Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 29, 1855, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 29, 1855 Page 3
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A?a*my? but tlmoot &n ollw ??*"*? and VxA bavo tan M^rl} )m> .. gbt of i* tas n^irfooj inWrert ?>f tbe great cmata of the mentb>--tHo dea'.u of Nl' So tea, awl tbe uccfuwa of h* son Aleaatehr a, Carrot ml all the Iuiiw. Paris, M.i -h S. 1MK iinu fj lit l**Mh fmi or to iht of .jdc .v?i0 ttmyrror '? Manifesto- ? 4ff'airt in tke -The treni k Km perur and t\t Belgian Prat ? TV IMt (Mr ami kit Soiu ? ionu Ha,ptlton's fiiU it Oil Crimea- 1 1K h'ltciiom ai the French. Auuie ssy, dt . rfc. IV daath ol the Emperor NickoUs, enl speculations te possible consequences, ton'.inie to occupy, I may >lwit u; to tgitet*, the public mind. Net e*Jy at ibe Hour iic, t! Lebiond's, at tLc- /oyer of the Osaad Opera ? that /oyer of political news ? bat ia wMiy club, la every private parlor, ia the barrack*, ia -tfce worasbops, aad in the street, scarcely anything else to taked of. Those journals which first ehaeked the ex taavsg sat liopea of peace which tbe aewa had in* p1 red, aso (till mora positive aow ia a-aortlog that it would be akrard to expect Aleiandor 0. to is. ult the memory of hie lather, aad brave tbe popular aontiueat which ex sta even ta Russia, by suddenly changing the foreign pahcy of Russia In accordance with the wishes of ike Western Albes. * An analysts of a manifesto aaeribed '? the aow Otar, liae been circulated is Paris, at the foyer of the Opera aad elsewhere, in which the successor of Nicholas pledgee himself solemnly to carry out the policy of Ms lather. Aad v hether this manifesto be apocryphal ea not, the reported ready adhesion of the tiraad Dake Constantino. the devoted partisan of the war party ia Baaaia, and the abeence of all opposition, aet to iaj the athiiteim, on tbe part of that party, in view or the ssrssstsn of Alexander II, leave but little doubt as to the tatentinns which the new sovereign ia likely to have ex hibited. The eeaeatial passages of hia actual manifesto hare at iMfth arrived. The Emperor Alexander II "will strive to aaafatala Russia at the highest degree of power and glory, aad ta accomplish the desires and the permaneat psojeete of Peter the Great, of Catherine, of Aleiander, aad of Nicholas." At the clone of the manifesto, he orders ~ ~ * ~ Nicho General Covtsehakoff is to command all the forces in the sonth; wafer him, General Oaten Haeken ia to command in tbe Otmea, aad Gen. I.ndertt ia the Danube. Tbe Prut* of thi? evening ia full of let ten* from Coo ?teatknopte. from Balaklara, from Eapatoria, from Ka ?alasah. Those letters are preceded by the report of Oaai. Canrobert on the affair of Kapatorl*. Bad weather, It appears, pre rented the movement of Genera! lk>-<iaat agnaart General laprandi. As to the affair*- of the "24 ;h as 26 th? for the dates are differently indicate !? the VMaeh deNpatches are in flut con uradic lion with the des patches of Princo Menschikoff. Not all tho French ver sions even agree. Tbua, according to on? version, " ihe tab lag ?f tbe tower of ItalakotT render* the besiegers ?a at ww of the approaches to Hebastopol. ' According to aaalbir, ' 'the Russians themaotrea damoliahed t ha to wer af Malahotf. ' ' The condition of the Englirh army m the -CMasea baa evidently been ameliorated. A rooeat pamphlet on the Crimean expedition, pur porting to have been wrrtten by "A General Olllcar." aad publinbed at Brnaaela, has excited, yoa know, the ?Hill wiath of tbe l^ench government. Emile de ttsardia bitterly protests, this weak, againat *uspl:l?nii which deaignated bim as joint author of the pamphlet with the Prince Kapoleoa. He saya that government, with tho immense meaoa of discovery at its disposal, saaat aow know who wan the roal author, but he doen Mt name him. The pair.phlet had been ascribed also to ** ar frlond of the Prince, Mr. Bixlo. It wan c<ir ? reported the other day that Emile de <iirardinh.i l i ar ranted aad confined at Vinennnea, but hi* friend-t deny that he w?' even arreatod. It waa alao rumored that a domiciliary visit waa paid en the ume day to tho Prince at the Palais Royul by II. Pietre, the I'refent of Aa Police. Perhnps more attention wiuld have huen given to tbeso, and a number of similar rumors, it all aaiads had not suddenly been diverted by the news froia Bt. Peterabnrg. Now that the tint sensation produced by this news lagisi to subside, the >iaextion again arisen, ''When will tho Emperor depart for the Crimea .Meanwhile tlio joaraals at Toulon confidently assert that "if the K.a aoror loaves for the Crimea, he will ta' e hia departure Bom that port. M. lie Ceaana, one of the editors of the Oanstilutionnel, baa applied, in vain, for permission to aocompany hie Majesty as a sort of hi>toriograpt.<>r. ?! Hanche, who la ambitious of replacing K Hiuimun, the Prefect of the Seine, about to be elevated, it is jail to tho Senate, has made a similar application. He thinks, perb. 1 1 ? that he might reach the Hotel de Ville by way of the Crimea more quickly than by the <|u?y,s. M. I.egouvi's, who waa elected last we'-k a member or Iho French Academy, is the son of a former memlier of teat illastrious body. The Duke ilc lhoglie, whi was otoeted on tbe same <!ay, ia the lather of the writer of 4*tto a clever bool:. If the one owes hia ckotion to the W|ru'ati<-n of his father, the ether mny owe his to that sf his eon. There is now only one armchair va*.int at tee Academy ? that of llaaur I / Tvhich it I < hoped that P on sard will he r.ho en !o fill. The folio .vmg are tho names of the 110 menibera, in the order of their otsetionv? 1, To Iaereletto; 1. Villemaln, Perpetual Se:ret*ry; 3. BrUTant; ?,1iebrun; 5, Bsron de Barante; O.De I Ji-nar two; 7, Count Philippe de Scgur: 1, I)? l'ongervills; 9. Consin. 10, Viennet; 11, Do fin; 12, Thiers: 13, fieri he, , 14, Count de Salvaody; 15, Guixot; 18, Miiruot; 17, | Flourena, If, Count Mol. ; IK, Vlcount Victor Hugo; 20, De Tocqtieville; 21, Unke Pasi|ul?r: 22, Patin: S3, Safnt ?are (iirardin; 24, Sainte lleuve: 2.', Mer m< e; 2t>, Count Und ds Vigny; 'Zl, Vitet; 2H, ( harlot* de ltomusa*., 29, Ekipis 30, Ainp'rt; 31, Dukn de Voiillc.s. 32 Desire Slaard; 23, Count de Vlontiilemliert ; ?'.?!, Alfre l de Mus-*t, 36, Berryer: 36. Monseigne;ir Dupauloup: 37, S. de 38, Ernest l.egoriv, ; 39, Duke de Bniglie. KICAUt*. Onv B< rlln I'orrreiMtntlrnce BrRUJi, March ti. 1S6f. of thr Csar's Death na the PuhtU Miiui in Uerlin ? Ptrronul Qt lalitien of the t-ift Kmporor?flii Pofir y, iti He tnnrdt and iti Punitkmeutu ? SpecvhttioM at I" the lnf,\ier-'t Ms Death w iikeiy to Erercue on Polit'u il Ajfrirt ? ' 'hartu ttr and Antetedenls of AleutiuUr 1! -lutenn: G,ieJ of the Prmuiam Ki-ui on Ktniviiifi the ,?i'i oj the Death nj Uie ftnr ? Alt the German Prineet Ruthhif tv St. Pet- ? ?htiru, TKere probably never heen an we iixtreMg with por tentous svsats, more fruitful in startling aad uti-?p?cted catastrophes tbtn the promt. While >11 Kurope wan guii( with breath le<<s intero-t cn th? terrible coniiiot in ; the Crimea, and unxiously waiting the tiding* of a new I ??4 sore aaaguinary struggle under the walls of fie'.its topal, a thunderbolt ha* fallen In the North, and stri-k ?towa that mighty monarch whose ntronj will and mdo nltakks resolution opposed and kept at Vnjr the btnde 1 legions of the Weit. A* official report* of the aiuiurr of the s death ana received by the public with Mime decree of *e?ptl slaas. The Fmperor bad at<ained his fifty ninth yonr? yilk a "geod old ag?" for a abort-lived. family lite that af Hcaeanoff; but he mill po?