C O 31 MUNIOATlONi The Florin Which I hrcr.teucd In burst upon u is passing uvviiy. 'I'lii' govern infill roti.ai lo ii sense nl lliu danger, which illliiinMl Kfiil was producing, is pni Mug forth its energies in unnerve nor ucnccfnl relations, 'I'iui return in quiet Will pri.lmli'y in n inpttl, n- tin? excitement which tlirrnltliril In disturb that quiet was Piiilikn nml extraordinary. The errors into wlncli we have IhIIimi, having their Origin in 1I1O li"fl I'l'rslinjrM n!" nur naliiri!. lnvo nl' lilicrty nml deriro lo extend Ms blessings, should In mentioned without liny asperity tnul rente inb:'ri'il only ns can lin'ni n omii i x' mwignnec ill i he ox1 enstnn tiT nur p'I'icip'i'-i M people lint pti'pnri'i) In Tcceive them 'I'lic thoughtful man, while vn riiMitl with tyrul cftil emotions fur dtli vor noo iV'iin danger, will seek In I'oepon iIip iinprcshm v. Inch I In; principle it! itikm) government make upon the ininil bv n proper improvement ol I hi past. The demands, of do'y nrc always imporoi ivi. nml noiif more sii than those winch as free tnen wo owe In our country mill the world. Admr.lod lo the liiniijy of nations, we nru bound liy those law? "which by common consent havo been adopted by I lie civile.".! world, us Mile of ruidncl in iho inter course of nations. While duty requires the faithful discharge of the obligations thus imposed, no real interest can possibly be nrouiotrd by nny departure from them. The exciicnienl which is mm pass, tig away socuh to haw been foil ruled in the j assumed ngui. oi lining worn wo m the transnctiun, il is that ol n roimiiion. provided il is done in the name of liberty. mil ,f( nJ , probahly the proper view, ihe It is Iho ngrnriani.-ui of governments, the jjrenl majority ol number.-, is to characterise locofacaism of nations. The principle is ! The expedition, il is a tenure of Ihe British of poisonous nature as deleterious to pond j t,.rriiory, nn iiclnal war by native Ameri govcrnment ns destructive of private fr ,.., ,)lmt, C unoffending people of the tne. The cflocts will be the same whether cxiiiimcd in private lite or on mo iiinmre j rtf nations. Whore there is no restraint i there is no libcrtv, and where nation?-seel; only the gratification o( their own wills j there is no safely. One of the profound jurists of the njc, r.fier declaring tlint 1 nations are equal in respect to encn oiner, ; and entiled lo claiincnual considerntiun for i their rights, says "this pertcet equality ! ''and entire indi'iiendenco of nil diftincl i "stntcs is a fundamental principle of public . 'law. It is n ncces-nrv consequence of "this equality, thai each nation I us a right j "to govern itself ns it may think proper, j "nnd no one nation is entitled to dic'ute a j 'form of irnvernmcnt, or religion, or a i 'course of internal police lo another. No ''state is entitled to lake cognizance or "notice of l ho domestic administration of "another state, or of what passes within it, "as between the government and its own "subjects." These principles thus con cisuly tlatcd most emphatically declare the great law of social intetcnurse ainonj; notions to bo nnn. interference. Each is permitted lo c-'.abli.-h its own form of government nml regulate its own police, but musl bo careful to abstain wholly from intcrferin'? with that of Hp neighbor. Tin obligation is not impaired by any supposed inferiority in tho gcvernmeui or ine one, or Miporiority in that of tho other. The government of Franca may in our opinion bo very imperfect, ns it undnubt. cdly is, and may wholly fail in securing lo lo its subjects the enjoyment of their nalu ral rights, but that create-5 in us no right of interference. Our government is prob ably considered by crowned heads ns of dangerous tendency, from the fact that the principles on which il is founded naturally tend to shake the foundations of nil mon archical systems, but would that give tin in the right io Interfere wu-h us? assuredly not, and yet it would ho but carryma out tin) principles wo have so wildly ndvoca led. There can be neither doubt nor contro versy os to the principles of inlernntional law.'and il W surprising thai nny can hei-i-tate as to i he proper application of I hem to the contest in Canada. The idea t lint ns individuals we may disregard those laws obligatory upon us as a nalino. is noli republican and preposterous. Tho nation is noi an ideal entity. It is cmnpn-cd of all the individuals of the nation, nml whai is unlawful for the one is wrong for l lu mber. Il is believed that much of this error has arisen from a misapprehension of the laws of neutrality, or rather from a irii-apphca. lion of its doctrines. The laws ol iieulrnh Jy are intended to regulate the conduct of n pencelul notion in its intercourse