Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 22, 1860, Page 7

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 22, 1860 Page 7
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.NEW YORK HERALD JAHKS UOUDON B K. * Jk ? T, EDITOR AND PBOfTUETOR wrtci h. w. corx*h or pclto* axo HAS3AC j1*. f W'' V fit ?/. y ? i t T?MM% rank ir eHimro M*r. ?- h ri-i Of fJ?e yrfulrr. Auw but hank 1411* cu TUF PAH r HFHA IP her* trmf t~- ?-rt ~ T" *' ' ' Tht VF.FKLY UnUfi * Sit < '* '? <* '? ' ?/ " | * ? ' J + ? v*x 'mi* x~r )*" ai > "? amtfimrt't brtr. urt A, err %t> fou.y J***' <y UM \ to 4ns < >?U ;*?. 7 Edition '** the 1*< ll'A <Jf?J ?!?. ff e*j*i% n?(j.w*, ul -i.s "rut *II>:i'aIV im WW/w toy, at f<r.' t" * r i'*" /</.)'? VKH r. st*QS1> Kt/CF. ?? / it*( 7 . Mr, M-ll- 'ripfr w ! ?< ?'? ? <V (V I/-. !.?%,< I J?M</ /?r W?a-lt ?OMtU? Coi.KtiroSBKST? ??? Putuium I ? rut to bui au. Lauuj A* -J l'ii.* AbK.1 Will ?? . , 1*0 Af >Tl< r u&mof anrm> riou. cerrt-i *?*&*.('. H ? lj rot ,, ?,???/ jif>rKltl 1SKM KSTi I rrw*>l itv <?. in U * ? k?li I i kk a li?, t ui^r U?*Ai~J. a;?i ?n t/w ^ynnHii ami f'litum*. JOB J TMfV.tju^Uii ?r?.A (iMfiw 3/*! W?I.A. Vulum. \ V V Mo. 340 AMUMMKim T il* MTEK1KU. HIBiaW OAKDSK, Broad w*f.?U>BUi di LltfUOLU Fl* WIKTSB OABDBK, VIXL-Aai.' roiti. BGTUIT THKATBZ, Mamvj.-Brkir.n A BOOCAJ ?WWMLIH TnjOrm WAU?ACIU THEATBB. B-jadir*7-Pi_iTi*o Wita riu. LAUBA IIHI1* THBATRB, Wo. (M BWnd?r?r.-raT BK AUG FiHtr? TooDlJU a FlTlltK. inn BOWSK1 THIATRI. B.-)wa.-r -T-.? Sc.rroTB at o Til Tu?o?*? Fos? I<orik? -1>?1 .1 1 OiA BAltiri'M's aMKKK MOHtll, 8n??l?%j 1H. m.4 ? rrtiat Ark Cuiu.Ki.1? luv j,m. Ct?u Ac ? iUMB ?uiajl BAY A*T8' MiNriTHkl^. M<rbnr m U*L, ?73 Br j*?w?jr. ICkJWlu. Kmic*. Pucu Al -Uj*e I'r. BOOI.KT A OAjIPBBl.i.'K ri*STHSL?. B b,. ? ;Aloua. Bp'fc* Bth oriA? boatM. Da?cm, A - Ijortfi Uiiecua OABTBKBUB1 KCHIC HALL. K3 BtokIwAT." SC!?C?. Ja?c?b, BiBtLkMtaw, tu. LI}IRAKV IlALl. B;tr\b?th Otly.? WoiD'l :?? truu.riiH H.1POH Hmra* <rtiimuni. Ail ? Itu' r . w**. TllIPLE SHEET. Tark. ThuraKikf, S'l IMA#. Tha >?w?. The banks of this city have comc forward Rt .a-t with a practical plan for the relkf of the nicrcua tile community and tie rer.oval of tie pre-cut t.cau look in business. The arrangement consummated laat evening amounts practically to a coes< 'idatioa of ail the city bank* into one corporation, with one specie fond, and thus enables each bank to at liberally to it* dealers without foar of being broken by ito rival*. For the details of the arrangoment we mnst refer to to day's cone; article; in the meantime, we uiay tnj tLa' the news of the consummation of the acheae aa? received with gTcat delight by merchants huA led to an immediate advance of 1 a Z per cent on the Stock Exchange. The coxur.uttce en fruited with the outlay of ?2,M>0 000 in prolurc exchange purchased about ?40,000 worth y<*tcr day, though this is not a packet C. aj*. Tho Ulegtaph announces the auapensiou of wpecie puymi-nu by the banka of Richmond and Petersburg, Va. The Baltimore banks have agreed to suspend specie payment* to day . Tbe administration ha* received official in. nu;t tion from Ki.nsa* that five hundred nun. under the notorious border ruffian Montgomery, have 1 ..ruled together to resist the United Huron authoritiea. The party have declared their intention t- aei.-e the public property, and march into Ark.tns.i* and Texas and free the alavea in tlose states. rhe War li- par m n' ba< despatched older- to General llar^cj to put a nummary atop to this pn. ee ted [ *boi<iion foray, and, a? he ha* four companies of dragoons under hi* command, he will no doubt B.tke abort work In disposing of them. The ate aB ship Palestine arrived at Portland jc+ | terday afternoon. with Europ can advice* to t?.c '. th mat. . one day later than those received by the l.lasgow. The new* U interesting. King Victor Fmanuel, in company w.ih <?ari baldi. entered Naples cn the morning of the :th inat. They proceeded directly to the Cathedral. ! and from thence to the rcy.?l palace, where great featiwiiet. took place. No new movement t : the troops ia reported. Prince Alfred arrived at Piymr utt on tie morn ing of the 9th. The Prime ot Uale- had c< t ar . lived, but two ve*seU mppostd to b. th? II* r i [ Ariadne were ?ten off Portland on the uigh. ? the 8th. There was a report in London that a treaty of peace had been concluded between ti.e A <? -n>. the ( hinese at Tientsin. Oar telegraphic mmn.ary of the linunt ia'. n* w p is very brief. Cooaol* had improved a trihe, while American railroad securities Lad again t.c clined eonaiderabij. The month. y aUt? me lit i . the Bank of France show, a decrease in - as of over twenty -five mllll' o* of franca. Ia the IJverpool marketj cotton had alvanctd one eighth to one quart, r ef a p? iy on tie iniu dJng qualities, dosing with a 1 in market, while bread'tufla were without mate! . change. By the arrival of the bark ' . j. fr ui Mai October 3'. we learn that th: | ?<< e ?a? p- *? . qaiet and trade waa going on ? ith the lai a incee. aa the federaliata had been route u neighborhood of Truxtilo aud Merida ?