Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, December 8, 1843, Page 2

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated December 8, 1843 Page 2
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FROM TKXAS. Tho New Orleans papers of tlio 17th have advices frum Galveston to tho 14th ami from Houston to the 8ih. Wo make-tho following extracts from tlio Bio, Diillelin and Pica yuno: The brig of war Archer and tho schooner Snn Bernard wore offered for sale at Galveston on tho Mth tilt. A strung opposition to thoir being solil was evinced by a largo portion of tho people and the press of Galveston ; the con. tequenco was, that tho Government agents found no bidders, and the sale was indefinitely poslponnil. Tho sloops of war Austin and San Antonio arc also advertised for sale ; hut it is believed, as was tho caso In tho instance of tho other vessel?, that no purchasers will be found to offer for them. Wc have no particular news about the elec tions, farther than tliat they havo cone in fivor of tho approvers of Gen. Houston's policy. Col. W. G. Cooke, who arrived from Bexar, reports that tho Mexican aro establishing ox. tensive military depots along tho Hio Grande. i hoy have also stationed six or eignt iiunurcu soldiers on tho West hank of tho Nueces, at different points. Several Mexican traders, who have lately visited Bexar, staled that several thntmnJ " stands, of arms nnd a large quantity of ammunition aro now placed in the depots along the ltio Grande, and waggons loaded with military stores aro constantly arriving from the interior. If this news bo true, it would appear that Santa Ana does not anticipate a permanent truce. The U. S. echrof war Flirt silled from Gal veston fur Vera Cruz on tlio Uuth ult., Murnhv went out as passenger on tho Flirt Tho object of his visit to Vera Cruz is not known. He had been qtlito sick for some weeks, and possibly may visit tlio city nf Mexico, or Murida, in Yucatan, to recover his licilth. Gentlemen who havo arrived from tho frnn tior state that several of tho Indian tribes have been greatly afflicted with sicmicss this season. In some of tlio tribes nearly ono fifth of tho warriors have died. Tho sickness seems to have been more fatal with the men than the women and children. A fow weeks since, twelve or thirteen Indians, belonging to a small lodge near Bastrop, died within two or three days. The symptoms of their disease were simi lar to those' of congestive fever. Tho Indians have not suffered no much from disease for ma. ny years. Tho French families who sottled near Bexar in tho Spring, and who intended to remove to Castro's colony, have suffered greatly from the acclimativo fever. Many of them emigrated from Paris and other cities in France, and were quite unacquainted with agricultural pursuits; thoy were also very poor, and but a scanty supply of tho necessaries of life. A large por tion of them, finding that they are unablo to succeed in agricultural occupations, aro pre wiring to return to Franco or New Orleans. Tho crop of cotton on tlio Colorado and in all the undulating rcgiors of Texas, has been but little injured by the late rains. Many of the planters will bo unable to pick out all the cotton they juve raised. The plantations mar tho coast have been injured to a grea't extent. Thu average crop of Jefferson, Liberty, Brazoria am! Matagorda counties will not probably exceed half a bale to the acre. More cotton, however has been planted in those counties this season than tho last, and tho aggregate crop will proba bly bo greater linn that of last year. The town of Victoria is almost ruined. The business c: trie place is Ileal iy uestroyed. I lie citizens, however, still retain a share of tho en. terpriso that his always characterised them, and arc endeavoring to improve tho navigation on the Guadeloupe, so as lo turn the trade of Gonzales and'the settlements above it toward Victoria. Br.xAtt. Wo learn from a gentleman who left Bexar a fow days since that no farther news has beon received from Ino lito urnnue. a fow traders who lately arrived stated tint .they saw no Mexican tronnson tlr Nucces,althotigh they hoard it reported that there wore troops stationed on tho Western bank of that stream. Captain Havs," with a party of rangers, has gone out to tho Nueces, and intends lo scour tho country from tho sources ot tho river to sau Patricio, and ascertain whether thero aro any Mexican troops on its banks. The trado of Bexar i3 very dull. Tho few Mexican traders who arrived brought little money, and stated that thev woro afraid to purchase' many goods, as they wore compelled to smuggle them into Mexico, and if thoy were discovered by tho Mexican patrols along tho Rio Grande their coeds would be seized and all forfeited totha Government. Captain Rickets, nf tho schooner Galveston, reports that tho sloop Cutter, from Matnmorns, having on board (nmmi6sioncrs"'froin Mexico, passed over the Galveston Bar, inward, as ho came out. .President Houston has issued a proclaim tion convening Congress at Washington on the liret Monday in Uecomucr. From tho Houston Telegraph' Tlio United Slates Flirt ar rived at Gtlvor.on on the 17th instant, from Norfolk, with despatches from the United iS'tatcs G )vernmnt to General Murphy, tho American charge d alMirf, anil it is presumed those ties pitches relate to this subject : The interfer ence of the United States to prevent tho comu inifion of British designs upon Texas.! Wo learn that tho United States slnop.of.war Van dalia will also soon bs at Galveston, and the vessels will bo subject to the order of tho American charge d'aff.iirs. It is not iinproba hie that one or belli of these vessels will be dispatched to Vera Cruz, to convey despatches to the American minister at Mexico, Wo ae aware 'that Gen. Mumhv is in possession of information derived from resiJCCtab e rourccs. tint w i excite more astonishment and alarm in the American cabinet than the upeeches of Innlj BrouT ham and Aberdeen. This much we think is certain, the fears nf tho noonlo of tho Southern statct, that tho object of the abolitionists in England, is to dis. mU'f. tlm Union if necessary to effect tho ab nliiinn nf sl.ivorv. aro well founded. at,d wo believe the ilocumontG obtnined bv Gen. Tur- nhv here, and tho30 obtained by