Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 24, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 24, 1855 Page 2
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MR. SMILE'S MISSION TO SPAIN. Further and Most Extraordi nary Disclosures. Soerot Hostility of Louii Napoleon Against the United States. TEST lflPOKTiKT AID CCRIOC8, &c., Ac., Ac. MB. SOCLE TO MB. MABCT. Madrid, October 26, 1853. Sib? The rt range though not entirely uoaecountable Mwt Jon created ij my appearance hem m the offlcial character which I hold, has happily unbilled, and I may ?n address you free from the anxiety which I had been tor some time past laboring under, in anticipation of the ?testacies which it was supposed my admittance at this ?sort would bare to encounter. 1 presented my credentials to the Queen on Saturday, tad was received by her with marked attention and Courtesy. The speech which 1 delivered on the occasion is not a* ene I had originally placed in the bands of the Min toter of State for his consideration. I had written the latter (of wbijh you will find a oopy in enclosure No 1) la a style which was deemed, it teems, to contrast too strikingly with the dry and unmeaning formulas through which such performances are usually defrayed. It bad ?o go to a full council, and there was made the subject of a grave and solemn deliberation, which ended in Mr. Galderon being desired to convey to me an earnest but nseet gracious request that 1 would consent to strike from it certain paragraphs, (those having pencil mark to the margin,) which, it was feared, might be construed into a censure of the policy which France and England bad thought proper to pursue with respect to Cnb.v, fee. The request was, moreover, predicated on the alleged Sbillty of the (jueen, on account of her present posi ?, to to. in her answer, through all tbe topics whioh ?be would necessarily have to advert to, he. Such an appeal, made in such terms, left me no room for heaiuition. I resumed at once my draught, and leaving out of it tbe obnoxious passages, together with socb expressions and sentiments as might have appear ed too obsequious in the absence of those with w,hieh they were to stand coupled, I sent back to M. Calderon the emasculated and insipid harangue which, with the Queen's answer, forms Nos. 2 and 3 of the enclosures. This satisfied fully tbe exigencies of the Cabinet, and all mj difficulties were at once at an end. Though 1 mean not to go, this time, into the politics of this government, I may as well be allowed to say, en Cant, that the present Cabinet is weak in the ex m, and, therefore, without the least power or in fluence. The country is being driven to a crisis which must soon end in Narvaez or in a revolution. Narvaes, however, la distrusted, even by his farmer friends, on aoceunt of his presumed connivance with the schemes which Quern Christina and Louis Napoleon have been brooding together. Yet one looks in vain for another fender and chief in tbe whole host of courtiers and in trtauers that throngs the avenues of tbe palace. Mr. Pezuela, the newly appointed Captain-General of the Island of Cuba, is still here, but will soon leave for his destination. He is a man of some ability; a graceful poet, I am told, bnt possessed of none of those qualifica tions which constitute a strong mind. Of him I shall write at greater length herearter. The departure in a few hours of a courier for Paris, from the French embassy, induces me to bring hastily Otis despatch to a close, and to postpone to the next what I have to nay of tbe posture of our affairs here, and of the condition in which the legation has been transmit ted to me by my honorable predecessor. I have the honor to be, with the highest regard, your rerr humble and most obedient servant, 1'IERRE 80ULE. Bob. W. L. Marct, Secretary of State. No. 1. Madam? In delivering tbe letter through which I am accredited as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo tentiary of the United States of America near your Ma jesty, I cannot deny myself tbe pleasure of expressing mj gratification and joy at having none but assurance aooet friendly to convey to your royal person, and to the chivalrous people committed to your guidance aud care. It is tbe earnest wish of tbe honored chief who pre sides at present over America's destinies that the best understanding should characterize the intercour%> of his government with that of jour Majesty ; and it will be no less my ambition than it is made my duty to cul tivate and faster such circumstances as may bring to a otoeer connexion the Interests which Spain and the Uaiteu f-tat"s have in common and to strengthen the ties which should bind them together. Conscious ef the imposing responsibilities under which ?he holds the lofty position which slie occupies at tbe oeuncllhoard of nations, America can entoriain no as 8 ations unworthy of lierseli, or which rhould alarm e legitimate susceptibilities of any power on earth. Ehe has a chvracter to maintain, which under no con tingency will she be found to belie. With what strides soever she may be compelled to neve through tbe unbounded sphere which the future displays to her uudazxled eyes, she will ever show her self as scrupulous to pay homage to tbe rights of ?tbers as prompt to vindicate and maintain her own, whenever and wherever infringed or in the least en dangered. Between Spain and tbs United States of America, left to themselves and guided by wise and conciliatory coun sels, there ean hardly be a most distant cause of col lision It is only under the promptings of a and totensoodling state craft, foreign to either, that the close contact in which they stand with reference to cer tain interests might become a danger to both. Let the agents of the two governments frankly join in ?a effoit to discourage and cisrard such sinister designs as might tend to alienate them from each other, and any danger will at once be averted. My best exertions shall be directed towards that end, for I could not consider that I had done justice to the high and important trust with which I have been honored If I were to be remiss in my strivings to promote so dent sable an object. Madam, irom the language which I have just held in your royal presence, your Majesty may discern with what readiness I have dismissed from my mind the ?MBT forebodings which had preceded my arrival at ? capital As long ai I shall not be found wanting in considera tion and respect towards a nation which can boast of the Ctious memories which adorn the pages assigned to her tbe history of the world, and towards the magnani aaous Queen whose generosity America has more than safe so warmly acknowledged and appliuded. I will ex pect te be treateo with the regard due to the dignity and character of tbe nation and government of which I am the representative. You bave personally, madam, my best wishes. May your Majesty's government be glorious and fruit ful in all the blessings that can render your people pros perous and happy I Nos. 2 and 3. Ha i> am ? In delivering the letter through which I am accredited as Knvoy Extraordinary and Minister I'leni Bntlary of the United State* of America near jour set*, I cannot but express my gratification an<l joy at having none but assurances most friendly to convey to your Majesty and to the people committed to your guidance and care. It la the earnest wish of the honored chief who pre ?Idea at present over America'* destinies that the best mderstandmg ihould characterize the intercourse of hi* government with that of your Majesty ; and it will be no mi my pleasure than it U mate my duty to cherish and foster such circumstances as may tend to bring to a eleitr connection the interests which Spain and the Halted Males have in common, and to strengthen the tie* wb'chbind them together. Madam. I tender to your Majrity my best wishes for the well- being of your royal person and family. ?UJ your Majesty's reign b? fortunate and Irultful In all tb* blessings that can render your people prosperous aad happy ! TIIK QfKEN'* RKPI.Y. I have heard with satisfaction th* assurances which yon give me of tb* friendly sentiments of the President ?i th* Omted Mates, and I assure you that th*y are the ?am* as thoi* which animat* me towards hi* person and country. Then* aew assurances, always grateful for m*, per ?Bad* me more and mere of the interest which gpain, a* well a* the United States, have in preserving and strength ?aing their ancient relations. In me, Mr. Minister, you will And the host disposition* and in my government the most sincere co operation for U>? attainment of 10 important and desirable an object. MR. BOVLK TO MR. MABCY. Oilmen Statsh Lw ratios, > Madrid, Mnv. 10, 1863. / Put? ? ? ? J will n*k to be excused for some time jcttrom expressing an opiulon as to what course this government may, und?r certain contingencies, feel dls ao**d to pursu* with reference to our common on:erns. 1 am without suflictent data, and would be rvlnctant to fcaiard a hasty judgment <>? to grave a subject. There I* elear'y but little relianoe to he placed in what tuani feetations might come from the very highest