Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 9, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 9, 1861 Page 1
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THE.NEW YORK HERA I, D. WHOLE NO. 8888. MORNING EDITION-WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 9, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE CRISIS. Highly Important News from the South. Resignation of the Secretary of the Interior. The Condition of Major An derson's Command. Anticipated Attack on tbe Troops Sent to Fort Sumter* Virtual Secession of Mississippi and Florida from the Union. leported Seizure of the Federal Property in Florida. CALL FOE 1 STATE CONTENTION IN VIRGINIA. IMPORTANT MOVEMENT IN GEORGIA. A Commissioner Appointed to Nego tiate with Foreign Powers. Free Trade and Direct Taxation at the South, *?., *?., *t. Wiflnrtoro*, Jan. 8,1881. Secretary Thompson this morning called upon the Pre ?Meat and showed him a despatch which he had just re ceived from Judge Longstreet, of Charleston, desiring to kaow whether reinforcements had been sent to Major An derson. The President at once informed him that the steamer Star of the West had been chartered and wbb on ber way to Charleston with two hundred and fifty United (Mates troops. This was tbe first intimation Secretary Thompson had that troops had been sent. Be states that an order had been given some ten days ago by Secretary Holt and Gen. Seott* bnt that the President revoked it The day follow ing tbe Cabinet met, and the whole subject was discussed, and it was finally determined that a messenger should be sent to Major Anderson, with a view of ascertaining his exact condition, and whether he really desired reinforcement. They had his letters before them at that time, in which ho distinctly stated that he did not require any r> inforcements unless attacked. The messenger was despatched, and it was agreed that nothing should be done until they heard from Major Anderson. Last Saturday Secretary Thompson and Secretary Toncey bad heard of the movement of troops in New York, and railed upon the President to know the facts, lie stated that if any such orders had been given be would have them revoked. Be authorised tbe Secretary mt War, on Saturday, to telegraph to the commander of tbe Star of the Wnet to land tbe troops at Norfolk, or Fort Monroe, and not to go to Charleston. Tbe President was informed on tbe following day that the vessel had de parted before tbe telegraph reached there. This is tbe whole story. Secretary Thompson immediately telegraphed Judge Longstreet, at Charleston, that troops had been ordered to reinforce Major Anderson. Secretary Thompeon then addressed a letter to the President, resigning his seat in the Cabinet. In this letter he details tbe facts as I have above stated. Be maintains that he has been deceived, aad that tbe deception is apparent. Be does not bold tbe President entirely responsible for all this. Be is of opinion that Secretary Holt and General Scott are more to blame than anybody else. The letter, while couched in respectful language, is pretty severe. Tbe most intense excitement prevails among tbe Senators nod representatives from the Gulf and cotton States. Tbey regard the reinforcement of Maj. Anderson as a declaration of war, and have telegraphed the Charlestonians to sink the veseeI, if possible, before she lands her cargo. If there has not been already a collision, there will be in less than twenty four hours. Tho South talk war, and they say that nothing can avert It. Major Anderson'* brother, who was despatched by tbe government to visit Major Anderson some days ago, re turned here this evening. Immediately after bis arrival here be called upon the President and Gen. Scott, and re ported to them tbe condition of affairs a*. Fort Sumter Be says bis brother has all the munitions and snpplke that are required for the present, aad can def-nd himself against tbe entire South. His brother, he says, does not apprehend any serious trouble !n case of attack. Be does not be heve that tbey will make any demonstration for some Ume In regard to reinforcements, tbe government, be says, can do as they think proper. There is no doubt fee desires them, although he has made uo such demand Be sent a confidential communication to General Scott; Of course its contents are not known. Hi* brother elates that bs wss not aware when be left that reinforce stents bad been sent. The people in this District are very much alarmed. Several compani?'? of United States troops are expected here tonight. WA?HfGTn*, Jan. 8, 1861. Georgia hM inaugurated Important measures in regard te her ftnancal and commercial arrangements with Bnrope. She sends abroad at once one of her most dta| Msguiebod citisens, charged with an Important mission. The Commissioner will have under his authority the ques tion of tbe recognition by foreign Powers of the seceding Mates as governments irfmrin. Be will also be charged with the duty of negotiating a basis of credit and exchange, 1 ?y which tbe cotton crop can be hypothecated In Europe, Si 1 moved for joint account. But the most important dwty of the Omunlestoner will bo la regard to the ques tion of revenue. If tbe government shall make arrange meets to collect the revenue off Southern seaports, M is arranged that tbe co?ton Stat** will pronounce for free trade and direct taxation. They ?ill proceed to raise ttie avenue (br the Smith by direct taxation, Riving no ttce to f wetgn governments that Southern ports are open to the importation of their merchandise free of duty, and that the imposition of dntke by the United Mate government is unlawful and unauthorised. The qusetion, would, tberefi re, become a foreign one, and tltfland and France will be left to decide between a ' Berthern al'^i ceacd free trade w th tbe Settb. Tbe Commissioner from Georgia will b? strengthened by tbe concurrent recognition of the oUter ootton States. This important bhbmo will develops a policy winch may be so directed as to avoid any con flict between U>e government and acceding Statee in the matter of collecting tbe revenue. It Beems to be the po licy of the commercial party at tbe South to prevent, if possible, any conflict with the federal authorities. Free trade and direct taxation will be adopted by the Decoding Swtes the moment the government takes steps to collect the revenue on the high eeas by