Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 1, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 1, 1861 Page 1
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4l 115-0 I %&>n- <0t i THE NEW YORK HERALD. "f [OLE NO. 8881. d MORNING EDITION?TUESDAY, JANUARY 1, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. mPORTANT FROM WiSHDVGTOK. THE MARCH OF THE REVOLUTION. Secession Speech of Mr. Ben jamin in the Senate. Irrepressible Outburst of Approbation by the Spectators* Resignation of Officers of tbe Army and Navy. Anticipated Hostilities from South Carolina. THE VIEWS OF GENERAL SCOTT. m. BOLT APPOINTED SECBETABY OF WAR, Ac, Ac., Ac. OUR WASHINGTON DESPATCHES. W-ishwoton , Dec. 31,1860. There hag been do additional news received to-day by the government from Charleston. The Commissioners are constantly in the receipt of despatches, detailing ut Uh m tbe important movements and operations going on ?> their Convention. Ue Governor telegraphed tbe Commissioners to day to know whether the President intended to restore Major Anderson to his command at Fort Moultrie. It appears that of Charleston bad beard that the President bad determined to do so. Tbe Commissioners, it is un derstood, replied at once that the administration had not and would not restore Major Anderson, and that tbey ex pected to leave immediately for Charlesion. It is expect ed that ae soon as they return hostilities will commence. Tbe Cabinet have been in session nearly all day, and * is understood that the question now in dispute is in re fard to reinforcing Major Anderson. The Cabinet are understood to be equally divided, the Prosident doubting the propriety of such action. General Pott's views are well known upon that sub ject. He is not only for reinforcing Fort Sumter, but also all the forts in the South. It is understood he has recommended th.s course to tho President. This wil not, however, be done. The Southern men openly declared to-day that all hope of adjustment or reconciliation is passed. Tbo feeling and excitement ,s running very high, and it is predicted that an explosion will occur in either House or Congress >n less than ten days. The general feeling ,n both houses to day is indicative of trouble. It is stated, on reliable authority, that several thou sand men are already enrolled, and large accessions are bolh 10 Maryland and Virginia, to take pos ??w>n of this capital. They declare lhat Mr. Lincoln never? shall be inaugurated in this city. Many republi cans hdvr oeeu ??mred of this. If the present state of things go on, and there is no settlement, rely upon it the Capitol never will be permuted to pass into the hinds of the republicans. Tbe President had not completed his message up to ad frmrnmcntof Congress. It will not, therefore, be sent to them until Wednesday, lie President has not in dirated to a soul of his ttibinet what position he wil^take, or the policy he intends to pursue. One thing, however, is certain, tho demand which has been ma<ie to restore the troops to the Uatut ?uo will not b. complied witb. E Postmaster tJeneral Holt has been trar?ferred to th' War Department, and will perform the duties of that office for the prese nt. , Tbe foilcw:rg army officers havo resigned:?Rrevt Major Win. H. Wakor and brevet Major II. C. Wayne, of Georgia; Cel. A C Myers, Ckpt. John Humvant and fcre vet Scco, d I lent. W H. Gibbs, of South Carolina. Tbe tolkm-ng naval officers from South Carol ina have mxned>-Ments. v. F. Warley, John R. Ham Ron, Robert Solifeit and W. G. Coxier; Assistant Snrgeon It?os. . Char'ton;, Fran- U W. Thomas, R. II. itacot. a!k<*r John Grimball and Wm. H. Wilkinson. Wx'iimwojf. Dec. 31,1S?0. The Boi re O mmitlee of Thirty three to day had under consideration Mr. M.Ison s proposition Tor a tine, ^outh cf which slavery .ball be permitted, an,* north of which t shall be prohibited. So veto upon it was amvedat. Tbe electoral vole or Ill.nois was delivered to the Vice Prend<nt to d?y by the messenger, lion. I-eocard Swott one or the Stats electors. M?. Breckinridge remarked' U?t it was the Inri ail ,he rest having been previously received. Senator i'-aker, e,i 'Vcgcn, has arrived here from Illi no*, and will reply to Senator Ben.iamin en Wednesday Senator taiceren .s in Springfield, by Invitation oT the Present elect It .s reported that he will go into the Treasr.rv Depart-noc. and that Mr WllnX)l W1? ruc|oc<1 bim m tbe Scrato. ?A" P"rtieH are despondent to-night. But once chance ol h peaceable adjustment remains, lhat is to amend the constitution by providing for tbe withdrawal of the dis mm. sfled Mstes upon indemnification for their portion oT ?m- f*blicproperty and jmblio debt, and providing for roniisuance of the present commercial relat-ons between the States The South will agree to this if the North will stipulate to return or pay ror rngitlve slaves. This wou'd simply am,mnt to political separation and commercial union, and would relieve the Northern conscience of the responsibility of slavery, wh.le the faith of the govern ment would be protected. Col. A. M. Barbour, Superintendent of the Harper's Kerry ,\r?oal. arrived here to night, on business i on DSrted with his station. Hon 1 eleg W Chandler. City Solicitor of Bo-ton, and a otmm.ttes eons^ng of M< ssrs. Preble. Batch.-lder, Web star and Mathey, are here on official business. They Join additional members in .Vew York In a day or two. New Year's eve is being celebrated at the seat of gov ernment by a f? w friT Afchls between I'nion and distin -m i hampx'i.s A kno< lc down has Just occurred at ino of the hotels, with rarKf ? it would be renewed. Otherwise- tbe c.ty .* quiet, w,th the usual abundance of canards /.eat eg around to gull the credulous. W<shi**, Dec. .11, Hf?. The sensation to .!ay has been tho of Senator Benjamin in the Senate. It ,a the ta'k everywhere, and even republicans acknowledge Its logic, force and thr.ll Off eloquence. For the first time in a number of years H?e gnilcnes were cleared by order of the Senate in con prque., e or an enthunast.c outburst or applause at its conclusion Rr.mors that a quasi dictatorship, of millUrY .unities was to be i-statu shed by the appoiatuwit or Lieutenant General Scott to the vacant post of Hocrotary or War. ereated some uneasiness in the public ramd, which, bow ever, was linal.'y dispelled by the selection or Postmaster General Holt to fill the place. Tbe appointment creates and hut very litUe remark There was general disapfwuntment in both branches ol Congress, and ainrag citizens and Strang-rs generally, m onnsequenco rf the non re<ept.<>n of the President's spe ciai messnge. tfcf final touches to which had not l^een girer, at the hour or adjournment. It will doubtless be prf'ff'ntf'il < f V . f . M}:, , I Fricneo'.s reports have been transmitted to Ihe public thr. i fh tbe aewi^Mper press, respecting the po.mon of the South Can i na Commissioners toward the Executive, fc tar fre m the Commissioners dselining to receive the resu ratie^i of the ifatun fuo as satisfaction for the eoune Ma.K r And?rson had p-irsned. in cansin* a violation it the |Je.!ges of the government. ! am an then red to stats that no such propooit,? was ma le to u?e Commiwioners by t*?e I'residnot Wiiai iheir course woul? have h/vn had srch an offer "ee0 n ;ule is etwirely a dilPsTent matter TbeO mm here Tbey cons dar the aptsi stment oi Mr Holt as Secretary of War a had omen *'r a ?? ? an-i im .able < on. lusion of the labors of ?h.Mr mis* on. n,r -no, h as they regard the sentiments of thenew.