Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 7, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 7, 1844 Page 1
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W ' , f I ggggBB-BI I TH Tot. X., R*. 87?Whole No. 3637. PATER80N RAILROAD Om tad after* Monday!*Oct. will leave Fattit?on UtrtT. Laavg New Yoaa. AM. A. M. ijVm. V r?MThe Sunday Trains will be discontinued an til farther notot# Transportation cwlsnredaily (SoadaTii enceiued.) 1'assen mi an advised tu i>e at the Kerry, tout of Conrllaadt itrret. a few Minutes ue?' o? the stated hour- of deuarture Jy 19 Cm* WlNTltd. oRKAN?KMICNT-KUR ALBANY, Via BR1DGKPOKT tad mtm I .MM tloi'iATONic k Wisrgaw ftpJgMf itnilprotdi. ..ailr, Suudays^^H^HH nw?|rn for Albany by thu Route will take th^iewTnS elegant stsauibea' .vlMR.OD. C<<pi. J. Brooks. which leaves New York from foot Liberty str?vt, Thursday'morning at halfpast # o'cloek. for Bridgeport, thence by the Hoasatonic and Western Railroi la, without chaute ol ears or burgage crates, M Albany, arriving sun? owning at t o'clock, fare through For passage or freight, apply on board, or at the office, foot f Liberty street G. (A. PLRttY, Agent. Qgee jfKia **!. STAT EN ISLAND ? " U m FERRY. ^' ""-7*-^ On aiid alter Toesdiy, February 27th, the Bo*u will leave M follow*, until furti er notice Leave Staten Island. I.cave Mesa York. At ?>* A. M. At 9 A. M. in " It I V"M 5$ P. M. N. (t. On Sunday the bont will leave at 11 instead of It. fet9re NEW YORK tr HARLEM RAIL ROAD CO. SPRING ARRANGEMENTS. ' . HMHMi Inorder to oi o mmodaie ih* pvb'ic generally. and the ?esident* of Yorkvillr, li rlnn and Westchrster County |w. ticularly, the ("orri .any will run thrir Car*, on and after March lit, ltM, in the ft1 owing order Leave City H 1) for Leave Harlem for Leave Will iagas bridge JlarieuiKtW'br.dae. C ity Hall. for City Hall. 6 09 A.M. 7 49 A.M. 7 20 A.M. 7 00 S 49 I 39 9 00 10 40 10 30 11 30 1 30 P. M. 190 P.M. 3 no P. M. 3 40 3 to 3 CO 4 40 4 30 4 00 3 40 3 09 i 30 7 39 7 90 On Bnnday, if the weather i* fine the train eat* will run every 1 hour. . _ The City Hull and 27th atreet line will run a*follow*:?'rn 7 A. M r -ery tea initiate* t rnughout the day nntil 7 30 P M. The Extra Night Lire will run a* follow* Leave City Hall for 27lh st-est, 8. #30,9,0 30, 19, 19 30, 11,11 30 and II. Leave 27th street forCity Hill, 7 30. I. 8 30, 9, 0 39, 19, 10 30, U and 11 30 Perion* w *hi'. g to commute, will find it their interest to do ao, a* th- fare in inch case* will be reduced. Please apply at thsir office, No. 4 Tryou Itow, co'ner of Centre street opposite the Park. WM. S. CARMAN. f27 3w Vrc Secretary. s*HKANOu'.MENTB FOR 1944 OLD ESTABLISHED PASSAGE OFFICE. 100 Pine street, corner of Sooth. and the pnblic in general, to the fadlowiug arrangement* for 1844, for tlie purpose of bringing ont cabin, Id cabin, and stem age passengers, by the lingular Line of Liverpool Packets, sail ing the lst.Cth, llah, 16th 21stand 16th of every mouth. By the London Packets, to tail rtra New York, the 1st, 10th and 30th?and from London ou the 7U>, 17th and 37lh ofnacb month. In connection with the above and for the pnrpone of affording still greater facilities to passengers, the subscriber has established a regular line o< first class New York bnilt, coppered and copper ia*tei,ed shitm. to sail punctually every week throughout the year. For the accommodation of persons wishing to rent it money to their f unilie* or friends, drafts are giveu, payable at sight. On the following Bank*, viz :? Provincial B.iuk of Ireland, parable at Cork, Limerick, Clenmel, Londonderry, Sligo, Wexford, Beirut, W&larford, Oalway, Armagh, Athlone, Colerain. Balliua, Tralee, Youghal, Enniskillen, Mouaghan, Banbridge, Bally men a, Parsonstewn, Downpatrick, Cavan, Lurgan, Oraagh, Dungannen, Bandon, Ennis, BaUyvKaimo Btrabane. Skibereen, Mallow, Moaeymore, Cootehill, Kilnish, Dublin. Scotland?The City Bank of Glasgow. England?Messrs. Spooner, At wood It Co. Ban ken, London; K. Mtnrphy Waterloo Road, Liverpool; payable in every unvn in Great Britain. tot farther information (if by letter, poet paid,) apply to JOSEPH McMURRAY, 1IM Pinebtrvet. ocrncr ef South, N. Y. Or Mem. P. W. BYRNES It CO, 36 Waterloo Road, | j* 6m* re Liverpool. PASSAGE FROM ENGLAND, IRELAND, SCOTLAND AND WALES, VIA LIVERPOOL. kit- THE lubscnber his msd- nneqtulled arrm g-meala MTfafor bring, g oat emigrants ihie year. Utt. Thoee Jmafieeri'dini; inr their frieuda would ao well to apply at the old tutabliihtd packet office of JOHN HrRDMAN, 61 South at. N. B.?The shi's ot thie line now leave Liverpool every five days, and dr Fa can u uaual he furnished for any ami unt. payable at all the principal ba-king inatitntiona throughout tne united kingdom, apply u above. m3 ec lig PASSAGE FROM DUBLIN. CORK. WATER|B9WFOIID, DEHRY, COLERAINF, BELFAST, JMPPPeaNewr . D ocheda, Itc ?Persona wiahing to aend for their friend- can have them brought out from any of the above porta in firat claaa Ame ic m Packet Bhipe, on the moat reasonable terms, and without their experiencing any unneceaaa- y detention. Mr W. Ta acott, one ot the firm, at ill be on the a pot to give hia personal attention to the puaeaigera engaged by the aubacribera or their a*eita here, and persons may rely that the wishai and comforta of thuaa wheae puaage may be engaxedby them will hive alldneand proper attention. For particular* apply, if by lecter^oat-jaid, at their General Puaage Office, 43 Peck Slip, cor. Soath street, where, alae, Dra'ts rn,y be t btained, for large oramail auma, payable on demind, wi-hiut discount or -ay other cha'ge, at the National or I'rovpcia Bauks of Ireland, or any of their branch** throughout the Kinguom Ie22 rc Afig- FLACK BALL. OR OLD LINE OF LIVERWHWVl'OOL PA' KE18?FOB LIVERPOOL-RegujplUu Packet i f the 16th Mareh.?The new magnificent and criebra'ed taat sailing packet ahip MONTEZUMA, burthen I 3f? t <us, Opt,in A. B. Lowber, will poaitively tail on Saturday, I6t t March, lu r legulard-y. It in weilknvwn that the accommodation* of the MONTEZUMA for ptsirngera, ar litteo out io a mod lu.e b manner, with every n.od.-rn improvement and convenience, that can add to lk" comfort of thove mnhir'oinr. who ahonld fall and aee thia aplrnd d specimen of naval arch t-f tare brfom eugagr g in any other teste). For Puaage in cabin, aecond cabin aa-1 ale-rage, apply < n boutd, foot of Beeaiuan atreet, ar to 'he aub* acribera, ROCHE, BROTHER? A CO , 36 Fu ton atreet, next doer to ihe Fulton Bank. P S?The MONT.