Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 5, 1860, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 5, 1860 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. J Alll UUHUON Itn CiirroH and pko'-rietob omci M. V. CORN IB or nabrac AND PCLTOM "TS run. oaoA la a ***** MaMV ?o* * ??' J*? HoA of OU ?odor. Potnq, Amif? mot M wAorHprtot. "T?i DAILY a A Bald tuc mK ff oopfr. r pot TJTB WKMKi r HMHALD oorry SaNirA.*. at tit <"?>?/** M|??. or (3 p*r on?uTM, lAr Eum/jtun Bditum rrrrv train*****, al do mil prr rtipp I" "t fr' ?/ or W to ?? i>ul o/ U,0?li?rtl, fco<A to imr'ode ? OaHfomia Edition urn lA* lot. 1 It* W llol oC ?xA ???<? W ?" ^jrfr^rr'iS^roTr?do. - - t^hr<^^Krm'ytiihMsroirDKifcM. ?WW. rnitm'rd from .i?v uy"trf of '*? "JTj^B.IIM11I a H 0 ItVr,iHv paid for MM-bnn Kokoio? < S* "?5i ?In^ado PinniTuitii Kicnailt to noai *" Ijittom aoi> Face ton ?**t tm a__ w.A^mni MO MOT t ft takn of aaooyotouo <w??p<ma??co. wo <*o wi OtfMm rrt'rrtni '.rrf.will.. (M.I ./OH rMlMTIMO oil* umimo. rAonim*** n*td do r/wXoA. _____________ Vol ? mo XXV .Bo. MH AMP8RMKNT8 THIS RVKNING ACAPKMT OF Hf'HIP. Fourteenth otreet.?Italia* Or* *a?Lioha oi I'aoaoDoix. KTBLO'B UARI'KN Bmul vr*f.?Ham lot WINTKK GAKDKN Brmulimy, ooonaltr* Bond otreet. ? Fiuo-Ar lui'Mi Win ooo iilo Uouiutui. BOWltRT THK^TRK Kowrry?Varietf?Now At It Io? lloo NarTLra?dec* Puild WALLACE'S TUKaTRK, llnulwir. -runil Wirt Ft mm. LAURA KRKNR'S THKaTKR. Ro CM Bromdwoy. Aiiou a boo* KKW BOWKKV TUKATKK. Boirary.-Korea* Lm u? Labt Dato or Fomrou. BAKNl'M't- ABKKil AN EINKIR, Bnowlwmy.-Dmy mud BvratD(?Josoill tar 111* HmOTItKOO? IaHI?0 C'?K1I>*J nu Ac. BKT A NTH* RI ANT RK(>?, Verhmnlat Jl*il,?7i Hromdwmr.? Bootm*<iuto. Mono*. lottrtf Ac.?Scouts at Pualoo'i NlflLO'i* SALOOk, KruulHAT ? Hoolst A CoarriLL't tfiooroBio io Kthioha? No* us, Hroi.tviACB IlAJtomo Aa? Vioaiioia Mroor OAKTKKHURT MURIC UAU? MS Sro*dw*y.->to:,Qo XTaocoo, Hcoi.ooanmo Ac TRIFLE SHEET. Naw York, Krlitajr, October ft, 1000. Th? Srwi. We have two days later news from Europe, brought by the City of Baltimore, which left L.vcr rod on the 26th and Queenstown on the 2.tli ifft., nnd which was intercepted off St. Johns yea or ^iu^Tattira had undergone hntlitUe change. Tlie bombardment ol Ancoua by t ie r ini" " was going on both by aea and land..and -ictor Emanuel's troops continued their advance Mo the interior. Garibaldi's forces wore preparing to "SSS37L ?? rt yesterday, we have news from Vorto Cabello, Vrneruela. to the 19th alt. Hen. PaeZ had been appointed Venezuelan Minister l'tenipotentiary at Washington. The Spanish Minister had demanded and received his passports, and sailed for b . Thomas. It is affirmed that Spain, under the pre^ text of seeking aatisfas tion for injuries to certain of her subjects, socks the recouquest of 1 ??ue|"' and that the withdrawal of her Minister is but the "rioTu. ...o?P. .0 r.c.v.r L? Mm.. American poesossions. The overland pony express, which left .an Francisco on the SSd ult, ha. armed* BL Joseph. Mo. The l acle Sam sailed on he jl^lt^ for Panama, with 204 ' treasure, of which $1,040,000 was shipped for New York. Business at San Francisco had c0Jq alderaWy, and the improvement wi- attributed legitimate causes. The general news from Call foruia is unimportant. As will be seen opon referring to the money article in today's paper, there wasgreatexcH^ ment among the bull, and hear, of Wall street yesterday, and a further heavy decline in the prices of all speculative securities at the Stock Fx. 1 ange It is predicted, however, that the existing prostration in financial affairs wdl not be of long continuance. m . ? . The Prince of Wales had a long day of it in Washington yesterday. First, in company with a large party, he visited the Capitol and took a haetv view of the objects of interest there. . noon the President held a levee, and the E*ecutire Mansion was thronged with visiters, tlielresident conducting the ceremony of introducing the I rince. The royal par-y then visited the Patent Office, and examined the various work. onexUibiUon. &ah~ ruenUy. In company with Mlaa I<ane, the 1 rince ?pent I couple of hour, at Mi . Smith's i-titute for young ladies, where he indnlged in a game of tern rin. In the evening the Premdent entertained the diplomatic corp. and a large party at dinner, and ML Lane held a reception. The day cloaml with * brilliant display of fireworks in honor of the The usual monthly meeting of the Chamber of Commerce wa. held yesterday. The PrtnciP't ?object under consideration was a draft of a memo^ ri.lV Congress in regard to providing additional facilities for the transportation of the mall-Jke tween China and onr I'aeiflc ports. A full report Cf the proceedings of the Chamber to given in anothi r .. lnmn. Mr. W. S. Lindsay. M^ P.. who arrived in this city yesterday, was invited to meet the member* of th- Chamber of Commerce at auch lime as may suit his convenience. A meeting of the stockholder, and creditors of I ie Artisan. Bank was held yesterday in the bank parlor, w hen the affair, of the bank were dtocuseed. and a resolution