Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 8, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 8, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW WHOLE NO. 8918. MORNING YORK HERALD. EDITION-FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE BEVOLUTION. IMPORTANT NEWS FROM CHARLESTON. Condition of the Garrison at Fort Sumter. The Preparations of the State Authorities for an Attack on the Fort. Immense Earthworks and Floating Batteries In the llarbor. The Delegates, to the Peace Con gress at the White House. DEBATES IN CONGRESS ON THE CRISIS. Strong Union Speech of Henry Winter Uavis, lu., He., a* THE SURRENDER OF THK REVENUE CUTTER McClelland. Washevotox, Fob. 7,1881. The following statement in relation to tbo suriender of tbe revenue cntte- R-jbert McClelland la derived from an official eource:? The cutter is one of the larfcest and boat in the revenue service, just rebuilt and reiltted. Her commander was Oipt. Brcsbwood, of Virginia. On tbo 10th of January, four duys after Secretary Dix took charge of the Treasury Department, he sent Mr. Win. Hemphill Jones, chief Clerk in the First Comptroller's oiBce, to New Orleans and Mobile, to save, if possible, the two cutters on service there, ("apt. Morrison, a Georgian, commanding the Lewie Cass, at Mobilo, must have surrendered her before Mr. Jones arrived. On tbo 29th of January the Secrotary received the following telegraphic despatch from Mr. Jones:? New Orlraxh, Jan. 29,1861. Hon. J. A. Drx, Secretary of the Treasurv:? Cspt. Brcshwood has refused positively in writing to obev any Instructions of tho department. In this 1 am sure ho is sustained by the Collector, and, 1 believe, acts by his advice. What must I do? W. H. JONES, Special Agent To the despatch Secretary Dix immediately returned the following answer:? Treasury-Pki'aktwkvt, ) WMDtnm, Jan. 29,1801 / W. FIrvputli. Now Orleans ? Tell Lieutenant Caldwell to arrest Captain Breshwood, assume oommano of the cutter, and obey the order through you. 11 Csptain Breshwood, a'ter arrest, un dertakes to interfere with tho command of tho cutter, tell Lieutenant Caldwell to consider him as a mutmeor, and treat him accordingly. If any one attempts to haul down the American llag, shoot him on thi) B(>ot. JOHN A. DIX, Secretary of tho Treasury. This despatch, it Is said, must have been intercepted, both at Montgomery and Now Orleaos, and witlihcld from Mr. Jones, and that the conduct of Captain Bresh wood was consummated by means of a complicity on tho part of tbe telegraph line with the States of Alabama and Louisiana. WA^nnfOTOs, Feb. 7,1861. The galleries of the House were densely crowded to day. Among the spectators wore the Commissioners to the Peace Convention. A sound like the reverberating of a cannon startled almost everybody. The members rufbtd to tbeir feet, and the ladies hastily left the gal leries. The Speaker quieted the fears by saying that ?omcthing had fallen on the roof. It was subsequently atc?rtained that the wind had blown down a small der rick. The passage of the Morrill Tariff bill will depend upon the vote of Senator Douglas. Pennsylvania having given such evidences of a want of friendship toward Judge Douglas last November, it is likely he will not be inclined to favor any special legislation in her bohalf. Warlike preparations still continue. A stand of arms haR been supplied to the watchmen in tbe Oapitoi, and all employes faithful to the government aro to be supplied with Colt's revolvers. The artillery company lately at Augusta arrived here this mornicg. They are quartered in the south wing of the Treasury building, owing to the difficulty of procuring accommodations elsewhere. There are rumors of a hostile meeting between Senators Johnson, of Tennessee, and Wigfall, of Texas. Mr. Wig fall shot the brother of I'reeton S. Brooks in Charleston some years ago in a street fight. The Committee on Naval Affairs in the Senate have re ported unanimously in favor of the proposition alluded to in my despatch yesterday, providing for the creation of an Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and that he shall not be a civilian, but a naval officer of a grade not leas than that of commander. This is viewed by many as a departure from tho theory of a republican form of go vernment, inasmuch as tbe office is in tbe civil branch of that department of the government. The proposition will be ansailed and amended so aa to provide for the ap pointment of a civilian to the place. The resignation of Captiln IngT..ham has been ac ceptcd. Captain Sbrubrick is not now likely, as hereto fore, designed to puruue a similar courac. Capt. Ingraham bid farewell to tho Secretary of the Navy and other officers of the department yesterday nad his left for Charleston to caat his fortunes with lboh of his native State. Two of his sons ore still in the United Stater service?one is a lieutenant in the marine corpn on board the I'nlted States ship St. Louis, which vessel Is at Pensacola, the oth?r to a midshipman at tbe An.i t polls naval school. The House conference committee on the Deficiency bill are unanimous In tbelr opposition to the Cbiriqui appro priation. The daughter of A. W. Thompson, largely in terested in the fhiriqui claim of three uuuilied thousand dollars, was mairled this morning to Mr. Dodge, Indian Agent in California. Tbe letters written by representatives Rurch and Scott to their constituents in California, recommending the for mation of a Pacific republic, create much indignation among the republicans, and have had a disastrous effect upon the interests of California in matters of Congrc-don al legislation. Tbe House Trust Bond Investigating Committee have completed their labors, and will probably make tlieir report In a Tew days. The investigation does not l-nplt rale anyone outside of those kuown to be conn? ted with tbat affair. The report will be pretty 'ovore u(?n Floyd Russel and Lee. Tho evidence, bow ever, against these gentlemen It is understood is not sufficient to convict them of any crime. Bailey Is the only one that could be convicted, and It is not by any means oertain, in theso degenerato day i, tluat even he can be convicted. The committee explored a wide Held, and examined a large nomlier of wlta -.-? ?a, but failed to get at the real fact, and expose tbe guilty parties connected with tho robbery. Mr. Carlisle, counsel for Gov. Floyd upon the Indict ment again*! him for mtlf?mrn In office, h i* interpoeod a demurrer In tho case, predicated upon a law introduced by Speaker Orr during the Matt-son corruption Invest i?a tion, providing that any parties examined before com mittee shall he exempt from Indictment and punishment on any matter testified to before inch committees. The Semite bill, In addition to tbe act to promote the progress of the useful arts, pus-e l the House to day with sundry amendnn nts, one of which provides that there ?hall be no extension of any patent when tho (Vimmis Slon*r is satlsUed the net profits are flOt>,' 00. AH laws llxlng the rate of fees to be paid, and dta" luiniutlng be twren .nha?