Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 12, 1855, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 12, 1855 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD liMKI SOBDO ? ?Blllft. PROPRIETOR AND E3MT0B. mm k. w. tram or mnaq axb vrutm at. VJ I.V5. <?) ?i ?icsar?. f>/>: ?M/L y herald. : ?*r >?r? .? *?? THE U hiUKL Y HERALD ?,r, iZturUiTm ?k <r?|*ra??ii*; f*< ???>?? ?iM?? . H 3bM, to a?v j??rt 0/ lirrat Bnlaim, ui lb to Mfpiri ?/ Ua '??<* to mrhtdt potp^ft. jit LETTF.RS bv M.,il J.r ???., .?<taaa Of rM AW i? a iwH to ur (A? paatojM tri U ha Ja.totSs< /r*a? *V01 " A TAX Y COJUtESPONDA-VCE, ?ntaM>? taw ta?l mm, tolicitcd jrtm uay qmarter of Uu *?rUt?yf m?d will beHbcriiUu p iid *>r. IfOui Koaaicin Miiwu. ?IITI AtS ClRTICVLlkLV ll?DdT(ll T* IUL *U Lbtts*h in rm??u ??t ca. WO NOTJVS tiAcn oj woonyatoua ComaMUMcttfioaa. IVi 4t? nor return tAo?? r tin ted. JOB PUXNTCSii titrated with mat arte, ihtafmmt mmd ^TwrERTISKMSJiTS rentteti tvtry ?Ja?. Vulw? XX lfa. 164 ABCSEMENTS THIS EVENING. BOWERY THEATRE, Sowar?? The Field or Forty fnvrsTCi-i-Mia 4a NIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadway? Fra Diavolo. BOSTON'S THEATRE. Chambara -rHr Sicdr PiRar Nw.nv - ittHiniNi iss Fithcchid- f Lliiiit ?wiokbors. AMERICAN MU8ECB? Afternoon- Class roo Mvch Bulje in f au.. E?auin?? Faikaellb. WOOD'S HINSTRELS? Meohiwnici' H *11? 472 Bnalwai BCCELEY'S OPERA HOUSE, (30 BroadWAJ-BceR RB?t'9 &TUICF1AH Or*KR A TROL FB. CHINESE ASSEMBLY ROOMS, 889 Broadway? Paro 1ABA or Ev ROFH AMD SlBGB 0? BBBAiTOVOL* PXBBAM'S BURLESQUE OPKBA HOUSE, 60S BtaaA way ? Ethiohaw Ovbua Taoum. New York, Tnttday, Jane IB, 1853. Alalia ftr Europe. WW TOR A HERALD ? EDITION FOR EUKOFE. A? Collins mail ateamahip 1 actfic, Capt. Nye, will tMTt thia port to morrow, at twelve o'clock, for Liver The European mails will close in thia city at half-part taa o'clock to-morrow morning. TB* Hrr^lp (printed in English and French) will be pwkliabed at ten o'clock in the morning. Single copiea, ka wrappers, sixpence. Subscriptions and advertisements for any edition of tka New York Herald will be received at the following piaoes in Europe : ? UnRrooL. . John Hunter, No. 12 Exchange street, East. LOSDCR Sandford & Co., No. 17 C'ornhiU. M Wm. Ihomas & Co., No. 19 Catharine street. Paws Livingston, WeBs it Co., 8 Place de 1a Bourse. The contents of the European edition of the Herald will embrace the news received by mail and telegraph at the office Curing the previous weak, and to the hour of paMieation. The Kewi, Obi readers are referred to the first page for the latest intelligence of the movements of the Know Bcthing delegates at Philadelphia. The resolut ou ??the siavfry question, adopted by the Pl&tfcrm Committee, are also given. They are identical with the intelligence upon tLLs point heretofore publish ed in the Herald. A number of the delegates yea tndiy visited Carpenter's Hall, the p!a;e where Ike Declaration of Independence received the sig natures o! the fmmsrtal fathers of the republic. Ap propriate speeches, inspired by patriotic reoolle> Hons of the Revolution, were delivered. The sllssion of Mr. Mc Call, of Florida, to the de claration of principles about to be primal gated by the convention, ia significant, and worthy of attention. Preparations are making for a grand ?aas meetirg in Independence square, Philadel phia, on Saturday next, when the platform of the American party will probably be submitted for ratifci'ion by the people. The Atlantic left Liverpool .for th:s port on the 2d instant. She is, therefore, now in her tenth day ?at. Ehe brings one week's later news. Her ad vices are ar xiously awa'.ted by commercial men. In another column will be found the decision of Justice Bogart in the Sunday liquor casjs, wherain the pmrrietors of I-ovejoy's Hotel and others were charged, on the complaint of Henry P. Robinson, ef the Carson Les&ue, with having sold liquor on their nreari-es on the Sabbath, contrary to law. The magistrate, after dus consideration, has decided to dismiss the complaints. His reasons for doing so will, no doubt, be read with great interest. Mr. Brfgga? we mean Atdermtn "Sam'' Briggs? ia active. Testeiday he caused a warrant to te is ?aed for the arrest of Rajmond, Harper & Co., pro pnetors and editors of tb9 Daily Times, on charge of Malicious libel. The charge is founded on an article published in the Times of the 6th inst., re llectiDg, in the Alderman's estimation, upon his character, both rffic'.ally and privately. The B a-d of Aldermen last evening, for want of a qnofoo, adjourned until to-night, without trans acting any bu?\ncsfl. The B iard of Councilmen did aolbing of importance. Most of the session was occupied in dee ding be' ween Washington rquare aai Central pa: k as a kite for a Washington Mouu bmbU Tfcc first named waa rclected. A reso'ution appropriating 130,000 to pay the salaries of city ?fleers was offered ard referred. The Council Committees on Ferries and Police ?Mt at S o'c'oi k yesterday, but did not transact aay business of importance. A petition asking for the mnninfc of boats over the Catherine ferry to Brook: j n, between the honri of 12 o'clock and 4 at algfct, iu strongly oppcsed by tho ferry company. TW Commit *ee on Wharves, Tiers and Slips, (we heard,) advertised an important meeting, but did net organiz?. Ia the Board of Supervisors lwt evening the spe cial oirmlttee on increasing the salaries of the ?I ?ti es of the BcperlorC nrt, tbe J udtres of the Court of Ooatnou Pleas, the Harrogate, tbe Rscorder, and City Jodge, made a report, toe pith of which is ie another part of today's paper. It is rr ltd that the salaries of these officers be eaih to six thousand dollars per annum, aid t to be no doubt but that the recommea will be adopted by tho Card. The sum pr> w4 b' u (I, and no doubt will, secure tbe very i. ms il ebOity io conducting the civil aod crizn! I busin*?? of our courts. The proposition will op ia tbe B ard for discussion on the first ?