Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, January 22, 1836, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated January 22, 1836 Page 2
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been projected, und ii can certainly bu ex cctilc J Willi lliu Etui plies winch this bill al fordsand perhaps not without them. This bill passed, nnd these and other similar undertakings completed, wo may indulges the jiit riottu hope that our Union will be humid by tics ami interests that render it indissoluble. As the General Government withholds all direct agency from these truly national works, and from nil now ubjeci of internal improvement, ought it not to yield to the Slat or, what is their own, the amount received from pub lic lands-? It would thus but execute faith fullv a trust expressly created by the orig ma I deeds of cession, or re-tilting from the treaties of acquisition. With this ample resource, every desirable object of improve mont. in every part of our extensive coun try, may in duo tune, he accomplished. Placing this cxhaostless fund in tho hands oftho several members of tho confederacy, their common federal head may address them in tho glowing language of tho .Brit ish hard, and Hid li.utior, open, public way extendi Bid U'lnplcs t outlier ot'lhe God :irciiil: Hid tlio Li i), id .ncli, ilic il.injciuiis Mood contain 'I'lio mole, ptojectin;, tut'.iU t lie lo.uin;' m.iin, Hark lo tils Ijuundf , ilieir subject sea eiwiinaiitl, And loll obedient rilcis llnougli llic laud. The affair oftho public lands was forced upon r.ic. In the session of IU3I-V!, a mo tion from a quarter politically unfriendly to me, was made to refer it to tho commit tee of manufactures, of which 1 wns a member. ! strcnously opposed tho refer ence. I remonstrated, 1 protested, I en treated, I cmplorcd. It wns in vain thai 1 insisted that the committee on the public lands was the regular standing committee to which the reference should bo made. It was in vain that I contended that the public lands and domestic manufactures were subjects absolutely incongruous. The un natural alliance was ordered by a vole of a majority of tho Senate. I felt that a personal embarrassment was intended nic. I felt that the design was lo place in my hands a many edged instrument, which I could nol touch without being wounded. Nevertheless, I subdued all my repugnance and I engaged assiduously in the task which had been so unkindly assigned me. This - - ..:l.. i. .1 1 . . i. -i- deliberations, fallen reported, tho report! Ul il CllilllUI UIM WUj LIIU UUS milir Ul IIIV I accompanying tl. was, relereil hy the fame tiiiionly oftho Senate to tho verv commit tee on tho public land lo which I had un successfully fought to have the subject originally assigned, for the avowed purpose of obtaining ti counteracting report. But in spitu of all opposition it passed the Senate at that session. At tho next, both Houses of Congress. I confess I feel anxious for the fate of this measure, less on account of any agency I have had in proposing il, as 1 hope and believe, than from u linn, sincere, and thorough conviction, that no one measure ever presented to the councils nfthu nation was fraught with so much tieurxcd irnod and could exert such powerful mill enduring influence in tho preservation uf thu Union itself, and upon some of its highest interest. If I can be instrumental, in the adup tion uf it, I shall enjoy, in that re tiremcnt into which I hope shortly lo enter a heart feeling satisfaction and n lasting consolation. 1 shall carry thnrc no regrets, no complaints, no reproaches on my own account. When I look back upon my hum ble origin; lelt an orphan loo young to have been conscicus of a fathers "smiles or caresses, with a widowed mother, sur rounded by a numerous offspring, in the midst of pecuniary embarrassments, with out a regular education without fortune, without friends, without natrons. 1 have reason to bo satisfied wild my public career I ought lo be thankful lor the high place.-, und honors to which I have been called by tho favor and partiality of my countrymen, nnd I inn thankiul and gralelul. And I shall take with mo the pleasing conscious, ncss, thai, in whatever station I hive been placed. I have carries' ly labored lo justify their confidence by n faithful, foarlo-s- and zaalous discharge of my public duties. Pardon the-c personal allusions. I make tho motion of which notice has boon given. Leave was then grained, and the hill was introduced lead twice; referred to t lie committees on the public lands, and order ed lo be printed. Washington. Jan. 7, IfJC. This morning as soon as the Clerk had read tho Journal of the Ilouso. Mr. J. Q. i Adams rose, and said that he wished 'o 1 propose a question to the Chairman of the 1 Committee on Foreign Relations, but, be-1 fore he did so, ho wished to read an article, from the National Intelligencer of the