<> lieu. A .? ,'rade In the battle all the f?ieral chief-, wet. tasen prisoners. Coffee waa scir.e, and going ? p. The crop was all In. and no m>re wpplua | could be expected before the end of Jantiarj oe .t. , Hides were also very scarce. The civi. *ar ill New t.ranada has prevenU-J the ueu*l a.rvi ?. Una article. An adjourned meeting ?>! a number of if.- uc ttia. rititenawaa held las< tvrnii.g at No. til llroad vav, U? hear the report of a special ( ?.mm. tti :?p pointed U> de viae some m? ?aa of ulla., ing t.i p> LUcal excitement whi.h at pr.sen* pre?aU t: ronghoot the country. Mr Wpejst-r (, p e uded. A majority of the ro nnu'tee reported f..:.t nfter careful deliberaUon. they deemed it in.- reili c nt at the preemt time to take ar y steps in the matter. After eo?e dlsensai.n the report accepted, and U.e meeting broke up. Tbe Tammany HaU primary ele. utts for de.e watee to nominating cotvintlona fir city c hctra wrT* held laat ev. nlng. The r, snlt ia the vur.- oe district, may be aecertai.ed on reter, ace to t.e advertising columns Tbe republican conver.tiei.a ft r the no. >na: .. i of candidates to repre^nt tbe A dermaai' - iatricts having odd nomeri< al ona were Le I ia?t evening Annexed are the rames of th.e peraw nominated: ? (hif j?Ko aoeaiaa*K? a-leaac (M? rJ* S? Ororf* C Byra* a A *) inalinri % No poaimw iT-WUUv. ( Tie special rommltue cf d.-cour.. o. tur i..y dei**.* met again yeeterda; . and .ecu . ~ n tlolig nothing. The chairman how.ur , . , ,er id'e in his endeavor. U rr? t? hm.-eU -> a ? ' t tion and peraeverance al.cre ? ? 1 1 . . n qmsUnn. end thr? ugh the.r cn-,r -? w .. VhhM i? S*aiet, the cMMuitue k^e#.?-al to J ?t'\" farml-aF <? the He-prece Cocrt, (or 'D attachmirt aga.n>t the still r -"usac* Civ Chamberlain tc compel hiir. to toetify before the c. -iiLttee The n e<-ejsfcr> documents, setting fpptl th. point* of application, will be laid lefcre ti 9 .:nJge to-day, ar.d ax. immediate decision given. lVf:d.n?,- 1 1# Judge's decision, the oommittee bUnd ad,' ours cd t.i: twelve o'clock to-duy. The Rca-d cf education met last evening ted tra^t ted btu-ifitss. A report of the prcccedjies is gives ir another column. M tie neetlng of the F migration Ci-mmiiu-itnc-rs je-?>rd.iT it wan agreed to remit tie ritual penalty for tie landing of thirteen emigrants at Cattle (?-rdt - , ca Icing informed that the of the I iv.ip Harvey Blrib, In v. hich tbef came hore, iraa net awa-e of the notation of any State law ia ?Hewing their, tc laod. On the recommenda I ticn of the Commissioners of CLarities and Correction, it vu* agreed to cppolnt Dr. Hc-dgenan, the Physician of the City Prison, I to diic'a.-ge the duties for the Commission ers of Kmigration at that inatitution, instead of C'ager, deceased. The question of the ancunt of t-ulary to I e paid hkn was referred to the Castle harden Committee. The number of emigrants landed here last week was 3,25?- making the nam 1 er since January 1, 06,&'l. The comraitatlon tRlaace now ia $12,809 3f>. The trial of William Mulligan, cLarged with at tempting to ehcot pollccman Oliver, was concluded yesterday La the Conrt of Oyer and Terminer, and tLe ja.-y. ufter deliberating three quarters of an hei r, returned v Ith a verdict of guilty. Bcatenco w - po-tj rned tiLI Saturday. to give the prisoner's <? oense time 1 1 net in any orei et th^y may please j ir. regard to ti e cue. A regular meeting of the Now York Carpenters' Unita was bold at eight o'clock last evening, at Ccnve-.tic c liali, 175 Vooster at-eet. There were abo-t cne hundred members present The only que ; t Ion ol any in.portnnoe that came op for dis ci islcn the propriety of electing an aithorized real estate a sent to act with the Union in a- e-tain n? t e ?trenrrth, capacity and durability ' cf al' *ew buildings erected in the city.for the 1 benefit cf ; rsons w "sting to be:cme tessnts, and ' to open : n office * 1. ere correct and valuable in fo: atlc n can be supplied to aU pnrt hasers of real estate uj>c . moderate- terms. They lecru this J a ion nc csury, ns many unsound imii'iings are p -,t t ' by -??erulators. Ti c m'-niber* or ti e Union be K jve t! at this v.illle t pro'f'lve roeasTi for th :.i veil n* for the pnl 't. The r rystery of the Kolyer n. r?l - f as ? y<t t-een cleared rp. Yesterday the inqne-t w:is re sumed when the m;?pected party. -rrh I nm bert ^objected to a long end ri?. . ? vnr:ii/?a tion, nothing positive was elicite d to fi . the guilt cn 1 im, and the inqnestua* further adjourned t Mtnduy next. Tic letter from cur correspondent st l'ort BccLana:., New Moxico. gives an interesting ic;c( nt of the r.:arch of United State* troops from Camp 1 icjd, I'tah, tr> that post, and of scenes and incidents c u ti e route. Information received from Sonera ty our correspondent states that tlio rurrorcf a battle fought at Hirmo-IIla was a rose of ? ?en. Pesqaiera. who had been de?crtcd by moat of his tolkwci. Sonera had declared for its former (.ovtrnc*. (.aidara, wLo, at lant account*, was at tiie city of Ures, with a forcc of two thousand men. 1c a:.ct;.er column will be found an interesting statistical firtirie rcgardirg the Southern BUtes, oLowirg t! elr area in square mllei and in acrcs, with the:: population, prodm. tionn. their export* and imports, the number and tonnage of tcswIs, American and foreign, and the number of sailor* employed by those States in the transportation o! t'.eir produco. These statist in are given for each Hate heparately , dividing the cotton Stater* from the Northern border Southern States. The cotton States alcne, It at cm* by the United States reports cf commerce and navigation in 1858, employed 1 .