Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 13, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 13, 1860 Page 1
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V THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 8862. NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. Passage of the Treasury Note Bill in the Senate. Philip F. Thomas Confirmed as Secretary of the Treasury. INTERESTING PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS. Prepositions for (he Settlement of the Pending Troubles. F10CEEDINGS OF THE SELECT COMMITTEE. The Programme of Settlement Offered by Loairiana. Slashing Secession Speech of Senator Wigfall. The Position of the New York City Representatives. PURCHASE OF A GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, &c.) Im.} Im. OKI DESPATCHES FROH WASHEICTO* . WAOTHWiTOM, Dec. 12, 1800 The Senate proceedings to-day wore marked by a spirited Southern speech by Senator Wigfall. The repub lican* are in glee over it . ub they say it will rally their breaking forces in the North. Senator Trumbull will not add rose the Senate at pre sent, nor will the other republican Senators, unless the tKle of events ahmiUl present a favorable opportunity. Senator Wilson has a brochure in press in reply to Gene ral Cushing, of Massachusetts. It will appear in a few days, and probably produce a sensation. No New York papers came to hand this evening. In consequence of the train breaking down. The passengers arrived safely. Ttie non receipt of papers creates a great vacuum in Washington intelligence. It Is reported on good authority that an Influential re publican committee from New York will visit Washing ton, to urge upon the republican members of the Com mitlco of States the nect ssity of liberality. The party have as yet made no proposition of reconciliation, nor is there yet any indication they will do so at present. A prominent New York politician declares that the re publicans have already declared war against the South by the indifference of their chief in the present strug gle, and that there will not b<> a Southern State in the confederacy by the 1st of February. Ibc Seaale confirmed John B. Weller as Minister to Mexico. At the meeting of the Committee of States? tb? Chair man, II- n. Tom Corw in, in the chair, and all the mem bers preseut, including Boyee, of South Carolina, except Mr. Hawkius? Samuel Sawyer, of Norfolk, Virginia, a democrat who was Collector of the port under 1'iercc's administration, was elected Clerk. A desultory discus si' n on general matters of no practical business import a dcc occurred, in which several members participated No distinct measures were proposed. The discussion wa of an amicable nature, fending to accommodation, and lasted about four hours. The committee ailjouraed to meet at twelve o'clock to-morrow, when the House pro position will be considered. Private reports from Louisiana speak of that State a< overwhelmingly in favor of seoession. There Is nothing from the South calculated to lessen the excltemcnt, except a report, received through repub ltcan channels, that the agttattoc in Charleston was not so intense. The secessionists think that Senator Wigfall's speech will open the eyes of the republicans, and the republi cans think said speech will open the eyes of their con stituents, and re affirm them in their antl slavery notions. Aflkirsare bec< mlng more snd more ootu plicated, and the factions more and more bitter. It Is believed that if the Senate Committee oould be constituted some measures might be proposed calculated to alluj the excitement and re-rivet the bonds of union. WAmrroin*, D?fl. 12, 1M0. The Navy Department received despatch* this morn, tag from flag officer Pendergraot . brought by the Pa wm wb ch ban ju?t arrived at Philadelphia, with datea from Vera Crm to the 27tb of November. Mr. McLane dec patched Captain Harleteia, commanding th Pawnee, to Tampieo, to act In oocy unction with Consul Chaae In securing pro rata distribution to such of our citiarna aa are tntereated in the aeicttre of the Condueta of specie, wbtch waa mad* a. ime time ago by tbe liberal party. The Governor of Tamp too, however, refused to accede to our demands. Capt. IlarUtein made a *? lenin proteat aiam l the Governor a action and. on hts retnrn to Vera Out. reported tbe matter to our M.ntatiT. Of courts our Minister laid tho matter before the Juares government. At the l-ist aowion of t'ongre*? a law was panned rreat In* Macon. Ga., a port of entry, for the jmrp.*-. of intro ducing fornirn nn'rcluuidise intended to be exhibited at the fair at that place. on the 17th Inst. A vowel has ar rived at Savannah from Europo with good^ int> nd?d for thin eihibltion. Tbe k'??1k will b- traimported in bood from favaunah U> Ma- in and there bonded f.>r war<'h>u* ing After rtoelng the exhibit "n, the If required will be withdrawn and the diHi. - paid It ii"? tb<-y wil be bonded for exportation Mr. Guthrie, sjie? al at;enl o! the Treasury Dejwrtmi ut , left thi* lor 44,. n, t. look after the Interest* of tho government. Thrre t? ot'Ofid' r .! V talk arii"!.. - i!i ^ it M rt ftenntors. that, In order to prevent the catastrophe which they contend the Inati^iirtUion of I?ncoln would hr n, IIJK.II tho CO'ililr.v th. \ -h-tn e - ?? ?' <? > vaution of th?- two lioiu-. - required by l. ?> con-tit itKMi to be prefwnt when the vote* are opened and counted It ban come to tlie knowl.-dge of our /over ne?t that jM-r-oiiK nr. ?< nir'i/".1 at the i:.*tv.< r .? . I?gatkni here, writinti ?rpart'* artM-lv? for ih-w^miht- t> relat >n to our difficulty w th that ;ovt: -ii?iit Th art ? Ie? ire r.- ar - n an entire m -r- r- *? ni .tnu ?? tlx' law and fact* of the contMv eray. Tbe H< u?e Jn.l i lar v Committee have iithorise | Mr M?> nold*. of Saw York to report In fa\ >r ?' mp . .'i.di ? W if"" ' -h. ? ? I" ? I ' t ' h jrroutid of corr .pi pr ??-. d;; ? * n the c.??* of O.pely v Hpenee'. Itivol-. in? th? I'l toaiarge trart I.' n T. * ? In which Wair - ii id i t r.-t r< ?, t 'or .?> proper conduct In tbe (hva? .? < a-">v third for b ing < jragi'd with varimj!- per<-ot - in violation of the law-. o? Texaa. in Issuing fr ii it and for .???d I * ? ? ! e.-rti'i aU? know ng th-m Ml be -?!. !? '? I ? ,.'1"HV<" I" hav ? ill Ii protiom**! valid bi the court- ud prorur n.- patent thereon arnl for get'm? up mitm wrv- ? h: ? court* to accomplish that purpose Aa I intimated yesterday. H"tirr l<dv ir I w d" ! oily sin e. cd Mi Tre. ,ott ax ? . .e? i>e Mr. l^ ly.trd s | r.> <li> m I in a i| t . . ha raeter ..n-l h ? arre-ah .> p>-rt m, ,i i ? . > . ?. rrtulcr thia appo ntme it e-jv r ?,| an-.>;i ltd . !?. the 'I ?hmiattc ?>r|? re?id1liB III Wa?htngt..ri It w I lie a I'l l! time. how. ver before th.- rv-pi.rtiri.-nt .f i-i , on-i.-i any iKim,iii<.frat'oa. wilt h. .. ^ . r ? for that jwft a gentleman ?o enr ortillv r|iHtl<Me.| nt. Mr Tr. -cdt Tbe Pre# -ir nt an. I .^-i reixry (? )ltri w :h h ill IS lib g:eit rt-lneum* i- t th p.?-ti..n v? i, ? h Hnutb (V'dltM his taken in regard !<? difli. n't S<<t we. n the two ?<eti n? rend." Ih r?-?- arn it mn Imperative Tbe Joint Oimm tt.