Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 13, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 13, 1860 Page 2
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_2 A W880LUT10I OF TIE UHOI. MORE MANIFESTOES FROM THE SOUTH. LETTERS OF BUBWELL AND BOYCE The Cotton States will Secede if Zdncoln is Sleeted, Sc., Ac., Ac. TO TllB KDirOR 01 TUB NEW VOKK HERALD. Finn Avaxra Horn., August 10, 1800 Several contemporaneous journals In this part of the Union having reccntly dec 1ared thAt the Ule election results |0 Kentucky, Missouri And North Carolina present conclusive evidence that the Southern States would patiently submit to the electiuu of Lincoln to the Presidency, and that bis elect n would be productive of no unpluasanl effects In that BcvUon of the confederacy, and being myself of 4 ver .derent opinion, and being well sat is tied that every lnte...gect and influential eitixsn Of the South, now In this part or tbe I'nlon, stands ready to endorae the leading views contained in a letter just received by me from one Of un> most respectable and Influential cttiseas to be found to any part of the South, A. Bur well, Esq., of Vlokaburg, Mississippi, I beg leave to phce the letter o this gentleman in your hands, with a request that It mu rwslm en mvIv inawrtlna in vour extanaivelv elr culatiug Journal. I Med soarcely add that Mr. Burwctl if one of Use moat eminent jurists of the South, a gentleman oxteaaivoiy known in the Soothweotern State*, a large property holder there, and a mac of proverbial integrity and truth. He haa ever been a firm supporter of the Cuioo cause, and was one of those who presented, twelve * months since, a fearless and manly opposition to the reopening of the African slave trade Ln the Southern Commercial Convention at Vickiburg. Respectfully and cordially your friend and fellow cili sen, H. S. FOOIE. int. Bl'RWELL TO SEN ATOR FOOT*. N'kw York, August 10,1900. Your letter requesting my opinion ss to the course of action on the part of the Southern States in the event of tho election of black republicans to the Presidency and Vice l*resideocy in November next has boon received, and the contents carefully considered. The opinion of no individual is of any importance or weight in a matter of such delicacy, and depending on eo many complicated relations, unless that opinion is sustained sod vindicated by facts and argumenta. At the risk, then, of being todious in my response to your letter, I will give my views of this delicate, embarrassing and important question. You are well aware that I have, tn my private and humble way, always sustained that party which I coneidered most conservative, and most likely in the admlt?otration of public attain to maiutain and defend the Union, tbe equality of the States and the gene ral welfare. Having no aspirations for office of any kind to be gratified, I have at every Presidential election cast my vote for those whom I regarded as most likely, from party positi >n and principles, to carry out the great objects for which the Union was formed and the constitution adopted. In the present condition of parties, and the chaos and confusion in which all o( them, except one, seem to me to be hopelessly involved, yon are aware that my unalterable resolution is to cast my vote and to lend my influence to the candi- ! dates of the constitutional Umqp party?Bell or Tennessee, and Kverett of Massachusetts. If I had entertained any doubt on the subject, or had any difficulty tn bringing my mmd to a conclusion, that doubt and difficulty would be removed by tbe consideration that their elevation to office will allay and put down excitemeot both in the Kortb and in the South, and their administration be conducted iu inch way m m giro just cause oi offence to neither section. Misled by assurances which h*ve not boon redoemed, deceived by promises which have been kept neither to the ear nor the scitM, 1, with many others who entertain the name new* of public aO-cr*. waa induced to coat my vote at the last election Thr the nominee of the democratic party. That party waa then united and national, and tboae htv lug charge of Its Affair* and put forward a? ila Stanford beater* then promised the Country repo?e on the agitating question of slavery In the Slatee and Terrltoriea. Taal the party and its leader* have been powerless for thia all lm(>ortant purpose, let tlie history of the country for tbo past four years an i ita prest nt condition testify. We all know, and in our day have felt, the Irresistible power of the democratic organisation, wh< n united and na nasi. But we have all seen and wc all know h >w powerless and frail the same party organization is when diairarled and divided. and we have realised h >w easi y the union of this party, strong and cohesire as It ho* always been, can be broken and severed when the dell rate question of slavery it under discu?ion. This queati?a has divided, and now irreconcilably divide*, thoie who agreed fully as well a* brother* on every other M ly cot lliia irreconcilable breach now existing In the democratic party, which may be said to divide It Into two (actions?one for the Northern and the Other for the Southern view of the subject- foreshadow the disruption and division soon to occur in the event of the election of what all Southern men concur In regarding as fanatical and sectional candidates. It is not my purpose to tn*titdt? at. Inquiry la ord?r to ascertain whether the sentiment universally perv.tiing the South is well or ill founded. It is BUflteiMt fbf Bf purpose to state the existence of that feeling, and to refer to well known and almtt.ed facta to shaw that it does etiait. No man of can lor, it s?enM to me, will deny that the candidates of the republican party were no a mated by N. rti.nm iteleMtM alone. NoSoulueru Stale was reore sentcd in the Convention, uoiic iru expected to be.'and tt may be assumed that non- waa desired. To <1i?tri"t Its counsels mail hove been the sole object of any true Southem man who would attend the dellberalloos o.' a body CoeM.tul "d aa the Chicago C>uvention waa, aud having to tew lbe object for which It wv- uarm'iM 1 ahaH not cow atop to inquire whether tUta Convention waa composed of honeftt, patriotic men, or waa not. It aoc-ms to me equally irrelevant to Inquire, at this time, whether the North in timea |>aat ha* committed, in regard to the , iestiom of alavery. afgrenal-wi# '?o tin- r j!it" ?f the South, or the South on th-of the North Tie issue tendered by the 'eaoluthHia of the Convent! >n, an 1 empbslloally declared by tlieir nominee for th* Presidency la, that there la an irreproeai tie conitct b- taeen free lahor and alare lal>->r, between free territory and the ar-a ui which the ctrwe of alarery exists, pr?d cb?d by the |?wi and oonstl tutinc of the country. fh'? issue la Kate ) m various forma of lacguago, some more. *>m > leaa objectionable to .Siolhera men, than that in which f have stated it That a feeling of hostility to the Siulh and to Southern men an I institutions largely j? rrsden the r< publican party an I U the actuating priucipieof that organizatum, no South ern man doul'U llirr ?< not g?*>d reaaon to auppuaa that the electori of candidate* en the principle ahure atated will be received throughout the A>uth aa oonviac log proof that Southern St atea. Southern tneu and Southern Institution* are odious to the great nii< rlty of Northern peoplef To tbialf Otherwise would argue either a want of courage or a lack of ordinary Intelligence. Tata may be a in ?oon?eption of the true % ;rwa and designs of the republican party. I trust that it la. However this may be, it will be imp **title to convince any considerable 1 body of Southern people that there la any misconception no the nubj'-cl. and those who attempt It, If they are ao ' Iv ky a* to have an audience at all, will aooo And them a<'ivra without p wit ion or m.'.ieore The very nature of the struggle to be at the next f' ctlon s? -na to inloate the courae ot art cm to be poran"i n> I who control the political d slinieu of the s> , Wai the North, by tlic abuse ot its numerical poser, Lave declared that now and In future one section ot the a?trr shall r de isn't and the otb?T, wh | 'au?i'> a'gintent i i < the < int.-f l in Umr of auiraiesmn or acquiescence? 1 d>' not believe, mv?-lf, thai the election of republicans, under th<? forms of the constitution an 1 in pursusnceof Ww. I* (net or good cause for ?t> such net ion a* 1 spprehen I on the part of J+unb era Pistes Vary, doubtless, ?rill be found to concur with me tn opmtan, and wilting, for the sake Of the great lalerwte nt batarl, to submit to what I we regard ee a greet wrong, r> tying upon the , Intelligence end (wetri -lism of the North to ?