*es?ed all the energetic ac tivity of youth, and no one wonM have supposed that herculean frame likely to be prostrated by a ft-vr hours' ?Uaeif. Hi? sudden disappearance rsiuin Is one of the melancholy end of his father. I'ani, of the mysterious i 4mU of his brother Alexander, and people are apt to re ftatthe saying of Talleyrand, "Ihai assess, nat- u is the ?ataral (tenth of a Russian Cwr.'1 < 'n the ottier head it acemi Improbable that a waa surrounded fey his nearest and d* relatives, and be the most trusted associates and minister*, of a loag. aud Ml lately prosperous reign of thirty yea r*, should j tola victim to "privy conspiracy," at a moment wlion his death may shake the empire he rilled over to it* wary foundation. I will not undertake to ilesidc between theae conflicting opinions, as 1 won Id "aly offer my in AivMsal impressions. The subject II one that eludes aft Immediate icq airy and we muat leave it to time and tfca dispassionate verdict of history to justify or refute Ike si ark kmiplcions connected with it. Haei Napoleon the First no sovereign ha* filled so large a spaea la the eyes of Europe and the world as tlie feapsror Nicholas. Prom the first momeat of his reijn, when, by dint of personal intrepidity, he succeeded in SwaOiag a meet formidable insurrection, he had devoted I htoisslf. with uaconq tierable energy to on? object? the aggrandliesntnt of his empire, aad the extension of it: pabtieal iaflnenee. The measures by which he sought to attain this end have excited an amount of obloquy ewah aa few men have ever labored nnder, si 1 without aay wish ta Oraw Ms frsilllsa from their dread abode, M aawst be admitted that, In the prosecution of hi. plans he akewed Utile regard lor the righta of humanity, or ?m Iberty end ladependenrs ot natlnne III* Internal administration, though arbitrary, suspicious and se <sn was signalised by various Impro Tenants, carried aat with equal ability ami success He built railroads. Aug canale, encouraged manufacture*, and perhaps dl al that ana man ever accomplished to promote t'ae wel raie aad develop the reeourres of his oountiy. Rut hi fctrest title to renown ia the eyee of posterity will b i the fact ef his having endowed twenty millions of crowa serfs with the privilsgee of freedom, aad pared the way to the asanuaslsslcn of a still greater nnnihor of towli seen belanglrg to the Russian nobility, though prevente<l fey the strenuous opposition of tha proprietor* from ef tsatoag their immediate I.beratton. .tnd if he crushed feerete Taland, and lent his ai l to Ans'ria for the mibju - gatioa of the aobie and gallant llunaarlau>. he wa tustty punished by the base mgratitti J" of that power for whose sake he had ax cosed house If to the execratioo ?f ssaakiBd, sad which, by de>.?rttng him n his utmost weed and joining the ooalltion against him, embittered fete last atosrnta, and most probably hastened Ills end. Before rising his eyes, be beheld the rast fabric of gra?dear and power he had mised by the labors of a whole We? by isars of patient toil und calculating afcaww^ae*? ia daejer o' total de-truetlun, his capital ksrwtted hy an easni's fleet, and a hostile army thun dertog at tha gates of his strongest aad moat important H Is impossible to overrate the Influenea which this anas peeled evewt will exercise upoa,*Uie fate of Eurape, aad eqnaJQy impossible to foresee wliather it will be bf good or far aril. Wdl the new Fjnperor be able aad williag to acoade to terms which his fathsr ' have rejo^ edf WUJ Uf fe*??vai of tjfif for ' M ,Dc t" *>?? * p* "*? l? Pr*?*0?ie *? w?r bmMffiL'rr' ?^U ?* Kln? of ' na:d?r ?om the ????*????*? entered into tL ii t#!Tf^ li? #feo* wij It nil > ^ rtrJUT**ofttl? v enf Wb*r offact Wfll tho r ?nftt ? .iclj0'M ^*v8 uP?a tte Ruasutu *>"ipire t. ihl^ ^Tw ^ 40 ,h"ke chiinn ? ilie ,. * f ~*tt Caueaaua be r>>u?. <1 to fri?h exertions, and ? "f11* Mtlni tail] to exist aiujug the old Husc . ?>to party explode In a revolutionary movement? A * ?*e?"orOttj? must afford au answer lo a!! these ?ja<>ituna. M?aa vhi!e the iu->n?y market is in t?K hi^h *?t ipirits, ami an great a rise in securities of aU kiu la hw ?lita.!j taken place, ae if pea?:e had besn i*.*aUv concluded. w u" Tho pre,,Bt Kmperer of Rasita, Alexander II., is is h'0 thirty eteoth ytsr; in ptnon rtry m*ch tike h * latter, but with a les. and^"^ ph^ R? '9 m.uried to a daughter of theUriad * of by wLom be ha* a law<> f ?iu b\i. ca^by the pWiJoukortakj. he hi ?aid to have luiWbel to? ftTSSff ASS2? ?nd entrusted him with tho command of the elite of hie *J?7. *h" guard* and grenadlerx, who durtnr t?-e whnu IT? *? capital from invasion rh* (oearevitch a a ha of tbi'rvl ^'?w^*l*0kn,,',nlH!rof the O*bioet and Wmr- b,lt 1 ?? n?t ???? tUt ho e'er originated an y Measure of importance in eithlr ~r ?Jl* ssas&-J=rri#S??3 ffirF S^aa^sjsriSgyrt diwl^w bUu i,nne?"?* m? passln* th^o i*h thi ?ae&,?sa SwSs ss^aH?1 husband. W prob*b,y Bot loD8 "urvive her The Suppreaaed Pamphlet on the Wuv-Sen. "m'"u of Prince Napoleon. t. ? l^0? tl'" English papers.) (Hy r\,e,.yiPb e.t ?>eently published at Brussels en ^Ihewriter first refers to the ImmedUto cause* ef the IP? mis s^'sSPP? SfiSS^6- ? S5J2 tJSSZSlSS & tJjgf.'w w~~i equals, and receive th? X ?? v v with them as opportunity ./whenever it mi^htbe to 7^4 JTtb*tl? ?Jtaffs'i.'Ka as.? "? -??"??'" i wT ? t0 tb" Urmy' ^^rroiiseiUv ihe eirll ?nve a sati fai tion to himself, and at the . ?m#? "Ma 1 tie naino he tore. In tact be tmk in ii.A Z" "/J"?'" ;a pomtion? in sdVanc Se to ^SSHsJ= ter. and drifted with the .tnv.n, of .broad ? ? ]>.ttient Kpirita could on Jy raprc?ach him with fnriL I ,nretorWtD,ou .eakne^ TnTnh,,^. he^' wbhStataT * eafh j.*-v' wi,h the cirotMn.pectlon for whirl, he is famou . leaving notnin7 to chance iHiitic as well as in the itLick Sea. It wa< tlu> ? awS^-yA-afeASs^S Sf^sasttssa-aiba'a as rtS^.Tr";'" " lo"? ?'