Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 15, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 15, 1861 Page 2
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AUIFAL OP THE NEW YORK. TWO DATS LATER FROM EUROPE. BOMBARDMENT OF GAETA CONTINUED. TBS PARISH QUBIROir. DISCONTENT IN BRITISH INDIA. IRON CASED FRIGATES IN FRAJfCE. AFFAIRS UK CULM, MOROCCO, SERTIA, The steamship Now York left .Southampton on Tuesday January 20. She brings $32 000, ?9,680 and 62 600 franca in specie?oyer $90 ,000 in all. The specie list La distributed as follows ? Nesmitli & ^ns ?2 015 W. H. Riversmlth... .$6,472 Bunge, Bur lagc & Co. 6,(100 F. T. Aschmann \ Co. 10,130 B. W. Miller 386 J. A. Abrey l,6fo flaw ley Stone 670 Antonio Cokln i 32,626f. W. H. Newman St Co 411 l*ratt & Ileum $021 Bank or o>m emi oo. 1,000 John E. Hyde fe Sons. i4<) la hi mn & Star buck. 30,000t\ A Cabinet Council was held on Saturday at the officla reeJence of Lord Palmer ton In Downing street. The Growth and Prosperity of the Ameri can Republic. (Trom the l/>nrt>ti Times, Jan. 28.1 If the threatened di.-solutionof the United SUtes should be actually cousuminitUd, its citizens will enjoy a sing 1 lar opjoit unity of conienip'.ating, at the very crisis of their oestum-s, the magnitude and splendor or the point, cat fabric which they have just destroyed. The yoar of the secession was also the year of the census. At tho moment that the federal government was receiving tho onvoys 01 imupenoent Carolina it whs receiving also ilio returns ol the imputation and progress 1 roni tho several States of iho I For the eighth time onlv since the crtgin of tho coiiiedcincy, and yet lor the Usi'tiuie, per htt|>s, tn its history, the great republic lias taken stock of its people. It has numbered and claRsitled its c.tizens, counteo its gaiis ma put its growth upon rocord, and now it seems as u it were resolved on terniluatimi its existence. If it -oed so It will die in a blazu. Its progress has out ?tripped even the speculations of its own rulers Teu years ,.g;>, at the taking of the seventh census, some Americans down to calculate the probable numbers of the population iu i860,,just as a thritly trader ou ba lancing ins accounts will indulge himself iu computing the prospective accumulations of such n surplus as ho ha.- just discovered. They made out that the United States would contain at the period which has now arm c 1 an nggiegato population of 31 095,665 The reckoning has actually boeu verillel, and with a little, to spare. The numbers arc 31,874,656. Notlmg liko eucn grow th has ever been witnessed in the old states of Europe. Tho increase during tho rte cade has beou upwards or8.0W),C00; the per centage thir ty-five. Out own country has made great strides, con sidering the numbers who emigrate but we can only feliow such a per c< niage of increase in very rare in stances, upon insignificant areas, and under special con ditions. Ot all th- counties or Kuglaud and Wales two ooly duiing the present century have grown at this rale and Uk*h< are the contiguous shires of Monmouth and Glamorgan. In the year 1801 they contained 115 000 11 o pie. They now coutain some 400,000, and Merthyr l v dvil can account probably for a good deal of tho result.' The gro*s incroaee, however, or the entire population was never like thirty -dve per cent in a decade: iu fact, it was never ha;r as much. At tho last cotsus it was between twelve and thirteen per cent tor the w hole of Croat flrl tain. In a few months' time wo shill again be able to suri ey our progioss, but it w ill certainly not approach the American ialo, however satisfactory it may prove. The Ftaiisucs of the provincial returns are Iu some cases perlecuy astounding. Not only -inglo citire. but whole 5tat< s have actually doubled their number?, and Chicago ha. all but quadrupled its popul it ion. In 1S50 it contained leas than 30,0C0 inhabitants: it udw contain. nearly 1)0 0U). 'I he Stale of New York has increased by about 800 OO0, I'ennsylrania by 000 000, .Massachusetts by 400,000, ami Illinois by little short of a million. In the Northwest the progress has been ext, ordinary. The three stales of Michigan, Wisconsin, aud Iowa hardly contained between them more inhabitants in 1SC0 than ' Wiseont in alone contains at the present time. Iow.i.tnpir J licular, had a population of 192,214 in 1850, whereas itn?w numbers its 67b.436 souls. The Americana carry into these reckonings a spirit or rivalry which is quite amusing 1 They pe li iheir population* a th. y do their cle:tois, an.i Us k tor tho returns or th? enumerators aR wu do for the declaration of the Mayor on the day after a tremendous contest between w hig and tory. The roccnt census h ip l-encd to place Cincinnati 2,110 below St I/juIs on the ^reat national poll, lis citizens protested against the return, d. nianded a scrutiny. and instituted a private c u?us ci thuir owu to test tbeofliriul tigun-s. Their procw-ditgs resulted in a decisive victory. They unco vered thai ibey had been underrated by 11,238 in ha hitants, and pulled down accordingly tho majority of St Lernis with a g<s>d 8,000 to spare. It will not surprise any one to learn that tho Southern States are let t in arrear by the Northern 111 th<*e st itl? tica; but the contrast is not quite *0 strong as it appear* to be at first Right. The Southwest mukes progrese, just as the Northwest does, and for the same reason tint the push of the whole population is westward. Still, l enn sylvanlu and New York have not tared like \ lrginia. \ lrginia began in 1700 by heading the whole list of the Htates in the numbers of its population, in 1KG0 it hid ?IrojuK d to the fourth place, and anotlier place had been lost by the return' Just made. North Carolina was originally fmirth in the list, and South Caro lina seventh; they were tenth and fourteenth re spectively in I860, and are uow, peih.11* lower stiil. On the other hand Georgia had ri-.-n from twel'tli to ninth, and Missouri from twenty s**c<.ad to Udrteenth. Ihere can be no doubt, however, ab >ut tho general superiority of vigor atts< hm? to the free State! vf Uie Union. A e-aulngue has been formed of twenty one great towns quahiied by their numbers and imnor taoee to form a species of Cist class, and of tlir-ic tlttes-n ( tclude slavery, aud six only admit it. Orthowhnlo ."f.1'100 one lo,r" h,<' !"hown an actnal decline ?lnee ItM, and that one u (luu-leslon, tho seat of th ' prescrd revolt. The mcroaso in the number of *la?es !s uot quite *o great as It was Udwrvn 1840 and 1850, though er at. r iw.t'ew OOO00" ?*** 0 ] 800 1Dd 1W0 11 amo':r.ts to A fcicgts entry of apparently slight importance in the KUtfttiCi be-foro us cijJams the whed. of that struggle between North ana*.uth which now threa^n's^b ror. roldablo (oo^iuenoee. The "|.opuLition of the Torrito A!" <1o"u ?t 381,856?not much above .,1 f '' .i'1" 8U)K'? city of Brooklyn, and lefs Uiati that f rhiiadclphia, but the ares of tho country thus thinlv ec .rnrt'-d is little if at all, less thm the aicgre-^ato areo of all the organised States of the Union. Jty whom. th< i W" these mntmiflceat opportunltleo or ex|>anslou to b. eHvoyedr What people are to pome's tlie-.- bouadleM w??* gr07.,h ' W>>" ">'? citisens or the ! -i m ? wlU not mllo^ that any Mf 9uto of tins Slaveri^ h'u lnfeiled wi,h ,lje Unit of If. ^ ^ frco k"'- We will not "hich time h?s ?anci ,oned in the States where they atill e\lst.bat m ill permit the evil to sproad.' What, iiowcrer, docs 'nch a declaration u-ean? It isstnesrely uttered, we verllv b-. nroirf pfi 1,111 new gainsay ds lustice or fr? .n ' 111 ltH import it cuts oil the South ?" prospect, not only or papulsr growth but of poll llcsl prepon<ti rance. It would Imitate the S>iuth<<rnStat4>s and leave th. in, nnHw they cho.?e xradually to aboli h atsvery, to d.e oeit, ns it were, in comparison with the ct panslvw communities around Uiom Th^y coul l onlv avail themsclvee the new T' rrltorles t?y roregoing their pecu liar 'institutun" and Qbcardingtheir'-iiroiwrty." loteii thsm tliat they nuiy "hare the o?mm?n uilvllege of American cltiscns of migrating to new homes, but tliat they must leave their slav<e behind, is -om thing l;ke tdlirg a Western settler that he mav go Into tlie back woodi, but Uiat lie must not take his a*e \t nb him They rrot. at accordingly, and are ready to sue l"j.n.l ?yen to fight, not for their possessions, for tho^ are not likely to bo naotested, hut for the Ti ecdom ol procre*. and coleiilKstion which their sdveisarlea would deur to^m. ? 