blockading Southern ports. This policy, which originates with a Q. Baylor, the representative man of the cotton inter est/.will have an important bearing upon our foreign and domestic rela tions. It will throw upon England, France and other fo reign Powers the onus of resisting the imposition of duties upon importations into the ports of seceding States. The recognition of such States as governments de facto being thus supported by the self interest of European nations adds greatly to tbe chances of the Sonth abroad. This policy is also tbe first practical step in tbe direc tion of those free trade principles which have so long born agitated in the Southern States, and which will be received with groat favor in England, especially at Man chester and Liverpool. Tbe Manchester school may thus be rallied against the Exeter Hall party. This move brings to I ear a certain pressure upon Penn sylvania, because it is calculated to separate tbe South still further from the iron interest. The border slave States will also see the disadvantage of having tbo markets of the cotton States thrown open to English, French and German goods. Those reasons are operating powerfully with tbe leading men here from the South. 1 am not at liberty to disclose tbe name of the Commis sioner appointed by (ieorgia. lie is, however, a citizen of that State, a man of distinction, of national reputa tion, and well known in New York. He will arrive here in a few days, and possibly the foreign Ministers will be sounded as to their views. In any case, tbe Georgia Commissioner proceeds direct to Europe, backed by the cotton power. I am satisfied from tbe thorough and ex tensive organization of this direct trado party at the South and in Europe, that there is here to be found tbe basis of an arrangement which ? will yet practicaMy conserve tbe great destiny of tbe Anglo-Saxon race on this continent. Under the teachings and '.ead of this new party at the South, I am satisfied that the cotton States are entering on a new line of com mercial and industrial policy. In tbe event of a separa tion of tbe sections, a union of sections, instead of, as now, a Union of States, may be arrived at, based upon a system of commercial reciprocity, and supported by an alliance offensive anc defensive against foreign interven tion in tbe affairs of this continent. Mr. Baylor, alluded to above, has been connected for many years with our government as tbe United States Consul at Amsterdam, Manchester and Cologne. This whole movement is under tbe guidanco and direc tion of fho ablest men in the Soutb. There will be a consultation among leading Soathern men to-morrow. The Georgia Commissioner is expectcd here en route for Europe in tbe next six or seven dayR. This Georgia mission will be cordially supported by tbe representatives from tbe other Southern States, as this co-operation, it is believed, will make still more decided tbe action of the Georgia Convention. The postal facilities organised by Georgia are intended to give the Southern States an independent service for the transmission of exchange and valuable commercial letters direct to Europe. It is believed that the first steamer will arrive in Savannah from Europe by tbe 4th of March. The steamers will Oy the English or French flag. It is understood that prominent members of the diplo matic corps have addressed this government in reference to the commercial interests of their respective countries, in view of the present political troubles, and what degree of protection may be expected, or something to this effect. The government, bowuver, has not yet replied. Wajodnctox, Jan. 8,1861. ? Conpress not being in session today, the city lias been agitated by the following causes ? Firtt?One hundred guns at eunrise in honor of Genera Jackson and Major Anderson. Stctrnd?The news this morning that the steamer Star of the West tmd been chartered by General Scott to con vy two hundred and tifty troops and stores to Fort Sumter. Third?The appearance In the papers this morning, for ttie Orst time, of the correspondence between the South Carolina Commissioners and the l*rcsident, and the num mary manner in which tbe former disposed of the latter. Fburth?A meeting of the Cabinet, and a report tlia Secretory Thompson demanded of Secretary Holt to know If It was true that two hundred and fifty regulars had been despatched from New York to reinforce Major Anderson, and th?t Mr. Holt refused to answer the question, on the ground that Mr. Thompson had announced that he should resign his place when Mississippi decided to go out of the f'moo, and as she had, according to the latest reports, so decided, he (Mr. Holt) whs of opinion that Mr. Thompsoa was the la?t man in the world to be Informed of the de tail of operations of the War Department. Before this question was settled news reached tbe Cabinet of the decision of the Mississippi Convention to secede imme diately. Fifth?The resignation by Mr Thompson of his place In the Cabinet, in consequence of the decision of his Stale U> secede. Sirth?Rumor* In any quantity of the decision of tbe whole Mississippi delegation in Congress to resign to-morrow, and return to their homes immediately; also that tbe most prominent fami lies hers from the Gulf States, feeling sod at the news and regretting the necessity which compels them, were preparing to return to their several States, and abide the result of passing events. ScrmOi?The presence in this eity of two members of the Canadian Parliament, who have been counseling with the leading republicans with special reference to tbe lead ing issues of the day. The early firing of tbe grins hurt nobody, although many were alarmed until they discovered there was no lead before the powder. Tbe supposed attempt to reinforce Major Anderson irritated the secessionists, but time will "bow that Gen. Scott thnks Anderson ir well enough off now, and that they are dealing with a skilful military^chiefUin, who un derstands his business too well to show his hand. New* reached here from Charleston this afternoon that the secessionists will not Are upon tbe Star of the West. 1 bs ve tbe best reason in the world for knowing that they will not. The universal opinion in regard to the correspondence between the Commissioners and the President it, that the latter bad tbe best of it, bnt should have gone further, .ind arrested the upon a charge