Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 17, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 17, 1861 Page 2
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THE FLOYD BANQUET. Interesting Developements of Cabinet Movements. After Dinner Revelations of the Ex* Secretary of War, M?| iM.f Oar Yirglnl* rvrretpornlrnrc. Yi, Jm. 12,1MI. Ctmfiimenlary Bm-rwi to O.ix hUwl, ?x .S*Trtary of War, bp hit Kriendt in Rw hnvm<l?Hiyhlu /nto> rtinp SptaJi of Gem. Floyd?Mtrrjfwiy I >t'ri prmwnU of Cabtnri Mm* vunti KHative to South Carolina, 4c. Gov. Floyd, ex Secretary of War, *u entertained by tiui friends In the Legislature and many private citizen* to a splendid banquet, at the Rxehauge Hotel, la<t nixht. As I stated in a deepatch to Lbe Hmllld, the entertain ment was given in token the high admiration in which tbe rourw of Gov. Hoyd ia held in leaving the Cabinet after the prom we to preserve the statu* quo in South CUro ?ina had beeu violated. Among those present at the dinner were tbe Hon. Mr. Ho|>kins and Mr. GUmer, the two commissioners from Alabama. Tbe first regular toast was read by General A. A. Chap man, a member of tbe House of Delegates, who acted as Fnfidcnt. It reads:? The ronxtttntinn as our fathers mad* It. Thr lion. James A. Keitdon replted to this too?t in a fpeech not very eulogistic. of the c< ustitution. The President gave the next regular taast:? Our truest, the Hon. John B Floyd. tbe worthy son of a Tibbie nire. AU hoi?>r to tbe Virginian, who, ?|?uriiiiuc th? trapping* of federal, respuots a mother's rishuaud retrdU a mother's wrongs This toast wan reoeived with several rounds of appla'isc, fallowed by three cheers for Go?. Floyd. When the up jilauae subsided? Governor Flotd arose and said:?Mr. President and gon tlemno?If I ha.i all the wealth ?f language th it belonged to the wi?lthlost of all men In language, I would htill lack words to oxproea to you my gratitude for the honor yeu have conferred upoa me to-night. It is something of a consolation to me, after all I have Kuflfered and gone through since I sepa rated from you in this very building some four years ago, to be met by snch manifestations of kind appreciation as you display hi'e to-night. It is, iudeed, a source of tbe most profound pleasure to me to be thus honored for the dischurge of responsible duties, rendered of late peculiarly delicate and embarrassing; but I en deavored to discharge theiu to the beet of tuy ability, prompted aione by a solemn dense of what was due to the country and due to myself. Forgive mo, gnntlemou, If I handle a little awkwardly a weapon that was familiar to me once, for I must say to you that I have not opened my mouth before a public assembly since four years ago I met many of the sans of Virginia here, an t engaged with them in hearty congratulations upon the happy termination of the conflict which we had th><n passed through. Four years ago, at the electoral dinner in this house, we congratulated ourselves upon the result of the great battle through which we had passed If t.'.ero was a lurking sontimont in the bosom of some that all wus not quite as well as it should be?if tbe demon came up in spite of us, an<1 intimated that the triumph we achieved was not a triumph of the majority, bat a tri umph of the minority?that it solved no great principle? that it wax aJoDe a quieting of tbe ooofedorucy for the inooioiit ?still there win a general feeling of triumph,and aa abiding hope iu the minds of the people that in the future all would be well. The i?sue was disttnitlv made, aad with a feeling of triumph we Inducted in'o olBce our chosen leader. He st-iod upon a platform which wai de servedly untwined one of safetv, one of poace, and one of salvation. Four short years have rolled ovor, ami how Rtands the account thu> night* Where are the proofs of the triumnh)1 Where is th? peace that we expected to enjoy? Where is the calefy and where the security that yira Uil a right to count upon? Where is the preeerva tton of Uio law which was hopefully looked forv Where the triumph of the cooatitutioiv Whore the iiarmaucnry nf this Unions Uon??all gone, gone with laat yoiir'H guow, mid gone forever. Iu the history of mankind such a rcvo lutioo luu. never b<>en witnessed for fcucb a cause an hvi produced this. I will advert for a solitary moment, be fore I go into a returnee to ilia Unut ?hi< -h ha. Ju?t b??n oflnred, to tha cause wnich led to thil extraordinary con dition of thiols, iti there any ground of complaint against yot. for any act subversive of the prUicipl,* upon wbi.'li this government Ik founded? What have you done that ut wiongt VN ii.ii cut titntioLaJ provision hava you vio lated! What U* of the land have you trampled under foot? WLut wrong have you perpetrated.' *?? o"?. "?t <>ue. How omr* it to pax* ?non, that thl? confederacy, this Union, whiefc. "ke the peiitWman wlio h-ia just npofcen 1 k?e UD<* honor for it* purity, has been atiuihl JaW A fannticinn, a religious an<l moral prejudice, liw nriiton in the minds of our Northern brethren, and they ha\ e attempted to carry it into eilV t through the instru mentality of the federal government And see in what it luu resulted?Id ajlenation of fa-ling between the North and .south, a total disregard of the constitution and la>*s of the roiintry, and, dually, in the dlar t.ouof a g >vern meat the moat glorious, the most magniticent that the world ever m>w. A abort tithe in the history of nations, gentli-mcn?thirty yaars only ?wlion I had no gray hair on my heed, but when, like many of you here, in the prime of youth, this incident oc curred, and it i* an fn*lgmflcaut one. A newspaper made I(h apfiearanoe cali'il tbe Libnubrr, ami the Governor of Virginia at that day wrote to a friend of hU In poatou to know something of this Lilvrator ncwspa|>er. He statod that Um> paper bad been sent hei ?? through the PoatUffloe to teach insubordination and incite servile lnmrreetlon. What, MUd the Governor, Is the meaning of th.?? Ilow is U that the old cradle cf liberty allows this paper to ex let" His friend wrote back and stated:?"1 he piper you have sent me 1 have carefully examined, and immediate ly mttda it my busmen to seek Ita origin After a Ions and tedious search I discovered that it was published by an insi^nilirant aud unknown man. aud printed in th<> uttic of a waste house in a back street of the city of 1 tow to? The publisher nobody knows or rare* for bis whole concern Is a small, dirty room, containing u prc-ts worked by hur.self once a week to throw out th>< issue winch he prepares for the public. 1 think the floveirer of Vlr gin is?the Governor of tliat great old Commonwealth which led the vua In the ({evolutionary war?may rest contest that there is no danger to tbe liberties of Virginia from this source." Th it was thirty jreora a^o, and at that time this little Indication was but a small cloud in the heavens not bigger than a mac's uand. How Is It now" It bar grown to he a cloud that covers the wl>ol<\lace of the bnuvoos?it has grown to be a power that Is i triking down the bulwitrk of constitution) liberty and fr> i?iom That ?m It* origin. How has it progressed to this coioMsal proportion* It went into the , hurcliae of tbeljunbof fiod and rr?v?te.l divisions there; and then with Impious presumption .said, we are more i> lee in oar generation, than tn--,.od ofbea%en wbon he gave laws to the children of leriel. We way that slavoiy is a come, aud that damnation will attend you who live in the rnuut-y where it exb-U. They Kiy, you connot s t down at the table of the l,>rd that Is given as tbe covenant tor tran's salvation. Rut why do T dwell upon this subject * It Is <juite as familiar te you a* it is to me, and It I* therefore unnocc*s*ry that I eboold dwell any longer upon It. What Institution .n Ui? country bae thi t.uiatu m not s- t upon an 1 d stroyed? It has tnvaded every fundamental right which wi> !?? 11 dear, and ba? finally culmiuated in th? do?irur. tioo of tbix great and glorious Union, What 1* tin.- whii li they r< ligioiwly r?-gnrd as a car*-* God In bis conim m l tn?-nt? wrote with his own Angers ut>on Mount Sinai, ? tlioe slialt not cotet thy neighbor's slaxe;'' and If thtwe fanati'-s will dual with this subject in a religious I wotud have tl em remember thit the lin slavo catcher tn the hlaiory of the world was an ingel o Qod, serit by IK?1 to tike a runaway slave?a negro?and bring hltn bacli to hu. uiuiior. (Applau.-'t! Ml I laughter. It Is a l*ll??w>-d Institution, ?nd it seem-i that in the Provl Uenooof <Jod It came down through tli.. new dl-pMW turn be Pnweprwl snd )x'rpwtuate<| In conformity with the will of divine Provide,,,. w,vh all rev,-rem: ', allow me to state to tboae who want n new u bto sod an anU slavery God. that If the doctrine of t,v- t" ?n too ?4d ftftylsh for them. they can refer to tho Sew Te ta ment m4 ??"re seek some further l.ght. An nngm have said, ww? th?i Brst sl?ve cat- h-r St Haul austaine the institution Md admonished submiauiim o-i the p?rt o (?laves to their ms?t?>rs and everywhere we ,m.) it orated by the will of ?Jod, through wbl h it Is dottnet to a parpetual e*i?te|?pe, to be controlle-l eisl go\.-m-it In confer? iily with bis precepts. Is it th. ieior-to t>., pre sumed that this in?titutswi is igHirnt rvllglonf <i<?t thought not?