Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 7, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 7, 1855 Page 2
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?nsfen, the coal sees wtthFransoand to wkfcfc K would (IT* rise, the borrib !o sosnoi Which must life* place a the isJand Itself betes tfe* hlack MuUlta oonld tM reduced to absolute and passive obmiet to the American law*, an not the greatest perils which this pelky would call into bfo. Far from being a cause of ????o and strength to the people of America, wo are satisfied thai a war b<gnB for no atrocious an objest, de fended by (ueb arguments .?? those, and tending to each fatal results, would be opposed by so inuonsiderab'.e part of thefitates. The freemen o< America would ask how long tb?y are to endure the opprooium and partici pate in ibe guilt of the slavoownei* an.1 xlave States, whose simplest notions of morality and duty are tainted br the Institution under which the li?e; tue hardy State* of tbe North would not send down the r force* te rivet fetters on tbe slaves of Cuba, and to place in the Senate of the I'non the repretentativos of another slavehoMiag community ; and the reaction would extend with alarm loir violence against the interests of the slave owner* in the South. By the nature of things, that oonilict would ho fought out not on tbe soil of Cuba? tbe battle must he lost or won in the heart of tbe United States. Wo trust that, in spite of ths extravagant conduct of many of the diplomatic agents named by Mr. l'ier e, their power is limited and tbeir influence on the decline. Tke late Congress has ternvnated its labors and its ex istence, and another Assembly, elected under a now order ef opinions, has succeeded to it. The member* of this tody ars untried nwi. and the principles of what is termed the "Know.Notoing party" huvs not yet been seen inaction; but, so tar as we are acquaints! with them, wo prefer them to the schemcs ot tiiose demagogues who sought to supply their own internal weakness by foreign agitation: and we are not without hopes that the good sense of the nat'on may coatinue to hold in check the oHy and violence of its rulers. CUBA. AND THE UNITED 8TATE3. [from the I/mdon Times, March 17.] A year or two ago, hut any one been aakei what wan th* moht striking proof of the advancing civilization of the age, he would have answered without hesitation the tendency of nations and governments to abandon the delusions of conquest, and to substitute for thesi the ??under and more certain results of internal improve ment. The Kantian war has shown us how premature such speculations would have been by the instance ol a nation which, with resources of unexampled magnitude wholly undeveloped, without roads, without railways, with rude manufactures and little commerce, is expend in* all tbat it can borrow, ail that it can extort by forced contribution*, all tbat it can raise by a fraudulent de preciation of the currency, catling out for the purposes of war the hand* required lor agriculture, ana boldly confronting famine, pestilence, bankruptcy aud depopu lation in order to add a tew moreproviuoes to an already ?vergrown empire. But this. It may be saiJ, is the mem impulse of haibar sm. Kuaeia is in the figure saive stite Which a nation must oass through before she can apply herself to peaceful industry and internal improvement. Turn, then, to that nation wiiicli has gained for itstlf such well merited distinction in the arts of peace, and rivals, under the disadvantages of dear labor and raw material, the wont celebrated manufactures of Europe. Are the Doited States content witb the p^sesmon of a boundless continent, with an unlimited field tor the develop ment of their resturres and the increase of their population, and with the sincere desire of all other countries to live with them on terms of peace and amity? They know what ate the triumphs of peace. for they have obtained them; they know what are tbe miseries of war. for they have experienced thorn ; they have a complete option batween the two, and are not bound, like the nations that form the old confederacy of Europe, to draw the swori! to re dress the balance of power. Tbey are threatened by no ambition, by no lust of dominion, exoept their own Yet, if we examine the present condition of the United State*. we shall see good reason to believe that, though their business and occupations are among the arts of peace, their dreams and their aspirations are of war, ?oaquest an ! aggression. Look at their conduct with regard to the Island of Cuba Tbey have not the slightest claim to it; tliey have not the remotest pretension to in ur fere with it. Between Cuba and tlie American Union there exists no relation, except that between the covetous nan aud the object of his denir. ? the plunanrer anil the prey that he Is eager to match. As far as words go, tbe Evernment of the United States is bouad to admit is. It does not pretend to set up any claim to tha pos session of this Spanish colony. H even issues proclama tions cautioning the citizens of tho United States? "aod how disgraceful that such a caution should be oeces.ta ry !" ? agams*. invading the dominions o.' a IriendJy Pow er. But, on the <ttfc- r band, it selects as ambassador to Spata a man little known for anything else than hid filibustering tendencies, aud thus needlessly in sults the very Power whose dominions her citi sens have already attacsen, and are, if we misMke not, cn tbe point of attacKing again, l'he words of the American government ars in harmony with the Uw of nations, buthur arts accord much more uearly with the code of Captain Morgan or Naniso Lopez We make these observations uo.v, booause we forsee that an occa sion in not un'ikely to arise in which the government of th? United States will be called upon to -.Uoose between ite duties and its professions, between tbe low popularity it has courted aad the high obligations with which it hue tempered. Tn? government of General Concha has just discovered a most formidable and sanguinary plot for the pep i ra tion of Cuba from Spain and her union to the United States. The tragedy w?s to hwe begun by the murier ot Corcha bin-self in his box at the theatre ; tbe conspirators were provided with aims, am munition, and artillery ; the secret had been faitli lolly kept lor eleven months; and the 1 -th ot last month was fixed lor the commencement of the insurr c tion by the murder of the Governor and a rising among the negroes. The plot has been discovered, the papers ?f the cQnspirators seized, their cipher unravelled, and their whole plans made known. It appears that tliey did not wholly rely on their own exer- J Mons, but expected to be reinforce 1 by from two to three thousand American citizens, wbo were to be landed on the coast, and carried immediately by railway to the Havana. The expedition, we ?appose. Is the same as tbat which has alretdr ?ailed, with the concurrence of the Anurictu government, for the ostensible purpose of colo nlzing Central America. Tbe pirates are undoubtedly in a most critical position. The island is carefully watched by English and Spanish steamers. Tbe ex pedition cannot be aware of the detection of the Caban conspiracy, and will, If they effect a landing. Bad themselves without the support on which they ?eekoned. In Mich a case, tbe result eianot, we appre bend, be doubtful. Whatever be the nutuMrxof the Americans, they mtut, if unsupported by the inhabi tants, find themselves unequal to deal with the Urge ?umber of well disciplined troops, fully provided with all the munitions o( war, of whom General Concha can dispose. What will follow may be easily conjectured. Spaniards have never, at least In lat-r tiroes, been remarkable for mercy to a vanquished enemy, and In tliu case there is every element present which can excite and embitter their minds. The remembrance of the expedi tion of I.opez, toe insult ollered to their government by the mission of Mr. Souie, the pertinacious aod lawless hostility of the people of the United States, the feeble aid bellow professions of their government, all t?nd to a state of feeling more likely to yield to the counsels of vengeance than to the pleadings of ?eercy. Should these anticipations be realized, and should tbe failure of this piratical expedition be fol lowed by a bloody military execution, we shall expect to hear from the American press and the organs of the American government an outcry lor the blood of their " murderetl citizens, " and a demand of sanguinary re prisals of war, fire and desolation, to stone for the shock to tbe national feeling, and the insult to the national honor We will not wait till the lamentable occurrence, the probability of wbich w?fore?ee. has Uken place to tell ibe