>nu extent, fU't ever more u)??o the distracti <n? ent division* which we apprehend will soon occur in Ihe <1 omlnent narly, end which we hope will deprive It of the power, if it Iocs not of the disposition. to commit tn overt ? t of tr caeonable egirrexeioo upon our rights The! in Ihe letter event the i i i. l p-tulh woui 1 >.: * to r- e. 1 w > 1 epply the appropriate rcmc ly, ceil it by whtl name you pic**,., no m m et all acquainted witji the character of the peo pie, and familiar with their sentiment*, can for a moment doubt. It la unreasonable to expect Union lovlna. conger, vative men of tho fouth to throw lUemsetros into the breach, to head a forlorn hope, with the imminent prof, pect of certain destruction in more eeuaee than one, aa their only Incentive to such a sacrifice b it fair. man y and patriotic tn put them tn each a pnelt' ?a, when there la no appnroot neow-ity for so dotog, and no great Inte rests of the North can suiter by pursuing a del real Court*4 "Hie difficulties ai d emb irrar'inent- of the I'nlon party In (be South have beep of no ordinary ch*e-i't*r Let no man who I* ambitious of personal or political distinction, at least so fkr as ( m dejics lent on Haitbera votes, attach htm*cif t that part/, when it shall be (tunnel at I overwhelmed by the about of victory, uttered by t i-s adherents of tbnae whom Ihe ma.-ority of Southern lemjrt regard as deadly and tn|<tunable enem ies to them an J their institutions I know no men who will, in sjcU aa event, take up and bear the standard ol the union, nor do I believe that aay such exist. It seems to me that a great and fatal mi?Uk< may be W; easily committed as to this vital and ail important matter, We may cry peace wben there is no pease. It mar be that ws are on th eve of a mighty rsvolutijo, and that IM volcano is about to burst upon us w th Icmhle fury, and we may be wholly uueoese us of the working and atrlrlDg of the elements of ,tg wrath J.ig* the fate I Inhabitant* of Porapell an t Herculaneum. we mir be Indulging the aens'-s, enjoying the feiets.the daar the games of the ampbith-atre and in tbe r use r?v-i we may. like them, neglect the prophetic weening of th moklng mountain and the h???irg *e.a History warn: oa on almost every pwi IhaJ revolution* may oiy ir. as it were, In a moment the strongest, h st cemented struc lures of man hare he n destroyed, lesnng on y * few fragment* to point out tbal they One# eilite l A i iaiat wr ier hks well said thai nntlilnr >e ln.t??ir,i llfcl* ejre?td prcr-ls, and their existence and iDlluerce for gr>od or evil is <*'4k P! upon material y? npr . ' * 1 sad eount ipoi Its conllausnos, may very Mailr i flad IkaMdra mlslakT- Bow many months was It before the revolution In Rrsaoe that the gorerumeat of , Louis Philippe wm doomed the moot prude at and bin , Utrooe the moot firmly established In the world r Not many morlhi Inlorrened between the Mtfreeatooj of tha . British government and the revolution to which we owo j our national existence The warning advice of Patrick , Henry was uttered a shorter ti ae before the oocurrenoo of tha event than has already .-1 spaed slnoe the aams advice has been given In the moat authoritative and emphatic manner by Southern Legislatures and oonventiooa to their brethren of the North. We certainly Uvt In aa age when great events mar be expected to occur, and to be developed with a rapidity not apprehended at either of the periods referred to. The Mends of the established government, now called tcries, urged la Uuir day precisely the arguments which Northern men expect Uai >a uien in the South to employ with suooeas. The tones were oompellod to be silent or to dee for safety, forfeiting their position and Influence, and, in meet canes, their estates. I apprehend that somewhat the same fate awaits all those woo, living In the South, shall In the day ef her trial attempt to breast the storm or to control it. I apprehend It will be vain to urge a high spirited and insulted people?a people of the same blood and origin as th we who fought the battles of the Revolution?to rt tract their formal resolutions, and to brand themselves with cowardice by their fhllure to act upon them. Northern people, the descendants of the heroes of Cincord and Lexington, would not so stain their honor; they would not resolve and re-resolve, and yet when brought to the tent, and danger threatened them, refuse to execute a single rosolu tton which they had adopted. Can it be reasonably expected that a leas manly or a more prudent course, if y ?u please so to call it, will bo pursued by Southern men in the emergency which we ars contemplating? Certainly QOi. ' What was the position assumsd nearly ten years ago by many, If not all, of the Southern States as to the question now at Issue, and to be determined by the coming election? Briefly It was this: that any action of the government of the United Steles upon the subject of Isvery in the Stelee, or in the District or Columbis, having in view the abolition or slavery therein, was to bs considered an aggression, which Justified and demanded Immediate action on the part of the Southern States. Union men, and those who differed with them, all stand pledged to resist any such eosctments, sad to dissolve the Union for the purpose of making such resistance effectual. No stronger oath or bond could bind men together than has beeu taken and executed by the Southern people. 1 opposed it then. I recognise the right of moo to retract a hasty or rath eugagemont I involving vaat interests of a public nature. But the aot, resolution or engagement was not rashly nor hastily made, as you well know. It was the result of long and anxious discussion. This position was assumed before the nominations of the republican pirty were made; and no resolution or expression of Bentiment from any respectable Southern assemblage, whether in legislative capacity, in convention or popular mooting, has been couched in language less strong than I have stated above. On the contrary, many events have happened since the period rsferrA to which have given a strength and vigor to the language of Southern resolve which did not seem called for at that time. Tne angry discussion In the halls of Cougresa, tlio violent and inflammatory speeches which have been made throughout the land; the conspiracies suspected to have been formed by fanatical men having in view tho invasion of Southern States and the exciting of a servile war withui them, and the actual attempt by John Brown and his fellows, aided by Northern arms and money, and, lastly, tho overflowing of Northern sympathy when be auu his associates met the felon's death they so richly deserved. All these cir uuDistances have very naturally sharpened and deepened tho sentiment of Southern mm, and prepared them to go faster and quicker in the path which their retolvis of some > oar* had poiuted out. Deprecating, as 1 most sincerely do, any rash action on the part of the South, not warranted as I conceive by ibe emergency, for the reasons above stated and many ethers which the limits of this letter do not permit me to suggest or eularge upon, my couvicliou is, that in the event of the election of the black republican candidates the Southern or cotton States will be fired with such in dignation that Uiey will be precipitated into a revolution, and will apply tbat desperate remedy to redroes what they consider intolerable wrong aud insult. This deplorable result may be avoided, as I hope and trust It will. If we could forget the ties of party and vote for men truly national in their character, aud so circumstanced tbat tliey stand prepared to do equal and im partial justice to all, the ditllculties ol our position would vanish like mists before toe rising god of day. Very respectfully, lie. A. BUR WELL. Hon. H. 8. Foots. HON. W. W. BOYCI, OF SOUTH CAROLINA, IN FATOR OF DISSOLVINU THK UNION. [From tbc Southern tiuardiau ] Sams* Farm, August 8,1880 GmrruuncN?By high respect for you induces me to hasten to reply to your note If Lhicoln be elected I think the Southern Stales should withdraw hum the Union; all?if not all, then as many as will?and if no other, South Carolina alone, in the promptest manner aud by the m >st direct means. To comprehend the full significance of Lincoln's election we must remember the principles, the character and the sentiment of the republican party The vital urtnctDte of iliia usrtv w negro equality, the only logical Quale of which U emancipation. To km this It is only neiooiary to look st their platform, which, though itiloni'.ed for obvious reasous of policy t r appear conservative, yet raises the veil in part. This platform says:?We hold that all men are created equal, that they arctndowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that amoug these are life, liberty, tec.; and this uu the motion of Mr. bidding*. This U intended to in elude negroes. It follows, therefore, according to republican faith, that no one can be rightfully held in slavery. Slavery, then, is a great wroug. The republican parly are bound, therefore, so far as their conatitulloual power goes, to remove that wrong At present their practical point of attack is the