-Moeee thought not -Caul thought not?.leans Chrfct tbmiglit not?the , onetituilon 'hoiight nof (A)> piause ) Huthow stand- the fact)1 Has It ever nocurr<\l to you that the Institution of African tiavery In the United Wales WHS <>f |ts?lf a miracle like the delivery of lh? children of Israel from the boniU of tha 1?) pt:ans? 'flieo tha p >wer of ?;<-d liviip-d th? ? and let the opj,r<">"d fO 'roe. sod tbe vstr-f stoo<| HI ws 11 on either side, and th ? oppr. -.-d Went free, wh^n J'hsrnoh w ,th h# , heriot ?iia?wnli ?.?<! it, in lh?o??p (Applause.) How name African la\?ry to be Ins,itut' I In the United ftt^tos* What great Interest required llf What gr?*t national poltcv demanded lt? What great religious instiact protnf "1 Itt What ip-mf eitbn?nl of philanthropy demanded Koi one. lior- were a poopic sa.-aga from Ibe wg'nnlng?hers ' a ^ pie tuuixf In a roixiitka the mow I itepkH-abls that the liuui 1 heart cud Oonu ru plate, wbo, by hocus peculiar and tuuo Deniable .let.I'Dj, we-o biou^ht from the Uad where they lived to litis 001ntr y, h?ri> to i-MDtio and eufift il Um re pursuit* which peculiarly befitted tn lr helpless cndoion And what bit tteen the result? rh?uialitu ti<>n tuis prospeind beyond all the colours that has ever Nfn planted. Krocn boing savages they have com.- te be civluzeo? from beiLg suvuge* they have become Chris tiai.r?from being savages they have t?ec<>uie happy and content. Was the like ?*er knownr Was a ooJooy under such circuit fiancee evsr planted, an<l has any o?i"iif In- re (lour mbed? If alfthe nomhuied pownrs of toe com bined oatii?a of th? earth were to unite to ; pbnt such colonies they could not Live wic ceoded. (;od plumed It, and It sii'?eod?<l. When j did the Atriraxi blond contribute towards the ad- | nl ol rivibsatu n beforeV Thwe ia not oo the globe, and never baa b?-en and never will be, a people ? hi bo labor did as much towards huiutu advancement and rellLcmt xt ax tlie African laior. Look latothe phik> u phy of it. Th? re im a man who can raise cotton, and tLui rinu is the African. What does cotton dor I (ward ifceriryug souno full the other day from the hps of a Senator, that "cottou is king," M?l I ft'.t the full force of this r> loark. I uould nay It la more than king. It Ik the power that rivoiv-1> and control* the destinies of civilized man, and the utgrj il a \a the instrument that pnaiucua .It. (Applause.) do is (.od Almighty's instrument and he is working Ui >)?>d Almighty's cause. What do^B cot ton do for '? our It nyuiaUs the commerce of the I! Alio J t bites; itkepa the ships and workshops of Amarica at work; it contributes three hu-idred millions of <i<tUars every yeai to the sustaining of the commercial power of the I mted Ktates government, the tflfkus of whioh are no longer sustained b> arms iu the tluid or a powerful navy on the ocean. It is not through ordnance, the V immis sariat IVperttnect, or the Quartermaster'- Department. It is not with men armed cap-a ki>, with helmets f'lHenlug in the sunlight. It is not to these thut It Is given now to control the affairs of the world. there be men Ui the back room of thu counting bouse who pursue their Hilent vo | canons of ciphering ano making entries, and tiley an the parties who control the destinies of th<< attairs of men ia I these days. And how stands t.lave Inbor with tbeml Slave u.l.or Is i sfK'ntUil as the basis of tbeir opera* ions. I It is with the products wf A lave labor that we settle our I balances with KugL.n<i every year, and It Is to this power ' that we are looking with evr-r* confidence here for the OMirratntHD of the eommeree of the world. That monopoly which once belonged to Tyre?that great trade t which bt loi ged once to Sulon and to AmntertUiii, and i wbicb now belougc to (llgliind, u being transferred to ub |<y a certain decree, and, if the Union boldb, will Boon be oatMX'iitrated iu the w.iiers of tbe United Slates. This is wl at cotlou would do foi us if funaiicism did not step in to d pervert tLe good desi^nii of ITovideuce. H k>?o|is tliipe employed; il puts all the rsith under bou U to keep tbe peace with the Uulted States. (Ix>ud appl.nise.) If yon bad one continuous ioitillc.ition -eachmg ftom the Artxnitook to the Rio Grs&d't, frowuing with bayonets, it would not be hilf so potential ub tlic Ulror of the?? Airicar h. Iu auouimercial point of view. ii> anutional point of view, in a rollgintis point of view, in a pluiauthropic l*iini of view, what Ls uiore in this iuatlti.tion tlutautho i liins inter icrencn withity Yotiheiw> peopl" have advanced ano laid their uiihail?wo<! hands ujion tbit) iiLilituliou of (kxl /.imiglity; :uio they nay, you are sinners, thu curse of txod ailbi'tis to your garmenta, we wiil have no fellowship with you. This luu> be n going en for thirty years. In spite of all these facif, aud of another one whii h I will allude to, Uiey are determined to break down this government, they Intend to force the blessing of libei ty upon these people. It is uo new idea. This iuea of freeing tbe African In not new. It lias been ti led before, and what has b"on the result? You have seen Knglaud, that great. Powei. come f irwaril in tlie 'layn of thu prosperity of one of her island possessions, proclaiming in tbe highwayti and b\ wuvh that fhe stiuuk from the Rlavee. m the first Isbuid thai l.oil ever r.iade, the mana cles which bound them, and sot them free. Yes. sir, she elevated ti e black man to tbe possessum of ireetlom, and thus sought to tor re upon you ihe belief that he is year and your iqunl. .-be jiave^o hitn the Quest isle of tbe ocean, ami has bin,, tbe result of tho experi ment* M?n b.M freed him and tiod has declared him to boa slave, and the expi rliueut of freedom in this in Ft-itioe exhibits the fact that instead of hm Improving, he g'ies down, down, down to tbe depth of savagery and idolatry. What ha* become of that island} It 1s this day a wild' rues* and desert. It did not stop them. God Uitendc-d tlmt the example should go further, and whon he inftigaUHi our brethren at the North to an act or humanity, when he turn<>d their eye* away from the of "witcher- to tbe freeing of the American slave, what lias been the caseV When those men w ere liberated, after a coniury of close education, btvo they advaxiceti in ibe school oi human civilization'. TJ?y havu not, but have fallen us h >on as the sinckles of slavery weie i biJien tmni their arms?h.-tv i fullcn through tie; network <>f society, and gone down to the ibyss of do(jra du:ioti. lindliig t?ioir wav out from tlie cenirc of Boctety tbtough three cbunnels?tliose or ciime. poverty and in FHnity. They have disappeared; and all the moral suasion, nnd all the teachings of lis; Compel, all the Sunday schoola and tract societies have b-en unable to st.y their oro i gress tio inui .jails aud h spituls and lunatic a ylums, Ianu there you will find confirmed what I hive alriadv re lerred to nr the cbannela through which the depletion of this black element tn society iu wrought. No. the hind <f tlisi Almighty is in this tiling. It Is lil:o the nvreei wbicb lie performed in bringing the Israelites through tlie Hod St*. But these Northern tuon are Winer m th'.s generation than God; they are holier than the Divine Oua who <Iit (1 on l Alvary. and they ceci" to tell you that you shall liberate those people or you Khaki be damned. (Ijiu^h li-r.) It has gone fruin one step to another, as you are aw.ire, unt il now It may be said to have mumied its climax Hut, g< ntlemsn, it baa been proclaimed that tliore is an IrreproMibkiconflict, and now I cm* to the gist of the thing. It has been proclaimed that thore It) iui irreprowd bK foulliet between the region of country wtuw slavery nuts anu the region of country where it does not exist, an,1 that thero in but one ,.<nicp md that if tho lilx ration of the slavea. Parties have been organized or. this l?sue. It spilt the churches?It has se|uirat?d nearly all tho chen he*?it ha.-. |(aoo <m in regular progression, ?nil now turoatena the political ruui ut iho oj.ntry. aijJ thus brine' down to the point in which we sre imm? lint-iy ii.Mtiaiod. I; poo the election of Abraham l.mcoln ou a platiotni rmhyiy in? the avowal of a principle whi u it in In vain to Qt'uy. and still more vain to disregard, these ; i i pic ir>- aroused npoo ore side upon tho avowed do r uratiuu that slavory is a curse, a fin, and neiMt be abol ? i*lie<i. 'It" y cone up with banners ttauii ing m (he i winds with theaa declared principles upon th"m rhey i Lava Mt consulted ynn; tbey did not condescend to ask | you what was your Opinion upon thehubitvt. They never i ihi dghi >"ii of sufllcinnt imporbu c ? to a k your opinions upoo tho subject. Tiat leaven, which thirty mx yearn :<go win " small, hai growu and increased uuiil It new overw heiius the land, and staii toi tli a giant ia its mighty pi "portions. It come. down from tho North am,??l r.iy rt pit to toixo upon :U1 the powar of this mighty confederacy, to be used you. '''be declaration h.?s bt<cn tuado, the principle bar: been ?VOWed, and then the organization h beimc gotteu up to carry both into efttvt. Why. gentlemen, 1 have thought, l.ud knows, many a tune, it wan an o;isy matter tor a man to surrender hw opinions. To surrender his pw-seMlons diss not coat a man mm h; to surrender his property n no Tory great saartAoe; but to aurren ter his manhood and his honor?any <kwl' who ran en mre it? (immense app'ame.) What Is it these Northerners ask of you? you Virginian# They ask vou to reoalra printed upon von t lorch ids the -l.jfnia *r <1 the insult' of inferiority. They risk you to my to w ?!?.ea and liltlo on' *, you ."ro inlorsir to other penpss?you are uot lliolr equals. Go you down to the lowest seats at thefenat, be csum you are not the equals of tho?o .w>lonj who r^pii dtaio the roust itution. That is what thoy dnmund and will liave, or they will lo .motIn r thing, V irxlnmii!.?tlioy will hue your blood. Whi. li will you ;ivtr AnGodlsmy judge, Ihey ball liave tny blood to tho hat drop before ( ootieent I" iuat monstrous Iniquity. Cl/m<l applause ) Is It anything that you can doterr Uootlemen, 1 did not eome here m cjiy ipirit of dictation. I kn?iu my posi tion, and have porfe't catldmcij in ray m.'inUood. (Applause) I am a private citisea, who f?