Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 18, 1860, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 18, 1860 Page 2
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THE SECOID ilEBICil REVOLUTION | Seward's Abolition Programmo fcr Lincoln's Administration IEMS FROM HIS ORATIONS IN THE WEST. TOE IRREPRESSIBLE CONFLICT. Failure of a Satisfactory and Soothing Policy on ihf slavery question, and Xwess, ity for ail Oppo site Course of Conduct* ffce Decrease and Diiuinulioa of African Slavery io ill the Stales Besolvtd Upon. The Question to be Settled in Oae Single AutniniHtration. In E^ternlOiittUK War ot ttice^ -Suited for All or lone- Ballot* for Ail or lone. Comparative Effect* of Slavery mid Freedom. BCBU1VE TSL'A f3IE.1T OF MCESilW fllEB ITS Aiti t<?i lit Senator J, in h..s re ''tit political pilgrimage *o the Norths' st, at;d in the many *peechea which he made, commencing with his elaborately prepared ooe in Detroit, aud tnam,! with his extorapora ?eoonoLc in But'.Xlo, appeared anxious to Impress ?pon all who heard and read them a few loading Mean; and hw paramount object undoubtedly was ?o for e Mr. Lincoln into the adoption of these Mean, aud compel his admiaistni:iou, iu the tfvent ?f the en. . ess of the republican parry, to make them tie great Matures of its policy. Although Mr. Seward -howed his freat superiority over other demagogues and ?tunp politicians, In the remarka We freshnc.-x which he managed to impart to .til hi* ?peechen, and although ea^h one r,f them might kave been reported aud pobiiahed in full with out itM appearing to be ju the slightest degree a rep< :ii,ou oi vv ..e hud iu.iJ before, still through ^ fl tbem dominated more or It <? ihe 'Jet *enti meet* whi "h lie desired to instil in 'he public maal and hav<> irforpora.*"d in tl"? policy of the republi can parly. These were, fir t, the new dogma of the irreprr.gible nature of the conflict between ?lave labor and free labor? between aris ^cra y and democracy? between rich and l?oor. s< onJ, the injurious and deteriorat ing influences of tlavery upon the wealth and progress of a ? ominunity. as < ontra-ted with the effects ot freedom. Tljyd. the iuevitaile ncces ?ty and duty of prohiotffep the introduction oi any more slave States and Territories, and of ultimate ly extinguishing -larriy where it now exists. Fourth. the Jelusive and nb>urd character of all threat* and fe ars in regird to the perpetuity of the Union or the w e*?ion of Southern States. Fifth, the manifest destiny of the republic to ab sorb all contiguous territory on this contineut; aud sixth, the transfer of political pow >r from the sea board and Middle State* to the n.w State# of the Brest West. All through his political harangues, Irom the ikes to the head waters of the Mi.?-i? ?ipp?, !he?e xprv xlati uh formed the leading topi. s. Much as his speeches varied, little as he <l.>ilt In repetitions, fre?h and originals* all appeared t" be, he never lost sight of the?e prominent ideas of hi* mind. but presented them in some shape or other on .t,l occasiona. So. analyzing theseJWeat eni spee hes of Wm. II. Seward, it is worth while ?o make extracts from them, and to enable our read< r* to understand at.d nppeciate thoroughly the new policy into which this country is to ho ton ed if the bla>'k republican party aie to have the control of the helm for the next four And iij>? as to TDK innKr*r?iBi.K covnicr. Oor reader, do not need to be reminded that this *0*"? ' ' Wi'liain If. S ward's wis first enunci ated at Rochester in tlie summer of 1^", 9. since th. n the origin of the phrase has been variously ?acnb?d to the black republican candidate for President, to a political newspaper of Richmond, and bs k to e wnv-rs aadlaw givers of an'jquity. Bnt whether to Mr. Reward do?*s or does not be long the pat 'rnity of the phrase, he ccrtaiuly U the great apostle of the idea embodied in it. Read I how. In hi* Detroit speech, delivered on the 4th of Bep?emt>er, he dc ribes the existence of this con ?Jet in various parta of tj?e confederacy:-. not lu * sot a soppm. ?to. of U><- Afr i.-oti s?.ve irade, so l an tfT.cual ?,c|j?00 ?f slavery from the T? rrltori?s. s.. thai ail tb? .*?* an l fcture yut.e mi; sure,, br fref S14H In* !?niUi is not W?t.ed lis Dm?i' s, by ah stover m. aae ani at sraai**rr cum, !?*,?> t??? e?Ub tsb.nent and pr>u Moo of 1 ^v^ry 10 tbe Torr.iot ioe, ao ibtt u->ae tfcr ar? Stales may fail ti Ikm-cme tlaee Ptao* T*s r*s? is dtscnntecKsl * th ItM a^taei ?f lt, ?sbery, Manufacture and narration and tho W>.t t?i-a neat nudfr the op^rai ? of a uati iwaey 5rr,Vr^.? irKTWj'lQ,ml' m'olc? ?ml ?>"?' ~T P"?e?ta What fOTernm nt la the world but mire haa p*r*isteatly refot< <1 to Improve river* c?o?.r ict har ^r^\bl:h.1^t,boo*;f ter ^ .w .. V"1 conblnati ws of eitlvwa arps*- a tbe .North, isttf>tr|r arm -si ie*t>itak>rt of eiv.l Zi ' ,D ,be Snnlh- ft* lite <iu r^SK.0 scd d'naembenneni iho faion It m ra?mr?i "iS", r"*P" 1 ?" 1 of ro^ reign u^s.aat th ?t dlsorJer an J oafusixi are n>rs OacTtjit i([ <r,rp?lTea tKi? ibsn ever bHbre ? - ? ? ?b*TT Lt>l,rf*tor'u "??* Jena 1/iUcf Adans. lie rn-Mi MwMwnMaieunaa I ever kaew, j?,i ,7^ JJJ'"1 ??!?? <* ^ problem of aiavery, 00 wh oli ho ??io Iheriigbout his p-jhlic aerTioT Mr fVia Mr fiereeaadMr Bi.-ftan*o In IV' n> ,f *' U*" lnt" ?*i leral 1. 3 cTr Ur y^l Z: 2' *r Mr ??????. Mr I 1T.V.V; 7 re, immiW, a.-1 ?h M I ZLi: ? ? t-'ftrh iuST5' y*'01' b*T' a?:?h?r I 1 kwp? T itW| fvf Ifcf fhirArtan nf , are by ao mean* no,|y ri^, fd ^' "ri' ,*?*}? ^ '? u^sa.ta 'SJ par lP'io, whfccb, oTmaoff *Am n *?.. . , Kytof. Hrowfhl ike I- , ibri) *-?in,t|r? J'* I ce?pr at ihe time sot^ni. .,.OL a waal.^ -J elemaJ, b ^ 1 tared to th# W c.te f bears* only fo r |r4r< I V_ tk? rrrai .uu-o-aa of Keat 1 *y Iwon.iT ?r,.T . . '**'** Urn ,n.ul ? .5524! as r"*eaai with tbs immlrent aad .nt^ 1 ' 1 f v'l war and national dMofatH*. 1 venu^t th'* ?! | f*' u' *0 we?"t ?vrr kt,mng and b* v L, ? *'yr> ??*?*** p.**: 7ZJZZ.Z V??w.1<?j frtm tkf |rtr> mmrrnw j umUttont U.'Jk of t\. fC?' ' L , *" rmr'1" ?<*"'*' ?? n. ?s?w?n ry\tt--hn a and rr^t -wr-v^ a ?* ?J| Es ted |l*^'!' '** Of rrtd- j r<*' ?sci K an I iZ ry/^ic f. M fxpt-xlitf parfM* mr, tmtiim !"* ^ '*? *?> f if MUbi.shmeut o. tV.rgVe7^2tt?S^m1.S! ! ^ 8MB' io affftf)!/# fQf#fHMa.i a tfc* rtwfy ie^utr^d T+rt lory of %r% ^ ;? Mat ?brw) d be sppoet thereafter in a ' * misusiob na nmrmtft mS * ?*?m wf ? 4mrv, w t* ? ? , MrmerM IW eAe * nAct* fyris. sta, ey, and tbe oor.ntry WWr r i i eiciwment, m*#- " ?5U n i ri>K.a waa made wbleb diet ied ibe aewty ec 4tttred d ' irej labor atd ?l"u' m ?***< b etweea freedom and B^?. ry , ? alter a t.i-J or only thirty four y -are | *...??? I , .mlv ID it* QtMUSMl? *? alsvery, ?TM?e A* |T?W 1 .gmulHH ..I reodum were found Ud worth i I> Hi#u ry SMI i but tbe compromle o of l?r4) tu a tow pnry lo lave the! moa from >1 irrupt* jo. l?Jo not d.jpal* M-tcry cor a-b? te tho settled tc oral queetlocia or th# ..i t 1 only urn-nt thai ll wa? oeoees.try, tl mdewd il wu so Hfetory lot* ue that Uje course then adopted win- * im. 1 do not oontrorert it. 1 only mourn the occur renoc "f even ufK OMt, Mil f-orUinly the only one ibst ever did happen, in wnwb Ukj way of wisdom baa failed to be t'.fo tbe w?.y o( v' 'aean'.oeee and tbe path of peaco. It was in itfi* th"?-,.'>re, that the national donation began We Lavo e "i'u*d ever since tho divergeal curse then eo ln.'ot -.ideranly entered, until <U losT tee han .tu bed. a ?ni o/tere, amul ctmfitsum, bewilder trmtl and okmu'I '? i ?'?/?naiwru. it strns alike &? ho oo fvtn.crd ar t -.m We hive added territory afur Territory , and t a after regtou , with tbe customs ty bo.dnets ol feebly reeistod wi ? rors, not merely n< glc-ctin^ to keep slavery oui of our new possessions, but wcte ally re.novlny ail the barriers against it woljh we round -landing at ihe uniee ofcmquesl. In ttoiny /.j ?-? hatt defied the mrrai ofiM.m.< of taantinl. over kifwd Ikf lavs and y ib-mi of our father!, an-i n uAon-.r td Ouir mem/trUt f>y declaring 'hat the unetfUAlled anJ glortuul coristitutien uhich then gave us carries with it, ti* li a;.r?ul< uur emits, not frttdnm and i?Tton>tl ri)\ts tc the < 1 jftiftd trut slarery anii a ha U/ul arul bilsful com nn ' r in slaivs, ukerrvrr i"? win a ontj usi by ioa or land w.rr '.he uhole KaOHtble ghtn. ??????* It fieaie a buld nuggMitlou to say thai a (Treat natl-wi onptit to recoi iider a priotice of forty yira' duration; but fort) yeam ot a naiiou * lift equivalent lo only one xiar in U>e lile of ?u Imilvidaal. Tli - thought i? at 14- at'. coiB itert with pclltloal philoeophy.for It i? n a more tiu?- tb*i perioral penUHetiee In err t I ad? ueviUbly Uj ruin than It that every uaitou exlim t.y ob.. ^dieooe ? n ?.:,!? ?mi. miral la?