? ??" i'.? ?.J fr? Hungary #nd Po?D(1 (# lhe dre4ry j The Kmperor then attached h:mnelf to the chimera or an Austrian alliance a? it sheet unchor. * * We know of, what value the Aun-.rian alliance has proved to be to the imperial chiefs of the family. That alliance was the cause of Mi rain. Napoleon III. who known ?o w?ll the history o t the empire, seem i alone ti have forgotten it. This page of history la written for him in Licroglypliic ch?rurnr?. H - nothing, and will hear nothing. On thin occasion he differed witb bis beit friend, the Count de t't rstfrny. He will sepuate himself upon thin point, from all the membsr* of his own family, and he request-, them, sven if he hu not done *0 aiuadv, to leave Vim tin: oat rolled by any ob servation on the subject, This blind obstinacy. we mutt say, depended apparent ly npoo plausible motives. The principal motive wan hia overwhelming ilenre to utterly break away that title of parv< nu, which he himnelf. in a mom"at of happy auda city, had adopted, and to pi*? himaelf on an equal ing with tbe siuinl dynasties, and in tno diplomatic council* of I'urope. An reg.ird> but second motive, he entertained ex reme iil?- s of order and of conservation, lis avowed an unfcuod?d hatrel to tlemocraay: he had sworn against rerelu Horary aci-lon, a war in which he ! had thrown away the scabbard. For th*- -e reasons, the awakening of the nationalities which the three sove i reigns of the North had conquered wthont extin guishing? Hiat awakening whl'h must b* revolution, | which was insurrection in Hungary, in Italy, in I'oland, ' rou Id only be supports 1 up in de:n<>cr\ti" principle*, and | upon thin grounu he condemned all auch uotcmoo'i ' with tbe name vigor and the save reaolut on a* if It had i been a Parisian movement doaiineJ to precipitate him { from tbe throne. Need we My tbat It would be easy to nnmi mvny mem- i ber* of the imperial family who are far from partici j pating in these absolutist principle* ? sentiments which | must every day widen a breach between the Napoleonic | dynasty and tue deeply-founded instrnc tf of the French j iKopleV But tin* !* not tbe mement to agitate and de bate question* which the fnture will inraUibly place In their true light. Marshal St. Arnaud in now introduced:? We must here npe ik our mind on the Ma- h U, with, out stopping siiperstitionsly to remark upoa hia death, whieh relieved him In time from the heavieet of respon nihilities The Marshal had taken from Pane Instructions for every eventuality. Ileing attached to the persons! fir tune of the Kmperor, for grave r?a?on* upon which it weald be here to dwell, he had somehow forci bly poeieseed himself of the confluence of the Emperor, and had penetrated deeply Into hia de-tgns Re enter tained hit political view* npon t'o Austrian alllanw, and. like bitn, he endeavored to play ths part nf a m in imbued with principles of order and rejOttelM with son ml monarchical tnd religion* ideaa. The writer pa e see to tlie treaty of the 20th .litn*.? Tbe grief which the notiflcation of the treaty of the JOtb June earned among the generals an 1 superior oera of the army, is Inexpressible. Prince Napilsiu manifested extreme lndla-n\U<>n at it. In a famMlarcon terns t ion with a friend of his, a colonel of one of the reghneoln of hi* division, who after?ar.ln had a 'infer ence with tbe marshal. General Bosquet uttered tie word ' treason " General thnrobert hlms?lf, who fol lowed the ayetem of eonrWus trimming, exrvneseed his diapleasure at it. The Tori. s understood notion; whit ever about It. n?? Fnirlish kept silent, initead of (riving expresaton to the opinion. It naa useless to q nation lx>rd Raglan and the I>uke of Cambridge on thin bead? they would have glvea no answer Marshal 8t. Arnaud wan rauiaat with i if. It looke] i as though that deplorable treaty, from tbe satsfa : tion which he manifested. was bia own work. Frustrated la their hope Of marching towards the Danube, of freeing .-llistna, and having a brush with the Rasnians, the soldiers fell into a despondency which the fatal beat of a June and July eun contributed to aggravate. Fiom tbe Hhh nf Jnne to the 20'h Aug int. | two full month", elapsed, daring which rcoetoigr, tvphn* I fever, and ehotera. raise to a* nail and decimal* tbe al j lied tteopa. They presented a moat lamentable ?pe ?tails I lamor* were raited from every month; seditious eriee i even were beard among several battalions tbe name* of | certain exited gwnerwls were brought to recollection by I tbe soldier*. the narneaof tlangarnier. l-anoriciere, Char ran, mnt tcred In the broken ranks, were ominous. Prince ,Va poieon, in disgust, demanded bia raeaiL The Kmperor refnaed it. Tbe Vnspercr was the real author of tbe Crimea exp? (lltloo. ItwM in tb?- private apartmeai at the Taila riee that the idea of tbat eapodltion ongiaated -it w..s coBodtfd 1fi f Ilti)'J< Ha Boip*wr, btpt ?ver a m?p, Md eye intent ud ft coaapaag in hn?i ape h< urate elaborating the ply U>4 ha ?ent li iT ^ l*Mt ttuoph fntiinly written wiA his ova kud, r > C"MU? bav nf previouidy communicated it to a- ^??1 without Knirciwr dial runted the observationa .ay body. The V uiltant would not bare failed to pro'" which Marshal would hare listened to on'j .with a -*r anil whieh ha DKiit. sacniiee of judg. In the month of August Uan'g at the camp at Varna, and on **,??. Arnaud arrived war was held which decided that council of deSt. Arnaud presided. F f 'ha eijwdltlan. Marshal Napoleon and (janerale "?o PWlously male frince quainted with the plar ^yobert and Bosquet ao the Kmparor. ?* upon between him and The Marshal co- . the expedition k^?,f?^d4 ??urt the idea of tagea Uitrcof ' - h i lv^? Prom,Mnca the advan the plan of JL poUc7: b? analyzed already " h", ^ wceWed It from 1'aria, landing point to Jr?t??it0lth,^ r ware to seleat a tion Or tike artillei v ?.f JL 1'nding under the protau Ku aJawT *? ?? the uS J&SSi SttrSSkS'f'E'SsX' ? concerning the works of defence of Hebaetopol brUad' but inlormation derived from varieu. 3 ?t??v concurred to astablUh that there were n", CUu-Sa bla nor even very important obstacle*. ^ The power ot Russia had Just experienced a anriojs check on tlie Danube; it moat needs have be?n ia? ,ihk z?,2zr~~,iu ,becri^- *?? htris ttZc?: centrated any forces, and did sot tbaia esne-t ui rV1? ^embarkation In the CUmea and the taking of Febastopal, would oomplet* in the ?r a* ?id, tbe deflat or Ku.ri.7?d would /orc.T?? of her? an object which their Majesties and the KmpJwr Napoleo^ ta riew' ^ V'Ct0r" Bum* Wlu'.t?idZS0'Oa,g'ri',ythin* <lo ?? the i/anuoe, Austria baring also become the ?JIv o' the ufre^Tt ' *"d Uri"' thu,e#ml??u*d (iortaohakoff All eyea ware turned towards General Rmn. u:, forehead bore tbe impresj of care, and his face^>? Dressed mind* faW I"*?* ^ th* Wto3?jWi .ff,' forty* ? objection the want of SfSSKf! VS&'l'XttSb ?g '?t2SXZ?3^i2s!?2*?r y the score that the army was ST53 T?va"y i'hSe the Russians were Tery weM prov.ded with excellent with more wrtSS g^aihe D#" appr0*ch 01 th# ntora o^the eqai .?7t!7iS?ilht eo.1,P?,n?<> to seek an anchorage by the s~ttrs&? "C s ffl???s.tts "ss untoward erentt?iUitV? "-e?'?i^"^Vo?L^oue to climate, of the stt>e latltuda. they o?L toKre f.n aocount the eontlgnlty of the sea and the acattered position of the chains of mountains ' Th? rv? maa, situate quite .in the south of Wft~?, t2 c?" - ay? ( ition r lord Raglan's objection concerning the want of 'otpactlng the Russian field lorZ ?th* in ?? BCM 0 SobMttP?|. was a rery serious one and to tet^ef0'^ A^ira^togiv. hi?s^ Marshal dc St. Arnaud gave a brief aoHwnr and ooe I "? -r^SMS The'rri Wit j)whom ,,e hmd c<>n?ulted and agreod. nl^^T. ?. rppr?.ved 0f e*P?