w?? .greed upon to appoints ra cfiver. Mr. Augustine tsmltb, of th. N?w? Bank, was designated, aod that gentleman aaked for time to consider, in consequence of which the meeting was adjourned to nine o'clock this morning, when It to expected Mr. Bmith will accept. The pro ceeding* In th- Mipremn Court with reference to the appoint*, at of a receiver were continued ?rateidev. but at an early suge a postponement of in, c >t* was asrecd to. pen ?af ?cl'on of th* meeting of sto. kholden atl-ided to nbove. The October meeting ?t the American Geo graphical si :: ,y ^ f.1^' ^ evening, but the attend. ? e wa* so small that the reading of an interesting pap-r on Syria and the re ?owned Pru-es. by Dr. Jos. P. Thompson, wae pod l'n the iSted States I?U?rict Court, in the suit of the CnitcdSut-e against Mcwr*. <*<wge Law and Conover. the ...rem . of Isaac V. I ost master, a commission h*" Wrn J*"*4 lo U.? testimony of Mr. Fowler. On Wedne,day Judge iletu. ou the application of Mr. W H. Mbilor fur the defendant*. and United Mate. Dtodrtct Attorney, appoiul.d Jamea F l'wiklit Fsq.. to exeente the coimuiaeion. an I where i- ; ndr rood Mr. Fowle. is at pres nt. TL* B- ard of Aldermen did not meet last night for want ot a quorum. ? i In the Board of r vinellmtn last ?tening, r. Finckne) pr< r> . a resolution directing ths | apecial cou.rn.itee on the reception <?f tlie Japan eee Fmrassy to present a detailed statement of the expense, i:tr,>rred, which, after wmie debate was laid on the table. A la ge amount ?c routine busi pern wa- transacted. In the i.ene'al Beaaion* yetb-rday Recorder Bsrr.ard sentenced Thorn*-" J. M-inday to the ? enitent'ory for four months, he having pleaded ?r s^sutt rpoa Ln y Alien. tu' sa' aof out'oc yrsWrdaJ exArarol t r4W?ra JMO pa, ; ? A He marhsl SMM aa Ut m i of about 10\e for middling uplands. Ths chief pur ebama were made by epicoera, while some parosls were takes for export Flour was leee buoyant and active and the prices for common and medium grades favored purchaet re, while extra grade* were unchanged. Whest Uti. buoy ant for common grade*, while good qualities o'other kinds were lirm. The sales here and to arrive on eprculatiou and for export, were large. Corn sraa Ann a th fa'r sales at TO. for good Weetern mixed, In stwe! and f.u.c a "Oj do., .Boat Pork was ateady, with ..lea U new mess at m 11>4 . |1# ^ Md of ^ at SHl 60 a 114 63>i. Sugar* were steady, with sale. Of TOO a HOC hhdi. Md tW 7Q0 ^ at rate* given la another column Coffee was firm The ^?atur. of the day wa. the public aal? of 3,280 baga Santos at lljfc. al?:,o ?arurage U-38u. Kreighti oj.1'tied at about the current rates of the pre vioui day, but exhibited more flrmueaa at the clo??. Among the engagemenU were 80,COO a 80 OCO busbeU wheat. In bulk, at 121. al3'*'d.,and in baga at 12 1 . and 8,COO bbla flour at 8a. 3d , with 2C0 bales of cotton at 7 -83d; to Ixmdoo I .too boxea cboese, at I-Qb , with some wheat on private terms. The New Vork t'nlosa lleetcral Ticket Tke Metropolis and the State. A union or copartnership electoral ticket has at length been perfected and ratified, on the part ol the Douglas democracy, the Breckin ridge democracy, and the BeII-Everett old line j wbigs and Americans, admirably adapted t) luse all these conservative elements throughout this great State into a solid column of irresisti ble strength on the momentous day of the Presi dential election. This coalition ticket has also been ratified by the administration at Washiug ton-a ratification which will speedily oblite rate the factious opposition of the few outstand ing Breckinridge politicians of the impractica ble school of John A GreeD. James T. Brady and Gideon J. Tucker. The electors at large upon this union ticket. Greene C. Broneou and Heman J. Hodfleld, pre sent uo encouraging exumple of democratic re union ard harmony. It will be remembered that in 1 Judge Bronson. hard shell, was ap pointed Collector of this port by poor Pierce; that toon after this the soft shells complained that they were excluded from their share of the spoils of the Custom House; that Secretary Guth rie instructed Bronson to give the softs a sop in tbe pun. at the perU of hu head; that Bronson refused to bow down to Guthrie, and was con st y.ently decapitated; that the hard shells, tak log up his cause, hoisted the flagoi Bronson and rebellion, and that in our ensuing November election they carried ofl one half the demo cratic vote of the State, against the soft shell free noil spoils policy of poor Pierce's adminis tration. The elements of that split have distracted aud divided tbe democracy of the State, more or less, from that day to this; and we think, therefore, that a better basis for a democratic reunion than the association of Bronson and Bed field on the same electoral ticket could hardly be devised. The representatives of the old line wliigs and Americans on the ticket are the men of their own choosing, so that on their side the happiest accord exists. It will not be their fault If the vote of the State is not given ; against Lincoln by from thirty