government of General fierce the truth of this matter. ThiH piratical expedition it has either been un willing or unable to prevent. It has l>?eti willing to gain all tbe popularity that was to be got by its success ani It is anxions to gain all the popularity that nan be got bj sympathizing with Its failure and denouncing the pnniibuient of its abettors. But the civilized world re wards such professions and such practices with daily iaMveasing aversion, and will have no sympathy with a government too feeble and too insincere to control its own citizens, to maintain the faith of treaties, or to protect the rights of weaker Cowers. rNTERESriNG FEOM RUSSIA. THE POLICY OP ALEX iNDKR II. BTIKITKD ADDRKRS TO TMC 8KNATK ? NOT AN INCII OF BUSMAN TRRRITORY TO HI KIT IlKRM DEltKD. |Parta (March i't) Correspondence ef London Chronicle ] Ibe rumors of a pacific disposition on the part of the Emperor Alexander II. have been strengthened to-day by tho announcement made in the Coiagnf QittiiU that a Baisian note srrivtd at Berlin on the 17th, renewing tbe pacific declarations already made by the new Emperor, with an assurance that he was ready to submit existing treaties to an honorable revision. Very much, of course, of the chance of a peaceful ?elnti-m to the Eastern question mult depend on the Bwonal feelings of Alexander II . and on how far those lings may be moderated or embittered by tbe neces? ty of adhesion to the traditional policy of Russia, sancti fied, as It must be, both in the eyes of prince and people, from the obeervan'-e according to it by a line oflmporlal ancestors, and hallowed, also, by almost uninterrupted ?access. On this subject, a letter from St. Petersburg, of tho 10th, in the ('mutitfUiimtirl, says: I have alraadv given yoa to undorstand thatlio hopes are entertained here of any ohaage of sjstein in the policy of Baesia Every eae feels assured that the Emperor Alessu sler has aot ascended tbe throne of bis father without having well studied and eomprenended tbe system which the Em per?r Niebolas followed so obstinately I am assured on ?eed authority that tbe Emperor Nicholas, on hia dnathb'd. dieeaesed witn bis son tbe hr>t measures ef the n.-w govova ment, aad that their opinions wore not in aeeori on the sub ject of the maaife?to There is, in faet, s very esm-ntial dif faraaee, ae regards Russian poller, between the manifesto ef the late Emperor and that or his son. The Bmperor Nicholas aever failed to ptaoe tbe questtoa of religion pro. ? iaently forward, aad made the graadeui of Raseia auhnr dinate to it, aad, a?i online to him, the attacks of Rih- 'P? were more particularly directed against the orthodox Chnr.-h, In the manifesto of bis >oa, on the contrary, the religions question is passed over la silence, perhaps from s fesr ot ineroasing still further tb? tanatirism of the people, or from a wish to remove whet might he sn obstacle to pesee. It is eerteia that an injunction of moderation has been intpoeed en the Senate. On th* other band, a letter from tbe same place, of the slate of the 9th. gives the following extract from tbe ad dreee of tbe Emperor Alexander, on receiving a depute tioo from the nobility ? I solemnly declare tbat I will not give ep a single tuch of Russian territory to onrenemiee. I shall take good rare to prevent their penetrating further on the soil ot oar country ; aad never, never? mav my hand wither first? will I athx my signature to a treaty wbieh shall bring the siichteet stain oaths aational honor. His Majesty's address to the officers of tho Guards, up ?a the latter taking their oath of allegiance, it is said, was of the same warlike character, and was delivered in a tone of energy and vehemence that excited considers, bio attention. W? have received the St. Petersburg journals of the )3th of. Marsh The Journal it St. J'rter&mrg announeee the arrival ?t tho Pruseian capital of I'nnee Peter of Oldenburg, of the Arcbdake William of Austria, of the Graad Ducboes ?twain of Mecklenburg Sehwerin, of Prince diaries of INmi. aad of Ike Duke William of MectJaabufT i Tba SI. Petarslmrc fnhllahee aa tonartol tot tor, thanking tta in?*Utmato tot their iy|lll y on the aeeaafc d ?l the Aaath ?f tha tote Kmpaior. The OatHtt atoo pubbshta tka following : ? Tba Grand Duke CaastaaUna to relieved from tha functions of Adjnnet or tba Chief of tha Staff General of tha Navy, aid in hia <ju ttty of Grand Admiral will have the direction of the fleet and of tha Ministry of Marine, with the right* and prerogative! of a Minister, retailing hia other fonetiona tod dignities. Aid -de-Camp General i^ince Menfehikoff la relieved, at hia request, on tha groAd ol ill health, from the chief command of tbe land and sea foroes in tba Crimea, from his fooctions of Chief of the general staff of the Manna, end of thoaa of Governor-General of Frnland, retaining his rank aa Aid-de-Gamp General and member of the Council of the ICmpire. General of Artillery Aid-de-Camo General Prince Gort schakolT II., commander-in-chief of the army of the t'outh, is appointed commander-in-chief of the land and ?aa troops in the Crimea, with all the rights, powers and prerogative of a commander-in-chief In times of war, and retaining the chief command of tba army of the iroath. Srom a Warsaw letter of March 16. ] e last four days our oity presented a truly solemn aspect. The churebrs of all the Christian eom mumonB were full of people, who, in compliance with the last Imperial manifesto, took the oath of allegiance to thu Emperor Alexander II. and the hereditary Grand Puke Nicholas Alexandrowitsch Yesterday waa the turn of the Jews, who flocked In great numbers for the *ame purpo??> to their synagogues. I must relate to you a little incident wbicb took place on the occasion. A? coiding to the law, every male inhabitant from the age twelve is obliged to sweur all-ginnce. The Catholic clergy of both worships did not object to that foraiality; but the piator I.udwig, Hupeiintenilent-Generalof the Luthe ran Church In tne kingdom, publicly declared la tbe ora tory and In presence of tne persons delegated to asirtst at " the ceremony, that he could not allow his pari>hioa<-iH to swear before their continuation. The ccnonct of this clergyman has bean generally blamed. The government, however, has adopted no coercive measures, and intends to wait until the i'ro texlant tlerjrv in Russia, but particularly In tha Baltic provinces, where that church Is most numerous and en joys all its former privih-ges, ?'hull have made known its dteifiin. Tha Vienna Conferences, which are to open to day, will ?re loni; present an additional chance of nuoeeer. Persona lately arrived from at. ;'etersbiirg state that the Cbaa'-tllor of the Kmpire, M. de Nessel rode, will shortly visit the Austrian capital, aad that bis journey will be so arranged ibat ba will arrive there after the settlement of tbe pr?liouiMry questions, and when a decisive resolution is to bs come to. Ix>rd John Ru.-sell and M. de Huol, representing already England nnd Aus ria, the Conference will be a real Congress of Prime Ministers, and M. da Rouniucney will have to bear alone the hru|.t of a contest in which bis colleagues will be far superior to him. As to Prussia, it in more than prohat le that she will not aide with the enemies of Rusi-ia. Tbe journey of Prinoe Charles of 1'rusNi.i to St. Petersburg is in that respect most signifi cant. The Prince is the personal friend of the new Fmperor, and a more agreeable messenger could not lie selected to express to him the all'ectinn of the King his toother. General Jeumcwitcb, who brought to us tbe Imperial manifesto, has already returned to St Petersburg, with Prince de Lieren, who bad linen the hearer of noma important appointments In the amy. Those apf oiutnifntu were rendered necessary by the changes resulting from the resignation or recall of i'rince Menschikolf. Several of the persons who received those cinimissions have already left our city. Among tliem is General PanitiHn, lately promoted to the poet of Com mander of the Corps of Grenadiers, in the place of Gene ral Mouravitff, wbo has been named Lieutenant of the Emperor in the Caucasus, 1 he Privy Councillor Count de Tolstoy, Grand Equerry of the Imperial Court, ar rived here frcm Vienna yesterday morning, to regulate with the Prince Marshal some questions connected with trade on the frontier localities. Tbe night before last the new levy of recruita tor the army toea place through out tha kingdom of Poland. IMPORTANT DIPLOMATIC M1NIFE3TO. We have receWed from Vienna Count Ne*solro>le's not" to the ministers of Rusida at foreign courts. It professes to be a manifesto to Kurope of tQe Intentions entertained by the new Emperor, and is the first official psp?r which had appeared on the subject. Tbe follow