Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 16, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 16, 1855 Page 2
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1KTERE8THC CORRESPONDENCE* Oar Tenmiu Onrrvs Msurttev, May 4, 1H46. nary ff Memphis?It? Early SeUlemenl?Its Popuh tyum, Banks, Ckurckes ami Tr ade ?State Cansass? Ike Omniitialet, Ac. to UM (to bo In the aixli) Qind Elisabeth aothor M Sir W. Raleigh to "diseovor and beenpy vuch remote heathen and barbarous lande, not possessed 0/ Ohti* Haa people, aa to him should m?o good." Wast is sow Km Mat* of Taaaoatoo wee within that obartsr ; bat though I may not exactly say that Tenacseee has moved, M haa certainly seen a great many May daya since that ttoae. Here, for instance, is Memphis, a elty of 30,000 Inhabitants, publishing to or daily papers, containing eight banks, one theatre, ten ohnreher, ene prison, and at He fear thousand booses only oae market "to let," and being financially, as a corporate body, two hundred dollars ahead ef independence at the last pay day, omit ? ?tog, beweeer, the Interact on some railroad bands vhtoh, being a species of speculation, cannot yot be eahed debt?safflelently far from heathendom or bar barism. This city is rsry prosperous in every way, ant eery healthy?the mortality being so slight that the per ?is a fraction. It is to a groat exteat the resting i of thoeo who leave New Orleans during the ho Business goes along smoothly, and though its ynrT bs not the slashing one of Eastern cities, it is oss that will last longer. I say prosperous in every way, as tedesd it is at prsssnt, though tbtrw are some who bs I? to look forward to financial embarrassments, and -who say that, tranquil as things bars been bltnerto, there difficulties after which New Yor* is jnet begin ?tog to breathe freely, are just developing themsilve* have, and that if the preeent crop bo not a good one. a grand "smash" must be the consequence. The present oxeeedisg drought makes tbiB hope almost a forlorn oae. as a contrast to this view, the report of ths Mem Canti Charleston Hal)road, just sent to, congratulates cuechon npon'Daving patted through these dlffioul ths sataly, and looks forward to good times When this road Is finished Memphis will be within three days Of New York. The newspapers are baring a war with the Aldermen about ihe Navy Yard, wbleh they wish to liars re cedei to the general government, it having been ceded to ths elty in the absence of an appropriation The Alderman have refused to make the cession. The two gubernato rial sand da*es ars at present canvassing the dtate, and the papers are with them Of the four an irninr papers pobtmcso here? 77<e Eagle and Enquirer, The Whig Tke .American and The Appeal?thr-e are in the interest of that ubiquitous Gam the schoolboy's rhyme used to say ''Mammy, mammy look at Sam," bat it would seem that to these days "Minima, mammy," would have to have moactrfnl eyes to obey that filial lojunction. The ag grsguto cirou nt;on of these four da'lies is 16,000. whmie yen may Inter that the dwellers in and about Memphis awe a reading people. T ie American and Whig, as their names import are devoted to progress and a majority. Iks Enquirer, which has six or the fi'teen thousand subscribers, believes that the United States is destined to ' absorb" Cuba, and that Mr. Gentry ought to be the next Governor ef Tennessee in preference to "Mr. An drew Sack coat Theocratic White-Basis Johnson," Mr Sentry being, in the Enquirer's epioion, "aa naturally oppessd to Johnson as light to darkness as true pitr.ot kn to false demagognry, high principles to low soall dwggsry." Mr Gentry is ths American candidate, and is in fsvor of a prohibitory law; Johnson behngs to the "Old Omarfl," (so old that it soums to be ro'ten,) and aa for too prohibitory law, "is not sure that be understands toe qmsstion " These three papers will support "the candidate," and Mamphis may he looked upon as a Know Nothing strong hold. The Daily Appeal is devote 1 to Johnson and ths news. Ths river is at present in a good state, bat is said to ha failing. Accounts from all around the country com plain ef the drought. Business in eotton is dull. A small paragraph in one of this mwaing's papers seams te indicate that the Wood-en head of your city government is appreciated here:?"A flUe de joie was arretted last night We are glad to aee that our officers awe detei mined to stop this street walking." G. H. Uranus, May 6,1815. A Mirer View of Memphis?The Streets of the City?Fire Alarms?Railroads in Prospect. iMD( like Mississippi boatmen, a look at tho " Bluff Oty " in a traditionally beautiful night. "Than the ohlM impose* on the manthe belief ie evidently the salto ef a former tune. Viewed from above "the Island," ? long way np the river, where the eity, lying in an amphitheatre, is only to be seen by proxy in the shape at half a dczen steeples, it looks well enough?yon see sa Utile ef it. Bat getting sufficiently near to era them clearly, I can't say that I think 1m landed "bluffs" cat onlated to have any other effect than to blnff off the pre viensly well inclined traveller. Any one who will observe the current pictures ef the battle-ground at Buena Vista aad imagine n few steeples and roofs over where the mountains stand, may form a tolerably clear idea of ho v Memphis looks from the river. The same alternation o! games and ridges appesrs in the streets and blafft as the ?bests ran down to the river, with the exception that the bluffs are something more squarely cat. Bat the hew houses that he by the river, and the hill through whitk the streets are eat, being once passed, a very ddhnst view is presented: aal whoever judged of tho ckty from tho river, seeing it here will own be the tint street is Mala street, which raws parallel wbth the river, and Is about three miles in length. FOf Pwo moles it la lined with stores on both moor, all of them goad looking ones, aad some of them very splen gig. On this stTeet, and between it and the river, is the Imaiaess of the eity, with the exception of some mini factoring establishments?car houses, mostly. Thta street crossed, the stranger begins to wonder where am the 20,000 inhabit ante?for appearances inli ?ate that he is in the suburbs. But he will wander on ?ad on, taking a very long walk, and still bs in the su burbs; aid if he measures it, as I did. he will oomc to -the eon Jusion that it is a suburban city, aad Is spread ?vera larger area than any other of equal populatirn in fhe Onion. This effect is producsd by the cirlumitsnce ghat every house has a garden around it. and no "peat ap Utiea" of a garden, either; bat a wile, free space, with room not only tor roses ana runners, that are there ~ i abundance, bat for plenty of trees, In wnieh Carolina king birds are whistling all day long. Tne perfume i these gardens ia delicious, and maxes mere breath j a luxury. A fine feature of tbe city attendant oa the gardens is the gatherings that take place on i in the evening. White dreaees show through t^e leaves, and sweet voices come out on the per air, and very pleasant is the sight and sound I For a custom ot fashion not much eissimiar nee an ancient history ot Mew York, by oas D. Kaick cifcoeker. ? The luxury of breathing spoken ot has, however, one drawback; the streets are not paved, aad in dry wea ther theie is a continual oloud of dust. It is quite as had the other way ia wet weather, for the mud fa knee deep, There is no stone dt for paving nearer than Cumberland river, and the city doss not choose to incur a debt, which loots like a mistaken economy. Owing to the dust, moustaches are in good repute. In this city mules are used almost entirely for draw tag. They are very email onas generally, oat seem to nrk well and to be kept In admirable condition. They isent aiemarkeble contrast to the bone rack* that _l the streets of New York. Tilt re was a Are here yesterday; lots between Ave and nix thousand dollars. Giving the alarm for a fire is a peeuhar institution. A half do sen beds ring off all at ?aee, and indiscriminately, commencing at thsir highest acta, and in a rapid succe?iion of aboat twenty strokes tapering down to nothing. It's