to fifty thousaud j majority. Last year the democratic and Ame rican coalition upon tbe Secretary of State was successful against the republicans, notwith standing there was a force of sixty thousand voters opposed to the republican party who did not come to the polls. This year every man ol this reserved force wiliweome forward, and. with proper activity to Becure it, this whole force may be added to tbe union vote of 1H5-J, together with thousand* of Fremont democrat devoted to popular sovereignty. The republicans have their well grounded fears of the popular vote of this city and Its sur roundings. They have been using every exer ? lion and every device; they have been lavish of their money, and their meetings and orators, to make an impression upon this stronghold of j Northern conservatism. Their famous torch light Wide Awake prooeasion the other eve ning. made up one half of reinforcements from our rural districts and from other States, was a desperate effort to make capital in behalf of Lincoln in this community: but the experiment was a failure. We had been promised a parade of thirty, forty, and even fifty thousand Wide Awakes: the people expected at least thirty thousand; but when the reaUty cut down the number to ten thousand, there was a universal ' disappointment, and a very general conclusion that the republicans are exaggerating their strength in mere important matters. We dare "ay. too. that the visiting Wide Awakes from other places have returned home with anything but encouraging remembrances of their New Vork parade; for, except at the republican sta l tions along tbe route, the countlaas multitude of spectator* were as silent and solemn as at Bill Toole's funeral. From this, among other recent manifestations of public sentiment here, we have no hesitation in saying that on the important day of Novem ber the Empire City, in behalf of this union electoral ticket against the black republicans, will do her duly. It would not surprise us if this union ticket should cross the Spuyten Duy vil creek, at the head of this island, full sixty thousand in advance of the ticket of Lincoln. Of something of this tort the republicans are evidently apprehensive, and hence their indus trious efforts to make a lodgment in this con s-rvative citadel of the North. But with tbe metropolis all right, let our conservative politi cal managers look to the Interior, and the Em pire State in November may save the day. even should Pennsylvania fall short of ber duty in October. Yield or the California Mimh.?Bj the antral of the ponj express we learn that ihip menta ol specie to the amount of 91,130.000?of which >1 010.000 were for New York had been made by the Uncle Sao, which tailed from San Francisco for Panama on the 2let. This la grn tifyirg newa In presence of the fast that the produce of the mines thia rear had fallen be hind that of the laet by about 9<'>.0?0.000. If the amount o' the present shipment* be maintained, ae there i* erery reason to believe It will, we sball noon again reach the aggregate of the m<? t prosperous yeam. It is a fact worthy of n.> that whilst the yield of the California mine* exhibits this recuperative tendency, that of Australia continues steadily on the decline. From rt-cent statistics the falling off there would indicate that the one was becoming exhausted, sod 'hat unless fresh discoreries were made the supplies of gold from that quarter would soon become insiguiflcant. Thus, whilst we are blessed with abundant Harvests. the yield of the precious metals keeps pace with the other gifts with which Proridence -o Urirb!) endows nr.* if the politicians would oalf leave the country to work out peacefully it* own de*tinl*? there Would be no llmi's to the *e*:ih ibst would In the next quarter ot a century be concentrated here. Telegraphic Ml Newspaper KaterprlM of the Dap. It may have been observed that for soma weeks past a news boat of the press has board ed nearly half the steamers arriving from Europe off Cape Race, thus getting the intelli gence some days in advanoe of their arrival at port. During the year the news yacht has been enabled to intercept some thirty or forty steam ers, but in future we shall be able to do much better than that The press has now en tered into new and extensive arrangements with the Newfoundland Telegraph Com 1 pany, by which we shall be enabled to get more news than ever over that line. This will benefit our merchants, the papers, and the community generally. By this ar rangement we shall be In a position to i obtain intelligence off Cape Race from every steamer outward and inward bound that passes I that point. At preeent no less than fire bun , dred and eighty tlx times in the year steamers pass between this country and Europe; but at the Canadian line of vessels go through the Straits of Belle Isle in the summer, and thus avoid Cape Race, the number with which the news yacht can now come into communication is not so large : but steamers pass the Cape over five hundred times a year, half of which 1 come from Europe, and mo-t of those bring