Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, August 17, 1838, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated August 17, 1838 Page 1
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NOT THE GLORY OF CSAR HUT THE WELFARE OF HOME BY H. JB. STACY. From the Biiltimore Tranttcript. Air" Some love to roam.' Some love strong mm or t lie ale's while foam, When dm hung hole whistles Tree ; And for right good direr mime tipple beer, Dut the limpid tireum for nin. To the Cures' shade or the mountain glade. 00 cheerily lortli I go, To drink my fill hi the gurgling rill, When the tun is sinking low. In the strewn I dip inv glowing lip, And the cooling drought pome In : 1 mk no spring uf lirniicly sling, Or toddy made of gin. For wlmt nature gnve I only crave, The fount ihai gm gleg lice : The greenwood ree, a cooling breeze, And a limpid stream for me. AN ALLEGORY, Br Grace Grafton. In 11 beautiful vallev, whirh had long since been redeemed from the i tide hand nf online, and over which the nrt of man had rpiead llm dieting of civilization, a niitile mantunii reared H walls. In the midst of a rparinua plain it stood, und peace nd plenty were there. Thiii Boodly building waa inhabited by n dame called Virtue, who not onlv maintained order and discipline whliiii its walls, but oer the whole val ley stied the influence of her wise laws and sober re. gulations, Virtue was n comely matron, anil (lleasant to look upon when she wore 'mile upon her blow, anil walked abroad lliiuiigh peaceful scenes, to the natural beauty of whicli Iter piudmre liad ndded nn air of sweet serin iiy. The miijcsiy of ;t queen sal upon her binw, and the puiily uf an angel ; mid iheie wus nt times something ?o win. itiug in her tranquil smile, that an iinfurtuuaie wretch who had often looked upon her form from a distunce with wistful ejes, ventured one evening to upproacli undct the shadow of twilight, and implore tier protection. The supplicant was one of ihnpp erring daughters of lnnii.inii for wliiiin Vice, llie gieil arch em-my of Virtue had n'-i his es, iinil not in vine. I'oor fool ! file linl initvarilv euteieil Ins enticing i.nlu, und beroiiiing solely eniangled, had made a dn-pe-rate effort to letrace Iter siei i Inn not tui-ciultpil -did she escape ; she had loi Ifr fattest nriMineals, nd inany a iliora had pierr.t-d her feel and tent her garments. Thus blemished and bent with shame, elie appeared before Virtue and humble asked per mission to trend the same road, and follow at n distance on her chaste footsteps, Scarcely had this dejected form presented itself, when a sudden change came oer the fare of Virtue. As though n wintry wind had swept over her, she etood clnled nnd rigid, and srarrely opening her lips, motioned sternly with Iter raised arm to the inner to depart. But not so was this child of er- j ror to be daunted. Still lingering near l lie sweel abode of Virtue, she haunted her steps, nnd hung tipon her robe, nnd entreated beseechingly lobe nllowed once more to wind her way in silent ob scurity thiough those paths of peace. At length, i observing ever that she wa repulsed with scorn und ablioiieuce, she stepped aside, nnd fell once more into the satires of Vice where feaiful ills beset tier, ami t il f.illoUibip corrupted 'Che Id. infills of I'leasure and Wantonness, iltose thought less slatellites of Vice, gave transient relief from the nnguisli of remorse, and with coinpairons like these, site ret elletl awltile, forgetful of iherliauns of innor ence, and indignant at i lie Iruvt its of Vittue; for a change had passed over her soul, from the niomrni she was ca-l off, degiaded, linm her lull interview with that piudenl and dignified lady. They never met a jain, except bychanre when sad anil weary, the wretched wanderer made a last feeble effort to legaiu her fooling on ihooiiifkins of Virtue's peaceful domain. Well might she snuggle, for 11 yawning abtss was near, and many warning lo'd her that Iter backward steps were sliding ibitherwaid. But it was now lo late to rhxke off the evil companions that drugget) her downward, anil hindeied her forever fiotn pas-dug unnoticed into lite humble path of ditty. Wanton, ness idled near, and I evily hung about her like a gaudy rreeprr round a sickly stent. A crimson flush resied on the chaste brow ol Virtue, und ind gnnlioii sparkled in her ejes, when she accidentally enrounleied the gaze, mill loose, disordered air of the