Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 3, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 3, 1855 Page 2
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AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. Oar Piui* Corrnpomlenc*. Tiki*, February 12, 1855. AaiHcrtii Ana ill upon ^bn/tof ol ? Stbatlcpcl, the Prise Ojl a i Para? Tin Pa'tnt Calf killed a ' the Palais Royal Dinner to I'rtiut .\apoleott ? Ball at the luileriei and iwii.'a* t'tcl Coslumet? Prime u Ma'hilde, hsr B:t a,,a nfr /'earl VtcAlace?Er -Que** Chritiina, that ? |K.or " ExiU - Dnrvthal 0/ he r Daughter and the Son , f Prime Ciarti-ru'ia? Brilliant Wedding a! the Lux t mbeutv ? BaV.~ a iht furleith E<ribafty? At the liu'el ik Ville?Tht IFai h inyton Bat ? Death of Prince Per. dinunt! ? Woiutona of the Pope and the Uoniteur ? .4 hagnit of Poli ical Topics? Sir. XnuU?Vr. Union ?ftr. Un.1-. ir. Kumar lays that to day, the t??l tit ot Febru ary. is ta be luemarao'-e far ti.e lsng-uelayed a - nult of pebastepo'. Will time, General Caorobert, .in 1 I-o.-d Hapac contradict her? M?tcwhile tbe Parisian do not listen too credulously to her. luey even think they "?,y a great peard under her nn:fller'' ? the u^ird per haps of another lartar Art we n Jt ill rj'l cunival, the teascn ol disguised aud deifp'.icns' The carnival is shorter than usual this y*a-, but it will not elose withoat delight ng the Parla'an* on Sun cay neit, oc Mouday, and on Sbrsve Tuesday, with a tight of Sebas'.opol; that is, of the huge prixe ox whiih has been honored by the nums c t that fcTuiViab!e for trees, and, with its two competitor* at the c ittle m ?riiet of Poissy last Thursday. BomarsunJ and Trebiiton le, will be paraded through the streets. r' wording to the annual custom, suggestive uf t^ie worsb.p o! the oid bull A pin. The oxen, it is said, sre to bo draen in antique style, on a qiutdriga a ear with four horses abreis', and to be accompanied with the usual procession of ifl u gorkaland historical figures, of maskers in every gu.fs, and stout butchers The fatted calf has been killed at tbe Palail Royal. Ex king Jerome invited the high functionaries of the Empire, and particularly the generals and aaporior offi cers now in Paris, to the d whiih las' week "conse crated" (in french parlance) the return of Prince Napo leon. I have already informed you that the fa'her of tbe Prince ' went forth to meet him," in as patriarsrial (aahion as a modern express railway train permits, and that his imperial cousin 'fell on bit neck and kissed him , and wept also b? mu h Ike an anoVnt as is possible new a days, wbeu he wan welcomed at the ? Masic and dancing, which were ihe order of the day, er rather tbe night (but the night is day, durigg carni val) before his arrival, have not been interrupted by it. As I have told you, he went to t*)e opera with the Em peror, not long a'ter the'r first interview. I .as I. l'hurs. day evening "Her Majesty, tbe Emprea*, opined the ball at the Tulleries with His Imperial Highness the Prince Napoleon: and Her imperial Highness the Princess Ma thilde with Lord Cowley." His Majesty, the Kmperor, did act dance. The Princess ilnthilde entered with her fa ther, tbe ex King Jerome, whom, you recollect, the wa? formally reconciled on tbe let of January, and her | brother the l'rince Napoleon. But it is said that she claimed from the Kmperor the other day the payment of a wager of 25,000 francs, which she had made with blm, that tbe Prince, in spite of his new epaulotts of a Gen ral, would return from the Crimea without laurels. If this be so, she must have overheard some of the epi grams and ctorics that had more or lens seriously com promised his official relations wsich the recent dinner at the / alaift P.oyal was doubtless intended to re-establish. At the ball, the Princess wor<t her famous pearl necklace, which is probably unequalled by any other in the world. Amcng the distinguished strangers present, were re marked the Austrian lienors 1, Count de Crenaeril!*, and the Prussian General Baron de Wedel. the ball was less crowded than most of those which have been giv^n at I the Tulleries this winter, and splendid costumes and ?legant toilettes were displayed to better advantage. The brilliant crowd will be increased on the next ocsa aion by some forty citizens tn'l of the United Pta4l, whom Mr. I'iatt presented at court Utit Saturduy. Mr. Put ley Mann and Mr. Marc) might well le shocked at tbe quantity of " brass coats and bluu buttons," | gold lace, white kerseymere*, cocked hats and sword* ? without counting kids, paten', leathers, and liveried foot. ! men, which must be footed up od auother bil! -supplied | by Woocman to Americans amMtiuu* ot ga/.ing for a fesr 1 hours at imperial upho'.stery. Of course, if they go, ! ibey roust comply with the prescriV-d etiquette WU-.le j >B lurley. wb\ nut gobble V While with peicocks, why ?ot strut ami spread ' Mr. Mison, indeed, and any other accredited i iplumatic ^ffent of tK.> i*ui*c4 .states EvernmeLt ?? tli ? or any other Kuroju'iiu C-mrt, might ve strictly followed Mr. Marcy's Instructions aed shamed i colors with snler blick, w thuut let or hindrance, if they had deemed it best no: tf exercise the discretionary p .-ivilege left to them by the iustruetious. | Bad the latter been ei her explicit or silent en the sub ject, less icater:a! would have been furnished for a new chapter in tbe p?\t edition of Sirty Keiartus, that com jwndinm of cluthcs philosophy. Ex Queen Chi ist' ii* was present at the imporial ball last week. Her anple propurt ous luve not dimiainhod. and in spite ol all tue sympathy that the " p tor exi'el <}u?en" bws elicited lrom flitte-ers at court, her fat puwt iloes no: seem to lure s'urunk iio wo'ttlly as might have be?n anticipated from the loud outcry of Spaia last jratomer, demanding tbst the Q leen Mother shiuld dis Crge apart, at least, Ot lrr enormous treasures. CUris ta livee and entertuins right royally at Mitlmaison, and 1 has just promised, it in said, a dowry of a m'.UioQ to oit j of her morganatic daughters who is ab >ut to be mtrrie3 toa ron of Priute tVattoriska. that venerable patriarch | ?f the Poles at Psiis. A brilliant wedding ha* just been ?elehrated at the Luxembourg Palare, to wtiich more than two huu Irdd <*rtlagc? hrougVt the guexts invited to the religious cre BOiiy >A the marriage of M. iimile Gaudla, sub-diie.'tor at tbe M.nistiy ol loreijii Aiuirs, and M l'.e i?cUngle, 1 danirhter of tbe senator President of tbe Imperial Co irt. i Tbe chapel ?*s, ol course, too i<m.i:l to contain all who werfl invited, and the refit crow led ti.e parlur* contigu ous 4> the rieh h'?.tni i-al chamber of Marie dcMsili:u. | Tbe nuptial bene 'ictior mt* pron -noced by his Eminence, , the Cardinal llupont. Rut the most splcn lid enterlainment o! the p ist w?ek, was the ball on Saturday night at the Turkish Knrjaisy, in the Rue de?;r 'nelie, S?mt ( ??runin. Tho o who at- ( rived early enough, could admire at leisure a pr-ifu* on of flowers and gorge uku' *s of ?.e: irati'in ^ that, with tbe brilliant il umination, the multitude of se. vanu in ri;h liveries, and tho oriental dres- *>f the AmbiiK.ilor liiui self, flashing with dltmoud* an l pri ;ioiif. stones, and, for j the first time, the gracd cordoa of tbe Legion of Honor, ; reminded th?m of the nl?^nitlceo?<? colehratjJ in the Arab'an Night*. Rut the crowd o' imn bei'im" ??> grtat, that a'Jnugli.i vu<t temp irary -all-ry ha] been erect'd D th* garJen, c r-..Ut .o vaa aim <at ini ponaible, and even t'ue pearl noc.lai of l'mciM* lUthil ?lf, and the famoua liuuur jarket of the Duke of Drum wick, could ararcely be il (tinjuiahed in the- uplendll confusion of the f -ne. I'pwards of three thou<ind Hereon* were prevent dur nr the n (ht, an 1 the utrlor<, 'ncluQiLg the ga'. l"ry cull uot 'OwfortaMy ho! 1 moro than a tliouaand at a time. The Invitation t> th's t?ll ha<l been di*trivit-d b"for?- Vely l'ach" w ^ r*-?ll ?d from J'aria. to be (Jon-mur of 8:on?e. He could ?>t h,i\e taken hi* farewell of the I'ar.idan' in a m tuner iri<r ' elegant, tr more inn to multiply tl.eir r?gr?t? at bin i eparture. Yon know the rage if I'arlVana for off ial ball ? and m iU not be aurpriaed to I arn that the appl rations lor the next ball at the 11 i".<l \ ilie. en the l'vh iant , had ex:?e<l?d by 16,000 the mun1- r to whl- h the hat ?> coil lined, li.OOO, b?'fo:e the 1'refect of the -i-ine ha I time to announ e that it hi* o!mQ L The American bank ? ? houi-ca of Meear*. l.-'winjr^t?