news. When the captains of all the steamers whether going out or comlDg home, report themselves to the news boat at Cspe Race?which is a kind of half way lookout between this port and Europe?the press intend to furnish despatch bags for the con venience of our merchants and the friends of the passengers on board the steamers, in con nection with the regular news bags, by which means information will be conveyed by tele graph to the press, and thence to every part ot the country, far in advance of the arrivals of the steamers. The advantage of this system will be observed at once. It will bring our people within six days of Europe, and will place in their bands intelligence of outgoing steamers after one-third of their voyage is per formed. Moreover, it will inure greatly to the benefit of all the other telegraph lines throughout the country, for the news thus ob tained will of course be despatched far and near along the wires. The telegraph system is progressing so won derfully everywhere that this may in fact be called the great telegraphic era; but it is making more rapid atrides in this coun try than anywhere else. We have more miles of telegraphic lines at preeent in America than In the whole rest of the world. We perceive by late newB from Europe that considerable activity exists In the tele graph business there, particularly In submarine lines- four new cables having been just suc cessfully luid in the Mediterranean, between Valencia and the islands of Ivica, Majorca and Minorca, and thence to Barcelona. Deep sea cables, it is true, have not worked well so far, and it would appear from an article which we publish from the London Chronicle to-day, that submarine telegraphs have proved a universal failure; but this is not strictly correct; for some of the cables laid in moderate depths of water in the Mediterranean and across the Straits of Dover have been successful, and so have some of the submarine lines In this country. Telegraphic enterprise, however, is not to be repressed by a few momentary failures. In the United States it has received an extraordinary stimulus by the contract just made between the Secretary of the Treasury and Sibley A Co., to run a line to the Pacific, which, when completed, will biad the whole continent In a telegraphic chain. When the Pa cific telegraph Is In operation, and the line to the Straits of Belle Isle constructed, we shall bare a continuous communication from Belle Isle and St. Johns at the north, to New Orleans at the south, and San Fran cisco at the west It only remains, then, for the Atlantic telegraph to be put in working order to connect the whole glebe. And with regard to the success of submarine telegraphs, It may be said that there were really only three points to be decided, two of which have been determined favorably. First, the prac ticability of laying a cable successfully over a long distance; that haa been done on the bed of the Atlantic. The second was the capa city to send a current through, and that has also been done. The third point, which is yet undetermined, is whether the insulation can ba made so perfect as to preserve a continuity of the current under the Immense pressure of water. But we can hardly doubt that thte difficulty will yet be overcome by the inventive genius of the age. Some mode of Insulation will be discovered whereby tbe con-animation of submarine telegraphs can be effected. For the past three years, since the failure of tha At lantic cable, we have received at this office not less thsn five hundred communications suggest Ing new modea of Insulation, and there are per haps fully five thousand minds at work upon the subject. We look forward, then, to the accomplishment of a perfect inaulatloo at no distant day. and the consequent success of a telegraph line across the Atlantic. When this shall be attained an unbroken communication will be established in a few year* hence between every conticent aod eTery inhabited island ia tbe known world, and the netrs cofuniu.r of tft' K day's TTvhu.ti trill then oontain nothing but Uisgraphtc accounts of the ermts trhich transpire in every quarter of the j/hi* the day bffort. and i'a editorials will com prise comments upon these events. To this point the telegraphic ltd newspaper enterptiee of tbedny is rapidly tending. Tn* Rciul Prm* kXD Its C<>\i>r< rons.?The stricture* that we have frit called upoa to make from time to tim* on the tons and tamper of the country press bars mads ui some bitter enemies amongst provincial editor*. In ex posing their shortcomings and deficiencies. sre bars boon accused of a want of e.