Newspaper of The Washington Standard, January 26, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The Washington Standard dated January 26, 1861 Page 2
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THE HISHIMTOJ STAMIARII. SATURDAY, JANUARY 20. 1801. • The people of these fulled States are the rizhtful master-; of both Congnv ses i.iid Courts, lint to overthrow the Constitution. but to Over throw the men who pervert the Constitution. Ann turn LINCOLN. The President's Message. We have read the Message of the President—we have published it lengthy synopsis of it, and we were extremely sorry that we were disappointed in our arrangements to give it entire to our p-tf rons. We presume all our readers have advised themselves as to the views of the the retiring President. It was not our purpose to express an opinion upon the Message, preferring to let it speak for itself. We felt convinced that its reading would disappoint every body; but it appeal's the editor of the Pimeer is satisfied, and pronounces it able and consercatire. Had we have expressed our views, we would have said it lacked manliness. It wants straight-forwardness—it is in consistent —it is time-serving. It re bukes the Southern fire-eaters as rebels, exposes and censures their disunion an tics, and then says, "Goon gentlemen, I will not blame you ; you have been treated outrageously, and are [perfectly justifiable." It wants backbone. It has made a fatal mistake in encourag ing the South to press for the relief of grievances which are only fancied, al lowing rebellion to grow, when prompt ness tif action would have restored peace and brought the people to a return to duty to tlie Constitution and laws. Had the President really desired to add fuel to the flame, and thus entail the horrors of civil war upon his suc cessor in office, the course he has pur sued could not have been better selected. Ably and ingeniously written as it may be, yet no one can fail to see that by it, flic South is encouraged to believe the aggressions of the North have been so great that they are justified in meditating that most awful of crimes— dismemberment of this I nion—subver sion of the greatest government ever established by mortal wisdom. Put we desire to call attention to the comments of Hie P'oneer. It opens thus:— •• Its tone gives satisfaction to neither of the ex tremes, because lie takes no direct action in rela tion to the terrible political troubles ; and why should he? His official position leaves him pow erless. unless supported by Congress: all that he can do now is to advise and give informa tion of the state of the Vnion.'' Had we said he took no direct actio)) in relation to the terrible political troubles, we would have thought we were disre spectful to the "Old Public Function ary." We are of those who believe that his oath of office requires him to take direct action. His omission to do so is a violation of that oath, a failure to do his dutv. Why should he take direct action ? Because he is sworn to support the Con stitution, which is the supreme law of the land, ordained by the people of these United States to secure a more perfect Union, and the insurance of do mestic tranquility. Ami that idea of the Pioneer as to the power of the President: " All he ran do is to ADVISE and gin: official in forma uiation of the state of the Union!" Is that all ? IH the President a mere Con gressional reporter, ami adviser of how to frame laws and to perform legisla tion? We read differently. "\Vc find in See. 3 of Art. 11. of that fundamen tal code, among other specified duties, the following: U He shall take care that the lairs be faithfully executed;" to do whieh he, as commander-in-chief of the armv and navv of the United States, can use the whole power of the nation. Neither hits he any authority to advise Congress. It is a separate and inde pendent branch of the government. He may recommend what he pleases, hut what they enact it is h's duty to "sec executed. It is his sworn duty to support and defend the Constitution, to sec that it is resper-ted as the su preme law of the land, and that the fciws of the United States are faithfully carried into effect. If South Carolina lias rebelled, it is his duty to suppress that rebellion-. As we believe she is now in an open state of revolution, we believe it was the duty of the President t*> study how that might be- ended, not t> hunt for pretests, to justify her tretiKMik Again: ," " IS want °f action has been unfairly compare*l virh flen. Jackson's decisive energy, but the cir cumstances do not warrant the contrast that i* sought to be drawn. The trouble in Jackson's day «as merely a local one, confined to one smMI, weak .State; his measures and policj were support ecr by nil t!ie other States. Now, on the contrary t it is no more nor