with one of two other belligerant nations. The statement of Iho case shows thai there musl necessarily be three nations dr jure or dit fucto. Thus in the war between Great 15ritain and France, fienernl Wa-huigiou issued his proclamation of neutrality, and to Mich a case the application is evidently proper. IS is t take number case. Ii is but a short time since an insurrection broke out in Ihe south part of France, and hero il will be seen that the law- of neuiraliiy n--fiic I) could not n (inly It wns not a contest between twu powers, but between parts of the same power, nml iho Inws ol neuttnlily can have no application to a power with whom nn treaty could be made, who have no established laws, nor organized form ol government. In older to bo the Mihjeci of the application of Ihe laws of neiitra 1 1 1 y , the power must bo capable of being admit ted into Ihe family of civilized ihiiioih ns on independent government. Apply these doctrines to Ihe eise on our frontier. A contest has been going on between the government of Upper Cnnnda and a hand ful of men on Navy l-lnnil. Is this to he called a contest between two governments, between two independent powers, each bnving a form of gnvernmrnt ? What absurdity ! Navy Island niii.l be elevated to the dignity of a sovereign stale, an independent pnwerorthn laws of neutrality have no application. The error consists in giving to this contest a character it does not deserve, and to Iho parlies n standing that is an nbuso of the term government. In determining iho relation which the people now on Navy Island hear either to this government, or lhat of Upper Canada, it is only necessary lo enquire nfler their national clinrnclcr without nuy regard lo their mnrnl characters, whether good or bad. This is mailer of great moment, and ntnv help us to a right iimlcrslaudiiiL' of IheMibiccl. They iniibt bo considered ns retaining llicir former nationality, unhs.s lhat diameter lias uv soine leal ami riL-lii ful act been changed, and n new nuiioiiahiy Ofiuincu. nJCiU'nzio uy liiyiit innn To rnnl n docs tint Iopo t li clinrnclcr of n British subject, nnd Van lli-np'olcnr i' I uually an Ameriraii cilnvii whelhor in he Ktrei-ts of ISnll'iio or on N-ivy Maud. It w ndiculoiH to suppose thai, tiny nt leiiiiiled orgiiiii'.iiion can give llu'in nuy title In Ihe eunsMli'ialinn ol n gnvurumeiii. Ii h far le-enlliliMl lo Mich enu? nlernliun than w n s the gnvernmrnt of Qinrlio on hi httl l.hiinl. 1 1 is stilted that I here are on lhi 1 -lo (! nh. ml om thousand p'Tsnin. of whmn MeKiM y.ie nml snnn! half n d"7.fn olhiT-fl'd frnui the pmvice, while Van Il'-iMsi'liier and uf the 'he nlhers are fresh finm the s'nle of N''W York. It is per Cecily obvious that tin temporary change ol reiodeni!" dne-i nnt nff 'el t In; t r tint inutility, nml I heir nuyiig upon a part of the Itrii isli lerri'oiy nnd' inking up nriiw ng.nnst the authority ol'the piovmee, ni'-tend of giving l hem any claim to the bcncfii of llm Inws ol neutrality, H ii gnwH breach ol'the laws of nations and should place them b vend the pale of im pMlectinn as n lawhvs bandiiti. They nre no inure lo hi- regarded ns a regular government than the fiurrilln patiies that infest the iiikiiii ihiih of Spam, or bunds of maruuders that have their hiding places in the Initio islands of the West Indies. Il is n mockery lo apply the laws ol neutrality In ihem, mid without imputing to I hem nny depravity, every felon thai has the courage to make a bold resistance hann ((pal claim lo its hem lit. Navy Island, it is to be recollected, is a part of Ihe IJtiiish l'rovince. nnd if the pri.Sence of iMcKenzio h to give ehnrnctor province. In either point of view the laws ,,f ,lullt rfilily Iwive no possible upplicat ion. i, st!l,,, f ,0!)iiv heiweeii American C,Z ,H , province, nml in-iend of cu,rjL, any rights of triidi! with Ihem, ,LMr 0ptnbli.-hmf nt i a violation of our jtt)tii' lor which they ought to n ceive cftl irti punishment nt our Iiiiiiih. Are w: u, nl)W ,mr cinz-us in mm.'.1 upon Hie lor r it or v of n (riemllv ouwer. furnish ihem ,,.ih" r-nin: on. nmiuumtinu and nrovirinn r 1C purpns- of opeif hn-tiluy am! lln-n inu. niiniii i rnilinn- vvnh ihem as neutral-! c;( rnun nPllt i H 1 ( I y ! We eaunot wink m inrl s t m pin-this in its true liijlif. ,,,1 V(!t f!range to tell, this doctrine, i (rrnvelv lesolved wii Inn I tic nai week bv in assemblage in view oi our Millie uoue. I' i- an abuse nl the wnrd, to call the assemblage on Navy klaud, patriots, nnd he miit have strange views of the jun causes of revolution to give their lawier coiiduct that character. As 1 have in a previous art icle endeavored to show that the contest in Canada had none of the char aeteri-t ics ol a revolution, I will dwell nn further on that point than merely to re mark, lhat never were two caes more dis similar in their cau-es and cueum-lnncc-! than iho ontesl in Canada and our revolu tion. Wnr can only exist, when tho contest i belweou two distinct governments, and even then it gives nn license In the individ uals In commit butcheries upon their oppo nents. 