Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 19, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 19, 1855 Page 2
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Vmaht?a eonhtien which ?d mm to MM n i?stionai jaolcroey and strife than mm y wflMa rouhtion whloh kw over existed In oar iMd. 9j ibis coalition, nullification enjoys the Immti and high |l?ill of guveremont to ton South, and Mr Cashing known how to toll bin oM abolition it* -In root quiet?that piincipie* am ntnraal and nevi-r change. H? nan nay with truth to Vlhnu, Bamanr and Mm thai to-day, nam will oomn to-morrow. It will ho ?>nn?M? for too chivalrous Darin, ton oolf-naertftoiag Dour loo, not to allow n* too prtvOegfs of following the r exasapta. Bat wn tali thorn smart higher law men toot ton spirit of Washington and Jackson in ant extinct, aod i thai ton 'people ore MMymg, an la the days of old. to ton ywoerratlcn ol tbw tma prinsiplee o( ton oonnUtu- 1 to that mem men, tnsd m?n, am taxing their ?ot?, and that ton try, "Amsriian# shall role Atneriva " will nwmp away tbe miierable Jugglers who, under toe ?ef democracy, would soli the country to tun nf Borne, provided tbey have the privilege of nmaooehrlng LieTovor*. Lit our mitto then be, "Our federal Union, it molt and shall bo pros*rrsd"?"Ane rlmno shall rule America." I thank you, gen lemon, f->r too honor yon have conferred on me by too inception firm to my remarks. Jndgo Horm.N.s of Alabama, oa boing introduced, spoke an follows ?? I regret, follow citizens, that my voice <? too feeble to naablo me to bo hoard at any great disUnse. It Is the object of toe greet American party, of whleh 1 am an Bnmhie member, to enfop s the rule recognized aol aotsd npen by the people of every other country. All other notions ore ruled by their native inhabitant*; but swob bos not been the caee here. Long since some of too meat eatr otic oad sagacious citizens of thi-r country aaw thatiho inQuonee exerc'sel by foreign citizens *"?* an great that too popular elections Involved the eloetioa Of efEoere of the highest grodo?ereo that of Ibcvldcnt of the Halted States, wee brought about by this foreign to fleeces, sgsfost the wlM of what was nndouVslly the targe majority of net ire oitzcns. Hence the formation at tote party. It is not its object to deprive the foreign edit en of may right he pos 'asses but it is out purpose to agree berraiter to vote for no foreign cit'zen for office. We will vote for no one, wbethor Protestant, Catholic, Jew, dentils, or M? homed an? A voica?"Or a Hindoo " Judge Borzixs.?This does not interfere with any eastco right ha h*s. I agree that by the constitution any one who is thus naturalized acquires a right to vots ?f which he cannot be d'prived; but the coostltutlou does not seeuie to him tbe right of eligibility to office. That ospends apon the will uf tbe majority of toe elee tors, and it is precisely in acerrcance wtth what has bean dens by tbe two o'd parties. Do we not knew that allbengb tbe demecmtic party bas cot formally reeolveii that tbey.aeuld not vote for wb<ga, that they never do M, aad that the whig!; fo'lowiog out tbe same policy, never vote for democrats)- Yet there has been an implied understanding ei tbat fact. How happens it that a case asMcm oecers whsrs democrats have a majority that a whig is elected to office: and how also happens it that wham whigs am in a majority a demo-rai ls never elec ted* It is as 1 have said, upon the implied un desstasding tbey all have with each other that they will not veto for those who belong to a clifer ent party from themselves. Th>s is a complete justifi entien of the engagement we enter upon net to veto lor a (orsigser for office. He comes beiore the electors and we exercise ear discretion in regard to his claims. I don't wish to fee toa naturalization laws of Congress repealed. If tbey were, it would be an abandomeat of toe sense. * If Congress will not exerotee the power eoa fermd by tbe constitution, tbe States will do It for them selves. If Corgrees would repeal all naturalization, each Plate would exercise the power for itself, and the ?ale of naturalization would no longer he uniform, but wnnld differ in every State ef the kjaion. Let the natu snMnatiea laws continue, but require a longer residence? twenty-cne years, for instance?bafoto he becomes enti tled to citizenship. A Voice?"Nine hundred and ninety nine yeirs." Jvpox Hoi-sixs?He then will acq aire eligibility to efflee, which 1 heps will never be supported by any American party. I have no doabt that tals feeling >t Sposition to foreigners has been greatly increased and engthened by what has been the policy and Ihs prac tice of the prefect admiiiietratioa. They have appotat ad four er Ore of tbe ambassadors on<l ministers to other eonntrier" from the foreign population, foreigners have obtained the preference for these high offices, to ??the work which the United States required, to tie exclusion of native born workmen who wee equally ?enable of doing it. Agaiast that pol cy we protest, nad we will endeavor to prevent the exercise of it here other, by bringing into power no man who will pursue each n course. (Applause ) You havo all heard of what has been called the split in the Grand Nationil Council at rhilade'pbla. It is true that eomo of the leaders et the prevent dominant party in Massachusetts and other New Kngland States, did secede, because the most ultra op'nlons were advanced by inem and the Convention would not giva its assent Not only these politicians in VasnacLubetta who pretend to toad tin people, but I raw there some fiom whom I dissented, and who avawed thrir inttntiou to carry oat their ob ject, which they did not hesitate to acknowledge was to destroy the power of those previsions upon which the compromise was based. Tbe Senator from Misawcba eette declared that it wan his purpose as soon as possi ble to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia, aud that he would never vote for the admission of a SUto nakse she consented to abolish it. lie said the Fugitive Aleve law would b* nullified in Massachusetts, and claimed for every citiztn, native or naturalized, whit the President of tbe United States has not the power to da. You all know that according to the constitution, if the President should veto an act of Congress upon the express gretind that It was a violation of the constitu tion, yet if two thirds of Congress should pass that saaat bill in opposition to tbe veto, it must become the law of tbe land, and tbe Tre'ldsnt must carry it into tfteet. Yet this power, denlsd to the chief offioer ot the KepubHe, is claimed by General Wilsoo for every ettixen of Massachusetts who says that they hare a right to resist the law till tbe Faprcme Court of Mas?u ohasotts deciles that it is constitutional?that is, that tt>? operation of the law mur t be p aspended to wait for Mm decision of the court. As they did rot understood our language In the same sense that we did, we found it was xeeessary to explain In onr platform the constitu- 1 "tonal principles that were necessary to preserve tho Crton. It was this that Induced these patriots in Mas sachusetts to secede from the convention, and I am Minify glad they did so, for they cannot now any longer distract the party. Wears alt united now for the aesorsplirhment of one purpose, and all wilt be satis Bed, 1 hope. with tbe platform that has been adopted. (Applause ) I suppose this great man of Massachusetts thought he was under tbe spirit of prophecy. He said that curses would be brought upen the country; but greater curses could not bo conceived than the accom plishment of his purposes would be. He did not expressly alum the spirit of prophesy, but he spoke witn oenQdence, as if he wis acting nnler tbo influence ef a prophetic spirit. Now, I have no more confidence in what hs said than I have in the infallibility^ tbe Pope ?