less than the arraving ol one sec tion against another—of eighteen "States against ifrc-en. The course of StiutlV t'nr(Win«. precipi tate and rash though, it has bees induced by the *ame wrongs under which all the othor South ern Sjtatcs suffer." Shades of Old Hickory, turn not in the tomb! We who venerate the mem ory of the Heroic Head for his firmness ami patriotism in strangling nullifica tion, learn for the first time that lie was not worthy of that praisel He liatl onlv to deal with one small weal,- Shite, supported by the whole power of the t*Trion. The Pinnarn ny.s thmgynre now changed. We ask whether it is true that eighteen Suites are now ar rayed against fifteen ? We see nothing to justify such a charge. South Caro lina has declared herself out of the l*n ion. Violating the 10th section of the Ist article of the Constitution, she boldlv and dcfiantlv invites sister States to enter into agreements and compacts with her to resist obedience to the Con stitution and laws, ami yet none of the eighteen States alluded to by the Pio neer, have attempted forcibly to keep her in. Name the Northern State which is arraved against her. If this » c evil were as great as represented by the Pioneer , how much more occasion for firmness and energy in its suppression. And yet see the contrast or comparison sought to be made by that sheet be tween ("Jen. Jackson and Mr. Buchan an. He says Jackson was firm because being backed by all the States he sub dued one weak state, therefore Buch anan is brave, firm* and energetic, be cause having fifteen States to curb, he justifies these treasonable plotting*, and having said the South were justi fied in their disloyalty, asks Congress to tell him what to do. We were no political admirer of (Jvn. Jackson, but Heaven forgive us if we ever slander his memory so villainously as to com pare him with James Buchanan. Now what are these wrongs under which South Carolina and all the other Southern States suffer? Does the Pio neer believe that had the candidates of his choice, in the recent Presidential Canvass, —Breckcnridge and Lane, — been successful, this heat of passion would have been displayed ? lie knows it would not. What has recently trans pired to induce a rebellion, immediate ly on receiving intelligence that the people of the United States had under the forms of the Constitution, elected ABRAHAM LINCOLN '! IF other than that election the news has never reached u-u All the grievances now complained existed for years before, and no ii«i act had occurred to provoke this jpn duct. That sheet will hardly d:up as sert, that such an election justijjy* the course of South Carolina, aipryct it must admit, that had its cjfpididates been elected, that State woulA not have kicked up this disturbance The de feat of the candidates of jbe Secession ists, is therefore the cause of the trouble. ' Here is the remainder of the Jeremiad of the Pioneer. "Before these Northern oppositionists inn con demn Mr. Buchanan, with si elenr conscience, let them first look tit home unit repudiate the rebel lion of the North—the sectiou thut has now turn ed to lie such a strict constructionist of the Con stitution, where she finds it to her advantage. The North liv accepting « higher law than the Constitution, have completely nullified that instru ment for the last ten years; and until now have been " insensible to the cry of anguish" from the South, that its iron frame hud been so distorted that it was crushing them. Iteturn to the Consti tution.'' The North has been true to the Un ion of these States. She has never violated the compromises enacted from time to time, to restore harmony be tween sections of the Confederacy. Who demanded the Missouri Com promise, to gain slave representation in the Senate ? The South. Who main tained it with all integrity? The North. Who demanded its repeal in order to facilitate the extension of slavery over Territoiy dedicated to Freedom ? The South. Who passed the Kansas-Nebras ka Act to open the door to the erection of two more Slave States, under the gil ded pill, of allowing the people to settle their own affairs in their own way? The South. Who denied the people of Kansas the free exercise of their own opinions as to whether Kansas should have a Free- State Constitution ? The South. The North has never adopted any higher law than the Constitution. That instrument provided for the pas sage of some law securing the rendi tion of fugitives from labor. "While it carefully excludes the word "slave," yet we concede, that upon the article in question, a proper fugitive slave law may be* bused. Whilst this does not affect South Carolina, who never loses a slave by escape to the North, yet, we presume this tact of. Northern peo ple not turning out eii masse, to become netp'9-fiahekerit, creates thut u ery