo adopted. Our advices from the Sandwich islands aro oae Week ii*** r Th? pre jiaTatitMiB loT tho obsequies Of tho late kirg O' cnpiod the public mind, to ;he exclu s lor i of tvtryrtiijg cite. The news frcm Acapulco is highly important* "Ww prcgiv a of tho revolutionists is so rapid and sucressfol as Cd warriot the belief that the career of 8w.ta Ad;. a la vc ry near its termination. We havo corwiented upon the character and importance of thin inteljlgeiice in tee editorial columns. New Granada rsmainsd perfo.tly tranquil. The directors of me Panama Railroad and their l'rieuda were busy mikirg arrangements to inaugarate thft road. Judge Bowiin, our Minla'er to New Grana Ja, was to deliver an address on .he occasion. From Pern we have the details of the battle of La Vaiu a, which rrsniU'd in the expulsion of Echi niqoe and tbe e'evation of Gastilla to tbe Presl dency. It is stated that Kchinlqie, during the time he was in power, tilvidad among his partisans up wards of fifteen million dollars, a large proportion of which was awarded tj members of hid own fa mily. We ue disposed to regard this statement as a po litical dander, fabricated by his enemies to suit ulterior design. Echi&ique, previous to h's down fall, Eustaircd the reputation of a itutesmaa of palrioWm atd integrity. He now sojourns with as, and it is bat fair thai allegations to his preju dice .should b9 received with reserve. Caatllia r<as decreed tbe liberation of all slaves in Peru who dil not take op arms in the cause >f hit* uiBucotssful eppoocnt, yledgiug the government to indemnify kbe>r owners within tivo jea rs. We bare news from Molbcurto ( Anst ai; .) to tbe 3d of December, acd from Sydney to the 7th of the same morth. Tra.'e ^oc tinned exceedingly dull in beih places. At Sydney saJci of manufactured freed1 were on'y tff < ted at rniaously low prices, wbilet ubbiness wts at acompkte stand still in Mel bourne, f wicg to ?eii ms local disturbances. GolJ waa quoted fn.m *3 17s. 9d. to ?3 18s. tid. The Md bonrne market was qiJet, at ?,t 18s. per o inca. An alarming Hot had occurred at Ballaarat, where tho mttcra and inhabitants had apposed arms, a. d openly resisted tbe collection o' the gold licenses by the constituted authorities Shots Ud teen txch?ogcJ between the military and the people, a-.d blo^d f>od on both sides, ai d it was ?xpee'ed that a regular encounter, attended bj most periods cost-equcccas, won: d soon take pla .e. An Am?rk-u> wagon was attack (d and the d'iver badly Injured; but It nu ral'ying at the time of the last npott. The United S ^tes C< r.sul was at the sam? time cttertalnea at a public dinner in ths Victoria baioon, B alia, at, but reporters of the press were not admitted, so we hare uo account ot thepncecdlLgs. Tbe daily dtmai '1 for labor "van readily met by tew arrivals. Ibe letters of our Havana corrospondems, pub ttehed elsewhere, coatain tbe ltteat news from Cuba, inc tiding fu'l accounts of tbe preparation) taken to repel tbe filibusters, aud some extraord) nary faota connected with on a of the recent arrests TV case of the twelve B;lgi*ne wh) htveb*en confined in the City Prison sin e tho 2lst of De ecmber, 18ol, on the charge that they were foreign convicts Ian led l?ero from the ship Rocbambeaa, in violatii n of the emigration laws, was fully argued befcre Judge Roosevelt, on Balnrd-iy, In cumbers ?f the Suiiremo Court. Joseph Poismarns and Jean Wag^emaLns, two of. tbe accused, were brought up? t ae one cn a writ of habeas corpus, aad the otier ma writ of certiorari? when Mr. Ball, Dls'rl.t. AtN?rney, appeared on l>ehaif of the llayrr and peopln. and M-. Theodore S dgwick for the prtsonf rs. AtWra Icog argumtnt. It was clearly tfMwn that tl. tre was bo ->root of tho men having ewer hecn convistrd cf a crime, aad tbe C'ou-t hell that they were not paupers, bat abls bjdi'd men ?at of work. It wxn, he siid, not the princlplo of p v< rt cent to dtocovrffg* th ero rrV;>a of persons, when willing n woik, aud helbecv ' ore Older (d the discharge cf !*-(> two ueo before him, which ruling aflects the rasas 4 the ramaining ten. Mr. Mali, the Consul A Do1 ?inm) was pNWBl c'uiiig the day. We have in'-elilgeiwe by t\* George L?w of the expected arrival ji the of a French e^niiron of five targu vesse'e, ?.te'- /atcbed, It la believed, to tO'*c?, if yCHsit'le, the rW.uctl?u of Prtropolovski. Itwi.l If rccolle t? <f tsat an E.igliah expedition fcgiiiiihJ ii;ftt pit c waq repulsed by the Ilubsiars after a -ionflict cf several tin;*. Our W?4t ir ^tor Arrow Hdent states that there ia bo ?? ub* fcnt the Senate will ugrce to tbo racdi ficatioi B of the t? ifi'ar adopted by the II)Ci?e. It JepicbthV, ajb*, that, '?< time permit*, the iprepoaed aboltiou cf d?uticf? an wojI, railroad iron <*ad dye' etufiV, wiil t?e adopted, a? there ifl a majority favor able to it iti bitli acute*. It ia be lltv-d that th-j Fe r.ate stand by ih?> Gsi-i ^ steamers, notvith stand iiig tte Ficfcice Committee ban reportad ia favor n rihing cut \ho clause re\ eaiing the aoUcd to tenon ate tbo extra allowance of compenaatiop. H;wtv:r, as there an; but seven days of the p'e sent nefhion rt maini: f , wt * (ill soon know the fiJe of t e important iue^urea cow under consideration in Congress; mud it is net, therefore, worth whi-o to speculate u^ou the prooabiittiea of ?uoc;a* or failure. A defperu'e and pejhaps f*t?lHght oo*,nned at a late hear on Saturday iicht at, 3 anvix Hull, in Broadway, between a number of puglliu'.B.'