Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 6, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 6, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YOKE HERALD. WHOLE NO. 8916. MORNING EDITION-WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 6. 1861. PRICE TWO OK.VTS. THE REVOLUTION. IMPORTANT NEWS FROM THE SOUTH An Armistice Concluded Between the Belligerents at Pensacola. Secession of Texas from the Union. Seizure of the Revenue Cutter Washington. # Proposed Removal of the Beacons at the Passes of the Mississippi. Proceedings of the Washington Peace Convention. OEBATES IN CONGRESS ON THE CRISIS. Speeeh of Mr. Sickles in Favor of Suspending the Postal System at the South. Withdrawal of the Louisiana Delegation from Congress. Passage of the 9210,000,000 Loan Bill in the Senate. Immense Union Demonstration at Boston, a?., im.) as* THE PRESIDENT'S REPLY TO COL. HATNE. WAHawonw, Feb. 5,1881. Colonel Hay no, the messenger of South Carolina, has ?gain postponed hit departure until to morrow. Tbe President has not yet communicated Ma reply to Col. Hayne. He will probably do so to morrow. It was under consideration by the Cabinet to-day. Tbe whole correspondence will be communicated toCongress as soon as C<1. Htyne leaves for Charleston. At least such is the present Intention of the President. There is no doubt that the policy of the President and Cabinet ban been to delay the answer to South Carolina until after the Virginia election, hoping It would result as It has. It Is said that many leading men In the South, wbo sympathize with South |Carolina but regret her hasty steps, have counciled with Colonel Hayne, and urged him to delay action until after Virginia was beard from. Lieutenant Hal), who accompanies Colonel Hayne, and will leave with him to-morrow, bearing despatches from the Secretary of War to Major Anderson, la quite a lion in Washington. _____ WjflKvuTOff, Feb. ft, 1801. The republicans are becoming sons what nervous about the Eastern elections. The New Hampshire Central Committee have seat orders for the return of all fugitive republican lecturers, and the appeal has reached here. Frank Fuller. Esq., one of the prominent New Hampshire stump speakers, responds to a mandate of this kind, and leaves immediately for the North, with a rich budget of Southern and Washington experience recently acquired. Considerable Indignation has been expressed here by Southern men at the election of Howell Cobb as chairman of the Montgomery Corpses* bat their feelings are mol lified by the report that be was so chosen in order to head off his aspirations for the pert at Secretary of tbe Trea gviry of the Houtborn CoufcdGHMsy. The speech of Mr- Boullgny, of Louisiana, In refusing to accede to the request of his legislature, to withdraw from tbe House, not only produced s tremendous sensa tion at the time among the members and spectators, but has won for him the praises of conservative Union loving men everywhere. After the House adjourned, Mr. Crit tenden met Mr. Boullgny, and, grasping him with both hands, invoked Sod's blessing upon him, assuring him tlwt however much he might be cursed now by those who are dialoyal to their country, he (Boullgny) would outlive them all In tfle affectionate memory of a glorious, Union loving, law abiding people. The gallant old Ken tuckian was very impressive In his manner and speech, and wept as he spoke. A committee of New York merchants and others from that city are now here ?o oppose the Morlll tariff bill, principally on account of the feature In it proposing to modify the warehousing system. The tellers to count the votes tor President an l % president to morrow week in the Joint meeting of iho two houses are, Mr. Trumbull on the part of the Senate, and Mr. Washburn, of Illinois, and Mr. Fhslps, of Mis souri , on the part of the House. Several Alabama Postmasters have declined to render their accounts, saying that they will await the action their 8tate. Additional evidence continues to be received that pri vate correspondence Is violated In ths South. tapulns Storer, Uvalatte and Powell have been ap pointed a Court or Inquiry, at the request of Captain Armstrong, to Investigate the circumstances attending tbe surrender of the Pensacola Nary Yard. Ibo Court will meet on Friday next. Tbe select Oomwlttee of Five examined auothcr wit ness to day relative to the alleged conspiracy to seize the federal Capitol. As with the large number of witnesses as heretofore, nothing whatever was shown to lead to such a belief Governor Hicks was summoned several days ago, but, not appearing, he has again been sent for, and probably will be examined on Tuesday. Commander Walker Is to be coart martlalled for acting contrary to orders In bringing the steresblp Supply to New York, instead of proceeding to Vera Cru* with pro visions for the squadron. The Uaines case, which excites additional Interest since the secession of Uulsiana, has been postponed in the Supreme Court until next Monday rapt. Ingraham's resignation was not accepted by Se cretary Toucey until this afternoon. Commodore Sbubrk*, It Is said, will not resign, anl there are many regrets expressed In the navy that Oapt In graham felt It his duty to do so. Several csdeU from tbe South, who have resigned their position at West Point, express regret st the action of the seceding States to which they belong, and express a desire to return after the troubles are over. Ths President to day sent to the Senate the name of Judge Pettlt, of Indisna, as United Slates District Judge for the State of Kansas The romlnatlon of Judge Black, for the Supreme bench was sent In to the Senate to-day. There Is strong pros sure against him. Judge Cushlng is here. There are reports that .lodges Wayne, of Georgia, and Campbell, of Alabama, will resign their places in the Su preme bench In case the name of Judge Cushlng should be sent in to till either vaoaney, Judge Douglas will op pose his confirmation on tbe same ground he opposes the confirmation of Judge Black. Large numbers of promotions in the Navy were sent ts the Senate to day. occasioned hy tbe resignations of Bouthern officers from the naval service. Secretary MS today received intelligence that tbe authorities of Louisiana had seized another revenue eutter. the Washington, which was undergoing repairs at New Orleans. Mr Sta'intoo, of ?>hio, succeeded In having a Joint re solution parsed' extending tbe time to ninety days for taking testimony in the ?Prllsatkm for ths extern.,on of ' patent for the McC?>rmlck reaper. Hon Ira narris, Senator elect from New Yorlr, rw ?? notice and laflucn .v I he bacfc ('f *?ti i vnt ment in 1843-4, ho having espoused the cause of the anti-renters, who were pioueers in the jirac'.ioai opera tion of the secession doctrine, u applied to resistance to established law. There is wne curl^elty here to know the viewH Mr. Harris may now entertain respecting the question of armed risistance to the Uw as seen from a Southern point. 