-.ZLMa, sail* from Liverpool on the lat May. Peraon* aending for their friend* ran have them brought out in her, or in an v of the packet* ?f thia magnificent line, a-iling fiooi tint port punctually on the lat and t6th of each momh Drafu at all lime* for tale on the Koyal Bank of Ireland, and on M??rs Pie.cot', Grote, Ame* A Co , Banke a, London, h or passage. Ac apply a< above The M-ka . anip EUROPF., will sucreed the above packet . and mil for Liverpool on the let of April, her tegular day K m7tI6rc FUR LIVERPOOL?The New Line Regular )0BkPacket Slat March ?The auperior New York built JBHCnytcket ship HOTTINGUEK. Cspt Ira Barslay,IOiO tan* burthen, will sail u above, her regular day. For freight or puaage, having very superior accommodations, apply to the Captain on hoard, at wret side Barling <),p. or to WOODHULL A M1NTURNS, _ 67 Soath st. The snpenor packet ship Liverpool, Capt John Eldridge, 1666 tons burti.en will succeed the Hottingtier, and tail on her regular dar.3lat April m7to6ire PACKET FOR LIVERPOOL?To anil poaitive(CJSVly on the .7th put.?The splendid new futaailing jHHmaparket ship COHOTA. ("apt Hepburue, now on her second voyage, will sail punctually u above, ner regular day. The superior packet he* exrelbnt accommodations ior a few more cab p puatnger*. who will be taken at a very low rate, if Rtr v implication m made. i lVrjom w liking to tend for their friendt can hare them brought out in th? c.btu. tecond cabin, or aieertge ol thia favorite racket, which w ill Ware Liverpool about the 30th April, on the moat laverab'e tcrmt. For particulate at ply on board, r to W. It J. T. 1 aPSCOT T. mire 41 Prch 81 ip, corner South ttreet. ' TOR LIVERPOOL?NEW LINE.?Regular tfl^Pukit of Jath War .h.?The aplrndid packet thip XNBmROSCIUS, Capt. John C"llint, of 10M tone, will tail aa above,her regelar day. For freight or pmasage, having aeeommodatioaa unequalled for inlander or comfort, apply oa board, at Orleans wharf, foot of Wall ttreet, or to E. K. COLLINS It CO. Price of paaaagr, $1M. J6 Sooth ttreet. The packet ship Middona Capt. E. B. Cobb of 1044 tons, Will lOCOead the Roaciaa, and tail the?th April, her regular naaengeea may rtl t upon the ahipe of thia line tailing mine tmllr as advartited far . MX- FOR LIVERPOOL-R^guler IVkrt of lira llth ' March- I'lw tuperier packet ahip VlitOlNlAN, flBMbCapt Allen, will aail at above, her regular day. Her aceommoiKtiona are equal to any veaael in port: neraona wiahing to embirk by tkia coaveTanee, in the cabin, Id cabin, or Mange, ahonld make o*rly application to JOSEPH McMURKAY, m4 re toe Pine at cort-er South SX " FOR LONDON?Regular packet of the lOih of March - Che tpieadid packet ahir QUEBEC, Capt JJHIHfellebard. will aail aa above, her regular day. The accommodation# for agbin. aeeind cibia and tteeraga paiaeugrri, are uutaroaaaed by any vcsael in port Paraona prJA?M,ffR?AY?,,i' m4 re i?? ein ?t. earner of South ORLEANS?Loniaiana and hi* Yorb Lmt?Poaitivnlv Firat Ratnlar Pack t?To aail aPHHmUthi Ma-ch?The feat tailing racket ah.p UA9TON, CaPt. O. Eldridge, will tail aa above, her rgnlarday. For ?Sz6XzS&&ihvsr *t,,Mm'tp-lr 00 Poaitively aaf.eiKht"meii;^hlel^MmiUy eV*i^g" ihe*9th last. 8 hi opera by thii liar may rely apon having their geods correctly treeenrad. Agent# in New Orleana, Ilullin It Woodruff, who will promptly forward tM good# to their nddreet. The peck? thiP Loa?nlle.Cnpt Ha?t. will tncceed the Onttoa, and anil !0th March her regular day. my M JX FOR kALE.-Tfc.lcop THOMAS C-OLVER, SraJ^Rtg, nod it five r*a:i old, and one of the flu teat gJJ i^,t bnilt aloopaon the lladaoa nrar. Shi la eettre-board, and of light draught ef water, and camea abont IM tont, and it well adapted for tha fit iglilinf or lumber bntinata For farther narticalari apply t > JOSEPH A(JA TE, 137 Broadway, New York, Adminiatratir of tho aetata of Franklin Agate, deceaaed. m3 Im'ec "PEACH ORCHARD COAL?Si pet ton for broken, egg A nnd large atove. Contnmera may rely on getting the bant Red Ash Coal at the above price, well careened weighed by n eity weigh*, and delivered from'the yard eornrr ol K ing end Umrnwieh ata. PETER CLINTON tlftta'ag E NE NE M WANTKD TO RENT? From the let of May ant part or half of a two itury h?"?e, in the Fourth or He J^ULveuth Warda. Addreaa W. W., et thu office, ?iaun< prmlegea, location, tatme, kc. oul Jtec STEAM PCTWER TO LET. t ROOMS TO LET with STEAM POWER-roa aeaaun to be given lat Mty, Apply to the "Hoe" P. T M. an<l Saw Manufactory, Imre 19 and II Gold etrwec ^R TO LET?A houieeitnated at Bio> mingdale, ab.m [fj? eii milra from the city. It i? delightfully aitnated 01 Xitftthe bank ot the Hudaon, and ie remarkably h-althy. Th hcaiae contain* neyen roouia, with pleaaure garden (u.attached Rent |JfO per auuum. Apply at the Abby Ilutal Blooming dale. mt2 lm?re WANTED TO PUKCHaSE-ln Hrroalyn, tea the Fulton Ferry, or Willtstnahurg. near the Peck 8li| Kerry, a good two atory and attic, or th ?e ttory houaa Any one having inch to diapoa.-. of, may hear of a caah pur cbaaer by adi'reaaiug a note, itating location, See , to boa 13 upper pott office, NT Y. tub eu JaR FOR BALE?A neat aud yerv convenient Cottage ot flj? the Mill Koad, North Shore. Stateu lalaud, within fit XJULteen minntea wnlk of either the Cutletou or Port Rich moud ateamhoal lauding. Attached to the Cottage ia half \ acre of excelleot hud, with a variety of young and thrifty Ittu tree* Enquire ou the premiaea of _ IVRt'MUM SMITH M OOWANUS HEIGHTS, BROOKLYN A net 175B Cottage to let, nru!y new, containing sis roomi, wit) JiiiHtirr pltci iu etch?celler, wood bouaa oud arge garden A piazza iuiu the wh le logtb of tlx front of am c ninuili au uninterrupted view of the Par, 8t?teu Island See Ac To a good tenant it wiil be H' low. Inquire of H M AK'I IN A ?,0 , 26 John it, New York. u>6 3t*re MTU LET OR LEASE?A drairable mid-wee mth count-V .suitable for a geutlemau doing business in th city of New Yerk. The hotue it in the Engligh eottag ityie, modem built and in good repair; together with ten acre omnd. including a garden, and a good ruble and coach bom* It ia situated at MorrUania rear the Hide o River, in West cheater County, within ten minutes walk of the Harlem Rail road. Far terms and further particulars, inquire of H. M. MORRIS, ESQ. ft# lw *re No. 11 Pine street, second story. Jm& TO LET, CHEAP?A Country Peat eous'sting o n?! about thirteen acres of laud, with a large and convooieii j'.'rB """ story House, Stable, Carriage House, Ice House tilled, a large Oar 'en, with abundance el fiuit, situated on th< ha-ks of the Hndsou Hirer, opposite the Dutcn Refornei Church?distance from the City Hall four and a half miles For further particulars, enquire on the premises. N. COBB. N. B.?The Blooraingdale and Knickerbocker Stages pas the gate erery hail' hour. ft lm'rrc JU OOWANUS HEIGHTS, BROOKLYN?Cottag fJTjre House to Let-Containing twelve rooms, two tantri e, >?JU>vault, wood louse, stable Ac , and large garden, all ii good "order. Thehcuss is in a b'uutiful and h ultliv location and commands an uninterrui trd view of the Bsy, Ma'en Islanil New York, be. A stage passes the end of tne street severe times daily. Inquire of R. MARTIN A O., 26 John street New York; toll bii'ge, loot of Court st, Brooklyu, or on th premises. P. h? Ifd sired, the use of an enclosed piece of ground b< hind the stable can be had. n,6 3t*rc 1ST TO LET-The HAMILTON HOU iE. situated a |mB the Narrows, near Fort Hamilton. This well