.n which tbree or four persons were severely inju*ed and one is supposed to be mortally w waded. A party of men, named LonW Baker, James Turner, Patrick McLaughlin, alias Pasgete, and three others, en tered the saioon in question, and commoncnd an In disciimka'e aesr.ult upen Bi 1 Pook>, who was ehot throcgb tbe body in tte region cf the heart, wbiis Turner accidentally ?hct himeelf, and al*o hin friend Bker. Charles Lczier, a friend cf Poole's, was also shot in t*o pltces, bat ia not fatally in jured. McLaughlin, Tuner, and Van Pelt were ar rested by tbe Eighth ward police. Biker has eluded the police, but it is probable hta captore will bo soon effected. Poole is not exacted to recover, hi* wounds being considered fatal b7the physicians in attendance. A full report of tha traraactton will be found in another coumn. Owing to a press of other important matters, we are compelled to omit the details of two police ite ns of considerable iuteieet. O&e to t^e effect that Ben jamin G. Wilder ai'd Luke J. Hirnngton, patent safe manufacturers and dealers, were arrested, on complaint of Charks A. Gregory, who alleges that they swore wilfully false on certiia matters in the Supreme Court, in Posember las;. Justioe Osborn hold the accused parties to bail in ttio sum of {1,000 each. Tbe other ia with reg*rd to Jacob W. Bell, at rested on tbe charge of forging endorsements of Coleman A Ptetnon, on a prom'Mor.f n^te, dated July 9, 1863, for $225, and another dated July 6, 1863, for $175. Juflge Btuart held the ascused to bail in tbe sum of $5,000. No less than three ilres occurred on Sunday morn ing before daylight. The fleet was a bakery in Broeme street, the necoad a carpenter's shop in Meicer street, and tbe third at tiO Broadway, situa ted in the brown stone block, corner of Rector street. Tbe kst tire originated ou the cecond floor, in the premises of 8. A Co., importers of lace Boods, Ac. Their stock was cons' de-ably damaged. Tbe anniversary of tho F.ench revolution of 1848 waa duly celebrated on Saturday by La Mok tugnt nod other democratic soeletiei of this city. A grand -btnquet was given In tho evening a', the Shakapcare Hotel, sojoe t^o huDd.ed geutleman Bitting down to dinner. Eloijuent spcechea wero delivered by Bcvfral citizens of the auiversal repub lic, full repoite of which are given ia another co lumn. Cuban Ttriota anil Cuban Knots? \nglo K icnc li Inti-rtrrence. The authorities in Cuba seem to be terribly alarmed, judging by the newH just received. Were the filibusteroH really diVuibarked upon its coasts they could not exhibit more activity and energy ol preparation. The whole of Cuba and itH watere are if clared in ? atate of si ege bv fho ^. ro^mvut, anil baudos are issued for the general enrolment of voluuteers The lat ter is rather a dangerous arm of defence, one would suppose, in the peculiar circumstauces of the ca.-e. Whilst the authorities are west ing and persecuting the moht influential and popular men in the island, this indiscriminate arming of the population dm: 3 not seem to us a very prudent measure. General Concha had better trust to the Spanish regiments at his command, than rely upon rclnctant support, which may be at any moment converted into active hostility. Curious to sty. notwithstanding all these evidences of danger, there seems a disposition amongst well-informed persons on the island to question the existence of the alleged con tpiracy. Whether this incredulity be real or purposely assumed, we have no doubt whatever as to the fact. It is notoriocn that for a long time past r-xteusive preparations have be?n makirg at several of our porta for the 'landing of another filibuster force in Cuba, and there are grounds for believing that, failing in its original objccts, the Kinney expe dition is to be diverted from its schemes of aimed colonization, and employed in v.rresting from Spain a paradiec more congenial than even the Nicaragua!! "land of promise." That all the ce movements were prepared in combi nation with certain 1< adcr? of the revolution ary party in Cuba there cannot be the slightest doubt. The numerous political arrests Mint ' have been made, Including many hiyh govern ment functionaries, are a proof that the au J thorities must have h id good growls for th? 1 distrust and alarm which th<y indicate. That the information upon which General ! Cotcha tcted vns communicated by our own i government through the Spanish Ambassador at j Washington, wf have rca?on to believe. It 1 icaehtd him about a fortnight previous to the period fixed for the rising ; hence the sudden energy and ptoinptnci of his measures. Tor the momi nt, the decisive cbaractcr of tlnsc measures and tb?- mi^nl support, afforded hiai , by the jrcs.cncc of the English and French ; Meets, will probably enable him to ccush any j attempt of this nature. T>nt is it ?o sure that | he will long succeed in repelling the external j dangers that threaten him? At piescnt our govuimiei.t lends its aid, as fur as pus- 1 frible, to the frustiation of the plans of the lllibusteros. Hut in spite of this disposition, ! ami under their very uo.