Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 31, 1855, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 31, 1855 Page 1
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THE NEW MORNING -%t* Tl "5" T T"1 ? TB A T T\ I Uttll XI Hi IX ??1j JLT. EDITiON? THURSDAY, 81' 1855- PRICE TTTO CENTS arrival of the pacific. ?ME WEEK LITER FROM EUROPE. THE WAR. Important Military movements in the Crimea. Two Hundred Thousand English, French, Turkish, and Sardinian Troops to Operate in the Peninsula. RESIGNATION OF GENERAL CANROBERT. Appointments General Pelissierto the Command of the French Army* ?Important Russian Proposition to Austria and Prussia. The Probable Neutrality of the German Powers. Martial Law Proclaimed in the Princi palities by Austria. J The Administrative Reform Movemeat in Great Britain. Opening of tbe French Exhibition and Exe cution of Planori. mPROVEHENT Iff COTTON L\D CONSOLS. OUR LONDON, PARIS AND MADRID CORRESPONDENCE, Ac., & 0. The Col'ins mail steamship Pacific, Capt. Nye, from Liverpool, arrived at her dock about seven o'clock this morning. The Pacific arrived out at Liverpool ten Minutes to two o'clock on the afternoon of Sunday the 13th. She left Liverpool on Saturday noon the 10th instant. The P. brought one hundred and thirty five passen gers, among whom we notice tho names of Mr. Robert McLane, the Amtrlcan Commissioner to China, and Mr. J. Carer ly Hall, of Cberry Valley, an American mil lionaire from Australia, who has made a fortune by keeping a botel in Melbourne on the Australian plan. The St. I-ouis arrived off Cowes noon of Friday, the 18th, anl proceedod to Havre. The news brought by the Pacific, although not of de cisive Importance, is of varied Interest. The siege of Sebastopol was progressing very slowly indeed, and as the tslegroph was in the hands of the government ex clusively, it was difficult to decide from the Imperfect hints mpplied whether the besiegers or besieged gaiaei the most advantage. Symptoms have transpired of extended operations be Ing about to oommence on tbe part of the allies. A force of 15, CCO Turks, French and English hastily embarked on board alfthe available ships near Sebastopol, and stoo I away in the direction or tne Sea of Azoff. In a day or tw> they returned and as hastily disembarked, Omer Pacha and his Turks making all speed to ensconce themselves again in Eupatcrla. The French government was la possession of telegra phic accounts from the Crimea, stating that there had been heavy rains for some days, the trenches were fall of water, and operations, for the foment, were lmpos ?ible. Reinforcements were still waited for. General Cenrobert had reviewed the entire French army, and assured them he would soon enter Sebastopol by either the door or window; but he afterwards re signed the command in chief to Gen. Pelisiler. A Paris correspondent of the Indepmdance itiiUi '?General Canrobert stiU suffers severely from" ophthal mia, which has for a long ttae aillicted him; and it Is doubtful whether he will wHble to Inlsh a task to which his courage, to say the least, was never Inferior." The first Sardinian division went straight to the Crimea. Negotiations between Anstrl* and the Western Pow ers remain where they ware; but between Austria and Prussia relations are becoming more Intimate, and have for object to preserve striot neutrality. A Vienna despatch, of doubtful authority, says that Austria has agreed with the' Western Powers on a final ultimatum to be presented to Russia. This l< at vari ance with reliable advices. Count Neaaelrode has issued a new circular; contents ai yet unknown. Telegraphic intelligence, just received, from Berlin and Vienna, falls to confirm the report that Count Nesselrode had resigned. Russia has directed her representative at the Court of Darmstadt, to notify all the German governments that Russia will only hold to the first two points of guaran tee, on condition of the perfect neutrality of Germany. Apropos: Count Coronlni, Austrian commander-in chief, has proclaimed martial law In tho Principalities. Constantinople letters of the 10th ;<ay that tbe capita tion tax on Chriatlann is finally abolished. Christians are liable to military service, but will form separata corps. * A new imperial manifesto hts been Issued at St. Pe tersburg, in which the Cisr orders another levy of twelve men per thousand throughout the seventeen Western provinces, and to be completed by the end of July. France and England have pnoontsd an ultimatum to Sweden, to which the Swedes have replied, by incorpora ting their militia. In England many incidents tend to mark the demo cratic change that is coming over the nation. The Queen has condescended publicly to bestow medals on private soldiers In the streets of London. In various parts or tbe country "administrative re form" meetings have been held, and In the House of Lor<s a debate on Lord El'.enborough's motion drew forth aa extraordinary amount of democratic speaking. Rumors of dissension in the British cablaet gain giouad. Lord John Ruassl is said to be the Impractica ble subject. | In Parliament, on the evening of Friday, the 18th, Lord Panmnre stated the details of certala proposed re forms in the army, having for object to consolidate the ?'civil depaitmente" of military affairs Quiet has been reetored In the Ukraine. Tbe clipper ship Great Republic has arrived at Mar nellies to embark troops. It now appears by a telegraphic despatch from Ma drid, of tbe 11th init., that $e nomination of a suscss aor to Senor Dueto, as ifatifetat to the United States, will be deferred until after tbe arrival of the next mail from Havana. Our previous advloes announce 1 the ap potatmeat of Senar Santa Alvares. The Paris Exposition has bean opened; as a spectaole the opening was a failure. Plaaori, the would be assassin of the Emperor, has been guillotined. M Fonld, father of the Minister of State, died In Paris on the 10th of May, In the eighty-ninth year of ^Admiral Mackau, Seaator and ex-M.nlster of Marine, at Pari* on tfc* 13th of M*j. Th ? txtcniire prraiMl known n the AtlM Iron Wotks, London, and employed In the manufacture of ahotand shell, had fallen to the ground, and Injured several of tbe wcrkmeo. The King of Sardinia Is rumored to be negotlatiag a marriage with Queen Victoria'* eldest daughter, the Piiacess Fo} al of England, There bes been an eruption of Vesuvius. The IJverpool.cottoa ?.?r*et bid bwn * further alvui o* of ><4, The cmiI trnie continued iteadj. ProTwiona g*uere!ly active. Honey pleat/. ExcUugei tletlj. Bullion In the Bank ?f EcgUnd had iner<aa?i ?126, 000. Coniola w?re quoted evening of Kriiay, 'he 18th, at 89% a M.V ; French four and halfa (at 1'arU) 03f. S6e ; Three* 68f. 2 Sc. IJrerpool freignt* to the Cnit-.d State* firm and unchanged. The following U a list of Americana entered at the Banking' houre of Llringaton, & Co , Pari* W II Babbitt, Q Richmond, T B Clark. T P, T Hillu, C A tiraene J Haremnn, II W Piits V Jari'iay, O Yarret J Uarriicu, C Fitzhoxh 11 balaao and daughter. A JUnp, B I'aea, S I. Parinly, W 0 W illis. New Y?rk; J O tirei lorr and family, O W Gregory, Mia* Hauderaon, A M J lieudvrroB 0 LLefaan, T U Norrii, Mia* Norrii, Nnw Jor Hj; Mn C W Cbario ?od family, 0 l.ombard, J Hathaway, M?nachu??tt?; J V Plume and family, Ur M Kabe, Valpa rain; J Mueie, L Roienbuxs, Maryland; F Grabs, Turkey. Our London Correspondence* Los no*, May 18. 