Gen. Thorn;) son in Mexico, will furnish evidence of the intentions of Great Britain relating to 7'exas, that will ennvinco the American statesmen, that there aro but few alternatives lelt to reins. Av ilia .vil. Either the Kritish Government must give way, or sustain her position by force, and hostilitica will fullow as a natural conse quence, or else Texas must bo annoxed to the United Slates. There is little probability that (ireat Britain will (jive way, and thro is little probability that the Govermment of tho Uni led States will permit her to prosecute her policy unmolested. Correspondence of the Commercial Advertiser. Washington, Nov. 25. Tlicro aro members enough hero to form sovorul littlo caucuses, in which nil tho dif ferent parlies, old and now, tiro represented. There is hero, 1 observe a veteran politician and party tactician, who, with Senators Al an nml Tuppan, is planning tho campaign for Mr. Van Biircn. Thero is Jmlgo Wil kins, with his frosty hand, smiling counte nance and placid manner, receiving tho ho mage ot n lew mends who desire unu design tn mako him Speaker. Thoro is Mr. Rhett tho chief manager of thu Calhoun party, and ex-omcio editor of tlio Spectator, contriving his machinery for defeating tho Benton suc cession. Thero aro also a few sturdy, un- conqtnrcd, resourceful Whigs, who aro busy in repairing and adjusting tho invincible ar mor which won tho victory of 1840, and which will not ho disgraced in 1844. Mr. Adams is here, nnd ho lias como with a moro than usual quantity of anti-slavery, anti-gag ordnanco to hatter down tho twen-ty-fnst rule. I hear also from ono or two Buchanan men, who, for tho first timo in their lives, havo begun to doubt whether they owe allegiance to tho Albany Regency or not. Tho Johnson members have not arriv ed, hut I'on Emmons is here, and insists that Colonel Johnson will bo tho next Presi dent. Mr. Adams predicted, some timo ngo, that thero would never bo a Speaker of tho IIouso from a non-slave-liolding state', for tho reason that tho slave-holding interest would not permit it, and that the South would always command their Democratic allies of tho non-stave-holding states. But matters seem to ho hi a train now to falsify this pre diction. The Calhoun men find it politic to iiini a blow at tho Van Buron organization, nnd to do this, they propose to tako tip a Northern or Wcslern canuidato lor Speak er. Thoy are looking for some ami-Van Buren Democrats who will carry a portion of tho Northern or Western Democracy. Mr. Wilkins will probably answer their pur pose better than any other man, for it is sup posed that ho can carry tho Democratic members of his own state. If the Pennsylvania Democrats refuse to go into caucus, Mr. Wilkins will be chosen, tho caucus will bo stranded, and a vital blow will be struck at Mr. Van Buron and his heir-apparent, Mr. Benton. The Whigs, Calhoun men and Buchanan men, will form a majority of the members who can ho pro sent at the opening of the session. I have some doubt, however, whether tho Pcnnsyl vnnians are yet prepared to disown their fealty to the caucus. From tlio Vermont Chronicle. COLONIZATION SOCIETY- The twenty.fourth Anniversary of tho Vcr- IMPORTANT FROM CANADA. Ovr.nTiiitow or the Riuorm Ministry I'ltoiiAnt.E: RnTiinN op the Tories to Power ! Wo aro indebted to Mr. George Rojs, of Kingston, who camo to this place yesterday afternoon in the steamer " Princess Royal," for tlio intelligence of thocomplcte overthrow of tho Reform Ministry in Canada. Every member of the Cabinet, oxcopt one, resigned on tho 27th insl. Tho pieciso causes of this oxplosion havo not yet been made pub lie. Hon. Wm. Morris, a leadm? torv, been soul for from Brockvillo, and it was generally supposed that a new administration would be termed under his auspices. This is the most important event that lias taken place since tho Union of the two provinces. The tories are in ecsincies. Thoy look up on this as the end of French influence, which las prevailed to such an extent sincn tho Union went into operation. Most of the measures originated and matured by the Re formers will fail if the Tories succeed in es tablishing their power. Tho General Am nesty for political offences, contemplated by the latcadniiuistrntion, will rcceivo no favor at their hands. It remains to he seen wheth er their misrule will drive tho people into ro boll ion again. Parliament will probably bo dissolved, and a now General Election ordered. The Princess Royal touched at this port yesterday, for thu first time, lo lake in sonic additions to her machinery. She had on board several of tho Ex-Stato officers. lioch. Dem. From the Montreal Transcript, Nov. 23. Tho largo quantity of flour in barrels, which was seen floating in several parts of the river fur tho last few days, ts ascertained to havo been tho cargo of tho Imrge Leeds, belonging to Messrs. II. & S. Jones & Co., which was totally wrecked in the new Cedar j Channel on tho 18tli inst. The Leeds was laden with G50 barrels flour, addressed to Messrs. Henderson, Hooker & Co., and was, we understand, insured tit the office of tho St. Lawrence Insurance Company. Numerous other disasters havo lately occurred in our wntlors. Among others, wo learn that the steamer Highlander and tho barge Perth aro ashore abovo, as aro two barges belonging to Messrs. Henderson & Co., at Synan Islands. Ope nf tho latter is ladon with wheat, tho other with flour. Tin Psess in Pakis. The Newspaper Press in Paris,, thought abundantly talented, is in all other respects far inferior to that of Eng. land or America. The papers aro all establish ed by associations of men having personal nb iects to accomplish. But few, if any, of them support, or aro expected to support themselves. Instead ot being devoted to the common wcl fare, they are mado to subserve tho views of the individuals or cabals ly whom they aro owned anu conironcu. Thero are but few occasions, if I am correct ,'y informed; when the"'voico of an unshackled I rene!! I'ress is nearu. Ambitious men use thero as ladders to attain tho elevations to which thev nspire. I he typography of theso Jonrn als is jnosi unwonny oi uio taste ami intent irencs ot the beautiful city nf Paris. Thev aro printed upon small sheets of inferior papor, and there is scarcely a newspaper in any oi the vt I Cn.rt ,t.