1 have the best military authority for asserting that the United States troops will not be withdrawn from Washington until alter tho inauguration of Mr. Lincoln. Mr. Ueoper, delegate from Utah, expect* the uo n con stitution of Deseret will reach here tomorrow. It is tho same instrument adopted by the Constitutional Conven tion of Utah in 1866, and had been before presented Con grew. Hy a recent act of the Territorial legislature of Utah, the same constitution has been read opted. It is the intention of Mr. Hooper to move it as an amendment to Mr. Adams' proposition for the admission of New Mexico. This will raise a new breeae. THE PEACE CONVENTION AT WASHINGTON, WanuHfToit, Feb. 6,1861. The Peace Congress assembled this morning at twelve o'clock, and ex-President John Tyler was elected I'reei dent. Mr. Tyler being the highest official dignitary in the United States, and the State of Virginia, which he In part represents, having initiated the movement creating the Convention, it was deemed but an act of courtesy that he should be selected to preside ovor the body. Upon taking the chair Mr. Tyler spoke brieily of the early struggle of the colonies, rehearsing history. He commented upon the present crisis, and finally came to an analysis of the Convention. He pointed to the Ver mont delegation, "tho members of which would not have participated in the Convention had Massachusetts de' C ined to send delegates," and commented upon her early history in Revolutionary times; then Connecticut, then North Carolina, and other States of the original thirteen. But he remarked that there was a State whoee peerless history in the struggle of the Revolution was eclipsed by no other, and asked, "Where is Massachusetts?" A profound scnea'ion was observed, when Hon. Thomas Ewing, of Ohio, announced, "She is coming," which pro duced the most tremendous applause. The Committee on Credentials reported, that as the delegations of some four or five States had not yet arrived, that they would delay their report. The Conventi on agreed to open their daily sittings with prayer, and without transacting any other business ad journed until to-morrow. The doors of the Convention were guarded by police, whether to keep out Gen. Scott's troops or the IUrai-o'b correspondents is not known, as the Convention seems to be about as terrilled at the Bight of one as the other oorps. The Iowa Senators and representatives in Congress re ceived instructions from their State to take seats in the Peace Congress, and did so this morning. The Conference expect to have at least thirteen States in conclavo within a few days, and are delaying action to await the arrival of new Commissioners. After the election of ex-President Tyler as permanent Chairman, the Conference voted to have their proceed ings thus far made public. The Pennsylvania Commissioners are favorable to com promise. David Wilmot is not here, nor is he likely to be, as it is reported he has resigned. The presence of these venerable Commissioners gives some encouragement to those who are laboring to save a further disruption of the country. But they have airived too late to do much good. Great indignation is manifested here because the Peace Convention hold secret sessions. It is asked, what out rage upon the public peace do they propose to commit, that they meet in a dancing saloon and locked themselves up, after the manner of the Star Chamber inquisitions of Henry the Eighth? It Is conceded that the Convention is not composed of men who comprehend the living issues of the day, and if they did, they evidently lack the boldness and actirity which the times require to meet tbem. They are the fossil remains of another generation, brought to the surface again by the storm of secession, as the Hkrald of to lay declare*, and which seems to meet with a general echo. THE VIRGINIA ELECTION. Washliutok, Feb. 5,1881. The Virginia election, which the secessionists supposed would turn in their favor, and finally compel Maryland and Delaware to follow, has overwhelmed them with disappointment, and to some extent changed the pro gramme. The Virginia election has been the topic of the day There la no doubt that the straight secessionists have been largely defeated in the State, but there la just ax little doubt that a class of men has been chosen of a far more dangerona character to the existence of the Union unless prompt concession* are mad#. Nine-tenth* of thoss elected ran on the ultimatum of the Crittenden proposi tion, to be adopted by Congress before the 4th of March. If that la rejected by Congress they are pledged to secession, immediate and uncon. ditlonal, so that all the Virginia election means la almply wresting from the hands of the present reckless man agers the destiny of the 8Ute, and putting It under the control of calm, firm men, who enjoy the confidence of the people. The republicans have now to act In good earnest, or, Indeed, all Is lost, for as goes Virginia, so will follow all the remaining slave States. It Is a curi ous fact that a large number of the elected deputies were Douglas men in the late campaign. I/ceding conservative men from Virginia, who arrived in the city t^pight, declare that there will not be ten men In the Convention who will not make the Crittenden plan an ultimatum. It is a noteworthy fact that all the Doaglas electors who were candidates for the Virginia State Convention, have been elected. Ex-Secretary Floyd, who was a se cession candidate, was defeated. It Is now said by Floyd's friends that he was not a candidate Mr. Mlilson's district defeated flonry A. Wise. Roger A, Pryor, who was a candidate in the Petersburg district, was defeated. In Harris' district Union aaen were elected, with one exception, in consequence of blunders. Bolts was defeated by excess of candidates. A report has been sent to the oountry to day, how ex tenslvely I do not learn, that In view of the change In public sentiment produced by ths election In Virginia yesterday, there Is no longer any fear of an attack upon the Capitol, or of an attompt to prevent the Inauguration of I.tneoln. and consequently the United States troops now here will be withdrawn from the city. This report is said to have been made by authority of a dlatinguish ed republican Sena'r. Whll# it is true that the Vlrgi , nia election has made a great and favorable change in the public mind, It Is also true that the presence of the troops here has done as much to break up the traitorous organ nation known to exist In this city ss any other one Influence. There Is a stumbling block In the way of a peaceful adjustment of the slavery question which the Northern members of the Peace Convention f?