quarters, kowever significant they aeem to be Tbo*e to whoee management are al present confided the aSairs of this country have exhibited, in all their dealings, such a want of fixity and steadiness that one May well doubt not only their power to carry an im portant point, but their ability to lorm a serious re Mlv*. Th* tenure nnder which they hold their pi tees ia exceedingly precarious. Born of a caprite, they may at any moment b* swept awav by the very whim that bi*w them into exiatenc*. They may, howertr. retain tor a f*w weak* longer th* confidence and tbe goo<l will ?f th* Que*n. hut they will not avoid the frowns of the ?snata, for tbey are doomed to be mad* th* scapegoats of th* anarchy in which th? government has revelled th*** ten month* pa?t. Nor shall w* (after much by their fall. The interests which Spain must inevitably have soon to debate with th* United states are not such a* would bear b*ing ap Broached by weak and timid mind*. They will require Both wisdom and a certain degree nf boldness on the part of those who may hav* to tah* charge of them, aad it mnst be admitted that there ia little of *ith*r in tke present adviser* of the (jneen. But of thi* I shall have cceasion to writ* at greater length hereafter. Sine* my reception at Court I have bad several inter views with M. Cald?ron. I find him ill lacliaed to favor any policy that might tend to bring Spain to a closer ?oaaection with tbe United States. He sets no groat wain* on the advantage* which hi* ctuntrymen might 4ariv* from a fr*e later course with ua, and news rather a* a danger whatever la likaly to promote It He is, the refer*, averse to l*t Spain enter lis to any commercial treaty with us, and mak** no secret of hi* *t?rn anti pathies ia that respect. Though otherwise Inclined, at least apparently, to pay du* regard to oar wishes, he Will, a* long a* ha remains in office, ha an obstacle and a bar to aay mevement that may b* made in that direc tion He L* no lea* opposed to any alteration taking place in the relations now subsisting between the Oap tain General of On ha and oar Consul at the capital of that Island. H* has learned aothiag by th* leesta* of ha past, and MtBl stricken with Incurable blind neas in ?fcTO* (9 UMfllVVt 0k U) UM c?hta?t dm 4a aeeident; hia ?lt from It win not be eonaiderod a calamity even by htm? it. Be ia basest, Mid Htm well; be u able, and might do much good; bat to baa so nerve, and his timidity destroys entirely hie ueeful neie. He were doomed, eves if hi* colleagues ooaid be Gen. Narvaet arrived here on Monday evening laat. He ia to be the main lever through which a powerful party in the Senate will attempt to pat down the Camarilla that holda the away over the palaea. Theconteet will in aQ probability be a flerae one, aa thoee now in power at court aeem deteraiined to resist biro at all haaarda. To what consequences a struggle between the contending factions may l?ad ia perhaps more than it were safe to CHlict That thioga cannot remain long in the condl n ia which they are at present ia indubitable; but what will come next ia a problem difficult of notation. It may indeed be a queation whether the constitution will outlive the cnaia. Numerous corpa of troopa are being concentrated in the vicinity of the capital, under the pretence that they are to be trained by akilful leaders in the practice of certain manoeuvres aaid to have been litely introduced into the strategy of ti e reat of Europe. The suspicion, however, gaitin itrength that the movement covers some sinister deaign on the part of the court faction; but I would not be at all aurprisei if l<tarvaez. who poxaesxes the confidence of the soldiery, and who is juat from the aohool of the Fr?nch Emperor, were to turn the scheme to the accomplishment of some other purpoae than that for wbich it had been concocted. In the meanwhile everything it in confusion hero. The minister* are bird at work trying all sorta of contri vances V, forestall the judgment of ih e Cortea. It would be next to impossible to direct their attention to other objects until the question of their strength in the Na tional legislature shall have had its solution. I will await that result "belore writing my next. I have the honor to be, with the higbext regard and the most piofonnd respect, your very humble servant, 1'IEKRE BOL'LE. MB. SOU I.H TO MU. M AKCY. Lmiatioh op tiih Cnitkd Ststrs, 1 Madrid, December 23, 1853. X Sir:? ? e e e My preceding despatch contained premonitory intimations of the crisis to which the open ing of the Cortea waa likely to lead. We are aow in the midst ot it. The Senate had no sooner manifested ita determination to reeist the government in its anarchical tendencies, and signified by a most imposing vote Ita dls pleat>urn at the attempt made by the ministers to with draw from ita consideration the bill providing for the manner in which grants of prtvilegea for the construc tion of railways were to be made, than a decrees issued forth from the Quern auspending the session of the legis lature. That decree waa read to the Chambers by the President of the Council, in a tone which betrayed an uncommon emotion. It elicited no demonstration of any kind in the House of Deputies, but waa received by the Hecate with a stern and somewhat contemptuous impassibility. The ministers, upon withdrawing from the nate chamber, had to walk out through a crowd of Senators, who were alto tearing their aeats, without being honored with a salute or a shaking of the hand from any of tbem. The course which they would pursue after this became naturally the subject or all conversations. gome alarm waa created by the report that, in order to maintai n themselves, they would have to send out of the realm come of the most prominrnt members of the opposition; but the Gactta (the official paper) of the ensuing day proclaimed no rther important measure than che dis missal from office of Generals Don Jose de la Concha and Kos de Olano, who but a few weeka before had to be com pilled to accept the very position now so brutally withheld from them. In the meantime the ministers had tendered thetr resignation, which the Queen refused to accept: they therefore still bold on, but they cannot outlive their defeat beyond the deliverance of the Queen. Tli? most Ftrange rumors are in circulation in and about the palace. Stupendous schemes, it is aaid, will be resorted to by those dissatisfied with the present atate of thinga to bring the crisis to nn issue. There . are such, for instance, as unblushingly advise the King to come forth at the birth of the expected royal child, and to protest against ita legitimacy; that the mother, like Ureca, being expelled from the throne ^ a regency may be created in h*a favor daring the minority of the infanta, the Princess of the Asturias ; there are othera who are wiling to strike down the whole dynasty, and to place the crown on the head of the young and promising Prince of Portugal; and not a few are on tbe watcn ready to im prove whatever chances the future holds in store against the Queen, and to turn them to the profit of the Count of Montemoiin, the son of Don Carlos, whose education, manners and habits teem to give atrong guarantees of a government altogether in the interest of England. But the roan woo 1* likely to play tbe most prominent part in the coming drama ia doubtless the Duke of Valencia, General Xarvacas, fresh from the school of the great im postor, who smarts under the repeated manifestations of distiunt and dislike, of which tue Court of late has, perhaps, been too little spariog ? and wbo may at any inoimntHKunch himself out of liia retirement at Lo.ia, and give Madrid a second edition of tbe 2d of December ? wbo can put cn any mask cirdumstances may require h<m to wear, and whore contempt for principles or moral ity would minister such facilities tor the promotion of the most extravagant undertakings. Of all the dpan iards wbo surround the throne he is beyond donbt the most feared and detested by the Queen, who holila in dubitable proofs of hia treachery to her, and who knows that, once in his dependence, she would soon be come lint a passive instrument of mischief and a slave, lie, therefore, haa no hope of being reinstated in hia former position, unless he succeeds in uphfaving sime political storm that may so alarm tbe Queen as to Induce her to drown ber antipathies in her fears, and to surrender unconditionally to hia will; and it may well come to this at last, for aught I know Ibe favorites at court are persons of no power, talent, or energy. Their foresight and discretion reach not even tbe immediate exigencies and dangers of their position 'I bey live in perfect quietude and peace, In the full con viction that everything is still and safe out of doors at long as, inside of tbem, there is no other disturbance but that at times brought fin th by the sudden and temporary prevalence of a ctprice substituted to a caprice, Confu ? ion, disorder, and anarchy, prevail in every branch of the government, .'be levying of the impoxta, which, by article 76 ot the constitution, can only ba afTected under the authority of a specific