1855. Palmerstcn in a State of Siege? A Sorlit -England's ?Taney Coming Nan?Tra le with Russia ,| ?Severe fighting ? lietigrui'ion of General Canrootrt ? Gtneral Pclitsier? Nationalities? A Polish Address? Execution of Pianori? Opening of the Paris Exhibition. loid Palmers ton la very Much in the position ofPdnee Gortschaioff. He ia attacked on all aides; bat be holds bia ground, and every no m and tben unmasks a ne w bat* tery, and baffles all tbe attempts of bia enemies. Than, the other n'ght, to tba astooi-hmeni of the ggg ?? ^ ing bard pressed, tbe noble Premier took out of hie pocket a long document on army reform , which he read to tbe House This unexpected sortie, kept them quiet for a time. Layard has in Tain attempted to get a day for his impeachment motion, and has at last declared that he will bring it forward when the House goet into Committte of Supply? that is to say, Thursday next. Be fere thtn Palmeraton will doubtlese hare thrown up new entrenchments. It is nevertheless true that " tbe fancy man of the English people," aa Lord Ellenborough facetiously called Palmerston tbe other night ? has not respondel to ths expectations entertained of him In fact, it Is one thing to be in opposition, and another to be in power. The advantage la generally on tbe side of the opposition. The opinion Is that the Palmerstoa government will not last long, atid Lord Derby is the coming man. On Tuesday Lord Albemarle brought forward a motion for the restriction of trade with Russia, and proceeded to show that, owing to the laxity of the block ?de, and by the indirect trade which had been carried on through PruFsia, tlie ptop!e of this country had, in fact, contri buted ?iO,OOO.OCO to Ruioia for the maintenance of tho wnr t been argued fli-t the articles so imported i nmVe? that tallow and hemp could not be zoia other garters. This was a fallacy, for products could be supplied in abundanse oui o?n co'onien. The proper policy of the govern: meat was to cut oil this supply of the sinews of war ircm the enemy; and this could only be done by a more eflectudl blockade and by restricting the overland transit of Russian produce through Prussia. Nor should it be forgotten that there was a peace as well as a war party inRussis, wbope eflorts would be strengthened by a po licy such as he bad indicated on the part of the govern* ment. Lord Stanley of AWerley agreed with Lord Albemarle in the importance of restricting the export of Russian produce, but contended that the bio :kade already estab lished, as it bad diminished Russian exports by 60 or 60 per cent, could not be called ineffective. A? to the pro. hibitlon of the transit .of Russian goods through Prus sia, he aaw no means of effecting that object, exespt such as would Inflist the minimum of loss on the enemy with the maximum of injury to ourselves. After eome further discussion, ir wh ch Lords Gran ville, Clanricarde, Derby and Grey took part, their lordships divided, when the numbers were? For the motion u Against it . . .....V........ ... ' 47 Msjority N thing 01 importance has taken place in the Commons , but Layaid's motion is looked forward to as & fieij day As regards the news from the seat of war it is pretty much of ths same tensr ax usual, lliat Is to say, th > siege continues, the Russians make fierce sorties, and, inch by inch, the allies get nearer the town. In a grand review held by General Caerobert, he said to the tro?ps that if they did not enter by the door they should ente by the window. An expedition to some other part of the Crimea is en the tap's, to cut off the Russian rs sources. An expedition had actually sailed to Kersch but had done nothing. The Turks under Omar Pajha fcave returned to Enpatoria. They feared a grand attack at that place. The 15,000 Sardinians hare arrived in the Crimea, and will doubtless prove of good service. I en close you the latest telegraphic despatehej (which are up to yeeterday) from Sebastopol. The last despatch has somewhat startled the public. General Conrobert is deprived of the command of the French army. It ia true the despatch says )>e has resigned, on the ground of ill health. He is succeeded in the chief command by General Pi-lisaier, and Canrobert remains (at his own request, says the Moniteur) as commander of PMlssier's corps. There Is seme mystery about this. Ptrha. ? Louis Napoleon thinks Felisnier is a mjre dash ing general. In my last I informed you or the re signation of Drouyn de l'Huys. The political at mosphere is changing. Walewiki, the new Mini). t? of Foreign Affairs, Is of Polish descent, by his mother; Persigny, the new ambassador to London, is for war to the knife. Russia having refused to accept the oilered terms, and Austria not fulfilling her promise to draw the sword, it Is rumored that if necessary Louis Napoleon will appeal to the nationalities. The insertion of the subjoined addresses in the Moniteur gives a color ing to the romor. They are, in fact, appeals for the restoration of Poland. The very fact of their having been published in the Moniteur has caused considerable sensation throughout Germany, and raised the hopes of all the liberals in Poland, Hungary and Italy. Kossuth is writing strong articles in the Ix>a<!on Alias in tbe seme tone. But here ere the editresses The following is the address to the Emperor, presented by a deputation of Poles residing at Paris and ia the neighborhood ^?*rrTh# ?olVlh **fng?*s in France most eagerly unite their voice to that of the Fiench people to expre/s the joy thev feci that the crime attempted against your life has had no other result than eliciting a universal sentiment of horror at the attempt? of respect and de votion to yenr Majesty. It is s tribute of gratitude which they pay with ardor to the chief of the country which grants them so generous a hospitality? to the nephew of the hero wlio was the regenerator of their eoun.ry- the glorious Emperor who makes every Polish heart beat with hope. Deign to accept. Bire, the homage of the most profound respect, with which we are Your Majesty's very humble And very obedient servants. The e'eputation consisted or Prince Czanoryski, ex President of the government of Poland; General Chrza riBski, General Ckanpki, M. Theodore Mbrawski, ex Minister of Foreign affairs in Poland in 1830, and M Adam Mlckiewics. The following is the letter adiressel by General Rybin tki to the Emperor : ? Sike? The Polish emigration thanks (iol for tlie p-e eervaticn of the life or yeur Imperial Majesty, which the enemy would like to destroy et e moment when It Is combatting the enemy not only of France, bat of Eurooe end of its Highest Interests. ^ The hope or a calm end grend future which prevails at the present moment in Europe cannot be reelizsd Hire except by your truly providential and heroic initiative' Without you Europe would stand still, or fall back Into perdition; with you its veritable chief, it will advance boldly towards it* tee dtstioies. Poland has religiously maintained with love and vene iation those glorious traditions which, taHen np and d? veloped by tour Imperial M?ie,ty, open a new eposh to r ranee and to Poland; end, by tae union of thoM two countries, to the greet Ku rope an family. Sire, Poland hopes everything from Divine justlss, end in her faith in your Majei i,y she is convinced that that justice will only be adminhttred by you. The sentiments which I respectfully present to your Impetlal Majesty in the name of the officers and soldiers 01 , oM ?rmy are shared, I em assured, by the n Poland. She woald not disavow me if she were to express her mind. Yes, fire, suffers, ei.d she 1 looks towards the West, where she only beholds and loves your Imperial