*j>ril </* corps, just IS If vc were bound to adopt *11 the scamps that intrude themselves into an honorable profession. Those who fesi so sensi tive as ts our remarks bare themselves to blatns for their severity. If they choose to degrade themselves and their sheets by the looseness of tteir personal habits nod their political profli gacy. It is no fault of ours. We cannot acknowledge such men as confrfrti. or admit that their papers belong to the classification of which the metropolitan journals constitute the leading types In a communication which appears in uuvtiier coinunu will be found exposed , at length the grounds on which we re ? pudiate the rural press wbru claiming to represent the mind and intelligence of the country. It gives a graphic sketch of it* con etitution, the mode in which it I* managed, and the deectiption of men who are at its beau There are. of course, honorable exceptions to the characteristics attributed to it bv the writer; but they are, unfortunately, too few to relieve the picture of its generaHy dark and forbidding aspects. So long as the country papers are thus conducted. It is obvious that theie can b? no sympathies, professional or otherwise, be tween tbeir editors and those who hare the in dependence aud respectability ot the Americili press at heart. The Disastrous Ckictr of Part f liMMltra The different parties now in the field running for the succession to the Presidency present a curious anomaly. The black republicans, whose object is a revolution, from which a dia unit n ot the States must inevitably follow, are neveithclets thoroughly united among them selves. They are agreed upon the main issue, thus giving the best possible refutation to their own doctrine, and showing the vast difference between theory and practice. While they are working division in the country at large, they have a thorough appreciation of the value ol union as regards themselves. The course of the conservatives is the very opposite. They profess to fight tinder the banner of the Union, and the constitution is the political gospel by which they swear. Yet they are divided among them-selves, and oue says, " I aui for Douglas," another, " 1 am tor Breck inridge," and a third, "I am for Bell.'' But who is Douglas, who is Breckinridge, and who is Bell, that they should blooait' instruments of discord and not of harmony? Instead of uniting together on a common ticket, and wftrr deteating Lincoln, settling their own differences amicably, the conservative leaders are pulling against each other with more bitterness than they exhibit towards the common enemy, who is united in solid column against them. Nor is it as regards candidates alone that they are di vided?they are divided and bewildered abou' the issue?they either do not comprehend its nature, or they don't want to understand it, an I "none are so blind as those who will not see." Tbey are like men groping in the dark, or with scales on their eyes, whose vision is so iudts tinct that men beside them appear only "as trees walking." How different is the course of the republi cans. They have boldly presented their issue to the country, and they have but one voice upon it. Lincoln and Seward, and Wilson and Wade, and Adams and Sumner, and Giddings and Greeley, all harp upon the same string, and all go tor one ticket. These chiefs all declare war against negro slavery in the States as well as in the Territories, and they proclaim their determina tion to carry on the war till they have acnieved the "ultimate extinctiou" of the institution They will do it by moral force if they can. but by physical force if they must. They will endeavor to abolish it by the operation of the courts of law, with judges of their own choosing to interpret the constitution, and if that is not sufficient, then the million* of Northern republicans, with arms in their hands, will march on the Sonth. This is the plain and simple issue of the re publicans, and it is met by the champions of conservatism with a political jargon and a gib berish which none but office holders or office seekers understand, and which is utterly unin telligible to the people. The speeches of the conservative orators can only be compared to the confusion of tongues at BabeL They are raising senseless personal issues with each other, and side issues which are of no manner of importance, while they ignore the great question which is forced upon the country. It is a sectional issue, set forth by a sec tional party?an issue to destroy the domes tic institutions of the South by the fede ral power, and a party "situate, lying and being" wholly In one eection or the country?a party which, in ite nominating Convention at Chicago, contemptsoualy over looked fifteen States, from nons of which it had any representatives, and disregarded their inte rests and opinions as U they were conquered colonies or provinces. Instead of co equal States. This time the nomination of the Presi dent fairly belonged to the South, since for the lMt two terms and a hall Northern men have oc cupied the chair of the \t hlte House. Contrary to former usage, the republican party have not only selected their caudidate for President, but their candidate for Vice President also from their own section?the North - which is a depart ure from all precedent. The party, their candi dates and their issue, therefore, are wholly sec tional; and by fheir deliberate act, as far as they are concerned, they have virtually severed the Union into two halves. They have severed it just as much as the Methodist Church