law, originating in the Houae of Deputies, is now ordered by royal decree, and not a word is uttered anywhere againat auch an Invasion of the people's rights and of ibe Cortea' privileges. Tbe audacity of the ministers knows no bounda; yet tbe na tion gives not the least Intimation of sensitiveness, though her dearest interests be at stake, and the very life ot her government in peril. How long this miy last ncne can tell; perhaps weeks, months, and even years; perhaps not beyond tbe running boar, for this is the country of the unexpected, of the anoinilous, of the il ls gical. The Department of Foreign Aflairs ia, after all, the meat attended to, though that, alsc, In wlucu Ik mo?t predominant the tpirlt which, as Lord Chatham informs as, fo peculiarly character* i?s the policy of the Caatliian Court? the blind atubbornness and the lupercilloua sus ceptibility which will not admit ef the least approach lo anything that <loen cot address iteelfto its prejudices and pride. There we are cordially hated, for we are hardly looked upon a* being nm better than were, in times paat, the barbarian* who infested their seas, plun dered th?ir commerce, and reduced their cit'zeni to slavery. England and Frsnce have succeeded in making ns so odious to the people of 8 pain that there is not a word or a look of inkuit which their officials would spare as If they could believe that it would be borne With anything 'like composure or resignation. The lenity with which we have so often put up with their Insults hiis induced the belief that we are not as strong and power ful as we seem to le. Gen. Narvaez, when I was lant in Paris, speaking ?f lie with * * ? went so far as to boant that, with the aea auj land forces Spain hail in and about the inland of Cuba, she could whip us when ever ahe eliose so to do. I thought at first that the Marshal wbs bragping, but subsequent discoveries have convinced me that te actually meant what he -aid. It jnuit have been in one of the cr>nferencet \e to fre quently hud with I.ouis A'a/iotem that was concocted, a ?k<trt timr before the coup d'etat, the plan of a most curious m iwion irhich concerned us, and wot to be en trusted to Kopoletm l)onaparte,t the ion if Jerome. Vie Frinch gov ernment seems to have harbored for tone tine the idea of toundtng how far the Inited Stales were vul nerable politically and in a military point of ricui. In strvctiinsioerepr'paredatthe /'apartment of Fm eign Af% faiis destined to be plated in the hands of an agent, who was to be tent to America in a disguised caracitv, and to be provided ui h ample meant to be by him applied to a full investigation of what cawtt of disaffection to the general government might exist in the States, and to the survey of the whole country, that its resources and means of deftnce might be ancertained a ml apprecia'ed; the v hole uith a twit to contingencies which uiere considered, it seems, as likely te occur and to involve the two countries in difficulties The tone of the instructions u<as quite m naiing, and the struggle , in anticipation of which they had been prepared, was represented as being one of prin ciple "1 here could be no stable order and gooerment in Kurope at Ung as the poisonous influence of our iitx.'ilu tions and oj the protp-nty of our people under them, were permitted to be felt on this side of the Atlantic " itc. these instructions, duly signed, were presented to Aapoleon Honaparte. uriik a tender of what amoun: of money he might tequire to carry them out, Thep lnce t'*,k them with him. and repaired immediately lo the re silience of one in u hose judgment and discretion he semis lo hare ed the wiotC absolute ftmfdence, * * * and asked hitadme as to the, course which it were fit for him to pursue. The instructions were carefully read. *Va peilton at first showed a disposition lo make an eclat, as he could not but tee the intention of an insult in the prof fer of such a trust. (He give* himself for a demncriit ) llis'ftund, while agreeing with him as lo the cKaraeter of the mi tticn, was, nevertheless, against its being made the occasion tf a rupture between the two cousins, and ad lised the tending tack qf the instruction* with a peremp lory refusal. The prince assented; went to hit cousin, and told Aim that he teas not the man ftrtucham>rk; thai he wot a democrat, and would rather be. i vith the Uni ted Stales than with him I he matter ?<u s dropped, ami has not been resumed since, at I east to the knowledge nf my informant. lliet this was a'l concocted wi'.h Gen. Narvaez is indeed moat probable. Narvaea lias bravery and bold ness, an Iron will, and an indomitable energy. He Is utterly reck leas of principle, but he want* discretion, and is but little informed o( the condition of the world, beyond what is embraced of it within the limits of Spain. He is thirsty of power, and will lend himself to any scheme through which, being enabled to conquer it, h? mav recur* an opportunity o' giving way to bis wild aspirations, and or avenging the wrong* which he thinks be has suffered at the hands of theQuaea and of those who became ber a<'.Tiaer- at the time of hla fall What policy bis restoration to the mastery of the government would Initiate in the administration of its a&alrs is more than I would venture to prejudge, bat he sure tnat it would be ? stern and Iron p..ii?yt up to the mark of that par ?tied by hie Idol and lasiruetor. I shall Bad less diflleu ity in deciphering ont the coarse which the preeeet ( ablnet will pursue under certain contingencies connected with the relations In which we etand to Spain. In what they have already done may easily be found the measure of what they will do. Spam never moves In any question concerning the in tereeta of her to roign relations without consulting either France or England. France has at present the neper hand with ber cabinet, France, far reasons un known to *e. la a* mueh oppoeed as England herself to Cuba becoming on re. She any dissemble for a time, and bush down ber anttpathtee, but aa long aa she bends her neck u?4?r jokt tbf nuu> wbo now feoMa tfe* Mi over h?T, she win be our IMBJ, ??? join in ?T "^r ?* which may k? Mt w In( against u*. Iwouid place but little reliance in tb* protestations, ????*{{? mat solemn. of b?r present raler*. They will bell* tbem unblushinglf wh*ueT*r it ?UtU their lnter*lts or ^OurtofT'my sojourn in Pari*, on ?> j way to Madrid, I had occasion to see the French Minister of Foreign Keia^ ticn*. Mr. Droujn de I'Huy*. who received we w,U,f?!^ courtesy, and showed himself dispoaed to converse freely on the subject of our relation* with Fraaee. Upon allud ing lo the attempt which had been made to involve u* i# the meshes of the tripartite treaty, I hinted something of our astonishment at fin ding France it. open conoert wttn Em land in a movement which could not but *tir np our sea*ibUIti*s and wound our pride. He at oooe disavowed any intention on the part of the government to be ot?n ?ive to the United State* ; but insisted, with marked env ohueia, on iU obligation to protect a friendly Power ana an ally against a?y attempt that might be ma<l?, bo mat ter from what quarter, to invade ita territory, 4c. 1 0I> served that to assert such as obligation Implied th*exU tence of cau*?a calling for a compliance with it, and I asked, significantly, when and where had such oauaea **Uted? He saw the tenancy of my inquiry, and **? capcd the necessity of meeting it by transferrin* th* wa ve nation to ancther subject. Thil brought ne w review the condition of Europe, and yspecially that of France, and afforded me an opportunity of awakening hie appre hensions as to the state of isolation in which impeodin ; events might find the latter, and of suggesting how im portant it were for trance tb at she should remnn with us on such terms as might not be construed to be in th ? remotest degree unfriendly. He readily acknowledged that trance bad great interest in keeping on friendly terms with th* I'mted States, and gave me the hi?hea assurances that nothing would be done by the Empero to endanger the good understanding so happily prevail ing bet wet n his government and that of the United (State* but tbat. on the contrary, no opportunity would be suffered to remain unimpmived that might i> fiord the Emperor an occasion of removing the painful Impressions which the circumstance I had alluded to misht have created. In the course of our conversation the question of a treaty stipulating for the free inter change of our cereaha, our pork, beef, 4c., with commo dities of French growth and production, was slightly touched upon. The Minister took it np promptly and earnestly, and asked my views re?pecting it ; and after listening to me for nearly a quarter of an hour, ex claimed, "That U precisely the policy which I have ever been advocating." I told him tbat, of course, my sng^ gestion was an officious and not an official one, and that be would have srople opportunities of giving it a more serious consideration in the intercourse whictt he would soon have with the minister we were aboat sending to France Here ended our conversation. He desireil me to afford him the