<e*ay in .Jnly, when, It is oaid, an anendnsnt to taonaee the as'ary of tho Mayor will be brought forward. la tfce Cneit of General Sesa.oni yesterday, Ly ?ea C y, charged, la ooaneotion with Kissane, with larcaiy ca the Cnemlcal Bank, was again put on his um iiuy in the tirst trial having failed to ?ai a verdict. After empannelling a jury, tbe Cen* a4)-?raed for the day. TW Mates Liquor law furor 1s remVng with a in lUieris the Mill- prohibitionists have Aslrafod their opponents by a large mijo ruy. Aa aril prohibition mass meeting was hall at Pa. en Saturday. It was largely at *h* it.egat.ou from Ueilu county and the r town?i tps ot l.%ncftsUr county exceeded a m leagtfe. In Maeeachusetts, Rufus Choete, iMerwla, C.O. Uria*, and Sydney Bartlett. an opinion that the liquor law of i la aaeewaitutionai in its moat important The Maine lawitee an unfortunate in IfeHMfc* tm cotton wee lea active yesterday, hat prices were etaedy; sales reached about 2,500 hetae. lafortor and com anon grades of ftute flour ?ore at afceat Itfc oeeta per bbl. lower, while other larrtpUiaa we*e without change of moment Wheat was iaH; a sale of Upper l.ake was made at ?1 M. Owe was active, with large sales of Western ?laeii ai tl a tl 04, chiefly at II 03 a II 03), in Mia for ?btpment; no sales of yellow or i wet* reported. Pork was firmer, with rather i doing. Other prmiaioM wet* firm, with fair i ot foil prlcsa. There was more activity in ia crease 1 henyanry in pricea. Frrghta lea. teegh 1?jWQ baahsU of corn and 400 lU pcUjo were Wkm u l.'verp<al at r a tee gtaied m ae??l?r cetiiae. vs. sum [HsoerUk: Cmnmto* 4 Goor Tw bkt * eaw^ on u?? sth ILi L-. wum which tho mcTT pnctkal ? U% South ?n toUaitow to It ealloi >o?Aly lor retaliatory aeiiirt* a?aiB?t the SUU of MuMachusotU mm) oil other State* nullifying tho Fugitive Slavo low. Whot thoM wmmum wool* bo, we aij0l be mt loir* to 4Ivi?e. Toe comtltution prohibit* the iKfwMtiooof?ot*ei by one SUU: 00 tbe produce o< aoothor; hot itloaveo to oach the right of order*f ?a who* coodlliooecjm merer Muluoflla fhoU bocwrrioi on within lu borders. There is nothing too ooooUtotioa toot would be inoonifetont with the enactment ot o low in the slave Stotes roqulring that vender* of the ?torch uwliw or prodooo of M-~hu*etU ood other nullify i? I State* nhoold procure alicea* to be p?&Ud at whatever rote. the Le^ ture thought fit It It on open qaeetion whe ther one SUto hot 0 right to prohibit oitogother the introduction or oole of theproduco or manu factures of another; but the better opinion op pears to be thot each State hoa thot right, and whether or no. the mero trial of the point would probably ottoio the derired effect Wo fad In the old colonial rocords that the ******* men of Boston once took a fancy to relewe from servitude the bord More of a Virginian; that the latter, returning home minus hia property, laid his grievance before the Virginian authorities, who inatantly ordered that property to tho value of forty pounda-the worth oi tho slave? should be seized upon the first New Englauder whom the conatabie met in Virginia, and the proceed* of the se<zure handed over to their defrauded countryman. After which proceeding, the men of Boston, we are told, practised more care in their dealings with their Virginian neighbors, and manumit ted no slave they had not previously pur chased. Human nature does not change; the people of Massachusetts in 1855 need to ?>e dealt with in the same way that their ancestors were two hundred years ago. They require to be taught that if they intend to practise phi lanthropy, the sacrifices it involves must fall on themselves, and not on their neighbors. Ia view of the events ot the past few months in the East, it is impossible to feel any sort ot indignation at the South for resorting to mea sures of retaliation, though the Injury they must inflict on the general trade of this section of the country would doubtless be severe. Passing on to the other records of the Georgia convention, it does not seem that the platform proposed by the democrats of Georgia is likely to place the party in a better position than it occupied before. Indeed, the first thing which strikes the reader, on looking over their re solves, is the probability that the convention was carried away by the news of the victory in Virginia, and displayed a rashness which it would not have done had Mr. Wise's triumph left the leaders in full possession of their witB and their prudence. They seem to have ima gined that the Know Nothings were killed outright, and that it was quite safe to 6tamp on their corpse. In pursuance of the same notion, the convention proceeds calmly to ostracise all Northern men whose opinions do not come up to the Troup and Cobb standard in Georgia. They "are not willing to affiliate with any party that shall not recognise, approve and carry out the principles and provisions of the Nebraska Kansas act, and so on. Having insulted the remains of the native American Order, and exacted from the Northern