>ltion in Its arinci pl?, in its eiecuticn, In an absolnte manner Th? Rm. WM' doubtl*??, T?ry great in the mut ter j but tiis Fmneror, ut Hinnil? waa n.i ? ... TTie the pract.if aI dimcultiea of the entSrpii^J1 Jut ff "renU^ht^h he WM p,tMj from tk? the n, _?' ??r. mi*ht produce a mirage before his mind. iia was right, a? tbe heir to Napoleon's name torm tlnue glorious military traditions, to replace francs in jS^SrtaAs ar ? ?L*xjs The AdjpoiralB felt seme heBitation fn riresentiiiff thAm ,K cantons XTde^dbe or an att?,r ? W!"' ,herefore reason.thle not to rely , k npon * ?"y ^"icient CO operation on the part of thn oary, whose dnty, besides ivn tn ?ini?n,i meVln tn"'B^IS' "f4 Dot *K?in?t walln.' (Admirals Ha - ?sMnt.) ' L,?"' "d Ch?n?ier, made a sign of Ite re si battlefield of the allied ai mica wa the Da nube. and after the Danube it waa thf lVuth TW tho ml l im7!? thtr* ? " rich an 1 country, n i^r?? ?" * pathetic population, backed by a &. Ther?^lt? i"f * -ert.e*. of imP"^ble for ire>hes. The batUeficid was admirablt adapted for an aggressive, as well a. for a defenaive waVfare. Th? ih.'n ,rln'> "clorious. affonled apowor.*ul assintanct. fa rZIZ armj; hrin* loM os mS rf trant of no ooMt. through tu?? errors of lt? ?r" wiMj dJIUottity avoid a complete Lut mLiI i! ? . ^ plan hl<J another advantage do wuL^ta| ? K.0T,DS * Au,,r:* that tl"' *Ui" ctSi ?r u ^ prerenco of the alHes on the fron dlsUnci from I'olaad 81 1?a,"t,rH of th? whole situation: w;ir was Berhnf ?Ter p ,n*CJ' and d'ctaUng at \ ienna and It was stUl time to put that plan into eierution The PrinnlMimii. ?uMiana eihibiKd in evacuating the were to sei" * opportunity, which mated In lnt,?. < ri",e* con um mareii, in ipite of the grave object on a!r?adv r?i?ed t,, opinion was also an H?thori,y .^ wa, { complete plan to rstabilah, and. up to th it timp tli? psrt?cle?f TthlC^^en P'.aC9 M Do1 ">vaale.l" one parricie oi It. Tho>? dlncusslon-. wandered in .letail. ii of enitmble was not presented; and it was how' attention. P?!nt ,hi,t the Co"rt Vdirect' ?Cr tnTiL^*fi.<*nth,-CrlM>"' in th* north or in the spilth ? *DS' ,*"d m*rch S'b-^iojiol? 1 ?hia w..s not a ranously considered plan of cainpairu fO'nt to wblch It w,h nectary 1o arttere SW' w"i to ei?t off?tbl'" RU" ^D" th' Crimean j^nirnuUi ft *-!, ^ ' ouimunicauon of dabastopol with the ^i?. ?? J Russian empire; it was to i.-ul-i^e Prince Men ! '? whhh oould furnish him , *n,"be- To ???*t^(leet it was nsre- sary to f ^ ^ occupation of the l.ihma^ of l ere Kop, lo lortilv tb?re two divisions in Impregnable no- 1 lZ':.V'jU?h hj tk' of Stolen, ft' "L 0,ftUrJr Slmr,ll?,K,P '1. wat of ????? P ^ I ?. 1, province, whose i Iminfstrat ion i?lnisofD?i 1 .upv>f' ',Bd t0 *?care thereby, on all ^r?ttr andfo?^ in Tictu?l". clothing. ^5 T& 1 J ' whi trmj wa? much in wAiit ?d SS,e^W".Ut.U"1' mMCb tCWM,)" ^"to-oi. Without the.-e preliminary operations, the expedition into tli* Crimea wan, aa the i'renoh vice admiral had "aid. merely an adventure, at the end of which there waa a winter campaign on the Fu*?ian toil? in other words, an insane idea. Marshal Ht. ArnauJ *?? very sharp in bw reply to 1'rince Napoleon. anrt made a few cuttiig alio <ionn to his idea*, and to his well known connections. t he Prince interrupted him to tell bin that he chcae a* he thought proper bin personal friends, and th-i ' . a- to hia ideaa, he deriveo th*m from hia sympathy with the in terest* cf Km n re, and fiom the natiousl tradition of the first empire. No ona had a right to *it in judgm>'nt upon them bnt himself. General (hd robe it supports I the project of the ex petition, lie daecribrd, in detail, the raronnoi >hik-? *bich had been made of the enuihwcut coast of the Crimea. It waa practicable to disembark to the aouth of Febaatopol; but the heighta were forttflod, and pre aeated eeriooi d'lhcultles. From tb? deck of the Kurioue he and hit brother ofticera hal d stin;tlv *?en the Rne"ian encampment*, which he could not aal julate at a higher figure than 26, Of 0 effective aai. Imme diately to the north of the place, between a rut her ex tensive atroag place, garrisoned by about 6,000 me*, a landing might be effecied on the western coaat, near Kupatoria. on a favorable beach, whereon appeare<l the ruini of an ancient fortre*s. Thence the allied army might roarrh in three or foar day* upon Sebaat-ipol, without giving I'nnee MenechikoA time to oonrentrate hia forces, and to oppose aay serious obaUoie to oar march. By thia plan there *a< every proepect of rnut'np the Russian army, and it- deleat must infallibly cau*e rie baatopol to (all into our bands "Ami what enrse la to be pursued,' aaked Lord Rag lan, "abonld the pLice hold out and prove t? be strongly fortified The Marahal replied that, under theee clrcitmetan'-ea, they would he compel! -.1 to beaiere the plaee. and, by occupying the fortification* on the north aide, they would naturally become the ma?ters of the town. If the fortification* <>f the northern aide of the haroor prea?nt too ?r;on? obe'ai Ie?, it would be eaay to pasa to the aoutti, by turning the place, and th*n to undertake a regular slere. with the aid ?n 1 protection of th* naval squadron, which would find *helt*red anchorages on the eoest, especially at Balaklava. wliich had beei. an rreyed by Hir Kdmimd l.yous. Notwithstanding theae j tdicioo* objOOtiOM, l?rd Ragian wound up by giving an tflirmative": Cet.oral liquet diJ the mm*. TM? w/a grave > ror ftie tour non content- who retrained "vers A Im.'ra! fI.n?Hn, Admiral Onndaa, the DijVe m < imbr.dgc, *nd I'rii> e Napoleon. The^tvpedltion waa now a.r'ttU J tiling. M Vf| V*rnn on the flte Hept?mber. On the Tib It waa o!T the It * ?.( herp?nt?, waiting there, we ar? p-iliteljr awttivl, " for Ihe hiigllrh (l?et for at l'>xt pen*!, aa well ** at the present time, the Kn?li?h Yiae* alw.a;s b?? i be'i'nl rand, in coneeqneuce of the bed ?Ji) with which they have to do On the l4th the army llsemburket At the muxter of U>? 15tb. It waa proved t?>?t th* fi lled forces amounted to 6'J,000 men ii,00ti Vrtach, ffl,* 000 Kngtl*h and 8,000 Turks. We invaded Russia aa the Norman* invaded (Httty, aa Ptsairo invaded Pern, aa remand* Cortex a< ? led Mexi co. The army felt a vacue apprvheaaion. aa indeacriba ble anxiety. Kvary man *i? ready to do bla duty, aad to well hia life Nearly. Bu< this ia certain, that if the Russian generals ha i had more foreeight, we should not have naxeed one night In the Crimea, and we should have ere* driven Into the eea without reepite and with out merry. The Hueeian renaraia, however, have this etcnaa, whirh, moreover, taey have themeelvea pat for* e?d, '.Uav it War hnpeealMe frt them te sappeee tha| 1 the CriMaa expedi Um in tbe utatb of 8e?t?