^creiary of Waras h.stile to the interests of fkwith fan ?ch t e i. ng p of gnsrelfe measures V' O dir n u*^ rec* terf no tr per tart .nielli g?Die from home to-day. They await the transmission of the special message of tbe President and the action of Congress thereon, before they determine their final course of action. They are all in good spirits to night, and apparently bent upon enjoying at least on* i "happy New Year" in tbe federal capital prior to the t> tire dismemberment of the Union. Idle and ridiculous reports relative to an alleged w ' pertain and boisterous Cabinet meeting on Sunday'ami, also about the return of Secretary Kloyd to tbe Cu>inct, and about the issue of orders to Major Anderson i* with > draw his lorces iron, tbe Charleston forts to appe-re the wrath of the South (arolinians, were published *'y some of your cotenporarie* to day. It is almost o^-dless to say there >s not a word of truth In cither KtaUment. The intelligent delegate from New Mexico, Mr. Otero, is somewhat amused at tbe interest some of tbe leading politicians take in the affairs of the Territory he repre sents. They aro attempting to coerce it Into the Union as a State without asking the consent of its people, who are well enough satisfied with tbe mode in which they are now governed; and hereupon has arisen a query?If Congress can force a State into tbe Union, cannot it force one out? And if it can fore# ono out, why make such a row about a State leaving peaceably ? Tbe number of troops said by your Boc ion correspondent to be enrolled >n Massachusetts for active service against tbe South, is identically the >aw us that referred to in the threatening letters to citiyns of Charlestown, Vir ginia, as mentioned in yesterday's despatch?seven thou sand. If these anonymous letters came from Massachu I sttte, as tbey probably did, might there not be somo ' truth hidden beneath the mysterious and mischievous I Oimmunicaticns. Accounts from New York, received n rough demo eatic channels, report that the anti-secession feeling is ja.ning immense strength there. Accounts from the same itate, through republican channels, go further, and after txborting their friends to stand firm as graninite, say if physical force is wanted to sustain the Union enough can be lent from the Empire State to plant the District of Oolum iia with fighting men as thick as bulrushes. That the Union tentiment at tbe North is powerful, daily assurances are riceived here from democrats who go with the South all tagths except dissolution. Washi.hc.ton, Dec. 31, 1860. The report which prevailed throughout tbe city ibis a.ternoon that Lieut. Gen. Scott had been Appointed Sec r<tary of War ad interim, produced a thrilling effect, and oitasioned much indignation among tbe secessionists, w|o are fully aware that Gen. Scott is in favor of exten sile military preparations. The truth is, Postmaster (uteral Holt is in temporary charge of the department, ai4 to night was attending to the duties there, in com paiy with tfce chief clerk. Gen Scott has not been either at the department otAt^ic President's bouse to-day. loth Secretary Thompson and Secretary Thomas were at tbe Cabinet meeting to-day, though rumor bad de ci/fed otherwise. (any reports prevai with no truth for their founda ti??, and which serve only to add to the already intense exiltement. Ir. Bingham's bill farther to provide for the collection of luty on imports, introduced in tbe House to-<ty and reilrred to the Committee on Judiciary, looks to tbe in. crue of tbe President's power to enforce the revenue lavf. ftnator Hunter intends introducing a resolution, hav intkoview an adjustment of the property and other qniltions with any seceding State. It. Trescott, the Secretary to the South Carolina Com ?..i tioners, will leave Washington to-morrow for Charles tor. Tbe Commissioneis will remain to await executive aE legislative acticn. THIRTY-SIXTH CVNQRBSS. &KO0ND 8K8S10N. Senate. WAHtracrow, Dec. 31, I860. Ttt galleries wore crowded. There was ft largo crawd abou! the doors. Ladies also were in I be lobbies and on tbc (.tor. Mr.CRiTTEW>*?r. (opp.) of Ky., offered a resolution that a portcm of the gallery be set aside for foreign ministers and thir families and suites. Mr. fUviM, (opp.) of Miss., objected. He thought there was ncreason for it. Mr. spoke in favor of the resolution. Mr. Sward, (rep.) of N. Y., also spoke iu favor of its passage. Agreed to. iki-ort or nn: sklkct rriw.s committo:. Mr. P<r?m, (opp.) of Ky., reported from the Special Comnntu?of Thirteen that the committee had not beeu able to ag^e upon any p^ral rfiia of adjustment. lie asked tha (lie |ournai of the committee be printed. Mr. IHhsias, (opp.) of 111., said that he wished to rpcak on he subject, but would postpone Ins remarks ut.t-,1 vf. dntsilny. Mr. ( KmtNMN arked that the Senate would set apart nne day lor the consideration of the joint resolution tiered by h.m. The r? solution was torn made the special order for Wedtffiiay. TIE iWprwmOM or T1IK V tIMlil ARMS. Mr Wit**, frep.) of M..sp , offered a resolution of in quiry, that lie ,-~reretary of War requested to inform the senate what disposition bad been made of the arms undo .it llie national armories; it any luut t?een sold, ana if so at what prico and to whom, what number tliero were in the arsenals and how they were protected. Ob jected to and laid over. THK OHO AVIATION OV illUMM. The bill to organize tho Territorial government of Ari zona was taken up. Mr. TurMM ii, (rep ) of HI., spoke in favor of the amendment to tbe amendment, to allow tho Mexican law at'o.ii4iing slavery to c< ntiuue in force. Mr. tiRtr*. (opp.) of Mo.. said that '?ir. Brown's amend ment did not cliange any law, but only proposed to con tinue an existing lav.- lb was in favor of leaving the poo pie tree to cLoose their own laws. TM?. AIiWWMO* or KAWAH, The special order, the bill providing for the Admission of Kansas, was here iaiau up, and |?*tponed until Mon day next. ' nwitfH or *s frtnjAMix on ntr. ewsis. Mr Bemakx, (opp ) 4f In., rose to address tbe Senate. He said he had supposes that , ere this, he would tiavo had official information if the position of affairs in South Carolina, but in tbo ahs?n< e of It he should assume that be had such informal no The South, he said, bad re peatedly warned the North that they were driving them to a point that would rtsult m a separation, and for this they had only been sneered at and maligned He (Mr. B?-n jam in) wished to ?pea? in no spirit of recrimmatioo, but to perform his d'tty. He would rail attention to tho cpe.