-es, we hear of exte.i ! sive bodies of men being organized for the in vasion of the inlaid. It this be the cace no*, j how will it be when t!ie approach of the Presi- 1 dditial election will paralyze the action of our ' Ljccutive and render it powerless to control 1 the lawless acd daring impulses of the count less adventurers whose aspirations are directed toward that favored s| ot ? Instead of expedi tions of live, we shall tb' n h<"ar of invading ; ai rnies of ten. fifteen, or twenty thousand men, 1 with skilful and energetic commanders, and an nburdent supply r.t the s'news of war. Io the meanwhile wt have the first po-itivc evidcr.ce of the reality of the Anglo-French p<!icy shadowed forth in Lord Clarendon's celebrated speech n few months since in re gard to this question. Tbc vessels of the allies arc. it will be seen, lending active aid to the Cuban authorities to defeat any attempt at a landing. Tp what extent this interference is to be poshed events alone will prove to us. Havo the British and French fleets instructions to act as 1>ar crutsers as well as transports in the ?rvire of *he Siianish government? If the fact be bo, t-ouc awkward collisions are lincly to take placc which will speedily determine the true character ard linutH of tbut policy. The Revolution In Minlco-The Alvarez I'utly about tu Aitvanc* upon tlic Capital. .Although we aiu no greul believers in the energy t?t Mex'tan revolutions, the complexion of the new* received yesterday by the George Law ir.c)iies us to the opinion that S.*ata A-nna in jct-i z ow in a bad fix. He had spent tbc i even millions which he received fr.iin us, a:id which were to bolster up the tottering edi fice of his p<rver? the Yucatan Indian slave traffic has turned out an unprofitable specula tion ? and, in .short, he is wit'.out money, wiih ont credit, ajd wi?hout popularity, and, to cuwn his difficulties, his army is dal'y pro nouncing against hiui. lie could not expect let* when hid funds fell short ? point d'argent, pontile Suisse. What resource is left for him but flight, bht utd Alvarez carry into effect hia contem plated advance upon the capital, it is difficult to sty. lie is too cowardly to commit suicide, n< d imitate the tragic end, as he has imitated tbe follies and the vices of some of the worst of the old Roman rulers. Against a force such as it is said Alvarez will take with bim, and which will, in all probability, be swelled 10 treble its number by the timo it reaches the city of Mexico, it will be useless for him to think of contending. The defection of such men as Generals Moreno and Zuloaga, in whom the army have confi dence, will have a di>a^trous effect upon |is in terests. T heir names were of more importance to bim than the actual number of soldiers whom they carricd over to tbe revolutionary party. There is no doubt that their example will be exteEBively followed in all the districts in which the Alvarez party have an opportunity of coming in contact with the regular troops. Thus, unable any longer to corrupt and intimi date hin enemies, or to preserve tbe loyalty of hit* own troops by the liberality of his gifts?, the Dictator will, one of these days, suddenly find himself deserted by bis Prictorian guards, and a nark, perhaps, for tbe intuits and vindictivc nehB of the rabble of his own capital. For the latter eventuality, however, Saata Anna is not tbe man to wait. He has always exhibited "the better part of valor," aid when he sees that there ia no longer any chance of hJd averting the dangers that threaten him, he wi'l do as he has always done ? turn his back upon them. Ambitions as he is of the glory of imperial rule, ho ha3 no appetite lor any of its dangers. Ho would rather imitate the prudence of Charles the Tenth a/ d Louis Philippe than the firmness of Charles the First and Louis Seize. He has royal precedents for taking to his heels, and light royally will he imitate them. It 9 an evidence of the strength and con tinence of tbe revolutionary party that tboy Lave arranged beforehand their political pro gramme. Alvarez is to be named President pro tern., aLd either Senor Ccballos or Don Ig nacius Comonfort is to be hi< successor. Any one of these three gentlemen will, we have no doubt, prove acceptable to the country, as they have all given proofs of their enlightened patriotism and devotion to its interest*. From wbut w have stated it will ?>*? *i>?4 movement is now thoroughly organized, and holds out the strongest bop?s of Buccess. We may, therefore, expect at any moment to have stirring news from Mexico Who knows but that San Anna himself wxll be the bearer of tbe intelligence ? The Tariff in the House --Pending the conskk'ration in committee of the General Ap propriation bill, an amendnunt wa' adopted on Friday, reducing the dutien of the present tariff Tory considerably, by u vote of 99 to 86. I This is a very decisive and important pro ceeding. It foreshadows a downward change nlmont ns great fro? the bill of 1P4 (5 now in force, as that bill was from the protective sche dules of the bill of 1842. And this change may pe?sibly be effected by the coi currence of the two Loom's before the expiration of this season, though there is oi ly thisw.ek remaining of it. If if, dc cs jioss, the act will be the most remark nble of th?