Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 20, 1855, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 20, 1855 Page 3
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RTOCITRMi fftM RllCi, The PingiaM of the R*T?lMan-Atteoft* of Sobto iBMto pat it ?"*?!? -*r plarooto Co?? eUtswn of Um coon try, die. [From tbe Nee Orleans Picayune, J one 11 ] The ViiuW, Copt. Forbes, brings tataliigeooe from the cite of Mexico to tbe bib last., aid from Vera Crux to tbe btb. Oapt. Forbes reports baring left ta port at Vera Crux tbe boar can schooner Ltbby, Capt. Campbell, to sail fas New York about the luth last (be papers which reach as on this eceasioe by the ffmxaka announce suceeBses of H. It. S H against the icvelot onista. at iaai accounts, It *U1 bs recollected, we left htm em r?UU from Morelia. towards /amors, tber* it was said they bed mads greet preparations Ij giro battle to him He had not been h*erd of for t*o or three days; it was net known at what po>nt be was, and un'avorable re pwrts were in circulation. A eorraspondeat, WMting from Zamora under date of the lflth ult , save the* H a d U reached tbe Itaecho eotato on tbe nigbt of bis first day's journey from Mo setts, that on tbe following cay?i be Ides?he rmobed Ziptvnee, and on tbe ltt^ Haaacaleo, where be joined tbe Severe and Maruuez brigades Tue former, it is said, sen sis ted of b,OCO men Os tbe lAth to. tore-e maribcd to boeiege Zamora- Tbe scourers bad brought laUJit genee that Pueblits bad fortified tbe place and would ssfte* tbe government troops On coming in new of Zamora, at haif-past 11 o'cioek is tbe morning, it wai perceived that measures bad been tn??n to improve the military strvngtb of bis naturally good position, by diverting tbe river Duero frum its bed and with it form ing an Immense lake or sweep, which stretched to a strtance oi mora than a let gas The brtdgee bad been destroyed and tbe road m*rged in tbe swamp it bseame nvteeeary to undertake werka to enable the divia on to pass At a aoi* sole distance artillery was placed in po sition to bombard the city, sal 600 grenades were pre pared 10 be thrown in into it first, however, Santa Anna sent to ascertain tbe state of affairs In tbe c'ty, and tbe aaeaeeugers bringing back the information thet PuebUta and bis followers were having lbs eltv. tbe eecond brigade of cavalry, ton noted of more than 900 men, under the command of Uea. ?uHiaa, at ones penetrated into It. Santa Anna eont Wise el hie aidee-de-earnp, one after another, to carry endaxs to G*n Guttien to purine tbe fugitives, who, to tho nnmbtr of more ihtn 1,1*0, had taken 'be road to Jneasa. This was done, and Santa Anna, with General Stance and bis stair, entered tbe eity, where they were ateeived with great entousinem; businene was resumed, and everything was rejoicing, aeimsUoa and confidence. At six e'eisek la tbe evening news was received that the fngltivea had been overtaken and reated. Lieut ffW. Gnmaret, whe oonvejed tbe aeneuneemeot and stasdarde taken fiom them, waa fallowed by more than 2.V09 pnasners, raising stead for Banta Anna and death dies i)tiait tbe revolutionists Fatbits's followers, it sppsars, meet shamefully for sook him. 8tx'y of them, however, were left do id on the field. Three offleere, Ordonez, Perec and Barras, whs bad pronounesd with Nsgrete in giving np the place to this revolutionists in April, were taken prison ere, shot, and their bodies hung on trees by the road wde Font of the prisoners who had belougad to the bnad of Huenroetio, were shot the fol owing morning Ihe eity offered pecuniary aeaistance to Bants Anna, hmt ha deal ned, as not being in need of it. Be returned twv Meielia tbe following day, reaching it on the 21st. Ban. Basques was left in command of Zamora. On tho 23o. be left Morel* with 2,<00 men for Patz tell us, where be err red tbe next day On tbe 2?th be I this lor Alio, wbers, it is tald, Oomonfort w*a Cted with 2,500 men. Alio is sitaated in tbe moun ia. about two leagues from Patzcuaro the road la r , , and can be travelled only on horseback, and __ climate and locality very unhealtbr. The JHario OJictal report* that the bind commanded by Santos Dtgoilaoo has been routed. It endeavored, It. appears, to penetrate Into Ixtlahuace, the garrison of wbieh, however, repulsed it. It then endeavored to make for Temoya, with Gen. Tavern in pursuit Other ?speito wars, however, that Degollado waa advancing on Meaitt. Gen Ziret was therefor* sent from Tacubaya Is meet him in front. Tho band then fled in the direo Msn sf Villa ael Carbon, and Ztrea returned. General * Tavern followed them through Tepeji, where they raised meaey and horses, as they had all along the road, asd fins fly, en the 28th of May, be overtook them at Pitxsv nca, and after a sanguinary fight of an hour and a half, ssmpletaly routed them. The loss on slthsr side is not given. It stated la tbe Vnivertal that at the first fire a great number of tbe government soldiers who pro neanced at Zamora, commas eed to cry in favor of Santa Anna, and ts fire on the rebels themselves. General Tbvera caused forty prisoners, whom ns took, to bo sbet. At tbs latest dates from Gen. Tavern (the 30th of May), bs was at Zumpangn. Degollado, with 100 men, bad been passing tbe Temoaya estate Gva. Gayesso, in a despatch dated Toluta, May 20, announced a similar pursu't and defeat of the band of Pinks res Gonzales, at Lss Huertas' estate and the Reci btsas Bill. Among tbe killed cn this occasion was one behaved from bis dress to be a leader Five tmall il -Id peeees, some horses, Ac , were captured from them An ofllclni circular, dated at Monterey, May 17, and addressed to tbe authorities of the surrounding districts, prfers to tbe outbreak in that part of tbe akpubllc to wbisb mr readers lave had tbeir attention Stilled The circular orders that Benor D Manuel Ochoa, the sub prefect ef the district of Vlllaldalma, having been ar retted and imprisoned by revolutionists in Lampazos, wrtbont amy political plan caving been proclaimed, me a ?ares be taken to put all public funds beyond reach of n surprise and brought to Men tare y. Another circular aiders tbe authorities to take measures to protect the inhabitants. A proclamation by Gen. Cordon* an awaaeee tbat D. Santiago Vidauni, the ex-9scretary -if the government cf Nuevo Icon, had raised tbe standard ed rebellion at iAmpazos and tbat measures have been taken ta put down the outbreak An e(Ileal communication announces that on the 17th aH., a detachment of about fitty mounted pronunciados, he need by D. CI* urate Cab* re de Vace, entered Chapels, bat committed ao ant of violenoe beyond raising sixty deBara, after which tbey left in the direct! >n of Joco bepec. In Ptedra Gordo, Guauajuta, eighty bandits were fol- , lowed and routed by forty inhabitants; four of them killed, some wounded, some taken prisoners, and some of tie articles tbey bad stolen were recovered from them. A band of alleged revolutionists are said to have eraiffy mutilated and killed ten of the inhabitants of illfftilftjl la Yucatan the troubles with tbe Indians continue, altbbugb successes ever them are jreported. Smallpox at Campeacby ' At Merida there was aearctty ef flour. Several places have been exempted Mom taxation in consequence of the depressed state of affairs. Steamers which the government baa purchased at St. .?Aemas and in England, were expected at Atapulco Im mediately, for the purpose of blockading and aiding in besieging tbe poet. Tbe Diario Oficinl denies that orders have been given fcem Washington to tbe Boundary Somraissioa to sue. p*nd operations because tbe United S'x'es government was treating for tbe purchase of the department of 8o Benor Don Jose Rafael Juzunsa, who was exiled in this alky baa accepted tbe amnesty, and arrived at Pueile wn the 14tb ult. He was in a bad state of health. Tbe smallpox was prevailing in the city of Mexico. A decree ef the 27tu of April accords to Messrs Mosso Bros the privilege of constructing a railroad from Taia pteo to Mexico. The company la to be formed within a year. Cbhtahua, May 7, 1855. Thers was a Meret despatch arrived here laat week bn H II S. H., wherenpon twenty of the Onset horses to be feund were preened into service, a company of twenty men was formed, with Col. Benches at their head, and despatched the seme evening towards the Merth. The ''Know .