>-73 v t s-els, embracing 1,070,000 ton*, manned by 31,OC4 aallora. And, tafcing bath cotton and border State port* together, the vessela cleared in that year ? mbraced a total of American and foreign vessels of 2,520, of a united tonnage of 1,260.7'.?8. manned by 37,427 sailors. The statistical fai Ls cm bra ed In the article giie a bir.1V eye view o( the physical and material condition of the cotton and border States of the South, compiled from otOcial document*, and which cannot fail to be read with interest. The cattle market ruled dull and heavy yester day. ender large receipts, and prices have doclinod ,c. a Jc. per pound, ctief.y on the poorer grades. MUch ccwfc were In fair request, and the market was firm r?t our previm quotations. Veal calves rcre steady at unchanged prices. Bhefp knd lwrb. were dull and somewhat lower. Swine were is large supply, and prices declined to 6c. a 5,jc. fir sO fed and j^c. to C?c. for corn fed. The re ceipts at ail the yards for the week were as fol lowr -4,042 b >e( cattle, 12!* cows. 6M reals, 10 .? 1*2 sLeep and lambs, and 13,199 swine. Ir re was almu I a ct wplcte suspense s ui Uii luUoa of Kap.e a't'r <w of produoe ypstrrdsjr . while prices were i tbrr deprewd or irregular sad lower. OotUm was ant c ored O' Tocn the sale* of a fow huodred bales, la Ms, i *rlanf? With so lltUs dotag, It was tapv I bin to give rt..?bie qrotaitoaa. Hour, tf possible, ? u d it r . ate roll, a fcj ?r? tor o- pxt were new ?*, ? ? j-'-loe "U.e sr.! Weetera Bold dowa to $4 70 a > . Si - ed t rtra Bui down lo 10 per tbl. Wheal was al r oet i.aeai-abie, ard taly e <-rled lo s moderate osteal at "i rr.'a- aad lower ; rloee Cora was also h try ?ad ??? ST. ajJ so: ' do vi to Mr. a ??<-.. for V> fir a .vied, sad to OTc for Hoatbara *elJo? ? ft rat besvy aad Mrs i a. lad at SIC a 116 60 for t ? whl!- -<rtaK was aonlsal it 910 00. Began. It kt thrr far-, were at a staa etll!,with sales cf -,'j YA a IV. btdi. Cuha Co.'ee was <,cirt sad a. at ??'. r-e*h' refugees* ate v ore restricted , wtlle rales ? ? r it-oil itr <aae. especially for wheat to I irsr, <*l. t - -f ?<-rhan jeeUr Jaj varied regard ?w ret <' the back* Hosae par Sr >0 I ? a ilooMM rneasvs. aad *t ? ? t ar xht ;r?#utHy prodaee ? * < -t re" > ? r< if . 1 1 ? I r m irstr I itsiasl rr a: aa i> ;ii> i -? ' er ?ret ar.d dacth. a" a . :: is al -o?d r t't o rsHrrck* th? r ; roprOIUoa to ,v. .' *ritotb? rile-t rrprr* d was rgarded ? ir si* ot 'there tfta.a. highly of their ! *t 1 ? "US led that It Vi .Id pros r b |h y b-?e0 t:a t lc x?fri .a. 3i?ru>tr r lhe c ty 1 be I'reaant Suaihera Nirolatloaarjr Agliatiri>-th( I aaMS aad tit* ItsaReny. W?tn" vs are '* the midst of a reTolu * r rrpi:blicac cctfirrorarlw will net b?l>rw thut thwv L? ucj dangrr. in aezt.cb ? ttey car. ilscorsr no c*iiM for U. no ??-etc it aad no satisfactory erideact-o that the ?rcp>, urn of S iuth Carolina, doolr*- the exj r'.r? :.t of a outh*rr. republic. The New 'i :k '. - i u*llo ii0 that the which 'so fttllrn npcr. Y> all street ie a pv.r*ly politic-U p%ck %r.d ttat its oole object L? to crippl* th? ?p ?> lc-n party. Thf CheTaller Webb, of the adopt !af this idea, charges the fall of ;<<.ks tc a cow piracy of the pro slavery Wall street *.a^ks; snd the Rertreml Thnrlow Weed dec'r.:?f tiat this dlr.iclon exelteaer.t espe cliliy atroDg the people of South ^arolina 'it set they axe wronged, or that w-ccg i? apprehended, but It Is the ontbreak of j -ec;ed!tatiHj treason " h fins* absr.rd!U?? ag tbe? such ridl -!c:.s a-frnrcente and explanatkirj. ar? the i > ?t etc sen which the organs of the repulll cat r>r*7 wad''T* nPf * th' e ' t. T' pt carrct cctnprehond bew it I* t. tie ect'curf ' IT* r^ef* Abo L'r.cV 'a? prr i\!e l oi tie I'clted St/if?, nid !a f r.r i rr? tf tie ftderal OCWltnttfrQ, en i e ior ? *?1 : 'c a ? ;*er.* p:c%cc*lica ?fH '4 I Somt Carolina, for tbe dissolution of the Union. U(,cn this point we shall herein undertake to J euli^tten our Innocent and ignor&nte.v pounders of republican principle#. Tbe election of Abraham Linooln is of itself a secondary consideration nmong the people of tbe South. Tbe great cause of their appreben sloe is tbe powerful and still increasing sec tional and aggressive an tl slavery movement at bis bac*. Let us look at It a moment Sone I thirty years ego the first abolition newspaper, , tbe Journal of Cknr.'ntrce. wa? set up in this city- , I Shortly thereafter Wm. Lloyd Garrison who j had started a co-operative abolition movt?ra*nt in Boston, was dragged from a little anti-slavery meeting by a mob, Incensed at this sort of P?