iijg is a translation: ? St. Prtkrhhurg, March 10, 1855. My despatch of the 2d inot., will have informal you of tb" ncci'1'Mon ot his Majesty tbe Kmperor Alexander II. 1 also, at tbu ssme tioie, had the honor of sending you the manifesto of our illustrious sovereign, issued on the first day of bis reign. This document txprcsses bis Majesty's profound pease of the importune* of the duties whish be is called to fulfil Those duties liuve been imposed on him by Divine Provide uiH id the tkidnt of tii'ifru trials. As-:en Unit the throne of his ancestors, be beholdu Russia involved ia a war, tbe lite at which oacurring in anew reign history cannot produce. Ult illustrious sovereign accepts these trials, trusting in God, confiding tecursly in the unwavering devoted nees of lis people, and tilled with religious reverence tor the memory ot tils much-loved father. in a child like spirit of piety he accepts as his heritage two obligations, which, tn his eyes, an equally sacred. The first demtuJs Irom hia Majesty the employment of nil t to power wind" tbe will of (iod has placed in his hands lor the defease and integrity ?f tbe honor of Russia. li e second imposes on his Majesty the duty of steadily devoting his care to tbe completion ef I hat work of peace, the bises of wilich were sanctioned by the kmperor Nicholas. Faithful to the Ideas which predominated In the last dispi iftioD* and arrangements of his iliustriou* father, the kmperor lias renewej and ceuiirmed the instructions with which the plenipotentiary o< Russia had Men pro vided, from He ember until the time when the Vienna conferences werf to have be-n opened. In this way the intentions of the Emperor Nicholas are certain to bs ful filled. Their aim was:? To restore to Russia and Europe the blessings of peace. To confirm the freedom of worship and the welfare of the Christian peoples of the East, without distinction of rite. ? To place the immuaitles of the Principalities under a collective guarantee. To secure the free navigation of the Danube in favor , of the trade of all nationa. To put .'in end to the rivalries of tbe great I'owers respecting the East, in such manner aa to preclude the return of new complication*. Finally, to come to an understanding with the great Pcwets respecting the reviaton of the treaties by wblch they have rcoognired the principle of closing the Dar danelles and the Bosphotus, and in thin way to arrive at an honorable settlement. A pence concluded upon such a basis aa this, since it would terminate tbe calamities of war, would call forth the blessings of all nations upsn tbe new government. Ku-sia, however, feels deeply, and all Europe must ac knowledge the tact, that the hope of a restoration of peace would prove vain if the conditions of an ad justment should overpass that just limit whica a sense of the dignity of the crown led oar auguit lord to fix irrevocably. Ibe Ein|>eror will wait tranquilly until the cabinets called to deliberate in common with Russia on this question nf universal interest for all Chiistendom shall declare the views by which their policy will be guided. Our august lord will enter upon these important de liberations in a sincere spirit of concord, this is the declaration which 1 am expressly commissioned by his Majesty to make to you in his name. The general instructions with which you are provided prescribe to you tho course which you are to continue to tuliow. in your intercourse with the governments to which you are accredited. Tbe Emperor, in confirming you in the pest to which you were appo'ntad by the gra?e of his illustrious faUier, relies Implicitly on your fidelity and zeal It is that on all occasions your son duct and language should bear witness to the loyalty with which Russia regards obligations involving fidelity to treaties ; to its constant d??ire to live on good terms with all allied and friendly I'owers ; and, finally, to ita reverence for the inviolability of the rights of every State, aa well as its firm resolve t? maintain intact and make inspected those rights which Divine Providence has entrusted to the K.mperor in making him the pro tector of the bouor of the nation. You are instructed to bring Xhla to the knowledge of the Court at which you had the honor to represent the Emperor Nicholas, of glorious and much beloved memory. NB3SELRODK. ADDRH89 OP THE CZAR ALEXANDER THE SECOND TO THE DIPLOMATIC CORt?8. Hie following is the address delivered by the Hpperor Alexander II. to the diplomatic corps on tne 7th last. : ? I am persuaded, gentlemen, that all your courts feel sincere sorrow at the misfortune which has be.'allen us; I have already received proofs of it from all sides . they liave greatly moved me, ami I sUted yesterday to the Ministers of Prussia and Austria how muoh I appreciated them. I solemnly declare here, be fore you. gentlemen, that 1 remain faithful to all the sentiments ot my father, and that I will persevere in the line of 'political principles wliish served as s rule to my unele, the Kmptanr Aleiandgr. and to my father. These principles are those of tie li-iiy Al. liance. Put, if that Alliance no longer exists, It la cer tainly not tlie fault of my father. His intent'ons were always upright and loyal; and If recently they were misunderstood by some persons, I do not doubt that Uod and history will do him justice. I am ready to contribute to a gooi understanding on the condition* which be accepted. like him, I desire peace, and wish to see the evils of war terminated; but if the conference* which are about to open at Vienna do not lead to a result honorable for us, then, gwntlemen, at the head of my faith'ul Russia, I will combat with the whole nation, and 1 will perish sooner than yield. Aa to my personal sentiments for yotr sove reign, (here the Emperor addreeeed Baron da Werther, Minister of Prussia,) they have not varied. I have never doubted tlie fraternal aflecticn and frienlabip which his Ma j -sty tne King always had for my father, and I told you yeiterday now grateful I am to him for It. I am deeply sensible of the kind word* which the K.mperor has caused to be transmitted to me on tins oc casion (Tliis was addressed to Count Esterhasr, Minis ter of Austria. ) lit* Majesty cannot doubt the sincere affection which my father entertained for hint at an epoch wh'ch he bimaetf has recalled by the order of the day addressed to his armv. Be kind enough, gentlemen, to oommuoicate my words to your respective oonrts. MILITARY MANIFWiTCH OP THE CZAR. Tie Errpfror of Rnaaia hu addressed the follow ing rescript to tbe Coenck troops of the Don : To ova Writ Bai.ovsp awn faiTHrui, Aasv or Coo sacas or thv I>ow ?The eruel Us< which has Just fsltsu on Russia, la ?ach sn unlocked for manner, will be painfully felt by the siatefnl hearts nf the Cossacks of the Don. In his constant kin ilnees to them, my well belnvsd father had granted them sn organic remlatlon wmeh completely secur ed their VI I fare. Only a short time ago, ths Kmperor Nich olas I. declared that he lovsd his valiant ehildrea or tbe I)nu, and that he was proud ot them, la proof ot these senti ments, his majesty frequently appeared bsfore the ranks of his faithfnl armv in the uniform of a Cos<sck nf the Don. Wi<hlng t<> manifest tn t'.iesi tr*. ?>.?>? our gratltnde for their fkithfal and glorious sol vise*, we sake them a present ef the aaiform wMch was worn by tho Emperor. Let it he ere sere ed smoai the Inswnia ef the army of the Cosaaehe ef the Don. sad remain la Ita Ireasary as a sacred telia aad aa im perishable souvenir fer generations to enmo AI.EXANDKR. Hi* M^jssty ha* likewise addressed the following to OenenU K homo a toff, Betaan tecum i-ihiu of the Co* sack* of U* Don ? OMnAi/? By u ttto itthtlt;, I bmaiMlw wall 1xl??a4 m, Im CoiHTttib. Nickolaa Alsmaaftaovitoh, IleMMa of all the Cotsaek troop*, and Chief oftho Regt b?U of the Batman of the Dob, whloh takoe tha same of Cossaeks of toe Corps af the Hetmaa of tha Ceaarevttoh, hereditary Greed Dim. Nay my brave Cossaeks af tha Don ??e In thia nomination haw dear they are to oey heart I lore them, af By father of imperishable memory 414. and they will be equally beloved by my ton. Personally, it will bo always pleasing to me to reckon myeulf in the raake of the rrilmont of Coaeaoke of the Corpe of hie Imperial Unh aeea the Betmaa, a resiaaenl with whioh I bai identified myself. I remain invariably affectionate towar4a the brave troops of the Don. ALEXANDER. FUNERAL OP TBE CZAR. [From a St. Peter* bur* tetter pi March 12.] Tha funeral oi tha iCmperor took plica yesterday. At daybreak, an extraordinary niveneat waa obervable in tt a capital? people hastening to secure places to witness the procession. In some houses which were well situated, windows were let for aa mack ma IOC roubles (the rouble i? something over 4t.), At nine o'clock in the morning, the first nlio of artillery, fired from the citadel of St. Petersburg, intimated to the public that the ceremony waa about to commence. At ten o'clock, a second salvo win ired to announce that the cortege waa to form itself in the ordtr fixed by Count Uur j jew, President of the Comml-don for the funeral; and at eleven o'clock a third sulvo announced that the funeral cortege bad commenced its march. 