*r the parity of Mcrmonism, and I doa't believe that Providence will ever permit such caress to fall upon the tend. Mony of you n.ay r*member that there were nu mereoi T taken republics, all independent; bat it was not ku.g before tome air.bitious,designing men brought war kite them. Those -ere were continued eelfsb ambition led the people into tb?m claimed dicta torial pow?r and *i?zed it Smaller States were con qt end by the greater and ultimately all became aub jected to one men, and knew no law bnt bis will. If the -disselntion of thia Union should occur, and the States he divided and independent of each other, the fate of these Italian republic, will be onr fate, and we shall eeane under tbe rule of some tyrant. Ulti mately d?eno'.ism will spued ortr cur land, which is now covered by so many happy States, Gentlemen, we are quarreling. Our quarrel has this ex bent?in relation to the Kansas and Nebraska bill, no bmwe. Tbe minority platform proposed the repeal of tbe Nebrat ka law, but a majority of those who acted with the Massachusetts nullitiers. required the exten ek>u ef the compromise line to the Pacific ; while the nrnerlty re pert required the repeal ot the Nebraska, and in tbe event of the failure ol Congress to repeal, that ae State tbeuld ever come] is to the Union as a ?lave holding State. Now. although neither Kansas nor Nebraska had any agency In passing this law, they weald refuse them admission into the Union, and the right to si err be tbe same power which was exereised'by -Mm er'giual thirteen btatrs. There sre many whj be lieve that In territory of this sort they have a right to carry all tbeir property Into it. and that every territory hse a right to rec-lve colored people who era slaves, as well aa white, hseaure both are the material of re presentation in (degress (Knthnsiaetic cheering.) Others deny that, nnd sny that If we acquired It we have no right to bring tiavss there, let the question be da eMsd by tbe Hupr??e Court cf the United Htatee I have stated that tbe rf peal of tbe Nebraska bill would leave the i'svritoey in just the same way ae if the French law MbeU/ing slavery had never been repealed. You knew the history ef the Kansas and Nebraska law. It eaxae aet fiom the South, but the North Honthern men could do bo Deo under the e'rcnmataneaa thaa ac cept the offer nude. Done tit ntlonn] power does not de pend open lines of istftude, although tbe hfesouri com peemiie declared that slavery should not extat north of 3? degrees 30 minute* Now, who eon pretend that this was ooaetltutloittU A Voicn?Let the niggen look out for themselves, and net divide the ptxly. Anothxb Voicb?That is so. Mi. Hopxcis continued?Gentlemen. I go for non in torveetlnn on the part of Congress on the subject The people everywhere nave tbe right to nettle the question Bsc thenuelves, and so our platform declares. Now, If U a?ked why the South accepted the repeal of th Mtoeeuri compromise IT they did not cere for It, we an {?"J*. question, why did they who ob t "i?*" ??d Nebraska bill object, alee, to Jfte universal appWton of the Missouri rale' Yon re ...**?* th?V K?t?aky wee admitted Into the Union **r*I7 and was admitted without aay oMeetleo. So was Tennessee. The Territovlee of Alabama and MU.ourt had, nice, acts of Ooa Cm so placing territorial government# over them, al M* they had ale very Ther, was no objwtion M thto, although, nnM he, I admit that Georgia upa-D the oesalea <M Alabama to the eoverument on the eoadltientthat slavery should net be Inter tired with la 1B03 the titensive country ceded by France came to m with French lawn, authorising slavery over the whole o' M New, though there may not have been an or preen sti pulation in the net of cession that slavery should nerer be disturbed there, yjt It was doaMleee understood that pveperty should be protected la tt: and its preprrty con ?DM largely ef slaves. In 1*11-18 a constitution was ?"?M to IauaUna admHtipg slavery, and with that eenetitatten she was admitted Into the Untoa. Be with Aiahema, end te with Missouri Itself. Now why. after Leutoiaaa and Mleeonrt had hen admitted into the Tfetoa, ehooW these questions have Mm raised? All tbeee preeedente shew what was tbe underetanding of the constitution la the early aeeeions of Congress; ret, mere than thirty year* alter, tbe Missouri restriction twae passed. I ear then that the question why we ac cepted the repeef of that eompromiee le answered by IM qneatsen which I hare proposed and endenrordfl te expfwa. la coaaluefoa, let me say that I hope sad trust that the future ef the oeaatry will be ae great as the ?aad that It wfll abound ae much In prosperity te jeatorlty, ae it has abounded to m, IM speaker retired amid mush applause. There was at this time ? rush made to the Chief's office, and there ?*i* alee lond tries for Itoyaer. ?? Cmis sUM that Mr. bjMr had ??t errtred yet, and that the ju.h to the Chiefs office vu merely on acooont of the arreat ?f a floVpocket. Ha (the Chair) had appointed them?the tndWaes gam'* pa kremcm, and ha wai eoaHdent they would keep order,. Ha tkaa latrohaeed the Hon. John Cunningham^ of Sooth Carolina, who said File oca and feliww-citizens at New York?Yoh hare already heard able speakers in expawitton of the plat farm which the American Convention baa given to the American people. My purpoae ia not to maea any ergo aavat about it, bat to ap-ek aa men and thing*. 1, a young man wiah to apeak to yon, young men. Charles ton Jcmbcs here to shake hernia with the elty of Nov I Ycrk, in tbia great cans*. for Charleston ta oo htnd, | an 1 we hop* to earry South Carolina oa tb* platform, ae ?e hope that New Yotk will cairy the hew Yorker* on tbia seeend declaration of had.* Be (Mr. Cunningham) was on tba Platform (omoiitteo. Mi* lepieoentaVone bad bevn mad* agaiart tbe New York delegation at that convention, hat he felt prcua that he could vind cete thorn. It hod keen said that tbe Now York tie egatloa played into the band* ef tbetuu'h That i* a mwtaka. I'ne New York delegation wouul.her# boeu e intent to have i?ld nothing about slavery at all. 'to wonli the South and when tbe proportion w*? made to avoid all mention of it it wie voted down by tbe abolitionist* of toe East H u. W iff on ,od bi? cohort* cam* and tool ua it wan their purpcee to aoolirh slavery ia the District of Co lombia, to prohibit aJave dealing between State and State, and to exclude all new States might apply for armieefon into tbe Cnlcn under whoso conxtltution savory was legallrid. how. if "Sim" were to bo used ur any of tli-se purpoti-s, (hi* great American pariy would .oon sink into unmhUatlan. A Voter?lie who think* more of abo'iUooisra thin bo dees of "Sam," let him tread that narrow p*tn. (laugh ter.) Nr. Cunningham, continuing?Nov, gentlemen, each boo been the restriction, each tbe dtstarhanba ?nt such tbe dancer produced by that name auti-eUverr ele ment, that jeu can never he beard in the oe.i?e of Sam unlet* you thrust it aside into the darkness of eforuHy. (Applause.) ihe New York delegation, in tbe eon* ca tion, said that if slavery wereuot nationalized, itsaou.d at least be left wbere tbe ccnutitutiiD bad left it. Now let me talk about Sam. (Cheer*.) U? fete, roar fa io, and all our fates, is wrapped np In that my tbloal im P'/f-ouation of the Cnttrd 8ta e?, called "dam." He steeds erret on ibe platform we have laid down. That platfeim contemplates two great propositions. First, Anieticsnirm or ramlveiizm (Laughter.) Second, the protection of this Union; and third, the crushing out of tbe ioul riper abolitionism. "Sam" propose* that wa ibail heseatter have American fctatesmen; not ruen bred under tbe civilization of Europe, but men having tbe advantages of those resource* pe culiar to American progress and Amwrieta deat-ny. Wno io well understand the institutions of a country as those educated undar IbcmV Who so well csn exe cute laws or legislate as tnose who are imbued with tbe sentiments el' the oountry from tbeir birth ? Wa want no more alien consuls, we want no more alien miniatera, we want no more alien oC'ce holders. A Voick?No more kissing tbe FcpUe tot, either. Mr. Cunningham?I will come to that by and bye We want only those bom and bred on this great enntin-nt to held office under the government. Tit*n look at the great aitlzan interest of this country. All who have to live by tbe sweat of their brow or the skill of tb?lr bunds, do they wish to be inundated by paupers, skilled In that particular line of labor? (Cries of " No.") No; let Aiu?ric*n laborers have the profit, aa they have the merit of having developed tbe resources of th* country. We do not want to see, ?s m* Mend in tbe crowd says, any more kissing the toe of the Pope; we don't want acy more Pspel interference in this land: we do not strive at religious belief, but, we strike at a Papal Churrh under the guidance of a Jesuitical and crafty priesthood wbo try for the advancement of the Catholic church over evrrvthiog else. Cathoi.cs bind their forces together by drilling their proselytes; but Protestantism leaves every men to bi* own