^* tital ?agitation, and only escaped lynching by being lurried off, under tbe protertion of the officers ot the law, to the refuge of the city jaU. Tbis was seme thirty years ago, when tbe peopi# of Virginia were seriously debating among theisaelve# the qseetica of gradual emancipation. Bui what has followed? How stands this matter now! A President of the United Stales bas jost been elected by the anti-slavery party of the North, a party pledged cot only to put a stop to the extension of slavery, but boasting that "the election of Linooln will be the down fall Of slavery." The candidate of this part/ Is not only elected President by a Northern vote, comprehending, perhaps, ever} Northern State, but by n ch overwhelming popular majorities as to g:ve to tfcto election the form of an irre sfatible Northern crnssde against the peculiar and vital institutions of the Scuth. Our brethren of the Scuth, taking these election re sults in connection with the declared objects aod purposes cf the republican party and the violent abolition caa.paign speeches cf W. H Seward, Senators Wilson, Sutr.ner, the re publican orate ra generally, and with the shadow of John Brown In the foreground. I discover that Southern society, life and pro perty are in digger; and hence this prevailing Southern disunion excitement. Southern men say to each other We ire no locger secure within the Union-is it not better, at all hararde, to leave it Look at Lincoln's tremendous antl slavery majorities, j , Mark how the anti slavery North ha a grown j over us acd overshadowed us eL.ce the i.dmls ' sion of California. Bef jre that act of admission we steed fifteen Southern to fifteen Northern States. Now there are eighteen Northern States against our fifteen. and with every prospect, should the South quietly submit to Uke things as they may ccme. cf the addi tion oi half a dozen new free States to the Union, before the end of Lincoln s administration. Thee# new Stages, organized under republican auspices, will be of the anti slavery type of Kansas. The cenini of l&<iO will next reduce the representation of the SoHth In Congress and Increase the repreeenta tion of tbe North; for daring the last ten years the mighty popular acoeeeioas to the North from European immigrations have built up powerful btates where only Indians, trappers and wild beast* Lad lleurished belore. Nor Is this all. The republican party have, , in the most solemn forms, admonished ns of i the South that there shall be no more slave Territories and no more slave States; that the Supreme Court shall be reorganized on the Hide of freedom; tLat the freedom of speech * hail be established In the South as It exists In the North, and that slavery shall be circled by fire, till, like a scorpion, it shall sting iteelf to death. Thus we see In the f\ tare a free course to abolition emissaries among our Southern plantations, and to the IIe!pe-s and .'oba Browns, who are now excluded by tbe defen sive arrangements, pairs and penalties of the Southern States. If the South, and especially , the cotton State#? where our slaves form so large a proportion of our population a# to be only safe under oo; own absolute superv.sion? j if the cotton States crnsont. under this state of things, longer to submit to the Union, they will in* ite the day of destruction. I The conservative people of the border slavo states appreciate this statement of the case on the part of South C irolica and her disunion al lies. But Virginia says tbere may be a remedy for all these grievances and apprehension! of which 1 jou complain. The constitution cf oar fathers' m interpreted by the republican party, will, we admit, no lcnger protect us of the South. Bat may we not secure from the sober second thought of the North a sew and satisfactory compromise la the shape of a national conven tion and a revision of the federal constitution ? And this is the torae : a dissolution of this grsat confederacy, or a reconstruction of the federal government? a vie lent disruption, or a peaceable reconstruction of the very fcccda tlone of the Union. The good old Commonwealth cf Virginia is leading eff la behalf of the preservation cf the Union. If she cu arrest the contemplated se cession In South Carolina, and bring her to con sent to another effcrt for the l olon. the Union may be saved. Meantime, as tbe view of tbe President !n power on this secession question are beginning to te understand, as it Is known that bis opinions or the subject are pretty much thoer of O'd Hickory, there is no tenner a shadow cf e - cuse for this foolish t-U??nce on the part of the Present e!ecL We mast, therefore, persist in our appeal to ' 11 ? meet Abe Lincoln" tc speuk out on this disunion question to the American people |l|i lr.te paltry nxewnlng oattse of a sp?- h at Spring field, was wholly unworthy the occasion, the cri-ls and Mr Lincoln, whether as President elect, cr a- an honest Wi.