more worthy of Chnv naen than anybody aiae; but it Is wood in so far as it is taspossibla to mistake the ringing or a Are alarm fo? any thing else. There is no system of ringing by district. ??ny m fore yesterday tbe engines were run around town tor an hoar, looking for a fire, when the belle stopped staging, ami the firiNaca went home. Strawberries are an every day reality. Croat honors are claimed prospectively for this city. When all the projected railroads are added to those al ready finished it is to he the eentral pot si of ttie soath western system. "There was a boy," who, when he ha? caught two more flah, besides the one that was nibbling, would have throe; however, Memphis is some ahisg better off than that, fho Memphis and Louisville. Memphis and La Orange, Memphis and Liitie Rock, and Wsetsatppi Central railroads, with thair various oon aeetioes, make already a tolerably eimplete system. The Memphis and Charleston road, now in operation mod finished exoept seventy miles, makes a straight con nection between the Atlantic aad the Mississippi, Use a continuation of this runs the road from hero to little Beck?and a westward continuation of that will look more like a Pacific railroad than anything elsa named. Then one is to ran through Virginia aad Pennsylvania diieetto Nsw Yore. More important, probably than nay ef the numerous roads projected from this State to and through Virginia, Kentucky, he , is one from bore Jo Bt. Leuis. Thl* is to be entirely built, to the Missouri by ex ten tire landholders la Arkansas, tor tho pur peas directly of bringing their land Into market. It will PJ , Thn arrangements are all scads for Ita continuation . Ti ..Twrt l* not looked upon aa at all doubtful. An this certainly looks like establishing the position. *11* loeomotlves for the Mississippi Central road ^ara thrre day* ago. They ware "made In Maa MObuie.ta. aa Bouvaa, Team., May 12, 18W. JRdf from. Srrmerville to Bolivar?Gouotry Scenes?Agri cultural Rules?The Town of Ifedon. The distance from Somerville to BoHrar is twenty, wevea miles, but ths railroad has yet ts be built; and though there is a hack running, la tke meantime the .arrangements are not convenient; for theagh the afere waid hack runs every day, to borrow tke admirable ex planation of my informant, of coarse it can't run but ?as way in one day?a position which I venture to say JM reasonable man would undertake to dispute; snob, m nearly as snay be learned, thus far, is tho general state at travelling all ovsr TennesMO, many ot tho largo towas ?re only to he reached by private conveyance. Tbe ?pinion prevalent her* of tho system of railroad* of which Memphis is to bo the centre, is very different from that in tbe My. Tennessee is a very fool State for the traveller?aa ?? 1 traveller?en l The ride ie through portions of Fayetts aad Herdsman counties, and thoogh the road Is somewhat rough, Is a Ths beautifully broken surface ef the dguntry, the deep green of the foliage aad tfcg hril Kimj tf the iky, mil Am M far the syo, lid realises all Alt can yeosibty bs ?M for the rleh wuathif Beatbern unaij. A thing that fre quently givss a solemn ud desolate ayponranoo to tha country, ia tba manner to wheh tfaa land ia clcaied. They sever (all tha baa, bat ssatbs it. sad have it standing, and aa yan aaa vhala laid* of Mait'd trunk a, standing like vary melancholy mention, with the waving grain at their feat. Kit bar tba arcbi tectnral laate of the people of tboae porta ia not at a very bigb atata. or they are exoeedmgly indifferent to appearances. Yon nay frequently aao a vary pretty boura, that to a proper poaition would appear admirably, bot you alwaya ate it bid away and the whom view about it marred by tha proximity of tbo uosgb'Jy though eom'ortablo " eabioa" of Mr*. Stews's relations. Tbabouaeado not olwara lwi well, however: to coma inrtaaeoa It la difficult to tell wbiob la the cable of the proprietor. Iboro are in Hardeman ooapty noma very fine growing bocgoa, moatiy 01 the Oaage oranga. Tha Cher oka* roao, also, makea a beaut fulooo, but takoa up too maeh room for the consideration of any Pattern far mer. Had not for'une made me a Cortland t, I'd hedge my farm with that for >ia name They plough very 1-gbt'y hero, end the flret heavy rain that ooutea naabri al the aotl off into a bottom Singular aa thia may round to ona anaequeintsd with tha ronatruction of the enontry, ia appear* plaialy eDough to tbe obeerver 1 nave aeen flity toataocoa where bottom were beautifully fertile, and all abo-tt them the oplands wera bare clay baaka without a par ticle of vegetation. A planter remaikad to ma, though without obiervmg thir, that "it need to be consider*i that uplands rained tha beat eotton, but nobody bs llevaa that now." The woitber. for tbe past three or four days, has biea quite cold, with a strong north wind. Overcoats are qoeied ecm'ortable, and back logs A No. 1. There are lo stoves In use, b?* they have tboie glorious great fires on the hearth. Tbe cold ia attnbutod to tbe heavy hall storms they have bad about fifteen miles above tb's. 1be country ia of eourae vary healthy. When Homer atateo that "a life of wanderings is a life of woes." he had probably finished such a dinner an oue gets at tbo "hotel" of ioibo cf these smell to eos. -torn* of tbe meet la of a taste and apjearance that would defy the appetite of en earthquake. Tnsre is always rice on the taole?but beyoud that, if you don't Mao rice, you eon '-help yourself to tun mustard." In one Instance, however, I had to mike n dinner on some bread an 1 salad Tbe Baled was some peculiar sor: of grass, in winch I a in iiae NsbucUadutuu never had any ex perience. kl> don is a town about fourteen miles above this. It Js wbst ia Kastern parlance would beeallsd "a one horse place." Too men, ?rbo looked lis# tbe lawyer ant the doctor, were pitching pennies in front of tbe church when I was there, and that was nil that was going on. G 11. Browshviilk, Haywood Co., Tenn., May 14,1855. The Town of Brownsville?J's Situation anl Society? Pub'ic Bui'Ungt an l Churches?A Western Graveyard ?A Law Oj/ice and Politicianst? All the towns in Tennessee are county towns. As* natural consequence, thoy or* somewhat few and ra'-lier far between. Ttey art not like angelo visits. They are almoat all alike, and this,?though having a population of 1,300, it larger than the majority?it a fair sample of them all, a* I have teen them. A court home, built of trick, with a '? green" about it, and encircled by a white railing, ie the ee tral and principal point. About thin the town ia built, in a square, each of whose four sides face the eourt honse. Sot having ranch necessity to cramp themselves, the space between the different parts of this square and the court house, ia a respectably wide one, and has a plea ?ant, free appearance. On this square is generally al moat all the business of the town, and on busy days, or times when there is anything extra golag on, this space presents qnlte an anntwuted scene?for here every oae who enter* town ties his horse, and comes as to a rialto, where he is sure to find who or whatever he waits. Sunburned farmers, common place lawyers shabby shopmen, idle hotel keepers, ragged boys, and busy duties, here " mingle mingle," and go dodging about before horses, and between wheels, now lost, now seen, till they become ahnoit ao bo vildcriag to the eye as those wheels that toy shop keepers post in their windows at holiday times, that present a ooatinusl suc cession of scnte angles runnirg into ont another, alwaya appearing, and always going. Not such an appearance, however, do these square* preseat on three hundred of the three hundred and sixty five days Toe dwelling houses and churches are generally down the few stxee'-s that run off from this central point; tte former, exoept in very tare instances, ue of wood?general! - neat, pleasant little places, with nice gardens, aid si mo it evtrjthirg that Mr. Ktt Cosy "would call comfortable"? exeept their locality and the morning papers; with the latter, wood and brick have a division, although not alwaya a ''ravishing division." to me of the churches ue moat unblessed looking edifices Bet I have seen