-'omethlngs" suppose they have gees to Janes or wherever the Boundary Commissioners may he, to arrest SeDor B&lizar, of the Mexican Bounda ry uemmiasion. The reasons given here are, that Santa Anna, growing impatient of the slow progress of the wrrk, wrote to Srnor Sallxar to push It with more ener gy and speed, to which Sennr Balizar replied that tan ning the line without money, men or lustrum-nts. was net quite as easy as sitting in Meitco making bad laws, and spending government money. At this H. It. S. H. toak umbrage, and ordered his arrest rfelizar is said to he the meet competent man in the republic for that werh. Santa Anna, in his policy towards this State, appears to aim at expressing the people so much that th>-y would not complain if they were sold to the United States, er were anything else to ociur to them,so it wtre a ehangs. Heretofore the merchants ocuid take money cut ef the State free ef duty to Guadaljara or Mexico, er sny other pert of the republic. Last week a law arrived from Mexico forcing a duty of 4 per eent. mm ail moneys taken out of the Stste, even though it he for the purchase of goods to return to where the money is taken from. They collect ten psr eent on alt money taken from this State to ge out of the country. The duties on the frnitler er thiiTatite are so high that goods cannot be introduced; benW ail intro dusbeai are prohibited. It is the greatest in justice that ever was perpetrated on any people, and none but M*xl cans would stand ft. That law oould have been equalled only by the one that followed. The people of this State were reduced to extreme poverty by the Iadians taking all their eattle off. Not being aole to raise stock any leager, they turn thsir attention to agriculture growing earn, wheat Ac., wtaieb they found sale for at tbeir own doers, to speculators who fomcd a ready martet for the ram at oar frontier posts of Kl Paso, L'tnpia and others. law haa been passed prohibiting the free passage of any eon ont of this oountry into the United State# either at the Limpia or ?1 Paso. Thus are thrown idle the greater yart of the moot industrious portion of the in The Mate is deprived of a revenue and the farmers of the means ef subsisting, inasmuch as they eoald not had market here for one half of the produce raised. The Indiana eee't a Wow them to raise t'oek, nor the govern mmX !? thV w,u to steal or starve. This in fn th* '"Pwblie, and if It belonged to the United States, would be the garden. The people are al anxious for a change of rulers, but have not the oou rage to proclaim. Some are desiftius of joining the Uni ted States, etbereare la favor of the Republic ef the SMrtaMadre. I have just seen a specimen of placer gold found in a ravine eheut two days from Jesus Marts, and (Its from this place. Jesus Maria is a small miatag town, stent six days distant There are plenty ef piacare taere. This person had at least nine marks. They cannot be werted in consequence ef the Indians. we have net received a Picaf wto here for over two mentha, asver, to fact, since we received the number that centalned the iatolhgaaee ef Gen. Zoioaga iclntng Alyares. Wa understand all Cn'ted States papers are prohibited hsre. There are to this city ab rat tftoea tosetgaiu, who subscribe far at least twenty tve diffe rent pnrtowicala. The autheritiae eeelwg the number nf papers received here teeess# frtgh"caed. thinking they are ton many for the safety of the republic. I eacieee yen a sheet pabliated here once every two or three * It contains a bitter article against Americans y, and thorn of California particularly. This ptrtteukrlr Thi# sheet is'on|y issnod whoa they have semethtag of lm nmtonss to i?ninliiUi, as In too present instance. falM thnaheot toev stlsk to ?tracts^fUes. for want 'tor. That speaks well fur a etty of sight or I inhabitants.These passu are said at a wwetev, whs goes trying them thanngh Among sirthe inhabitants there are nut rsealved as ought to be reset red by IuwIKhh, ov a* wen*. v? received if they worn allows to come ha [t rem th* ltow Orleans De'va, 12 ] The e*nt* o? Mktaoncau has booMss tho gr ??i wntr? of tho rebellion Tho lates', B?w? fr>u? tbe ?e*t of ear is nuvirtM io tho HeraUlo, doted May -Khh nn>l J7th, and contained halntoetB from r.tovmaro ? pl*co of w? e'dwmM* unporsoc*, ? short ?tor tho centre of VOcLoaoon and * to. tbo otf.ot ??? 1'iFkidoot b'aBte Anna arrived id that city on too 24th Ur on tL"h n-snmed hi. march towards Arlo About tin Irirrri distent, which t. garrisoned by 2 001Ooftho inrnrirrnts UDdtr thO eotnmend at Gen-rot t/imjD fort Tbo Piesident, soys tho bo ur or tbsm, >od now. of o bottio woo hourly expect-d. TL? seems to o? hi. yontb; .go coo. not toll upon him nod, not stsndteg tlo Iom o' bis leg, .till " or the ??Bio soul's In arm- end *n**r W. w< (t.j Tbo plain* of, perhaps. by tbi* tunc,* O iOOtmd Besworth FMi . ta rooort lb* diotinguiobcd rebel chiefUin, # ?d by official do.potcboo from 6'hrr.l rovwrw, to nev. boon totally routid ond dispersed ?J Wji^igod. o^Jm town of Ttrajotla. which wosooeopiad r ?sc*Ding r.l Tavern ?;? thoir eovolry eniy ?*?*?*? l? from tbo fieetnese of thoir bora-, tne t^k/o orlao tiluKpini* a)mMt d^fitrojw or P''w >r ?agwyyy*? ?hoot tbo prisoner*. Tb. "nn""tof DMB?tojrfotee, amounting to about o*e hundred men, hod retired rrcm "iiSboroBOtrtod ehleftata, Plutaroo Gonzales, was defeated by General Goyosso ot Zumpsngo, with grant two brilliant vtcterios. it wan presumed, would tbo WM IB Micboftwui. Th* report of tbo rebellion, boot Monterey, is con firmed by official despatches to tbo Minister ofWar from tbo Governor Loon, but there 1. nothing ^ortbe in regard io It than wo boro roeoiyed by way or the Rio G The rebellion ?? flourishing in Guanajuato. An official despatch from General J. M. Javejo. dated G"n^"^i Ma? 9 .tat*? that tbo InanrganU. to the number of 90J, bad appear.d before the eity and demanded no ????*d^ ticcal surrender Tbo .nmo de.patch laments th* fat* of General Paoboco. who la auppwod to hnro boonda feated by Cooata'a army, Guanajuato, andlit lo feartd that bo la either dead or ba. boon taken prisoner. )? Teboantspec the rrbela are roportod to hare boon defeated, or rather annihilated. . . .... ' Cut or Mxxioo, Juno 2, 1865. Tbo following io a or.min.ry of new. wW?b fa adoatin the oity, much of which may bo rohel on. Tho *0?**M; sent kernels are so restricted to publish only wuat eome* (rem tbo palace, that the public dirtrm?tt uU i intelhoenr.e from that quarter. More than two-thirds ? of the triumph, reportea on boUetlns from the iMat of \ war and despatches from rietoriour general*, all prorol to be falsehood* M*au!aotur*<l to com coal defeat* or ?o etr* handling by tho pronuncladoe they oaar^BaTO en countcrcd. A month oinoo, on th* receipt of intelli gence that Degollado, the head man of HicBonean. wao at Zamora, Gen. 8anta Anna with ttra thousand of the ceitral army left tbe eity, aweaitng worse' Britioh army did in Flanciere, on the retribution which awaited that "ineurgeat." Near faluca, he ?naou a tar ed tbe red artillery of hearen, which m disturbed the "Prince of President's" nerree, that be eould not par tahe of a .plendld repast prepared in?* the palace Ralujaancas for hi* refreshment. Be lost both supetite and digestion. From thenca he moved on More lis, in poeeession of his troops, and wh?r? hs re C6iv*id the coDiiratulationfl on this gueMssful. if not tn nmphal marc^ Among these wa. the Got. o(Gaanajua to, who had left hie command to pay homage to hit ohief. The pronuncia- os, under Dr. Qu.stor, arailed themselves of his absence to alarm the capital and the Peres Galvaa and the mint, and rel.eve both from being plundered by the Prtneo. They intercepted his Excellency, 1s?b. Pacbeco, dispsrsod oommaod, and nothing naa been beard of bie person since. His travelling carriage was found very much riddled, and "war by on* t^>0' so Pacheoo must In bis hurry have e.caped with but l.g. This uneipoeted event occasioned a halt at VMB p< int for several days, to be certain that bis Serene Hfgff ness would sot be "scratched in the war, should h| Miiah in ad^nolng on the gww at ^imori. At nil that oonrag? which nboMbib own out of tho fingara returned, and Gen. Santa Anna was on fall Zsmirs. In ndvance, one of his generals who had rw csutly been eeriously discomfited by the rebels, bad an opportunity to retrieve his losses. What an opportunity ! Aftor reeonnoltenng at long sights anl fchor sr s'gbts?for evuy Mexican officer consideis a . lass as indispensable as a sword-Die charge was sound'd, and most gallantly did the advance gallop into a deserted village. The bird had flow?