-.r*. Worps, Won. a.? We ore receiving every dsy telegraptlcdf?patcbse and prettj ex pensive onee, too, from Springfield, llilnc Is. tbe hi me of "Old Abe." but they mean nothing but words, words, wcrds. What we want to know from that quarter Is wbo Mr. Lincoln Is going to put in his Cabinet -whether he !s going to give Galnsba A. Grow, cr Care'us M. Clay or Sumner, or Seward , or any other endorser of Helper's book, a place among his confidential advisers; bs cause If be is, then we will know exactly what he meuns. But his speeches, which are only apologise for cot making a speech, his aesuranoe that we are all brothers of a common country, itnd his Dl-tlmed jokes about the trouble In the South, congratulating hlmeelf that be to not yet "is tbe ring," and so forth, amount to nothing. Fren the speech of Mr. Trumbull though It may bo fair and plau sible enough, is not the kind cf thing wo want If Mr. Linccln would only inform as who bo ir.Hr.dt to select for bis Cabinet It woold be | Bert satisfactory than all the speeches either j le cr his frSetdf ccv.ld itsAe for tho tlx ?'Hoaest 4kt LlKtolB' mmI HI* HMUkau, ScMtor Trvaksll, m Um Crtili. Our reader? tfck morning will tare digested the proceeding* which we published yesterday, at the republican jubilee lalel; held at Spring field Illinois, the home of the President elect, bed they will hare studied carefully the re ported speeches on the oocaaion of "Honest Abe Lincoln" aud hi* right hand man, Senator Tr. obviU, of the same State. We. too, have looked it to tfceee speeches, and we are free to eontoM that, to the beet of cur apprehension, tbev signify tc thing. \*'h at are the surroundings of Mr. Lincoln at Springfield? One would suppeee him to be out off entirely from all aocess to aoy information, and from all knowledge of the Southern revo lutirnary movements of the day; or that be ia bo completely under the oontrol of his party adviser* that be dare not speak; or that he feels himself unequal to the crisis, and is afraid to speak; or that at this time he deems it moit prudent to withhold his opinions and purposes on this great question of Union or disunion from the public. Lock at this case from any point of view whatever, and we can find no excuse fcr the course of Mr. Lincoln. Be stands in the "presence of thou sands of American citizens, assembled at the place of his residence 'to oongratuiate him on his election to the responsible office of President of the United States He appear* before them. They expect a speech appropriate to the occasion and the crisis. Hi? election has precipitated the Southern States into a revolu tionary excitement which threatens to destroy the L'nloc, aod to throw all our commercial. tinLDCial :.nrt industrial interests into '-Le chao* of & weeping political convulsion, lie must know this, or anaething of it; and hetnuit hnrw liat our commercial and financial clwse? ore already suff*nng from the pressure 0' ? panic, the prcbable extent duration ao'i dia lers o* which we all shrink from contemplating Bui, DctwithsUndirg this fearful cocditicn o) thinjr?. aid the fact teat all men of a'.l parti** atd ail secticcs throughout the country art waitirg acikiusly lor eorae wcrda of peace, conciliation aud harmony fr m Mr. Lincoln. b? turns fis back upon the crisis and the country, and hti* nothing to nay. His fpff-ch on the occmios, wMch be could and sb?iild have made a great occasion, amount* to nothing. lis tht^lu his friends be rejoices with them? and he Is generoo.?iy inclined towards hi* adversaries. " Let us" he 6aje, ,:at all time* remember that all American citizens are brothers of a common country, and should dwell together iu the bonds of fraternal feeling." This if good, but still, oa touching the necessities of this crfji? it amounts to nothing. The same senti ment is spread all over the speeches of W. H. Seward. Even his Rochester "irrepressible conflict" speech against "the curse of slavery the " niare power" and the " slave oligarchy . is full of " fraternal feeling." How differently a Washington, a J?*fferscn. or a Jackson, wonld have appropriated thla occasion at Springfield, placed in the position of Mr. Lincoln. We are astonished that te did not seize the opportunity to make a speech to the whole extent of kis utilities, bis patriotism and his approaAlng official responsibilities. In behalf of the Union. But there is the speech of Senator Trumbull. He is In the confidence of Mr. Lincoln, and spoke, perhaps, by authority. Is not Trum bull's a conservative speech! At a republican partisan speech It is; bnt upon the main point be preaches that terrible alternative of whip ping a seceding 8tate back into the Union. Will not suck an experiment unite the whole South in arms against the federal government? And what thee' The anarohy of Mexico. What else' Away with this Incompetent man Trumbull. We cannot believe that be e peaks for " Honest Abe Lincoln." No. Mr. Llnooln has spokec for himself, and Trumbull has spoken only for TrumbulL His opinions are nc better than those of Seward to go by as the views of Mr. Lincoln, until they are pointedly endorsed by Lincoln. We want ancther trial from "Honsst Old Abe." This Springfield jubilee speech is such a miserable thing that we are all ashamed of it If the foreman of a visiting fire company, on his recep tion bj any one cf our New York fire compa- ; Dies, should make, on the first trial, no better j speech than this -fraternal" affair of ''Old Abe s," be would be compelled to try It again, j We all remember that llr. Lincoln, before hie nomination, was ' 1 ed so great as a public speaker by 1 p ?rty that he cculd almo" anywhere command ol them a hundred dollars a speech and that this price was freely paid him. How is It, then. that, as President | elect, his first effort In defining his position is not worth two cents': For his own sake? for j the sake of his position, his responsibilities, the I crisis which hts election has brought upon us. \nd for the sake of the Union? we respectfully *ak him to speak out fully, frankly and freely to the American people. Dignity, dignity! It aa Indignity to the people, this standing back upon his dignity. Ta* CH4RTFB Eutcnon? T:t? Bcrrum at W.