morning. This he attempted to do, hut, he room was so dark, he said, that he could not effect his object. All sides oftho House were much exci ted, for the appeal that lie made to the Chairman oflhc Committee on Foreign Relations, led every one in suppose that the Ex-President, was about to make sonic devclopemeni8 in relation to our affairs with France, At last, tho Clerk of the House relieved all anxiety, by reading from the National Intelligencer, an article copied from the New Orleans Bee, slating that the Ports of Mexico, hnd been shut ogainst the Commerce oftho United States. Mr. Adams said, when the Clerk had read the article, that he wished to enquire of the Chairman of Foreign Relations, if tho government was in possession of any facts in relation lo the Mexican Embargo. Mr John Y. Mason, tho Chairman, said that the article rend at the instance of the gentleman from Massachusetts, attracted his attention yesterday, and he immediately icfcrrcd to tho Department of .State, and mado tho necessary enquiries, and was in formed, that nothing official had been re ceived in reference to the Mexican diflictil' ty. Mr Adani3 thou said, that as the House would probably adjourn over until Monday, he would give notice, that lie should on that day call on Congress lo take such steps ns should be deemed neces Mexican Government. Tho excitement produced by this little incident, was a faith, fill and nn emphatic comment, on the deep interest, that all feel in the state of our af fairs with France. Soon after Mr Adams resumed his scat, thu House on motion of Mr Harding of Kentucky, proceeded to the reception of petitions from tho different states, a busi ness that has been most seriously Intcrrup tod for tho last ten days. Finding that Mr .larvis' Resolution of yesterday, wns not called up, 1 repaired to tho Senate when 1 found that body deeply! engaged in discussing thu abolition question, which had been accidentally called up, by the presentation of a petition from the people of Ohio, praying for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, Tho petition was offered by Mr Morris of Ohio, and Mr Calhoun had moved that it be rejected. Mr Morris was defending the petition when I went in. After ho had taken his seat, Mr Porter of Louisania, replied at some length nnd with much warmth, and was followod by Mr Preston on the same side The speech of this gentleman, was exceed ingly eloquent and impressive, and was lis toned too with the most profound attention. It was an able argument, and whilst it did not offer any insolence or menace lo the North, it appealed to Congress for nothing but justice, and an exprcssion of its voice in behalf of the.South, in a way that could not bo misunderstood.-. Mr Buchanan (Pennsylvania, followed Mr Preston, and while he repudiated the acts oftho abolitionists he defended the right of petition, and advocated the recen lion oftho memorial from Ohio. Mr Bedford Brown of North Caraolin re pucii to iur liiiciianan, anil ileolannetl a speech altogether in favor of tho North 'c had undoubtedly been instructed by the administration, but made a sad blunder anil did not exactly present its wishes. He wasscvcreld and sarcastically rebuked by Messrs-. Presto. i and Calhoun, and left in a most pitiable dilctna. Col. Tom Benton, fullowcd Messrs. Cal houn and Preston, and took ' his stand Upon a widows jointed land." in favor nf nothing in particular, but was evidently very much disposed to make speech, that would win the applauso oftho "democracy," of all kinds and descriptions. The debate was at last cut off by Mr Webster, who moved an adjournment, but it will probably bo resumed next Monday, over to which day, both houses have ad journed. It was a very interesting debate, and before it is closed, will call out all the talents oftho Senate. We have nothing forther from Prance, The "Special Message," has not yet reach ed us, but wo arc looking for it every day and hour. I he weather is exceedingly had, and the rain has poured in torrents all day. Washington January 0. Wo were to have had a little Man-wor ship lo-day under the guise of laying the foundation stone of tho now city of Jack son. The elements, however, resisted stormfully and the "!!th of January" was put ufl'uulil another da v. To-night they are to have a johiicnion, nud Col. Diet Johnson is expected to preside, but the Virginians declare positively, thev will not attend, if he is lo bu king of the feast I saw M. Pageot this morning. He has left Ins lodgings and taken rooms at a prival hotel. He loaves on Moutlav. January Oit J called at the Presidents' huuse this morning, n few hours after he had received tho last advices Irom France. Ho was in a rase and gave utterance lo language. thai I shall not repeat. Among oth ! I lit; Whig members of Congress, came in ' for a round share of his abuse, (or not cun last that the Whiga votedan unusually large