< h he made four years ngo, predicting this result. Mr. Ilem.imin tier'- quoted from the -peech be mads in l&fifl, ai d in wlii< h h<' said the time would ceme when the ^ontb would throw ite sword into the scale with all the rights of the South, oecause he did not lteliove there could be pe.-ioeaM" ion. He nU that the words he had then uttertd hni proved to bo true to day. He would to <if*l that tbe ie*r? < f < ivil war then expressed would prove only tears, but from what he had almost set tried a* if tbe otber side of the ebaanbOT desired t" hring about a civil war. South Carolina hud declared hers?-lf serrated frssn the t'nion. while other States stand ready to support her, or else to put her ?Uwn. Tut is the rAl issoe, and there ik no use to disgui?o ,t. We are not permitted t/> gi ore the fact tbo determination to eeoede Is not ?or.bted to South t arilina alone, for next week Missis sippi. Alabarr.t and Hot iris will separate from tbe I'nioo; a wi > k after t.eorgia will follow them a little later I/>uis i. na will secede, and soon after ber Arkansas Now, then, shall we recognise X'uth (aroluia as a free end ladepoad ect state, < r shall *e finfrce by fore? H?PWgned that the j? i,pie of South Carolina liad a right to deelaro them selves free: it wa-- an inherent, ina i enable right. South Carol na had, by tb>% voice at her people,met in conven tion. m lkto, find mealed UMordinance made by ber poo r>le when they met m ?onvcniion n I7S* Mr. IU*)jarain here qapted from a speeth of [laniel Webster's, In the Rhode Island case, to rfkm thai a convention of tho people duly assembled had proper authority Be (Mr. Webster) hud said that a < ompact was not binding on one tarty unless tiie otbor parties to it lived np to it.anil that a compact broken by one onU bo broken by all. Xfr. Iien.ismin her* quoted from Mr. Madismi to sustain h s powtion lie (Mr Hen.ianup) said Mkt no one eould ft d imy article in the constltuuok requiring force to bo used 10 coefte a I tale. He referred to the old Confede rate i . and ?.nd that nine States secede 1 from it for tho expi ieas" n Ot t the compact between Hi em was not kept, si d t*nsrf ad the States seceded but Rhode and T.'erth Carol na. having thern as wreifo Mat<r }]? claimed this as a precedent u the formi - ion of tbe present constitution t' show the riglit of a .state to secede. Who was to be the utdge if a O mpect was broken/ If a compact was 1 roken in a peefniary matter, the constitution provided a way to settle the matter be.t ft it w.fc broken politi cally, tbo ccoei*.Qiioa provtded no way. He rend from tbe debates of Ike convention which formed the consti tution lo show ihai the member* of that convention re fused t4> make t he Senate the Jodge of, or g>ve the Pre sident the f*w< r to veto the artion of a State; that they refused te give Congress the pow^r tn negst ve State kgirlation, ar'i that tbey stxeially refused to give any p< wer to <oer,^ states. Yet wn? n the Stat4 eon vent ens ran' to ratify the. constitution, r-omplaints were made tht't the Statee were not sufficiently soeure. It must be sdniittod that certain political rights are gim rsnteed the : tatee but whrn t.h.eae rights are denioil. wl er<> ? the r^meoyV Sinipeeo thatSouth"aro|inashonld s?td two J. e* tors here, and the nu^orit) should rejuse to receive but Pile, what power can oompel that majority to repa r tbr wr? re* Suppose that South Omliea should tt?o w tii'rrii, tr?m the lint who cot'ltl say it wae a notation of the constitutionY Suppose, again, that a wrong m perpetrated which does not appear quit? clear to the North, but doea appear clear to South Carolina? suppose she 18 denied access to the Terr itor tear la the without any remedy under tbo constitution? If there is none, then she mutt be the judge w the wrong and the mode of redress. Me read an extract Im m an address delivered by John Quincy A damn in New York, In lbS8, in which be said nations tbeiuaelves must be the pole judge whether compacts are broken, and also saying -'that when all fraternal feeling was gone between the Stales, then it was time to separate iu jx ace and re turn to their original slate." He (Mr. Benjamin) said inat a BectK-naU'reBident had been elected, who could, with the aid of a sectional Senate, grant aU tho benefit* to und appoint from one eect>on all the officers in the gift of the government, and ihuB ruin the Sooth. Supt*>se that South Carolina is in error In belmviug that wrong has been done her, still that docs not alter the issue whether we shall |>ernilt her to withdraw or lone her back. In reply to the Senator from Wineonsin (Mr. Doollttlo), he (Mr. Benjamin) claimed that a citizen whb bound to obey niB State government. The republi can Senators say that they will not coerce a Mate, but enforce the laws againBt individuals. But how can tbey punish an individual in a State lor treason? Whore are they to find the judge and jury to do so, when all the citim.a iu the State think that lie has done right/ He fMr. Beniamin) said they could not blockade a port without declaring war ; they could not embargo one port without closing the other. Ho claimed that neither Congress nor the president had power to go into a State with a military force without tho inter vention or the civil power. Some civil process must pre rede the military force. He argued that they could not collect the revenue by force. Such threats were only a pretext to cover up tho real question, which is no other than thie !-ball wo at knowledge tho independence of a seceding State or reduce her to subjection by war? Mr. Benjamin here read from "Vattel" to show that tho hypocritical keeping of compacts was of no avail, and re ferred to the case of Rhadamiscus, who pro mised not to use steel against a captive, yet smothered him. And you, Senators of tho republicau party, you assert, and your people assert, that, under a just aud fair Interpretation of the federul constitution, it is rinbt to deny that our slaves, which, directly or indi rectly involve a value c.f $4,000 000,000. aro property at all entitled to protection in the Territories under and by the government. You assert that by a lair interpreta tion of that instrument, it .8 to encourage by all possible means the robbery or this property, and to legislate go as to render its recovery as damrerous aud difficult ;?a !