of an guish"" from the South, distorting some body's iron frame, and crushing wmie body else. The poetry has muddled us, we don't know who is crushed, or to whom the iron frame belongs. But if the Pioneer means the North has by unfriendly legislation, deft-ated the exe cution of the fugitive slave law of 1850, we have only to say we know of no instunce where earn ing out one of the personal liberty bills, has rendered any Northern Statu guilty of rebellion or nullification. Such laws if incon sistent with the Constitution, will be declared by the proper tribunal null and void. No Northern State has yet forci bly resisted the fugitive slave law. No Northern State lias attempted forci bly to execute any of those bills, in contravention ot an act of Congress, or an interposition of Federal authority. Throughout the eighteen free States, so scoffed at by the Pioneer for their manly regard for human freedom, that editor is powerless to point to a single instance where there has been a con flict between the State and Federal au thorities. We arc tired of hearing this constant censure of the North, this adulation of everything Southern. The history of the government shows that until now, the South have had control. The North have made concession after con cession. This South Carolina move is certain ly tlic 1 (oldest attempt yet essayed to obtain still furthir advantages tor the slave power. Long they struggled for the balance of power in the Senate. That is hopelessly lost, since Kansas must come in as u Free State. There is a North, and she is now thoroughly aware of her majesty and strength. She can well afford to be magnanimous. While ready to con ~ % cede much and to do everything lion • n orable, to maintain peace and harmony, willing to make sacrifices to preserve and perpetuate the Union through nil time, yet we protest against Southern States bullying the North, or Northern Editors in their zeal to defend the ini quities of the present administration, coolly justifying treason, and palliating rebelliafi by unfounded attacks upon free STOICS. AFT'YMI'IA AI.NIKAN ASSOCIATION.— jK?s young and thriving society, recent ly incorporated by the Legislature, has been affording our citizens an opportu ! nity to attend a very interesting course jof lectures. We are informed that on Friday evening the 18th inst., Hon. S. j Oarfielde delivered a lecture in the M. j E. Church, upon " Mental, Moral and ! Physical Improvement." Threadbare I as has been worn the subject of Educa tion by of>.-repeated disquisitions, yet the eloquent lecturer succeeded in in structing his audience, as well as enter taining them by his usual high order of oratory. Those who heard him, were well repaid for attending. Butler P. Anderson, Esq., will follow on Friday evening next, Feb. Ist., at the M. E. Churcfy, subject, " Theory vs. Practice." All are invited. George F. Boynton, Esq. will succeed Mr. Anderson, others in turn will follow. On Monday night last, a public discussion on the right of a state to secede, took place at the School-house. It continued till a late hour, and was quite animated, being participated in bv Messrs. Garfielde, Reed, R. C. Head, Rutledge, Reinhart, Willes and Crawford. On Monday eve next, the question will he." Whether a Pacific Confederacy would be conducive to YRe interests of this Territory?" Jies#R». Kvans, l/. (!!. Jiale, Keinhart, and Willes are appointed as disputants. Another object of the association is the collection of a library. Such laudable efforts deserve the co-operation of the community. NEW LIGHT HOUSE. —TIio new light house on Admiralty Head, Whidhy's Island, W. T., will exhibit it* light for the first time on the night of the 25th January, 1861, and thereafter every night from sun-set to sun-rise. In a favorable state of atmosphere, from a height ot fifteen feet above the water, it should be visible, at a distance of nineteen and a half statute or seventeen nautical miles. The following is a de scription : the structure is a dwelling with a tower raising through the roof at one end, both paiuted white; the tower is surmounted by an iron lantern, painted red. The illuminating appara tus is catadioptric of the fourth order of the system Frcsnel, and will show a fixed white light: the arc of the horizon to be illuminated is 270°. Height of Tower from base to Focal Plane, 41 ft.: elevation of base of tower above mean level of sea, 78ft.; elevation of Focal ! Plane above mean level of sea, 110 ft. Latitude, 48° 0' 21 .H" North ; Longi tude, 122' 40' 8" West. Vorthern Riots. The last Pioneer, under the above caption, grossly slanders the people of the eighteen States ot this Union, who have seen fit, in their good pleasure to to defeat that sheet's choice for Presi dent of the United States* Out of 4,- 666,884 votes polled, the