Mejeaty. ,uff*rings of a whole people, its hopes raise prayers to God that He m?y Jlefe sty *' and (aspire your Imperial most humble and most de voted servant, ORV RTBiNSKI, Ex-Oeneral-ia -Chief of the Old , ^ Polish Army la 1881. risnori, the men who Bred at Louis Napoleon, has paid tbe penalty with his life. He wee decapitated on Mendey morning, at ft o'clock, In the usual place of exe. cuHon of the prison of Roquette, not far from ths Bes tlle. Tbe spectators were not men.v at that eeriy hour, ftnd it wm onlj oa the sreeing before that prJsrs were' sent round to the police ag*nts to be ready for duty. The Ave cat General Tie. ted him an hour before his exe cution, to learn whether at that terrible moment, when the world wae about to dene on him, he had any dis eloeuree te make. To the question of the advocate he answered by a stern and single negative. lie died and made lo ilgn. H? was led to th? scaffold, which was in the tquare of tte prison, in the costume of parricides? a black veil thrown over his face, a long shirt coreilng him, aid hi* feet naked. He was pale, bat hi* tea tures were calm ; jet the e!Tort must hare been strong which produced that ealmneas, for on hU chetk bond wae a blight hectic spot, which told what pashed within. As he stood on the scaffold ha cried " Vice la Keittblique," and the plink to which he was bound turned the moment he was a^out to repeat the cry. Y?t i'anori caauot be coqsI "ered, even by th < most ultra paity, a political martyr. He wat a vulga ml*cr.*aiit, who had already committed erinies sufllcien to earn such a doom. In the faubourgs It Is rumored that it nas not I'lanori, but a manniquin, that was goil lotined, and that the reel person (who, of course, was a police sgent) has been sent out of the country with a jasjport. liaiio tan made hid appearance again at the Italian Opera here. Charles Kean has brought o\jt Shalupere's " Htary VIII." at the Princesses with regal splendor. In its way it Is a maateTplece. Madame (issuer is earning L,?o?uM? at I'rnry lane. She has a good voice, and sings admirably. Alboni Is singing at Dublin. The amateur performance before the Queen was moat sucoeasful. A third performance will be given. The weather is stilj very cold for this time of year. Hount Vetuviua Is In full eruption. Oar Paris Correspondence. I'aris, May 14, 1855. May Weathir in Paris ? Prepar Mions for the Opening of the Grand Industrial Exhibition? -Personal Interest taken by the Empress in the Progress of the Works? ?Scenc Presented by the Building on the Day Previous to the Opening ? The American Department ? Incomplete Appearance of the WMe Exhibition? The Price Bread in Paris. Whatever may b? said about the proverbial charm* of the mouth of May, the subject is dimply histories! an far an our present experience ii concerned, for mrer in the memory of man was there surely a month so little endowed with charms as the one in the midst of which we are now living. The wind boxing all points of the com pats, bow west, now driving northeast; a moment blow ing from the balmy south, and before a man can unbut ton his coat, it is due north. Then floods of rain and pool* of stash, and dark and dreary clouds, fill one's bead with thoughts of suicide or at least of Influenza and aggravated tailor's bills. As for the fairsst part of creation, they aal their beiutiful toilets are in a state of eelipee. Here and there, In luxurious vehicles, they may be dimly seen, but a French woman generally cares little to go abroad unless she can breathe the free air, with the head of the carriage down, and her eyes free te gazt and to accept the aJmiiatiou she justly believes her due. In the m!<Ut of all this the grand universal exhibition lifts the veil, and invites the whole human ra:e to corns and wctder. Tomorrow the installation is re illy to take place. The tmperor and Empresi yeiterday (Sun day) spent more than an hour there in the midst of paint brushes, carpentering, unpacking, upholstering, and the pound of the saw and hammer excoediag loud. The Empress wen the heaiti of the busy hive of exhi bitors and workmen by the lively interest she took in everything, and the judgment she displayed iu her vari ous directions or suggestions. She moved about frealy hither and thither, like any other domestic lady on hos pitable thoughts Intent, disposing her houss in or lor for her expected guests; and when about to mako her exit from the busy scene, tlia tolling mass of humanity flung down their tools, and iUtirg high in air their casquets, shouted " Titc I'Emperalrice!" till the glass roof jingled in Ita iron frame. Anxious to fee what progress bad been male towards the ceremony of to morrow, I visited the I'alxce this morning and Bpent two or throe hoars In looking about me. If thu dilat urines* of French workmen Is deservedly astonishing to the Saxon inlnl, the extraordinary high pressure they can apply when necessity Imperiously de mands it, is cot less so, as is proved by the pi ogress effected in the last forty-eight hours. The colossal chaos Mems now fairly emerging into shape and form, and the vast laboratoiy exhibits palpable symptoms of Us ob jict. The building gradually loses Its cold sVeleton-like proportions, its ribs disappear beneath soft textiles, warm to the touch and gorgeous to ths eye, and from its crystal roof floats an exquisite melange of banners and oriflames that streak the arched covering like a rain bow and fling an air of gladness and gaiety over every thing. On the right and left of the principal entrance floats the tri color, over which hang the forked stream ers or oriflames of the principal departments of France. On tbe opposite side may be seen the union jack of bag land, next to which, occupying a greater length of exhi bition space, preud.y waves tae sturs and stripes of the United States, followed by the banner of the delgic lion. Above these are suspended tbe local flags of the principal towns of England, Ireland and Scotland, of America und Belgium. In one of the niches appropriated to the Statt Unit, with American emblems on either side, haags a gorgeous crfmron drapery, surmounted by a crown. Within its folds (re ccticealed golden chairs of state. lbs spies before *s spiead with Gobelin carpeting, flanked by beeches covered with crimson velvet. Here it is that te- morrow, the Emperor and Empress, m the pre sence of the high specials, the Senators, legislators of tbe empire, thj diplomatic corps, and the beauty of France, will take their feats, andrece'vetlie address of Prince Napoleon. If many of the objects of industrial interest are still wanting, If huge pc.ct.iag cases, emp-y glass armoirs, and an American district drear and de sert as a prairie in the far West, show how much still remains to be done, the deflcieucy will not bo felt to morrow, fcr every niche and corner will be 1 ke beds of beautiful flower?, with ladies in erbning cos tume, with gentlemen in court habiliments, and with brave uniforms that In Franc : are never wanting to add brilliancy to the scene If a background be needed, the church and law officers cf the crown will furnish it, and It cannot be doubted that frhen muilo lends Its aid to a spectacle glittering with magnificence throughout, the lofty galleries and supsrb area of this palace of crystal and marble, a more xorgeous and enchanting panorama it will be ImpoHKisU for tbe eye to rest upon. Ihe scene at ths present movent, however. Is a sin gulsroae. Such a Babel it is sot eaiiy to imagine. The noise is a fit apprenticeship for the next Sebastopol