*? Bible. You say that it is right and proper, uuder the con stitution, to prevent our mere transit across a sister State to embark with our property on a lawful voyage, without I being openly despoiled of it. You assert that it is right and proper to hold us up to the ban of mankind, uj i speeches and writing?, as thieves, robbers, villains and criminals of the blackest dye, because we continue to own properly which we owned at the time we all signed I the compact. You say it is right that we should be dis posed to spend our treasure in the purchase and our blood in the conquest of a foreign territory, and yet have no right to enter it for settlement, without leaving behind our most valuable property, under penalty or its confis cation. Your lathers interpreted this instrment to mean safety and peace to all, and you say it Is eminently in accordance with the surety that our wellare and peace s to be preserved that our sister States should combine to prevent our growth and development, and surround us with a cordon of hostile communities, lor the express and avowed purpose of accumulating, In dense masses and within restricted limit#, a population whiih you believe to be dangerous, and thereby forc ing us to sacrifice a property nearly sufficient in value to pay the public debt of every nation iu Kurope. This con- , struction of the instument which wan to preserve our security and promote our welfare, and which wo only signed on your assurance that such was its object, you tell us bow is a fair construction. You don t propoeo to enter our States, you say, to kill and destroy our institu lions by force. Oh, no. You imitate the taith of Rhadam iscus, and you propose simply to Inclose us in an em brace that will suffocate us. You don't propone to fell the tree, you promised not to. You merely propose to girdle it, and let it die, an then, when we tell you wo don't understand this way, and your acting upon it in ibis spirit, releases us from the obligations which accompany it, and under no circumstances can we con sent to live together under that interpretation, and we say we will go, if you will let ub go, in peace, we are answered by your leading spokeman, ?'Oh, no, we cannot do that. We have no objection to it, )>erBon ally, but wo are bound by our oaths, if you attempt it, your people will be hanged for treason, ne have examined this instrument thoroughly, and we caLnot find any warrant in it for releasing ourselves from the < bligation of giving you all these benefits, and our oaths force ub to tax you for it. We tin dispense with anything else, but we protest, upon our souls, that our conscienci s will be sorely worried if we do not take your money.'' .'Laughter.) That m the proposition of the Senator from Ohio (Mr. Wade) in plain language, "We can dispense with anything and everything else, but how to get rid of taking your money we cannot see.'' (laughter.) Now, Senators, this picture is not placed beiore you wilb any idea of acting upon any ono of you, or that it will change the views or alter the conduct ot any of you; all hope of that is gone. Our committee has re ported this morning thatno feasible scheme of adjustment can be devised. Tboday of adjustment is imaged. H you ir< pose to make one now. you are too late. And now, Senators, within a very few weeks we part, to meet again at; Senators in ono common council chamber of the nation, no more forever. Wo desire, we beseech you, to let this parting be in pence. I coniuroyou to Indulge in no vain delusion, that duty,or conscience, or Interest, or honor, impose upon you tho necessity of invading our Stales, and shedding the bl?od of our people. You have uo possible justification for it. I trust it is from no craven spirit, or any sacrifice of the dignity or honor of my own State, that I make this last appeal, hut from far higher and holier motives If, however, it shall prove vain?if you are resolute to pervert the go vernment. framed by the fathers fi>r the protection of oi.r rights, into an instrument for subjugating and enslaving us, then, appealing t<> ih? Supreme Judne of the universe, for t)icrect:tude of our intentions wemugt meet the issue you force upon us ?s best i<e< <>en n en defending all that is dear to man. What may be Ihe faie of this horrible content none can foretell; but this much 1 will say, the fortunes of war may be adverse to your arms, you may carry deselat ;on into our |w*u eful land, and with torch and firebrand may set our cities in flam* s: you may even emul^e tho atrocities ot those who. In the days of the revolution, hounded on the blood thirsty savage; yo<; may give the protection of your ad vancing armies to che lurious fanatics who dee ire nothing more than to add the horrors of servile insurrection to civil war; you may do u.i this and more, but yon never i an subjugate the free sons of the soil into vassala. pay ing trbute to your power; you can never degrade them to ? servile and inferior race, never, never. As Mr. Benjamin concluded his speech he was greeted with uproarious applause. All over the galleri?-s there were shouts and cheers, and wavingor liandkerchiefg and hurrahs, and the xreatest confusion and excitement pre vailed all over the house. Mr. Mamin, (opp.) or Va., as soon as his voico could be heard above ihe uproar, moved that the galle ries be Instantly cleared. This motion was seconded by a number of voices, hlsMt ami whistlings in the gallery. The Fwanrnrr, (Mr. Bright in the chair.) ordered tbe Sergeant at Arms to dear tbe gallery. Tbe hisses now again broke out. Mr. YriMt, (opp.) of Florida, moved to adjo-tro. Mr Mason hoped that the Senate would n?ft adjourn until the dignity of the Senate was asserted. The ayes and noes were cill< d on Bie motion to clear tbe gallery . , .. . ? The motion was carried, and the Sergeant at-Arms cleared the gallery. Tbe m< ti< n to adjourn was lost by yeas, i t. nays, TO. Mr Mason said that he did not intend that the ladies' gallery should be cleared. Mr. Bam-r (opp.), of Oregon, bore got the floor, but yielded to a motion to adjourn. Adjf urned till Wednesday. Home of Ktprrimtallvn. W*?ujrt.i\>!r, Do*. 31,1MK). TOT! SWKT.TaKT Of AMI TMK r>DU3 HRH ROItMCRT. Tbe Pimmki r laid before the Hoc so a communication from tbe late Secretary of War, explaining tho reason why, and Justifying his course, in giving certain aci ^t anc>s to Russell, Majors k On., and Inviting investiga tlon Into all his official act*. Mr. Bocoot, (opp.) of Va.f moved tbe communication bo referred to tit? H?lect Committee to investigate Into tbe abstraction of the Indian Trust bonds. Mr. Cvrth?, (rep.) of low*, opposed th:s cotirse. Mr. Bocotk -aid Mr. Curtis could appear an witne?s be fore tne rorrmltte*. and briefy contnded that tbe re?o lutIon should take that direction. an the f-m retary of War ?ays he has been compl.cated to some extent m a party to the question before the committee. Mr. <"i im- denied that be had offered himself a* a wit new, and remarked that the Secretary had made the con tract with Russell, Majors M Co. without .minority of law, and to the prejudice of other parties Mr. ((sow. (r<p.) of i'n raised the point that tho te rnary of War b?d no authority by law to communicate to the House at will. Mr Brx-om ?aid *)? question came too late. Vh"ti ? public officer believe* lummdf falsely implicated in an if pr< )>er uan*?< tlon, he has a right to come hero and ask for an Invest (ration. The Siium.* said it did not uppea* to him that while It l> made the duty of Hie I'resident to transmit commu nieCtiOM, the heads of departments could not do so. Mr. Cfrwrss, (opp.) of Va . ri Irwred to the a,*t of 1808, to show that It is esnresskr provided that the Secretary ol War shall have the right to make communication* in regard to contract*. Mr (iRow did not consider that tbe law was applicable to this case. The communication was referred to the Select Com mittee on the abstraction of the bonds. tm twos-mo* or rnic xatiomi ,*?