*r cannot be passed. It consists in the position assumed by the border slave States on the question of the right of secession and the right of coercion. They claim that a State may consti tutionally, and by virtue of It* Inherent sovenignty, withdraw from the t'nlon whenever it pl>?*e*, also th it the federal government shall not be allowed to enforoe Its laws, collect Its revenues or retake Its property within the limits of seceded wtatos, and if tho government shall undsrtake to exercise Its functions within the territory of such rebellious States, tiien in that event the said border States will make common 1 cause with the dlsunlonlsts, and wage war against the , federal government. Say the republican Commissioners I to the border 8tate delegates, "Suppose we oonseut to I grant you a slave code for the Territories now in our p<w i session south oC 3fl 30, and all the nation may hereafter I purchase clear to Cape Horn, and give you besides all your other demands, incorporating tli?r? all into the con stitution, will your Mates then consent to lot the federal government enforce Its laws and retake its property In the seceded States? Will your States loyally aid the government in Its endeavors to re establish Its authority and exercise its functions within the limits of the rebel territory? And will you glvo up tho doc trine that a State may secede from the I nlon on its own violation?" Tho border State delegates to the Pe.tce Congress return a flat and emphatic negative to each of these questions. Tho republican Commissioners then ?sy, ?? What is the n?e ef miking oo -v?sl*is snd clu.i.girg th constitution, ss lo do ?<> won'I have no binding for-" Any .-'t?le <?? u!d walk out of the f'nl.itl the tlay a:i?.r; Uvw doiutud* may be j>r?ferr$d nc*t | y<ar,and if not conceited secession again follow*. Bui wot8t> still, if alter granting ail you now ask the Union U irrevocably dissolved, a* seven States have seceded, and the border States will not |>ermit the insurgeul* therein to be brought under lederal authority, which is equivalent to a demandlig that their independence shall be a^Koow . ledgeu by the federal government." Theee are tho insu perable obstacles in the wty of an adjustment in this minds of such Com mis# toners as Governor Chase, CUiet) B. Smith, Jm'ge Hitchcock, Senators Grimes an I Harlan, and other dele gates and representative men of the repub lican party. | It is rumorod that Senators Mason and Hunter, in view of the noble position Virginia has taken for the Cnion will resign iheir places, their symp.ithies oeing with lb secession is ts. Rk'hmowd, Psb. I, I Ml. j The complexion of the Convention, as acknowledged by the Enquirer and W\igt of this city, is that nineteen twentieths of the delegates will require equality and I safety in the ('Lion or seek independence out of It. ? Perhaps not a dozen will be cither unconditional Union ists or unconditional secessionists. Governor Wise it elected. Norfolk, Feb. (, 1801. Hen. Henry A. Wise is elected a delegate to the Con vention, from Princess Anne county, by a decided ma jority. In Mathews county, Montague, secessionist, is eleclca. THE SOUTHERN CONGRESS. Mootgombiiy, Ala., Feb. 6, 1801. During tho discussion to day on the adoption of the rules for the Southern Congress, Hon. Alexander H. Stevens, of Georgia, said that the rules wore tnulo on the principle that we are a Congress <>f sovereign and in dependent States, and must vote as States. Pending a discussion on the adoption of tho resolutions provioing for tho appointment of a committee to report a form of provisional government, the Congress went into secret session. A bill appropriating half a million of dollars for the cause of Southern indejtendence passed both Houses of the Legislature. The bill legalizing bank suspensions and a Stay law waa defeated in the Senate; but an effort will be made to re consider the vote to morrow, which it is believed will b? successful. REPORTS RELATIVE TO PEN8ACOLA. Wahhln<;tu.y, Feb. 5, 1861. Tho Intelligence from Pensacola to day is exceedingly paciflcutory. The Stale authorities, It is said, are entirely ratified with the /'resident's despatches to tho commander of the Brooklyn. Senator Mailory, who is at I'ensaola, has advised Major Chase and the authorities not to mike an attack on Fort Pickens, and his interposition will un doubtedly prevent collision. The iloop of war Brooklyn left Norfolk on tho even log of 24th ult., and has since been spoken, eleven hundred miles out. As near as can be cal culated, tho would arrive off I'ensocola February 1. No news has been received dlrejtly from I'ensacola since that date. There was a rumor at the Navy Depart ment this afternoon that the Brooklyn had arrived and was fired Into from Fort McRae, but there is no positive or official information to confirm the report, nothing bar ing been received at the department later than January 20. The fact that telegraphic communication la cut off is suspicious. Besides, I learn from high secession souroes that leading secessionists here asserted last Friday that the President's order, that the Brooklyn should be allowed to land her provisions but not her man, unlets attacked, would not be submitted to, and the State authorities were advised by telegraph to pitch Into the first United States war ressel i that approached Fort I'ickens and attempted to land pro I visions or troops. It Is believed in secession circles that the fight has commenced at Fort Pickens. If so, there la j no doubt that the Btate forces have been boalm, for the I following reasons, which I am at liberty to statet 'Hw following named United States vessels of war should have been, and probably were all at Pcnsaeola on Saturday last, vl*.:?The sloop of war St. Ixrols, twenty guns; two hun dred officers and men; the frigate Sabine, forty four guns, four hundred and seventy-five officer* and men ; the corvette Macedonian, twenty-two guns, three hundred officers and men; the screw steamer Brooklyn, twenty two guns, three hundred and twenty officers and men, and five months' provisions; the Wyandot, a third class screw steamer, four guns eighty si* officers and men?making a total of one hun dred and twelve guns, and one thousand three hundred and eighty one men. Under the protection which oould be afforded the fleets by the guns of Fort Pickens, the men oould easily be landed, and could storm Fort McRea, and then take Bar rancas fortress, and finally recapture the Navy Yard at Warrington, which w?s surrendered by Commodore Arm strong. These three points named ar6 within two mllea range of the guns of Fort Pickens. The reports ih Southern papers to the 27tb that tha Bute troops at Pensaoola were about to abandon their positions at Pensacola, and let the forts and Navy Yard return to the possession of the United States authorities, are net confirmed by a letter received at the Navy De partment from Capt. Barron, who was sent