- . .. 1 1 : . I3UCH Ul uur wiaio limb id iivh CACliUlvU 111 moro noai ana worsrnaniiife manner. Mr. IWi Letters. From the St. John's New liriinswicker of Oct. 31. The Bouniuuv Survey. By n privat letter from Mwdawaika, wis are informed that life boundary' survevine party under Colonel Escort, intend remaining in the woods all winter, and nro preparing log-houses nlong the new line .Irom Lake hi. rrancu to waa (tueni. Depots of provisions nro being form cd on tho Great and Littlo black Rivers. which will ha the principal station during tho winter nnd thu surveys and clearing out of the lino will be curried on without interims' kion. We irjoice to find that our surveying par tv are possessed of so much determination and porserverant'c, and are not to bo deter led from the prosecution of their arduous du ties by the privations of a winter in tho wil derneis. The Ashburton treaty and tho en rgy of Colonol Escort will soon bring thi long pending dispute (o the una! close. Suoab Cfcor. The New Orleans Bulletin says ; " f or some wcckb past me papers pub Tho price of beef in Cleveland, Ohin,lins bin thus far from 81,50 to ?2, per liundicd. lished in tho parishes where sugar is cultivnted have continued to inform us that the sugar crop of this year must inevitably bo considered short of that nf the last. We havo given weight to these statements In our mind all alone, but pre ferred waiting until wo could obtain nome clear data. We have now just conversed with agon tleman who has happened to circulate extensive ly through the sugar plantations, and who is in ti:lligent and wholly disinterested, and ho gives it as his free opinion, from all he has learned, that the crop of this year, although it may bo ot good quality, will fall short of that of last year lull ime-mirw. uuuiiiu mm i-Biiiuait: prove cor rect, the sugar crop of Louisiana will bo no more than sufficient to supply the wants of tho upper country." Tlio Washington Spectators Calhoun pa per, takes ground against the holding ofn Nuilionnl Democratic Convention tor the nomination of President, and declares em phatically, "Nono will ever bo held." A Bu chanan meeting at Pittsburg, Pa., have pass- id rcsolutionssguinitaNHitional Convention. mont. Colonization Society was hold In tho Brick Church, In this village, on Thursday evening, October 10th. Tho Hon. Israel P. Dana, Pros Ident of the Society, took the chair, at 7 o'clock. Tho meeting was opened with anpropjiato mu sic from tho choir. Daniel Baldwin, Esq., Treasurer, presented his report, from which, and the accompanying statements, it appeared that about $050 havo been raised in Vermont during tho last year for tho American Coloni zation Society, and this without the employment of an acont. The Secretary, tho llov. J. K. Converse, of Burlington, then road an abstract from tho Annual Report, showing what has been done by the Society tho last year ; with a brief sketch of the doings of the Parent Board in sending our emigrants, purchasing territory, 4ic. Tho report contained an array of incon tcstiblo facts from Gov. Roberts, from colonists, from missionaries and naval officers, illustrating the generally good condition and progress of the colonists. The Rev. Georiro W. Campbell, of Ncwbii ry, then led in prayer, after which, the Rev. W. Mitchell addressed the audiancc in an appropri ate discotirco on tho history of slavery and its remedy. It is expected that the discourse will be published. At the close of Mr. Mitchell's address, not withstadding the lateness of tho hour, a Mr. Constantino, lately a liaptist missionary at i;di na, in Africa, was called on to make some ro marks. It was known that Mr. Constantino was not friendly to Colonization, that he was a zealous abolitionist, in tho technical sense, both before ho went to Africa, and since his return, and that ho had been acting, during tho day, with the Liberty Parly Convention, in the Free Chiirch. Slill, wc all wished to hear what Brother Constantino had to say ; having no fears that tho principles on which tho scheme of Colonization is based, or the fads by which it is made to commend itself to every candid and in telligent mind, could be shaken. In compliance with tho special request of Mr Constantino's friends, ho was called to tho platform. Mr. C. appears to bo a pious man, and to feel deeply for tho injuries of tho colored race. Yet it was obvious to all that his views had received their shade and coloring from the strong enlistment of his feelings in a Society which has seen fit to oppose the Colonization Society. Wo took briof notes, and shall present the substaneo of his volunteer remarks, and of his answers when cross-examined. On the whole, his statements commend Colonization to our warmest confi dence. Tho substance of his volunteer remarks, is as follows : 1st. Mr. Constantino said, when he first ar rived in Africa, he visited Monrovia; that tho colonics were then under Gov. Buchanan, that the Governor called with him upon a number of lannlies, that he tound them living in atlluence, and was vory favorably impressed, but that he afterwards learned that thero was a good deal of poverty and idleness, that he saw some of tho emigrants that woro ragged and dissatisfied, and wished to return to this country, to the service of their old masters. When cross-examined it appeared that Liberia has some lazy and shift less person?) such as arc to be found in every community. 2d. Mr. Constantinc said, that Gov. Bucha nan told him, that when he succeeded to the government, ho found some of the colonists en gaged in making shackles for the slave ships. Had this statement and his remarks npnn it passed without questioning, it would have left the impression that this was done opcnhj,xnA with the approbation of public sentiment and of tho colonial authorities. had I Cross examined. 'Do you say that the colo. nists openly assist the slavers, ana mane snac. lea for them!' Mr. C. 'No.' 