<els that he equal to ;uiy other man on the face ot' thn earth, and Mill die to maintain it. i Immei se applause.) l cjuue heie in no spir't of dictation. I c.iu.e here iw a frtu Vtrgit.. in, to consult with you, and oj t my lot In with your lot, an I Vlrgiu.a iu her uisdoro mty say Is rigfit I will abule by. ( \pplii ISO ) Will y ni bug the delusion to your be<om?will you tell your cVnu tHurnry in thejibtb". ay * and byways iorI ?-p quietly in the gorgi s of the m >'ii>taln?, hi the beautiful valleys and along the sea shore, that thire la peace -j* 1?>h there L! no pesei*' Will you do IU (Cries of "So," ?So.") You cannot do it?you dare not do it. i'loclsun the truth to the people of the country, and abld?' Hh *rao of lb"ir <le> i h? u. Is tbi ra penoe in Um> futuref 1m there a hope that comes looming upi1 1*1 mo idvert to a few fsow. There tiro some hero who wer? preueut at th- Circlni.tti t'4>nvent ion when the PresMent, Wr. Iluciianan, rereived t i?e nifiunat on. 1 w <? ut <1u>'innati on that imxs?!oo, aui I did my beel to secure bts nomination. Mr. Hucba nan was a gieat ond good iuun?a s,ataman o< lar ?-> ex perinco, ha? ing served ia public life not lees than a guar ter of a o? nturj up to the p'i i<>d of hLs nou .nation We relied on his souiidnea.1 and el,tried him. whereupon i be brought around him a (^bio t- eoiuo dr^ad. | Ail things have 'men said about tliem ?but, I gentlemen, let me tell you that mo t of tin m are lies. I (I Aught'r ) l^ook at the lacts as they stan l. erttli t!i>?o I trusty m?r\ mie whom b*t put Iu position. Wiai did ha dov It wouiil ha wilier lo denoitneo t i.l.i u> defend; but I will def -nil the r.?.ht. and |>i tcIsiqi the truth nnere I am, as tio? is niv Judge. Wt. ?i did b? de? |lo re formed abuses U? mttit iiod reforaw. be introduced a rigid syh: m of e? iK.n >; snl ?t>en It 4saU>rml to you tbsi the goMirnnient of the 1 uliod Suites ppend mgooe hutidted uu?liou< of iioile' < ?? ymr, it could be ?t en by r ,'errlng w> tb' ngurns ihst Mr. Muchtuan a plao of %'t- iomy ha?i radncod^tne eipenditoraa to less tfcsn six ty jiillieti* ot dollars annually. ^Appl^'nc i VImomM von ash Mre' He h td tx-en true to the health, ho ha t been true in his country, to his honor and to tho cortatl tutlon of the I'nitad rtt.ites, whi -h is i>!i you could aek, Tbat was the 'Mimini'trstiou ?f Mr. 'hichnn-to. And u.ia that potential enough to exercise this demon of fanatl c Ism that'true Kno'kiPtf at the tool liberty Was thit enough to sati-ly th^ie people at tho North who came up n another idea altogeth?r to aMnrk you".' It wa* wholly I ""tilfcient, aud thoy atlgtnatlasd, siai il<'re<) and trammed the administration tlmt had dune this mu> h for you. t>ur f' reign ndatioa?, whl< li wet''in irreat e..nfu man when we g"t thero, Inve b?eo adju ted. The UnancLJ operations had been no man aged, and <<apeeially dnrinc the eri ??>, that the government was safa. Was tbat .--ufll n>nt to appease tho demon* It was had split tl?e ehureh of toid. '"bis fanaticism which divided the parties tf the < "intry and the osintry itself, at lant,and lair not the least, ??M. r-d likewise into tho council chunber of your own tried sud trusted President of the l ai'.ad 8tat^. Thero 'hu insidious serpent cams. Idea the moader th.ii nan > ? rawbng on its belly into the gsr<lon of Brian to tempt out Mlwr t re. it entered the council Chamber of the ? nitml Htetas, and there, too, en^eniien-d tliessme divi sions which marked its i iresr els?iwliare. ? would w'.ullr pass over this -.?*>? n*. beonuiie there most be aoaaathmg "i !,p"1 j1" up wi'h it. I have no: b'ott ignorim of 'I it div si >n I th<?i?iit I saw at a distance WSa* tb# H- pit ing r-ien ?rt nil the t nam mere pluming their wings to per, h Into til. "htvstod pwltfsi of tuo mtldeocy?I tb..u ;ht I saw at a distamw tb,,t ,hey could nat raaoh that Mint, rbefu *?* other toGue?er l( w?fk u iliflK woullcut e|i t heir li ght; 1 ,w that there .mi gr.'n COtiUovsrvy st,o?t to arise whub. unl. sa prude., * and fei learanca -bo:ilil?hars> terizo Ui ? , of lh ?ry wimidaridlnW, i iiyaccide. 2,^.1 and I aas*ir# jt u, hevocd iuy wli he and ie| .-?t, r,? IKtd kbonw I a?iv<i wultd to go into tn? iniAn?t of Mr. Ihirln? T happened to fee placed la an unfoi tuoaU petition. I laboted there to uo deisiund tbe power of th? position and its reepooar billiU*. I soon found that li araa full of significance, ibai it waa an argued power for Rood, and artn.-d with iDiDMoae power lor evU. Whilst your mea wore wpvii g f? 'lie Presidency, and whilst 1 ?w 'he subject m vitu perstlon and abuse which I never anawerud, I undertook so to dispose of the power1 iu my hands that when lit* wvrihe hour camp you, aiid all oi you, and ench of >ou, should My this uun lias dons bin duty. (Loud ap ) Pardon n>eforth* g 'th-m Ii is GodAlmighty'j truth aiid Cod known it I saw a flaaure in the ici-berg toning. I knew there was no power between earth and heavtn tlat oould civert it. I undistood, as 1 under stand this moment, that aa It had split everything in IU path, it wm destined to split the administration of the United Mates. I flood firm. Gentlemen, the message 01 the President of the Tutted Stules seems to be a oon tiaoiciiun. I >1 ?> (WW l|lll til Ihl IWlnUft in jus'toe of what I believe to he that good old man. (Contemptuous laughter.) Was (here, since God uiaoe this earth, a man ever placed iu so difficult a position as the President of the L'i'lted States was placed in? Had he not lieen trua to joiw Had hut administration not been faithful u> the South? Had It not been honest and faithful to the whole Union, because it was distinctly and fearlessly constitu te naff I do not come lure to censure gentlemen, but I will My, because It is doe to tbe truth of history, that in that terriJic eouilict in which he was engaged he waa net us well sustained by tbe south as he deserved to be. I'd lisps it was intended that this present catastr-tplie should be precipitated upon tbe country, if they had Uiken a uiflt:i6nt course this would, doubtless, uot have c? Die. Bui il is not in human nature to be as true to an< thi r as to the mother that gave yousucU. (laughter.) Mr. Bn< hanan could not come to the 1**11 ion of the .Smith as a son of tbe South would, rtiere were two policies <-m>>odled .ii thai message. There u> the policy of, anc there is- the policy of coercion. However mu'ih ihey nuty bo composed?hi w over well they might keep together up and to the meeting of Congress and the for mation <4 committees, there was a time oomlng wlieu the roeds fork. He had haul and proclaim ?t?and it was a great vonsolation to me--we cannot make war and will not make war. Ontlemen, I was contented then, and 1 will tell you iho nason. Hut, ho said, I will oxueuta the law4. Tluil was Mr Attorney (ieneial Blank's doc irino? these lawyers have a reverential respect for 1 ws?a very good thin : I don't know of a hot ter substitute for tbe law than a lawyer, except in times of great excitement. (Laughter.) Well, said, agreed, gentlemen. But the President -aid th'H question or the fin tx is a question of property. Well, 1 tapped ni) hand at tluit, and said, it Is a question of pro|*rty, find if it is a question of p operly it can bo eaai ly solved. I said, gruut that this is a question of proper - t)?Mr. Presloent, I am your .secretary of War, and the pi ofx rty iind the army are under my charge. 1 have sworn ;in oath which is recorded in heaven, and I am do termite d that the responsibility for this prope-ty wlitcb 1 hole! i ball bf turned mur to my successor, If God gives me power to live und tii-fecd it. We agreed about the question of property, mailt you. in the forts. Thu mill tary power displayed in the forts, the political signifl eance exprt sseu in tho forts, blended into each other ho that it was twilight, an<i you could hardly tell whore the hgbt stopped ana whore the darkness commenced. I said It was a question of proiierty. I am with you to the death. I know these people In South Carolina well. It s i happened 1 wits amongst ihem. What little I know I learned th< rc. 1 was at sch ol there lor years, and graduated m their college. 1 knew the men who were the operating m?u upon tbe jolitical arena there, and I knew them well. 1 know thoy were no fanatics. 1 u-kens and malty others who are no lens promi nt nt In Sotith CferoliDa politics are men to be relied on. They are good men, they are great mon, and 1 should del end them to the very last dn p of mj blood. (Loud applause) 1 said 1 will not eoisont?I cannot oonsetil?1 dare not consout that ?ou shall, under the guise of taking care of your property, in trtaliice into this country a )>ower that will rise up pre sently nnd probably mm at einanotpaiion. Kor liaving once gaOiOl |Os..