as bearer of despatches to Lieut. Slemmer, commander of Fort Pickens, and to Capt. Walker, of the Brooklyn. He writes from Pensacola, under date of January 39, and states that the State forces at that place then numbered fifteen hundred men. He had an Interview with Col. Chase, commander of the State forces at Fort De Barran cas, and was promised that every facility should be afford ed bim to communicate with Fort Pickens and the United States vessels In the harbor, or that may hereafter appear, When the instruct ions of the President became known, and the secession ists of this city telegraphed to the State forces not to submit, but to pitch in, Colotiel Chaee pro hibited Captain Barron from making further communi cation. The Navy Department are In receipt of voluminous despatches from Flag Officer Pendergrast, of ??e H<>me squadron. In obedience to Instructions sent by Colonel Pickett, bearer of despatches, the Commodore had di rected the Sabine and St. I/mis to proceed at once to Pensacola. These vessels will not enter that port unless they csn do so with aafety. In the event of the Cap tains of the Sabine and St. Lou to not being able to enter that port, they are instructed to proceed to Hampton K'?ds, or act at their own discretion. The Commodore further soys, "I beg leave to state to the department that I apprehend difficulties In regard to despatches of the department reaching me by way of New Orleans and any despatches reaching the department, and there fore recommend that duplicates be sent by waj of Ha vana. In carc of Consul Helm. I may also find it neces sary to move the squadron to Havana, and will there await orders, If I do not succced In procuring money here. I will, however, leave a small vessel at this port for the present." The Commodore, in accordance with Instructions from the Secretary, had held an inspection of the vessels oom ! posing the Home squadron, and says he takes great pleasure in staling to the department th?t he found the YtPMlfl of tb* nquartron to the mo?t iftttofactory of discipline and eflfciencjr. The Secretary of the Navy has ordered a Court of In qulry on Commodore Armstrong, who surrendered the l'ensa. ola Navy Yard. It will (it In Washington on Frl day next. Commodore Stover will be President. The Judge Advocate has not yet been appointed. SUSPENSION OF HOSTILITIES At TESSA COLA. N?.w OsiJtAys, Feb. 4,1S6L Pensacola advices of February 3 are received. A truce had been concluded between Lieut. Slemmer and the State forces. The Mississipplans were to leave for home to day. The Alabama troops remain until relieved. REPORTS FROM CHARLESTON. Oharlwto*, s. L\, Feb. 6, WW. There la no truth whatever In tho statement tliat Fort Sumter hes been reinforced. Fveryth'rg Is quiet here, nothing of Interest t'nns plrtng. IJENRY WARD'BEECHER IN BOSTON. B<ist<>ii, Feb. 6, l??t Mr. Beecher delivered a lecture here this evening Previous to the commencement of the lecture there was an attempt made at disturbance by hissing. The ?r?an '*t "Yankee Doodle, which was enthusiastically REPORTED SECESSION OP TEXAS. New Orljunm, Jan. 6, 1841. A rumor reached this city yesterday that tike fexaa State Convention bad passed an ordinance of secession by ? vote of 164 t > 0, and that the sentiment la favor of uniting Tex<B to the Sou'.beiu Cjnfederacy was largely la the ascendant. Austin (Text*) dates of the 29th ult. are received. Governor Houston bad wot in a message to tho Texas Is glflature condemning the resolutions adopted by tho I*g*laiurc of the State of New York, tendering men aud money to the fedeial government to coeroe the Southern Hlau-s. He rxpressert tbe hope tbat tbo people of fexas would act as a unit in defence of their rights lhe resolution to submit the ordinance of secession to the people had been lost. Tbe Home ha 1 passed a blU establishing patrols throughout tbe (State. 1h* State Convention bad passed a military bill pro viding for two more regiments, one of artillery and the other of Infantry, to consist in all of about 1,800 men. THE LOUISIANA HTaTE CONVENTION. N?w Orhawh, Feb. 4,1841. The Convention to day appointed a committee to adopt a Beg. A resolution was offered that tbe Convention shall not consider itself a legislative body, except for the particu lar purpose tor wbicb it was called together. Tbe expenses of the Convention were stated at $10,000 per weak, and a proposition was mode to adjourn the Convention as soon as possible, an) referred. Nkw Orijcanh, Fob. 8, 1841. An ordinance was introduced to day In tbe I/wisuuia Convention to guard tbe State from invasion by so*, by interdicting pilots from contacting wv vessels tbrougb the Mississippi passes, and authorizing tho Governor to remove tbe beacons aud landmarks. An ordiuance providing for tho establishment of a re gular military force for the Slate passed unanimously. A resolution was presented excluding all the New Rng land States from the new confederacy their laws and constitutions shall conform with tbo constitution adopteo by the government at Montgomery. A better feeling prevails for re-establishing the I'uion tbe basts of a Southern confederacy. The State Custom House clearances working well. No difficulty and no apprehension is fell as to federal reinforcements to Southern harbors. The Custom House opened yesterday for business under the government of Iouisiana. THE NEW ORLEANS CUSTOM HOUSE. Lortsviixa, Feb. 4,1861. The Now Orleans Custom House refuses to deliver foreign goods to Louisville importers, unless tbe Louis ville Surveyor will grant canceling certificates for the goods, or tbe duties thereon be paid at New Orleans. Tbe Democrat (Douglas newspaper) hoisted the national flag over its oOlco to day. THE TEXAS STATE CONVENTION. New Orleans, Feb. 4, 1841. The Texas Convention met at Austin on the 28th ult. No lmpoi taut business bad been transacted at tbe date of our advices, hut it was believed tbe secession ordinance would be submitted to the people on the 20lh inst., and a new Convention be called, to assemble on tbe 2d of March. lhe House resolution, giving tho government sauction to the Convention, had passed the Senate by a vote of 29 to y PENNSYLVANIA AND VIRGINIA. llAMUSBcito, Pa., Feb. 5, 1861. Governor Curtin has ordered a uululc of thirty-four guns to be fired to honor of Virginia. Mr. Shaffer offered resolutions congratulatory of Virgi nia la the House to night. Laid over under the rule. THE IIAB6ACHU BE'l'lB PSACK COMJilrv BIONEBS. Bomxar, Feb. A, 1M1. The Rouse passed the respires for the apiiotntment of Commissioners to the Washington Convention this after noon, In concurrence, and Cover dot Andrew has appoint ed John B. Goodrich, of Btockbridge; Char lee Allen, of Worcester; George 8. Boutwell, of Groton; If. Forbes, of Milton; Francis B. CrownInshteid, of Uoston; Thcophllus P. Chandler, of Brookllne, and Richard P. Waters, of Beverly, aa