two. not far from here, that I think tooled more lite churches taan anything I ever saw before; net so much for the edifice-., waich ware simple and primitive, but for their positions. They ware both tar out in tbe woods, where toe wools were wild, ball a doztn miles from uny town and tbree or four from a bouse, alone with tbe ? and the shade? the moonlight and the morn?with nothing near bet the solemn old oars about and the high clouds above, and the very ab around aeemad still and holy. They were churches. Men may go into those churches in the city that are built in the aam* row with nigh brick houses, from which you can scarcely tell thsm, and hardly note tbe difference between going into the dwelling or tie church?go into tither with the same thoughts or feel ings; but nothing abort of a cast iron specimen could are apt to consider the church, lemehew, aa something rrlat ug to ceatb, and the graveyard always comes with It ia one's thoughts. I saw two of the ordinary grave yards one morning, with prettily tOnlpturad monuments, affectionate inacrtp tiona, plenty of (lowers, and all that, and the sum even ing 1 saw a singular contract to them both?a graveyard la the wrode, though not near to either of the cuurehse It seemed to he a private one; and a mora desolate and melancholy looting spot I do not wish ?o ss*. It was in the woods, though not far from the road, aad about a dozen yards square, enclosed by a rough piece of snake fence, three or lour rati* high. Within It were eight graves, omy distinguished from the common surface of dead leaves, trom the rain, owing to their slight eleva tion. having washed them clear, and by there being, at tbe head end foot of each, a Utilepieoe of etooa? in some pieces scarcely diseernable?like the fragment of a flag ?tone driven into the ground. And the cypress trews that grew around and on the spot, mat bo closely at the top that no ray of sunshine could possibly touch the earth. It was a melancholy spot?do inscriptions, no sunshine, ao flowers?nothing at ail but death?nothing except those aad cypress trees, more like death than life. I couldn't help thinking of Allan Ramsay's wish to lie "wliare tbe dais is would grow over his head." Teere waa no one by who knew aught of the place. 1 think thoy must have been ths gravis of strangers, tor no man who had the choice 01 another spot, would bury hfs re lative there. But I am leaving the town. 1 have given yon its general appearance ordinarily, and to some degree extraordinarily. Io day is one ol tue three hundred days, aad the town is mot alive with visit ers, businsta, or aught else that I can discover. It is hot midday. A few lazy looking horses, with scarcely animation enough to brush away th* flies, are atanding tied out in the " space." Hare and there a storekeeper leans listlessly ia hi* doorway; at intervals some eerson will cress the space aad disappear aa tbe window lsdgs rises between him and the llus of my viaion? and this is all, except the group gathered yonder, where a shingle of very modest cimenslona announces a law otBso. There, ia the shade of a tew locust trees, seated on the stoop, leaning agalost the wall, and on cha rs, in every variety of position, sideways, straight, with their legs thrown over the backs, and a oaiifaurchon, are about a dcxen men. The guffaw that sounds out, " the loud laugh that shows tbe vacant mind," Indicates that their diacassicns are not very weighty. A word that oomsa up tety that thoy are talcing about the Know Nothings, and a aeavy mao, with hia hat off, ia declaim eg against secresy. How many persons there are who dou't like mystery 1- o Dome by which they call everything that thev don't understand. These or* all the eight# here; oad those occasionally heard voices, with a few notes of a flate run up anl down, an accord eon now and then drawn ones or tsrioo, and th* rich laugh of a little darkey, are all 'tffl sounds. It becomes mora lively as sight conies oo: the houses are thrown open, p?ople walk ont, and everytoiog seems different; hut it is still very dull. Life h?r* 1* a vsry alow thing; and aomo of the people themselves are wil ling to acknowledge that thoy eaa scarcely " keep soul sad body together"?a circumstance that, in many in stances, seems to b* sufficiently evident. O. H. Tawroit, Gibson Co , Tenn., May 30,1865. Rural Scenery?Snakes, Toads, and Porkers?Myriads of Locusts?fbrming and Factories. BW If then were aa many streams aa thorn are bridge*, West Tennessee would ha a wall watersi country; Out the bridge* span dry, in some planes bare ant sua baked whit*, aad in other* green aad overgrown with plants t^t flourish boot whore than ia least water. Ppeakmg of toads, snake* oome up very naturally. There are aone hero at aH It ia doubtless attributable to th* cirouastaae* of th* farmers turolag their hogs loos* in the woods. A snake had bettor meet St. Patrick than a porker. No make, not oven hia majesty with the rattle, stands the slightest chane* with a hog. By ao anako, I moan 'none of our North Americas kiala. Rt. Patrick didn't bare anacondas to doal with, which was probably a good thing for hia reputation. But the voloe or the toad la not th* oaly strings ariso in tbe wtods tbla reason. All day whoa ths sua is shfnieg yon hear a ceaseless sound, something too sharp to bo osJ'ed a hum, and oot unlike th* distance-deadened noise of a aaw mil). It come* from the locusts, that are new appearing In myriad*. Ovleg to some ascl loot of th* eee*oo. they were almost entirely deotreyel at their last periodical appearance, aad this ie the fourteenth year sine* thev have been numerous All day the seunt sesma to vibrate without pause, for la th* myriads the ?hopping or beginning of one la not to be noted Of fonk that I caught, ever) ea* had a perfectly diitioot letter w oa eaeb wing. With mere er lea* regularity in ,JtMI ?"n* tlean* *f the wing ia later reefed by ? vstny ?h?e till it proeento about th* aam* on Haeas )he fsathersd wlag or a bird. Consequently, wbete what "onld appear to be th* root* of one r jw oi featbersmsst the point a of th* next raw, the wlag la by a Sitf tag |i?*. This Mas form* the letter W threetlmee. fr^ appeal of iro&tsnr would not seeu to h*any thlsgStrange: but. olUialth* other* over ib* wing 4*> not differ ia eeltr from th* mem krafo, th* letter that 1* neartst the point and Is rnprt id regukrty form**. Ha perftrtly black-the t?el aiepptog ti?t)j where that kite* a-cyi, and tbe but shade itiitlita it like a tatat halo, a little way lata tha tiesae Tbla dkdactive aaarh render* tba ktt-r pk'nly peretptthk ?h*n tta wing is held up at e dis tance from wbigk tba ordinary fibre* cannot h* seen. It wou'd be difflcaU ta uj ?bat paipoa*, la the economy ef it wet Ufa tbla sppesranee aaa possibly wrra Tba kcoata are about tao lnebaa long, with a besvy black body too large redejee. They are la tha weeds yet? but considerable ravage* aaaoag tha fruit troaa aij rraacaaWy be *1 panted There la much ham from various d?i tractive laaaeta tbla ??a'?n. I apoke with a farawr of Dickssn eounty, who ban bad almost every atalk of twelve aeraa of aora keel ad bv the "cut worm " in inaaet ea kd tba "army woim" i? diMiapuiab'ng blme- If la tba earn* aairtea. W? eat la thought tow ta be autaf danger. Much of it la quit* yellow. There will probably be a great deal of wheat and core raised tbla yaar. aa, owing ta tba earn para tire failure of the laat season, a eery one haa put la twice bia uaual quantity, tba season ia backward with tobareo; tba plants are not yet Mt aut Tha ' Oooba teas" (mora taeorably kacwa to the dwellers in cities aa '?peannta") are just up Trenton la a sown of handsome dwellings, and a eery little but-lntst. About thirteen mllea balow rrenton ia tba epina'Df and weaving factory of Mr. 8haw, a pio neer in ibat line Tbe factory contain# forty loom*, (made at hatteawan, New York.) each ctpabla of tun ing out aixty rarda a day, though tbe average of work dcao la but l,nf>0 yards of tbe eoarao cotton cloth known aa Urnabnrga. or Lowells. When it ia eoneilered tb.t ibla dob la all aoii lor eooaumpilon in tba neighborhood, tbe'aetiry wi 1 bo looked upon aa quite aa institution There are $ jo,000 invests i ia It, at prrsezt payteg twenty-five per teat. At tbla rata ft will be wondered that 'Fi?y are nte nnmeroui: but It ia eemparativelv anew thing bereabouta. Mmy woman a* ill apatbeir own cotton and wea*a their ownahdh One woman tbat 1 raw ep n> log up amour the tills war the descendant of an old Covench'er. lisr father, Bitting berida her, bad tcvcr seen a loiomotive. Ha wan a atrong Knew Nothing. G. H. Our North Carolina Correspondence. C'iupsl Hill (N. C .) June 7, 1855. 