> it-ants of the { nltcd Htati an 1 ih" 1 of other countries which shall not discriminate against Hie lain bitan'softhe Vnlted States, are repealed, and In their sU'ud ret tain rate-* established. The inner is authorised to dispense, In the ruture, with models of de slgtn, whcn lhn designs can be sufficiently represented by drawings. The Senate hav np passe I a bill providing fer the or fOMMMB of rifce Peak's Territory, under Ih-; name of Ceioradc, the came has reached the House and been ordered to be printed. The House may alter the nam J to Idaho. If the bHl becomes a iaw Mr. Williams will claim to represent the Territory. Messrs. Elder and Young, New York officials, sent here to look up matters relative to the Indian bonds, have re turned home. Governor Letcher is among the latest arrivals. Tho object of Mr. Corwin in delaying action on the report of the Committee of Thirty-three for a week longer was to see what the l'euce Congress will do mean time. GRAND SECESSION JUBILEE AT NEW OR LEANS. N*W Okijlaxh, Feb. 7,1M1. The city is magnificently and extensively Illuminated in honor of secession. All the public buildings and large stores and dwellings are exceedingly brilliant with appro priate mottoes. Pelican flags are flying everywhere. The people are out in great crowds, and there ia general rejoicing. In the Convention resolutions to instruct the delegate* to Montgomery on any point were tabled by a largo vote. THE MASSACHUSETTS MILITARY. Boston, Feb. 7,1M1. Military orders promulgated to day by the Commandor in Chief are prefn *1 as follows:? The prtf nt ? 'iijdittoo "1 i itloual affairs renders it pos sible that ti..' sei vn a ><t the volunteer military of Ma?sa cbusetls mu > piired at i.o distant day, and at short notice, by the President of thi United States for the do fence of the federal capital, and it is the desire of his Ex cellency, the Governor, an-l '""'immaiider in Ch ef, that the troops should be In readiness for any legal requisition th?t mav be made upon tlicm. The orders apply more directly to tho KirRt division and require rigid scrutiny of company rolls, frequent company drills and a thorough preparation for active service. MOVEMENT OF UNITED STATES TROOPS. Baitiuokk, M J., Feb. 7, IsOl. Ninety-four marines from Governor's Is' id, ai. lifty fivo United States dragoons from Cirnsle Barracks, fully equipped, passed through this city this morning en route to Washington. UNION MEETING AT ST. LOUIS. St. Lorw, Fob. 7,1861. A eitizens' mooting of unconditional I'r.ion men eon vcued again at Verandah Hull thifi afternoon, pursuant to adjournment, to recclvo the r . port of the committee of twenty-five appoint* i at the previous meeting. The following list of namef were presented by the com mittee as delegates to the State Convention, and were unanimously accepted:?H. R. Gamble. M. I. Linton..lolin nowe, Ariel Wr.ght, (icorgo K. Taylor, James O. Drod head, Fent Long. Fred. Myer, Henry Hitchcock, Tu.ner Maddox. Ipadore Busch, Solomon Smith, Wm. S. Cuddey, Hudson E. Bridge and J. H. Shackleford. The meeting was numerously attendod. Several strong Union bpooches wero made, which were enthusiastically applauded. Among the speakers was F. Blair, Jr., who cordially approved the lickct, and ur^od all Union loving men to support it. Two hundred and llfty troops, from Newport, Ky.. and one hundred from Fort Riley, Kansas, arrived to day, dest ned for the United States arsenal in this ci ,. :iio latter company, under command of Captain Lyon, who was appointed comuiandnnt of the arsenal, \ ice Major Bell. There are now between live and fc>x hundred troops at the arsenal. UNION MEETING AT MEMPHIS. Kkmv" i tb. 6 1861. ?Riere was an immense torchlight ..roces-don here to night. Tho national airs wero played and a display of llreworks occurred. PRESIDENT OF THE NEW CONFEDERACY. A Georgia paper suggests Albert (Jallatin Br^wn, of Mississippi, for President, and James H. Hammond, of South Carolina, for Vice Pret.dent of the Southern repub lic. The Savannah liepvlAican dosires '.hat the names bo reversed. in order that the horso may be placed before and not behind the cart. TO THE OFFICERS OF THE NAVY. I.KTTF.K FROM LIEUT. CKAVKN, OF Til MOHAWK. Basely unprincipled incendiaries have scattered throughout our land doctrines of a revolutionary charac ter doctrines calculated to inilamc tho minds of the ex cILabloand thoughtless multitude?calculatou to mislead the weak and wavering, and to lead ou and incito to frenzy the needy adventurors?tliueo wolves of the human race who rejoice in that anarchy and disorder which loosens the restraints of law, and allords them occasion for indulgence in license and lapiue. Sad indeed in the history of tho world will bo the day which witnesses tho dismemberment of this confoderu tion?disastrous to the larch of human freedom and civilization?the event which blots from tho page of his tory our great and glorious nation of self-ruled men. I The oppressed of the earth, with hopeful hearts, have long regarded us as tho exponents of "Liberty, frator tity, equality." God avert from us the abating ac knowledgment that man is not capable of self govern ment. What a humiliating reflection, that man, in his passiens, can be ruled only by th? bayouet, by foro#? despotic force; his reasoning faculties gone, he sinks to the level of the brute; with no prlneiple to guide him, he yields only to forte. officers of the navy, be as over, loyal, brave and true; our beloved country is convulsed with distracting trou bles; our country is in dauger; the g. at temple of l.lber ty, founded by our fathers and dedicated to the use of the buraau race, now ? - It and totter* t.) Its base; de struction threaten.- it; the machinations of designing men have brougl . it to tho vorgc of ruin. Officers of the navy, our country Is in peril, and Si be hooves us, ?iy frit n<!s, to consider well aud ean.?*tly what are onr duties to the nation which ha.s given us honored places anions her sons: has enrolled us among her defend ers, has -'reposed spe ial trust and contUeuce in our valor, |>atriotism and fidelity." There Is no one among friends,however bumble bis rtatior who bar not, with (amiable pride, enjoyed the honor i f being s son ant or his country: one of hor do ferx'.ers on the seas; one of the fostered sons of the favor 1 ej arm of national oefence. Tl re can be no feeling more ennobling than that of him who bears arms inhmcoun tr\ m de>n?" let ?;s be slow to throw aside that armor; alow to abjure all allegiance, and never betray tho trust reposed In us. .. We have In n marked manner been the honored anil cherished sons of < ur country; our countrymen have with exalted estimate valued th exploits of our heroic men, whose dee i have shed such lustre on our flag, and car tied it in triumph and honor to all parta of the world; recollect, my fr? nds, that ouch one of us is a sharer in j all the glories won bj naval valor; our groat men have passed away, but they have left the honor of the navy, the I onor of the llag, In our keeping. Some among us have tad the fortune to do battle against our country's foes- all of us havo had each our Individual rut' in the grci t machinery b which tV whole is moved; tho fame of our lit2 belongs to us, and our duty la to rally to its I mipiort We must not forget that our nitla'ion Into the ser vice of our couiArj was by taking ? solemn oath "to I support tho cwistitution of the United Stales.' Thit | vow my friends. Is recorded on high, that vow