bom bardment. thousands of workmen are plying their dif ferent cailicgs, and the variety of trades and the inge nuity proper to each could nowhere bs seen to suoh perfection, or present such a con, pie te coup d'ceil. How can I attempt to describe it? Here is the marbrier anx iously superintended by the sculptor, putting together bit by bit an altar piece on wbkh all the wonders of his magic chieel have been expended. There Is an armorer blacking cannon balls and arranging In baautiful Corin thian columns muskets, bayonets and pistols, and cut lasses in such exquisite stars, and mortars and terrifle guns in such lamb like repose, that every little urchin on seeing inscribed the words "Marine Imperials," im mediately infoims bis mother that henceforth he de sires nettling better than to be a aailor. Then there are men fitting up glass cases and writing letters of gold, tinpackirg cablnetrie of buhl, marqustrie sad ebony, so rare and beautiful that you tremble as their rough hands come in contact with it. Every where you turn, some fairy transposition breaks suddenly upon tbe vision. New a group of ar gentine frein England, of that snowed enl polished silver which attracts 10 much admiration In Franoe, alike frcm tbe beauty aad pc:ul.anty of the workman ."hip as front the classical designs it illustrates. .Mi- a a bale of ledia's cashmercs, so soft, so luscinus, no flex ile that vou envy the fingers which unfold them to your gaze. While a l this is going on, workmen are hurryiog to and fro, carrying hugs mirrors, rolls of carpeting, long <"eel planks, p<ejes of l'arian marble, rich In sculp tured grace; pots of paint, tears of artifleial flowers, ele gantly bound b oka, sampits of priceless lace, of sci jut'.flc machinery, of porctlain, of glass, of everything, la fact, under Heaven; and all Without any contusion, ste?ridg each their wsy through the Intricate masses of illeri, or earnest snxious mindsd exhibitors without, appar ently, a H?gle contretemps or accident of any kind. It real)} struck me that the scene as tt was, couH scarcely Vs lets interesting than the exhibition in full comple tion. talk of the treasure* of Solomon's Temple, of the baibarous wealth which enhanced Its glories, as ?on stand in the gallery of tbe French Palais de 'Industi le, and survey Us proportions from end to end, glowing with the looms of the world, glittering with t he precious metals fabricated with such art that their in trinsic value sinks In comparison of the cunning skill that fashions them, and gladdening your ejes with proofs of scientific progress of such maiterly character, that your heart swells with sxultation at ths expanding dignity of man. Carrying your Inquiring, dellglitod glance over a scene like this, you feel tuat Solomon In all bis glory was never arrayed like such a temple as ibis. It Is a consolation to those who are still afar off, be tween whom and it the Atlantic rolls, that this fa moui temple of the treasures of Industry can not pcfMbly attain Its perfection for four cr five weeks vet to oome. Immense space Is yet unoccupied? not oaly by the United States, but by every other country (inoluding France) #xc*pt England; and it items, certainly, an ood arrangement to make the remainder of tbe month of May tire trine days, when it wiil < Iter le?s gratlflcatlon to the visiter than ths irnnths which follow, in which but ons Qve traac vaj i* ths wtel Is to be reUued As jet ?Mrtai department is tiieweeeeeedetiee for the coamw ' K?? trt told of fie iacMufcte, tt j'nh th? taka v. 'r njrm so?? fctOT . of edible* aid drinkables on th?v ? an orier for ibhlC fabulous. One geatnaiau I 1rir? tw/ U (Mi) iloxrc of pate ?>, and tiatfls enough ^V' Kt?oa rcereaat mu ot Israel out of fcix mum/ ? <k*t? are fifty f ibm each. and begfltfo JPV ,iA' tht*> The gentlemen of the piths nra to bo tlaram gratuitously : but, unhappily for jHfagWk ani U?n ahead y itnpt^f.ocated the ?i: w Vaijpilt, ^ will, I bopt, tberefrre fairish it.- reafAfftf men t pblc sketches than I eouM pretend I sha'l, bO\ ?w, bow ana thou, n turn to toe sub.jeJ^ M in ?ueh fc u?>?? of wraith there is enough ana to xpare for all, though, bad I pcneetjed n press tljket, I should hare bad bet?*r oppoiluoiiics of taking notes than will b? op? n to ma an ao ortlirary visiter. H.e HanUeur nu ion roes that the price of bread, which th? cuL-ic'j. at great sacrifice has hitherto down to fcrty centimes the pound, must, cnnnidar- I tu< ti o nuuibtr or strangers now (lowing to the city, he rained to forty fire? <ex sop t to tboaa who are too poor to I ay tbiH auvuitrntatloa ! Such pi r ties, on application, will be furnished with eft^s for fifteen dars, renewable frtm time to time, permitting thrm to pay the original piice. Ib's suy be called an imperial sop to Cerberus. BERTIE. P.AR13, May 10, 1855. Opening nf the Exhibition? General Description of the Coup d'ceil Presented by th ? Interior? Inauguration of the Building by their Imperial Majesties ? Detcriplinn (J the Cetemonial ? The Imperial Throne Placed in the Airier i an Department ? Addrets of PriUct Napoleon, and Keply oj the Emperor? Character of the Exhibition <? itself. As if the clouds of heaven bad gathered togethar ex pressly to evince their mocking scorn of a temple railed to the geniui of Peace, when tbe whole world, on land and sea, was bristling with bayonets, or covered with deep mouthed canron, they hung like a funeral pall over its crystal roof, and pourtd torrents of the pitiless ele ment on its marble aides. But what is there that will stay the determined sight seer? Long before tin o'clock, files of carriages might be seen urging their war in the direction of tbe Champs El; ices. Groups of pedestrians clung like swarms of bees about the porehes of the Palais d'Industrie, and for t>noe wind and rain and mud failed to scatter to their homes the well dressed population of l'arb. Men knew that two days ago the building was little mora then a ?bell? that twenty thoniand pierages still remained un opened, and that, beyond their own dear selves, there wculd probably be Utile to refroah the'reyes; but not a whit daunted, still they crowded on, and sighed for the opening of tbe doors, as if the treasures of Cali fornia were there to be seen and shared, and now or never was their chance. By tbe great kindness of tae Conmissicner of the United States, (Mr. Field,) who on learning my positive relation to the Qkraui, exertaii himself rt great personal inconvenience to proaure me a card of admission, I enjoyed peculiar facilities for witnessing the ceremony to advantage; and I desire to take this opportunity of pubKcly expressing my ao kno* le<"g nents to thit gentlemtsa for his courteous and readj al'ention. On entering toe palace I was again struck by the Immense progress effected in twenty-four hours. 81xtecn hundred pairs of hands, it seems, had been occupied during the entire night; aud I am told by Ihose whose habitations are only divided from it by a narrow road, that the noise, the lights, the shadows flitting to and fro, tbe hoarse murmur of voices uttering English, French, Dutch, German, Span if-h acd Portuguese sounds, presented one of the strangest scenes in the world. The interior of the build ing is painted a Cim lilac, admirably suits tbe variety of color* spread out to view by its negative ex cellence of non-interference. The compartments of the immenie gallery which prevails throughout the vast oblong, called tribunes, may be said? speaking roughly ? to be about e%hty in number, thirty on either siie and ten at each end, in spaces of thirty teeteach. In stead ot stores of industrial produce, glowing with the wonders of tbe loom, of manual labor, cf science and art, living masse.