1 cannot describe to ycu tlie anxiety of the people to render the last homage to him whom they wore accustomed to coosider aa a demi god. and as, at a later period, charged by the Diviuity to combat for the holy or thodox religion and holy Rusvi*. Kverywhere, an the body passed, tfce spectators made the algn of the cross, and most of them, when they knelt (Sown, touched the earth with their forehead, weeping bitterly. At the different church** the profession halted, and the various ranks ot the clergy piid homage to the ashes of the chief of the orthodox Russian Church. I 'raj era for divine mercy to the soul of the deceased were cflered op in every place of worship, and Nicholas himself was called on ub ehiec of the Church to aadress prayers to God to give force to Russia to combat with success for her rights and her territory Cannon continued to lire until the coffin reached tbe Cathedral of Paul and Peter. Ihe service for the dead of tbe Greoo KussUa Church was then celebrated, and salvos, Orel by the troops, announced the end o I the ceremony. The evening was faradvanced before the crowds of |>eoplewho as^em bled to witness tbe ceremony ceased to fill the streets In addition to tbe thunder >>f artillery, the roll of the muffled drums, and the i^und of military music playing funeral marches, wss to be heard. The death of the Czar has produced a certain <Jegr ee of agitation, which our govern ment, autocratic at it is, has not b<"m able to prevent. !'b> ceremony displayed a character of magnificence and grandeur worthy of tlie deceased C/ar. Everything past ed off in good order. Ihe kmpertr Alexander afterwards addressed this let ter to the Military Governor of the capital: ? Profoundly moved at tne circumstance of all classes of our capital of St. Pe'erslinrg huvinit taken tueli sincere part in our common borrow, in the tuncral cortege of tho remains of our father and benefactor, forever memorable, from 'he Winter Palace to tie Cathedral of I'etnrand Pan!, I charge you to testify tft tbe inhabitants of the capital tbe lively liratitnde I'oth of ourselves and of our beloved wife. May the remembrauce of the fntber ot all ot ns, the Etnpuror Nicholas 1., be forever preserved in uur hearts. ALEXANDER II. A grave event has just occurred at Moscow. The large bell of the tower of Ivan Velik, in the Kremlin, fell to the ground at tbe moment when tbe ceremony of swearing allegianc- and fidelity to tke new kmperor ens going on, and t y its tall crushed nearly 100 persons. For a people so superstitious as the Russians, this uisas ter baa appeared a most sinister omtn, and the letter which gives an account ot the event states that the effect on the public mind has been that of great conster nation. THE WAR. STATE OP THE ALLIED TROOPS AT SEBAS TOPOL. [From tbe London liuies, March 23.] fho last account* from tbe Cr.rnoa, extending to the 8th of March, present a most agreeable contrast to the painful and unvarying record of hardships, privations and inaction which we have been comp"Ui-1 for ko many weeks uiid months to lay before our reacer-i. An if by gone midden and beneficent influence, the touch of spriDg bas reached tbe army, and everything bears marks of refreshed energy and reviving activ.ty. Tho weather is fine, und tbe heavy damps which had leaked into the loose sol are almost orcd up. lhe new Com niandant of ltalaklava, Colonel Hardin?, has already changed the aspect of the to?n, and I/ird Kaplan, wto tfce chief officer* of his staff, is aga>u visible at Uie camp, at tbe port an>l in *he line- lhe Indium mJ accuni-i lated filth, which rendered this sojourn of British troops untenable even by the uncle in animals, is swept u w iv . A naval arnenn), will storehouse# , has riH' u under tiie cliff. lhe troops have invli provisions, and even vegeta bles; huts have been erected, aud clothes distributed; large numbe rr of muler i:nd ponies have arrived for the transport seivice, and the a-mj has rogained an air of chteriulness and conflr'enoe which appeared for fomt time to have deserted those who were ioo? interested in its ivvlfare. Although we receive the intelligence of this salutary change with lhe highest sausfactiou, it must be ac knowledged that this feeling is mingled with othsrs of a more paintnl character. If order coald tins be re stored,- if tbe amy can be suitably provided for, if tbe generals and the btaff can find time to visit the qaartor* of the troops? if roads ran be made, and even a railroad laid down now, within the last tew weeks, what pre vented tbe accomplishment of similar results ior>< afof t is iar.poitslble not to perceive tbat the iinpul-e h is not been given to the officers In command of this army by their own rente of duty, 01 even by the beartrendlug scents tiiey have witnessed around thum, foi these iftey Attempted not to remedy, but to conceal or to deny. The beneficial impulse which has wrought, this change lias been given by tbe irdignant remonstrances of tbe people of England, through I'arliamcntand the pres* ? by the knowledge that a cum ml*, to* is sitting which will not allow negligence or incapacity to e.-eape with im punity ? ami by the pressure which has doubtless com pelled the Ministers of tbe Crown to hold tbe most ener getic language to their agent* abroad. 80' long, how ever, as tbe evil bas been abated, and a better stite cf things begun. It matter* little by whom or by what means this good work has been performed. The result has now demonstrated that we a? ked no more than It was in tbe power of any intelligent and attentive offljer 10 give, tor these improvement* have now been ett'eetsd by an army grievously reduced in number* and weakened by sickness; and we reflect with pride that the energy of tbe people has in some degree served to repair the miserable failures of the military department* and of the governmeiit. But with wbat feelings ot pain, of shamo, and of remorse must tbe men responsible for so much misery and loss look hack upon the past, men wbo must know by the stings of their own conscience* tbat every petty omission has cost hundreds of nolile lives, and cast a shadow on the glory of tbeir coun try f Wherever tbat sentence may lie, it falls with a heavy and unrelenting weight. Nothing can efface tbe guilt of every omission or mistake which care and energy could bave avoided; and, although we have never despaired of the result, it has needed all the vigor of tbis nation and the most noble endurance in the array to maintain it* ground through this dark passare in the history of tbe war. The peculiar trials of a winter campaign undertaken by a young army, most imperfectly provided for such an enterprise, are, as we have said, happily diminishing, but it cannot tie forgotten that we are .n a military post tion of conaiderable difficulty. It I* true tba' General Biown has rejoined the Light Division, whfoh be found in a better condition ttun he had anticipated, and that General Pennefather lias resumed the command of the Second Division; so that I Aid Kaglan has the assistant of tbe two most effective divisional officers in the army, Sir Colin Campbell remaining at the head of tbe Highlanders, who now constitute the main strength of tbe First Division; but it ft equally clear tbat tbe Kusaian commander* us making the earliest use of the improvement in the weather, and tbat they are pressing forward th? execution of works of great importance, both in front of the town and on the Tchernaja. l ord Raglan reports that they are en gaged in arm n( tbe redoubt against which the French dlrectec tbeir abortive attack on the night ?f the&'id of February, and that the road from Simpheropol is covered with wagon* laden withprovlaton* and muuitions of war. Asiuming these facts to be correctly stated, we have great difficulty in explaining them. The new Kusai in redoubt on Mount Kapoune (a* it is called in General (Jsten Sacker.'s despatch) is admitted to be a position of great importance, especially from the support it five* to the Malakhoff Tower, whefa is nor regarded a* the key of the enemy's works, lhe Franca attacked that position on the 23d of February with an Inade qnate fore*, their plan wa* betrayed to the enemy by a deserter, and, after performing prodigies of valor, the gallant Zouaves wen compelled to re treat. It