occasion of a second Interview, which I said I would do if possible. But circumstances did not al ow me to comply with his wish, and I left l'aris with out seeing any more ot him. A lew days alter this sn article made its appearance In the Cent Lilv. tunnel, the imperial organ, on the subject of the Koszta rescue, in which the American side of the question was openly defended and justified. It created Mime surprise in the political circles, as it seemed to in tiniate some alteration in the policy of the French gov ernment towards us. It was much talked of, but few had the means of accounting for it, and thus it remain ed a mystery for the great mass of readers. The French Min uter had also stated, in confidence, that upon being consulted ino^cxally by the Spanish government on the subject of my reception by the Court of Madrid, he had interposed an opinion to trie effect that it would not ?io for Spain to intricate herself in a difficulty with us o* that account, as she could claim no right to predicate my rejection on anything I might have said previous to my coming here, either as a Senator or as a private citi zen. While he was thus protesting of the friendly dlspo sitlonsof the French government toward* me, its dm baesador here, ailed by the Counteas of Mont'jo and by the Austrian and Mexican Minister*, ra* trying hia best effort* end urging the Spanish Cabinet to have me reject ed. I bad in my pocket a letter informing me must mi nutely of the manoeuvres they were making to attain their object. So much for the candor or Imperial diplo 10 wi'en I reached the capital General Pezuela bad already been appointed Captain -General of the Island of Cuba, lhe choloe of such a person announced a set tled determinat on on the part of the Spanish Cabinet to bring catters in Cuba to a decisive crisis. General Pezuela wa* known to be a man of that sort of I*ertl nacity which In Spain Is considered s* corsiltuting tb* ciimax of civil virtue. He had oeen selected mostly on account of the violent prejudice* h* wa* supposed, and with truth, to entertain against us, (th* Yankees.) More ol a poet than of a soldier, he was, however, by no means a novice in the career, but, on the contrary, had gained some distinction while Captain-General of I orto Bico by his stein adherence to the policy of com predion and tjronny pursued of late years by this gov enment towards the colonies. He wa* invested with regal rower*, and wa* about to proceed to his damna tion, when, on the very eve of his departure, h* began to conceive some alarm at the pro*pect of th* llfficulti** which he was f>a likely to encounter la the discharge or the responsible trust confided toh-m. Not content with the extraordinary faculties given him, and fear ful that they might prove Insufficient to ejable him to fulfil bia msndate. he asked tor additional powers. H* already united in his persoi the authority heretofore di vided between the Captain General and tb* commandant of tV.e naval forces. He insisted on being allowed full dlicretion to tlie effect, first, that In the case of a new expedition being organized against the Island, like ths.t headed by G?n. l.opei, he minht put under arrest all Americans residing there, without excepting even the Consul; and, secondly, that should any dlffl-.ulty inter veue between Mexico sod the Unitid States, he might aflcrd assistance to the Mexican*, eithe r by sending them arn.s and smmunltions trom the public arsenal*, and men from the forces *tationed in ili? island, or in any other way he dee/neJ expedient acd pro|,er. t Such, then, Is the authority with wbich the present Captain General of Cuba is clotbed . Befow leaving Ca d,z be spoke of tb* danger* wbich awaited his errand in a manner that betrayed great anxiety. Th* siave trade 1* to b* stopped England has suc ceeded in forcing the Spanish government lo the adrnl* sion that all Africans Imported into the island since 1821 are to be considered as librrtadoi . enfranchised, " the admission i* acted upon rigidly, Cuba ha* ceaaed to hav* a Slav*, and the dream of Lord 1'almerston ha* become a reality Tbi*. however, was effected without any for mal stipulation being entered Into on the part of either government; hut tbat England holds a reoogntUon of the state of things Implied In the admission cannot be Th" qifeAlon^hen'oceur*, what will Spain ultimately do with Cuba? Being asked by me if any convention had been agreed upon between Spam and England hav itff reference to a system through which Cuba would be supplied with laboreis from Africa, Mr Calderon pledged lis honor as a calallero that uo such convention ex isted or had b^en proposed to the Spanish government. But the very readiness of 'the Minister of Steto to glv* me so absolute an assurance, under the highest sanc tions led me to suapect tbat, while he literally spo?ie the truth, he was lar from being averse to a policy which must eventually sncure that result. And tTuly the admission I have alluded to as he well knows, covers th* who!* ground, and when in sUted upon must necessarily bring about the *am? confluences. Cuba, therefor*, may well b* con sidered as lost to Spain In a proximate futar*; and even so to the civilized world, unless it rede-m-i itself and shake* oft the odious yoke under which she groan*. Should she do this now, Sp?in would have to fight her alone, as the state of public affair* in Europe would allow neither France nor England to divert their atten tion and strength from the great struggle In whhh they must soon be involved. Even Spain may soon find her self in a condition which would a^mit of no other alter native than a compromise with th# Cubans or with ?*. About this question ot Cuba, Spain, as a whole. h*s hot little concern. It Is only where the offlelmU of ernment have the ascendancy? a* In Madrid, of who** population they form the two thirds, or where private interest* linked wtth th* aetual state of the island, pre dominate. ss In Cadiz, Barcelona, Santander, 4c.-that its remaining a dependency of the cro?n Is considered of any moment. The masa of the people know but little, if anything, of Its importance and va ue. or even, in msny cases, of ita very existence; and th* Spaniard*, whose sagacity reach** beyond the running bour, see but too clearly tfcat it Is tatally doomed, if not to be ours, at least to eease betor* long being theirs. My iiosltien here is exceedingly delicate, not only on account of the prejudice* entertained against all Amsrt cans In general, but also because of the extreme uneasi ness which my prssence in Europe at thu critical junc ture seems to give the French auto:rat. and of the springs which lie h?? set In motion to force me out of soy position from which 1 might embarrass his policy. ?i hut be ha* some sinister design on Spain is the clear to be doubted; but wbut tbat design be he alone fcnovs. With all that, the Spanish Cabinet is entirely in his in terest and under his control? *o much so tbat It would not dare take a reiolv* without first ascertaining that It will meet bis pleasure. This gives the French Ambas rador liere great importance and authority. The lr, dividual wbc now holda that position is a man whose main merit Is to have been on* of the instru ments through which waa effected the co vp d' tUV ot the Ito of I ecetnoer. M. de Turgot is the very minuter who signed th* famous letter tendering the I nited States, on tie part of Fratce, the tripartite convention respect ing Cuba. He Is a man of ordinary abilities, exceed liwly vain and overbearing He had charge It seems, from hi* master, to cnt short my course here, and to rullily what influence I might gain with the court or the yover*ment. #?????? MH. SOn.t TO MB. M 4KC V. 1j cation of tiik U.virsn StaTbs, ) Mapkid, Jan. 20,1854. J SIR:? e e e e I availed myrelf of the occasion afford ed by 'h* appearance h?r* of the l're*ld*ut'* m?-*age, to lave ? ccnfarece with Mr ChUeron on the m.iln nub ject* of the instruction* I took with me from Wanbiug ten. loth* matter of an extension of power* to oar Ct n*t?l* *t Haviina, he ii Inflexibly and hopelennly op peed to th* *llglit**t nonunion , In like manner, a? re gard* a crnvention to facilitate ana benefit oar com merce with the ieland, t? have nothing to bop* from him, *nd I found htm *tubbornly ?et ;igainaf nqy and every projret of arrangement which *hould tend fn any way to draw the I'ntted Mate* Into a doner intercom** or connection with that colony. On my *id*, before tearing him I took oeraelon to In form him frankly that the govtrmnent of the L'n'tea Hate* would auo, iternly and unbendingly, oppoee and cosihat any and *T*rv arrangement by which Spain with France, or Spain with England, or with them both, or with the world in arm*, ?hould attempt, ia the ?Hghteet degree, to render the Uland an Injury or a dan ger to u*. Thi? decaration evident!) produced upon him, for the moment, a marked effect: nevertheless, It le beyond doubt that *o long ae Mr. OaMeron ahall re main Minister of State, nothing can be hoped for by th* I aiud state* by way of negotiation with thin govern ment. I afterward* nought and obtained an Interview with the Queen Mother, and, In a long and frank coaver** tien (a jrivate with that very remarkable and highly gifted pernonage. explained to her tb? view* awl *1*h*a of tb* government of th* Cmted State* ia regard to thi* qiieetion of tula and with r**p*ct to i-paia She ilatoa *d to my remark* with th* moat flattering attention, and herself displayed a rare InteDlgenoe upon th* *nb jeet* alln<Vd to *?