7 Tlie answer, however, to this* pies is obvious bTavcry is, in rwy truth, a thing hr.telul md ab^m.nabl ?. It is a d'egra'-e t<> any country, snd the Vcwthern t-xmlo J?wf|aed iu their reqn!?itKni that ir it e*n not ??ea boils bed within tho llmita of tho American latou it shall at least not be extended. If, therefor* tho southern states per.'st In m ilntuning st:ch an inititu tion they are aimaerable lor the ooase>iu?ac<?. Thev might liavc taken better gioun.l at flut. All th > Stst ?'* of the I n)on were slave State.i onee- alui"'t all were -hvo States ss recently as sixty years since, in the cen us iw IMS) throe iststcs only were returned a3 oontainlas no slavos within the.'r precincts, and what h.s b n done by New York and New Jersey might, have be *n dine or at any rate, attempted, by North aud ijouth Caioiina.' lleit the jn opto i>r tho ftouth have olio^en another eiurse They have not only preserved slavery, but have enoou raged it, d? nyIng its evils and a-scrtlng for It a poslth e merit lend value. They have at lerglL preferred it even o a national Union and tiro endeavoring to establish a ronfe>,.i-rary which must rost on this insiltiitiou us a whethor they w ill succeed <t fail we cannot ven- 1 ' V'J'ri M,rt' *" rttn "n,v hop1' tliat better eoonsela qulalisV "1al c 'tll'a ?' *J'?anion may be relln fkllRtor tnnnl t I<h1?' Knrrcli from t-HKll?li point of Vl??. 11 rom th<? I on-'nD Times, Jan. 2?. | flevoral yev? :???> an arttrl- :.p;>' d In I lie American Mvrtp*)*'!!), fnun wlin'.b \\ WM |ur(?1 ty railed lulu till' KnpUuli prt-M, RupffwtinK a vchr-oi' for t)ig;itiliin:' a Jt'* ?oinm"Ul on th" bn?H ??f I he t>r<xl'n'ti'?i and ronxtimp ?oo of cotton. lAnraahire on tlw oue Wand SiulhOkro taa and wvrral of th?> plant inK Ht..<???? on the other were ?bj)Artivo!y to from U?o gorrrvinnnw of which ttwv formed ft part, an<l to rr?xit? a n pnhh- xituatml parih on the F-ttfern and pirtly on the'w. irrn id?of the Atlantic <)WU). N'<>v. anppmlitg thla n-H ihli plan to h#%<* taken effect, in what ivht w,?nd th> rr?t of EfeflMd lia\e retarded tl t *?,n:i r (Hit gp '.f county of lAn<n?t< r WmM v havn hark to the firrt tyrant of th" land H?->n i' ? Hibhl* an<J the llcrtey by IVIIIHiin Iho Conn u r ?: t > 1 rl II !?'? tnd traced tbo eonw-tlon of tl< ? ' r with t ? n of Finland through It* Itulca to th<sp - nt dnv > Or all" Id wo not at once Imv 'id, '1.. ? . altboupli ? coniitr, and organised '?<* '-oukI , i ?>? lnt jjral part of the dominion* of th? C'rpwn of t-'nf tund; n ?mc IndirUual ha* a to |mt oil hi* all<vi >"??? . ? that which no Individual can do no n"ml>< - ?' I 'd; rldual* <?n do, wheth' r tb<\v- c*? "tltute th? m Jorltf In a p.>riaU, a hundred, a ridintf, or ? 09unlJ?4t? ||iW?|j ** Ulfit'E, "S.X ft ?? "traiif? that American statesmen are ??1Jr Ju?'..l>>?t*l1 to perceive thai this plain and etasple. \ lew of toe aotyeot is jual aa applicable to South Carolina aa It would be to Ianoaahlre. 80 far aa toe central government la concerned there la absolutely no differ ence. The American |>e>ople hare aeen Ut, acting aa a nation and in their collective capacity, to create a gov ernment possessing certain definite powers. The re maining functions of government ther have left to he ad miniatured within certain territorial diviaiona called 1 States, and toeacliof these governments, acting within its ! proper |>owera, every American olnzen ta bound to pay the i Kane obedience aa the people of Knglaud do to tho laws under which tliey live. Any individual citlien, therefore ae< king to destroy this central government la guilty of treascn it, and th( same thing ia true ot an/ a< gregate O! individuals, even should they constitute a ma jority of the population or a State or of several States 2 he f act that rebellion the form of the seceeaioa 0? a State can make no difference: for so loo~ as tho central government confines Itself within ita own jurisdiction the Slate j?a??i-M-4 no rights whatever ugauat it The Stut. ponietbci, uo greater rights oollcctlvclr than each of its cit'zens p.*sosses individually. We aie glad to see that these views have at last found cxpretsion in the elaborate speech which Mr. Seward, the proximate Prime Minister of Hr. Lincoln, has ad l?l.he ***** on the state of the Union. These !h? . L should n*ve 5??? lal<1 ?>d elucidated iu bb this ft" fa""? President now tnoflloe; but, fall '7, ?* 18 at rate something to know that they will guide the councils of his succetuor. With this im port ant exception, however, we confess that we do not see much to admire in the speech of Mr. Seward It was meant, uo doubt, to be a great success, but fortune hag not entirely seconded tho efforts of the orator. The state or tn America at the present moment is not favorable to merely rhetorical cxercitation. When a certain line or conduct has been firmly and deli berately adrpted. oratory is very useful to convince men . pi opri.ity, and uerauade them to follow it. But tho .tJ. ufederal K?Tercment !s, that while pr -vided to satiety with .sophists, rhetoricians, Irgijians, and lawyers, it has no men of action, no men who can cloaj ly see and boldly state the exact course which it is the duty of the United States to ta^co in the present emergency. The Southegn leaders are afflicted with no Huch scruples. Rebellion lay In their way, and they re be .led. Ihey do not trouble tUem.?elres with arguments about compacts anil delegations , they are determined to bieak up the I nion, and tor that purpose they employ tho whole energy of the States they represent, and their own ti. e , Congre?o? the countrv against w u;ch the) are ;n tla^rant rebellion. Mr. Suward is evident ly not a n:uu of ibis u<u<;!d Me can teU ua what will not t-are tlie In ion. It will not be saved bv recrimination 1 or by debates on the conititutional power of Congress on tbe bubjcct or t.avery in the Territories, nor by prov ing secession to be illegal or unconstitutional, nor bv diHcussiug the right ef the federal government to coerce seceding States ; utr is the Union to bo saved by Oon ^national compromises, cor by any person in particu lar, nor by some cunning and insincere compact of conciliation. Ibis Li a long list or negatives, and in the remaining part ol Mr. Seward's speech, extending over two columns of the Tmn. wo seek in vtun for the awwer to the question, "What will save tho I nion 1 \\ e have abundance of praise of tlie form or government over which destruction is im pending. We are reminded, in rather inflate! language, ol tbe benefits which the I'niou has conferred cn tho nation at home, and of the sttength which it has given to it abn ad. We have a picture of an American luau of war eulei ing a Luropeon port with all tho honors, aim of what the reception of an American man of-war ia likely to be under a divided confederacy. We have a contrast drawn between Young and Old America in tho persona of the page and the clerk or tho Senate, tho re rmer of whom seems to be carried nwaj bv therhetoric while the elder ia shucked by the treason or the Southern orators,,just ns the jounger Jews rejoiced, whil" the eider, who remembered the glories of the edifice or Solo men, wept at the dedication of the second Temple. AjI this we have waded through iu hopes of lindiae what it is tint Mr. Seward we>uld recommend as tho tneans of saving the Union. It sct-ina to como to thl- ?. The idea or the withdrawal of the t.ulf States and their permanent reorganization, with or without others, in a distinct coal oileracy, is ?> impossible,? and is therefore dismiisod by Mr. Seward. We only wish, and there aro many who will join with us, that Mr. Seward had as large a jurisdiction over the actual as over the ideal. IVhUr he ts dnmitsinr, the vka qf the Southern confederacy the South em confederacy is actually fur>,icd, and will doublet* find , mme meant of creatine, that " idea, notion, or conception" 22?" Kvmmarity eradicate! fom hit Oram. While rtbeUion wat amtcmjilatid, Mr. Sevmrd met it l?, (Hieavonnsi fi> the hostile that t">.V KW* the betf fritidt in the u<? ld. Xou> U U all but consummated he mexU a uWI attested fart u-ith the I onertum thcU it U "mponOle." Mr. Seward is in favor of doing all these thitgs which he has already assured I db will cot sa\e the Union, lie is ready to repeal tho 1 orsonal Ijbcrtv acts, which trei ch on the police of the Fugitive Slave law. He is willing to vede for the amend meet ef the ce ustittitien, declaring that honcoforth it enail not ho lawful to abolish slaverr by an act of Uon gress?an ame ndment utterly futile,'since it can always Dfl reacludcd by the same power that enact(U it. But, XaAily, Mr Sew.ird is willing when pi^ople have grown < 0?!t nays, in twoor three years time?to coq. b<-nt to a convention to consider any change in the or pmic laws in regard to sluverv. a hi thia while the steamer* ?r tho United States return to New -k e.rk disabled by shot fired from Charleston buteri.