appropriation jTorjrppairiiig the fortillca linns ii'iiicir me DECi.isF.n. If anv loss oc curs on our sea 'ijolSd, let tho blame sticli where it belongs, to Old Hickory him self! I never boforo saw him so angry, believe he felt as if he could have swallow ed tho wholo French Nation frogs and all ! It is not yet known what course ho will recommend. The inleligcncc received from Tampico of the fate of the 23 advon lurcrs, lias reached us to dav. We are so excited, however, by our French relations that little else receives attention here. January I0,7i Mr. Edward Livingston is here, and with tho President. The Special Message w probably make its appearance on Wednes day or Thursday. It is believed that Mr, Webster will go with the Administration in the French Affair! January 1 th, In tho Senate this morning, Mr. Clay introduced a resolution which lies' over one dav of course, calling on the President for such information touching tho French Con troversv. as ia not compatible .with tho pub lie interest. Before Mr. tilay offered it a little confabulation took place between Messrs. White of Tennesson and King I1nt.nrnn on tU PlmMnH' trft.ltl Mint fill ng to g'wingmrMtbbthrco millions, session, hutETnVdSGeiieral forgets incidental debate on the abolition question. when Mr. Webster made a few remarks, not particularly definite on tho main ques tion of Slavery. In the House, a wordy debate took place on a memorial from the State" of Michigan, in which nil who had tongues spake. Tho special Message has not yet made its appearance. Gen. Jack son has been busy lavinir a corner stone to-day, and had no time to write or scud messages. January 1 Qit. lien. Jackson continues lu rail most roundly at the Whigs oftho last Congress, and of tho French ho expresses a most contemptible opinion! Tho resolution of- lercd by Mr, Clay yesterday, calling on tho President for information formal or informal, official, or inofficial" will, 1 am assured, receive no notice or altcation, ci ther at the hands of tho President, or Mr. Forsyth ! An utter disregard for the law or the Constitution of the Country, has habituated him to despisu the authority of the co ordinate Branch of the Government. An abolition debate commenced to-day in the House, on the appeal of Mr. Adams, from the decision of the Chair. It was suddenly cut off to the gratification of all present. M Jit & I ITS TOIT FRIDAY MORNING, JAN. 22. MEETING OF THE WHIGS. At a meeting of the Whigs, members of tho Convention aud others at the Court House in Montpclior, on Monday evening Jan- 11th. pursuant to notice, the Hon. SAMUEL CLARK, of Brattlcbornngh, was called to the chair, and John N. Pom- ei;ov, of Burlington, was appointed Secre tary. A committee, consisting of Messrs John N Pomeroy, Asa Aiken, Vlnw.m White. ' Andrew I racy, anil Vtllo Laurence, hav ing been appointed to prepare business reported a resolusion for the call of a Slate Convention, which, after some discussion, was laid upon the tablo on motion of Mr Aiken, Adjourned to Tuesday evening. Tuksd y, Jan. I '2. 1'hc meeting opened agreeably to ad journment. On motion of Mr. White, Resolved, That intelligence, industry. and moral worth ought tn he commended anil patronized in every department ol the community citizens of cverey calling and employment, who are faithful, honest and capable, are entitled to equal protection, patronage anil respect. Kcsuivcu, mat every attempt in array one portion nf community ngnitist another to prejudice the rich against tho poor and the poor against iho rich iwtrlukes strongly of meanness anil demagogi-m, anil ought lo be Irowned upon and reprobated by every patriot. The hollow hearted cry. Dcmocraeu IJcmncracy, Y love Jurlliepcu- vie, without a corresponding course uf measures, calculated to promote ilieir pros perity and happiness, are tain ami delusive. llesolvcd, I hat tlio modern doctrine, those who are doing business on borrowed capital ought to break;" though promul gated Irom high places, it is totally hostile to laudable enterprise, industry anil general prosperity ; every poor, cnterpri.tng, nidus trious, capable young man is deserving of liberal patronage and encouragement. Resolved, That lo carry lorward the im provement sj ami ontcrprtzes oftho day. cal culated to advance general prosperity union ot individual exertion anil capital.! based upon equitable and Itbetal principl.