wis I heard by Him who has said, " render unto Osar the things which are (Vsar's." Wo must beware how we lightly treat so solemn an oath it cannot be thrown on, we cannot ignore tho claims of our country; we may, it Is tr'1', cease t< m rve, but we cannot, dare t. t. otVetvl Ilii. y' t by turning our aims against those laws which we have sworn to sustain; nor can we he too guarded. lest by any act ?f ours a single suin is brought upon eur bright, escutcheon. let us n"t bo doc?ived by the vain and idle sophistries of ihose deluded men who would tell us that tho Unite! Fta'rs are only 'nund together by a weak alliance, to bo i shaken off at pleasure by any one, without even so much notice of the abrogation as cownuw decency baa estab lbbed as customary among the civilized nation* of the oarth. Lut us discard from our minds the illusions of these who would in fact poisuade us that we never had any nw^nality. If their arguments are correctly ba I we havn never indiwvl been one nation. Wo are mere pretenders, who have, without shadow of right, adopted a national style and law by which to impose upon man kind j I,rt us not llst< n to Hie reasoning of tho o who would seduce us frm our allegianco by speeial pleading and I abstract uuestlons of Slate sovereignty. "Remember vonr on th Remember!'' What have we to do with States? What, indeed, have you to do with Statre, those of you who, t>\ virlu" of your national ofllce, are dis frate liis<d by the law < of the States in which you r?' le" The I 1' ? n is our ci rtr.r; : the I'nlon is our .Hate; tlie cei.f t ut ion is or,- iw A creat trust devolves on ns. I?t not the poisonous bane of revolution have any spread an oup onr rank* 1-ot us show ourselves evi r worthy of i|,e c?nlid< mi ?? ot eur counti) men. We are not partisans. Ue most i<t l.s<en to treason in any shape or i rm. W eaiinot idvir* our dns|e? wit I b-in. rm'lv ? tronon; ai ?' bv no tt s*n of resi?onit?if can acts against tbe go%. -n in- id be ??? ? i any oth- r ? > ? ?' tro '*oi> The frme of our proudly waving tlag be'?to us, and u|rite\e1 no tb l i'e. i that honor .,1 n o' onr country that honored h olgo of our p wer? ? i'? rb > ? rati Hit l r "11 ?* let US b-ware that it ? 'te, ' ? through the navy T. AMU. ''IMll-N, l.niuienat.t t'<immaudsig 1. S "loan.i r Mohawk. IMPORTANT FROM CHARLESTON. I Washing-tow, Feb. 7,18?1. I Letters are reoeived this morning from Chark?t?o, bearing date February 4. Governor Pickens has yielded the point to allow Mnjor Anderson to make bis own con tract for provisions, consisting chiefly of fresh meat. II was very ditticult to tind parties who would venture to mako a contract, fearing tbey would be lynched, but a ? man was at last found, and ttie supply is being made ; twice etch week, but only for immediate use, so that the State authorities can Btop the supplies at any timo. The stories about mutiny and insubordination among i Major Anderson's men can find no better refutation than in the fact that many of the men have served their time out and are entitled to leave, but refuse to re-enlist, an4 declare they will never desert their post while Major Anderson remains or the flag waves over them, unless ordered away by their government. Some of these very men could have left with their wives on the 3d inst., but preferred to part with their better halves than their gal lant commander. The same advices assert that the greatest activity is going on on Sullivan and Morris Islands, and especially at Point Cummings, in the erection of batteries and la other preparations for attack upon Fort Sumter, which will undoubtedly take place the moment Colonel Hayns returns, as he is now In possession of the government's refutal to oomply with the demand of South Carolina to surrender Fort Sumter. A large num ber of men have been at work night and day at Point Cummings ever Bince Col. Hayne left, erecting earthen breastworks, said to be the best possible material for such purpose. Tin > had a very large force engaged on Sunday, hear ut it was supposed that Col. Hayne would return on Monday, and that hostilities would mmedlate ly commence. Cumnnngs Point Battery consists hi part of three co lumbiads and mortars. It is three-quarters of a mile south of Fort Sumter, being the nearest point of land; but the important fact attending Cumnungs Point Bat tery is, that it is directed against what is supposed to be the weakest place in Fort Sumter, which is three and a hull' feet thick and two hundred feet long. Of course when the United States government con structed Fort Sumter they did not calculate upon an attack from land by any portion of their own people, but built tho fortress with particular reference to the channel, and the approach of a foreign onoray in shipn. But time will show the South Carolinians that what they supposed to bo the weakest may prove not only tho strongest but the most dangerous point for them to illus' trale now; but Miyor Anderson will do so if a tost is made. More than this, should It be possible to make a breach in the supposed weak point, the South Carolinians could not enter by it, nor would any possible harm come to the men under M^jor Anderson. The floating battories being erectod tip In the cove near Mount Pleasant for beseiging Fort Sumter are of little account, an! an army officer writes that they will only convey those who take passage upon them to watery graves. One of the batteries which it Is the purpose of South Carolina to float against Fort Sumter, is being constructed at Marsh dockyard, nt the foot of 1'ritcharJs street, near laflitte's landing. It is said that ft will be three weeks befoieullthe floating and land batteries arj completed, and 11 is believed here that Col. Hayne knows the fact, hence he has consented to the delay which has been made, knowing that if ho should reach Charleston with an unfavorable reply from the President that an attack upon Fort Sumter would be precipitated before the se cessionists were fully prepared. It seems to bo settled, not only by letters official and private from Charleston, but by parties inside and out side the army, 'hat an attack will be made upon Fort Sumter, and that nothing can prevent it. It is said that Gov. Pickens has no power to control the masses, and they are ouly waiting either because they think the federal government will exhibit the cowardice to surren der Fort Sumter through Colonel Hayne, or bec&uso they urc not quite ready to make the assault. Other seceding State* are protesting against such action, but it does not seem to avail anything. The officers and men at Fort Pumter arc *11 well, and are confident that u|>on tho return of Lieutenant Hill hostilities will commence; honce tbo wives and children of tbo soldiers were sent to New York. Tbe physician at Fort Sumter has bsen quite 1U, but on the 4th instant had nearly recovered. The following is an extract from a private letter writ ten by a member of the garrison of Fort Sumter:? Fort Primal, S. C.. Jan. 27, 1861. Our presei l status may he described as the lull before tbe storm. The papers will tell you many things abouf us that are utterly and entirely false. We are yet re ceiving no fresh provisions of any kind from Charleston. A quantity of beef was sent Bome days ago, but as no ar rangement had yet been made with the authorities, we Mot it back, saying to Governor Pickens that If we were to be furnished as a right, we would make the customary urrniigeaicnts in ;own, but if it was seat as a civility or oourtesy, wo declined to receive anything. The papers here publish falsehoods every day. That we .