* wh.h' Charleston threatens Major Andorson with an at tack on a fort held by him for tho United State*, and ! while the arsenals und forts of the central government. left to tho caie cf separate States, aro plundered and oc cupied as ihe result of a declared secewlon. Thia Is all that the efiicial adviser eif the incoming President can ?-u?gkht as a remedy for dangers so urgent and so threat ening. Tbe thtnH'which has happened is "impossible " and in two or three years we may have a convention. M i in tuo t/r three year*, for all that Mr. Seward and ,n^nr<11" do to prevent tl, the I'nUed States nHI ha<.- drift,,! into a position not reqvirimj, at now, onlv a vionljt reulutum fit their delircrance,' but brynwi the reach ,J the UMest or ui:ett qf mankind to remedy it. In rne tLmg we cerUUny agree with Mr. Seward?that irho is to l.? accepted a? a tyjie of th^ would bo saviours of hi* country, the Union ia not likely to be saved, aa be <?ys, "by unybody in i>eirtlcular." IKrom the U>ndon Star, Jan. 20 1 Mr. Seward hM, it appears, delivered a ' grand con e. iliatoiy speech" in tho American Senate. While he aelopt'd a friendly tone towards the South, and talked iu a general way of the Mipremacy of th<> constitution, ami the desirability of redressing any "real" grievances of which the otiituded State** have to complain, he does not I'Skiu n^e any proposition which was likely to aecompllsh tbe ob.tect he profeascd to have in view. His H|?e.t'h, of course, would not exercise the slightest in duen. e in the oxtr-me South, and it ia vory doubtful whether It would meet with a better fate in the I .order 1 , :1J c. , " DOW b' apparent that in some of these Stales the seceasiejn movement is gaining around , and the probability of a Iunctiou with the new Southern conftekracy propotlie natcly gr^at. The Canada Voffltlve Slave Case. c t*. ' r'm I-ondou Time a, .Ian. St. I . piere is a point In this caso which, so far a^ I am f nHr?' k,C k?I }V l)0C'' n?tlce4. The words or tho act under which Anderson Is claimed are as rollows _ l o w;"?com?ltllng, Within anye.f the in tHytrin.v f,rira' l'nj of the oflhnccs mentioned n tlo tr at)? that !s to ray mnrd-^ ernssault to commit murder, piracy, aix .1. robbery or forgery?and charged jipc?isuch oyid.?co 01 criminality as, according to the ?itf im,i r '' jCC W "'".U*0 rugitive or person so charged mi'im^n? (V.^ iJIr0i" '!? h'8 ?PPrehenslon and coin milment for trial ff tlie crime or offence had there 1 !hi!i Cm:!iU'tU?,,,i may ,bc aPPr'bondrd upon com td..lnt made under oath, in order that he m*y 1". brought before the.judge or Jnatiee e.f tho poore who lias caused htm to be apprehende.!, to the m i that the evidence of his criminality may be heard and con "m ""I il'T" bearW, tSJTvW^eTe d. emed stinicent by h* to sustain tbe charge according o the laws of Canada he shall certify the same, logo ther with a cepy e?f nil the testimony taken bororo htm to tbe Gove rnor of tlie piovlnce, in order that a warrant n>n\ i^ ne upon the requisition of tho proper authorities n tho T nit, .I watc, or of any such State*,' for the si" ".WfiTlRT C Kld' ,ccord,n8 'o the stipula Ibe principles of crlm.nal law are, I belleve the -aine in Canada as in inland, and, asaumtna b.' ti??h ' . C CM?' ,rt ?o?M? what woiii i Lr,'?r ire "L.0"* k L*??" WIU4 bro,,tfht before a ma . ehargiid with having committal m irder "I**? B"rh evidence m that which lias been trtven 1 After hearing the witnesses, tit? m;, ^" '1' ^'"" '.^ ' "".T- ^ 'he conclusion tliat the chnrgo ,4 murder could not be sustained, beeause the act of honioMe was committed in self defence. What would 1-e bis duty under these cireumat.wesr Wwld bTsUll commit the acctMod Ut murder, or wiatld he, upon hi? own responsibility, dismiss him forthwith from tbe bar' He would do neither the one nor the other, but lie would commit him ror manslaughter, and allow a judge and Jory to adjudicate .finally up.*, the case. Aa "man slaughter, however, is not one ?f the offences enu th' Tni ed *rt jtlH> ,'h<>uI,, n"t he claimed by th I nited states. I am, sir, your most obedient .*rvan? AMICUS CURIAE. The F.nglUh Cotton Panic. I I mm the Isndisn Timea, Jan ID ) Manchester Ium at la?t awakened to th? f*<-? (hit sh* lut* a special intercut In India. In thn mldat of hor gr> at n aii'ifncture. while gathering togrtix r coIoshU lortune*, while exti-rwltng her ?m< ky <'mptre and raiding more chlm n") g to piiIt forth their blaik (iellance to tho purr i?kie* ? I In bj ^ire and Cboelilre, Manchester Mill >n? tii.-pru dence to retnqpiber tint she la not gu?rantee<l a per Ci t'ial prosperity. All these 111 favori<d evidences of I ustUrg trade add cnorn?o"a wraith would pt?* away like a drtatu If tbrro were a ecseatioo of tho t< nt nno'.a arrival* which Liverpool pours to to feed the factors It all depend! upon cot ton. 'Ihi' golden hca(* of thn frugitl millionaire, ho conifWta,ble gaina of the crowd* which pa?H In and ut to the sound of tho factory bell, the profits of the thriving tradesmen who mtnl-ter to tbe creature com fort* of the multitude*, all itepend upon cotton. How many months' supply ha- Manchester at this moment? I < t uh not Inquire too curiously. I/-t it silllce uk to no tire bow the price baa rlvn, and let thlf fact aloo" e* I I'iln to us why Manchester Is troubled In ?(>irit, and ta cnllUJ* together the Chamber* of Cbmmorce, and is re viving to 'give special attention d'trlng th<- coming ymr to tbe lituncial ami commercial aflntri of India.' * * But evW If Manchester nho M he so happy aa to pi-o duce this result, khe will be vi l far from having gained her mintipal < nd. Mcqtifnce will not sow the Hundcr Hwla With cotton The r.iflers of the Ohnmb-r of Com merce may quiver to "loud cheer*," but the edited BU'llencw will not r*1/ a halfpenny a "11,nd more for cotton from I ml.a than th^jr will lor cotton of the Mine qnallty from Anion???. 1 1 the Kunt* at this (lonfrrrnce deel aim ever so for cibij n|Min th<> loo terrible cvlla of ? failure In our c:?t v 1- i piy, time i.i th" itch men prisent will g" away i'd tt,v??\ money In planting cotton nnle?a lie i? assured oi a market. At prment prlrm Indian c iton may be ru.tivatcd nt htgc proilta; in* n t \ n tti"-i price* for ten year* and you would have coiton enough from India, and Indeed from China and i'tii r p.irth of the *orld,to icep double yonr present number of 1IIs go'ng nt*! t and day The rule* of *'ip til anu it. rn.iijd are true to cotton .1* well aa to other tl irgi. They do not apply to sptamr>d.r action, b'tt tney are taitbft.l when tested t pofi a ptrtod of rea?cnai le wtu.v i? ?.l r. ? ? ttvwiy *>PP*y. Pven from India, u4 Mm IMtw the bor?e?i and the better the government of the people who produce the cotton, the cheeper (hat supply will be. ttil, tf the present cloud should pass away without bursting, csn Manchester pomla* a market thear Or would any Manchester man give 4 fraction or a farthing a pound more lor Indian cotton upon the ground that tho planter had gone Into the venture upon the strength of the speeches at the Manchester Conference? This is the real difficulty, aud it is because we feel the tremendous importance of attaining the ond for which Minchester now seems to bo about earnestly to strive, that we state that difficulty. lhgk prices, ami a natonaUe exvecta'ton of Ihe ivmiinuano' cf high priett, will produce cotton from India : but all the eloquence of the palace of Westminster will uot : plant an acre of cotton., we fear, fancies lb>t even tin.