>:?. Wall' * CV G ten ? .v Co., an ! John Monroe * C? , bare uni.ed in iiropomng *.Le coJBiomorati'.n by a ball <?? the ?.d of February, of the name of \\ aaVu <tou immortally Identical w.tii that date. The American* in Ml will MtM easily n pun ! *o Tii3ir appeal. To conclude thi* long c'uapt 'r on ballt, I maat ata'.a that the Mimiteur of to morrow inornu; will announce the po*tp-nement of the I>*1' at t'te Fuileriee on t'ie lifh int., oo account of th* <leatli o:' I'r.nre Ferdinand, the Duke of Qmo*. Th? r?rt will go into riKmruiug on tlu* 24th, lor four dajn, on the ?anii> account. Thi* triile alfl c'ion of the King of Sardinia. who baa to lately loat both hi* m >th?r and hia wife, haa not warded otf the addit nal |orn;oiiiof the monifuriuM of hia H*Smh the Toye, **T*r*lj w oa the mtaaafw arhlcb bate b-en rec- mm nded br the Sardinian iroTfro ?tent in relation to e< eWlaaticai property. Terliapi it wa* thought that th , moment Of doHUIUC(Hlf would he faenrable for awaken Bf ti loyal con'iien: ? tj the enormity of hia preauming to rel'ere the flnam-ea of the Magrfoin hy proNnely tourhicg the treaaurea of th* (rleathooil Hut 'he "?ardinlari mlniatry ha< thvia far be rayed no dlapoi'tion to abandon the mea^uraa wUi't'i ihey had propoae 1. The Mwit'Vtir'i nvmltfirium in?iating upon ?t It further "prndenee"' onthe part of the F-?ncb preia, in relation t? the actual war, ariu nominally addr-'a*el to Kren -li, while realW dealgned for Br.tlah jonrnaN the prirate warning wnlcli the Made haa retired oo account of Ita 00 earneat Inroeatlsna 'or enlarged liberty of Ilia preaa; be election of O'lHllon Barrot, aa a m?mtx>r of the aec ion of moral and pohtica! *c!eni-e? at the in-tttute; tha oag-drawn ou' ungotla'ion* e' 1'ruaaia, with a view to uaiitain it* attitu le of n?atrality th* proepeot of a ?i?it of tn* Kniperor of the F:em-h, In company with the 1 rinre Napoleon, ffrat to the Kniperor of Auatria, anl then to th* Queen of Raglan-' the chance tha* if, In th* aheence of the Kmperor, the fount de Morny la not aaned IJeatenant-<>*neral of tha Empire, a Council of Regency may be fona*'l, with thaei King Jorom" at ita head, or eren that th" Kmpreaa berae f m?y be araointod Regent of the Kaapire the organiiatlon of ?ne arnie*, at the head of whirh Kmperor N'apoleor. Ill ?ay *ooa place himaelf, and the p'.an of h a flr<t cam paign. th* poaaible *<ib*titutinn of General IVhatier a? rommander in-chief of the t'rtniean army. a?lr fillo' Oencrala Canro^rt and Korey in ciin I'Min with th* roeommendation* of (ienerai Niel aa well a? Prine* Na poleon the probable conae'i<ien;ea of the change of ?Bnletry inCreat Britain, and eapeelal'.j that b<<g nn'n; <rf the end the beatowal of preferment In the Brit a'i iray up< n merit, and no longer *xclu*lv?ly upon gold aad favor ? n An*, the "d*moerati*ati?n'' of the Hritiih army pointing toward* a *o*ial rer*!jUon not the leea ear* for belag (low the lyropathie* of Han iT*r aa well aa Sardinia with th* all ao^e o' the W. a tern Power* : I the admiaiatratiTe hangea in Turkey, an l ne di**a % -ou condition of the alii*<i armiea m the Crimea, ia ?pita of tbe contradiction of the rumored mutiny of th* /onaTee, and the exaggerated aeounta of tbe demorali sation of the RifH?h at w*U a* Jurlr th tn -j>* U)*ee are inrnK tb? mala tepfca of public attention this week a*. Pari*. Mr Soule'a departure from Madrid and arrival hm, oabis way to Knglano. when ? ha will leave at South* amptou, on the aMuwr St. louis, with his family, for New York, on Wednesday next, have supplied an addi tional topic of attention. Mr. Mi m<v arrivo at tYakbmg'.on a few c'aj s before the close of the 'ongres tlcnal session. At all events. be will not !jn< delay | rendering an account to bin adopted country of tbe bii^b mlsnoi. which ha<l been entrusted to linn, an well of tbe peculiar difficult ?! which he rauit have encountered | in the effort t > fulfil it? difficulties arising quite a? rnuca r.t Waehicgtcn, ptibaps an at Madriil. Will there bo ' troable iu the wigwam ' when ho reaches bomo Y We ?ball see. Meanwhile, I mutt repeat my previous rs inuik, tbat, duiing hi* recent sojourn at Madril, the ultra-moderate press lia" not reproJu'.ed tbe absurd ralumm's wltk which if bad n*?ail?d tbe \mer:-,an Miniate. ip his absinee. I may add that his farewell "* i*it to her Catholic Majesty was m trked by the cane ex :haune of courtesies wiiieh had been displayed in all bin previous Inteicourre with ti e apan nU C.'nrt. On the day alter his departure Irom Madrid an immense sensation ?ss prodiv-?d t\'?re by Iho <1 strib itioa at the office of tbe Clanwr Publico, of a pamphlet entitled "Cuestiou de Cuhi, a l'r ucipio.s de IHS'j. Apurto p.T Daniel O'Kysn de Acunn." Tbla remarkable pamphlet, ov?r which 1 ha>e had turn to glauce but cursorily, pre feu's Mr. .-"Oulr under an entirely n?w light for Spain. According to t* aiittor. who is a Spaniard, in spite of bis ball Irish name, Spain has, in the American diplo matist, no* a fierce acversaiy, but a sincere partisan of an inlinih'.a alliance between ihe United St a ten and the P-ninsula. by means of a general treaty of commerce and of au uutire reciprocity of Custom House tariff be tween the isiand of Cuba an l the Uuion. Mr. Soule l^ft l'aristhis morning for I.ondon. The health of Mr. Maion, Ameiican Minister at Paris, continues rap diy to improve. Ihe Judge lias naturally been not a lit'.ie vexed al the obituary notices of him self which he has reac. in the American journals, and particularly at tbe Ftatenvnt of a ''jpeciil correspon dent" of tb* New York Tribune , tbat be is "rarely ra tional. " F1UAR0. I'ahh. Monday, Feb. 12, 1866. The year 1 f- 5.6 and its Prospects ? Probable Advance of a french and Austrian Army on the 1'russian Frontier s ? Magnitude of Russian Preparations on the Coasts j/ the Baltic ? h\trther Restriction * on the french Press? Ihe rope and the Sardinian Gorernment ?Actual Strength of the Russians in the Crimea? Grand Jiall at ihe Tuileriet?Ball at the Turkish Embassy ? l'rince Xarclecn, tie , ite. Winter, which for a moment seemed to have bade us faiewell, and yielded itx frigid sway to the mill ad vances of k precocious spring, lira returned to take up its abodo, and by a driving mow. that freezes as it wblfeistbe housetops and cupolas and spires of our public buildings and churches, visibly attests that it has still rights and priviltges to assert ere its valedic tion i* complete. In tbe meanrhile, ? - a coctiast to tbe icy torpor of Dature, civllired man is tolling uight and day to see how best be may destroy the life of hU fellow and reducs the world to something like original chaos. Lord I'al merst oil's accession to the highest post io England ap pears already to have added fuel to the half smoulder ing embers, and from each extremity of Europe we now bear of nothirg else bnt gigantic preparations for a year which, by unanimous consent, seems fated to be a mem orable one in the history of the world. Tbe events of 1854 may be considered but tbe flourish of trumpets and beat of drum, indicative of a general array of armed legions, such as have seldom dazzled the eyes of won dering spectators. The year on whi:h we are now en tered is, m fact, to be tbe reil inauguration of that state of thincs, which, kap'.y, for many a long year to come, will bury under Its deadly ebade those progr<M sive arts which, during tbe pn*t forty years, hs<e auded so much to the comfort, well-being nud happiness of mankind. That a French army will no m unite itself with that of Austria and approach tbe Prussian froutior, and that the Emperor V?po!eon will command it iu per-ioj, h?i now cmn'u to be any longer a matter of conjceturn, but it is openly spoi en of in al'. diplomatic circles at a ninUei' deternu'ued on. Af t a* such fixed us if one of tho u-uat decrees had issued froa th* Cabinet of the Tiilerie*. The Empercr, Francis 'oseph of Austria, 1h to do tin rame, and who knows but there may be three Rich mond*? thtee Emperora? in the fitld, and the terrible Ciar show himself as formidable at tiie bead of his army an hitlierU) in the rccesses of bin closet. It i? evident that while othera are bu*y, and Rome amusing demon stiations are preparing at Vienna, that he ia not idle. It in tail! that in tbe neighborhood of the Baltic every fortia being a* rengthened and every point where a land ing might be attempted examined; that lin?a of tale graph are now forming along the ikoi?i of the guin, anu that ever: a rtep in advancc ia contemplated, by which attack rather than were defence has boen the watchword. Contract* for immsnse supples of hemp, canvass, oak timber, plank, and every other descrip tion of naval atore, all to be delivered on pain of heav y petal tie* by the ent of March, are entered into by the Russian government, while her diplomacy never ceaua the action for a moment, as Sweden and Denmark cm bear testimony. Not a stons ia left untamed to shate tirae States from their position of neutrality. Austria, it is not supposed, can take the liel l before April, as the state of (ialicla (luring the month of March 1 tv i r* niilitaiy operation* almoat impoaaible. For want of forage, tbe greater part of the cavalry ha* been removed fiom tialacia to Hungary, an: the pncea of all tbe utcessariea ol life are so tncrmjusly high, that tho inbabi'au's of the province are reduced to the greatest distress. Uut i.o.hing can well exceed the complete eltlcieney of the military resources of France. bh? has literally live armies ? one at iloulogne, coniirting of no less than t>0 battalions, each 1,000 strong, and of iO squadrons, with 20 foot or horse batteries. One army, again, at Lyons, consist ng o! o divisions of inlantry, and one of cavalry, or of uU battalions, lti squadrons an ) 10 batteiies; one. also, at i'sria, which, besides its two divisions ot 211 battalions, its 20 aquadion', and 6 batteries, contain*, in addition, as special garrison troops, two battahen.