1 have no reference to nets strictly in self-defence. II v Ihe practice nl modern warfare, no one wit limit a cnminisinn from the gowjrnmciit would be licensed lo take up nnn- Cor iifi';n-iv pnrHir-ej. A diMin goi-heil juri-sl say.-; "if they have not a 'regular eominir-sion. as evidence of thai "corn-cut, they mil Ihe hazird of being "treated by the cm my as lawless banditti, "lint entitled to the protection of the miii "galed rules of modern warfare." The world will s-hnrlly give to lhi expedition on Navy 1-laud us true character, mid happy will it be for n-, if ihe firm r-tnnd taken by the President shall have ihe i ll'.'Ct In keep out of view the purl taken by our citizen- Far lie from me tho wiih lo blaz n the indii-crelioiis nl mv cniioi ryinen. I would not even mention them, hut for the hope, that w hen l he excitement of the moment has pa-sed away, butter views of duly may succeed, I choose rather to dwell upon thofO acts ol the government, which nre sure pledges that the giant energies of Ihe nation will be exerted lor tin; pre-ervation of peace nnd uriiniaioaoce of national lmn. or, nml i lint if need be, Ihe arm of its pow er will be put forth to -lay our own ciiizene in llicir mad career. We owe much lo lb" President fur his prompt and judieiou course and n belter selecton would not have hern made ihau the brave and neenm plished general ordered lo the scenes of In former glory. Tlie cniir-o purMied bv (Jnv Marey ai d by our own governor in iliiale their Zeal for Ihe public gord and ilelerininaiioii in pur-ue it, and the time i at hand when ihey will be applauded for their feai less ili-cliargo of dul). Alread) llireogh.lhe opening clnmN a brighter pro-., licet appeals nod in Ihe leinriung influence ol order and of Inw. the apparent contusion of iho moment wnl bo lorgoiien Our government has n-Miiucd n high rnnk among naiions and every man huwev or humble lu-stalinu has n deep interest in Ihe pre-ervalinn of its honor. Unlike other governments it has its origin Willi I lie peo ple, is organized for their benefit and its end llicir happiness and hence n responsi bility is assumed tiufelt nnd uukn wn bv nthers demanding grenter d'-vnitmi nnd greater faithfulness. Tlie priueiiilns of I he government are hut the rcfl cMoih from the fifieen millions of minds winch cumpohe n , corresponding in purity or impurity .villi tlie character of the majority of these minds. I's power is hut the accumulation ol individual power. The drops collected e lull side are gathered in Iheocenn ol its might nml every drop helps to swell the tide 1 lint bears llii? goodly vesel of Mate iuiolhe haven of peace or dashes il annuitl tho rocks of adverse shores. A. I!. am mis r c ati on. The present statu of affairs in Canada is a Mihjcct of uncommon interest nt the present tune with the American people. Public prinu nre daily lectiung with this all absorbing lop.e, si me express them selves in favour, mid others nre opposed to lite lal i) revolution in Canada. I wns somcwiinl surprised lo sen in the Freu Press of the I -Mi n cnuimuiiicniiiiii, from line who considers himself as nun ol tin1 signers of the "condemned memorial" which declines that the people of Canada had been in the full enjoyment of liberty, previous to llin lain revoluiim. Those s'ntoinctils nl once convinced me llini ho not familiar with I licit then actual form ol government. Tlu.'fi'st question which nrises is, whiii in4 been tln form nl government in Ciimi da for the Inst few years ? There was found in the parliament, of Clinada, n dependant power, emanating from the mval w ill nml liable to b desl roy. ed by it, and n lower house tut independent power not eina'iaiing nnd not liable xeept through force lo be deMioyed by it, winch had beeonie the sole depository of whnt mav be called I he love of freedom, nf public snirit nnd nitnchnieni to juiice. The ilepnudnni power With Us prejudices' and narrow views, its high notions nl Inval obedience, its unlawful privilege of object ing edic's improved by tin: iiainui who did not participate in it. can be overturned with fneili'v I iv the Kmc whenever he may think fit to exetl the smews o'f'his prerog ative. Cm nny true republican believe in Mirh a Turin of government, nml desire suvli to hp ihe fortunf government mining nny people. This, I n nt sorry to say. is con sidored by some n- an excellent Mtbil tiile for that equal concurrence of nntinnnl represent