77i? State University? Jts Location and Pint Gradua'es ?Northern and Southern Interest?Commencement Ex ercises?The Sermon, Dedimationt, and Dialectic Ad dress. Tba University of North Carolina, located in tba smalt yet beautiful viHa|e of Chapel Hill, ia tha institu tion of the State, nod perhaps I should do other eol leges no injustice by saying it ia tlia institution af tba South. Organised in tba year 1706, the aid poplar traa ia atjil atancing in the Campus under which the trus tees held their first deliberations. Tha aollego grounds comprice about twelve aeraa of high Wads, filled with ?hade tiers, lative to tha soil The regularity of an artificial grove ia thus lost, but the fall beauty of bath ia retained. The first graduates were ia 1708. Tiking the tabk of matriculants as tba basis of an opinion, tba college seemtd to move steadily on, increasing in strength ant influence, from Its organization up to 1824. For thena?l. .twenty-four years it teems ta bars passed through a variety of adverse fortunes, and the year 1848 gave it kaB matriculants than lb24. But the fostering ear# of tha State, wle* councils, and a full and a highly compe tent corps of professors and tutors, with a vary full ani rigid course of studies, placed the University in a position to command the patronage of those who would have their eons educated in an inatititatkn of tha highest order. Since 1548 tha number sf matri culants has mora than doubled, and laat yaar tha cata logue give a as?Seniora 65, juniors 66, sophomores 02, frtsbman, 06; partial courts, 13; law students, 12. Total, 324. But there ia another reason why this col lege, and moat of those in the South, are now prospering wall?a mason which ahonld make tha fanatical aboli tionist of the Noilta pause in hia mad ravings against an institution of which he knowa little or nothing. A few yaars tinea a large proporticn of those who received a collegiate education obtained it at some Northern in attention; now, tbo number ia very small. Stlf-respect, self-preservation, have driven them ta patronise home edit gee. If those who prato so much about slavery, and deal ontauch anathemas upon every slaveholder who comes within the hearing of their voices, would have half the aelf-respect, or wonld ascertain what slavery is, not from abolition books made to prejudice the pub lic statement, hut by actual observation and mingling with the (lavtholders and tbe slaves, they would oease to he hostile against tbo South on account of a domes'.ic institution recognized and protested by onr common con stitution. Northern interest also demands a eessstion ef these hostilities. But more on this point at some future time. He commencement exercises were opened on Monday night, Jnne 4, by a lermon be ore the graduating clue, bj tbe Rev Benjamin M. Palmer, D. D , of Columbia, S C. Text, Jobn 8; 68, 89. *? Then Simon Peter answered bim, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hut the words of eternal life. And we believe, and are euro that thou art that Christ, the Son of the living God." This sermon was one of the very best, in every reap'ct, that it has been my good fortune to listen to, (and I have listened to msny of those who rank among tbe first theologians of our country ) I bad taken vsry full notes, but flnd ne it tmmaokis <>u tne sermon or its author Justice, the retde.- must be content with this passing notice. Tuesday night, declamations from the freshman compe titors. On Wednesday at 10 o'clock, A. VI, the Dialectic aad Philanthropic Societies met to listen to an address from George Davie, Esq., of Wilmington, N. C. llr. Davie is a man of rather email stature, modest and retiring in manners, and at tirat is not likely to favorably impress the mind of the stranger. But these defects, if ?uoh they are, are more than mode up by a well stored and disciplined mind. Be is yet quite a young man; hut be ha* mate hie mark, and well may his State feel proud o.' such a good and noble son His theme upon this occasion was, "The Early Times and Men of the Lower Cape Pear," After a brief apology that one so young? one needing instruction?should he called upon to teach, ho proceeded to say, that the historian of the United States (Bancroft) has complained of the carelessness with which the history of North Carolina baa been writ ten. The reproach ia hut too just. As colony and State not ysttwo centuries old, the story of hsr infancy ant early progress is o sealed book to the many, aad to the curious few is more Imperfectly knowa than that of nations which flourished and decayed thousands of years ago And If this is true of the State at largo, it ia emi nently so of that faction in which I The Capo Fear oonntry never has had a historian. Its pubi c ro coris wore always meagre and barren; its private rvccrds, once rich and fruitful sources of klstory, have become much mutilated and impaired by the lapse of time. Its traditions are perishing, and are burled daily with our dead, as the old are passing away. I have thought, therefore, that Instead of ssrmonlsiug upon themes which were long ago threadbare, I would give you a sketch, imperfect as It may bo, ot too os.rly tunes and men of the lower Caps Fear. I shall not aspire to the dignity of history. I assume the humble, but still pious duty, of connecting recorded facts?of perpetuat ing traditions, and of plueklog away the mosses which have gathered on the tombe of some of our illustrious dead. (Cheers ) He then went on to speak ef tbe early settlement of Old Town Creek, nine miles beiow Wilming ton, by the young mother of cclonies, Massachusetts. Disasters and distress soon came upon them, but the mother heard the cries of her children and mtnutered to their wanta. One hundnd and ten year* afterwards, when the Boeton port bill had spread a pall of gloom and diatrees over that city, the people of Cape Fear re membered the generous succor of Ma<sact usotts. With one voice they deelaroi "the cause of Boston was the cause of all.1' Their safety committees determined that all goods imported contrary to the resolve of tbe Conti nental Congress should bo tailed and sold, and the pro coeds, after deducting the first coat, should be sent to ths poor of Boston. Tbey did more. They chartered a vss>el, loaded her with provisions at a cost of ?800, aad sent her to the relief of the suiterers by the Boston port bill. It were well if the people of New England would pauFO in their fanaticism to ponder aad remember th ugs like three. Ibis Massachusetts colony, after suffering many re verses ano hardships, returned to their native soil. Other attempts were sends to settle ths Capo Fear country, and mat a similar fate. Tfce efforts woio des cribed by the speaker in full, and ho stated as a singular faet that historians had detailed with great preeisl >n the uniuc^sstal efforts, yet not one record where, bow, or by whom its permsnsnt settlement was e(Tested Bo vsgne has tradition become in tbe lapse of years, that, though wo know tbe maener aad the men, we cannot now fix the time with any precision Toe speaker then pro seeded to prove that the saocossful effort* to settle the Caps Fear were put forth by Colonel M .urire Moors and his brother, Roger Moore-soot of ths fl t Governor Moore, of Soutb GnroMsa; then foils wed a vsry inters sting history of these efforts, ao 1 many a nobis tribute to the memory of tho early p'oaeers of toe Cape Ftar. Many portions of this were truly el>quent, sad was received with freansnt spplans*. In speaking of tho position of North Carolina in ths great struggle for American freedom, he said:?In ths the first or the year 1700, the sloop-of wax DUtgeaoo arrived in the Cape Fear, bringing tho stamps. Now leok, what *h?U happen ? she floats a* gaily np the river a* though she came upon an errand of grass, with anils nil est, and the cross of St. George flaunting apeak, and her cannon frowning upon the reoeliious little town of Brunswick, as she yawns to her anchor. Too pis of tho (ape Fear, ths iseuo is before yon. Tho paw of tho Men is on jonr heads? the terrible lion of England I Will you ?rou:h submissively, or isdsem ths honor that was pledged for tou? Yo have spoken brave words about the rights of thopoopls?have ys acts as brave? Ahl gentlemen, there were men In North Carolina in tnose days. Scarcely had the stamp ship crossed ths bar. wbsn Colonel waddell sras watching her from tbe snore lie sent n messsngsr to WUmlogton to his friend Colons! Ashe As she rounded to her anebor, opposite ths Cus tom House at Brunswick, they appeared upon the shore, with two companies of frtends aa-l gnllAnt yeoman at their hooka. Beware. John Ashe I Hugh Waddell, take hied! Cos aider well, brave gentleman, tho perilous (?sue you dart Remember that armed resistance to tbe King's authority is treason. In bis palace, at Wilming ton, the " Wolf ef Cartlino" is already chafing against you; and know you not that yonder, across tbe water, England still keeps tho To ear, tbs Traitor's Gate, ths scaffold aad tho axo I Full well tbey know; bat They have set tbslr lives upon tho cast, And now mnst stand tas hasard of tho die. By threats of vlolenoo the* Intimidated the command er of tbe sloop, aad k# Promises not to land his stamps. Tb?y ateeo ths vessel's boat, and hale ting n mast and ?ag, mount It upon ? cart, and marsh in tripmph to j L" "? I" MM, IM MBUd Of im Jibm Boa? ton, the itui Bute. Dm hi* refu Ml to deliver Mb wp forthwith, tbey i*t about to born hto bowee iwr hit W?i Terrified, tht Otftrtwr at length MBpihi, ltd Houston it miuttd to tho Mar ket Boat*, where, In tht presence of tht eesembled mo *!?, be to mads to Uke tht solemn oath never to oxeeute tht detiee of hit offict. Tbieegled bnmbt ring through btut?. tad tht tttap net faLe stillborn fat North Chioltea. (Cheers ) And this vu aort thtn ten jeers htfort tht Declaration of Independence, nine "EL?* ?f l>txiD(r?oo, and naarlj eight htfort tht Booton Tt* Party. Tht csstrurtloa of tht ten wee don* In tht night bj men in dlsgulee, tad hwtorr blazons it, and Now hngland boaata of it, and tho fame of It It world-wide. Bat thu other not, Bore geiUut and dnrmg, dene in open day by wtU known men, with anna to their hand* and nnder the king's Big?who reaem ?who tella of itf When will hie tor y do lattice to North Onrottoaf New, tiU lome faithful and lonog ton ta JSJf'ai!- 1<^iD, *? *i0? unwearied dear VkTmetber * devotion to the honor tf hit ?l,#uker enchained hit audi d a??^I*P?. ' bbtori?Al A?d traditional inci toSat- subject. He then closed at lol J2?2W2"T"- to eceompHehed?how feebly and inperfeetJy none know better than aytelf My theme it If?*!? ' V b*"a par*,J NorU ?AraHuiau. And ti\?- T*"' By tome striking example*, not noUterv hVtmv SSrhStS"' w on,T'B'tlng pane of a luminous history, to show jon bow rich we art to aU that mum the just and honorable pride of a people. Ths moeal of tbe true and loyal gentleman haa no ingredi ?at to powerful at anerer prsren'pndeo' personal oher actar. Tbe man who Itoki it nij biot? wthout dia*ra. dit on the plane of Mfs'e ordinary lev-1; hut he tan never ascend to moun'aln tops, nor feast hia soul with the gloriene content; laticn tf great fmotitions nobly fought and conquered Toe unilsfineble spirit of patrl rtlim haa "2*Brntio powerful aa a high and juetifleble State pride. Thecjtlzsu who cannot fee] it Bay punctually JJJ y* .tm". ?L ?'Bt, annlot and cummin, bat to all the higher dufl-e of citizeaabip ho wiU neglect the weightier dntiea of tbe law. Ill fares it with the State which can appeal to ita children by no nobler tie than a affection for the spot where they were horn." While rejoioing, ?? North Chrolinlaoa, that tbe record* of tbe past entitle yon to tee Boat honorable pride, re member that to so doing they call upon joa for the ex ercise of the noblest patriotism. Keep eyer green tbe memory ef jour tl'u-ir.ous dead. let them lire and shine in your heart* forever; tot prompting you to ?uto'J boosting, hot quiekanlng every generous impulse, A?d etifiJof to you tbe purest avbilien. A rouga Held , hnttle awsit* jou. Arm for it now Make yourselves aup#n tb* 1UuMhheid of the world, and look lrg abroad aeo wwtblng hut tho glad sunshine and the V' V ,tbe 841,1 ??tors, and hear the singing Wide, resolve to-day to be up to the highest mark of chs doty which jou owe to ycnnelves, to tbe State to 0*1 to men, as citizens, and at tnlightiied Chr.rimi SnUi: ?t??.VPWkW M8u"##d hto ??at amid long continued an P^uie. G. B. K. Chatm, Hill, June 8, 1855. A Mr est to the Historical Society -Bcminitcencet of Oliver Cromwell?The Alumini AstocuMon? iopho motet, Billet and a Ball Dancing and Supper. On Wednesday, at 12 o'clock, II., the Historical So ciety was called to order by It* Preeident, Ex Governor Manly, when a rery able address wag delivered by the Right Fey. Thomas Atkinson, D. O. As hia theme?Oliver Cromwell?wag announced, the audience seemed a little disappointed; so much baring be?n recently written upon tho Uto and character of that men, moat felt thit the selection was an unfortu nate eg e for the occasion. Two centuries had elapsed since Cromwell's death; still very little was known to regard to him, though all he did was open to tbe study and scrutiny of all He belonged to an Illiterate family, and it waa his misfortune that his historian waa hie greatest enemy. If eome dead men kn?w in what eati matlon they are held, it is difficult to conceive how they can he to Pnradlae. fiat Ckrlyle has done him jus tice, and resentd his name from oblivion. Even hia enemies now acknowledge him to have boon a great man, and tbe scene# of phrenology proves it by kto portrait. Though grMt, what enduring monument baa he left to perpetaate hie memory? While alive he made all obsy by force, bnt at hie death there wee no greater regard for law than at the beginning of bis reign. The arts and sciences were not advaaoed; he destroyed, hut could not rebuild. A mere warrior, yet bis letters and spseches show him to have bean a* gentle as a woman. The basis of his character was profound mtlaacholy. This rendered him highly susceptible to intense religious impressions. The speaker compared him to Luther, Mahomet and Joe Smith, considering that the melancholic temperament predominated in all of these personages, and their strong and eccentrie re II gicns notions ware the result of that melancholy. He justified Cromwell's eppoaition to the Church of Borland hi* massacre of the Wild Irishmen was to s wo the flow f?B8bt for his religion and hie country Napoleon, and other warriors, to advance their owa into' rests. Born in a hothouse ot religious seal, be did what he thought to bo rght. He iinasd; jet now fow are fcvmptte as wee Cromwell! The weakness of human na ture, which so alHiete n* all, is quite sufficient to *e ?ount for all the defects of hi* life. Tbe close of his life iocicatva his pnzlty end sincerity. This address wis tofavSSd! ' ? wrU4*" ia and elegant], iredbi^rf W?IS fetation ?? deliv i' Bln|be?. The burden of hie song was to pieve that mankind, as a whale, are not griwtnr *nv *toer. and right well aid he set title song to mueia ft * tobcred production, and showed it* author to be htm v "n,0l8nt BfA modern hletory. Mr. Bing. D,U8l,J tormsd ? great mao, bat V *, better reputation as an in * _ .. than he. Hui mode* o.' correcting the wavward ItoiVe'c^c Udnl? h'8 Ci*r8# '%%ow hi" *<> bs'ome bk. l ^v v ,.0B?K m8n Annoyed him by crow '?ff hke a oock?he pnt him in a lam "??/>' ..j made him crow for twelve hours without stopping. Two others would nley cards-he kept them toTrcom tor end comn#U*A th0rn J",,,il0M,w4 aold water to drink, m"n?e tor ?Me? P J CBrU8 ^ tlw wtbout buT^I'd'to LBtghM^hshS0pbTr^ eo?P84,to" beld forth; 'n'n"1' th* diplomas. The president Dsvid j';.ST*to, LLP., to behalf of thefeenlty. presented e*0h graduate with a beautiful copy of the Bible I came now to speak of the iaat, though not least of these annual festivities, nmraday night the ball'in bonorof the graduating class was held in the college h%il> aboat ,orty by eighty !f* l *" totmmud with evergreens. By nine o'clock 8tete ^nJ^h.Wr.u?,'he fcn(1 bsauttfut of the flew 'werr^/n fi tKn?beerved npon the H? w"* ?