- of foot k uanls, four squadrons of hone guards, on* battalion of sapturt jtompiers, and ai< a reserve corps, 11 battalions, 10 s j'lairoin, and four batti riis of the Imperial Guard ; oae, too, in ths l ast, 1'0,()W> strong, and lastly, one in Africa, which, | ?HJ| the division ol o:cupai>ou at J*. >ue, firm together CO.oCO bajontla or sables. To this font is ye', ts be added 10 moie regiments, an' brigaded, or 21 active battalions, an armed police of '.0,0C0 in.?n, and 100 de pot batiaihns t*nt daily recute young -oloiers until tlio accenaion of 140,010 n en lately decreed, making alta getter a French complement oi Mimetbmg like i.00,')00 soluii-rs ? a veiy in irked < ontrast to the present effective force of England, winch by many is stoutly miintainod to tie unler 12 < 00 bayoneu. Napoleon the Thlru burns in bi? ecret heart to place himself at the of tbeie l -gio is An 1 already A iriendly roller he* appeared in the columns of the Uoni Irur, that though th? time h?.s not arrive ! when, an a inert ute of public safety, a peer. liar restriction luult be put upon .ionrrnl* vet that tbe import -nt nature o' the pie-i lit pobcy for tbe m.ntitenance of th? equilibrium of Europe oUigea a discretion on tbe pirt of all corres pondents. foro'gn and liomestie, whtc.h is be?t evinced t.y "ilence It is generally bellevejtiiat tae government ?ill not very It Eg -enfine it-elf to so friendly a form of adrr i nitlon With resect to tl e Tiet at Frankfort, it is sta'el that severs! of th" governments of the Ger.n mlc confe lera tion inten I to call on Austria to make kno'vn wbit h the nature ol the dnngei ? w! i<-h necessitate such extra 1 <t< inary military me iaiires Austria is th ught not to have renounced in real ty her prop'is tions of tion, and in order to counteract h' r l'russia is ^!dto bu bu?ily negotiating with the fecon lary S ates. ,M ile llrnck, the new Austrisn Minister of Finance, lia<- laid down the fallowing' cocdi'.ona for taain^ thtt post:? 1. That in h ? spl ? re fie elnuld be independent of tbe decisions of tte Council of Min's'ers: 2. That a re i 'orm ahotil i be made in 'h? War department, and that it shmild l*e pis r t ,1 on tb ? ?ime footing aa the other minis, trie*; aci :t Thnt lils ol". comn'rclal policy, cf a cus ; torn- ' unii n for all O-jnany, should be resumed th" Princess l/i iisa of Bavaria has arrived at Vienna, to to jit* sent ?' the accouchement of her daughter, tb* Km j r< ss of A.iatt a. Some apj"-ebrnii( na are felt about the portion of i^ar ?'inia? which, by tiie war. has | js'. surt*tned another domestic calamity in the lo>s of the Duke ef Genoa, so lately a visiter at I'aris? in respe. t to h?r conventual refems. Sho ltd the Pope venture to Issue an nterJic'., it might have a bid effect in France, steing the int mate allisnce which sue 1 as no-v formed w th the Stat* abojt to 1 e nndrr the I'apil ban .*<nmethin{ of this ia already scrn in tbe I'ni ert, tbe great fieological organ of France, which has lately lie? n publishing arti^lrs? evi dently with an eye to tae Sardinian convents question? with a view of proving that to theCa'.bolicChur-b, not less than t<> tb* fir mness of the civil power of France, is to he attributed tte fall of eoriabsm and anarchy, and that cn its splr toal influence the French nation will have uho to (tly considerably fur it* success in the war it aill have to wage, not only against Prussia abroad, but tbe renascent democracy at homo. As >'paln, as we'1 as Sardinia, may eo<m fail under the penalties veiteO in the ebalr of P\ Peter, tbe following short account of an "interdict" ia north consideration. An !nt<rdict may be personal or local, particular or geteral. tfc* latter being the case contem|>Ute<l at tbls mon.eot for poor I'ie?!mont when it extends over the whole kingdom Dnrlnjr this general interdict no one ia bound to go to mass; vesper" and b?nedioilona maybe celebrated by the rlergy, but w.thout convoking tbe i^ople by the tol'ini of bells ; the doors of the churches are closed, and the serviee is celebrated with out music, and in a low voice. Tile period* of Christ roast, Fatter, Whitsuntide, the Assumption, and the I or pus liomlnl are exempt from tbe operation of th* Papal penslty During tbe existence of the interdict, th* chu/ch may be "i^neJ In order to allow the clersry to preach to the people, and f*r that purpose the bell? may ?>e tidied. Ilaptlsm, ci nilrmatlon, and coafea? too mav be practised , marriage also, but without th* usual bsnedietion The Fndisnst la only alministerel t" the sica Kcrieaiastleal burial I* not allowed, even in the case of s*ntte?d infants. Mr Sonic, after quitting Madrid arrived at Bayonne on 'be evening *f the .1th, and left tbe neat mirniof for llordraux. I' is thought that the F,aip?ror of th* French will repair to Houlogn* neat weak, anless the present rtate of the weather should have change! hi* plans. Ihe Ooun-irr dt /.vow pnbliabe* a letter from Conatan t oopl* dated the 20th ef January, which give* sons In teraetfng intelligence about Knaaia. It says? Ihe Ruaelan army in tbeCr<wiea baa inst received large eeijt/c.rreiaenta, and bow cons ite of the gams^n of Se baatopol auppoaed to be 30,000 strong ; of tbe army of obatrvation, which occupies Terr strong positions to th? north and eaat ot itae camp of the allies, anl which eom monicates with SebaatopoL theuph with difficulty; of de tached divisions in the environs of lutctil Serai and Sem pberopoi, which ma* be concentrated in a few houra, ao aa to i>ppo?? to toe besiegers a man* of 100, U00 men; of a corpa ot from -5,0<i0 to 30,000 men fortified lu the posi tions of the Alma, in order to close the road against C'nier I'arba to Sebaatopol, and to cut otTall communica tions by laid with tbe allied army ; and lastly, of about 60, (.00 nun who are encamped at the entrance of the Isthmus to protect Perekip ooserve Kupatoria, keep up the communications of l'rince klenschikofi' with Kussia arid be ready to go wherever they may be required. |^lt has been stated that tbe Kussiausmake use of lassos to catch our soldiers. Ilut tbey employ the rope in an other manner alio; two strong Cossacks, holding one by each end, lie flat on the ground at a spot where tbe betiegera will bare to pass in repulsing a cor'ie. Ah eoou as they see French or Eoglish folJirrs uirive in pursuit of Russians, tliey raise the rope and cause them to fall. On these tbe Russian* then make an offensive icturn, and the unfortunate soldiers lire seme times killed or made prisoners. " Sucb a trick is fitter for savages," says the lett?r, '-than for disci plined soldiers, and excites one's contempt and iwligna ion aiainst those who wake use of it." Id the midst of all tliia military array, going on in the nume of his unlucky country, the Turklab Ambassador, Vely Pacha, on Saturday gave a splendid ball, at bis re sidence, in the rue tie St. Uerma;n. Certainly, am basaadorial magnilicence ia sometimes in tin; inverse degree of a country 'a importance. For a piool of which one need only ccinpare liie fcene cf Saturiiy niglt, w 'h tbe Turkish Ambusrador, attired in a Turkish dre'H. pro iisely adorned with diamonds an 1 other precious stones, and wearing, for the But time, the grand cor' on of tha Legion of lienor, surrounded by eervanta in gorgeous liveiies, and Handing in the midst of a superb "uite of itception rooms, orntunented wi'.h a profusion ol flowers, and litup?o brilliantly that the tales of Eaatern magn;n cmve in the Arabian Nights involuntarily occur to tbe minds of bia three thousand guests, with the pe culiarly republican simplicity of a ba'l given by any minister ol tbe United States. One cannot help thinking there ia a mistake in each, and that the representative abroad ought really to present in his manner of living tcme notion of the relative status of bis country. The Turk is here as much too high sh tbe American is too low. Tbe quantity of diamonds worn by tbe ladies was ex traordinary, possibly to do honor to the Kas'crn par tiality !or precious stones. The Duke of Brunswick, with bis jainted cbceks, bis darkened eyebrows, and black wig redolent of cur'a, waa tbe observed of all observers, notwithstanding that M. Drouyn de l'Huys was pre sent. His Highness displayed on that occasion his cele brated hussar jacket, which waa one blaze of dlamofds. I could not help think'ng ?s they glistened b.