democrats a profession of orthodoxy which would narrow down their strength very materially, the State Democratic Convention of Georgia appropriately winds up its string of resolutions with a eulogium on the character and administration of Franklin Fierce. This. then, is the platform on which the demo crats go into the canvass of IX06. Uncompro mising hostility to the Know Nothings, irrecon cileable enmity to all men in the North who do not rejoice at the Fugitive Slave law, admire the slave trade between the slave States, ami desire to see slavery established in all the new Territories ? such is the basis 011 which the demo cratic party in the South purpose electing their next President. On the other hand, Senator Wilson and his peculiar clique in New England intend to repudiate all connection with all men who are not ready to repeal the Nebraska law, re-establish the Missouri compromise, abolish slavery in the District of Columbia, repeal the Fugitive Slave law, and so on. Between the two ot them it is quite plain to see that the palm ot victory will not rest with either-unless those parties which are interested in opposing 1)0 tli should play openly into their hands If the Know Nothings, in short, should split; if they should allow either section of the country to force upon them an exclusive platform for the purpose of keeping out the other; or if they should involve themselves in a discussion upon slavery which could only tend to quarrels and divisions, and divided action; the demo crats might have a chance. But certainly, they have thrown the lead thus far into tho hands of the Convention at Philadelphia, and it will need more than common carelessness or wanton /oily to lose it. The New Naval Board ? Its Practical Working ? The Naval Board of revision ap pointed under the act of Congress parsed in February last, will commence its labors on the 20th of this month. Their results arc looked forward to with curiosity by the public, and with considerable doubt and apprehension by the profession. The principles upon whien the reforms con template d in the institution of this body are founded cannot be objected to by any one hiv ing the efficiency of the service at hcirt. But we are not satisfied that it* mod us operandi is the best that might have been deviccd. The act directs that the Board shall make a careful examination into the efficiency of all officers in the grades of Captain, Commander, Lieute nant, Master and Passed Midshipman; and all officers found by them incapablc of performing the duties of their respective grades are to be dropped from the rolls or placed in the order of their rank and seniority at the time upon a list in the Navy Register, to be entitled the re si rved list. No forms are prescribed as to the manner in which the evidence of such incompe tency is to be arrived at, nor docs it appear that it is intended to call the parties for ex amination before the Board. Are we to understand from this that the proceedings are to be secret, and that the powers of the Board arc to be exercised in an arbitrary and irresponsible manner?at least so far as its independence of public opinion is concerned? Should this assumption turn out to be correct, we apprehend that this commission, from which so nracb was anticipated; will neither give *ati? faction to the public nor to the profew^a. The tomer will see with pain a practice which has always been Bade a ready instrument of tyranny, introduced lbr the first tir^e into the administration of our public affairs, whilst the latter will be slow to admit tb^ justice of deci" siona which fear the light. Unless, therefore, the proceedings of the 9bard are conducted in a manner to invite sotatiny, we fear that the tart on which it is about to enter will be both as thankless and fruitless as that of the com mtoion appointed to revise the Marine Corps a ft w years since. The next Congress will hasten to repair this fatal mistake of its predecessor by restoring the old bungling machinery and ptnonnel that it may have displaced. Two Years of Santa Anna's Sway. ? Two years ago on the 20th of April last, General Santa Anna, recalled from his exile in Cartha gena by the almost unanimous voice of the Mexican nation, entered into the capital as President of the republic, and was hailed witb the most extravagant demonstrations of joy as the caviour of the country. Seated on his Pre sidential chair, he was looked up to as the only living man who could heal the bleeding wounds of that unfortunate land. He had the power to do bo ; for the whole people bowed, it might almost be said, in submissive adoration before him. Years of sanguinary revolution had disgusted them with the horrors of intes tine war, and the general yearning of the nation was for pea^c< There was then not a hcstile element in life which could raise a bar rier in the path of' peace and progression; and it was at once the belief and the earnest prayer of all who sympathized in the misfortunes of Mexico, that und -i* the guidance of her unde niably ablest irAB' himself not unacquainted with sorrow ? ha ud i^narua mail ? her bleeding wounds would b-' healed, her commerce and ag riculture ?'vft ed, peace become lasting, and ? ied to a position among the na "^rtnnities ?f Santa Anna. '"0 *nd of the civilized ^nportunities been ^4 to! Santa ?s?ies to the rter the *.a thing importa*. to the creation oi . key-hood, the change grand reviews, military in fact, the merest child's piu. Instead of ability, originality 