-. on Printing al i meeting t-i dav, MOntirmed the act .'tl of th" >np? r i.tendent of Pub' .? Printing In jntrcbasing the printing eataMnhtnent of Wendell k t'o. Tbr la tho drat at. p in e? UhlMiln^ a Printing bureau wb*r? all yovrrament work a hereaiier to be executed. Until this establishment In properly or ranged, there being no House printer, the Commit, too on (tinting will authorize the Superintendent to havAbe work executed according to the law of last Congress, de ducting forty per ceut. Washwc,to*, Dec. 12, 1M0. The Superintendent of Public Printing, Mr. Heartt, sent a communication to the Joint Committee on Printing to day, that he bus made a contract with J. T. Crowe!), of Kahway,N. J., for the purchase of Wendell's printing establishment. He agrees to pay one hundred and thirty five thousand dollars for the property, which is said to be between forty -five and fifty thousand dollars less than the original cost of the same. The committee unanimous ly approved the contract At the request of Superintendent Heartt, Secretary Th< mpson, of the Interior Department, authorised an architect to examine the building, and the result of such examination was the full (although unofficial) concur rence by Secretary Thompson in the purchase. Senator Anthony, who is on the Senate Printing Com mittee, and who has been many years editor of the Pro vidence <R. I.) Journal , examined the printing material, and coi> .ilcrs the purchase an economical one for the go vernment. This will do away with tho future disgraceful contests for the printing in both branches. In view of the present complicated state of the public priuting in both bouses, the most politic and reasonable thing to do now is to repeal so much of tho law of the last session as authorizes the purchase of tho above named establishment by the 4th of March next, as the time when it shall go into operation, and provide for Its immediate operation by tho government. At the samo time members of Congress should see to the binding, which is a gigantic plundering scheme when compared w ith the profits of the House printing. Mr. Haskin, who moved the forty per cent reduction on the printing, knew this should be reduced in expense at least fifty per oent. Nearly fifty thousand dollars has already been paid to tin- binders of the House, although they have not yet ac c< mf Wished half of the work that has been ordered. Why Mr. Husk in moved at the last session to reduce tho price ? if printing and nr fleeted the binding, the moat profit able branch, is only accounted for by the fact that the principal binder is his democratic friend and neighbor, and wus Ins (Hasina's) own appointee. If this does not explain the matter, it is sold other reasons can be turnislied. Philip F. Tliomns, ex Governor of Maryland, and now ( < mmissioncr of Patents, was to-day nominated by the President to the S? nate for Secretary of the Treasury, and he was confirmed. This is the second Commissioner of Patents who has been elevated by Mr. Buchanan to a place iu bis Cabinet. There was no nomination for a successor to Mr. Ihomas in the Patent Office sent In to the Senate. Mr. >hngert. chief clerk, will probably succeed him. 1he Senate pMttd the I/>an bill to-day, with a slight amendment restricting the powers of the Secretary of the Treasury, which will not defeat the bill in the House. The llouse to-day found itself without a quorum, but before discovering the fact It buried Mr. Eli Thayer and Ills Territorial policy so deep In the Committee of tho Whole on the State of the I'nion, under the lead of Mr. Grow, that it will take the resurrection trump of a two thirds vote to call him into political life again. Mr. Grow s assurance to-day, that when be calls uphis bills for the < iganizution of the Territories he shall give an opportunity to any gentleman who desires to move to out the clause relating to slavery . and that the re publicans will then vote for the bills if tt is the will of the House that they shall puss In that form, gave great confidence to the Southern members that the republicans ntend to show fair play. A Washn pton |*|x r, opposed to Mr. Lincoln's election, aeeerts tn-day that Mr. Don Piatt, of Ohio, who, for a tunc, was Secretary of le gation at Paris under poor Tierce, if to be Uncolu's Private Secretary, and that Mrs. I'on Piatt is to assist Mrs. Lincoln in her duties, at tho White H'use. This announcement is ni.ile without the slightest authority. The statement originally made In the Hkraid is true, that Mrs. Edwirds, a sister ! of Mrs. Lincoln, and a niece of the latter, Mary Wallace a beautiful miss of eighteen, will accompany Mr. Lincoln's family to Washington, and assist Mrs. Lincoln In doing the honors at the President's levees. Mr. Ntcolajr, ihe present coofidmtlal secretary of Mr. Lincoln, will un doubtedly act In the same capacity here. Mrs. I'/lwards to an accomplished Kentucky lady, and has recently been visiting at Andover, Massachusetts. Mr Wigfall's attack upon the Wide Awake organiza tion of the North in the Senate to-day is regretted, as It will have the tendency to irrttaui Instead of allay tlx- preaent netting atate of the public mind. An eflbrt la making to have Kan.?v admitted Into the Pnkn. The bill p**?ed the ll< uae at the laat *>?**; on . and by the ranting vote of Senator I At ham. auceeaaor of Mr Broderick . the btU WW reported out of the Senate com mittee. and la only awaiting the action of the Senate. The influence of Muwouri taagainatit, and Senator Iiougl-ui. l.aving carried that SUte, ia looked upon aa having great power towarda carrying the bill through the Senate. William Bube, a member of the State Republican Com mittee of California. and Mr Farwell, editor of the A U? Wifvrw are here urging the pttaaage of a Pacific Rail road bill. The former ta bearer of the proceeding* of a r??vention in favor of a Pacific Railroad. Mr Scow pre sented them today, The political piwition of Senator Benjam.a has boen miaucderatood. He ia a atrong aececaioniat. Repreaentative l^mar left to night for Miraiaaippl, to attend tbe SUte Convention. The ueneral land office baa iaauad a pat au. thorltiea of tbe city of Portland , under tbe town alte law of 1S44. for 330 acrfi, |hd providing for e>?ifltcl ing elaima of other partita. Thia autyeet baa been in coetnrveray for the laat ten yeara. and ban animated aorne of tbe moat eminent oounaal of the oountry. TBE PROCEEDINGS OFTTIE HOUSE SPECIAL UNION COMMITTKE. WaaaiMiiti*, IVe. 12. 1M0 Tbe House Prrlloua Committee of Thirty three held Ita aecond aeaaion today. Mr G*rwin in the chair Mr sawyer, of Virginia, waa elected clerk. All the mem bert, inclndng Mr Boyce, of South Carolina, were pre ?ent. except Mr. tlawkina. of Florida, and Mr. Ruat. of ArVanaaa. the latter not being in the eity. Mr. ("or win did not make a propcaition to-day. bat will present one In conformity with that indicated in the >Ik*am> a few day a Fine*. Mr Humphrey . of New Vorfc. dee i red that gentleman who bad complaint* to make should *' ite them, and that redrew would rat tafy them, tn order that It might be ?ren ?h- 'lier they were valid, ami whether C<?greaa had l*iwer to arp'y the remedy. He believed the people of the North were aaticfled with the cotytttution an It la, ?nd were willing to live up to and abide by it. Mr Taylor, of tautfiann, aubmitted a schedule of what the South would drmand. accompanied with detailed re mark*. and declared that, in hi* opinion. If thay wore not acceded to. the South would aeoerie. They are: Fir?t ? A ch?nge In <?ir foreign policy which would compel the government to reclaim proper^- escaping int > the territory of foreign Powcra. Seond ? An amendment of tbe Fugitive Slave law. pro riding (or the paymi nt of fugitivea cot returned, at a value at the place earaped frt ?. to he iiwaeaaad by a Jury of that vicinage, with twen* tve per cent added thereto. Third? An amendment of the eonatltution prohibiting Congr'aa from ever ahollahlng alavery tn the, (liatriet of Columbia und guarant- elng atove property n th> Terrlto rtea. In the oonaae of hla remarka Mr. Taylor complained that (ongreaa had refnaed to appropriate the mom y pi d by the ttrltiah government for alavea taken during the laat war and alao that tbe far- ifln policy of the govern m. nt had been *ocb ttutt Creat Brftam had not been com pel tod to pay for tbe fYeole alavea. Mr. Waehbum