unfortunate: and luriting to her friends Modei-ly, and Propriety, whin faces were ns red as Iter own, slip cried in tones that sounded like knells of death in ihc ears of ihe L'uihv : "A til me, aid me, inv maidens, in chasing this abandoned creature from our own pine, ua.nllied walks '." She had scat eel v spoken when her wish was sic conijihehed, mid Vice, seizing nil his victim, hurled Iter into the iibyss of infaiin , where, through scenes nfunspeakable pollution, she trod Iter way to ever lasting sorrow. Where were thnie lovely sisiers, ihe fair nlo-nd- ants on Virtue -I'uith, Hope, and Charily, whose sweet voices might have cmit'elle I the stein dame lo listen to Ihe pleach iga or .Mercy ami sneich lortli n redeeming hand to ihe erring one, define it was loo late to save her fiotn ihe dieadml doom of the wricked 1 Faith was ui Chinch ; Hope dwells loo much on the future In tiff nil assistance in present difficulty; and as for Charily rdiewaa at home. Labor ik the U. S. Independence of Farmers. From Min Sedgtusick's Public and Private Economy. It is important that we should understand what wages are, and whs live by wages. Wages, in its common acceptation, is pay or services: it is pay for labor and time expended in iho service of another, nnd genet ally under the .direction of that other. Ii is what u Itited ninu re ceives ; any laborer receives it when he exchanges .ti.enialor bodily laltor for money or iilhei tecum peine. In ibis sense n man's wages nre his earn ings ; in litis reuse, clergviiirn, lawyers, and phy sicians, live by wanes, as laborers. Thev not onlv live by wages, or by what iheye.irn by their labor, but they lire obliged to gel their living l,y earnings jn the business of others, nnd under their cnnliol nnd direction, so thai l hey may strictly be said lo be lured men, It is true thai the great body of people in ihe U Slates are uoiking people. Of ihese, Fanners make up the greatest class who ran be said to wink for wages. They me independent laborers; they are nui hirelings' as nil may be said lo bn who are .employed by others lo exchange labor nod lime for wsges or money. 'I lie moral and Intellectual condition of the far mer is peculiar, lie is not obliged to get a living under the eye, direction or control of another, lo eat eat, o get up, ami in lie down al the ringing of sua ucu , nor is ue called upon lo periorm tins or that bird disgusting or immoral action, at ihe beck of clients, patients, and parishioners, as lawyers, physicians and cleigvmen sometimes aie. It is this which gives the farmer ureal independence, a noble courage nnd fcai leaner in saying nnd doing what is right, without j, looking to this or that jrent man for Ins opinion. e ut fPWPr icnpin. I oni than men generally have who live by traffic, their business operations being usually confined lo few articles sold periodically, ilia price of which IS well known. This is ih f.rn,.,',.i;.,; l-w philosophy and common sense have assented lo the fact of llie superior virtue of the indeiiendent cattivalor or the esnh t of him whose life j, nntlnone8t' principles, to aid him through lilo, In the tuidiuf in bounties and beauties, While ft youo vaM be settled on the farm MAN AND WOMAN. A PAnALt.Kt.. The following is a bad translation of a (rood article U id from t ho German ol G Schilling. Tlio young woman saves her treasures innocence and virtue only for ingratitude in this world. Tlio young man throws his away like a heavy, useless burden. Tltuyotii'g woman is destined for distress lite young man distressing. The health of the young woman is im paired in proportion to the ripeness of her age: thai of the young man is increasing in the same proportion. In-ttttct awakens in the heart nf the young woman, in spite of the remonstrance ol her mother, ihe longings for 'nve. She ia affected physically and morally. But how are the threads to which tlio good name of a young woman is attached ! She must be silent, and suppress her ardent feelings she must seem cold when she is biiriiiiig--sho must step back when her wishes prompt her logo forward she must practice dissimulation as a duty and a vir tu.I If the young woman he pretty, she is made a foolish egotist by flattery, that dis turber of the peaceful harmony of the female heart ! If she be homely envy and molcv ulencc, and perhaps a vanity still more dis gusting, will make her soul the theatre of their strife, one lesson of discontents will lollow another, nnd o mortilying neglect wil' destroy the beautiful pearl of her sex benignity. The voting man finds every encourage ineni for the impetuosity of his nature. He knocks passionately nnd is let in comply ing arms are expanded to Ins sensuality. He comes to (he unjust conclusion that all around is deceived that all around is tie ctving! He now rank all women alike de.