at tves in legislation winch has so long been the exclusive pride nfoiri'mon government, and tor which the pre-enl reformers in Canada nre milking nn exer tion. And nenin. The nti'ity of nnv form of government is estimated by its effect upon national greatness and secuiilv. upon civil liberty and private rights, upon I he increase nf wealth. Can we nffirin that the effect uf the form nf gnvernmenl in Canada has been In prosper the people while they have been even doprivnd by the government nf taxes levied Cur the use of schools upon the tenants of Seignnries (eg. l-t'2 of their iiiiprovcmeiil on their lands, 1-25 of grnin raised &e. &c.) nnd the lumN art-ing from the .To-ntt e-tales? lias not their com. mercc Iven cirriod on through the medium of the Hnglt-h gnvernmenl. whill they have been dopnved of that privilege? The.ce nre facts which no mm of principle enn deny. Where i-- their liberty in such a case? Us very seeds nre uprooted nnd desirnved. Hence I infer that the Cana. (ban People will become more propernii-. and happy under salutary laws and n re publican torui nl government, and will rise. nation, in the estimation of others around I hem It is said bv some that the Provincial and F,nglsi parliament nre nlike. A little refbetion will chow their mistake. The lower house having with ihem the voice of public opinion and being the orig uiators of all InlU for the support of ihe government, and I he upper house net ns n check upon the house of lords, whilst the King's Council Canada are not depend mil upon the lower house for 1 heir -upplies, hence nnv existing Inw cannot be altered or amend, id bv the will of the people or their represeiitalives without a parsnge through the upper house, or sanctioned bv the existing king or queen whoever thev bo When sentiments are expressed by indi viduals that the taxes of Ihe people are light nnd nre not MilTicienl to justify them in their recent ntteuipH for the e.-tabli-h. inenl of n free government Ihey liu-npp'e-h"iid the nature of the subject rompinmeil of They are not nwnrethnl their nnpo-i dill ies fionvnlered ns nn indir c.t . , i not u-'i'd fur Ihe snmmrl uf their own. but ndd- tn l he revenues of lb" ISnghsh government. When n body of men associate I hem -elves from a general agreement in poht cnl opinion and pursue in one body n cer tain cnur-e of measures, il is extremely common In hear Ihem accused of various crimes. If they attack I he government ot i In? day, they are by it-' friends stigmatized they are npl lo be regarded ns bodies ol men org.in'7."d together fir the overthrow of an exi-ling government, 'o c-inbhsh themselves in power ns the Marnts and Robespiers nf France. When men advance such sentiment let them beware that they (In not, for I he sake ol defending the principles upon winch our own government w'n founded, n'ld I'nr which our lather- fnughl nnd h'ed nod dud be, at the -nme I one, depriving her nf one of her chief -notions P. Fi:i.i,ow Citizi:s : We have thought that il might interest you to rend n p'n'n staleinent of ihe innniier in which n coin munieation to Cov. .l-mi-on, which has been an occasion of no small stir in the country, was got up and p'ao"(l before t II'' publick. For some da-s previous to the i-ning of the lute proclamation, much solicitude had been expre-sed by tunny auioiig-l u- le-t the cireiiui-tances with which we were -u r r o n n il im) should lead to -oilileu nml di--n-t rou-colli-ioos on t he frontier, nml even end in embroiling Ihe I wo Coveriiuienis in n war equally unnecessary and calamitous In this nuxiely we par1 icipaied sirooglv. on the iilleruoon of Monday the ll'h Dm:. being together n seri ns inquiry w a-rai-ed whelhor any rea-onabte ohin e mid be de vised to prevent the evil which dady been me inure threatening. A short addrcs- signed by several individuals wa- first ineir ioned a a measure which might induce n ces-aiion ol ihe excitement, at len-t in our immedinte vicinity, beMiles serving in sho.v pie nl n distance lhat ihe iiihabilants of llurling lon wete not nil quite so ready to rush into the Canadian quatrel, ns newspaper- in dtf ferenl parts ol the Union seemed lo lull male. It wns then suggested I lint a proc huualiun by the (ioverimr nl th" Mate, en joining strict neutrality, would probably lead its citizens to pause. and u pause could hnrdly fail lo nvett the danger. It should be mentioned that the remark hnd been often made by others of our citizen that something ought to be done -mid the desirableness of a proclamation by the Gov ernor had even been named It was then proposed that the address he made direct Iv lo the Governor, and bo of such Ti charac ter thai it might be publi-hed whether he should judge ll In si In make a prnchminlmo or not. Thin was