-fore my eyes how much better one of these brilliants would hive been devoted to poor Mrs. Graham, whose neck he al most broke by suddenly jumping out of the balloon in which he bad ascended with her, and though, in conse quence, she waa confined to her bed for many months and half ruined, this miserable scion of royalty never relieved with a single shilling. Tbe Emptror'a first grand ball at the Tuileriet this season was a source of general interest ; and, from the late period cf the winter that the invitations were de livered, a feelirg of more than usual excitement prevail ed. The fact is well known that what the drain is to an Englishman, a Hollander, or a Norwegian, the ball it to the Parisian, without which he lingers, fades, and jumps into tLe Seine ; and, though thousands and tens of tbouFancs sicken and die at Sebastopol, to denv to him this resource' is to aggravate to an intolerable degr-e the necessary honors of warfare. Henco, when it was known that tbe impi rial doors were about to creak on th?ir binges, French ladies, by troops, besieged tbe bu reau of Cambacecls, while others mobbed the Duke of Hassuno whenever he turned from oil bis threshold. As for foreigners ? Americans, English, Spanish, Portu Cu*se, Itilians, Greeks, 4c., Ac.? a perfect f uiil'ade has een sustained by their ambassadors, since the hour when such an event was first announced as probable. However, at Isst, tbe chosen few ? which amount ed to a number of some four thousand? round them selves at the palace door with passports cf admission, and ourselvei amoigit the number, commenced pressing the soft, luxurious carpet which covers the broad steps of that magnificent staircase that conducts to the noble suite of rooms where the Emperor, now relieved of State affairs, welcomes bis guests For the first time, tbe Cent Garde a'one were in entire possession of the Tuiieries. Tbe style of their dress, shelled in polished steel, and eased in and rounded olf like ancient Knights ot the Holy Land, was very striking. On horseback, their sky blue uniforms and silvery-looking armor give them an appearance of being under mounted; and whether It is that tbe horses, resembling in color those of tie British Life Omacda, ami purchased by Colonel Fl*ary during his late visit to London, were injudiciously selected, I don't know, but they do not seem up to the weight tb(y have to carry, and, what is extraor linary, appear to be very indillerently handlid by their nsw i avaliers However, nothing of tliis is seen on these oo carious, and, whatever may be the objections at otber tiir<8, on f jot anil in a ball room there waa but one opinion, namely, that they looked like Paladins of old ? knightly, couitly and gallant, anl aa if no ordinary projectile could < Uturb the square, solid, bulky strength of tbeir statute. The staircase was lined with them on either side, and tber muskets boie the long sword blade bayonet ? toat invention ol the Eaiperor ? which i? """? ??d mince m* ? a* o: Frederick the Great. Some oi mere stalwart knights bore tbe banner of tiitir coi pa. r chly wcrktd and enpexbly fringed in geld, aad stood like talUaux Hvanti, pn// tbe spectators to know whi ther fieih and tl odor the shade of Madnma Tous aaud had come down to these kingly balls to match the woild with plast'c wax. The mourning for the Court of .Sardinia, hitherto ho metal, was kubi cn'.eJ fur the occasion, and nil the <jl?niatij corps were nluto dresses, including tha Em press liersi If. II< r robe wwi singularly chaste ao<l beau tiful, ard conaisud of a white embroidered tarlatan, with' 'nnumerlbk' flounces, each edged with a flings of light feather tiimming. lu fcer hair were marabouts and dii mom's, and round her nock sliona coospicuou* a magnificent colls r of emoralds and diamond?. Htr Majesty 'h fragile form, bending under Its own tender weight, looked to inexpressible ad vsntsge when thus attired; and what, with her lariirante appearance, and h<-r moie than usual anima tion, and general attention to her guests, the saloons echoed from enl to end in her praises. By her side was a strange contract to this beau ideal of imperial innorence and unaffected simplicity; a short figure, al most le<.rng down, with the fullness of its obesity, clothed in white figured silk, tiimmed with black blonde, surmounted by a counttnan ;o whose features still pre ferred t>ares of great beauty, but whose expression was naned by the malignaut stamp of every early pass on, an wired to the title of Maria Cbiirtini, the Queen If other of Spain. The Emperor wore long white silk stocking*. Print's Napoleon was tbeie and n|?ned the tir-t quadrille with tie 1 nijress. Lord and lady Ciwley, Marshall Magna* snd the Austrian Ambassador, forming part of It. The Princess MatkiMc had on her famms pearl necklice, and in her hair an ornament that attracted general ad miration, niini ly, an eagle formed of di ttnonds of singu lar beauty and lustre. Napoleon was never observed to Ik iu sucli excellent spirits. His countenance was not only lit'ght and b<aming, but his jocund laugh and cl'ttr'ul repartee might be beard wherever he moved. Unfortunate remarks were rife about Prince Napoleon, who seems fated not to please, whatsoever be does. Wlat bad taste, it was said, to come t>> a ball, eo recently invalided from the scat of war. How weak of the Emperor to take him up, at J be bo friently with bini, r. hen cowardice is the only term to apply to hU rondo <. t, &a., tee. And if the poor wretch had bided at home it would have be*n said ? ''-"eo what rilsgra:e he i? in; it is all fudge abo,it the tender receptions the Era peror la reported to have given him"" What la very unusual, the Imperial pa*ty returned to the bill room after supper, and continued there till near '2 o'clock, evidently to the great fatigue of the deli tats Empress; but Queen Chmt. na had a Taney to do so an d as the I'm) eror is fo itudioi: ly polito an 1 considerate in hts attentions to her in her M?j**ty'a saloon salutations, no'.Mrp could t>j denied her. One of her daughters it ,iui t on the point of being married to the yountf f*rino? Czartoriska, and the bankrupt Queen presents ber with a dowry of ?40,000 Another ball taVes plate on Thursday n?xt, and one ,t. the Hotel de Ville on Satur day next, lor which fit teen tho?.san! applicat ona nave teen mii!e. 'Hie invitations number eight th 'u?and, and the Tietect apologise for not sending ao individual re tusal to the other -even thousanl. BERTi*. Onr Aiiatmllnii Correipomlcue'e. Mi.uiorRXK, No*. 2J, 185i. J fie ff real .hiti Ccn'ic' /Jem'm'tra'ion ? t'rotpert n) a J'rroluti^n in i he Colon*/? EttuprraUon of the Oold Digger/ agaiiul Iht Crown Com hi ittionerM ? Dtpttfo bl* ,1/read of Inltmpnan li'gre 't of an A men com Kmi in an!, tic. , de. You hsve no doubt received the report of tbn great aLti convict di monstration wbicli took place in tola city on the 2!W October last, and which reflated faithfully the sentiments and feelings of the great bjdy of people in this country. Three-fourths of the speeches were dreadfully uiMleted by the press, and m )st of the ftrong expressions suppressed. In fact, tho people are en the eve of a revolution, and 1 do not see any Urn* to hinder it but a reformed administration. It belioov?s the Br.tish irovernment to flay their gsmo upright with the penpl* ef this co'otiy. o;' they mil assuredly regret It when too late. At Balaarat there l( s great deal of esciteni'nt, anl the diggers are dally holding large meetings, an 1 are much exasperated against the Crown Commissioner", who u?e a great deal of authority and are very tyrrnal csl. The military and available for.