know jm^llotel and grounds will be very much improved sine last.season, and a large Stable and shed added to tneout build inns. The property in frout, ou the shore, has also been put chased?the buildings'and grounds will be repaired audio proved, and a dock erected directly in front?the whole o which will be let with the Hotel. For particulars inquire of the subscriber, ou the pre raises GEORGE 8. OELSTON. Fort Hamilton, February 12th, U4d. 127 2w*re TO LE > ?The THAL1AN HALL, No. 460 Oram p7>W street, at the intersection of fast Broadway, is tu let o XiULlease It was originally fitted up for a ball room, am baa evety convenience for inch a purpose, bat has been occu pied for the last tnree years as a church, and is now fitted a] with seats for that purpose. The Temperance Societies hav also met there one* a week. It ia located in the I hirtaeutl ward; and there is no other so convenient place for politi a meet.nits, or any room so lar?e, in the eastern section ol th city. Tne third story would make most excellent accommods tiens for a Lodge of any kind, it will be rented low to a gooi tenant, who could make, it is bel.eved, a living out of it by re renting it Enquire ui the store b*low the Hall, of f 16 im*rc T A J. W. fiOLLINS. M COUNTRY SEAT AN1> FARM TO LEA8E.A rare opportunity ia now offered to auy gentiemai wishing to retire from the city. The Fa'm contain about IS# acres of lend, situated ou l'hrugqs' Neck, West Chester, and lies directl;-rn the Sound having a m>le xn-i half ot sho.e and neatly the whole und r a good stue ofculti ration A large d< able house sud le ge nam aie on the prcmi set. For fish ng and spotting the pace cannot b> surpassed Fourteen mile* from Naw York, and font from the Kailroai Depot, at Williams' Bridge, the communication is so easy tha a man nay do bnsiue?a iu tne city and reside with his famil' at the Neck, as several gentlemen in the viciuity da. Apply v THOS. T. FERRIS, 28 La Fayette Place, or THOS. HAH RI80N, 91 Madison sL m3 ' w^ec ~J*A FOR SALE?TtlF LEASE, Fi'RNI UKEAixl FIX '. URES OF A FIRST CLASS HOTEL,whic has b*en established (' ur ye?i sua Lodging Hodip an a liar room. The bid rocro furniture ia ofltie beat quality The B r rt.oin and fealo n are (V ted ap in a atyle unstirpasse by any Hotel in the Union. All the faat fix*nr-a mnat go wii the laaae, but a large portion of the other fixture# and fnraitai will be removed ifreqoired. Th* above hotue ia doing a grei bnaineaa?but it is uot ixpeeted 'hat anv ons will believe tin bate statement, but it will be proved to the satisfacti m of t). moat sceptical, who may wiah to purchase. Possession to t given On the first of Mav next; or a partner with a cash onpiu of $3,000, and good qualifi ations to CDndact the establish ment. would , e tak'n, if preferred. The lafer conditio-, is nt cessary, as the p-eient proprietor will be engep-d in other bni ress which w II require the major pelt of 1 is time. Addres F. J It. at hii office. in'' lni*r TO LET?The fourstory granite irons Brick retora PJjW New street, near Wall street XukL The three story hiick House 38 Hudson street, Jerse City, fronting the river, and near the ferry. Three story brick Hnuse 34 Walker street, between Broad way and Church street, in excellent crier. The two story brick front House 113 Chnrch street, one doo above Walker street. Three story brick Store 207 Cherry street, eoraer ef it, recupiod as a feed store, by Messrs. Oeo. Valentine It Co. ?wo atary brick Ilonae No. ? Rivingtou street, wo story brick House 301 Bowery, occupied by Dr. Wr Bailey. Hen's moderate. Apply to JOHN F. DElAI'LAINE, 5 New street, neu Ws'l street. LOTS ON BROADWAY FOR SALE-Five lots on th weetaideof Broaoway, three between 17th and llih streets,an two between !8th and 10th streets, including both comers ? 10th street. This property is near Union square, on elevate ground, and opposite the proposed site of the Washington Mc uume?it. The front ns Broadway is about 133 feet. Tne whol purchase money may remain on mortgage for a number of yean if the property is immediately improved. Apply as above. f7 lm*rre JBrik FOR SALE?Oa Staten L/aiid, within ouemileofth WnQuarentine, a small Farm ot lirie-n acres; ab >oi one hal ^sB^is covered with vonng wood the b lane- ia suitable la garden parposii. There is a modern two story hoase with kitchen adjoining, mid a ne'er failing well by the door. Also a barn and a large variety of fruit trees, For further particular raqnire of THOMAS 8 CARY, <13 Im'm ; (jnar ntine. Staten Island. FOR SALT']. JU| A FARM in the To wash p <.f Or nge.N. J., sis mile Jpdq|froin New am and two from No th Osante?I0tt acres, tw ^ dsu .1 lords meadow and arable, balance thrifty wood? hour six rooms, garret and cellar, lately repaired?barn and outbuilii ings goods?spnl# and peach orchard?plenty small f uit wel watered hy springs?gonl w li at door?very healthy si'uatioi ?pure water. To be sold a bargain, w ith stock ii desired? poi session when required Apply at 10 Kerry st, 131 Division si 73 Dey st, or UEO. BLACKBURNE, Terry Lan?, ou th place. m.d 1m *rc earn A VALUABLE FARM FOR SALE-The pSdlformerly owned and occupied by Jonathan Ward, Esq aeamw.*ituateu in ti e upper part of the town of East Chestic Westchester t'onnty. 30 miles from th - city of New York.e rhe Post Road, and a quart r of a mile from the Harlem Ha:i road. The above Farm contains about two hundred acres of Land which is under a high state of cultivation, well watered an fenced, with a double two-story due ling and a number ef ou buildingi sttachrd The above dwelling and ten aces r.f land is now occupied a the Bronx Tavern ana Post Office (known ss Marble Hall ) If the above farm and dwrlliug is not sold before the 33th < March, the part now occuried a? a tavern will be let for th same purpose. Inquire of K AIN tk MOROAN, near the pre mi set, or J. L. MOROAN, 47 Fulton st. N B.?This farm is well adapted for a milk dairy, fell Imeod * m SEEDS OF EVERY KIND JUST RECEIVEI BV THE PACKETS QUEBEC AND H END RICK HUDSON. DUNLAPAc CARMAN INM| TAKE this opportunity of returning their thanks t< JW5H their friends and the public, for the liberal pstronsge b>' jJLmk. stowrd npon them siuce opening thai now Sevd Hfot and Conservatory. Th?y have just received au additional sup ply of all the boar, known verieti a of Annual, Biennial, am Perennial Flower Seeda, Veg table HeeJs of all Vinos Ontss reeds of the bet kinds. Hiring Wheat, Poutc Oau. AnH Leaved and other early Potatoes, all in prim' order. Erotica of fevery description, anitable for parlo or green honae cultnre; Bouquets, eompored of the moai choice and ''elicate dowers, for bridal or other festive parties Bi ds and Bird Cages, (fold Kiah nnd fJlobea, farcy Klowe Vases and Stands, of various patterns, with other fancy articles all of which will be aold on the | weit terms. T'ney beg lean to inform their frie 'da and the public, that they have not an oil seed of any kind in the store, and h ive apared neither peine