is ?s vered. Had all the Christian denomiuatioas North come te the same conclusion as the Me thodist Church Nor<h. there would not be now even the shadow of a federal Union; and did all other political parlies in the North hold the same sentiments as the republicans, thb Union would be formally dismembered before the lapse of one month. What would the people of the North say of a party at lbs South, numerically the strongest in It* fifteen States, which held a Convention at Natchez to nominate a national President to preside over the whole Uuion. and y?t excljd?d all representatives of Sta'es north of Mason snd Dixon's line, aud seleoteu their candidates for President and Vice TresiJent from the S ruth, and nominated them upon a purely sectional Issue, to the effect that they were ? pposed to <ree labor in the Territories and at the North, and would never rest contented till tbey bad planted the slave institution in every Northern state, and abolished by law, or by force of arms 'f neccs sary, the labor of free white meu, as degrading to the Caucasian race? If they elected tbe'r men on this issue, how long would the Union last? But, mufafts mutandis, this it just wb it the republican party are doing as regards the Booth and its mods of lab r. ? Tst in view of the position of this formida ble sectional party, organized on a principle of disunion, the conservative leaders, instead of uniting and combining to put it down, are wrangling with each other, and not one of them is statesman enough to tise to the height of the great argument which affect* the very existence of the nation. Their reckless, selfish conduct recals Nero fiddling while Rome was burning; and if they only persist in th -ir folly as he did. they will have, perhap-. a reckoning one day to meet tor winch tuey ere uow but Uttle prepared. The Prince ?M the Preatd*et. For the first time in the history of this go vt-rnwent the chief magistrate or the repub lie has received at the executive mansion a royal guest, an heir to a throne. The Prince of Wales, after a triumphal tour th'ongh her Majesty'a North American provinc--*, and a no lets agreeable, though somewhat mure rapid, tun over the Western Sta es, tinda him elf com iOrtably domiciled at the federal metropoD us the guest ot the natioD This viait ot the heir apparent recdls some interesting souvenirs. Wbeu the laai heir to the English throne visited North America the issue between the previa . e* aud the mother country had scarcely been decided. Our gallant foretathera had helped the British to conquer Canada. ?Nova Scotia aud New Brunswick, and hud then taken up arms agaiuat the unjust exactions of a bigoted king and au obstinate ministry. We won our cause, and then proceeded to build up tnia cation which compete at once the wonder aud admiration ot all Christendom. Wmle yet nniggliDg against, those infantile disorders which the political system of every new go vcrum-nt must go through, we were again compelled to go to war with our parent and natural ally. It was during this last war tnat the I'-utish seized Detroit, and the veneraole s'atc.-p' o who U at the head of the 8'ate De * i; vent was compelled to share in the humiliation experienced by the nflicers aud tnen who suireudetvd under the orders o' (ieueral llull to the British forces Agam. forty six years ago. the. Britirb invaded Wash ington. burned the executive mansion and th< Capliol buildings, aud compelled Pre?ideu: Muomoa to fly fo Georgeiown. Dupplly, the present Briiisb invasion is of a pleurauter character lh?n that of 18H. Our ancient enemy sends her firstborn son as a hostage of amity, of peace and of fidelity. John Bull, Jr., drops in upon Brother Jonathan in a pleasant, agree abie. chaity Bort of way, quite in accordance with the Queen's letter to her "good friend" the President. I send you. says her Majesty, "my oldest boy; out' of these days, Providence permitting, he will be King of England. He comes to hare a look at your country, to pick up a little information about you. and to let you know that we desire to lire on the beat terms with you. \\ e are placed in a rery difli cult positirn. All the great Continental Powers are mote or 'ess despotic in their form* of gov eminent It is our "pride uDd always will he the fctasi of Englishmen, that our soil is free, ? tat Albion is a sanctuary for the oppressed of all tatiors, and so we have to stand up for liberal principles, and at the same time to keep on good terms with the otter Powers. We recognise in the United States another gie?t Power, likewise free, and happily far removed from the influence of despoio governments. We like to know that we have your moral aid; physically we can take care of ourselves Then we trade a gieat deal together, and that is another bond to knit us together in friendship."' That U what the Prince of Wales' visit means, and so it is taken, apparently, by the President, who receives his royal guest wl'n just sufficient ceremony to show that the import ance of his viait is fully recognised. Toe young gentleman is not bored with formalities or annoyed with set speech?s. llr. Buchanan mrets Lord Renfrew at the door of the White Douse, takes him to the drawing room, where the ladies 'iwait him. end after the customary ante pranc.