- Tho triumphant entrance of the Commsnder-in Ohief soon followed, and Zamora, in feasts and musio, congratulations and homage, pioclaimed the victory. A council of war was called, and ere they had decided on pursuit, sn express reported Degollado in the ra*r> *?d threatening the capital. A retrograde move to Moreno was reeonimended, and there tbe grand army halted to await intelligence from th* eity. In the meanwhile, I eaollsdo approaches Taluca, takes a peep on ttaa "lope* of Tacubaji from tbe heights in the rosr pushes hls scouts to Tacuta, passes round the sacred city of Guada lupe, and is heard of at Teznoa, supposed to be en route for Puebla. Tho city in alarm, and the garrisons moro prudent in preparing for defence than to invite a ren contre The news that tbe pronunciados were tn re treat, inipired Zeres and Tavern. They both started in pursuit, when the latter reports that be bad come up in siaht of D.goliado's rear, but with bowes and men so broken down he could not pur?ue, particularly a* tne insurgent chief had provide i his oommaod wtth fresh horses, sod could not be overtaken. Great rejoicing, tbe city b?Us ringing, roar or artillery, and muaic thiougb the stieeti DegoUado, however, wbo<.le on Ta vera when be finds he had halted, and GbilarJl, who lead the attack, reducedTavera's command 400,180 of which are now In the hoepitale of this city. Zeres pursued Gonzales, (another wing of B.golUdo|. comman5,) and near Pachuca encountered a Blanlar dvfeat Santa Anna's indecisive show to act wo; excused at Ho relia When advised that Comonfort, ghejianther General, was at Arerlo. a small, village near /?mora be wheels back on him and was in march to pat down tie rebel chief in that quar ter But as a portion of his troops returned this dsy to the capital, it is supposed that Santa Anna is on his return, ascertaining that Comonfort hod a weu organized and well supplied foice, with 2,600 men, and that there may be danger in placing the central army between two flreo. Degollado and ?owrafort ?*? )>*. coming too etrong to be imprudently braved. It is more probable, therefore, that Santa Ansa will pass the Gari tae at night, to his seclusion at the palace in a few days, thereto await events; unless, on second thought, he puts bis hounds on his scent for the capital and slopes for the Pacific, where, rumor says, he hae a veas.l in waiting for his fifth exodus from a land ho has so tyran nized over and so abused. , Alvarez, it is said, la resting on his iMrwin, in conso lidating the sovereignty or Guerrero, which he ?ir?? cueo from too iron grasp of this central tyrannical a(^ ?olutiem. Be has shown more civilization than does the one-legged bandit, who has called him barbaric and panther. Be has throon open tbe port of Acapulco to the whalers of the Pacific, an indulgenes they could n?T?r obtain from Santa Ann. They might have purchased it at a high price, but could never obtain it oo fair negotiation; for free timde, free Intercourse, *?' ciprocal and equal benefits have never enlighted tbe mind ot an Algerine Dey, who exacts tribute andI paye none. Alvarez has extended every J? steamers between Panam* and San Francisco. They pass in and out on each trip unannoyed and uuabused, while Santa Anna's policy was to embarrass and t.i ln s't dit.on, this " barbsrii chief " has commenced the work seriously and with zeal of snpptessvni monopolies and of removing rertrictions on American commerce. The poor Indian ot Guerrero (but nowhere else,) can now smoke his untaxed cigaretta, and carry his tobacco to the beet market. Be U not restricted in bis industry, to aC"1?1"* , ter to the plunder of the palace Salamancaa, who feast the abominations of centralized power. Not so the other States. And the poor, oppressed, subdned Aztecs mar truly axeliim: '? All tWsatlsfy not so long as Horde cai, the Jew, sits at the King's gate ? [From the New Orleans l855. I Proareu of (k? RrooMUm?Thriics of the InturgoU*? Smi-re ConJIiet and Doubtful ftauU-Dariiarwy of th* | Government Troovt?Another Buttle?Triumph, of the Jmurgmtt? Movtmrn/s of Santa Anna?The tteoolu'ion Ez'.emling on all Sidet?Capture of Monterey, tfe. cfc. The laxt fortnight has been fmitful in events. The appearance of the insolvents near the city of Mexico, the battle of Tieavuca, the journey of H. S. H. from Mo rtlia to Arrio, his humiliating retreat, the capture of Monterey, all furnish material sufficient to augment the tenor of rome, the hopes of others, and to satisfy the curiosity of ail My last letter dosed at the period when Santa Anna was on his way from Morelia to Zamura. The ratnir that he had retreated upon Guanajuato was without foandatkm. It was the insurgents who, with great sa gadty, had quitted 7. amor a before the arrival of the government troops. Puehllta alone remained with his sectlan, waiting the sight of the eoemy before he Wft Santa Anna, therefora, reached Zamnra without striking a blow?an easy victory, but yet the most substantial he is likely to achieve. The storiee published in the papers of the defeat of Pneblita are utterly false Santa Anna did send a party in pursuit of him, bat these chiv alrous soldiers returned, after an abeeooe of a few hours swearing they were unable to discover a single traie of the daring rebel; whereupon Santa Anna lavished a pin them some of those choice epithets of reproach with which the Spanish vocabulary abounds. After the capture of Zamora, the insurgents took dif ferent ronton; and wbnt is almost Incredible, whilst Santa Anna waa on his way to the tha Interior to sxter minata them, a considerable division of the rebels, un der the command of Degollado, wore marching almost to the very walls of the capital Dogollado, with 1,500 horse, arrived within four leagues of this city. It is said his ptvsenca had been Invoked by a certain partUin of the purot, named Villanuevn, who had promised to raise tha standard of revolution within tha city. Degol lado appeared, hnt the movement did not tate place Defection and denunciation are said to have p-erented it, and seven of the principal ringleader* have been or rested The city for soma time was In great eoasterna t on. The Cabinet despatched Gen. Zires with 000 or 700 men against Degollado, bnt^efter a short march he fell beek upon Taenbaya. where he has orders to remain and protect tha bonne of the Archbishop, tha furniture of which belongs to Santa A one, and is grsatly eovsted by the Insurgents, and the splendid residence of 8manual Rtcandon. whisk ttsy are eager to destroy Meanwhile Santa Anna had sent Tavern's brigade against Degollado, wHc orders to give him immediate battle. Tmvera same ?p with DegoOadc on tha the 28th, at tha little village af Tieerjaee. Degollado had not taken proper precautious, and was compelled to ftgbt at great disadvantage. No verthelese, hie small Wad encountered tha shosk of Tavern's brigade witbont flinching. Tha m salt of tha conflict is variously stated. The government claim a signal victory, and have orders* cannon ts be flred in honor of their triumph. Rut It la certain that Tarera'S troops suffered severely. The day after the battle, M ambulances were sent to hoar off the wound ed, while Degollado seemed so little apprehensive of par smt that he pass ad the night three quarters ef a league from the plane of battle. The resurgents lost n few men. and what Is mare serious, fsrty-oas of their nam bar ware taken prisoners, tan house which had bean sarronadad by the government troops. Ths latter were inhumanly shot, without a trial In fro ape, having been flsed open by three platoons of soldiers. This ana ptstr; act of twumm will, I fear, provoke a Moody rtpnoi. ihus lor, UM insurgents, bora artotod oo (?tied eru?ltj Legellooo'* fnreen re*umea the mote to Mfohoawi A? for Tsvera. the cjujiwror (>) bo had been so m?l tren'ed that the kilutei?-r? nad to Mail bun rslaforae tvHt? to fill tn# 114OK iqoiU l? aio ?y?4??. Attar tie e?piuri of Z?o etpiurt oiZoroora. tiaaUi taut riturmi to Mortlta. He ?u axpeflted ?ck in Moatao, wiwa, Ao lbviog r,e and e?ar*-)y aaseiool.abed enough (or bio Slori, b? a oe? plan Iguecto Comonfurt woo a<* b??n appoint* d ?y Aiv?r?/. Geoirai in-oh at of th* revcdutiosaxy (oraaa, bod loft too South with a few hnliIrod troopa, and bad vepairwo to M.choa can, wham ha waa joined by Pu.Lhu aod hia ??c*loo. Pio?? o and (be brotiara Twjadoa hav Ibr unitad their t loops with C'mou'ort, bla a an hera war* Increased 10 a'mut 4.M0?some nay 6,uK>. Tl#y encamped at amo, a town or nhont 12,000 souls, a?