conscience Tbe great element of Pro testantism is to leave every maa to tha guidance oc hie own conscience. A Veicn?The priests tell them how to vote at the con feesioral box, too Mr. Cunningham.?JBxectly so, but I am merely gener alizing. We wish to Cere lope tbe priudple of Protest antism ae against the actions, not the principles, of Oa I lhoioeirm. A Voice.?Good again, old hoy. Mr.Ctw.viNGnAM.?Now. gentle men.I have told my young American friends what ^am proposes for us in the future; pol.tlcal Mbertv, industrial liberty, and religious liberty. (Cheers.) ,Fuen has been the astiOG of tbe two old par t;es that they have net only b-ok6n themselves down, hut have scattered through iho fc'outti the prlncipl-e of dhranlcn and doubt. Yet the "South Is wtll nj to cone up and say to tbe great middle States, to New Yora and Pensyrvania, ' Concur wjth us in putting a stop to this abolition agitation, and we will come np and aid you to protect this great land. A Voice.?Three cheers for South Carolina. (Respond ed to.) Mr. Cunningham?We of 8outh Carolina tsli you that whde we are ready to s'nkc a blow in defence of our 1 bertiee, either sgsins* you or against anybody elss, we sre aieo ready to strike with you against all prinei 51t-s u itniral to the .safety and prosperity of the Rcpub o. Tbe South bas found out that Sam Is safe, and now sbe Is reedy to wed with him. (Applause ) Mea of New York, stand hy your delegated end atand by Sank; and ir yon do, fifteen Southern States will wheel into line and atacd by yon. The speaker in retiring wis greeted with three cbeere, the band striking np "Hell Columbia." Tbe Chaibman next introduced to tbe audience the Bon. Mr. Burwell, of Virginia, a gentleman, he eaid, who shared in the late wreck of tbat State. Mr. Em well tben came forward and said:? Fellow citizens? Hut tbat I appear oa this occasion as the bumble representative of a great State, I should not have attempted to rains my votee against thii Niagara of toe peopl*. But 1 de-m it my duty to say here tbet Virginia will plant herself tn that platform which bar delegation bas eo robij assisted In making and main taimrg. And I wtll also ray, that were it not for the noble efforts of the delegates for New York and Pennsyl vania, that platform could have bad no existence what ever Virginia asked that platform because it is junk, it is the only platform which could have besn adopted worthy of freemen to staod upon. That platform does not affirm th.. opinions of Msssaehusette or of Virginia on the subject of slavery, but l-av?s that institution where the law has left it. I have .only come teie to give the adhesion of Virginia to that platform which, If it had bean adopted two months ago, Virginia, instead of kneel>n< down, mana cled ae she ts, would have now stood erect a* yourself. (Cheers.) Fellow citizens, why sheuld Virginia desire by the passage of the Kauaas Nebraska bill to disturb the rompromltea of the cods:itut on? g>ie can ask no thing in the untrodden wiiotrases of Nebraska. She has mounta'ns teem ng with mineral ore, and valleys rich and fertile. Them are no metaphysicians or abstrac tionists in her councils; and ebe dia not desire to dia turb compromises; Virginia and New York have stood together before. Her destinies are yours?her Iriend sbips are yours; and If you stand by the platform of the American party, you will dad that the Southern States will stand around you; and with that support yon may bid defiance to all abolitionists and cnetmee of thw Union and constitution. The success of the Ameri can party depends upon their mainUinlug tbe Unionist isd constitutional principles Laid down in that plat form. Fedow clti7ena, Tthick you. Mr. Burwell then withdrew, and the band strnok up another a'r, amid cries for"Reyntr, Pike, Ac , and with three cheers for old Virginia. The Chairman next,pres*nt?d to the assembly Gen. Wm B. PiLCBKli, of Ky., who wm reoeived with thres cheeri fcr Old Kentucky. He atld Fellow citizens of the Stete and City of New York?The first emotion of the liuud heart ie that one whion yearne to ite fattier, to It* mother, to it* brother, to it* wife, to home, and to country. Every man feel* proud of hi* native land; ana he who doe* not go feel proud of Ma birthplace, fat)* to be a men. We are Americas?: Amtriran* by birthright, American* in feeling, Ame ricana in priotjple. American* in objeet, A mermen* in design. Fvllow c'i. /ana, heretofore onr country ha* been divided by p> ties. Tbene part ea have beeutbe reprr hl tames ot a policy of loittire. Vbey have re pre (tilted the particular view* of particular individual*, a* to the guidance of thie great *liip of *tate Thvy bavi) settled all the i;reet que*ti9na which arise merely out of lelaure; and the** parties have failed to be longer the Hsrcmn jvK, of AmeMean principle*, or of the Anrrirau hs?rt. Tiie people heveturned tbew attention to whet i* due to thcmielvee, fo their nat'r* land; and now these two old partiee have* become aboliahed, and on their mine Ua? rmn up a new party, a new organisa tion, which line for ita object the advancement ot Ame rican principles, self government, free thought, and personal responsibility, Th? e are the great de veiopemsnta which >hi* "party againet which we familiarly term " Bam" 1* destined to work out and de fend for themselves and for pouter ty. Only eighteen montla ago he received hi* butb, perhaps in thievery city of New York. Here be wan a cooking tnfaot. (Laughter.) In your own Hint* he w*e a native born liar* jon nurMd him. Bore be received hie twaddling clofl en, end I am prond to be informed teat one of nut niming father* (pointing to the chairman.) now etaad* before you. (ilirve cheer* for Barker?lllp, hip, hur rah.) H* nursed that boy. He rooked toe cradle. We might ring to him the eld aeng? Ob, reek the eradl*, Join. And he will not sty to yon In response:?? I will not rock; 1 cannot rook: But be will My, Th* child is ell my own.?(Lanehter ??d oheern) Sirs, about eighteen month* ago, a* I said to you, ho war an infant in hit cradle; but even in hi* latency be wee herculean In hie strength. He "grew mighty and waned strong;" and even when be only extended hi* infant arm, be grappled with the giant* ef whiggery and democracy, and all the poena with which tbey were ?nrroundtd, end in every struggle ha which he mit them be eboked them to death (Tuasultuaua applause ) Glorying in hi* strength, he come* to ratn'a wvr j ui| ana uin nesot>| *ui saw vvuira IV mm ? estate, and baa extender) bis arm from one end ef the continent to the ether, from] North to South, from Fast to ft eat, ard ha* called his brc ihren, hi* fell > w conntrymen? the greet American people?together, la rounefl. In the city or Philadelphia, which repremotalivn . , Conned eloeed Ite eeesko en Friday last. Every State, district and Terrtory in the United State* waa there represented In Council. (Crlea of "Good.") There 5? ? Jjwngth wm* shown?-there the vlgoroai offspring ef Old Uneie s*m made hi* spnearanoe 0r*tn* a'astteoel man? (hip hip, uamh)?and we hope end tru?t that ?? ***?* h**rt and hand, with hand* nnltod, and jW the great bond* of unity, harmony, brotherly lore, onion?Native American union. (Ap plauae.) Element* of disruption, h<ftrever, made tbsir ?pp??ranee there. Some selfishness mU not sufficiently quelled, and had not hern aafflclently cfluked dead, hut bed got tn there. Fern baa, however, gut the two eld nartle* In Ma hand?he grapple* with the 'eoon in ana hand, and he taiia old chanticleer with the other, and ebokeo thorn away. The democrat* and whig* have eeaeed to ex lot, brrt ihoy are yet stniggUog id their death throe*. 8am baa to squeeze them eifttle herder, a little harder, a little harder rtlll, and (hen they dfa. , (Xanghtar) J A ?oicn?J* not tats na:k to took* thsmto tootk, m><|0W> (langh ?r ) U*n, v ILCKB-'the Irwe Mtl yvty Of the North (*M toerw- they did out come toere to ustto with us, hot to Itoa to bridle end ?s<id?e " Sera," end mint nod ride Uh to their own **?* end prinolplee Bnt 1 glory be to God in the highest, end m forth peace end goid wilf'? to Amnicen ettissns I?