* which direct iLdieiJ-al life, th*t tb< y are written tu it# original constitution, and It uust c?Lt i illy r.'i.rjrm rtself aocor.litg to the spirit u liose la?i or i" ruh My b: tnble a^viu?\ then, fellow cltis 'ns, >1 tl at we ret'irn and r>" titabileb the original poliey of Hie Latton, and henceforth hold, as we did m the be<ln tl X|, Uiat slan ry Is i,ii(ljtnii t be only a pu-ely Jr?al,,t??m torary and e?c< tlotia) imtitutiOD , oonOurd with u the navodtales abvre it alre^iy eiiits, while freedom is tU?' r? i -ral, b( aisl, oudurtog and peraaiient condition ot -K .< ty within the jurisdiction aud under the aulftoi uy r.r tlif r nitltr.lton ot ihp I'nited Slavs I cojuk-I lh ? for;itini| e n w Incapable of illumination Slavery, however it may be at any time or tu auy place eioused, ,s at all ticu s aud e*< ry?b?ro unjust and mbumau a Its rrrf aaluie; w h tie freedom , however it may be at my t me or Id at y place neglected, deLiel, or abuiod,i?io its Lati.r* ritthl. jut- 1 and bcuctlcenl It fan .ievr under aay ciroumftaiicn be wise to persevere voluntarily m of teodtEg or fortifying au Institution that '.s intrinsically wrong or cruel. ? ? ? ? * * * ? Certainly, thrrelore, ae hane ru> and no num for Afrv an stac. >n the fallal lrrrUvrw,< Ik) you say that we wati i more sufar aud moro cotton v?d therefor# mutt have more slaves and m">fe ilavo lab t I answer, first, tl. wt co class '.r rac of men have a rlghi to demuid suf ar, ci tt u or any other comfort >'f humaa life to bo wr ing for U?tm, through tSc action v/f the IwlurAl govtrnmeut, from the unrewarded and compulsory labor of tuy other class or race of men 1 atswer, lecmlly, that wn tave and cotton tncugh already ft.r domef-tlc joDSiimi>tion, and a sur jlus it tte iaiter: rexpor attuu, without auy maroas" of ilave territory. Do jou bay that t.aropo ?aots more sugar aud i.lli n ttian can now supply t 1 ronly, let, theu, Kt ropp & e l her free laborers hither or tntolta'y,or luto the West Indies, <T into tbe ?st, or It salt tnem bet ter, let tbem esgsge tbe native* of ootlon growing re gtons In tbe Old World, to produce ooH ? and sugar volun tartly stid lo- aJpqualo oom|>eosation. Suolj a course, IcsuaJ of fortllying an 1 enlarging tte ***y ot slavery here, wttl leave us free to favor 't* frs-dual remoral It ?.;i renew or .ntrolu-? clviliiati?'U "U the shores ol the MediUrranean and ihr jugOout the esltl of the laliaa Oct an ClirlstiaLltv, more fully dereioped and better nnderstood now heretofore, turns with dls^itsi and h..rr, " fr? n tb-. employ n ent if force a d piracy as a j, ' ? -?i of the (kiapel. neceriary stle ovaslons and plausible polilletl ?.,urtblj,allth?s.. ,oro bten orot)Khl ,ulo lLe tte TliS *h,( i (i,6\v'ry Imv'i at !ut OefO argnmcLlfoi ku exl60B\0Q Ol found lal lac. s and frisoloug. It li uiavaini'g uew t?j sa) that th i c ;v?rnment was tnaiie by ao t for white men orly, slue? even slavti owixt alltgiai ce to Ores* Britain b' f re the Ri rclutl m eq'Uilly n it C ub'.te mtn.*t.d were equally fcb? I ?"? frets It by ll.e Revolution, and are cot only ht Id to a leg .an to now under our torn, but are also *ubj"ctcd to tatati oo and actual re^rieentstun in every department of the federal government So government oiti ejease itn-lf frotn tue dutj of protecting the t strewe rights of every b uBaa belt r. wbctbtr foreigner tatue b:*n, b. nd or lre?, wti nn It cr?t)u;ti.r!lv holds w'thm its jttrWiK.t'on The grvM fact is bow f-lly realized that the Afrtoo rae? hffe is a foreign snd f??ble element, Pkc the Icdltr.t, il apab'.e of assimilation, but net the tl, therefore, i t<??jch care and tucV-clKin a a the weak ???> where m^y ro cuire from the ilrorg. th*t il Is a pitiful e*?lio unwisely aid uoneci tartly tranaplinted into 'iiir di l ls, and which it ji v.nprotti?hle to Cultivate at the c->st of the i)e?olanon if the uattve vineyard sor will the argu that the party of slavery is national, aud that'.f fierdcni ? cclioia1, any longs' ava.l wtien 't is fully ncder i stood far as it is founded :n trutn, it i? only a I result ol mat ptrverslm of ihe (xiust.tution wai:h has : ait. m| ted to c r#uui?? i ibe fre? lum.and to m iko slavery | Mtve'sal throughout the r?publiO. t/iually do tho repr(?ct'!> invective# and lat'res of th1' ?dvocat?a of 1 ?> v ry est' ns'. n fill, since I is wen and n il th?t truth, rest n and humantty can work right .n wtnout faoatl rirrr . and bi?r c?.nt.imiilj w.tbi.ut retaliatl'KJ. I CO"a* ?! tn s course larlfcer. 1 . ""a ?e the comMnaffto of tU.'.i/ ar < brtien -.p. and can ne<vr fie renew d v<Jh ru usr. Any new c<>iBt>iu?noD nuuit bM*<l oo ttio |?noci^? of tte Sbtilhrrn democratic faction, that surer y is oherent ly uit SLd beneficen t^and might to Ikj protect a. ? hi b ran no longer be ljl?raled In the Nortn. or e^e en the principle ol the N rfbern dent era;. ? faction thit slrivry 1s iDdirrrrDi and ut worthy of le 'eral pro?ei-tlo?. which s t?s?flicielent In tb? ?outh. while tbe national n, t.d has actua 1> pasted lar beyond b?;h of Hi'S." prtn rlpli-s, an I is sett!e<l in tte eocviction ilawy. v t*r. vr aad ho .vjerr it ti<U, exutl only U> U rtgr tUd and fUtl'+id I orr.irel this course farther, becnuse tbe necessity for a return to the old national way ha? heccne at last absolute and initiative We can extend slavery Inn new Vrrltoru s. and cr<ate new slave Ht ?uw, only by re op?-t,icg the afr can slave trade? s prooeed.ig wbicb, by destroying all the ex slitg values of -be s'^vae now held In the r tntry and their increase, wou.d bring tbe North and tho Scuth into compiete ouanlmlty m laeor of that return. . . I Y malty ? 1 coun?rl tbU r?ium becsu?^ * pUl?f?nar h m b<? n designated who possess#*. In an smioent and m.*t istisftctory degree, th" virtues and tne q isl flcations nneaiary for the leader In so gte*t an 1 generous a move B.eBt and 1 feel well assured tb?t Abraham I.tncoln wUI tct fa.l lo reina .g"irate the ancii nt ci'nstltutional policy in tbe ad mtii is Ira '..^>a of tb# g?ivern??bt suc*esfully be cause tbe republican parly , afVrr imt e experience, has at last acquired tbe courage and Ihe constancy aecssary t isattam bim.and because 1 am sal'sl'sd ihat the people, at last fullv aonviocad .f the wisdom and nee aiity of the prop ied reformation, are prepared to soatxui and give '.I etfect. In I Ahiirg. the capital of the Stat-? of Michigaii. Mr -ewar J a<Mreea*<l an imnten?j ateembla^o on the 6th of j-etiU-mber. and In the cottrae of his '(icech thu<> iuustrated Uie fume general idea flavevy and freedom cannot etrft In the samej'tat*; 1b?y are ira.mpat.ble; tbere Is an "in "preesibli con ll .ci bet wert t?<eni. (Isitghler ) lntrinl ?c^ slavery at.d you expel freeloit introduce freedem, aal slavery wl I sooner or later d e It has b>en alwtys my p .lMy ?o tue care that every new ^ute should be a tree State, ( and I will favor a* lorg is lean, wlthlo the limits of c nit tntloeal aetien, tie decrease and diminution of Afr tn r!x?ery 'j? ali the States. (Aj?p a we I That is | i the wboie qusatlus. U I am wrotsg, than I am egre giously wrenf. and you may abandon me aal my alteraa tlvts ll 1 am wrong in proooanciog slavery ineipe dlent. ?"i' wn! of course accept It. When dd yiu ever r>a<l or see of a State peopled eicluaively by Iro^nien that waa la any danger at borne or a>road Sever. Is tbere a slate "Hate, or a Hta-e that ever wai a slaee snate on tbe (MUMt of America, an t which atill rruios any vtst^e of slavery, taat does not to day eaa fr?* tee.f to be in danp?r of d omestic lo^urr *ilon/ Not one A tiandfbl of mad men meeting to I'batbaiB, and gotrg with a few ptkee and sp:k<si and ?t>ear?. alarm and t. ir >r it.r i 'dest and proudset. and once the greatest and lea 'it g Sute In tbe feoeral I'ntoo. with tbe pania of 'a f jrrfctw* and civil war ll crmsa b*? to yo i in every -tate Kmlneky espe>s the Iree rasa w ao defan le free den with ia ber limits, and Tenne?e subyatta lo the isuke ar.d l?rr >l the stave wh > as?lr#e to rreel.m, not from : rr'i. ty t - t Ir^ni ?'W3i ' ir lh ?.roty itc Mate And wbai do we hear frvns Texas ii<iw, but that mat new '?lale. Hill newer tban Mich'gwo, bat having, as ?ae tboagbl, Uifold the eiementa of wealth aad Mr n**h and irreperily, is ooavu?i?d with paow neoause I aver J beiwg brought into Jeoale among a portion of her eit ,ea? But you will ass me. what have you to do ? th th ?r why interfere m that su^'vi ' why aot adopt the opp??ite policy of non tnierreetioii, aad i<t tb' a# who like s'svery have it, an4 th.?? Who like Ireelnes hive free?lom t 1 wlil answer jet very siiri'ly Tou matataln noe a standing army i aoout uftetn tli"'ji*ai! it en. an I a ata ldiag navy which tl gh not very cili -ieol. Cau ao.v ?at irll toe what we ma.nta'n the** for? Tkt we mt'nta o t i. ?