- k;nd in the history of the financial policy of the government from being the most conclusive step yet taken in the direction of a ; I olicy of absolute free trndc. The most extraordinary feature in this uu- I expected low tariff reactioo is, that Mapsaihu- j s?'its, the head and iront of the protectionists heretofore, should lead the way in both houses for the prop, ml change. Why is this ? The i oplanation is essy but startling. This reac- j tii n is ihe result of a popular revolt in Massachusetts against the cotton raum fjcturing oligarchy which has <o long con- ; trolled the tariff policy of the State. It 1 is the same popular reaction which has overwhelmed nil the old political parties, j a? (l whi*h strikes for a thorough-going reform, 1 not only in the morals and machinery of poli- ! ! tics, iu behalf ot temperance, and in behalf of conservatism upon the slavery question, but i also in behalf < f fr^e trade against the manu j factuiirg oligarchy of the North. Verily, I we arc upon the threshold of a new cpo:h. Ji dub Doi olah on the Kkow Nothings.? There i? something very significant in the late slashing onslaught of Senator Douglus np >n the Know Nothings. Ho smells the rat? he sees that there Is a revolution afoot? a myste rious, Incomprehensible, but ptilprble revolu tion. He perceives tha4. its drift is towards the Capital and the White llousr, with the ill pulse of a spi ing-tidc under a fresh wiud from the fen. He sees that the democratic Bourb jus, the elder and ilic younger branches, ate ail in dunger of ? pn elpitatc expulsion from Paris, and that all of the administration aspirants, from Pierce down to Curbing, and all tin? outsiders, including Cass and Douglas, are In imminent peril, with lie receding of the tide, of being kit high and 'iry. floundering iik? shark^ aul porpoises on the sand. But there w..s a golden rppoiluni.'y to Cass &r.d Douglas, some time ngo, of heading tae popular rc-uctinn which has crmkod the admin istration and blasted the prospects of the now terrified democracy. That opportunity was offered in the New York hard shell mutiny agiinst the Irce soil spoils policy of the Cabinet. Put the democratic leaders of the Senate lacked the nerve and moral courage for so bold a ven- j tuie. It was not in their lino of safe precedent*. They declined this saving expedient proposed by < ur hard shells, and fell back upon the des (teiate experiment of the Nebraska bill, which has ihipwjegkcd then all. The measure wm I constitutional, no doubt; and ao wae the bank- | rupt law. But it was low water and the ship ban foundered, and the wreckers and breakers are tearing it to pieces. As thiLgs have come to pass, we hardly kaovr j what a.,vioc to give to Judge Douglas, except ! to keep cool, and tee what can be made of the Dick; n' on scheme. Tbe df-nmrutic ship is I aground: but it my be got off in 1860 or 'Ct. The Judge is young ai/d must bide his time Misting one tide, he must wait for the n<lxt. Thus tbe world wj-gs (,n, good boy. The Incossisikkciks of this Custom House. | ? It has long been a common saying ttiat ! "there 's bnt a single step from the sublime to , the ridiculous," and this. Is so forcibly illustra ted in the policy ot Mr Secretary Guthrie that biH acts are soiuetim* h deserving of a passing notice. Since the inauguration of Geo. Pierce, his I Cabict c have done little else beside puzzling th-jir bruins about expedients for the depletion of the public chest; and although the most lavinb ex penditure has characterized The oareer o? the iidminintration, and the tariff has been tinkered at until it bas become like Lorenzo Dow's old jackknile ? ' with seven new blades and four new ha?dles"? the most contemptible parsi mony is oftentimes exhibited in the collection of the revenue. During tbe past week, while Mr. Guthrie was urging, in the strongest manner, tha pass u,"} of the amended tariff in the House of Representa tives, as tbe only means of checking an accu mulation of revenue, which defied even the moBt reckless prodigality of an army of spoils men to expend, he was quietly instructing the Collector of this port to institute a rigid scarch of tbe government store-ships, aud to exact from the officers and men of the Japan expedition .he j payment of duties on tbe trifling articles brought by them to the United States, whether in the shape of presents irom Japanese officials to tbeir families, or as mere curiosities from the remote regions they had visited. And such is the extremity to which this public stinginess has been carried, that the duty has been ordered to bo collected upon a broken tea-set, sent home by an officer to his wife. Even the jars of preserved snakes, pickled lizards, and pots of jellied worms, brought here as specimens of the Japanese cuisine, are not exempt from this miserly tax of the government. Yet while these exactions are being made Irom the infe rior officers of Commodore Perry's squadron, that gentlemau's luggage? to the extent of a i good sized sloop load ? has, we understand, ; been passed in Jree. In like maaner au excep tion bas been made in the case of his predeces sor, Captain Auiick, who was permitted to pass the portals of the Custom House without the necessity, or the opportunity, of feeing its incorruptible guardiuna. This aysiem? of making " fish of one and flesh of another" does not seem to us to be exactly just, and the poverty of the rule is demonstrated in its not working both ways. To say tbe least of it, it is a distinction which U rem.rkably invidious, and amounts to an indirect imputation on iho honor ol our junior naval officers. These gen tlemen are sworn quite as solemnly as those ol the Custom House, and we opine that they are quite as scrupulous about infringing th* revenue laws. Why, then, subject them to this scrutiny, and, above all, to the payment of tucb u paltry tax 1 It is entirely without pre cedent, and altogether unworthv of tho un lightened views hitherto expressed by Mr. Guthrie. It looks like a Quixotic effort to stop the hole in the Treasury