^i chat tbete comes a dinner enfamUle, and an eteoing sp-nt in pleasant conversation Tte Piincc and his suite meet at Washington ladies ard gentlemen who have been familiar with the atmosphere of courts, and who are oh fait to all tboie ptttta toint which go to make up wha' is called good breeding. There is no greater nuisance in the world than your vulgar good natured man, and we apprehend that the Prince and hfcs partj have encountered more than one ot the brrrd, both in the Canadas and the Weet. But that is all over. The perfectly managed recep tion by tbe President sets everything straight, and puts tbe Prinoe and his party quite at their ease. They have been received by one of tbe old school gentlemen, in the simplest and piea sanleet way, and we trust that the example of tbe President will be imitated in all our cities which tbe Prince vis'ts hereafter. Let all the committeemen. Mayors and what not, avoid mtking a fuss. See to the police arrangements beforehand, avoid long orations - this to tbe solid men of Boston especially- and above all, nmembt-rirg that utter simplicity is tbe test of good manners, avoid making a fusa. Tha landar I.egl?laii?a of Uit Wlalcr Th? Block Kcpobllcooa Raapooalbla. Wa publish elsewhere in to-day's Uexu.d a copj of the Sunday law passed by the laat black republican Legislature, together with a history of its passage taken from the official journal, and a liat of tbe yeae and nays, with the political affiliations of those votinj? for and against the bill, to whi"b we call the sp-'ial attention of our readers. Tbe TrP> me is trying to shirk the responsibility of the enactment of that law, and would have their Germ in a wo elates whose votes they desire for Lincolo, be litre that the bQl in question is not a republi can measure; but a perusal of tbe statement, printed elsewhere, must convince any person that it ie not only a black republican offspring, but waa put through tbe Legislature upon the gronnd of its being a part and parcel of their party creed. That it was a bantling of that party is like wise conclusively shown from the fact that, during all the time that it was at the mercy of tbe lawmakers, it was watched over, night and day. by leading republicans. The eeveral committees to whom it was referred were com posed of at leaat two republicans to one demo crat, and the select Ooramitvee specially ap pointed to fire it tbe laat finishing stri ke consisted of four republicans and one demo crat?the latter being a person whose ante cedents were a guarantee that he would he certain to favor the bill. Great care was taken in the selection of this committee not to allow a democratic member from this city, who represented the interests to be affected, a place oa tbe committee, where they could speak fbr their constituents: but a person from the rural districts, who knew no thing of the wants of the inhabitants of this city, was token as the democratic member, and at tbe same time two republican members from the metropolis acre placed on the committee. in to<- l*ii of the Lvl that wi-ie were iu ILj Assembly thirteen democrat!; abaters to lour republican* from the city of New York. This> is conclusive proof that it was under republi-1 can engineering at every step. On its flftslt passage in the House, sixty one republican. voted for and only six against it, and only! ?even demo urate lavored the bill, whilst nine teen Opposed it The secret bintory of this bill is also proof of P* joint republican and blue stocking parent age. It was sired by the sanctimonious Sabba tarian Committee, brought forth by the black, republicans, and draseed and nursed by the H choice spirits of the party in the Legislature * until it was able to stand alone. The Sabbath Committee, with whom this bill originated, be fore going to Albany, called upon the mana gers of our police and endeavored to persuade them to npply for and secure the passage of u similar bill, and allow the fines and penalties to go into their fund: but it appears that tbey rejected this otter, and refused to add I to tbeir already heavy burden that odious ia- ' cumbrance. Failing with the Police Commis sioners. the committee posted off to Albany stid secured the assistance of the leading re publican members of both branches of the Le gislature. Their first step was to introduce a bill "to increase the funds in aid of the Society for the Reformation of Juvenile Delinquents," thus attempting to make their blue law popular by increasing the charity funds. This bill, which in Us well guarded provisions, was no thing more uor less thau a scheme to make a monopoly of the Sunday amusement business, * was passed by both branches aud vetoed by the Governor : and then came the bill which is* now upon our itafute books, which has, as we have shown, whilst it originated with the Sab hath Committee, been placed there as a repub- _ lican