-s are salu'arv ant) tnat mo inui-criniinaie outcry acainsl monopolies nnd inonted in stitutions savors not of patriotism, but is thetionuv, upon which demagogues intend to ride into power aud lord it over tho re publican heritage. On motion of Mr Pomeroy, Resolved, That we hold lo 1 lie doctrine of the Supremacy of the public will, es ex pressed m the Con-litulton and iawsofihe cntintrv and that wo slioii'rlv i isan prove of every unlawlul and uncotistitutiou- ul exercise oi' power. Resolved that wo approve oT tho prin ciples of the bill introduced into the Senate of the United States by Mr Clay, for the distribution of the proceeds of the sale of the public lands. Resolved, That we approve of n Tariff which will afford protection lo the industry of the country, anil that we have evidence of the beneficial effects of the present tariff in the enterprtzing efforts ot'our fnilow-eit-izens in establishing home manufactures, and in the price of all articles of domestic growth and industry. Resolved, That we deem it to be the solemn duty oftho Whigs of Vermont to maintain their integrity nnd consistency ol character, and loiake nil proper measures to sustain their principles, notwithstanding any discouragements, within or without. Resolved. That as republican Whigs of Vermont, we are disposed to extend a lib eral hand, and to meet upon equal footing our fellow citizens of every name, who arc opposed lo Executive usurpation and the Baltimore nominee, and are friends to the Constitution and a just and equitable ad ministration of the laws. On motion, it was resolved to appoint a Stale Central Committee of three members load with the present State committtc; and II. II. Rem., E. P. Wutos, aud Josximi Howks, were appointed tho Coin mittcc. The resolution reported last evening svas amended und adopted as follows : Resolved, That wo recommend to tho Statu Whig Committee to call a convent ion j of the Republican Whigs of tlnsstato al as early a period us may bo, to mako a nomin ation of state officers for the ensuing year and Electors of President and Vice Presi dent of the United Slates, On motion, resolved that the State Ccn. tral Committee bo requested lo appoint committees in each county in the slate, with power to appoint town committees in each town within their counties, On motion of Gen. Lawrence the officers oftho Convention were directed to prepare its proceedings for publication in tho news papers of this stale. TUB FRENCH QUESTION. The following letter presents soma now and important suggestions in relation to the French Question. With reference to this question at Washington, wo think tho cm barrassmcnts oftho administration arc daily increasing. They are sensible oftho awk wardncss of their position. There is un doubtedly a division in the Jackson ranks on this subject. Mr Van Burcn and Gov, Cass are for peace; thopresidint litmsclt is for hostile demonstration, as well as pre paration, if not for war itself. Ho is angry and resolved. He complains loudly of both Houses of Congress for their quiescent spirit There is indeed no war feeling Congress at present. Cor. of lite Boston Atlas'J Paris-. Dec. 10. 1C35 The prospect of a final settlement of the t'American Question" as it is called abroad grows every day more faint. Theannouucc mont in tho ministerial press, that orders had been issued to the various ports in the Meditcrancan nnd the Ocean, lo man and equip immediately 15 ships of the lino and fricatcs. c. in proportion, gives n more warlike aspect to affairs. This step was taken by tho King and tho Cabinet, it is said here, alter consulting 01. Uhevaiter, who has recently returned from country where he has been travelling, for what pur pose 1 know not. at the expense of tho Government. M. Chevalier gave such a view oftho s'ulo of parties of the person al feelings of the President of the sub viencvoftho Cabinet to his views of tho necessity that was felt in a certain quarter l0 ,;l u,, aM excitement in order to another object uf the union of all parties on one point, nol to digraco tho country by an apology of the confidence which is lelt at homo in tho superiority of our navy as so to leave the impression on the mind of the King, that the tone oftho Message would be hostile. He has determined, therefore, to prepare for tho worst and by one vigorous blow to end thu war if it should commence, by the annihilation ol our navy and an extensive sciznrc of our commerce. Ho is certainly prudent in availing himself of the advantages of his position as a King, and profiting by his previous preparations. But M. Chevalier or my child who knows any thing of our present condition, could tell bun that any ill success which might attend our first efforts at defence, would only double and treble our navy that with such re sources of men. money, and materials in actual readiness, in less than six months a navy would leap into the ocean, officered & maned with seamen acknowledged lobe surpassed by none in the world. Hereto fore tho French navv seems to have been rigged and manned in an "Eclipse." aud il remains lo be seen, if It can he triumphant almost lor the first time, in n war with us. One thing is certain, that the French navy is now in a bettor condition than it ever was before. It has been a leading object of Louts Phtllippe, lo stretiglhen this hitliorlo weak arm ol the national de fence and this he has done bv encouraging nayal schools tho