< ut twvnly league* from Morelie. in tha heart of too mountain* of tbaSierra. On tba 2:kj day, rfauta Aaaa suedeuly laft Morula for I'alzcuara, n Tilings ball way beta a* a 11 oral ut and Arrlo. Obnttauiog hta march rapidly enough, be arrived at Santa Clara do (Jaira, about midway betwaen Patseuereaad Arrl?. Diaace be despatched Col. Zerusr, with n fores of 1.000 men, to reconnoitre lb# poottivn of the enomy; but Oo ooa'ort bad alreacj eaten the initiative, and had advanced tn meet the government troopa Zeros'* dotaobment waa terribly treated. A body of 200 frtlh troopa arnt t i hU reoof were intercepted and, efeited. Finally, Santa Anon, alarmed at tboaa disasters, thought it aiviaable to ra treat. Tba countermarch waa a calami tout affair. The troopa ware destitute of previsions, and ware compelled to puah thoir way acroaa a mountainous region, fail of deep rarinea aod treacherous marav.aa, expoosd to a Tin lent atom, tba artillery conf Dually buried in m id. and the aoldlera deserting by whole oompamee. Had tba President remained twenty four hour* longer at Santa Cisrn bis entire army would bare boon exterminated Yon wiH readily understand that the Ministry were ObligeA'o find >ome pretext tor thia humiliating rerarae, so tbay batched up a story, wb'ch they gave to th? press, that tbs retain, terrified at the approach of tanta Anna, had evacuated Arrio, and that the President, baring no onainies to conquer, necessarily returned to Moral a. * To morrow Santa Anna will bo at Toluea and wul reach Mexico on Friday or Saturday. The 13th is his Saint's day, and be would not miss its e?lebration on any account, as ha raceiyes magnificent presents on every return of this anniversary. It is reported to day, though I do not youcta for its truth, that Santa Anna was twice attacked on hie jour ney from Morvlla and lost a large number of baggage mules. It la likewise rumored that the environs of Cor dova and Perote have pronounced, with a view of cut ting off Santa Anna's retreat In cats he endeavors to reach Vera Cruz and quit tbs country. It is said, too. that in the State of Zncatecas, eitner at TruxiHo or at Sombrero, there is another pronunciamento, and that Sierra Gorda is on the point or revolting.. I cannot say bow mncb truth there is in these stories. Another ru mor is that the Ministers BoniUa and Lares will resign upon the return of Santa Anna, but this I positively do not believe. A more certain piece of intelligence, and one infinitely graver than any yet mentioned, is the capture of Moa terey by a few hundred insurgents, who crossed the Kie Grende at Lampagos. This event Is officially acknow ledged, but tbe brers endeavors to put it to the account of bandits and tmngglars. After taking Monterey, where they found thirty pieeee of artillery aod five or six tho i ?asd muskets, the insurgents took poesessirn of Salti't >, and marched upon San Luis Petosi The details of tue-.e operations are not yet known It is said that Mslcbior Ocampo. ArrGluga and Taravsjal are at the head of tlrs movement. This intelligence has produced an immense sensation [From tbe New Orleans Courier, June 12 ] On the 26th ult. there wae dedicated in the city of Cholula, with solemn ceremonies, a monument to tho President General, consisting of a splendid column orna mented with approproprinte has relievos. Several slant fit marble are let into tbe heavy blecka of stone forming She base, on three of which the inseriptiens are in Span ish, and on the fourth the following : ? D. 0. M. ANTONIO hop >7. DB SANTA ANNA suhmo, rkipcbuc.b rR.+smi PRO. 1NNCKBRIS. MKIUTU CI VITA TI, PRACSTIT13 POPULl'B TANTI. BENKFACTORI8. NOMINK IffSIONlTTS. noo. rrkxit mommfntum ANNO DOM. MOCOObV. The other inscriptions ennmerato the glorious deeds of Sssta Anna, and express the gratitude of the Mexican people for his patriotic beneficence. Tbe olumu is of the Tuscan order, surmounted with a bust of tho Presi dent, by Olivaree Puebla. Perfect order now prevails, according to the last offi cial report, in the departments of Zacateoas, Piualea, Oajaca anc Chiapas, and in the provinces of Tlaxeala ano Isla del Canuen. An artesian well la about, to bo constructed in the city of Cordova, after the Prussian style The arrival of two English steamers, which Santa Anna has bought in England and St Thomas, [probably the American steamers Benj Franklin and Caroline Au gusta,] is shortly expected on the Pacific coast, to ettab'lrh the blockao# of Acapulco. [Frtno the New Orleans Creseent, Juno 12.] Jose Maria Rogel, one of the rebal chiefs, was executed in Tobua on tbe 20th ult A party of forty men, of Arandas, Department of Guanajuato, organized on the 26tb ult. and pursued a band of robbers who had been committing depredations in that vicinity. The robbers, it ia said, numbered eighty, but they were overtaken and defeated?four of them killed and six made prisoners. The latter were shot. A singular gravestone had been dug up at Mertda in tbe course of some excavations. It wae a simyle slab, bearing?engraved in the centre?an escutcheon of arms, and on the lower part Jhe date 164A, with a skuH and cross bones, it bore also an inscription, but time had eo defaced it that it was entirely illegible. Cuba md the United States?.%. Spnnteh Ame rican Crusade. [Translated for the New York Herd] The Universal of Mexioo discusses in a series of arti elei the question of Cuba, vis a vis of the United States. In these it labors to shew the analogy between this ques tion and the Eastern question, and to prove that the Spanish American people are equally interested in re pelling the advance of the United States in that direc tion, aa the Western Powers are in protecting Turkey from the Cbar. The only difference between the two is. says the Universal, that Ruesia aspires to dominate in Europe in the name of despotism, and the United States aspires to dominate In America in the name of liberty. There it is monarchical tyranny which is scnght to be imposed; here it is popular tyranny. Repugnant as both ere, the last is most unsupportable, because it is hypo critical, and is exercised in the largest extension. It is hypocritical, because it is covered with the .mask of liberty; snd it is exercised in a wider space, because the people are everywhere. When a monarch is a tyrant he can be fled from; how can one escape from tyranny when the tyrant is the people fees For thow who have followed the march of events for two years past, the sympathies existing between the United .States and Russia are not a mystery the latter exercise in America the same role as th > former does in Europe, and it is natural that they give each other the hsnd. The United States know that if the AI lies triumph in the contest, they will oarry every where their victorious flag, to cover with it the territo ries thre&'ened by unmeasured ambition. England and f ranee will tben come to America to tell the republic of Washington what is the will of the nations with respect to the security and independence of each, and tbe so loes us will have to halt in its career, and to adjust its tuture pol'cy to the code of justice and of morality adopted by human societies. Therefore, we, although there were no other reason, would be, in tbe question of tbe Fast, on the side of the Allied Power* through reason of convenience. It suits us that Spain do not lose the Island of Cuba, for this motive, among others: that if she lose It, It has to fall Into the hands of the United States: and trom the moment that the United States get Cuba, tbe independence of Spanish America may be re garded as concluded. The triumph of the Allies m Eu reps would ward off tbat evil. Therefore, we eay that tbe question of Cuba has not only an analogy with the question of tbe East, bat depends upon it. * * Spanish America, In the question of Cuba, is called npon to defend the same principles of morality, of jus tice. and of international law, as Europe is in the East ern war. It is true that each of these countries, taking part in that immense crusade, will defend its security and its independence; but in this there is ne egotism of any kind, but a noble and legitimate sentiment of conservatism And therefore the mission of these peo ple cannot b? more glorious, when it is cuasidesed that the government defends, with their independence and the r oat'onaltty. a religion which has otvifized these re gions? a history illustrated by so many great events ? an entire continent impressed with tbe flnest oonquas's of th* Catholic civilization?a race, in fine, which has for three otnturiea executed the mission of diai.lpating tne darkness of barbarity, and has gathered under its banner* the soldier or the cross and the Catholic missionary. * * The first consequence of thsen rights and duties Is, that the Spanish Ametioan countries onght to aak tbe United States, every time that they take a step towards the equator, the reason of their conduct; that they ought to intervene In every way in the negotiations which may be established on the future destiny of Cub'; that tbey ought to bavo cognizance of every measu,? tbat la adopted to ebange the present ronMttons of tho island, not only In reference to a tran-lation *f do minion to another Power, but also having for obieet an emancipation, which is impossible, and which would i?e the germ of like dangers fur us. And after all this, when ambition reaches the point of employing force and violence to attain its ends, the r.ght and the duty of Spanish America la to rush to the Hats with armed hand to defend their Independence and their liberty. ? ? * Though there are not here, as la Europe, two neat Powers to rush to the froit of a ooa lit'on, to fight th* common snemy, we may safely say tbat it is Mexico wbvse duty It is to unfurl, before any o-her country of the New World, the banner under wh'ch our nationalities and our race have to be deieaded. She must stand in the van, because she is the first nation with which the colossus has te come in conflict in its advance towards tbe equator, and because we may say, withont vanity, that she is first In point of extent in the number of hor inhabitants, and in tbe condition of civilisation and cul ture to which she has arrived Our country will o? the right and fulfil the dnty which these circumstance* concede to and Impose upon it, and will do aD (hat be longs to a people where Is still preserved the spirit of coble pride and of Independence inherited from the two hemic races from which It sprung; it will do so with th* rnerpy and Ih* abnegation of those who defend, at every ha/H'd, a history and traditions which form its pride, and a religion with wbleh are bound up all Its record* of giory and whioh is the foundation of its finest hop*. Tbe writer gee* on to discus* the question n' the emaefipet'en of <h* islam) un-tor the feilo wing potato:? Can duba he independent T Will she gain anything by independence t Will she be bettor under th* United Stale* than under "pain T And ears W* ean unbeelUt.nglr reeetv# thee* qneetione In the negative Tbe desire of the On bane who seek la-topes ssnes n tootish illusion, which dsprves thai seattoaeat ?f all tho aohilNy It may have; the desk* of those who ttt ?nmat'nq 1* iiftnMiii, bat it in ?