(lalighter1? the triumph of "Sen" wet- compute; the vote an the platform sttod 80 to 59. And where stood the geHent ph-tleni of toe otty end f-tate of New York on the* oeetstonf Thea steed on ttet platform irm end fixed. They stood onXbot ptet form, because the constitution of the Uwl States is the supreme lew of the lent. (Hurra.) ??ey did sot stsndtopoo it beeeose they affiliated wit* the South. Ther^ra* nv effleecy there They stood en it beemne the constitution is the voice of the people of the United States. It ir their potential voice. ft is the voice ef God. for the old Latin muin s%-8, *' The voice of the people is the voice of God " (Appltuse ) There they stood, end they stood as defiant opponents of all who assert a higher lew tban the ooanti tcion sod lavs of the United States, which God bse blessed, and wh-.h our ancestors have oon peers ted to our rood (Load aboers ) Now, sirs, on the re cores of your CounjQ?of the first grssd nauonal Council ever met in the United Statsa? eighteen ncntbe after " .-Urn's" birth, there will stand ecorded the names of Barber, of lyon, of dqntree, sad of klaOory. They will be emilema'ized as true patriots and constitutional men so long ss this party nijr last. ('?Three cheers for New York." Hip, hip, hurra!) The Mafcrachudotts nun who went off aid not carry Massachusetts with taem. Ibey did not take dam with They tame tissre to represent themselves, not U>? people of Masssohueetts; and though so ns might think that all was lost when they left, it was not so It rewinds n.e of an anecdote told of a youog uwn who merited a girl: She was a very industrious <!ri, (laugii ?*,) as young married women generally are. it is ? aid you know, that a new broom sweeps clean. Well, be began to sweep the bouse acd sat tbingi to rights. Her husbund wte a man who kept accounts in his bache lor's hail t ehind the doer wi'h < hallr, and as ahe want a cng Fwespiog and scrubbing sud wishing. sbs came to the chalk, marks, and out they went. Her husband catre In by ?nd by, end when he paw his avtounte were rnbbed out, be said: "Oh. dear, you've rained mel" "How it that)"' said she "Why," ?aiA he, "yen have tubbed out ail my isocounts, and y:>u hare broken me np," Said she. "Hav'at you got a good memory, and ren't you recollect tbem again, and out them back be hind the door ?" "Well," said he, "1 will try." He bi gen to work, and by and by sbe esld to him: ' Haveyon got tbem all right again)"' "1 don't know," said he. "whether 1 hare get as much down as I had hefo-e, but I have got ihem on better mm!" (Roars of laughter.) Now, It we cannot get hack Henry Wilecn, and that fort of men, I assure you, my friends my fellow citi 7, ef, my brethren in this good cause, that we have in Massachusetts much better roan. A Voir*?Three cherrs tor foreign Pio'eri-ant repub lieens. They *H vole for Ham, too. 'lbe speaker T?eumln*?I ua n Prottsttnt, M 7?? W ?11. PiotsbUeli-ui ban got do.Mag to do with r*Uf!oa *t all n? ltktr ban Catholicity, ltcmm Citholieiim has uotbinit to do with leiigioo. The former is a go versmeut idea. Wban ProtesUntisaa Orst roe# in Ku i, ... protest MMDit the strong arm of Popery, ?gainst ctntrafix'.ng national Catholic power with~ths states and ire* cities of Germany, and the prows. wbnh ... uttered there w?e by six prmcsa of the esapiro, ail by live free cities, declaring that eash State wiihio ;t re.f bae a right to alter, abolish, and reform all sort, .f rhnrch i*oveniiD**t, Mid religious and educational mU* ?utlote. (Cheers.) That ia lToUsiantlam. The Pro teetant religion differs aamuch from government astoo water in the glees before me dtffere from the glsae botes it. Yon ma* break the glass, ba the watar ie not destroyed If sou bare got a better vessel to pat it m. fliu^Mer ) lbe Rtwen Catholic eetabiishm-.t, ae a political ergire. is, in my opinion, a brokoa ci.Urn which holds no wetsr. (Laughter.) It hae come trre to be reinfuied into humanity. Ite spirit, it" eoul, ite life, its vitality, were deetrojei in the reformation, under Mart,n Lutbsr. In America the operations on that eya'ew are suepended till it has got strength We were atteeemg to party distinctions. We were attending, to mcUonU Interests^ We were atteuiinc 10 a bank of the Unite! :titaa, to a tariff, to protest ion, and to all these mo iters, and we loraot the great stride whoh ancient Borne was making upon ns to groupie at the neck of our liberties and to cfiole them to death. We hare euspen ieoiaU these ellorts. We have come together ae brethren. We forget Oat ?? hare ever differed. We stand upon a nnUoon vlatfor?, and declare oureelvse a party of men who will think lor tbi motives, who will govern themselves?men who are personally xespoosihle to theweelvee, to Uoi to ?an. At d forever., I do not with foreigner. (A voice?"No, s:r; I go iu for Protectant foreigner*.") 1 agree that we shall have here an asylum foreve-y o,? prelsed man. If he comes here, andishungiy ,Iwaut io letd him; if naked. I w-nt. to clothe Him. it sick and in prison, I want to visit Bat I do not waoth.m to come lite the frogs in Egypt, sod crawl through our doueh-liorghs. Let the Dutch-for the Baton, you kaow, have Ukeu (a laugh)-let them govern Holland. To the Frrncli belongs Franos?let tuem rt ye-rn France To the British Belong England. Wales and Soot'snd?let them govern it And, my God! If the Irishmen cen become free and govern themselves. In the name of God I say, God apsed them! (laughter.) let them get free and govern tuem ?elves. 1 am willing to see them do tbat And if they are wili ng to come here and Jive, the/ shall have an opportunity to make uiouey, and may work and K.t fat, end eat and get themeslvea with fleet, heve chilpsen and let them grow up totwentyene, and serve Bam But do not let them come here and turn the reine ol eovemment out of our hands, and say that foreigners she 1 control America, and not Americans. The great principle Is tbat Americans shall rule America. Why is it so? It Is our h rthright. That ia the reason yon should rule America. The Frenchman rule* because of Me birthright: the Kngtuhman ruiea because of ? birthright; asd if he choose io give away hie birthright to kings and priests, In the nam# of God let him da it But as for us and our house, end Sam's Uouae, we w-11 not do tnv such thing. (Applause.) Now, I say. Sam's boys do not wsnt to proscribe religion. N? aucn thing . I do not proscribe ?ny human being. I only exert a right of choice, which every man has a right to do land It ore would not vote for a man because It might be aa'd he wee proscribing htm, he would never vote at all. (laughter ) But he makes hie choke -he prescribes a rule to himself. There ia a difference bet veen presence and preeenbe 1 prescribe a rule of conduct for my self-1 hand with ycu here, my fellow cittaena?we pre scribe ruiee for ourselves, and we do not there fore proscribe others. I will not say n word about slavery. Ibat has been talked alio at here before. Ncn intervention is the word. The Nebraska and other measures arc rocrelp administrative measure, The great principle at stake Is sell govaxnmen t l*t ue learn that an 1 understand our rights?for sou govern ment ia tha great be-ron light in America for the world (Applause.) Let ua blow out the lghtot self govern aent In America and wa are gone: toe t-ms will oorno when bsrbsriftn, when Boai^a Catholicity will oome again, will strut its coloeesl form over our eontioaot, will blow out all our lights, break dowa our monuments and de-troy all the evidencee of our civilisation. Lst us prevent that. Now, fellow cillwns, there is one objec tion I have to the foreigners, and I waat to tell you it. They never go into the country. In times peat they vinton the lands snd culLvated Iham; bnt now thay come to jour cities and vie with jou in all the amploy m. nts of Ufa They drive the hard and enterprlaiag mea who will not work "or low wages, to tha wilder nase. (A voice -That is so.) They make him go to hanaaa an 1 Net rapt a and Minnesota and California, hnd a 1 distant places: and they take possession of tha towns asd taa ? omen and tha poorer paoala who cannot move away, they starve out. Now, If they went to the ianda an made their homes, then they would be aaefnl: but when they ccme here and thke tha bread out of our people's mouths, end reduce our women and paupl* to beggary and destitution, 1 think we have a right to ax rial A Vokw?Yes, and they have got CaaUe Uariao now ?tha nicest place in the city. Mr. PricHxR? I claim to know my own rights, and ro ?pectthem; ?rd I clam to know the rgbta of others ?ud respe' ttbem. I want to see the constitution re sieoteu; and to power, whether it derive author** gitber from heaven or man, hes a right to control that libirty, or to say it is a higher law to that constitution. My fellow eitizene, the Pennsylvania delegation was divide! on this platform, rome voted for tt. an 1 somo voted onanist tt. I attended the Fourteenth ward council of the city of Philadelphia. 