'Do you say that blacksmiths in tho colony mako shackles with the approbation of tho col onial government, or of the public sentiment of the colonics!' Mr. U. No, I do not ' Did not the persons referred to make shack les in defiance of public sentiment, and for large gains, just as some pcrsoi.sin this country keep a tippling shi'p for gain V Mr. C. ' I suppose they did. ' Do not the colonial authorities do what they can to hinder and break up the slave trade !' Mr. C. ' They profess to do so, and I do not know but Ihoy do.' Mr. C. went on to Mate that thero is still ono 6lavo factory on tho 300 miles of coast to which the namo Liberia is applied. But on being questioned, he stated that this ono factory is . .i ri ... it. , ...:.i.:.. :.. not on inc sou tij mc cuiuiitt uur wiiiiui no ju risdiction : but upon territory still owned by a native chief which the Colonization Society is now strivin!? to obtain the means of purchas ing. Thus from tho'tostiniony, it appears that there is but one slave factory now, where there were perhaps twenty before our colonies were .planted there. ;u. As it lias been said oy me opposers oi Colonization, that the colonists reduce tho na lives to slavery, Mr. C. was requested to speak on that point. He said the young natives, from 15 to 25 years old, generally do tho work of tho colo. nists ; that they aro treated with a great deal of distance: and thcirrcligious instruction isneg- lectod ; that while most of the adult colonists are members of tho church, and attend church very constantly on the Sabbatb.the native young people are not brought to the house of God, nor instructed in the families in which they live Cross examined. 'But does slavery exist m the colonics .'' Mr. C. 'No, not exactly. The native young people do most all the work and arc not treated stnoyougiuio uc. uo they not receive wages v Mr.C. 'Yes.' 'I low much do thoy receive.'' Mr. C. "Thev receive their chon. fi. their rice.) their cloth ('clothing,) and in addi ion to this, what costs the colonials perhaps ten dollars. Ci. e. for a year.) 'llut do not theso natives enter and leave the services of tho colonists just when they plonso! Mr.U. 'leslheydo Thus ondelh tho lesson on colonial slavery Tho sum of the whnlo is, that the colonists mid slaves in Liberia just as wo hold slaves in Vermont : I. o. we and they hold hired help who como ana fro when thev please. 4. What is the influence ot the colonists in respect to civilizing the natives and facilitating me worK ui iiu&smiiiii i In answor, Mr. C. went on to state that 1: did not receive all that support and aid from the colonists in Ins missionary work, which ho c Dected when ho went out, that jealousies ox istcd between the natives and the colonists, and that the latter sometimes s polio contemptuous of the Tonnsr. Cross examined. ' Does not tho hostility of some of the natives to the colo. nists arise from the efforts of tho colonists to break up the slave trade, which the natives, for thesaueot gain uesire to perpetuate Air. u. 1 don t know but it does.' Was ever a mission established and bus venienccs, and refinements nf Now England, but that all things consideroil, the colonics arc doing tec, and exerting a good influence, and already give promise of being tho l'lymoiilh oi Airica. i no ncpon, wnon puuiisucu, win snuw the grounds of this faith. Tho services of tho evening woro closed wun the appointment of the following gentlemen as officers of tho Society for tho ensuing year. Hon Directors. SAMUFX C. CRAFTS, President. " l'HINEIIAS Willis, l Vj prMi,cnts ' (Jen. E. P. Waiton, y,co 1 "!3"Jcms Hon. Charles Paine, D. Kf.i-i.oco, Est., Jas. Hell, " S. ClIAPlN, " A. W. Hvde, " David Pierce " Henry Stevens, Kcv. Wm. MiTcnf ll, " R. C. Hand, Hon. I'r.TF.n Stars, K. C. Tract, Cms. Adams, Esq. Rev. J. K. Converse, Secretary, Daniel Baldwin, Esq. Treasurer, lion. Jcduthan .Loom is, Auditor. , An Accomplished Thief. Ono of our mcr chants, was recently relieved of several articles of his rroods at a little less than " cost and char ges," bv as shrewd and well played a piece of accomplished villany as wo nave lately nearu of. Tho thief entered tho merchant's .store, and represented and introduced himself to be a gentleman whom the merchant had been ex pecting from tho country for several days, to purchase goods ; having received a letter from a friend informing him that his neighbor would visit Memphis soon, to purchase his plantation supplies, and endorsing for his responsibility, and that ho would be a valuable customer. This valuable customer the roguo represented himself to be, and introduced himself as Mr. . The merchant of course had no cause of suspicion, and Mr. thief was bowed to and treated as merchants generally do such things; was shown all sorts of goods in less than no time, and was extremely careful to buy cheap, and snarinslu, which belter enabled him to car ry on his villany. A lino piece of cloth being shown him "U no," said he; "l just want something to knock about the plantation in ; don't want anything fine." And so he purchas cd a pretty large bill. The merchant thinking ho had so rich a cus tomcr, and withal so prudent buyer, bethought himself of an extra six-barrelled patent pistol to show him as a curiosity. It caught the eye of the plain planter amazingly : it was exactly tho thing ho had been looking for, having, as he said, a difficulty on hand with a neighbor, which might prove to bo a very tragical one. I am sorry it is out of order, said the merchant, but I will send it out and have it fixed in a few mo ments. "Dont'tput yourself to that trouble.' replied our accommodating hero, "I am goini right past the very loor, and will take my! sell ; and as it rains I might slip on the over coat, and take the umbrella : bo so kind as to get my bill made oai by the time I can step down to Howard's to get tho money for a couple of loads of cotton I this morning sold him ; and as it rains, I'll take the umbrella also." "Cor- Jainly, certainly sir ;" was the merchant's smil ing and polile response. When off went the planter and pistol (without being fired or charg ed)' and on and on" went the overcoat, and up went the unbrella, so high that it, with the rest of the things, and tho shrewd rogue, have never been heard of since. Memphis Eagk. Tho Nuw York American gives tho fol lowing capital incident, whic it says is entitl ed to tho merit of truth as well us excel lence : " A discussion aroso in ono of tlio Harlem Railroad cars between two men, nno n whig, tho oilier n loco, as to'tho merits and pros pects of tho different caudidatcs for tlio Pres idency. After somo considerable