- may be obtained by agitation uad her success in that way hitherto make* such a fancy intelligible; but she must be prepared not only to agitate but to act. What the InditL cultivator wants Is a remunerative mar ket, and that MamchaUr mutt lie prepared to off er, if the would meet the. jiretent and the future difficulties, even at the eott at fret of a tmaU differatxe bettrem hit price arid that of ytnui tra. If tbl* be upon the " agenua" of the com ing conference, it has all our sympathy, and excltoi our hope; but if the meeting is to ond wltu Hue words aod barren resolutions, it does not toud to rcaenuru us as to the future destiny of Iancashlro. The State of Harope, |Trom 1a l'resae, of Paris of Jan. 25.] According to the strict letter of the uowu anil cor respondence which we have published duriDg delist week or i-o, we are evidently on the eve ol a new crisis In the policy of Km ope. William 1. said to his generals, "A storm is brewing," and the Augsburg GVuett* declares that war can neither frighten nor surprise sovereigns who, In their Warsaw meeting. laid the but.ii oi au alliance, the chicf object of which is ts Hucuro to Austria the poujieslou of Vtnotla. Public opinion lb much moved by these threats; It remembers the noW" that was made in Germany at the beginning of the Halt iu war, and it huo not forgotten tbo ridiculous and abortive lPftue of these boisterous fanfaronnades. In buy case, the remembrance of the Waisaw meeting euu cause it no great anxiety Oil the 23d of last October the descoulauts of the three sovereigns who ninety years ago, commenced the work I of spoliation, which has been finally accomplished under our ryes, met in the town whi'-h still stands a? a tnouu ment of the independence of I' aud of t',a< atta k made on its nationality. The second triumvirate, in which EurojK? saw it menace agiinst its liberties, had, however, uolhiii; of the audacity and insoienm- of the first. For thirty years order li,ts reigned at Warsaw. Russia, Prussia and Austria?Ml of terror, irritate.! at the present and afraid of the Cut arc?vsembl* d th *ti, not to plot the ruin ol a people and to share its territory, but to devise means for sav mg an cdilice whose foundations aro giving way on ail Fides. The Interview, brought about wdh diilicuity, terminated abruptly, aud tho three princes S'patu od, giving to Kurope the solemn and instructive H|<ectacle ol their aDMoty and tli< ir mi potcnco. This interview, which the Augs mrg Oa.etle. is so awkward ns to recall, UIfcIos. I to the members of the triumvirate the secret ol their upak ness. It taught item that there existed no h .ruiouy in their views, and that thi y I.a,I neither the sincere wi.-dt nor the power toc< mblne their resources for a common course ol action. Tl.<>y returned to their Stat es discon tented with one another, and qulie convinced beyond a doubt, that the pi map** of mm-intervention is heacj fotth fatally Impi s .1 up >n thern by their weakuos", their disagreement, and the dally growing ascendancy of the mdoern i<u .\s ol i:uroi?e Kurope is now divided lato two cam|>s, in one "I wh:< h way be witnocsed Ihe liemro for war and iu.poteuco to mako It; In the other, all the means of recommencing it brilliantly, but the ilesiro to avoid it, and let the : niienoralion of Italy 1 act'tnpilsh ed peacefully. On one side, iho old. worn out uyna-tios, and tho easy fall of thrones which had no other rapport than the bayonet; ou tho other, democracy victoriously sb. king i II'tho rulu of oppretri'ou, which for .h'>ut half a century has been the misfortune of ptopli au l iho . can dal ol humanity. On one side, in short, the Kurope of 1815; on the other, the*Kurope of the new public law, ?. e , tho Kurope of the liberty and independence of na tions. It Is In the midst of th"9c death stntn;!:6: i f ubriO lutism, iu presence of old monarchies iu a state oi deoom poeition, th'it certain tier man journals threaten demo cracy with a coalition V hero Is that coulitiou to como from? Whore is it to be got upr Where an its generals, its armies, i|s funds? Tint the blind councillors of Ihe Papacy should reckon on tho head of the firrok church and the Kin/; of u Protectant and cou.ditutioual Statu to bring tho Italians to obcdieuce, th*t Kraocis If. should rrckou on u holy alliance to replace him on his throao; that the Kinperor of Austria should enui>avor tolorm si leapue that siioul I i>eniiit him t?) restore tho old regum, ?naintaui tho concoruat, suoduo Hungary, and lay phantom ot a parliament which already shnws such a strange Spirit of Independence, we c m v ery well under stand; tunl It i.- possible that their hope* may ho fed by coalidential " not<s" tuiJ diploma.isp'- po il 13ut there is a long way trotn a courU?Mis and diplomatic good un derstaudli'K to an itlli inc<- oRen.-lve and defensive. Hie timet arcg nc when llussu, Prussia and Ausii ia could IhiBk tbetncolvos fctrouf? enough to K'v-' the 'nw to Kurope. They h ive uo longer that unity of i.::n or that community of it.Ure.-ts which they had - when Poland offered herself ap to them as an easy proy for . i'i?!ure and partition. The sovenlgns of th.?so tl?ree| <wors may lay i ut piog: t.tnmrK, but they will never Ue pttllty of the folly of \vi"hin;' to itnpese them on Europe Ibey may loim pirns iu concert in view of certain evonts, hut on the express condition <>f undertaking nothing against the peace of the world on tbo Independence ot nations. The day they traj'?> refs that limrt, tho order which they claim to re-establish In Italy or elsewhere, would not exist very much longer m their own state , cveu at Wui saw. Hut these, U1 us hasten to admit, are chln< rlcal ap prehensions. In the m?t place, Franco m l Ku^i iad arj astirgly and sincerely allied, and ns leu . t'u ir ai lanco, a condition tine qua non of the pcace of tl:c world, Is net broken, every Kurop. an oifl.i tlty, of whitever kind It may be, will he solved or cut through in the in- | terest of rivUl/ation. Iti the next placo, amoug liussla, Prussia and Aeptrta, there exists no pi in :lp!: <;f sincere alliance, no rest elemrnt or comliion Austria, although iu .> raoid decliuo, It still a State ot the first rank but s=he l? so !n ^ irtue of be, past, rather tluui her present p<i\ i r. and in tliat fact lie* precisely lier gteatest datigt r Mthmiph be bis lost the prestige of her wisdom and lior sti i r,?*.h, she rannot brln- herself to ronounee ePber ihe | i]>-eulcrfcuoe ahoexerclsied oo re cently as IMS u tho coui?elis of r.urrpe, or the supre macy which sh'> ha? arroj. aed to herself In Italy nndtler many. Heverel) shatt. :ed .a 1SW, she could hope ti recover herself only by keeping herself quiet and avoid ing every Internal stuck, it was at tli"t very time, on the contrary, that ?he suhitituted for tho oM tradi tions of tbo Cabinet of V i^nna a rr <lein of 1ntemp>ranoo anduudacily whi'h wire iU suited to her situation. In 1V(0 she provokes PrtiFsia and d is plea, es nil fierru jjy; in 18M she provokes Russia, aod has not the coure^oto push n.ftilera t<> sa issue; >n 1 ->06 she reaps in the Con gress of Parts tbo frwitu vf tins vaocillnttug and pr^yok fnc poiley. To avenge herself for her thcctf, the utUcica Pieomout siid provokes Iranc-, a..d comes out of the two months'slriur^le beelwn, humbled, exhausted, and with national, adtieil to bnani ial ih r,mgem nt. 6ho lu>t .tnst played hor li>st c<trd in giving u constitution to her dissati^lled provlncx*. lint this i on.- tltutlnn, torn from lier by fear, has eri iteil demand every v\ here .;ad satis fied discontent nowheie. Aus'ria is ruinirg herself to keep enormous mtmsesof troops iu Venotia. ami yet tho Kmpeior 1'rancL Jisi j 'i, tot bt ing sure of ilie pr vire- a that he leaves beb.rd him, and not being able to rely any longer ou Huk?.?, us >a lt>4^, does not iLuo to take a stej' beyond his fortr: >-.-eF lYussia do* s not love Austria, whew natural rival she Is; hnt In order tn keep in Furope the attitude an1 au thority of a great Power jhe is compelled to adopt a, moio d ricl and b- lder |,-"!icy, let her remember the triti'i.p- of Ilo'bacli a little I' ss. and the hut' illations of Jena a little mere. Above all, let her be convinced nt ler,?th that |..