1 made tham a speech. Theia were some 600 men prerent. I never saw io grave an assembly, countenances ao determined, arms and hearts to Ormly onitid, as I caw them there. The(iu"etlon was nut to tbat audlvnee, " l)o you afflrm the plet:orm acopt+d by yoor da tgatafl ia tna Natloaat Oobt?jUo??'' and tkey cried out with cna voiee, an unanimone out cry, "We do, we do." At toe meeting which took place last Baturday night, although tha rain pourel down in totreata, and whara the speakers were crowlleg each other on the stand, and man, sromen and chlolreo drenched with rain, stood In the public square In acres, in old Independence square, the question was a-kai tham if thay ratified and confirmed west their delegates ha l dona, and one universal shout went up, "We Ao, wo do " A Vok-k?Tbrao cheers for Phltadolpbla. (Responded to.) Itreo more. (Also given.) how, my feHow-eitixens, one word more, and 1 am dene. Philadelphia had n divided delegation and ahe confirmed the platform with an enthusiasm that made the heert giow with a new excitemmt And now I ack pou, man af Naw York, da yen sta^S by your delegate# and eoaflrm that piat'ormt (Loud shouts of?"Yae, ws do: and three ebeera for H.") New, fellow ettisene, in rearing from before you, let say, that I thank you from the bottom of my heart Kentucky is the gu>?>wt or the Union. Whenever tt ere la like to be a breach In tbo bonds of Union ebo iMps In n guaaat axd sows tham together. (Laughter, and three cheers for Kentucky ) She has been the great peaomnaker?tha great pas'Bea ter. Her pious voiee hae rang #ut as loudly and as Mirry as a mintage hall Whatever thsre war# dangers to he avoided ahe has made heneir heerd, net only In the halls of Oongrees hut on the floor of the Senate by the voiee of one formed The applause of listening Sanatee to command, ? a ? ? To soattsr plenty o'sr a tmlUag land Aad writs ill history la a nattan's tears. Kentucky gave to tha Union Henry City, the gaeat pacificator?the Jupiter Tonana af the land?the great fsthsref the American system aa ha aaUed it?tha groat father of tha com promise of Ifi'KN?tha groat father of tba now,prom ire ot 1832-the groat fattier of the com promise of 1810. (Three cheers frr the memofy of Henry Cloy.) kr. nuiiiin?Kentucky givee you greeting. Keo tecky will stand br yon. KonhMky wUL as my frttnd from Virginia said of tha Heath, wheel into line. On the firm Monday In Angus* the next State elee tlens come off. (Treaaendoua Applanse ) Aim has got the oanvass of the field marked "this side up witii esro " Bam when he was a child had to he kept la a cradle. Ham oonld hardly try. SomeUmes be would given lend, shrieking, shrill try, aad thay would teU him "hash?-hush?bi\sh." A Voer* ? "How is Rmowf" Mr. Piuanm.?Now Pamria speaking ia thunder tsmaa. There la to he so roaeilment of principles. ' I am strong?1 am mlfhty-J will prevail"?says Sam. (Cheers.) "I)e net fear *o ewn me hedere the peopk^ an<l all my true aad failkt'ei dlselplee I win own when I come to my kingdom, of power la this land, as I will (Applease.) When Sam saw "to make on bia jew ?Is'' at tkfc grand lw??ns?i ha Novamhar, l?i?. till he not gather 0" Jotk M I of hie piou.'ort to! meet glsrious jewels? (Load ?rioo of >??). A jo vol of whioh monarchy wight wa? ho pswud. it ?i)[ bo m. tkli general, Ibb ulNWl granting natures aee of the tnlk of whit 1 My. It to prophec y tow; It vlll bo <?i taintj soon. 1 thank yen, follow ouwai, for the ittiitiw whiot yon ho to given to tk?M, wy deeullory remarks. (Go on ! go on I) 1 how* not tried to wok* yoo no oration, 1 how* total to giwo yon no ox pin not ion ; 1 hnwo trad to affirm eome '.h'og to itlr op your nit do by way of ihwombraoo*. Sacrifice nil oM party prejudice, lny thow nt tho nltar aria; and your aelf-wlD, your strong wind, of h?arte; and your osu-wlB, your strong wind, your determined low* to your country ahull and will prevail. Mr. PiLvmcn ratlxod amid loud anplnuw, and with thro* cheers for Kantuoky. Tho Chxihuav announood that aftor tho spoakOM got through it woo thoir Intention to form la proooonion and march through tho itroeto of tho city. Ho thon Intro duood Col. W W. Me Gill, of Florida, who said Ho appeared under groat ombarraaowont. Ho had al moat begged General Pitcher to lot htm apeak first for ho know that after an qfoquent addioao hi* (Mr MoOL'o) worda would bo httlo attended to. Ho foil tike tho wan Id tbo bear dght who had to run, and explains) bla flight by aaylw^he waa carried away by hie feelings (Laughter J So ho waa now carried away by bio fowl inga. Ho had do idea of how ho felt oa this occasion, for tho only mea who raaQy did atand square for tho plat torn at the National party at tbo convention wero the men of Now York. Barker, of New York, era one; 1 yon, of Now York was another. (Ghearo for each.) I want yon to understand that I come far the laat piece of ground that "Haw" hat any right to in tbo State. 1 oomo i row Key Went, a plaoo wb?rj we have Ave for eigaera to one Amei icen, and I bavo aaen tree section al tbo polio there wh ch you would newer have tolerated. 1 .beard an English sailor say there no had a right to wotefin Naaaau, New Pioricence, aa well aa in Florida. 1 hawe been, eatd ho, a dowocrat, and waintainod the pr loot plea of democracy among thow, that which ?llowe foreigners to wote after they have been here flee yeara; tint I than ltved away'in Georgia. where we never so* foreigners. (Laughter.) Now. e, I hawe n different however, that I live among foreigners, ] opinion: and Uunk they should ho restrict#) fa thlk right xou haws heard of tho irishman having a word ofdispute with an American, and Fatsaid, "Faith and by i country, yon may leave it." Jesus it .won dent like this i (Laughter.) Now, will wo leave ii for him t (So, no.) Will you not preserve your nationality to reward your nat.oaeUty r And I tail you that wo moat put a stop to tint 1 mom11 emigration in reme way. I am willing that ebeuM < " " tboy ebeald oomo bore and eajoy Hearty and protection I oay to them In ether worda, "wo have a mighty bid wa gon. You may oomo in and ride with us, but w* think we are quite able to drive it oursolveo." (Laughter ) 1 nay now there are no parties in this oountry except the foreign part? and tho native American party. The Fierce party hao gone forever. I behove he io honest, but be is under the in Hut nee of a Kitchen Cabinet, who would cirry this country to the devil if they wero let. Will you set with yew brethren, or wil yen aet with your opponents? Even justice cannot bo had from for rign juries. The speaker alluded to the trial of a State ?W netcr in Florida for bribery, wbo was defer.ded by a 1'nittd States Senator, who In his address to ths jury stated that tbo charge was got up by a band of native America conspirators The jury immediately brought in a verdict of acquittal, for they were 11 of thorn foreigners. Every foreigner is down on us slnee ths Pope has issued hia edict. J, however, muit make exceptions, for I know foreigners who will protect the birthright of their children against the paupers and criminal* of Europe. I believe native Americanism 1* stock in every one of those gallant Hew Yorkers before mo, and I think I can touch a chord of sympathy in their hearts. I believe that avery aaau born in tbo Oat hollo Church doss owe allegiance to tho Fope of Rome; and if you allow these Roman Catholics to come among yon, tbsy will swallow you, and bring yon to tbo loqBullion. I have the same objection to Protestantism when it is allied wttb I cannot boast of the actions of my forefathers in ths battlefields of tho Revolution, but 1 sen boast of having myself fought in the fields of Moxioo. (Good.) To the foreigners present 1 would say, this is not n sectional party, but a national American party, and you ought to aupport it, so as to protect the liberties of your ehudren. I am opposed to tbo holding of office by foreigner*. Look back at Greece; there, where ? foreigner aspired to of fice, bo was executed?he wee guiliotiaed?ha was hung op A Voicn?Will you do that now ? Mr. McCaix?Nu, wo will sot go so far as that. Do they give office to foreigners in France ? No, sir. Or do they give effloe to foreigners in England ? Not ac ail State governments. 