coasting trade favor ing naval officers and educating one ol Ins own sons for the service. There will bo nine enough, I hone, lo calculate the chances of immediate and ultimate success Still I thini; the whole tendency of thing l I In vun r. The pride oftho Kin is touchedthe 0,mm which has fallen tinon tho govern- inent, from the European press, fur attach ing so absurd a condition to the payment of an acknowledged debt, has only added keenness in the scn-ihtlny which iho mes sage handled so roughly. As I think, the insinuations against the honor of the King, (for it amounts to thai) in the message were entirely untit'ce-SJry and unjust. Louis Phillippe did all that a king could do, to ! carry lll(J " Indemnity through the iir.unuer.. uc uasnowevr-r now ueci.ircu his internum to have nn apology frum ! President or what shall amount to thu to the same. I his reservation or nuallihcatinn miiv save in war vet. He converses on the subject with any who broach it. Nn one can bo more sen-tble than he is, of the impolicy of a protracted war especially one which should require (he withdrawal of the troops I out the neighborhood of Pari', and did not enlist deeply the pride of the French character. He has too many b tter enemies nt home enemies who hate him from the depths of their hearts and arc thirsting to hurl him from his throne, lo have tho unsleeping vigi lence of the government removed frum them. SrF.ciit. Message. Tho correspondent oftho Courier &. Enquirer, under date of Jan. 14, says, "All the differences in relation to the special message are surmounted by tho Executive, und that document will bo sent in on Tuesday next. You will as certainly have it in possession on Wednesday even ing. It will probably embody tho Presi dent's own views on tho subject of French affairs from which his Cabinet dare not dissent." Il 'u difficult (says a sensible writer in the N. Y. Commercial,) to imagine any thin" more ridiculous limn the present I stale of affairs beiwaen the U. Stales and France. Nearly fifty millions of people in tho two countries arc now waiting to know their Cue, which depends upon the chance that ono old gentleman shall be satisfied that another old gentleman did not mean to insult him. A letter in the Journal of Commerce,! says, that the Legislature of Illinois have clitmcn Hon. John I). Ewino a Senator in Congress, in the place ol Mr Kane, deceas ed. The N. Y. Amoiican says that Mr E. is a friend of Henry Clay. Sii.k, Gov. Everett, in his late Message to the Massachusetts Ecgislrluro, makes tho following sensible remarks on iho subject of the silk culture. "In tho month of April last, a law was passed "to uncotirago the reeling arid throw. ingof silk." It provided that any person who should reel, or causo to bo reeled, or throw or can so to bo thrown in Ilia Commonwealth, from cocooii3 produced from silk worms raised in .Massachusetts, merchantable sun, capable of being manufactured into tho vari ous silk fabiicks, shall he entitled lo a bounty of fifty cents for every pound of silk thus reeled or thrown. It has been roptcscntcd that tho terms on which Ibis bounty is offered render it nearly, if not quite, inoperative. If il bo the design oftho Legislature, locncoui aso in this way tho attempts made lo intro duce this important branch of industry into Massachusetts, tho law for that purpose will probably require revision. Thcro are good grounds for tho opinion that tho manufacture ot silk will become one ol tno greatest inter ests in Massachusetts. It originated in the remotest antiquity, in a region whoso climate I .1.- nn.n1lna f Inrilii.lo nnd pir. Ulltlt.1 U1U DUIIIU I'iIIUIIUIO Wl ...... .. cumstancos is similar to ours. This eonsido. lation, with tho experiments already made in the culturo of iho Chincso mulberry and the raising of tho silk worm, furnishes much rca. son to believe that the climate of Now Eng land will prove peculiarly favoiable to both. The adaptation of the rcquisito machinery fur reeling-and tho othor processes of the manu facture opens a licld for Iho exercise of that mechanical ingenuity, which is a marked characteristic of our citizens. Should the anticipations warranted by these circumstan ces bo happily realized, silk will bocomo n staplo product of tho country, both for con. sumption and exportation, second to no other as a branch of industry and a source of wealth. Virginia repudiates Colonel Johnson. The Van Burcn parly has had a Caucus at Richmond aud nominated Judge Smith, formerly a Senator from S. Carolina anil now a resident of Alabama, for the Vice Presidency. Wasai.ngton, Jan. 14. In the Senate this morning thcro was a most interesting debate on Mr Benton's sweeping resolution, appropriating the whole surplus in the Treasury lor military purposes. Mr WebUcr made one of tho ablest speeches against the resolution, that ho has ever made. In the course of his re-ma'l;--, ho staled an astounding fact that occurred in secret session on the night of the 3d of March last. At a late hour in the evening the Clerk of the Senate wait cd upon the President, in one of the Com mittee rooms, and notified him of the re jection of Mr Taney as a Judge of the Su premo Court: Whereupon tho President replied, that it was. aflor 12 o'clock, and ho would receive no communication from the .Senate. The Clerk endorsed this reply on the back of the notice, and filed il among his papers. Tho injunction of secrosy wa ycstcrilay taken off by the Senate, anil the exposure made in consequence. This ex plains the reason why the Mlouse did not pas'sthe military appropriation bill. What a disgraceful transaction. .