-ire receiving freeli provisions is false; Uwt our boat was fired Into by a battery on SuUivau s Island is also false; and that Major Anderson is a secessionist is equally so. And thus It goes on. We have no way of making known our position except through Washington. We are. to all interns and pur poMf. in as perfect a state of siege its If actual war pre vailed. No boat It avei our lort for town, or approaches It, without a white flag. All communication, except oar mails, L* cut off. as it has alwivs been since we occuplod this fort. Our provisions arerunntng abort, and wehave now no sugar or coffee for the officers, and the men are on half rations. We have not enoogn Of anything but Hour and pork to last lor any length of tine. Oar wo men and children leave for New Fork on Wednesday. It In better they should be away. Our guns are all up, and we are waiting the progress of events. If the Crit tenden resohitions or their equivalent do not pass, the entire South !s gone. This fort Is oold and damp. We have insufficient fuel <ind food, and nothing but salt air to breathe, which I despise. But "a soldier's life Is always gay," you know. MAJOR ANDERSON AND THE CHARLES TON! A NS. TO THE KDITOR OK TI11C HKKALD. In yesterday nv rning s elty papers a report appeared purporting to give the declarations of passengers on beard the steamnblp Marion, from Charleston:? 1. That the passengers aforesaid were not allowed while In Charleston to purchase shoes for their children or medlcino for the siik. 2. That Colonel Anderson was being starred out and not allowed to recclve vegetables and fresh meats, being compelled to live upon salt pork and flour. The writer had an Interview yesterday with Captain Atlkins, of the Marion, in presence of Mr SpofTord, of the Urm of Spuflord k Tiles ton, who pronounced the statements to be utterly false lie stated that the pas sengers were not prohibited from purchasing anythiAg they pleased: that there was nut a single oaso of sick- | n>?i' among them, and that tboy were all well and hearty eaters acd in cheerful spirits. He further stated that though dolonel Anderson had n fused to recclve vegetables and fresli meats from the authorities, these articles wore sent to htm almost dally without Internpttoa by private citizens, one of whom, Colonel U?. was a friend of his and supplied him with vegetables in m his own gardens. TRl'fli. LETTER FROM MAJOR ANDERSON. Fort Svmtkr, 8. ft, Jan. 29.1S?1. 11. Ro?ie*, CoKrwunnxu Swrktakt of nu N'xw York .-T>TR Mil IT Alt Y Att?M UTIOV? Sir?There are so many things which require my at tention that I have only time to acknowledge, very briefly, Uie rcceipt of your letter of the 18th Instant, forwarding a copy of the resolutions of the Now York State Military Association approving the stejia takt n by me In this liarlior to assert the proper authority of the federal government and maintam the honor of our coun try's ling. I thank the association for the complimentary and pleasing terms in which they allude to what I have, by the blessiags of Cod, done in the hope of preserving peace, and, also, for the honor oonferred upon me by my election iih an h< norary member. Accept, if you please, my thanks for the oTpresslon of your own approbation of mv oourso. and believe mo to be, very rsspestfully, your obedient servant. KOBKKT ANDERSON, Mator United States Amy, c.'ounandmg. THE SOUTH CAROLINA CUSTOM HOUSE. Coujstor's Orm-l,) Qbaruowoo, 8. C . Feb. 2,1M1. >' How. A. O. Ma?;r*th, Htats Imrumnotr ? sm?I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of ) our letter, requesting me to Inform you how the busi ness of this efftoe, store the paenage of the ordinance of secession to the preseut time, compares with tho busi Bees during the mm* period in other years. The orotcanen of sec east 00 wis paaeaS on the 20th De er n.her, hnt Ute Custom 'louse, s? jnm remember, o'? tsk.n possession of by the state until the 27tb 0( that month In rtplyisg to vour inquiry. therefore, I a in HFHime tMs last date as tbo proper period at which to cemntence the eom|iarlson. 1 enclose you a SMtStnenA shewing tbe amonnt of '?uties ret *?' <1 >n c??h aod ?cured br bond so ware k> used goods for the two periods met)turned, alto the value of foreign exports and the number of arrivals and clearances 0f vessels. You will observe that so far as the duties are concern ed, the amount received m cash and secured by bond, since the secession of the Slate. exceeos tbat for the same r*riod of'the previous year, with the explanation have given in relation to the cargo of the Kmily St. Pierre. No record baa ever been kept in the office of onr coast wise exports, and I cannot, therefore, give you any of ficial information on tins head. That information must be sought Irom tho newspapers As to our foreign ex ports you will observe a considerable decrease in the list period. This is owiug to several causes, and among them to the fact that an unusually Urge amount of eovton and other merchandise was shipped just previously to the ordinance of secession, and since that time much of our exports have gone forward to Northern port#, to be shipped from there. Ttio cotton crop hits also been very slow in coming forward. In regard to our prospect*! "f business for tho coming Mason, I would submit the followiug remarks. Under any circumstance*, the business of tho approaching sea sou would be comparative!) light, in consequvuoo of tlie short provision crop in several of the States which trale with us. What amount of business wo may do in this ?tote of things will depond very much upon the ques tion of peace or war. If we have peace wo will have a lair amount of huskiest, hut not as much as In the years Immediately preceling thu. The shortness of the pro vIsm. 11 crope, to which 1 have alluded, will be oue cause; and in addition to this, the credit of our merchants his no doubt beeu aflbMad by the chance in our political re lation*. I am informed that the orders of merchants have been reduced, and in some cases countermanded, and as a general result wo may expost a considerable de duction in our business for the coming season. On the other band, if we establish a new government, and maintain peaceable relations with all other States aud nations, we may coiitldfiit'y look forward to a very ex tended Increase in our trade and commerce. 1 have the honor to be, very respectfully, yourobe dlent, W. ?. OOLOOCK, Collector. The following is a comparative statement of the busi ness of the Custom House at Charleston, S. C., from 27th Iieoember, 1869, to .'list January, I860, and from 27th December, I860, to 31st January, ImM ? 1*59-60 1860-61. 0Mb duties received this period. $00 007 97 14,.'>32 18 Duties on bonded goods in ware house this period... 2,462 &0 27 693 02 Value of foreign exports this pe riod 3,095,618 00 005,717 00 Total $3,158,278 47 947,042 20 No. vessels arr from for. ports. 68 21 Do. clearing for" "... 61 19 Do. arr. from coast." ... 98 47 Do. clearing for" "... 