1 glory to God in tho knowledge that there are so many outsiders who don't belong to either on* or the other of them; that th#j are able to manage them both. (Laughter.) We will keep them both out if we eon; but, in the name of God, lot us keep at the R C? above all 1 1 have one word te say to the foreigaeri who are present?I am the son of a Scotchman born, who emigrated bere when he was four teen years of age. He never held or would bel-t an of fice except theofiije of Dean in the rrosbytsrian Church Are we not entitled to say that wo will protest our nationality am' that no foreigner shall come here and execute our laws? Who shall eay us nay? Mr. Jeffer son said that he wished to God, that an ocean of fire rolled between this country and Europe. Afterwards,ho was elided President of the United States, and fh grati tude to tho foreigners who supported him, ho loeeoned their term of probation to five years. Mr. Madia on said, beware of foreign influence, as you would of a Greek hurt*. A Vote*.?Cut it short?we want to Ht out on the pra c? onion. Mr. McGau.?One word in regard to tho union of these glorious rivets# I came not hers with a asses eioaiat or abolitionist spirit. General Wilson, and those wbo co operated with bim, entertained differed cpricns. 1 thought that fee axd tho Now England delegate* would have voted with the m-Jority, sod 1 was art niched when tbsy seceded; but my mind was rrllevrd when 1 beard they were gone to Cleveland to join the Know Nothings. (Laughter.) I came her# with Union principles. I was afraid that Sooth Caro lina would have gone ovsr the trace*; but 1 found that her delegates ware Union men and supported the platfoim, whioh, I tr?st, you will maintain. Anl when you have conquered, I ask you to recollect, with gratitude, ire*men and Van Oief. of Pennsylvania, who stood by the national party; and in tho name of God, if you have any rewards to bestow, bestow them upon Pennsylvania and New York. In ecu elusion. I gjve yon : New York, ths hospitable Empire City. Mr. Ouveb was again presented, and tnterms) the meeting that they were about te form a proteaaion, to march from the Perk up Chatham street to East Broad nay aad Rutgers, then to Monroe street, where they wo aid seJute Mr. Barter's house; thon through Grand, the Bowery, Bond street and Broadway to the Park again; and he expected to see that procession the great est that bad ever been witnessed here. Ho also mar A that they would give old Tammany Hall tbo strongest pull, next fall, that it ever got in tbo Empire Stats. Another, with three cheers for Mr. Barker, three for the whole American party, three for the platform, three for Mr. Ullman, ho., he., the meeting waa die missed, and the pra:tsaicn was soon afttr formed, and with music and banners took ths route above laid down. PROCEEDINGS ELSEWHERE. In addition to the proceeding* at the grand ?tani, ttere were tpeeebea from three other point* in the Park. Nearer to Broad way a stead waa erected upon a wagon, which wae surmounted with the Ainerieaa flag. Some thousand people or so cocgr'gated here, end were ad dreteed bp Mr. Wilmot, of Maryland; Mr John Bullock, of New York; Mr Squire*, of Cbeoaugo; and Mr. I.jon, of Port Jerrie. Mr. Squire* touched upon toe slavery question, and said that it was an institution which conld not be sustained bp Ameriran freemen; bat as it wae re cognised bp the constitution, we, as member* of the Union, must take it, in consideration of the benefits ws enjoy in oommon with the South. Mr. Squires, when ever he went to Philadelphia, waa determined (ho said,) to have the question settled as a finality, and it wae -o fettled bp the platform in tho promulgation cf the doc trise, that Congress ought not to legislate upon ths sub ject. Ho would object to slavery in New York, hut ho was willing to give the people of each State er Territory the right to sap whether they would or would not have it. The Philadelphia Grand Council would not say that Oongiess had no right to legislate on the subject of slavery?that question wae left to Congress itself; bat it d.d say in effect that the States should set tle all such matters for themselveo, in precisely tho same way that tho father of a family has a right to settle his affairs. Mr. Squires thought that this was loucded upon toed lo/-e, and that the State of New York uonid ratify It. His remark* were received without any signs of dissent or of sppiebation. On the east aids of tho Park tkere was another wagon, and more speaking by Mr. 8. V. R. Mallory, of New York; Mr. Houghton, of North Carolina, and others. Mr. Mal lory made a very long speech, defending the principles laid down in the Philadelphia platform, itruuim. He was occasionally very severe upon the pre la tea of tlic Roman Catholic Church, and his strictures seemed very amusing to several stent Irish laborers in his audience. In fast. everybody seemed to be In the best of humot Posse oee asked Mr. Mallory?"What will yon do with the negroes at the South ?" when be replied that he would do anything tbnt he could for them, bnt he would not forge new mannslte for their limbo by agitating the question, lis thought that Nsw York being free from slavery, had responsibility an its account la ether States. The interests of haw York city, he said, were hnrt by the agitation of the slavery question, and ha thought it ought to be dropped altogether. Here there waa a diversion from Mr. Mall try, to see the amet of an is toxica ted individual by the police ,'aad the speaker seen after dropped the snbjeet altogether. The speeches here wars mash too long, and ths audi ?aea dropped off gradually, until vsry row were left. There waa another impromptu gathering which was ad dressed from the City Hall steps, first, by ths Bon. V. P. tfTiSTOK, of Teaneeeee. Mr. Stanton said? That atthongh be arrived very late (seven o'clock,) he tosld not refrain from saying a few words to show that in bis native State, the people had woke np to a proper appreciation of the maxim, "American* shall rale Ame rioa." (Applause ) He should be delighted to go back to Tennessee, and tell the people Mint n good stent Ame rican platform bad bean mad*?ne paw yaw. (Laugh ter.) No pta* plank affair, that on* would step on as gingerly as a girl of sixteen threads en thin ice, afraid every moment to hear something "drop," bat n platform that was big snengh, and strong enough, to boll all the Americana in the Union. And It would be found that thld party wae not a temporary affhlr?a saere spon taneous combustion of political elements, but that its principles were net for a day bnt for aO time. That like the son K was new rising in ths morning of its te rser, to roll on till it shonM reach its meridian glory, and in 18M mount the pinnacle of power la tbli conn try end stand the admiration Of the world (AppUnse.) I had thought (said Mr. Rlsnion) that tb* North would net corns np and shnks hands with us on the Mavery question. But yon hav# dors so nobly. Ne do not ?sk ypn if defend slavery, bat ***1 kt W blone. Yfl bsvs given ue ill ?i ask, ud we mi ur to job ?kot ?o will work with job on all national qnesttooa. 1 aa glad to ?oy toot I eoo go book to T>?netie*, to Memphia, ut toll tko poo pie there tkot If tkej will oalj stand kj tae oooatttaUon 00 bob do, that bo ooo all work together, rhouMer to shoulder, for the perpetuity of the Units nod tho triumph of American principle*. (Cheers) Mr SToimw'a voice woo Is a had way, sad ho Intre dueed tko Bos. Mr. Brosm, late Speaker of tko House of Repreoentativee of Tooseesoe, sad a delegate to the Grand CooneL Mr. Stokes said that tho la kers of last Saturday night in Philadelphia had brought as him s slight soreness sf throat, and he oo?M aot speak long or loudly. Re did net ad them ao a Teaeesoeaa speaking to Now Yorkers, kut as as American speaking to Americans, up? true Amerieau principles? principles without which the Oaian and tho constitution wore sot safe. The question sim 8001, shad Protaetaat Americana rule Prwteataat leriea? (Cries of "Yes." "yes.") Slavery, as ho I bought, had nothing to do with it. would men at the North, for tho sake of agitating the negrj question, al low tho agent of the Pope of Rome to rule A serin? What had agitation done for tho Nerthf la Massaohn setts it bad thrown to tho surfaoe such men as Senator Wilsen. When Mai sack uestta was true to tho Union ho had such men as Daniel Webster? (apple nee) ? 