agreed upon. It wns determined also, thnl the communication -hunlil be sent to iho Governor the next day, lor if delayed loiigi r It would he hnrdly passible In get ihe proclamation if made, into the newspapers of Friday. On the evening of lhat day the nddrers wns writ ten by Mr. G. P. .Marsh. On Tuesday fureiiunn signatures worn obtained nil the stage was ready to leave. Mr. C. Adunu llieii tuck it lo Iho Governor, who was plensed to issue bis proclamation, nml on Tluirsdny inorinng both that and the mldr.ss wore pnblis-hcd in a handbill I from the Free Pro. Office. There hid bren nn innnulht lion with ani hotly else rtipnvthiz thr. pro irditre. nml nn xwisrithm rcnfi I'nrj il mm nny rpmrlrr u-hilcvcr, Thr litter tirigimthil Willi us tunc in tvi" manner iiforeutitl, nml In thill Ihe prmhim ilium nrnse from nnij fun inn iujluenrv. ii in prvpnilerini ns to knnw Hie insertion thtl Ihe letter tors mi intlwcd lube fttlsc. Wn regretted lluil the shortness of thw time prevented its being shown to more ol our lellow citizens than it wn, for we h" lieveil that a very large number would have igned it ntopt read ly hndlhe opportunity h"ori nfl'ordeil them; and we have the ber.t of renson for enniiouing in the Mini" behel Ifit hnd been known (lint .the Gnvorinu was nl Middh biiry, one day more would ha ve been tnken for obtaining signature? but the prolinblity nfhij-biing ihere, was neither I'liown nor thought of, till IMr, Ad nms reached Vergetuies. Neither wn- it said probably lo ill who signed it, lhat the letter was intended for publication, yet ino'-t ussiirrdly, the tnd saying il nnd wn tint from intention, but. from tin; unnvotila hie has'o with which the matter was con. dueled. Further, the issuing from the press of the letter and the proclamation to gether in a hand bill', ns they were publish ed. wn supposed by snme (or nl least il was -o said) ns intended lo make the hitler cnd'ir.ie ns it were, the sentiments of the dinner. a strange supposition inh ed.con -ideriug that mi ollictnl document isnlway" lo be judg"d of from its own luiignigo only, and is never lo be supposed lo menu eilh-r more or less than il mivs. The fact wns the mmrici' of tne publication wns tied her if cording to nny -uggestinn or expeclnlinn of our own. The two were merely handed to the I'Milur fur pubbent inn ; nor is there, so fur as we know, any reason lo suppose that in piibli-lnng them in t ho way he did he wns actuated by any oilier motive iban t he cointneiidahle one of pre-ent tug to Ins render- as early as po.s-ib'e, whatever would be loteri.'-ting'io llu'in on ihe subject then agiiatiug the community. Ofcuir-e I hey re.npp- ared in the Free Press l he next day It was moreover expected thin the edtlorinl remark- won'd not be in perfect harmony wiih either the ntte or the other; hut thm they would be what they were doubt less was not looked foi bv any one whoso name was attached lo the communication. If now any of you inqiiiio why we pub -li-h this account of t he whole t r ui-actton, we answer first, that it is noi pobll-hed lo apologize- for Ihe part winch we took in gelling up the address in ihe fjovernor. That wa- dene from good w ill to our fellow citizens, love m our country nnd respect to Us Inws. The object appeared in be an important one. It has no different ns peel now. It is ?u publi-hed to lake back any ol'the sentiments nf I he letter or in modify them in the least taking litem in their fair and open sen-e as they would be understood by nn unparlial. nnoxeileil rea der acquainted with the F.ogli-h language. Probably many who ha-Hly read it, or heard it reml in. n moment nf excitement, have been surprised on a carelnl poiu-n! of it. nt the di-appearance of ihe frigh'fu! ohj -cts which their heated imaginations snw tliere nl lir-l ! t- mil puhli-hed to iipoh'gize lor tie' publiritliun of the letter. It wa- written t" be pobll-li-'d The cr colii'i.oi nl' it for signature and I he dirw urd inir of It lo the (iovenior were no ft-ivl, nod it was presented lo him op' lily in t he presence ot many at l,niut laii", ami ' ' . 