Territories; when this question shall no longer eilsl, then the I hat net of Columbia will receive their attention, and so on Willi the other outposts of slavery. Supp rsitig these outposts disposed of, then the movement must necessarily be direoted against slavery in the States. The party will he bouud to exercise its constitutional powers to destroy slavery In the Stales It would be considered entirely const it tion il by the republicans to agitate tbe ,ui hti m so as to i illucnci. the South by moral m-'iiis to abolish slavery And aa soon as the admission of no# free States, snd the change of status of some of the bor d?r States furnished the necessary majority to change the constitution, the republican party would Ire sure lode nana sucn cnargr, snu kooiibu inicry iu iik mates. The republican party hts but one stopping place?cmtD citation. Mr. Senator Wilson, of Maaaacbuaclta, one of the ablest men in tbe republican party, comprehende 1 the mission of his party wlusu be Rati in Boston,"! tell you here to night, that tbe agitation of human slavery will continue while the foot of a slave preeaes the soil of the American republic.'' Uy the character of this party, I moan iU sectionallim. It in a party coutined euttrely to the Norlbori Stales ? both its candidates are Northern men The Idea of the majority section banding together fur the purpoae of seising up< a tbe govern iient is at war with the spirit of the const ilnt toe Tbe great I lea of the constitution is the equality of the Stalea. Tbe seizure of tbe government uy one section Is a practical revolution In the government. The Northern Stab* lle-n b.r.?rnthe master Sutes, and the dootbera States sink into an inferior condition This is not the Uhtoa into which our fathers entered. It was rsbere l m by Uie admmislrattou of Washington, a .South crn slaveholder, who bad humbled England. Tbe hew order of things which the republican party propose to Introduce would be Inaugurated by tbe administration of Ltr.oftn, a Northern abolitloniat , who would humble the South Between these two admiu.slrat.ons what a profound gulf Tbe flrst represented the per'ect equality of tbe States, tbe second would represent the domination ol the North sri I the s .ojugat. iu of the South. A baif dozen unsuccessful cirapatgns could not put the South in s more abject con lit ion. By the sentiment of this pirty, I mesn Its antagonism to the South, It r."quires no elsborale proof to show thst the feeling of this parly Is that of hostility to tbe South. The tone of the republican press, tbe temper of public speeches, such aa are delivered by Sumner and I.oviyoy an I -titer loading men in the party, the sympathy f>r John Krown, the very agitation of the slavery question, and numerous other facts which might he cited, show that tbe great passion on which the republican party rests la batted to tbe South. Such it. < the repub' . an party, for the South to cm eat t <o- mutation te to content to death N' stbit I sport to i'.y rurlllug m ewe arcs of aggresaiou unn >di ately N . is po'ley is t x> o.tiously a wis* m ile.-ati ia, and Its Is > r< i # m. i. of too much stgv-tly Pi h > driven ah. id of i'. r ram me. U it the tn-re tact of such a parly it t t < ?n or the federal government with tbe a. | . .. it v. tin." A "tilt vr it be the moot fatal blow tbe South ever recetvtd Tbe whole power and palronag-t mr [.iKnimmi win m- p.. * U, Ml mr ht .. t. ? equality; the Northern n^orllfMfrfM to us will he stimulated to new life tliejr will feel Ute exult*! .on of be. tng the mauler J'tate- The K> uhern Slates, oa the otli-r hand, will In* wounded to their; their equality goer, hnpclcM of the future, they will be prepared lor defeet because they will here dew paired of victory lirent u ?re the moral elect*, Important practical re suit* would aleo npe-dIly follow. The patronage of the administration would be uae*t to build up a republican party In the border slave Slat**, and the feleral judtcla ry would be renao-tei 1*4, *o that the dogma* of f malic in weald bauwe tlm decree* of the Supreme C >urt X >r could we obuta tieacc by an abject submission, If ao Inclined; the agitation woull go on wiito incrraaed volume when it war found not to be hwardout, anl we would ultimately be forced to yield all or to re?i?t under eireumrtancee InOmtrly m re diaoouraglng than enetat prepent. to Bdpileare in the v .?l powers of the federal government pom* into the ban I* of our would be ma-t-rr. w<tb tbn intenltoa of r?ai*tiii^ .it aun future time, w mid b* to emulate the infatua *n of the NuroMinn king, who deli ered hta trraeur.*, I .* arms, hiprlephaata and hi* Je**rler? to the Romai ? aid then renewed th* war, baring ncedleealy deprived h.mrelf of the mean* of defence II the iSouth nr.)'irf*enen In a republican ndmlnntratlon, ! think the queatloo if negro equality ta sett I--I Ofainat on and emancipation oa.y a qneatloa of time. I have regarded Una (ueation la th* *tm? llrht for yesre, nod I hare rno?Mer?l tti? .cccw of the rapabdoaa party In the IYpsiIpii t ile'f r a* involving the reeeellty of rex j'. it'i*. 4> r< * anting it, I have thought the great pt'.? u > inl ob *ct of our policy waa to iet tbM republictn success occur, tf It must occur, nndrr the m-iei suspicion# circumstances for a disruption, and Ihode suspicion clrcumsUui ? 1 thought would coadlet principally In the larg?*Pt at tan ?'?!? sympathy North, and the greatest un ty Sojih the** condition* I thoxight were m ?t likely to be reached by n wipe and prudent m >lerath>n on Ibe pa*t of the South i And I accordingly advised an ' actaJ m that direction, and 1 am satisfied I never gave wiser c- oa?'*!s I ?aid to my comrtitueuta lait mm war. thai we in ?t a t with th; , mopt coopummatepru l nr? Hi >a, n ir ier to pryA; h? j ,., mopt dceperate h?fi.1nr.? If t be- i*neneotape*y? to give no pretext for the e'ac' -?( a repruli n b > i 1 neap to relieve ourpelvps such c'.eetioa if it m iet take place My pollcv wA? a ro? . lent p ?ltcv? >'i te v when prulenre might b? adva-ngeous, b ilda **? w * *u nothing clue au left, fh; t jtc "r d *? appMa-hi ifeli i. I In my opinion, tbii rw'.y altcuptlve will oe bildn>?* If the republWinu party triumph la tin I'repideatitl elcct'on, I or State hap i 0 bolce hull' mirl ?ie^ wit the rnioa. Nor l* th in ?.> harar June an undertaking a? ! might be ooocetved at flrnt eight Suppnpr we hare done thin. Then oaly two courses re main to otr enamlea f't I. they m mi l<*t us iloue, secondly. they muet attempt 'o m*H up i ther nlt*r native win acsc'iy ,.i .j j -g a*. fEW YORK HERALD, Ml Suppose they let si alone?very food. We will hart fi < trade w ith Europe and get along very well in our lieppy mediocrity, far butter than aa a degraded satellite of a gorgeous system, wheee glories would be for others, whose name for us alone. We would not have to pay any taxes, direct or indirect, to Northern abolitionists? that would be some consolation. Suppose they undertake to ooerce us; then the Southern States are compelled to make common cause with u?, and we wake up some morning and Hod the flag of a Southern confederacy floating over us. That would be a great leal belter than paying tribute to the John Brown sympathisers. The South still bus splendid cards in her hauds, if she w only play them The constitution of Northern ety is artificial in the extreme. Immense wealth hat en accumulated there. A few are richer than the | ' Wings of the Kait; the multitude labor for their daily bread; much of this wealth is breath?the breath of credit. A civil convulsion will bring their paper system of credit tumbling about their ears Hie flrst gun tlrod in civil war will cost them $500,000,000, and strikes will not be confined to the shoemakers, but will become epidemic. If l.incolc U elected, let us put them st defiance, and if they incline to try the last argument of kings agatnit us?very well When, in sixty days, they have lost MOO,000.000, and bear the cursei of weir unemployed mob demanding bread or blood, per- j hape the doctrine of negro equality will not be quite so popular, and the beginning of a powerful reaction may . take place, the harbinger of long years of peace and j fraternity. But if no reaction takes place, aud our i Northern tyrants persist in putting us to our meltle?very j well. If nothing will do them but the sword, be it so. Let us show that we can grasp the sword as well as they can?that we are not degenerate descendants of those glorious heroes from whom we draw our lineage. If the worst comes to the worst, wo can but fall, sword in hand, fighting for all that makes life desirable?justice, equality and our country. But I havo no foar as to the result if it comes to s question of arms. Wa can give blows as well ss receive them, sad we are as apt to have our winter Quarters in tha city of New V >rk as they theirs in New Orleans. But we do not desire war. We wish peace end fraternity in the Union if possible, but one thing there te which we ere determined to have, in the Union or oat of it?equality Woe to those who would rob ue of thie, for they will bring greet calamities on their country, themselves end humanity. WILLI AM W. BOYCE. Messrs. 