no erpeose to procure the beet aeeda of the lest seat n'a growth from the most respectable houses ia this country and Europe ell of which will be warranted. Catalrgusa will be ready to distribu'ion early the entning week. All those iawantwil please call end esamine for theta selves bsfore purchasing else Where, English Split Pear, Oalmsal and Vmbdeo Oroats fur gruel fruit and ornaments' Trees of all kinds. Crape viues and flow ering shrubs. herbaceous plantt, Ac. lie., always on hand a the^new Conservatory aud Seed Store, 63} Broadway, Nee Several practical Hardeners wanting aitaationa, apply a above. W lm*m fl THREE DOLLAR HATS-J. H. MONARQUf onlls the attention of the pnhlie to hia assortment of ttui Ear Hats, at the vary low price of Thraa Dollars,at 2M Bowert fit lin'rc SPRINO FASHION. BROWN A < O.'S One Prieed Hat Stole, ITI Ohathan flqnare. corner of Mott street, wW fsehion, beauty da ability aad economy ore combined to adorn the head. Tbi proprietors hive the pleasure to offer a nsm style of lUt, tb< imitation of bearer, wh eh closely resemble those formerly soli for |5 and 16, at the low Hard price of |l Those, who froa inclination or aeccsity, are induced to atudy eeoaomy in thai indispensable article of dress, have now aa epportaqity of doinl so and still keep up t e appearance of tke m^st fashionable. BROWN K CO , in presenting thii Hat to the public think they hare nearly readied the nl'.nsatam of beaaty, clieapueee neatness, durability aud comfort of the weerer. All sstes are for C'.sh, therefore no good customer pays foi losses iaenrred by the bad. BROWN A CO . fU lm*m 176 Chatham Bqem, eotner of Mott etraat. SOMETHING NEW. rV THE SUBSCRIBER resreetfully announces, that hit dP*?Hprirj Styln of Halt, (now ready) are conatracted on a plan different from any herrtofore used in this country, and which he is confident needs only an etaiuination, to eonviact gentlemen of its superiority. It has been a just cause of com plaint, that the for on the edge of the erown soon wears off,and thnii gives to a Hat an appearance of having been much worn while the other parts aiw comparatively prefect T'ns serioui defect the subscriber has been enabled to obviate in snch a m inner as not to inttr/tre, bat on the contrsry, to improve the ait and contour of the Hat. All gaatleiMsi are mines ted to call and satisfy thsmwlraa ol the great sapanority of the preeent method over all others. JOHN. N. UENIN, , , , Hat and Cap Establishment. No. fit Broadway, mrl lm?re Opposite 8t- Panl'i Church. TssssmaessssBarnKs^ i a W YC IW YORK, THURSDAY IV msa IOD I rPHE SUBSCRIBE!! hereby isforms his friend* and the 1 public, that he has commenced to bake P-sto'ar Brenll'or - the ensuing holiday*, and aie new ready Tor delivery. Netwiths'andiug that he has contracted with the congrvga tioi.i Jin t hi Chut4 Shari Shomain, and BtlK In atl, he *tiil . shall I eel happy to supply persons b< louging even to oilier congregations. The majority of the members of the Elm street eougregaiion having already sent in their orders the su >scriber - ler la touAdgbt that this noble and independent example will be c followed by others, who should be similarly *ituat*d in 'eg ud 1 to their own congregation, who can act as ?ln-y plente without * being under any restraint. M. h. COHEN. of a snperior quality, six to the pound I _ at six cents; uieal sight cents per pound. , P. 8.- Orders taken for all kinds of Cakes for the approaching , holiilays, at bis Bakery, 41 Oey stieec or 49 Uuane at:ret. [ fM lin'rc ; mm FOB. HALE. OH WILL BE EXCHANGED FOR ? gMClTY PtiOPfcRTV?Two very Ane Farias, in tins wJbkconnty of Columbia, containing about ISO seres inch. 5 Theaa farms were lately owned and highly improved by W B. Ludlow, Esq.. of Clat crack; and are withiuoue and * half or r two miles of the City of Hudson. The Hudson railroad aud ? turnpike both past along the borders and through porti< at of , each. They are in auperb order, aud beautifully wooded and watered, k xclutive of the usual (arming crop*, the m-ailowa yielded last year between two ,nd three hnudred tons of hav. - They would be well adapted for stock or g axing, ax the rr ilk :t or butter made in the alYruoon may be in the New York maril ket at daylight the uext morning i A more paiticulardescription oft e property is scarcely ue i eesssry, as rheii'irchater will, no doubt, ty a personal lotpecI, tion, ascertain for himself its v.ilue. '1 he k arms are in th- possess! n of William (1. Ludlow, Jr., from whom aiy inlormatiou concerning theui may be acquired. For te-mt, apply at 14 Barclay street, to ? 114 3taw imrc JOHN C. STEVENS. e NIBLO'8 ? CONSERVATORY AND SEED ESTABLISHMENT. ARRIVALS OF FRESH SEEDS. Upum 1 UK SUBSCRIBER, in acknowledging th? libers' WrfVk atrouage received by him this season, for which he is mdhw.evergrateful, now big to inform hit patrons and thapublic lb\t the extensive arrangem ntt for the spring business - (which were mine by runnel I wnea is r.urope last winter, with t great ca e, unremitted attention, and wi<honl any regard to ext peine, have jual beeu completed by t'ns recent arrirala o< the sei, reral packet ships Iram Loudon and Havre. e Th? stock will bef.tund to contain anperb earii tiee of new 1 annual, biennial and oereuuial Flower Seeda, many of which are very rare, and will be found well worthy the attention of all loven of Flors. Vegetable and field Seeds have alao been importsof thoae e kinds only which are desirable pi be obtained at a foreign market; other aorta, for which the American proda. tiocs are more - celebrated,hare been grown by men of exnerieuce aid integrity e firr this establishment only?ell of whit h can be strictly relied ? upon as briug genuine, and, iu fact, ate warranted n The Proprietor would also beg to cab public attention to the ' fact that in or-'erall the Seeds from this establishment should bear a genuine character h- caused all the old seeds (procured by his !