Commissioners. THE NOBTH CAROLINA LEGISLATURE. Rauquh, N. d, Feb. t, 1M1. Jbe Senate paised to day a general Stay law. The House Is employed on the Military bill. The military of the State is to be thoroughly organised. Volunteer companies are to be raised and armed. The news from Virginia elates some and depresses otheif. It Is all the talk to-night. UNION MEETING AT MILWAUKEE. Milwaums, Feb. 6,1841. At a large and enthusiastic meeting held at the Academy of Music last evening, resolutions were adopted expressing a strong attachment to the Union, disavowing any intention to interfere with the local institutions of the South, recommending the earliest modification of the Fugitive Slave law, to do away with Its offensive fea'ures without Impairing Its efficiency, and recommending the State Legislature to appoint delegates to Washington. THE FEELING IN BALTIMORE. Bait imorx, Feb. 6,1861. The Primary Ward meeting! to-night had no opposition in electing the entire one hundred delegates to the City Convention favorable to calling a State Convention?most ly democrats. The Unionists refused to participate in the election. The whole popular vote was small. Officer Davy here told m?, three days ago, that a bro ther officer Informed him that Fort Sumter had been re inforced from the steamer Brooklyn, as she passed Charleston harbor on her recent cruise. MISSOURI DELEGATES TO THE WASHING TON CONVENTION. St. Loos, Feb. 4,1861. The delegates representing the State rights party In this county met at Washington Ball this afternoon and nominated the following delegates to the State Conven tion:?John D. Coalter, L. M. Kennett, Wm. T. Wood, P. B. Gar ear he, Georgo I'enn, Wm. M. Cook, James J. Mo Bride, M. V. L. McClelland, George D. Apploton, Jamas George, R. T. Edmonston, Nathaniel Cos, James Harrison, Wm. S. Stamps and Thomas Harney. The resolutions which pasuM the meeting on January IS were adopted as the platform of this party. NORTH CAROLINA AND THE CRISIS. Rumen, K. C., Feb. 4,1M1. The House to-day passed unanimously a resolution de claring that In case reconciliation fails North Carolina goes with the other slave Slate*. The Legislature will adjourn, perhaps, and await re sults. ANOTHER I. ETTER FROM SENATOR DOUGLAS. [From the Petersburg, Vs., Kxpress, K?b. 2 1 WasmNiTon, Jan 31, iHfll. Mv Pha* Sir?I have only time, in reply to your in quiry, to say that there is hope ot preserving pc.t and (be I men. All depends upon the action of Virginia and the border States If they remain In the Unleu aai aid in a lair and Just settlement, the l'ni<m m*y be presorved Rut if they secede, under the fatal delusion of a recon struction, I fear that all Is !<<st. Save Virginia and wo will save the Union. Very truly yours, B A. DOUGLAS. THE SF.CEPRION QUESTION TO BE TESTED? A NOVEL LEGAL CASK IN ST. LOUIS. [From the St. I/mla Democrat, Feb. 1.) We have been furnished with an extract from an an swer about to be filed in the Circuit Court of this county, in the suit of a well known New Orleans bank against a promint nt city banker to recover a large sum:? The defendants further state that the plaintiffs, whether chsrtered bv law or not, are an association or persons, cititens of the State of Louisiana, domiciled and doing business therein, and acknowledging allegiance thereto, and have abjured all allegiance to the United State* of America ; that said State of I?ui><lana ha* seceded from and revolted the United stnt?s ?f America, and Is at war with the same; that th* plaint ids, and all other persons who are ottixens of said state and domiciled therein, and acknowledging aileglancn thereto.are alien enemies of tbe United States of America r.ndof the State of Missouri, aud have no right to main tain uny snlt in the ourts of the state of Missouri. Wherefore defendants nsk that this suit may be dis missed, Ac. McL'LELLAM, MOODY A HII.I.VKH. Defendants' attorneys. This defence. If persisted Into th.< ln?t resort, would carry the question of the right of a mate to secede to tie -upr?me Qbnrt <>f the United States for satt'ement. It" prrateut n op. tis the <to?r to a variety of ?|ae?tk*S, .md be watched with inters*!, IMPORTANT PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS WUBTY-IIIITH tONUHESS. MCOND SJK8810N. S?*ate. Wasiun?ton, Feb. 6,1H61. Mr. Fttch, (opp.) of Ind., from the Committee on Printing, reported a resolution for printing 26,000 of tho mechanical repotU of tlie Patent Offlco. Adopted. MUORIAIS OX TUB CRIMM. Mr. Wide, (rep.) of Ohio, presented a petition earnest ly teqt eating CoLgiesa to stand tlrun by tho constitution ?nd the enforcement of the laws. Mr. fe-N Etc*, (rep.) of N. J., presented several p?t.i tions of the stme character. Mr. Dixon, (rep.) of Conn., piesentod a potttlon from over 1,000 citizeus of Connecticut, without distiuciu n of party, in favor of the passago ef the border State resola tions. Mr. BiCtiJCR, (opp.) of Pa., presented petitions in favor of the passage of the Crittenden resolutions. Mr. Cambhom, (rep ) of Pa., presented petitions in fa vor of s landing by the constitution WHY ARK TIIK TROol-S (X>.N<'KNTRATKO AT WANItlNOTIIN ? Mr. Wkicaix, (opp.) of lexas oiler. d a rcsolut i >u in quiring of the l'ri'sideut ?hy troo|? were oonceutrnti'd in this district, their number, and if destined for special service, and if so, for wbut service. laid over. Til It KlKtTtoN OK I'HKSIIlKNT Mr. Tki'mw'u., (rep ) 01 111., repot u-d a resolution pro Tiding for the mo<le of counting the voles for President and Vice President. ^lue resolution proposed the usual mode, and was adopt tbk $'26,000,000 wax wu. The I.oan bill was taken up. Mr. Pkakck, (opp.) of Md., advocated the pugsigeof the hill an necessary for tin; support of the government lit di-cihimed the id. a that the money would t> ? used for war purposes, the g< ve> nriiotit or I'ni >n co i]>t not be preserved or res'ored by foice, and the amount of this loan was necessary for tho ordinary working of tho goven.ment in t me of p. aco. After a discussion the bill passed. The President's Message was taken lip. smcii of mr. Johnson, or tkmnkmoik, on Tine cmhh. Mr. JoiursoN, (opp.) of Teon., said that in a former speech he thought he had placed himself on the c institu tion with the lathers and against the doctrine of uutiill cation and secession, which be considero.1 to bo a na tional heresy. As fur back as 1833 ho had planted himso.f on the samo principles, and be lieved the doctrine of secession to be an enemy which, if sustained, would leid to the destructlou of tho govern ment, and he opposed this doctrine to day for Mm same liatoi.s. He believed that it would be the destructlou also of any government which might be formed suoso qu. ntly. lie looked upon this docti me as a prolific North em p< litical s n, as a producti. n ol anarchy , which was the ii< xt step to des|>otli-m. But once, when bocnadou