1 ' . ' fr the Cantni-lieal cipinions respecting origin. charcter anil object, which have priuouled when ll has been plainly set , forth for every ones pero-al. it may he in Cerred what -'gorgon-, hydras and chimera- dire" would have been paraded before the! , Ves of I he good Citizens of tins slate, I ir' hull not h l publi-hed. It is nnt put. h-lietl lo npolog'Z" for It c- having been tlie) immediate occasion of Ihe fJotcrinr' j I'mchimnlinn. Il was putfeUy proper i hat few or many living mure io the iind-i of ihe scene ol aciioo and therefore nmre -eiisihle of the danger, than h" could be -oppo-ed to he. rli old pre-eul the sulij- e' to lion in writ nig or by word of mouth ll was perl'eclh' proper thm he should no -neb "tiggesiiou-. if Ins own judgment up prove(."i--ue ju-t sneli a prool.nooi ion a- lio did. Ii w.is perfectly natural I ha" -oine should sneer ai u U was lo be ,.x. peeled- Hut for al1 that it was hoped tmi it would stay the hand- of many from il ghiles-lv -lirriog th" lire- of vur. ns it iinqnestionnii'v (ltd, nnd it I- most cutaio thnl the I brinks of the maj nny n' nur own pnptilalinn nnd of th" grent mas of Un people of iho Untied Stalis, if nnl rilrendy I, iv. n, will be -ven In bun for acting n li,' did in the ioim'. Ii is not published to defend tlm "fnHuinuls of the letter n being truli repubthiin. It will be soon enoirgh lo'dolliHl when he who led off Ihe hue mid cry ngainsl ihem as untircpuhli. inn, wliich'lias been repented by so in iov more, makes h'n sprrijiitttw:. W ever he will (In it, wn will relreal or (h feml as already ofe'ieil. It i- not published lo appease the storm of indignation which hur-i forth against th" signer) ol Ihe letter. That was over long ago. and while U last ed was not of a milure lo produce nn nhirin, albeit il wos observed with some interest. There is n touch of I he siibluiie in seeing a large cntniiuiniiy so suddenly rou-ed, whether in a good or n had cause. It is like hearing the renr nf the finest when ihe summer whirlwind passes over it. ll itiiisl be uwned however thai in the present instance, the solemn rewlulinn.i giving the paternity ol the letter and pro e'mnalion In ird'Goslnrd ami bis ntbnr (Ituates in the Government ol Lower ("ana da, nre ennsiani Iv reminding one ol'the near nppioneh to each oiherultho siihliine and ihe rtdtculuiis. On allthut mailer it cer tainly is a pity to have so much good jias sum wasted, as said Hob Acres, but it can nut he helped now. S ucli for the real nlortii. As for the echoes of its unite which emtio t-ealleriiig along from one quarter nnd number, thev huvu not the power to stir n single dry 'leaf. U is nnt published lo expre.-nny regrets on tho pan of the signers, because they signed it Wu k low ol tin such regrets, unless it bo in tho case of one individual, mid he may bo '"(.ft alone in Ins ghny " ((Wii piihlip.li it becnusie we wish uurneigl. hnrs mid fiiundj to knnw how it hapieiud llmi to few of thctnlit'd tho loiter present- ed lo Ihem for signature, and to mivo nil inquiries nnd inisopprehe tir-ium on that point. v e puuiisii il necaiisi some in our lellow citizens throughout the stale having heard Mioh liohl ns-erimiiri about the alio ged foreign origin nf the business, nnd having seen no puhlin ilanlal ol Ihe charge, umy have concluded thai it tnii-l be nail o." We honor I he jealousy in no Amen can h isoin ns In nuy foreign dictation in our own concerns nnd if it exi-ts in tln (tin. it is but ju-t that we do nny thing in our powei in 'remove it. We pub!ih it that none mav tofof from I'm stlouce hither, to exhibited by llietii who were i-pecially concerned in Ihe l ran-nd ton, Unit Ihey are nfrnid lo slanil by ihe opinions which they have promulgated, but unfile cont'nry we wish all in know that we have invited an exmiirnHioti of Hum nnd that we Mill invite it. We would not ns'erl Hint nny have been active in unking the past uproar under the guise of pat noli. in, hoi really for selll-h end-., though we believe that many have been like tin m who lor the spaco ol two hours cried grcai t Duma ol the H ilie-ians, not knowing when-foro they were called together, hut ll there be any "iich, we wish them and all others to know that we have publish (I it after the clamor is ow.-r, instead ol hfore, in order lo give ihem the fullest opportunity to make nil ihey could out of tlie mailer, and we give ihem free lenve to m.ike another uproar equ.il'y great out of this conunuuicit tun if they van, anil Hunk it w ill pay. fl W. i'KNIiDICT, Ciiaui.k Adama. Cno P. Maii-ii. llurlinglon, Jan. l-l h 103'!. jinx :n rs ic it & a1 xt V U I 1) A Y M O II N I N G , JANUAIIY, 19. We pnhli-h to day the central cnintnil tee's official account of tho origin of thai celebrated document, the letter to I he i Governor. We bespeak il the attention' of every reader, (or finely, if its facts shall not instruct, its spirit will certainly inuse ihe thousands who have passed their opinion"! upon il, "nnt knowing wherefore they were called." The crook ed finger of I he old lady who was ducked for calling her spouse "imr.