of Wi?con?tn, aaeerted that Mr Tay lor waa totally in erne, and quoted eUtlaUoa to auetein hlraeelf. Mr. Nel on. of Tcnneaaeo. * ? propratillon, which wa- virtually the late Mieeoori compromise line extended to the P*cinc Ocean, aa an amendment to the cooftltutimi. Alao a elauae recogniting In term* the ob ligation to return fugitive 'lave*, and prohibiting all or any interference in the trade of "lave* between the Ft* tea. and alao prohibiting tbe reopening of the foreign alava trad*. Mr I'avi of Mi*. [J -pke for atxait -q b. .r, I arraigning the North for interfering with tbe South, speci fying complaints, quoting from the works of the wildest abolitionists at tbe expedite of the republican*. He eon eluded by asserting that if each State would attend to iU own affaire there would be no trouble. Mr. Tappan, of New York, replied by quoting from the < hirago platform to show that the republicans are pledged against interfering with slavery in the States, and in favor of protecting States against invasion. Henry Winter I avis, of liar) land, spoke in a calm and conservative tone, deprecating the present state of feel ing, and all attempts to dismember the confederacy. He suggested an amendment to the Fugitive Slave law, re quiring Marshals to deliver fugitives to the district Judge in district escaped from, and guaranteeing a jury trku >f dentity, this to be in lieu of l'ersonal Liberty 1' aud a guard against kidnapping. Mr. Ferry, of Connecticut, explained the Personal Li berty bills of tbe North, and said they were not in con flict with the constitution, but intended mainly io pre vent kidnapping. He said if the Fugitive Slave law was mod ifled he could recommend the repeal of tho Ver onal Liberty bills. He paid he could not violate his m<v ? al convictions by inserting a provision in the constitu i ion recognizing property in man. Mr. Winslow, of North Carolina, spoke in reply, and cited the hardship* of Southern masters who havo been been robbed of their servants when travelling through Northern States, and especially when about to dcjiart for foreign countries. General Millson. of Virginia, also replied, and com mented at length on tho term "property iu man," and asserted that it was a misuse of terms, and argued that the property which a master has In his slave and his ser vices is the same that a man has to the labor and control of his wife, and that it was as much a hardship to Ray that a slave owner might go into the Territories, but should not take his slave, as to say to a husband that he could go, but should not take his wife. Messrs. Morse, of Maine; Curtis, of Iowa; Kellogg, of Illinois, and Stout, of Oregon, also made some remarks. The committee was quite harmonious. THE MEMBERS OF CONGRESS FROM THE METROPOLIS ANI> THE CRISIS. WAsmxiTow, IK*. 11, I860. To Hoy. .Taheh nrxnoxr; ? The undersigned, representatives in Oongreps from the city and State of New Vork.deeni it our duty to com municate to you. ns the representative of our State in the Committee of Thirty-three, to which has been referred that part of the President's Message relating to the con dition of the Tnion, onr views of what, at tbe present crisis of tho I'nion. is demanded alike by the sentiments of our people, the great interests of our State, and the | iroral and political necessities of the situation. We think the time has arrived when an effectual stop ought to be | ut to all aggressive and irritating agitation of tho slavery question at the North. If there are any poiuts of federal relation to the peculiarly Southern institution of negro slavery which give rise to a conscientious senti ment at the North of moral responsibility about it. and therefore to a sense of supposed duty to <ieul with the subject according to theories at variance with the senti ments and convictions of the South in regard to It, we think that those points ought t? he disposed of by con clusive constitutional settlement, so as to relieve unensy c< csciences at the North of that feeling of responsibility, and of consequent supposed right and duty. We think that the South cannot be expected to remain, and that it will not remain, associated in confederation with a Axed anti -slavery majority domination from the North . as we think that in reversed circumstance? our people would not so remain fn a relation of conquered submission to a power manifistly hostile and menacing to their vital icstitutlons uud fundamental rights. We thiuk tliat the South , or even Ibe more southern South ?.f the cotton States, is both strong enough to ufsei t and maintain its independence of the North, atod now, in fact, fully re - olved to do so, unless a Just and necessary satisfaction to Its reasonable claims, and a respectful and friendly reci gnition of its equal rights and the equal sovereign dignity of its constituent Stabs iu the In ion. are now frankly and h>n.tly conceded to it b> tho North, and effectually secured to it by constitution* provisions. We think that there have been reciprocal faults on both sides in the long sectional controversy which has now culminated to its tinal issue and its neces sary permanent solutioa In the now u|>pnrenily alm<?>t inevitable dissolution of the I'nion; but wo also think that thle is no time for recriminations, which little belli true itatesm< n and patriots at such a moment a* the present. And now, condensing Into practical application the views generally indicated in the above expression of not only our own sentiments, but what we well know to be tboec of our people, we think that a more practicable and adequate solution of the now pending crisis of the t'Dtmi would be the nd'ption by tlongre** of cerium amendments to the constitution, in part explanatory and in part new, bat all in barmooy with the pervading spirit of the constitution, and the submission of thuxe amend ment* to conventions or the Legialaturt* of the state*, for ratification, within the courao of the next two month.--. We believe that ?uch amendment* wmiM he ratilled by large majorities in nearly all the State* of the North, and that they ought to be ouJ would be *atisfac tory to the patrtnttr reason of the South; and that by the pr> pi sed course of at tion. if recommended by your committee *nd adopted by Congress, all the prnwent ?torm <>f ilsnger to lb* Cnion will by the 4th m Mure h next have rolled away ns rapidly a* It has swept upon us, and that it will bv followed by u new era of fraternal peace *nd universal pnepenty, which may th. n well justify '>ur confdt nt trust in the perpetuity of this sub lime-t work of human wisdom the constituted tnioQ of th? sovereign States of America. Hie snununji nia HiVfU'.fO Vecommend to Ton, as the representative oi Kt w York in the Committee of stattt, are as follows:? 1. The Territorial question (In our view of the existing diversity of views, and tho ae< easily of a practicable c? mprt misf on that subject ) would hi wisely settled by a return to that which even from a period long anterior to the date of the Missouri compectniHe wss the fair and sagacious policy of the Inthers, namely ? a climatic par tition, by securing to the South the right of unmolested Immigration into. ?nd settlement in, the Territories sooth of Ike latitude 34 deg 30 unn. MrlH the |? riOd of Terriiorisl minority, with the same right to all nc< i-ssary protection to their ao usUmed proptrly which may tie enjoyed by NoMbern immigrants in regard to their various des< riptKOia of property, snd with full right to the pe* pie of esch Territory to determine their perms rent policy in r egurd to slavery and the negro race no the formation of their State constitution for admiaaion Into tlw I ntun. 