*nl/*?tlng, unequivocally, a manner of appreciating nod considering theee questions alto gether diflereat (rem the Idea* or th* Cabinet and *f the rent rf the jnverniDg party generally, e e e a e e If a novnwt tat* place here which amaea a ?* riv^i cbancttr, Una th* |?T?Mia( will b* pbUfed to ?elect (MM ?M or BON persons Into VBM hudi will ho committed their destiniea. It is supposed that tho Queen Mother, though heretofore averse to poraittlaf Nuv>? to return again into the councils of the Qween, ban oi late somewhat relaxed in her opposition to him, and might, in certain eontingeneiea, give him her rap port; w) ilst those who are nearer the heart of tbe Queen than is her mother will oppose to the last mordent his re turn to power, showing indeed a tendency, if it should come to that, to throw themselves rather into the arms of E>-partero and the liberal party. The Queen Mother, meantime, has taken care to be well guarded on that side also, and it is, without doubt, owing to her so called liberal policy ? which is, in fact, no more than her opposition to tbe French policy and her admirable foresight in Spanish affaire? that the threatened coup d'etat has not already taken place, so long ago as May, 1852 **?**?*? ???*?*?* General Pezueia, the new Captain General, has aaked for a reinforcement of ten thousand soldiers to tie sent to Cuba, which, however, he U not T?rj likely to obtain. ? * ? ? MB. SOrLE TO MR. M1RCY. Unito) Statbj LkutiO!?, 1 Madmid, Feb. !i8. 1HA4. J SiK? The reactionary measures of the Cabinet, which had been for a moment suapended. are being enforced sga*n wlih unsparing rig dity. The refractory exiles, (.eneraii OTonneil and Don la Concha, nave been attack out of the army list by royal decree. In< (Tensive sod peaceable citizens are iacarcerated un der tbe most flimsy pretences, and held weeks and months in oloae confinement, until a whim from the l'aiace sent* s them into exile or back to their families. Tbe fettered press hardly dates to register even the names of tbose wbom the rutblena hand of power has stricken. Tbe liberties of the people fall one by one, and the patience of tbe nation, instead of bringing back tbe government to Mntiraentsof moderation and justice, onlj serves to enectuage it to march more openly to the overthrow of the constitution. ? ? ? ? It would be difficult at this moment for anybody to form a new ministry. Elements are want ng for any ccmbination in harmony with tbe purposes of tne court. It has even been found impracticable, thus far, to sup ply ths vacancy created in the Department of Grace and Justice by tbe resignation of the Marquis of Gerona. It is generally admitted, however, that affairs cannot remain much longer In the present condition. The government has no support In any political party, and sustains itself only by a system of compression ana ter ror, which renders Insecure not only the liberty, but the very life of tbose who can be suspected of disaffection to its meaaurts. When and in what manner tbis will end, is a mystery which the moat astute would in vain seek to penetrate The nation Ih clearly on tbe eve of a great commotion. Alarming symptoms may be obnerved In quarters here tofore considered as beyond the rcach of discontent, and men who have been tbe most ardent supporter* of the Queen and of her government are now the declared ene mies of both. Yet such is the prestige which still at taches to the visible signs of authority that, wherever tbey are exhibited, they create a sort of awe and trepida tion, fo tbat tbey stifle what of lofty aspirations may be sheltered in patriotic hearts. Though little anxious to approach the members of the cabinet while they are involved in their prenent difficul ties 1 did attempt tome time since to get tbe ear of the Count of San Luis and succeeded in opening to him a general vie* of the relations now existing between our t overall ent and that of her Catholic Majesty, suggesting bow desirable it were tbat they should assume a more friendly character, and intimating my utter distrust of ever seeing any thing effected in that direction so long as the present chief of the State Department should retain a seat in Ihe cabinet. I mentioned, among other indications conclusive of Mr. Calderon's antipathy to come to a closer connection with na, r the averment made to me on that same day tbat, for thTee years past. Mr Caideron had been urging an entire divorce between the United States anl tbe colonies of bpain as the only means of saving the last from tbe grasp of the firat; and I went on observing that such seemed to be the settled policy of the Secreta ry of State with refcrente to us; that he was literally unapproachable on any question which bad tbe leiat bearing on tbe expediency of establishing a more liberal interrourae between our country and the possessions of i-pain adjacent to our shores; and that such an unwil lingness on his part to meet us on any ground, but was a poor and discouraging return for thci repeated evidence* we bad given of our disposition to maintain a gcod understanding with Spain, and of our wish to avoid everything tbat might be in tbe re motest degree a cause or even a pretence of col liilon between ua. He admitted that Mr. Caideron ?aa a riiplrmat of tbe old school, who could not be brought eai-ily to move where be was l'kely to encounter a difficult er aimply a new subject to handle; but that tbe dispcsltiona oi her Majesty's government were not I to be judged by any slowness or reluctance of the State Department to enter into the discussion of any subject that night tax terioua'j its attentions, or engage to any c<naideihble extent its responsibilities. And, w.thout going further into tbe subject, he gave me the strongest aseui&nces of his desire to see strengthened the tiea which bound tbe I sited states to Spain by common in terests, and of his willingness to bestow bis whole atten tion, as toon as he might have leisure from more press ing exigencies, on such overtures as I might feel in clined to make. We agreed that we would resume our conversation on some iuture day, and then explore and debate tbe merta of tbe questions embraced in it, and try if our mutual wishes could not be reconciled, and tbe interests which they Involved amieably regulated . nil adjusted. ? ? ? Ihe tendencies of tbe Queen's camarilla are well knoan to be In favor of an absolute monarchy, or of lucb other form of government as may not bu embar iai?ed by othercbecka than thcae of the rojal will. The ministers, though not averae to snch views, have not yet dared to strike the aupreme blow. They cannot, bo never. avoid coming to It, except by retiring from the ir pout; and as it ia by no means probable that they will outlive tbe crisis, they may strive for a time still to protract its duration. ' Their position is extremely cri tical; tbev have held out promises which they cannot realiie Ihe treasury is exhausted to its last dregs. The Hank o.'San Fernando declines peremptorily grant ing the government new loans; even tnoie private dealers who have long fattened on lt? necessities, now turn their backs on its demands. The Queen has ex pence.l the whole of her year's salary in advance. IHa trees Is felt in every branch of the public service, whilst articles of the first necessity have doublet in value, and the peorer classes of the capital are obliged to be fed at public expense, in iml'atjpn of tbe system adopted in rails- and this in a country whero tho production ongbt to exceed tbe necessities of Its population four fold. In tbfs state of afTalrs It must be evident that eontin geneiea are likely to anse of a moat interesting chsracter to the government ef the United States. Shall they be improved? and to what extent? For example, it Is by no meana improbable tbat, wbtlat the PpauUh govern ment ia In this necesaitoua condition, the sprtng-time will not paaa by without some outbreak taking place In the Island of Cuba, bhonld an lasnrrection of tbe colo nists prove at the outset successful, or at any time as a umc auch an aspect as betokened the impending doom of all tpaniab rule over them, I cannot doubt but that those having charge of the destinies of this coutry would at onee seek, in a negotiation with us, the means of se curing what might atill be saved of the chenahed jewel. The case arieing cf my being approaehed on so momen toua a question, I would unavoidably find myself in a moat awkward predicament; ready, no doubt, to enter tain what overturea might oe made to me, nnd yet inca pable, perhapa, of turning to profit tbe chances of the mc ttent for want of speciflo powers to treat, or of suffl clent instructions to determine how far I might aafely go. * * ? * MR. SOULS TO MB. MARCY. Ligation of tu? I'xrnB) Statm, \ M.mirid, June 19, 1854. f 8nt: ? Tour despatch No IS, dated the 24tu ultimo, reached me on the lftth instant. 