8*. he exhibited the more common qualu itation, love of show, and incapacity to dea. Iu'b situation. His pride, too ? which ahoald ha > been satisfied at the unanimous voice with which the nation confessed its former ingratitude to him, recalled him from exile, placed the reins of government in his hands, and made ovations before him, strewing, it may be siid, "branches of palm in his way" ? blinded him to his duties, usurped bis reason, and led him to covet and to grasp, not the Presidency of the nation, based upon the love of the people and their apprecia tion of his great services, but an absolute and perpetual dictatorship, supported by the bayonets of his Pnrtorian guards. Old and mutilated as he is, he was caught by the empty tinsel of royalty, and with all tha vanity of a girl longed to wear the Imperial purple. To support his arrogant and silly pretensions he disposed of a portion of the territory of the nation; and with the proceeds thereof nego tiated for Swiss hireling soldiers, purchased veseels of war, and by every means known to tyrants, sought to place himself above tha will of the people ? * true aeupot. Even with a nation so sickened and ex hausted by intestine feuds as poor Mexico, this reckless and imbecile course of Santa Anna could have but one result. It too soon became evident that Mexico hid relied upon a broken reed, and that he whom she had hailed as her deliverer bad not those qualities of mind which would justify the choice. Acts of petty tyranny and injustice on his part were manifested on every side ; the conntry, instead of advanciog in the ways of prosperity, was actually retrograding; there the cour tions. S' & ret. fashiou system oi was no protection for life or property through out the State ; the soldiery, which should have defended the frontiers from Indian incursions, was kept'in the capital for the amusement or the protection of Hie Most Serene Highness? as he had the ridiculous vanity of causing himself to be sfylfd ; trade and commerce were in every possible way injured and oppressed, and the country seemed to lie helpless, powerless and nerveless at the feet of the dictator and his clique. But still it was not wholly dead ; a petty chief, named Alvarez? a Pinto Iu dian, exercising in one of the Southern departments an official and almost patri archal sway ? gave offence to Santa Ann a, in contemptuously refusing a decoration of the order of Guadalupe, was nctiflcd that he was superseded in his governorship, reftisedto acknowledge the power of the dictator, and finally raised the standard of revolt and took up arms against the government troops. With almost unvaried success on the part of the rebels, the revolution has spread throughout the country. Its leader has assumed adminis trative powers in all the States where he holds sway; his troops have advanced within a few leagues of the capital, and now, as our despatch from New Orleans informed us yes terday, the whole country is again in arms. And yet Santa Anna, with his insane vanity, has been making a tour to some distance in an opposite direction from the revolutionists has been receiving addresses from the little towns through which he passed, has been marching under triumphal arches, and pub lishing through his slavish press the most ful pome encomiums on himself and the valiant deeds of his army, and with bold effrontery as suring the residents of the capital that the revolution is drawing to a close. Such is the folly, such the absurdity of the man. True, the revolt is approaching % finale, but its denouement will show the vain and Imbecile hero of Vera Crnz once more an exile and a fugitive. His villa and cockpit may be agiio set in order for him at Carthagena, for there we think he will soon havo the only opportunity of ruling as a despot and of watching the chances of the field. And for that alone have the last two years of his life warranted his com. potency. Whether his poor, persecuted country will ever recover from the injuries hia sway hns it flicted upon her, and ever enter upon a great national career, is a question in which the probabilities are decidedly in the negative. His obsequious press endeavors to kindle a hoi tility of race against these United States, but wc wen their hostility and their efforts will b? better directed in hailing the despot from, the seat where he had once saeh a glorious r>ppar t unity of serving bis country, bat w ftere he b&s only exhibited qualities worthy of % snob, a fool and a craven. Two years ago h'j re-entered the scene in honor; now be is abo^t to leave it in dishonor, and carrying away with him, not the blesfciDgs, but the malie/ms of a deceived and injured people. A Free Farm for Everybody. ? Our read ers are aware that Congress passed a bill at its last session, under the provisions of which aoy person who has ever been engaged in any war in this country, or who has been present at any engagement ? including clerks, wagon drivers, mule men, and so forth? their widoirs or minor children are entitled to one hundred and sixty acres of the public domain. If they have previously received forty or eighty asre 'and warrants (issued for service in the war of 1812? *15) they are entitled to a quantity suf ficient to make up one hundred and sixty acres. Hardly three months have elapsed since this bill became the law of the land, and we find that one hundred and seventy-nine thousand three hundred and eighty-two applications have been received, and that the number is soon