'I. The federal jurisdiction over local spots within the Pistes, such as lorts, arsenals, and over inter state com mer< e. should be declared not ca|?ble of l>e|r g applied to any Interference with the lawful rights of property as rexgrised by the Mate* locally nittcerned. aud that sin iltsneo"?ly with this gnsrantee lo the South in reward to inter Stste ci mmer< e. the revival of the African ?lave trmle should be prohibited. 3. Ii.?-m.<b aa the constitution, In Its wise distribu tion of the different kinds of representation* intende<i t> be em? 'died In the three great branches of the legis latlve and exetutive p wet ? the censte, the House of Hepren n'silves and the l*re*nient ? has made the first tlie retw esentatlve of the equal ."Lite sovert icnties: the second, that of the people in their repre nutivo local districts, snd the third, that of the whole aggregate pc? pie i f the wbo> t'nion. the mod" of elect ii g the President ought to be modified ao as lo secure the object o' bis betrg !W representative of the true ma jonty ot the who'e. and not that of a minority, which may happen to be ibe mere Veal majority of a singlo atctiei With tbia \ us the single electoral district sya t( m for 'be election of the Presidential electors oiight to be adopted. Wilb two electors at large for each State, as at pret. nt. provision being made for a second elect too be tween ib- two h iih>st candidates, in the event o( no can dldate ha\ it g received the requisite majority on the first vcte. 4 Although not directly connected with toe contro versy which ha? resulted in the present er>sls. we ibink lbn? a prevision for the non-eligibility of Presidents here alter el?cted would be scceptable lo ibe g-u>*r>l opinion of the country . and be hghiy beneficial In Its Influence up< i th" administrative net ion of the ex. motive. In sddition to the fori going proposed amendments of be cot.-titntlon of the I'nited Mate*, we thirfV that at the present time a very perntcooe source of reciprocal irritsiiot. between the two ?rctl? n* of the country would be rt moved if certain amendment* were adopted In the < < ist it g l> g slstlon in r* gsrd to the rend it ion <>f fugitive Sl:?ve? ? >n the |?rl o( Congress, we Ihtk that ibe fed. rul 'pw oi gbt to provide that an alleged fugitive who ms> rot admit the right of his cla mant should be de liven d over, not to the immediate possession of such chimatit. but to the Marshal of lb* district from which be may be allrged to have escaped, there to receive a full and de'1 berate trial of the fact in issue, stid that in the event of bis unlawful rescue the Slate or the county should be lir.ble to the claimant for bis full value, oil Ibe port of the States which havs passed laws designed for the obstruction of the rendition of sticb fugitives, all srch laws < t gbt to be repra'ed or emended into conformi ty with the solemn fail b plighted in the constitution |>y each Mate to all the rest snd we are convinced that such rfpeal cr amendment would prt mptly follow the adoption ef Ibe above pr posed modification of the evistli g federal law. JOHN inrfiRANR, KKKKiS, WMJ.IAM H tIArljtT. inns. J. RANK. IMNIH, r SU-KLEH, li f. I LARS. THIRTY -SIXTH CONGRESS. BBOOKD MMION. ??Ml*. WAamwoTov, Dec. 12. 1*00. HI YAKUT HILL. Mr. Biouot, (opp.) of l'a. , offered an amendment to Mr. Morrill's tariff bill, which was referred to theOuu mi t tee on Finance, with the hill. THK m M&IJON TKKASVHY NOTC MIX. Mr. Huvncm, (opp.) of Va., from the Committee on Finance, reported tho hill authorizing treasury notes ?mended by inserting |60 instead ot |100 as the minimum amount, ana with an amendment referring to the date for their expiration, and the interest allowed, and thai the proceeds of the rales of tho public lands ar>< to bo set apart as security for tho redemption of tho notes. Mr. Hr.vrat said It was an olyi ct to give the n<leH to the lowest bidder. Mr. Anthony, (rep.) of R. I., said let the notes be sold for what they will bring. Tho government should <lcal with all its creditors alike. Mr. Hi'jitkr? We hope the government will be able to pay all its debts. We propose to set aside the pr< coeils (if the public domain so us to encourage bidders to get notes at par. If ten millions were issued, will it Hot li lp the notes not only of this government, but of the govern ments of all the statesy Mr. Anthony called for the yeas und na. s on adopt iug Mr. Hunter's amendment. Mr. Haik. (rep.) of N. H., said the government was pledged to redeem these notes. Mr. Cameron, (rep ) of I'a. , quoted the stocks from the New York l ay /)<*&?. I would like to see notes issued in si.uik of not less than twenty doilurs. Mr. Kkj-skmikn , (rep.) of Me., said as the bill originally cutiie the House, the Secretary of the Treasury was aiitl.orized to sell for what lie could get. Tho lie >ney market was entirely regulated by monied men We should not be r< mpciled to sell tlie securities for what we can get for them, ispccially at tho present time. $>mo thmg mtst be done to give a feeling of security to these notes. > nt out the notes, and in two years there will be a difficulty to get money for them. Money we must have by the is I ot January to preserve the credit of the government. We may pledge the public lanii> speciflca lv for it. I lf< k upon this the same as if an individual wit- his to borrow money and pledges his property th- re ft*. I am in favor of reducing the denomination if de sirable. We have money to raise id order to preserve public credit. We must Dave practical men to deal with a practical subject. Mr. ^?.waki>, ^rep.) of N. Y. ? The State of New York takis caution to preserve her credit as much as any State. Mr. Cot t am km ? I understand the amendments to bo to conline the power giveu to the Executive to three mil lions. Several Sknatoks ? "No," '-no." Mr. Camkrok ? It is the intention to borrow money and give these notes as security. Mr. Cot iamkk ? I think the limitation of that bill is three millions. Ijist Junuary ten millions were sold, I think, l?r one year. The great b<?ly of these notes re main out now The notes are issued at different dates to different subscribers. Mr. Yvtnpihs?1 don't desire to have the government's paper shaved. Mr. Cam>?o.v? This government keeps moni v very bad ly. 1 notice that in tho vote for sustaining the credit of the (overt ment the si cessionists and my republican friends stand up for the same thing. Tlie bill, hav .ng be? n cut down to three millions, was passed. Hie folk wing is the vol? on the second amendment by Mr. Hunter to tlie bill. \ iZ: ? At the end of tho second sec tion add the words "and the proceeds of the salet of the public lands." on which Mr. Simmons, (opp.; of K. 1., called for the ayes aud nays:? ArsKSTTt s.? Messrs. B*v?rd, Blcler, Bright, Brown, risv, Collitnier. I hestnut, rhimdler, Hamlin, Hammond, lleinp bill, lvtr* n. Million, t'ligb, Kiee, Totniiii Nays.? Missis. Anlb' ny ., I> ? ???little, Douglas. Hur kee, tuotr, Crimen. lla'rlsn, King, Simmons, Ten I'.yck, Tmnil ull, W ade aud Wilkinson. All the other mt mbert voted for the amendment. Alter the bill passed, the resolutions in reference to se cession were called up. Mr. loot in the chair. ?WD ?F MK. TUl.fAM ON TliK STAT>. OF THK mfNTHY. Mr. Wioicam, (Opp ? of Texas, rose to S|?e,ik Ho said:? iHirine the talk here yesterday . tlie Senator from Minis (Mr. fouglas) indulged in some patriotic plati tudts en the subject of saving the Union. 