-i Mr Webster rose and said that he was determined not lo ili-ctt-s the affair-- con nected vith our differences with France, until tt proper time fur sncli a tli-cussioit would arise until mat time shou'd come, at which it would be tip. duty ufihe Exec utive ;o turm-h to Congress the reqiiis'to subject. The pres ent however, was a proncr ocea-iot; und the circumstances that occurred made it neces sary for htm to refer lo the incidents con- neclcd with the loss ot tho Fortification bill. He might premi-c by saying thai during the la.-t session, so far from the Senate being liable lo any charge for not having attended lo their duties, SfC, he never knew n sesion in which inure itn pertain busine-s Had been by them des patched. Much ot it however, tney heard nol lung ol afterwards. They passed the Post Office lull tlio Uistnm llon-e regu lation bill the bill regulating thu Public Deposits anil tho bill to settle tho claims with France, with many others of like important character. The House of Rep resentatives did not act on these, contrary to what had been the usual practice, to dis po-e of such bills ns had been acted on in either House. With resocct to the Fortification Bill, he desired to claim the merit of having moved lo reject tho proposition to place at tho Executive disposal threo milhotisof money, without specification, witnout a call to that eft'ect. and without estimates. He repeal ed, ho desired to claim the merit of that motion, and the twenty eight Senators who tnought with In in, were not unwilling to record their names on that vote. It Mood on the journal and whenever if ever the expunging process was lo begin, ho prayed that his unme, in its infinite mercy, would be left where he placed it. An Honorable Senator (Mr Ewing) bad said that even if the public enemy was at their door, ho would vote down so unconstitutional so monstrous a proposition. Ho concurred with him. if the public cnmy was at the door of the Capitol, ho could not be indu ccd to vote fur it, then, or now, because in the volume in his hand, (the Articles of the Constitution) there were principles in the maintenance of which, the people had an interest to which the destruction of ten capitols had not the comparative wcitrht of a feather. Mr-W. having adverted to the tuuis LuiiiiL'uii-u who uiu uMMiiioiuec oi con. ference, iio maintained that tho public roc ords would shew that every thing had been done by the Senate to insure tho passage of the bill, without thu obnoxious amend ment and to assure the public defence, beyond tho possibility of rational denial. , After which, he said, there were other in- ciilentH, which it was now fit, instead of vagun rumour, should bo made known to the American people, and which would en able t hum possibly to account for tho treat ment which the bill received in tho other House. They had been in Executive session on lite last night, having under deliberation certain nomination for tho Supreme Court. Tho seal of secrecy having been taken off, what he staled was now in the journal. The nomination of a distinguished person ago was by a majority of ihc Senate, in definatcly postonud in othor words, re jected. Tho secretary of tho Senate, in the usual form, carried a copy of this vote to the President, thou in his chamber in tho Capitol ; ho announced to him its contonts, and tho President replied that ho could re ceive no communication from him at that hour ; that it was after twelve o'clock : and h'e forthwith left the capital. The secreta ry catno back, made no report on the sub jectperhaps it was not his duty to have dono so but entered on the back of the document, the reply made to him by the President. What ho meant lo state with respect to this wa3, that if tho President could not receive any communication on this ground, from the Senate, neither could he receive any bills from tho House, and ha also meant to say that when the Presl dent left his room, the fact of his having so loft it. was soon known in the House of Rcprcscntativcsalihotigh there was not on their journal any such reason given, that iho fortification hill, or others, were not passed, because the President would not sign them. Tito blame of loosing this par ttcular bill, then, if any, even if they adopt cd the three millions, would not havo rested with tho Senate. Mr. W. commented on the novelty of this objection, as at variance with former usage, and remarked, that if it was valid, which he contended against, then the Cum berland road bill had been improperly stirn- ed by the President on that same night, after twelve o'clock. Mr W. in conclusion, as matter for their highest consideration, referred to and quo ted the language of the President's Mes sage, viz. "Much loss and inconvenience bavc been experienced in ron-eqitencenf the failure of the lull containing the nnl.r.arv appropriation- lor torttlicaiioiis-. v.