teems incredible that General Canrobert ahou'd ? ot have taken the earliest opportunity to repeat fill attack in force, and, if possible, to dettroy the work be fore the armament and defences of it were completed. Tbe case would appear to be one requiring the moit im mediate and decided action ; but a fortnight had already elapsed tinee the 23d of February, and the Russian* had been mablsd to turn their advantage to the greatest ac count. Wo know not wbat prospect there may be of taking the town of Sebastopol t>y assault, but that chance muit be very small if it bs impracticable to storm and occupy even one unfinished outwork of the enemy. Agntn, we hearol large ccnroys reaching tbe north side of the fortress, from Hlmpheropol, by rosd* vi*lble trom our camp. If it be true that tbe allied arasiee hare nearly 100 0C0 men In tbeir lines, it seem* strange that they tliould not be able to detach force enough at least to threaten tbese communications. Tho expedition recently undertaken by Sir Colin Camp bell wss stopped by tho accident of a snow storm, but union* the allied forces are more closely beleaguered on the land *ide than the RnssUns in Se bastopol, it can hardly be Impossible to make a move ment beyond tbe narrow lit.e* to which our noge opera tions are still confine 1. Hie position of tbe allied armies Is precisely one of which a bold and original military genius might take advantage to retrevo the fortune of the campaign by a atroke of war It require* a know ledge of tbe oonntry and a knowledge of tbe rate of the troops to devise such an operation, aid possibly the General* may be awaiting the arrival of farther rein foreemente; but we have no doubt that some means ex ist ol playing the game with lacces*. and the q leetlon is, whether Lord Raglan and General Tinrobert will find out tbe next move. With the imperfect knowledge of tbe details which we possess in this country, it would be presumptuous to hsxard a conjecture as to what tbat move thould be. bnt It l* evident that, for many reason*, the allied armies cannot remain ttationary, and that the return of spring bring* with It the necessi'y of giving a different character to the operation* of a econd cam INCIDENTS OP THESfEOE OP 8EB43TOPOL. Tie correspondent of tbe I on don Amu, writing from the esmp before Sehantopel, ir entions the following in cidents, in his letters dated from tho 4th to Ike 7th of March ? Tbe Russians are throwing up n square redoubt to de fend the poeition which they occupied en tho 234 of February, and are advancing from it up towards tho French position at Inhormann. Wo bear that tho Strom bob, Wrangler, an* a French brig are blockading Oil sees. Tbe weatfcer s veey errfvf tbon, and the vesonla tkej idiaaad had bMB tar MM Um (m*g Ib. Art Ua bura, Hi ib# month ?f th* Dnieper, U very *trengl j tot tafled, Hd tbe Ritall have erected sorter batteries all alang the com* Mar Perekop ud Nicholatoff. t If war ii a great destroyer, It la a'aa a great era* tor. The Czar la indebted to it for a railway la Um Crimea aad far new road* between Balaklara, Kamteach, anil ."ebaitopol. The bill tope are adorned with clean wooden huta, the data hare bean drained* the watercouraee damned up aad deepened, and all thia lias been done in a few da j a, by the newly awakened energie* of labor. The noiae of hammer and anvil and the roll of the rail way train are heard ia theae remote region* a oentury before their t>me. The Huealana are working ia front of their batterie* like beee. No eflort ia made to disturb them. At the ar miatice the other day aome of the enemy who came out ?hook blanket* with the broad arrow and B O. on them, in the faces o' our soldier*. They are throwing np a new redoubt towards the Victoria recoubt. In order to ?trengthen oar right, which the enemy menace more evidently every day, the whole of the nintb diviaion of the French army waa moved over there to-day. Thin reinforcement will enable the alliea to give a good ac count of any body of the enemy whitsh may attack ua in that direction. The Faria Monitrur of March 21, publishes the follow ing deapatnb from General Cunrobert to the Mi ni*:er of War, oated the 27th February : ? Li Mar?jciiaI/? 1 have the honor to send yoa details of the coup ft main executed in the night between the 23d and 24th of February ia advance of our right lina of attack. Tie following dispositions had liean taken;? A doUehuvmt of cnclu*?ra and a detachment of artillery, two tiattaliona of the neund /.onavea (Colonel Cler), and a battallnn of the Fourth Regiment of Jlaiines (Commander llermier), ooiu mauded by General of Rrigads Monet, wero to c?rry the re doubt constructed by the Rus?iana in front of onr ru h t liuoa. Two battaliona of tlio litk and luth of the Line foriuad the reserve. The w hole waa commanded liy General of Division Muy ran, and, moreover, the operation wis nndor the an jerin ten deuce end dlrectiou of General Bosquet, commander of tba Second Corp*. The Kantian work had seme ambuacades in advene*, which, in the ot acurity of the nlt:ht, offered obstacles of which it waa difficult ta appreciate the dt-position or ktrenpth. The troopa deitlued for the attack stormed them and rout ad them, and, while tlie battalions on the French left and rentre overcame ttcae obstacles, the Zouaves, led by Colonel Cler, and having General Monet at their head, who had al ready received four wounds, penetrated into the redoubt under a heavy lire ot musketry, and threw themselves upon the infantrv assembled In a dense body inside. Thi. infant ry i eve way after a short hut severe Btru<gle, In which the detatchmeiii of Enaineera, under Captain Valeaque, took a t rillin o t part, as did also the artillery, commanded hy I.lmtcnant Delafosae. The Zouaves displayed the moat re markable intrepidity. The enemy had suffered considerable losses. Tt a ol Ject we had proposed was attained. We could not think ol boiling a position open on all sides to the Russian artillery; but we had shown them onoe mure onr superiority in action. The return to our lines was accomplished without tho en. my. who wero ?truck with astonishment, molesting us, not withstanding their numerical superiority. The riKivi, which had left the trenches to cover, if ne cessary, the retreat, did uotnioet any one. Our loss waa considerable, but not in proportion to the danger of this nocturnal combat, where our soldiers wore exposed nntil they returned to tne trenches to tho tire of the artillery ol the town. Our troops behaved admirably, as thay always dn, and I cannot praise them tuo uigh'.y. CAN ROB MM'. lhe Journal dt St. PeUrslourg publish** a fuller Ru? Man version of the attack upon the advuocod redoubt on the night of the 23d of February. It la an follow*; ? To complete the bulletin from the Crimea relative to tbe attack upon the !;elenghinck redoubt by the enemy on the night between the 11th and 12th (23d-24th) of Fein uary, we give tbe following detail* of thntatfuir, extracted from the report of Gen. OHt?n Sa "-ken dated 16th of February (27th), addressed to tbe late Comman der in-Chief of the toraea in the Crimea; ? Towards tbe evening of tbe 23d tbe troop* destined to complete tlie construction of the redoubt, commenced on tbe preceding night, were placed aa follow*; ? Tbe regiment of infantry iSeienghlnak within the re lonbt; the fourth battalion at the work*; the 2d and Sd in the interior of the intrenchmena; and the 1 at In the foiae. 'lhe battalion* of tbe infantry regiment Volhynia were advanced to protect the work*, viz. : the 4to in col'imas 0' companies beyond the placinga made in front of the redoubt, the 1st and 2d on tlie right of the redoubt, and the 3d on the left, In cclumna of attack. at 2 in the looming, after the moon hud gone down, which bad up to that hour orilliantly li/litea up the grotind, dismounted Cossack* of battalion No. 8 of tbe Black tea, wbo occupied theaecret posts in front of our placlngs, gave notice that the enemy'* columns wero frrmug in fron' of the trenchc*. At the Maine moment the chain formed of the 10th and 11th om panles of musketeer* of the Volbynian regiment opened a sharp and well main ainei fire, and Major Gtneral Khroustzneff, who commanded the two regi ments, advance : the firat and second hat'aliona of tbe Yolbynians, who were uuier aim* to tbe r!gbt of the re dvubt; but perce'viug that tbe enemy, who had pene trated through the space between the second and third battalions, waa air ear y attacking tbe redoubt, he made the two flrat battalions turn aliarp round to the (eft and fall upon tte flunk nnd rear of the enemy 'a coluiuas, while a band to-huna comtat had already commenced in the fotti. The enemy were Immediately thrown into di-o'der, leaving the Jus?i full of dead men. Attbeaame time the third battalion