*? logical: \kry Il?w well llui independence la impoe.lbV; ml or,cm ib"j irpur to break >b?l iwp ?*ll ihe 9ptaM yorr, 'bey arc Hi** ia the ??aniaaia conaequwuoe of rhai.pi. t It in'o that at tha bolted -tinted. Kara thara ?a toeaaaap. thara ia iKa<Ma>ay, it rtagratetiwu la tt ? am of aur ra-a ata <iaO to ha slave* of aa inimical rara; Sat tb?r* ?ber? a to/i\ there >? tha seatimeat ef what 1* porrijjlr and rrahsabka. 1h? Know N<xlxi?*e la a aeuean PuUil ar Vww, Wa traaklata tha ollowiag article froa U Tr+it d' Vtiion of 2eth Waj ? Wa bava sometimes art is our path aartala original characters who wara annojsd with happiaaaa, had who themselves desired to cm tray thoir own happioaao, ao aa to took in snefortune INST now aoaaatloo wblch tbay ha?t not yft ex perleoeert. These Mosc*, aa thoy art lilitd. ?ta taro perhaps, bat thoy do ?xiot >a tha eawutiea of individuals. Hball wo ho eai'od apna to prove bofora long that a nation, aa a aaa, can allow itself to ho ear rit-d away by rack aborratieao of mlmd? Wo koow that ?a oar day, whan we aiah ta aita among paophi aa exam ple efaiUacrrttaary laexoaia and 'abuteii* prosperity, tha came of tha North American confederation <m weltetoly prorata ttsslf Wo (now that thta increase a art till pros perity of tha United Rtates eome to tha* from tha emigra uaa which faaa brea precipitate (r?a Europe in warea into thair pert*, to he scattered a'tcr wards Into thatr raat aolitodar and ta people tha* It ia known also that ths cause Of this prodigious emigration axirti in tha liberality of American institutions; opening thair arm# g< neronnly to tba etrsnger* from all coantriaa. Tha United States have hitherto pi ran thaui all posellle 11 bar t;a#?noittlcal liberty, ciril liberty, aosial liberty, rnli giens liberty To deny that emigration ta tba Halted Slates baa bee a canard by tha liberality of their institutions, and that emigration ia tha rauie of the miraculous orotparity of tha country, would bo to deny the light ia full midday. Nevertheless a paity baa jnet hvea formal in tho neigh boeirg republic not only to call ia doubt tho trutha which wo bare jc?t exposed, bnt also to bettor down tha efemsBts of program and of grootnooo wboeo reunite bare ro properly aatanlrhad the wrrhl. Tho Know No tbirgt?a ipectra of faan'ics whom it would be pretty difficult to define oorreetly?form a 00rt of sett e-milar to the Free Karon* tbay bare their oaths and tootr so errte. Wo know not to what dettnito object thoy toad, but the mesas which they employ are unfortunately ro ?eaicd but too elaarJy In open day?political intoternnco, religion a Intolerance, persecution* again at all thaee whs are born upon a foreign soil, tho moat eomplete exolu sfveiero? a sort af Kpasiah inquisltioa Rush am the mo tives of this new party, of which tho organisation ia quati secret society, having for rule tho paostve obe dience of all its members to ? given word of order, ap pears lo assure a great end immediate triumph, an nounced already by frequent successes in tho elections of the different States. The Know Nothing party constitutes tha meat abso lute negation of the character?tho Institutions?the pas', of the United States, and the greatest danger for their futnra; its ahnnet military discipline, permitting it to act as a singW man at a given moment, gives tka colossal force which cannot he coin Hatted except by tha aame arms, that is to tay, by the formation or another party, with the same organization, for tho purpose of thoroughly coaster balancing its influence We recollect that at the time whoa tho Mor mens in - b&Mted Nauvoo their system or passive obedience to tbsir ehisfs ?a system similar. It is seen, to that of tho Know Nothings? bad given them in the who's country such political influence, that all electoral strife had be come impossible. The candidate of the Mormons, al though he might have been aa outsider, was always turn of triumphing by a large majority. Tha pen-Mormon eleetois endured it patiently at flret; then they became angry, and things arrived at sash n point that Mormon* and anti-Mormons fought with muskets and aannou. The Mormons, oonquercd, were obliged to abandon the place, and afterwards the leariaaa of M. Cabot succeeded to the partisans of Joe Smith. the apparition and tho still increasing power of the Know Nothing party must necessarily bring about some similar catastrophe. If, by means of their strong unity, they triumph In the elections over ether partim divided among themselves, these parties will unite one day in a terrible strife to overthrow their common enemy?tha ?remy of tke prosperity af the great confederation. We already see, peeping up on the horlaon, aoenes of violence and ef civil war, reprcducing. en a grand scale the ocmhat ef Nauvec, and God knows what misfortunes may result therefrom to the neighboring republic. There is yet time, we think, to avoid these mUfertanes, but it will be neeessary to make baste and to fight, a* we have said, the enemy with his own arms Let all that there 'is of honest and of rational in tha United Stataa abdicating all secondary differences of opinion, group themselves together in one single and formidable party, submit, op to tbe hour of victory, to tbs passive obe dience which makes strength, ana the Know Nothings will fall miserably into ridicule and oontempt. A Catholic Priest Claiming His Wife. CUfclOUH OB APT n IN MABBTBD LIPS. [From the Chicago rriaune, Jane 13.] The caw of the people ex relatione Nicholasdtamber vs. Anthony Schnie^er, which came before the court of Com noa Ple?a of Ceok county, Hen. John U. Wilson, pre tid ing, on Saturday, presents a consul picture of married lire, and revea's tome strange practise* on the part of the Catholic clergy, and acme equally strange matters ef faith on the part of the more ignorant portion of their flock a. It appears that, aheut a year ago, Nicholas Stamher. then a priest of the Catholic church, was united in mar riage with hnna Maria "chniecer, a German girl, the daughter of tho defendant, and a good Cacholio. The marriage ceremony was performed by Father Peter Kramer, in a pi irate room, without the use of the wed ding ring, and without witnesses. In all otber respects the marriage ceremony was performed according to the rite* of the Catholic church, tho parties agreeing and consenting thereto, promising to be man and wife to each other, and the priest giving them the nuptial benediction and pronouncing them man and wife. after the ceremony, Father Nicholas look ths girl home and kept her as sn upper servant or housekeeper, treat ing her kindly and paying her wages regularly The girl says herself that, although he always spoke of her as his wife, they occupied separate apartments. Home three month* since she left his house, and went to NiVh, Michigan, where abe entered a family in the capacity of a servant. Her own account is, that both her marriage to and desertion from, her hushed were in accordance with the advice of hsr oarents and friends. To nse her own language, ?