* * partner, Mr. Dnnlsp) to be sold at public suction, without any reserve, by Mr W. 11. Franklin, at his roema in 0 Broad strret. on the 27th Dec last, and h* can with confidence assert there is not a worthless seed iu the whole stock uow ou !" baud Double Dahlias?An extensive collection of t6e*e beautiful T flowering Hosts have also been imported from the most emi? nent growers, and are bulbs of the mast choice Prize ^lowers e exhibited in Kngland during the I. at two yiars. They are uow L unovr pro|Mc.ition. and goed established plants warranted true ^ to name will be ready fir sale in due stwson. (J .talogues. cou. taining a full description of each varetv, tegetlier with in1 stru -tiuna for their Culture, will be published at an early period, A large Collection of fine healthy plants in Ftower,wre in the Conservatories, which will be found desirable ornaments for the Parlor, lie. Bouquets, Baskets, and Vases of Flowers, cau be procured d on the. shortest no'.ce. put uo in a neat but eiegir.t style, r Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, hardy Rosei, k-. in i great varietv. Bulbous Floweriug Roots, vix : Gladiolus, Mexican Tiger P Flower, Tiger Lily. Jacobean Lily, Tuberose, Ac. Sic., lor e planting early in Soring. It Flower Stands, Fnucy Tarra Cotta Flower Vases and Pots, 1 of nsw sua handsome designs. Go'.d Fi'h, Fish Globes, kc. e A large aviortmeut of Gardening Tools, Horticultural and i- Agricultural Books, Ike on bond. i The above are uow offered for sale at LOW PRICES, i- having been purchased for c ah, on sdv-ntageous t*rms 1 he Third AnnaalCat&lojpie is now iu coar.eof publication, and will be ready fo> delivery (gratis) early in the ensuing " we k. ~ Ord rv attended to with promptness, and thankfully received. " WILLIAM NIBLU, Sole Proprietor 17( Broadway. * No connei lion with auy othsr establishment. f 20 imrc i PHENIX HORSE BAZAAR, - NO. 180 JIND 101 MERCER STREET, NEXT TO P BLEECKER STREET. I sfl _ The ntxt regular PUBLIC AUCTION SALE t Jssl v will take place at this establishment, THIS v ' ' 7 v Itav Vlarcn 9th, commencing et eleven o'clock, n wi ll Carnages Harness, Saddlery, kc., new and second haud G-utlemen in the conntry having p-operty to disp se of, either st public or private sale, will have their orders faithfully - attended to.g J At Private Sal-?26 fine young country horses, kind and h sound, just in from the western pert of the State; t wo superior d matched pairs of Bay Hones, a fine pair of Brown Horses, a r- splendid pair of Bay Carnage Horses, one very fine Bright 8erd rsl H"rse, young, kind and souod. and a very fast trotter, h Also, acveral ve:y fine Paddle Hnraea. e Alan, at private tale, a very handsome Kockaway Wagon, it used only on* week, and a number of new and second hand is Barouches and Light Wagons, e Honrs taken at Livery, and kept in superior style. ie Accommodations for dealers' nrraes, in stables unsurpassed u b7 auy establishment of the kind in the United Bute*. I- 8TOR AGE? Vehicles of all description taken on storage in ' the Lrsesnu convenient Reoository ol the establishment i* W. CO -VAN will attend personally to all orders for buying >* and telling horses. All persons selling property at this establishment may rely T Ofeofi finvi?>j? a tritf nmmnr nf mU render*d. and thu rail i arn iuul of proceeds w ill, iu all cases, bo paid promptly in cur_ rent mon?y. ' 1 he AKENA ofthia establishment ia bnilt on an entirely I new and in oat convenient plan, being detalch d from the main building md arable, thereby not laierferitg in the leaat with _ livery or aale heriea going ont or coming in on the day of auction aale. ... At all other time* toe Arena ia k-pt entirely clear, an 1 ie' served for the nccomrooda'ion of private horaea and thoae on aale, affording every facility for ev reive, training and allowing , horaea CO WAN AND DI LKrt, m5 1nt*ee Proprietora J BOOTS AND SHOES. LADIES AND GENTLEMEN.^^^" ' ALL WHll WEAK the above articles.andwiah to save notour, d had better lose no lime iu "ailing at Uie fashionable Bo it ai d e Shoe Store* of 8. P. SECOU, Not. I GO > and 161 Owe mm u street, where all may anit th mselvas with an artiele t iat ior > atyle or make, faahion and finish, cannot be snrpai?e,i or perhaps equalled in this city. 8. P B. begs to apprise in particular thosel > m nnd geutle" men who conaider a wefl fitting boot or ga'ter ri "In Jtiiwnsnblr |V article to the tout etuemhle of all within the t ,-adJ mondt, that I ICOK or 161 trreeawichauvet. are the only I'laaea n Mew York they cau drpend on bung auiied. " N. B.?-Ladiesand Miaae* (Jailers, 'Vices, St"., always on hand in endle.s variety. ft7*Hemeuiber, 160X end 161 Uieenwichatreet.-^D f IS 1m*ec ONLY LOOK AT THIS ! and aw the aa- ~jjui IW touinhroglow prices of BOOl's and NHOES^^Vw v U that are selling off at the New and kashiouabl- 11 -otaird 0 ^ Shoe Store, cor-er of Greenwich and Murray atra-tv, e New Yo k gentlemen's fine K reach and native calf B ml* doable |. and ah gl - sole*, from $3 to ?3 '>0, $f to $1 M and ti I?r pair. II Also a large avvortment of gentlrmeu'a, toy*' and youths fine a Cilf and kip Shoes, of the latent atyleand beat materiala; there is alao alarge aasoit nent of low priced Boot* and Shoea, peg g?d ai-d tewed, for gentlemen, boys and youths, and at prices r that will come within tin- retell of al claatea. The Ladiea of New York ai d it* vicinity will find it to their - advantage to call at thia eat iMiahment audi are ih most sp'eu,, did Miortmenlof gaiter Boo's, Buskins, Hlipperv and Tiea nf all the different colon and most I'aihionable vtylei. Thaie is fi any quintity of Oveivhoes and wate'pr mf Buskins, geutleB men's vtra- ped, wi-.h leather bottoms -, ladiva'do; Moccasins |. end India Hulibera, furred tl.tin and figured; ii.iiset and children's, of all ki:.da, in abni (Knee -i d cheap. 1 Boa t mistake the uumbe-, 2V1 Greenwich street, comer of A Murrayat WHIU'.IT, CALHOUN fc CO. 1- feJ8 lm*tc ^ECONOMY IN BOOTSTTND SHOES. ' H h.couomy being the order of Uie day, the tnb f scriber invites the attention uf the public la his large aa" sortment of floota from f2 upwards. lie will sell at the , low price of $3 M a goon pair of s*we I Bouts, made in the latest style, and of good calfskin, warranted to wear well, of & ia own make. No Yankee about them, as a single trial will in since the purchaser. lie also makes Boots of all descriptions to order, on the , shortest notice?a good l.l being guaranteed in all cases, or no J tale, which he is enaltl-id to du by toning a drawing nf the fee', I nnd filling an and keeping eipresjly a pair of lasts for each customer. Constantlv on band? , Cork sole Boots, from gc 00 to 7 SO I ? UMtlr sole Hoots, < H IO I to Dm* Boou, 3 00 to 6 00 Half Boou. 26 t* 3 50 Unas Shoes, 1 50 to 2 50 Orcrshoee, 75 to 2 50 Slippers, lie fcc. at eiinally low prices JOHN L. W ATKINS. 114 Koltpn stiaet. f7 1 ill ?e between Nassau and Dutch stmts. SAVE YOUR SHILLINGS. All that are iu want ofroml Outers, Shoes. ^, 4SPVor Buskins,are rr<i nested to call at WAL* K.R'n fl corner oi Bro.