ex pected to reach two hundred and eighty thou sand. To satisfy these, thirty-five millions of acres, or nearly fifty-five thousand square miles, of land will be required ? that is to say: go vernment will give into the hands of specula tors a territory somewhat larger than the State of New York, and equal in area to the four principal New England States. It is expected that one-third of this extensive farm will be given away this year, and land warrants will be issued at the rate of five hundred per day. Under acts passed within the last eight years, twenty -five millions of acres had been given away for actual service in Mexico, making a total of seventy millions of acres donated during a little less than ten years The area of public land which may be put in the market at any time? lesB the quantity above stated ? is estimated at five hundred millions of acres; and thus it seems that one acre out of every seven has been given away. People with pastoral ideas may imagine that the old soldiers take their warrants, locate them, and , like so many Cincinnati, devote them selves to the tillage of the soil until they shall *\ear a summons to serve their grateful country more and get another warrant. But this mistake. The old soldiers do not do any The warrants pass at once into the ->r b, and from them they go to *>o can e^ord to hold oa for '?irv '"ousand) of the ?* of the Mexi ey are ly >e poor tt. ? of the sible, W .. or seventy do. hundred at the m* land. At present, we learn, v. gs the old soldiers. Warrants are . dollar and ten cents an acre in WanL one of the correspondents wisely rem* Chubb Brothers find it difficult to fill th*. ders at that price. We should think so, for lacd is worth, and will bring at any time, fui fifteen cents more an acre than they are willing to pay for it. The brokers buy in the warrants at this discount, and sell them at the govern ment price, and thus they will make out of the old soldiers some two or three millions of dol lars. What the speculators, who can afford to hold on to the land for five or ten years, will realize, we could not venture to guess. Bit the brokers and speculator?, not the old soldiers, have thus far received the benefit of this bene volent act of Congress. These facts require no comment. They may serve to open the eyes of persons who will here after receive land warrants, or who have not yet sold them. They should obstinately refute to part with them lor a less consideration than . the government price ? one dollar and twenty five cents an acre. That is low enough. Decrease or Emigration. ? The official re ports of the Commissioners of Emigration shovrs that there is a decrease of over one- half in the number of emigrants landed here this year, as compared with last. The figures are :? Arrived to 30th Jane, 1S64 108,044 Do. do. 1866 ?,3>4 Decrct*e 60,690 An attempt is being made in certain quarters to ascribe this falling off to the agcncy of the Know Nothing movement ; the object being of coarse to frighten the Know Nothings by hold ing out the prospect of a serious diminution in our supply of raw labor from Ear op 2. The facts warrant no such inference. Our immigra tion proceeds mainly from two fountains ? Ire land and Germany. Of these two errantries, the former is at present in the enjoyment of a tranquillity and a well-being thaf< hive been strangers to her soil for over a centary. This arises from the working of the Encumbered Estates Court Most of the large estates have been parcelled out, have fallen into the hands of resident owners, and have obtained ? what they sadly needed? a moderate outlay of capi. tal to complete their developement and ensure their productiveness. English and Scotch capi talists have purchased homes in the Emerald Isle, and carried .vith them their industry and their agriculture. The abortive movement of 1848 has been followed by a result even better for the country than (hat sought by its promo ters; It has rid Ireland of the plague of domestio atrife, shown the utter folly of insurgent move ment* in that country so long aa the priestly do. minloa lasts, aud taught the people to direct their energies towards the solid pursuits of agri cultural and industrial life. Add to this that ever since 1847 Ireland has been thinning her people by a steady stream of emigration? at the rate of say a hundred thousand a year? and it will be seen that there exist abundant reasons for the diminution of the number of emi grant*, quite independently of political move ments on this side the water. When a man can do well in hit own country, he does not usually seek another. The Iri?b are doing well, the farmers are eomfortable. the landowners are recovering, trade is prosperous, the domand for labor steady, and even the hot blood of young Ireland finds a safe vest in the armies of Great Britain. These things are so obvious that it was hard ly worth while to repeat them here : except for the benefit of those few who have not observed the peculiar and Invariable fatality which dooms the editors of Irish papers and Irish ora tor*, In America, to btnader in every statement they make. From what cum the circumstance (irises, Wf will not undertake to say; but no one with any experience can fell to see that those Irish politicians who are now endeavoring j to ascribe the falling off in oar Irish immigra tion to the progress of Know Nothingism, are merely fulfilling the destiny of tbeir race, and adding one more to the long list of Irish blun ders. The