speicli on the luih ot January, ho had been alttcked and di uotnced, but he was inspired with a conlldeuc- that had stiuck lieaton a blow, and men who wore cngitiio-l in bung traitors lelt tho blow. His obj<ct now was to meet attacks (in yesterday w? had quite a sceno a piece well played, gotten up to order, and the piece* well memorized: whether anxious mourners wore prepared for the occasion he could not sav 1l?e Senator from Louisiana (Mr. Henjamm) had argued that his Slate had violated no obligation, as suo was not bought for a price, but had her sovereignty simply humied over in trust. He (Mr. Johnson) thou toid from tho (lift article of tho treaty of cession of Louisiana ciaimu g, that it was explicit, tha'. bv tho conveyance or absolute juusdiction and control to the I'miod toutes of the pfcperty and sovereignty, both wero oonveyod to tho people ol the United States. It was represents by the senator ot Iootsiana, any good will of the French but the I nited Stales bought this proper'y and sovereignty for sj many nnlli. n dollars, then the Senator tiom Louisiana portrayed the enormity of the wrongs done to I.oui^laiju, till he (Mr. Johnson) almost thought Marc Anthony came back and expected to hear tho Senator ex claim:?"If you have tears to shed, prepare to shed them now what are tboae dreadful wrongs? Tho I mted States bought her, paid for her sixty mil lion franca, and then admitted her to the Union Yias any oppression and wrong there? Was there any wrong when, at the battle of New Orleans, Kentucky who, thanks to 11 oo, stands tirm to-nay,and Tennessee who, he hope.', will stand with Kentucky, went to the' he p and saved that city from Packcnham? How much protection has she had for sugar ? Is this another wrong? Th?n where are the wruiiga wlticil Jusuly Louisiana 10 tb* f^wnment, in violation of the right* of all the "tales of the Colon ? Without consulting even Kentucky and Tennessee, who defended her, ah? baa taken the forts, arsenals and mint of tno United States H? said this reminded him of the fable of tho frogs and their King I/*, who got disaatiiied with the wrongs ro ceivfdand took King Stork, who began to devour thorn that South Carolina had got Kiug Stork now. and Louisiana will have him when they make heavy appropriations for war. Is it not an outrage on the govern ment? There was a largo portion of people who think that there have been aggressions, and that something ought to be done ; but there was another part who are afraid that something may be done, being for reooncilUtlon. He referred to a speech of the Senator from Louisiana, when he said, "dlnoe the election of Lincoln ihere are those who prate disunion like silly savages?who shoot at tho sun, but tho son still runs < n." What changed the Senator's mind so soon? He elsimed that the Senator from Virginia (?r. Hunter) was forced to the conclusion, after careful thought that secession was not a rLht given by tho constitution', and that he would be willing to regulate it so that no State shall go out of tho Union without the coosent of the rest. But when Jefferson, under the confederation of said Stales, had the right to compel the obedience of a State he (Mr. Johnson) would as soon take the opinions or the Old Dominion's earlier statesmen as the latter ones. He argued at some length tho question of coercion, claiming a great difference between the enforcement of the laws and what was called coercion of Stales. Ho quoted the Kicbmond Drx/vtrrr of 1814, referring to the Hartford Convention, and saying that no Slate had a right to withdraw from the Union, and that re sistance against the law was treason, calling on the government to arrest the traitors, for tho Union must bo saved at all hazards. Mr. Johnson said he sub scribed fully those opinions But was is treason)' The constitution says "treason consists in lerylng war against United States, or adhering to an enemy and giving him aid and comfort." Does It need any search to flod men levying war and giving aid and comfort to enemies against the United States? Treason ought to be punlshod North or South, and if there sro traitors they should bo entitled to traitor's reward. (Applause.) He said that South Caro lina early had a prejudice against a government by the people, and that secession was no now thing in that State. He referred to the ourly history of South Carolina, who claimed at one time that they were ready to go back nnder the dominion of King Ueorge. He read an ad dress or the people of Chariest n to King Ueorge in 1780, saying that they never intended to dissolve that Union, lamenting the struggle of independence, professing afffcc tlon and zeal for that government, the King, Ate. ,kc. He then referred to the attempt to break up the govern ment In 1S33 by South Carolina. Then thoy were re strained and their pride bumbled, and men who speak In this Convention now say that they have had an Intention to dissolve the Union for forty years. The question now is, sre the other States going to allow themselves to be precipitated Into ruin by Soutb Carolina. All South Carol I na wants of the more Northern States is men and money. What does Mouth Carolina propose to give to Kentucky and Tennessee? All South Carolina wants of Kentucky and Tennessee, and the other States of the northern portion of the South, is to rumish men and money When we And her prosecuting a contest for Mexico or elsewhere, Tennesseans and Kentucklans will be very desirable to help In the bsttles. What probation can South Carolina give Tennessee and Kentucky, if her negro property needs protection? We have got tho men and will havo to pay for it, and not South Carolina which has been an apple of discord In this confederacy from my earliest recollection to this time, complaining of everything and satisfied with notning. I think some times It would almost beaUodsend if Massachusetts snd South Carolina could be Joined together, like the Siamese twins, and separated from the government, and taken off into some remote, some excluded part of the ocean, and fastened there, to be washed by the waves and cooled by the winds, and after they had been there a sufficient length of time the remainder of the people of the United states might eutcrtain a protwsltiim lor tsklng them back. (Laughter.) For they seem to have been a source of dissatisfaction pretty much ever since lb* confederacy was formed, and some operation or experiment of this kind, I think, would have a beneficial ' fleet on tbem. But we must try to do the best we can with them. So much for South Carolina and l/tulslana I don't think they arc setting examples worthy of Imlta tlon. But the little speech 1 made on the 19th of the month seemed to produce some stir, and among other distinguished Senators, tho Senator from Oregon (Mr fane) felt it his duty to make a reply J did not think this was called for. I had not