-dway and ('anal srreet LjJi's' Miifers, V Misses aud Children's Outers, of all eulors.sorts and sites of the latest Kreuch fashion?the cheapest yet offered. Also, the greatest assortment of (tenu fine Kreceh Calf Dress Boots, stitched, at 13 Those who pnrcli ss at t .is old establishment are sure to call again, the best evidence of the geueral satisfaction his B..ota and Shoes have siren to the public. liT"Remember?WALKER'S Cheap Boot and Shoe 9ro*e, 4If Broadway, comer Canal street. fas Im'ec LOOK AT THIS. OENTLEMKN'3 CORK SOLE BOOTS, the best of J quality $5 00 Da Water Prood Boots do 1 M Do Lisht Kreuch Calfskin Boots do- $! to 4 00 Do India RubnerOraMhees, with Inter soles 150 Do Plain Rubbers 50 Do Denffng Pnmps I 01 Do Dancinf Outers |? Do Worked Skippers 100 And all other kinds of Boota and Shoos in fashion; Ladies' Outer Boou, Bnskiae, Slippers, Ties, Quiltad Shoes, Prunella Shoes, white aud black Hatin Slippers. Button Shoes. Indie Rubber Strnp-furred plan, and nil other kiada of Over Shore; Clogs, Moceuaine, sod the greatest assortment of Bey's Boots and Mb or*; Misses' and Children's, of all kinds to bo found in the world, all of onr own musufictnru, und the beet of Knock goods, and warranted to be the best, and as cheap a* the cheapeat. at M7 Broadway, corner of Krmaklia street. jk Im'rc (/ftKMORV It CAHILL. MT Broadway. /OK CATHERINE ST KEET?That's the place you can save money Ladies who wish to be economical, can find at the above place Matter Boou, Bhoee, Bashins aud Siippen, of vtnent colors, of elegant shako a d most beautiful kinds, at the lowest prises ever offend in this city, as lollows Lsdiea'Uaiter Boot*, Its to It* Do No do-; T# to Is Do " Buskins to ts -Do . Blipten, St to v? Strong Leather Boou and Shoes, it to 7s , Misses' and Ghildnp's ia proportion.L Also, all sorts of lai dies', muses' and children a India Robber Shoes and Oyer I Shoes von can think of, cheaper than the cheapest; man's, boys' I and yenth'a Boou and Shoes, extraordinary cheep. Now,th*n, I say, come and look?yon will snrrly try, and be satisfied that | none are better and none to cheap as at , BMai'm K. DOWN 8'. M Catherine street. ! _ BOOW AND SHOES r ft AT REDUCED PRICKS. The tnbtcr bers intend ng to make a changain bntiaeaa, f * wdlJlthrirpn^t^^lotj^foyjshor, W Broadway. P. 8 ?The futures tad furniture of the iton for sale, f 14 )RK 1 [ORNING, MARCH 7, 18' LETTER ok MR. WALKER, of MISSISSIPPI, ] relative to the . ANNEXATION OF TEXAS. < in reply to | THE CALL OF THE PEOPLE OF CARROLL < CO US TV. (Ky ) TO CO MM US If A TB H IS ' VIEWS ON THAT SUBJECT. I Washington City, Jan. 8, 1844. ! Gentlemen :? Your letter, dated Ghent, Carrol county, Kentucky, November 2-r>lh, 184:1, has been'recrived.? It contains the resolutions of a meeting of the people of that county, in fuyor of the annexation of T?xaj, and requesting the candidates for the Presidency and Vice Presidency of the Union to make "known to (you) or to the public" their views on this subject. As a committee, you have transmitted me these proceedings, together with a special letter, addressed to me as a candi.1.. . e .u.. r n n,...,... .. : uaic un III*' * Ivv * KOiUtMtj, UIJ ui?laions on this uuestion. 1 am not a candidate tor he vice-presidency. The only State in which iny name has been designated, to any considerable extent, for this station, wus my owne aiid knowing J how many, with much older and better claims , than mine, were named for this oflice, lor this and ! other reasons, by letter dated November 20, 1813, ( addreased by me to the democratic convention ( which assembles this day in Mississippi, my name is withdrawn unconditionally. The treaty by which Texas was surrendered to Spain, was always opposed by ine; and in 1826, 183-1, and 1835, various addresses were made by me, antl then published, in favor of the reannexation of Texas; and the same opinions have been often expressed by me since my election, in 1*36, to the Senate of the Union. It was a revolution in Mexico that produced the conflict for independence in Texas. The citizens ?f Texas had been invited there by Mexico, under the solemn guaranty of the federal constitution of 1824. This constitution, to which Texas so long and faithfully adhered, was prostrated by the usurper Santa Anna. After a severe struggle, the people of Mexico were subdued by a mercenary army; the States were annihilated, UHd a military dictator was placed at the head of a central despotism. In the capital of Mexico, and of the State of C'oahuila and Texas, the civil authorities were suppressed by the bayonet; the disarming ol every citizen was decreed, and the soldiery of the usurper proceeded to enforce the edict. Thu people of [ Texas resolved to resist, and perish upon the field of battle rather than submit to the despotic sway of a treacherous and sanguinary military dictator Short was the conflict, and glorious the issue. The American race was successful; the armies of the tyrant were overthrown and dispersed, and tin; dictator himself was captured. lie was released by Texas, and restored to bis country, having first acknowledged, by a solemn treaty, the independence ol Texas. After the fall of Santa Anna, and the total route and dispersion of the Mexican army, and when a resuhjugation hud become hopeless, i introduced into the Senate the resolution acknowledging the independence of Texas. It was adopted in March, 1?7, and the nam; of Texas inscribed on the roll of independent nations. Subsequently, France, I'hnyn.d, and Holland, have recognised her independence; and Texas now has all the rights ol aovereigiity over lier territory und people, as full and perfect as ?ny other nation of the world. It was to Spain, and not to Mexico that we transferred Texas by treaty; und it washy a revolution in Mexico, and the recognition of ner independence, not by Spain, but by this republic and other nations, that Mexico Required any title ; to Texas. It was by n successful revolution, and the expulsion of Spanish power that Mexico, unrecognized by Spain, acquired all her right to this territory; and it is by a similar successful revolution that Texas haa obtained the same territory,? These principles have been recognised for ninny years by Mexico, and by this republic; and it is absurd in Mexico now to attemi t to recall her unequivocal as-ent to these doctrines, and ask to be permitted to chaugt- the well s t'b d law cf nations, und oppose the areanncxation of.Texas. It is an admitted principle of the law of nations, that every sovereignty may cede the whole or any part of tfieir territory, unless restrained by some constitutional interdict; and which, if it exist, may be removed by the same sovereign power which imposed the limitation. There is, however, 110 such limitation inilie constitution ol Texas, which is a single centr I government, with Ihe same suthoiity to make the cession, as pertained to France or Spain, in the transfer of Louisiana or Florida ? Nor does it change the question of power, that these were distast colonies; for the sovereignty extends alike over every portion of the nation: ana this principle was fully recognised when Mr.Aaams, as President, und Mr. Clay, as Secretary of State, in 1X25 and 1H27, by instructions to our minister at Mexico, and General Jackson as President, and Mr. Van Huron as Secretary of State, by subsequent similar instructions in 1S29, endeavored to procure from Mexico the cession of Texas, then a contiguous und intrgral portion of the Mexican confederacy. And if a nation may cede a portion of her territory, being completely sovereign over the whole, she may certainly cede the whole; and, in any event this would be u question, not of our right to receive, but of the authority of the ceding nation to make the transfer, or simply an inquiry, whether we obtained a good or a bad title. In this case, the title would be unquestionable; for Texas being independent in