1 am concerned not to find id it the least intimation of tbe light in which is viewed by the Cabinet tne courne 1 had to pursue, under your guidance, in the "Black War rior" affair. The news brought by tbe tram Atlantic mail*, within tbe fortnight just e'apsed, was not of a character to ghe me much encouragement. It haa Indeed, ren dered my pout ion no painful and delicate, that I can hardly think of holding on to it much longtr. The impression generally prevailing that I am In se rious discrepancy with try government, in consequence of the manner in wh:ch I have carried out my instruc tion* instill in the least sanguine among tbe public men of this country the persuasion that matters are going to be adjusted most satisfactorily lor Spain, and tnat the United states will get out of trouble by an unqualified dUavowal of everything 1 have done here If such is to be the case, the sooner 1 am informed of it the better. I have ceitainly some claim not to be left thus in the dark aa to what there be of truth or of idle supposition in the reports on wblcb that impression is founded. No important change, otherwise ban taken place since my last, in what there is of public sentiment here con cerning us. lh? hesitancy of Congress to meet tbe Presi dent on the high ground which he had taken in hU men page of the ? of March, has surely been most injurious t<> our reputation for character. fpain coubts no longer but that she hu little to f?ar from our teseotmnnt, as long as she dares talk in loud tones to our rulers, snl whii? she can command tbe cervices ot a statesman who, like Mr. Cslderon, as she supposes, n?*. inly wields a transcenri&nt influence over a great portion or the people of tbe United States, but is possessed of sufficient skill to get their very government to rid him of what obstacles tn ght clog his manoeuvres here, cr impede the progress of hia policy In Wa thing ton. The Cabinet, withal, la again represented aa tottering. Bnt 1 will pot venture even a word of remark oa tbe im Bnnrnrj of a crisis which may turn out to be no lees a fiction than have been tbe numberless rumors on which the public curiosity has been fed ever sinc? "tha Cortes was adjorrned. > ncloeed you will find the translation of a note from tbe Minister of State. communis*. ing the important In telligence that her Catholic Majesty has at last been pleased to crder that oor vessels be admitted on a foot ing of equality with those of Spain into the port* of tne peninsula and sdjacont Islands, as far as regards tha payment of port and navigation duties, and slips, cnt from Madrid newspapers, showing what comfort tbe Spaniards derive trom the late patriotic lucubrations of the XaJifmal Int'llxgrncer on the merits of oar preeent difficulties with them 1 have tha honor to b?, sir, with the highest regard, year most ob't servant, PIKRRE SOULE. Hon. W. L. Marct, Sec. of State. MR. fiOCLI TO MB. MARCT. Iaoatio* or thx Usim) Statw, 1 Madrid, June 24, 1M4. / Sin? I write merely to inform vou of the strange and disciepant impressions produced here by the President's proclamation against tne filibosters, and by the an nounced departure from the United States of commis miners having charge to reconcile and adjust the differences existing between this government and ours. The flr?t is considered by many aa naislngenaous mode of mask leg designs which they suppose It were a scandal to lay bare to the gate of tbe world, the second Is view ed as an act of eondeseen?lon to thie country, exempli fying what power a grovelling diplomacy m'.j still oft lain even with those whoeo pride It la to hold it most in contempt. There seems to be but little doubt entertained. In eer t a In q Barters, at tenet, as to the signifieaney of this laet ?Nnie, Md aa to the put which it will ootnpel me to MtiultU exultation la mat. Indeed, at the idM which it nntarally suKgests, that har Majesty's present Been tarjr of Bute mmj, after all, torn oat to have bean a aa cond Gondomar, and I another Sir Walter Raleigh, sac rificed to the vindictive exigencies of a haughty cama rilla, lor baring offended Its pride, while acting bjr the ex it re ia ordera and under the eommiaaion of my govern ment. I have the honor to he, air, with the highest regard, jour most obedient servant, PIXRRE 301'LE. lion. W. L. Marct, Secretary of State. Board of CouncUmen. ThU Board met at 6 o'clock ket eTening, pursuant to | adjournment? PreMdent Coaover ia the chair. TBI MTMOLM OTTAL CONTRACT. After the third reading of several bills, of no particu la* importance, the report of the Committee on Public Health, in relation to oontxact with Wat. jj. Reynold*, for conveying the offal, to., from the city, came up tor the thirl reading, and ealled up a long debate. Councilman Mathkr hoped the report would not be adopted. lie wanted to know what title Mr. Reynolds had to the property he proposed to sell to the city. He would not support the report of the Committee on Pub lic Health till the report told him exactly what he was going to buy. Councilman Reynolds contended that the report waa efficiently explicit, and told exactly what Mr. Reynolds 1 ropoaed to tell to the city. Councilman Coopak aaid that he waa in favor of the adoption ol the report. Ita passage was nece-sary to get llr. Reynolds out of hia present office, where he was eceiving $4,000 a month. A motion was then made to recommit the report to the Committee on Public Health, with instructions to ?port fcrllie ith. This motion was lost. It was ih'n moved that said report be sent back to > be Committee of tbe Whole. This also was lost lhe question then again recurred upon the adoption of the report r Another long and deedttory debate followed. Counctlman Bar an McCamll ? I should like the Chalr msn to inform me if the city ia bound to take this property at this appraisal. Councilman Pincknxy, in the Chair? I cannot answer the question of the gentleman. I cannot inform him. Councilman McCahili., with a strong Irish accent? And sore, sn' how do you think I can stand up and ap prove a measure upon which the President cannot inform mef (Great laughter.) The report waa voted upon and lost. A motion to re consider was then carried. I'pon motion, the report was then referred back to the Committee on Public Health. It was then moved snd carried that when thl* Board adjourn it adjourn to meet on the first Monday of April, at 6 o'clock P.M. After the adoption of several unimportant reports the following message waa received from hia Honor the Mayor, und ordered to be laid on the table and printed without a reacingv? THE MAYOR'S VBTO OP THE RESOLUTION OP THE COM MON COUNC.L, CURTAILING THE DIMENSIONS OF THE CENTRAL PARK. Mayor's OmcR, New York, March 33, 185?. To Tine Homoiubije thk Board of Councilman-? Board of Councilman passed, April 8d, 18M, a resolution memorialising the Legislature to curtail the dimensions of the proposed Central Park This resolution waa introduced by a lengthy report from the then C< mmittee on Lands and Placea, the statements and arguments of which, no doubt, influenced its pas sage. The subject remained without further action during the whole of the term of the late Common Coun cil, snd until the 16th March inatant, when the Board of Aldermen, without awaiting your decision on the sams subject, now und?r deliberation, passed the proposition of the Councilman of lai-t year. This resolution bss been laid before me for my approval, which, after deliberation and a caref ul examination of the facts and arguments set forth in the report, I find It impossible to give, consistent with my own sonvictions of duty. Though It proposes only to take from the Central Park a of the area anted upon, still it will be, in ef fect, a blow at the whole. Any proposition having for its aim an interference with the work as originally deeded, and which will encourage delay and retard the proceedings of the commission al ready too long protracted, will, in my opinion, jeopard the success of the most intelligent, philanthropic and patriotic public enteri rise which ha* been undertaken by the people of this city since the Introduction of the waters of the Croton river. I bad supposed that the ne cessity for defending the Central Park bad ceased: that the opposition before raised had subsided, and that time and rrihetion had enabled all to appreciate it* advan tages, not only to the present, but to all aucceed'ng genu rations In my second message to the Common Council of January 11th l?at, in alluding to the subject, 1 say: ? " There can be no doubt as to tbe necessity of some such psrk, conveniently located, on this island. In my opinion future generations, who are to pay ttie expense, will have good reason for reflecting upon us, if we permitted tbe entire island to bo taken possession of by popula tion, without aome spot like this, devoted to rural beau ty, bealtful recreation, and puie atmosphere." These Views bave been confirmed by subsequent observation The opportunities which the duties of my office irive for a survey of tfcia great