-e are frequently despatched from Melbourne to juell d sturbar-es between the diggers and authorities. In every case, however, I the latter get the worst of it. They were worsted in tho reducltg of the license fee. The people are s'rong enough, willing enough, and dsterm ned enough tot'ke care of themaeYvee. Kolks here are republican enough in their id'as, though they do not wish von to think ao. Ibe hone an1*, sinew of the country are the wortingmi-n, and they feel a great deatre to take earn of themselves Drunkenness Is truly an affliction here M in? a man has made a fortune here, drank it out. and gone to work s?aln. The great msorl'yof women are 'ipplers. It Means to tie # natural tailing in the English woman In; are not pertie-ilar, either, as tn the quality of their liquor, hut have ao eye to the quantity. They take ,t in ?mal1 hut snre loses. " Old Tom'' s quite s favorite with tb'm be egcitea and inspire' tb?tn to relish ' I'ncle Tom," for you must kcow they are grea* phi lanthropists when ur.der the tnflueuco of the former. They drees in the mo>t exqnis !e silks and sa'ins, but I f <n not say much for the style of their milliner'. As to the materia), the outside dreis la all. Their under gar Bitnt*. I am told, are only on terms with soap and water every six mooths. washing being very expensive he?e. They would be a consequential race if tbef knew ho *; they trim up their noses at everything that savors of Yankeeism. Paper* go snrer by way of England than direct U A merta frtw thie. so I alall send yno ky every English mail. *1 l?ut two newspapers I hare been her* from New York jn?t twenty months, and just twenty month* too long. It ia a miserable hole, anil I lang to get back from whence I came. I abor in down and provisions high. Tbe gold fields are none ol the bent; tlieae railing. 1 know not what would become of us all. We atiould only require the cholera to pat us out ol a prolonged and more miserable exiatence. it. B. Foreign Music and the Drama. An adaptation by Rey nolilsoii of Meyerbeer's " l.'Etoile du Nurd" ha* been underlined at I>rury l.aue. Herr Gntakow, tbe German dramatist, baa brought out a new comedy, "Lent und So line,'' ("llM and Font,") which, on twin; performed fer the drat tine at Drtiden, wai received with conalderable applaoae ? a rei-ult to ward a which Herr Kmil Devricnt, by h: a imper sonation of one of the characters, la sa.d to hare largely contributed. After ita fir*t successful night, however, the play has been prohibited, at It ia whispered, by com mand of the King himself. It is not to be represented any more, either at Dreaden or at any other place in Saxony. The Ix>nilon Athenaum, having "fallen in" with acme if tbe crlticlamB which tbe traniatlantlc pies* ia just now bestowing on Madame Criaj, sujh : ? " Rarely have the inevitable doings or time and change been commented on in less measured phrases. Hung far fetched and dearly bought, tbe prima dnona is accused and abused, and her still high qualities are ques tioned, because she is not twenty-live and a sylph, and because htr voice ia no longer at its best. To bystanders, it ia saddening to think that f;reat artists, at the cloae of carcera full of unor, whtu no need exists, should subject them selves to cold welcome, coarse comparisons, and giudging approval, from a public as willing to stare at at to caie lor them. Let it be once underatojd, that by gilding the bait suOiciently, any actor or singer can be prevailed upon to face any ne? ordeal ? whether tit or unut, Inclined or disinclined ? and It follows that such a want of self-respect shall be met by a ccutempt whi:h peiceives small difference betwixt a Norma found unwor thy of her reputation, and a Joyce Iieth provart to be only eighty in place of being double the age. These forced musical progresses in search of monstrous gains are good for neither America nor Europe; and though, alter a time, they will destroy themselves, their aanss quences in tbe Interim are bad. To judge from the tone of the preta, Mdlle. Wagner seems to be considered ai "the coming lady," and, we suppose, i*expe:ted to pay a visit to the I'nlted States. Meanwhile, our neighbors ntm making haste to get together a nomenclature of their own, which will add a tilth jargan to the bal Eng lish, bad French, bad Italian, and bad German already figuring so strangely on tbe pages of our published mu fir. l'lays are now acted in a "theatre" by universal orthographical consent. A singer who has been accused of "sac flatting" li defended in tbe New York Gazette as innocent of the imputed crime. Another ia burned for not poaresaing the "tones that ring a house.'' It la a pity that, ince music is the one universal language, there should be so many dlfletent dictionaries of Its terms, and in the columns of these so many m sprints. Tbe late I.ocdon papers bring no account* of new piecia. At the Court Theatre at Vienna, in tbe half year end ing tbe Ulit L'ectmber, there were 118 representations of epi ras. Amongst thvm were twenty-two of Meyerbeer, nineteen of Auber, and twelve of Mozart. Cluck's "Iphigenia in Taurica" has been brought out at the Theatre Koyal at Berlin. Madame Yiardot la about to give a series of chamber concerts. Mdlle. Jenny Ney, belonging to tbe Dresden Opera, Is mentioned as engaged to visit London this spring. It is said that Mozart 's "Idomeneo" may be produced during her visit ? tince that opera contains one of her favorit* characters. Mr. Henri Tier/, ban completed a new concerto, which is veil spoken oi in the Parisian journals. letter* mention the first representation if a huge inrlodrama of the good old orthodox school, at the Thratie de la (Jaiir ; it is called the " Masque de Poix." It is based < n a famous murder committed in France some jearB ago by means of a pitch plaster; but oat of regard to our friends the Russians, the tcene is trans ferred to Russia, and the criminal and his accomplices are represtnted ax Russians. By the way, it seems that Fitncn dramatists have received the motd'ordre to make, as far as potaible, all their villains kisslai s. Half a century ago, the stupendous crimes which are nightly dene in theatres used to be imposed on the unfortunate English. But to wags the world. A M. An'.ier is named as the author of the new play; he was, it is said, of great melodramatic celebrity some thirty years ago; out ihe real author is understoed to be no less a personage than M. Mocquaid, private secietary to the Emperor. Ac'iumission of lunatico inquirendo bas be^n sent cut by the family of a lady who so determinedly follows up Signor Mario. M. Eggia, a German, a writer in a thea.rhal journal, was expelled Irom Pari* a few days ago with unexam pled haste, lie had been for come time a (her ami of an actress at the Franyais, wliu had formerly a lia$on with "his betters." An intimation bad got abroad that certain letters of hers in his pissession were likely to be published. Ihe police made a descent upon the house, seized his papers, and ordered bim tj leave Paris in fcur bours. H?r v.j..4r'- letter to Mr. Sydney Herbert has been vtrsified by Mr. W. 11 Bellamy, and set to rnusie by Mr. J. W. Hubbs. Mrs. Bishop, who left this country tome years ago for Anerica, with Bochsa, the larpist, is perfuming at the Theatre Fan }rancWc:>, and bas appeared in tho musical trifle ral'ed "The Black tisran," in which Madame de scended to tbe bla:Ueniig of her face, in order to play the dark heroine ?Court Journal. Mr. Macready proposes giving selected readings from Dryden, Poje, Wordsworth, Milt in and Shakspeare, on on the .2d inst., at Bradford, in behalf of the infirmary. Mies Hughes has invented a great improvement in the piano, by arranging the flats hebiad the sharps, and thus bringing mere nates within the player's command. Tlicatrti mid Kxlilbltloiis. Awiikhi of Mi'feic.? This evening there will be a Brand sacred concert at this splendid opera houie, by file Bull's new troupe. Selections from Rossini's "dtabct Mater," Majerbeor'a " Lo Propbete," an. I the prayer irom " Mosts in Egypt," will be given. Two grand or chestras aid a powerful chorus have been engaged. From tbe character of the selections, and the reputation of tbe artists, whose names art on the programme, there can be little doubt but tbat there will be a crowd ed audience. Broadway TurATRr.? Miss Mary Agnes tales her be nefit at this theatre to-night. Sheridan Kcowies' popular play of "1h? Wife" will comm?nce the amusements, Vr. K. I.. Tavenpott as Julian St. Pierre, and Miss Agnsa as Marana. Tbe ntxt piece la the comely cf a M- ro ing Call," Mr. Perry as Sir Edward Ardent, an.l Mad. 1 ooiri as Mrs. CLIWngton. B< w*.kyThmirk.? Tbe pUces sclecUd for this evening i<ie lord Bjrvn's tragedy of " Werner," in which Mr. B. Johnson sppears as Werner, and Mr. Arnold as I'lri;. This will be succeeded by a fancy danse by Ml*" Weill. The next piecc will be tbe musical farce of tbe "Two Gregorys." Mr. Dunn appears as John Hull The ro mantic drama of ' Michael Erie" concludes alt. Ei rtojj'9 Tukatrk.? Tbe new dramatic aoocdote, dra matized from the French, called tbe ?