Pioneer's can didate, Mr. Brcckcnridge, received 675,782 votes. Nearly 4,000,000 votes in the United States were polled against the Secession candidate it desired to see elected. The free North polled some 3,000,000 votes against the Se cession candidates, thereby attesting their loyalty to the Union, and yet that sheet insists that the free North is the cause of South Carolina's rebellion. Sillier still is the reason given by it for such an immense rebuke by the people. It attributes the cause to the leaders of the Republican hosts deceiving the peo ple. The editor of tlint sheet professes to be a Democrat, and here is a sample of his trust in the popular will—his wil lingness to submit to the will of the majority. Does that paper intentionally or through ignorance pertinaciously per vert tlie truth ? We must believe it knew better when it asserted the fol lowing: " A Irani v have tlicre berii mobs attacking Re publican meetings ill Boston." This is flatly not so! The only meeting in that city about which there was a difficulty, was one called at Trc lnont Temple, to celebrate the anniver sary of the raid of .John Brown upon 1 larper's Ferry. It was to be addressed by Wendell Phillips and others. The Mayor of Boston closed the Hall, and they held it at Joy St. Church. No Republican had anything to do with that meeting. It is known to every reader of newspapers, that Wendall Phillips is not a Republican ; that dur ing the last Canvass he directed his envenomed slanders more continuously against ABRAHAM LINTOI.N, than all the Presidential candidates; that he espe cially coveted the election of Brecken ridge and Lane, that he was found using all his influence to promote the success of the favorites of that paper; that to-day he is almost as great a seres as doe Lane, who is only greater because he has offered to sacrifice him self and family for the cause of South Carolina. When will the Pioneer have done misrepresenting Republicans »ud their principles? If that editor dare discuss his Democracy we are ready; but we protest again most earnestly against such insidious attacks upon Republi cans as blaming them for the treason able acts of the natural allies of the Se cession Democrat-}/. BRITISH HKSTRICTIONS UPON AMERI CAN TP.ADF.. —Wo mil attention to the recent proclamation of Gov. Douglas of British Columbia, establishing ft C" 9 * toni House on the 4!>th parallel, and the comments tliereon of the British Cfilo vixt ton ml upon our first page. Xeed we sav that it behooves Ameri cans to find a route through their own Territory to the equally rich mines upon American soil, south of the boundary ? Several passes have been discovered in the Cascade mountains, directly con necting the milling regions with the Sound. We urge upon those who ore acquainted with these passes to forward reliable information to us, «nd wo will lay it before tho public. This new move of the British authorities must force Americans to look to their own interests, and not gratify the grasping, sordid and exacting British officials, who would levy tribute for passing through their territory. SLEIGHING I'NDKK DirrtcvLTics.—During the pint week the ground in this vicinity bat been covered with snow to the depth of Ave or ail inches. We confess that we have been consider ably amused at the attempt* of certain parties to participate in an imitation down-east sleigh-ride. On Sunday morning lost some of our " bloods" about town set themselves about collecting the necessary outfit for this rare but chilling sport. A sled, a primitive affair which had been standing for years in a corner of the ttabie-yard was soon forthcoming, a span of donkeys obtained, but lo I the great disideratum, TH« IKLLS, could not be ob tained. A deputation was dispatched to search to r the indispensable articles, who reported as the *iesuH of their labors that they had obtained two dinner-bells, one cow-bell and a gridiron, with which substitute the party expressed much satis faction. Instead of attaching theso articles to the donkeys which drew the sleigh, they were vio lently rung by the party in the sleigh. Not the least amusing feature of the affair was the antipathy ex hibited f>y some who hadn't a sleigh—through envy, we suppose— by casting a DAMPKB upon the spirits of the sleigh-party in the shape of snow balls. Notwithstanding this, and the complaint of a certain gentleman that every snow-ball hit his CARS, the party seemed to be much pleased with their ride. jg@-The interesting communication upon ""White River," and one signed "Mud-sill," will appear in our next week's issue. Animal Report of the War Department The Secretary of War in his annual report accompanying the President's Message, says that the army on the frontier, has been actively engaged dur ing the year 1860, in repressing Indian