- B?ltow, of Tennessee; Gov. Bragg, Hon. Wm. A. Graham, ex Gev. Morehead, and other > x Governors and Senators. This festival l am tnJii ni w"m ?nd from' .1! vfrt^C r? AU,J ?lu*u?d by the wearer#?like sister toKSi!?bsrms to the uthsr. It m ght not be to good taMe to designate any of the ladies bnr^^i.toh IZd w'n7^ th* d*le?AUon" from Balis . toh and Wilmtagton were among the best. *c AtlD?iM ??,r,n0ul0" ?! beauty, drees, &c. ' . . dock, tht "yiol and harp" bro\e ont in -eeteit .trains, and away went the giy thraVg oS "the Ught fantastic toe." Merrily and gr/osfuilv dM thev S5 TiV" BBd 00,tlU0D-, At one o^cioek^upper a , ,,u ''A84 toT tbe stomach's sake f . four hoars' daneing all wera m-enarn.i After.un^r?j0,ti0# *? th* delloaeies befor^C! dsiceH c?mPA?y returned to ,the ball room danced about two hours more, and then seoaraUd with comflMno*??nt ezavelaei at Oha P*! wiil oane but once a ^aar. Qm g k Out Arkansas Correspondence. Fort Smith, Arkansas, May 21,18(5. Discovery of the Gold Mines?Their Productiveness? Opi nion of an Old trapper?Companies Fitting Out?A Pay's Work. Behoving that a few lines from thli poet, the outside crust of civilization, might prove of some Interest to J oat many thousand leaders who wish to nuke their lortunes, I take the liberty of dropping ysu a few lines by way of informing yon of a new discovery ef gold mines, distovered about four hundred miles northwest of this place, a partial description of which you have doubtless seen before th's time in the St. Louis papers. Mr. Jesse Chiaholm is here now, and I have just hai a conversation with him; he is sn old trapper, we?) acquainted with the region of country where the goid is said to have been dlscoveied, and onterta ns no doubt but that the gold mines on the Red Fork of the Arkansas ere as rich as the richest mines of California. Essays that the country abounds with the blaek sand and all other indications of a rich gold region, and parti si es of goid have frequently been picked up in the bed of the nrkinsaa many miles below the mouth of toe Red Fork and at that place, but the Iadiana have hitherto be?? so boetUe as to present the working or exploring of tbe mines. There are sow several companies fitting out at this place to start under the guidance of Chieholoi to tbe newly discovered gold diggings, armed and equipped t > pioteet themselves from tbe savages, as well as Qtted out for digging the precious dust, so that we shall very soon hear all about tho richness of the Red Fork tn'nes. That there is gold there, and In considerable quantities, those acquainted with tbo country do not doubt fir a moment; hut whether it is found in such abundance as to enable a single band to wash out $1C0 per day with nothing to work with but a common wash basin, as some returned Mlasourians, now hire laying in supplies for tbe m nee, report, is somewhat disbelieved: but tbose who have been tbeie and have ths best right know, have ell ecnflcenee of tbe richness of the mines. You shall hsar from mo again as soon as 1 hoar from the mhiee, ray in ten day* or two woska, shou'd this communication receive favor. Raid ABLE. Tbo now homestead law of Massachusetts exempts a man's Implements or Lois frees the law's clutch. ln<s is supposed to eovif the libraries of lewyers and scholars as won aa the ad see and square# end planes of car peatcrt. Interacted fm> Cmlral Aa?rie?. OCA IOMDUI OOAAIBTOWMUCA. Omo?, (Hnton.) Feb. 35, 1855. Pamphlet of the Inter Oceanic Oompmp? Productions of Bondurat? Wood* for Ship BuOdimQ?Tke India Rub ber Tree?LtM*>r and Ragt+-G<>ld and Other Malalt? Price of landa?Rmipratton Brititk Influence. Ma ibe pamphlet published by the Honduras Inter ooeanic Company will drew public attention to that country, I end nee yon a few remark ? on tbo capabilities and productions of the State of Honduras, which any bo interesting to jonr readers and be tbo means of draw ing the attention of tbo commercial world to this part of Central America. Tbo coast of Honduras, on tbo Atlantic side, abounds with many valuable woods, tbo principal of wbleh am mahogany and cedar, too well known in commerce to re quire any description; but there are many others not so well known, wbleh might well bo worth tbo attention of ihlpbuilders, millwrights, and other person,who require bard and durable woods. Of these the first I shall men ticn is the gaaoaeasA or tuberose, (1 giro the Spanish and English uno,mi everlasting we id; them am small fctboonsre la Belief, with solid bottoms of this wood, (ss it grows to an immense ties) which am kaowa to have lasted one hand red years, and 1 believe one is stni rnnning. The chieklpaite, or billy webb, which some captains of vessels wbo have loaded In Dameram tell mo la similar If not the same as the greenhesrt?a wood much used In England at present for ihlpouil ling pur poses?Is an extraordinarily hard wood and is used by the inhabitants for sugar mils. The guani pele or lotus, Is another hard wood nssd for eogo m the cylinders of the sugar mills. Both these trees grow to a large size The htspera, or sopndilln, a wood similar in some respects to hiekory, bat more d arable, in need for poets In biases, lasting forever, never rotting in the gronsd, but rmther petrifying; the mora, a very bard wood, is ustd for similar purposes ; the quebra bacha, (Anglicised break-axe) In English, iron wood it, as its name implies, as hard as Iron: these three last will be fena? squaring from one foot to two. And tbere are n great variety of similar woods, too nume rous to mention, which only require to be known to be in request. The Udia robber tree ia feud here la any quaatlty, elese to the rivers; and any pereon or periona acquaint ed with the mode of preparing the gum for ma *ket, would eael>y realise a very handaome ana Fustic is abundant; large quantities ef the beet species of Brazil are to be found m the interior; but the rirera there are too dangeroui to admit ef transportation by water, and land carriage being only possible with mniee ia too at pensive ; but any ono one uneerstaading the msthod of ?n ul* Jf- lata ' P*?*. M is done in V neat an with the logwood, would no doubt find it extremely profltable. w 1 _Tb? country ia covered with pitch pine, which would prod nee pitch, tar, turpentine and roain to any amount; and as the pine ia found near the coast, these can easily he brought to martet, the rivers when ap proaching the coast running through large Tillers huge r0rM>' *Bd b,i*g Perfectly navigable for Ibe inhabitants of tho country baying been employed ?,W,y' M**'1 g00d siemen ?d sawyers; indeed all the poor peopio are good axemen, from tho cirenmttanoe that they are constantly catting down the woods to make plantation! and oorn pieces. The plough Ming unknown here, obligee them every two or tnreo years to cut down virgin lands. Laborers can be obtain ed on the coast for $6 or 17 a month, and in tho interior much cbeaper. . 1pJ?Btifol and cheap, and any quantity can be obtained cither lor working oxen or feed laalan ecrn, plantains, rioo and frjolei (n s pedes of bean) are wben. ?Mt.y ecnenmed by tha people, and are pfeati In addition to tha woods, many very valuable balsamic mes abound, and others producing various lunu used 1 * J wrtte/ofthU if not well ieq^taEJ u5is descripition of trees, but oue so acquainted would find it wcrth hie while to visit the country. The frier's balsam, sang re drago (dragon's blood), and copaL Lave been pointed ont to the writer by one who under stood these matters. Whilst all tke world is running to Csllfornia t f ADjtialia in n&reh of gold, probohlj as much is to be found much nearer borne; aad, with ths advan tage that provisions, 4c., are to bo obtained to any ?mount, and as cheap or cbeaper than in the United States; and, with the consolation that in less than a month, any one can find himself at borne again for n small expense. At only three days' journey from Cmoa, (say 90 miles,) in the valleys of Quemiaton, there ?J* streams which bring down large quantities ?