city, its vait finau;lal, cam mercial and manufacturing advantages, the inherent seeds it contains of a growth far beyond the com prehension of the most visionary enthusiast, all force upon me tbe necessity of some such reservation. We will be deielict if by any narrow ?elfish feeling of present I saving we oeprive the teeming milliona yet to inhabit and toil upon this island, of one place not given up to mammrn, where they can, even if but ono day in the year, observe and worship nature untarnished by con flict with art. To admit the necessity of a groat p irk and to assert that this will be too large, i?, in my opi nion, an exceedingly limited view of tbe question, and entirely uneortby of even the present posit. on ot thia metropolis, to say nothing of a destiny now opening so brilliantly before us. Ut us not follow our Duteii an cestors in their views of municipal prudence, who con sidertd cow paths as proper sites for streets and ave nues. Inasmuch as they saved the necessary expenses of surveys, ic. To have suggested to the original Knickerbockers the propriety of laying out and regu lating wide snd evenly graded street* commensurate to the wants of tbe city as it now Is, would have been met by the wine fathers of that day with argument* derived from the tame principles and views as are now used with reference to this subject bjr its opponents. Lft New York follow up the noble spirit asserted so boldly in the introduction of the Croton water. Theafore thought and comprehensive policy embodied in that miserly proposition is now universally respected and admii>d. a* will be at no distant day that to open Cen trul Park. Being embued with these sentiments I can never give my consent to any meaaure which will throw an obstacle in its way. much lesa to abolish or curUU it. Bnt admitting tbe Park too large, and that It should be dinoiniihtd, this resolution proposes to do it in aa im proper manner, Inasmuch as it asks tba; the only por t on of it that can be accessible to the foot pas-enger now shall be lopped off, and in fact remove it nearly a mils Isnbfr off from tbe present densely populated p;irt ot the city. This resolution asks that instead of Fifty ninth stieet, Seventy seeond street shall be the lower bonne ary, or in other words, that tbe park shall be re moved tniite<n block I farther into the interior and at present, almost uninhabited part of the island If there is to be a curtailment let it be rather from the oth.>r end. Instead ol lopping off tbe lower and most acoeaai Lie part, take it from tne upper portion. besides these objections there are others en titled to weight. Many lota comprehended within tbe part to be cut off were pum^iated or the Cor poration, under ils tales at auction. alienor to tbe pas ssge of tbe act for tfcls park These have been relin quisled to tbe city, and the purchase money repaid to tbe buyers, by order of the Common Council And sgsin owners of lots within tbe area propos.-d to be tsken would, In my opinion, have jast claim ngainst the city for any damages that they may bave suffered in con requence of clo.lng to them all for im ptovements, enjoyment or favorable sales, by tbe exist irg act to take possession of their lots tor public pur poses. Tbe damages arising from the pass-it* of this resolution may amount to nearly as much as the ex to tt,e city of the Und to be taken by it. Inaa much aa tbe action ol the Hoard of Aldermen wai based upon tbe report referred to, without any report of their own committee, it may not be improper lor me to cor rect some of its error < of fans. I am the more induced to this, as It is evlceat that the public have b*en misled by this report It states that tbe area of the psrk. ex cluding the atate Arsenal and the Reservoir will be 760 acre* , that the number of building lots comprehended will be 13,621 ; and that the total cc st cannot be less than fifteen millions of dol Isrs These statement* are erroneous, sa will be shown ' by the following extrscts from my message before refe- I red to, whicb contains reliable and authentic data and in formation upon these poiute "It will be rem?mbered that this pars is to be bounded south by Fifty -niotn street, noith by ]<>6tb street, east by the Fifth atenue a I'd west by the Kighth avenue, an! will comprehend an srea of seven hundred and seventy-six a?res, say . . . .779 From which oeouct tftate Arsenal, say 14 1 o. do. Crot'-n beservoir 3# l>o. do. Proposed do ,112 Co. do. Streets and avenues ..ltM) I*. do. Belonging to tbe eitjr 34 388 I-eaT'in* to be {Mia for, acre* :i88 ? wbicb, by it sixteen lots per irre. make* ?is thousand two hundred a?<1 eight .oU to be paid for by the city, and by iwimMtn upon cooti kdouk property The important question of the ?? Itnt ng of th??e lot" Lu aot a* yet hoeo positively fixed by tho Ci>mmi??lon?rs Tbe subject Is now bo fore tbem, tod 1 edviae ?U wbo are ionretiet ti tppetr at tbelr office. Another question of much public intern! in connection wltb this matter is the territorial limit to wHch tbe commie* ionera Khali extend their eseesftnenl* upon property o' In.livi !uaU, aol what proportion of the whole rout Khali be made a tax upon tli* city. Tfceae <|tieKtionK are entirely under the control of tbe cotrmi**iocerv I am lnforne>t, unofficial ly, that tbe diKpoaition of the Board ia to exUnd the area of aneemrent three bloc tin eaat and wait, an 1 p jreate' distance north and south, nnd to make two third* ot thi wl.ole coat parable by the city. If thia be the determi nation, it can be eatlly ascertained about wbat earn the park will coat. Ketlmatlnn the average vnlue of the land at five hundred dollar* per lot? a liberal eat i mate? the whole cost would te time million* < ne hundred and limr thousand dollar- ; derlact one third to be pil'i by indirld ual* whose property ia (applied to be benefitted, it will 1' are two million'* eiity nine tlnuian dollar* to be p4id for by the city " Much surprise la manifested at the apparent delay of th? commissioner*. I am witbout acy official Information aa to tbeir prrx-eeding*. The whole scope of their dutiea appear* to me to be very ?lmp)e, and ???? ly arcompli*taed. I do aot ?*? any reapon why tbry should conaume so long a time, a* far a* ny Inquiry ba* extended. I hare b-en unable to discover in *ny quarter information of wbat ha* been done or I* being dooe, by them, beyond what ia <v?u tain<-d In this extract from my men-are of Jaauary II. the Counsel to the Corporation baa volunteered hi* ser Tier* to tbe Board, without any compensation, and ttss. with commendable liberality, furnlKhed (ra. uitnn*l r much valuable information tending to facilitate the werk, and flee the people speedy possession of it* pro tnlsed advantage. Had all IntaresMd evinced a* much enthusiasm In Its favor, I am quite certain many hun died work Of* tekorvn wvuU bow bt employed to wards Ha completion. For theee reasons, her* In briefly and imperfectly set forth. I canaet sign this resolution. It tppsui to bi to htTi been paaaed under i miaappre hrnaton of tho facta. With respect for the opinion of others who differ with me, and with a repugnance to tha position of apparent hostility to the action of tha Com mon Council, which my fluty force* upon me, I beg leave to return the resolution to daoroaao tha aiaa of tha Central Park, without my approval. Very reepeetfully, FERNANDO WdOD, Mayor. At tar some farther uninteresting business, the Board adjo urned. The Itanwlx Hall Tragedy. HUPHIMB COURT? IN CHAMBERS. Before Hon. Judge Morris. March 23.? Thia meriting, at the sitting of the court Measrs. Nye and DeveUn applied for writa to bring up Morriaaey, Hyier and Linn, charged as aeoesaoriea to the murder or Poole. The writs were made returnable at 12>t o'clock. On the parti ea being brough before the court, the uiual return to the writa waa mode. It ap peara that Unn is alao held in custody on another charge. The Diatrict Attorney said that he had no further argument to offer than that made by him in the ea ae of Irvin. Counsel for the prisoner! said that they had nothing new to urge. The Court directed the parties to be remanded, and brought up in the morning at 9>? o'clock. Bobbery of Floor at the Atlantic Dock*, Brooklyn* UNITED STATUS COMMISSIONERS COURT* Before John W. Nelson, Ettq. March 28 .