<ltry tin vvug, tergiversation and amlu gully are nnfuited t > the prerent times. She wished to persuade l^igl.and an I Pus-la that she agreed with t iuli of them, anil 'lie most have subsequently found out that in so doioitsho was wan' ng In cleverness as well im In frankness, l or the rest, ut the prmciplu proclaimed in Italy and roitlntatted by Franco and Kngland ml -tit re ceive in Germany an application favorable to the tnte rests and the ambition ot the House of llrandenburu, it Is not probable that the n< vv King of Prussia, In pit" of the fne\plicahle stupidity of b.s speech, dreams of going arm tn arm with Kngland ar.d I'ranc ? ou tho dang erotic path OJIIowed by Austria KtiMa Is a pow?r lSr?l of life and growth, which tues hot foriirre rr.cderately, and St miles the cans, s of her misfortunes In order to prevent their recurrem e. She undertakes railways and encourage-i maritime com panies, ;he colnolses the vast r"fI n ? f the Armor, ar-d gains ground by treaties rather than by arms In China, which she is opening to her commerce. Fbo has studied, and now ,<ho is putting Into execution, the prolect of Petor iho Grout, to joiu by a canal Uic lllm k anil Uio Caspian Se ts -he has subdued snd ?eel.s tn attach to her the peoples of the Caucasus, thus securing to herself a paaasg" into Georgia, Persia and Asia Minor; aho is ex tending every lay her relations with TurkisUn, In ord< r to push on further ar.d lurtlier on the road to the Indian. Into which t-he is sending her oul|>o?iti, her merchandise stwt her scientiiic ob-ervers. A government taken np with ?u. ii works and t>>ich plans Ue?vs not dream of lw iu ing roslltioes. As to the Kmj^ror M.-t.mder, he has too much b> do b> Ms own States to thruw him??lf stupidly into tie storms of Italian p iitics. He has before hhn a whole population of serfs, wa eh be has em ie.ra<:ed to demand tie ir rights, though h< has r,"t y-t fo .?*?; the m< gratitintr the- i wltlKiut dtmrer. If he were powerful ns the greatest of his anr'stors, lio coiOd Lot k><>k w ilhoi.t trembling on the trmthii s which threaten h^u, and which, should they actually hr<?k out, might overthrow jhi-; government. Hie war obt tlnatcly jirevoked by his fatle r has ruined bis south rrt provtrre nnd shaken his credit, nnd It Is with gnat diilicuity that he keeps up a cen. iil'-rably reduced army, lie may reca I In- ambassador finm Turin, "'nd encoiirn(r>. Kr-,ncis II. In his n stance, but the times ah. n Suwi?rrow cropped the Alps to stop the ttlaaaphf- el Ihe French armies are past nover to return. The Km pei or Alexander may not approve ef all thai is laktwc plaoc in Italy, but h>-will not make war lo oppose the formntionof an Italian kingdom. Bos id s, to prevent Austria from encroaching on the lxjw<-r Itninitie, to drive her oul of Ita'v and to isUc up in thePenlnsvls a stati able to d'Tend (ts Independence, sro tr k |<|c?s In tho Cnhinct o' St. Pi teisburg. A coalition m the present condition r,f Kurope Is then, if uot absolutely impossilrte, nt l art essentially Im probable. Anew war this spring, thit npially no* That is another mati-r, and one which depends almve all ou thi ItaiiHiis. It is ini|>murit accordingly to have an exact cnt.cept;on of tin it dispositions and Uietr real in tert'ts. Mini kins Ti uglily In 1,1 vcr pool. (From the l/ ndnn Tee-graph, Jan. S9 ] I'ctw^'ti twelve an I one o'i k-ek on tundny morning s il<T>krnbl? affair occ-irred In l?n)o street, 1 Jverpeol, in wl"h rne man ?ir mortally stahlx-d and another so <h< cku r'y r,t' alwHit the neck that no hopes are enter t iin?d ot his recovery. It appojura that at twelve o'clock i n Satuiday nlcht al-out fortr |Ktm>iis wore drinking In IJtwr.ller's |itibllc bou?e, at tno corner ef l>ale str> et and Johnson s'.r< et. Tbej were turned eat In order that the house might be closeil, A quarrel nror? among several of them In corsiqucnco of a previous disturbance during thecvining. Amongst the |>artlcs Iu the crowd were James On e!y, n young man rsm'd' Itonegan, .larnM Jtrnegan, bis father, and Ttvmas Ismeg'tn, his l JiV* -1 ?*** i .h.?> 0 ? . . 1*. k . . *f? , About a quarter Bait twalca Uta younger Dooegjui aimed a blow at bia father, bat U M Mt rea h bins; la btoforr | be tuned upoa bla unci?, ad witn a knite tainted ? h.-vfire wound to bla neck. U a aecoud Cas?idy ruahed between tba two men toatpnrate th?m, when the infu riated bimioife, Tboa Dociegan, ir , aimed a tearf ul blow at bis neck with a knife, Gubsidy Imnu-diateij ap plied hut handkerchief to tha woumt. and raa towards borne. He was mot by a police officer, who saw the fear ful utate to which hia clothe* Mere, and hal!e<l a car. Another ofllcer was called, and the uiifortuna'e mui or dered to be sent to I he hORi'ital. in U?b than three min utes, however, he expired from the loan of blx?l which ensued fiom the beverance cf thejugu ar veto. The bodf was taken to the rioar house. Th? otner inured man ran , to the neighboring dispensary, had hu> wouud dreased. > and then wefit home, but yesterday hia ease hod assumed 1 an aspect ro Re rim* that bta ultimate recovery 1a ex ! tiemely doubtful. The police took Immediate mcburea i I to i iscover the murdtror, but up o >(alert!ay had been I lUBMU'ctWeful in their eudeavors He la tweoty Ave yearn ' j of ago, Cvo foot nx or seven loch-u high, rattier stoat , built, high cheek bone*, sallow complexion, nose rather I 1 tinned up, lifcbt biown lu-lr out very short, no whiskers, nud when last s<-en was ureused in a hide cloth monkey | jacket, blue Guernsey frock underneath, a pair of brown or i-late colored cleth trowsers, and a dark cap He has | been living in Boston, United States, for the list three years; has the ap|>earancc of an Ameilcan bailor, and haa a Yankee; in his speech. In l. vwpool be u> known as a reck lot* huricter, and for violent assaults upon bla I areata, baa repcaleoly appeared before the Liverpool lunch, by whom ho bfto been at lea t once bound over to keep the peace. ladl*. The India mail bad arrived with dates from Calcutta to Di e 23. The Ix*.doii correspondent at Calcutta aavn:? "Ito Presidency of Bengal i* in a very angry state them h not a contented mind or a tranquil tougue to alt the provinco. Hy the mismanagement of Mr. Grant the ?a,OC0 000 annually -pout in thu indigo manufacture hive been this yeur withdrawn from circulation, an<l in a poor country like India the consequences are naturally those of discontent." China. lite China Intelligence is to Do jt 15 from Hong Kong. 1/aA Klgln was at Sluinghaeon the8thof December,and its expected at Hong Kong immediately. Barou Uros pro oeC'ls to Sue/ in a tew days. Mr. Ward leaves th.s morn ii g in tlio Niagara. ? At Ningpo alarm existed from the reports brougat to of the movements of the rebeih. Foo Chow won quiet. Disturbances had broken out ia the northoust part of the province, and one or two walled places had boeu taken. The John Adams, Niagara, Hartford aud gunboat fluginaw were at iloug Kong. Franrr. 1' uoj, Jan W?P. 1J. TTie Patiir s*ys:?It id not true, an some journal* hive stated, that ILio Frew h government haa onwura;;ed Den mark to resist the demands of Germany; neither ia it true that France is organising a squadrou to be sout to the Baltic, Tho i'ain- a^o bays;?Tlio bojtb^iuin.iil continues at Gaeta without groat result on Cther sloe. MaMBIJU. .tao. 28,1801. A Russian frigate ha^ loft foulon, but baa uvl pro ceeded to Gin ta. Iter destination U> VilUvfianca, where the conitnandor awaits 11 e. h oroeri. Iho Amy and Aary GaulU <ayfc:?Tlie f mpwor has re polved to construct with all despatch ten iron cased frigates of the l.a Gloire ciass. Tii.n U uo more idio rumor, but a atiibborn fact. M ("AMBldiore, who lined Jui mg lh" regime of tlio late French rt pubhc the ofHce of l*reUtl of I'oiice, nnd who, Bii.ce then, lived for Rj.m; yeais in the United States, and for somi- time in i-'ngland, died to i'ar.H on the^Tth ult. Ho had but very i tc'-ritlv returnod to Franco. Itnljr. Nai iks, Jan. ?0?i P. U. YeMerday llie bombardment of Gaeta was continued by the tsanliuian tin I (<aeta his ?utfort?l much from the boinbitrom'Tit. The ttre from I he bitteros of tho plaoo is feeble. Genoral (tildini has Uwt but few men. A Sar dinian gunboat ha.