made by the ten million grab to Mexico. Now it so happened that many of the articles on board the store-ships at the Navy Yard, (and we presume it will be the case with the remain ing vessels ol tbe squadron, on their arrival,) are merely curiosities, of no earthly intrinsic value, presented to the American officers by Japanese officials, in return for similar civili ties. 1 hat the Japanese were not subjected to the scrutiny of the Custom House minions of Jeddo or Naogasaki, Is a question, we suppose, no one at all familiar with those " outside bar barians" will ever venture to a-k. Cons stency is, indeed, a jtwelj but it Ih not easy to deter mire the character of that consistency prac tised by a government which w>nds out a fleet i on a mission of enlightenm< nt, and is itself the advocate of a domestic policy which even the ' pRgan people of Jap^n would be ashamed to ac knowledge. A J i st Measure. ? The Senate hare panned a bill which, we trust, will be concurred in by | ! tin; House, providing for the protection of the United States officers administering the Fugi- '? live Slave law, against such seditions act?) of i proscription as that undertaken by the Legis ! jatiire of Massachusetts Hgainst, Judge Loring. j We have already commented upon this case, and presorted it, in what wc thick its true light, to ; our readt rs. We have only to add. that where a tew act is necessary to enforce an existing constitutional law, it ia the duty of Congress 'o pass it, and of the Executive to enforce it, if r<cd be. tj the extent of the military and naval power of the government. We hope, tjo, that th- deci-ion of the Wisconsin judge, declaring the Fugitive Slave law unconstitutional, will 1 be carried up, with all needful despatch, to the Supreme Court, for its final judgment. Enforce the law. bat put a (top to every quibble of the agitators. Captain Hvkders Preparing to oo to Vir oima.? Wc are informed that Captain Isaiah Kyiders, the representative of the ad ministra tion policy in this section of the country, is making preparations to start for Virginia, to give his tiid in the great contest which is now j going o;? between the un'errifled democracy ! and the Know Nothings. The captain, wc uu dmtand, iulns earlier years, was an ardent pa tron of the fancy, and was an adept in pugilism lie mil, then fore, need but little training to tit him for that important requisite for public speaking, known as the science of flsthnftfe. In oratory, the captain is not quite so well versed ; and he is, therefore, studying with all i lie energy of his nature, in order to lit himself for the torum, according to the staudurd of Randolph md Patrick Henry. When Captain liynders reachcs Virginia the administration campaign, now lagging under thw antiquated policy of Wise, will immediately aseuni'' a new character, and it will be carried on with rtiat spirit and vigor which character ises th' management of such matters in tuorc enlightened hands. P.ut it gives us extreme sorrow to notice that while Captain Hynders purposes to oflVr his generous aid and comfort to the Virginia democracy, some of the members from the "Old Pomin'on" are so ungrateful, and so far b<hind the age. as to threaten him with vio lcacc in ease be dares to enter their State ? and carry out his plana for the in struction of the voters there domiciled. Now, Captain Rjnders is just the man for the |>ment campaign. Ilia cl<>qaence? hia Mylr ? tin mann?-ra ? his mode of elocution? are certainly uquul to and beur considerable resemblance to thope of Henry A. Wioe. The oulj difference ia that Captain Rynders, iu conM'quciice <f hia knowledge ot the flrst fcmilit a of the Five Points of New York, has a little lucre gentlemanly oaso, a higher degree ot fmifhin bin manner, than can be obtained by noixiug wth the first fiimilicM ot Virginia. Ciptain Itjndern, in Virginia, would be a mo d-'l for the orators of that State. Mr. Wi<e thonld imitate him. and utu<Jy his peculiarly effective Myle. If Captain Rynders does go to Virginia to join in the war aguinat the Know Nothing bar barian, there can be but little doubt as to the remit of the campaign. With hid aid, Mr. Wire ueed not deliver any m re four hour tpeeches. Ilia tuccesa is almost certain. Sebastopol and itb Sikok? What will bo the conwqu. nce 10 tue Eastern war if the ulltes find S? baetopo) what Moscow was to Napoleon the First ? Will it Dot comprise a great moral revolution which will entirely alter the position of the Western nations, and the etfects of which will be felt throughout the Christian world ? THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. ? ---v Interesting from Washington. THE TARIFF BILk,- 1TB CHANCE? IN TUB 8 JIN ATE ? PROBABLE KHI'E AL (IF THE DUTIES ON WOOL, RAIL HOAT) IB N AND UYfeSTI'FFS ? AWKWARD POSITION OF CERTAIN PENNSYLVANIA MEMBERS ?TUB COL LINS STKAMEKd ? SOCLE AND THE ADMINISTRA TION, ETC. Washington, Feb. 24, 1855. There appear* to be do doubt but that the Senate will pane tho Houston tariff amendment .placed by tlio Bonne ia the Geneial appropriation bill. The South will go for it, efpeeUily an it does not touch sujar. It is alto believed the Senate will insert the wool, railroad iron, and dyestutf? amendment, and it h&H been demon strated that there is a majority in the House in favor or it as an independent pioposition. Apart from this, many members who were opposed to it "before, merely because they did not wish to disturb the tariff, now that Houston's bill Is pause:, will vote for the railroad iron, &c., proposition. Several of the Pennsylvania members voted (gainst the tariff amendment yesterday, and others dodged Those who voted for it will have a de lightful account to settle when they return to the Key stone State. Notwithstanding the opposition of the administra tion, it is believed the Senate .rill sustain the Collins line by a decided vote. ' A large number of amendments have been reported by the I-inaoce Committee, among others, for giving the notice which was struck out in the House. The friends of the administration boast that Soule will be corciliated on his arrival. Jeff. l)a vis has un dertaken the j.?b. The lfew Hampshire National Democracy. Boston, Feb 25, 1855. 