of treason, and made tbe issue here at once. The decision of Mississippi surprises no one, and Mr. Thompson's resignation ia accepted aa a natural result, as he announced that he would do so a long time since; and very many think he should have done so when the rob bery wu discovered in his depurtmcnt. and thereby re Uevcd the administration. The removal of many excellent families from tbe capi tal is regretted, but nobody proposes to stop them from managing their own domestic affairs in their own way. The gossip about tbe presence of tbe two members of the Canadian Parliament la varied, but there is reason to believe that the mission of these men squint at a pmba ble conflict between the North and South, and that in gueh an event Cnnada would strike hands with the free North snd Northwest to settle the question of slavery on this entire continent forever, and prevent the weeding States from executing their supposed intention of closing the mouth of the Mississippi river, and acquiring Mexico for the purpose of ex tending and permanently establishing slavery. The natural sympathies existing between the Northern and Western States and Canada, the latter backed by the home government, does not detract In the least from this reported line of policy developed by the Canadian visiters. The House Committee of Thirty three Is In a more perilous condition than the Cnion. They have not had a meeting for some time with more than one or two mem bers more than enough for a quorum. To day they wsnt entirely to smash, not having a quorum. This fart ex hlbits to the country the intense interest tbe members take in the great question of saving the I'nka. The few members present discussed unimportant resolutions offer ed by Messrs Adams, of Massachupettr, Curtis, of Iowa, and Dunn, of Indiana. Returns are daily received at the proper n?ce from Seulh tfcro.'taa postmasters, showing that bustoess ? pro greeting as heretofore, including the honoring of cod tractors' orders or pay, and purchase of postals stamps. The report circulated in this cfty for some days pa#t, and telegraphed to Northern papers, to the effoot that forty tons of shot, shells and powder were recently Bhipped to New Orleans, by Adams & Oo.*s Express, proves to be wholly inoorrect. On Tuesday of nlxt week the President will gtve his Brst public levee, and it will present an entire new pic ture tinder this administration. In the midst of the gloom consequent upon the melan choly Elate of the country, two brilliant hops are given to night at two of oar principal hotels. There ts evidently a row in the republican camp about the nomination of Mr. Cameron 10 a place in Mr. Lin coln's Cabinet. Although Mr. Cameron has a letter in his pocket signed "A. Lincoln," annoiuiclng to liim that he will be selected as the head of the War or Treasury De partment, advices arrive here to-night, in private letters flrom Springfield, written by some of the most prominent republicans of that State, asserting that there is not a word of truth in the report that Mr. Cameron is either going into the Cabinet, or that he was ever offered any place there whatever. I give the report for what it is worth, but venture the prediction that if a war is opened upon Mr. Cameron on that question that be will be the winner. An adjourned meeting of the republican caucus is sub" ject to the call of the Chairman. The resolutions of the Border State Committee will then again be the subject for discussion. The report that orders have been issued from the British government to the CmsuIs at the ports of tho seceding States to refuse certificates of clearances to English ves sels is denied. and it is added that Mr. Bunch, British Consul at Charleston, recognizes the de. forto government, by grant .ng each certificates to tho outgoing vessels of that nation. As to whether the Congressmen from the seceding States will remain here after the declaratory acts aro passed, will depend on the action of their several- Con ventions. Agents are bore from the Southern States and oontinue to arrive for the purchase of arms. The government has, for the present, refused to sell any to the States or pri vate parties. One for Mississippi, starts for tho North to morrow, although it is said the supplies there are not abundant. OUR WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENCE. Washington, Jon. 7,1861. Two Herts of the Hour?Anderson ami Jackson?Ihe Vvie on Endorsing the Course of Anderson and Fledging Sup port to the Prrsidmt? Crittenden'I Glorious Appeal to Ihe Country?Tiombs Concurs with Crittenden? The President Beet it in /boor of Crittenden's Plan, Sc. There are two heroes of the present hour?M^jor Ander son and General Jackson. See the Hjoui.d report of the proceedings of the House of Representatives to-day. A motion was made to adjourn over till Wednosday, in honor of the bero of the battle of New Orleans. It created a wild excitement in the galleries, and there would have been a tumult of applause had it not been for the wholesome fear of being cleared out, resulting from the actual execution of the threat in the Senate a few days ago. A good many voted for this mark of their new born favor for Jackson who were accustomed to abuse and calumniate him when living. The resolution approving the conduct of lilajor Ander son, and pledging the House to support the President in the execution of the laws, was a bombshell. The vote upon it proves nothing. Some members voted against it solely because they thought it ill drawn, poorly expressed, calculated to mislead, and mischievous by its tendency to increase excitement, who, otherwise, would hai o been very glad to pay any compli ment, even the highest, either to tho President or to Major Anderson. It was curious to witness tho holiciuide of many of those who voted for and against tho resolution, to explain their WHOM. The South, generally, voted a rains t it, because it might possibly be deemed an endorsement, of the coer cive policy. The North, with all the Union men of every division, voted for it because it looked to tho preservation of the Union. I*t not this vote be mistaken by superficial observers. If any Northern member rushel to day to an endorse ment of the course of President Buchanan from hostility u, the South, or from any idea that the Executive w ishes or would accept any support from so unworthy and base a motive, it