0 represent her. I will not, said ho, compere Daniel Webster with Senator Wilson. It would bo like om paring the lefty mountain to the eloader septic* which is abaken by awry bistre at"its foot. It would be like comparing tko American eagle tailing in majasty ? krongh the bine wtheroal sky to the humble puddle duck diving into tho dirtiest ponds on tko faoo of the earth. (Laofckter end applause.) These people told ue ibat vehad dug Sam's gravo by the adept er of tho FhUadelphia platform, and I supposed that Senator Wil son intended to bo bare to drtvo the fuieral car, hit I don't see him. I saw him in Philadelphia on Saturday night,and be.reemed lively enough,and I same hero toai*o II ha still survived. (Voices?"How do you like him?" ?"Isn't bo a goo J lookin feller?") Ho d Jo't loom to be quite dead in New York ("Oh, ac!" and cheers.) We did several seed thlsge la Philadel thin, snl among them was the proclamation of tko principles of our Order, ia broad day light. As a Tenneescan, I always disliked the eec-et featuro of the party, and I am glad that It haa been done away with. (Applause.) Our prineiplea are now well known, and I am glad to see this great assembly to ratify them. I am glad that I can go gaek to Tenniesee and tall Colonel Gentry. (Three cheers for Gentry ) 1 thank you for bim He is now hearing the American standard as a candidate for Governor, and a nobler champion tho American party, North cr South, cannot, claim. 1 am glad that lean tell him that New York stands side by aide with Maryland ia thta great cause. Mr. Polloc-k, of Baltimore, followed, aad made a short speech, particularly denouncing Senator Wilson, whom ko compared to a painted jackass, while Sam was the real sebta. This meeting, which was quits spirited, soon after dissolved. The Caae of "8am" Agalnat tlie Refractory Witnesses. COMMON PLBAB? BPKJI1L TXBM. Before Hon. Judge Daly. BB1CG8 IKDOMITABLE?flB WITNESSES COMPELLED TO ANSWIK. Jrvs 18 ?In the Matter of AH. Sim. Brigg* us. Mac kellar, WtUler and MeCaan.?Judge Daly rendered the following elaborate decision in this case:? By the proofs submitted in this case, it appears that the Beard of Aiotrmen, en the 6th of February, 1866, pttsed a resolution, o if acting the Chief of felloe to re port to the Board how many Americans. Irishmen. Scotchmen, Germans, Frenchmen, Englishmen, and other nations, were in the Polioe Department; how many ot the present poLoemen had been in prison in this cr any other country; how many were natoraliiad; how many had been in the oountry less than Are years, and by whom all the members ot tne present polios were ap pointed. No report having been received, the Biard. on the 16th of March following, passed a resolution and appointed a committee, consisting ef Aldermen Brigse, Tucker end Hoffmlre, to asoertain from the Chief ot Po lice ?' whj he bad so long delayed bis response." Four days after the paseegc of this resolution the Chief ot l'ohoe made his repott, and on the 20 th of April following another resolution waa passed, empo vering the commit tee to investigate " all frauds and corruptions in every trench of the Police Department, and also the manner in which the same is end has been conduoted." In pur suance of this resolution seven 1 persons were suhpoe naed to eppesr before the ocremittee as witnesses, among whom were tte respondents, Mackeller, Wsoster and Me Casn. The respondents appeared in obedienoe to tha subpoena, on the 2d of May, aad were ewora es witnesses; but two of them, Webster end UcOann, refused to answer eeverel interrogation# that were put to thorn, and generally reiuecd to answer asy questions, the respon deat MeOenn, denying the right of the committee to interrogate him. The respondent, Ma eke liar, had been previously before too committee, and had anawereJ several questions, but upon this day ht refused to an swer certain questions propounded to him. The present application is made lor an attachment against these witnesses, under sn act passed by tha Legislature at its lest see lion, entitled " An act to enable the Common Council of the city of New York to take testimony in matter referred for investigation and inquiry," or for such other remedy as may bo conformable to, or would be proper, under the act. By this act tha Clerk of the Common Council, cr his deputy, Is authorized to issue subpoenas, to compel the attendance of witnesses beioro a cemmittee of tliber Board of tbe Common Council; the chairman of euch committee is empowered to ad minister oethe to the witnesses appetring before the committee, and may require tbsm to testily in respect to sny matter pending before it; and upon proof o( the service of a subpoena, and of the failure of the witness to att> nd, or if t&e witness attends, upon proof of n<s re fusal to take the oath or to answer any proper question, it is made tbe duty of a judge of this court, or of a jus tice ef the Supreme Court, to require the wltn?ee to show cause why he should not he attached, and to adopt ether and further naensurea to compel the witness to appeer and testify, and to punish disobedience, as if the matter were legally pending in court. The cause shown in the present case amounts to a denial of tho right of ti e Board of Alderman to institute any such investiga tion as that embraced in the resolutions referred to; an objection which make* it necessary that I should deter mine whether tbe Board of Aldermen, in directing this inquliy, haws or havo not transcended their power*. By tbe charter granted by Gov. Dongan in ldftS, and by the mere extended charter granted by Gov. Montgo mery in 1730, the Common Council were clothed with legislative powers as respects the municipal govern ment of tbe eity ef a very comprehensive character. Tbe body which then compoeod tbe Common Council, or the major part ol tho members comvoeing it, were in genera) term* authorised from time to time to make, or data and oetablish euch laws, statutes or ordinances ae might stem to them useful or neoeeaary for tba good rale or government of tbe city; end though under the various acts of tha Legislature amendatory cf those charters, change* and alterations have been made in respect to many matters of whieh the Common Council before had exclusive oegnicance, the general power of passing laws and ordinances within the limitations and restrictions imposed by these subsequent etatutoe or charters, re mains. The two todies, therefore, which now consti tute tbe Common Council, founded as they are upon the principle of popular representations, assemble for the ibjeet for which they were created, tho nature of the power conferred and of tbe duties imposed upon them, tbe mutual cheek which they exercise upon each oth?r and the order end course of their proceedings, regular legislative bodies. Tb? creation of a municipal corpo ration haa been defined to be 'the inv-iting of tbe peo ple of a piece with tbe local government thereof ." visi abo. (Corp ) a 2, People vs. Morris, 13 Wond. 344; and as the two branches of the Corporation to whom arc entru ted the discretionary power of making lews, the Board cf Aldermen and the Board of Council men should be regarded and treated ai legislative bodies. Ike grant to a municipal corporation of power to le gislate so comprehensive and general ae that granted to ihe Common Council of the city of Now York, would eeem to carry with It whatever was ceseatial to the full end c ffleient exercise of the power. If they are to enact laws or pass ordinances for the government of the elty, they must have the right, in tbe preliminary stages of legislation, to adopt or mate all of tbe forms, usages and modes of procedure which experience has pointed out to be urefuL convenient or indispensable, to * uabu legislative bodies to act advisably and conduct their de liberations with order aad method; end as it will assist to a more clear understanding of the powers whieh ? nher Board of tha Common Council muat necessarily possess, as a consequence of tbe authority conferred ?ppn them to make laws snd ordinances for the govern ment of a city, I shall consider verv briefly the nature cf those nsagee and custom, wblcn, in State or national legislative hot lee, have tbe force of lew, and by whioh their proceedings are regulated and governed. In the political or governmental organization of the oountrv from which our legislative system has keen derived, each of the twobonsee df parliament have, from their earliest known records, fixed and settled their own oaree of procedure, (i Bl., 102; 3 Hate, 40, not*,) that te, each house has gradually deilned its own powers and determined for itself the