-troys with iinpunitv llie gem of in- iinct'iico and remorseless, avails hitnsell where ho may. of the prerogative of Ins ago and of his sex. I he voung woman desires, wishes, trem hies! Wo lo her if she follows her in. stincl ! The more and more spreading ce libacy of man. open to ha:, if she is not rich, the dismal prospect of old maiden hood. She seldom has any choice seldom may she possess who elm loves ! The young man chooses the young woman is the picture hung out among a hundred others waiting for a customer; if, at last she finds one, oh, she will often see hcrsell forced out of the favorite place, into some by-rnotn for a new comer. I lie young man falls; 'no matter!' toys he world and he is not esteemed the less by bis contemporaries. I he young woman falls nnd by Ihe fall -lio;6 tier better self she becomes im .ludent and wicked she leaves the sacred circle of morality forever ; and dearly does she pay for Ihe indelible blemish by hot tears and burning pains by shumc and by disgrace ! The young man marries he becomes master and commander. Tlio young woman is a housewife, suhject lo hi humor, to his passions, to his peevish, ness. The young man revels amidst the rose6 of enjoyment. I he young woman, now a wife, minis ters often without common enjoyment, to ihe sensual intoxication of her master ; and is continually in danger ot pains and death, or sickness for life. The fruits nf matri mony are. In the wife, steps towards llie grove. Nature, knowing her cruelty, gives lo her in compen-ntion the indestmc ttble feeling nl love Inward her children Her husband becomes indifferent in the lull blossom of Ins ago, he finds no more, in (lie person of Ins fading wife, those undtila ting hues that charm son-uality. She per ceives, with pain, that the spring only at (acted htm that the falling lenves of autumn cannot give him joy. The more tie compares, the more she loses. Morality teaches him how to act, but he follows the vnico of his inf-ntinble heart! Ho is un. reasonable, and whimsical. Her duty bids her lo love and be silent ! If she is jealous, hull is opened in her iinu-e ; and ihe world, (called, fitly enough the bad.) laughs at her, pities her at the most, anil pardons the husband! one makes a laisu step; every one agrees with tin- husband if lie throws her ui of doors, without shoes, and without cloifies, and abandon her to misery and slinmc. He becomes an old man. Dignity and esteem attend on hun his confederates honor in linn the authority of many exploits, or the grandfather of hopeful children the veneration of his cotemporaries accotn patties hiui lo the uigh grave. The wife becomes a matron or a widow who asks for her ? In every society she i.s seen as unwillingly and received as coldly as austere virtue. Who would not bo a man? Alas, who would be a woman The following brief notice of the Into Gov. Duller is from the N, Y. Journal of Commerce, GOV. BUTLER. OP VERMONT. The papers have, within a few days, an nounced iho death of this venerablo man. And as ho belonged to a roco who arc becoming scarce in this country, I pre-t-utno thai a few reminiscences of his life will prove acceptable to your readers. He was born of poor, bul worthy parents, and at an early age was left without a 1'; and was placed on a farm where ho had to work all iho time, and had no advantages of education, or general infor mation, except what ho obtained at a district school fur a weeks during the winter ecason. When lie wca of lawful age ho had nothing but his hands, and FRIDAY, AUGUST 17, 1838. in Waierbury on the bunks of Onion River, where he ever afterwards resided. With his own hands he commenced clearing it, and in Ihe midst of n wilderness he nearly Bixly years ogo, erected his own log house, without any idea of ever rising above the usual grodo ol lioncsl hard. working farm ers. lie hnd no ambition, nor throughout his whole life did ho seek for nro eminence. He had tunning popular or attractive in his person or manners. In fact, with a email body, stooping gait, slow speech, and rather