said anything offensive to him, or I did not Intend to, at hast. I felt he had Just come out of a campaign in which I bad labored hard at d expended my money In vindicating him from the i chargoof secession. Yes, through dust and neat, through mud and rain, I traversed my State, meeting the charge that si cession was at the bottorn of his platform >n l principles, snd that It was a fixed and decided |>lan to broak up th * government. It wa.i charged that It start ed at Charltston and was consummated at Baltimore, and tlrit my worthy friend was the embodiment of disunion and secession. I met the chary, | denied It and repu diated it, and tried to convince the |>eopl" that it was un true. 1 did not see what there was iu my i|>eech to ex tort an answer from him. I did not come Into conflict with anything he said or did, anil while he was striking his blows without cause, I felt It was at least not ex actly fair. 1 may not ha\o defended him to his en tire" satisfsofIon. It so turned out that ws were unfortunate, but I was willing to stand or fall as we shook). Tbe senator ?ald he was not going to mar. h ander my bloody banner, snd I would not And the North ern r.mecrnoy ready to strike down the people of a gal lant State contending for their rights. 1 don't know as I used language thst called for a reply like that. Did any body hear n.e talking of marching down Into South Giro Una? No. W hy then are attacks made on positions which I did not assume? Why Is this language used toward me unl-ss intended to make a false Impression Hut, sir, I saw the consternation In the facoe of some, and T knew I had struck a blow at tretson, '<td I1. Wns Important that someb.vty from anxhenpiar ter ?ho?l.1 mske the alts< k on my speech. If th ? >t laew had liven made uu what 1 laid, won >u. po^wvu I assumed, 1 should not buvo uomp awed. Indeed, do not ccmpiuiu dciw. I have lived nown Hom? things, young as 1 am. I have (survived many misrepresenta tions, lor t teel Id my conscience mid uiy heart tbiti I in coing my duty, oua 1 am aiwavs ready to do It. "Bloody bantu r!" I migftotud do #ucn thing. No: war is not s natural element ol mn?t and 1 said in thai speocb that my thought* were turned on peace, not war. Kor In the language 01 thai dcnominalitju pr.'ity numerous in tbo country, I might My , 1 hate war and love peace. I b? long to I he peace party, and I thought when making that speech 1 wait holding out the oliv? bianch, by trying to bi ing quiet aiiu riconciliation to a disiracled country. 1 wouid lather wear the dingy garments covered with the dust of the Held in the pursuits of pi-ace, than to have a gaudy epaulette ou toy shoulder, or ? fcwu d by uiy side in Its glittering scabbard, the insignia of sirile, of blood, of war and carnage. 1 MtoUid rather tae the people of the United States ea glided in a'wur with every other part of the babita hie globe, than to engage in wax with each other. I bkou mutt come, let it come. But lei it not bo shed by the people of these states, one contending a^amsi another. It-it the Seualor from Oregon went (til iui tber, aUuiiiiig to the Senator from IVinnersee, as to tbo action ot mine ou cui tain rt solutions introduced by ibo eena'or linn Mwsti-s.ppi (Mr. Brown). Now I wish to Miy here, tbut ban that Senator (Mr. lane) avowed suctt a (icctriuij pi i?r to the I'residcutial election as be did in his r> p>y lo nie, expressing disunion and soceestoo sent! men is, I give it uh my opintou, be wonld not have r? ccivt d 10 000 voles tn the Male of Tennessee. Mr. J then reau 11 urn the rccord of votes, (bowing that the (Senator tiouiomli Carolina, as well us the Senator from (in gon, unit others, voted against thu resolution declaring thai slavery needed protection. 1 want to know what bus brought such a change over the Senator'* mind am?o the l.u-1 h< roion of Congress, when the Senator said, un der the sanct.ou oi hia outh, in voting against Mr. Brown's resolution, thai 11 was not necessary to pass laws Dow l< protect slavery 1 Now he is ready lo say they havu Ibe ngUl to go out of the Union because Con gress lia-t not pusscd laws lo protect slavery, which he tben swore were not necessary. Then other resolutions weie introcuccd, and Mr. Brown otlered an amendment, and trade an argument to show the necessity of passing laws to piolccl slaveiy theu. But the Seuale voted,4'i lo 3, liai lbcie was no danger, aud slavery did not need pro iHtMi Mr. J. read thu lislol vuUb. "Mr Benjamin, aye," and Mr. Lone?ah, yes, Mr. l^uie, of Oregon, swore on ibe '26? h of lam May that slave property did uot need protection in the Territories. And now 1 want him lo get up beii and ml the Scnaleund the American people if he is lor Ibe rife hi ui a Stile to break up the Union because sho canm.l gel that protection lor slave properly which ho tben .wore it did not need, (laughter.) rben tJbe senator lrom Oiegon, in liis reply to me, g|ioke ofahe reservation* aud coMiltiobs Uiiido by thu Old Dominion and by Ni w Voi k in surrendering tbuir delegated powers, lid spoke w ilb great lamiliaruy of the subject and the righto ot ihe Males, and be read a lew lines, and then wanted to know il bad not arrived when these states shouiu n't MM* delegated powu-H. Alter declaring, under the tc*"* oaUi lion of an oalh, tnai no I'urtneP piolecuon *?? needed, he wanlB l? kuow now If iho lio.e bus not airived when these Mates will be jusiilled in breaking up lOe confederacy. I'eik.ipe it might be well to examine a bock betoie spvaklng oi it. I do not say this Is lire case with the Senator, but I shall proceed on Uie ideu thui he thought lie uiidemloud it all fhta Is % ci mini u uiifcuppiehoiuiou. soniftimts ti arises troui a want ol examination, and sometimes it arist a fiom a want ol capaciiy to understand. On examiuaiiou we nnu thai tho <i iMuiliee of ihe VI amla Convention reported resolutions previous to the lulihcation oi thu constitution, providing that curiam umem tueiits ought to ben tern d lo rheotlier Maies. This was voted down. Then thu committee re ported ihe ordinance adopting ihe c institution of tho tnileo Mutes, and in that ordinal c? ibev go ou ami make a preamble and declaration of their uni.erstantiing, but n<> condli mi s or rt servations. Mr. J. iluu reeo ibe ordi nance. "lblx was adopud June 126. ai d South iaroiinft was already in the Union. So e'en if Virginia had made reservations South Carolu a could nol proill hy them, for i-be had already am pit d IM couh. iiuliou. Mr Ma<liioa nceived a letter from Mr. Hamilton, who Hated thai he had great doubt as to the ratification in New \ork without conditions. One condi tion was that they might have permission to r> cod??re ct ue wiie the wora tben?in live or Buven yeais, n c> rtaia ami iidmenis weie not riiDtli'd. Mr Ma nson writes In reply, thai it' the constitution is adopud il must bo auopU'd in to/o, without reservation