-., bearing in their persons every species of industrial ingenuity, and by arts peculiar to t hems? Ives displaying theaa to the best advantage, occupiid their place Frcm their elevated position, they looked on th vast area below them; and, not withstanding the aogry aspect of the ikies, which refused a single ray of gun shine to the lake of glass which composed the roof, the eight was cne of those which cansot easily be forg tien ILe large arched, painted windows at either end throw a faint lingeen several elaborate works of art which occupied the centre.of tbe area or nave. These, for lite most part, coo sis tod or ecclesiastical subjects, wbich, froia tlieir elevation and spiral character, artistically broke what might otherwise have proved a monotonous level. On either side of these were pessages through which a doxen persons might walk abreast, and the division which bounded the n>ive from the un der part of the galleries? likewise full, or to bo tilted, With industrial treasures? was formed by beautiful glass cases containing their several wares. At 12 o'clocx the doors were closed against all further admission, and at ten minutes to one, the caooon of tbe Iavalides an nounced tbe departure of the Imperial cortege from the Tuileries, The instant the booming of the funs broke upon the ear, a manifest change took pla e in the go rural aspect of the building. Parties in tbe tribunes, who were scattered in groups in tbe rear, pressed forward to the front, snd all faces wero dire -.ted towards the centre of the nave, to be occupied by the Imperial party. The fient of the galleries on all sides presented a quintuple row of head*, ibe ladies being cbietly in the tore most benches, with their rich and varie gated toilets. The vast area below became peopled with a living hive, who, crowding up frcm underneath 'ho tribune* and from other parts of the pilaw where they Lad been seeking to wile away the tedious hours of expectation, looked from the galleries like a dark and chequered around. In wbich were embedded the bases of the beautiful statues, altar pieces, lighthouses and fountains? rr.aible? which rose sbove at. The Etnperor and Empress had now commenced their procession from th ? Tuileries, an 1 sijps the day of their nuptials to much state has not been observed. First carte a aquacron of curanslers of the Imperial Guard, headed by their fine band; then tho*e state carriages drawn by two horses; then two others with six horses, Wring the ladles and cfiicirs of the Imperial court; then another carriage and six with the Princess Mathil tie, and then a splendid equipage, glittering with go d and silk and lace, in which were tbe Kaperor and Empress. This carriage had eight horses, by the side of which walked grooms in the imperial l.very, and following were the Cent Gardes, exciting universal admiration by their brilliant uniforms. A squadron of curassiers closed the proce'sicn. As the cortege passed on the troops presented arms, the drums beat, and Ibe bands of the different regiments played " Partant pour la Syrie." and the rain, which had hitherto been deluging tbe streets, suddenly ceased its waterspouts, anl gal SLtly suffered the gay cavalcade to reach tbe 1'alase of Peace unmolested. Bat within the industrial temple ex f lactation had reached its utmost strain. i<orgnons were eveKed v ith merciless exactitude at tbe department of tbe United Stater, where tbe throne was erected, by one half the spectators; and on the department ailottsd to France, where the imperial entrance was to take place, by tbe other half. A hundred and fifty musicians, who for some three hours bad been sitting in tantalizing re pose, suddenly filled the building with the straits of tbe national air, and emerging from beneath a splendid crja'al chandelier wbich hung from beneath the tribune which bounded the long corridor, covered with crimson carpeting and garnished with works of art, tbe imperial cortege, glittering in gold and wavlsg with wlitte. plumes, appeared, and tbea slowly tra veled the centre of the nave, lined on either' si le with the bodles.of the Senate, Prefecture, institute, Municipality, clergy, judges, fee, which the time would fall me to enumerate. The avaht couriers of the procession slowly fell off to tbe right and left, and to 3k up the Motions previously assigned them; and then came thfffflfeerial pair? the Emperor, as usual, hab.ted In a field inr: she i s uniform, the impress in a pale green sat'o row, with deep white lace flounces and a brilliant diadem on the fore part of her bead H?r appearance was, an evtry one exclaimed? and no other words can ex pie.' s it ? earittante ; her complexion looked more than uauaJiy transparent and beautiful, and as she gracefully stepped across the gorgeous Ghobelin looms from '?France" to the "United States" to herself on the throne prepared for her. even a republ can might have isubm.ttea to such constitutional invasion, and kissed the feet of so beautiful ? tyrant. At all events, after euch a passage, Mr. Joule's misadventure must bs for - {otten, snd the entenlt cordiale between America and ranee ccnsldered In the ascendant. Prince Napoleon then advanced and read tbe following appropriate address, whioh is worthy oi attention from Its non -protection snd non prohibition character: ? Sire? The Universal Exhibition of 18M opens to day, and tbe first part of tbe task wbich )on confided to me is uniabed. A Universal Exhibition, which, at any tine, would have been an impoitant fact, becomes one uuique in b'story from the elrcnmstnneee in the midst of which it takes place, franco, engaged for the last twelve months in a anrieua war, at MX) leasnes distance from her ftantiers, sl'>rioualy oon ter.ds against her enemies. It was reserved for the reign ol jour Majesty to show frames worthy of her pait reputation in war, and greater than she has ever been in the arts of peaee. The Ireneh people show the world that whunever its ganloa is understood and well direettd, it anil always be a great r ation. Allow me, rite, to point oat to yon, la the name of the Imperial Commission, the ohleot which rn have sought to attain, the means which we have mad<v?se of, and the re sults whioh we have obtained. We wiihed that the Universal Exhibition should net he merely a competition to gratify enr*.oeity, bot a greet meant of instruction for atriouHuto, ia'.oitiy and commerce, as w ell as for tbe arts of the whole world. His to he a vaat practical inqnlry. a aaenna oi bvisging industrial foroea in contact with eaoh other; raw materlale within the reach of the producer, and products ,n? within that or the coacimer; it is a i ew step towsrds pe^Kstiea, that law whioh eomes from the Qasater. that 'aTet want of brmanlty, and that la diironsaVH condition fcl social rrxaniaat on. Smm minds may bfcvs been alarmed at aneh a competition, and have eonsht to retard it. bnt von wiehed t'mt the flrjt yes* sot yen reiai should be Illustrated by in exhibition the node world, Muw'nc tn t'ia'- the tradition i M ?he b(?l ?i?i*iVC, (h the. U?? uf m MJkibUteai* tauawtUf r r i lik* fmnm< with Ma*, tad In* Mac aaWaaal It he* beroai* >.t>(?er*4l. We have i?Uuwrd oar aeuhbon and allies, who here had the glory of the Unt attempt; we have complied it by 0 til V.uu l^e b?aox arts to contribute '.hair work*. ?j v ?r corektutod ilia iicpeiul Cuamioi >n on the 14th Iecerortr, InM. tmr flr.t labor *a the general regula tions appr?v?d ot t.j a dejrte of th o Hth April, now be coin# the cnn?t.tml\e law < r the Exhibition, aud computing ? new elautf aMioa, wbleta we ihlnk more rational. Tfce nio>t perf'et aecoiti lite prevailed anion* thi m -m lor* of tho oooimiaeiou, and 1 am the more happy to at ^te this fart, ai the t?nd*ucio?, the opinions, and the starim* piti.te of my eolleajiu a ?