* Black Swan," is announced as tbe first, piece for this evening. Burton end Miss McCarthy in tbe leading parts. The farce of " Where Miall I I'lnt?" will follow, and the entertain ments will cl'we with the amu.?ini; piece* called th" "Wandering M;c?trcl" and the "Spitfire," Burton ap peering In totb. Wallack's Tiiiiatrk ? The n?w comedy o' tlie ?< Bu?y ; Bocy " will commence the amusements of this even'.utr, j all ibe baaing artists attached to the theatre appear. ng. It la every evening witnessed with dt light by large and | respectable audiences ihe serio-comic drama of "O'l lai nlgin and tie lairies" will terminate the < nter tainments, Brougham as 1'lislim O'l'lacnigan. /. mkhu an MtrmtCH. ? The seloctioo mado for thi< after noon and evening is "Unci* l'on 's Cabin," ant! as it is ar nourced as tbe la^t time it wil! b? pjrforme.i, tho^e wbo have Dot wi n it shoald embrace the only opportuni ty they will have of doing so. Messrs Clarke, Iltdaway, Miss Medtyl r, ami other favorites, will appear. Wood's Mi.nrtiiki*.? The ' Hotel d'Afrlque," together i with v< cal and instrumental music, is announce! forthi (veiling. BlfittJ.T'r Pn.r*AP>?g ? The "Two 1'ompies," anew piece !n two acts, is announced for this evening, Willi other amusing features. Broahwai Ta ? The Black Swsn will giv h"r ] last concert at the Tabernacle this evening, when eli* | will sing a vaiiety of tbe luf,st pleasing ballads, ajsis!e i by her pupil, wbo is termed the Indian Msrio. Mm. Qmx, tbe cele.'irated Dutch comedian. < on l.eacts 1 a slar etfseeinf nt at tbe Bowery Theatre on M a lay ' (MDicg next. Anirrlcnn Bible Sot lety. The stated meeting of tbe Board of Mausgtrs was held at the Bible House, Astor place, on tbo 1st inst . at 4 P. M , I'r. Thomas f'uck presiding, assisted by H^n L, 1 Bradish and A. li llasbrouck, with Becjamin L. Swau autl I rands Ball, Es>irs. hix new societi-s were reeogni/ed? two in Teen- ssee, and one in New Vork, Arksnsas. Iowa and Oregon Orom'jnicatioDS were laid before the Board from Dr. Iriyhsm, the senior Secretary, stating the <r<tdual im piovtmeot of bis health from Rev. 0. N. Kighter, the locietv's sgent In the Kast, wrtten from the camri be fore Ahsstopol. stating his kind reception by I/>rd R*g lsn, snr bis distribution of Scriptures in the army and among Russian prisoners from Kev. Hamnn Montsal vatge. mi nt to New (iransda, with au acco'int of suc cssfnl Isbtirs in I^guayra from Rev. Shermin Ua 11, cf ^auk Hapids, stating his progress in preparation of , tbe Ojtbiia Testament, from IUv. S v'unmings, of Fnh (bsu. China, stating that tbe block* lor print ng tbe l ook of Genesis and tbe fo ir GotpeM in I'm Kuh t bsu collot|n!al have been completed A let'er was also presented fiom Hev. I. B 1'eet, or Kuh Chau, proposing a compromise for tettling the dim '<ilt ?lue>tion of a term to expiess tbe nnrue of the D vine lieing iu Chi nese. The Rev. J. C Flet.ther wa? sppointed agent for Bras'l. Grants of looks were made to Kcv. Mr. leach, a Bap tilt cler^-Tman. for distribution in Vermont; to the ! Americao Tract Secle'y for a Sabbath school in Virginia; i to ?be Mariner's Methodist Church in Cherry street: for a colored SaMath school in Staten Island, Spanish Hi | hies to the Methodist Mulonary Society for Btienos Aires to t lie s C I'nion of Protestant Reformed Dutch church; to the ( hildren's Aid Society ; to the Clothiers' I esrgelieal Association, to the Kev. J. C. 1'let ,-her for BratJI; and 1^(0 wer<> appropriated to Am H C F. M fi r printlnj the gospels of l.nke and John in the Seneca lsngnage, with several vi.lonve for the blind. X?w PitOHlRlToiT Law in New Jkhsry.- The bill 'or the suppression and sale of latoxieating Honors i being tbe minority bill introduced by Senator Allen) csme ap on its final passage in the Senate, New Jersey, on tl e 1st inst Speeches in favor of the bill were made by >'? nators Al'sn, Chetwood and Martin, and aaaimt It by Messrs. Howell, lloasey and Franklin. The bill fioally pas Md by a vote ef 13 to K It will now goto the House, where it will also probably pass. It will then be left for tbe people to decide npen INTERESTING FROM CUBA* Continued Preparation# for tbe Defence of tlie blond, die* NAMES OK PKB10NB ARHIBTKD AT FUIRTO PEIKC1PE, by oamtB of own. manzano. J ok' M. ?le Ia Torre Yzqoierdo. YgDAcio Torre* MogArrteta. Carlos MoIa. Manuel Cordova. Pomingo T. Mora. Joaquin tillva. Miguel llatanoourt. Joaquin Aguero Saechex. Juau Porro. Jon Vald;i. Ju to del Riieo. }ran:i*co 'ItaoIa. CaiIo d* VaronA de 1a Torre. Fcderiro Monteverde: 1'edro And Joaquin Lopez. | Arcadio Per A. Juan Arteagn Pin*. Bias Betaneourt and Diego ue \ aron And About twenty other*. 7 lie following Ate fugitives :-Daniel Sariol, Manuel Mon e**, FranciRCO EstrudA. Nai oleon Arango, J. Kioera, Fernnndo Napoleon Aguero. Many of tbe abore mentioned persona are well kno vn and esteemed fer their wealth And poaition. OrB HAYA1IA COBSE^rOWDKNCE. Havana, Feb. 23, 1855. Gen. Concha's Circular? Commend lhtreon? Continued 1'reparatiom for the Defence of the Inland? Arrival of the Iiabtl with Patiengn ??Britiih Fleet in th'.flar lor? New Contul, <tc., <te. Tli At tbere may be no miatAke a* to the effect of the blockade edict of GenerAl ConchA, I give th# following circulAr add r eased to the variou* Coniul*, In reap onse to An Application made by the acting Consul of the L nited State*, Col. Wm. H. Robertson:? Becritahv'h Omen of the Govkbnuh.vt. I band, herewith, ? copy of the edict published t-j-day, declaring the island in a stAto of *!ege, And it* coints and water* under blockade. The context of the Article j relative to the lAet point shown clearly that no claai of commerce and communication with the port* of the I island la prohibited, but that the authority w.ll exercue , in their water* the right of examination and registry in the cages which are expressed. The trader in good faitU | ha* nothing to apprehend from the exceptional state of the i fl And, And in Any mAtter not expressed I J>Ave d'C Uteil most conclusive instruction* that the rights of men," universAlly acknowledged, shall be rigorou-ly oV served A cat* as yet so unknown in this right, ah the power to Alack in full peace a psrt oftheterrltory of a nation by people gathered in another StAte. hA? not i>er mitted me to express with especlAl name the rights _ of legitimate deft nee of the threatened nationality, but that which is indicated excludes all doubt that the word "b'ockade" has, in the "edict," no more slf?lGo?tiou thAn other clrcumstAnces express which quality And de ; "SKI, "WS u concha. Havana, FebrnAry 13, 1865. A very significant, expressive, Kinderbook non som mital, worthy of l'rince John's father, and compHmen tary to President Pierce And Mr. Marcy, who Are permit ting their honest neighbors to be frightened by things as yet unknown, in time of full peAoe. The exceptionable state of the island need cause no Apprehension te the felr trAders who have not the fear of the BUck Warrior before their eyes? seised in fraud, condemned in perjury , and sustained by forgery, in times of "full" pfAce with a neighboring State. They will know, Also, tliAt under | tbe fAr ieAchlng Arm of the lete General in Mexico, that | protection will be Assured to American Interests, covered i by the AmerlcAn flsg, before a life-time i* passed, pos sibly, In pursuit of indemnity for the wrong done. It is a comfort to know thAt thing* Are to be no worse; tint communication is not to be interrupted " of any kind that our citizen* coming here, while the island is in a state of blockade and siege, for their health, ure u->t to , be thrown into prison, dragged from one end of tlie island to tbe other in chains, and possibly (if *uspacled) ? are to bave the fair trial the Uw? the .acred law of trea ly | aL'cw*. The case of Mr. Felix, Capt. Mc?