1 ho National Democracy of Now Hampshire hold a masB gathering on Tuerdty next. All pavties in that State are organizing with much spirit lor the coming election. The meeting of tho democracy will be held at Manchester. Markets* Providknck, Feb. 24, 1855. Cotton ? Demand active, al full rates. Stock li/ht, and market closes with a firm feeling. Wool.? -The g the buyer, lirm. Sales i market remains quiet, prices rather favoring the buyer, i i-'ales 43.000 lb?. Print ng cloths ? l'rices U '?i 1,700 pieces. Movement of the Allien In the Pacific. We received the following brief despatch by the lieorge yesterday: ? irn thi vr nl& NEW YOKE JURAT, D, It would seem that a liOW Trench Admiral ? Fourni chon? is expected soon in the Pacilic, with live Urge vessels. Another descent on Siberia (Petropaulov.?ki) is indi cated ? it may t>e with the idea of revolutionizing that region. YEUVIAK. lirooklyn City New*. Etten'sivk Roiiiikry of Floor mon tiik U. S. Stoiir 1100*13 ON TT1K A il- antic Dock*? Arret OF THK ."it PPOSKD Giiliv Partifb? About two months since, Sergeant Conklin Smith and officer John Mathews, of the First ?district Brooklyn police, obtuliod information of parties who had purchased Dour at a price considerably below the market value ; and, believing such sales to bo not altogether on tlie square, instituted inquiries rs to where it had been obtained. After considerable trouble, tb"y at length discovered that it had b-en brought from the government itore* on the Atlantic Dock. The offlcert then ift themselves about watch ng the miniruvr.'s of the parties tbere tmployed, and soon touud that num bers of empty barrel* had been taken to the stores in j carta and other conveyances, ami full barrels taken u way. The officers followed the vehicles on a number of I occasion*. And raw the Uour delivered at sundry private houses about the city, which appe ircd to be sufficient evidence, in their judgment, that tue employed were nut | as honest an they ought to i>e. In couaequence ?' th"?e | dlseovries, they comiuunn'ateJ a portion of the facts I above detailed, to Mr Reiii.ld, the Collector ol the port, who at <>nce authuiized Die officers to ferret out the j wliolo nttair, which they ut once proceeded to do. lo j their rabseqt.cut operation the? discovered that bairels i were taLen from one store on tue dock to another, and, ' in the space of half or thr< o-qmrten of an hour, a full j barrel would be rolled out aad tiken to another 1 store, and deposited jui t in- ide, where ii would rjin.iin | for a sl.orl time and then suddenly riaappear. The officer- ?a ? this fc-eral times, but could not account for | ft; and after watching lor teveral days, suw, as they i tbouaht, a favorable opportunity to take a survey of i the 2oc?, but found tin ir vl.w obstructed by several In ?j.? of railroad iron. Nt ;:t day (on Fr.iiav la it) they rhjuieri Iheir position. ami at 11 o'clock A. \l observed a cart, loaded with Mime twenty lire empty li jar barrels, Bt op >1 n store and unload, and then haul oil ajina two honored yaroe d. slant, where ;h<? horse ? as uiiharne** | en unit placid under a shed, The driver then ret lrned, I ?ad r< Dial tied out if sight until 4 P. H , when the horse | was rebarnfs eo and driven up to store No. 1 2, otitsido I tf the dock, and loaded with full bartoifi, which were j driven oif, followed by two laborers. The officer* U;p* j their >yet on the cart until it was stopptd in frjet of I Matthew Murphy 's hi use in Aruity itr<et, near Willow, i There tbey ranie up and too* the driver, Wi'liira k llv, alms Grassy Kelly, into custody, and taking possession of the Hour, convnyed it aod t'i*o pri<on.r to the Kir*t dim. t station bouse. The two laborer* were subse quently aricstid by the ranie officers, They say that Murphy e nplojed t In u. to tike the tiourand leave throe barrels at his houee. aud so d a barrel to each of lln?m ' for eight dollars, on cndit. The officers subso- I qurntly arresttd Matthew Murphy, Frederick Tsr hune, I'atrick Fng't au'l Robert Kartell, who- j with K dly, were all token before I nited.htalcwM uah il 1 Hilljer, in S'"W York, on Saturday. and commute I to the Tomt.i in default of f i (00?ball each, to await examina tion. It is confidently stated by the officers, (wnoare deserving of gr- at credit for tlnir perseverance ?nd ia dmtryin this matter,) that the inve'tgaton wilt show tlNt u|i*ard? cf t50.tK>" worth of ttcur has been a to. en , friiu tl " government stores on the Atlantic Cock during i the past >ea-OQ. Tim B.'HJ-.oah Arctmerr ti An.ATnr STtmer ? Th? h i, lireokel, who wbs so shncking'7 tmngevi on f-?turi!ay by , being roll orrr bv the cars of tue I, in/ Islsnn Ksilroad, d ed in the I'ity Hospital about 7 o'clock the same evening. Re was ftfttcn >ear* of .ige, a ni? ve of Rotterdam, and empkiyei as a caWu boy on the ahip Hulland, lying at pier 21, North nver. Oorm r R ddinr held an Inquest yesterday, and a verdict of accidental death was retdeted hy the jury. itw?ri? ? Mrs FJ /.