-> been d^mu^ d. N'.umjh, Jan. -6,1861. The bombardment of (>aela continuiM. A tre;tsonable oorre.s|iondeuce of high importance, w hich hia boon en tertained with I'neta, ha b?i-n iifcovered. GKNua, via MarMiiiOH, .Ian 26, 18C1. The Corrirrr Mercaviilt of to day says:?The bombard inont of Gaeta ia conttaued w:th pn>dlgloua effect from the batteries on the iu~d side, cot^olntiy with the power ful co operation of thf tlert. it is h< ped that snooeM will attend the efforts of the beaie^eis lu a ft w days, lhe flw t withdrew on the %? i in order t > repair damages, alter liaving silenced m ar 1> an the enemy's batteries. It was to rvcommecoe the i i ui'mrdmi ut on the same evening. Tihin Jan. 25,1H61. Tho election? to the Italian Parliament haiobeen oon ducted with order nnl tranquillity. The members for Turin are Uivour, Migliettl aud Casfcini. Anions the t'efMitloa elected in the provinces are Gen Cialdini, Admiral I'erfcano.Gen. Sir tori, iignors Mal'iiclilni, Fabrisl. Ribeul,Oen. dillri tLirmora, Ratezzi aud other bbUtdacliwy iuime?. Tho ii kUil of the Uecliuiis to Siutliera ftaly is not yet known, The uumljer of eloctioTtr in I'pjier Italy, of which the result i j air known oi assured, Is 134. of this rnirn bor two belong to the party of It. Bertanl, two to tbe Garibaldi in party, fourteen t> the opposition or to tho Centre, and tlio remainder more or kfi- to tbe mini- terial Iiurty.' Cabelio l.x-i l>< oil Ui ri?aleJ at Genoa, Dr. Bertaul in Milan. Gtieraazl In l<>{rhorn, and Morllni in l.ucea. Tho Bret electoi al new.s received I torn Naples ha.s boen gMHl. The onmbt r of elections now definitely known is two hundred, of which tweuty wo of tho op|*mitii<n party. Garibahl. an ' I'oerio have been electod at Naples. The result oi the <'Iection.-> is generally favorable to tho uiinieUy. Spain. lUnian, J.m. 23 ISfll. The (ImrfirmTnrio Autvyrafa hteles that the report tliat U'o Queen In-a sent tu"uey to l.aeu h totally un founded. Tho Orrrf/wu'' nria says:? Tlie Snani^ii HinL-ter irill Stay with King TranciF II. as l< n;t ns be renin'n* on Neapolitan territory. It al?o etat^s lluit Tvtuan will I o occupied by Spamnh trtnips until the entire (xccution of the treaty by the Moors. Itiiagary. 1'fMTii, Jan. 27, 1S61. Tie inhabitants of Voivodina have fwoteatcd agaiBAt the incorporation or tuat prorince with Hungary iu au ?rhl trary ro.inner They demand the conrocrtion of n Scr riaii National As ^rabljr. 1>< iimnrk. .Till 27, 18rtl. a ordinance has bWU nuibwsctl nil tl?o fund ii ncrlca wLc.-o duilea arc in any way CCIUieeted with the calling out of the aoidiers fur tho army, ordering them to t ike Miril Htci*s a? will enable ill 'in to execute aa Kpc-dily an !? . Hili'o tlio order a for the- military onvoca Hon already prictiiracd, or for any other whicu may yet l .o miule. Tin' i ?;ifi: nli I Met hi* asuctioried tho government ooa tract, from the UUiof December, 1840, with Mr. I'oto. relative t" tlio railway tFinland, the on,-t rnast of .lutliiHil, ficm Aalborg In the South Scbleawig Railway, utitl ft m a uhtim tovvaid.^ tin* * t :.l coatt. .?T. JVrT. nrnn, Jan. 2?, 1AC1. The neg'HIatktor between tbi> Honk of Ht. Petersburg and tbo Uitik of Krai.ce In reference to tho c\chaii?0 <>f gold for feilvi iHiavo failed. I'rinc* C?rioir, President of the Miniitry and the Council 'it the empire, has tendered hid resignation, on account of i'l health. Pomei, .Ion. 28, 1861. The rofcoti 7(Hurui flays:?X"wh received hre from St. I*oter?1mrg pt >ica that the eerpt if<ir?i"r "'atiimed In the provinces of 1 ithuania and Volliynla arc to advance to the frontiers of tre empire, and will be n>|>laccd by troops from the Interior of Russia. The soldier* on furlough bav already becu recalled, and tho formation of three corps it'arms', on a war footing, Ii.ik boon ordered, which me to be roidy by tli" l't of March next?on.' to inaidi to the I'ruUi, the second to the frontier* of Poland, and the third to .my other dcetinution tlut may bo re quired. I'i iMinnl Intelligence. *1.1?'I ? IV Kodepont, of ("arts, nndCfci"*by np K. Jones, ' T the rr.tiil State* Navy rue stopping,' at tho N'ew York R. K. r.trter, of Ireland; A. Wild, of Albany, an I O. n. Cha ??. of Ho* ton, uro slopping at the llrcvoort llixmo, Spi'i eer II Smith, of Hushing; R. *1. Hoilgcs, of Oenr gia, aisd W. II. Weir, of California, arc stopping at the UMiugq Hoiifo. Cu t Wet.?ligan.rf the ?te?n*hlp Vigo; 1*. < Oithmtn, of Mridgeport; J. <?. Welsh, of Madeira, and J. A. Wood, of Iloston, are ?toppiii? at the Krerctt Ilfiii*. K. Baldwin,T. W. Shannon, H. R. l*ayson, ivxtT II. Kollett and Wife, and K. H. I.owellyn, of Virginia; A. Kales, of South 1'arolin.i, W. T. Troy, of Mobilo, and H. Woicott, of ninghamtou, are stopping at tho 1 ifth Ave au>' llot> 4. 11. I,. Dickinson and wife, of Richmond, Vs.; r.iul iv>iider, of Hi rlin ; K W. Meyer, of Iircmco; II. Trow bridge, oi Now llaven. Tboma 1'ratl, K. K. Jcnkiiut an IT. II. ll<?'4;c?, of Maryland, aio atopping at tho St. NKtHdaa Hotel. r. V>. Hitchcock, of omah >, V. T. J. II Morton, of Sc. braokn. J. 11. and K. i'. Kinabury nnd wif?. Mr. Clark, of I'i nn?> Ivanin. .1.1! !t>*enb'.irgh and wife, of llllicifl, M. I mrtnn of M. I/mii, lv Koith, of t hi< .t?o, S, A. Mc Clellnn l, of fr\ni, I!. A. Il'iopp anil C 11.illoiwell, of 1'lii ladelpliia; 1! MatliewH.ofCalifornia.aad W. li. KaurgMgh, i if hi. Jo?eph, 11/o flopping at the Metropolitan Hotid. Hon. K n. Morgan,of Now York. (Vptain M. M. Cook and family, of lH>tawi<ro; Captain l>. MoK;?y, of IVwton; Mr. Roo and wife, of Weat Point; S. A. Harvey, of I'blla delpbia; W. II Tli/'jir. of Cincinnnli, ThomiH fiwaenny, I*. (Ullagher and A ? of tJivirgta, S. C.; Harvey Chapman, of Ix?o .le; W Hall .mi \V. Kreb-, of R.?l timora, are atoti igiit tho A?t?<r Honce. Ciptain W. T. "crri'lcr, I'nilcd Stntea Army; florer nor Hachingha.' of t'onncclicnt; Meiwra. .1. Muliikin. Cliac. I.fTcrlTj;, I . W. f'llv r .1. C. (Jri lib, S (Ulwell md Kon, nnd t'OO. N Tmhum, Couimilt i'of the l'bila-tel|ihi.i Hoard of Tratlc in htu-ine with the govcrntnebt, and lion. K 1?. Il'gelow, of MMBachnKcttr, ire in Waahlng .on. Tl?e lltohmrmd Itoovirrr o( Biturday say*Home mum beta of Ihc Virginia legislature aro ileairoua of iutrmluc Ing a t aolut on ree|ui tiug Ocoeral .wcott to return the mi<dal and wort! presented to him by that State. K* flovemor Ranka write* to hla friends In Ifcv-.ton that hlmw If i?nd frti ily t? iri?-,cailent henith, %nd tint they are 'lelipbled Willi their nrw borne. OW1I tin ry. Pled, ?t Bhrld^e, N. Y .on the l#t!i ln,t ,.???-r> Mif Ttt, at U,? gi-o^l ntr? of 1H ynev Uq bnd o itllvwi all fU.UcU :.i.' . J. FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. THtTMDAT, Feb. 14?6 P. M. The money market La without change. Home failures continue to occur, both among house* in the Honthern trade, and among housea which were reali/ ruined in 1867, and have alnce been strag gling along in the hope of better times. But it bteiua to be expected that a fair biuintiw will be done thi* spring with the West and North. Foreign exchange is dull; rates for bankers' bills are about 104?,? a 104%. The market will not fairly open til! to-morrow. ?The decline iu the stock market noticed Tester day brought in some fresh buyers this morning. The recovery in prices which ensued was assisted, in the afternoon, by news that the sub committee of the Peace Conference had agreed to report Mr. Guthrie's plan of compromise, with a condition Htipulating that no more territory ehall be acquired without the consent of three-fourths of the Senate. This confirms the private advices of most of the leading brokers, and may probably be considered the first practical stop toward a settlement of the pending political difficulty. Ob the strength of it, everything advanced, and quite an aotive de mand arose for State stocks and some lending railroad .shares. Tennessee* advanced X/A\Missouri*, yt; New York Central, yt\ Reading, % Michigan Central, */t\ Galena, l/t\ Rock Island, %. The greatest advance of the day was in Illinois Cen tral, the prosperous condition of which concern seems to be attracting some outside attention: it rose 1 % per cent. Erie rose y%\ this property is soon likely to derive marked advantage from the use of the long dock, which shortens the time of the freight trains to I>unkirk l>y Ruffalo by about nine hours. The following were the last quo tations of the day:?Tennessees, Tlx/% a r'i; Virginia Vh, 76 a %; Missouri (j's, liti% a %! Canton, 11%: Cumberland Coal pre ferred, 7 a 8; Pacific Mail, 8I?{ a 85; New York Central, 78 a Krie, a Hud-urn Itiver, nark in, 163; a do. preferred, 4ft,'4 a Reading, 43 a Michigan Central, r.G'^ a Michigan Southern and Northern Indiana, 14% a do. guaranteed, .V1% a 33; Panama, 112% a 113%; Illinois Central, 78% a %; Galena and Chi cago, 72% a *>H; Cleveland and Toledo, .'ill', a 4; Chicago and Rr>ck Island, G7% a 68; Chicago, Bur lington and Quincy, 71% a 73; United States ;>'s ('74), 86% a *7%. Mr. Secretary Pix has L-.