fact, and so recognised by ourselves, and the great powers of Europe, as completely sovereign throughout her teriitory, Mexico could make no just objection to the transfer. In 1H36, this question, togeth. r with that of ratifying their constitution, was submitted by the constituted authorities to the people of Texas, who, with unparalleled unanimity, (there being but ninety-three dissenting votes,) decided in favor of reannexation. Texas, then, has already assented to the reannexation, not merely by the act of all her authorities, but of her people, and made it a part and parcel of the organization of the government itself, and he who, with the Knowledge 01 mane lacts, wouia now deny the power of Texas to assent to the reannexation, must reject and discard the great fundamental I principle of popular sovereignty. Surely, then, no one will contend that monarchies may transfer, and we receive, their colonies and Huhjecte, without and against their consent; but that the entire people of a single republic, in whom resides the only rightful sovereignty, cannot cede, nor we receive, their own territory, and that monarchs have norc power than the people, and are more truly sovereign. Texas, then, having the undoubted right to transfer the who'e, or any part of the territory, there can be no difference, as a question of constitutional power, between our right to receive a part or the whole of the territory. The reannexation, then, can he accomplished by any one ot three modes. 1st, by treaty; 2d. by an act of Congress*, without a treaty; and 3d, l?y the authority reserved to each State, to extend their boundaries, and annex additional territory with the sanction ot Congress 1st. Hy treaty.?This right was established in the cession of Louisiana and .Florida. and cannot now be questioned,without menacing the organization of the government and integrity of the Union; for, by virtue of this power, three States and several Territories now tempos* a part of the republic. In 1842, we acquired territory by treaty, and attached it to the States of New York and Vermont. There was there no disputed boundary, for the call was for a certain parallel of latitude?a mere qucstisn of measurement?which, when made, placed this territory within the undoubted limits of Canada; in consequence of which, we had abandoned the fortress erecting at Rouse's l'oint, and the ground it occupied, (which wasa part of that territory,) which we acquired hy the treaty ol 1842. The question of the power of annexation by treaty, is settled, and incorporated into the very existence of the government and of the Union. 2d. The object may be accomplished by act of Congress, without a treaty. The language of the constitution is : " New 8tatea may be admitted by the Congress into this Union ; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be lormed by the junc'ion ef two or more States, or parts of States, without the consent of the legislatures ol ibe Stales concerned, as well as of the Congress." The grsnt is unlimited, exaept that the boundary of an existing State cannot be disturbed by Congress without the assent of the State legislatures, " New States may he admitted by the Congress into this Union." This is the broad language of the constitution; and, to confine it to territory then acquired, is to interpolate irioHt important words into that instrument. Nor could it have been the intention of the fratners ol the constitution to prevent the acquisition of new territory. Louisiana was not then a part of the Union, but it was a most important part of the valley of the Mississippi, containing New Orleans, and the whole of the western, ana the most essential part of the eastern portion ol that territory, with both banks of its great river for many hundred mile* above its mouth, and the only outlet of HERA 14. ihe praducts of the mighty valley starting at die Yougluogany in Maryland, and the Alleghany in New YurK, uniting at Pittsburg, where tliey form the Ohio, to the outlet of all into the Oulf. If we look, at tne condition of many of the States when the constitution w?h framed, we will tind it could never havs been adopted had it forbidden the acquisition of the only outlet of all the products of [he Went. The waters of western Maryland, and ?f western New York, commingle with those of the Ohio and Mississippi. There stood Pittsburg at the Stead of the Ohio; and one-third of Pennsylvania is intersected by streuma which water a part of the great vallav. Virginia then included Kentucky ; three-fourths of her territory was within the great valley, and the Ohio uud Mississippi itself were its boundary fur more than a thousand miles. North Cnroltnn then included Tennessee, and was bounded for hundreds of n iles by the river Mississippi; and Georgia then embraced Alabama and Mississippi,and was not only bounded for several hundred miles by the. great river, but advanced to within a few miles ol the city of New Orleans.? Is it possible that all these htates, in forming the constitution, could have intended to prohibit forever the acquisition of the mouth ot the Mississippi, then in the hands of a hostile and despotic foreign l?ower1 The constitution eontutns no such suicidal provision ; and all (he historical facts, both helore and after its adoption, are against any such anti-American restriction As is only necessary an indicating the assent of the ceding nation ; and if that h?s been given already, as in the cane of Texan, without a treaty, our acceptance may he made by Congress. Suppose the constitution of Texas orbtd the cession, except by Couftress; when their Congress passed the assenting aw, could not we accept, by act of Congress 1? Or suppose Texas, or uny other contiguous territory, was vacant and unclaimed by any power, could we not annex it by act of Congress 1 One of the grounds assumed in Congress, and by our government, in defence of our title to Oregon, is its alleged discovery and occupancy by us, (long before the treaty with France, being one of the acknowledged modes by which nations acquire territory ; but if we can only acquire territory by treaty, then this ground, uwon which we claim title to Oregon, inust be abandoned. It would be strange, indeed, it the treaty-making power (which, under our constitution, is purely an executive power) could annex territory, and yet that the executive and both houses of Congress combined, could not. Then, if France or Spain had forever relused to cede to us Louisiana or New Orleans, could we never?no, not even by conquest in war?have occupied and annexed them by act of Congress ?? Congress, then, having the undoubted power to annex territory, and admit new States, and Texas having assented in advance, may be either admitted at once, as a Territory, or a State, or States, or Congress may provide for the prospective admission of one ?r more Slutes Irotn Texas, as has often heretofore been doue us to other new Stules, the whole question of annexation not being