talk tho loco observad, " nt all events wo havo ono advantage over vou wings -wo havo hall a dozen candidates from whom to choose, whilo vou nro pledged to ono man," " Ad mitted." replied tho whig. " wo co for Har ry of tho West, as our first and only choice." " How absurod," replied his antagonist. " Suppose Clav dies, what will you uo then?" "Dot" answered tlio whig " what will I do ? lit Jove I'll vote for his Executors I New kind of Wheat. Wo havo at our of fico a specimen of Brain called South American wheat, raised in this county, and which is said to yiold from eighty to one hundred bushels to tho acre. no neau rescmnics very mien, in size and appearance, the fruit of the sumac, and tho ocrry seems 10 uo almost enure larinu, wun u verv httle hull or bran. It may bo planted in drills or sowed broadcast tlio former method Jiowovcr is thought to be preferable and is said to require far loss labor, if drilled, than common corn, yielding boublethe quantity per acre, and wc should iudse it to be as nutritious food for man or beast as any grain wo raise. Xvrwalk (O.) Experiment. PRIDAYI MORNING,' D.EC. 8, 1843. DtsASTittous Finn in Rutland Wo regret exceedingly lo lenrr. that tlio val uable paper mill of Messrs Henderson & Co., together with n valuable grist mill owned by Dr. James Porter, nnd a mnrblo null, were destroyed by firoon the oveninp of the 18th ult. The firo caught in tho sizing house, where somo limo had boon stowed that got wet. Thero was no insurance, as both mills had undergono completo repairs, and the owners wcro only waiting n fow days to liavo all completed, nnd cot insurance on the whole. Tcii tons of rags and 500 reams of papor wero destroyed with other stock wholo loss estimated at S15.000. Thus 'tho loss falls heavily on tho enterprising proprio-tors, Wo understand that a barn on tho premi ses of Asa Britton Esq. of Chesterfield, was burnt on Thursday evening last. A largo building, which harbored many colored and oilier persons of had character, accidentally took firo in New-Haven on tho ovoningof the 18th, and was suffered to burn down, by firemen and spectators, being de cidedly unwilling to exert themselves to save it, though they apparently worked hard nt tho brakes. Tho sentiment scorned to be, let it burn. Vt.; and under his roof the happy parents received the littlo truant unharmed. mtI But for tho considerate humanity of this good Samaritan, tho h'tllo innocent would probably avo entered the dotiFo swamp: and there. vcrtakon by darknos, exhausted with fatiguo nd drenched with thu heavy rain which fell last night, would probably havo perished. Rejected. Wo announced, a short time ince, that the Governor of this State had com missioned a gentleman in Charleston,- and an other in New Orleans, under an act passed in April, to watch over and protect tho interests of Massachusetts citizens, (free colored men,)' ar rested in those cities without any chargcofcrrme. wo now see, by tho INow Orleans papers, that Mr Maybin, the gentleman appointed for that Buy, nas remrncu nis commission to uovernor Morton, on tho ground that his duties as a citi- in ot Louisiana would not permit him to dis. largo tho functions contemplated bv iL Bos ton Atlas. Magnetical Attraction. Professor Locke has announced to the National Institution the discovery of the pule of greatest magnetical attraction, so far as known, upon tlio whole earth. This bolo is situated on a littlo Island at Copper Harbor, on tho south side of Lake Superior, Tho remarkable fact that tho polo of greatest force or the point where the earth attracts a magnetic needle the most intensiy, is not situated at the point or pole, of direction, viz: at the point where tho magnetic meriuans meet, nor tho point where the dipping ncedlo Btands perpendicular this was in treneral poin ted out by Maj. Sabine in his report to the Ornish Association In lbM. At tho place above named on Lake Superior, Prof. L. in his tour last summer, has found a magnetic force so great as 1.01, and has also ascertained that the force is less on the North side of the same Lake than on the South side. Containing his researches for fivo years Prof. L. has extended his observations person ally over 20 degrees of longitude and 10 do greos of latitude, encountering in these labors all of the privations, fatigues, and perplexities of campaigning through pathless and savage regions ; added to this, it has all been accom plished at his own expense. At one timo bo is seen at Cambridge, Massachusetts, patiently watching the result of the most dchcato cxper imcnts; at another on tho prairies of Iowa; now in the centre ot Kentucky ; and again the piny forestof Lake Superior, engaged in the same employment, and yet how few of us re aware that any such labor has been per formed. The result of theso researches is ready for publication. Such researches are now being made by the British Government at its own ex pense ; it would bo worth the timo to ascer tain what would ha the cost ot this voluntary and unpaid labor of ono of our citizens. Cincin nati uazetle. To the Editor or the Free Press. DcAn-SiR. There is a good in bavin? our annual Thanksgiving, it selves to bring to the domeslic Table and fire side friends whose avocations arc abroad and then the doings and enjoyment of by-gone, days are brought into recollection and talked over. Another privilege is also afforded in making friendly bestow mcnts for kindnesses rendered. Kor which as you havo labored in giving intcligence.lo the Peoplo as to The Cheap Cash Store, the agent thereof hero prer senls to you a Turkey,, fteef, Plumbs &c. &c. That you may have at least ono of tho articles, say Roast Reef, spoken of in 1810, and. with, ipalience keep the hope that in '44, will come the 82, per day &c. &c. Most Respectfully Yours, Wednesday Dec, 7ih 'ii HOWARD. P. S. You will see the young are not forgotten in our enjoyments,thero is jprac sweet things for them in inc Dunuie. , , Thanks to our old and honored patron of tho Cheap Cash Store. With tho thermom eter at zero, his liberality is something more than blood warm ; and hero we have the ev idence: a magnificient turkoy, with trim mings appropropnatc, fruils for the dosso rt, and what do you think a patriarchal surloin of that " roast Beef"! As for the ' two dollars," wo