Would have been better for him to have re mained among the unscrupulous and unrelenting enemies of the Chief Magistrate of the Union. ??Nod tali auxlltonec defensorlbtis .stis Tempos eget .'' On the other hand, many of those Southerners who voted against the resolution i rom an idea that they would, by giving an affirmative vote, seem to favor coercion, aro by no means sev ere Judges of Major Anderson, and would cheerftiDy have supported a resolution approving the course arid motives of the {'resident. Mr. (YHtenden's glorious speech, delivered during the morning hour of the Senate to day, is the topic of eulogy in every circle to night. The venerable Senator bad an interview of two hours with the President on Saturday. Mr. Toombs is willing to go before his fellow citizens With Mr. Crittenden's proposition. He uttered many things to-day which oiight as well have been unsaid; but it is well understood that Toombs does not mean really to carry out half of what he is prompted by his impetuous temperament to dot-fare. He is willing to stand by Mr. Crittenden's proposition, and in this he speak? for the whole South. Why will not the North meet the South on these terms of accommodation? Can either section expect anyth ., better? 1 am happy to say the universal sentiment among the Union members or Congress and the most Influential circles in Washington is in favor of this proposition. Tho President elect is understood distinctly to favor it. Here, then, is a ground whereon all parties may meet, and csve the I'nion. and preserve the country from tho diMu-terx which are about to be brought upon it by short sighted politicians. MEMORIAL TO CONGRESS PROM THE ME TROPOLIS. A number of cltta?v, of all shades of political opi nion, being Impressed with tho necessity which exlsta for the people to express their voice in favor of concilia tion, have, after fuH deliberation, adopted the following memorial m ono which would be likely to receive the signatures of all conservative and patriotic citizen* Our fellow cltlsens are invited to read It carefully, nuto be ready to sign when waited upon h? the caavasecrs who have been employed to call at every place of bus! net? wtthm a few day*. In the present national origin no time or eBort should be spared if the Umun is to t.e preserved. To thvc Hipum Axn Rorm or Rrm**vvr>iTTvHi or rwr. Imttxii f*rvnw o* Awnti) * r? Cov.hhw ? The memorial of the *uh*cril>er*, citizens of the State of New York, dwelling in the city of New York, respect fully nlKTweih ? That they share In the common solicitude of their fel low cltiseu* at the danger* which now threaten thn p?*nn and unity of our country. Without entering upon an Inquiry aa to the causo- of the agitation now so pervad inf. they recognise it a* a fart, and one to be dealt with in n.od< ratIon, without recrimination, vindictivenesK or pa??.|on. Whenever an agitation, whether from passion or from principle, whether from misunderstanding or otherwise, pervade* a largo part of our countrymen, we recognise the duty of considering their complaint*, of respecting their alleged grievance*, of doing all that ran be done to remove misunderstanding, and, for the pur pose of restoring harmony anil peace, to do everything short of the sacrifice of a vital principle of the government On the recent election of l*re*ident the warmth of poll tical dkrussion ha* led, in our Judgment to a wrong opi mi in an to the principle* and object* of the partially suc cessful party. K is the duty of candi* and of patriot tern silk" to correct this error. Dwelling in a State which la the centre of the rirtnmunicetion* of thi* part of the I n on, we b? ar our testimony thai this party declare* the purpose not to derogate from tho right* secured to their fcllow cltiaena in ev?ry part of the country by tbo con stitution. They do not urge any claim to interfere with domestic institution* of the State*. They do not deny the duty of gov eminent to carry out all the provisionn of tlie constitution. whether respecting fugitive from labor or other suhiect* In all thing* they declare their pur pose and intention to aet within the constitution. ?m the other hand, tho*e who look with distrait and apprehension at the power of the incoming Kxecntlve, and regard the increaaed majority of thone whose principle* arc In hi* favor, a* dangerou* to the peace of the conntry. do not a*k more than a faithful, liornvt and efficient elocu tion, in their behalf, of the constitutional power, *ad the protection of the privilege* and right* wnlc-h they hold under the constitution. Rut there are point* on which the constitution of the t'nited States I* deemed ambiguous in It* construction or application. or a* calling, in the carrying out of ita gone rai spirit, for more speciOc and clear provieion*. And it ia not to be loat sight of, that the "pandad extent of our territory, through our va*t acquis on* by treaty and ooaqwet, and the inereaae In population, power and wealth, in very different degree* fcv the different portien* of the country, were not clearly conceived by the muners of that constitution, and have not been distinctly pro vided fbr in it. l*ropi>?*y it*elf could hardly have foreseen the extent and rapidity of the national progrs** With the*e view* we judge that an agreed explanati >o of any uncertain provision* of the constitution, a clearer deilnltlon of the powers of the government on di^mtod qu?*t'on>. and an adaptation of it, in K* original spirit,to th* ? nlarged dimension* of the country, would satisfy all the honest differences among our country men. Therefore we pray leave to suggest that the assurance, coupled with any required g>iarsnt*ea, of the right* of the states to regulate wttbo it interference front any quarter, the Batter of slavery m their borders of the rigtM sertired by the constitution to the delivery of fupi llvei; the readjustment of thi laws bearing on these sub ject* which are in possible oOWltct wiUi it; aud tome ad justutnl or the rights of all the Stales of thu Union in the itw territory acquired by the blood and treasure of all, !?y an equitable division, to the ioimodlate organiia tiynof it into States, with a suitable provision for the loriMilion of nuw Stales iu ttioir Uuiitu, or otherwise, would embrace all that is claimed on any part, and oould bo atranged without concessitof principle on any part. frtifsinnff, with