< asion under this guise, there is danger ot usurpatieo of a power whlrh could be ueod, by and by, with serious deti Unent to the Southern people 1 will not consent to this occupation. It is not fair, and I will not aouaent toll. Thus did the matter terminate theu. I Lad frequent interviews with the President of the T idied States, and 1 take piMsure in bearing testimo ny to you.geMieinoii, who do not like hltn quite as wall as you did four year* vo, Uiat his whole and entire soliet io?;e was upon the qm stion of property. We made the compact. I believe there baa been something in the newspaper<< about ft. All that appears In the newspapers 1 iound out is not true. Home thli gs in them are true. Tbe I reslueot euiiu lo me?and I thought I never saw hint m my life look m much like wliat comes up to my idea of a Preshlent. of The United States as he lotted oven ing?ho mud, "Mr Floyd, are you going lo mod recruit* to Chailestou to slrength'-n the ortsf What about tending reliitorcemciits to Charleston:"' I was taken very much by surprise to tiud the I'resideut making this inquiry, indicating, to my mind, a chatig > of l?.liey on his part. I naid, "Mr. I*re."*dent.nothing about ^endingrecruits toCliarlesion." "I*>n'iyou,"said he,' in t'*ud to strengthen the forts at Charleston:"' "Ho not iu tend to strengthen the torls at Charleston." (Tremou'.ous applause ) Says he,"Mr. Floyd, I would rather be i ? the they said wo execute, ,,iu>e l'oHrmicto cn<.rrow than that these for In In Charli-stcii t b' nia lull into tin tuuiiin uf !>??? ? ? ? <>? tend t<i take them. It will destroy ine, air." Anu.baid ho. "Mr Floyd, if that thing occurs it will oorer your name?-olid It is an honorable name, sir?with an infamy that all limn an u ver elia- (>, boca so it la ia vain thai jou will attempt to show you l:ave not **mie ootn pilclty in IirikIliifr ove r three forte to thueo wh<? take them!" That Ik what the lTeatteut and to tue. Gontle mou,lf jrw ft **! in tUo pretence of ihe i*rosi.lout, and conversed with a man you reepctti J aud lo*wt, im-to wurds would hare brought twterous Rlri.iv.ance. Wliat had I to do, >ind what hmn to sa\f I ens , '?r. I'resident, thee* is no danger; truat ioj, felr, triuit me,air, there la no danger. I will willingly i wk my reputation, whatwor that may bo?I will truatniy I?thit "ho forts at tliarlewton an sa!e ttdtr thodec tr itioiu of tlio g -utliv mon of Chivrlt ston?-that U>oy canmt I* touched." (Loud applause.) 1 said, and felt it, au.i aatlod is my judge, 1 would uavi' given the biool of my life an s.kmi as a cl.ew of tvbMou to a stranger >n me wilder nana to make that gotnl (rromondoiw app mfftl Ho Hid to m?, " that t* all rery well, but par i<?i :a? for taking you, d"in thll NMro tlio fvi M" 1 nii I, " No, sir; but it Is a guaranty tlmt I am in earnest in tho belief that I ox ;>i sod to you that lha forte are si-cure." paid he,"I am not MtlaScHl." I naid, ?? I an> sorry for it. Now, sir, it ia for you to order ; yon are the Pri Sklent and ran order. You tan ? ?y to this i iaa, ' com*, ar.d ho corneth; ??, ud In ? .vth. you have a .ght to order Unit thoee (oil* shall no uii'ii' lhe?d \Thon you m&ko that or der , tin ti 1 will i D' i iur your order*; but I would bo re cuvi tto you if I di'l d t toll you that this policy of , uri. oiiit K the fort* will lead to certain conflicts; It is the tnangu ration ?I i Ml war and tho begumlng of the eiltujloi, of bliHwt II a ia a question oi property, why not p"t an ordntlice si r, '.ant?a man who goes about with a a?rt ol w< rated epaulette upon his showl i?r andstripee down hi brce? lie?v?be ui a representative man?he is a siguitVr.'iut |mrs< n.igf?ho lelbt with peculiar emptor**,' 1 am tho rrpnwntitm of tho 'Star* and stripe*,' of ' Hall, Columbia,' and ' Yajik.i- linixile,' and in the name of all?In the. imao of thu rroat ahit'bo leth?I abmu bore the rapi csentattve ol the property ol' tho United Static " (lajuhur.) 1 xaid that ttiLi would bo enough to secure the fort* If it wa ques tiou of property he rtfWtoMBta it, and let us wait until ibe issue if made by South< Itrollna, She g.*?a out of the 1'nlna, and sonda h?r Commlerloiior* here. She im-dis them to tho EsecttUto. I p to thin point tho action In lnalgt.UU' int. Action nfu r ;bvs den.anda ibe attention of the print council of tho a.'dion. Lot iim sub mit tlio uK'stion to tVnn<r and lot (.'oogrr** i?y what ?ball ho the Iaeiin upon the act of South Carolina. Uh<>n abo ?}< I ?l.all n<>t oontlnue ia Ui < t'nion iuiv i'>ng?<r, but hliall tako b.icl; tho powers I ih'lrgatod to ibe gouenU ifOVermtHBt?whon tlutt period cow*, It le not i or you, air, much Inns forme, to say how that almll l/o derided, it i-i tor t'on^n w to doal with the matt" r. And when you -ubmit it to OnugrnhM, thoro i.? annthiT ,-n at i^ii-s'ioti which lollows n<a corollary. Oorigro-1 mu4t tlun ay, wo admit the ri|<bt of the Stat') to wiihdiMW? wo lulmit ?h? power to resume her sove reign rights, and because alio haw ?ithdrawn and reeume>J Iter (ki>ur< it;n nghu ovorvthug within hi r border* iM-tonr* to hor 1 Ota will gitre a peaceful solution of the iltlJirulty, tf it 1" so if uot, Comiri will have to say #?> deny the ri^'hl of s>.os.Jon and tho reaumpt ?* by you of so\ert>i :u p.iwort aud in oaao you do roeume such power, wi- will send dov.n our armiej and our Oeeta to c.? rc? you to ob.'.iience. That la the isiroe. 1 will stay with > oh, air; 1 will sustain yon, sir, until t?iat is'ui rom"?, and may Cod AJmigl'iy ia proYidciire decree that you my be on tho hide of "the State*. (Appi.i h?'.) I pu ??! ttare, gentl^iaek, 1 caataay how?1 won't .iy with what doubt.?I will n>-ver declare i with w'nt fours ind wiUi what trepldtty?with wiiat piiu I and with wliat stiepoMe I stootl there. 1 wantail help, ! ond I cillod iw h?>lp. 1 en.'*! lor lielp frf m tho bl->eHiil old mother tint gave mo birth. 1 railed t >r help from j that bright wil.oIUm of the South, lei I'hvu, ol vii.<ai:t s.ppi?(iipjiLau .'i- an.i 1 satd o>aie to my reecu>?tha bat'le f. litt'e more than niv ue-ik h'?vrt ran support? oometomc. ami he raire. rhen come lliat old. Jovial l<<<ikun. in ;ile bi-artffd repr'putative urn Vir^una Jnmea M. M.tson. (Appti i* . I Hero cime that amnnely of mMerntini''ul S'mmt- horoeann' Hunter Mp|>l>i.i-e.) Vr .m the Vorth, the South, Ibe hast and the West, tlicro MM uj) the patriot* of the Douutry, tlie rh implonrt of coi 'tltntranal liberty, and they talked w ih 1 tho l*reetdmt of the Tnlted Mtotee, and tbe\ quieted hie ' fear', and .insured bim in the lin 1 of duty". Tt.oymd, | let there l?e no force, and theru win no force; and ; the HreeMerit -??ilil to ni", ' an content with ' your poller; and then It ? a* tlist we determined it.4 we would -end is> more troope to ih? iiarbor in tli >i !? 1* | ( Apf launo ) So it went on, iin-l. ,enUen.' u, for the lire* | tit In thre?' and ihrro ,|uart'r yoar ?dieery >eer*. dreary years? 1 b id a real seMtm <nt, an agreetuie* thrill of Ktpi ?eM. I i> It In my hi art?I tbewht tho 0 1. lion tlien capable of a peaceable aetetion, and I e*ra*wt|y re turm^l my tiianU< to C.d In prayer Itirl ? rnm w t?? a point tli.; I fe<-l un-p- ik.ib.H p,tm in i lling Tlie Serretnry ol' Mat* , Qcm ral < jiss?allow m? /? nt: ire -n, '0 say ,,is noble a ,'peolmen 'if Itod'S hand.wo k m ever yet b?.*i m.i.|e?an heneet into, a Imo M, a f??d muP. a wine maa, a great maii.thar we %iioc. ? (.ok da light In honoring?he difT red in the policy, and he Mel th.s will never do; tklM fort" muat be -tr?nr?hen?l, and 1 dem in?l that they hall be rtrntijrthiwl ?.->ntle mer, if ia a Northern s^ntirneot I^r me Hiatal that yo'j r unomb <r the remark; ihere ia a xi.rniii ranee iu tt beyond wh.ii IJcnsral f'.i^i ea d?it la a Northern sentiment. It Is the r/m\i'tM>n of onr brethren at the Noith. Me said th'-re most Ih-force, and there shall lie tori ". The President ia! I to luni In reply, with a beautiful iwinunanc ? ?nd wltli 1 hemic de 1 i? on tlmt I ?liall never forget, In the ooun. il cLunb r, "I have cnnai 'ered this qie .sm? I am sorry to did- r from ibe 8e- retarv of Sta e -| bare m ule up my mind. The interest* "f the ^mut-v do not demand a reinforoe. tne it of the for. ee in t'tmr.eston, I cannot do It?I will not do t?.md I tnke the rrepw-ihillty of It upon my self." Tint la what he said, and the ne\t day this t'l.t ri- iia old I*reinier 1 'it m his r<-?iBn?tion. Tli -n ?mi?|, ni"?, I clapped my : U again. I ttnn sorry to Dart from him, Hod knowi, I ? sua. bo haa d?>ne what h i. * b<"?> done he hv lrif(ilred durii g four yenr? a 1 ei,ng of afft' ti'in in rny ho-rt- tnt when lie left, 1 rntlld not hdp ivcklng my eye ai ^ .- iy'ng, "' s|M<edriai, oM man. Ui tllr Vorth.'' (I^c . r and i?|iplau e ) Ih'i- stood th> ene*r<A"r^y, It the meantime another h id been tr'led titfH* the tnphk Ano"ier man made hie appear iws. Ttiere was a pnipuaitlon made to me by tho I Ye xdeot to trod fvr Ueuciai DcU ui thia otnwjixicj. W bat could 1 fed, ud what could I sayr I said, sen I fnr General Scoti. Gladly, gi atefuHy I accept^! the prop fc tit ion, ud aa quick as lightning oouit cury It fr<m the metropolis to tho great i?n mercial eraporiytu of the country, a summons wok wnt tor tieneral Scott to coma on, and ia mx d time the old Gvneral whs on iba spot. The General |ia><| Uieo* up? ii the great question involved very dtlkKCt* firm uiiur General Scott who a soioier I had not tlii.i Klni^ what would b? tbo sentiments of a sot.iier who bad been a aeWior wiuning l>vur?:u in the Held from the time that 1 was an infant in my swaddttng clothes to ih > present tune. From that period 1 tiiorgm of Central Scott aa the laurel victor of a hundred battk*. I thooght of him as a cherished ana be loved ooo oi Virginia; I thought of him * a man whose nume had beeu engraved and inner i tied by Virginia on lasting memorials of wtocm. 