<?! n tbe State ot ? ch'#ao. ir i -rk. or Masaae|.i.?vttar Do we maintain aa arn.y and navy V> 1 keep on t i *?r & i ,> > ureal ves in i M free Stateaf Sot at a'l To we ma Btaiu this a*my aad navy to defend | vS against Ibraigr. Sftse n < re is aot a natma oa tbe I 'wo- .4 the '?rth that dare alt* ( any oee of tb?ee free Mat's if th?y were a^ 't separated aad dienn ied froa tbe j i t n V'tK owe ) Tbere is no stcn Iti ng, u ?? a? :arger, an l r> t ** ?r* k'?p g an a"ny and aavy 1 V what tn rdrr that 1'tn.s may not rswf? from the 1 ? ? -ut*a .nU> lb.' tree, and that f'red . - maor sis reg"?? la tbe tr*<i -taw s may tv.l aaler and laUoluce e'?tl war eto the ?;ave Jial*a. an' I beoa'^e t 1 . at, tf w? ; prof < ke a f> r> sti nr ry, the * mthwrn '-natier ?? etpot?l , i . ti ' tl teg ?Bd, Trance and Spsln. Toat is the I wliolo o^^-itl ur a'tn- atd navy H 1 sot , th a. a I right It say i??i 1 * 1 >..uer h.v s< army ac t no BAT) ' Tbat I wo?M ialh"r r. t wr i>g ir m tt ? f?wn?a "H ti,. te<l iMIe* MMtey tn nata.n the a ?Mtfc * Uieir vtry tnflcea'ee anrrupt pu?lie vir?ee? Oar ?amiy Ibat .s mf duly as a patriot a . a , thee . ? -tie te !*e great , ?< a of the Me ?n?fllei betwee? freedoai aa I Ilarory Tt - a ti at tbal a aatlr.i ^a? be wise and prosper., * a-. I y thai r*?a oe ilavs* wiU bsre awotl er ,'-.*tt ty?t.afla??i ,,? . .,t a tl* "I on Wl seoiir.' lb^ a>e Mi erj .-?,iii-i |raa be 4o*e. tn> tbe ulbse btsd, a ? i is tbte rreal ciele eoaieet. on tti? er.e -f tbe , - 1 Aresn, Witt thrr 'nd ihat s.t we bar* tote . ?- 'at si. ihat we do not s. ? r i ? ? wtg ? fail Other rat* k> dietd* oe. aad osesmge ? m r svai nr. wlT settle Ule qnegtion Oaaiiy a t |.,re"?r tn ?i- aps^b at W ie.. Mr. *?warj , . ? ' 1 i ? ?" ?? rr.eau waa to reduce lite grMo-racT. an] *o fail , I ba h "pon itmiyratic prn ip!?a. Hea*i<l- ? ;.'tw i i lie 1 *tr'd, wtcn ferr?T' aJi Jeir; >r?t J entrenched ind MUb'WiH so Krone In hereditary ' ?fletocraey , no empire oti aland, exoepl Mil yields to JJJ <ewocralic principles, took wound over the Celled Males of America, and nee how long 7 on oan bold those In 1 federal uQkufi, or uaiuWIi in empire exoeut M the principle) 1 of democracy Therefere, II In thai I say tbat you of 1 he North went are above all tuiuga dret, left, and all the time, to recogsflae aa the front element of tble republic the ?yatem nnd prinotplse at democraoy. An arielocrary la the government In which ia? few privileged own the lauds and tbe many unpelvl* leged work them, or in which tbe few privileged own tbe labor and ibe laborers work for them Hl-re, ihon, i? the greet problem Isaher* any danger that In the fatted "tales the citizen will oot be the owner of the larvt whlnh be cultivates)^ I>ia(ulatt Ibeee issues now before the peo ple aa tbey may be dlagulsed by the democratic party, Hill It la perfectly true that If the resistance of thin peo ple to tlavery were now to oeaai*, iho African autre trade would be renewed, tbe people, tired with a hopeless re aiatancu, would become indifferent. an<l 0000 mom Afri can savory would become tbe disgraceful trade of the Amir if an Msg The Southern States ohoose tlavery in ? tea J of freedom, and tbey have to drag out for years? yet not leng, not 10 long aa K.meof you will live, but still ai> long that they will be a drag and a weight on your novernrnts instead of ien.tipg you assistance ? tbey have got to ftrag to tfce end t.'.otr sjstom of slave labor. At Dubuque he declared that Tbe national policy on tbe subject of lab >r bad been for tbe last foily years erroneocs, taiso and teadlog t > rj in, and thai It must be revai*id. t?ur polioy, said ne, ? tbe reverse of that. It is to circumscribe slavery and to for tif> and eileu.l lree<lom (Apptaoae ) O, what plsasuro snail I bave In telling the pnopie of Kansas that, while ail others were fait oU as, fWlre or ilmld, they rescued the sfanuard of freedom, expelled the intruding slaveholder and established the fret). oui of man on the plains of Kan fa* 7 h> tfun ton wrfay u tkt e'tmal quettLm bttu**n Ike Jtw print, d aid 'Jit many unprinteyeO? txiitrm arutircracy and (Umncraiy. H la tne eame ques tion ibat la to-day upheaving Hungary and lifting tbe throne of the Austrian Kalrer from iu ptnnasle ? the game (lueflicn that has 'Spelled the tyrant of Nap cs frorn SkJ ly and driven blci to seek refuge in tbe fortress of ijaeU 7/ u Wot t nip an 'lernal ijuetlim, but a untoermi ouesfvm and Ike Jortiynrr hum* Ckat it it but anotker firm of the '? irrrfrrtuilk ccntt i>X" tkat crutked Ann out an exits from Au not tir land see yo0 may g# on ttM ioLS of justice an I tbe impulses of humanity, bat at last 1 ature unerringly vindicates tbe right an I punlsbea the wrong; and wfen she dots come with her punish ment she comet In terror, revolution, anarchy a id chaos. In a very curt speech which he made at Min neapolis to an extempore gathering, he denomi nated tiie present political condition of the coun try as a revolution, and mud:? That forty ye?rs ago there ap|>eared a neoesrlty for the ureal political revolution f>at was now going on He bad 1 ad no doubt of Ita ultimate suooefcs, because be b.l.eved Ibat that sueci ra ? ts an imperative necessity H 'h*l, therefore, never saifcrtd aima-lf to be discouraged, ?Veo In the darkest moment*, l>ecau?e be knew that a reaction ?ac ji:st aa certain and Inevitable In the t) xxik and e!>t>a of political opinion aa it was in tbe Hoods and tbbs of the M ?ii?ti|<pl. rhe cause of truth and of virtue waa ever aersneirf ? ever going forward, aud if, aaid be, I ara 'ihie to rtad an j thing of the siima of tbe tim(?, tk>U revolutvr* it neuifn IV wry e?v of a " ctt ful tmmmmai >">1 Iii his great speech at St. Taul on the lRth o< ceptvinbur, Mr. St.- ward represent* the lluler of the universe as taking part 111 tiiix irrepressible con flict, on the fide of the abolitionists, and ?ay?: - C< rlainly, p.rce we ran lay no little claim n having pr-.i!Lc< a t'us. resn.'t* !>y our own w- rk, or wudoD, or virtue, what c >uld I have been but that overruling potter whi.b, by lit higher law, oortrola uvea ths perverse w, la i t men, and which means that this sbal' be h-nce forth and forever, as it ?u nstabliaiel in Ilia begluutog a laad, not of slavery, but a land of freedom (Oheera ) fellow citizens, eittier in one way or tha oilier, whether yo'i agree with tne in attributlrg it to the interposition of IMvuie I-rovidenoe ?r not ihig battle hta been foaght thl? Victory has b>en weft, altverv todays, for U* llrst jime, not ? niy txiaer.ees, hut without 11 tluenoe la the American republic The serried ranka of party after party, which rallied under It to sustain an i support it are broken aud du solved under tbe pressure of the tbe greal and powerful march ? of the America* pe?p!e, delerni.ned to restore freedom to its original and Just p<?iticn 1ii tbf goren.ment. For the tltl time :a the history of iheloittd S.alts no man in a froe State ran b? hr:l>ed to vole for slavery. The gnrernm?ntof the t n ted Statu* baa oot tbe ^ower ti -vJa bribe or a feductkn by which to make aid convert democrat* to support slavtry. (Applauae ) ? * w ? This battle la fought, tut thia victory la wen, provided that jon stsnd deU'rmmed to maintain tbe great reyatv luar fart> , under !ia gnat act g.orirua leader, Abraham I. Lcoin. in it.n jgurat'og <t? princlplea into the adm:ni? tration of the |e^vrrment, and prov.ded too stand by him in his aacixistrallon, if II aha!) be, as I trust it ahaji. ? wife iua jujtsatf g,, yi one, uatll ibe adversary IhaU "E" hut thai be L;>? been heateu and shaU voluntarily retire fVoin U>- 11. Id. (Applaus-. A Voice?" We il do :t ) lo;>Ka you do tbat, thfre is itlli danger that all that has been galt > d may be !<wt. In .1 ?p?ech iv l.i. h he made to the Wide Awakes of !<eavenworth be thus illustrates tbo contest wLi. h look place in Kansas: ? treeCov, in the of the I'niMd .Stalea W to all the real of toe world a mere abtfaclion Bot It baa been joor ni.siortote thai yoor Territory was made the tnoa tr? 01 a com ict, tl, ; thrstre of tbe trial ofwal "iriwpre^ aible ceitlict (lai ghter anj cbeera) ? a eonUlCt of rau.d ? lib ftiu.l, to'.oe ? th voiw, vote with vole, ot bui.a agsinst tiuilal, tnd of cannon againal c*anon (Dud aid lemuitiKica' ck' ) You bavaa^uired lbs educati n of f r tec 1 m peact eal expt-r ?nce Voo have tbe start of all tLe otter ^tnt. s If there la a people in any part of the world ! ought to cber'?b with enduring reeprct, with tie ?a>Bi?: gratitude aad with tbe deepest It u rest . ass iredly .1 ia the people of Kansas; for, bal for 1 he praetieal trial llwy nave given to the ayste a whieh I I ad ade| ltd, but for tne vindication at ao much aid so m^cb v>?t of their honest rights under tbs .aw t for ote would have gone to my grave a I Jtf^iict ed n ?c? a false o-acber ;n the est! ua. ion of ?hs Americaii people ( tpp'aute ) Youre s the th'rly first of thirty lour ttstes of th? I I- ion which 1 have viaiieU for the pir pose of s rowing their soil, their skies and lho;r peonia. . have visited, m tbe course o' my iifetine, more taan three fonrtbe of the civii!?e<1 ntt ous of the world, at t of all tbe Stat, s and nations which I hare seen, that people which 1 hoid to t>e the ? isesl, the worlhieet and the beet, to tbe people of this little Male. ( Appiaaie ) The r*M?a of It Is tl.e old proverb, that "ban. 