*ter unM ever baeoue &? actuality. The writer does not hesitate to ascribe fie disaster* of Bslaklova ibH Utmuai to the carelessness of the English pitrtl. The following la hia description of the former ? The Russians earned with them, iu their retreat, the caanon* taken a* the first two redoubts, and Um lUtl K< neral, Lord I.ucan, galloped full speed to make the Engliah general acquainted with tbese details. lord Raglan, without examining the position, g?ve an orAer to Lord Lucan to pursue the Russians wltS the Mgbt cavalry, and bring hack, if possible, the Kngli?h pieces whieh had been takes. Lord Lnoan had the order repeated word for word, and joined Lord Cardigan, who oeeapied the plain before Tcliergoum, at the head of bin brigade. An explanation toek place between tie two officers, which occupied seven or eight minutes , then we aaw, with stupor mixed with fear, the English cavalry, as rapid as lightning, rash into the masses of the enemy. They broke through the Russians, and reappeared on the other side of their last squadron, not without leaving many behind. At this mo ment they were surrounded on all sides, and exposed, at tho gua's mouth, to the fire of musketry aad of grape ?hot, which mowed them down like grass. Bosquet precipitately advanced towards the generals in-chief, to ask for an order to attack, or at least go to the rescue of there intrepid men. General Oanrobert answered that it was useless, and too late. Lord Raglan did not move; he insisted, with apparent impassibility, at the destruction of his Light Cavalry? the direct and immediate result of the execution of tbe unfortunate or <t r he had given. A cold thrill ofhorror went throui^h the ranks of the battalion* who were witnesses of this dreadful soene. We thought that they were going to give way, and march without orders. But the attitude of the generals convinced them qulcklv that they must sutler, without doing anything, the V>ea the Ru.tsUoa had inflicted upon us. Oat of the entice brigade, we aaw a group of seventy or eighty men return, and horaea straggling after them without riders. Here follows an account of the terrible fight of Inker man*:? The Vnglish yielded to superior numbers, but the ar rival of the other divisions enabled them in return to retake the positions they had lost, aad then began one of the most sanguinary contests known sinee the great wars of the empire. The horrors of it are well known on both sides. The soldiers seemed possessed by an indes cribable fury : they fought hand to hand with the but of the musket when the bayonet was broken? even with flits, when the bott itself waa shivered ; and at last with x tones, when other weapoas were wanting. The fog made this struggle more fatal and murderoua. At nine o'c'ock the English ranka were thinned; and after having lost, retaken, aad reioa>. their position, they were almost In despair, when, at last, upon this terrible field of death, arrived the 1st battalion of the 2d dtvi Hlon, led by General Boaquet in peraoa. He Bought to repair the disaster at Balaklava, and on him it devolved to repair the incurable want of foresight of l^erd Raglan, and fo save the army from a frfghful defeat. Bosquet was in despair; he saw the greataess of the peril, and It appeared to him difficult to evade It. At the moment wh*n he arrived to the suocoor of the Rtgliah with a battalion of 600 Zouavea. in the midst of whom he placed himself with Ma stall, he heard the roar of the cannon on our extreme left, on the Quarantine side; he heard it, besides, in the rear of the army, in the direction of Balaclava, where the army of Liprandi was putting itself in movement to cut off our soldiers, who ho route ne anticipated. Half an hour later the English would have been defeat ed, their disordered columns would have/ fallen back upon each other, we should have been surrounded, driven to the shore, and into the sea. Luckily, the aoldiers re paired the faulta of their generals, and ilieir irresistible courage triumphed over the formidable attack combined by Prince Mencblkoff. ? Alter the repulse of the ith of Novemher the Bosnians thought no more of attacking the allies. But then, too, the position of the latter waa becoming desperate. Oan robert urged an aoaault. Raglan suggested re-embark ation, which tho former repelled. The English had dwindled down to 14.000 men. Five of their generals wtre left on the tie la of lokermenn. Brown, Evans, and Cambridge were compelled to retire. The writer thus Mima up the whole: ? After the 6th of November, the allied army, setting aside the Turks, amounted to 58,000 men. Now, after all reinforcements destined to till up aU vacancies, after the arrlvnl of the two new divisions of De Sallea aad Du lac, the allied army doe" not amount to more than (>4,000 fighting men. The expedition Is condemned; the first campaign ha* been disastrous. The Emperor knew the truth, the whole truth, as to the worth of Marshal St. Arnaud ? aa to the merit of General Csnroberfr-as to the importance of the fortifi cations of Sebastopol? as to the dangers of an Invasion of the Russian torrirory ? as to the perils of every win ter campaign in this country under the 45th as under the 57th degree of latitude. It is for him to adviae. England, which baa set itself to seek the causes or tho ruin of Its fine army, knows the truth, all the truth, aa to the meana of combatting Russia effectively, and striking at her heart. It is for her to reflect. The two governments know the whole extent of the evil. We know that they only persevere now in the ex pedition to the Crimea for tbe honor of their arms. But we also know that they perseve by lystcm in the fatal policy of tho last two years. From one end of Europe to the other there is but one voice, one opioiou, one judgment, upon this policy, upon its present conse quence* and its future results. 'I'aria, (March 7.) Correspondence or tbe Man -heater Guardian.] 1 believe I can, with something like certainty, aftirm that your london contemporaries are all of them mi* taken as to the affair of the famous brnrh ure attributed to Napoleon Jerome. About three weeks ago th<< famous hrochuie. entitled He la t'onduite de In fluerre it'Orien., kc., was rent ny some unknown hand strait to tbe Tuil t'lies, and carefully read by tbe Emperor. .After perus ing it, the order wan given to the police te discover, by *11 and any means, the author of the psmpblet, anil tbe report sent in by the police agents came to ths po-itive conclusion that Napuleen Jerome was the *ole author of it. The Emneror then forwarded inrtantly this report to tbe 1'alaia Royal, without any acooaapanying remark. Young Jerome, violently incensed, snatched up a pin and wrote to hi* imperial cousin a letter, furious and formal, at onee, la which, calling him "Sire,'' and "Your Mojesty," against his wont, he positively sig nified his determination to abandon tbe title and position of prince of the blood, and to re-desccn l into private life, and btcome onee more a pimple bourgeois, at liberty to go and come as be chnse, and not b? dogged, trackel and worried, like i' smuggler, by custom house officers. Tbe leit?r waa a violent, though in form a stiffly respectful one. An instantaneous answer was brought to it, say ing, "Come to tbe Tuilerie- Immediately; 1 must 'peak to you." The