* she was talked into it " Up to the time of his wife's leaving him. Father Ni cholas bad continued bis pnhllc minustrailoa in tho church, bat since then we understand he has been de posed from Mis priesthood, as has also Father Peter Kramer. This suit was brought in tho ehanoery side of tho Court of Common Pleas, hy the husband, to recover pos session of his wife, whom be alleged was illegally de tamed from him by Anthony Mchneider The writ Issneu commending Schneider to produce the body of Anna Mary before the court. It was served on Schneider on the Oth of June, hy T. 8. Buckley, deputy aheriff. On going into the conntiy to serve the writ, he found Anna Mary at the bouse of one Jndson, about four miles from hsr father's residence, end took her with him. On Saturday, the defendant appeared before the Hon. John M. Wilson, in the Court of Common Pleas, and, in obedience to tho writ, produced the body of his dsngh ter. The husband was also present. For the purpose ef ascertaining the true state of the case, and ef Hading out what her wishes were In regard to living with her husband, the Court ordered the room to be cleared of all persons except the officers of ths court? an interpreter, and reporters for the press, and proceeded to question the girl. We are not. of course, at liberty to disclose all that van then elicited - but it appeared in addition to the above facta that she did not consider the marriage legal or binding, because her husband was a priest; that she left her husband of her own accord; and that eh* wished now to go with her parents and stay with them, and not to go wltb her husband; that the reason that she wished to leave her husband was that she had been educated in the belief that she could never go to heaven If she lived in marriage with a priest; but that no threats whatever had been made t* her by her parents, by ths priests, oe by the bisbop. She gave her name as Anna Mary Sahaie der, and not a* Anna Mary Stamber Judge Wilson informed the young lady that the mar riage was a perfectly valid and legal one by the laws of this State, although it might be a matter of discipline in their own chnrcn; that she could not marry any other man while her husband was living, bnt that she was not compelled to live with him, and asked whom she would go with?her husband or hsr father? She answered promptly, with her father. The doors were then reopened, and her husband and parents, the attorneys on both sides, and the other members, of the bar re entered. The hnsbaad was in formed that the body of his wife had been prodnced, *sd that eh* ws? here in court: thet the marriage, by the laws of Illinois, was perfectly legal and valid, but that he was not to use any force in compelling her to go with him The husband now walked acrosi the room to where the lady stood aod Intimated to her his desire that she should go horns with him Bnt She resolutely refused, nor could all bis persuasion* induce har to waver In her de termination. She left the court with her parents, and the last w* aaw of tho disconsolate spouse he was follow ing in tho waAe ef his wife, pouring forth his en treaties. to which she turned a deaf ear. Pkptouctivb Storm m Kkntuckt-?Ouat Da ma an to Corn and Wrxat Crow ?On Monday afternoon, about half past four o'clock, a small section of Shelby, bordering on Kraai 1 in county, was vt ited by the moat violent storm of wind, rain and hail ever experienced In that region. In tho vicinity of Christiansbnrg, Bagdad and Consolation, it rnged with unprecedented violence. On the farms of some ten gentlemen the wheat was so completely pros trated as to make it unit for harvesting; and the com was damaged to almost an equal extent. Large fruit trees were blown down, and fences carried off hy tho sudden rising of streams of water that were never be fore known to run so fuIL Tho storm came ap sudden ly end passed off la a very short period. In tho railroad cnt near Bagdad the water run la n stream eo deep that it reached above tho trucks of tho earn oemlag at fall speed despite the fury of tho elements. Ospt. Taliafor ro and oilier gentlemen In the ears stale that it had been raining but three or four minutes, yet so violently that gullies and beds of streams perfectly dry before the storm, were roaring out with water throe and four feet dee> The ball also drifted in some places Ave snd six fret high. We board yesterday f100,000 Axed as the probable extent of tho poenaiary demego caused by the stem. This wo esteem a tew Ago re, Judging by tho almost unparalleled marks of devasta tion that wo visited yesterday, la passing by on tho cart. Over throe hundred scree of wheat wore entirely rules d, and almoet as much eon. Mr. Basket and Mr. tsyicr wore heavy ruffs rem Tho storm was a very riralic on*. It pursued no partieuler Hn# or eonroe. be er t'g sag in its progress. A lane wheat Auld of one gentleman was destroyed, bte adjeinlng oern arop> was untouched, while a A.ld of wheat belonging to n neigh bor. snd enly separated from the eovaby a fanes, was devastated ,?Lomirtlle Ocmrlw, Jtme 1*. The Ohio river was np again on the llth Inst. At MttshoB en that day the witer in ths ohsnnol measurad interMdicfmi BrulL on bio vb jannbo ooumtohnkoi. Rio DM Jaxbbo, April 3$, ISM. Tht Laws Relating to the HighU of Oiioeno in Braril? How toetignere ore Affected by Them?Caee of Ok* A wu- icon Schooner Bay Oily?Arreot of the MaU?Dc Mm <f ? Pauongor?Action of the United SlaUo Oontui. I |*t pMKnlta of A iwWi of r^utM MS litorwt. tig facta throagh a distinguished 8u%tor ia this iBfin, fiw which 1 hilt for my pnmt letter wlwtil tM wb>*h ptrUiu to tht obligation*, and efrfl and political right* oI eittooaa. No eit<crn ton b* placed under nay atmpultioa, except iM With tM Uw No law thail bo established without having dut publi CltiM, No law will ha to a retroactive effect. Itwy m or writing, . ftaring roprt ahum ho mar commit la m txtrcite of thia right, m tht cattt and under the farma determined oa by tht Uw| A o par ton shall b* praaeoatod (or nay matter of reli if ho mspeeta tha raiigioa of tht cmpim and doaa not offaad the put ho moral* It ia permitted to mn one to re mala or depart ia or froat tht empita, aa ho thinks proper, taking him hit gooda, by conforming to tha rule* of the police, and without bearing maltoe to nny on*. The bone* a? entry citizen in na inviolable dwelling, and ao caa eta enter it at Bight, whotrtr ho may bo, without ooaieat, txcept ia trdtr to tart it from Iro or inundation. Nobooy caa ho erreated nta ia eaata of tht hogiaalag of an accusation, except ia cattt foreman by tha law. Twenty-four bourn after bin imprteontnmt, (if la a airy, town or Tillage, la the aaigbborhood of the rtai denao of the Judge, aad ia aa interval la proportion tt tb* ex teat of tha territory, aad determined oa by the law for dlateat places,) the Judge will make known to tb* accused, by latter, afgaad by bia own band, the rwa ?oa of hi* imprisonment, tha namea of bia accuatra, aad thaaa of vb* witaaama, If there ho My, agaiaat him. Even ia cat* of aa accusation, nobody can be CO ad not ed to priaoa, or bo retained therein, If he girt* a caution (determined an by law, generally,) for any crime that ia not puniahable with mom than tlx month*' imprison ment, or expulsion from the district ia which the ac anted Meet, the aoenned will remain at liberty. Except when taken ia the act, tae imprisonment aaa aot bo executed without a written order from the acting authority. If tbit order ia arbitrary, tha Judge who iatuea it. and ho that reeeiroa it, will b* puaiahod aa de termined ay the law. In tbia meaaure regnr liag impri aocmeat am not eompreheuied military commend* aeceaaary for pnrpoac* of jnttico aad equity. "There am different apartment* ia the prison to sepa rate the criminal*, aeooi dicg to their atatioa and the aatam of their Crimea The right of property ia guaranteed ia all it* falaaaa. If after thorough examination the public good requires that oae should make uae of the property of a clttxea, h* will bo indemalBed for the time to the amouat of it The law will fix tha cases in whloh thia single exception will tale place, ud it will giro the rules for tha deter of the iademal'.y. The public debt ia equally guaranteed. No manner of labor, o( culture, of industry, one of commerce, can bo hindered at any time tnat it does not oppose itrelf to the public mtrala or eeaurity and health of the citizens. lareatare win hare the right of their discoveries and of their productions. The lnw will gire them na oxelu eire temporary privilege, or will recompense then, aad will hare regard for ih* loss they amy sustain in tb* publication of the discovery. The tooreay of totters ia inviolable Tho administra tion of tho Poet ia rigorously responsible for tho iufrno ttoa of thia article. All recompense ecnfermd for services rendered to tho empire, eitaer civil or military, am guaranteed, as well as tb* right acquired from these moompeneoa, hy con forming to the law. Persona in tha public employment am strictly respaa ?tble for abneoe aad omissioaa which the/ aear commit ia tho exorciie of their functions, and My neglige aa* in watching tb* duttoa of their eubafteraa. Every citixea can proavat to the legislative aad execu tive department* bis reclamations, oompleiata, and peti tions. aad expoae all ln'rectioaa of tho eoastituti*B, in reclaiming from