negligent costume, ho made a poor impression by Ins outer man. With hun it was true to all intents that it is the "mind thai makes Ihe mnn." Gov. Butler was possessed naturally of a contemplative and discriminating mind. His judgment was never made up rapidlv, and it was seldom found to be wrong. He long served as a legislator in his own state, and in the Congress of the U. States. lie was never a debater, bul just before a question was to be taken, he gave his "opinion" as it was always called, and on important questions looked for by all par lies Ho was always followed by a large party, although he never ot emptcd lo bo a lender. He acquired his great influence. by a natural sagacity and soundness of judgment upon all matters before hun. nnd the honest upright discharge uf his official duties lor the public good. He never sought on office, or declined one, which his health permitted him to fill. This is saying much of a man who held office for forty years, and filled overy office in the gift nl a free stale, except that of Senator in Congress. In addition to the usual town offices, he was for many years the first judge of WD.!..,.. n' r 11.. . unuiiiv.uii uouri. ue vvub a mem ber for many years of one or ihe other branch of the state legislature. He was a member of the Congress that declared the last war with Grent Brilam. Hn wns three times PreMilenUnl Elector; twice n member of the Council uf Censors, and closed Ins public life a few ytars ago, by declining a re-election lo the Gtibernalo"- rial chair. Since then he has been con fined by ill health, chiefly to his farm and house, where he hai spent iIip evening of a long, useful, and honorable life. During his whole life ho never attended a political caucus, or in any way lent his aid to the intrigues ot party strife. He was n con sistent member nf the old democratic party, but repudiated the party which placed Gnu. Jack-on in power. jov. miller was n worthy and consci entious disciple of Jesus Christ, and was never nsliBtned of hts profession. When on public duties, he delighted to meet with Ins fellow christian and mingle with thetn in their social and religious exerci-es. For neai ly half a century ho was a member nf the Baptist Church, and exercised his talents nmong them as an acceptable, and exemplary minister of the Gospel. boon alter he entered public life, he began lo store his mind with solid and useful information, and when Ihe writer uf this became acquainted with him, few could surpass him in the correctness, ex tent, or force of his reasoning powers And rare indoed was the man, who in the open fair field of argument, with Ezra Butler for an opponent, could bnael of a victory. X. B. Y. INTERVIEW WITH A SHARK. BY WAnER ARUNDEt.. Being in La Gtiavro during thn month of Juno, I was tempted by the heat of (he lowland lo bathe to the sea ; I swam nut to smnc rocks, which lay a quarter or a mile from the chore, and there dived In pick up some benutifnl shells. As 1 got near the bottom, I ba'aimed tnysolf in mid. water, lo observe a most beautiful phenom. enon. It being noon and the sun crossing the equator, near which stands La Gnayra. Ins beams were reflected with surpassing splendor on the surlace nf the water, which was agitated into ripling waves by the midday breeei ; these Inile waves were (.'fleeted on the sandy bed of Ihe sea, which inflection showed like a waving and shift ing net of burnished silver. I 6aw the net with pleasure, stretched as far as my eye could reach, save where my own length ened shadow as ii were intercepted it. Suddenly this was overshadowed by a most terrific object. I instantly cast my eyes upward and beheld, right above, one of the most terrific monsters in nature, known to '.he English in these sens, by the appellation of shovel timed shark.' I cast a few glances aloft, nnd observed his glar ing eyes, thai looked nt once stupidly dull and frightfully malignant. Their savage ken was directed down upon me ; its grce dy mouth was opening ond shutting as if in anticipation of swallowing me. I Bwam still under water In another place; bull could observe, by the shadow of the mon ster, that he still followed me in vain I tried lo dodgo my tormentor where I stopped, ho stopped and in whatever di rection I went, his shadow was alill upon me What was to be done ? My strength and breath were fast going to remain much longor under water was impossible, and to rise, wa to mako for the