\beth Kmmans, residing at 104 High Mr?* . -?hi!e retnralnc from a visit on ;ri ?y ivenine, w - taken su ileulr ill, >ul be;n* taken into tbe drug *5i re on the corner of M?N ? avenue an ! Ilridfe stree', died brfore remedies couli bo applied She was iR years of age. The cause of death was dl? ear e o! the heart. ?Jersey City New*. Mkktwi or LtgroK Ihjucns ? A meeting of a #( ret nature was held at Franklin Hall on Friday evening, by the liqner d'aleri and their frienda There was no little erultatii n .t the defeat of the liquor hill In tho Ssnste of New Jersey. -tad sli ps wi re taken towar la prepara- i tion for 'he approaching munielptl elcct on, at which | tbe prcniinent iai-ue will evideutly bo the temperanco j qncstiou. Tiik Aim uorn o!? ?rsD*Y.? Ilil* well mantgrd insti tution, under the superintendence of Mr. Whitley, pre sents a quiet and orderly aapeet on the Sabbath, in keeping wi?h its internal neatness and iti strict dlacl pllte A Sabbath Bchool is held at U o'clock on Sunilay atti. root r.B, which is attended by over thirty of the children a hose home is In the builotng. It iacouducted by Mr* John Caarady, aaalstod by thrse other lidie*. A htrary t( Kund*y Bchoul books hss been coilerted for the uie of tliij childrer [ ivine servi-ee are held at 3 P. M. each Sunday, at winch the City Miaaioaary uaually Officiate*. Dramatic and ffttalcal Matter*. Purlnj tbe put week the Op??ra hu been liberaffy catered by two troupea? that in, liberally n far a* quantity in concerned. But the ungrateful public will not take advantage of eueb managerial generosity, and '?musical t isto" Bosnia to bare expired on last Wednes day at coon, wbeu Gr'fi a> d Mario left theso inhospita ble shores vo enjoy wfiat cue of the journal* call*} tliP "fran'.ic bravoeof I ond?n and Parts audiences.'' The papers tre lrcul?tmg a Parisian canard r- la'ivr: to hacbel's visit to America Hue ban made no engage n,ent, but romes, an we iv, "on bor own^hciok," with lisr liiotber, Mr l'elix, as her liuauci il manager. At ibe Croaijw Iiiiutkk, Mr E. L. Davenport lmsj appeared an 11?- ojlet, Othello, Drutus, St, Marc and 1I< rcule (Clviliratlen ) We can only repeat the opinion wu h?\e a Ilea iy expressed at some length, tbat Mr. Davenport is a thorough artist and to recommend tbe " quiet'' "?< hool of which he is eminently the ira'ter, tr> .1) yojlli'ui a-pirnnts to dramatic honors. Mr. been well supported in the second parts by Mr H. A Terry of tbu Walnut street theatre, Philadelphia. Mr Perry U om* of the finest actors LA juvenile trugMy uud light comedy in tlio United States. Ibi,- evtnnp Mr Daveo ort ippcars in his own p1ay,uSt. Marc " Ibe afterpiece will bo "My Aunt," with Mr. Ptrry a.i liick 1 asball. On Friday next Mr. Davenport has a benefit, w> ? n Miss F Vining will maUo ber debut in America. On Saturday Mis* Mary Agnes (Camoens} will take a benefit. Mr. Davenport will play on tbat night. This Metro pout as Thxatkk is closed for the present, lliere is a rumor that it wi<l shortly be opened for operatic rep rem ntations by ionic of t e Cirisi ard Mario troupe. Apropos ites bottet, this tue&lre is pronounced by all the foreign artists who have played in it to be oae of tbe n<ost perfect in the wor<d, as regards the two great dtiidrrata ot' such l)uililio<+? its acoustic and op tical qualities. There is uo part of the house from which the performer*, on the stage cannot be as distinct ly seen ao?l heard as from the front seats. It is, for this reason, better a iapteu for operatic performances than the I retentions bailUing specially erected for thorn in Four teenth street, and wnich violates in its construction these important conditions. Madame Grlsi and her hus band were so gratified with tbe superior facilities afford ed to (heir efforts by these peculiarities of the Metropoli tan, that, previous to their departure for Kurepe, they addressed tbo following note to Mr. Trimble, the archi tect : ? I am charmed to be able to declare to Mr. Trimble* architect of the Vetropol tan, tbat he his been fortu" nato enough to erect a th> a're which is not only very* elegant, but hdm rably k-iapted for the voice and for instruments. OL'ILIA GRISl. New Y onK| Feb. 20, 1855. Underneath was added the following postcript, in SMgnor Mario's handwriting I am happy to be able to say as much. MARIO. Fkuruaiiy 20, 18fiA. The only theatre that we know of that bear* a resem blance to the plan of the Metropolitan ia tie Theatre Lyrlque, formerly the Tbaatre Uistorique, in Paris. It. was specially built for the performance of dramatised versions of Dumas' historical romances, but it had the great defect for auch a purpt*c of not having aufflsient depth between the stage and the balconies to help out the Bceijic effects required. This fault has been avoided by Mr. Trimble, whilst he has preaerved all the advan tageoua parta of the plan. There in,, in fact, no theatre, either iii Paris or London, that can be compared with thfr .Metropolitan for a combination of all the elements which are neccssary to reodtr an audience comfortable. It is to be regretted that the stage accommodation ia not equal to thfct of the other part* of the house. This, however, ia a defect which can be easily remedied, by