*?? Mr Mcl n?Raov, (rep.) of IV,asked l? ave, hut objec tion was made, to offer a resolution calling on the Secre tary of War to inform the House what transfers of cnu tmn or munitions of war have been removed from the arsenals since April. l*flo what sale* of arm* bad b?vsn made subsequent to that time, to whom, and whether by private or public sale. TJIt MUKr-m OS TO* "RTfUAl t VS't. Vr MrJtKcv, (rep.) of N. V , asked lenvo to offer the following?That the several Pt.ate* did not ? ordain and ? stablsh ' this government that it wa? maile by the people of the rnlt"d States In order to form a more perfect I nlon, Justice, insure do mestic tranquility, provide ft* the common <ie fence, promote the general wetfare, and secure the bless ng* of I berty to themselves and their pna ter ty that for tucb purpose the people withdrew from their several State governments certain powers and Ihtm to (?dc ^iivr&l government, wbwfi coostitu lien, lnws and trealH* are ibe supreme law of the tad, anything In the constitution or taws of any State to U?e contrary notwithstanding, that we are not thirty three o&tiOM, but cne nation, made such by the constitution, and kMWD to the world as the American nation, that any nation hae the right of self preservation, the rgbt to de fend ttMtf against euemieH from without and traitors within, thai we believe this nation has the power to do so. nna that it )* its duty to exercise it. Mr. Maynard, (opp.) of Tenn., objected to the rntro ductien of the resolution, when Mr. McKi&fl withdrew it. nut iixirs. Mr. Bdh.ham, (opp.) 01 Ohio, introduced a bill to fur ther provide lor tlie collection of ctiiy on imports. Referred to the Judiciary Ccuimutee. THK ADMISSION OK UTAH. Mr. Boornt (delegate friml'tah), presented a memo rial of the people ol that Territory praying to be admitted into the L'nu n as a State. Referred to the Committee on Territories. thk HOrmuna at (uari-Wton. Mr. Sntnws, (rep ) of Fa , introduced a resolution re questing the President to communicate to the House, if not incompatible with the public interests, the condition of the forts, arsenals and other property at Charleston, whether any measures ba* been taken to garrison, and put tfcem in condition since it hus became evident that South Carolina intended to secede; what troope were there then and now , whether any orders have been given to ?? int'erce Kort it has been seised by the in surgents, and what orders have been given to the officers; and whether any vessels of war have been ordered thither Since the seizure of the same by the rebels. Mr. Bka.n?h, (tpp.) of N C., objected to the reception ef the resolution, us the rules require that such calls on th* President tor nformation shall lie over one day Tbfc Pi lai- kk said that Mr. Branch's point was wqfl tikm. Mr. Ptkvksh moved a suspension of the rules. The Sskakkk replied that the motion was not now in order; one hour must first elapse. THK I'HWXKVATION OK TTTK OOON. Mr. 1'ktcr, (opp.) of Va., offered the following:? R< solved Th:it any attemrt to preserve the Union between ihe Slates ot the em.federaey bv l'orce would be impracticable and destructive lo r< publican liberty. He demanded the previous question, winch was or dered. . Mr. Stanton, (rep ) of Ohio, moved to lay the subject on the table. Mr. Hiu, (opp.) of Ga?1 move to adjourn. 1 want to put down this retolution making business. It distracts the conntry. Mr. Crawsorp, (opp.) of Ga.?I ask my colleague to withdraw his motion. Mr. Hiu?1 cannot. Mr. Sbbwah, (rep.) or Ohio?The previous question has already been ordered. Mr. Hiu 1 want al) resolutions touching the condition of the country to have the *ame reference. Mr. Sta.ntos?If the gentleman will permit me to offer a substitute, 1 will withdraw my motion to lay the reso lution on the table. _ . , Mr. Hltoman, (opp ) of Ark ?I hope the issue will bo met directly, as certain newspapers and orators have been talking about coercion. Mr. Hnx insisted on his motion to adjourn. Bene words of an exciting character passed between Messrs. BarkfJdule, (opp.) of Miss., and McClernand, (opp ) of 111. The only words heard amid the confusion were "shirking the question." Tho breeze was not se rious, and soon blew over. Mr. Barkhdale exclaimed?Wo arc ready to meet >'<>?? .. . The motion to adjourn was negatived. The question was taken on the motion to tablo tbo rc- | solution. , , , When the name of Mr. Vau-axthc.iuii, (opp.) of Ohio, was called, he said?As this involves the direct quastiou of coercion. 1 vote no. , . The resolution was tabled; yeas 98, nays 65, as fol Ykas? Messrs. Adams of Mas* , Adams of Kv .Adrian, Aldrieh, Alien, Babbit, Bealo Bingbam. BlairBlake. Bray lon, 11 rises, HuBlDion, Burlineame, Burntaum, ? ampbell, Carey Cue, CI rmpni, Coif hi, Cotiknna, Cox, * n<\-? Dawei, Due\l, Edgerton, Eliot, Ely, Etliertdge, Paroswonh, Kent' n, Kouter, Fouke. French, (iooch, Grow, Hall, Harris ef Md , Hatten, Helmiek, Hill, Holman, Howard ol tihio, Howard of Micb , Hurnphiey, Hutcbins, Jun kin Kellogg of Mich., Konyon, hilc?r?, Earrabee, Leach ol "uh , Eee, Longn. cker, Utmis. ^veu?y, Marston. Martin of Ohio, Maynarti, McKeaw, McKenty, Mif Knight, kcl'bearscn. Montgomery, Moore ot Ky.,MejTis of l?., Morris of lit. Morse, THoell.Olln, Palmer, Pendleton, J'erry. Pettit. Porter, Quarles, Edwin It. Reynolds, Rot lu son of It. I., Robinson of 111., Koyce, Sherman, Spauldiug, | Stanton, SU'avvns, Stokes, Tai pan, Thayer, Theaker, Vandever, Verree, Wade. Walton, Washburn ol Wis., Wash bvwneof ill., Webster, Wilson. Window?98. K its?Messrs, Alley, Anderson of Mo., Ashley, Avery, RnrkMlaie, ftarreti, Bucreocfc, Branc h, Burch, I lark of Mo., flop too, Cobb, .lohn Cochrane, *'raig of Mo, Crawford, Curly. Curtis, Pejamette. Di.iin, Edmundson, Florence, Uar neeu, (iartrel, Hsnderman, Harris of Va., Hindman, Hous ton. Hughes, .<sc?son, ,'enklns, Jones, Leach of IvC_,Lo ?n. Love. Martin of Va., McClernand, McKee, Moore of Pugh, Higgs. Hunt, Scott, can, Love. Martin of Va., 1 Ala-. Niblack. Peyton, Prye Sicl'es, S ngleion, spiencr, MDlaca, reyion. rnuj, * we ^ ., \ 1 ? ,- ' i s<naleton, Spinner, lliomas, VaUandlgbam, Wells, Y<h.' . v W . -low, Woodson, Wnght?6#. SKKVK'KS OS SAlT t?AT. Mr. John C(xi:ra.\e, (opp.; of N. Y., introduced a reeo hitkm, which w as adopted, granting the use of the Hall o KepreM'utatlvefs on humiliation and prayer day, undo the direct .on of the Chaplain of the two bouses. THE NATIONAL (KlftS. Mr. Ftcmws called up his resolution above noted. Mr. St inton proposed a substitute tl at the Commit to on Military Affairs inquire and report how. to whom an lor what price, arms have been dlstribotod since .fanu ary and also into the condition ol the forts, arsenals dock yards, &<?., of the country; whether they are sup plied with adequate garrisons, and whether any fur the measures ar" required to |*rote< t the public property; ati ii,at the committee have power to send for persons, i*a pers and have leave to report at any time. Mr. .