*?0* The inhabitants, who wash in the most Srimitive manner, via , with a hern spoon and a cala *! a' #b'5lB from *? ?12 a week?they use no quicksilver; end as they work on their own account. It is to be supposed that they do not over-sxert them selves ; moreover, they are fond of roasts, dances, Ac.. Sfsf .SEP" Sf* f PS* of tlm* AU over tha fi^Lii' tfd wVhiE*m an occupation prin cipal), in the (apartments or Yora and Ulancho, and arge quantities, for the very inefficient means need r!" exported from the ports of Omoa and fli"? . J. if ,not tb" '*Mt doubt that any anter t/i.'of ^ u j ' W'i"ih th# oereeaary means and ma terials, would do as well bare as in Australia or Cailfor fV*' f*'/" J?" "P*?*- of silver and oopper ihmiBd hefi nh if" always mors or lea* gold abound here. The silver mine of Onyabil yield ed, at one time, 200,000 dollars a JcaSU: but mining Is in a very primitive condition, there being no machinists here ; even n sood black smith is a very scarce artic-e- As the onfy land ear riage ia with atulee, it is not possible to transport ma eh.nery from the coast, and thVriy.r. not betag n?? gable for any distance, water conveyance is out of tho question. But a company etublished to work mines, by bringing their own machinists and blacksmiths would eneUy overcome any difficultiss, as iron mines abound "? by.tb# Abtivea. 1 have been auureii met wfih ? interior that coal is to be a.?!0*1**4 *?*?> fDd ??e quality, an abun tlftu'.t 5? POTchased at from $12 to S1A the o? ^olfi f. cabellerisa of land is 2.600 yards long by 1,260 wide, or two eabcllerlsas an 6,000 squan yards.) i agar cane, cotton, coffee, the Indigo plant, and, in short, aU the productions of tropisal cllmatee, grow dnd ,)n ??cluaion I haVo? to remark that the country merely requins being known for emigrants to flock hen. And hen I may bo that tho American government would ro well to enoonrage emigration to this country were it enly to aet as a counterpoise to that eneroaX ii .w n ic k 1 *? P*>nl,*rly the distinguishing trait of the British government, end which, by tbilr occupa tion of 8an Juan, Limebonse, on tha Mosquito shore, and various other aggressions on Central America, it ?mut? *P^artheyaredetermined to uphold to the ut most, and unlets tho United States sx'cnd their all powerful pro' ection, will end by reducing these free and independent States (who, by the way, an well diinosofl to the Americana, aad look to them /or aid and support In restating tho encroachments of the British govera ment) to ?Ee state of British dependencies. ^ I should observe that the climate is remarkably healthy, and In the interior particularly so. BondurM krtlm itt'W 1 *<*_, "?"b Utitude, and is not so hottest period of the year as it is in New T. . Jbe suae perlod-ieipi de $oUU and people dropping down from the heat, never ocoarlng hen. jboald observe that any qnanUty of the above H?"*'a?1??a'b* ?btalaed in the riven of Blue "d Cblmlicon? tbat is to say, in the woods adjacent; KiWc'r,i * 'bound the rivers are perfectly navl Lml* *' f8,,?*"0*1' Bowing through large valleys, without any falls or rapids. EL HONDURENO Omox, Hon., Feb. 26, 1866. Route from JVrio York to California by Omoa?What | Traveller Wants?Mulct, Mo tot, Baggage and Cot.? nailing Placet? Hours of Starting and Balling?Mail ? natt?Trade with California. fcie persona desirous of making a quick trip to Califor nia from tho United States, aad wishing to avoid long f?a voyngse, perhaps no nuts is so advantageous as the one from Omoa to the porta of Tlgre, Real, Ltja, Union endUbertad: aad were it generally known, would, I am eon, be mnoh frequented. Any one desirous of try. jog this route should embark for the British settlement ? Honduras (Beliie). Vessels from Ntw York aad New Orleans an sailing oonstaatly far that port. On arrir lag at Belize, he will find coasting vessels sailing every day for Omoa; the trip is generally made in from ?Ighteen to twenty four hours. On arrival at Om> f the traveller has to provide himself with three mulei? ?ay two riding males and one baggage mule, and two mosoe-one should be a tight lad for a servant, and the other a muleteer. The mules can be either hired or purchased?tho hire of throe mules to a port on the Pa ciflc would be from $60 to $70. Tho purchase of three mules would amount, say to $180, vis.:?$60 for the traveller's own, $40 for the servant, and $30 for the beggege mule; and these, on arrival at one's destlnetiua, can be sold, so that probably punhasing ia tho cheapest, although it has Its tnooavenisaM, In ca e of anything bspptning to tha mulsa on too road. If the mules are hired, care should bo tab an to make the agreement with tke owner that ho aitker gone himself or find* the mule teer; aad 1st H be expressly understood in the agree ment, which should be la writing, and witnessed by the alca'de, that the traveller U In no way roiponsiile for an) thing tbat may happen to the mulee. The moaoe can be obtained for from $12 to $16 each; anl if the traveller is ignorant of the Spanish Uoguigo he will have no difficulty in floding lads In Omoa who speak both English and Spanish. The traveller should be p-o vided with two trunks, whlsh, with their contents, should not exoeedltO lbs. eacb-lf lose tho better a i0 *dmit of JU boing doubled up* which Is called here a mate/a, and being wateroroof in i' ?,*"*?'***?! * hammock, sheet, blanket aid suit of clothes?for the traveller will have to sloed In a hem meek all the road; for, bo it observed, beds are only ta be met with occe.lor aiJy, Next, a pair of saddle bags In are stowed a small pot Tor boding water m' some coffee or chocolate, a little srifcar, (as these articles can be pnrehmed at variecs towns on the ron'e a email quantity,) a enp or too, Idem plated, a knife and "7 ?;b.r.r8CT,"a,y'. Tt>* '?"??' MTTl.S ths ?addle begs, end the woWa before, although seme pre "o^obedween the trunks, ?**.*!* heavy. The traveller ihoiUkin, y ??t?r?rco# coat, tad food bont? Pf! WW M ? /should (1 e*.< r rv? o^riee Ua to ponkw a aaMk 'jjt taking GUI it If ?Tdy mjtmr tk? Bedel rbe English u4 ^?"T'fn saddles M ?eiB|e's *o much larger iu rounder oo the w*~ sore to gall ibe male* Can should alao bo takei the girths and cropper ate u?trow u i ih|>|. ??? *a?y iteep mountains to aeeand anddseeind will aaw suppose tbe traveller is ready to rtort, h deepetibeo the cargo mala ahead. He can Hart at 10 or 11 o'clock, aa the first day of brsakiw an tbare are always various Batten to an awe, wkiol ? leaving early; aod at 8 or 4 ie the aftei l!? in *' * p'aoe called Rancbo Grande, i 1 bla Bolea win be wvli takea care of. HenheWt I toSS IZltad Vlg?h "*xt be will arrive t** from there, la fear ? ?/*> t??L Ui. 1 bimeelf la the city of Osaseyi Here, if be wishes to in the Horn, be eaa remain: ?> d *J7* hlj a?elee a riot; bet if arciowe t on, will, i? from Bee to ib bri, am re at ear e above mentioned porta. Thin route ia quite tree highest, and be wfai (um the Men* .uvih bo.jd.aba, aid with tbegreateet eecun^Sui, W a? J bouse along tbe route, ae iaoa are unknowii country. mmmmwmu Tbe mode of travelling la aa follow.:?it is ah viaabie to start a. early la tne morning ?a ncoel arry one's hre.kfaat ready cooked, which eaa pe veraigbt; at sboni 13 o'clock, aa arriving at aav r good /r?t<ng place, where there is water andg en unsaddle joor mole., who are oure te take a , roD, than which nothing is more invigoratbm te a yourself and moaei get breakfast, and, if an die* ; take a rieaia; if not, aa scon as tbe male* have ) good moulhiul or graaa, yon saddle up sad aroee jour jcuraej'o end for that day, la whioh joaaa ' gulden by your mosoe, as the flret object meet sl - ew pI"h7? tb"? ? P'enty of grass far tbe m Tbii ^r*i 4tw ,* tUU8? or hacienda (farm hoaee' ride up and aek for poaada (lodging) at aay hoaee may fancy, o, with uTpeipU of which irtSST moro. .reecoua.nt.d;aoSThi. U never dSnUd,'? ? thd re ia &qj kiuidcm or other raaaon which mm luoonven.ent to all parties. If you think proper ti h"" * y?? con ride ep to tbe Cs{rikio ?( Home, which, in this oountry, supplies the plaee ? thm*^? M I(f,D5 ??