tho acting authority tha effective amena bility of criminals. The constitution guarantees public aid to tho indigent. Primary lost ruction to fro* to all citixeaa. Tho mtebliehment of aollegaa and nuivaraitiaa, la which will be taught the element* of tha sciences, arts, and literature, is ordained. Tha constitutional powers cannot suspend tho consti tution in that whish concerns individual rights, oxeapt in soma cases and drcumstMM* specified. Tha above am the fundamental principles of tho rights ud obligations of all wbo reside ia or visit thia empire, and I have been induced to forward them to you, aa it appears, in my opinion, and that of assay ethers, that often arbitrary power U exercised under tho garb of office. I allude at this time to tho affair* of tho schooner Bay City, destined for the river Sacramento, them to bo made into a rtearner, which arrived at thia port on tho lat of September last, consigned to one of tho hast com mercial houses in this city. Boon after her arrival, a report was in circulation that m English srulaer off the coast had fired into bar while our flag was flying, and that our acting eonaul, Mr. Scott, tha son of Mr. Pcott, our consul, who was on a visit to the States, wTth the captain of said schooner, were entering a protest and a demand for satisfaction of John Bull But tho mate refused to sign tho protest, and statal that the American flag was not flying, and that the captain would not show bis oolora until the balls began to fly. This mate (Mr. McCUin) was charged with insolence and in subordination, and thrust?by order of our acting eon aul?into prison, where ho lay for days, and from which ho was removed to the hospital by the interference oi the Chief of Police. After this MeClnin Insisted that the Consul bad no right to discharge him. and h* In sisted on his right to tab* charge of vho schooner, and went.on hoard and took charge?aa the captain bad gene to tha Statea Several attempts were made by Mr. Con sol Heott to eject MoClain, through the police, who wont on board armed, and drew a pistol on the mate and told him ho was a prisoner, at which McCUin drew a revolver and assured the police (some eight in number) that ho could moot them in that line, and tho police returned to tho shore without tho prisoner, or blood being drawn an either side. But on the 20th twenty odd police paosod my door with loaded muabots towards the wharf, with determined vengeance depicted en their counte nances, indicating that MoClain must ba taken, dead or alive, and warn joined by the cap tain of tho port and some thirty mom, who boarded the steamer,and MoClain delivered himself up, and now ie in prison sgala, whether for resisting tho po lice power or ineistisg on his right I do not know. I do not protend to say which ia right, but it looks quite ar bitrary on tno part of our consul. On this unfortunate Bay City there is a fine appearing young man. named Charles, who shipped on that vooaal with the intention of reaching QnllfornU and paying bia way by work, who has by tb* mtofortuae of the ves sel been over eighteen months on bia trip, and is vory desirous to gat to Oeliferaie, the place where ha can do something, and give vent to his exertions and iaduetrr. He had a tine opportunity to con tin as Qia trip* ftwdayi since on the United btatei surveying schooner Humteldt, but was refuFad a discharge from the Bay City, aad our consul told him to sit down and make up his mind if he would remain. After a time bad expired his answer was that be would go. The consul then ordered him to priaoa, where he wsa confined until the Humboldt had sailed. Tha only crime against him is that the consul wishes him to remain to have hi* testimony, he. Why ooutd not hie testimony be taken ana sealed, and b* be permitted to proceed on hi* trip I, as m American ciV.ree, regret to see such arbitrary power from our government agents. Aa to the right of our consul to stop this young men, I do not know: but when tha police am encouraged, and so often celled into requisition by our consul, on such petty occasions, every foreign resident will sooner or later feel it. I have not forgotten the days of Henry A. Wise, who even got Into difficulty with Mils government, and requested te ba ?ailed home, all of which was caused by his protesting against arbitrary polios acts on our ettlsena la this an. ptf*. Or thass affaire thorn am many reports but tho above, ?? uear aa 1 cm learn, are the impartial facta. Them to . sport that McClain drew hia pistol first on tha polls*, hut I can't say which ia right, or who ia wrong. P. H. a OCR MONTEVIDEO OORKBHrOMDXNOB. "U. 8 Hhip Havannah, Rtvek La Plata, \ Off IfoNTxvmwj, April 18, 1866. J Arrival rf the Savannah?The Water Witch Affair?In terview with Mr. Pedtr?The Whole Difficulty Referred to Waihinglon? Bull fight*, <tc. We toft the ha:bor of Bio on Sunday morning, just one month ago, and wore towed to see by a French etoauor of war. Our Commodore la now, yon see, good frtonda with the French Admiral, though a year ago they crow*', each other'! hawae. They hare taken grab together eerecai tlmee. Uncle 8am makee a little out of this, for it code two hundred mfl reaa for a tow, and of eouree the Admiral did the thing for nothing. Wo were in a hurry to get to the river, for Provident Lopez had been ft hooting into the Water Witoh and kUtod a quartermaster at the wheel. ,Wo all hoped to hare something to do, and made up our minds to Intro duce ourselves to the fair ones of Paraguay. Wo heard the officers talk about heat expeditions, and had fro quent exercise with our boat howitears; and as we got an additional howl tsar at Bio, wo believed we should have some fun. Our passage was made in twelve days. Wo found the Water Witch bore waiting. The Gemma dote sent up to Buenos Ayres foe Mr. Pidor, the Ameri ca. Minister isMHsnt there, to acme down and advise with and ho Chen took its traps and his secretary il.Xr--* Md ??** ?? This didn't look SLTKWEJ** "J* *??? ??tram doe. South wo bopodsUU for a chance of some apart. But at test It turned oat no go; they were afraid somebody w?id,et hurt, and maybe killed, and they didn't 11* to do as General Jackson dM, " take the NepensibUtty," oad so they sent the whale thing to Washington. But though we wore disappointed in our frolic up the river, we are having liberty, and our follows are going it etiong, though not exactly en the Maine law principle. Bcree flesh is cheap; and though we don't go a mile in lt:40, yet wo get somewhere in that time. A week ago last Sunday, twenty of our lads chartered one of the big carts of the country, and went out to see a bull fight. They had a time of it, and kept as sober as decors*. The Oommodero was there and his dag officer, lieutenant Lo Boy, and our lads say they seemed to en joy the sport. Only one bull was game, and the way he slaughtered on# of the horasa waa frightful. If our del lows d?at see Mood run at Paraguay, they will get a eight af It at these hull dghta. The matador* pualshod the gray hull for the ugly uae bo-mad* of kto horna T??N iDNMMili win gtv* us aa far flfkting. If rnikwit noN green U a chtiw i* whip Lopes. I doa'ttfclnk tkere Is afloat a more contented eraw than earv; wry faw fcavo tafcaa Fnaah leave, andaansa that have would W pled ta get hack. Teare la nothing sew here Business la doll, aai ves rtls brief tag lorober bare here to go to Rio fot casgoes. The Water Witch left bare oa the 1Mb, baa ad ap the I'ruguey river, ta eervey It. Tha German town la at Baeaaa Ay res, and wa expect tha Baiabridge bare Ceaaa the States vary eoaa. The health of the squadron la gtog aow, though tha heat of Rio cane hear aaU^aajfi^ Hudson River tMadatten Sooth warn dat?Mosimo bnaon. Tha lirth aaaivareary of tha Hudwn JUver.Aaaoeiatiom South waa commenced yaeterday morning, la tha Stea ler (treat Baptist meeting house Ae tha waatbar was rather aafavorable, the attendaooa waa limited. Rev. Dr. Dvdgo, Moderator of tha laat aeaelam, being abevat, the Clerk, Mr. O. W Blibcksb, called tha meet lag to order, aad ???!??*?