of the twelfth compauy of Musuetters of the Volbynian regiment, who we;e en the left flank, drove back the attack of another roiumn, which had advanced more to the left of the re doubt. Major General Khroustcbeff, profltting by this ad vantage, ordered to aound tbe cLarge. The brave Volby nian*, nnder hi* personal command, advanced rapidly, putting to tbe point of tbe bayonet th,: Zouave* and Marine* who endeavored to oppose them. The *tiuir?le lasted for some t me, but the Kn-niau bayonet ulti mate y prevailed, and the enemy fled in uisorder to their trenches. Meantime t'oh nel Ptib*?cbinsky, with the lit battalion rf tbe ?elergbin.?k regiment, which he cnmmind.i, Itsa ? d from behind the right front of the recoubt, and u i vancec rapidly to support his brother i m aria*. The ?iih company of Gren*di?ra, th* 10th company, and a detiitcbaeat of th* 11th company of the Vnlhrnian Musketeer*, joined him. nnder the coannnnd of C donel Svia'chtvsk v. Ihese troops, with druina beating, hast ened through tbe path made hy the Mapper* while seek ing tlie Volhyaian* in th" dark wbo were actually engaged with the enemy, they came upon a French co lumetliit waa advancing to support tlie Zoa ives. and defeaud It la the ravine, nnder the fire of our batteries and tteimers. Twice the tnemv attempted to renew the attack, but each time waa drlvea back with loss to tbe trenches. Finally, after an bonr'* combat at th* point of the bayonet, during which the Russian drum Tiera never ctaaed to beat the charge, the enemy was compelled to retreat, leaving In our power mora than 100 killnl, umong whom were eight cflicora. Moreover, our troop* teok 24 pnionera, of whom Ave were officer*. In all, lhe lot* of the enemy was not under 800 men, for during their letrent they were exposed to the heavy fire of the n?ighbouring bastion*, and of tbe *te*m?r* Via.l mir, Churaoneae, and Gromonoeseta, anchored in tbe road s teac . On our aide we bad 65 men killed, and 5 (ubaliern* and 23ft men wounded. NEWH OK THK CZAU'h DEATH IN 8KRARTOPOL. Tbe I'aria correspondent of the Ixinaon CKnmi'l , writ ing cn March "3d, aaya :-*? !rme unceitainty seems to be prevalent aa to the ex act date whan the death of th* Kraperor M -holaa became known la tbe Crimea; bnt 1 informed you hi my lettw of the lMh inst., that it wa* known at Seba'topoloa tne 0th The Aug-imrgh (iat-ttr states th?t Prince Menachi koff wai ill at 8eba.-topol, when he received intelligence of the Kmpernr Nicholaa'a death, and that the courier who brought It immediately left that pi ice for Sevasto pol, to communicate the news to General 0*tao--'a.:ken and that wo Grand I>uke? The latter immediately left for ft. Petershnrg. not, however, without having flrat sent their oath or allegitace in writing to the new Km peror, together with tbe official a*t declaring 'hat the gar-Tiara of Pebaitopol had also taken the oa'.h. The last crmmand of tbe Emperer Ni< holaa, directing that the de fandera of Seba*to|iol *hould receive hi* thanta, waa communicated to tbe garrison on the stpiare belore the theatre, with great solemnity, on tbe fttb. SPEECH OF THE FRENCH EMl'EROR TO THE TROOP*. Ob Tuesday, the 20th Marsh. the Rmpcror reviewed whole of the Imperial Guards, in campaign ng equip ments, am) preeented standards to the Cent Garden, with the following ipeeeh : ? Sou'ikka ?The ariny if the true lobiliry of oar coun try. It preserves Intact, from age to age. lb* tradition* of gk>ry and O' national honor, aid your genealogical tree Ik here, [pointing to the color* ] It mark*, at each generation, a new victory. Take, then, these fl tgs. I ccnfii'e them to your honor, yout courage, and your patriotism. Rapturous applause greeted thin oration. ASIA. FB06RK88 OP THB VAB ? RIPORTID CAPrUBK OP TUB TllRKIfH CAMP. The InvotiiU Ruw pubh'tics the following ? After tbelr defeat on the lflth June, 1 S.M, on the Tebolok. the Turke were compelled to remain on the de fensive or the frottiers of Uowriel; aod, to cover the r territory, they bad formed, near the Tillage* of !<e?tivy and Okhtchamoury, two intrenched camps, occupied by their advance detachment, to the number of two thou sand men in each camp. On the night between the 18th and 19th of January las, (Mth, 31st,) Captain Prince Gourtel, head of the Gouriel militia, attacked the Turkish esuips with great inectM. Cimsingtbe fronti#r near the bridge of Tebolok. be advanced rapidly en I<eghv, and vigorously charge d the Turki, who advanced to meet him. Notwithstanding their numerical superiority tie Torka were beaten. The militia pnrsued them into their camp, which they destroyed, after driving out the Turks. Mean time the Turkish troops who occupied the camp at Okht otnmourv. sdvanced to the support of tlioee at l?t hvy, hot on tbe road tbey were met by a division of the (Jou riel militia, under Ensign Djokeli, who, after a lengthen ed skirmish, defeated tlicm. On the flrst shots being tired, th? inhabitants of the neiibtwnng village ot Gonriel hastened to take part in the combat against the Turks. Their readiness is a proof of the good will of the frontier population. The lose of the Turks la considerable. On our (Ruseitn) side we bad four men killed and thirty-nine wounded. THE CELEBRATED FRENCH PAMPHLET. The Pari* correspondent of the I/>ndou Wtm. writng on March 23d, says ?I hoar that Marahal St. Arnau I's fsmllysre preparing an anxwer to the Brussels pam phlet. in so far as the military reputation of the late commander ft attacked by that publication They are prtparsd, it Is said, to show that the Marshal's plan of marrhlng upon Sevastopol immediately after the victory of the Alma wm? thoroughly practical, aad that the Russian" themselves were equally aetonished ?n1 de lighted that It was not earned into execution. Prince Mvneehikolf Is said to havs witten to a friend ?" How could tbey suppose that I had col lected <10,000 men on the heights of Alma with out withdrawing the garrison from Bebestnpolv" The Inference Intended, by Marshal ft. Amend 's frierds, to bo drawn is that the aided nrmiee might have pushed on aad stormed the pipce with comparatively little opposition. Home cartons private letters of the Marshal's addressed to hie family, are likely to bo published. One story In eon action with ^ this subject in, that when, after the battle ef tbe Alma, the French comnudn in|ilil immediately to folftnr ap the victory, Lord Htfln duihM a* all evente a delay of two days, to mt the troops. "Two days, ?sy lord. Ton are taking of ma half m j life." The iUU of Marakal St. Ar need's health ?m doaotleaa a ?<rj bad reaeon for andertaking a rub Military operation, bat the laying attributed to him illustrates very forcibly the eortalnty he felt that hia end waa at hand, and hia burning desire to illuatrate his dying moment* by K>ma great aiploit. Had his life been protracted but by the space of a few hoors, there is evenr reason to believe thai a desperate attempt to enter fwbaatopol from the north side would hare been made. Whether, in case of sncoesa, the plaee could hate been held by a force so unprovided with the com monest neceaaaries as oar armies were at that Uae. is a speculative question which I do not enter Into Bat this remark In obvious, that If Meneclilkolf expected the allies to march upon the place, and withdrew hi* army into the open field, instead of restoring the troops he had abstracted from it, be must have calculated that we should have tumbled into a trap. * future Management of the Dannblan Prln? cipailttea. [From the Ix>ndou Chronicle, March 24 ] A qoeetian which will at oace *? igross the attention of statesmen on the re- establishment of peace, whether that happy event be the consequence of diplomatic de liberations or the more probable result of the triumph of the allied arms, is the fnture political position to be occupied by the twin Prlnelpalitlo* of Moldavia and Wal lachia. Thn first of the four points which form the basis of the negotiations now proeeo'lmz at Vienna, and which, it is asserted, has b?en recognized by the repiei-tntative of Russia at the conference, refers di rectly to the Danubian Principalities. Inasmuch a* tbeir pi event position in atfectod, but their fnture destiny must be the subject tor later consideration. In ac cepting the Hrct of the fonr points, Russia consents to abandon the despotic protectorate over tin me pro vinces, which she had exercised in common with the Sublime I'oite up to the commencement of the war, nod to place tbem under the joint protection of the five Towers. At the preheat stupe of the diplo matic proceedings at Vienna, it would b) unwise to spe culate upon the resalt of the acceptance of one of tbe established points, as questions may yet aria* whioh will imperil the very existence of the Congress. A fast which