> re ess?u<lai1y This di Yer?ity of opinion eulighwm 4 without impeding at; the iia P perl suce ot our mission removed all dlsaenv We tare b?-n naturally guided b? two precedents -'he >tdiaaiy t r^ich exhibitions, sad the Universal Exhibition ? I CM Stair modifications hiwe. however, b.ou unlv ull ?? ' a view to liberty and protest a lt>. have o.tablished for the exhibition an exceptional oi? If*. tariff. from which the word prohibition lua been torn* ? All productions for exhibtion hnve lieeu admitted eflaeed. v at an ad valorem duty of A) per cent. We mot inte FrnrK 'est co operation from the custom houee autho wl'htboUav to that oar foreign visiter* will atr y a?ay rltire. and I he, -ab'e iciproaalou of their relation* vtfu that i hem a fxvo? department. hns been applied to the oonrcyanoo of Thatatuo libera lit) hioh wo have taken on ourselvos from irocdr, the vxpeuaevf > ti.e frontier wba . was done in T.ondon, tho ar I!y a hold 1 tin oration e* 'ir priots ai&xed to (hum. All tide exhibited may have thv 1< b lndatlritl qnaiMons will those who occnry tlwm??lvi-? v i9 principle, and the oonae nnderatand the un?. rtaree of ti. notwithstandinn certain (inenceB which w?y remit Iron it, <XiH*uu) tie* iu i>? applioAlkm. wnl-Jil themsalTM In tha be?x arts, t wo ftjiUmfl pfb. t 10<ar4 to tho ulmnlii ,rtiA.?CTli4l)i'iOB bo for WOTha, with ?v Arjmlitimr L r dead; ?,r for artists, fc> ?"-.v ?ln"'uul5 ill '.lvtngT . ?h.oi p? . ? *renKly advocntsd and >*>ot iJmpa wished lor a , ' t m i. j ili oeiitnr) ; but it wa v .? Tef the dlfhauUl* an eaeoation wiiio jeScfirtd wlthon* revision all rhe works of foreluu i *r tint 4 beau admitted by their committees; wo have oillybeA.sovorefor ourstlrus. Tbe tMli o( > jury of suuiistionjsailfftctiH Mil ungrateful one, and particularly in a univcrfYFexkibitioD, whore the principloa of ordinary exhibitions were no longer snpticablo, an 1 wbero the jury bad to select the weapon* of Franoe in ehisgrskt atruitda. Tho insufficiency of tbo building caused 119 serious litli culties. lb- oonstruotion o.* a speoial building having been i?t aside, it was neoesrary to innal curaolvss in tlio Kxhi bition Palace, the irosnvonionoes of w hieh arije from it not baring bi en established with a view to at vast an exhibi tion. We sre anxious to impress on ycor Majesty and on all Buroro tbat the ea.tornets of persons to exbib t has been so Keat that space bus been wanting to us, notwithstanding u 117,840 tuuaio metros of auperiioles, out of which 03, 900 are for oxhilllors. Having be-m cum polled to recommend a great reserve to the cominitteos ot adtnisiion, w o could culy d?p*rt irom it according us we wero able to dispose o( a little inoro space. This want cf entcmlle at the oomoiosoment of MPBratfaM interfered with the regularity and the justice of the admiHMons, and rendered still moro dllUou't the task of the local committees, to whom I am pleated to render how age for the co-opcratlon which they have affjrdod to us Untoward delays have occurrod in the works, in spito*of the aotivity and intelligence displayed in their direction; but too much waa presumed on what it was pouible to d<>. This vast and splendid Palaco has beon conntru^tei in lass than two yare and is not yet completely flulih*d; wo tboijlit that the be-t msr?ns or hastening the completion of it was to instal the exhib ition in it, the oponiug of which could ret bo any lender delayed. The 1* paration or the building devoted to fie b*atix art* was, in the first place, admitted to be indispensable, aid that provisional building was completed at the parlid fixed. Astl 0 Exhibition acquired devolopeinent.a new building wis decided on. While 1 was in the Kast, in tho service of Franco aud of your Majesty, an unntre of 1,2(0 yards la length was built ulon* the banks of the Sein This anne re which is to oontain machines in movement, will beoomplotol in a fortnight. A few week ? ago only tho Panorama waa found to bo in dispcniablo; it is to ho surrounded by avast gallery, whi :h nil! put tho principal building in communication with the anneie. and which will bt ready iu less tbaa arnonth. 1'non the Exhibition will be oomnlote. 1 l our country it is usually the government thatoharges itself with a 1 treat undertakings; to order to cheek ths 01 apgcratioa of tnii tendency, yonr Msjesty hai givon a groat impetus to private industry. The 0 impany 1 1 which the working of the Exhibition was conooded, was to fiud in the price for admissions remuneration for tho capital employed in its const motion, andbenoo the necoMity for a price ot ad mission. We have, however, protectod ai much as poisiMs the interests of the people, by obtaining the reduction of tho jriee on Sundays t? I'D centimes. Thanks to the catalogue, which has been drawn up with (treat activity, we are able to point out tin number of ex hibitors It amounts to not loss than 20.0M. of whoa 'J, WO are French, ard 10,800 foreigner*. The very nation at which wo aro at war hat not beon ex cluded. If Russian manufacturers had presented them selves, and submitted to the rulos estailistiod for a'l coun tries, we should have freely admitted tbem, ia order to tlx the line ot demarcation between tho Sclavonian countries, which are not our enemies; aud tho government, the prepon derance of which civilized n.itions have to combat. At the close of the Exhibition, whon we shall prTO?) to your Majesty the rojomp'nscs to be awarded, we will be able to judge of the results of this xrcat Exhibition, whluh wo bog your Majesty to dcclare now opened. To thin address the Emperor replied an follows:? My l)e*r Censln? la placing you at the head of a coramif. sion, appointed to surmount so mauy d.ffi-ulties, 1 intended to gi\e you a special proof ot u y confidence. I am bappy to sec that you have s > woll juntuic i it. I request you to thank, in my name, tho commission for tho onli'.htenod at tention and the indefatigable ieri! th*t It has given proof of. 1 open, with great pleasure, this temple of pcace which in vites all nations to ooncord. This ceremony oyer, tlie Emperor an-1 Empress mail* the tour oi the palace, preceded by tUe chief oflV:eri of State, and followed by the ladies of honor. Nothing eeecird to sflorri the many thousand *p?-<3Utor* mrre gratification than this. Tne air reverberated wiia en thusiastic shouts, and, as at each burst of caseriot?, the beautiful lady, so eminently th# ob;.?rved of ali Ob servers, and, looking on this occasion, froai the peculiar disposition of tip lustrous diadem on her head, so pre eminently Imperial, bont and smiled in tbat graceful, charming manner, so completely her own, the enthu siasm broke out beyond all bt>un<ls, and one's blood fairly tinged with tho sound of voice*, vibrating like the roar of the sea on a lee shore. Yes, anl the sun, so stingy Of its ben tan, did vouchsafe * i(l*ldening ray, as this Queen of llesuty stepped into the People's Palace. Hnd the c'ouds broke up their gloomy conclave and scudded oil, the I.or-1 knows whither, as; bowing her last adiea, she quitted its balls to proceed on ?