( M>. vuuo? ?? Moderator pro tern., who waa unanimously elected. Tha tassiaa waa thea opened with prayer by Rev. Mr. Wsot cott, after which parte of the 310th aai 321et bytnno were amag by tha ohoir. Rav. Mr. Eddy be lag abeeat, kia alternate, Rev. Mr BtmrjiaD; preached tha Intro ductory eermon, taking h a text from the firat akaptar af John, laatolaaaa of eleventh vera*:? " Jeeua maalfeated forth hi* glory." The Rev. gentleman'! discou'se waa eonflnad to an eg Ciitiea af tha alary ol God aa the eanroa of eternal pplaeaa, and the enjoyment of which ihoald hatha ?cle a<m of man's endeavors oa thia earth. At the conclusion of the serseon prayer waa offered up by Rev. Mr. Gillette A collection wee then taken np for tho Widow*' Fund. Toe menting next proeeadad to taw election of a Moderator, and *ev. Meaarw Wlntertoa and 8. Kay nor were appointed to Here. Brothers Hiaoox, Lathrop, H. Phelps and W. Phelps, were apteiated a committee to make arrangnmanta for the present aesaion. Ministerial brethren in atiaadanoa, and who are not nenbers of the association, war* in vited to participate in the proceedings. These consisted af a large number of gentlemen from various parts of this country, end some from En gland. Brethren Baker. Remington and Norton were appointed a committee on tho circular letter to be submitted to the eaaoeiation. The committee to make arrangements fur tha time of epening and dosing the aeseloos of tho aesidatlon, re rrted that the hours of mooting would be 3 P. M., 7 )? M., end DAM. and the hours of adjournment 12 end ftX This evening's service to ha appropriated to tha 8uod*y school oanse. The result of tho election was announced at this stage of the proceedings:? Moderator E.L Magaon. Clerk ,.G. W Blaeckar. Treasurer J E 8euthworth. Assistant Clark J. V Harriett. Brethren Lathrop. Millar. Baton and Stoat ware ap pointed a com mitts'' on the itate of religion, after which the masting adjourned, with prayer by Brother Som mera. AFTERNOON SESSION. The association re-aaarmbtod at 3 P. M., when thw lower part af the ahurch was filled. Tha session waa opened with singing a portion of tho hymn, "1 lovs thy kingdom, Lord." Prayer was off-red by Brother Dean, *f the Warren Aisoeiation. Tbe minute* of the morafng teuton were read and approved, aad tha usual rules of order war# adopted for the government of tha present meetings of the Association. Tha following eommlttoaa wer* Appointed:? On Religion* Bxcrcires and Overtures for Benevolent Ob jects?Brothers Westeott, Cook and lege. On Important Subjects contained in the Letters from the Churches? Brother* Taylor. of Brooklyn; Arnold, of New Roehelto; Palmer, of Hiartom. On Application from Churches for Admission into this Arsodatson? Brother* Ballard, of Brooklya: Ilsley, of Dumb wick; end Ktpp, af Now' York. On Minutes of Corresponding Associations? Bras. Brom ley, Covel and Corey Tka firat articls of tht ccnstitution waa amandad *o as to read aa It dirt in the mlantaa of 1863. On motion, the totters from tho several ahurehos In connection with the Association were read. About forty of thesa wars presented, giving an account of their financial, temporal and spiritual condition. The reports from all ware of a moat favorable character, showing all the churches to h* In a prosperous condition. Tho rearing of those waa suspended for a faw minutes, whan it waa announced that Mrs Banvard, wife of Rov. Mr. Banvard, aad Deacon John West, of Brooklya, had da parted thia Ufa. The funeral of Mr. West, it waa stated, was going on at that moment. The meeting adjourned till evening, after tha reading af the totters. EVENING SESSION. The evening session was devoted almost exclusively to an exposition of tho Sunday school enterprise of tho Baptist church. From tha stats men Is of Brothers Par dee, Bsyce, Baton and others, tha various schools?of which there are about fifty in New York?appear to bo in n flourishing condition, and are constantly Increasing in number. Mam* remarkable ioatancas af conversion affected through their agency were related, aad thay war* generally commended aa most effective auxiliaries of the church. At the elm of these atatamauts, the association adjourned tui this morning, at nine a'clock. Police Intelligence. A FJOHT NIPflD IN TBS BUD. Ob Monday miiif Captain Maynard, of the Nine teenth ward police, received Information that a hand of rural rowdiea were about to commence a regular ring fight la Fifth avenue, near Forty-flret street. He Im mediately hastened to the ipot with a platoon of men, hnt found that the party had already been dispersed by omeof the Twenty-first ward police, who hearing of the occurrence, succeeded by some little strategem in capturing three of the fellow*, just as the entertain ments were about to commence. They wore taken to the Second District Police Court, where Justice Pearcy held them to bail, each in the snm of $300, to keep the peace for the next six months. ARKIBT OP A GANG OF 8UPPOBBD 00UNTE1PBITBR8. Yesterday afternoon five men, nassed Hsniy Donald, Aaron Bell, Jackson Calls, Samuel Clark and Tkomae Moore, were arrested by offloers Ward and Council, of the Twenty-first ward police, on suspicion of being a gang of counterfeiters in tbe possession of the accused wis fouad enlarge lot of composition, prepared,as is supposed, for the purpose of manufacturing bogus silver coin. Tbe accused were taken before Justice Davison, who committed thorn temporarily, until additional testimony could be collected against tnem by Captain Speight, of this district. CHAROK OP GRAND LARCENY. Jobn Regan was taken into custody bv officer Stringer, of the Fourth word pellec, obarged with having stolen ?86 in gold coin and three gold studs, the property of James Simpson, of 43 Oak street. The property was found in tbe possession of the accused. The studs were found in his shirt besom, end were immediately identi fied by Mr. Simpson. Toe prisoner was held to ball in the sum of 8500 to answer. - ALLEGED REDUCTION. Jehn CuBen was arrested by sergeant Mansfield, of the Lower Police Court, charged with having seduced Mary Bart, uader premise of marriage. The eemplalnaat al leges that she became acquainted with the prisoner about seven months ago, ani since 'hat time haa been on quite intimate terms with him; tbat on the 8th of April last, under solemn promise of marriage, he effected her ruin, and that although she I as repeatedly asked him to ful fil bis promise, he still eontinusd unmoved, and will not make her his wife. Justice Connolly hold the accused to bail in the snm of $1,000. Superior Court?Part II. Before Hen. Judge Bios son and n Jury. Juki 19,?Alatit Bragg against Cold) D. Gildertlttvt.? This was an notion brought by the plaintiff against the defendant to recover the snm of $8,000, as endorser upon a check made by Messrs. Sloan k Leggetts en the Empire City Bank, for $2,000, (whleh was afterwards transferred to the plaintiff.) and also as endorser upon three promissory notes?ene made by Cornelius Donnslkn, dated September 16. 1864, for $402 27, payable four months after date; oao made by Messrs. Levy & Dmonfl, dated September 18, 1664, for $181, payable four moaths after date; and oao made by C. H. Andtus, dated July 17, 1864, for $3,300 7$, payable si* months after date. The making, endorse Rum And Dreftentmnnt of tbt in id chick tid notoo were admitted ly Mr. John B. Barrill counsel for the do roodant, aad for defence it was contended that the en Goraements were mere acoommodatlou endorsements, end that the paps* h*5 discounted at usnriean rates sf laterest; and further, that the party for whoso scoommodstion tbe same were made had transferred to the Dialntiff property to the value of $4,000, which the defendant was ?ntitled to have credited oa the amount of tbe notes, if the plaintiff was satitled to recover any thing For plaintiff, Smith & Woodward; for defendant, jehm E Barrill. Verdict for plaintiff, $4,700, including interest on the three notes. Health op New Orleans.?The Picayune of tbe llth lost soysthe weekly report of the InterScan te, in tliis evening's paper, shows a most gratifying improve ment in the health of the city. TIM decrease la the seer tality Dives the previous week Is 128, the whole number being 311, against $04. The deaths by ehelega an less by 77. Tbe fine rains we have lately had, and the frsah buey ?at a'mesphere whleh bee eueceeded, have had their aa tieipated effect upon the public health The sheter* in fast disappearlag, aad in other respects the impiovnMut la very decided. The esnunolation 1 lorn woe epidemic, was mash censure was expressed baste. This good effect ML however, fellow. It shewt that thereto no disposition to peDtate or suppress na pleasaat facts. The complaint was of too great eegsswsse fo disclose the worst at ones, for the In for wo fin of the public. Bat they eaaaot hereafter bo eeeneod of any fukewarmaoss in tbo discharge of the most unpleasant of their duties, end the pubtlo here end abroad will feel confidence that there will bono onpprestion of facto. Their annonneemoat that tbo onelern hue eeaacdas an epidemic bee bees asset gratefully confirmed by the ex perience of the week, aad trust they will have no farther occasion this season for snneaneejnent of any epidemic sick sees. The signs art all fo vera bis. The following is the number of deaths daring the three Week ending 27th nit . Week ending M last... Week ending 10th last Total i by tbe Board of Health that the ehe was thought to be premature, aad i expressed towards them far their Ohelera. Other Ditta'u. Total. .. 204 181 886 .. ?7 217 604 .. 2*1 lfiO sn 878

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