-iued the following pro posal for a ni w luau of $S,W)0,000:? Tiik*mtoy Dmmktmkvt, Feb 13, ISfll. Scaled proposals wilt 60 received at th?s department until twelve o'cli>ck noon of Saturday, tae 'it i d?y of J'tbruary instant, lui eight mlllioufc or dollars ol tUe stock of tho Unltedl Mates, to be issued under the act of O n fcrt -s ol thepiti instant .authorizes a loan, nt which tta.o the proiK'oals w ill )><? ope ted and decided. Hi" stock will l>e reimbuisable in twn t>->ears Trem the 1st of Janu ary last, and will bear interc-tat si* percent per aaauni payable semi annual!; on the fijU davs of January and July/>f each year. No otter can be accopted for any fraction of one thou sand dollars; nor wlliuny oftiw bo considered unltS3 ono per centum of tho amount thereof is deposited with n dcjiositary of the ('cited States, subject to the ord t of the Secretary of tho rreasury. The certificate ot such de posit must accompany cach proj>osal. The olJe-i must be unconditional, wi liou reference to other oilers and ruu.-t state tho sum offered for each hundred dollars of such fctcck. The proper!* should be endorsed on the outside " Pro pond* for loan of 1861and bo addressed on the out jido to the"Secretary of the Treasury, Washington. D. C." The bidders utder the foregoing condition will be Im mediate,y informed by mail of'the decision on their pro poM?.e. If accepted, they must deposit the amount ottered and acctptcd with the Treasurer of the United Mates, or with the Assistant Treasurer at barton, New 1 ork or Philadelphia, on or before the first day of March pioximo. Should surcPE. ful bidders deslro to deposit at other points, eti communicating such wish to this depart ment it will be cousicered. OcrtlG atcs of inscribed stock wi;i bo issued to the ac ceptod bidders or their assigns in sums of ono thousand live thousand at 1 Un thousand dollars, to the amount to which they may be respectively entitled upon their de posits as ?roietaid, carry u;g interest from tho date of inch deposits at tho rate of G i>er cent. Such stock will be trftLfcferraMo oa tho books of tho rroasury. airreeablv to the regulation of tbo department. Should any of thofcuccissful bidders request coitiQ.-atcs or stocksiwuh coupons of semi-annual interest att tolled, payable from the 1st of .Inly next, such certilicat<? will be issued in sum - of one thousand dollars ex di, wita such coupons attached thereto; and such coupon stock. Instead of being ti ansferrabl on the books ol the Treasury may beastlgr.ed and transferred by the delivery of such eer tiiicutes. 1 he interest on this coupon stock, from the date of the depesit until the llrst day of July, will be paid on that day to the accepted bidder or his attorney by the depositary with whom the principal was deposited. The preliminary deposit of one per centum required from ?u bidders under this notice will bo ineludod tn the final deposit of principal by successful bidders, and will bo directed to be immediately returned to unsuccessful bidders. JOHN A. DTX, Sejrotary of tho Treasury. It will thus be seen Uiat the bonds are to be Hxc?, running twenty years; that the bids must be sent in 1 ?y Saturday, 23d, and the deposits on ac count of New York bids made with the Sub-Troa surcr ct this point before four P. M. on Friday, 22d. It seems to be snpposcd that the loan will not command a higher price than 90, unless events should change the complexion of affairs between th<s and the 22d. Had Mr. Sherman's project for obtaining the endorsement of Ohio, Pennsylvania, Now \ojk and Massachusetts been adopted, the bonds could pru'ably have been sold at par. Wr. '?arnett's objection thus bids fair to cost the couu try $800,COd; and is the eight millions now called for are wanted, not to carry out the purpose of the Incoming administration, hut to pay the over due claims of poor sailors, soldiers and others, who ore starting for want of their dues, it is diffi cult to detect any compensating merit in the ob jection. 1 he law under which Mr. Dix acts reads as follows;? An Ait AtrmortncfG a T.oax. IV it enacted by the Senate and House of r.epresenta I7T ? 1 ,e,1 ",,P<J SUI'* 01 America tn (Jongier, ..a^ m bled. Uiat ti e itesid.nt of the United States bo and is hereby au?borlw4, at anv timo before Ui? first dav of July next, to Ix.tmw, on the credit of the United State* ? pom not exceedInc twenty Are mill ons or dollars, or so much UirpHif a-, m his opialon, tho exifci.cic? of the jnibllc service may rcpnro to be n?e.l ia tho payment of the enrrent demands up-.n the Treasury and for the re drinptlon of lYoasory notes now outstanding, and to re ta the Tr. ?ury any amount of said notes which stwll have b(s n j?id and received for public dues. . ;? A"u 11 farther?nacted, That stock shall bo if?< ed for the amount so borrowod, bearing interest not exceeding six p. i centum per annum, and to be roim bursal within u p riod not boyon I twenty years and int h ps tlwin ten years; and the Secretary of the Treasury be and is hereby authorized, with tho consent of tho Presi , ^. nt to r-.M-e ce-tiacste, of .lock to be prepared, which by the IJeglstfr and seale.1 with the ,=eal | of th?* rri?/i4j!iry In fx* tfiU'Dt, for Ibo ooioudI m borrofroU inr.vor of tho pwlicft londing tb<> s*ni<*, or their m*i hr* which eCrtiflcates mav be tran^ferre.! on the bo-.ks of the Tr.'omuj, ut dor ?ueh regu latins as may be established I*rev' led, Tnat nicer lliiCAtc FhaJI 1)0 Imitkh! for a l< m gum thnn om iliounaad tiollars: Aurt provulrj, al?o( Tb;it,mhouover n^ ilrod. tho pecrrtary of the Trwiry mny cause coupons of Hemi annoal interest paynbto thereon to be attaehe<l to eertlfl cates jane?| rnd' r tli.s act; anil any certliieatn with such coupons of interest i?Maehed may t>e aligned and trans ffrred by delivery of the eamo, U^tcadof buiug trans ferred on the 1xs>t:s or the TroaK iry. P?-c. v And b" it further enacted, That, before award Irg aald l<ian, the F< cn *a:y of the Treasury siioll cause to b? irs<'rte<l In two of the publle new<p*peis of th? city i.f Mu-Jiin&ton, e; 1 In ono or more public, newspa per* In other . itkn . f the United ?Utes, public notice that scaled propo?a! f,* six h a loan will b? received until a eenain Uity, to be pis* .lied in su< li notice j not less tliaa ten ?'a>* from Its first insertion in a Wash I liigton n< w j ape i m.d ^n? h notice shall state the amount | of the loan, at what period* the money nhtll lie paid If by Instalments, and at what places. Sueh seal?d pro meals shall 1e . pcced. on the day appointed in the no tice, in the prcsenee of sueh persons as may choose to attend, and the ptoi?*,ala decided by the Secretary of the Tre.ieury, *h" ^liail ?c< opt tho tuont favorable of. f'r'd by re*po;?*ihlo bidders for said stock. And the said Secretary ^P^rt to Cbnirrtwi. at the commen. o tr.ont tho next ft-Hion. tlio omoujut of inofioy bor rl,Wn#L ,,rt' afl? ** whom an<l wliat torma It shall have been obUUtsd. wuh an abstract or btiof sute ircnt of all the propunls submitted fOr tho same, dls tlngulshing between those m repted and those rejected, loaru * ,uil0d tUlU'laeul of the exj^n e of making such ,4r,/nf1 '>? it rurt'.er enacted, Tltat the faith or the Unlted Ptati s Is hersby pledged for the due psvment uf stei J.1 rcet 80(1 11,0 r?d' mption of the prineipal of said Sec. S. And be jt further en.vtcd, That the residue of the lean antb< ri?ed by tho act or 22 t of June, ig?o, or so much tli r* fa iceeastiry, -ball be sppllel to the re < errpti? n of tn< Tre tmry notes Issued under the act of 1.t!i "f I'm ? mhci, 18C", and for no other purpoee; and the Seer tury t,f iho Tr"a< ury Is hereby autborisnd. at his dist rctiop, to exchange at par bon?:s or the United states anUiorlsni by Mid a< t of 8Sd or June, JSOU, for the hai 1 Treasury notes ia d the accruing interest thereen. H?e. fi. And b.' It further rnnrt/xl, Tliat, to defray the e\pf npe of engraving and printing cert.iicates or such stork, and other exp< nsoa incident lo the execution of this act, the sum of twenty thousand dollars Is hereby appropriated: Provided, riiat no compensation shall be allowed for any service performed under this set to any otlieer whose alary is (Mnblished by law. H<< 7. Ard be it further enacted, That tho Secrdarr of the Treasury fhall not he obliged to accept th>- mn/t r\*<Tr\\ lid-- a, fcrjiabcfflfc l<t ,vi otmsMer It advantageous to the TTblted Btat?? to 4* m. but for aay portloa of web loan, not taken under the On* advertise*, eat, be BW advertise again at hi* discrete*. Approved, ftb. 8,1861. The following vis the business of the Sub-Tre** marj to-day:? Receipts $80 #IJ M ?for custom*.. 