outbreaks. In relation to the Salmon Falls massacre, so familiar to our peo ple, the following extract will be read with interest: ~ ~ " The Snuke Indians in Washington Territory, on the mill recently opened from Fort Bridger to Fort Wnlln Walla, have been hostile during the past season ; mid. although a campaign \va9 un dertaken and prosecuted with vigor against them, it did not result in reducing them to subordination. Since the troops have been withdrawn from active operations in the field, a large body of emigrants were attacked, almost on the borders of the settle ments, ami urnnt of them murdered. Efficient measures will lie taken to chastise these Indians." We especially commend the recom mendation made by the Secretary, of putting the Indian Bureau under the supervision of the War Department instead of the Department of the Inte rior, with which it is now connected. The necessity of supplying forces to overawe the Indians, seems naturally to connect the two services, and such t* change would l»e attended with econ omy and secure efficiency. All will learn with pleasure that the Secretary speaks in glowing terms of the road from Wulla Wnlln to Fort Benton. The Secretary savs over three « • hundred recruits passed over it consu niatiiiir the trip in sixty days. After highly recommending it to the fuvorahle attention of Congress he proceeds as follows: " The march of troops through this region keeps in subordination the Indian tribes upon the route ; anil this is n matter of great importance to the northern settlements of Washington Territory, now rapidly increasing, ami w here th« Indians lire numerous, warlike and powerful." A Srnpr.lsK PARTY. —On Wednesday evening last, in company with a party of ladies and gentlemen, we enjoyed a sleigh-ride into the country. After pro ceeding a few miles, wo were not sur prised that the sleigh should break down, and precipitate the blankets, buf falo robes, crinolines and us, all in a heap; but wo were surprised to find that, after being assorted and arranged to the general satisfaction once more, we were ncaring the residence of Mr. 8. We are again surprised to find a large party there assembled; large par ty surprised to see us; constantly sur prised by the arrival of diminutive par ties ; surprised to find a violinist among us; and not surprised that we had an agreeable dance. "We were immeasuin blj surprise*! on Tiewing the bountiful repast spread by the fair hostess; sur prised that we were about realizing the truth of the old couplet— " Dance nil night, till broad day-light. And go lionio with the girls in the morning;'' surprised to arrive home safely; and not surprised il* influenza should prevail. nez PERCe gOLD MlnesES . —Wo call attention to the very interesting article on the above subject, from the Portland Daily Time.*, of January 18th, on our fourth page. We are also permitted to extract from a letter addressed to a member of the Legislature, from a re liable gentleman, writing from Oro Fcna Flat, in December last, the follow ing items: " Wo arrived here in ten d iyj travel from Walla Walla, meeting with no difficulties from Indians, and no snow impeding our progress ; in fact six inched was the most we had on the tahle-land from the forks -of Clearwater. Dirt pays three cents to the pan. Quarts rock abounds in every direction. The country is more flat th«n reported, the only difliculty in working in the mines, being that there is hardly enough fall of water. One thousand men can find employment at good wages, say from $5 to $8 per day, and in some instances even S3O to S4O per day to the miner. The gold is very line, but I have seen several large pieces mixed with quarts. It will require quicksilver, to work them successfully. INTERESTING FROM THE INTERIOR.—A correspondent of a member of tho Council writes: " New gold discover ies are of constant occurrence. The Pcnd d'Oreille miners, over 100 in number, aro all doing well. The mines in viciuity of Bock Crock arc extended by the finding of gold on three good creeks, 18, 25, and 80 miles this side of Bock Creek. Mines are also being worked on White Sheep river, about twenty miles west of the Columbia. Flour was selling at Bock Creek at $25 per barrel. INFORMATION WANTED— Of John Cun ningham, who has a sister residing at Martinez, Contra Costa county, Cal. When his sister last heard from him, he was in tho vicinity of Olympia, W. T. Any information regarding him, communicated to this office, or to his sister, Mrs. A. M. Young, Martinez, will be gratefully received. tar We had the pleasure of a visit from the Hon. G. W. Vaughn, of Van couver, on Friday morning. He ap pears to be enjoying very good health. ACKNOWLEDOMENTH. —We are again indebted to that prince of stcamhoat men Capt. Fleming, for files ofthe Brit ish f'of on int. Legislative Proceedings—Eighth Seuion RETORTED EXPRESSLY COR THE "STAXIMMI," . Council. "WEDNESDAY, Jan. 16.