* n >r? in mt jeatic style thiough tho grand avenue of tlie Champs hJysi-es, and retorted to that home which no Queen ot Frsnce ever more ??xqut?it ly adorned than herself. With respect to the Exhibition, per se, it must be confessed tbat it has. as yet. littlo to attract the hun dreds of thousands of travellers who are understood to be on thrir way, or have it in contemplation, to visit it. The few articles exposed to view may be said to be chiefly for the purpose of setting off to advantage the ceremony of the inauguration. The temple, denuded of its visiters, is still a colossal desert? a monument of the dilatory mind of man. It will require another - month, even with the present high pressure, to justify its pretentious character, and something must be done to protect the public from atmospheric vicissitudes. If the sun shine*. people will be stifled with the heat; and if tie weather be as it was yesterday, the Indus trial Commission had better advertise t'aat a hearse, mourning coaches and a chaplain wiH be always at hand for the daily victims. Yesterday we were tU exposed to a state of tborcugh draft, that mads the stoutest of us shiver and shrivel as with the ague. Every one, too, alter a durance of some four or fire hours, was sighing for some refreshment, and it seems weederfu! ? if only for the sake of the large profits that might have been secured? that some temporary accom modation was not prepared; but nothing was to be ob tained, and it appears that the n-fectoirc is not likely to be completed for another month . There Is no doubt, however, that the Exhibition will, when finished, immensely exceod In quality its fore runner of London. BERTIE. Parh, May 17, 1855. Glccrny Ti m Taken in France of the Results of Lnri EUenbormigh's Motion ? Curious Declaration of one of the French Ministers as to the Bfftct of tht Internal Divi sion s of EngUtml on the French Alliance? Feeling of the French Government with regard to Russian Progrtss in America ? Gitardin on the Cnitei State*? The Affair of Pianori ? The Moral Effect cf hi t Attempt on Vie Emperor's Life upon the Public Miiul?The War ? FnUU Accident to M. tie Saint Oeuve ? The Rush of Strangers to Paris, etc., tCc. At a ministerial soiree, the name of which I am not at liberty to mention, held on Monday evening. In ths Rue de tills, the greatest anxiety was manifested respecting ths mot on of Lord EUenborough, about to be brought forward in the House of tords; anl at no t'.ms sine* ths commencement of tho war have I remirke 1 so gloomy a rstrofpect of European affairs in general. I could give the name of the minister who uttered ths following sen timents, but were I to do so, ths censorship now so rigidly exsreiped on tie Hkrald, iu respect to its ad mission into Franco, would not only bs redoubled, but myself, as the suthor, probably hutftsd up aud a pass port placed In my hand. "Tbs truth is,'' sai l the minister, "ws shall never do any good with this alliance in ths actlvs prosecution of the war. Nsgatively, rather than positively, ths An glican ocnnection is of vast important; but this cannot last. Already a Urge party in France, wh oh had no ditlacli nation to the war, ha* fallen a way from us, and mainly owing to ths stats of ths > ogl'tb government. The uistocratie families bsyond ths rmnrhe play with their government as ws do here at a gams of balls, and in ths end? so long as tbs people, ninny like, look cn? they may succeed In steering the ves sel of State. But a new dynasty and a new era, such as ws havs In France, cannot fall to bs crushed by the oscillations of so cumbrous a machine. If ths movie n of Lord Ellenborough slfsct ths overthrow of Lord Palfliers'.ou's government, th* con eeq nouses In Francs oannot fall .to be ssriously felt. It Is true ws havs no reason to aatlclpats any changs of policy In h s successor; bnt In England ws hsar of a Urge pesos par ty making head, and the lata attempt on the Emperor's life has sensibly insreased it; an<l shout 1 anotW eh*n<e ot ministry taks place, additional Importance) would accrue to such a party. As for ths Empsror taking any other than an onwaad course, that Is impossible, ss we'i m'ght you tsll ths man who dashsd through tbs oarnin* flame to save his Ufe from tho biasing, tumWlKg roof, to stop half wny ; th# Impsror. like his anes?Aor, c*a oaly wan r?w? befoit *e?otiate* on" Bui U?? ars pstitow <?? *f0li England: and though It if not probable that ah* w* ?ver taka part against him, a popular d*m?astr*ti*? might any day compel her to a position cf par* ?*??? tkn. What u* all rtgrti. moit, it tht Ruttian yrogreu in America. That uniortunate speech about what Franoe and England were doing in th? East, the/ wo *14, if neceaaary, accomplish in the Weit, anl which cam* from th* Tuileries when, Uushed with the new alliance, It ww nerer supposed that Kasal* erer seriously intended to face it, has done Incalculable mla ehief. The Emperor had hit eye at the tlms on Spain ? that rook on which Napoleon le Grand split ? aad the prominent conduct 01 M. Soulc induced him to put th* sea; to a speech which may be aald to be the only fool ish one he ha* made since his accesalra. We all feel tha immense necessity of cultivating a better feeling wi?b the United States; we perceive that Ru'iit has, for * long time, been digging and pUntisg in that fertile toll, while Fiance was supercl ioualy neglecting her ancient a'Jy ; we now know that no art, no conciliation, no ener gy has been omitted by the Ru?*ian embassy to aeaur its good will? a good will which t'ne Imperial government witntsttM with undi?gul.ed chagrin, and which it Ala tinctly undfrstacdh must be neotrallxed if possible. " It wai at this point of the conrersatlon 'hat one of ta* princes joined in it. "Of all people," he observed, "that reaemble the French in manner and habit, I consider th* Americans to do ao th* most. EagUsh or baxon they may be, but, far rrom the humid air of the mother country? from th* overwhelming domesticity of th* parental stock? free from tha feudal servility ao com o'TS&toKSK ?naV;/nJ ful1 ?f tbtt order rt. tU in the sigh t of^*a .nd rn i 00?,ciou5 ?f fr^ bom ea b . * *ho "?me wm.U xlatue <?aie t Jl,tio?uiah Frenc^ ?*?????, th* tion n.'U. it, nothing T S liwkiSS ffT" it* thorou *h *?eptatlon, especially br the women ?5 dre'H ther? * or no difference to b? observed ? their do not, lik.t>a^h. niisteke material value for artU? 1?**!?* r.?:^tUr " ,U th*t O'tartilr w American organ '? "lightly diii!, it is ceHaia that oar language in their mouth in more euphonious than in that ol any other feigner. U it not strange, then "hit iuch * people should .*?? lo?t to Krancer Nature has dona nine tenths of the wot ^ ?f conaUlation: the poller at Koyernment haa nothing to do but to demonstrate a rood spirit. Our departments, x ?>?r towns, our metropolis ate full of Amerisan citiiens our luxuries are theirs?' onr taster axe identical? our minnow assimilate- and jet we kisi tbe hem ot the Unlo.*? Jack which wartra and flutters aa uncertainly an the b^a* that apreada ita minting to tbe ?iew, and we ahut tsur e/e? to the aUr ?'e advent, piercing througn thi* "elats of feudal ism, in reality lighted our first anoestOr into the teat and ihrore of the Capets." ??id M Oirardin, "you are rlglrt, Prince : tha Americans au fund hare the strongest sympathies wltlr franca They are a people rising daily In importaaoa and wealth. One day they will dispute with Koglaad her maritime supremary, and wiU win it from a Power who is already struggling with the curse of Vento*? m aristocracy behind ita age. For my part, 1 ahoull like ? "!? ?L* Lnit#d States conciliated in time; I ? liould like to see France making no difllcul and drEwlaS the cor Is of uaUm r J' and closer across the Atlantic. Depend apoa UnH - m ? iue pi ?l'oy; the time win com* when Ki* land will study her own interest, and be beforehand!