6l,00S 00 Payments 7&,uoo at Balance 3,381 67a 31 The New York, arrived this morning, bring* about $77,000 in specie, consigned as follow^:? 13,015, Nesmith ft Sons; ?5,000, Bcuige, Uurlaga & Co.; ?396, B. W. Miller; ?870, Ilawley (Stones ?411, W. H. Newman & Co.; ?1,000, Bank of Com merce; 30,000francs, Tappan \ Starbutk; W. H. ltiversmith; $10,130, T. P. AscUuianu A Coj $1,520, J. A. Abrey; 32,625 francs, Antonio Cokinn; $626, I'ratt A Itcath; $640, John E. Hyde A Sous. The New York brings news of an advance in the funds and in American stocks. The panic ho long expected se^ms no nearer; it looks aa though Eng land, which, after all, as the parent country of Australia, is quite aa large a producer of gold aa the United States, watt as well able to spare us $20,000,000 in sovereigns aa we are to spare her $40,000,000 or $*'>0,000,000 a year in eagleg ant ban. The cessation of the drain to China at the present time enables her to stand the flow to thia country the better. The London Herald of the 28th remarks:? American stock* and shares presented scarcely any actuation, though the aspect of prices was more fuvora le. Illinois Central one hundred dollar shares war* aken at 32"*f aud y, dU., and the last quotation was 33 0 did. the paid up shares were negotiate*! at 66 aa* leaving otr 66 to ST. In New Vork and l.rie a* t-ented there was business at 2'J and 18^, the liuil quota tion having been to There w;ts an absence of b'lalnets in (.reat Western of Canada shares, the actual transacttens having been at 10W and 101,: and the last prico was iti?. to , or a quarter por cent higher. The London Times of the 2'Jtli tlms notioes and quotes the market:? Great Western <>f Canada shares arc again higher at 11 t<> Grand I'rutk s'ook closed at 22 to ; the ordinary b< n< B, 4-> to 47; and the preference, 72 to 74. In Ameri can railway securities, New York and Krte shares tss jirovetl to to U0, and IllinoU Centra to ol to 30k? ilis. Canadian Five i>er cents, 10?) to I'citc i States 6's, 1874 85 a $V \ irg l.u b 'h 76 a BO Virginians 70 a K 11! r?' :e Central 6's, 1875..... 85 a 8T Ik>. 7 P, l*7o 84 a 86 ]>o. f I no shares, fHO paid dis 82 a 31 110. all paid 66 a 68 Mlchl;nn Central 8's, convertible, 1840 81 a 80 lio. h i.king funds, S'a, '82 87 I HI Do #100 shares 60 a 5# S( ft. N. Indiana T's, 1*85 70 a TE 1 *o $lb'> shares 15 a tS New York Oentrul 6's, 1SW 85 a 8T [to 7's, IH64 90 a M lo. 7's,lb76 c. U.i a 06 1*0. 7 s, 1876 x.c.W a 05 fo. #100 shares 72 a T4 NtwYorLAErio 7 s, 1867 89 a M Io. 2d m., I860 88 a SO IK>. m , 188-1, assented 76 a Tt I>c. lotos, 1&62, '71, '75 57 a 62 IV shnrrs, assented 29 a $0 l'fl:. ?rna h-t mort. 7's, 1866 9V a 101 Ik*. 2d do., 1S72 90 a 101 Front; Ivani-t Central 6's 86 a M Ho. 2d mort 8? a SI I o ?60"hares 36 a M 1 hiiadi'i]iiiia \ lloauing li s, 1870 76 a M lto. bLittfc 1i a 26 The following correspondence is of Interest to merchant* ijt the Southern trade:? Mr. Con main to 11k. Nkw York, Keb. 12,186t. Hojr. Ar<. Snm i, Coiifht>r or Tin 1'ort ? Pr*n Sir?1 have got some orders from friends in Boatb Carolina Icr goods stored here in the United Stated bcr.Je l to bo shipped to them, bond duty t* bo paid when entered for cor sumption in Charleston, 8. C. I 'm'er i he present state of things I would bog leara to atU wLcthtr I would be allowed to ship such goods la b"iid, and whether a cei tmcato of tlic present Collector hi Chjr'.st i. tlut the duties hnre been ]>aid there would rcleas' me fn m tnc bonds 1 :an to give here. I remain y?ois, CU. CULLMAN. Mii. Schu.1. to Mr. Ch i max. CrsroM Hocsk, Nkw Yore, 1 Coujortot's Office, Feb. 14, 1861. f But fn roplr to your letter of 12th mst.,lhaveto state that, cni'i-r the existing warehouse laws, you may be allowed to ship merchandise to any port of entry of the I nitcd .States ia bond under your transportation bond if saprovsd. The bondn, however, cannot be cancelled b> the c<-i tiilcate of any otllcor acting under the authority cf any f-tatc. I am yours, Al'GDBTUfl 8THKIX, CollecUr. Mr. Cit Cvijjiam, No. 6 Cedoi street, New York. V'c call littcntiou to the advertisement request ing holdcrn of second mortgage bonds of th? Michigan Southern Railroad Company to fund their coupons before the close of the fiscal year, on the 28th inst. It is, we believe, for fheir inte rest to do so. Ky reference to an advertisement in another co lumn, it will be seen thai the New Tork Central Railroad Company havs adopted some new ani very proper rules for the additional security o( transfers of stock in the company. Mr. John P. Yolverton has been appointed casbier of the Hank of North America, vice Mr, Seymour, who was lately elected President. Tho exchanges at the Bank Clearing Hoow thin morning were $23,312,581 75, and the balance* $1,166,80ft 69. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad earned ia January:? }*? $sio^i4 ?r I860 $78,894 * fflerflw.ii w ow u The Cincinnati, HuuiilloO ?nd Dayton Bftilroof earned in Jannary:? iwi W4,tei 14 1800 41,1M 30 Inercnse *0,884 W Wc tako the following from a (Southern lllinoiu paper:? lti<- Illinois O utrai Company purchased a section of land at the junction of their main lino and branch road In l*to at ki CO per acre; established a town Kite aad placed their divisionshops there. This point,Centralia, has lx>ccme or.eof the mc^t important contrca ou the line sine* I ho Houtlum trade baa attained such large proportions. In fane duy list week the comikuiy 's cnginea brought tut* (tatralia xlatifHi til cam, and carried awajr 420 earn, making >7i cars. Wo doubt if th? Km York Central haa beat this b^ ini?? at a single station, evoo in Its palasieat da>s. JW6WHJS 0s,'?7.... M ^000 Tr'amiry 12pen 101 \ 7tb0 do 10 U pen 100 16000 do Upon 100?< 2?00 V Irginih 6 s... 7?i S CC00 do 76>4 38000 do 78 HKX) MUvouri 0's... 60 ??0 tie l>30 67 6000 do 1>30 MX l(*?i Frock ntr wl. 100 ?J)O0 KrteRR8mb.'83 ?PK iAioo ilarltin imbds 1000 MK" 8[>cliwfcb 1000 Mich ft 1 mWfl 1000 Mich 8 SdmlMls KM> do toco IaCrAM lagbda r^ioo dii a N wnn>? 1000 Chi kNWMlrat 4UO0 t hie A K Wtdni 2000 Del ,IAWRRlm iooo C.B.V} rwipcbs 10 aha BnnkM o( NY 10 lin(K>rterHhrrsBk 100 to Oimb'd Coal prof 7>? 2TON Y Ont RR.bl6 ~ 400 do 200 do slO 1(j0 do s6 2f4> do mo do bao ;>60KrieRR *30 100 do ..'0 do :a) do slO 200 do b.? 176 Hudson River lUt tfio do Itack Kiehsan. Tm K?ukT, Feb. 14, II 10 i>ha Barlcm RR.. 100 Harlem RR prrf. 600 do 1400 Reading RR.... 60 Mich Oentral 1UC. 60 do 300 do 200 do 60 do s30 ?m do I >30 100 Mich S AN la RR 160 do S00 do SlO 126 MH A N lagu stk. >00 do slO 100 do *30 100 do o 100 do I>30 4*0 III Con RR scrip.. 100 do *90 100 do I>30 100 do slO 900 do sM 100 do sl? 400 do k*> GslAOhl RR slO 60 do SlO 60 do *20 ?200 do 100 do 410 do 300Cle* ATol KR... 100 Chi A R I RR. .. 100 do *40 60 Chi, Bur AQ RR. tO do 900 do 100 do s30 20 N J On ItR.... . 10 T 11 A Rich Kli.. ?>4 97', 81* at x 61 h 18 7T 40 T MX *0 78 78 777. 777. 78 31V 32 32 X 32 i6 a$*i 43 43 X J0U Harlem RR 101? SKCOND BOARD. I140O0 Tr^a II pen.. 100s 26 shs Krie TIR 60 SS 85 i2V 3t2 ?'it ts 31* 3*s, 78 P 7t 71 ?? 71 71 33 n* 83 * 67 < P 71 Si 71 1UI 100 MOO Tcnn 6's, '90. 73 : 000 Missouri . MX MOO do 60 \ 16000 do 06 \ 1000 N Carolina 6's 78 iooo California 7's. 88 2000 Indiana 6's... 86 1000 MC8prlmarch 0H fOOO ChlANWeil m 40 ,"4100 laCrosfoAMIgb 18 1000 CkveAPSm b 67X eo slis NY-kCRR alO 7m4 400 do <?g 78?< l'*? do 1>6 78'* 100 do pAc 78^ 860 do |.Jfc 78"^ 2?0 do ,?3 78',' 100 Krie RR 38 100 Harlem RR pf.blO 60 do 200 Jo 100 N .loraey Cen RR. 100 Mich On I'Kb,10 60 do 60 do 60 Mich SAN togs. 200 Illinois Cen RR a. 'JOO do blO 300 do loo do...... bat 100 do boo 6<)0a?TO A To! RR.. 200 do blO 225 Chi A Rk Is RR . 160 Chi, RnrAQRR. 100 do ? ITV COHNKKCIAL REPORT. Tm-waar, F?b. 14?0 P. M. AaifHS.?TIio mirket was unchanged and Bales limited at 6c for pot? and at 4','c. for pearla. P**/M*rrrrrH.?Vlonr?The market closed with m?M ?.i4?r?, a?U?.auuuuif k-oki pJi.^Moa (Ur

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