67 64 Total 269 1*1 Cash duties aud duties ou bonded goods at this $02,660 47 42 226 20 Add duties ou Kmily st. Pierre, which vessel arrived here in January, but went to Suvan nab and did nut return till 30th, estimated at 25,000 00 Total $67,226 20 62,660 47 Inoroase $4,666 73 CHARLESTON AND ITS FORTIFICATIONS. TO T1IK KDITOK OK TUB HERALD. No. 107 Kast FxKvtjmi Stkebt, Feb. 4,1861. Having just arrived from Charleston, ri. C., whero I have been for tho past eighteen mouths engaged by the Btotc authorities, teaching navigation on board of the marino school ship, being obliged to resign my com mission or take up arms against the Hag of my cjuntry, I chose tho former. Seeing an article in the Hkrji.o of the 2d, from the cormpondonco of the Baltimore American, dated Charleston, Jon. 29, 1861, stating that thero were about fifty largo pieces of ordnance, to gether with several bombs and howitzors mounted on the Citadel green and on tho Battery (pro menade) of Charleston, ban induced me to submit to you a few facts, and through you to tho public, if you feo* disposed to give thews few lines a space in your valuable paper. Up to the 26tb of January there wore but four guus mounted on Charleston Battery, and three on tho Citadel green, at which latter place there were two more ready to mount, all oniy twenty-four-pounders, there were neither bombs nor howitzers. The nearest place at which a land force can be of any service against Fort Sumter is Oommings l'olnt, being only six-tenths 01 a mile distant. On this pioint u shell battery has been erected, together with a few pieces of cannon the same as ubove. Fort Moultrie is this seeond place that can be of any service In reducing Fort Sumter. This fort has ten eight-inch Columbians, mounted directly in range with Sumter, and Is the only fort which has any columbiads mounted. Fort Johnson Is one and a half miles distant from Sum ter, and Is mounted with a few cannon of 24-pound cali bre. The batteries on l.ighthousc Island are three and three-eighths miles distant, and mostly of small artillery and consequently cannot reach Sumter. Castle Pinckney is two and a half miles distant, and can bring but three 42 pounders and eleven 32 pounders against Sumter?these with little or no effect. The Green and Charleston batteries are miles from Sumter, and are only to be used in caac vessels should get Into the harbor. Fort Sumter htm four 42 pounders, tlve 10 incli columblads, and seven 32 poun<!ers to bear on Fort Moulirie, the former in Iximbprooi" casomates. also an equal number against Fort Johnson and Commtngs I'oint. Major Anderson has now nearly all his guns mounted, having thirty guns mounted on the ramparts to sweep the horizon, most of them 32-pounders. and can be so ele vated as to strike on object at the distance of a quarter of a mile from its walls. Kvery part of the fort lias been strengthened so as to make it bombproof. Since my arrival in New York I have hoard a great many say Fort Wumter cannot be reinforced wiihout opposition from the troops or authorities of Charleston, and a serious loss of life. This I believe to bo altogether wrong. Fort Sumter can be reinforced, and thai, too, without the loss of a man. This, however, ran only be accomplished In one way. Should opportu nity ofllsr I would willingly offer mv services, mid am confident of success. 1 am also of the opinion that tho Charlestonians cannot take Fort Sumter Xtyor Ander son urn, even with the small force at his command, re pulse them,from whatever quarter the attack miy come, as long as his provisions and ammunition hold nut. CAIT J. a SALUTE AT TROY IN HONOR OP VIRGINIA. Trot, Feb. 7,1861. One hundred guns were tired at twelve o'clock to day, by the I)eU and Everett I'nlon party, in honor of Vir ginia. ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COMMISSARY GENERAL OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK. Through the kindness of L. F. Cozans, member of As sembly, we are in receipt of a copy of the Annual Report of the Commissary General of the State or Now York for 1860. That officer states that tbe Military Store Department of the State is deQcient in almost every respect, having no serviceable military stores to issue until after tho next contribution of the general government, which will be received, doubtless, by the latter part of the present month. He calls tbe attention of tho Governor to the unfriendly attitude of some of the States of tbe confederacy, and also to tbe fact that tbe groat body of the organized mill tin of the State are not supplied with reliable offensive and defensive weapons. The Governor, tn reeponso to ttie recommendations of the Commi. wary Genera], in a communication to the legislature, and in order to meet any emergency that may arise, calling for the assistance of tbe State troops, recomm< nds to that botly that a suitable appropriation from the treasury be authorized to be used, under the ordinary restrictions, at the discretion of tbe Military Department, and a Mil is now before the l egislature providing for the appropriation of half a mil lion of dollars to arm the troops of the State. CONVENTIONS IN FEBRUARY. During tbe month of Fekanary elections and conven tions will be held in nearly every one of tho Southern States. I .ike south Carolina in tbe cotton States, Virginia leads off in the border movement. Tbe following it a calendar >f the movement* in tbe Southern States for the month Of February ? Feb. 4.?Congress of cotton States at Montgomery, Ala. Feb. i?Conference proposed by Virginia at Washing ton. Feb. 4.?Virginia, election for convention. Feb. 6 ?Tennessee, election for convention. Feb. It.?Virginia, convention meets. Feb. 18 ?Arkansas, election lor convention. Feb. 1*?Missouri efertltm for convention. Kelt. 2&?Teueasee, convention meets Feb. 28,?North Carolina, election for convention. Feb. 88;?Missouri, convention meets. The Ari<ansaa Convention (if called bv the people,) will meet Marcn 4, and the North Carolina Conveutlon on the suo wding Monday, March 11. ' N<> act i?n has yet been taken in the States of Kentucky, Maryland and I'elaware. In the elections IB Tennessee, Arkansas and North Carolina, the people will vote for delegates, and at the sane turn designate whether or not It is tueir will that a convent iw shall be balden. If a majority say "aye,"' the convictions will assemble at the times appointed. In Virginia, Tennessee. Arkansas. Mi sourl and North Carolina,'he action of tneir respective conventions will be submitted to tbe approval or disapproval of the people. MATTERS AT CRARLE8T0WN NAVY YARD. The report that the "steam frigates Colorado, Missis slppi and Minnesota, now at Boston, are at once to be put in requistion fir service connected with the collection of tbe reveitie at certain ports where the name cannot be collected by the usual means," is presumed to be Incor rect. ss n> orders of this character bavo been recolved at the Navy Yard. It wfll -squire some time to (It them for sea, as two thousand men would havo to be shipped, and considera ble repairing dons. ? We are also informed by the best authority that tl\e brip Bainkridge has not been ordered to sea, the orders were merely |o Uaw boom repair log dune upon her. THE PEACE C0JVGEES8. Proceeding* of the Northern Free and Birder Slave States at Washington. FOURTH DAY Wahhikoto*, Feb 7,1801. The ?OHf>K>n of the Peace Congress to day was very brief. They met at ten o'clock, and the following gentlemen were named by the respective delegates as members of the oomnilttee, to whom all the question!) of adjustment are to be referred and who are to report some plan of set tlement lhe committee is not regarded by thuee who know them as likely to be harmonious. There uro Home good men on this committee, but there are a majority agaiu*t any adjustment which will be satisfactory to the South Bore ifi the committee:? Guthrie, Ky., Chairman. Johnson. Maryland. Fowler, New Hampshire. Seldon, Virginia. Hall, Vermont. Ruffln. North Carolina. Amen, I'.hoiie Island. 