'some is that handsome doea." 11 other nation* have higher eduoatloo. greater rt Onetr.eiit, and havt cultivated the virtues and rottna menu of clvlliaed life more than you bave, I have yet to see the nation or tbe rrcple that has been able. In 'is very inception, in ita lafancy, in its very otganizatioo, to meet tbe rhock of the aristocratic system through which other naltos.* have bee* injured or rutnel, to repel all al lacks, and to cttne oot before the world tn tha altitude of ? l'eo^le who will not, under any form nl persuaaioc ae dixit 100 or inliB'.datlJO, oocaett, any one *f Ihton. 1 1 oest alave, any one to make a *;ave, any one of lb?m to bold It ?lave, or any foot of their territory o> he trophy aetaer or by a man who J not equal to every othlr ?>?? ta lite eye of the law. ( Tne following e*tr?ct is from kk at>c? h it Ate hiacn on the Jsth of September: ? Thla laad aboull not only be a laad of freedom? a land or knowledge and religion, but it should be, abeveall, aland which, a* yet, canuul be aald wits truth of any part of Foroje ?.r aty other part of the world a laud of. civil l.berty, and a land can only be male a and of liberty by adopt rg tbe principle which sever jet obtained 10 l.urope, and which is oaly to be allait t'd by iearulog it fr<.:u -r?e! s? that is, that every Sun an I- 1 br%v? U" "sang f.tra the tub xt <1 p?irt nm-n! i. a member uf ;W SUte, sal hit a natural rujkl 10 be a number of tht State, aad that, to tbs iaaguag* of the [Wlar^nusi of lortepvn ieoe?. all moo are birn eotial and bave Inalienable rights to life, liberty and t#? purs ill of l appineas Mis of tbe ?ialee wer? not nub iaho.1 ,0 this principle. They were rwtabliib'd a loag lime ago, and i.ndrr t rr imatac -ee which prevroled the adopt 1 >o of this pr;ec pie IVr th.w ?ai?a, members <7o?, I r!<* who r?ve been snabie or even unwilling to adopt this pr.ociple, I bave oaly to say thai 1 eave them free toet ,.'v ver of happiness, aad W> alUia whatever of pr weerity tbey can e?j ry and attaia with their srs lem Hut whm I am called upon to taiaMieh a govera meat f. r anew stale, then ! demaad th? a; ?j.,i.*i| ,a id the Vlriei; ies of tbe Deelara 10a of Ir.deponden.e? ,ap pause)? that every mac ought to be and ah >ul.i oe a free IE*B ?oetety raa have bal two terms by which the la Jl vidual can defend himself fyom (?ae ta thtl wblcb pau the muskrt into hie '.and and tells him at tbe Uet reeort ur defend bimse.f aad h.a liberty. The other is that which puts into bis hand the baibt, and teila him to deiead ha rlgbu with the balM I do maintain that .a founding a aew Stale, we havt J!f J"'?'*1 lb^r r ? M lk? perfect rght to (Stablah a govern meet which shall anre every mat in bis rights; or rather, I do say that you miiat put iato every man's hand? not lain the hands of a rew? the ballot or put la tn every man's band and net totoihe hands of a lew, the bulet, a that every man shall be qaat before the aw la his power aa a ettlseo All tt't shall bavs tbe bai;o|, or none, al mea ahall have lli# builfl, Of DOB6. ( AfpiftUMB. ) IT balcony of Binma1! Ho,, i it st. l . as, in which he npbr.tlde.1 Mlsaoo r, * wr toJerstint any laws that restrict freedom of ?pee*h and jf the pr??s, he made litis Jecl*r? Uor.; ? * halever Ilea la my pjwer to djto br ag laioenneew fiil and react re1 operation the grval prlampio that tbtt g? vserment is a governmect for tree men an I not for slarers or ilavebolder*. and thai this country 4 to be tbe I. me of toe e?Je ft..m erery an). I shal! do. n '^i,Tb,;j,n; "ismr1 " ? t??' ^avevy ana bavlag no power we have ai r<e|nMtMliI Wetsed no. fear tbat r'glrf, snd iaii?s, aad humaoav win sol prevail !a this worn!, rvaa though wa ara not In lie field a bore balt.ts foe it are to be foi.ght >f ? t?re In Sir", tiuas or II ar* to be g'vea TKer, asw v, -. ? ^ ?'?w r' Ik* .enftieran, {~ ft, fi nt Of most X.iut "lewui '-vi .uiUaut tnt^ef, -,nct m IT "*** A' "Ser' ** r"~"? <~<r t* VL "? C*rt? an try. u> \v r??-? ?*:ir~r Itie.'iW from :*? -vr*e K1I.A kv M tMiNMt N?'a ?atervMHt 00 ia !ha*ialee by freemea but ba.f of the te,.tloof the repoh: eanpirtv **&***?)>* '-" bo. 1. the iTrr.lor^ i. I sited Staus is Uie res toe ( < heera ) li vVrL?!7rl " inirorUnt ?j ?eC\ was that <K d l\ *aLu' T on ? !1? 2,1 i,Ht rt " ? WV make -ho f v T " ',;5 p]'7tTy |^'i*U^report:? U ? W Seadei le be a an. the Amet^-aa [-? -n*? ^ee^I I Wber^ubliaaa. batUa aed ign?al ba l beaa |?rrert--J rhe ?fTe-JTut^iT ' n * i.uit J b+im in prrwi^ % watt of ? I snd that waat was the bul ef the poflltSTJ^^S^U tfvee ef tte pet?; e. The peep;, woTj 1^*^** ; I men at fearless as Owen Lovejojr. Although they might ail the hall* of Uongroea wlln men who seemed lo be as | reliable as Owen I*j?ejuy , yel on U>? (Lrat clangor of Ibe ; sisvyy dfusa Umj would waver Hd latter ? *ouUt (liter Itaeiuaelven lo be demoralized, aui would then re Pira Vo drmoratiie the people. Tbe Srst ageuy put to aae.faid be, to reti n slavery, la the fear of oua>u >liuti and civil war The t lave boilers have justly, and truth fully, and rightfully ansutred that slaves ari- the nttural I enemies of their masters , and of ooarae that I lares are ' insidious enemies of any siute that requ.res theiu to be held id bondage; and therefore II is the settled policy In slave Slates to suppnas freedom of speech so far as liberty may need advocate*, while It extends the largest license of debate to tboae who advocate the Interests of slavery. The Dtoeasary oousequeuce la Uiat there Is no slave Rate la which a ballot Is open for freedom, or where a free mac s allowed in safety lo cait suci a ballot. If only one- side is alio ?ed lo vote in a citato it is very easy to sec that that side must prevail, (l^aujhter ) All ibe slave dlates appear thus to be la favor of Hlavry , and then they tell yju Uiat republicanism Is sectioual After the par <igo of tbe Kansas Nebraska bill in 18 >4, there was bnt one man left that did not despair. That nan. in bis zeal to make bis predict ion just, was be traj rd so far by hla belief that be became ultimately a meuooiamas and suffered upon the galtows. Thai inn was John Brown. (Cheers ) The arm and only time that evrrcaw him was when be called upon me after tbe sbrogatlra of tbe| Missouri oonpromlse. He asked m i ? hat I thought of Hie future/ I aa'd I was saddeneil and desponding; that I would persevere against bepe. He said '? Cheer up, Brother Scw.ird; Kaunas will never be ? slave ?tate. 1 (Cheers ) I took then a dellbirae fur v?y of tbe broad Quid 1 raw that freedom in the future Sta'es of this continent was the neoesslty of this age and oi this country. I saw that the establishment of this a* a republic of hiinan freedom, conservative of the r.ghu ?f human calnre, was tbe oaose of tbe whole world (A Voice. 'Amen ") I saw emigration pouring Irom tbe East *rn States and from Europe Into the Territories, and I kn. w the one necessity that they would have when they got there, and that was that tbey should own the land lb' ms< lv?s and that the slave should not come :nto com petition with them. I said, '? 1 will trust these men. My reliance shall be henceforth on tbe poor, not on the rich; oo the bumble, not on the great." Ave, and sad tt w\s to colli oss that it wm so. I said, " Hencefoilh 1 put my trust, not to my oouatryssen, but la the eitle lrom fo reign lands He hss never learned to aesus torn himself to slavery by habit, and he will save anl retain these territories." ? ? * * No man ever rejoiced more over tbe birth of the lirtt bom than 1 rej il ied when I saw the folly, the raid mis, if tbe repfal of the Missouri compromise, aud of the reaction of Kansas I raised a snog of joy like tbe et i f of Miriam wb< n 1 announced that henceforth tbe balt'e win ended. f'Tieers ) The battle Is ended, an 1 the victory won. W t v, then, are we asked not to with draw from the fleldf For the simple reason that if tie victors retire ihe vanquished will come ba-Ji. and the battle will b l be won. (Cheers aad laughter > The ripvOhcan party fill ?mpUie the great rtmlmtim It c early peretives it Daily U ors stsrwsJA* rwdful fnrset. it ban lor cm in all tbe free du Us, and foroe, 10 reserve at least, in every slave .