can earn tliat, any day, with such patrons. Tho worldis progressing. Formerly wo got n turkoy only ; then trim- p with it ; afterwards (but before tho temperance roform.) a bottle or two of winn was added , and low, we havo the best half of a quarter of beof, to mako nut tho assort ment. What a glorious world this would bo if every man's liberality was thus in pro portion to his gains. If Howard's prosper ity keeps paco with his liberality and enter- nrise, ho will yet go tho " whole ling," and throw in the etceteras'. For the Burlington Free Press. Mr. Editor: To accominodato himself to the habits ol Vermonters who never keep the Christmas holidays, Saint Nicholas has concluded to mako his visit to Yankee land on Thanksgiving cvo instead of Christmas. Tho following is a record of his visit last evening : C. SAINT NICHOLAS VISIT. Last evening Saint Nicholas harnessed bis team, (For the jolly old Saint never travels by sieam, Since, wisely, ho thinks it a modern invention For gelling up accident, racing, contention, ntnvance to learn all the people to roam , , Till they almost forgei thalih'ey e'er had a homes, A new fangled nolion for sending on nign Mortal corpses, like rockets, to (ravcrso tho sky,) St. Nicholas harnessed his old fashioned team-, And he started off like the flight of a dream. He drovo through llic village, up each street and down And out lhrou2h- tho country, all over tho town. ou had laughed.Had you seen that funny eye twinkle And his bright rosy cheeks, unmarked by a wrinkle, Twould have pleased you to see how bo pun d out his smoke. And you had split both your tides bad the old fellow spoke. Vou had laughed to havo seen his queer figure so fat And his head almost hid in his sprucely cocked hat, His cross mado of silver, to keep of the witches, And buttons of newtcr. to hold on his breeches. His basket hung down from his elbow nuito handy, Running over with presents of "notions " and candy, With horses and puppies, tin trumpets and whistles) For a case hardened scoundrel, a pillow of Hustles, Talcs ot Jack the big giant nnd Tommy the fool. or children to read, who are kept out of school, With fine presents for Harry, and Mary and Dick, That they all mislit remember ths call of St. Xtwk, Good books and good glasses for people grown old, And flannels. anJ'Tixins" to keep out the cold. ilka, oailus, and Ribbons, and things for tho Misses, S'ich as heal (9 full of arrows, and mottos in kisses And for those who are given to fretting and slorm He dropped in sjnio " tracts upon Moral Reform." THOSE PIGS. Mr. Chittenden was doubllnss mistaken as to the ago of his pig, lo which allusion was made last week. It would seem that it was of another litter, somo six days oWcr than Mr. Loomis's ; nnd making duo allowance fur difference of ago, our friend L. claims 9k lbs. as duo to his Slioat. " Honor to whom honor," &c. An error crept into tho Lyceum notice last woek. Tlio price of tickets for Ap prentices is 50 cents, instead of 25 as stated taincdon the Liborian coast, by either Moravians or English Missionary soclotics, until such mis. sinns had tho sheltering and protecting influ ence of our colonicBl' Mr. C. was understood to admit that ho knew of no mission ever hav ing proved successful until our colonies were planted there. Thus wo have brought to view the leading noint;? upon which Air. Constantino remarked nnd havo given. ,ns nearly as possible, from our brief notes, tup iroras ot ins answers. When it Is considered that Mr. C. acknowledges him self not friendly In tho Colonization Society, it will bo seen that his answers contain Important testimony in favor of our cause. Wo suppose that any man visiting the colony, and fixing his eyo only upon tho dark side of 'the story, might present a discouraging picture. This might bo drum of any community, for every community has its faults, lis loafers and bcinrars. and its ex. amples of maladministration of law ; and it would be strange indeed if Liberia wero free from iIicfo evils. All we contend for, Is, not thalcocicty in Liberia has all the comforts, cor From tho Iioston Atlas, Nov. 30. TUB DAY. This is Thanksgiving, Dav. It isi the Festival-Day of the Autumn. Its obser vanco commenced with the Now hnghind Pilgrims. It was ono ol their earliest ecle brations. 1 hey set apart a day, alter the fall of leaf, to commcnimornte tho benefi cence of the Almighty rather, who had ouchsafed to them tho assurance of tho Seed time and the Harvest and who mado good to them His sacred promises, under all the deprivations ol a new country, a hard soil and nn inclement sl;y. I iiey bent their knees, and bowed down their hearts, in sin cere mid Christian thankfulness, and in a for vont spirit.even for tho scanty blessings which attended them in their new and unwonted position. Tho Day commends itself to tho affections of every Son and Daughter of New Lngland, as one ot the most cherished anni versaries of their ancestors. It is gratifying to us to see tint its observance is extending to other States, and tliat it is gradually being adopted throughout tho Union. Wo could wish that Us celebration was oven more gen eral and that some ono day could be agreed upon, on winch, in each year, tho whole nco pie of the Union tho millions who inhabit theso States could pay tho devout tributo of their gratitudo and thanksgiving to that Al mighty Being, without whoso favor ,no peo ple can bo prosperous or happy a 'day up on which wo could unitedly implore lus bless ing upon the Land which wo inhabit, and upon tho institutions, political and religious, by which we are governed, and under which wo live. May tho Day bo celebrated, with appropriate thunklulncss, and becoming fes tivity, by tho Peoplo of Massachusetts. The Midnight Cnv of the Millcrites is still issued, and from it wo learn that the end hasr not yet passed bv. I hero are, however, invisi ble signs abovo and beneath us, recorded in tho jty. 1ist week there was "a disgraceful scone n Philadelphia," "a drowning in Burlincton. Vt.," a "horrors of tho slave trade" at "Rio Ja neiro," a 'sudden death" In New York, 'bur glaries in Troy and Albany,' 'moro daring bur glaries and highway robberies' in Buffalo, ' a 'suicide' in Maryland,--'a hard case' before the Mayor of Philadelphia, and several other 'signs