*,j b*M JO? wiU dad a t three orfoor arm cbalra, for the municipality te re ' in, and three or four long benches for the mbebi when summoned hy the alcalde to a junta, ar "l* full,*nd posaeaiion oT unleas 1 etbar travellers braldae yourself. Your hey proceeds to is* about rupper, end breakfast for tha day j the mu'ewer tares the mulca to a iwotureee.?. ?flM, purchases Guinea grass or eorp, or sugar leaf; and here it Is well to observe, that It is wl give your a good feed of corn at night, aad am i" l "*> wb#n it can be got, which is aet ale end night coming on, turn into your hammock aad " ' ??? ?l?ep who have been ridirg all day. * , lTAV?]l?r C8.D BCt ftloir it An ay 11 SHIII n -* ? To^n?"1 a bt" t0 two doll*fk ? day; but of coots CaVeiKj'' " mU#t * 4bl# * ^ ! ..rirSm'^S can be ascertained in New York ^ ^ b,K "Ie? e considerable trade between the of St. Miguel, which I hare omitted to moatftom which is only Ave days' journey frjm Cemeyacaa California, aa also with other parts of South aad tral America, very large fairs being held there e three months. This information may be of aarvt cXn?u#ar ?Um*rou* r**<Jer8. who may have to California. EL HONDUKJEN ODB BAN JUAN D1 N10AKAGUA C0RRK8P0NDBNC Gsbttow*, May 81, 18f Grrylovn Rebuilt?formation of a New Goeernm* Comlitwiim and Officer*?Colonel Kinney, hit Fri and Cbancet?The Indian Turtle Hunt?Amen Serving Foreigner*? Ckamorro't Party. On my way to Granada I was detainsi a few daye 1 and thinking it may interest some of yd or reader hear from this place, 1 hare the pleat ure to say tl was surprised to see Grey town, annihilated tan mei ?|0, rebuilt, hotels aad stores open, aad every 1 working en as quietly as oyer. On the evening of the 34th last the oitixsns met the purpose of forming a aew government; several jecta for a new oonatitntioa were presented; a of Ave appelated to report, who after some deb ben presented a well drawn np eonatltntioa, which was i unanimously adopted. Tha meeting was numerous]' tended by all the respectable aad intelligent inhabit* everything passed off ia the most pleasant -iimtt ' j the following officers wore daly elected:? Mr. F. I. Martin, Chief Magistrate, Don Roman R ?ri Mr Aatoine de Barruell, Associate Magistrates August Knipping, Clerk of tha city; and Mr. Chs Stanley, Marshal. This time I see that everybody appears to be pleased, with tbe exoepbon of some two ar three, wh hink, have some private reasons to keep this place w t ut a goverr ment, for tney are about the only ease ere to see Col. Kinney aad his friande? (whet a ha man to have so many friends!)?land here; aadl ami i one of the opposition were at tko meeting aad ? ?he are opposed ere not overburdened with a r amount of rouse. I at one or the formsr ffigSii trotting around with a protest against the aewfer """ 1 tbe present he has hardly ?ignatnres, for even the lew that spoke, prevloaato meeting, asainat formng a aew govern meat, are >i well pieesed with the aew constitution. J 1 About the Kinney expedlUoa I hear but vmwW ? very body here miada his own business, aad the ran mpression Is, that be wiU aet come; ^d I .X my owa experience, that should four or Ave head fwaen come to this eount/y, they will stand a r chance. If they cannot proceed forthwith ap the river the, w/il certainly bring gnat mfsery en thlmtol ??* be satliAed till theyAn jut. aad it ie a eertoia fact that no white people eta lenin end cultivate laud* in these latitudes?^ acnuslInata? b??oa tl p?" uat^ss:; Jl ?coeds ttrange here to hear people calling th. ?elves Amsriran cltisens, end entitled to all the rim and protection of our great Republic, when tha ?t" ?? Public offlci ia a foreign oountry i ^k'n ?bso?th to a foreign constitution, when It isb % principle with our government, ml so Aeed by Webster and Marey, that eitisens of the Fai Stotee ecoepting office under foreign government, i iv tk'i s?* j0f al]'8,4BC* to the coastitgtioa aad h of their adopted country, forfeit all claims to the ri* sad protection of our government. From ibe interior 1 learn that the old Chtmeno ae tro again victorious, end within eighteen sf Le and after arriving at Granada I wiU try to let yen h ftcm me again. COSDILLB Theatres and Exhibitions. Acadkxy of MFna?This evening U the last of rearon, ud ?? Miss Hansler, of when report spook* the Boat flittering way, la to moko her debut, oo b> In Donizetti's admired opera of ''Linda di Chomouni no pre id me the boose will he erosded in teen Asm merit. She will he assisted by Signerina Voatvoli, i Sigoorl Brig noli, Badiall, Kocoo and UolettL in the le ing characters. Kiblo'b Garden.?Donisettl's comic opera, the "Dan ter of the Regiment," is tnooanoed for this eveni Miss L. Fj ne in her favorite character of Marie, f has. on mscy occasions, delighted the frequenters Mtblo's by her Urging in this character. Mr. Harri as lonio, in which he will Introduce Rossini's aria ft "Almlra," "Oh I bke a Bulien Stream." Bowirv Thxatml?This svsning is anncancad as last af tbs engagement of the French aid Spanish I eers, tho will appear in a grand divert'cement. A v telbe Bowery, which is at present ably conducted Mr. Wakron and Mr. Jonee, will amply repay tho viaite The drama of "Nfok of tho Wood*" will cossmenoa ? a inurements, and they will close with "Masantello." Burton'8 Theatre?The benefit of a very pope actor, Mr. Chanfrau, tokos place this evening. A n Protean extisvapansa, entitled " The Young Asserit Actress and the Ohecure Tragedian," win be the fl piece?Mise Albntine in six characters, Mr Ohanfraa the Tragedian. Tho drama of "Rory O'Mote," wt Eddy aa Rory, and Chanfraa as Do walakin, ocueka the amoMmrnta. Wood's Minstrels.?As usual, a lore# amount negro songs, banjo and other solos, dancing, "B Wandering Minstrel," and a "Concert d la Jallien." , Buckley's Serknadkm ?" Lueta di Lammsrmoor, with a very good cast, for this svening?O. 8. Backs as Edgarco, and Mis* Eleanor as Lnay. Besides, the will he e variety of plaintive melodise, instrnmen piece*, end dancing. Pkrham'h Minstrkls.?1Those who wish to langh hoa Uy should teethe burlesque "Baby fibov." The co psay will sing a variety of popular melodies. Costotbtal Hall ?Mr. Sadgwiek wlU give his fate telement* called "Creeheta and Quavera," at the abb place, every evening next week. Floods ik the Wist.?We get aiawqing now of tbe effect of the late ralna upon the stream bet about*, causing a flood > lmost unprecedented. Oaf o?, Cuyahoga rushes through the city with a fosoe it h not felt for ten years, and the flats adjoialng the strae are tborougly flooded Upon tho two branahea of ti Black River, in Loralne county, the damage has b?T very save re. Upon the Weat branch of that rivww, Elyria, the saw mill and eaah and blind .factory belon isg t* N. B Gates, was carried away on Sunday n'gb The dam broke away under the mill, completely ewee lag the building off, but leaving the larger pet Mm of tl dam standing. The building was of wood and net vei valuable, but tbe machinery is a sever* lose, ooMantii to at least five tbouaand dollar*. Upon the east bsanc i sway, but at last accounts the mill was standing 1 * oss theBla, ths township of Carlisle throe bridges across river are known to b? gone, and aa to tbe situation ' other bridges upon that and othor streams wa are u?f yet advised. Prunes, logs, wood and timber AH th stream*, and much property Is being carried Into urn and other grain on tba boti lake. Tbe crops of corn . ? , land! must be lost, a* tbe water rushes serosa the lo lands. Did tbe water but stand tor a few hoara npol theee lands tba injury would not be serious, bat thU flood ban rcroa with a rush and baara all bafar* It. Iu Mke bos not been known for many year*. We fear th. flood iewtd# spread, aa by th# Columbus Journal < yesterday w# notice tba heavy rain* have causad a gocfW deal of dams re in the vicinity Along the Scioto riva* and Alnm apd Walnut crreks, tba meadows an-1 corf flake bare b?m overflowed and the con badly Injure- jj Cleveland Herald, Jane 13. fm A renncntr* teak place 'n Schuyler county,^fe, ?* ?he 1st Inst, between Alexander 1'sge andFerdlniagg I Joyd, be whiah tho former we* shot dead.

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