measure. As.tbis law directly affects the Germun popu lation, and deprifts tbem of many of the pri-i hfv 1 vileges which they have heretofore enjoyed, it* is not to be wondered at that the leaders of the * Puritanical black republican party are denying| its parentage. Tbe facts are. however, against , them, and this is but one link in the long chain 1 of evidence that tbe party is by nature pro scriptive. and carry with them the same spirit ( that prompted the Puritans of New England to , persecute peaceable Quakers. The Quakers of I the present day are tbe quiet and inoffensive Germans, whose votes they are very much ex ercised about at the next election. Let that class of our inhabitants weigh the subject well ?: before they decide to throw themselves into the ? embrace of the party that seeks to force every-* body to breathe, think, act and eat by legisla tive enactments. License to Mn*de* in Wow 1 ork. In his address to the Grand Jury at the open- j ing of the Court of Oyer and Terminer, Judge Ingrabam offera some judicious and instructive comments on the act passed last winter by the Legislature of this State so altering the law re lating to capital punishment as almost to ren der an execution for murder "impracticable." One of the republican journals of this city na turally defends the offspring of its party, and r-.n. juage In graham for presuming to com ment upon it, the province of a judge being forsooth to interpret and administer laws, and not to animadvert upon them. Tbe law in question, however, seems to bid defiance either to judicial Interpretation or ad ministration. To say that a judge is not to comment upon a law, and particularly such a . law as this, is a novel doctrine, and about as absurd as to say that it is the business of a phy- | sician to administer dangerous medicine and not to comment upon its effects. If a judge has not the right to offer an opinion about the ( effect of a statute, we should like to know who baa It is peculiarly the province of the judges, who are supposed to know the lairs, to point out the bearing of any new criminal statute, In order that the people may fully understand its operation and determine whether it ought to be retained or repealed. If there is any bungling in a new law which renders it self contradictory, or makes It conflict with other laws, it is undoubtedly the duty of a I judge trho is called upon to administer it to point out the error, that it may be rectified by the next Legislature. Tbe attack on Judge Ingrabam Is, therefore, wholly uncalled for, especially as this statute is of such doubtful in- . terpretadon, In some important points, that *11 baa already Involved the administration of cri minal justice in a difficulty so great that in some districts of the State persons now under 4 conviction for murder, end subjected to a sen- j tence of death, which lormerly would have i been imposed upon them, are now left unsen tenced, because the judges are in doubt SB to what sentence ought to be pronounced upon them." Surely It was high time for some judge te expose this bungling set, and be deserves well of the community lor having done so. The .ludge takes the opportunity, in this connection, to mention the significant and suggestive fact that since the lew came into operation crime has fearfully Increased, and since the 1st of May the murders in this city amount to thirty. It is no wonder they would increase under ae act which might justly be entitled "An act to In crease crime and lloense murder. ' It is only of a piece with all the State legislation of the republican party. Their temperance laws have increased Intemperance, their Sunday laws generate vioe and Impiety, and their tink ering with the law of capital punishment is now swelling the catalogue of crime. Tbe act was probably passed deliberately and purposely In the Interest of crimlnato-a class of men who manage the primary elections, and for a conildr ration give the nominations to can didal, for the Assembly sod th. 8enateV.bsn the newly fledged legislator, get into the Capi tol they think they cannot do less than protect their benefactors Their object in going to tbe Lefbtature to not to prevent crime, but to plundeg the people. . . The republican organ which apologises for thto atrocious ensetment. and assails Judge Iugrahem for bis exposure of Its consequenoee. pretends that It to not calculated to inoreaag crime, inasmuch as tbe criminals are Ignorant of Its provisions. How very lonooent the criminals are! How ignorant of what their legislative friends do at Albany! If criminals of the deepest dye in this city bare always had sufficient influence to procure pardons from Governors, they have also influence enough to get laws passed for their benefit .nod protec tion. By the recent net murderers are not to be executed for one year after conviction. During that time bow many chances of eicape or of pardon, or of robbing justice In some way tf Us victim. Tke tffisney of pnaishoMmt de ponds upon Its prompUtnde and its certainty,

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