sincerity, a lovo of their common country, uono tho less toward that part of It which m now in difference with them, aid trusting that a govern meet which lias so groitly prtafered, has so widely ex pan<W in extent, in wealth and population, in power and in fane, may be preserved throngfc all tune: Your memorialists humbly pray that such measure*, enh<r of direct legislation or of amendment of the cm stitUion, may Ve speedily adopted, as will accomplish the ?tUeots above staled?which they are assured will resure peace to iheir agitated country. TMs has already been signed by republicans and demo crats. by those who got up the Wall street meeting and urgtd the election or lincoln. rHE K1PSIBSIPPI STATE CONVENTION. Jackson, Jan. 8, 18C1. Tie Committee on the Ordinance of Secession Is now in caiMus. The excitement and anxiety is intense. Tto Commissioners l'rom Alabama and South Carolina were invited to scats. A resolution was adopted to amend the constitution of the Btate, authorizing the borrowing of money for the purjoae of military defence. Th? following standing committees were appointed:? on Federal Jurisdiction of Property in Mississippi, on Foetal Affairs, on a State Constitution, on Naval and Mil itary Aflkir*, on tho Formation of a Southern Confede racy, to report by ordinance or otherwise. A resolution of invitation to the Judges of the Iltgh and Circuit Courts to take seats was passed. Much of tho day was occupied in tho discussion of tho power of the Convention to amend the constitution of tho State. A despatch was received from Georgia announcing the determination of that State to immediately secede. This was greeted with applause. The Convention adjourned till to-morrow, when the Committee on the Secession Ordinance will report. The excitement is intense. The galleries were full of indies. The military bad a State parade to-day, under a flag of fifteen stars. The hotels are thronged with interested citiens from abroad. The ordinance cf immediate State secession, unani mously agreed upon in the Committee of Fifteen, will pass the Convention to-morrow while it is in secret session. THE FLORIDA STATE CONVENTION. Tai i-iiufwnt, Jan. 7,1861. The Commissioners from Alabama and South Carolina wero introduced to the Convention, and both delivered addresses. The latter also presented the documents from his State. Judge Mcintosh introduced a preamble and resolution, which was made a special order, as follows:? Whereas, all hope of preserving tho Union upon terms consistent with llio safety and honor of the slaveholding States has been linally dissipated, by the recont indica tions of the strength of the anti-slavery sentiment of the free Mates, therefore Be it resolved by the people of Florida, in Convention assembled, that it is undoubtedly the right of the several stales of the Union to withdraw from the said Union at such time and for such cause as in the opinion of the people of each State acting iu their fljvereign capacity, may be just and proper; and in the opinion of this Con vention the existing caises are such an to compel Florida to proceed to exercise that right. The preamble and resolution were adopted?ayes 62, nays 5. The Convention was in secret session moat of the oflcr noon. It Is reported that the forts and other federal property have been taken jioesesision of by the (icvernor. THE ALABAMA STATR CONVENTION. Mo.vmomkkv, Jan. 8, 1801. Mr. Calhoun, Commissioner from South Oirolina, iid dressed the Convention. His speech waa well received. 1 f: patches to the Governor from Virginia. Florida and UuMiwipi" wcro road to tha Convention, which Created enthusiasm. A Committee of Thirteen was appointed to consider imd report the necessity of action by the Ftme. The Convention determined upon a Bewet session by a large majority. Tho seats of the two ccceaeion men bcrs from Shelby ooonly were contested. Uomwiteky, Jan. 8, 1801. M<*t of the day tu8 been pissed by the Convntiun m secret session. There has been a grand parade hern of the Second regiment of State troops Military preparations are rapidly progressing in all pasts of this Slate. The town is full of Hrangcrs. 11 is thought that the ordinance of secession will bo pssaed on Wednesday or rhursd.iy. The Convention sat with open doora only two hours. Il?re are the proceedings:? On Tuesday the Convention met at ten o'clock A. M., pursuant to adjournment. Mr. Yancey,from the committee to wait upon Ilun. A. H Cfclboun, Commissioner from South Carolina, reported that the duty had been discharged, and that Mr. tklboun wai present and ready to address the Convention. Hr. Jones offered a reaolution requesting Mr. Calhoun to address the Convention at this time. Mr. Yancey Introduced Mr. Calhoun, who took the floor and explained the object of his mission in a few brief but eloquent remarks, and presented several documents, which, on motion of Mr. Yancey, were received and laid on the table. As information Mr. Watts presented two despatches, which be said were banded him by thu Governor, and that it waa important they should be read. They were a despat< h from Richmond, signed by A. K Hopkins and F. M. Gilmer, Jr., Commissioners from Alabama, dated January 7, as follows ? Tte legislature has pnsre<i. by a vote, 112 to 6, a re solution to resist any attempt to coerce a receding Plate. Go out promptly. The other despatch was from Washington, signed by Moasrs. C loptou and Moore, dated Jan. 7, aa follows ? The republicans In the House to day refused toenn s.der the compromise of the border State*. Th''y com plimented Major Anderson, and rusolved to ristain the President. A message was received from the Governor cov?. .ng a communication and several documents. On motion the documents wars laid on tbo table for the present. In his communication tho Governor staled he had refponded yesterday to the communication. Mr. Yancey offered a resolution providing that the President S(po>nt a committee of thirteen to consider and report wbat Is necessary to protect the rights of the Stale. Adopted. The President then, read I be following despatch from Jackson, Miss., dated 7th inst. The Convention has pawed a resolution to ruse a Com mittee of fifteen to drait an ordinance of aee<?