reply to this was? "I am no longer a prince, but a private individual, and as such I presume to disobey jou, and profit by my liberty to go and dino with HranickL" This is a rich Polish nobleman, who had arranged a dinner for tho Lumli grot the first day of tbs Isst earnivsl week. A second ans ?er waa brought to this: ? "You are absurd ? ch.ldi-h (nous (let ,<n en fant): I mn?t speak to yon;'' and, accordingly, the next day the cousins met. l'rinco Napoleon, it is asaerled, was Tery loud and bitter in his reproa l<ns aed recrimina tion*. Ike Kmperor is said to have taken quite a tender tone, and to have repeated over and over, "I never be lieved a word of all that was said against you; you are my only heir, after all.'' The end of the very long interview was a complete re ccacilUtion The densest mj*;ery kings over the au thorship of the pamphlet still But neither M. do (jlrar din nor M. lk?io bas ever been seriously thought of at court as Implicated in tbe matter. In recounting what passed at a council held at Varna, the pamphlet put* a speech of somo forty or fifty lines into the mouth at Na poleon Jerome, who, so far from being present, was nei ther at the council o or even at Varna, but tho prince blmaelf admits tbat those forty or fifty lines are not only what ho should have said had be been present, but that tbey are said as be should have said, whatever he might have determined to sav. end his intimate friends declare that the personality or Don I'lon I* so seirod upon, au repreaentel to tbe life, that it Is almost inipo- -tible to believe anv other than bimaolf could be the writer. The Par's correspondent of the /.on < ion .Vent, writing on Mrrch 3d, eajs:? M Emile da Girarcin. who for a long time p.i?t has abstained, for rea-oss which he has indi re^tly Inown, from signing any article in the /V-..V aft - es h:s name this even. eg to the following curious paragraph relative to the lira eels pamphlet which has made so much noise ? The government which poraease* ?o many and snch puissaat means of Investigation, having complained to tho courts .if law in Belgium respecting a pamphlet p ib liahed in Hruaatli, entitled "On the Conduct of the War in the East; the Crimean Expedition? a Memorial ad dressed to the (iovernment of the Emperor Napoleon HI. ? by a General Officer"? must by this time know who the author Is. How, then, ran ft be accounted for tbat the naked truth his not yet been brought to light, and that the ttupiil rumora which attribute to me some sort of participation In the composition und publication of \h s dam|hlet have not thus been dispelled' All who know me most be cerliln tbat no consideration wliatever would have Induced me, even in carnival time, to die- j gui?e myelf as a tlenerjl Officer; aid if the production which has been r o much ta'k?d of during the last ten days were reallv the work of a general officer, it U to be presumed that he would el'hor not have nonoinced his rink or tbat be would bave signed his name. There are certain sitiia.ions which do not bind aien by halves, ae there are certain characters which never elude re<pumi bility. :*? lea Uo^Tn^, ?hfrwr!h <i?,r,'rnor" Rotunda, aft#rBfKIn '* "?**'/ meeting In the <rv' h TVlflT' ,vMt, ])nk?' n?m'fn'>u"*nt fioT*'n"r The following ia the r?Dort'of ?? ' Smith E&ZST* pubuc 22 w?? w, .Alwehoun# j ,v* * * Ho?p|taI .. 21a i'<'Olt< aUar* ''<">? ... ? >b. Tree. in ni TVn'j' 2B3 "VV*! ?J?^w '^'"Oa.. 1>i !??) Ifn. rm?kh?:ia-" ]<t1 ^?''I(^':.trict PrUoa. a* WiHi f ? <ovXlm'\ ** WorllioQn* o,u [J,? 190 R sjiital ' * UWMran at a a jm Tot?f ' _____ fVrrewio,, _ 6.S82 Wo?rr r aicioipir ' Muaii i * ' i*i* 12 Admitted 1 1?M *,994 Dtai '4 * 4 39$ ? lieh?ni*d . , ,] ' ' | ?? *" 'nt to i , teatiarv ??????? * i no ? i, nn RmaJnia* J^'&iow hPrnSTSmmg Go/'V^i ""?ijiwoijuIj ??. * * ?^T? AIM jva***'! That I hi* Board aotioo .i.u , prompt action of tba P'**?Bra the invioa of .he dta^JsSto ,0 ?'-? oa the o???ien of tb'lr r ?c?at nVft . j 'Ti ' ???*t ^""tfuU' ??,r to farnUh all n !*. "*?**?? t?on ib ratfcrsaf# to tb* mktm t? ??- P1*?? *b?I inform* *k*BpoN U' o "? P??B>;?ae FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. *0??f IAU1T. Wkdnkhday, Mtroh 28 ? C P. M. The nook market opened heavy this morning, no far as fancies are conoarned, bat there was about the usual activity in operations, fhe tendency, from tbe opening to the close, was downward. At tbe first board Indiana 5'a fell of i per cent; Vir ginia 6'a, |; Kiaiouri B'a, 4; Illinois Central bond*, i; Canton Company, 1; Nicaragua Transit, 4; Cum berland Coal, Erie Railroad, 4; Hudson River Railroad, Cleveland and Toledo Railroad, 1; Pa nama Railroad, 1. Reading Railroad waa the only ?toady atock on tbe list. State atocka were rather weak, and a large amount was pressing for aale. Moot of the transaction were for caah. Railroad bonds were rather quiet this morning, principally for the want ot outside buyers. A very extensive busineaa baa been going on for aeveral weeks in the leading railroad botda, and the demand la pretty nearly supplied. Prices have got above the view of purchasers, and the probability is thai for n time there will not be much done. Moat of the daaa of speculators who have been the principal oanae of the recent riae in prices for fancy atocka generally, are pretty well filled up, and will soon be looking about to realize. Thia may put a large amount of stock on the market at n time when bnyen an aearoe. A reaction in prices may there fore take place, and for a time be somewhat de pressed. This movement is only likely to take place in the poorest class of fancies. After the adjournment at the board, the following sales of stocks were made at auction by A. H. Muller 10 chare* Shoe aad Leather Rank 100 168 do. Greenwich Kirs Inmininee Co. . . .132,"? a 134 136 do. Nwrtk River do. .... 132 )? bO do. Aator do. .... 77 X 60 do. United Statew Life do. .... 90 SO do. Excelsior do. .... 74 200 do. Hons do. .... VI J. Thompson, by R. N. Latham, auctioneer, sold to day the following Hat of State brads, for account of the Illinois liquidating banka For Mechanic*' and Farmer*' Bank. $49,0<0 Virginia State bonds 96^ 1,600 California do 91,'j For Phornix Bank. 922,000 Virginia bonds 00,'j For Ctty Bank. ?21,000 Virginia bonds For Farmer! ' Bank. ?19,000 MiMourl bond* 94',' For Uaion Bank. ?28,000 Virginia bond* .Oflji 1,000 Miaxouri bonds .'. . 94 ^ 8,000 do 94 Albert H. Nlcoliy's regular semi-weekly auction tale of atocka and bonds will take plaoo t>mor row, (Thursday,) at 12i o'clock, at the Merchants' Exchange. The list will comprise a variety of do gpirable wcurities. At the second board a little better prices were realised. Erie Railroad advanced I per oent; New { York Central Railroad, j; Nicaragua Transit, ?; Delaware and Hudaon, i; Louiaana 6s, 4. Illinois Central Ronda declined 2 per cent; Reading Rail road closed at prices current at tie firat boud. We ate slight inclinations of a dull, inactive period in the sto k market. The old class of buyers ap pear to be exhausted. They are desirous of real izing, and oannot be calculated upon to relievo the market in the event of large quantities of stock pressiig for sale. The transact] or s at the Assistant Treasurer's of fice to day, were as follows:? i'aU on Treaonrj account $?