4iuthrk>, Kentucky. Baldwin, Connecticut. Kwing, Ohio. Vioom, New Jort-ey. Smith, In< iann. White, Pennsylvania. l,ogau, Illinois. Bates, Delaware. Harlan, low*. The delegates to the Peaco Congress assembled this morning, and at twelve o'clock proceeded in a body to the White House and paid their respect* to tho Presi dent. Some of the mombers, fearing thai their co:isti tuents would learn through the press what they said to Old Buck, and what ho said to them, insisted that the interview should be in secret, henco the reporters were excluded. They remained but a short time. Tho delega tions were introduced to tho President by John Tyler. It Is believed that the {Peace Congress will ignore all details in regard to the settlement of tho question between tho Northom and Southern States, and will re commend tho calling of a United States Convention to amend the constitution. This will give the people, in tlieir primary capacity, an op|*>rtunlty to consider tho subject, and send such men as will comprehen<yhe groat issues, and who will not lock themselves up iu a dancing hall, to the great disgust of the whole nation. Mr. Franklin, ono of tho Pennsylvania l'eaco Commis sioners, Is conflnod to his room by a severe attack of erysipelas. Mr. Wilmot has not resigned, but will not bo here. The Pennsylvania Commissioners have signified their willii gness to accept the Crittenden compromise. Generals Doniphan and Caller and Judgo .lu'mson, Cora missicneis to the Peace Congress, have arrived. THIRTY-SIXTH CONGRKSS. ?KCUND SESSION. Senate. WAHinxoroK, Fob. 7, lftfll HB01XTI0N8 OF M'.W JF.RSKY ON THK CUU8?REMARK* OK MK. THOMSON. Mr. Thomson, ("pp.) of N. J., presented several peti tions In favor of the Crittenden resolutions. He also pre sented the resolutions of the Legislature of New Jersey, which his colleuguo had presented during his ubseuoe, ami said he ontlrely dissented from the views of his col league. lie conteuded that th<) instructions in tho reso lutions wcro tho real views of the majority of the peoplo in the State, and that a State had a right to instruct her Senators, who should obey or resign. lie wm very much surprised at the course of his collcugue. Ho thought tho people of New Jersey never were more in earnest than they are now in the opinion that tlie South have cause for complaint, and that some guarantees should be given them. Yet he must say that the coui so of tho South in seizing the forts, arsenals. Ac., lias done much to weaken kindly feeling in tho Northern States. Nothing wis more fatal than the doctrine of secession. If art mitted, tho government must fall to pieces. He said a portion of his colleague s speeches looked to coer cion; but the coercion ot Stales was an equally fatal doc trine. The I'nion could not bo preserved by blows and bloodshed. He deprecatod civil war, and made au appeal to save the Union by concessions on both sides. IfeMr. Tkn Kvck, (rep ) of N. J., replied, and saW ho had no desire to avail himself ol his OClleaguc's absence. He contended the resolutions did not express the calm feeling of the people, as shown by the vote* of the ruoeut elec tion; but uie resolutions sent were rushed through the Senate of Now Jersey when four members were sick. MKMORI4IS I'KJ-ATTVM TO Till IKISLS. Mr. Cou-axkk, (rep ) of Vt., presented a petition from tve citizens of Vermont, asking Congress to adopt an amendment to the constitution similar to the border States pro|>ositioiis. Me said he was willing to do all in the power of Congress, but not any thing which was noi allowed by the constitution, which Kays that Congress may propose amendments to be submitted to the States: and further, if States want amendments let them say so by convention, and Congress must agreo. If the State call sach a Convention and adopt amendments, Oougres must send them to the States for ratihcation. Hut does the government need more delegated power? No. Hecjstead ed that the provision of the constitution was perfocNy plain, but none of tho complaining States nave taken any means to secure amendments in a constitutional way, yet Congress was atked to make amendmtnts which somebody conjecture* the States need. He never would attempt to make any such amen tments, which none of the Statce, he said, wanted. Suppose two or three States present amendments, asking Oougres* to submit them to the States. In his judgment, Or>ngr<?s couM not pans 011 the merits of such amendments, but present them to tho States as the request of certain States. He quoted as a prcced<nttho former amendments made in 17*0, when Congress took tho same course. His views would govorn his votoa. Mr. Camkron, (rep.) of Pa., presented a petition, signed by live thousand citizens of Philadelphia, representing probably thirty or forty thousand people, In favor of the Crittenuen Bigler resolution. SI'KM H OT MR. WKiKALL ON T1IK CRISIS. The lTesldoiit's message was taken up. Mr. Vkjmii., (opp.) of Texas, proceeded to reply to tho Senator from Tennessee (Mr. Johnson). Ho said that the Senator from Tennessee seemed to think that he had been the object of special attack, and now after six weeks silence he complains that he has b"on misrepre sented, and denies that he ever was in favor of coercion Certainly such was the edict of the speech of the Sena tor, and it was too late now to deny It. The Senator complained that his great argument had not been an swered. But when did the Senator make any great argu mcnt? He (Mr Wigfall) had not hoard any surh argu ment. The Senator (Mr. Johnson) seemed to think that the farewell of the Senator from I<oulsiana < Mr. Benja min) aud the disruption of the I'nion was a farce, and yet he pretended to love the I'nion. Mr. Wigfall here referred to the treaty of the cossion of I/niisiana, and contended that the Senator Irom Tennessee did not give a fair construction of it, and so it was in regard to the admission of Alabama A monstrous perversion of the doctrines of Jacks'iu and nationalism had been charged upon him by the block re publicans He read from a number of documents to show that Jacksoa considered this government as "a compact of states." He then argued against the right of coercion, ami said that sny attempt to emorce tho laws upon ludi v id mils In a State was the sam thing as tho coercion of a State, and would bring on a civ li war. He contended th it Jefferson and Jackson bad avowed tho right of secession, and he read copious extracts from their writing* and speeches to sustain this position. He cl lmed that Madi son understood that the Hates oould alany