*ton. Mr. Barry wasjelw te?i President The Mate will go out on to-morrow or next day. K. W. PCTTl'S, Commissioner. RAPID PROGRESS OF SECESSION IN VIR GINIA. Rktmovt), Jan. K, 1M51 Tlis committee of the Ilouso of Delegates, having in charge the subject of a call of a Convention, have pre pared a bill which tbey will report to morrow. They have fixed upon ths 18th of February for tho meeting of tbs Convention, and the 7th for ths election <>f delegate ?. The queation of additional mHilary fores for the pur pose of defence has been referred to a committee. A resolution proposing to appropriate ton millions of dollars for that porposs has been also referred. Ths general opinion is that Virgin* will secede about the 20th of February. In the meantime such prepara tions will be mads ss may be necsaaary to repel any ag grcslon. THE SECESSIONISTS TRIUMPHANT IN NEW ORLEANS. Nrw tuujuso, Jan. 9,1M1. The immediate Kt-csss omsta have carried the city by majoi ity. REPORTS FROM MARYLAND. B ? t rami, Jan. t, 1M1. An nnusnal nnmber of prominent aaasNaow 111 this city from different counties in the Plate, mostly well knewn democrats. From significant indications I am oonfldant they are scheming and maturing plans to oaJl the Maryland legislature together, independent of ?lov?rnor Hicks. No doubt this Is p? ntemplate<l at an ?arly day. which will certainly create two parties, and <tisti.rb the p> bHc peace MEETING OP THE TENNESSEE LEGISLA TURE. Nakhvuj k, Jan. 7,1M1. Tho legislature atNmbM to-day. Tho Governor's message recommends that the qaMtioo of c^ntng a con vection be loft to the people, and says the remedy for the yesent evils exist* only In constitutional amend ments, on tho refuKal whereof Tennessee bhould maintain her equality in or independence uut of the Union. He re commends the organization of the militia and the pur chase of arm*. Ho loaves the bank suspension penalties to the discretion of the legislature. GOV. LANE, OP INDIANA, ON THF, CRISIS. IXDixnArouH, Ind., Jan. 8, lnrtl. The anniversary of the battle of New Orleans was cele brated by a fine military parade here to-day. TheOover nor elect, who welcomed the military, made a abort but patriotic speech. He claims from them devotion to the Union and constitution, and a vigilant enforcement of the laws. Some, he said, wished to live under the protection of a flag of ono star, but he knew no other flag than that of his country; under it he would lead them to battle; under it he would live and die. He said it is time to lay aside all partisan strife and cherish feelings of a common brotherhood. A national salute was fired in honor of Major Anderson. INTERESTING FROM CHARLESTON. We have learned, from information gathered from gen tlemen recently arrived from the city of Charleston, some few later details relative to that part of South Caro Una, which we believe will be Interesting to most of our readers. 1'oople belonging to the city and State of New York, and in fact to the North generally, are not aware? or il' they are, aro not willing to admit the fact to their own minds let alone to others?that such are the prepora ions being made in the f'outb as would procludc all chance of coercing the revolting States. THK DEFENCES OF THK HARBOR. Such measures have been adopted to prevent all vessels of an offensive character entering the hurbor of Charles ton that even those belonging to that city cannot get out without aid. All the buoys have been removed, and some, if not all of the beacons taken down. All lights are extinguished at night, except that upon Fort Sumter, which, for the purpose of navigation, might as well be a hundred miles off, and tho lightship has been withdrawn. From Cummin'a Point to the lighthouse, a distance of several miles, sandbank batteries have been erected and well manned, and vessels laden with paving stones and other heavy substances are placed at important points to sink, so that any vessels of an opposing character that might presume to prowl in would be stopped. If the Star of tho West attempts to carry her living cargo to the help of Fort Sumter she will be at once sunk by the South Carolina troops stationed along the entrance of the harbor, as a determination exists among them not to allow of reinforcements arriving at that fort. Pilots have been firmly charged not to pilot vessels of-war into the harbor, but no restrictions are placed upon vessels of commerce and trade. When the steamship Columbia was ready for sea, although sho belonged to the city of Charleston, so complete!} had all marks of the channel been obliterate! that it cost the sum of one hundred and fifty dollars to get her clear of the harbor. It was estimated that the value of the vessel and cargo, which consisted of cotton, rice, domestic produoe, &c., was not less than $450,000, and yet this large amount was "locked up" for some time, rather than allow chances for the vessels of the enemy to make their way up to the fort or the oity. FORKtUM VK88RLB VERSUS NORTHKRN VRHSRLS. <m Saturday last it was estimated that about thirty two vetseis from foreign ports, vis., Great Britain, France, Spain, Sweden and Germany, were in the harbor shipping cotton and other Southern produce, the m?d>um of purchase being gold taken by tho very ve^M-U that were there in the act of loading. There are also la the tirt * twenty-two Northern and Eastern v<w?'la that wrre ?>{ standing idle, not being able to got cargoes. The !??"? Cairo brought by the Columbia was mostly for a foie^n country, and purchased with forslgn go! I. HEALTH OF THK FORT. The health of the port and surroundings is said to be as good as could be desired by may Northern man or wo man, and our informants state that all reports about sick ness aro fabrications. Kvery possible precaution ha4 been taken to keep the beultb of the city good, and will continue to be adopted. THE NEW MANIFESTS AND CLEARANCE*. have been but slightly altered from the original ones, tho only diilerence being that the words "United States of America" have jbeen struck out, and the words "Sove reign State of South Carolina" substituted. The docu ments with this alteration are not received at tho Custom House in tbii city, as no such separate State has yet been acknowledged by the authorities. THE RETZURE OP THE REVENUE CUTTER AIKEN. We urc indebted to Lieut. John A. Underwood, United States Revenue Hervioe, for the following account of tbo surrender if the revenue cutter Wm. Aiken, by Giptaln Conic, to the authorities of South Carolina. IJeut. Under wood makes thin statement only to correct erroneous