-nteli pas nd one 'jranch of Iho legislature at tho ht-t session, but was lost in the other. This failure was the more regretted, not only because it nccofarily interrupted and dehyed the progress of a system of nation al defence, projected after tin; last war, and since steadily pnrsio-d but also because it contained a contingent appropriation, in serted in accordettce with the views of the Executive, and other branches of tho national defence, some portions of which might have been most Usefully applied during the na-t season." Mr. W. said, the first paragraph was not consistent with the f.i:t, and must have been inserted from mistake : it should he known, that the bill could only be lost in that house where it was left. The rest of the paragraph was matter of graver deli beration : for the President there says tho proposition of a contingent appropriation the three million appropriation was in accordance with the views of the Executivo Have we or have we not, ho inquired a written const itutuiti ? Have wo n constitu tion which prescribe-' the performance of certain duties to the Executive ? Is there or is there, tiola mi ngthe first articleslof the constitution, an oblig.iiion impn-ed on htm to give to Cungrcss information of the state of the Union and recommend to their con sideration sticlmi-asurcs as be shall judge necessary and expedient ? Was then the proposition for Iho threo millions of money judged by the President ULtiiS-uiv u ii ti ;.pi'ini:iil us inc lliussue in forms IIS ? If so, why was il not commu nicated to eonri-a.- Ate we to suppose that the propo-mon wns induced by con--ideritlmns, oilier than Ihc public good? If the con-liitition is not to be deemed a mere piece of waste paper, what is this oint-sion to communicate to Congress, to be deemed hy us? Where is the Execu tive recommendation for a proposition, that as, this message now say--, was in accord ance with Ins views ns expedient ? No whore. This is no small matter. The President was in hearing of their voice a room or two from their chamber, he did not deign to take the respon-ibility of recom mending this tueas.iro ; nevertheless, so circumstanced, itiliniiting that it was expe dient and necessary to be applied for tho public nervier, although uncalled for by him, in tho miutu-r prescribed by the Con stitution, unasked. the extraordinary spec tacle is presented of a proposition unlimit ed in its objects, without any specification, coming by means they know not, from tho peoples llousu of Ilepresentatives to pour forth millions into the lap oftho Executive. Looking to the consequences of all this, what man could believe, that if, the con tingent power of granting reprisals that was asked for, and this contingent power to dispose at discretion-unasked for, had been granted, we should not now be in" volved in war. Every man would admit, that al least there was the strongest prob ability of it. lie justified the Senate, throughout, ad. niliing that on most important matters it was lo bo regretted the President and that body differed in opinion. There could bo no charge of chicanery, no charge of design to embarrass the public service, notwith standing that difference of opinion brought against iliem. How long they could stand up in support of the great principles on which they acted on which they adopted those measures, how long they could resist a popularity originally well fodnded, on the military services of the Individual, ho could not prophecy. He dared not trust himself to prophecy. Ono thing only he knew, whether it was from instinct or per. ception, ho had a perception, a keen per! ceplioii, that unless there was a firm adhe! sion to those principles, in doors nn.l .. of doors adhesion to them, one und nil I upon which the Senate had thus far upon wnejii me Senate had thus far sus. tamed their measures in opposition to tho measures of tho governmeni, unless they adhered to those principles, iinseduccd by tho smiles, unternficd bv the frowns of Lxccutivo power, thcro wore those now living who might record the last days of the constitution under which thnv U'nrn nil buru. sary to take in reference to the ucts of the t i

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