1 thought of General . Scott iia a man that \ irgtnia bad elevated and < (alighted | to honor. whose brow lutd been encircled, not with a ' wreath of ik>w?is, but with a mountain of l'lurelojl I , thought of one who had the (leooratfooo <4 the State oa a , Viiginia noid me-ml dangling from his oeok, and on a j sword bread etough to defend Virginia and Virginia'* ; honor. (Applause ) What could 1 say but to bend fur Gon. Scott > And be came. Gen. Scott ia a soldier, he to a general, he has fought our battlm everywhere?he is a griat . Ceral, the captain of tho age beyond a doubt. Gen. j tt bad a programme, it ww what I might call an Abracadabra; It proposed to allay all spectre* of trouble and d if agreement and bring peace to the country, lie laid it before me, ta the Scretaiy of War, as his superior. I did not like it. (Applause and laughter.) I told him I did not like it in very unmistakeabie language. He wont I tamed lately be fore the President and submitted It to him, itad he did not very much like it at that time. I will tell you what it was, and why i did not like It. Gentlemen, Fort Sum ter was to be takeu possession of, also Castle I'inckney, and Kort Moultrie wa* to be strengthened, 'the forts in 0?,i gia were to be occupied and hell; the forts of Florida were io l>? taken p*M**ion of and manned; the forts in Alabama were to be dealt with in like manner; the forts in iouisiaiia were to be occupied by tbe troops of the United States; and, in addition to this ships of war and revenue cutters were to be stationed 'B ihe waters of the Soith. there was th<- programme and there was the plan.j I have been nearly four years Seoretary of War, ; auii it was not thought nec<<hsar/ to occupy any of these fort*. Here, in a line from Chesapeake bay up to tho border line, were numerous forts, much more numerous than tliote South, and it was not in the programme that any one of these Northern torts was to bo occupied. More than that, the troops frrm the Northern forts wore to bt removed and sent to Southern forts. Now what wka this to me, whatever it may be in a military point of view. I gave him the credit of looking at it in line view As a Viiginian,as a Southern man, could 1 shut mf eyes to the ract that there was this signtfk-nncy in it ? You are maintaining particular priu ciples, and these pricciplew being baaed upon pure mili tary idea#, are >o exclude all pretentions te rights, and I put my foot down and declared while 1 wu Secretary ol War it n* ier should be done. (Applause ) Now, gciitlcineu, I beg you to consider this thing, be cause it is of great significance and importance to Vir giuta and the whole South. Here was the corollary that I dedi.ced from all this. However right It may be in a military point of view, it premipjioses a state of facts that I hover will consent to. It is, that this government of the United States shall have the power to slep forward and say yon shall demean yourself in a particular man ner otherwise, we shall seize the piwer you put into cor hands to curse you. If General Scott was ;is good a poli> iciau as he Is a soldier, he never would have done this. Hut that was his plan?that was the Northern plan There is another plan, and let us see how they come together. There are men who linve a policy, and I maintained that policy up to that point. Thero was the coercive polic- , which is Geueral Scott's policy. On the other hand, the North, when Congress .ifcsttabled, had been for publication. They acknow ledged the proposition of tho right oi property. and that alone. When General Scott came and revealed bis plan of coercion, presto, change?instantly tbe wholo North rallied upon another and a counter proposition, which was a proposition of force. Tbe plan of agreement in tbe administration had b-en up to the point when the Commissioners from South Carolina ehould come and fail. Ihen wo would lake ctre of tho question of pro perty. Gentlemen, I never supposed that I could stay in the C'ibitet after that; but to stay in it up to that (toiut 1 thought would be well. As soon as tliu plan was understood the whole North changed front Mr. Hixon, of Conn., made a speech full of conciliation. Hale, under the pressure of home influences, took grounds in opposition to conciliation. The New York TW'-tifw. soon after the e loot ion of Uiooln, declared more than onoo that coer cion was a fallacy, and the bhwk republican party were tallying under this banner until this piop.?itioa of scolt's'btgan to g'-t wind, and then Instantly they changed tho front to the roar, and they demanded ]niwer, they demanded military reinforcements, and thus demanded cierjlon to break up the Southern movement. Then this unfortunate affair of Major An>.??rsoil precipitate*I the decision at oi:-:e with the administration. Major Anderson is a man of honor, i ad truth, and courage. I selected hun mysolf, not oaly for that, but other services that w<*e high and honorable. You have seen published the correspondence between tbe Prudent and Commissioners, and >ou havo seen there the iix-truc-tons I gave to Anderson; and If I hul to **? ?Kan> lo-uight 1 would tiijr allqr a word, linn or lat ter. Hut there is something from Major Anderson altar he rwhTrt these instructions which does not appear in the <-OTreppnn<i<?ore. This is very Blguifhjint. 1 Know iluil thej nr* attempting to say that the instructions of the Secretary ?f War nutborixed Major Anderson to Ghat ge his position. The l'rmi'lent in hia communication to the Commissioners iron South Carolina states that he did not authorize the cbauge of position. B<it there m * higher authority than the r>?ndent, ana that is Major AtxhTNU; tor aft -r receiving these Instructions be wrote to the Secretary of War, "I could not change my poaltion, for I have no snthorilj to do s?o '' And why had bo no authority? I liad said to the men ofSouth Carolina I ple<lge to j uu mv honor, and like Home of you, they knew me, gentleman, they took my honor am! pledged theui solvi b that the status in the port of Charleston should not be clunged. 1 am not certain, I will not fweor it on th? Bible, but 1 believe the Pri^idout said the same. They could have gone to Fort Sumter any brigbt, puiixhin) evening and taken posse*non of It; it was open, tin- port-iui were widespread, and the; bad nothing to do but to mwrrh the troops into Fort Sumter, wheu the baibor n| ( hsrleston would be impregnable to the world, the flesh aid the devil. (Laughter and applause.) Rut there was a barrier m the way, and what ?? itv The simple deciai itior of these rentlcmen ibat they would not do It. (Applause ) But Major Anderson from some cause d(teruiiri<>o onu night to swap forts, and be seised Foit, si inter, and thus precipitated this necessity. That brng-s me to the point which I left. The status which we pledged our honor to have main tained had hern violated and broken. The con dition of the troops has boon chaug <1, aid the?e getiUetm n Kai l to me, Mr. Secretary 6f war, with your word tliat the condition of things there should be 'pre served. we forebare any action on our part In conformity witb our pledge. Contrary to your g'.irauty, the ooudl tion of thing* m Charleston harbor has b<- n changed. Well, I fcald to tbMt gentlemen, you have my pledge, and all I ran do 11> show that I wan siu< ore la to go out of the Cabinet, and1 accordingly resigned my position into the bands ot the Prasi.nt (Loud appluit/n.) And here I am. New, this I ringi us to the consideration of the lasi question. an<t tho n.l> one to which 1 shall refer. I am sure you bare grown weary of this prolix address (Cries of "No, r.o"?''Uo on.' ) Now, this lis- ure which commenced In the iceberg has gone on, splitting iu Its progM-M whatever came in contact. It split the church in two, and the next disaster which It tlireatens is the br akui;; up of our whole |s>lltlc?l system. What is the only issue >mw pre-cnted? It is the issue of coer cion on the one side, and peace on the other. That Is the issue. II my proposition of repn, enllng the power of the property of the t'nited States by an ordnance ssr giant bad been adopted, then how world have stood the matter? We have said ti e forts throughout the South ?re within the power ?f the South, not the i<os4eesion of th"; but we rely on their honor that they will sUal them and capture th* cannon Congrms must do clde th"> quests*. Ik North are called upon to say whether it .shall be praOs or war. If thi. forces bad boen withdrawn no collision need be appr< h'?nde<J; but tho tioops have not been withdrawn, and thi - issue cones up and y?n unit consider it.?