^locli, his mate, and of nine AmericAn citizens, (mariner*,) in the Tacoh prism, aro evidence* of the good faith, tbe honor, the honesty, and tbe justice that will be inetel to Ame rican citizens, as occasion presents, it ii an enlightened government that shuts up it* beat citizens under the in vention of suspicion? depriv.Bg them of iight, air, and free communication with lriends, wkile malignity 1* hunting them to death in the dark, and the stranger can exoect no better treatment? while Mr. M *?cj xm-ut Wj slides the SnMiih Minister at Washington what the government expect* ss to the form of trial for citizen, of the United States in Cuba, to which the same Attention wiU be paid a* wa* given to the"*erious remonstrance" of Mr. Fillmore. . , , The war preparation goes bravely on ? our cooks have cockades in th<ir bats, chevron* upon their sleeve*, and we roon expect to see our r.egro servant* weuring their *lde aim* while in attendance upon our ta. to*, for the purpose of giving u* more protect on or cutting our throat*, s* may be moat convenient. We are to have D) sro cavalry also, to ssour the coun.ry, v will have a lai;py effect npon the subordination of estates. The street is full of loloiery of all colors, the regular troops bivouacked In the countrv, waiting those un known things trcm the neigbborland, from heaven or from ? our good (iemral does tot tell us where. Hut a few mouths sgo there were reckless filibuster* knock ing at palace doors in Madrid, and the Conchas were or : those who influenced tleir proceedings, wherefore be does not wait tbe evil he fears, which is germinating | here It will be a pity, as the Dtortosay^ All thls WAste of vnlor and patriotism, but it wkl show what could be done if there was sny truth in the proposition to come. While the t'rensa, sup posed to be the especinl personal organ of (.eneral Concha, in the issue of the 18tli, come* out witii one of the vilfst construction* uwa hypothesis, without rea totable suppohition lor basis? ot pals e fabri:?t;on ? pictuiinc consequence* of a crime never contemplated except as a suggestion for the creation of an excited condition mid lo draw sympathy of tbe people towards the high dignitary that was to have been imm-.lAted on the slUr of freedom. So runs the story which has been ponied into our ears tut thoie who have witnessed the recent reception given to ConchA from the heart ol the p?cpl< ? those who know the high character, eleva ti d sentiment* and untarnialied hjnor of tSose who hsve be?n mi., ked us victims to ?ub*erve the cause of tv rainy, do rot bel eve. The article of the J renfa I* an elaborate tissue of false Induction, with declamation to Inflame the passion*, *nd to induce act ial ?riaie Am pc our citizens with red *Uins of fraternal blood autf the jostificaton, r.rime thAt was never dr?*med <?r, even by the wif? of CVssr. lbc three carnival day* were dull The iu**ks were those who required no cover to bide thought and feeling, and wt le to be found mostly at home, in the palace sod vsr'ous orgaric shop* of the ex. eptionsble government. 1 be usual places of smuscment were, however, Oiled. The steanw i Isabel arrived yester lay m?rnmg. bringing , f. rty seven pas-eng'rs, strong tlieaa Mr l'iah and family one of jour Senator*, 1 believe, Hon. Will am Denton, Capt. Farker British army, an.U dozen others at Hotel CuUno. We have no Conaul, bot do very well, as we are with the Acting Consul. The British *loon-of-wsr \ est?l, (pnre as ligut)b.ig de. Arab, with wild ones when ashore, steamer* Buz itatfl, loci ng for pre/, and Medea, to enchant us from the evils of 6 lbu<tensm and come*tic Insurre'tion, are Ivinn in our rort, a* guardian ang?l* devoted by Almighty Irotectorate to watch and ward ov*^','*r Cuba, forgetful of tic demand* of the Ctiniea onl Sebu i trpol The Orescent City, from New York, ami the Empire City, fr?m New Orleans arrived enrly th n morning. the ' last to le?\e In three or four bouri from her mtunc*. I lb* oth?r wait! foi communication wlt'u the Fll>o-ad?, | not jet in view fiom Aepinwall. ] hand you file* which | covei *11 th<- ( rdtrs wsich have b?cn issued Honesty, *? policy, In best, eten with imperial dignity, and would teve mved Panta Ann* the mortification of oonfe-nloa, ! ami return of the I'iO.M'C bonus, which lias be>'n mad? j through the Mexican agents here Ihcbarof lilbltc j opinion, before which he was a rrai^nc l by the Hi raid, 1 1 was tco mnch for hi* nerve*; re?tT'.u1mn i? the con?e | iiutrct. and the iniquitous traltic will cetae. So! i-l?cd the tru'h? the facts of earth dWlributed to it* in- ! '>11 cenre through jour columns. My package*. I pre- ! j aum*. are safe, ann thanks therefor. GO AHEAD. i We in id, aire* arrival of the ateamer. that Major J. | W Clark, of North Carolina, hai !*? u appointed I nite ! I ?' t*t*s (V-nful at the Havana. If so, it in th* he*t ap. ; lointmtnt vri-e that of (!en. Campbel' and while we I i. .r one good actirg aervant of the people, we gain i another a" good, with tbe name nerve for any emergency that iray occur. JVb. 23, mi. Entitling nf VoXutUtm? Warlikr Prtpara'iont-I'ni firm t.f the Rrcruiti? Gunboats? .Vmt Arrestt?lXue nf trtramjer and FtlU. Since I last bad the pleasure of address ng you, on the 16th Inatant, via Now Orleans, such an excitement amongst the masses has prevailed that it ia quite out of my power to describe it Like a child with a new toy, the .-'paniard- have been delighted with the idea of be ing ltd :o po??es* a real gun and that too wlthoat any cost to tbeniaelves: the thought threw them into rapture* ao they baatened to the nearest enliat n? place and were enrolled aa good Spaniard* to the eitent of abou* ftur thouaend. A* few question* wwre aaked of 1b?m, as you *IU readily suppoae, they form a ncotlsy group composed of men and boy a of ill age*, of tbe vari ous province* In the kingdom of Spa n, aed I verily be lieve ?once of '.hem are Chine** Four battel on* are already formed in thi* city *l"oe and a fifth * in the course of formation. One of the*# battalion* i* com posed entirely of Creole*. The* object In enli* ing you can eat lit imagine. After the arm. w?re distributed I wi!ne?*fd fctne* that would make a parson laugh in tbe middle of his lerroon. One poor fellow dec'arM the must ?-t hurt h!s ?hon!d*r and made a pa I of bis Una. kerchief to re*t It upm, another found the p ?c* wi heavy that he called a volante to carry It for bim. For if me two cr tbr?e day*. In every pait of the c!*.y. no thing wss to be seen hut men poll* i<ng their guns, these tsing e'd "tower ?nnke'a," which, "Ire: on" have been csdeained. A friend of mine, who if omewkat of a wag. apprea-bod a group thn* easploywd a fee day* I'nce. and aaked " if the gna* were for satof" Of co .r*e ? legatlve wa* the reply "Wlat *re ro. g< ? g to d? with tbimv'* he inquired. " We don't know," wa?<Aho asewer. "Who does know?" ho asked. " Oh," said on?, " The Captain General I suppose doe* " And thu* It te with these poor fools They know not why they have tehee arnm, except that the Captain (ienoral wished them to do ao. I had occasion to go to Kegla, a few day? ilnce and caw a parcel of theee volun teer* making bete, outside a grogshop, who could bounce the ramrod farthest out of their muskets, lnaalng plaything* oi their weapons. To tupptse that s?:h creatures c?n, in a aliort space of t mo. or indeed ever be trained to stand a volley from "Yankee rifle men," ia simply ridiculous. I would m i self undertake, although not possessed of great physical powers, to whip any six ot them, and make them cry pt. caiti , were 1 simed with one of Colt's six shooters. Rut this, per hap*, will be considered rain boasting. Theae brave volunteers' Oh! could yoi out SM tbem drilled, as 1 bare done, evening after evening, on the Cainpo Marte ' The r uniform, it must be confssied, is a neat one, and suited to the climate. It consists of a blue blouse, witli either white or blue unmentionables; u pitsnt leather pelt around the waist, attached t? whi h is the car touebe box ; and a Jipa Japa hat with u broad rim. and a square piece tf red cloth, with a braas button in the centre, fastened to the crown by way of < ockada: and there yon have the dreys of the^e uflre nt?rn.' who are to do I know not what? nor do they either The Cap tain General, 1 know, tafused to give a Spanish mer-? ihant, who telds some command mnouj." t tbese volun teers, any information as to the object of raisiag the battalions The Cuban treasury must be short of funds, for they have recently t>een >iuni>ing for duties ot. k .