or corn)ils>u Now, 1 am inclined to think Mr. Madison undu'stood this ordi nance, and here is Ills letter, written in July, In wlucn bo said to Mr. Hamilton thai the mea of a reserved rigtil was us ban us conditional rejection. I think James Madison understood this ordinance, and I hud as s'xiu roiy on his opinion as on that of the distinguished Senator from Ore gon, as 1 am inclined to think ho umlerf'tood ihe whole echject us well as the Senator from Oregon, with all his fkmlllarily with the subject. But the government was foimed, the constitution ratified, and the provi sion made, for what? Kur tho admission of new Mm tea. U the express grant lu admit oe given, I say that the government can exercii-.e all l >e incidents nec? ssary to carry the admission into effetft. Tben wo ct me to the State of Alabama, as the Senator teems to be to familiar with things of Uutt sort, an act to enable the people of Alabama to form a oou titutioo and a State government, and for tho admission or suoh Mat) into the Union on an equal footing with ibe original States, was a| proved March 2, 1816, and the people ao cepted II with this passage ?"This ordtuancu is hereby dt clarrd unrevocable without tbo consent of ibe United States." There is the compact. Yet It is claimed th%. alabuma baa a right lo go out of bcr own will, becaua . she asnnot get her equal ngb *. When we aro a candi date tor the I'rtsldeticy then I suppose we are all equal brelhicn In this confederacy. But after we have at tempted and signally failed of an election, then 1 sup pose the enemies' line commences just wberu our defeat commenced. (Laughter.) Mr. J. then referred to Louisi ana, purchased for the purpose of preserving the freo navigation of the Mississippi river, yet In bar otdtnanoo of secession she clalma a negatlvo right lo control that navigation, and, without concluding, gave way to a motion to adjourn. MMUCI PROM TUX PMHDKIT. The PsvmimT presented a message from the President of tho United States, stating that be had received from the Governor of Kentucky resolutions making appltcatloa to Congrets to call a Convention to present amen menua to the constitution. He aaid It afforded titm great plea sure to perform thta duty,and felt ixmtldenl that Ouogreso would act with the careful consideration to which the re solutions aie em tiled, on account of the patriotic source from which they proceed, as well as the great tmporUnco of the subject. laid on the table. Adjourned. Hons* of RcprucBUtlru. WAMUJHiton, Feb. 6,1801 wmwiuwAi. or n? Dtctmunoit. Mr. Tatlob, (opp.) of La., sent to the Clerk'n table the Ix>uisiana ordinance of secession, which was road. Ha ?aid the act which It was hi* purpose to perform, of with drawing from this assemblage, In obedience tu the will of the people of his State, wan one of no ordinary oc currence. Tho spectacle was now exhibited of seeing tho representatives of the States, delegation after delegation, withdrawing from Congress, from the legislative assem bly of the country deelinod under Providence to be the great** t the world has ever noen. We are now witnessing the dissolution of a mighty form of government and tho secefston of State after State from tho Union. Differences of opinion have caused these results, owing to a changa In the relative condition of the two sections. A number of the sovereign States have arrived at the conclusion that they can no longer remain members of thbf Union, unlets changes be mado in the constitutional law, and the constitution restored to Its origiual spirit, (n bis Judgment he owed it to himself, to the people of Louisiana and to the House and people of the United States, to say that It was bis solemn conviction that if every one of the mewures reported by tho Com mil tee of Thirty-three were adopted unanimously by both houses of Congress, It would produce tho effect In resisting the current sweeping Sute after State from tho confederacy. If the Union was to be restored to Its former condition it must be by constitutional amendments. If gentlemen cannot grant this then a dissolution of tho Union la inevitable. If we ennnot dwell together in unity let us, like the patriarchs Ix>t and Abraham, peaceably separate. While he found no w?n%nt in the constitution for seces sion, he maintained the right of revolution, whtoh baJ been recognised by solemn acts through all tho depart ments I>f government. . _ Messrs. Vkhah, (rep.) of N. Y .and !****"??, ("?) of Ohio, severally Interrupted the gentleman, raising too point tliat be was nut coatinlng himself to a mere per sonal explanation. . . Mr. Bon HIST, (opp.) of La., said his colleague was making his list speech here, snd certainly It was not po lite to interrupt him. . . . ... ... Mr. Tatuw sal.l these who remain ^ "in opportunity to reply to his remark*, tf they |d?stro to do so He proewsaad to show <h ;t oerclee me?snre? should not be employed, and that the manufacturer must defend en the South for supplies of outton. Alt th<? world beside cannot produce as much of that material an a single county In Arkansas. It net only proper for the interests of trade, but for the cotnfott and happiness of the muss of the people and mankind, that, If sepa? ration Is to lake place, it should be peaceable. To row probably another State will go out of tho Union. IT ibe army shall be used In the etlbrt to take possession of soy portion of the South, even the territory, and If tho navy shall be used to blockade any Southern port, ha would tell the gentleman It would be an art of ?ar, and fr< m this would leap the Arm nationality of tho Southern people. Mr. Birmm, (opp.) of Jf. Y.?As the gentleman Is dla* pesed to discuss the question or war and peace, and aa ha discus*<s every question with signal ability, I desire to inquire of Mm if a blockade be an act of war, whether. In his judgment, war has not already been Initiated by the mcinni of a yet more aggressive character, namely, the seizure of the Catted States forts, of ? public vessel of war of tho United States, and the spolia lion of the mint and the public moneys ot the United Slates' Hint if this be so, then are these measures of the govern ment, of which he has spoken, essentially defensive la their character and rendered Imperative upon the p?opi? irtid the government of the United Hates in protection of their dignity, their rights and their honor. Mr. Tayiok replied?Wle rrOingresd came together and It was UDmUtakeiiNe a portion of the Southern peoplo wore under the Influence of what they conceived to bo sgjire?sl< a on their rights, and tinker the Influence of Hppreheni-ion as to the future, and after hearlrir on thfl Poors of the I lease and senate confgtoa taPratened sgainst th< Ir Iight of revolution, md the l>ity of bowing tbvtn u nl" ''it< . ttoo, ana of fedarinf tbciu t [twiwifi? yf BWUTii

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