-<tate It has tbe rlgUt liae of jr>ll OJ? a pilicy of peace and moral suasion? a -nicy of ar gunjeni? a policy, not ?f force, but of roasoo. U leaves ihe subject of slavery In tbe slave states to the Tare aad ifsponniblltty of the slave Statea al?oe, aoi tin* by ifcc constitution of the oountry, which .nsiea the slave Stal' s, on that si** ct, sovereign. 1 know that the re publican parly WiU Soooeed. beoauss it la a positive au 1 sn nctive psrty tt is the only party in the x>notry that is or cau be positive In Its action Abraham An.Jn rt ?rrstnu a paity which it rctoletd thai no sure llatm iA all ! impark id from Afrv a, or carrud from any ifcn* Kate to the ummon toil tf .he I'ntitd Stalet. (Cheers ) [* * * There is a time wben nation* require the settlement of subjects of collection. Ihe time has at last. , The ilar-h Idino Sta'e* and free States require the Ht:lem~rit of thit 7'j arret U mutt be rrprnted The p "pie will Kaoe it re}rrent<L Wo arc not to' be forever disputing upon old comrcvi 'sles. New subjecta of political action will luoe up. J Ms c i.iUat mutt be put an end t k There it onl" one way, and that ii m the mitctu of the r*f*Mic*i% party ((hi ers ) Tbe rsct that It la neoesearjr to be dooe is the reason why tt will be done. It caMUt be tettlel otherivite, brcame it mrolvt a i /to Him nf jtulic ?, of comcience It it fur u?. not a quts'im of polity, but a question qf mnal ri^h! and duty In our judgmmt it it wrong to perpetuate t'i our Met or (<v our tancivm, or lo attend ilaneiy there tore we ihall maintain the utur to the latt It cannot be a metier of conscience for a slaveholder to extend slavery. It Is only a question of merchandise. Men, of what n-r race or nafion, are in our eitimatiaiy mtu Ax-vdina ?o cur fa Jh A <y all ha?t a naiuj^ r-jpfc to l>? ??*,- but la the (sl'Datioti of the other party, African slaves are not men, bui merchandise. It Is with them, therefore, no thing more nothing leit, lhaa a tariff juesiioo, a ques tion of protecting conmrrce in slaves Fjt ut it iia a<m tunof human ri^KU. TKertfore. hen U it tei'lei in favor of ryhl ii will siay tetded. So much for Mr. Seward's views On ?'!? doctrine of llie irrepressible conflict. We might multiply extract* from his speeches presenting the same vicw?; but we have given enodglt to citrrv convic tion to every mind tlist the object which "Sir. Sew ard has prescribed to himself V) accomplish, aud which he wDl prescribe as a rule of action to the administration of Mr. Lincoln, should the republi can ticket triunijih, is not only the MNfMl excln aiui of slavery froru every foot of the national ter ritory, but its ultimate extinction in the btates where it at pre. xnt exists. In the language of his Chicago spec oh, it ia a question of hutu in riu^te ? a question of justice, of conseieuce, of moral right arid ilutv, and "we (the republican party) shall ma ntaih the issue to the last.*' BM.ATIY* K?r*CT? OK FHKKDOtf AND OLAVKRT. The ?<? ornl idea which Mr. Seward gave promi nence to iii Uin cruiadiiig niie.ioti wu that the in flu. n e of slavery ia perai. ion* and injurious to the well beintf of the State in which it exi.-tx. ll.i pr? s?td thw on variou? oc anions, bat we whl con* tent our-elven with pro*?-nting a few extr.iot* und> r this head. In hi i Detroit apeeoh he said: ? knowledge, emulation aod Independence among Uie numbtri of a eocla< state are the chief elemeots <>( national weaitb, strength aud power. lgooranoe, tado leoce and bondage of adivlloaia are always sources of oalonal labMIIH; an 1 de :(IM A.) tiathua iu tb<nr terns have pra;tla?>0 tiavory Moat of them hare abolished it The world over, the wealthiest and mott powerful nations bare beea Ukm which tolerated it least. and which ear ,ieet ao>l mnet oomplclety aboitehod it Virginia and Teiaa are thrown luto a panic ev?n now by toe appear aae >r even the suspicion of a baadfal a( men with o their bord. r* Inst* rating civil war. Maasacbuaette and Vermont defied British invasion, ba ked ?y trasoa, ai.biy years ago. In the report of his ?peech at Dubuque we flud the following:? There ?u not, be sa.d, a liar* employed to the foreet, tbe asberies, the miner U<e navigation or the ooataercc of the Valtel State*. Make ue a nation of slaveholders aad tbe frebieet Pjwer of Europe would only have to ap ply tbe torch of Insurrection and civil war, by proposing to raajiclpate our slaves, aod than we woo Id haw, in ae>f defence, to form a federal union with Ciaada The following extracts are from hia St. Paul ?perch:? Ana now, fellow elt'.aanit. we tee all arotind a* tbe re sult* of that wise policy, (erta'a of the Matee ooocarred partMUy ta the policy of tbe fatbere. I aaad not tell ?ou ? bat Hialea they war*. They were Maaaachiaeta, Ver ?met, Rhode lalaad, Connecticut, New York, New Jeraey atd Penury Iran la. ?otne . tber Htatea did not I aeed rot leu yon wtat 4Utee they ware They were tbe fti Scuthern Stale* of the Cbkio. Tbe alt southern Sate* raid ? ? ? Altb< the c institution ha* arreatej the (tare trade and inn ted I m re ii; ration, aad adopted the pollay of mat or all the men of the Htatea free aod equal, yet we ? HI adbrr- to the rvtteaof slavery.'' Well, what te the retell* Yco tee It In the cities of Boston, Saw York aod Philadelphia Yon see It in tbe wheat tlelde >f Nc? York, of Ohio, of Indiana, of IlMaola, of Wisconsin. Yos sei It a tbe (locks of steep in Verm ont aad New flam I ?hire Ton see It in the cattle that multiply aad abound op<? a thousand hi la Y.a aaa It la the millions of apta dies ia tbe manufactories of the Kast, aad in tbe forge* aad furnaces of Prncsylraa v Yon see it a the crowded ?Hipying of X* w Yort, aad a her ptlaon* and towsrs, ambitiously emulating the splendor* of the Old World aid grasping la herself the ogmmeroe of the globe. Yoa see, even a Calibrate and Oregon , the same roeulta. Yon see lhatn la the copper dag ost on the banks of Laks Superior, tbe too ta Pennsylvania, the gypaam la New York, thi salt a Ohio aod Nee Yo??, the lead la Illinois aad t ha stirar aad the gold la the froa Stales or ths Pariflc uaat la all thee* y<>u aae tbe flraiM of this policy Neither la foreata, nor mtaee, nor manufeotortae. nor workshops, la there ooe African slave laal turaa a wheel orr ppi eeotl to kaapthe maahtaery la motion (Appiaaae ) "a the other hand, yon aaa allMons of freemen erowdlng each other a a perpetual ware. rolling over from Europe on the Atlantic coast, sprsadisg orer aad banding up great Mataa from the font of the Alleghany mioatalaa, rolling over tfaeaae, year after year, aattl they build ap n nine 7 ear* a eapltal a M.aaeooa equal to the oapttai bui't la aay save state a the 0a ton a two ha ad red year*. (Cheer* ) Yoa ass here the frwta of thta grant policy sf the father*; yon sea what oom*a *f a visa p>li cy Bat do aot let us mistake It for policy. It la not policy. It la the staple aaUoaal praotk* of J<iM>oe, of equal aad exact J eat loe ta all sasa tor this frseiea. wh tch e* bona! so highly, Which wa lore aa dearly, sad so jest ly, which we prefer ahoea every other earthly gaad, aad without which earth la oaflt fbr the babMatioa of nan? what ta It f Nothing hot yoa allow lag ta aa my right*, aad 1 allewtag to yon equal rights? every man baring asactly hie own, the right to decide whether he will labor or pariah? whMh*r he will labor aad eat, or will b* idle yd ale? aad if be will labor, for abet be will labor. tSd for wboaa be will abor, and tha rl<ht to d.aobarge hie employer j?*t exactly aa the employe es n diieharga him. (tneert ) Yno asa tb* frula o< this Bliey In another way. Oo over the Atsartcaa noaliaeot ? rr ?e end of It to the other, wherever lha pr.ocip.e <W equality liaa been reUls-1, and ivwy -,tl?en of a JUie and every cltl/*a of every other atate, aad every exile trr.ra a foreign aat!'?. aay write, print, S(>eak aad vote? wl.. n be aqalrsa the r>ght to rote? joet exa?ly as be p leasee, aad thsre >? ac man to naotast bla, ao aae to terrify bla, ao man svea to enaplata. Aad tew re .eeae the picture, and go Into aay whioh has retained that vrlaeip'e or tbe inequality of man, aad determined fiat tt will aa'atala it to tlx- '.at. and yoa will And tbe mat) where rot evaa tfc<* net re born MM and siavoholder, or .