1 understood him to say that he was |.r< pat e<l to make any t Hurt in bis power to accomplish that desirable end. He asked for a s|? -citieatlon of the wrongs, or the imaginary wrengs. il at the Southern statis were suffering, or sup p< sed to be RuR'-rinc. I undi rstrnsl him to pledge him sell that when the grievances were made known he would be ready to r? dri them as (ar as laid in his power i mi' i thii state l Ma 1 will state to him one ot the grievances under which the Southern Malts llnnk that they are suffering. It U | that this government has denied that laves are pro perty, aud i.pon t b ? t dtnial ha-' ret used to protect the owners of slaves in their title whenever they were within the lederal Jurisdiction. I have asked Mr. Douglas whether he was prepared to give an assurance that our property would be protet ted witnm the federal Jurisdic tion 1 did not gel a direct ai.swer from him, and I sup pi se that I Will uot do so. He >wys be will show o answer by his vote II a bill be introduced, whethei he will afford prot?ction or not. Will the Senator (Mr. IHiuglas) Interpose by the legislative, Executive or Judi cial de|<artnient to protect that s|iecie?of property known us slaves, as well as every other species of proMrtv W ill be propose amendments to the constitution? Will he vote in this body for amendments to tho couslttuttoor W .11 he pledge in good faith to g > back to the people of Illinois and urge before tie in the ratifli ation of amend ments to the constitution that will vest in the federal government not only the power hut make it aii impera tive duty to protect slave property as it protects every oilier cm s of prof* rty* If he can do this tl en it will ? nd ' ne (if our difficult is Hut to IIiih heauawirs there i* no r> uaon for the exi it?-ni<ut in tin- Southern RUM; that th?y htvf not complained of any tiling. and that tti< - l? i pie there are nut diasai ished. He tell* ui i hat there are two extreme ?* of people. U**?> WlM live m '.i* intern &Ui<n and tho*o who live In the gulf State*. and tliat they mm understand the qmation of difference betwee n them en tirely Int he say* that the |ieople of Illinois and Ken tlitkjr iiMb-' Ktuiid it Mil If the Northern Stale* demre it thiM I nion can be *aved. hut thi* I'mon caiin<>t be saved by flattery . either on the floor erf the filiate or on the ?t' ttip. You cannot lave the I'nion by ?itiffiun hoeaiiuaiis to it Yon cannot wive the I'nion by making Fourth of July apeechc*. You have got to eonie down to the work before you and do ncmething practically. The pNpk n( the differ- nt i!?\ ? IioUlii ? State*,' especially the (otl'1 States a!' ng the flulf. are diai-atl*fi<d with the government in about to be aduunia ti red by the taenmltl adtntni*t ration. There I* coihirg that will *ali*f) the* eSMfit proper amendment* of the eonatilvttw, and these ameinimoMa mutt he made by the Northern stab* un.ui.tuo,Hly. or the pnipir of the Southern State* will not he ?.?tleli'-d, and I my they nrpht not to be. If amendment* to the con at It n lion which would *eeure iim everything we auk were ratlfled by fifteen a lave and ten non 'IwveVtldlng State*. It would he con*idere<l a part of the constitution But If eight of the non alavehoidlng State* voted against the amendment*. and yet they were made a part of the coti at 'tut, on, we woiild ?*y at once here are amend meet 4 to the const itut ion which are di*ta*lei'ul to eltibt of the nmi alaveholdinir Mate?. and which wtll pri b*l ly I* diaregnrded ju?t the aaate a* they dl*re ?ard the prevent conftitttka Soppose that amendment* to the c< n-tltution were propped . and fifteen *lave State* ?hould ratify them, and ten M n ?la\eho|!in? State* should do the same, but New Yotk, Cent. ay I vauia, OHIO. Illinoi*. lndi ?na. h wa and other border Wale* should re fnse to ratify the nmendm'nta, of what practical u*c would the amendnienta be to ua* None. What * the u?e, then, of dlseuasinc what we would be ratified with when nothing ha* been offered to u* w liat'H the u*?. wh'-n we don't believe we will be permit ted to retain I \ en thai which we n- w have. If the two Senator* fr. m N? w York, the senator* from M*-?aeh't pi tt*. the Senator from 'thio, the two Senator* ironi 1111 wu*. the Senator fr< m New Hampshire, the Senator* fro? Maine and other* who are regarded tut republican men. deny tliat under the " n-t'tution ?l?rr- arf rec-m vA a^ pro|w rty. II we could believe tbey would go to the.r con NtttuenU and urge tlie ratlltcati< no! proper int< ndment*. w? lielieve tbe 4. ulf State* would *u*i? nd action, certain ly ao if the Amendment" could be ratified and ran nd out In g""d faith; that lb< y will use priMchinir the "irrepre*? ble conflict ." that thi" ahall declare that flave* a re property ; that thev ahnll lie delivered i p when fugitives; that abolition *ocietle* ahall he alxdlahed. and avnlllM pr??*e* auppreaaed tl?it at o) it ion apOWtie* no longer be made; we ahall not have plratea and murderer*, and our women in *ia\ery I Mil an hooeet effort i* made, 1 *ay . to m<?t t be de ti lU.d- of the South. Um re la i prnapect of gh ni(t them a fair i-ofiatderatl'-n (Roar* of haptcr from the gai> riea, and '-aliim*'') He COBtlMnl, and *md the S< nut' ra may laugh in their fee**. (Renewed laogh ter fr> m the whota houae.) My friend from KenltMky, and other l iil'ti MVttig friend*, may lork and aee the deriakn when I make thi* nro|?wHioii ? Ifl' fthter ) I tru*t they will umicrKtand Um- Ixtln maxim which *aya. '-I>eari e\enfr" m youreoenoea umn *t*<:< m." What will >' u talk when I tell yon, aa I hav>' told people wh< ni I reprea< nted long, '"ng ago "You will n?t be p> limited to keefi that whleh Jt u have now You are r*u*idcd a* paltrc r* and th< y talk of ooert ,on. of lu idii k the "glorkm* I'nion," a* tney call It, with cor<** ?<f himp. y< t y?i piiltloi. the "glorlou* 1 ni<*?" to continue About thi* t'n.e fen itor took tbe chair of the rreeidrrit of the Sen?io, Mr. WHir^tt c<mllni <*d wlUiout Inte rrupt i'*?? stop w thin yiur bordera ffamirg pr<?Ke*. ivibltc apeakcr* *ho riclt< the pe?.ple agatnat na. ?pd I aay to thwe Mat< a yen ahall t>ot? thai la the word I civ e to ire. and I n | r< aeot a feelilg of de termination of the peopl* I represent ? I ft;, yon ??ball not permit M to >?" there to excite our clt ib> ti* by makirg .'"hn llrown *pe?-<-he? nid brfriFinR *tr)<< within Hie bmit* of the state I ieprr*?nt; you" shall not publiah BMNf^aVt and I ani(.hk:t# to excite the ilavea to inatirreclion , yon ahull tot puhllrh new-papera and pnmphleta to ex cite the non alaveholder arnin*t the slaveholder. We will have peso*, and tf yon di n't offer It In a* we'll quietly l av* our right* under lite cofmtitutloaal compact . or will draw fn m the I'nion and latitblteh a government for our*? lv? *. II you th> n p- r* at in aggreaai' n thi?e wiviTe-gn Mali a will ?eltle th- qwr*tlo?;aM *'hen yo t lat fb ai th* *?? mpotent effort*, a* > ou r<gard them, I UM you that <?ti<n w king. (lAi.ghter in U>* gallerie*.) f*m << order. Ihe l'**nt ?at *a^d? The sergeant at Arm* will clcar j the rnllery If it reeur* arain Mr. Bit*, (t?pj of M. H., Mid? Mr. Prwldcat, that threat wag made one, two, or three times yesterda . Now is tb?! tune to > arry it out. order was r entered. Mr. WiuriiLtuid if the exhibition of feeling in thi- occurs again, the galleries shall be cleared r ' once being clean d we will proceed. I trust the Senate will a' i upi u it. liecency is looked for. Mr I'.oim, (i pp ) of Miss., arose from his seat and paid.? 1 h<].e i I.e. Seui.tor will bo permitted to pro ceed. I think we attach too mu<h im|xirUu>i-e to tti? expression of the galleries. I take It for granted that thise warned yesterday didn't repeat it to day. Yester clay there wan one get, to day there's a new set. We will fit tb< m all instr ucted al ter a while. (Tremendous ap proval fi< m the galleries and laughter from the SonaU>rs ) Mr Wkuuix continued: ? I say that cotton is king, and that cotton waves bin sceptre not only over thirty throe Mates, bi t over the island of Great Britain, and over continental Europe. 