-lia'l the pretext of holding the propelty of the I'nited States bo imdethe grounds up n whK-h the armn mid the armaments of the United St:iU'? lift to be Introduced into the forts of the South for the purpose of cotticmg them and making th-m to Mihailt to an unwilling tyranny? You nri'unwilling to do that, I think. and a power greater than vow p?wor r inn .. up and seize* thai point which jrou vn tinw Whig to arize. Von luiia'do It, as coercion is the policy an i oonncod; that is the principle avowed. I ti ll you to I night that is the on foot. You have' got to I meet It It is iu vain, altogether in viln,'bat the deri I d?l and Ban Ifrr tattoos of feeling are so ex tenslvely Bade throughout Ibe Qitiimoiiwiviith. Jt la in v im that a timid mm, tlwt a coward may hujj the d<! us ion to his bosom that no cercive policy will be enforced, and that the limes will lie better. There are no better tinea, that u the Issue you bavi- got to meet now. (I uid appui i?o. * Let you men of \ irginia and of the South iiretsm. I know that I will be altowi d to uiuul.e a liti.e beiore a Virginia audhinco m something of eulogy upon Virginia find ef her acts, however'M'ul it may lis to tt.oee beyond our bir ders. You who have done so mnoli?von who have done ?o l"tig There are -i few of ua here who know how kwg we have been dot ? for tiits itiion. You, I s.?y, should be active In th" w.>rk of maintaining your own rights in this crisis. But do you know the Virginia forces, the Vlrg.niacar*hssi-s. the Virginia Mood, were alooe the forced the c.u-i a<ses and the blood that was strewn all '?ver this fontin< nt, from <?uel)eo to I'tah?(applause)? to establish out present anil sivure our IIDrrtWlHtl in thtr ngn of uialerial considerations, practical appliances and monetary pur^iii?, you llnd still here In the sebool some wonderf11 excellences. Since (JvJ Almighty, with bi> own right red band, marched the children of Uriel thro'igb the d'-s Tt. and said to them here Is the promised land which I give you, there has not been another such magtiincent tract of territory as has bc-u given by \ irgtnia to free soil principles that are now turning npon you to destroy and annihilate you; you gave U> them Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Mnh:gm,a good part of lows and the whole of Wisconsin That y iu gave to them as a propitiation to this I'm >o, and tbls power is now tnrn<?l ti|ion yon?this pownr which says we demand that >ou shall submit to the laws, the ex.ictlons and the fanaticism of tiie North. We demand this at your, or w? will coerce yon Into ol ndlence. O^-n 'lernen. the principle of coercion is no new one, and in Ood'- hles.jvl rarne are we standing h'-re in Virginia at thi. hour and thi.- dty rousidering not the rlfrht but the r*'S?ibllity of sutinot'lng to coercion? I,ook ? little back to thi history of the ptuit, I pray you, anil then answer me the qoeatiaa, who have we been t.aiijhl to took upon as the a-ch ?-nem? of popular rights In the I'nited State*? Alexan.t^r BaHnML Who next? Johu Qtiincy Adams. And yet Alexander Hamilton and Jolin Quincy Adams fmve declared that tbe tight of tx>?re|oa wa< monstrous and untenable, and now we are told that the doctrine of open-ion \f n doctrine thst yon shall hive to submit t->. John tjuan*?1 Adams was IMkM of 'ne T nited States. and the pn position w is made to him in a rotitllct hi tween the federal authoritl -s and the authorities of the S'ate of iJeorgta, to exercise WUlM Kgainst the latter, but he ret used, saying, "I onnfit utiiefiike to crush a State." It has t*en pro nmlgaWHi nni' >i'*.lared everywhere that there Is no Mich pi-Wi-r existing on Urn face of the earth; and now it Is not onlv pro*li'inad, but it is carried into actual opera tion. Are ron th" wtu of the men who rut tl.' m.'elree in array against K!fj( (ioon# upon the mere as uunipti>>Q of a power on uia part to j?-f* i <*y la IM Stole' f Virginia ihey wldum mw a cup of lea Whoa ibt-t sprang Ui arms in tbiw (lays In rami the unfxMili >n ot tin* trilling lax, how much more realily dh'i-ild 'ho de?t< i.? aiiU of llaMt n>* n r?si*t the acejimuUud |n?v ui? i. leaped upon ihem. I'utiu-k Henry stood Willi in the vwj of this spot proclaiming, ?' ?i*e uie kker'j ? w give me U.e death " (Applause) If it ?*s a Violated pledge <X a law trampled under tout, if It <?as a i'??u>uu.iiunal tnfructioii, I would nay I hat there n m giouiul li r li?v-i'<>tir<li usii delay butnhou you com* liere, .-.inni'ir.* lor the i igbts granted by the constitution of tl-e I nii?-d 5<at?a, -lauding for iho rights golomuized ?iid m.i? untl ii? the laws of the United States, eland ii* i\T the right* conta ct a led under the decision or the S'i i. me C< in t win ii you iiflc for that and uo more, if ye* Li sitate. I can fay, be who dailies la a das:ard, and tie wl.? doi bts is damned. (Immense ippLauso) Mr. H< yd concluded wii&a few hriei remirW/ u. vindl cation ol hie official career iu connection with the Wor lepartmwit. lie was very warmly oppLuuiiod thro.ig'. out. Speeches were delivered by John liandolph Tucker, F*<|., AtMwney General for thi) SUto, and two or three other*, which, for want of time before the dt-pajrluro of the mail, 1 am unable to transcribe. TAKING OF THE LOUISIANA FORTS. Cs|>tnrt of the fort* on the iQlwlMtppi? Full ana Intmnting PartU uluia, [Krom the New Orleans Uresce&l, Jan. 11 j Under uMri of (Governor Moor*, received several i days ago, tho New Orleaus military oompauius prepared for doj.arture, und between twelve o'clock nig'it before | ast and laBt evening neaily the entire militia of the clijr I bad leli, one part up the rlvor, another part down too j liver, aod a third part by way ot Lake 1'ontchartrain. | We m'.gbt have mentioned the movomout and the flirt depiiture in eur issue t>! yesterday, but we preferr-i waiting until the ueparturo of the troops should become a positive aud llxod fact. Under 'be Governor's orders aforesaid the following companies assembled at lb ir arsenals, with bag* <e, fill equipments, munitions, kc , and inarched dowu, oue comi*iny <tlter another, to the loot of CaiuU street, where bey boiu ee l the stainer National, weich had boen char tered tor the purfrfcto. Cret-cent City lUttes, Capt. Gladden, Lieutenant Com manding Wm. A. Metcali, forty-nine ineu. Washington Artillery, Lieutenant Commanding .liraw, seventy-two men. Second company Ch.ts*eu-s-a-1'iod, Captain 3. i Meilleur, foity men. Orleans Carols, Captain Cinrl. s I). Dreux, thirty-n ne men. Louisiana Guard, Captain A M. Todd, Lioutenuit Commanding Girardey, forty-five j men. Sarbfield Guard, Captain o'Uara, sixteen iu-n. Total. 201 m?<n. The National did not get olf till two o'clock yesterday i morning, ller destination was Baton Kouge, and tDoigh the Governor's orders were kept secret, it was well understood that the errand of the soktiory v as to assist their brethren of DoualdsonvUlo aud Baton Rougo in seizing aud iKC'py ing the I'mtod staU s Art>eiuU and baxiaelo ui the latter place, tUeie being in the Arsenal ? t leuM 16 000 stand of arms?a set of tools verr desira ble to the State just uow. The expeil'tiou from this city j was under the command of Oupt. Walton, of the Wish- I ington Artillery. A great crowd of people assembled to : see the soldier!' olf, staid till they loft and oheflrod tliein boisterously vAeti they did leavo, notwithstanding tho hour was two in the morning. Yecterdsy forenoon tbc public excitement knew no abstinent,' lor towards rio^u 170 members of th.i dowu townuompuiiee assembled under arms, fully equipped for campaign nor vice, and tnarched on board the lowooat Yaoktti, at the toot of .St. I'hilip stroei. This expedition , was under command of General IVlfrey, and wan composed ' as follow*:? 7 wo companies of the 'Tleuna Artillery battalion, un der Captains Gotu?z and il<A>rard?, &' uieo, riint compuriy of the (Tiussuurs a I'ied, Captain r't I'aul, 44 men (this company left a reserve of 27 men, to m irch when <aile<i upon); Chasseurs u'Orleans ot ldl?-l&, 15 men; the German Yagers, 2ii men; the Uu'ayette Guards, a German cotu|>any, 27 men. This < xpiKiition was tor forta St. Philip and Jackson; down the river. Tha Yankee left early in the afternoon, 1 amidst the chuerB of a great and enthusiast ic crowd of people. 1 ater la the afternoon a third expedition left on th* Mobile mail boat, the errand of this detachment being to seize ai d oeeupy Vort Pike, at the Kigolots.or o itlet >f ako rontcbarirain. The Continental Guard, Capt tin George Clark; a detachment of the l<ouisiana Grays, Cap tain 1 >ean, and the Chalmette Guard, Captain Shavr? about eighty men in all?composed this oxp?ditioa. It was no. apprehended that there would be any dittlculty in seizing any of the government property at any one of the places above nan. .d, but the suildeu departure of the principal part of our citizen soldiery to occupy tlio forts and other places tor an indefinite period, and to defeud tin st places to the last, was felt throughout the city a." a decided step in the diiectlon of war, and nad the effect ol inftisiLg into the population more of tho spirit of war than we have yet &ceu In this city. The nature ot the orders irsned to the several expedi tions msy be judged b? the following, under which the down town detachment loft for Forts Jackson and St. i'biiir:? INSTRrCTTONfc TO MAJOR PAFl K Yuu will ?rwith j-mii iicTiU-'hincnt on botird of th^ SU-unilxiat Yankee, and go down to Forts St Philip an<l Jaekson, where yuu will demand if the persons in charge or the i'ui is to surrender them, and you will take posses sion of the &.mie in the name of the State of l/>msiana. Haul down the Pnited Staieo liii^s. if Boating there, and hoist the 1'ehcan tl?g loom Fort Jackson. llaro Capt .St. Paul, with the first company of CUasseurs-a Pied, in p* Brscii'D of Kort St l'bilip, and take possession of Fort ,la< kwn with the balance i.f tho deta> iiment. You