**.? Three Is a great deal of futs and tur moil about the charter election going on just n?w aciong the trudlng politicians, gamblers, ?boulder hitters, grcg sellers, and all that por ti? n of the governing c'.j?ee who are not In the State prison, tut nobody else appears to be 'aking any trouble about It It seems pretty evident now that repp* .. table c It bet* property . wrers raid taxpayers will give themselves no cur whatever about the election but that the v.?$*buud crew of gabblers acd shoulder hit ter* attached tc Tamaan.-. Slorart and the re publican party, who kare always attended to the matter befcre, will have It all their o wn vuj. Th> ciaa* of ladlvkV als belonging tc the three faction* have long eg* lost every par ticle of contleace from the decent pc rtion of the community, and they all stand cn the same platform, as far as dbhcnestj and rascality are cocoern?d: yet sfaage to say. they are going to be permitted once more to control the finance* and destinies of this great metropolis. There are some ten or twelve thousand fel low;. In this community, consisting of Its very worst clfisees, such as gambler*, blackleg*, fhov.lder bitten, grog sellers, keepers ef houeet of prostitution, thieves and loafer*, who make politloe a regular business, who do nothing t row enc rod cf the year to the other? that Is, ?h*n t>oy are out of the State prise a or the penltertlary? bi* attend to making nomina tions electing candidate* and pilfering the treasury This Is their regular line of bwloess. iiad they are Indefatigable at It; their pastime are breaking each other's bead*, gouging or.t eje? blt'rg of nr?e* and c?ber civilized recre ate as of that "id. TVte are the men who 1 are to elect aad be elected at the charter eleo tion; the respectable part of the community 1 who live honestly and peaceably, aad pay t? or fifteen tslllioas a year in taxes, will Lav< tothirg at all to eay to the business. They wll. Dot move hfcud or foot to save the city from th? thra'dom of theee r-.ffians. and we have nc doubt that the men elected on all the ticketi will be the greatest iwcale In the whole ten 01 twelve thousand. Victor BmumI l? nr?plee-**e ****** ml Ui New 1U1IM BiMKfcF' We learn by the arrival yesterday oi th< P alee line at Portland, that Victor Emanuel en tered the city of Naples on the 7 th Inst, anc was enthusiastically received by the people. It is refreshing, in the midst of th< ^riii-ng scenes which are being enacted in Italy, to tern for a moment aside and glanoe at the probable future of that ooun try, in whose cause the blood of so many of hei ecus is being shed on the field of battle. It li a melancholy spectacle te see Italians arrayed agains- Italians In the fatal conflict which th* eyes of the world are watching so anxiously and it is painful to remember that domestic calamities are inseparable from imperial trage dies. But it is almost idle to reflect upon the past and weigh too strictly the present revolu tionary dlfssteni against the glorious results which are to follow; for the new Italian mo narchy, conceited in Hrlfe, will flourish in peac^. a:ul rise up with a stately growth which ?n greataees and grandeur will be unparalleled in European history. To its shores commerce mill direct tae helm, and over its wide sweep of territory, from the Alps to the Adriatic, 8 network ?t railways will bear testimony to the rxteteuoe of a naUocai lt? among its people; tor have they not teen hitherto sunk in the slough cf despond for the watt of that national ;fe which Is to cpen to their view the gay* of enterprise There is no doubt oar own trade with Italy will experience an im mense increase uudrr the new order of things. Italy will send us bet aad other such luxurl fc. for wbich she will here find a gcod market, and in return she will reciprocate by opening new urenues wf commerce with us. A dim idea cf her prospective greatness ap pears now to be dawning upon the mind of Louis Napoleon, aad he views with any but feelings of satisfaction the expansion of that cloud in the Italian sky which, at first no big ger than a man's hand, is now the harbinger of the last storm of Italian revolution preceding Jhe long and sunny calm which awaits her, and which is to be the witness of the moat glorious era in her history. Napoleon little anticipated at the commencement of this campaign '.He re quite which are now being gradually de veloped. In other words, he never expected to see the formation cf so great an empire, which threatens hereafter to act as a counter poise to his own power? to the power of Franc*? wfcile tending to undermine the Na poleoaic dynasty. Tue cry in France may then "Have we a Bcn?p*rU among u*r just as the cry now in the Two Sijiliee