'there's no crowned head, either tipin il ut island or the continent tbrt does not bend tlie in fear, and in knowledge allegiance to that power. Fiv# millions of p< pie in ( Britain live up< n cotton. You mi j make gratnand they sui husband it, but exhaust cotton for >ue week iu<i all England will starve. They will not burst op< n barns, l>ut will burn I whole hones. We nan have a dirtel trade of two bun dred and fifty millions to our o An ports, instead of Bos t< n, 1 liiisdelphia und hew York, if wo go out of the I nun. Our imports will amount to two liundrod and til ty millkns.and forty per tent upon that puta into our treasury one hundred million dollars twenty per> ent gives titty millions. What tariff wo will adopt 1 expect to know in a few months, and in another chamber, (laughter In the galleries.) You suppose numbers cou stituie the strengih of government. I tell you it's the almighty dollar. When your operatives are turned out, win n capitalists arc br< ken, will you go to direct taxa tion? When you cea.-e to have exports, will you have im p< rts? Factories will then be burnt down and capitalists go to the wall. I know you don't regard us as in earnest. I would save the I'nion if I could, but it is my deliberate impression, anil I have been studying the character of the people you re present for years past. Now, the question is. am the i nk n be savi d? 1 have always been a I'nion man, suit I am now a I'nion man. not from any silly notion that it is of 1- ivine origin, not that blood was shed for it; not be cai se it s un inheritance from our fathers; for it is nei ther the one nor the otb< r. This I'nion is a compact be tween the Stutis. 1 he inheritance may be regarded the trtaty with tireut Britain and Franco, 'it is a treaty be twem the Statts for a common defence of do nii Stic tranquillity. They agreed to the organization of a certain government. Tiny mado a wise distri bution of the government. They vetted in the State governments powers necessary to protect the liberty and well-being of the citizens. All the States tliat are republican, democratic, monarchical, aristocratic, slave holding, non-slnveholding, agricultural, commercial or manufacturing, can all live under tho constitution its when the old thirteen States ratified und made it binding betwi en tli< m. By the late election it would seem as it the people of the North thought th< mselves responsible for the dunes tic institutions of all the States. They tell us a State has not the right to call out an army and navy or negotiate w ith a foreign power when she Is coerced bv other States. I'o you suppose we can bo amused with clap trap and Fourth of July orators when we feel that we are a nation inheriting rights y 'Ihe pe< pie amongst whom 1 live have passed that point. 1 am a devoted friend of the I'nion, but I km w that it must be dissolved, because I can see no dis [ ? sltk<n to save it among those who alone can do it. V hen the eight cotton States shall withdraw from t h ? I'nion. as tiny will do In the next two months, they will meet In convention, adopt a federal government and es tablish a foreign department, and then I shall advi rate the adoption of tliat same constitution that was ratitiel bv the old thirteen States 1 have no doubt that wh< n tfrgiula, Tenmssee, Maryland, Kentucky anil the other border States see what we have don.1 that they will cotne into our I'nion. and tin n not many months will pass awuy bcTore this beautiful fabi ic w ill again be the scene of our discussions. In wlili h we will not only consider these n .alters pertaining to our domestic affairs, but also iu regard to our foreign relations. Mr . WiurM i here read extracts from the constitution and laws of South Carolina previous to tho inauguration of the first l'rtsidi nt of the United States. Mr. WiusAi i then continued: ? Tb" immediate cause of secession is the election to the Preside ncy of a black re publican. Tlie people of the North must know that the pres. nt state of affairs has been brought about by means of the Helper b<? k, by the teachlugs of the Senator from Niw York (Mr. Seward), by the preachings of the pre t< nded followers of Christ, and by teaching in your schools even the < hildr< n to hate us. Tlie Senator from New York had told bis Wide Awake prirtoi lans that their services could not lie dispensed with after the election, but that they would be needed to secure the fruits of victory. 1 hey are a half a million of men in uniform, well drill ed, snd the purpose of their organ isr tlon is to sweep the country in which I live with lire and sword. Mr. skw.?bi> art se and said ? 1 want to know the ground and plnee where it Is to take place. (1 Aiigliler in the gnllei ies.) Mr. Wkmull said he had seen it reported iu the news papers. Mr. Shw.vsn replied that Ho did not say what was pub lis bed in ii< wspapers. 1 do remember to have read a l< t ler whii h 1 received from si me unknown person of a Southern State, professing to implicate some thing I said in some speech of mine. Bu I can't tell what I may bavo said which could be prr-verted so as to imply I ever said o lilt imated lhal ihe Wide Awakes wcro being kept orga nized, or disciplined, or uniformed, or associated at all to si cure the fruits of tin ir % icU ry. I think I can say safely 1 never said am thing which could. 1 hope the Senator will excuse me? I hope be will not deem it necessary to put m> self under any obligations to oxplalu anything hereafter (Applause. ) Mr Wn?ii i continued, and said the denial of tbe Sena tor is all 1 ask. I only saw a report of his speech. In regard to ihe incomiug administration, It will have oiie-hulf the Senate, the Cabinet and the diplo mats on their side. A great deal is said about this being the land of liberty, and of a p. ople w ho boast that they have a right U> govern them selves. Well, yr.u will nave an opportunity to make tbe i y pel iment. (laughter ) For myself, ['don't believe lhal 1 owe allegiance to the ( lilted States I believe I ? w e alleg ,.nce to my State, and to that State allegiance KbalTlio given. Mr. WturAM. continued hi* remark* till 3 66 P. M , when. oti motion of Mi. Hunter. th? .S-nate proce?>ded to Uk roiifidi rut Mm of executive bu?inem, ana afterward* adjourned. House of Representatives. WMrauim, Dec. 12, 1H?0. I'K'IWniOXS I ROM TH? CTATW WCLATIVX TO TOT OOHWIJO* or THE fXlfXTKT. The PrKAiat. pursuant to an order of yesterday, called the various State* for proportions relating to tfco present condition uf the country. nreoarru i* vaoM ?AWAnn-wrrm. Mr. Tma\u? (rep.) of Mm-n., submitted a aerie* of reso lutton*. declaniig thai the representatives of the people "f the United ftatr* r< gard U an th? duty of every pat-lot, tn the prewnt criais, to forget parties and section*. and to devote ihemxelve* honestly and earnestly to the Caose of their country; that the same reason* which, in the be ginning of our hiatory an an Uidc|wndrnt nation, impelled 'hew Mates to friendly and faithful oo operation for th" common welfare, are Is full force sow, sad afcoaid stimulate every section to the fhlr and faithful discharge of all oblicatimM to every other section, and to tbe whole I'nion, without reservation and without evasion that If while living under the shadow of tbe monuri etiU winch we have erected to commemo rate (be herofc de< d.