jaws of the devourer. I sank lo tlio bed of iho bay to arm myself with some kunck shells; theso might have been of tome use, could I have gamed the surface of tlio water unharmed, in which case I might have hurled them al his enormous head. But the fish seemed aware that I could not remain below and he determined to catch me as I rose. Sud. denlyn ray ol hope shot across my mind. I was beside a rock that hod a small cleft through its centre, which near the head ul'lhe bay had a horizontal passage ; down this cleft I had often gone out of mere boyish adventure ; to this chasm I swam, and in an instant darted into this horizon tal part of it, But ore I did this, the hideous fish be came, loo late, aware of my manaauvre nnd from the pressure of the water. I be camo lotisiblc that he sunk down towards me; but the Jove of life made me too quick tor nun uven in nis native element, l pas sed through the horizontal passage and in an instant was buoyed up through the ver tical cavity of the rock, and roe lo the sur face of the water almost suffocated to in hale the blessed air. Still the Derseveritirr sea-devil followed; it had also forced itself through the apperturc of (he rock, but whether this was loo small easily to admit his enormous head, I know not but I nm certain that the shark did not pass the cleft for a number of minutes after me. By this time I stood upon the top of the rock, on which Ihere were two or three feot of wa ter, and a few rapid sleu broiicht mo out of danger. I had gained a part ol the rock winch was out of the water, a thouirh it afforded a bad footing, it being aa sharp as tne oiaue ot a boat oar. Un this however, I got as lha monster emerged from the passage still pursuing me. It made a rush toward where I stood, but I was out of its clement. Ii raised his huge head as if to ascertain where I was, and at this instant I hurled one of the konck shells, which I still held in my hands, at h:t head, with such effect as to stun tbe fish. It now Inv motionless for some seconds, while I, In prevent the sharp edges of the rock from culling my feet, was obliged lo kneel and parity support mysell with my hands. I now perceived the fish splashing Ihe water upon the rocks until they were in a foam. The fact was ii was high lido when we both came up, and as Ihe water was fast receding, it could not eel off for want of depth. Some minutes had elapsed ere I nerceiv ed its predicament, for mv attention wa directed towards the shore' to which place I called for help, using every exclamation of distress thai I recollected. At length the fish became completely high and dry. and I perceived the dang-r of my late for midabio foe, but felt no generoiM pity for turn. I now featlesslv channel! mv iineBSj position and suiud upright on the flat oar! of the rock. I was too much exhausted by my late adventure to essay swimming ashore, and saw with joy a canoe approach ing me. One of ihe three men in her proved to be my old friend Jose Carcica, who being informed of mv late cscatie. cal led out, Santa Maria! it is the harbor mas. ter that lies on Ihe high rock !" I must inform the reader that I have heard of a large shovel nosed shark, called the harbor master, which in the bay of La Guayra was as well known as Port Royal Tom was in Jamaica. Whether mv late foe was the identical harbor master or not, I cannol lake upon mys.elfto say, but Jose ana me iwo men in llio canon trpated Into with little ceremony. They beat the help less shark's head with their Daddies till he was stunned, and finished hun bv cutting off his tail and running a malcheti through his brain. The Origin of our Statesmen, A merica is said by some British writer to be ' the Paradise of poor men.' A nobler tri bule was never paid lo any nation. Our distinguished men have nearly all risen from poverty. Henry Clav was thn son of a poor backwoods Baptt-t preacher uaniel Web-ter ol a New Hampshire far mer in very moderate circumatances. Gen. Jackson was an orphan at an earlv agc with nothing but his own exertions to aid him. President Van Buren wos too poor lo youth lo obtain a tolerable educn tion; and it. has been thrown out as a re proach that he sold cabnges around the vil- lago of Ktnderhook. If he did. he should proud rather than ashamed of it. Gov. Vance of Ohio, entered that state as a p'r oneer, wah an ax on his shoulder and very tune in ins pocket, and has been a plain farmer through life, Gov. Rtlncrof