statement would be equally false of Ger many. In meet of the German States, every able bodied man is held to servioe in the land wehr or miHtia. To leave his country, he must be able to purchase a substitute, or have served his time. When this law is borne in mimi , the wonder appears not that the stream of German emigrants should be diminished, but that it should ever have reached the enormous dimensions we have witnessed of late years. It may safely be said that the remittances to Germany for the purchase of substitutes during the past five years, must have equalled, if they did not exceed, those to Ireland. The war will have bad a tendency to raise the price of ex emption beyond the reach of most purses ; why need we seek other causes for the falling off in our German immigration? The Cuban Junta ? Light Wanted. ? We have not yet had any statement from the Cuban Junta of the circumstances of their recent wholesale victimization. It is said that there have been some curious transactions, in which they are concerned, in connection with the chartering of the steamers United States and St. Lawrence. Is that so? And if so, are they the victimizers or the victimized? What Bay the Cuban Junta, and what says their trea surer, Mr. Domingo de Goicouria? Gentlemen, come up and plead. The public requires it, and the people want it. THE LATEST NEWS. BY MAGNETIC AND PRINTING TELEGRAPHS. Warn Boston. Ori?;ONB OF EMDJ?T LAWYERS ON THB I'ROHIBI TOKT LAW? 8D.EINO OF THE BCHOONKB JOB CHASE ? IMFORTS OF VOKXION GOODS, ETC. Bosrow, Jan* 11, 1835. The opinion of Fliaa Verwtn. a lawyer of ifcia city, ndoned by Rufua Cfcoate, C G. Loriog and Sydney Bart la". t, that the now prohibitory liquor law of thla Stat# i* unconstitutional in Its moat imporunt enact asnts, Is causing conaiderable excitement. About two o'clock yesterday morning the propeller Potemska, from New York for New Bedfoid, came in col lision with the aehooner Job Chaee, of Harwich. In Long Island Sound. The achoon?r sunk immediately. Ehr oiaw and passengers vera saved by the propeller. The duel between two French sailors In Koxbory, on Saturday afternoon, ha< proved fatal to Rneaon, the party stabbed, whe died of hia wounds to day. Kaimond, hia opponent, ia in custody. A Coroner'a jury ia inves tigating the matter. A Pole, aamed Lonis Galinski, waa brought be'ore United 8tatee Oommiseioner Woodbutr, to day, >*.liarged with ? nli sting men for the Brltiab army. He will be ex amined tomorrow. The imports of foreign goo la at the port of Boaton for the w?ak ending June 8, 1836, were as follows Dry goods 1104,021 Gunny oloth and Molasses 491,113 baga $34,955 ?ucar 79,713 Saltpetre 26,000 flee 78,075 Other arliclea... 169,634 ?>er 47,80* <? 83,059 Total $611,375 Th* Portland Trouble*. PomiLAHD, June 11, 1865. !ury has been in sesaion all day, reoeiv ?%rd to the death of Robbns. No re 'red at. To-morrow morning, at * caae w!H be reaumed. ?coan, Jane 11, 1856. - tanning committees Wk * eleven o'clock, was . 4?te, Treaaurar and P? "*iuui* waa transact* i. The Senai com mittees -were a*. * it adjourned. Latter . ARRIVAL OF THE HAIL. The malls from Forta Lar. this c'ty on Saturday. The feeing of the Sionx Indians . and many robbertee are reported. The Salt Lake mail arrived at Tort Lara. of Hay. Canadian Affair*. Quebec, Juno 11, IV Bod. Mr. Chabot his r**ign*d hi a saat in the A**em!> for Quebec, to accept the ouiee of Commissioner under the *eignorial teanre act. George Ohlll Stuart, E*q , la a candidate for the ?eat is the Araembly vacated by Mr. Chabot. The Hon. Jo*eph Howe, of Vova Scoti*. it i* rumored, ia to be Lieut. Governor of Prince Edward Island. Municipal Election In N?w London. New London, June 11, 18S6. The election for city officers took place to-day, and resulted ia the election of the Know Nothing ti^Wet by 35 majority, which la a great falling oil from the election In April, when their majority waa 400. From Washington. WAannroTox, June II, leS5. General Pillow arrived her* this morning. ac<) room* at Wizard's hotel. Land warrnntn are worth 91 7 a $1 8, aad plenty. Death by Drowning. Philadelphia, June 11, 1 "33. George F. Arnold, of the Arm of Sill. Arnold h Leo nard, was drowned yesterday while on a sailing excur rion tn the ja:ht Startled Fawn. He wa? trucked orer board by the boom . Safety of the Bnckcjrr State. Buffalo, June 10, 1VM1. The a earner Buckeye State, previously reported a ?( bore at Poiat Albino, waa aafely got ofT th'.a morning, br the United State* *teamer Michigan, and run into Itlaik Rock harbor. She will make bet regular trip to Detroit oa Wednesday. The Ohio XUver at PitUbnrg. PnrsncRu, June 11, le?4S. The river la twelve feet aix Inches in the channel, aad at a stand. market*. FETl ADHLPH I A STOCK ROAUI?. Philadelphia, June 11. 185J. Money unchanged. Stocks dull. Reading, 411; Morris Canal, 14; Inland, Pennsylvania Ri.Uroad, 4-Ji ; Pennaylvania State Five*, 87J?. Buffalo, Jane 11? 12 X P. M. Floar? Tittle doing; supply good. Sale* 300 bbls., at $9 76 a $0 87 for extra brand* Upper I<ake, and $10 60 for smni: lota extra Indiana. Wheat favora purchasers. Pale* A, 000 bushels Upper Lake spring, on private terms. Corn ia lower. Pals* 3,000 bushels, at 84c. Oats? Lit tle inquiry: supply good; no sales. Whiskey aetive aad lower, t ales 140 bb)*., at 33c. Canal freights ? Oora ll*c. to Troy, and 13jtfc. to New York. Buffalo, June 11 ? 