- of our father*, we prove ouraelves unable to trsasniit to our children the in*titut km* created tti Ml (Mtriot Km of tin' founder* oi tin- re public. we oball dcKcrv<|to txj-emi mbcred and denounced a* a nation of grew! t?onum< uts and little men , Uiat It) i ii*en#of this repnblh who are willing to barter lli? public welfare for their own .iggrandizeun nt. and to ? i r . >? ' ' . . I < ? ( hit U In it' t in* je.iloiiKy oil am i bet wen *b< Kteh of thin I mon. are whuli, 1 1 w 1 1 .. s i ' i lie honor or tt.? ' ' ? ' ? i> ? < < I 'in |?.tt o(, of the American people; that the pr< -?M utat" of unfrien'lly feelifig exulting between the iliffereut Sectiona at tbt? ? ii v hes vixen fiorn the govern r< i i >. y O -n grera slid thi Fxicutive. of our provincial depeivlsnete*. :imi from their usurpation of the right* or American ? ; i i i ; - >1 i tin re.'ttMi or the acquNiitl n of ?ny more Mich dependencies, a* being adverse to the interest* of s republican government, ami d??trui ti\e of the rights of our own eiti ? n? the right* ot an American i itn?n are above tbe Ooogreae rnd the Freakiest, and sre not de rived from ether. i nd should fie **< red ercr) where on Americas (Mil . and thxt Mall go\ei ument* derive their juat power fri m the ron^nt of Uie governed, Territorial t v ri nuient" Mimild not be cotnpellsd to derive their Just I* wir? from the NSMt of Ctstrm or the will of tbe President that tbe puhlie land* outside of the state I mite should he open to sale rind settlement in districts suitable is Sine an. I lorm to nvike Mate*, and that when ever any at-cli rim c nU n ? population e^ual to the rsta> of r> pi ? "?ntation and xliali have a constitution r?p? MicSS n form, it tbouM be entitled to a 'in '""Hi Into tin i ii i :? r ii i tint a- taint on ?t,.| r< prieenut . o sre in- parable, the taxes of the people in tbe iHn'l dtatrici for tbenipportof the general government I ?? ?! '"? r- n ti hi n in tie v -ho i|.| -upport their I.wn goveri m?nt- an?l defray all their expenaos that no ii- w territory *bill ever be a/ quired to be owned by lb f'nited M?ti* or to b govern* : b> Congress. and that the cxpane n of their limits >-houl<l lis p<i*sihle onlv by their annexat n by treaty of sovereign -ut.s that there ?h< ubl be to ' ntigrcasiotutl legislation wbaUver 1 t on Mr ti ? ? i i 1 <!>..< i * . * \ (1.1 mi ?i district should a' ~o be an sfsctorai district. mdbeenti tied every lour yeara to cb< ***> one Pre* (dentin! elector and ? . eh ^liOe should be entlthd to eluxoS two l*realdeo tiaJ eUetots on gesersl ticket. esorrsimrm mm ?rw ross. Mr .Ton* CunuMKS, (opp ./ of S. V submitted ihe fo|. Icwmg ? eres*. s conflict of opinion ilangereus io the peace and I- \ ? > I of Ilie I nto,. Iina an ? n eor ,r, ming Hie true .stent and meaning of tbe ponetttiili?? of the Tnlted Stair a in relation io the nhJ-ct of African slavery, there fore . K. aolved. bv the Senate and ITooae of Rapresenfstless (two th it (If* ot b? Hi bonae* concurring) , that ihe following articl. hi pn po^ed a< an smen?*ment to the ennatitutton, ' II >' re. fourth* of til ( . ral -laKc. I all be valid an part of said conatitu tloli. V I ? In oil territory of the 1'nite.i Hatea lying north of || ru o I, It. - ai t I , I if, pi ?i?h| will II Uv knot* u si > vf th? iil>tai( tisies", kIsn try mm! m voluntary servitude, except in puatshmentaf crime, shall be und is her< by prohibited. Provided thai the said ter ntory.or any yurtwiof the same, when admitted a* ? Mate, shall bo received into the Union, with or without ? iTrrji , li III crartiUtkN may prescnb* at the time of its hi mission. 1 liut ill all territory of the I'nited Males lying south < f thirty six dcirwH, thirty -a mutes, not in cli ('.id with. u the limits of any exlstiug vute, neither C< ngrefg nor any Territorial government shall i?usm any laws prohibiting or imjainrg the estaMishrnc.nt of slavery. I'r< vlded alwajs tbut tbe said Territory, or any (art of it, when smutted as a Mate, shall be re celved into the I'niou with <r without slavery, aa its r< t stitution may preccribs at the time of admission. Corgrtps shall puts no law prohibiting or interfering with th? trade in siavts between the slave - holdisg Slates and Territories. Tbe migration or lm|.ortati? n of slaves within the I'niteel States, or any of tin- Territories thereof, frt m any toroign country, is beieby pn h bited. No person held to service or labor in any Mate, or in any Territory of the United .-tales, un > < r the kw th< reof, ef&.pu g into any other Slato or Ter rit? ry of the United Mai's. stall, in oorisequenoe of any law or r< gulatu n therein, be discharged from such aer v .ceor liibi r. be delivered up i n claim of the par ty to wh" m such ?erviceor labor may be due. Tbe right < i transit ihromh. und temporary sojourn in, tbe several Mates and Territories cf the United stabs is hereby guari ntei d to all the c it liens of tbe several States and T> iritorles, and their right to the possession and control oitheir sis ves during sin h sojourn and transit shall not be mipi gtied No law ena< ted by Congress for the ren dition ot fugitive slavi s shall be in any degree impaired < r impungc il hy anythit ft contained in the laws or con stitution ot any Mate or Territory, but all such State and Ten itor ml laws, and ail such provisions iu any State or other constitution, shall lie null and void. pkopcirtiom num marti>kd. Mr. Stkwart, (opp.) of Md. , offered the following ? Ihat an amicable setth ment he made, and an equita ble ndjnstnient ol all matters bet w sen the States sepa i hi :ng, so that each and every State and people thereof may kuow their precise duties and obligations in that evint, and no Justifiable cause of disturbance may lak? place n the future, as far as human foresight can guard .-?gainst it; and further to enable them, as they have lived s<> lorg together in the bonds of federal Union, u> aci|U;i ,-ce jh ably iu th< necessity that compels tbeni to H pa rate, and further toprov :de, in ease of disagreement in Ihe future, seme plnti by whlrh the same be speedily nmi Unally adjusted, that the Special Committee inquire, anici g other things, if any measure can be adopted to preserve ia their purity the constitutional rights of all the Mates within the Um<n; and further to inquire aa to the Diest reasonable and just mode by which their nghtu may 1 e maintained in a state "f separation, each sove reign St ite being repossessed of its delegated authority to th- fi li ral In tea . and adjusting the liabilities of each, with sin h other measures of f-iir settlement as may ap pear to th< m just , and recon i ending also some plan 111 thut event by which in the future, il any disputes shall arise, they may be iuirlv and speeiiily settled. mopoemoMi rKi'N vntuona. Mr. liJD, (opp. ) of Ya., offered tho following;? That the constitution ought to he aim ndud so iu< to pro vide ? Klrst. that Congress shall have no power or juris dieti< n on the subject of domestic slavery, either in the States, the Territories of the United States, or District of Columbia, or over the trade of slaves in or between them , except as heremaiter provided; that where domestic slavery may exist in any Ttrritoiy or district, it shall he the duly e>! Cengress to protect it hy adequate; and efli clent legislation ; that no Territorial legislation, or other Terntoral authority, shall have any power or jurisdiction whatever over such subject ; that the rights of ma? ters or owners to their slaves, while so journing in. or in 'transit through, any Stale or Territory ?)f the United Mates, shall be guaianteed by protectant; that fugitive slaves Khali he delivered up on demand or their < wners or ma<- ters. and that all secli fugitives an may be lost by reason ot the legislation of any Stale, or the net of Ms coii. litutiemal authorities, shall be paid for by such State. Mr. SariH, ("pp.) of Ya. , submitted the following ? 