time renounce the constitution, and such was the understanding of most of the States when they ratified the constitution. Ho do nied that the Hreckinndge party ever Intended to break up the l."nion, but they demanded that the property of the Southern Stales shosld bo proU-cl'-d. Sis States thought It not sale to remain in tho Union when two millions of people In the North hail voted thai their property ought to be confiscated. They might talk about ibe Helper book, but Helper ha'! never uttered anything so f landrous against the South as the senu merits uttered by a Southern * nator on this floor. What black republican ally bad told the Seuator thai tho South wanted to make war on Mexico* It was a slapder. They have enough to do to take care of themselves. Mr. Wig fall then paid a high and eloquent tribute to the Senator from Mississippi (Mr. Davis). The Senator from Tennes see (Mr. Johnson) had attacked him (Mr. Davis) in Ins absence. If the Senator from Mississippi had boon Isfi he would have answered the Senator from INMMI, "lord Angus, thou lutat Hod." (Ixud applause iu the galleries.) Mr. Cbardub, (rep.) of Mich., moved that the galleries be cleared. The Prskhknt fMr. Foots in the shair) ordered that the galleries at the right "men's gallery'' be cleared. It was done. Mr. WmMLt proceeded?He said the South had no de Sire to make war, but it tiilcoded to live under S'ich vo vernment ss it saw tit. Six States had gone out becaus ? they chose to do so. and had revoked the treaty called tbe constitution, though they might bo willing to make another. He claimed that the South had a mine of wealth in cotton, and gave a picture of the destroyed oomm?>rc" of the North if the porta are blockaded, whtch will be considered an act of war. A vessel with a flag of thirty three stars will be fired on If it comes into port carry in* the flag with the stars which ihev have plucked thence, will be considered an Insult, lie quoted fr >m the New York Ihhmt'i notices of Mr. Johnson's speech, anj coo tended that the Senator from Tennessee always had been seeking popular applause. On motion of Mr. Wnjwff, tho subject was postjonfil till Monday. Adjourned. House of Representatives. Washington, Feb. 7, 1861. The House proceeded to the consideration of the bill reorganizing the Patent Office and amending the I'ateut saws. It i am* from the Senate last session, and was now passed bj the lleuse with amendments. Tho House resumed the costsIderatlon of the report of the Committee of Thirty three. Mr. Oris win. (rep ) of Ohio, gtve notion tliat h? will not move to close tbe debate iinlil to-morrow week, in order to give njl gentlemen who deal's to 'a.teak? grunt or iiknky wivrr* navm on tub crisis. Mr. Da* is, of Md., rose to address tbe HoiAs. He said thai the people have been demoralized by eur early mi 1 premature excesses. Th? government has been shorn or every aspect of dignity and law, and the President Ui ceased u. be accompanied by forces and Uie emblems i-r mpr. rue authority. The successor of lieorgo Wasb iiigtcn u> expoct. d lo meei every demand wnti wreathed ?miles an.l gracious condesc. nsious. rhe struggle fop urty power ti*i brought the two sections face to face on "',"t parous subject of agitation-tiie slavery qu siion rj? &e are tlie onlj causes to be assigned for mLih p,">,"'r"""on presented within ono .? u . J*". Blecllon ?ccor-iing to the forms !L *"* K wvulco or menace we And six . i U|,urpca Uie extraordinary prerogative or rebelling ugainst the supreme law of the land and assuming to be indepeudeut Cowers, seising forts ? hips, An, and insulting the uatloual Hag. Ww havo fhl." a'*lr,bllt|LK the public arms in ihe . outli lor the ben* tit of tnose who are about to re sist public authority and wage war; we have seen Com misnotiers, flagrantly iu violation of the constitution wandering from state to State stirring up rebellion we huve seen a Caoin. t Minister, still hold ng hm comoas sien and still hound by oath to suppo-t the uotwlitution, goitg Inn,self, as a Coniui:ssiouer, from one State to unother or the p i pi ne of organizing another part of tin* (.reat great scheme of rob? llion, we have seen a l*re sidi-ut neglecting the most solemn warning of the Urst military oiiicer of too age, in allowing the forts to ba taken possession ot: *o have seen him, subsequently mak'ugburgau.s for |>euco with the d is union is in, uatli he shall he ffiu ved from the responsibilities of office, 11 e j'nd o| eti nil Dg the public prop, rty and vindicating I in i, honor, and without rumondtranco permitting th 1 woik oi <: ^integration to go on. His ascension t"> !"! t ,TM\rr* Bllow;H Ul* "tUjr incapacity for th i i residential honors showered upm h m. We havs u 1*,? Cabinet omcer Preside" t ,i i' " invention, dec'aring it is their pu> Ouul > U> i-evt r their connection with the l.'uited 'iH -j and take an ilw consequences of establishing a sovereign and independent republic. We are drivoa to one ot iwi? alternatives, un<t wo must recognise what wo are ji. rorm? d is at. a complished (net, cot to be recalled, or wo nuis'. uiusii to acknowledge it, and accept of all the re s portabilities an ached to that refusal. Mm did not wish to quarrel about words, but the constitution and laws of the I tilled Mat. s must '? eulorced, and those who sUnd ucinss 'he pith oi that enforcement must either destroy the |Ki\vt i ol the United Mat' ? or it will '.entroy them (AppHus.- m ihu galli rn s. i lie trusted that this condl lion wmh ft'i turtas or thousands of years dietant. Tho ? eveiit.e u ay be uollected ou shipboard, and the laws of commerce enforced by not allowing vessels to pass out without |?i^iers from the I tnted Sites authorities and the I'1 ?Hal facilities cun bo continued <ir h impended actor ing to the circumstances of the locality, and the courts ol justice may he Bupporred as in Ltah, or thoir juriediction he ? xtended in the Statf-s where there is no disturbance. Ihcsoaro clear.y aiid peac fu 1 measures for eDloicing ilit* Jaws, and tlio Iniioo -kites govern nient U vested under the c^nstitut ou witn ade quate power to meet sut h emergencies, and may dis pose of the troops and sink ships without war. .titer f'.rthi r discussion h.i said he could upeak lor Mary ?utiti (uj pUuse in iho >jal!< ries) who lias eouidenco in tho strength of the gnat government who promts her Mr. Ki \kh , (opp.j cl Aid.?If you speak lor tho Statu ol Mary oi.d, I iiesire to be heard. Cries oi "Order'' from the republican sido. Mr. l?A\ le?1 decline to yield the floor. Mr Ki sski? (annd cries ofMirder")?Wonotrpeak Tor Mary laiai?speak lor y our.-eli. Mi. Davis?I represent t'i<- Fourtli 'Vmgrestional ills trict oi Mdi ylain', unt! ruuiiot s*iy wht ther 1 w<i8 cloctcd thcwLolcof Muryland or not. ! will upeak for what I k tube ih?! of tho pi oplu ol Maryland. (Kntbufu. lie applause, particularly iu tnogilleruw ) Mr.,, (opp / ni S. Y., pointed to iho fact tftat per S' tii aim ii I'd to the (loor were seen clapping their liiiia.s. lie said (hat if iirder was not preserved in tho galierim lie should muv Hint thc.i he cleared. Cries of ''Order Irtnii tli ? repu lic?in side. Mr Iiams lemarked that Ins friends would cinfor a favor by refraining from expressing their approbation 1 M'KAM.h iii>|n d that .)