will hold the forte, and defend them against any and all at tacks to the lout. Strict discipline and order meet be exacted by yoo. By order of hi* Excellency, Thomas 0. Uoore, Govern or ol' the State of LouifcLtiiu. M GHIVOT, Adjutant General. I jut evening poine reniAiuinu members of the Well ington Artillery, Orleans Cadet?, and Sursfleld Guard, thirty or forty 10 all, un<ier Sergeant Savage ol' the Artil lery, took pusHsgo on the steamer Vickshurn to Join their companies at Butoti Rouge. To the honor of the patriotic commander of the Vickiburg, Cfcptaln J. VI White, wo must mention one thingi The soldiers wont prepared to pay their pr-ssage, but the (Viptain refused to take pay, mid gave them the hospltalitio* of the boat to Baton Rouge. So much for the soldiers who have loft. Now for the remaining excitement in the city. Lieutenant .lohn A. Jaq'in,jR (Lieutenant of Police, but aii old woldlerl yesterday rocrsited and organized a com pany of one hundred men. I.iiht evening the compauy elected him Captain, Que. C. Culbertsuii ag First Lieu tenant, and A. 11. Dickinson second. Tho c >mpuny was organize'! imonr tho law of the late Legislature; and 1m mediately after the election, the oaptuin tendered the ?ervicee of the comiMiny to Adjutant (>en> raj Grivot. Great crowd* of p'ople II x kcJ xll day around the First district lock up, where the recruiting woe going on. At this same place another rompiuy wok forming to go to the fotte at Pen^acola, Florida, that being tho most exposed of Moutheru porta, and word having cmie t-< the city that the Floridlans needed aid in occuping the fort* I ai. lost nlfcht we heard tb >t the company would not be needed in Florida. Ii' this '?? no, the compauy will still organize and tender themselves to Governor Moore. At the corner of St. Charles an I Common streets yes terday, wan another crowd; tho excitement being the formation of another volunteer company by District At torney Kind ford, his office being there. We hear rumors of other companies to be formed speedily. Louisiana wvb the light coming, and is getting r arty lor It. Capt. .lnqueo.j and his new company marehed around lost nieht, not forgetting to halt and cle-er tho Crescent as th?y pass* o by. It is ditlicuit to dewrlbe tho excitement which now* iu IhM city. Hut there is only one *t?aiiment Ito be discover e*?and that Is, to got ready for tho fight *qd meet It to the U -atli when it coun?. ? ENTHUSIASM OK TIIK BOLWKKS. [Sp? ial Despatch to the New Orleans Heo ] IUi >n Koi i;k, Jan. 10, l<Wil We arrived at this place on the National, at ten minutes before ught o'ckic'. to night. Oti the way up, our boat, crowded a* it ws> with uniformed m n. attracted the at tent ion of ever} wiat we past* 1 an ' the people all along the fhore, after 'I ylight this roornin.T Most of Lhem ap peared to bo ?:n ?"? to understand what it meant, and stared at us i.. t :u blank astonishment, but at a great inany points tie p ,plo appeared to understand the move m?*nt and cheer< .i ,.t vociferously The arsenal hi re and the barrurJcs are gtfll held by the United Slates troops, and it I* rnri >red that they are de termined to |.>rtilv themselves a* .-.tron^ly as tile place will permit of, iunl offer all the resistance practicable bo fore Uiey IIud themselves overpowere I and forced to surrender, as they doubtless will be some time on Prulay or Saturday. It is the talk among our men tint the federal troops will pre.; a. !y give up tie place in tlie morning, and that if they do not ? e are to commence active o|? rattoms against tliem at dayluht, or shortly alter. It Is impossible for me to moke yoii know by tolegrnph the intense etithusln.<m ih it prevails among our raiik.4. The New Or leans boy* feel alne n as if it would lie a <1 is sppomtment to th -in U> march Into the arsenal without liavti c to fire s ?un. 'I he mem hers of the vVitshlngton Artillery, t'rerc.ent Jlltles, UmtsiaM ?.in?rd-, Rarnfleld Guaiila, tli.iMeurs-a .'ied and Orlean-. Cadet* are all in the enjoyine: t of excellent health and aaasoaUy buoy int spirits. We ^end our NgMii to all of our friends in New tirleati.t. With a Strong and alii ling coiifldenea in the ability and gallantry of our officers, we ?re nnnfilent of tbc result of future events, whether they be sanguinary or peaceful in their nature. 4 PATRIOTIC MW>R. The New Orleans 7>u? Dt U/% publu-hiw the annexed te!e graphic dettfiatch from the major in oomm:uiifof 1-ort Pike. Perhaps the troops which left New Orleuv: on the 10th to sell'- that fort may find that they have not t(one on a pleasure trip ? Fust Ptix. Jan. &?A. M. J. F. Me?w, New Orleans:? The fort is now surrounded hy fl-thlB" smacts turned Into armed gunboats, and filled with armed men, the Ha^ boat of the squadron having hoisted at the peak the Pal metto and Pelican tlag*. A [>?remplory order has beon sent me by the commander of the exhibition to turrender the fort at discretion, or an Immediate attac'; would be made. My reply was pr<*\pt -that until I received orders from headquarters 1 would defend the fort while a man remained to apply a match to the guns or spring a mine and, a* a latt re?.?rt, that 1 would blow up the ftort end perish with the star spangled banner In its rula*. I'os b rltr, I trust, will do my memory Justice. B THHWORTH. nwrt.An ntotiw ro* ns statu. Tlie I/silsiana Hoard of Military Oommtae-ionen ap pointed by the recent spe<-;al . "??iion of I he legislature having conslderetl It advisable to cjtll into service about llvo hiin<lred regular soldiers to be ready in case of emer gency, they authori*ed yesterday the enrollment of that number of volunteer* lor tl?o term of four months, the pay and ration* to be tho Kime us Uinse in til J United states Artliy. IV'tore their determination ormld bo made generally public the whole force wo^ rai*"j or arranged ap.?n, even then lutndre<ia of moo being necessarily tarnod away. Ihi'fir?t company of Louisiana \olunteers Is, we be lieve. Commandoil bv Captain Cliark'!" M. Dra6f0r4, with I*. Hntchelor an First l.ieuterant. We withhold, I y re qoeat, certain particulars concerti ng the e >m|*u); nctU our Is ue of to?orrow. The second company 18 ihat Of < -<L Joha A. Jkoq'Ma A ?pliudld oif.'jiiU6?ti.' i U h'Hl rule lighting maf an j r:cmi Gill'/ OH- Col Jaill 'W I* an experience Oltll-ir avicg served aa Lto>uiMiai?i iu ihe Lminuua vgluni.>?r?J ii the Mexican w*r, uii ier GeB-iral ?-*>ott,aud ?**.? h.irj tu rvh e iu tw i NicurHgnaii ciffljMHttw, colon?!, uiidv Onorai Walker. The tifni l4??ueo iot is <>ur g.Uiaa. ??< pot Kiini youbg triflid, OimflrK Wf. l\i.byrmmi lti? IHmoiI * it ut> nenl ih Allen C. I icUiu-mib a liruve :iuu patriot* adopted clU*D and i lutiveol Virginia, navm* aloe gn*. uuuUd froln I lie Military lust Hum or Mate. n>? Orderly .njiKeani will bo WiilUina, a veteran ol I'm Mm ?V;U war aud at pruectit Ibo uiticient 6 rgoaut of ibe KuM dibtru t police. ! ht tbiril oiicp*ijy, like the uecji?d, worap-s?daf pickeu men lakou lr.jin .rnong some :iv ? or six bundred wlo applied for aiimia-** into Col. Ja ijiee' couotif. It will t>p coiijimu:ni?i by Capl. Ii..k L. Mot* re, ?uiJ the ufiM'rrs w.K tie liiote- to-iiny. 1 b its. ib ooni|4Uiy aro the Moctg un&ry U. tarda, Ctpt, Mi' baol No! ut. We saw them ou puadn la^t uijfht, six ty nun- am a*, and found ibcui a due bod/ ut stalwart and Ueteriniii'Ml looking m-ii n.o il'in C'liip at ??? have not bp -n ab' ? to learn mueh about, though w< b-'ar they are a ?ei.<.t or<aanat?ea witb e*p>'CLtl view Ui bo a foriuidabl" lighting corps. If we aro eorrecily uiforinttl, Major W. C. Can ts i* to take tho captaincy, aad Mr. Gtss ge L. Boud will be ilrst Ilea* tenant. VtBAOT RKCOmtKNDED. The New Orluui* T>ne Mlu, which Hmui to be aota ? ateo by the policy oi Labttu sijs- -lb - brig Turualo, iroin Now Yolk t"T thm port, and now Cully 'Iup, has aa bottid wuue too thousand paok-lgart of powd >r, destined ?or tit. I ami is 4s w are uo* lauly into the wu, would t mi l>? wi ll for tup lioveri>?r, who il citn n uoler-m hicf, u? takp nn-uanipp io ttpc.uie thiit powneiT Suuh a upply uuijr n il bp luw: t'i>r ibe ouit twelve uiuuthM. TIIK SlNKWh OK W Alt KOItTHVOMINO. Hie N?'w oriuaus fv<ii/i?M. of ilid lltu uu>l , nays*? We havp be? n liain <-<i the following ioiiy of n letter, ad dnv?<><l ypxteiOay by ibp S>ut'.t;ru LUuk, of tbid <-lty, (? ibe iioveruor of the State of Louisiana. It Hpeaiu far Ufcell:? Soitthixm Bank. Nk-t Osikanh. Jan. 10. lMt. To h>& Exceilpu<-\ Ihinaj- o Mookk, Governor ot thu *'t of Louisiana, BaU* Kongo:? Diuit Sir?At the roqui hi of the I Y> .sidi'nt and Uireotom (.f thin iiibiiiutioR, I have the pleasure to iuUrin y?? that, iuipolled ouly by a di'Siro to promote aud t> us lata the wplfurp un<l honor of our ~<Uite, ttu y aro prepared le place at iU disposal, ubould the pruseni public. exiKPOcieM rcqi.;.e tho Kiu-.e, a loan of llfiy Ihouf.oid dollais I'be honor and wollaie ot Uhiiswiiia being, as b-tfor? oosorres, tho <Mily objc t in vi w by the proUor ol tbiH loan, I will Bo-rely add thai, in i~tt: yon ihmk proper to accept Bi ch torms for its rciMljurm ment tin you in ly doom oqni tuble. or as nut; bn ag-i-cd upon with oibcr parlies far ioaiih, will bu ? Lii oly a. ci ptablo to the directors Of tbpSonihoru llai>k I take a vantage of this '?casuMl to siibsoribe oiyselt, with thp grmttwsi C'ln^iduration aad raspect, dear uu , your in<*t obedit-ui s i viuit, TH(H I.ATT?>V, Caehlar. 