1). L. Provwcs, W. 3. Lyum. THE FAMOUS OUR (VET LETTER. OPENING OF THE GRAND SOCIAL DQLLENIUX. The Doctrines of Fourier, ProadbBB, Stunner, Creeley, Carrfeon, 8. P. Andrews, Old Abe Ltaeota, Wendell Phillips, Lacy Stone, Hinton ft. Helper, Fumy Wright and Robert Hale Owen Practically EieapUOed. FREEDOM OF ACTION THE SUM OF All HUMAN GOOD. The Great Social Phenomenon Explained and Hloetrated?Exeter Hall Giving to the Woman'* Right* Party a Crinoline John Brown. A Free Lowe Manifesto for the Campnlgn?Mr. Seward's Higher Law Cor Discontented Wives, be., be., be, [From the New York Tribune, Lincoln's Metropolitan Organ, august 10 J Our read ore will remember the elopement of Mrs Gurney, s lady of the Quaker connection in Kngland, young, rich, accomplished, the mother of one or two children, who l&at year left her husband's house, and went to the continent of Europe with her groom. The event caused a deep aeusation not only In Kogland, but in this country, where the family is well known. In the document which we subjoin the runaway wife attempts to justify her crime. It is a letter written to a female friend of hers in Kngland, and has hitherto been circulated in that country in pamphlet form. Mrs. Gurney'a letter opeus with an allusion to her school days and her passionate deaire to be freed from all restraint, moral or physical. She then alludes to her marriage as s specie! of slavery, and lays down Tltll KSGR.VKRATK 8<X1AX I'LATVOKg. It is past now?my living death is over. I have chosen between the universal condemnation of the world and my own sense of right, not in any sublime way, but in itie simple, truthful way nay nature craved. I ii* u<n In the evening and rise in the morning, Tor the lirst lime since a child, blinding God for my existence. Nothing can rob me or this now but death alone. I bars that treasure to a woman's heart that a woman can alone understand?the upon avowal of the love that controls her being With it, part of it, all of it, Is the mm, free from prejudice, filled with every coble aspiration, wti> is its object. Should I, I ask you, hsve preferred the reputation which the world acoords to her who, yielding to its forms, becomes daily the living lie it approves? They who go on disposing of human instincts, human affections and human brains in their own wsy, according to their own sense of rignt and wrong, should go further, they Bhould change their meeting houses Slid churches Ut m masteries and coovelite, and watch the religious aspirations they would control by daily and nightly supervision. into their homes they should Introduce h win espionage, that the bodily instincts, which ihoy hold 10 enforced compliance, rosy never have an opportunity lo .insert ih? truth about themselves. Heresy and aduliery, the two exrommuntcstive words, which social life suspends over tho doomed head of s woman who thinks aud acts contrary to itl rules of action, have not that full power and effect they are supposed to have. Nothing but actual physical Imprisonment of the body, and, tr It were possible, of the mind, can prevent a woman from becoming the sorrel ivnvi-r of her belief anil of her ItiatineLs The nrrnmmu nicalive words Jo not restrain from either offjure; they only devclope that unquestionable vice of woman'* weak nest, hyp?cn*y. The brain, when Infllel, It infidel by tU own proper organisation, and they who assail its iafidelity strike vainly at tlie God who made it, and Implanted it in every new bora soul; the body, wlien intldel to the connection in which it is placed, is > by its own proRr iuatiucts, and they who attempt to control it strike, leirlse, at a law of its creation. lovk rns o.vlt rslici >w. When will narrow minded, bigoted men loam that the one absolute, controlling law of a woman's nature m love?that it ta the .only good and desirable thing about a woman?the only reliable thing about her? They can truat her, with her love, to live in a house of prostitution. they cannot control her without It, by the most absolute social ostracism. And this love, what is it? It is a power present alwaya in the world, which, recognized by two like na lures, thenceforth binds Ibera to each other beyool the control, and in violation, If need be, of any other law? as my mother's love bound her to my father, and my father's love bound him to her, and gave me uty being?a being era lied tu the tenderest, truest passion that ever existed between two heman beings. How long have ftbevn in ascertaining and yielding myself up to this divine law ! What wasted years ' Wast subjections derogatory to the vilest nature I What hypocrisy, dishonoring to God ' What suffering bare I caused U is man, assigned to ine alone, since that day on which I first in him recognised myself' It seems so long ago; it seems far longer to m-> than the time makes it; it serins as if an eternity ha I rollel backward to that day. Oh, I had questionings of right anl wrong in that fathomless interval of despair, far other, far deeper, than alii had been taught or CNN he taught by their lips? questionings that brought m? to the very brink of death. Whv should I hare loved him? Wbv do I love him? What is It I lore In him ? All this I have asked myself thousand times, an I UMM has never been, eea norcr he, so answer to ell this questioning. Yet I esy now to you Wbr should I not lore him * Whit Is there not to lore in him' My heart only an wers What Is there in m > that I shout I be loved. th?t I should know tint Joy which In its tiniest ni naent mines ell years of other time a morkery f An I these questions do we ask each other dally and nightly forrrer. And yet there is one reason, they say. why I should not hare lored hitn?otic word there Is winch the world places as an impassable barrier between u??a word that has never cmeae-1 my lips till now?a rneauingless word, and yet involving tu their eyse a crtm: a* great a* that aJu'.tery which I commit?just as great, for both are equally meaningless as touching our reiatim. And t'oat word eapreases the social position he bor# me. Rattiea than bare been his lawful wif- even, I might hare | been a king's mistress, or any mbleinan's paramour, j with .ess oil i re And I, sh < was thi reputable bawl of marriage riles, | eras I above him? I, a dally offnci ag? > *t decency in obedience to the same social law that would have forced him to lifelong humility? Was I above him' II >w? In what wayv I, sunk, In the abasem?at of my own weak unnatural compliance, below the veriest uara"les? out- 1 cast Out Id I be above anything* Was he rot at least my peer? He, w ho, tf we leave too such rapid qustlons of distinction, is Hyperion to n 5*atyr compared in pergon with me?short, fat, little body that I am I have silently asked myself in his arm*, when I dared not sot' our lip* with th- r utterance, shout those words ? groom and adulterer. Yet well I knew that they had uo telation to our lovr?that they were bat words?that a true anal no social run tarn in it ion deiiles or degrades?that nobility unrecognised and virtue an outcast, wherever paoed, are eternally the same. After a ref'Tenee to Iter n:*ther, and the fact that she j (Mrs. Gurnry) received there delightful teachings at the | maUrnai fount, we have a lengthy and elaborate attick J upon th? whole Gurney set, and is particularly serore j upon the ivsum of consaugutney.< marrltges, j appears, prers'ls to a frightful eatent In the family. Mrs. C . acy cites alt or eight instances, beside* her own, of ' Co a Intrrmarryicg with the oouiius. Then comet an ac ount of her waoderlnfs aftyg a ,ma like the heroos of 1 ttu v* of ihiralry, " men who never set up In tint j elerk's stool," ' men with stalwart forms," with an iia rarnse deal more of the same kind of nonsense. bow *jm wires fits sorrn run rsho. It wm nrt so hard a conqtie?t My requirements were Simple an l natural I was surrounded l y everything unreal finJ artificial. I demanded the society or s tiring man. free from the edurat on and nil iencrs of a f?mi y holding all these foolish theories tint deprive as of th? real cnjoyraeais of life?owe wlm ooul.1 look upon water as water,and drink It without a kiwaily?look upon f>?t not ae a subject of prayer, but of BSSS'toVion?wnjov the suoshine and air as sunstaiue and air, au I talk with mm mi 1 won't as such w tbont shrinking ' >m them as b?t < ndnt, or b ring them as o'thod * t w -toe who c>uM listen to run* C sud bo I it p'r a?ai t to the ear, an I INDAY, AUGUST 13, 1860 not be exoerciaed whether God Intended It should b? agreeable?who could contemplate a picture aotuu W gine of Uie dwll, but ? work of art?om wtto could eiyoy all deligbte aa requiremeoto of nature, and not aa subjects of deep coooero. la Mr. Taylor I found aucb a mao He looked upon all these things aa, indeed, I