-'-linrn" wa. hnrdly n more significant indication of in. doini'ablo spirit. It will be recollec'ed lhat wo nserted at I he I ime, t hat I he letter, although ml dressed io the Governor, wns deigned for another maikel. This the committee, nc knowledge ami nvnw their original in teuiinn "to publish it whether the Gov ernor should see fit to issue a proclnma linn or nnl." The Governor, it seems was lo be allowed the gracious privilege nf appending a proclamation, which was lo be considered in the light of an official nf fix n sort of "swo-n nnd subscribed be fore me." Governor. The present at ion of it to the Governor under such circum stances, was n down lirlu in-iiii,aiid ought I o be so coo-tilei ed by every lair minded man. The memorial purported lo he the .private property of l he Governor, wns so j cM.i,r, ,y lll)r ,mVn-uicn whnMgnod it, 'nml was so considered bv the oovernor wiien he received it. Its pub'icnt ion. iherefnre, under the circumstance--, was n vuiluiion ol'good I'aiih which we are sorrv to learn was premeditated nn the part ol the individuals who claim its paternity. As the question of foreign influence is allu ded 'o, il may not be impertinent remark, that about the lime these three individuals first ,1-scmblud iu an upper room lo consider Iho Governors duty, thrccnr four liritish onv s.iriesan ived in town, and made themselves very hu-y in her M.ijosly's service. One of them who was known lo he Icle a tele with a portion of the eotilinillee, remained in town till Ihe meengor skirled for Shorehaiu with the memorial, and then for tho fir-l lime com municated the fact to Ihe public thai a procla mation was forthcoming, at ihe same lime ex pressing hi; regrul tint time did not permit him lo ncoiopaoy the messenger to Shorehaui, This individual, il was. undoubtedly, who an nounced the pi Datamation, snimi days in ad vance, lo the r.ditor of the .Montreal Courier, These and some other circumstances, it was. that led many lo suspect an unwholusnme influence in the transaction; but which we are glad to see so fully contradicted. As to the Hum and manner of publica tion, which it will be observed is alluded to, n is sufficient lo say H at it wns m strict accordance with the express direction if the individual who put it into nur bauds. Tlie modest hut esemisite chai ily with wliirh I Ik: ni.nnft'i'lii w bills up, i reiloiiiU ri'iuai kahle, Thai lff gentlemen i-lmuld lefi.iio fioui ill o'in;' llicir fellow citizen with fillister uioliir iu the mailer, is a siii'lch of lihcrnht) which ou;ht tube duly iippiecialed. Soon ahei'lhe publication nflhe celebrated lellrr to ilie (imciuor, wr itceived mi uiionymnin coin muuiraliou requeuing u lo nnOgu pio iicul.o ly the icaiKim for ihe opinion we then espie-rrd of hi" il liliciul aiill-repuhlic.ui ih.uacier, nt lite auie lime pio,oiii lo diiipime mid meaner cur olijeclions lo ihe four wind 'I'lie writer w a e idem ly n man of ample pimciF, hut nl ihe s.inie limn Cull of meiry and kindnrw. Awnie tif our inahilily lo cncounler Mich n champion iu equal rcunhai, he piopnied lo "laku llin laliuiing inr upon liiinnelf." Ho only noUed u to sel up a man oCii hw Cor him lo de.nol. i.h, having in "the r.... r ia-1," ot .lb. linking our popgun, nt hi. in.pirgm.blr b....r..ie.. Hiiitahly iThi-imIIiv ruch a piiipoilioii, wo laid ihe nolo .,,!,!,. nmll Fouie mote comnneiil orca i, wlien our. cades weio Irr. n.grr for ihe "cxrilhig nd inflau.Hloiy ...lido" 1 '"," ,.,).., ,0wccr, we haie icreivc.l n diplumalin note fiom Pofenor G. W. IU'iiedicl, mnwii.g him. II the luiiborofiliccomiiiuiiifaiioiinlluiUdio.nnd reo,iiirhig our ultimatum in writing. lining entirely ini-Uilldl in i lie ciiq'ipt of diplomacy, we ii.iut ron. fr?s wn wciRriiinrwh.il pn.zlcil n to I lie mode of pinccdiiie. Wn iIimiiIii nC various waj ; iiinung iilhris, the idea ominrd lo in nf ijclliaj up n inenl oriul lo the (iiucmor, felling Corth our "giral eoa rein" tli.it ihe nflirrn of cumB iifniir public inmllu llniH "in die. urn ill p. oi of die murine iidvonuiiif "mid inl'iplhi iiiR.i.tiir.'. in rcl.uiciii lo die dilficitd "lie in C.i i.iil.i which we conceit p la be not only "nf iunl nil examples and inisc hictotH tendency, "hut in dlicr.l roalriidicllnii to c-tr-ry found princl pic of rcpiihlie.niiini, and lending In prejudice an important public; Intel tt fnirn.'inl to tlieir gnnr d!ioi..iii ; nml pro) uig liu Excellency in i.Miie tin excnilie procl.uiMllon, irrpiirias a strict neutrality nn the p ut of tlie individuals alluded to, in nil in.U -I ers of an "exciting and inll.imatoiy limine not "doiilitiiu llicir nun good rcii.e would iii'lncc llicm "to i f Ti 1 1 hi Cioiii any iiileifeieiice in in.ilieii) that co "little conn I it llieai as dm di.ptitej now ngiiiiiing "the miniljc nnd di-liohin ihe lrnii(iiilily of nor rili7.cn" mid iiI-mi intimating lo I'rofeMnr B. ili.it the mom lie stirs lie- wor.e &e; Thii U iMilntaiui.ilty ilir roiiie pursued liy our ennespnn ilcni loiv.ird us. Mill llirn, recollect inj I lie cruel iri.inncr in which Ciov. Jenisun had been imposed upon in a slinil.o1 iiimnnce, we donlni'd uheiher he coulil he piev-iiled upon lo volunteer number proc. I .iiion, mid we fin.ilK nine it up. Recollecting, however, lli.it our concspondenl was onn nf die j choice fpirils who clend.uiincli gol tip lire celelnn- led le iter lo the tioin nor, severely huplicuing our conduct, chaining im with acts hold iiii.