must, however, result from the present conll ct ls4 the complete independence of the Moldo Wallachian ; provinces, snd it behooves the statesmen of Great Britain and France to bestow upon that subject ? so important | to the interests, not alone of the Western Powers, bat , a; so of Europe ? the attention it deserves. The past history of those unbappy province and the l assistance ttey raiiiht have atlorded to the cause of \ civilization in tbe present struggle, had their energies not b?en deadered by the supineneps or treachery of tfceir rulers, may. perhaps, not fail t j inculcate the ne cessity of developing the immense resources of those countries, by conferring on their inhabitants the bles sing* of a political existence. ? ? ? ? * * Several British and foreign contemporaries have in dulged in speculations respecting the future destiny of lime provinces, whicn would lead, were they accom- | pltsbed, to an unfortunate result. Thus, Austria, they have affirmed, will be indemnified for some prospective lots, equally speculative, by the possession of these pro- I ?luces. This argument I" alike unjust to Austria and to the Western l owers. Tbe former empire has interests at stake, in tbe present question, of an importance 'ar more vital than tint acquisition of these provinces, valu able though they be; whilst the Cabinet* of France and Great Britain are doubtless penetrated with a sentiment of tbe necessity of creating an independent State, which will divide the Ottoman dominions from its power ful neighbors. We have never doubted of the vitality of tbe Turkish Empire, but then its re sources can only be developed in a period of perfect tranquillity. This position can alone be realized by a territorial reparation from its northern neighbor. I'y the creation of a Moldo-Watlachian monarchy, under the protection of the five Great Powers of Europe, and assuied by a recognised neutrality against tbe dixastsrs o' war or invasion, tbe Ottoman Km p ire would be ena bled to pursue In tranquillity its regeneration. A State would at the same time be called into existence, posses sing ever; element of vitality and success. The indus try of the inhabitants snd tbe fertility of tbe soil would spredily transfer lntoa Belgium of the Kast tbe provinces which at the present moment are fated by their pblitt cal condition to be the battle field of conflicting nitions. Onr space <tt*s rot allow us to pursue theae considera tions, wbieh are of vast impor'anoe, as tbe future tran quillity of Europe, as well as the existence of the Otto man Inspire, depf n'l* in a great degree od the erection of an independent Power in the Moldo-WailachUn Princi palities. Belgium* The Inil'jKnibiicr lielgt of the 21st nit., states that, ?luring 1 lie whole of the previous i'af , it <ras ejpected that M. Dedecker bad succeeded in forming a ministry ? the bon Rentlemnn bim*e1f taking the post of Minister of the Interior; M Mercier, Foreign Affairs; M.Nothomh, Juatice; V.. Smite, Finance; M Damon. Public Wor*s; and General Criendl, War. Up to twelve o'clo.-.k ou Wednesday, it wax thought that thin Cabinet waS'lefini timely settled, wl.en, to their great astonishment. it be came known that M. Dedeeker had proceeded to Ijicken to announce to liii hHje?ty that be had bu?n unable to foim an adinlnm' ration. Interment of the Rrmalnn of Don Carlo*. [From u Trieste letter cf March 16.] The Infante I on Juan, second son of Don Carle* , ac companied by Gtzera] Cabrera, arrived lure y eater- lay nx rning from London, and in a few bourn after Count de . Mi nUmolm and Dun Hebaitian from Naples. Than all tbe children of lion Carton arrived here iu time for the lumral uf th?ir lather, which took place this 'lay. Count deChamkord, wishing to give a last mark of hi* alTeet'on tor hie relative. Den Carlo*- an ex'le like himself ? mine from Venice to attend the fuuer&l ceremony, and thin morning accompanied on loot tbe pre cession (roni tbe re sidence ef tte deceared to tbe cathedral of St. Just As It is ihe custom in Hpain for com not to appear at the funeral of their father, tbe three princes, sons of Don Carlos, were not prefent. Tbe whole population were on foot, aDd tbe streete were crowded, every one regarding with interest tbe Count de Cbambord, who, in a blink frock coat, and witboutacy order or sign ot rank, walkrid after the body. Pome French and Spanish gentlemen, long attached to tbe household of the deceased, and a number of Auatrisn officer* in uniform, aa well a* the principal autboritiea of the town, formed part of the MM cssion. At the cathedral tbe Blabop ef Trieaie offi ciated, aid after tbe rellg oua ceremony had concluded, tbe body waa conveyed to a vanlt under the altar, prepared for it* reception by order of the Emperor of Austria. An Irlah Letter from New York. John O'Connor, late of Parsoiiatown, Klng'a County, Ireland, addresses to the Ix>ndun Timm the following letter, under date of New York. March fitta : ? In tbe name of Cod and humanity 1 entreat you to one your powerful ani influential papsr to atop tbe emigra tion of my miserable eountrymcn from denr old Ireland, They are auOering all kinda of privation* bore? thou sanda supported on public charity, lo<lging la tbe sta tion bouses, and tbe thermometer 10 deg. below zero ; no work, an>l no chance of any In tbe tnidsfr of thin distress, 1200 people landed to-day. and thousands are expected Are the people mad that they thua ruah on death and detraction t Tbe American* are a liberal people ; they do all tbey can, but milliona will no* sus tain the p?or foreignera here, i-'oup bouses in all the ward a ar? daily crowded with poor. How cm it he other wine? Tne emigrants land here at the rate of 10,000 a week. 4?0,000 arrived laat year, and tbere will be more tbia yenr if not (topped by tbe interference of humane men in fcsgland. Tbe acene here ia beai trending. Ttie work in the wareroonta, canals and fac'-oriea, la sus pemled, wbieb adds to the mlaery I describe. TBE LITEST IHTVLLICEMCE. We bare received tbe following telegraphic despatch from eur Vie n an correspondent: ? Vies* a, Friday Evening, March '23. The Conference* are progressing favorably. The lecond point was either set tied to day or will be te morrow. It must be repeated that the question of peace at war ia not decided until the third point i* aettled. Paris, Friday, March 23, 1855. The new* from Vienna appears to be favorable to peace, and at Pari* people are dUpot ed to believe that tbe Conference* will be attended with a happy result. I/OMio.v, Mareb 24 ? Noon. Coniol* are quiet; they have not fluctuated !*' npon tbe closing rate* ef Friday. There i* nothing new frem the continent. Markets Lohdon Moxrr Markkt ? Frikat Evkmko, March 33. ? The English lenda opened rather flatly, but soon reco vered te the closing range ef yeiterday, at which t aey remained without further variation until late in tbe afternoon, when a sadden advance of }4' per cent waa established en new* of a rise on to-day'* Pari* Hours* The increasing ease of the money market, and tbe anticipation of a large increase in the bank'* stock ef bullion, contributed to the Im r roved leeliog. The chief aupply of stock continues to emanate from tbe government broker. 1 he progress of the Vienna Conference 1* regarded with much siisiet} ; but on every band nn earnest hope is expressed Uat the prevent auipeme, which acta moat injuriously on many branches of buiiaess, will be determined by government with as little possible delay as may be com patible with the exigencies of the national *ereice. The mcces* with which the Rusaian government ettU cant o te* to beutralise the edbeaton of Austria to tbe allies excites much impatience and distrust. Money cent nues very abundant, and the Lombard street money dealers have this day reduced tbe rate al lowed for money " on notioe" te 4 per cent. At l'ana to day the French funda closml nearly *( per cent higher than yesterday. The other eontir ?ut-*l stock markets present no alteration of Importance, ex empt at Frankfort, where Anstrian stock ba* risen near ly 1 per cent. Consols tor the 11th April opened at 92 X to re ceded tt MS <? X, ??<! bed advanced at 4 o'clock to <?S to f"r money the cloeing quotation was 92"?. Tbe official business report ia aa follows ? Three per cent consol*, for money. 92?,, X, X. .V, X, V- ditto, for account, 11th April, India stock, 328. Tbe return* frem the [tank of England, for the week ending tbe 11th of March, give the following result*, when compared with the preceding week : ? Public deposit*. ..?6,077,148 Increase ?249, MM Other deposit*. . ..11,1 56, MJ2 Increase 8.759 Keet 3,844,317 Increase 4.4(>8 On the other side of the account ? flovemment se*uritlee..?l 1,68.1, xks Increase ..?41600 Other securities 14,62l,?9? Iiecrsase. 