8.80 P. M. Flour dull, but without change la prlee*. Sales 500 bbls., at 10 for inferior Upper Lake, to 60 a $0 8'^K for good to clioloe Upper Lake, and $0 n7>b for extra and $10 for fancy Michigan. Wheat ia fair demand, ani liwer. Pales 0,000 bushel* Upper Lake *pr(af, at $1 00. Cora dull, and holder* having view* above those of bay. er*. Hales 0,000 bushels, at 84o. a 86e. Oat*? No sale*; held lower. Canal freight*? 18 Xe. oa corn, and fl()c. on flour, to New York. Receipt* for the forty-eight h>ur* ending noon to day? 7,128 bbl*. flour. 09,883 bashela wheat, 101,620 bushel* corn, 301,226 buahelt oat* Oswsao, June 11?6.30 P. M. Oar floor market la quiet, and prices lower. Sales l.fttO bhl*., at $9 12 a $0 2# for common brand*. Wheat ?Pale* If, 000 buahela, at $2 for Chicago, $'2 32 far m red Canadian, and $2 48 a $2 49 frr vhite Michigan. On* ? Pais* 10,000 bush*.:*, at 92o.'a 94c. Receipt* to da>? 800 bbli. floar, 47,000 bu?h*l* wheat, 68,000 bnahel* corn. Alb awt, June 11? 12 ^ P. ?. Flour nrrbaaged ; *alee moderate. Wheat ? Sales ft/( 0 baabels white Canadian, at $2 60. Corn, In lota ?t'd afloat, at 98c. for Weatern mixed, with sale* of l'),QOO bnahel*. Oat", 68c. for Chicago, weight* Fitoa Team Island*.? Capt. Ibeerman, of bark Rate lircoha, arrived atthl > port yeaterdny, report* no anl'. a T'rti Inland*. Acadxkv or Mvaa? Italia* Optra ~--D AmtM," by th? original Acttai; troupe, dr?w a la* boos* l?at evening. Stifle Don*, Vestval!, Brignoll, ud Aawlio, wen warmly welcomed, and the opera ?u rery well done. This company will give only four mora perform umi: Wtduidiy night, "William Tail," for Bediali $ benefit; Thursday night, "Linda di Chamouni," for MM Henrier's utbul; Friday night, a selection {rose varioia* operas, for the benefit and last appearance hen ef Sig aorina Voatvali ; and on Saturday, " Masaaie'Jo'' On Thursday there ahoold b? a good house. Mia* Henxler ia an American prim-i donna, who has sung at Milan and Florence with marked success. Btrton'h Theatrs ?This popular bona* was re-opened last evening for a short summer season with a good company, including Mr. E. Eddy, Mr. F. 8. Cfcaa'rau, Mr. George Holland, Mrs. Fiost, Mlsa Albertiae, and other popular artists. There was a fair bouse, and tho pieces in the bill were well dene. Niblo's Garhs* The Pyre and Harrison troupe gar# the "Sonnambula" ia excellent style last night. They produce "Fra Diavolo" this evening. Madame Isidora Clark gives her third aad last grand concert at tho Metropolitan theutie this evening. Acctokit to Miss Scban Pyxf.? Last evening, as Mis* S. Pyne, of the English Opera troupe, was passing through Crosby street, on her way to the thsatre, one oC her feet was caught in a dsfoctive coalhole, or ratheB nan trap, near the corner of Houston street. Miss Pyn* fell violently on the sidewalk, aud when raised up by Mr. Harrison could not prooeed. She afterwards suc ceeded in going through with her part in the "Sonnam bula," bat was in great pain, and has lameness waa quite perceptible. Marine Affairs. For Europk. ? The steamship Star of the South, built* in Philadelphia, as a first class passenger steamer, is appointed to sail for Liverpool direct on tho 20th inst., at 2 o'clock P. M.? passengers to ba taken on reasonable terms, and the accommodation* are to be sf the beat de scription. She is put up by Arthur Geary, Esq., and Thomas P. Stanton. Police Intelligence. ALDERMAN BKIGG8 11 A KB 8 A COMPLAINT AGAINST THE editors of the daily timks f or libel. Yesterday, Alderman Brlggs, of the Thirteenth ward, appeared before Justice Wood, at the Essex Murkeh Police Court, and preferred a complaint against Ray . mond. Harper & Co., proprietors and editors of the .Patty Timet, for malicious libel. The suit is based upon a series of articles which appeared in the Time*, reflecting, in the Alderman's opinion, upon his official and private career; but he more especially alludes ia his complaint to an editorial that appeared in that paper of the Stir inst., (the day after the encounter between the Alder man and Mr. O'Keefe ia the office of the Cierk of tho Common Council, City Hall.) referring to the aecount given of the one ul? between these parties. The magis trate, on hearing the complaint of the Alderman, issued a warrant for the arrest of the accused, and placed the same in the hands of officer Jarboe for execution. ROBBERY ON BOARD OF A SOUND STEAMBOAT ? DE TECTION or THJi THIEF AND RECOVERY OF THE PROPERTY. On Saturday afternoon, while officer Sampson, of the Eighteenth ward police, but recently attached to tho Mayor's effiee, was proceeding to Boston in the steamboat Cornelius Vanderbilt, in charge of a fugitive from Boston/ he was informed by the clerk of the boat that John Dana, (lately a comedian at Burton's) one of the passengers had been rebbed by some expert pickpocket, of bis gold watch and chain, and about >6') m cash. Although the officer doubted his authority to take any steps toward* the recovery of the property, sti'l he determined to run the risk and perform the task entirely on his owa re sponsibility . Accordingly, lie informed the captain that he would like to have ail tee male passengers of the boat mustered together for the purpose of getting a glance at their features and general appearance. The passengers were somewhat astonished and not a little inquisitive on learning that they had to assemble aft, ia order to undergo an inspection. Having quickly col lected them together, the officer carefully examined every man's outward appearance, and at last singled eat one gentleman whom he thought to be rather suspicion* in looks. This person was at once conveyed to the cap tain s office, where, undergoing a ?trick search, the watcU and stolen articles were found safely stowed away in the depths of his unmentionables. The passenger*, who, up to this moment, were not aw are of the nature of the inspection, on learning the storj if the lost property, and the successful mann?? ?'