is, " Ua*? we a Bourbon among us!" These last :emarks have been sug geeted to u* by the conduct of the French Admiral at Gaeta. in preventing the bom bardmect of that fortress by sea, under the pretence of protecting the flight oi the ex King, and preventing his suffering the indignity of surrendering to his own subjects. This inter ference, however, was cloarly Intervention on the part of France, and as such was In viola tion of her neutrality. But do what Napoleon may. he cannot now stay the tide which is bear ing deepotism to perdition, and inaugurating a new era In Italy. The cause is with the righteous, and right is might We have seen It Illustrated in nearly every battle between the royalist and patriot troops, and the last memc rable engagement between the thirty thousand of Victor Emanuel and the fifty thousand of Bom ba, on the banks of the Garigllano. was ancther grand instance of the fact* The meeting between the King of Sardinia and Garibaldi, when the trave General rnsb.-d forward In his red shirt nnd exclaimed ' King of Italy ! " as he grasped the monarch's hand, has perfectly re;.* ;red the world that the no ble hearted soldier will gladly fulfil his pledg.e by annexing Lis conquests to the Italian kingdom without question. Wnat adeq uate reward can be bestowed upon the liberator of Sicfly, Naples. Cmbrla. Perugia aod the Marches, with their twelve millions of popula tion. we are at a loss tc name But the fam* of such deeds as his will live, surrounded by a halo of glory, as long as the priceless boon cf liberty is appreciated, or history endues to preserve the record of ncble actions. EniCT Ok THT PaSTIC Dft'X FaIITT. 'S'PTI Mi ^ E*rM-a.? We do not nc tlc? any perceptible diminution In tbe gayety of the tcwn in few quenoe of the financial panic. The feat peo p!e are a* tot, If not faster. than ever. Broad way le radiant and the Central Park preeenta its uauai array cf splendid equipage* New York people are proverbially merc.irial. and they ar?? new apparently as jelly ae if there van co probiti Ulty that the South will secede; that t:e commercial metropolis will loee In Conae?,uenee one half of it* wholeeHlr and re tail tr-uie; that ccehalf the g eat bor nrs on Broadway mill lo * money i -stead of making It, that there mill caly behal an many tb?aUes and places t f put lie amv-sement, and that tbe Opera habUvft will be competed to put i:p with tbe ircie'T cf a loaf or po withent acy musical pabulum whatever. Prominent among theee hepeful pe-ipje we Had the little Napoleon cf Irving place the Chevalier Ullaan. I Is a coffoct efc&rao ter. He has been connected with artktlc enter prises in this country dcrlng tbe Inst ten or twelve year* la a sort of operatic pioneer, and baa I een ruined ae many time* aa a cat baa llvee I llmar haa been mined by MaretTek, ruined by ktrakoecb. '.ad n Ined by Mutlo. and jet be comes np, like Mr Thcmaa fcayera after punishment aa lively. If not 'jr. it* as lovely, as ever. I'llmaa ta a man cf decided talent, ard a clever man la a'l the better for telng mined now and then. It apurt bin on to extraor dinary exertions, which cannot fall to redound to the publl; benefit So w? find I'llaiMi com 1ng cot of exile like Napoleon returning from Elba and leaning one of his characteristic bul letins. He la, to uao a familiar eiprewlm on hla own hook, and does not Intend, if he can help It to have any ( arila'.dle in Irving place. He haa laid oirt all hla etergy ( .nd thai Is a great deal) in the production tf the grand spectacu lar opera "La Jnlve," and haa made noise important alterations both In the stage and the s-dltoriaa cf <&? Academy. II Um I public fcaa cot jet loet ita faith la operatic prbBiMa, it will rail/ en masse to the support <vf Oilman next Monday. He a |wi figV 4, promiaes a great deal, and will undoubt edly be ae good a* his word. Wben Ullaum baa b?vyu alcne he has generally succeeded, aafl that in la's preeect condition. For the opens which he Intends to gire, he haa a strong con par j ? coe liat embraoes some of the beat dra made singers cf the day. At the aame time that we receive the Academy bulletin, we notice (be arrival of the Mu/io troupe frost a successful concert toor in the Weet Thaae artlsta give a ccnoert in Ursotdyn on Friday night and open the Opera seaeen at PMUdal ptia en Monday next After Ulbnac'i seakoa? one month? Muzio will hare aa opportunity here. 80, if Home doee burn, there will be M lack of fiddlers. The EiiitUf Panic? Ita Caaiw. aa? The erenta of every day erince the iscreae log pressure of distrust upon the indcrtrial and commercial interests of the ooatmuMty Manufacturing eatabiiahmentB hare beta obliged to discharge thouaanda of operatives; some of the weakest Southern banks hare al ready been obliged to auapend specie pay ments, and all are doubted; the movementa ?t produce are stopped on every aide by the paralyzation of exchanger; the banks are im pelled by fear to curtail their discounts, and every man is forced to contemplate the poaaible neoeaalty of making enormous aacrlftoea to meet his obligations or the probable alterna tive of bankruptcy. It is natural amid such a state of affairs thai men sbeuld ask. as they are doing