Penn, was bound out to a farmer when a bov.and served Ins lime out to great acceptation. His old master attended a celebration on Ihe 4th nt Carlisle, and gave the following toast: liij Jacob Jluert. President nf the day Jo$,;p!i Winer Wo was n good boy. auu nas sin: grown better ; every Hung he did he always did well ; he made a pooiI farmer, a good legislator and a very good governor. juv. Rttner former'y drove a teom as a waggoner from Philadelphia lo Pittsburgh. Many merchants in Philadelphia have Ins receipts for goods taken for transportation. lie was finally enabled to buy a farm with the protils of his waggoning, and was elected to the legislature, where he was made speaker, we be hevo Iho second vear. He was President of the National Tariff Convention which assembled al Harris- burgh in 1828, a candidato for Governor and beaten in 1828. the same in IK32, and elected In 1835. With no education but such as he obtained as a poor farmer's boy and has acquired by reading nnd reflection since he became of age, he has risen lo the highest dignity within Ihe gift of his na. tivo State, mingled in the most important deliberations of statesmen, acquired ihe esteem of thousands, tho respect of all, and Iho enthusiastic regard of those of his own political faith, by whom, ho is now a fourth lime supported for Governor. Hi' father's family for several generations had been weavers, both in Germany and this coun try. Such examples as this, (and they arc frequent, must not be lost upon our youth. A worthy old of otir nrannlnlanee. one oflhe old delicto) nf which few relic now re main, wed lo rel.iie the following wiih mtirh glee. Theie wus in hi iMrMi one I', by tinde u carpen ter, who h it! iirqtnrrd much ciedit for iiijirmiiiy, nnd no kt fur hiewdne.i and wit, O, vn one day hewinx limber, when die cteiyinun ncroird Ii itn "llr. 0., yon li ne become qniie fnnniis for jour ingenuity ; jon h.ito m.nle itlmoiii ctcryihing ele, pray can you mtike men devilV "Veiy euthy, Mr. F." replied llie other, (canning the parwn carelemly, and railing hia axe ; "letii put jourfuoton tliitd nick you waat the leatli alieriii o any man I know of. Compost Manurei. Now is llio time to collect brakes ond other vegetablo tub. stances to supply tho hogyard und to enlarge the compost heap. It thould be impressed on tho minds of all, that every thinz vegetable or animal, enn ho ennunrtnit into manure, the chief food of plants. Nothing, therefore, of this nature, should bo suffered to waste. We would ring all the charges poisible upon this all important word, to Ihe farmer, "MANURE" till it shall be appreciated more in proportion to its groat value. Prom ihe New.EnglHnd Farmer. J HE WAV TO MAKE GOOD liUTTEU rS August. Salt the milk before you strain it, al the rate ol a heaped spoon ot sail lo a pail-lull. Let it stand 24 or at most 3d hours. The first pan of milk you skim, nut another heaped spoon of salt to the orenin ; add cream from day today as vou swim your iniilr. Uliurn three times week ur at least twice. U-to a stone churn il you can conveniently obtain one. Sol your churn in a pail ol the coldest water and change it as it grows warm by stand tug wlule you churn. Keep your cream tu white earthen or a wooden bowl. It injurious to health to tne brown earihcn waro lor onv thing salt or acid. These directions arc for a small dairy of one or two cows. A Housekeeper. AGRICULTURAL IMPROVEMENT Societies and premiums were tried i vain in Germany, to renovate agriculture. says Mr. 1 letsclnnan, and so was theoret ical farming. "The practical firmer, un- educatod nod full of prejudice," he suys. "was not nut! lo unilersiaiid the piincpie of the new system ; the mini of bcienilio education had tin experience and knowledge of applying scienco to practice properly;" and so both failed, or unproved slowly. Al last, agricultural schools were establish ed, and tho science and practice were taught simultaneously. "lo six years," fie continues, "the influence of the'ie schools was felt ihrntighoot the whole country." Rotation of crops was introduced; the slock was increased and improved; the fertility oflhe laud wus renovated; prejn diced neighbors became convinced; they began to imitate, lo read, and to think, and in a short space of time, the old system was abandoned, and the farmer soon saw and realized the advantages of the science ol agriculture." "I look lo llio establishment of arricultu. ral schools," sbvs