of tlio times' in a groat many other places. Why icon tho world bum up j Jour, of Com. MiNontTT. A hoy in Massachusetts got married, and upon sober, second thought, was ick of his I'liigain, nnd so married another wife, pleading that he was under age when married tho first time, and so not. bound. But thu court decided differently, sent him lo jail1 for his crime, and compelled him to content nniself with his first love. Jour. Com. Messrs. T. M. Adams and M. Harris aro collecting a company at Independence, Mis-' souri, to start on an excursion to Oregon in the spring. They aro represented us being well acquainted with the country and tho' route, and in every way suitable persons to conduct such an expedition. A Riveb of VtNT.OAn. At a short distance from Popayan, in South America, is to be seen a stream, called by the inhabitants in its vicinity uio vinegro. i ho stream Ins Us lount among ridges of elevated mountains, and after making: what is supposed a circuitous and subterranean passage of many miles, it reappears at a consid erably reduced elevation, and forms a most mag. uihccntand picturesque cascade, not less than UIO feet in height. A person who attempts to stand lor a moment at the bottom, and within the liifluenre of tho spray, is immediately compelled to abandon his position his eyes being too much' affected by the acetous qualities of its waters. Cosconn Rail Hoad. At a sale of Stocks in Bos ton ou Wednesday last, we notice that 100 shares of this stock sold' for 19 1-2 per cent advance. A'. W.' Statesman. The Portland papers announce the death of Joshua W'ingatc, Jun., in the 71st year of hit ago. Gen. Wmgato was for many years enga god in public life. Ho was several yeus Chief Clerk of the War Pep irtment and subsequently Collector of Bath, and always sustained a high, character for intelligence and integrity. It The Coai-Thade on the Chesateake ami Oiiij Canal. The transportation of coal from Cumberland to Georgetown, under tho recent arrangement entered into between tho Chos.v pcake and Ohio Canal Company and tho Haiti more and Ohio Railroad Company, has com menccu. we understand tnat a low days ago the first cargo was forwarded lo Georgetown, and thence shipped fur N. York. I'rom tint time, therefore, wo may date tho beginning thocoal trado of Alleghany, which, though small at first, is destined, after the canal is complet ed, to grow into rapid importance. Many of tho citizens oi Frederick have within a low wccke past put up crates for the use of tho Cumber. land coal, which they oxpect to get by way of uio iauai unuer tho arrangement as tar as tho Poiut of Rocks, and from thence lo Frederick by the railroad. l rf7erir lleraU. FIRE AT MONTPELIER Court House Burned. On Tuesday morning, at about J past 2, ha Court House in this village, was discovered to be on fire. It appeared at first to be at tho west end o tho court room, which, if not then, was short ly inaccessible from tho smoko and heat is evident tho enemy had well digested and silently and skilfully executed the plan of at tack, for in a very few, perhaps in .15. min utcs.liohad such possession of tho roof un out posts as to render a! resistance, hopeless Tho engines wero then turned upon the ad jacent buildings, which, as tlio timo was ono of unusual calm and quiet, wore easily saveu harmless. In an hour nnd a half from the first alarm, littlo was left standing except a portion of tho brick wall. How the firo took, nobody knows. On Urn alternoon ot Mon day the wood which comes in contact with tho furnace opening into one ol tlie counsel ling rooms took firo and burned smartly, but was soon njtiinguishee. That this was only smothered and failed to dcvelopo itself for 8 or 9 hours seems to us incredible ; indeed, it is remarkable that it did not break out earli er anv wav. sinco it is, on all hands, attri- butablo to accident, wo beliove ; and tew, ii any, are inclined to censure thoso who had tho custody of tho building, ana, we are in formed, took especial pains to watch it till a ate hour. Tho building was new and cost bout $3000, and was insured in tho Mutual for $2000. It was never what it snouiu nave been, and wo trust that, in ro-building it, es sential improvement will bo made, i no Clerk's files and records wcro saveu, wun the exception of tho files which wcro in use and wero left in the Clerk's desk, and tho docket of the Clerk and Judges. This must occasion inconvenieiico, embarrassment and delay but it is probable that, between the lawvers and Ilia ludeca, and in ono way anu another, everything will bo supplied. It was fortunato that tho records of tho towns of Barrc. Berlin and Orange, which had been used in a suit tho day previous, had been taken to the Clerk's room for examination, i.. nunnW before, and were saved. The IIIL. W I . - ? Court lias since occupied Masonic Hull. Tho probability is that thero will bo an ad journed term MontptUtr I'atnoi Willi his basket thus filled upon Thanksgiving eve, Si, Nick drovo Jus ponies (wilhout getting leae, All over the ho'.iiii) With clattering huuf, (Folks thought 'iwa- the patting of ram on the roofs) And down through the fliu ('twas the dread hour of witching) The old man with his basket p-jpp'd into tho kitchen, Where Johnny, all the evening had staid, I.;pingnons2n3e and love to Miss Betty the maid Ha! In! crioJ St. Nick, with a right jolly shout, And hii thumb on hi nose, "does your Ma know you'ra out." Then liuglnng ho went up llio stairs at a bound, Where thechamber of .Mr. and Mrs. is found, In t' tho room .'through the kcy-holelio leaped in a trice, Do hear," cried tho lady, " that jumping of mice," St. Nicholas laughed, and tho deure only knows, What comical oressnts ho left in the hose, Here's a puppy for John, and then there's for Dick, (To be used by his mother) a nicely trimmed stick i A satchel, books, pencils, and paper to carry, He saw by his hill, that he bought it for Harry. An emblem of love, ne'er to go out of date, St. Nicholas knew, twas intended for Kate s A sign of affection, that never will vary, He saw by its looks that it was intended for Mary ; And a cup of enjoyment, the purest e'er drank, He wished to havo purchased, but couldn I, fori-rank. For Madam, he. throw out some " Advocates," tracts, To keep her supplied with "lamentable facts," Since to strengthen good morals, she thinks it is nico To keep ihem familiar as may bo with vice. 