<>44 that have pasfed "the Custom* scarcely a week ?v i "jreas, so recently a* last year, six and eight months credit wait given tor duties. * Several coasting schooners and the steamers that ply round the Island have fceon embargoed, an : l.i-l cannon plac. d on board of thtm, so aH to turn :heui into a sub stitute lor gun boats. The Cora (Curate) of Jaruco, wh'i watf charged with being concerned in tbe alleged con* piracy, made hit es cape, but bad the misfortuuo to be taken at sea, in an open boat: and now, I understand, is in chains on board a vessel of war in this harbor. It is reported ? but the report requires confirmation ? that Mr. Andrew King, proprietor ot the sugar estate called I a Luha, near the Coral Kaleo railway station, and brother to the well known T. liutler Ki-tg, has been arrested, and is now imprisoned at tbe castle at Ma tanzas. A young mm named k dmond Slater. I by a private letter from Matan/as, who is employed by a moat respectable house in putting up machinery, upon an estate souie fifty miles from that place, ami wbo has been similarly employed for the last ten years, was ar rested about the 14tL? instant, while puriuiog his legal occupation, owing to some informulity in his 'license" or "pas",'' which was taken out on b:s icturutotie I island in October last, in strict con form 'ty with the | law as it then existed. Of the recent change in the law, respecting ' pauses, " he, residing in tbe oountry, waa > not aware; he whs cap! ured an t made prisoner without I being coascloua be was the least in faun. He was ! dragged from cne parlido to another, each captain, on bis telling them that ha w*s an American, coining from | New York, taking apparently peculiar delight In treating him with the greatest indignity ami ins tit. He waa locked up one night with thieves and robbers for aaao ciatea, and put to the greatest embarrassment and ex - pense. Finally he was sent to Matanzaa, in charge of a villsnsus locking escort, and waa compelled to hire the horse be rode, at a cost of some twenty-live or thirty dollar*. Arrived at Mutinies, he found hundred* of friends among his countrymen, who offered to become hi* security lor any amount that might be required. The Governor of Matanzaa told him very politely he had no charge against him. tined him ten dollars more and i ct bim at liberty, but would not alford any redress for the insults offered by his menials, nor for tbe injury sustained by Slater in being dragged from hit business :n so brutal and unceremonious ? manner. The secret of it all is his being an American, aud his being employ ed by a house suspected by the government of sympa thizing with the crtolea in their struggle for liberty. But now for intelligence of a most important charac ter. I know from an undoubted aouroe, that tbe trial of Ketrampe* and Felix, such as it ha* been, is concluded, that Kstrampes is sentenced to death, aud Falls to ten years in the chain gang in Africa. 1 know, too, that ihir mockery of a trial .? :n direct contravention of the treaty between the United States and Spa' n, and that tUa life of Estrampes. and in all probab lity, that of Felt*, too, (for tbat delicate young man could never endure a single month of torture in Africa,) are now in the hand* of General Jose fle ia Concha I therefore fe?l it my l>oun len duty, as your correspondent, to a-k you to de mand of Franklin Pierce, President of the United States, up?n this occasion, to n.ake good the prom set contained in hia Inaugural address, or stand convicted before tbe wo. Id as a traitor to bis fellow -citizens wbo elected him as the it Chief Magistrate? in this rase to protect two citizens of tbe I'nited States from Spanish tyranny and cruelty. Would that I po'seeaed a Hilton 'h psn, to rouse the government of the I ni ted states to itnrr ediate action. I call upon the I'residi nt as a father, as a brother, and above all as an American, to stand forth an I veto this blood thirsty ty ranny of General Concha Let President l'ierce do this, or else 1 envy him no: bis deatn bed. Ibe carnival has pas*?d with its a:"natomed mask* and balls. Tbe l ist performance for the present season of the Italisn Opera company, has taken [lace, and Lent, the season of atonement, ban commenced. The British brig of war Ilussar and nteamor Buzzard, arrived in this harbir on the 17th lost., acd the British steamer of war Medea Cas retnrnea from conveying Spanish troops to some other part of tbe island, and is again, 1 understand, to be similarly employed. ?" 'Ihe Guard ias Civil are doing garrison duty in this city. i o it would ceem they have not to? many soldiers to ?fM*. I "I I ? , . h I I 1 IK HaviXA, FeV 24, 1865.^ Hailing black- lteyinientr?lttrnt of Jftvt . It was not until aft?r I had dropped my letter in tbe steamer's mail bag yesterday, tbat it was announced sbe would not depart until this morning. By tbit latter circumstance, I am aDorded tbe opportunity of sending you by ber an additional item or two o." interesting in telligence, gathered yesterday. Ihe different tribes of Africans in this island bave each a sort of king, whose orders are obeyed by hi* subject*. Ibe Captain General, I understand, has sent for several of these kings, .n or.lfr to ascertain how many men each could raise, in the event of the necessity of their aid being required Free negroes, 1 know, are en liated amotgal the volunteers, aud I ha\o heard of on* ease In which a slave lad also teen enro'led. Rumor eaya the latter circumstance has frequently occurred. However, 1 only have beard of one well autbent'eated ctae. Kenor Fcheraina'* family bave been allowed to viait bim, while loth he and l'into are deprived of the use of a knife and foik to eat with. It baa been discovered tbat a Spaniard, named Rod riques, who had returned to this isUn 1 wader the recent amnesty, was the man who betrayed P nto acd his as sociates to tbe Captain General. 1 shall bare the pleasure of agaia writ'ng yo'i te mor row, (divine pernv .siuu,) by tba Isabel, via 'Thaileaton ; and, theielore. apologize lor the brevity o' this letter. roCGHKEfcPSIt. Tlir Kutnre of America A LKCTt'BK BV III'.V. CALVIN OOI.TON. The Rev. Calvin ( olton delivered a lecta e before the Kew York Geographical rad Statistical So ety, at the I'nlvcrsity, cn tbe subject of tbe future of America, as deduced from its ] re sent actual conditi.n. A good at tendance was present, and the lecturer raa listened to with great attent on and interest during the whole jourse of his remarks. He said it is a remerkab'e fact that the belt of the globe contained within the twenty-fifth and the sixtieth degrees of Berth Utitude has i ten tht cradle of all the cations which have ever aris?n to any impor- * lance in the world. This portion of tbe earth ia bee t adapted to the cotst tution of man. It way be atfely set doan ss a fundamental principle. that na-'oes eccu pjing the temperate legion. ofthe northern h?m ? phere, al*H)s>aviog governed, will always govern 'be world. To this Australia Is the only ?X''e ptiun. In ibi> belt man wa t created, and Leu he has perfo ire 1 all bis notable exjloit* In hlstoty. lie alluded to tie des ralde mt( rcour e between A is and Kur jpe, an ' spake of the < fli. ulty ant expense attending roMsics betsern these two cont ne-nta It is impor. en:, toi, that tbe Veiled States should establish easy c mimuB ?:ion with A?ia . but the di.Hcultles alien 1 us in tb .se. pro jects as ihe Europeans* to surmo nt llano* tbe great desideratum in tba comm roiil workl i* vo bring Asia rearer to Europe ami Ame'i.a hence at o, In pre vious Jeers, tie eflolt to tied a noitbwfet l >??age. 11* sjoke of tbe great revolution effeated w th:n a regent rate by means of straii. and the telegraph M i -e than two thoussnd miles cf tailrvad an now con:pt?M annu ally, lie grenteat distance of the MN-issippI to the Pacific is h rs than t?o tbonsund; a ni ahail th? t?o localities not !>e c. nu< :t?d by Ihe earn ? 'ron :? ???' All tbe world, Ame. lea atid Eufepe espeeially, n.e call'ng (or it loudly, (lir-at epplause) Tbe value of the >< mm> n ex:rangrs between Europe ano A? a, which are conveyed arr-uno Cood Hope, la jO,iHA ,0O0, ^mpt <yng V! Of (i ahipaanl M,(CO Seamen. WMt there shall be a railioad acto?> cur continent all th.s traffi-. wiljpssa Ibis way. (Aiiplanse ) Ihrec-f jurths of the time would be saved by this mo-ii of ?ran)p rt*t. ni i Re newed applause.) The eipens-j will no*. >w greater He alluded also to tbe great revenues w'jljli woul : thereby accrue to tbe government. Mrs railroad is t b* the criterion of the futuie of Amcrica P. 's to cooMet Asia with Eur<-pe. its line ia acrosa tba l'a iflcOiean. . a i oss this eoitinent, acd acroes tbe At'ao'.io. It will be a direct rente from 'he remotest Eaat to tb? remote. v West. It will be not lightly called merely The Paeifte I railroad, lut the great l.igbwav of the ncrld. (Ureat spplauie ) This grent construction will elev ??s Ameri -a o tbe highest ro- tlon among the naMons oftheMrtb. | (Continued appiAuee. ) At the ee^nclus'cn of tbe remarks of Mi. Celt n a vo'.e I ol thanks was tendered to htm, and I>t. flaet s arc-e aud msde -ome complimentary r?marks to the ie : irsr, after which tbe audl>nce disposed. I Supreme C'owrt?Clscult? Before Hon. Judge Kooeevelt. ACTIOS ron AHBACLT AWD BaTTKur. Hski ii 2.? linltr' i'raigk<ad c t. Crand'l Xlei-Tkis was an ae'hin for damages for aaaauP. an', battery. Ihe plaintiff Is a roer bant down town, and the defendant is a demo iatic {olitlcian. Ihe plaintlfi Lavicg mil* ?one rctlectins ou 'he donee tie bearings of tie defen i Jaat the latter cowl, . ed Mr Cralgbeso at fco if Y* r I ne n, in September ta?t T>i? case h?- o ?ai el '?n Ida/a, aud tbe jury r ndered a verd at for plalntifl if IteOO. Tnrlne C'uni t. I 1 Ht 7 Ml S CONTSMIT CAM. M sen 'i ?Judge i.' Carth.v has name 1 rateirday, tbe 10th Inst , as tbe day f r the bearlnc of Mr. Ros'.eed'a? ' argument in beha'1 of '.be reporter of 'be ft' |ertj r able I article.

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