-ertainty aoaa but bla. raa express hie opHttoa ou the qoeetioa whether the AlrKvaa la or la aot a <iea-? of Bam or whether be ia eqoa! or Inferior to thi white manand .f?e^ afV-rlor, whether tt la nut fh?n the duty of the white aiaa to eaelave b m No, aa e tha ward fw freemen wherever slavery areaiaed aad nher abed? sil? nee, the sbarnce of freedom of speech and of freedom of the prtts. What k ltd of freedom la that' la 11. era a man in V aneaoto who would for one day ooneer.t vo lira a It II ha were not Indulged in tbe ixerc's* of the right to borrah for taenia, or to hnrrah for D?uglaa. to hurrah f?w freedom cr to bnrrah for sUe-ey I th nk llal these 1*0 000 peop'e woald bo earn moving right oat, eeet aad west, iato Ir'tbh Nor? ^aert^a, or Itit^, Ka nwiiMJte? thy where on the earth to get ml of this invariant aad fert ile raliey, If any power, humaa or dlr ae, sbouM te olar* to them that the* apoke aad voted thetr real aenti; icents and their real choice at their peril. a ? ? Now, a'seeall this been diae. iet oa see wht! la th? reeo't a'ter a'.V? w hal adrartage naa e.arery gat. aad wl tt fcas frfedc? kat. wh '? w? have f* r>rtr v?wr? I' rap oarfrsa ^asrat et fr* sasa should be ttr ppad of ever) thing and lhal t lavery should b? la vetted wHh ill power. Wby, they Lave arretted U? ? march uf em*u-t paiK-D at the line of Per us; Waal*, ao.1 h*ve left Ibe aa cunt slavery still existing in l)e aware, Maryland, Vir ginia, North Uarollnt, Sooth Carolina iu I Ueoritla; and they have adCed to then) a ome rtve or Hi slave sittss id the Southwestern aagleof the Ohio and VimuaHifl. Itil j is ail that they have done Acl, ou the outer hand, Ih.i great vital principle of the republic, Una principle of | freedom and equality, what ha* it d<>oe v It baa ab.>itah"d , slavery in seven of the original Stales, and baa produced | new and strong, and most vigorous and virtuous States all along the shores of the great lakes and serass to the , valley of the Mississippi, and It uu established freedom i beyond the power of being overthrown on the ooasts of ] the PacKI* Ocean. The following is from big spesch in St. Joseph, | Missouri: ? Tbe democratic prlnc'pl'J tha' every mu ought to be Ute owner of the soli that be cultivates, and the owner of the limbs and tbe head that be spplioa in that culture, baa been adopted In * >me of the States earlier than It <vas in others, and where .1 was adopted earliest It has workfc out tbe fruits of higher advancement, of greater pro* perity.of greater enterprise. Where it baa not been adopted, enterprise and industry have langoiahed In pr > jrf riiun. But It la going through, and It la bound to go through. Aa It has already gone '.hrougn elghleoi Staid* of tbe I nion, to It is bound to go through all the other llfleen. It ic bound to go through all the thirty three State* of tbe Union, for tbe almple reaaoj that It ia going through the world. In his Lawrence speech he said, speaking of the admission of Missouri aa a slave State:? The federal government secured the slave rapitil of slaveholders In Missouri. Tiiey rejoloed and trlnmphed, and Iradorn wtiil mourning. The oountry roee aud Mid, with oi.e accord, ".t Is well done Down with ?? yoL ouly rave negro capital " Now. Lavo you ever stopped to Itquire what capital Missouri hai in slavei at that timer Missouri bad then 10,222 Afr cans in bond age. A< cording to my recollection ? for I was bora a slaveholder, and have some ,dea of tbia thing? they were , then worth $3(0 a bead, taking babe* and mothers Into account w,th the grown np'lield hands. That wjuII muke J the whole value S3 CM C00 Arkansas had then 1,600 ' slaves, worth f 180,000 so that all tbe capital put a. stake | in Missouri and Arkansas was only 13,600.000 To save that capital In negro* s the groat cjinp-jmlae of 1310 j was made, Missouri and Arkansas given up to slavery, and tbe march i'f freedom urristud on the bauks of the Mis souri river. Now, $3,800*00 was a very larne sum to lie , sure; but noperscn then or ever proposed to conOs ate this property. Tboy were left lioo to soil. There wis no con Oacatiou of the Slav.* proposed, as there never ?.*8 in Mas sacbusetls, Connect ? ut. New York, New Jersey, or Penn sylvania, so that this 13, bGO ,010 was u ever in jeopardy by the proposition to mane Missouri a Tree State But even ,lf there had been a cotttscation , see how small a sac 9cc i of property was to be made, against the immense, the in- > calculable advantages of freedom dispersed over tblsbroail^ j cotliucLt. and see how unavailing are the devices au 1 , contr Ivknaex of men, of slalt smen, of partiaa, or even of ! nations, to counteract and control the groat moving opsra lions of the age. Woo would suppose tu..t tbe wisest men i of the South and of the North would believed that, after tie canals of N'ew York and Pennsylvania should be , opened, after steam boats should be put upon the rivers, after the telegraph should have boen perf'Wtod, and | when the schoolmaster and tbe Christian missionary were ' al>-aad, U ai they could by making Missouri a slave State In lt<J0, make Kansas a slave Slate forty years afterwards ? Now tbe question ia all decided, and what havt th. y got ? Tbey have got slavery Into Missouri and Arkansas, and freedom into Kansas, into Nebraska, prac ticaliy into New Mexico and I 'tab, and freedom established and universal over Ute whole Pacta] coast. That is , what cornea of trying to bind op tbe decrous of Provl- ? deuce la bands of hemp aniLfltx fabricated bv human skill. Why did it fail '< It filled for lag simp'o reason that socitty liaa Its rlgbta and its necessities It is imsi as necetaary that men should move out of Massachusetts, of New York, of Ohio, and Indiana, and Illinois, and even Missouri, Into tbe West, as it ia u'-cossary that Kai.-as and olber Territories of tbe West should receive tb?m when they corns. It is neoessary that tbo exiles of Europe should have a pla*> aliere they might oc "per tectly free" to have no elavos. (LaughUr ] He argued Ibat tbe oonaequence of making Midori a slave State was to divert emlgratioa ^is tbe Northwestern States and Ouada. and t? ,a that there were people eooogb now In Kaosw ?? have made Missouri % great St tie. But, 'aio r-e, Missouri does not want to be a great Slate. She pref- rs to be a slave State. Tais is a aad case for *Mis sour I, but not by any means a hopeless naae Kansas, which Misaourl in the first place overran and subjugated, and then rerused? for virtual y she alooe has refos 1? to admit her into the American Colon, Is to day opening tbe pons M cer southern and western bird'-rs, and la taking steps to open a highway from St Louis to tbe Pa;lOc. Never were the people of any Stato so sui cidal aa tbo peo ple of Misai'url. :f she rema.m a slave HUle, aa she de nr?s to be then she must be a planting State merely, at <1 the value of her lands w. II be relatively w rthioss. Every slave Stale becomes Impoverished, and every free State grows rich ? ? s ? Tin years from this tune tli? [oople of Kansas, then only sixteen years ojd, would not give their wealth for that of Virginia. in lieavenworth he predicted the rise of a great State in the Valley of the Mississippi, and said that it might have been, and would have been, if her people had b?en as wLso as they were, the State that lay opposite th im on the Missouri river. I do not "tow, said be, that the State of Missouri will not yet be that gnat State . tor ihete is a hope, there is assurance, that Misaourl will ultimately, ia??oi by tbe ii'structloo you ar? giving her and tbe example yoa are setting ber, be a free State She haa aotl aa fertile, skies as genial, as those with which 3od has blessed any por ti u of the earth. That !uie wil ultimately be the great est, most respected, most prosperous, ra nt honored Slam In this American In ion, which alheres moat faithfully to the fundamental coucltiona of a Slate aad of a republic, shicb ouoditiona are siop!y these: securing to evsry man equal and esact justice, aad the fullest opportunity for Ibe improvement of bis own couduion ,ind the eleva tion of his own character bjr tbe laws aad customs that we osderstaad. In fct. I.otii* be aftid:? What Mtrsoorl wuu la courage, resolution, ?plrlt, manhood? col consenting to take only tbat privilege of speech that alaveboldcrs allow, bat instating on com p.eic 'reecom of specch. But 1 bare full trust that It will all oome right to the end , that to t eo years y ">u will double jrcnr population, and that In fifteen or twenty years you will bave four millions of people To eeoure tbat yon have but to let every bio who comes be re, from whatever Bute or nation, apeak oat what be be lieves will promote the welfare and tntereata of man kind. What aurprtwd me lo Kumb wa. to aee the rut Improvementa made there w tbln f>tx year*, with ao little wenlia or itrength among ber people; and what surprised me to Missouri waa that with fucb a vast territory and auch grehl reeouroee, there waa ao llUle of popula tion, t mprcremett and strength to be fonnd. (faint mao lire tali oaa of approval.) I ought not, perhaps, to taik Uteae thisf-a to yon. I abonl 1 have begun at the otber rc1 of the story, lb" ugh a cltlien of aay otber 8tau> baa aa much liberty here aa the clliscoa of Mia sourt, bui be bss lees liberty than I like. I want more tban yon bave. I want to apeak what I