-icliicvon." ami' immoi.il, wo cone t i die conrlii'ion lli.it neither justice not ciiintly lo Mr. 15. irciiueil, nor would ji-lf ir.-pccl peimil us to :i-sijjn ic.ioas under lurh :iicnnisimicr. lie reilifird hi opinion of our con duct in the Governor, mid we briefU hut explicitly, exploded our opinion of his principles to the public. Now we meconleiil, if Ins i., and peifscdy willing lo "Ic.ue liim alone in hi? ulory." Wc lime been led lo f.iy I'm? nine h on this unimportant mailer, finm die f.ici thai much miftepicspnl'ilion h.u f4nne alno.iil Mi relation io il, nod dial our correspondent made il a mailer nf gte.it complaint thai we neiiliur complic:! with his i t-ijoc s l, noreien alluded to ihe Fiihjcri. We hope lie will accept this ns n notice, and t.ueuj ilie trouble of i again icCerring to Il will bo recollected that tho burden ofcom plaint iu the the laio colebraled memorial t' Iho Gi'ivcrnor, was, against tho public press in tho uoilhorn part of tho slalc. Tho charge was lhat il had published exciting nnd infl.unatory ailicles, and was piirsuing n course "at war with every sound piim.ip,b,of public morals-'' Il ran thus: The stib-cribcrs have learned with ere i ' cnnic.rn. lhat a port ion of the public press avrT many ol ihe citizens in the northern pott of" this stale arc advocating and adopting meas ures in relation lo iho cxi-ting clilficulties in llin Province ol' Lower Canada, which iho un designed conceive lo bo not only of most a il oxainnln nnd tnit lnei ttus tundencv, but in di-' reel contradict, on to every sound principle ol public moral-. The newspapers have been , filled with cxi ilinn rumors and injlamnlort arti. ! clr.s in favor cif'lho so called patriots; Ihey; have solicited contributions in aid of their cause, Sec. These arc iho alleged acts that filled tho commute with "great concern,'' and led them to invoke executive interference. Now ad mitting this lo be true, was il nnt a very tin. pillar ciicum-lanco lhat no one of thcs.e mo moiiali-ts should ever, up to the hour of tho proclamation, have intimated to us his "con. eern," about llin "uii.-cluevous and immoral course wc ivrro pnr-uing? Such however is lliu fact. They were our neighbors, our per sona I nnd politic friends, ninny nf whom wo met daily, both iu public and private, nnd not one of them ever expressed, or intimMdl to us directly or indirectly, nn opinion adverse lo Iho cour.-e we were pursuing Hut strange to tell, iiino of the twenty thrro memorialists had actually subscribed as many dnllnis to pay the extra expen-e of printing and circula ting ihr-o same ''exciting and infl.imalury articles" which all at once gavu this cninmiltco so much "concern !" And this subscription, it should ho borne in mind, was voluntarily started and circulated without our knowledge, by still number or llinso mumoriahsls. Lot any fair minded man lake lho-c facts, and :o concilo ilium, if he can, wiih the false and uu goocious nccuasalion above quoted. Ho cannot do il. The iriith is, those who con cocted thu memorial assigned any thing but the reason for il, and hencu the gross incon sistency in which they have involved them selves, and those who thoughtlessly lent thoir 1101110? lo it. 1'IIO.M TIIK FRONTIER. Mr Suicy The fillo.viog rxlr.irl, Cioui n Inter jnu lereiieil, is nl Mini- km vice. lie wi iirr n ,in ollirer iu ihe r 1 1 1 1, r and is now n Itnli'.ilo in llie er ire ol the Slalc. 1 1 1. siairiiisnis ai e rn lillid Iu die ulinu-l riedil. Viiiiih, A. M. llCKFU.o. Jail 1 1, HJ.li). v,u, lespect lo new here, we hear very little that is In be depended upon. All manner of absurd rumors are afloat, which no tnne man won't! credit. It is currently reported that air John Colborno lias arrived nl Chippewa from the lower l'rovince, with the van of the British regulars. The force on Navy l-land is vaiiously cslima'cd nt from 1500 to 3000. but there are probably not over 10 or 12 hundred ; Ihey have thirty pieces of ordnance nnd plenty of provisions. Tho piiHtion is undoubtedly n si rung one. Wc have various nnd contradictory ru mors from Diuicombo n the west; for instance, it was reported that bo was in possession of Mnlden with 1600 men, next that ho wns dead ; at all event!. General cuminmul of any force that may bo Ihere. It is probable there arc 2000 troops in ,,,js pnco at preienl, and il is said'thero nrc -lor 5000 on this frontier, ''"in place to Niagnrn. Two steamboats havo fonc down to Navy Island, one from tin.