-'1,928 .17 Rf reived do. 131,609 <15 ltalance Co. 3 607,894 39 I'aid for aaaay office 11,(114 73 I'aid on dieburslng ebecks 16 350 40 The ateamehip Africa, from Boeton to r liver pool, today, carried out $779,000 in specie. The paying teller of the Merchants' Bank o' B? ton, was a defaulter to the inatltution hr 460,000, which ho paid up j oat before committing suicide, by certifying two ebecks, which were paid by tbe At lactic and tbe Grocers' Bank of B>atcn. The Superintendent of the Banking Dapirfjuent has given notice that, the circulating not :? i^ued to H. B. Bennett, an individual binker (Bulk of Baiu bridge, Penn Yan,) must be presented to tbe de partment for payment within two years from the 27th ins* . The Commissioner of tbe Sinking Food of Ohio advertiaea that he will pay 3 per cent preminm ou any amount not exceeding the sum of $.500,000 Of certittcatoa of the Ohio Six per Cent Ixmu, payabe after the 31st December, I806, if presented for re demption at any time after the data of tbe noiiM, and prior to tin 16th June, 1865. Tbe warranto entered in tbe Treasury Deppart. ment, Washington, on the 26th iaat., were:? For the payment of stock $3,183 01 CoTerinclnto Treaeiiry from mii. t>ource? 80 52 f or tbe War Department 37,141 6) For the lsterlor Department 10.819 66 Tbe Boston Hrruld publishes the annexed list of the dividends declared by the banks of that city, which wiil be paid on Monday, the 2d of April, 1855:? Ronton Rank Dmnicvnn, Aran. lftb-'i. Hab! n. Capital Klnck. /Hridenil. J <nount. Atlantic ftftOO 000 4 9^0, 000 A tiki 500,000 4 '/O.OOO Bank North America, . 750,000 3% 20,250 Bank Commerce '.',000,000 4 80,0)0 lilsikMone 7 '>6, 000 4 to. 000 Ronton tOS.OOO 4 :;?,ooo Boylston 400,000 4 % 18,000 Kreadway 127.000 4 .',0?0 City 1,000, son .1^ 36,000 Columbian 050,000 3 S *JG,260 Ragle 700.00O ? lift, 000 Hiot 488,000 4 1H.Y20 Krc.hange 1,000,000 4 40,000 Kineuil HaU fi0O,00? 4 JO. 000 Krteman'* 400,000 f. 30.000 Globe 1,000,000 4 40,000 Uraslte 1 ftOOOOfi ? ? (i roc?r*' tiSO.COo 4 S<J.OOO ii* mi ion 600,000 4 Howard Bulking Co... 500,000 4 20,003 Market MMH ft '.iS.000 Msesschassttst 800,000 1 1 S *5,1100 Mar* rick 400, OOo :l 12.000 Mechanic*' 250,000 4 lb 000 Merchants' 4,000,000 4 ItW.OOO National ?-V),000 4 W.OOQ New Knglaad 1,000,000 4 40,000 North 760,000 4 ^(,000 Hhawsast 750,000 4 30,000 Shoe and leather 1,000 OOo 4 40, ON St ate 1 ,800,000 ;t % or., two Suffolk 1,000,000 5 50,(0) Traders' 000,000 ? 04,000 Trrmont 1,260,000 4 50,000 Union 1,1100,000 4 40,000 Waahisg'on 7t? 000 a* 2ft, ao Wabster 1, 500,000 (2,500 Total $32,365,000 ?Not yst made nj>. t? per chare. The dividends sre the name as in October last, ex cept tbe Bank of Xorth Amerioa, which Is ? per cent; Boylston Broadway 2, Washington j, lees than they paid then. Tfce Maverick Btnk, at Kast Boston, has been in operation bat six months, and las earned all its expenses for bank furniture, plates, Ao., besides tie dividend ot three per cent. The l'Hot, National, Freeman's, S'tawmnt, Bliok stone, Broadway, Me< Varies' and Waahiagton, hav-i Increased thiir capital, moat of tb?m to the tall extent granted by the last legislature. The Pittsburg Gazrttr says:? On Tnesdsv no Issa tbnn eleven bask bill* were pa?" wbl-h, siiiM to these alrea dy pasx-d an 1 th.>*e yet re malalcg on His, ? ill make ii.n* twenty banks either char'ersd or reckartered, or favored with an increase of capital. Philadelphia (ft* ber share of tbe numlnr. I'lmbur* gets one, an<l one or two other* where bank* are needr.l get one: bat Ihe titles to ?h? bill* p**sed indicate tb*t T*TT miov of the new ban1'* are io' Ated st unaH place*, having little need of such initl tuttosr. f'anon?bnrpr. in Wa?hington county; Mount Meaner t in Wi (tnioreland county ; T?ckhaven. In Clin ton ronntj , Ptroud?burg, In Monroe county, an l diver* other place* of that calibre, each pet a txmk, an 1 If toe ether small towns and Tillage* of tne Commonwealth bare not fared a* well, it is because they di.t not sati clpste their lacky chance snd ntske apptv atioo in ? ea*?n. A bill waa introduced into the Legislature of this Bute a few days~since, to define the law in re'ation to grace on sight-drafts and checks payable on a day inbieqnnt to date. It proriJea that aO drafts or bill* of exchange drawn at sight shall be deemed dne and payable on presentation, without grace. Aid all che:ke or drafts npon banks or bankers, drawn payable on a day subsequent to date, shall hereafter bo deemed doe and payable on the day of maturity, without grace; nor shall K bo aesssss y or Iswfu; to protest tbf paa?e for gona-eept-uice. The Tklna of msrehaailao warehoused hi ltortoa for Dm week end'ng March 33, MB6, m u follow*: Pry food* $12,279 All other merrnandli* 322,232? <534,811 Warehoused lor Canada ? I*ry good* 6tl i03 All other merchandise 7,387? MM, BOO Total The following table and reeeipta for 1853 Maine:? JUiummos or Mxiax .Vow.r. l.cngth. Att'c Jt8t. La'ce.149 And'gis k Km... 6 > AadroHcofrgia .... 20 Bang. A Piscataq. 13 Calais k llarinr... 6 kea. A Portland 72 1, Macl'iar-port 7>? I'or'd, Use Ai l'or'h SI York k Cumberl'd 18 Kuekfleid Branch. 12 9800,101 exhibits the the length, coat, and 1854, of the raihroads of -Lkmgu, Cokt, mud buutH K^eipU . ? , Colt. $ti 019,929 2,106,834 343.J17 178, *13 277,770 2.613,410 100,000 1,315,97# 765,018 18M. $310,033 154, 11'6 10,152 48,138 38,038 177,003 9,818 202,077 ,>4,^.1 1854. $470, 64T 178,863 29,306 44,88ft 31, $40 317, .157 7,20* 272,330 30,712 Total. '04 13,769,988 $1,048,730 $1,380,234 According to this, the receipt* in 1863 averaged only eight per cent on the total coat, and la 1864 only nine per cent. This did not begin to pay. The Board of Trade returns of Great Britain give the annexed exhibit of the declared value of mer chandise exported from porta of the United King dom for the montha ending February 6, 1854 and 1866:? Co* mth nt o* Owur Britain ? Valuk or Eiroai* Month end'g Feb. ^ 1854. 1856. Incretue. Dtertau Alkali ? Tix., soda. ?20,622 Beer and ale 71, ">86 Butter 20,211 Candle* 9,974 Cheeee 6,462 Coals and culm . . . 99,600 Cordage and cable* 7 355 11,320 3,746 143,680 16,892 Cotton manufac. .1,7*1, 5-lrt 3,218,066 ?13,140 ? ?13,370 142,406 ?70,910 29,203 9,082 1,34# Cotton jrarn 4&1.4S2 Karthenware 76.342 Fish 18,t.68 Class manufao.... ill,. '"hit Hah'; and mlllin'y 36^, 7W) H. ware k cutlery 203.177 Leather 113,884 linen manufac... 354, yl5 linen yarn 87,619 Machinery 120, StO Metal* 774,817 Oil and need*. 27,933 Painter*' color*, .Vc. 17,932 Salt 16,743 Hilk manufactures. 138 408 Silk, thrown Silk, twiat and yarn SoaD Stationer Stationery .... Sugar, refined. Wool, sh'porlainbs Woollen nanufac . Woollen yarn Unenu. articles.. .. 