? tbm cmernaa been raugnt and tne property recovered, became very ex cited, and were it not for the exertions made by the officer. Judge Lynch would have had full tvay, The light-fingered gentleman was put ashore at S'<oningtoD and locked up in prison for trial Mr. Dunn, as may property, and lav I sled nTsm'lVprritse* upon offlolr for his sagacity in picking out the thief araos? the two hundred persons he caused to be brought together. SUNDAY A UIJ8KMENT3, On Sunday night, at ratber an advanoe* Hour a diffi culty took place between two nun named John v..,, id Dennis lanahan, both residents of the tenement ?e No. 8 Mulberry street, when, as it is alleged, a - fight ensued between them, and ia the meleo received several severe gashes in the eyes, from "lleged to have been in the hands of Carey, the house raising the cry af '? murder," g, of the Sixth ward police, assisted by hastened to the premises and quieted "arey was locked up in the Tombs, Ven to the hospital, where he now treatment. * evening, as officer Eustaie, was going to the station,. ?4M beat, he observed a ot of Fifteenth street, tweea two shoulder and the men were when the offices *u endeavored to ?- irthy effort* ETll, i > et with a a a < knocked decided ?_ri down, q*k ? proceeded wt the pleasure o> * caping from th., , , and there inform*'. drawback he bad rat the peace, but as th. Elgbteentn ward. Lieut *. o uld not offer him aay as. should be made by the autho. proceedings. Prize fighting is slvely cn Sundays. Should it lit to exist* ALLEGED ATTEMPT AT IIIGHWA At aa early hour yesterday morning, Robb, of Grsenpoint, was proceeding to % his way home, he was met by two men la Watv near James slip, who. In a burly manner, asked be would not treat them. Mr. Kobb declined accom dating the gentlemen, whereupon they ! became bold*, he alleges, and demanded some money wherewith to buy the liquor. Ibis also was most peremptorily re fused, w Iter* upon one of tbem, named Burns, he alleges, caught him by the throat aad endeavored to rob him of what properly he had about his person. Mr. Roob, however, being an able bodied man, ooped successfully with him, and after a hard struggle succeeded in giving; his antagonist a severe blow in the nasal organ. Burns, be aaya. then got sick of the fan and run off; but he had met wHa a ??tartar," a* be was hotly pursued by Mr. Robb. aad was finally, with tie aid of officer Puffy, of the Fourth ward police, captured and taken to the sta tion bouse. Yesterday ho was orou<ht before Justice Bo gart, at the Lower Pol lee Ceurt where he was committed to pruoa frr examlaatioa. Tbe accomplice of Burn* has not ret been arretted: but the pohce have strong; hopes of capturing him, as he has got a black eye l? tbe fight with Mr. Robb. A NEW VAT TO PAT OLD DEBTS. James Ferguson, a clerk la tha employment of a dry good! firm, at No. SO OorMandt street, wa> taken into custody yesterday by officer Lord, of the Lower Police Court, charged with steeling a diamond ring valued at $100, the property of Mr. fmlj, a salesman ia the (tor*. The accused, on being brought More Justice fogart, admitted having taken the ring, but denied having stolen It, aa alleged by Mr. K.mly. lie farther atated before the magistrate that aa Mr. En ly o*?d him lene saw nay for i erv lee# perfcrmed, and would not pay ep, he thought the moat advlssble eoarae to pursue under the circnm ttaaoea waa to get poet eat loo of the valuable, and re tain It until the account between him and Emly waa cleared. The magistrate held the aocaaed to aaawer. Complain * DimiutA ?The complaint against Char ea> Murray fcr keeping a disorderly houee ha* been dis missed by Juatioe Breaaaa. Temperance HctUng. The following notice of a temperance meeting waa pub* lahed yesterday In the dally papers:? Temperance Alliance ef the Tenth ward wilt hold a meit in* In the Alien atreet Preebyteriaa ehareb, near ftraad, en Monday evening, the llth, at eight o'clock. Krolssnt speak er! are encased Tbs inhabitants of the ward that are la fa. vor of the Maine law are lcvited to eo operate ia maintain In* law and erder. A fall sttesdaa** le requested, aa im portant* will be laid belore the mseaiaft. A. Pabkbb, Secretary. J. T. BROOKS, President, From the manner la whleh this meeting we* advertis ed, we supposed that "Important business" would be transacted, and that it would be adireseed byl'emlnent speaker*." In accordance with oar usual custom on inch occasion*, one of our iadefatigable reporter* wae instructed to attead and take note* of what waa said and done. We supposed that at leaat some alaa would b? produced ft r the eaay enforosmeat of the prohibitory llqnor law; bnt net a werd wae said en the. euh;ec?, air the speakers eonflnieg themeelvve to a ion ot the evil effect* of Intemperance. Tee "eminent ? orator* were J. T. Brooks, Rev. Mr. Robinson, Messrs. Austen. Duff and J owes, and C. C. Leigh, member of the list Le gislature. Ia aAfctiea to the eSorte of theet gentl-men. several temperaree odee were sang, allowing np "oil Ring Aleobbl/' end p 'ih tf la* Vb at a tarr,bj? rata,

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