-The Untie* SkUa vt . Matt leto Murphy, Kelly, Farrdl, and Otheri.? The testimony in thia caae wan resumed this morning by Mr. Joachinaaen'a exami nation of Jamea Collins, who deposed that he knew Mur phy; bad carted for him from the a tore a to shipa and different places : the laat he carted waa a load of barrela, which looked like flour; carted them to Mr. Young's; one of the men at the dock employed witness and paid him the cartage ; carted the next from the dock for Farrell : took it to hia place in the Mioth avenue, Brooklyn; it was one barrel; never did cart two loads of flour for Murphy. Cross-examined ?This carting to Toung'a occurred about three months ago. William Keeler depoaed that he carted two barrela for himaelf from the dock in front of the public store; got them from Murphy five or six weeka ago; witness paid Mnrpby $16 for the two barrela of flour. Patrick Keating, who had been a laborer In the docka, deposed that he had bought flour at different times du ring thia year from all of the accused parties. Tboa. Walsh, cartman, deposed that be carted flour for himsell ana others; got it from Murphy. Patrick Pullen alao deposed that he bought a barrel of flour from Murphy at $8 ; the regular price at the same time waa $10; bought it on the dockinftont of the (tore. Adjourned to the 27th Inst. United Statea Diatrict Court. Before Hon. Judge HalL March 23.? Condemnation of Diamond* and Jexoeh.? A quantity of diamonds, rublee, emeralds, gold watches, rings, and other articles, valued at about $12,000, and claimed by Eellbuth h Feustneir, were .condemned as smuggled goods. Theatrical and Mimical. I Niblo's Gardkn. ? Thia evening the beautiful ro man tie opera, composed by C. M. Von Weber, entitled " Der Prelschutn," will be performed for the second thne by the aaw German opera troupe. Mile. Lehman, a charm ing ctn atrice, slogs the rule of Agathe, and the other characters are sustained by Mr. Quint, Mr. Vincke, and Mme. Heldenburg, Broadway Thkatrc ? Mr. Forrest will give hia Imper sonation of " Hamlet" ngain this evening. Messra. Grace, Lanergan, Hanchett and Mme. Ponisl, will a?siet him in the other principal parts The faree called " Authony and Cleopatra" will conclude the whole of the fimuf ments It would be well to remark that the time at this theatre is altered, the doors opening at 7 o'clock and the performance commencing at half past. Bowkry Tiikatrx. ? The engagement of Mr. and Mrs, E. 8. Conner, and the Dutch comedian, Mr. S. W. Glenn, will terminate this evening. The play of " Plzarro," the laughable farce of the " Dutch Guardian," and the pretty little drama stjled " Clarl. or, the Maid of Mi lan," will be performed. In the underlining we perceive that an engagement has been entered into with Mr. E. Eddy and Mr. R. Johnston, who will shortly make their first appearunce. Biuton'h Tukatkk.? Mr. Harry Hall was very well re ceived on Thursday evening, as Giles m the drama of the ''Miller's Maid." Itackstone's favorite comedy of "The Breach of Promise," and the comical farce called the '?Filibuster," are also to be enacted. Mr. Burton will appear in i wo ot bis populwr representations, and the New York Children, a la Vleanotae, execute aoma of their gracet ul dances. Wallack'b Thkatrk? The comedietta of "Teacher Taught," and the admirable comedy of the "Busy Body," constitute the evening's amusements. Colly Cibber'a comedy of "She Would and She Would Not," la to be produced on Monday evening. Amkrican Ml'8sra ?Cherry's comedy of the "Sol dier's Daughter" will be played by the dramatic compa ny of the Museum this afternoon, with Mr. C. W. Clarke as Frank Ueartall. "Tha Old Brewery" ia the piece for the evening. Ethiopian Okra Horsnt ?The programmes announced or to-night dlller in no material respect from those ot sst evening. Ihe operatic and farcical burlesques, which are the chief features of attraction, continue to ? raw crowded houses. Wood's, Buckley's and Perham'a iroupeaoller reipectively "The Mummy," "Tne Two Pompeys," and "Happy Uncle Breve," for performance, with the usual quantity of singing, dancing, oonun arums, and African delineations. VUtt to ? New York Gambling Howe. [Correspondence of tbe Atlanta Intelligencer 1 Nkw York. Fab. 27. 1866. Notwithstanding the exposition o( the secrets of Ma trad* made by the reform* d gambler Ureen, some three yeara ago, which bo startled the community that, among other lufeeuarae from the evil, an office waa opened where all toe name* of parliea known to frequent gamblng bouses were entered, there "hell*" continue to atlouri*h in unabated prosperity. Having lor a long time had a cu riosity to inspect one of theae place*, I eagerly ac cepted an invitation recently made me by om of the initiated, to whom I bud communicate! my deaire, to viilt with him one of the moat extensive establiabment* ot the kind in the city. The observer of Broadway, be twe< n Grand and Eighth itreett, mu*t have obeervsd several unpretending building* with sbattera always eioned A tiii It mysterious air hang* about ttiem. Ex cept upon ti e iirst floor, which is usually occupied by an eating saloon, no light* are ever *e?n, no noiaea ever heard. My viait wan to one of these. Pairing from the street through the tall* a manger we reached a door at the farther end conceal ed from view by a gauze screen. The door turning upon well oiled binge*, abowed a narrow and thickly carpeted atairway, which we aacead ed and found ourselves in a dimly lighted corridor. Traversing it for aoine distance my guide paused at a aide door and rang a bell. It was opened by a grave, re spectable looking servant, who eased us of coat* and bat* and bowed u* into a large and aplendldly famished apartment, to wblch the roam flret entered was a sort of reception room A costly chandelier shed a flood of light upon a table ihowtly furnished with the luxuries of the s?asen. at which sat or rather reclined soma half doaea feeble, faded, vice hardened young men, the eldest of whom had not seen thirty years. Their facea wore an anxious expression, they spoke listlessly aad coherently, tod although each endeavored to carry hi* glass to kia lips all h elegant composure I could see his hand waa unsteadv. Imtstlng the nontkalance of my eoapanioa a* beat I could. I drew up <o the table and picked the wtag of a woodcock while he engaaed the yoang debauchee* in a conversation, from which I gathered that theae young gentlemen were mostly of families of wealth aad so clal position After torn* momenta panted la thia manner, another ebeequioua laqney bowed ua into toe gambling ball proper. Tt is was a long room, simply but elegantly furnished with a soft tempered light and soothing lan guid atmosphere. With tbeesreptlen of a rolette, which tor tome caui-e waa idle on tba occasion of aay vLdt, I saw nr> Instrument of gambling but card*. About a doxen t a blea were occupied with the varioua g Lints I 'e:,ted myself quietly and watched the player*, tlray headed men and bo?s of twentv were seated at the same table, as if !|>ellbound by the fascinations of the game. "there was no uproar, no confusion, only the dull shn Wing of card*, the <!aep breathing of aome ex cited player cr hi* muttered oath, the dick ef gold aad rustle of bank note*, ts the 'take* were deposited or taken 1 can never forget tke expression of a face to wtich my guide called attention. It was that of a young man, about twenty 8ve year- of age, from the <*onth, a a my friend whispered me, and w bo having recently b*gna to play was so tssciaated that ha might be fonad there every night. Indeed, hi* brief infernal profssainn bad wrought a fearful change In his appearance. AU gentler ecdtions wet e absorbed in sn overpowering deaire to win, aa witb diseiitered dreas, cbeeaa ashy pale, cotnpreesed 1>I a, and ejes gleaning with unnatural light, he played a'eadily on bia antagonist waa a self possessed. amding villain, who. noder an apparent indifference. hid the devilisb mm of hi* profession, a* hi* wary eve, Died up<n the o her org'ancmg at the reaourcea of his ewa band, demonstrated. It was easily Been hew the gaaae muit fltallv end. and that the greenhorn wonld leave money, health, character and reputation In the hand* ef tb*G<nd incarnate who wta plucking him. Sick ened by the re volt -ng sight* wblch met my ejea on every hand, and sttflec by the close air, 1 pitted oat aa qnlety aa I bad entered and galn*d the street with my cutieaity luliy sa<isfl?d. 1 have thus endeavored to rive you a true dra o' ine of our city institutions, and, if yon find it of at?rest, shall take the paina to acqnaint myaelf with other form* of city life nut generally understood la tegard to houses, justice rsqulree me to aay tbkt tba 'autborltiea are taking meaaurva to auppreaa fb?m, and that within the last week several of lesser cote were broken up. Flopjno with a Man's Wire.? On Hitnrdaf n*b: last a couple arrived at Dunkirk In the cars, aad stopped at the Amar'can Hotel, where they paaaed aa husband aad wife. Yesterday morning the true hus band ef the woman arrived In pursuit, and requested to b? shown to their room. Being directed to It, be buret In and preaentiag a loaded doable barrelled piatol at the gay I othario, attempted to dlecharge it, but failed. The seuffle being heard by othera. aasiatanoe arrived, and the weapon waa tak-n from blm Ha waa taken be fore a justice and examined la the afteraooa. aad ia aa inteiiaa of the trial, while standing at the doorway, ha levelled another pistol, whieh be nad procure I a a bee quent to the flrst attempt at the destroyer of bia peaee, and diacbarged It The ball miaaed the intended victim; but the injured husband, supposing It had proved ef fectual. declared tbat both were now ruined, and be waa satiated. ftaheeqoeitly he appeared eoavulred and avowerf that he had takee poison, bat whether thi* waa actually the eaae waa not determined. Ho their, ties are (rem t'enasylvaaia.? nia (A. T i Cmtor Jf?rtA13. 1 '

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