on every side, why should there be a panic' What ia ita cause, and what remedy thould be ap plied. The cause ie evident. The convictioa is beginning to bo entertained that the vast interest* and the mighty edifice of com mere* and credit, which have grown up under the fecial guarantees of the constitution, and the interpretation that bsu- been put upon them for the last seventy rears, are about to be destroyed by a new Interpretation which ia about to be put upon the conpact of our Uniou. A purely sectional party, proclaiming a deadly hostility to the principle u pon which the society of fifteen sovereign States is organized, and announcing through its presses and orators that the interpretation 0 1 the constitution hitherto admitted must be changed, ha* triumphed ia every Northen State, and its representative acer. are sooc to receive into their hands the reins ot the federjfi power. The principle oa which thib party is organized has already oivided the churches, the missionary and traoc societies, and the political parties ol' the land^ Into Northern aud Southern antagonistic divi sions. aad now, by inauguration in our federal policy, it threatens to divide material intereate, and even society itoelf, !n the eame way. Toe South. alarmed at the progress of this | ag/rreasive Idea, already contemplate* the ne cessity ol self defence, clamors for new i constitutional guaraotees, and the very founda tioos of its society ore shaken. Its so cial, Intluatriul and commercial growth hm been sympathetic with our own, and with thai of some of the most powerful nations of the world. Its alarm is first shared by the mer chants who constitute the sensitive Unfai be tween societies distant from each other; and the bond of mutual confldence being weakened, the edifice of commerce and credit crumbles into tvln. This is what is now going on in ear midst, and if the existing industrial and com mercial relations between the North and (to South are to receive the shock of a conflict la their political and social relations, with all lta train of retaliatory legislation, hostile tartfb between the free and the sfcvs States, and pos sibly the terrible erils of a bloody war, throogjk a new interpretation of our constitutional guarantees, there is not an existing interest. North or oouth, that can survive the catastro phe. The whole order of things, so far sa trade and values ore concerned, must be swept away, and a new order built up on the bseis that Northern cr free society is hostile to the .southern social organization, with African sla very as a part of It These are the causes ef the panic here. Let us now contemplate what is likely to occur elsewhere. To England and France cetton has become a trreat industrial and commercial necessity. It gives employment to millions of their peo ple, and life to a large amount of their trade. The wages earned in Its manipulation pay for tie grain and flour imported to feed their peo ple. Thus the whole ^stam of their industry depends upon a continuous and certain supply of ccttcn. This has hitherto been kept up thrcttgh the machinery of bills of exchsaga, ahicL are based on mutual opnfidenoe in tte existing state cf tiiigs. This machinery is in terrupted by the disturbance of confidenoa, and the drafts against cotton cannot be sold Tbe cotton Is therefore delayed until England und Fronce can seod the money for It The ne cessity cf conveying the ootton to Edtope, that it may supply the channels of industry there, trll! cause a drain ..pon all the financial re sources cf London d Part? that will deplete ery otjer line of tr^de cf its usual supply of money, and tbe re? there, on the receipt of tbe advioes takes o . t from here jesterday by the j Persia will be a pane as much more ir.teoee 1 han ours as Is England'* secessity of ootton greater than ours. Every banker knows this, and henoe the anticipation of tie money pre**-. re In England makes the negotiation of exchange still mots difficult, the transmission cf ootton still mors doubtful, and he fear of the result still mora Interns. The remedies (or this state if things are rvt dent to all right minded men. The South mast ?<xert itself to prevent it# agitators and deosa geg use from hurrying it into a rupture of onr political relations without giving the North an opportunity to retrace its steps. TLe go-, vernment must exert all its powers to preeervm; its functions, and all its wisdom to induce therf people tc consider existing evils and adopt peaceful remedies. And the people must reoof nise ths necessity of putting down the anti - slavery oligarchy that is exciting them, throne* the rovslng of blind oonsoisnoe, to enforoe stfc% stract and Impracticable moral proposition* that are la deadly hostility to their materiel welftae. ________________ Kusnaumo T( *1 or ran Riroiur>of Pax.. - At the present time of Interns excite ment at the South, when every conservative mlud ta the country desiree that a moderate and conciliatory course should be pursued by the N< rih. even to the repeal of the Personal Liberty bills, nullifying the Fi fitive Stare law t 'v-"? ?tv.~* wMch htT# saacted Ifceta, ths

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