8KI/TTRF OP FOBT MAtO.Mli. The New Oricaits i'l ayunt of tho I2ih lusuat states that two com|?uni'S of tho Raoachan, ib iut on Ij in lr^d niPX' >itn>n*;, havo mdml orders to pus eeil to Fort Ma comb, situated twenty milis from the city, on tho Bay?? Chef Monitur, which links Lake Borcie wiib Like Poiitchartraln, ?nd hafi for its maiu fork if iyou (iootiiiy, or .sauvage. liayou Clipf Menteur, though narrow, ? vnry deep, and might be i boson by un cneiny ounng thr<i:gb l.ikp Horgue to roai h uiko Pont char train. Bat with Forts l'ike ami Macomb in our possession, our foroos can con.mand the izigrcs* to our hike. FOBT 1'IKE. This important fortittcation, commanding the cetrana* to the Ixkp l*ontch irtriiin an i the approaclios to the rear of our City w;ts cconpie*! by (ho troops of l/iuisiana ImI evening. * Capt. George (.'Un k. of the Oootinentals, is ib cmm.owl, and no triur or moro prudent olUcur could have charge of on important lo t dlcation. Fort l'ike is a vory strcy.g fortification, 1m forty large cannon, and is iu good condition. Ihe olii -ci who haa had charge of it lor tminy years is tho g -ulal (V>loa<d ltosworth. whoso hoppiirvMi- intents and tistes could uoi be mora highly graUUed than by tbe cntei tainment thojoNy Oiiitiuentals NAVIGATION OF THK MISSISSIPPI. fl Mini the New Orleans Helta.] Somo of our Wesu-ra friends are mm ti disturbed witti apprehensions as to the manner in which we may use the advai tigp of our [n^ition In comman Ing th ? mouth ?< the Mississippi. Some of them oveu g? ?o far a.i to get up this eographicai ftct as au in?'i>mouniablu obsta cle to tbo division of the Cnion. There is much bluster about the West not permitting the iSouth to control the navigation of the river, nod prevent the free exit and entry of shi|ie owned by citir -tw of other sut^s, and tl?a deposit of then- produce in our port. Ok th- so jwuuts we tbink the difiicnlties g'catly exagKeratod. Th> 8 s:i-s.h?'* of Louisiana, her reauuipti u ol hoi sovereigsty, will, of course, carry witb it all the powem and rights which accrue to sovereign and ind* pocdeni natioba. There will be no dtticvlty in maiataia ing thoae rights vbeiiever they may be questioned or as sxilnd. Bui Uiere la little reason to apprehend that thef ever will be ussa eu. lAMiisi'Uia will never claim ar ex ercise any more power ovc the navigation of that por tion W tbe Mis.^issl|>pi which Hows throuub her terri tory, thun baa been exerci?"d by the United -tuten and htr own ^tate authority. 1 ho ?hi|? aod steamboat* of tlx cm/or* of other states v ho a? friendly tu iw * ill bo ullowiti th> some free retry and exit which they haw ?tway* enjoyed. Nay, more, the curomoroe bft'woon them and Uo, under the tree trade policy?which will l?o one of the leading features of the politirul system or Um floutl?will bo far grot r than it over h*a beeD under the New England policy wh.cb lias controlled the udmi nihtrailos ot thid government for Ihe lawt lorty years. As the West largely i>r dines what we of the South largely ooocumo. it will be to our Interest to invito aod - ncourage the frc importation of Western produce into ur ports. T? enable our Wee tern neighbors to sell their proouct* to us on tho cheapest term*. wo intend te givo 'liem another m'.vunLige which they do not Dow enjoy We intend to ojx>n our porta fre> to those articles of for eign grow ih and manufacture upon which tiio Wostera oopie are now compelled to pay dut.<* of twenty and wenty-Qve por cent, to bolster up KaHtern capitalism nd inanut acturers. Wo intend at one blow to rcleaao them from this bu.-Uien. We Intend to make trado free; nd one of the greatest blc&sinirs or thai systeoi will be, hat it will create ties und relations of mutual int-- reel and riemlship between the South and gn at West which uo po litical revolution cun destrov. the Valley of the IM Ussippi is one and indivisible in interest, and no oliti al divisions ur relations which Ignore thin identity will ever be permanent. Whether we are members of the same or different political communities, commercial relations ot th# clow At character will ever bo maintainor botW'vn the Mat** that lie along ihig gnial aruwy at trade Such, at l?*a?t, wnl bo the policy of tho Sooth. Woe to the reckices tiiiuitic and mailman who Khali sook 10 change tl.e^e relations into those of condict and hos tility. New Orleans is the natural and geographical depot of the trade of the Mississippi valley. The artificial system nf protectlvr tariffs and other facilities and aids of Um fedt ral g< timment have diverted I tint trade to the Kastern ports, tunl impost*! upon it the burden of a Dior* expensive trsi>k|iortation to tlioeo ports. It will be the en of the nevr policy 01 tho South to abolish these m terforrnces and obstacle*, and to make trade a* free an the cun ut of tne Mississippi. It our Western frieado cannot percolvo the operation and advantage*, of tUw change, they bave far l.-ss shrewdness and sagacity tfcaa wo lukVb given them crouit for. THE CLERGY AND THE CRISIS. Circular Letter. Nkw Yokx, JllB. 1, 1S61. To mi: f>*m;Y .ikd Laity op Cuxurruji C)icrou.i in nm SnoitOBUi SrAtr* ok no UtnoN ? We would salute you, brethren, in the spirit of th* apoMoitc formula: " (irace, mercy and peace." As fol low heirs ol a kingiom thai "endureth for ever," we have common int< r*?u> and rolationi superior t* aft political l>ond<>. furnishing tlin basis of f'r it r,i<?l inter course even in seasons of groateat civil com Ba llon K:.lth in (Jod would seem to be 'he only slte'-nUive id a crisis which reveals the impotence an I slcrt sighted n-ws of man. It is with a profound conviction of the imminence of national perils, and wita a deep sons* of the folemnit) and rtelica? y of this liumhln attempt to avert tie in, that we venture a few suggestions u. oar 'tear brethren, touching si uu< of the iinuieJiato can** of our danger, and the prt b ?blo to gr?at moral and iidigioua inter osc-i of the tUnvioaod duitiption of our Civil ties. A disimsaionnte view of public, affairs constrains Um boiler ibat a sybtem of grot* .-"d persistent msropr>w?? tatlon lute he. uiuoh to do with leading tho nation to Um veige of re\ olutlon the <-oii't>i has bvou slandered at Uio Noi th, and the North as grosaly tniarupreaented at ttM South. The eitri me s? ntiuioots of unworthy acts of in dividuals, and Uio pa^ionate utterances of lncoiu<i.lar able bodies, political or ecu lrsiantictl, hsre b ??in h? rallied through the land as th? dellb*r*te exprtwsloa ?f opinion of greot parties, denomluations or wctioas of country: wheraaa they merely represented tho extrava gance of'.heir authors, and should have liecn cona>gne4 to tho oblivion they irmrltod. lfen mn^h of this falrlci dal work has undrniably be?>n done by the pulpit, baft far more by the press. A distinguished Honstor, wh-w tecentiy assorting in bin place tliat '?ninn tenths of the complaints" as to a supposed grievanco "are un founded, addeil this tlewrvod rebuke A an unsorw putous pre?s ?1" Wh'"ri> thori* Is sxtional strife and ax clu nient tln-re aei ins to b- a pronen?es on tlipsrt of Um newspapoi prons in l>oth a?-ctiona u? roll set and glvasvory fact whi< h woul'l intlanie the passions and <if one sec.tKm ogi.inst another. I i th it way partial and nn fair staietnent'i are gtven, ?1i!ch make ? acli sccttou aot under an apprehension ol the other." If this ? lew ol the que.-lion be aocepted, does It oat vitally nflcct tur relatiolia and th? duty of good cit Zens, North and South? Ho not truth, iuatlc* and ??lf rnapnct demand extreme dol|b<>rntiofl in tho adoption of mietsurea or the redrew of grievanont, which, on thu Uyiwlhesia, may prove to be pt?i tly unreal, and, at best, are grt*U/ ? xngneraied? Mutual mis>indor <uunling h?s boon or tea ' nough the occasion ot domestic or nation?l calamity U induce the ntmott v?iience and forh a-anoe b-fore irro vocable actk n Involving thl honor and tho lnterssU thirty millions <A souls. In our Judgniont, dear brethren, tho tln.o has com* far s more calm, dne'tminatlng investigat. >n of tbs cawwi > f imponding perils, and for manly. Christian irfbrt.andor (Jod, to avert tbem It I. wit truo intoillgeal Christian pot riot ism ha* succumbed to fanati lam unrt demagogniMRi. It may be >H?be?rtoued or stilled for tha lino by ibo nc>. guideil pafslons uf men In one locality or noth< r, but it 'ives ,'ind glows ia millions of hearts i vcr the land, nr.d tn th-m all It is loyal to the constlto t uiti. 'he Colon and 'be Hlble. Weshould hazard notbl^t in thus piedgin^ tho grent body of the pooplo to Him* Northern Slntos; wo do not, will no. distrust the giewt body ol' th? p< opto in this behalf !n the Southern Sutew. Why then shoutd we not *oek to put an end to the exist ing spirit of mistrust and alien,it'on, to st?y the. pr <i'r<sw of ground!???* crlmlnatitms and recrimination, an t join linnils, accost ns to the graco snd wisilom tlml inay be stow. in the biesMd oflc* of pracomakcrs foe our dto trai led country? It is our njiprot rlale work IV si.lea the Intoresls com moo to all cltiwni . we have a vital ?take in the porpi taa Won of our tiiler J Union on other snd higher g'-onnde. lie honor and prosjierily of i*rotestuit 't>rlatiaaMy aro Involved in thi .ssne A f? ire In our gnsit experiment of self pevernrcont, bealdef (\fl;,rdi,i(j sad pi not of fo craoncy or. ilie t>artof AroerloniiObri,-lins, would bo loU* prvtediuaii Uxii m irtlMuo d Ui< t?>?o? t.m ihmii ot

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