? . sous iu all pans of the hall would preserve order. Mr. Hams I did S|*'iik To- tho pcoplo >,t Maryland. Vhoever ir ay make me i. sue on u.o other sido I will n,?et. I wi I meet him fi in -i. Mary's to Vllcghucy. I will nieet him in every county (Applause) Mr. ki .nkki ?I will uie^t joii heri Mr. Wi.ssic.w, (opp j oi S. C , ros , aixl culled uttcn tioti to the disorder preva ling ,u th aliened. Ihe m hAM ii hoped tha? ail pr ??ei.t would observe or der. uiid that there woulu be no further cause tif com plaint. Mr. 3iix.w;r, (rep.) of N. Y.,said it ill became gentle rnen ou the other side to make objeotious when treason hud been preached. Mr Inns resumed, rejieutii g that Marylt nd does not rcci gn He the n^ht ot sece.ssiou ho do' s not recognise the right to repeal the supreme law. If any convention should he called there, ot wliato\f r character and under w he liver auspices, those who should presume to inaugu rate u revolution would iuw wuh revolutionary resist ance on 'ho soil of Mar) luud uudor tho st irs aud -trip<>s. Ihey will not Allow ?iitli?*i tho io ijority or tho minority to drug them from the Ll/un. Within Uiu j u?d .w? m< n who will assume resistance to anything lookli/g to armed rebellion. Mr. Ki nks!.?Does my colleague Inaugurate it now* Cries of "Order" from thu republican sido. Mr. lUvis, resuming, expressed his contempt for plat "Tins, as they were suils to catch (sinular breezes, and in t ot elusion advocated the repei t of the miiicrity of tho committee. Mr. SKisiwrcK, (rep.) of N. Y., after speaking of the seizure of the forts and ether public property, and tho disloyalty of tlie olllcers of the army and navy, said that so powciless and low had this government fallen inat even Morula, insignificant us she is in respect to popula tion, is Happing her disunion banner 'n the f*oe of tho I tnted Stales, and we hive recently been told that a truce has been declared between the general government and ilie hostile army in that State, rhe golden oppor tunity for stopping disunion has been lost, i?nd wi must now regain by slow steps what inconsiderate or cowardly conduct has permitted to be wrested fi om us. Tho reme dies for the specific complaints, projioied bv tho com mute, leave tho real difficulty wholly untouched. Ilo was opposed to tbo whole or Bhcui. Nothing short of the incorporation in the constitution of the Ureckinridge platform, with the Hred Scott decisio-1, would satisfy tho rebels Jdo was opp mod to compromise because the comi aiats were as utterly groundless us the remedies were puerile. A permanent I nlon between the free and slave - rates Is a failure Ho would consent that the slave Stale- should go into a new and separate confederacy, with tli tull consent of all the |>arti<s,and provide for a grudual em tucipats<n of the slaves in ruch of the slave states as might remain with the North. AMKXDMKSTK TO TTIK OOXBTTnTIO*. Mr. \ aimnmoiiam, (opp ) of Ohio,oil, red prnpositioni to amend tlie constitution by diviviug th-i I.H'ted Suites luU? lour sections, the New Ingltnd and Middle Slates to coLstituti.'one, the Nortliwegt. rri talesano' her. the I'acitlj suites another, and the Southern States e ist of the Rio (irsrn e another; these sections to be called respectively the North, the West, ttu f'acslic and the south; new States within the prescribed limits ol each section to bo a part el such section; the Untiido of thirty degrees thirty minutes to the J'.jcky Mountains to be the lino betwmn the West and <outh On tlie denia id of one third of the .Senators of any section, a vote upon any thing requiring the concur renco oi the House, It neces. sary, sliall be had by sections, and a minority o. the S< nators from ea- h nection shah be nec??arv to the tossage of a measure. Two of tho electors lor lYeai dent and Vice President shall be rhoeea i?r ea. h Stat??; tbo other electors iu each State to be chosen by the Congressional districts; a majority of to*; ejectors in f*aih KCtiou to b? noccsHary to tho choice of I>rcsldcut and Vice Pr? lent and a mnjorlty of the States of each section and Senators ot each section, shall bo necessary to the cnoice of Pre sident and Vice President in the I'ouse or Senate when ever the right of choice devolves upon them, the term of President and Vice I'rrsident to be six years and they are to be is di^iblo for a second term,' except by the vote of two thtrda ..f the electors or each ?tction Congress Is to provide bv law for the coso of a lailtue of the Hons to choose a l*resilent and of iho Seratc to cuo. \ ,.u Preaidei t, nnd also in fuch case fer a special election within six m oths fr' t the fourth of March No state sb 11 seccuo withoutc msent ol the I egisiatures of all th-^ State* of he section to which It belongs. The President is to hive the power toaejurl the terms with the se?;edlng Stutes, and tho Urm'are net to be valid till approved by Congress. N< tlfcrr <.o'?gre>8 nor a TerriUiri i' bpglAUturo in to mter ferr witii nir: tion, on <f)uai t- riun, of tlie citizen# of the several sections, nor shall either have the power to destroy or mpair the rights oi ,?erson and property in ihe lerritorics. New fltatos are t? be a<lmitt4iu wltto any constitution, republican in form, * Inch the people there<jf may ordain. On motion of Mr Wr^stow. the House took up and passed a joint resolution a ithori/?"g Lieut. Cra.en.of the ^avy, to receive a medal and ' ma from the span sh government for services render ed the >?aoi< o of a wreiked vessel. Tint nt TTSH O!* tlreoSTS. Mr. Bkxiw, (opp.) of N. V., asked leave to introduce a resolution ( ailing on the Secretary of the TVeasury to Inform the House whether tlie duties on imports oon Mnue to be collected in the ports of south Ctuotna, Ceorgia, Alabama, Louisiana ami Florida. Mr. CIumib, (opp ) of N. C\, ohjccte<t. Mr. Sicvrss said this was the only reliable modo of ob tainlrg correct ofeimation. gave notice to offer tbo re-olutHm Monday. Recess till peven o'clock. KVKKIHO ?i*B?ION. Mr. I j-'?'if, (opp.) of N. (I, argued that the dogma of > eceesion had no " arrant in the constitution. *1e advo cated the tYittenden Biglor proposition and remitting tbo question In the |ieeple, whom some republicans ani Southern "Urals's are afraid lo trust. The first gun th*t s fired in coercion will ur.te tho entire !?outh in a oom mon cause. The borde: slave SUtes love the Union. He concluded by making a calm and earnmt appeal in their behalf for constitutional guarantees, Mr Jtuktji, (rep)-l Pa., favored the propositions of Ihe (onniiittoe of ni!r'? three, believing they embiaced virtually t|ie 'estorate ? of the Missouri Compromise Mr. Auwt, (opp ) of i 'ilo, argued against me right of fctcession and the Sou'u irn revolutionary movements. Mr. Cakkt, (r>p.) of tihlo, spoke of secession m being thick wit) the blackest treason leave the present dilllc Jfy to the psoplo and there will he a h(*ter s< liment than by attempting to leglslste oti the Subject. If Ihe border Sl*tf men w(H kl ts:k as his friend isivis, of Maryland, did today, it woukl not bo two weeks before tho traitors would tremble in their sis es. 1 here were not over ten members 'n the House to night dutlrg the delivery of the s[s-e?'.hes, ;ud about two dqzen lisi< i.ers In the g'lil' rles. Adjourued,

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