'Ihat the j-picial Committee b1 instructed to in quire into the expediency of to amending the Fu gitive Slave law as best to promote the ren dition of fugitive slaves under the operation of the same; tl.e more adequate punishment of its infrac tion . and the aflordit g proper compensation to the owners of those who are not returned. Also to inquire what fur ther const itutu rial checks arc demanded, by a sense of self -presentation on the part of slaveholding Mates, agan st the oj* ration of the federal government, when abeiut to be presided over hy those who have avowedly o me Into p< wer ou the ground of hostility to tbeiir insti tutions, ami to consider whether the fact doe s not of itself Indicate an antagonism to the slaveholding interests, so as to make it necessary, for its own security, that its concur rent voice, separately and distinctly given, should be re quired to sanction each and every operation of the fede ral government and to consider w hether a duel Kxecu live, or the division of the Senate into two bodie-s, or the making a majority of Senators from both the slave holding and uon?laveholding States necessary ta all action < n tbe part of thut body . or the creation of another ad\ ismg body . or council, or what other amendments l? the federal constitution would best promote that result, and to repeirt thereon. Mr. .Ibmuvs, (opp ) of Ya. , introduced a resolut . -n In structing the committee to inquire as to the expediency of amending the Fugitive Slave law, with a view to tbn pr< mpt rendition of fugitive slaves, and of giving proper com|>ensatiou to owners ol those not PStUMi also, as to the propriety of providing by constitutional amendment, or ( Ongres* tonal enactment lor the protection of the rights of slaveholders in tbe common Territories, lie. moeoerrnm vkoh skw jntran. Mr. Aosain, (rep,) of N. J., submitted resolutions de claratory of lion intervention as the true remedy; that all State laws in conflict with tbe constitution and laws of Congress ought to be ropeahd; that tbe Fugitive Slave law and all other laws of tbe land ought to be respited and rbeyed. and no obstacle thrown In the way of their execution: that the exxistltulton Is tbo result of concilia tion and compromise, and can only be preserved by tbo exercise < I a similar spirit nmrasmo* took r*Mnnriv>'?u. Mr. Morris, (rep.) of Pa. , offered a resolution instruct ing the Union Ce>tnmitte>c to inquire and report as t? wlieth. r Stat. l erin ual l iberty bills are in coi tiict <*ith the constitution ; and, further, to inquire whether tbe Fugitive Slave law Is susceptible of amendment to ascer tain more certainly tb<' actual condition of the fugitive. ?MMi ni"M ohk).*, fopp.) of Ohio, submitted tbe following ? Whereas, tttie of the chief an<l Just complaints no the part of the nlaveholiling States ol thix confederacy in tbe refusal. neglect anil failure of certain Executives <>f the Northern stat? ? to * ! ? ? 1 1 v *? r up I ugitivee from jiu-tiee in clined for treason. mur<ler and *lave stealing in ?aM ?lava FtaM, therefore Reeotvcd, That the Onr> mitten of Thirty three for the re-establishment of comity between tbe States be re quired to ceinidcr what, tf any, further legislation is De cenary to carry out tbe second claun? of the second w tWnof the fourth article of tb<- coMtttutk<n for th<' deli very of fugitive* from Justice, who nhall floe from one Male and b?- found in another, on tbe demand of tb>' ex ecutive authority of the Mate from which > uch fugitive ? ball have tied, and that nacb Inquiry be made with a spvciul view to punl?h alt Ju<lfc?. Attorney (ienerals, Kxi*utlves, or other Mate officers, wbe abali impede th<> execution of mid clause In the ewLletMa, either in re spect to tbe delivery of felons ?h* aaay he mdtclod for triMM n or murder In attempted slave- Insurrections, or wlio ma* be indicted for slave stealing. Mr. ffrrma, (rep ) of obio, intnniured a rfMhtkm Inn true til: g the committee to report what legislation in ne cessary to give full effect to that purt of the count itution which provides that "tberltisena of each Mate shall i>e en titled to all tbe privilege* and immunities of tbe rltisen* of tbe acveral Mates," and also what legislation Is neces sary to secure to all tbe people whether rsskllng In or tra vellir g through any Male, the full benefit of that part of the corstitutkn which secures them against unreeeotiaMo searches and aeigures In the absence of probable oauee Mr. Mihiimk, (rep.) of Obio, introduced resolution*! declaring that the inly true and effectual remedy for thn dissensior* that now exist between tbe several cut"* and the people thereof is In tbe faithful observance by llto several Stall's and tbe people th. reof of ail the evxnpro mines of the constitution, and of tbe laws made in pur nuance tbere-eif. that the ."pedal Committee of Thirty three be lnstru< ted to in>|?iire wh< tber any StaU' or th? people thereof have failed to obey and enforce tbe obli gate n Imposed by the Connl itut ion. and If so tbn remedy tbere<>f. ard whether any further bgielation is required to secure such ? nforcement; that to avoid all farther eon t rover* l< n in regard to the several Territories of the I?nlted Mat< n lh<' >aid committee divide tbe said Terri Uric* into Mates of a convenient nine, with a view to tbelr pr< nipt admission into the I'ulou on an equal foot nc ? ith the orig nal Mate* Mi l>r*i,n??. (rep ) of tibio. Introduced a resolution that tb- ,-r* < i?| t>in>mtttee of Thirty three report to th? lloi^e mii h additional legislation a* they may deem ne ce n-ary to suppress and put down armed rebellion again ?t llo h?i Ud WlhTlty ? the t'n It ed Mates; to pret' ct. ib< |>ri |?rt) thereof against unlawful seizure, and th < Cititena Ihef of against unlawful violence. rnoiiernoa r?n kiwti mn Mr Mam *v, (<<pp ) of Ky.. Introduded a rsnolntion ect ntitot '.nally establishing a tine similar to tbe Missouri ?Hi t'f"vMBg fer Ike edMlaeton of states, and pnblbttinK tbe Interference of finngres* wlUistavery. Mr S-nttnasoa, (epp ) of Kv , Inlroeluced a resolution inntrm Mng the c. mmlttee to Inquire Into the expediency r>f amending the Fugitive Hlave law, by declaring It a felony to resist the federal officers in its exec ution, or st t. II ptirg to r>-< lie a fugitive w h he iu the custody <* tbo 1''d Stales Marshal. rs< in ?rruM* nto* nma.ia. Mr Ow i?? (<pp.) of Ind . introduced a resolution Hint II" l err i tort of tbe I nlt?>l Mates nhoubl be equally divi'txl between tlie slave aB'f in* slave?M>l'llng Statin, niaverv to be r? co^n i red in the one and prohibited in tb? , i her nrci . n. tluet the r 'ght of property in alavce shall n"t he destroyed or impnired by Coiigreseional agitation ; s l en< ver a mavs has lieen rescued the owner shall be al li wrd the double ?alue of the slave, recoverable la tba Ptste Court. Mr Kma sr frep.) of !nd. . Introdnned a mnlution fop tnstriiCti??s t?i ihs o mmlttee to inquire into the- eipe dtency of so amending the fugitive slave law as to pro v ide the right of a trial bv a jury where an alleged fugitive claims to be free. When r.ltitlaene of a aon slave holding Mate assist in the eeeape of a fugitive or in a forcible reaeue, tbe ewwer of the s'ave shall he Indemnified: piw? thai acting to be si bject to criminal prosecution, and Mat tbe commit tee propose such ofber amendments MR may be thought nere?sary to give selinffcrtioe. without destroying tbe ef lt< N-nry of the law, or impairing the ormtitutiooal righto of aft citiw n? of tb<' I'nlted Metes. Mr HotBaff. (<>fp > "find., inimdueed a rsaoiutlon, ds < Isrtng lh" right "t n. cession ebilly unwarranted hy Ih i letter and Tlrit of the r^nntitulH'n- that mutual and eo?. nv n rbllgnt < ns reader It i bligatory on tbe federal gov ? rnmrnt to enforce In g"d faith the laws enacted pur suant I" a"'h- riti tad iaetrurtirg Ike com in it ten to fnu'iiri whether nny notion Is nero??ery. m view of [? tiSTIM Jj) U.N U0H1U VHii.]

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