mod* in which it would pro ceed In the various stages of legislation, or while dell be lsting upon matters connected with its own organisa tion, its power, right* or privilege*, exoept where a o. i tain eourte of prooadnr* haa been made appiicab * to both houiee by tba passage of a general statute. When in either bouse a certain mode of procedure has been adopted in any case, it has become a preeedbnt for the rule end government of that house, in every case there sfter of a similar character, and thus in progress of time a suoeemion of pieced* a Is have boon adopted, forming together a regular system of procedure saore or lere different in each house, whioh in England Is known by the general appellation ef parliamentary law, Im et anmetudo pafHommti, and which, when onoa estab lished. is an binding upon the bouse adopting it aa e law enacted by Parflamaat to blading upon the ua tion. Domina Knglna vs. Patv, et. a ., 2 Balk, 600: 2 I-ord Ray, 1,106; 4 Dong's Election Oases, 14, 30, note, la this country tba right of either house of the LegU letur* to establish and ragnlate the meaner in which it will proceed is aeonetttutional right-at toestaprovieioa declaratory of tho right exists in the constitution of tile Slate, ana in that portion of tho eooetitutloa of tho lotted States distinguishing tho separate powers of tho two bousoo of Congress; and where no eoaiUtiittooal limitation or restrietica ? lists, it in competent for eith-r af tho two bodies eomposiag tho Legislature to do, in their separate sap*city, whatever may be essential to enable them to legislate. Tba principle*, or rather tho rulss constituting parliamentary law.'baving their foun dation la ooavenieuo* and necessity, have been uniform ly received and acted upon in this oountry. aad tea binding authority of that law over legislative todiea, so far as it to epphrabla to our form of government, has been universally acknowledged. Indeed, were it other wise. the course of legislative procedure. Instead of being aa it to, well known, or capable of being ascertained, would bo involved in lbs greatest uncertainty and toad to eurleeg confusion. As,in a oeort of justice, a rule, when ran* settled in aa si.judged ease, to biadiar, there fore, upea the osm* eonrt end upon all inferior tribu nals; that the law stay be kaowa. Instead of being left lo tbe uncertain Oteimlnctfon of every jedgo, s* in a legislative body, what lifts once been decided upon as the 'tcner routs" cf ureeednre, I* adh?*ed to thereafter In eil fiivi'lsr esses. This is to b# understood, bow #v?; ? win cation, for it hM^mng the usage ? American Ingfelateree f?r each bonne m ?? ^ bdopip lunjf tbf 86UMO AAV mln Utt^rrttt. M.?VdU-t* bitThS 2n?l ??M only mm fotore cm.., for when ? a ^UtT_ ^*rilUtlfe ? i* determined by exiettag rmle or praet oo, whatever tut rolo ?-- a? Jt b ? mil Mto^iihod principle ef ib ? ,Bd ^ whSh PM j?Wi '?r Th* ,i?ht * ft?.1? a? ???*$* ~k; i2aSuaAsa tton, and to |iTi evidence, ?? welt u the tT?fn ***'??"? ?' dleobedlmse wee, from a ??7wI? m r cd, aaaerted and m tiled io be the uai? bU;W.L*!, eeimL1?ttoIIe1he!8Ve'tlgstl"n of Pub,'? mitten before ZtZJr^JuE!'JS!v*'7 10 1*fW*tlOD, or with the o'BBrl *??n1ppto? ?22?? ntmsvi Jo"r- *>t Am , 18J7, 302, 422! 44J.440 47? mbrim!! ^ bouee any in form it .oo which th committee may deem conducive to ti,? ?.10* I? And tbe tight of eitoer house tTeximto? go?f for mm Cr bef0[9 * committee autberiMd to*eeni 8., Part 1, chap 8, tide 6. p. S76, 4tfi ed?aVlt? node of proceeding, tbe manner of lean etc oomnnlaorr fZr&J? .tbe iecurred by* ^ffiSTii u l"81D\'r'!U"1' ?*? ?!>??"?* If it iT3!e? ^^?sF~~?s^.?.,,i5ssa5 POfiMM it a]HO to nnaKIn 41 tOBllflO# ^QBCll ibOUld fhe more limited sphere prea?ribe^fe?"h?3UVfthi0 are to mate laws and oroiLnoes fhv ?>.,?* tb'? and'accurate' ??"" *T ?< SSJfS strieffv m^nL 1"'f rtonvion respiting every lit? Ji # ff mccnsl:'tent result of tbe power to iesia ?is? a? It waa urged1 on the a" gum* ntThat UtoHSrw 1?m!m tte two booeea and the ?eVnuV^th- ?-? ihe two housea baa tbe aole attriboto of eovereiiri+? ??nte*'liia?iJ^ *bat BUckito?" demminatw parlia. ?tnt, ? The place wnern tbat abnolate entrurteo wblcb in aU foreran* only be tbe concurrence of both bouiea and re.iiirT. parately in neither, and in thii connt^ ? h^ii !! pSmt'u iD< iCDgUfl(1 4naei tb7omni^tJJ3Tif larbament. (Anderson re. Dunn, fi Wh?at 204 irtT? SS5S? BK ,2 '?5SK ss5rs??s ???? wy nature of the juiici',1 ine^tiuoi^Ttf ffjrar. ^ tM'Bi ntitn eMLcd with legi?]itiT? potiri. h',; ?bn ^ut jE^;^ w?a ,*ap?y- s?S the tltio u wail aJ"ti.,*">?*wli?by th" referred S[ act, and tbie li ttie <rt Jt2$12iLe m ? 00 Pirt ?* tlM> I e.6) ATd^hoc?h( "-1 ^r^r leatcn of the rule eontin^a Vmm tk. ^ State eonetltutioo of I810 it ia decto*M that n? 1 *>tb* SS^^sSw?SS? U.JIlfm "ioif H J" ?'/ StS'lS' incorporatod in our Bill ? iSahiT tw ^E? imptuotttd ftfirii ltV Ann I that po ono shall ha of imprisoning a diaobediftJtltei SSiTKK ft *hl?h Aeciire* 1hat tbe Sifl g k'as,^?vi3 j??^S5"? KXfSyss'se.iii; ?its1"- 7? . Ulifd? a*D*d "rul?*y. What the Judge 1? to^io H^ Wet or oenSLioy^*? 3t "*? ;S3fK^?.Si? ? the pnrpcte of ccmpelllag the .*!?"?-.*' *nd /?* !t?. .?.ft.!ft'i1,?rt , powm are conferred upon a Judge aiUag out or court, which, before the itatutea conferring ticm, no aid he exercised only fcj e court. Iu proceeding* suppienKo toiy to execution the code authorise* a judge, out at eoert, to to ?rany acta, nuoh the granting or process i of attachment to aompel the appearance and examina tion of tbe defendant, which before the code could ho done only by a court. It it the eame in the examina tion of witneeeea de hen*, rue, the examination of por tion before trial, and in many otber caaee. And the doctrine ia aa old a? Load Bolt, that where a new autho rity fe eonatituted with power to On* and impriaon, the peraon or peraona lamented with auoh authority bars, for that purpose, what*r?r belong* to a Court ot Record, and need not pnr*ue atrictly the form* and method* of a eoert, but may, to tarry out the purpose ot tho etatato, proceed iu a rummaxy way. Urewnvslt t. Bur well, 1 Cornyn, 70. But the right of either board of the Com w men Council to invsatlgate public matter* baa it* limit u ths legislate ationa; for ereu the legislature ItoJt see exercise only >ueh powers as hare been delegated to it, and ia eon fined strictly within them. Taylet r. Torter, 4 Bill, 144. It <? not in the power of eitber board to Investigate any matter they may think proper, bu t any inquiry they make nut be clearly within tne eeope and for wbteh they exiat aa a palitical body. They are net, I apprehend, eon fined atrlcily to matters upon which it wo aid be compe tent for the corporation to pass a by-law or ordinance; but the right of inquiry, in my opinion, extends to other matters, Tib respect to wbicattmsy be necessary, or may be dttved advisable, to apply for legislative aid. Tbe form inherent In them aa puhiie badiee, ia a publio trust, to be exeeutad tor the general benefit of the rcwmunlty far which they act. People r. Berne, U Wend. 881. And it is their duty not only to P*" *ueb laws as, ar ordinances for, tfe good government of the city aa they may bare tbe powar to enact; but also to inquire from t me to time, ha? fas, on or to whet oaaee It may b# necessary, for the?Aeient end bettor govern? meat of tho city, to apply to tbo LagWlatore far tho pateego of naooeaary laws. ...Thorov "* matters not cewprehended within tho powers conferred by the charter, or where tha power ia doubtful, in which tt is noeeeaery, and in somecaaee an nually, to MPi? ? thalegi^ lor the e^msutnf laws, such a* the levying of a public tax, the right to impose sn aaresrmeot,- to take private property for public use, or to enforce a Man eg*lest the property of * . .. i I lemstillti nuu^n m mm If rum wawalw. an individual for i ?Proveme?to made upon it or repair* done. Bootoen'e Titatiae upon the Ketote and Rlghta of ? tbe Corporation, 71 It haa consequently been ooeto^ mar V from the first sitting of a colonial amenably to th ?K present time, for the eerporatfwn to apoly to tieleglaf1 1 (atom la tbe form of a petition tor the passage of laws secretary for tha tetter government of the city. If In tbe growth and dev'topement of a n etropolls Ilka hew Tors, It la ImpesalWa to fo-etea in advance, and provide general B*" (oz every exigency that may aria*, and baace suah applications have bean and must cantt

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