-TRVKNw refused to acoept th-' fobstitntc. lie wanted the President t? speak for himself. Mr. Stevens' question to suspend the rules for the reception of there solution was disagreed to. 01 ;^amst 62, not two thirds. Mr. sianton'8 substitute was adopted as an independent resolution. nit: wry:-.- k n or m ittu r a not t>A. Mr. I)avw, r'T <* r tnd .) u^ked lenvo to ofler ft pream ble reciting the -em - ion ord.nance of Sooth Carolina, and concluding with a resotut.on nstructir.g the Committee on the Judiciary to inquire 'i,to the same and report at any time what legislation, if any, haa hec< me ow ^sary on the part < f Congress in conseqe. nee of the posit;on of HO'ith * :irolin;?. MesFts. Ia.vkjoy and Barksdau; severally objected. Mr. Bav!s moved a susp?'neion of the rule.'?. Mr. Hoi man, (opp.) of Indiana, wished to offer ;?sub stitute. ..gsertmg ihn the right of a suite to withdraw from the Union is net recognized by the constitution; and that neither the President nor O ngrops is invested with authority to recognise any Stale in any character 'only as a State of the 1 nion; that the general government Is invested with jower to collect revenue, and protect the puidic properly wherever satiated; that the Commit tee on Judiciary inquire whether such laws are 10 force as will enable the government to maintain the property in the several Mtates and elsewhere, nnd n collect the revenue when an attempt should be made to res,st the same; and that ibe com mil toe ioquire whether in their opinion the laws are insufficient for the accomplishment of these purposes. If so, that they report what mea sures are necessary, hy the employment of ihe army and navy, as the exigency of the caso may require. Mr. Hut moved to lay the subject on the table. Negatived?4- agakift 3K. Without coming to a conclusion on the subject, the House adjtftrood till Wednesday. THE SOUTH CAROLINA CONVENTION. C?!AH!j?<r<'N, Dec. 31, IW(0. The Preeiilent ftatcd that the question before the body yesterday, on the closing of the secret session, was a resol^ion relative to lb<' removal of the lighthouses aud buoys. Mr. Cliestnut moved tlmt they go tito se, ret session. The Convention remained .n secret res> mn till the ad journment. RITORTS FROM CHARLESTON. Quni>in<>, Dec. 31,1SG0. Strong fortifications have beon ordered in and around the harbor, In resist ar.y re nforceirient* Hint may be *ent to Major Anderson. Governor Pickon* I* in daily receipt of despatches from the Sontb, tendering meu to defend South Cfcrolinn from invasion. THE CHARLESTON FORTIFICATIONS. TO Tin: t.lMTOK OF TilK HKKA1.D. W?auwmii, Dee, 28. 1M0. In read in* your paper, an well an several others, I Had an inaccurncy in the distance given of Fort Sumter from the town oi Charleston. Thinking you would like to have the exact distance I Bend ,t to you, w<tb several other* Fort Sumter is (3',) three and three-eighths miles fr< njfTharle*ton, (I1*) one and one eighth miles from PorMoultrie, (\') three quorum of a mile to the noarert land, one nnd tlir*??- -elgths tnil"s to Fort Johuson and two and Ave eight* miles to Ca?tle Pirn kney. The la?t named fort i* one mile rrim the town, and fort Johnson i* two and^a quarter mile* from the town, these measurements are correct, being Ulcen fr<im the latest survey* m<nle by the United States Coast Survey. an officer of tiik r. s. a>\in gcRVHY THE ALABAMA CONVENTION. Wiumwiros, Dec. 31, l^CO The Montgr tr.ery C<mfrd>rniitm snys the majori%- in the Alafcamn Convention in favor of cooperation will be 10 to IS. Tin re arc tbre? chrMitf eo ? j-erutiooists in Alabama GENERAL WOOI, ON THE CRISIS. T*?t, Dec. 31, 1M0 The Troy Datly Tim** th .* afternoon contains two let tar* from Mer.eral Wo?,l, taking strong grouod in favor of the I'nfon. .and in tavr Of sustaining Anderson tr, h# po sititn at Fort Sumter, nod earnestly urging Uiat a ftrrn gronnd be adopted t? put down rebellion Me dei iar>? that if Fort Hunter he surrendered to the . e<K ssiomsts, in twenty day* two knndrsd thousand men would be in read nee* to use vngrannn on all who WouW betray the I'nlrn ;tk< the hard* of <ta ? i em.hi. THE LINCOLN REGIME. Our Springfield Correspondence. SnuwcriKLD, Dec. 26, I860. TKn Cat***i Marly Made Up?7A> MtuUxrs Alrtatly He UcUtl?Abreig* Misriom?Hckl Arrival*, tic. Tbe develcperocnts of the last few days justify the be lief that tike work commenced ,d good earnest by tho President elect immediately after tbe meeting of the electoral colleges, some three weeks since, is nearly com pleted. Tbe long array of names, partly suggested by others and partly booked by himself, wah a view to the construct ton of tbe Cabinet, has been carefully sifted. Information as to tbe antecedents and <|U?fUlocations of tbe proposed members has been sought and obtained. Tbe claims of tbe different States and sections have been duly weighed and a partial decision finally arrived at. I nay "partial," because my informa tion warrants tbe abortion that certain places in tbe Cabinet will be hold in abeyance until events in the South will have reached a point of culmination, although the probability of a selection of members from th slavehoidicg States, in addition to Mr. Bates, evidently prows fainter, in view of tbe boet.lo attitude lately as sumed by most political characters from that section mentioned in connection with the Cabinet. Tbe poeotfcili ty of a more favorable turn of affairs is not yet despaired of, and hence room is left for such as might, after all, be found acceptable. As to the component parts of tbe fractional Cabinet al ready made up, the country has been apprised, first by tbe r.KTuin's Spnngfiekl correspondent, and sub sequently, in an official manner, by tho Mis (?ouri Ptmoervt, that tbe Hon. Kdward Bates, of Missouri, has receive:! tho tender of aud accepted a place among Mr. Lincoln's constitutional advisers. Tho post ostensibly ateirned to liim is claimed to be tho Secretaryship of the Interior. But, although tbe signs contirmatory of that report were strong enough during and immediately after Mr. Bates'visit to induco my own belief in its truthful ness, I have yet of late received some unmistakeablo to the effect that it was purposely given out to get certain parties on tbe wrong scent. I am really all but persuaded that your Washington correspondent stated the truth in tbe premises when asserting that "tho At torney Generalship was tbe bona tide position offered to and accepted by Mr. Bates." The other memberships already positively disposed of are the Secretaryship of tho Interior and that of the War Department. David Wilmot will hold tho former, and John C. Fremont tbe latter. 