alao aaw Ilia, but with btm it waa not a matter which coat bint questioning. He knew It all without U>ou?M, and without eductlioe, aa they call it. He lired in the intuitive knowledge or It. In the interchange of kindred thought! about these t. .1 - we lived day by day, uotil, unconsciously, I fount myself craving every word b? apoke. I found hi* presence, which took me back to the men of my ancestral pride, a necessity of my life, and, at last, I foil myself for the first time beneath an influeuce of love. The night that followed thia discovery, when I knelt down by my bedside, bis image stood between me and the fur ofl height on which my subjected brain had placed God. Aud when I saw him there, I straggled, as 11 ad been led to believe was duty, to dash down the image that etood at once in the way of my human rows and in the uery presence of the atern, methodical God of their education. Yet there it stood, and there it must stand forever. Yes, dear K * * *, I loved him almost before I kn-w it; and he, I felt, moreover, loved me, though not a word waa epokeu between us. It waa not his to speak, and I would have concealed from my very in moat self the fact of thia love. But It could not be so forever. To maintain the form of a superiority, where none existed, became at laat an impossibility. We loved, aud the expression of It 1 foresaw could no longer be controlled by either, and so it came first from my lips. He was riding beside me, and did not reply to me. He said, out Into the air, Into the heavens: God has given me too great a joy. Then he turned to me and said I have loved you from the first day 1 IftWj you; I loved you NOMM I IMt It ?U my M tiny, othetfthma this I know not why; I only know I loved you. Deer E***t he wee to beautiful, eo noble then, la the CKpreeeloa of thet love eo long concealed The eerth whirled around me, and hie arm eaughl me falling uncon ectoualy. Whan I came to myself I was reeling on hie Iweom, confidant of Us strength ae of a breastplate of iron, though I av his eyas dim with tears. lie rode homeward In silroee. There was a beauty In the very atones beneath our feet. The wayside fiowera bad an odor too exquisite to the sense. The air and aky were filled with an Influence too beautiful for earth. I was very, very happy. Could this feeling have roated in me, I had been content?faithful to my duty, an I had I Mien taught?to have lived ever ae. But my heart waa now craving constantly the repetition of that raiment. It could not be satisfied but in bis presence. Hitherto, patient only under a aenae of wrong, I now began to be agitated by a paaaion in which every feeling of my life had centered. It is not neceaaary to recount all the conflicts which It brought to mc, nor to trace the way in which my nobler nature sunk gradually before the threatened penalty of Mjc>al destruction; it is enough to say that 1 waa borne by it to the decision which involved my destiny, and I yielded to lbs social law for the laat time, because I bad not yet come to that point at which a woman, driven to the very presence of death by the pressure or a false relation, thinks at last for herself, and hesitates no longer bow to shape her course, ahould even tho remaining wreck of her life be dashed to destruction. TUB PSOilUCSS OV TUB LlA.SO.V. I have brought you to me, I saul, because I can see you no longer?1 ain dying My Ood, it seemed to me then as if my heart would break?as if I should go mad A moan of agony came to bis lips. He looked up at me; the intelligence of his lace was gone; his eyes were dim; the despair that was in me changed his face to Btone. I looked on him immovably, I could say to him.?We must part forever. I could repeal again the phrases of social life:?There can be no honorable recognition of our love?its open avowal will bring disgrace to my husband and odium upon my childreu. And how did he reply to me* Shall I confess, even there, in that hour of my strength, my utter weakness? 1 longed for a pleading word. One look of tenderness, and I should have fallen at bis feet a ruine-l being but ruined in the acknowledgment and utter abandon of my love. Well he knew all this; but In that crisis he was true to himself and to me; and when he ceased speaking, I was again strong. My head, my heart, every instinct of my being approved hla words, bis looks, bis actions. He bad saved me !(e,sa I knew him in that hour, was my strength; tlnough him I conquered myself. I was strong in that final trial, as a woman only can be strong?through the soul anil heart of the mau who stands steadfast to hlmsell and to her to the bitter end. He said: Even In this hour, when every hope and toy of life have sunk away into eternal despair beneath your words, 1 can be true to my sense of right; I believe life requires no sacrifice; I believe self sacrifice wrongs not only her who, blindly in lis belief as right,accepts it, but tboae the more fir whom it is accepted. If, with your ^enae of duty, you were to aever the relation which binds you to them, it couldbriug you no happiness; IU severance as you feel, would bring at last misery to bothfi f >r your happiness is mine. There is no rule, n > duty in life, but the pursuit of happiuens. Mine can alone be our. rhiwd >? ?i me i i*i m your own, and that is mine. nc miui |?ri, uivu, uiriTTcri Th<> utter despair of these word* cab never leave my heart ? ? ?? There were many thinga he tali In this laat interview which I recall, but it matters not now should be repeated. Our lives express them more dearly than words. He apoke of the lalse relatioa which he had gradually been led to assume and Into the continuance of which our passion had held him day by day. 1 knew well, he said, it ahould long ago have been terminated, but I knew not then, as now, the controlling power that has kepi m?> by you until this hour. 1 hefleved, Orel, that I might love you, and that you might re main forever unconscious of my love. And so 1 lived till tbia was impossible. Aud then ray life became one etor nal delay of hope, enduring all to this last meiviro of despair. It coul J not be otherwise. I believed from day to day that you would aee cleariv, as I saw, the right, and so It might st last end. It is over now ! My lire is oyer. My lot it hopeless, endless misery. I accept it for your sake?for the memory of our love. Then my life, my very soul, mat bis in one loaf kiss of agony, and we parted, as I believed, forever. I bad conquered my lift; this social law had achieved its triumph. When my husband reached home I waa strong (o do the last duty which my position imposed u|*>n mi. 1 knew well that, cost what It would, this must also be dooe. I must live the life to which I waa bound openly. I went to him and told him of my love, of my resolution, and of cur separation. Much puased between us at this horrible time; but all that was In my heart to aay waa Just these words: I love Willtsm Ot the rest, and of what followed, 1 have uo clear remembrance. vim kisxl dbr_-uos. After a long struggle (ss she says). Mrs. Carney resolved to reparate t trself from her husband, to which step she alludes ss follows ? kly soul was clear from hypocrisy?the* wss not any lie upon It now. I bad confessed all. My very life was laid oper to my heart s cure My lore was gone, as well by bla will as iny rig, forever. What tiad I accompli-hed' I bad preserved the chaste tame of wife. 1 bad nutrvM the honor of my husband and the reputation of iit.s children. And to do it, I was ben ath bis roof, and was shoot to submit myself to his embraces without love. For these nooal derations of honor and reputation, I was about to lead voluntary a life of prostitution, distinguished from it only by the social fiction of a name, and I felt myself more degraded for all thiv honorable hire than she who accepts her paltry dole in the streets. I v as, moreover, shout to fulfil fund huts from which every fibre of my body shrunk with abhorrence. I was there to give life Ui oil-pi ing created In my own degradation, in violation of my will and nature, the effete offspring of bl.Nvl kin, children to din f-.vbly before their t rae, or perhaps to into the world, they, n* tbctr children, drformrd, or iluiuh, or blind, or irabesite. I, who ni per It :t myself, ami form-el to receive an I transmit the aacri1 treasure of a new life, wis to become voluntarily tfeb aaatrhido of the more perfect conceptions which ahould be mine. Better, In the agony of that thought,I aaid, better death than this?better seutam oatiun of body and soul; tt were far lens a or Ins. And then, abud<lertng with horror upon the brink to which duty nad led me, I soup! rated my so'^implortugiy for ligbt a? I asked my -elf the great question?Ikier ,ny law of Cod aanrtloo, rhall any law of tnau hare the power to continue the bond of anarniKc wnere no ore exists? And I anawrtcd It. i> my children, If tliey Inherit amid of my nature, ahalt at laat approve, ae the world shall at last come to undrrtUtiJ Thus waa 1 at once and forever severed from all for.