— Mr. Clark presented the following eomnmnica. tion: Hon. Paul K. Hubbs, President, of the Council T. Sir: I have the honor to inform the Legislature now in session, through you, that I cannot consistently with * iny sense ofdutyand propriety, q«al ify and enter upon the discharge of the duties of Public Printer. The Joint Convention which elected me, have my unqualified thanks forth* confidence and esteem manifested in their selection, and I now beg to re. turn to their hands the trust reposed in me. Very Respectfully, (Signed) GEORGE GALLAGHER. Olvnipia Jan. 16th 1861. Ordered, spread upon the journal, The annual report of the Territorial Treasurer, was read and 100 copies or dered printed. Mr. Clark of committee on Corpora' tions, reported favorably several articles of Incorporation, which were suhse auently passed. Among them were ic act incorporating the Vancouver Hibernian Benevolent Association; a charter to Kane Lodge, A. F. and A. M., and the amendatory bill to the Dalles Portage charter. Mr. Clark introduced a joint resolu providing for a Joint Convention to meet on Tuesday the 22d of January, to elect a Territorial Printer, in place of George Gallagher, Esq. resigned. Laid on the table. Council passed a substitute for House hill relating to the school fund in Clark count v. This substitute was re ported by Air. C'apJes of a select com mittee to whom the House Hill had been referred. Mr. Simms introduced a joint resolu tion relative to a separate Military De partment, including Oregon and Wash ington, with Head-quarters at Fort Vancouver. Ordered printed. Several bills received their second reading ami were referred to their ap propriate standing committees. Mr. Miller of the committee on Judi ciary to whom had been referred the House Hill providing for the publica tion of the names of Territorial offi cers. members and officers of the Leg islative Assembly, made the following report: "An act to perpetuate the his ton- of the members of the Washington Ter ritory Legislative Assembly and others, ami especially Taylor. SECTION 1. Be it nun-ted by the Ley!*- fat ire Assembly of Washington Territory, That thero shall lie prefixed to each volume of laws hereafter published, the names and residence of the several Territorial officers, the Council mem bers; the members of the House; the |>residing officers and clerks of both •ranches of the Legislature, at the time of the passage of such laws. SKC. 2. This act to take effect and be in force from and after its passage. MR. L'RKSIPKXT — The Committee on Judiciary, to whom was referred House Bill No. 54. has liad the same under long and seri ous consideration. The committee is aware of the great necessity, (having an eye to the welfare of future genera tions) of carefully presen ilis; the his tory of each and every member of tho present Legislative Assembly of Wash ington Territory. And to accomplish that desirable 'object, the committee would suggest that Major John Y. Sewell or Mr. James G. Bwan be em ployed to write n short biography of eacb member of the Legislature in tho style of Plutarch. The Committee is of the opinion that the parallels, drawn in the style of that illustrious author with regard to the character and ability of the differ ent members of this UUintrinus body would be both entertaining and amu sing to the future generations. The eommittee unanimously instruct me to report the bill back with amend ment to title, and recommend that it do pass as amended. W, W. MILLER, Chairman. The report of the committee was or dered printed. Several other bills of minor impor tance wero acted upon and referred when the Council adjourned. THURSDAY, Jan. 17.—Council passed tho memorial from the House relative to the codification of the laws. Tho Council refused to recede from their amendments to the House memo rial relativo to the defences on Puget sound. This adherence of tho Council and House, without a conference being had upon tho disagreement, kills the measure under the joint rules. The President then proceeded to sign a number of bills, memorials &c., here tofore passed. Some other business of an unimpor tant character occupied the Council, during the remainder of the morning. FRIDAY, Jan. 18.—Council passed the joint resolution relative to the sep arate Military Dejmrtment of Oregon and Washington. Also tho House Me morial relative to the reoccupancy by U. S. troops of Fort Bcllinghain; am tho memorial relative to the establish ment of an Indian Agency among the Lniumi Indians. . The House Bill revising the fee* of officers, referred to the Judiciary com mittee. Mr. Hubbs—an act to regulate suits for divorce and alimony, referred to

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