1 am confident that the se quence will substantiate this statement. John C. Fremont has not been beard in reply to the tender of what is but justly due him; but he is oxpected to manifest no resistance to the pleasure of tbe President elect, and the current of popular opinion, that, to all appearances, flows very strong in his favor throughout the lree States. Thus we will have? Attorney General Kdward Bates. Secretary of tbe Interior David Wilmot. Secretary of War John 0. Fremont. Tho head of tho Treasury Department will doubtless be procured from among tbe financial republicans of your city. Either Moses H. Grinnell or Geo. Opdyke will be the man. New England will probably be represented by the Secretary of State, while the Postmaster General and Secretary of Navy will bo taken from tho South?provided, of course, that suitable material can be obtained from tbat quarter. If not, New England anil tho Northwest will each get an additional representa tive. Although it is well known hero that Mr. Lincoln hail occupied himself thus far only with thiB composition of his ministerial council, gosslpers have, nevertheless, been bbsy in distributing other appointments anions pro minent leaders of their party. Tbe foreign missions have for some days furnished the staple of t)i?*ir conjec tures. Disclaiming all authenticity, I yet subjoiu a few of tbeir 'guesses," in order to show the drift of opinion hereabouts ? Minister to !?ndon Wm. H. Seward. Minister to the rew kingdom of Italy.. Win. C. ltryont. Minister to Berlin 0. Koerner,of III Mr. Koerner not being a politician of national reputa tion, tho connection of his name wiih so high a station necessitates an explanation. He is German by birth; lias resided in this Stato lor over twenty years. Has held tho offices of h'upnmo Judge and l.eutouunt Governor, an l la an inti male friend ami ardent supporter of tbe President elect He did \e< man's service for tho cause during tho 11-t cami agn, and may well expr.ct a substantial r? ward at the hands of him to whose elevation to power he contributed so much Ho is said to be a man of great natural parts and profound acquirements; un excellent linguist and a first class lawyer?qualifications which would certc.nly go a great way towards redeeming American diplomacy fr?m the disgrace into which it has fallen lu Hwiyn, owing to the ignoranco aud boorwhoefK of some of its present representatives. Among tho hotel arrival* of today arc ('has. A. Morion and F Boyt, of New York city. T. Metcoif nod J. V Fletcher, of Boston- Abijuh Fletcher, from West lord, Massachusetts, and Jas. F Sberron, from Phila delphia. Hntnormo, 111., Doc. 31, 1M0. g men < ameron, oi Pennsylvania, arrived hero yester day, and.). P. Sanderson with him. Mr. I.incoin'w hcad'iunr ters bftve been changed. There arc to bo tio more reeop tlODS. Cabinet Hnmori from Prnmylvanla Hashmiiiu'., I'a., Occ. 31, 1HA0. There is stroug antagonism to the appointment of Sena tor Cameron to a position in Mr. Lincoln'? Cabinet Mr. I.jt'oln telegraphed to H<?. Alexander K. McClure to crime to Springfield. and be left for that city to day. Mr. MoClure ;s opposed to Mr. Cameron. and the f"t uir will meet the latter at Springfield, when it ta ? |?|??v! that a violent rupture w.H ensue, which it h lrv i will end in tho appointment of lion Win. I. Iiaytoa is place of either of them. HARHIKM-Rfi, I'a . Dec 31?Soon A despatch received by a citizen to n Nlit announce that (ieneral Cameron has been appointed ?*?< reUry of the Treasury, and that he is n<>w in Springtleld, and will accept the appointment. The au.hority for this 1* deemed reliable. A Nkw I'kima Dnvy* ?We republished, a iihort time ago, fmm the l/>ndon Mwicnl World, some aoconat ?f a concert at K?> .Janeiro at which the Signoriua Elena fled and won high honors from a very critical au il.cuce, which included the Krnperor anil Empress of rtrn si). This prima donna has recently arrived in this city, and it in stated that she will make her debut under the auspices of the associated Italian artists. 4trnorlua Klena ,s a pi: pi I of the celebrated tuwitro Kmamiel Gar cia. and ot the Conservatory at Naples she has sung at Florence, Padua, Naples, and latterly with the famous Me<!ori in KmuI. Tier voice is described as a high sopra no, very swret. agile and powerful, and her personal at tractions are of the highest order. Judging by the ac count* of the artists who aro familiar with this prima dosr.a, she must be a jewel of a singer At.m.*T of Mrsic?The farewell benefit of Carl Kormes will take pteco this evening, when "Martha ' will be given In (Jermin at theatre prices. Mine .lohnnnsnn, Mine Vort Berkel. Messrs. Forme* and Sltgelli will siog i he leadng rrJ>l. Pirmnnl Intelligence. H ?. (.lesson. of China: J. <1. Quebec, Uoorgc Hne'.n, Mr. To IlaiitTlilo, Boston, aro vtoppmg at the Br'voort House. Mr W. A. Waters, of Mew York; Mr. Kershaw and wife, nod Mrs. Ileiid.of Philadelphia, and Mr. Ilyllastead find wife, of New Orleans, are stopping at the Clarendon Hotel. Hon Charles Delan?. of Massachusetts Charles F. Pond and Icmlly, of Hartford. Thomas Watt, of Scot land Alfred Novn. of Crescent, N. Y.,aD'l Judge Hher man.of Newbnrg. are stopping at the Filth Avenue Ho ts'!. l r ^qi.irir. of Ph.ladelphia. J. K H'*nish and CSoorge Weils, of Iowa II Jonas, of l/ondeo, J. V. Ileum, Jr., and family, of NewJerser. an<i D. B. ftxeton, of Ohio, are at the St. Nicholas Hotel. Cel. I ad man, of Connect --ut; Col. Reynolds and Mr. Copp.r g*r, of Pinr.onali, W H iii'lwr of Teuneesee; g. M Henr ipies, of Aspinwall, R, M 'enkms, of flaratoga Spr i >s. and J IfsmmTOton, of New York, Are stopping ni the Astor House tJen J*?c?. of Pennsylvania, C P Mnrrinuui. of Ren Hieky, Mr H Penscit, lit the I nited -'tale# Army; R. J. Utlw, i l Tiim, i* >mley, of Tcnaees** M. W Warne. of M 1 if in in; (?1 EdrMge, of Maoeeota. R. Price, fH Ob 10 and Mar?lt Kaatco, ef M*r<< ri. ar< stopping f?l tho Metropolitan Hotel i860. Leading Events in the United States. Railroad and Steamboat Accidents and Fires. Deaths of Revolutionary Patriots or Union Makers, &?., &c., &c. OUR DOMESTIC CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS What Occurred in (be Inked Mates In I860. JANOAKT. SrvnaY, 1?The now year came in cold; thermometer in New York down to within six degrees of zero, la most parts of the Ea.stern States and the State of New Ifork tho mercury went down below zero. At the Whito Mountains, Now Hampshire, it sank to 38 degrees below, 'old weather was also severely felt at tho .South....A aw expelling all free negroes from Arkansas went into effect in that State. J.?New Year's day celebrated, and noted as being more lively than usual. .Jack Frost held the mercury m the thermometer down nearly to zero. 3.?Tho legislature of New York organized, and tho Governor transmitted his annual message. The Assem bly elected Dcwitt C. Littlejohn, republican, as Speaker. ....Tho newly elected State officers of New York were sworn in at Albany and took their places. 6.?The steamer Northerner, Captain Dall, bound from San Francisco for Portland, Oregon, was wrecked on tho rocks near Cape Mendocino, and becamo a total loss. Thirty eight of tho passengers and crew were drowned. 10.?An awful catastrophe occurred at I/twrcnce, Mass. The Pembcrton cotton mills fell with a sudden crash while some seven hundred operatives were at work in tho building. About live hundred wero buried in the ruins. Alter a large uumber bad been taken out, and while the work of rescuing those who were still living was going on, the ruins caught lire,and those who were not crushed to death actually roasted alive. Klghty-oight dead bodies were dug out of tho ruins, and ucarly three hundred others were more or less injured. Subscriptions for re lief were subsequently started all over ihe country, and the contributions amounted in the aggregate to nearly sixty-six thousand dollars. 