24,321 18,o:>8 10,865 46,495 21,605 41.812 7?0,326 93,9;'4 829,449 403,812 74,304 11,26$ 39,144 168,924 230,366 99,486 277,313 67,039 111,766 823,50# 62,867 18,591 23,911 69,14# 7,006 16.497 24,633 40,175 7,170 40,678 461,319 89,477 766,518 42,87# 8,637 430,613 ? 1,707 7,010 48,089 24,924 47,070 2.03# 2,410 304, 806 32,822 14,39 s 77,702 30,480 9,086 7,108 7,768 ? 4,341 64,242 16,716 2,639 6,320 14,329 734 309,007 4.467 73,931 Total ?6,692,642 0,404,700 The exportation of cott>n mannfac tares ahewa a large increase, owing, it is stated, to the hopes of the manufacturers that foreign market* may absorb at the present low piioea the aorplna production, aud prevent the necessity of curtailment. The Philadelphia Ledger says: ? Instead of the new reciprocity treaty with Canada bringing coal to ecmpcte with our native coal to an in jurious extent, it will enable ua to export ear coal large ly to the Canada*. With the dnty, there was ahippid from Oswego in 1862, 4 'I 'l ton*; iu 1863, 6,847 tons, and in 1864, 10,879 ton* ? total 20,968 ton*, a* the custom house statistic* of Uswego *how. The treasury returns show that there was a totnl export to Canada, in 1864. of 30,270 ton*. This export will be greatly increased now, especially of anthracite coal. The coal that may come from l'ictou. anil that which comux from Kurope, Is all bituminous, and cannot compste with the anthra cite. The annexed statement exhibita the average dally condi tion of the leading departments of the Boston banks for tbe week preceding Monday morning, Match 26, 1W5:? Bo(rr<>.\ B?iiK?. I.nntu ant ,Vp?ct> in Hank*. ViteounU. Banl:. thrc*U'n. $58,686 $>93,041 $156,41# (>1,778 221,240 126,60# 20,348 ? -- 106,618 26,201 4,879 84,977 63 634 172,901 92.080 Atlantic $8:tj,G49 Atlas 833.391 lilarkKtone 1,19(1.8 1'J 20,348 3.37,432 Boston 1,626,367 165,618 623, *68 Ho j if ton 7 8'., 8% 26,201 262,170 Broadway lo8,ltM 4,879 30,818 City 1,421,840 84,977 320, ((? Columbian 1,233 '>?? 63 634 373.28* Commerce ::.14rt,9'.V 172,901 005,021 Kagle 1,2C'2,56? 92.080 413,010 hliot 801' 39,119 180,343 Kxchange 1,901., 907 96,781 430,878 Kaneuil llall. . . . 9*2,88$ 37,119 336,009 Frcmaa'i 7PS 693 31,270 198.620 Clobe 1 801,87'J 143,982 327,796 (Iranite 1,418, 0(3 42,644 321,6$# Crccer*' 1, 143, or. 102,227 222,441 Hamilton 9W,'.,81j 123,121 604,6i8 Howard B'g Co.. SJi'.'.SJW 70,596 1 79,060 Maiktt 990,012 41,351 2*9.1.3# Massachusetts.. 1,071. 088 100,092 30KC57 Miitenck 694 639 23,991 107,928 Mechanics' .>87,226 14,192 102,504 MfrohaaU' 0,616 405 414,030 1, MM, 443 National 927 2*0 47,802 203,990 New England.... 1,377 .Cll 70,473 315.2TO North 1.282,74 8 60 864 .307,91.3 North America. .1,127. ol4 70,999 308,761 Shawraut 1 198, <00 48 505 228,932 Shoe A Le'r D'*. 1,549, 871 74,318 320.986 Bute 2,08^/ .5 122.335 646,748 8<iRclk 2,< 05,643 328.H98 1,208,24;$ Trader^ 1,182,442 SO, 454 2;'3,903 Trcmont 2,181327 134,524 066,143 Union 1 ,408.992 78,563 314,365 Washington ... 1,163,24* 45,907 267,670 Webster 2,292,830 154,763 705,173 218,4*4 204, 2#? 181,316 40,334 136,666 103, 85* 221,836 178,478 126,293 , -20,243 218,073 188,881 140,407 12$,9?0 226,487 147,721 301,906 140,888 f&?,504 128,041 Ml, 874 501.000 1#0,7V 143,360 158,26$ 106.11* 188,80$ 164,456 100,890 410,005 160,613 242,850 148,403 , 149,04* > 384,257 Total 868,6(6, 606 3,844,361 14,22tf,834 0,037, 099 A comparison of the above aggregates with thaw of the statement for the prtrloas week, exhibits the following rsHults:? Marrh 19. March 26. Capital otork 882,255,276 313 66,276 No t hangs. 1'iaii' k dir 62, 022. 210 ~>2.666,3tf> T>ot.. M,iMl8 Specie In txinl 268.208 ^344,351 Ise.. #1,045 Dne from other bU 7.0C3,100 7,833,838 Doe.. 68,352 This to other banks 6,922,187 e,?77,-*fcJl Dse. .244,80ft Deposits 18.9N !03 14,229,834 In? . .244,431 < irsulation 6,94.;, 899 0,937,099 l)nc.. 6,8<H> Stock Elthsngs, Wehsesimv. Marsh 28, IMS. * i !j M abs c. ci. Co . bs aaji 100 ?kj e?0 33 100 do 1*10 105 (to i3 328 NY. C. RR. . .b'to 60 <io sflO 50 ilo.... ..*10 50 <lo e? 1<0 do loo do e 76 Harless Pref'd.. 25 ^ fining ton 14 Ncrw. <t W. RK. 50 trie RR *3 |10( ?CO Inn Sut? .Vs. 16(00 do 2UCC Ind -S p ?t... 11000 Virginia fl's.. . 7000 do c 5000 co... s3 4000 C'ali 'a "'*, '70. 10C0 ?Jo 1000 do 1C00 l.ooiaianati's. . lnOOO Mia.-ouri 6's. . 5COO <*o hi 5 jooo KrisCBd*. '62. 1 mjOO Krie 11*, '76 .aJ'. fiCtO <lo e 1000 HndCon Bds. . ICOn Mieb So Bds. . lOCO N Ind Bd? 90 2000 IU t UK bds. . 82 i9:oo "in. . . . ?;i 1.M 00 KCRAVBs.hAO 6< CO ilo... . W(0 i(W) N V ren J's... I'*'* low ilo 101 5f?OCtKi bRBds. 94 20 ?hs D fc VI H < o. 124 6 Cora Exch Iik . . . '.<h ) 6 <!o 99JH 81 f. 0 9i-!i ?.'?* 9t 1 , hi i 01 x ?H 94 MO* n' x *'W 77 10O .s3 600 600 400 100 100 100 1 C>0 308 loo i Oil do , , 260 Harlem RR.V.aS 200 do b30 800 ReaJiofr RR do. do. 'io. do. '10. do. do. do. .. b7 .?**! b?0 ..b30 . stJO . blO 5u Maahat Gan ) o . . 12? 200 tan ton On a.'! 900 do b'O 40 do a<i 220 ?it> 20 ilo 100 N J /.ne Co.. I'-'l 100 Nle liana Co. . *.1 100 to b3 360 Cumba CI Co. . . . 2C.0 do 44 ?o ?S' 27 1 ; ?Hi 6 10X in,'; : * ? ; 400 200 100 loo loo 200 50 Hud. Kto .?30 ,b*> ..b-1 .sift 33 s or; 93% 82?." ?2?. 9;; 78 51 U ?h 48'* 48 a 48* 48? 48\ 48S 48* ' 49 4?X 48 ? 32'. 3Jfi 84 M'i H4\ 84'i 84 Si 84 \ (M R RR. .*30 41' 11 Mlcb. Or, CR 20 Nor. Ind. RR... 382 < 1st. & To!. R opK 6 ( ft. k Hk. la. IU. lnOv.fcPlff. ItR. 16 I'aaama RK...SU 1 $6080 Ind ?tate 5'*. 4?00 co li,000 Ixtuih 'a 6's. ,a3 woo Kris Ms, '75. r 7(00 111 C BRBds. . 4C0O N y C?n 50 sh- P fc D CI Oo ?.00 MoTran?< 0..b3 lOOOaaton Cs 100 .lo WO 100 do 50 Cumb CI Co....?3 600 do SCO 70>,TC?nKP. .00 do 130 WCONtl BOARD. M.I 84 )? 02 *7V 81-, 101 r: r; l- -? 27 ?? !J^ "as 93 9^V :?bS8 60 phi 111 C nP.R.?3 SOdefcTol RK .oi 2L?i Kris HK ?Jo do 20!' do...At60 100 do b.10 200 do.....,.,c 100 do b3 I'O ilo irtO 100 do .30 125 Reailns RR 100 di b3 1(0 do b30 6 Mich So Coa.t'a. X s: (| 4h!. x 46; 48H 48 \ 84^. 84 s, 84'i 80 ( (TV TRADR Rt'.PORT. W?Ii>TSBaT. Marxh 28 ? 6 V. M ? Knl?? of 26 bblM.; mtrkst nochang^d. BkMi>KTirr<.? The mnrkst eontinusd Arm, w.tboat changa of momont in price*. Tt? aalesafg.-*gatod abont 6.(00 a 7. Oct bbU., larltidod ia wbljh were eonnoa ? tralfbt aad 'bote* Plate Maa< ??, at 89 a 89 60; "oamoo to rood We?tera. at 89 ' a 89 81 '4'. Included In tfea abovs there were abont 2,000 bbR at 89 25 a 88 94 for ronmoa to favorite brands, tail 810 a 811 for faasj extra, (aaaolaa was firmer, and Installed In the sale* of lbs day vera 1,200 bhls. at 8'.' 67 a 810 75. Ry? Hour acd rorn were nnchnBfw<l. Wbeat ? Hales e< 10,000 bu.bsU CnnS'tUa, .-o private terms, and a 'null lot of 150 baahsl- common -ontn?rn w'Mts at 82 26. Oora Ths mailet was steady with lean doing The aaiae en braoed abovt 18.P0O bu bela, laelndiaf flrnthsra ml*e st wis. . aad yellow and whits, at 98c. a 09e. Rya? T F, ?alee embraced l .MNi bnahele at 81 32 a 81 32*. ttu was held at 81 50. 4 Corvw --ttalas of 700 b*r< Ht. Doming* wers muU ,, 8 MO S0O do. Rioat llr a 1 1 '4r . aad .WO Rio at If 1( 0 .lo Pavaanilla at 11 and 100 ant* i?T? at I O r*"* .? 1 her# wae isvre doing, aad tb* ? ais? n

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