-nor reiat.ona and km itaa in the world. I write the?e last wonts quietly, here at aay writing j desk; but that inquisition of my brain, It ?u ie'r.bte? m re terrible eveu than ibe death I hat accepted la parting front h'm But my decialon waa ma le, and I waa calm then. I knew tu that m im?ni ibe rot ot a fearful alru?tle of the brain?the poor, weak bran of a woman?that awept the world, though, beneath hrr feat. There wis grief in tbat family, when I he.*ante In that decision myself and atnod a stranger among them, when the social fabric, his clu.dren, th- ir father, false p-ids, conventional position?all had overthrow; wli-?n my mother's wron.-s had revenge, and my father's love hid justification, In the c?i Id of his life wronged wife But their grief waa Joy to the agony of calm in which I made tlial decision. ? Not a tear came to my eye when I told it the a not a pulse atirred in iny breast. How inconceivable to Ibem all this agony My husband was even sil l Mlfeliaus to preserve the form of a union, now no louger possible In reality. One of thoee doctors of the enul was sent tor?hia nncle Francis O! aft -r all the agony I bad pus id through, I might have I) "*u a pared the sight of one o' those whose words hal smetioned and stam|>ed upon me. as If by the authority of ?od, all this misery. But how w< n and Idle ta m? were his words tb ll theological ain and social infMiy. They fell on my ear, in constant repetition, meaningless as the dropping of the beads of a rosary. He told m I was imperilling my aonl; and he left me with some fi>rnial expression of pious horror, when I told him I would willingly Incur that rink. Mrs. Ourney then proceeds to declare that aha con stdered hcrse'f regenerate, and begun bar new lift with the consideration of mi wart qmwnov. .thaN the right I bavr averted to lire apart from my husnond be followed by colling off every desire, by marring or conceal ng every beauty, by devoting tna re matoder of n llfb, already cursed by an involuntary in ri arretloo of youth, to asceticism, and so continue In another form the struggle against nature to the en I* or accept the creed of the man I lore, and seek a*?i mr highest happiness in the gratification of that lore, which every instinct of my being approves? And my answer to this dual question la before you an t all the ernld. COMMF.VTSOr THB LIKCOfclf OHO Alt CfOX TBI OCRXBT ritTHOM. The subjoined art le appeared In the TVttimr on tho same day with the letter ? waa. oramrv. In another prt of tt: ? p?"er will bo found a document to which we need eot direct the attention of the render* It is quite certain to receive thai without any suggestion of odre?attentate, earnest, absorbing, serious, and, we have no doubt, ead. Nor hare we aujr apology to make Jbr laying euoh a conteeeloe before them?the confession ; of a eoul without faith, of a life without a mora! purpose, , of a Benlimentaiity morbid to idiotcy, of paeaioua wild ' and shninnltas and of an immodoaty ao uucheuked that i we aeeee to hare here a woman without woman'* first laj etinct. Hardly u the worst productions of the worst ! school of fletioa la there a more subtle, more ingenious and more unblushing avowal that there U no other good , in the world than the gratification of unbridled passion. But the paper before us is no fiction. It is a sober fact that this is the defence, not merely the deliberately written, but the deliberately printed defeoce which a young wife and mother effort of her conduct, months after she had abandoned her husband and her children for "the gratification of her lore" with a paramour. And therefore we print it A fact like this cannot be covered up nut of light; such a deveiopement of social wrong must be met face to face?met all the more openly and all the more earnestly if there be the slightest danger that an example so pernicious can have the least influence. Mary Gurney, the author of thie paper, is Iho legal wife of John Henry Gurney, a member of Parliament for Lynn Regie, Norfolkshlre, England, they are second cousins, he being the son of the late Joseph John Gurney, the wotl known banker and minialer of the Society of Kneads at Norwich, and ahe the daughter of the late Richard Haubury Gurney, also n banker. The two fathers were first cousins. Samuel Gurney, the banker and philanthropist, of London; Elisabeth Fry, the prison *reformer, and ano ther sister, the wife of Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, the great leader in Parliament for West India emancipation, were the brother and sisters of Joseph John Gurney. There is hardly a private family in the world better known than this. Some months ago, some scandal was set afloat in regard to this Mrs. John Henry Gurney, which colmintted, at leagth, in her elopement with her groom, William Taylor. She firm to the world now this J*Va nnailinn r\f Ka* fomi tr # ha enlrtrinlir t%t tlia ! abandonment of ber home, the publication of surh an apology for that act, Indeed, tho fad that any apology should be offered, and the universal intereat, therefore, which attaches to the whole affair, are reasons why we thou Id not withhold It from the public. That it is uil of subtle poison we do not deny. Perhaps it U bo baneful that, like some poiaona, It carries its own anti dote. Bat, are repeat, when such apologies are offers t for the worst of social aina, It ia beet that they appear where there may be some couuter action to their dually influence. There are mmatera la the moral world as well as in the material. Men are sometimes born who have genius for crimes, and who generally die on the gallows; and women are sometimes born ao possessed of one single inouslrou* passion that they kuow n real life oxropt ia tu indulgence. These are moral monsters. Neither intellect, nor ability, nor beauty, nor power of will, nor power of charming can gloze over the essential character of such moral deformities. In this letter of Mrs. Gurcey'a, running through it from beginning to end, pervading It like a pungent essence, is one single sentiment?"I lore, I love, and I love" Her song has no other burden, her music no other tone. "Hove, I love, and I love." She believes in no Institution of mtn that checks or hinders the free way of her desires. She scouts the traditions of her cbildhool and the faith of her fathers when they hint at restraint. Religion Is a thing only to be gibed and scoffed at, if It limits lust. She has no trust in God, eicept that she may appeal to Him as the author and approver of ber great passion. There Is no other sentiment in this long letter but the sentimeut of lust It stares out boldly; It lurki in hidden and unexpected places; whore one looks for somo tender pity for the husband she had deceived, a ludicrous picture is presented of an imbecile ' Johnny on the edge of a chair;" where the expression of some lingering longing for the children she had abandoned would seem Inevitable, comes the fierce growl of a lu.-ty woman who had borne puny young ones to an almost incompetent husband Of her paramour we should know from this letter, if we did not know from other sources, that he was an animal of nob.e proportions, yoiauger than herself, strong limbed, of good stature, full of blood and vigor she can only say of him that lie is a man; and she measures manliness by physical strength? the strength ol those old (Journal and Brail, from whom she is descended, who scorned reading and writing as ignoble and effeminate, and who knew no higher merit than to cleave a Paynim from Bkull to midriff Could she hare claimed a Roman descent she wouid hare sighed, in like manner, for the Rape of the Subtues. Faugh! never was the word lore used to cover more licentious sentiments. As we read on, our fear of any poaslble harm from such a document to any creature, not foreordainod from the boglnnlng of the world to be a prostitute, Aides sway. Its very nakedness of lust must teach those who have ever been deceived, or are tver#kely to be led away by the sickly sentimentality of Illicit passion, how weak and base, and absuid, it is to pretend that it ever is, or can bo, ennobling or right No woman can take in this poison to her harm, when she sees how utterly the modesty of woman Is forgotten. No man can drink of such a mixture wheu s-'cing that that which evrn the most depraved prixe in woman, her womanly modesty, la burned up by illicit passion And not waodfsty only, but erery. other womanly sentiment, is forgotten. William, though no doubt lusty, must hare been more than ordinarily backward, for enough. "First from my Upa," says the lady, "was our love told." Then comes such poor stuff u talk of loving her as his "destiny, of "do duty la life but the pursuit of happiness," of "hopeless, endless misery;" and then a long, fond kiss. All th.s is sickening ad nmurum: but If ire be'.ieve It?and It could not be tol<i were it not true?what mty we not believe, and