re ports xn circulation, and to put himself right before tiio public is relation to this matter:? It waa well known to Meat. Underwood, as well a* to the other officer* of the cutter, that Captain Coite sym pathlsed with the sec ens ion movement at the South; and one day, about two weeks before the secession of South Carolina the Lieutenant had a conversation with Dipt. Ooste, in which tbo Captain declared that it was his in tention to resign hie position if 800th Carolina should ic cede, aa be could not bold any position under Lincoln. Lieut. Underwood asked if, then, the Captain would place the cutter nnder hie command, aa soon as Houth Carolina should secede. The Captain said certainly; that he could go aahore and leave the veeeel undor the com main I of Lieut. Underwood. IJeut. Underwood then oottNulted with Second Lieut. Porter aa to what disposition they should make of ih? vessel. There were two courses to pursue: the one to place tbo cutter under the guns of Fori Moultrie; the other, to take the vessel to sea and proceed North with her. This latter alternative, how ever, was to be avoided if possible; flrst, on account of the scarcity of provisions, Insufficient for th" cruise; and neit, because of the very inclcment weather. Accord imrly the llrst course was decided upon, Mid IJotit. I n<terwood requested Major Ander' fin to allow the cutter to lie under the guns of Fort Moultrie, In the event of secession. and to this, of courp", Anderson agreed, and by this ai rangement Lieutenant Underwood would have had time to 1 omtnu nicatc with the Department. About a week before the ordinance of secession was passed the cutter was hauled alongside the southern wharf, at Charleston. to have her bottom cleaned. She was hauled up upon a very high tide, and whileshe remained there, tillable to get out on account of low water. South Carolina ?eosded from the Union The .lay before Anderson evacuated Fort Moul trie the cutter hauled out into the stream, with the stars and stripes flying, and remained there The next d ay Lieutenant I 'nderwood left the vnssol at Boon, with IJeutenont I'orter on board. and Oiptain Ooste onshore, hut still in command About tlx o'clock that evening Qtptain Costa exiled upon Lieutenant I nderwood and said that be had paid off the crew up to tbo Mth of December, arid that he had hauled down the revenue ensign, stowed It away, and hoisted the |*al metto flag. lie waa now, be said, accountable to th? authorities of Houth Carolina for the vessel and the pro petty on board. Lieutenant Underwood, nnable to do anything to recover or protect the vessel, immediately returned to Washington, and reported the facts to tbo Department. This la the whole story, and it presents the entire facte of the case. VIRGINIA. GRRAV BlClTRMItNT AT HAItFKR'R FURRY?TITRRK BI'M'HS.P MXN IN ARM*. ;F*om the Wheeling (Va ) Iat?dllgen<:er, Jan. 7 ] Tiio eipress train from the Fast yesterday brought e*f ittng news from Harper's Ferry, situated In Jsflersou county. In this Mate, the spot made ever memorable in hi?tory by the bloody John Brown raid. It seoms, from all 1 hat we can learn, that from some quarter or other, during tbA day 00 Saturday, news had come to the Ferry that the government had despatched a force of United -tales troops to take pesetas'on of the arsenal at the Ferry, and hold It?Its arms, stores and muntllfflut of war?In view of the reported march that w>?* to lie made by insurgents in the border States on th" Capitol at Washington. This report threw the Harper s Ferry people, especially the employes In the arsenal, of whom there are between three and four hundred, Into a state of the wildest excitement, and straightway the cry was " To arms! To arms!" Accordingly, when the express tram that leaves Baltimore at four in the evening an 1 arrives at the Ferrv about eight, had crossed the loog hrtdfs and reaohed the latter place, the passengers were astawiehed to find sum three hundred armed men, frawn?l>li battle array, ready to welcome Hie On it' I States soldiery " with bloody hands to hospMahiti gr*iee"?or, In other words, In waiting to enact * si enn before which all the high e?trav?ganass yet play ?d ?ff by South Carolina should pale into utter insignia canre fortunately for the peace and the ever after re putation of t?? country, and fovtnnatsly, perhaps, for the three hundred men in arms, there were no Unlt?i Mates troops aboard None hnd been sent?none, that anybody on the train knew of, wore expected to be sent. Of the particulars as to how all this false alarm ordinal od we could not learn, aa the train flopped at the Perry but a lirtle while. We shall doubtless know more by to morrow. MOVEMENTS OF TROOPS. LE4VJCNWSRTU, K. T., Jan. 7, 1861. The troops from Fort Leavenworth left this moraine for Baltimore, via tit. Joseph, Chicago and Pittsburg. The force consists of two oompantes of light artillery, comprising 210 men, with 130 horses. A force of dra goons remains at Fort Leavenworth. REINFORCEMENT OF THE F0RT8 ON THE FLORIDA COAST. Boston, Jan. 8,1801. The steamship Joseph Whitney, of the .Savannah lias, Capt. Sampson, has been chartered by the government to convey troops and munitions of war from this port to Fort I'ortugas, near Key West, Florida. Hhe sails on Thursday. Capt. Sampson, of the steamer Whitney, says it is true his vessel is chartered by the United States to go South, but that his mouth and orders must be sealed for the present. The steamer is loading quietly with provisions and coal. There is no excitement here. PREPARATIONS FOR THE DEFENCE OP FORT MONROE. Norfolk, Jan. 8,1861. It is reported that active measures are in progress for the dcfence of Fortress Monroe. MORE NAVAL RESIGNATIONS. Norfolk, Jan. 8,1841. Lieut. Chapman and Muster Mills, of the ship Brook lyn, have resigned. SALUTES FOR THE UNION. Albany, Jan. 8,1681. The citizens of Albany fired thirty-three guns to-day for the Union, and one hundred in honor of Mnjor Ander son. Thirty-three guns were also the Republican Ar tillery, ('apt. Frcdendall, in honor of the Union and Major Anderson. Perkhkiu., Jan. 7, 1861. Thirty three guns were fired here on Friday afternoon in honor of Major Anderson. Uswrco, Jan. 8, 1881. A national salute wus fired here at noon in honor of (Jen. Jackson's firmness In resisting nullification in 1833, and Major Anderson's heroic conduct in resisting It In 1860. Jt was got up by the citizens, irrespective of party. Boimi!