uuok, tnsiead of what a Missourlaa thinks. KRXKDOM IN BTATZ.4 AND TKRRfTOKlM. From oar telegraphic report of the Lawrence speech we extract the following: ? The cauaa of all the Interest I have fall la yon baa been merely thta: tbat yon oocapy a pivotal position la the Called Males with regard to freedom and slavery. There la ao oonteat nor diilersnos on the subject alonj the line of Northeastern Statea, for they are all fbr freedom. none on the line of the South ra Stales, for tbey are all for aiurery, but there te aa eternal autre fbr the eatasli hmmt of freedom or alavery in all the real of tbe Tatted flaw*, from the Mississippi te the Pacific. If freedom waa to irlamph, there waa no 8trt where abe could expect to meat the enemy eioept ? e place where she has met it her*. If yon and bees | falsa, alavery would have ewept through the territory af New Mectse and tbe whole eonatry Is tbe rtciflo. Oaii forala was imperfectly aeenrad to ftssdom, aad with a earn prow lea. Ton opened a new casspalga hare drowned It with a complete victory Hwoeferth the battle la ended. Henceforth the free laborers froaa every Uad on the ear 10 can pursue this oaward path lo the Reeky Mountains. You oot oely occupy a pivotal poa< Uon, but thta eaterprtee was attempted at a critical p? nod. In 1144 all gearaeteesof freeiae were abandoae-1, and Kanr<?. that bad for forty years been 'ree from tbe ftxtrtepe of alavaa. waa pronounced as much of a slave State as Amlh tkrollaa At this crisis tbe people or Kan ?a* appear* 1 oa tbe stage, reviled, despised aad haled. They lifted the baaaer of liberty on high, aad enconnter ed peaceably all the efforts made to auMne them. In thru yer?s Ue y mat <mly frurtd /Ymdtm A^A'sassi, but is sO rlU TwrUorut of IXr imiitd Wain No ether ess ban died the assail people have ooolrlbated an mash for frss <oa aa Kaaaaa Why waa It, be aaked, that all the set Us meals aad oompromisM were not gaaL for aa other rissia thaa that the eoanid waa IrreprsBSlbte, aad waa sot lo ha aatUed until Kaaaaa had gaally aad for* ver de termiaad that aba would ha (Tea, aad woald aot be slave. < Apptauea ) I Ulna It will be found that the whws qaestloa waa enttM la the dellveranoe of kanaas, aad freedom ta triumphant la all tbe TV rT I lories of the Called Statea. Aad now, wbat , do we aee? We see in Pennsylvania that they have aet made np their mlads that there la aay such oooflici at all. Oa the huls aad rooks aad aaoaatalas of Virginia they are actually orgaaizlag a an I H la la defcad the citato of Tlrgl ala eg* tnet freemen whs are establtahtag freedom n Kaaaaa aad W?w Mexico, aa If the people of Kaaaaa were no wiser tbaa tbeir selves asd as If, when they wanted lo make territory free, they dkl aot go Into it with tbe ballot hoi aad scboolbouse, aad aet themaetvss dowa to ve?a It free, taking eere to leave the alave Hut as perfectly free l? keep slavery as les? as tbey oaa, kaewiag that they Will be quite ready to reasove alarery from vn 'Of lliim wbea U?ey sea that there la ao laager a proapect uf their keeping the empire of tbe oouetry ia their hands. IB LI* AU-hieon speech he raid: - TVs Mate (meaaiag Kaaaaa) larger than aay of the otJ thirltea Stales, has aot one acre that la unmsceptibie of cu i ? aot one foot that may aol he made prodnc tlve of the tnpptlea of the w*ats oi hamaa life, ooakforta asd lasnrlei. The queetlon was prdpoaaded to not of my aeektas? it name before me becauaa ! was In a po si lion where T maet meet all queettoas of thta ktad? It came some sti years ago Do the interests of banian ao- I society require that Una lead of Kaaaas ebouM be poa sesae<i by slaveholders aad cultivated with alavae. or poa seaeed aad eoKlvaled by freeaaaa, every oaa of wtiom , tball awn the laad which he enHlvales ao4 the muscle* wtlb wbiah he tllli the earth' When I look back at that ' period, only 111 or seven years ago, 11 ?eemt strange to me lhal any man living no thle ooatlo -at, htm? .f a free ; maa arid ch.Mren who are free, b I maet f a free ' laborer and bating children who muat be free laborers, htmeelf earning hie ewa a u beta tan. e and haviag ch I | ?r?n who moat depend oa their own efforts f r tb< r snfport. fhoulJ be IrUling to rea, ga a portnio of tbis on i oa nt so great, a Boll so rich, a climate an ?. -nie). lo the support rf African aegroee instead of wblta men. Africa ?aa not crowded far Kaasai Africa has neree sent to th a cnuctry one votoniAry ei le or em grant, a?1 never wtU. Tbe snns of Africa have lao-ls which Tor tk.-m are m <r* pr iductive, bavs babita mors aad sh'ea bailee tempered itao ? i s are I have an, p<??i it far better, there >n IS . ? e the fa?>;>lo of t'n'awbere 0?d ptaole?l tbera, no tbetr aafee aborea Pn;tbee?se ww diffrreat with aa-n of my own race?the wnle n-s. tbs blae eyed meo tae yaliow ha'rei at of h gUnd, <A Inland, of Scotland, of France, of Germany, of Italy; Sver sines Una oonllnent waa dlecoverad op pi ?Ion CD titty form baa been driving ihern from iboes laoda lo eeek home* lor their subsistence aad luuporl on 1AM ooo tlnent. There la no difference bet *een us all emcept ihle: that ay 'i.ther waa drives oul cf Europe by want end [ privation some hiutlrtnl years ago, aad olhera%>me bun i dred year* later, and some bave jiat come, and tou* nt thooaands, aye, mllllou*, have yet to c >me. We are all i ex ilea directly, or reprtaael lb?*e who were exile*? all enles mart" by opprassitm, superstition and tyranny la 1 Furope. We are of one family, raoe and kindred, all berO In Ihe pursuit o happiest*; all m>-< >.ng to improve our oon i dlliou ; ail seeking to titivate ou character My sympathies bave gone with lb It olaas of mau. My efforta have been, u they always be, to lay open before thum the rut i regions of thla oontlseut, to 'he end that wa may eata 1 bliah here a higher, a better and a happier clvllTaatlocv I tbau that from which ourselves or oar anceators were ex? lied m foreign lands. In Ckvflind he said;? The point which I do make Is, that In the Tt/ritorlea oaf the United Mates, under its flag, lj man haa a right to take a slave, to settle or colonize, on the ground that be I takes him there lo be bought or sold, but that toe State must keep film at home where be belong. If not left ? slave In the Dm ted 3tat?s, he muBi be left :n Africa, where be beloLgs. Adopting this principle, nine but free men practically, none but while men? will enter the Territories. They will reclaim them rom their wilder - Dtfs condition, and found there Institutions of freedom. Slavery will avoid entering there, aa ths devil himself woild avoid entering Paradise if the gates were opened for him by St. Peter. (Laughter.) In his Lansing speech he t>aid:? What, thto, are my 11ml at niinply these: ? Tho oonsll ? lotion of the 1'alted Stales make* you and me a sovereign over the Territories of the t'ol ed States for their goo<l and for the welfare cf ihe wbjio people. They are vasaat, unoccupied, unimproved, and if they are left oxposed lo tbe cupidity cf the slave tt aster and tho slave merchant) before free men can reaoh there In n ambers to oover iho land with the civilization of the white man, tbe slave hollers would inter tho Territories and oolonlao them with s'aveholdcra ajud slaves Tbo smallest powible Infu sion of slavery Into a Slate has boeu enough always to demoralize Its whole people, and, strange to ear, It turns them all Into apol<<gifta and excuaers aad de fenders of slavery? a prmcip'e wbl;h, I am ashamed to confess, bai been the rule of action among tbe Amorli an people for fssly years. * * ? It Is, therefore, a matter cf the highest sooseqosoeo w hether slavery ts voted np or voted down. Be sire, therefore, that you do not give the Held to tbe thtvebold eis and the slaves before !ree men are at liberty aad pre pared to enter It. In one of his I^avenvrorth speech* he said: ? Follow citizens, you stand on ao important point. You perform lor others the ofllce which th'?re was none lo per form for you when you came here. For those who are willli g to build up new free States at Pike's i'eak and ?cross she Rocky Mountains, and all ihe way down to the Slate of Texas, aud all the way up to British America ? you Bland here as sentinels to p'otoot them and to securt> them free partake to the land of their choice. That ts r. high aud honorable prerogative. No other portion of tbe American people has ever beld so responsible a trost, and the fidelity with which you bave won this position against tui-h fearful opposition, enc >uulerlng even the resistance rf the federal government itself In all its departments, makes it certain that that high trust will be performed k.cceaafully, completely and triumphantly. PANOKg or DISSOLUTION. Mr. Reward affected to treat the question of di6? soutiou as one almost