* measures which would come with a far better graoe from ^ nl't i? V?e 0,11 countrr Mi the new, there la the natural antipathy oi the felino and canine raee. I do no not believe it to be shared in by the English in the same uegree, but it is olear that American sympathy la in the ratio of tenfold towards France to that of Ear land. I am rejoiced to find that the Emperor is te taU his seat at .the Palais de 1 'Industrie in the United .States department; I rejoice to find that the Imperial prlaoea avail themselves of erery oppc rtunity to cultivate tha y M ??? of American cltizeaa, and I hope aad believe that the Emperor hsa the same desire and de termination, for I am sure that the aspect of the vac dees not entitle him to neglect the sympathies of ao im portant a section of the human race, and' so rast a por tion of territory and intelligence." MnrilKuh* ? co?vw"tjon took plaoe on a eanapie. Se !? the embrasure of an oriel window, I waa . an unavoidable listener. I hare no reason to knew that it would not hare taken place had I presented irysclf* and as I think the sentiments uttered are of a nature ta promote good will, 1 do not think I am atraining toa for mi C?de ?l h?n0r bj rePe?ting them. I do so mot Pianorl, the would-be-re gioii!e, has und arsons the laat ? v' ? l4w' 11 wtB found that his antecedenta a bJifte iT "" ?xte?&lion> ?d that to remove suola a brute irom among the ranks of humanity, was ta esutL ?uy * "J1"1 *Wi0b di,fi?uwd ?*d degraded tha eaith. It was done so in the quietest possible manner, iiu us me was never onee alluded to by Um> press after hla appeal had been raa^e, according to cuatom. three days hou?snn?PWh'Df !ue ""tonce; within twenty -four "Wiof ltir^Mtioii, the guillotine effected its l.lood* tflice. No ifveUtions?if be made any? have been dl r.'f ?? th*re cannot Le a doubt that the wretoh by bi^at tempt in the Champs Klysues. has given a ae* nous check to that onward course of Napoleon which * ^holders, and bringing the moit incredu/ous to nave faith in his star aa leading to 'lit ?? * Frw,ce- 14 la openly said now, ?iat tha Kmprror is once mors on his trial, that it is no v to ba KU'*heti1Vr,he is,th# m*n of genius manyUrelatts? ? 1,11 memorable disputes with the . iitioaal Arsembly, il is not forgotten, that till he eat the gordUn knot by the famouVa/Jp he Si gn fe brU tfu?[denti41 ? ??t d LtaJ P.y talent, nor any inreative qaaiiQ cat on , it was only in oairiar tha llerv ? ? - he could not quell, an/ in co^ctLig them "Jletfy ? the frontiers, he sprung forth, like Minerva ?uahB ?LJ"plt^' confessedly a great man. Since whick all has been coultur de rotr.. His ancestral nimr ? t *h0Wr0? ^er.t?eth. has couched like a jo uac i!f. he hV "truck the soil of France witki his rod, and the people have not only given him their ? ' 'l1" the fairies of old, dropped pearla fl precious stones from their mouths as thev spoke nmn l0?f treasures, and beuntifully into his lap; tbe country, far and near aa well as Paris, Is glittering with new palace. w^d7 new acqueducta, new boulevards and parka; but i4lt? i if ?'e?nti *nB?d to the teeth, Area a doable bar relled pistol, and the charm Is almost broksn, though the bulieu^wtas their aim. Every one seaJn. to^. J. %? u "certainty of hnmaa affalra flashes upoL fL?m, .and all eyes aad heads are bmw wnrM t? , calculating the positive state of t^ worl ? It is pec<9elve4 that matters are Is rAtlitv at m. dead lock; that England, ejdtla her mighty fleet can da nc thing or little to al', that AusbiaT.'nSS & counted upon, that Prussia is three parts a declared that Kuss'a defies the Imperial eagle at Sebaa ^e entente cordxalehu hitherto produced .i. ^ spirit, ao man of the are. no renin# worthy of the occasion, and thft" ^Ns**? pol<on bae r? ally something In him, above aad beyond his fellows, the high eminence to which he haa aa daringly clambered cannot save him. Success ia chief ccrnerstone of his throne ; pull It away, aad tte whole ranishes like some baseless fabric of a vision Tte opinion gains ground daily, therefore, that ha will settla with Austria for her neutrality, and demand a pasnse tt rough the territory of Pruaaia; 'which caiwotb.t fES that I gwer into hostllitiea. The French armv? aa ?a say of young fox hounds-must be blooded somewhere an< , unless the new- born eagles of the empire caa aaar over the field of victory, they will pine atnty, and oaca morlllT? pl4C* ths ancient Gallic cock . ?' The most unquestionable result of tha negotiation* at \ :enna, writes the Contsitutionnel, "Is, therefore, at length to convince Fraaoe and Knsr!and that Mm only by force of arms they will be able to compel tka enemy of Turkey le transact within the oonditloaa laid JLpon lB<hcated. The road by war ia ri.cidadly the shortest to arrive at peace, aad the aeaaa wJU be ao nuch more prompt and eas/in proportion aa war rball be conducted with vigor and enerav " a ? * log of Austrian bad faith, it says " ThiaU a ealunuTt* but it is time she ehould justify herself otberwtae 4W? by words. Since Russia can only be brought to imuoZ by cannon, it ia neceeaary to atrikc hard and tMh> quickly. ClvPisation tax all to gain by the Tii^t in mumation of this duel between Ruaala andtUtML even were it at the cost of great efforts aad JTZwa^T That wbish, in the actual ait nation of Europe, would be worst of all, would ba a war of long duratioa. The literary world has sustained a serious loaa ia oaa of its most e egant and graphic writers. H. St f"7 .' ?' the Academy, and long a lloadai coatrlbator to tbe liters^ review of the Moniteur, at lO.OOOfraaZ per annum, has bee^ithrown from hla hone aad kiii^t npon the .pot. He %a one of the mo^W.i^'S fetich authors, and bin works will long hold aah?mfrJd place in tbe literary annals of his country ibe accommodations made for foreigners in Paris mar t^tha^f t?r th?* th* ,U|1T ad2 to tha list of public monuments and palaces that mar ba 0f ^m^sion? thai UesanT J>eli)ie, the celebrated mercers ia tha Rue de Choisaal. u^/toJkili l. of * ?( the first wa <L0n establishmaat, for whose artU n they make themselves reepoasible, (thus affording strangers tbe tiaeut of tbeir enormoa* V'oj, m' ?t of goods, without cayiag tha robe asaaer a dsuble profit) ? aad tbe conversion of the Kaisoa Valla, in the I liampt Rlyat'ea? the largest lodging house I* wis? into <eparate sleeping rooms, to be occupied lis the night. _____ BEftTIE.^ Our Madrid t orrrapondenea. MiNID, May 11, 18M. The DtbaUt in the Cirtee on IU \cu> Cunrt itmHon? T%* Neio ? Removal >f the Cottrner of the ins hbrnU-m** Intrigue* Agn.nit the jfded Rtgvtatiem* fnr the Royal Hr>uteholfi 7V Cho lera in Madrid? ?R'caU if Senor (Meto frjm Wcuhimg Um?Hii S hf'^mtor?R uinomi pi ofa-J*? Dyflc*it%e* Spain u nd t\e (Mtrt qf Rone. Tbe "Cortes Conaiitueates ' eeatiaua their dlsouaaieas, after baviag approved the artlolea oa baaea Noa. 1, 2, S, 4 and A ef tbe fotura constitution. The goverameat haa resolved lo take up a loan of ten millions of dollare, ia order to cover the deficit la the budget far 1M3. ariaiag from tha suppreetioa ofthetaxae on articles of prevf. slon and othera. Theee taxes were realised in a vieieat aad oppressive asaaaer, and the ir<t cry ia t?s* r?r.>i - > Wa (1 ItM; WM. "Dfff* with Ua frarfu?# tw I*

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