our highly mtellireot Otsego correspondent, "as belonging lo an earlier state nf Hung than agricultural exhibitions. To him who has mad advance," he adds with great troth, "an agiicultural exhibition is a source of tiiortt ficdtion and a wounding of self-love be cause it throws his own labors and bkill into the back ground but a school will awaken Iho spirit of improvement ; and few young nun going forth from such an establishment, will be like a little leaven in the inert mass." It requires but little reflection nnd foro sight to predict, with great certainty, that unless something is speedily done, by the people and the people's representatives, to 'inpn vc the slate ol our agriculture, the tanners of huropo will 6oon supplant will undersell us in our own markets, in the produce of our soil. Wo already find (he bread-stuffs of Europe, and even of Asia, put in requisition lo feed our population. Prom the low price of labor in Europe, and particularly from Ihe recent improvement in agriculture, which ore doodling and trebling llio products of agricultural labor there, the disparity in the actual cost, to tho cultivator of these products, is constant lv increasing ogninst us. Tho venerable Pellenburgh and may he yet enjoy a long and happy life was thn "first to 'demon, si rate the utility of combining the science with the practice of agricultii'cofmnking farmers genileinun, and gentlemen farmers of combining intellectual with phsical power, and literature with laborin 0 school for llio education of young men.--Tho sagacious Frederick, king of Prussia, soon saw iho advantages to the state, which were likely to result from schools like thai at Hoffwyl, and soon established tho great ichools at Moegultn, under the distinguished Thacr, and has since incorpo rated its principles into the common schools of his kingdom, Bavaria, Austria, nnd other of the German states, and Prance, have since established hkn schools near Si. Peiersburgh and Moscow, liberally endow ed and supported by tho government; and even Ireland, it will be seen by tho extracts in our last, has started in this noble career uf usefulness. The United Stales, whicli should be foremost in efftrts to enlighten, improvo nnd elovato tho agricultural pnpu lotion, will, wo fear, bo last to establish agricultural schools, and tho last lo profit by their usefulness, Tho only present availnble means of ac celerating Iho introduction of these schools among us for established they ultimately must nnd will be is thn agricultural press the enlarged circulation of agricultural periodicals among tho pcoplo, Wu have now about twenty of those in our country. They aro every day increasing tho sphere of their usefulness and llie extent of their I circulation. They are bringing into notice the beet practices in Ini-handry. and pro mitigating ine principles ot HgncuMnrnl cience, They aro producing n salutary change in Ihe public mind, in regard lo the importance of improving our husbandry; und this change will eru long, we trust, be fell and manifested in our halls of legisla tion. The sooner tho belter, for all classes 1 of our cilizena. Cultivator. VOU XIlNo. 582 STEAMBOATS. STtOPiM1) Or THE r.ATB U. STATES LAW; Sec. I. Requires all vesaola propelled in whole or in purt by stentn, to take out bo fore the 1st Oct. noxt, a new liccnco, sub ject to tho conditions hereafter. Sec. 2. Prohibits all vessels propolled ai nbove, from transporting passengers or goods "in or upon the bays, lakes, rivers, or olhor navigable wateri of tho Unitod States," alter tho 1st of Ocl. without such new licence. Penalty for noti-cnmplionci live Hundred dollars, for which a boat may bo nroceeded against summairly. Sec. 3. Authorises the District Judge to appoint competent and faithful person to inspect hulls, boilers, nnd niactiinery nf every steam vessel, whenever requested so lo do liy tho master or owner thereof, which inspectnra are to furnish duplicate certifi cates nf their inspection, and lo tako an oath fnithfn'ly to dhcharge their duly. No one to be appointed win U interested 111 the manufacture uf steam engines or ma chinety. . . Sec. 4. Requires the , porson appointed to inspect the hull of any steam bo-it, to state in his certificate llio age of the boat, when and where built, and how long it has been running; and also wind her Ihe vc-el is in his opt man s hi ml ami seaworthy. Fea $5. to be paid by owner or mailer. Sec 5. Imposes