the purchase of one or two o( the adjoining buildings. At B' hton'8 Tiikatiik light favorite pieces have been played through the week to good bouaea. Mm Charles Fisher had a good benefit on Monday night. Mr. T. B. Johnston, for some years connected with thia house, haa retired from the company. Hia remplacant ia Mr. H. C. Jordan, who makes hia first l>ow to the Chambers itreet audience thia evening aa Pigcory, in the '-Spectre Bride groom." The bill also includes three other piecea, in two of which Mr. Burton will play. The "Upper Ten and Lower Tivinty" will be played to-morrow evening. At Wai.laik'h Thkatok there haa been nothing new. This evening Mrs. Centlivre'a comedy, "The Busy body," will be revived, witb Mrs Hoey, Mrs. .Steven*, Mrs. Conover, Messrs. Blaee, I aster, Brougham, Dyott, Stewart, and Ylnceut in the cast. This ia one of Mrs. Centre's beat comedies ? Mr. Poole's "Paul Pry" wis builrupon it? and it haa only been played twice in this city duiingtke past sixteen years? at the Park and at Button's. The piece will be done at Wallack's with new scenery, costumes of the period, (1719,) fco. At TiiK Bi wkrt Thkatrk ? hia evening there ia to be x ' complimentary testimonial" to Mr. Waidron, the ma : nager. /mong the volunteers, we find the names of , Mr*. Lufiiidd, rit c Kate W-myss, Mis. Yoemaua, Mra. j Charles Burke, Mr. Eddy, Mr. R. Johnston, Mr. T. B. : Johnaton, Mr. C. Keller, and Mr. George Arnold. Tho bill includra " Irgomar," "The Truand Chief," and " Mairied Ufo,'' tnd the prices will be ttxed at double ? the -.sua! ratea on thia occasion On Wednesday a com plimentary benefit to Mr*. C. Burke, widow of the dia i tingul-lied comtdian, ia anr.oucccd. Mr*. M. Jones has fitiiahfd her engagement at the Bowery. She had a. I crowded bouae on the occarcn of her benefit. At Bai'xrM'a Mi ssim, " Uncle Turn" redicivtu is being j played. It will be dote th s evening. At Wood's Minsthkls No 47 2 Broadway, a fine bill Ik Announced for tonight, including Baker's burlesque, the " Hotel d'Afrique. " At BtrKiJcr'H Ml<wiiri.?, 519 Broadway, a n?w piece, called " The Two Pompeya," is up for to night Mt SIC AND THK DiUMi ELSKWIIKRR FnuunPRM. ? At the Walnut the opera (Pyne and Harrisou troupe) ia drawing *elL " I'nclc Tom " is th* attraction at the Ctieatnut. Eot-Tos Mr. and Mr*. Florence are at the National. The Howard Athtnsum, uuler Mr. Wi&ard, will be opened on Wednesday ? Mr. James Anderson, stag.' manager. The ecnjpauy iucludes Mr. McBonough, Mr. J. H. Rolinj-nn, Mr E Thompson, Mr. Floyd, Mr. Tozer, Mrs. H. F. Nicbola, and Mi?s Charlotte Mitchell. Mra. Bartow tad a bin-tit at the lloston theatre on Friday night. Mr Bany, for several of her admirers, presented her with a (told watch and cbun. I'he (laztfU gives ?lie receipts of the Italian Opera, for four weeks, thus ? KIW8T WEEK. Jan. 15? I Puritan! $3,078 60 If? Tliree Faraes 233 50 17? Lucrezia Boraia 3,93126 18- Bold Stroke for a Huabml 120 U 1!? ? 1 a I'avor'ta 3,277 JiO 20? Ilm litre 1,217 50 $11, *64 7^ RKCOKD WKAK. 22? Norma $4,225 00 V3 ? Pjld Stroke lor a Husband 291 00 24? Favorite 3,M>8 00 St? Rival# 217 75 i.?? Pa aquale 2,194 26 27? Norma 2,250 00 $12,976 CA TBIRD WT.KK. 10? Giovanni *3,247 00 ;:0? 1'ali- tall (lienty IV ./ 1,213 25 SI? Lu< re I >, Ac 2,4.>S 00 Feb 1-Fal.Ull (Merry Wive>).... 7?7 50 2? Giovanni 1,777 2* 3 ? Pur tun! t,"92 75 $10,876 7ft FOtT.TU Wur.K. fi? Semiramide $2,521 75 6? Falctatl (Henry IV) >?.1 50 7? S? un?mbuU 1,729 50 h ? Kintnrkian and M. Millet. 546 75 P? Norma, Ecena Lucia 3,400 50 10- Semirauiide 2,060 00 - $11,742 00 Tela! $17,45# 76 The e?p. n't' were about 4^,<K0 per week. Tho same japer aay* ? It i* will kcown that (luting the vlait of Grlai h ail Mario .. vt r?l ?f "?r mn.t n p*< labia cttimna fr-quent e.l the gallery of the tl eatre tr, gratify their ta'te. Sev eral ni"du i.i jonng gentl? tn n of tin* city, on dit, beiu^ ?li"litly "aLoft" in a financial point ef view, ap fared aa t upernumsrarii a in tl - ojera of *m r^m'.d'', and thfety net otly L^ar 1 Gri?i gratis, but ba1 tho citlafactioa of dr??siti? n armor. At"<.t'fT>i, lis.? Mr*. Charlea Howard is playing here Wuir.ilMi, Va ? The new theatre i* to b<! op?ued t<> eight. Mra. M. Jonea i* the i^ar. I'msm ao ?Mr. T. II Johnston (late of Burton's) l? et gated to appear here shortly. Caiv.ok.xu ? The San Francisco Chronicle of the lat Feb. mjr ? Iheatricals ??? in a depressed state. At hith of the Fnpliah theatres, now op"n, several new piece*hive beer, recently prtd'iced, at considerable expen**, but they bav? failed to "draw " I'he pic-as iiad little .Jramatic werit, tLcugh *a spectacles and balUts their pretenaioaa were greut the "Ice Witch, or the Frozen Hand," pro duced at the Metropolitan, was particularly well got up. In tbia losing bu-iness. the Metropolitan management has anr.oitncut a new aeries i,f operatic entertainment*, tfce h?u?e to be o?>en only four night* in the week. Madame Anna lliahop and the Italian opera troupe, which h*a been performing her* for aotne month*, have agreed to unite. A German baritone and a French tenor i? In the allle*. It is e*pecte<l that thU Anglo Franco Oermano Italian company will be able to produce eoroo new standard nperaa In a better *tyle than haa yet been accowpll'hed here. Mr. Bo<-baa wUI lead the orchestra. Mr. and Mr*. Stark, Mr. W. M. 1 -etnan and othera, are playlrg at Hacramen'.o. lirwauA.? There were two IbeaUee epen at Sydney

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