17.?In accordance with the proclamation of Mayor Saunders, which wus generally and cordially endorsed, this du> was observed in Inwrcnce, Mass., as an occa sion ol fasting and prayer, in view of tho oaUslrophO which orcarrtd in that city on the loth. It was charac terized by a general suspension of business, as cecom tneuded by tho Mayor, am! by exercises in all tho churches. The utmost solemnity pervaded the wholo City. 11).?Shoctas of an earthquake were felt at Charleston, 8. C.; Augusta and Macon, <>a., and other points in the Southern Stales. Sifl.?"Ihe Kentucky and Tennessee legislatures, accrm panied by a uumber of tho State officers from ouch state, paid a friendly visit to the Legislature of Ohio, at Colum bus, the capital. .'tO.?Eighteen altizens of Mason and Bracken counties, in Kentucky, were expelled from th? State on account of entertaining opinions adverse to slavery. FEBRl'AKY. 1.?Tbo United States House of Representatives, on tho forty fourth but lot, elected William Pennington to the of lice of Speaker. Mr. Pennington was elected to Con gress by the peopto'B party in the Fifth district of Now Jersey. He was formerly an old lice whig, but as parties now stand he Is a republican. He is also a conservative man, with Union principles. The last ballot stood as fol lows? Win. Pennington, of N. J., American republican 117 John A. McClernand. of III., democrat 85 John A. (iiltner, of N. C., Southi i u opposition 16 Scattering 15 3.?John W. Forney, of Pa., was elected Clerk of the United States House of Representatives, and II. A. llotT man, of Md., was cbo! en Sergeant at Arms. Tho House thus completed its ciranlfution....A steam boiler ex ploded in tho hat tar <ry of Atne* & Monlton, in Brook lyn, which resulted in the demolition of a great portion of the building. Si* person* were instantly killed, and fifteen wounded. 4.?Aaron P. Stephens having been tried at Charles town, Va., as an accomplice of old John Brown, n his fo ray at Harper's Ferry, was found guilty of murder. 10 ?A tremendous gale occurred in New York, New Jersey, I'eunsylvania and the Eastern Suites, an immense amount of damage. A |>ortion of the Point lirecne gas works in l*bi adolphi.?, was blown donra, killing (wo men. Hauiage to the amount of over f200 Ow was done to property alornr the Hudson river. IS ?He I'o-t Office Appropriation bill pawed thoSrnatQ as amended in the House, and the President signed it. The amendment abolishing th' franking privilege was stricken out. Ihe hill appropriates fl 000 lor supply ing tho deficiency in the revenues, and lefray iu>- the ex l>enstfl of tlie department ending with Jam), 1869; >4 000.000 toward the support of Ihe department for the fiscal year ending with Juue, 18W), an I a further sum of flMOO.OOO in payment of the -alarlesof officers and clerks, transportation ol the mails, wrappingpajier, bags, stamps, Ac. Interest at the rate ot six per cent per annum, to commence sixty days alter the expiration of the quarter iti which the service wrs rendered. Tbo Interest to be paid ouly to tho contractors themselves in full of al! dam ages by re#non of failure or delay in payment. No Inte rest is to be allowed oojxiynieut. for the la.,t quarter end ing with iK ccmbor, 18S8. A sum lor this purpose is ap propriated. '.i.?The journeymen sinsmakers of l.ynn, Mass., struck lor .in nterinse of wages Ihe strike subsequently nx tended to N a tick, Marblchcad. Vewburyport, Milford, Ha\erh.ll, Sangus, lira lion, South Heading, Soietn, Stone hfcui, Sutton, W'allbhui. Wi/burn, Muss., iNiver. Karmlng Wn se ibrook, North wood. ?.re?t Kails, Salmon Fails, llaiuilton, N. H., and Portland. We. The number of shoe makers ? ngaged in tbe strike in the various towns was es t mated at about twenty thousand.. Theequ^vtriau statue ot < en Washington, br Clark Mills, was inikiiKurated at W? hington city. It s a size larger than the statue of Jackson, in Ulayette s?piare by the same artist, the per sMi or Washington occupying eleven feet of altitnde, wb lsi Jsckeon's in aliout riino feet and a half. Tbe Seventh regiment, or New York, a lomptuiy from Balti more, ?n<t ono from Alexandi ia. were present at the inau gurate Hon Thomas s Rotock. of Virginia, delivered the inaesiirative address .. A severe hurricane visited New in iean*. and extended through the Mississippi and Ohio valleys, doing cot. idcrahle damage....too ono hundred and tw?ntv third onmversary of tho birth of Washington was celebrated In a becoming style in ail l>arts ol ihe couutry. MARCH. 1?While workmen were engaged in pulling down tho old St. Xavier Catholic church in Cincinnati, a portion of tbe walls fell and instantly killed thirteen men. 3?Tbe Hudson river o(>enod for mvigation 6 ?A small steamboat named the Alfred Thomas, built ?o run from flelvldere to Port J?rvi?, starte d tor Bslvl dere. In try ng u> set up the falls, above Kaston, Pa., sbe burst her boiler, tearing the boat to pieces and throw ing the po?>engers into the river. Thirteen persons were kill'd and tilteun others wounded. 14?The shock of nn earthquake was felt in different parts of Massachusetts. 15.?An earthquake ws? felt in Carson city .California, which wus so severe aa to stake goods from the shelves in stores. 1A?Aaron I>. Stevens and Alberl Haz'ett, who were etigiiged with Old John Drown in his raid at Hat per's Fer ry . w ere executed at Char)' *U>n, Va.... The Kistern Statu strikers (boot and slioenu.kers) made a gr<at turn out in proicssK'n in l.ynn. Me numbering ever six thousand, ens thousand live hundred of whom were females. Th \ spe< tatorf wero more than risible that number. Several b m'lrsi! banmrs were born' by the strikers, anil tho Pity was decorated In many pise s with flags and strewn ers. The ptocession compt '"d. hi d?e all the strikers of l.ynn, several military and (lie ctnpsnies, with t ands of musie hu'I di legal ons of l*die? from Swatnpseott, Mar blehiad. Isinvei"-, Mangos, He. ding, Stonebam, Wobnrn, Beverly, Saletn and ether 81'.?The President sent u mi iage to the United states House of Representatives, pi' f. stini.'against tbe action of that body in apiminting ii ei mi'ilttee to Investigate rn ?tored i hargiaof corruptton un ihe |?irt of tbeRsecu tive The ('resident maintained that if S|?ecitlc charges wcie, he would lie prewired to meet tbem. Ai'KIL. 2 ? \ pri visional govertiment for the new terrSory of Arizona was organised stliicson by the ?-l<vt on of L, K Owings ss Ooveraor. l ieutenant tloveruoi, YgnaciO Orr?nlis,Secrctary of stale James A. I.mas, (Vngitroiler, J. Howard Wells, Treasiwer, M. Aldrich; Marshal. Samuel O. K?sn. Private Secretary, T J. Miller. ft.?Frank B Sanborn. who was summoned a ? a witoent before the Harper's Forry Investigating t (,mm ue* of tb? United States Senate, having rcfese<l to appear, was ar rested at Concord, Msse., but was subsequently diet bar*

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