the samo duties on Iho P'rsons required to in'pscl the bnitersOm certificates, in 'state the ago thereof, and whether 6ntind and fit for ue. One copy oflhe coriificatc to be delivered lo the Col lector, the oilier to "be posted up, nnd kept in some cunfpicuuu part of the boat." Foe as nbove. Sic. C. The inspection under the 4th Sec. lo be made once a year, that tinder tho 5th Sec. twice a year thu of such inspection to be delivered by llie own er or master to the Collector, "under iho penalty ol" forfitore , ),--once, nnd in curring the pennliie-- of run iiug uitimit a licence. A "compi'teii number of exper'u enced and slollnl engineers" lo be kept by the owners on boatd every boat nnd for neglect of doing so, the owners and master liable "lor all damages to the property or any passenger 011 board, occasioned by ex plosion or by derangement of machinery." Sec. 7- Requires under the penalty of 200. that whenever the boat stops for pas. sengers. freight or fuel, the safety-valve .hull bo opened "so as to keep the steant down in the boiler a-- near as practiblo tu what it is when the boat is under headway." Sec. C. Requires under penalty of g'tOO, boats navigating the lakes or the ocean, if not over 200 tons, to carry "two long boats or yawls, each competent to carry al ieast twenty person," larger steamers to carry at least three such yawls. S-jc 9. Requires under like penally all steamers referred to in Sec. 8. lo carry with them an engine and suction-hose in good order, nnd tn use iron rods or chains instead of tiller ropes. Sec. 10 Requires steam vea-:els running between sunset and sunrise to carry light penalty 200. Sc. 11. All penalties to be sued for in the District Court, whore the offence oc curs, or where the owner or master resides. One half for the informer, the other lor the United States. Sue. 12. "Every captain, engineer, pilot, or other person employed on board 0 siem. boat," through whose "negligence, miscon duct, and inattention," life is lost, shall be deemed "guilty nf manslaughter," and upon conviction, be sentenced to confinement at hard labor for not more than ten years. Sec. 13. In all action? against steamboat owners or masters, the "bursting of the boiler, collapse of a fluo, or injurious escape of steam." shall be taken as "full prima facie evidence, sufficent to charge the do lendent, or those in his employ, with negli gence, until he shall show there was na negligence by him or those in his employ, tnent." A Mendicam' "Politiciankr." One morning during the "rabid stage"' of tho pressure, while looking over some new publications in Ihe fashionable mazasin of one skilled in bibliography, there enters us a middle aged specimen of humanity, who from crown to lioel bore the marks of a decayed gontlemnn. He looked as if he had been "spending the night in a stabla and taking his breakfast nt a pump' "Sir." said lie, bowing condescendingly to the shopman, and speaking with studied precision of diction, "you foo before you ' an unfortunate individual; 0110 who, aa iho poet remarks, is greally ' in want of rettdy rhino, ' Like m.itiy Itereiiboiit ilnu you, And some petlup thm know !' Permit me. therefore, my dear sir. to ask, cnuld you oblige mo with Ihe loan of a fip?" No, sir, 1 rnuUl not!" replied tho shop man sarca-licully. "Ah!" responded the oltcilor, "1 had no idea that the times were so hard horn. I thought they were hard enough in Philailnlplna, but nothing like it nothing tike it ! I feel for you," hv milled, laying his hand with a plulanthropio air upon Ins brean, "I feel for you all." lie mused for a moment, then extending Ins arm, and flnuri-hiug tho tailored rem nini of a puckel handkerchief, he continued: "What is this grea' and glorious country coming In, I should like to know, under ilt present rulen, with their bank laws, ihetr currency laws, their sub-Treasury, nnd forth ? To ruin, sir! To utter ruin ! M an, ns the English grammar very correctly unserves, nmn is n veru unr Uovoriiiuout. the body corporate, is llio veib to nt! to no! And we, iho neonle. sir. . f t:,i great nnd glori .11- coiui'rv. nto the nivn. bin ptestvu verb, to urrKn!" "S , of Cicero!" thought we; -mull Im e,,Ca wou'd f-hattii! iho nratorv ot our R,.r:- r iho North!'" "Sir." said tho iimlvmnn "I have no lime to attend to vnn. You will obiigo mo by leaving ihe .' .r .certainly !M And he retired accordingly. Ar

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