disbelieve? What credit can ure give to the date of her unfaithfulness* But that Is of little moment. Observe how, when she fbrgot that the truest life la a life of restraint and self negation, oblivion of all tenderness, except that belonging to her "passional attraction," has overwhelmed her; bow cruelly and insultingly she sneers st her husband; how destitute or all motherly feeling in the allusions to her children; with whst soorn she ap?aks of friends whose age, at least, should have made them reverenced, and who besought her to pause In her headlong leap Into the jawi of that moral death; with what hate she anathematizes all the restraints of sue-a! life, of family ties, of m >'sl inculcations, of re ligtous observances that bad ever held her hack. Con s mod by a fierce rage of desire, she can remember only Yellowpliaah's philoropby that "there Is no rule, no duty In life, but the pursuit of happiness," and fbrgets uttsrlr, or remembers ouly with contempt and liatc, the hearth she had mace desolate, and the hearts she had alnost broken. A wo nan ceases to be s woman when sho for gel* how to pity. No sadder picture than this can be MOWS to the transgressor. The madness of an unholy and ignoble passion makes this woman rave. One allusion in this letter moy not be at onoe uulerstooil. Mrs. Gurner is herself an l'.le gitimite child, and carried, therefore, in her blood Ae seeds of th s madness. Like produces like, an 1 In no rase oftener than In that of illegitimate children, the tlleg't.raary often running from generation to generation Tics only enforces the lesson which nons can fall to rcai! in this domestic t raced y. Mistakes are some limes, perbapa often, made in the choice of husband tod wife. Wretrbed undoubtedly ia the life of thnne who bare committed such error*. Bat to break those booda to ftdl.m MkOf ?<>me cow pamiooa leada to misery of a far lower depth, and can be def. nded only .? th;? woman defondi it, by the abnegation of all moral tlos and con aiderattona, and a forg'-trulnea* of all that adorna and bleeaee life She war not bouad before; ?he ia not btnnd Mr,M either party ia free to follow any new fancy. Nw more fatal nine than thia caa be sprung under the fonndat ion* of the noctal edittoe. No reasoning can make each a philosophy plaualble; no eloquence can cover up It* hldec.ii corruption Lanrlr Todd oa New York* TO Tax EDITOR OP THB DkilAI.D. New York, August R, 1M0. The venerable Grant Thorbura, ia the postscript of a letter to me, wiahea to correct a miatake In bla communication pnbliabcd by you a few daya ago lie aaya ? " The Hkralp ahould bare aald Gardnier Baker," ioatead ofJobnuy Baker, a* the keepor of the Muicum over the Kituarge market about the year 1TP6." He farther add*.?"I never wa* drunk In my life; I walk without a nai* I *lcep without rocking, and rat my food without the help of brandy or hittera, I never cat eno igti; I smoke ri* pipe* of the best Virginia every day; drink one quart of coffee, with sugar?no milk?and another quart * ithout either sugar or milk?-a one half gallon, to hptar D ItftaM My*, MhMW Mi Mis an a -w poleaa In my ra*? It'a very alow indecJ. for thus I nav<^1ved during the last aixly year*, loaerl thia In the I lilRALP for the benefit of the temperance society. -once June, 17*4. till 1*M. I dwelt In New York. In all that period I have been only aia daya confined loathe house by sickness. Your*, etncerely, GRANT THORBCRN, Sen , Aged R7 years and A mouths " If yon think th*re la any interest in the above (or of a part) yon will Pirtner the wiin or lata into venerable cititcQ of New York. With respect, TH<H. F. DEVOK. The NlraraR?a Riprilltlon? Walker and KlTf llandrrd flea off Yai atan, ; From the New Orleana Picayune, Aug T ] Tie Mexican schooner Rrtlliante, rapt Kapmola, arrir. eJ at this port yreterday fW>m Sisal, with advices fr im Mrrida, the capital of Yucatan, t> the 98th ult. The ness ta of the mi?t important character. 0en.4 Walker, of whoa? departure from the Island of Fuatar, on the 31?t of June, we h*?e b?'ore had account* arrived off the Yoea'.an coaat, en mufe to Nicaragua, on the lot ult He had with blm tire vessels and Are hundred in-n, all well equipped, full of aplrlWi, aud amp y *uppl|od with arm*, ammunition and provisions. From Kuatan. off which laland the Are reaaela made their rendrzvoua. the rotate waa a moat proaperoua one, and the whole fleet p ae?<"l down the coa?l in apteodld style. the expedition first came to anchor at the Island ol Coaumel, off the co?*t of Yuratan, where It remained, C'ramntiicnting with the mainland and completing the i preparation* for the expedition,till the 90th ult. It th??? set aall for Nicaragua direct, where It la bct|evcd, long ere thla, to hare effected a landing. While ?A the coaat of Yuratan the expedition received large reinforcementt of men. and was amply supplied with provisions. From Yucatan there la no newa of particular impor. tanee The peninsula wax, for the moment, In the enjoyment of roihparatire peace, hut the commerc al classes were atill Buffering from the effects of the long end disastrous war of races. Ossr SouMi, nn ancient negro slave, living In Wall pack Sussex onunty, N. J . la |ierhapa the oldest man in Northern Jersey, being 107 years of age, so he says, and his memory of events long bygone confirm3 his stat -uenl. He was purchased a grsst many yoara ago by an old reslrit of Walpack. named Dewttt, of a gentleman In tfeopus. Y. Cmaar waa twenty three years old when the Am? rlean Independence waa declared, and distinctly rem*m bers that erent. He dtsoourees floently aad relates many Ineglenta connected with the Revolution H's e mfersa ! lion is quite entertaining an I denotes remarkable Inlelllgenre for one so old He says that the itewitts off.-r-art htm his Ysedom, hut he pr< f?rred to remain on the farm an 1 end his days on Ihe hanks of the Delaware, In Wallpsck The IS.w it estate pays a c lor?d fkrollff ,n th^ neiffbhofhood ItOO |ter annu n f r keeping tho ol ! ra*Q comfortahl", to be poullnucd for life 11-1 m m * * ? ? THE SICILIAV REYOLUriOl!?. 0?r Napltt Corrtip?M?Mce. I'.MTW STATma Stlim IlMQCOS 1 Katun, July ?, 1M0. f Crnite ef the United Statee Steamer Iroquou? J'ut/ to Ifn ria, Leghorn and Palermo?The Sicilian Revolution-? The Scene A/Ur the Bombardment qf Palermo?A Birdteye View of the Place? Effect* tf Neapolitan Barbarity? Appearance of the City Under the Dictator't Rule?Moverunts and tntentieeu tf Garibaldi?Affairt at Mtmimy and Aapia?Outrayei tf Ike Neapolitan Troopt, the. We c&me to anchor here tbia morning for the third time, after an nbseace of a week, during which we rutted! Fpeztia, Leghorn and Palermo?in ell e trip of a thouaandi aiiies. We werp tn 8perzia only one day?loug enough te receive neceeaary atoree and find letters and papers front boate. There is a peculiar charm in that delightful spot which few otbera poeeesa. Anchored in its beautiful bag, close under one of the many hills which are covered te i iir if b UIUUI I la wnu tUAuri out *i|c?iwu imu iwim vw tinuous chain of mountainous country, running into ewb other in easy cur rem and completely encircling it, ? were apparently abut out from tko rest of I be world. Its noise and tumulta find no ocho here, but the eery air comes oft clear and freab laden with a grateful fragranoe from prim looking vineyards and gardens where the hyacinth and jessamine flourish as in Idea itself, or geuMg rippling the smooth waters or the bay, the sea broeso comes in r s though cspreaely made for oar comfort, la the sky of that dorp eternal blue, across which asmstimes float masses of light fleecy clouds, lastly wreathiag themselves info ever-varying forma of fantastic beau If, you seem to see the furthest limits of space. By raw might well ?iind this a congenial resting plant. Ha house is on the other Bide of the bey, and thoo^ now untenanted by Its inspired owner, bis spirit might stiU hover around sceoea where earth, sky and j water are all that a poet can dream of. The tense sf quiet pervade* everything In tho villsge st the extremity of the bey. Il is eomething of a watei ing place, and heaides the bath houses are several good hotels; but then* are entirely unlike their noisy nsmeeakes with us. No screaming locomotive, vomiting smote and deflanoe to all old fashioned ideas of comfort, cornea thundering through the village, but the sober, respectable looking diligence brings numbers from Genoa, Pisa and tho neighboring country, wbo here find that quiet enjoyment dcuied them elsewhere. It is n favorite resort of foreigners. Amoug other notables is tbe well known author, Charles Lever, Esq., whose humorous productions of "Charles O'Malley," "Harry Lorrequer," 4c., i testify him as the delineator of Irish wit and character among the writers of the present day. He resides here with hio family, in a beautiful villa on tbe water side, as English Lorsul. Aside from the other attractions of Spezzts, It Is wel worth s thousand