'Twero useless to tell how he drove up and down, And scattered his presents all over the town How he passed by the Doctor's and shly popped in, So still you'd heard had you listened the fall of a pint Ho chose out a "Death's head, wroto on it this line: i'For youroflicelhis head'san appropriate sign." A nicely stropped razor, all ready to shave, For a lawyer in town, ho took trouble to aave, And bo seemed much surprised, when the door bell he rans. A nit learned that a lawver. could shave with his tongue. Ho finished his drivo by a call on the Poet, Who'sa half craiy fool, (though hedues'nt know it), "Of 'fine frenzy,' Sir, I perceive that you're ill, For your benefit, Sir, here s a hellebore pill. BURLINGTON LYCEUM. A' course' of eighteen Lectures on Ciiemh-' try, will be delivered at Strong's Hall this winter, by Prof. G. W. Uenecict. Lecturer on Mouday evenings. at half-past G o'clock commencing December 11. 18-131 Tickets for the course, for a Gentleman wh' is a member of tho Lyceum . . . 1,00 For a Gentleman, not a member . 1,50 Fur a I.ady 50 For an Apprentice , 50 Evening" Tickets. 25 Tickets to.booblaincd at Harrington's Book' ! Store. We conclude, as hellebore was an ancient reme FIRE ENGINE. The subscribers for the New Fire Engine,, aro requested to meet at Howard's Hotel on Monday the lltli inst. at 7 P. M. to hear Ilia report of their committee. ' 3 si ir ff 5 o a!, In Northfield, Vt., Nov. 19, by the Itev. John' Courier, Mr. CiiAnt.ES S. Phillips, of Keeseville, N. V. to .tliss. 1.LI2ADETH Vy. iiALCu, oi ins loimir place. ID) a o 3, In Claiborn, Alabama, on the 23d of October, CiiAnics WAnnsx, son of Dr. William Warren, for-' inally of this village, aged 20 years.' In Willistonon thcSSth October, nt the residence of his Son-in-law, I). French, Crnjamin Goixo, Esq., aged CS years.. Printers in Massachusetts and Ohio, arc requested, cVc. THE BOSTON ALMANAC, FOR ,JJY S. N. UlCKEXSCIS, WILL, le ready for purchaser m the early part of Pec'inl er. Order 11 r-t received will rimi with the first attention. It will contain. A Classified Directory of all the rcopLc and firms in the citt,. Alphabetically arranged under each buine, or pre- ie.-sionr iiieacivaniag oi men a mrt-vmry cnnni, in bringing lo a point, from all parts of the oty, th names nf all person engascd in each particular bui ne.s. For inlanci-. in a mall rompan, under Ihs head of Hardivaih Dealos, will lo round I he names nml place- ol buine- of alt who deal in thai com modity, so ot unj itooas, L.cainer, r urmlurt, iron, Huts,' Hosiery, tel., cel., all m arrancel, that the reader liny fee, at a glance, Ihc nameof all those who nro i'ealer- in any cne article. A variety of oth er ii refill nnd iu'erclm; matter will le found in this liille volume. Il will contain 25 or 30 paare more dy for insanity, &c, that St. Nick meant by this offer tnan lieic more, awn ic printc.i inroushoui on a new "' , "."' ' . ... ,.;.;,, and beau ifnl Itnl y Tvpe, cut in l-dinlmrgh, and ob- of that medicine to our most oujust person, to insin- ameJ cxpreJ.y for Uii work. The Calendar page, uale that wo are demented, otherwise " cracked, in n4 .,.n. will contain-mace for memoranda fur each. our upper atory. War'nt that a vile "insinuation." " A Child Lost !" in a country town, is a cry as thrilling as a " man overboard !" in a ship at sea. This cry last evening about sunset, tUlahway ,v. J. soon gatliereu two or tnrco nundrou per. sons, who, ou being informed that a little girl of threo years, old, daughter of Mr. Thorn, a ba. ker in the village, had strayed away from home, scattered themselves all over the neighborhood and with lanterns and torches, searched the meadows, fields and woods in vain. No traces of the httle creature was had till about 11 o' clock, when a woman, who bad como home late. rcpurted having passed about sundown a man on horseback at Harnct's mills, near five miles from Uahway, having before him a little girl ilav in the vear. It will he handsomely and subtn- liallv hound in cloth, and sold a iiMial at 15 ru per copy uruers. inav uc feni u nit" i wpricn'r, S. N. DU:KF.It?ON. 52 Wahinslon Sirft. or to Mesr THOMAS (JROOM & Co., 82 Slat Sfc. In either case Ihey will meet with prompt attention. lloi-lcn, Nov. tt, 1841. BUCKWHEAT. nt Shelhuro) K. WHKKLER. VMTANTF.D a few hundred Buhel, Fall "27 PUBLIC? 1TOTIOB, W INT 12 II ARRANGEMENT. VIUGIL & Co., PACKAGK FJCfRESS T7H.bledveltnrhn8ton, every VclneUay morn- VV insr "oimr South nnd eveav Friday mornioc coins North, l'jilace" nnd Parcels must be lelt will Me.-srs. J. &, J. II. l'KCK & Co., the day previous ...:.i.t I,m nr shawl. n,l tlm ,l..t,i,r f I to Harltng. ami vinoiucto. whose dress answercu mat ot the lost ono. Cash for Oats. THE nrWrhVrs will pay Cash for Oatt on delivery at the Old DocU. FOI.LEvT URAI'LEY Co. December Gth 1843. 17 100 IJM Mess Pork HI " Ei Ira Lard in the Leaf, or Rendered Fresh Hamt, Should- erv, Ktbs nnd Heads, for tale, by FOLl.rnT imKDLF.V d Co, December fith 1S13. ' Immediately persons went in tho direction named, and abotat 2 o'clock In tho morning tra. ced the horseman to his house, where tho lost child was found fast asleep in a comfortable bed. ' The humane individual, who had thus eared for tho littlo wanderer, stated that in riding a- long near sunset, ho saw bark of the Wheat Sheaf, about 3 l.'J miles from Rahway, tho child in a hold, just annul entering a dense swamp, and looked around and tcciiir no one near, he illitmniinted. ran after her and soon found that tho littlo creaturo was lost and could givo no Tho Umletl States Almanac, or account ot iierse . lie io.k ner up heloro him o-mnipt0 EnhC.mrris for 1844, am. reiraccu u. wuy ,ur inour uirec miles, in- .cfJyi; r.Ulrt M quiring along tho road if any one knew whoro " w, Manufacture., th. Ci- t1. Kn nnrwil hilt rri h nrr nn nlu rrnin w. VOmi flic, -rjki ' , ,. n w ilk 1 1 VIIIIM mm. I " (U MltVIKLUIIbV ... .t Utaia I ail V Prn Ml (7 II 19m IJUI1C v u V ! and perceiving that the little creature was suf- ,kr stf,ri.. .f-e. bv A. KDVV'ARDS. fering from long exposure, he hastened homo rck' I'utlding. with the foundling and had her cared for as his

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