*, Jan. 8,1861. Salutes in commemoration of tho battle of New Orleans, and in honor of Major Anderson, were fired to-day to many of the principal towns in Massachusetts, Maine and New Hampshire. Democrats and republicans participated in the demonstrations alike. Corning, N. Y., Jan. 8,1861. Thirty-three guns are being tired in honor of the bat tle of New Orleans, and thirty three for the bravery Of Major Anderson. Kkading. Pa.. Jon. 8,1861. A salute of thirty-three guns wan tired hero last night In honor of Major Anderson, und two hundred to-day in honor of General Jackson und Major Anderson. IUmhuro, Pa., Jan. 8, 1861. One hundred guns were tired here to-day in honor of Gen. Jackson and Major Anderson. PBn^nsrrau, Jan. 8,1661. Three salutes were tired to-day, thirty-three gunseach, for Gen. Jackson, Major Anderson and the Union. There was a general display of tings, military parades, lie. Aijuwt, Jan. 8,1861. The Kmroet Guard, Captain Mullholland. at noon to day tired a national salute in honor of the hero of New Orleans, Major Anderson and the Union. Eujoormtut, N. Y., Jan. 8,1861. One hundred guns aro being tired hero in commemora tion of the f?ry sixth anniversary of the battle of New Orleans, and in honor of Major Anderaon, tho hero of Ftort Sumter. A large concourse of people, irrespective of party, are In attendance. A large banner, inscribed with th?- famous .lacksonmn sentiment, ''The Union? it 'must and shall be preserved," has been Hung across tho street, roi.ue< ting the democratic and republican printmg offices. The Union sentiment is universal. Two military compa nies are in attendance. DnrxiRK, Jtn. 8.1861. One hundred guns are now being tlrod under ine stars and htripes in honor of the anniversary of tho battle o>' New Orleans. Military and tire companies are parading the streets. Speeches will be made this aiVrnoon and eveiiiiig by distinguished geullemen from abroad. A strong Union feeling prevails. Nbwark, N. J., Jan. 8, 1861. Morning, noon and evening salutes, in honor of Major Anderson, and commi inorativeof Gen. JacL-em's victory, wero tired hero to day. Flags wore displaced at promt nent points. Yesterday the Germans tired salutes, and held a mass meeting in the evening, at which strong resolutions in favor ol tho Union and complimentary to Anderson wero passed. Ouus, N. Y., Ian. 8,1867. One hundred guns were flrcd here to-night in honor of the battle of N'i'W Orleans, the I nlou and Maior Anderson. An impromptu meeting <if citlz ns cosvened immediate ly after at the Town Tlall. Gen. .fauhson's proclamation to tho nullifiors of South Carolina was read, and strong Union epeeches made by distinguished persons. All par ties participated In these demonstrations, asserting tneir loyalty to the Union, the constitution and tho enforcement of the laws under any and all circumstances. New York Charter Klectlon. Snt'.i Faux, Jan. 8, 1861. At the charter election to <lay tho democrat* and Union men swept tho town, eleoting J. M. Ouion Clerk by 112 majority, and 8. W. Arm tt Ti arnirer by Dearly 200. Tbe I'uion guin in over 300 since laet year. Election of a Pcnntylvania United State* Senator. Hakrimikju;, Pa., Jan. 8, IMTf. Kdgsr Owhd, republican, of Wrutmorokuid county, wan elei ted t'nitfld States Senator, in place of Sr. Bigler, to-day. The follow log is the vote ? Cowan l'<*t?r 35 It wa? strictly ? party vete. Mr. Cowan u not a radj. cal ripublican. Ho man formi>rIy a Clay whig. The Virginia Inspection Lawi, Ac. Nonrriur, Jan. 8,1801. Tbe schooner P. W. l.utheel, of Staten Island, ban been sel*ed lor violation of tbe Virginia inspect hid lawa. Affaln of Honor. .Vaxhvillk, Jan. 7, 1861. U in reported that Hon 8. S. Stanton and John H. Savage have left for Kentucky te light a duel. The Canada Oat ward Bam ad. Bowmx, Jan. 8,1841. TV mailK per steamship Chnada for Halifax and Uver - pooi will close at seven A. M. to-morrow, and she will Vail at tvD o'clock. Mlaoonrl C urrency. Sr. Lww, Jan. I. 1861. Vlgbt exrhange on New York at 4 a 6 per <ent premi um lor Missouri paper. <Md aclls at 3 and sihrer at 2 per cent pr< mlum. Southern Ocean |<*tramrr NoremrnUi Savassah, Jan. 8, 1H61 The screw steamship R. R. Cuyler, from New York, ar rival at Tybee early tni* morning. The Boeton Weekly Hank Statements Bumixw, Jan. 8,1861. Capital stock $.18,331,700 I<>aiis and discounts 02.0UA,700 Specie 4,204.600 Hue from other banks 8 ,.171,000 l>ue to ether hanks 7,860,000 iH'pnMM 18,719,600 Circulation 7 003,800 llniAM/ni, Jan. o, ivei. varna SumW, 88*; Bending pal, M; Lanf lainnd MalkwtfT I road, so. StfM eichaag* m Market*. rniLADBLPHIA STOCK 90AM9. IHtianioJWA, Jan. 8,JM1. Stock* 11 n II. Pennsylvania Railroad, 30; Morris Canal, * 11X. Pennsylvania Railroad, New York, '? a ), per cent premium. New (Muuki. Jan. 7, ltd. Cotton?Sale* to-day 8.000 bales: market easier, bat prires MlHld. 8mt, 4Xc. * 6M6. for fair to tally fair Molasses, Oc a 34c Kr.lght?Oottoo to Liverpool, 11 16d Nrw Obmujm, Jan. 8, lMl. CotUn market dull, sales to day 8,000 bales, at Uj^O. for middling: sales of thru day*, 20 000 bale*, reoelpU three days. 30 800 balsa against 36,600 la nnrr?|iirtlt| Brlod laet year; decreased receipts to date at this port, 6,000 bales; do, at all the ports, 481,660 bale*, Sugar nfcody, at 4?<c. a 6??c. for fair u> rally fair. Corn 71a ? 10<-. lard, in bbls , lie. Freight on cotton to Liverpool 11 16d Raehange on London IK a 3 per oent premium, (light eschange on New York % a 1 w discount. Mosns, Jan. 6, 1861. Cotton?Sales to day 3,000 bales at 11VC for Bid ding Nona, Jan. 7, 1841 Cotton?So lee to-day 3,600 bales ft 11\0. for aid dling Saiiimb, Jan. 8,1861. IVnr dull Reward street and Ohio, |6 80: City MUMr, (8. Wheat firm: red, $1 JOafl white, ft 40 a ft 60. Corn firm at fl2c. a 66c for new, and 68c. a 71s. for ofcf ? Ha Provisions firmer m<os pork, W7; lard, MK0. Qt&M active at 13He. a 18c Whiskey dull at 18c a 19c. Pmi inBrwu, Jan. 8,1861. Floor very tirm, at ft 2fi a |A SO for miperftne Wheat steady white, 91 46: red, $1 .10 a $1 #3. ProvWoow |0let m?<e* pork at |16 60 a fl7 60. Whiskey ttrm at 18Ho. a 19c. (kmnun. Jan. 1,1667. Flour dull. Wh ?key nt 14.- Ho?? dull at fo 3# ? ?? 40. Receipts of the week 67,000 Receipts ot the aesetjD 367 000, Bight eschange on New Yet k incharged.

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