too absurd to tilk aboat, aud when he did refer to It at all it wai generally in a derisive tone. It was not alvrays so, however. In responding to an address made to him on his ar rival *t La Crosse, he said:? ir we found you isolated and separate eommnnitlM, I'lstlnct from ourselves, we siiil should be obliged to re joice in s cb evidences of prosperity and growing great ness Ho# much more gratifying it Is for uatc^Ood, in iverything thai we see and heir, ab indent evidences tXat we are, after all, not separate and distinct people*? not distinct peoples of lo^, Wisconsin. New York aad Massachusetts, but that we are one people? from Ply mouth Rock at least lo tbe banks of tbe Mississippi and to the foot of the Rocky Moutiti ns. It is aa aasuraaco ? that enables us to trample under our feet every wbsMj every thft at of disunion, every alarm and apprehension cf ibe disnembeiment of ibis greet empire ; for we UmI in the sentiments which yon have eipressed to us today precisely the sentiments which were ktndlod tw? ban* dred years sgo on Plymouth Rock, and which are spread' ing wider and wider, taking deeper aad deeper roots iu the American sod. They give us tbe sure and reliable guarantee that under every poesl >le change ot condition and circumstance tbe American people will nowhere for get the common Utercst*, tho common affections and tba common destiny which make them all one people. His regular speech the same evening at Lf? Crosse was directed principally to the same consi deration. He said:? Slavery, aa a federal nstltciion, Is obsolete la :hla land. Only one argument remains ?o the democracy. It aoswl to ua loudly and clamorously from tbe Southern Sta>ee . and querulously and timidly from among ourselves It is that if we do not choose to flye up tbe ceoteet, and if we elee.t our candidate, the fabric of tt?a Unxtt shall be broken down aed shall perish 'n rains. Thai la the only argument left? that the Helen will bo d tssolvsd , if we succeed In selecting tbe honorable states man from Illinois, Abraham Lincoln. Well, I prof-ma to address a few word* to yoo on the subject, and lo exam - ice bow Imminent that danger ka with which we are me saeed. Tbo Uskm is to be dissolved Certainly. Why not, if Abraham Lincoln, or tbe Cwgresa of tbe United "uue acting with blm, shall commit any overt act that shall he on Just or oppressive to the slsve Stales or lo any portico of the I a JOB? But they w ill not wall for that, and Uwy aro very wlae in not waiting for It, because if tbey put their h'eataon that condition they would la tbe 0 rat t>aeo have no argument against Mr. l.lneoln'a elect Km, and iu tbe next place they w.tuld have to wait until after the <le? tion before they raised tbe argument. (Lighter > ^o It must be on the ooedition, pare and simple, thai Abraham Lincoln shall be elected Presilent of tbe Ua'teA Stales Weil, ll he be elected, it will be by a mai >rl?y of tte American people expresalrg their choice for hits un der the forms of the constitution, and by tbe laws main by slaveholders and hia opponents, equally with free sollers and their frieeda. If Abraham Lincoln shall bo elected lawfully and eoaatiti'tmnally, then tbe govern meat is to corns down. Iiless my son], fellow eHtzws, what can we dof If we like Abraham Lincoln, aa I ant sure you do? don't y oaf? (ay* aye)? If all tbe people ot tbe United Males like blm better Ibsa tbey like Jobc Ball, or Btspben A Itong las, or Mr Brecaiarvlge, ho a raa we heir bis being elected F (Laughter aad appiaims > If he shall be elected, what IS that more than the peey* ot Ibe Unl?-d Stale* bars beea guilty of doing for seventy Tears, everv four t a year? electing one man wb xn tbey like better than any other man? Is there anything wrong .n that Utn yoo contrive aay way In wheh youcaa elect a minority man s man whom tbe people do not like? If so. 1 should like to sse the patent produced. What kind of govern me it would it be if we elected a man we did not Tike instead of a man we did like? My Ispreaelon is that it would be a government not differing: v<ry far Trom the empire of Austr.a, where tbey always manage lo elect a titan whom tbe people do aot like, and where tbey have ao admirable way of saving tbe Oatcr by organizing aa amy of SOO OM men armed to tbe teeth to ma in tain tbe man whom tbe people do not like, rather thaa let them have tbe man whom tbry do hie. (A Vrtce ? "That la tb*;way tbe democrata>re doing here. > 7 kal IS Ike uwf (Aey mmld du ewynVfr, trnt Ihmi it Lkt Ty 'Smg *ktch rmmmoi bt d one ktr*. fellow citi zens. let me say to yen that those who talk aboet testrev ag this I'nion, aad tvea tboes who foar lhat It la gotn? to be destroyed beaaoee the people do what tbey lawfully may do, and what tbey bave a ooostttolloua! right lo do. know nothing at all of tbe sobjeet of which tbey are talk lag. Tbey have ao idea of what tbe Uatoa te. Tbey havr aevee raised ihelr though U so high, nor exam'oed iir fr undatlona si lew, nor surveyed ita prr>|k>rtk>na broadly enough, to know what thla l>wm la. Tbey understand H sa a . ^partnership of thirty three ntsAse, Iflesa of whx-b deilgkt in tbr slave trade, aad sigh teen of which de like and repudiate tbe slave trade, aad prefer tbe hiring aad rompensallia of free lahsrsrs. Ws may oall alaverr by g seals names or asodeat terms, bet slavery is oothta; ksss than lbs trade la alavea, for it makes merebandas ol ths bod lee aad souls of men Now these OfWn Su.*r bsve the r'ght and have the poser, tbe saqueeliooat'lr sud nnd<niahle |>ower. to carry m thla trade a slavee w thin theee flftoen ><Ulea theme* 1 raa. We do no* later fere with them. Ws have ae right to interfere will, them. Tbey are sorerslgn oa that eebject, and are ex empt from omr eoatrol Bat wbao it ousses te the federal Union? tbe felon which la tbe govsrnaasnt ever us *11? there their right lo trade la slaves la ths IWrttorlsa oi lbs Ualted nates has cuesd. because ibe naaatltutioe M tte HiM pcsasr*'y sesplre of thirty mlllioas sf people. It Is set mads for trade, a*-b lees for trade n ibe bod lee aad souls of mea. U Is mai< for the happiness of the people, for tbe devekrjem* nl I tbe material rteonroee of the ooaatrr, te psare sad safety to every etttssa la Ufa broad land, sad to guarantes Him in lbs fall sotoymeat of all Ma rtfhic of life, liberty aad property. It opeea lo blm tb'r vast e<?tla< ot for Ihe puree It of bapplnees. and by it* power aoting on the govwrnmsets of tbe "?d Work: sad o' lbs New, I makes the American olllseo the citl s*n of the a >' (a?plaaee) Thie Union o. oorj g vee ue * property e the tnmbe at cMlaer and Moenl Verno ?ed la tbe battle he Ida of Soaker Bill, aad Hara'oja ao<t V rktowe Are tbeee all to be euereadered If eay -ta.< as org na should become dtsceetented besause tbey are not able lo secure all the advantage* from the I'otoo ttoo' i e*m te be deeirablef If the Unua la lo ae dieaoieel. I ave shows that ihe way la aot very eaey to do t Hew et n>e knew who ? t" So Hf It has bssa said that A-a am* and Mlsseeri. end Mteetss npi aed t^ils ana, aa ' ' k.r'da aad Amth Oarolica will t-o out, and thee tb( L'sion will be dtaaolved. Tbey eay, "You ? ill not try ic take us beck; you will not dare > imbr ie your r-.aa I* ' brothers blood to re establish by force of mvq ?sl s Union whteb we have repudiated aad dwsolvsiL" taey are right Wsdoa*t pej|<oss lo do sny *urh II eg lr the first place thoee Stetee are bet going out if th? y go out tbev go cut for a cauee, aa i thai ca w* I* vr iti' *lavery Well, wnat are they Is fjr, f?ot to bave slavery saved fir tb*m by the federal Union w hy would i ?y go oul, for they e-jaid aai maiataa aad defbsd tbsmseivis afaiisil tbe r cwr SlavesT W? vrwiM see tliem man k up, oee afar soother, anrfer the b ark Dm. trampling under fn>* tbi*v ?tars snd itr'i's cf ours i; It w*re possible? seoril i t< ess II * sipsr mem of oM Mssss nbes*its g^inr out sc I eadravar ng lo carry ftyssouth r?ck wilb h< r, st ! * auld ilfcs see Mew York go out aad carry the barber and vatek'.ll Miuulaine with her. What <te yo i tbrk tbe rent of ibe *tatee eruid aejf MMBV wuiiid fold their arraa aad see whether ihey behave! themselves, so l tbey would let them etay oet . jet as I -ug aa 'hry behaved lltsmeslsse Well, what woald thee du f they got out and did (4 behave themwlvee' If '.ew V' r* Sh' <d lery taie* aad iiapmta, aed teet?ed eg tav ng them 'ato the natloeel sacaequer sbo-ji.l seen ir-.n. oa hsr .ws acc?mnt, tbu w.m.d behaeicg ??U Tbess ?M thlah tbe* for eothlag, or for aay iaM s rsrr eaose tbe 1'nioo le to be dissolved or destroyed, bave se idsa of lbs eaters of tbe gaverameat uader wi b tbey "ee, oe of th? ehara'-'^r of ibe paopi gB tuiTSb <? J*9* it%f 181,1 ' 71 i?*'* 'Us ?

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