35?|248 Notes unemployed 8,40ft,9f,S Increase. . SSI 91s Tbe emonntof notes ia circulation is ?1H,9M 010, be ?g an laereai* ef ?16,180: aa<l the st->ek of bullion la both department* I* ?14,201.243, shewing an increase of ?679,723 when eomparea with tbe preceding return. A. IINNI8TOIN A CO.*? CMt'lTLAIt. _ Ijvwpoot, Friday, March 23, 1A6S. Canny Mahkrt. ? There has bee* an active demand for cettna duhrg tbe week, which. theogh freely met by bt>U) ?r?, has enabled the* to obtain aa advaM* of 1-1M. te Nto'tf ITiSf JTSSi , for export, leaving 89,140 bales toTh.'tr^U *2f to-day are 10,000 bale,. Ma/kVt .uldV ^T. *> r , 6*d. Middling. .. ???? Falrlplaad S^d. MidJlinl m frade continues generally la a dail i^u?',u j . u?dtr combination of circunataaee. wStch "hV*JL acted 'or ao long a period injurioualy 0B it B^itlVZ matter ol much eongratulatloa that the elfe- 1 haa not been more aericua than it has jet proved to be ?a2S %t m' a0mtaX m r4ther f?Toribto thiT Manchester, the hardeniat tendency of the mttn. ??.' ' itatfcjf.3r,u' " ??' '? tSSS ST.-X firm F"ra h*? (mm qnfct but r^r-s^tW ?? ?? 1 white do., jer 480 lb,., 4u! TL. ' 41"- * Ai-hM? Only retail ales at pre* oas price* i n * good demand : sales 3,000 bole at 4i 'M to 4a. 4d. loroommon American. Spirit. of rarpeitin. Tbe Mil** have been lar*# at 33* oerewt TaII ? " dull at barely lant week . JrfcS. Utd^Th^l^S >i?? h?en fair, and IJOO tons bare been sold at a sli.ot decline from laat week's prices. Oil* 1,000 ton* nalm F? ' " ce--n1B bnaineaa has been coalined tS fin . f ' Dy?wood?. -There haa been a fair demand ? | , Puerto (abclio fustic have brought <5 15s an i "0 ,on' romlnpo logwood ?6 '? ?ro^" ?3 15a several anall lot. ot other kind, at preftou. pneer BAKIKQ BKOTHWLS * CO. '8 C?R0171?AB* ry ?i _ , London, Friday, March '23? ij P M r fi >.Po?th American < oubloona, 75h* ' %oV*''? * '^25l chiefly n?.iT?i . Uondura? were chiefly diaooaed ot at rutlisr oaslt-r rate*, from 3?. fio a 3a 10ti tnrn,* r il V*,1,*alLlD?' 14,1 ! J?llow metal, 12d. tohkum ? Ibe market cod times firm an<> th? ijunntitv offer ng moderate; 32 casks and 06o bags plaout on (>/ loa. at auction. realist very fall price., from F.tlLI' ,0 ^ fir1' ,ow "idling; 1,130 ba2< Fiift India weie naitly disponed of from 42n 0(1 a -Uh :rr r r(":i" <-???'?? Brrn at 47,. "l. f? g?rf ort'l *onin .TO'JSLtejSThrt h^denrariTi #,ow,r' ?n,i "toc?? *v..4.ur lid. on qbaiten returuei. Cotton? -The Minn for the week are 1 000 KaWh ?? li S.T t demand hi^n^.U Orltana waa^ 3 1Mda,,i ? iu.tot^n for mW. ?,P,Bl?8' k( ? In tlie absenoe of pcbh'e sales we ha?? haoa'at0.*"? k pb0r du" at y0e- Cutoh flat 500 baRs at auction bioiiRbt 26a. Od. a 27h. Gaoler duU at 20?. l^acdye? che?ta partly sold at for K i UattanK? ...IM bundles Batavla aold from la. rtd a 2s' 6d" &.,W001-'h, t0U8 ,uiaed brought ?7 17s' as?2XsC *.2. "'.iz'iiZr '"?'??"? ? -sa; I-*BB Without change. Western in kegs 48s. a 50j Lud au 1 Common pig ?21 Ids. a ?^1 16s J?OA? lb# Jirioe of rsjls bts advanced, in con-snnence of fom? Urge orders beliig in the market, and w- ncr,>? the pr:ceto day ?fl 16s. friie on boar. I in Wal-?, Kar, ?7 Scotch pigs 67s, (id. for mixed nonib?rH in the Clyde import into thU port during th7 ra,t weik is 6,677 ijrs . nearly all from theKakt imltes. Most of tlie late airiyals from Calcutta are of in'erio" uuilit/ snd *re difficult of i^ale st about 67s. ; fine xamplei ar? fr/mTh^ A eiP?rt nt 60? ? ? ?0s. la floating Cargoes ire m the Azov no bua iusam is reported. in Va^iil0^ ^u>er? ut re',uc^ "tea. Boston 12s tfd barrels are held at ?11 16a. a ?11 JS,*??."?'!!****** Klo?ticg K%tKM* are Of. f?i'./ e Ouba moscoyado, and lis for clayed. m?r gl PU llc salf h?'1 brought. ?125; in com mot flsh no alteration, l.tnseed, for prompt, delivery ?4. -7,a. f V ^ ,or ,'"m? coemption and eiport, at fr 5 f"*f?turV,*i1T,rt*s there is 1<? ioqniry sellers /urar up te July. Hape? Retined >< Us sloelr ?t I ds. (or OS nut, 41s. a 43a ; palm, 3> a 30s ?rrV? v''";'1- ano on the spot little doiag. ' Benga', to "d. u l?i8. fid. 1 vo cariro?n of fcmcan * 5??mkk Rl>* Tery quiet. 1'roof I^ewarda nominally 2a 3d fr?? 7C7rmrn'?t~, 0f'8 bar" broa?ht fr?rt0tt.m?cee ^ tVi, ,or ,ow to R '-d for fair red. fa. 3k peeper^I ^d' a i^*"/,! ""J *'??" Portia, found buyer, from 4*J a for biDirftpore, tbe remainder beinr h#?n B'mly at the?e prices. White pepper. ?105 bags fair Hpgapore real |Zeo from 7d a 7',d. (Jinger -42? cases Calica*. were dl<poMd of from 3fl. a 43s tor fair to^i ?crsned. Cassia Ilgaea -?fio case, brought trZmfiZ a 2 ' ??<1 K'O cases cassia yera, 37i. M SrMTKK quiet at ?V3 6s a ?23 10s on tbe spot. Sm./r.? Th? demand baa been moderate. Prieea gen hhJ/ .r^h:i ^;irJ TL'' ?"? of We.t India are 2*030 bhtia.. and ?6 000 bags Mauritius and East India hare beer olftred at scflon, of which abont tiro thirtls wsrn 12'? H*T,n? principally sold from .Vis. s .. s fd. (or middling to fine rellow; and280bhls 'Joo fITr or'? l?ico "ul1' "ltb "plyit a; full rates.' Pri In 7 ?!rn j."'0*0 h,l,s Mauritius are reported sold afloat at ..s frr Pr. tol, and 1.200 bags ojay.d Manila 27s. ' 0d. and 2,000 bags muscora.lo at fo? AlU%qd???t?:.t47,'M * 48S the .pot and p^^lk mUCh d?in,ir thl* wwk" <'?mmoB Congou (lr?1 Comnr.on bloeka 114a : bars 115s r.fin. ?. ? "'raits 106s. a lPBa. ; banea 108s a lioi Tr?P?n?B -Rough is difficult afT^ .t h. 3d Board of Councilman. ? The Boaril met at fire o'clock, pursuant to adjournment.? D. D. Connover, E?j., Pre*> lent, in the Chair. 1'he minute* of the la*t evening w?re read and approved. MUfl P IHKKP. The flrit order of the ?r? ning was the th.r<". road!ag of bill*, the report of the Committee on the I aw Depart ment, in furor of paving Chatham atreet, he. with block pavement*, wan rend for the third time, and faaaed a.* prevtoualy amended in rommittee of the whole. Varioua petitions were referred to appropriate com - mltteee. RKWILmOMI. Directing the Committee on Ferriea to re per*, on the expediency of ??1akliahing a ferry near the foot o( Canal utraet, to Jertejr City. Keferred. ?iiKi?u to UQCoa uiuuam. Councilman Hrimi moved. ? That the ( emptrolier be directed to caoM to be in *erted in all Iraxex, all grant* hertinaftei tc be made of any of the building owned by the Corporation, a clause prohibiting the paitie* of the aecond port from n?iag tb? ptemitea for tb? nil* of t pirituena llquora. Referaed to the Committee of tbe Whole. nir. mw pnucx bill. Councilman Thomad Coop? moved that tbl* Board call upon tbe Legislature of thl* State to ioe*rt a clause itto the bill now before that bo?ly, organising a n?w Hoard of I'olice Cottiuiin ion"-?, ' that the said b U be submitted to the people of tbla city, at an eletian to be h?* Id for that purpose " Five member* objecting to tbe toolulioa, It was laid over under tbe rule*. CUUNWO KTRttKT* A communication wua received from tbe Commliaiener of htneu ami lamp*, in anwer to a reaolu-.ion of the b< anl, atatlng that no contract* had been made by bits with an; person to clean the ntreeta but with the con i ent of the Major, he had a**ign*ri the Second ward to tickle*, Smith & Co . for a trial of their sy* em aod ma olber emchinery, igrteing to pay the aame ae had been peitl to plojer* engaged in aaid ward. Ordered to bo printed. The Hoard adjourned. Police Intelligence. THE PLIK WHITI CAM? AUBBMT OF TBI: COMPLAIM* A NT ON CBAROB OP CRVRT. The inveatigation in tbe matter of Plln White, charge 1 with embetihng about $4,000 worth of diamond jewelry from William Taylor, ofCbamberi (treet, waa continued yesterday in tbe txiwer folic* Mart, before Jn?t ee Con nolly. At the conclusion of the examination, Mr. Tay lor, tke complaitant to tbe eaao, waa arrested by ofBoer Martin, of the fecond Diettiet Police Court, on ?'war rant ii-nued by Justice Hrenae?4P^'l*r" "8 ^im wuh having charged more than legal intereet for money* Waned, The compla.nant. Mra. Augusta Woodworm, of 2'. T. Mulbtrrv *tr?et *tate* uatfm tha Nth of February la?t mi* depoaited n quantity of goo a with the aecuaod ai.d obtained a loan of ?n the aame, by paying the mottn'v mm ot ?? 40 bra. W. alao abarge* tbe e?-ueed with having at other timea chaigel illegal iBtareet. Justice Brennan bell tbe accused for exam. nation o? the charge preferred a?ninet him. CRAPOI CP P amino worthless mowht. Fnoe A. Oeborne^a* arretted by the Tenth war 1 polio* on Thuraday night, charged with having paeeed a two dollar bill en the Merchant* ' Rank of Aaaeoeta, U. C. It la alleged that the aecneed pa*?ad one of theae wonhleaa bilia to Mr. Dougherty, at tb? grocery store oora*r of (.rend and Clinton atreota, in pay moat for % g*M nag. Mr Doagkerty, ttadiag that tha Mil waa a*alll***, paew lafevmatroa ot the nccueod to tha Mima, who with

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