miles trip to see the genial race of that , true American gentleman, Col. Wo. L. Long, our Naval Storekeeper, whose whole hearted hospitality, uniform | kindness ana polite attention to all who bare the food fortune to meet him bare become a proverb with every officer in the Mediterranean for the past fifteen 7ears. The Sard in ians have recen tly aet about rank lnf this one of their naval stations, for which it is admirably adapted, having one of the very beet harbors in the Mediterranean. On the summit of the h if best hill at ofia extremity of the bay, wbtch rises u thousand feet, and to sight of the Island of Elba, engineers arc at work on an extensive fortification, originally commenced by Napoleon the Ureal, and commanding tbe b ty and town. Leavinf b peri .a we stopped a few hours oB leghorn, and then went direct to 1'alermo, arriving there on the 17lb, which plane we left y ester lay afternoon. Haviof set u from the beginning Its deliverance from Neapolitan tyranny, from tbe morning of tba 28th of May, whew Garibaldi, at tbe head of hia handful of gallant l'iedmontcse, entered the city and drove from atreet to aireet the deejxjl troop*, until the last of the 20.000 had marched out In Inglorious defeat, and wttneaaed the terrible destruction of life and property by tie cowardly bombardment, I bad a curiosity to see how l*alermq thrives under n liberator. The most enthusiastic lover of Italian liberty could not aak for more. The city has, in a great measure, resumed its former appearance of gayety. Of tha hundreds of barricades that blocked up every street, corner and lane, all vssttgea are remived; the fine Ruaa pavement! are aa smooth and well laid ha If the atones had never been torn up by men, women and children working with willing hands for their livee Whole streets demolished by shell and fire ere bring cleared of the rubbish to be again rebuilt, occasionally bringing to light new proofk of barbarity In the mangled remains of unnrtunate victims burled In tbe ruina. It ll linmaaiiilii ti uv with wrtlinlv hue minv ila. fmoelrta women and children were Ihui Immolated, bat hundreds perialiod. Oue shell aiuue killed thirty-two persona. rrom the ruins of the monastery of 'St.' Catharine twenty sis dead bodies were taken out. In another plane over sixty persons perished miserably by lire?the soldiers shooting them down as they attempted to csoapo from the burning buildings These are only a few of the horrors of that infamous bombardment. Nothing wan respected. Hospitals, churches and oon rents seemed especially devoted, and wholefamiliea met unknown deaths. What wonder that the name of Bourbon la execrated with all the sincerity of Italian hatred. The taut of the soldiers had no sooner left the port than hundreds of all ages and oonditions commenced the work demolishing It?every stone as It was pushed over Into the moat, each load of gravel aa It fell, WM accompanied by curses on the marderers and thirvee whose stronghold It bad been. And to their credit, the prlesta were es active as the best of them: tbelr broad black hats, seen through the clouds of dust, looking oddly enough among the rod shirts of tba people. It wan a large rambling work of walls, moat, bastions and drawbridges, sad, as usual with Neapolitan Ihrtiflcattous, was designed to bold the cttiaena In slavery at the cannon's mouth, rather than for the defend of lb# city from Invation. The guns wrre placed so as owl/ to command different parts of the town, and the events of the 26th, 27th and 2tlh of May proved how well It fulfilled It purpose Outside or the fort proper were low walla and oovorod passages, pu rred with loopholes for musketry, |behiad which the soldiers oould In security shoot cown men on the outside. All these have been destroyed and levelled with the ground; but that part ca(?ble of defence from attack by sea, consisting of a large well built redoubt, tte flag staff tower and the main body of the fort on the water side, including s large square parade grouud, store houses and quarters for officers sod men, la retained, and Is to bo armrd with guns of large calibre. Meanwhile the Interior presents an appearance of industrious ee'.vitj foreign to anything I hive before eeea among Italians It has been trarsf irrned into one great workshop, where more than Ave hundred men are at wort, night and day, turning out raunltoma of war. Forges have be- u put up, machinery set to work, and scores of nxchanics are employed on gun carriages in every state of progress, both for Arid pieces and shlpo (una The rammer and raw resound or all al<le?. A cannon foundry baa been started, and they hare already produced some very creditable pircea for beginner*. I aaw more the* three hundrid belle, ranging from four hundred to foer > thousand pounds m weight, have been take* froaa the different churches and monaatrrla* to be broke* up and recast into cannon Caaea of muaketa in great quanUtlea were piled up In different places, aad men were buetly engaged Is unpacking, Inipectlog and sending tham off I* cat Honda Over all there reigns the order and system ef a master spirit directing everything, and It la mi llma to aay whore that la. In one quarter of the port the doable barrel window*, low groined arrhei and fieevy troa plated door* tadieale the prisons of political prisoner*, who were here crowded together in score* to drag away years in hopeieea confinement Part of these are bow occupied by aboat forty din, or political spies of the old government?miserable wretches, whose facer, as they glare on you through the bar*, bear the indelible impress of ferocious treachery. These sre a portion of aw arm* of infhm ma man la the pay of t*e Neap.vlPane, who infested every part of the city and Is'and. betraying hundreds of insncent mem and women to prison and death, torturing their vie lima with thumbscrews end the iron cap of silence?mam who have figured In scenes or infernal barbarity worthy Of tht Imposition In Its palml'-at days. They are, however, willingly isio'igh prls. tiers,.the stronger the grnlaa and doors the better, for nothing but the vigilanos of their guards saves them from being cut to pieces by the knives of the Flclltans. The Toledo vnd Marina, and In fhet every part or the town, are all life and animation?tbe shops expiae their g' 'Is to tbe best advantage?the r .lore I flags hang frosa tbe balconies, and the streets are thronged with peopleoa foot or In elegant turnouts?the gay ia form of Tied nun tear and Sie:!lan soldiers, of bl 10 pants, sh >rt sack coat of red cass'mere, trimmed with green and fastened al the ws:?t by the aw >rd belt, and French fatigue cap of red and blue?the animated group* at lbs street corn*rs discuss or the news or crowded arnoad the last decree of the Dictator?tbe thronged cafes and brilimct array of ladles in tbe balconies, all preaeot a strong cool rest to the gloomy appearance of lalermo when we were tbere in April, with its shop* cloaed and empty streets, patrolled hy Neapolitan soldier*, that it la dillienlt to realise it as the same town Between the last line of palaces and gardens fhclng on the bay, is the Marina?a beautiful drive al >ng the water's edgw. evenlog until midnight; It is memlOcerO. A crowd of rarrlnpm wltli all the leaoty and b-arery uf Palermo, arc constantly passing ami repassing; the flashing of many llghte a* they paee la quick (naoMiloa, the loir plashing of the water, and tbe myriads of b'lght atara la the clear ?ky, with the attlleet atmvpbere tu the world, see mad like earhanhnant. hetghlracl ttlU more hjr train* of exquwito trxnte Irons a band stationed la a sma.l marhle structure built for t-M purpoao by Use eM Kln? Ferdinand Order and content-sent appear to raigo thrnjfihoat tba whole city, an I svery thing promiie? a happy future tar thrae ?nng appreaaed people New* came y rater day that there had bem the day Iwlbre an ensonnter between 8 000 of the King a troops and 800 ihoHI'ana, at Malra^ a p'aoa about forty ml las ft-om Meaa'aia, and that tbe latter, byaakllflul retreat, ba<l led the Uw>p? Into a dangerous plaea, where few men had them hemmed In, and only waited for re Info reem rata Within flrrChtvira after a regiment of Piedtn or tree and PalrrmttaLJ were ready, and were yeaterdar embarked la two stearaera. c.arlhaldl left Palermo on the 17th, in tbe City of Aberdeea, an Knglieh steamce, 4 000 trwipn having already left. It waa "aid, for Milano, the outpost of tbe Neapolitan!!; but Oram', with more than 10 000 troopa, already hu the hclf hit tlwirr M? Mint Atl Paccori from NApW* rat oC hy all or aerea of hia rraeela, throe of which, a ?ort lima / e-nre, deaerVed with their nfflcera and equipment* rrmit the N rapoMv.a, ao that there would aeetn hi be nnnneeeeity for Garibaldi's presence there now Ita capitulation may b? cr.i-ected v?ry toon. and It is not the flnl tlms his desti nsti'n wtant-certaut. It mty be ibat bii 4,000 picked

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