one whether this government has the power, but only how it must he exercised ; and whether only by one ot the branches of this government, or by all combined. And if the pow;er vested in Congress by the Constitution to admit new States, does not of itself embrace territory then constituting a part of the Union, as well as all future acquisitions, there is no power to admit new States, except out of territory which was a part of the Union when the Constitution was formed; but ns this interpretation cannot prevail without expelling three States from the Union, and forbidding the admission ol Iowa, it must be conceded that this power of Congress to admit new States, does extend to future acquisitions. This being the case, what can be more clear than that CongTese may admit a State or States out ol Texas, if her assent is given, as we perceive it has been, in a form as obligatory as a treaty 1? in i rum, iuc jhjwci iu aiiurA iciiuury i ty irrttiy does not ho much exist us a mere implication from 1 the treaty-making power, uh trom the grant to Congress to admit new States out of Hnv territory whatever, although not then a part of the Union ; and the right to annex by treaty results mainly as a means of obtaining, when necessary, the assent of anothergovernment, especially when that assent can he obtained in no other manuer. Something like this was done by the annexation, by Congress, of the Florida parishes to the State of Louisiana. They had been claimed, and remained for many years after the cession of Louisiana, in the exclusive occupancy ol Spain, when the American settlers revolted, assembled their convention, declared their independence, and by a successful revolution wrested this territory Irotn the dominion of Spain, and Congress recognised the acts, and assumed and paid the debts of the insurgent convention; and the legislature of Louisiana, after the adoption of her constitution, and udmission into the Union, without this territory, subsequently, by mere legislative enactment, with the consent of Congress, annexed it to the State of Louisiana. 8d. The annexation may be accomplished by one of the States of the Union, with the sanction of Congress. That each of the States possessed the power to extend her boundaries before the adoption of the constitution, will not be denied ; anil that the power still exists is certain, unless it is abandoned by the State in forming the government of the Union. Now, there is no such abandonment, unless it is found in the following clause of the constitution : "No State shall, without the consent of Congress, enter into any agreement or compact with another Slate, or with a foreign power " Kach Slate then, may, with the consent of Congress, "enter into any agreement or compact with another State, or with a foreign power." Texas, if not ours, is a foreign power; and il she, by law, assents to the reannexatton, in whole or in part, to Louisiana, or to Arkansas, and those States, by law, agree to the annexation, it is " an agreement or compact," between a foroign power and a State of the Union, and is clearly lawful, with "the consent oi Concress." It would not be n treaty.which is the exercise of an executive power, but' it cornpact by law, and precisely similar to the numerous comparts, so called, by which, by acts of Congress and u ?iate legislature, bo many agreements, especially with the new States, have been made by mere legislative enactmerts. Nor need the assent of Congress be given in ndvance; it was not bo given on the admission of Tennessee Arkansas, and Michigan ; but if given subsequently, it would ratify the previous extension of their boundaries by Louisiana or Arkansas. There are, then, these three modes, by any one of which Texas may be rennnexed to the American Union. 1st. By treaty. 2d. By act of Congress, without a treaty; and 3d. By the act of a State, with the sanction of Congress. But, if it he dtherwiae, and the constitution only applies to territories then attached to the Union, and delegates no power for the acquisition of any other territory, nor prohibits the exercise of the pre-existing power of each State to extend her boundaries, then there woidd remain in eat* State the reserved r.ght of extension, beyond the control of Congress. I have not asserted the existence of such a right in a State ; but, if the clauses quoted do not confer the authority of Congress, and the re-annexation is refused on that ground, then the annexing power, as a right to enlarge their boundaries, would result to any one of the States, and, with the consent of Texas, could be exercised ? Perceiving, then, what power results to the States, from the deniaj of the power of annexation by Congress, let iiu agitate no such question in advance of a denial of its own authority by Congress, but discuss the question on its merits alone. Is it expedient to re-annex Texas to the American Union 1 Thin is the greHtegt question, since the adoption of the constitution, ever presented for the decision of the American people. Texas was once our own ; und, although surrendered by treaty to Spain, the surrender was long reaisted by the American government, and wasconceded to be a great sacrifice. Tins being the case, is it not clear that, when the territory, which wc have most reluctantly surrendered, ran be re-acquired, that obiect should be accomplished! Under such circumstances, to refuse the re annexation is to deny the wisdom of the original purchase, and toreffectupon the judgment of those who maintained, even at the period of turrender, that it was a great sacrifice of national ialaiMto. Texas, as Mr. Jefferson declared, was as clearly embraced in the purchase by us of Louisiana .is New Orleans itself; and that it was a part of that region, is demonstrated by (he discovery, by the great Lasatle, of the source and mouth of the Mississippi, and his occupancy lor Prance west of the Color ido. Our right to Texas, as a part of Louisiana, was asserted and demonstrated by Presidents Jeflerson, Madison, Monroe and John (^uincy Adams. No one of our Presidents has ever doubted our title ; and Mr. Clav has ever maintained it as clear and unquestionable. I^ouisiana was acquired by a treaty with France, in 1M03. by Mr. Jefferson; and in the letter of Mr. Madison, (he Secretary of State, dated March 31, 1MM, he says, expressing his own views and (hose, of Mr Jeflerson, (hat Louisiana "extended westwardly to the Kio Brave, otherwise called Rio del Norte. Orders were accordingly obtained from the Spanish authorities for the delivery of all the posts on the weHt side of the Mississippi " And in his letter of the 31st January, 1HA4 Mr. Madison declares that Mr Laussat, the French comniAaioner who deliver I lLD. M* Tat Ctati. ed Che possession of Louisiana to us, announced the " l)el Norte as its true boundary .% Here, then, in the delivery of the possession of Louisiana by Spain to France, and France to us, Texas is included. In the letter of Mr. Madison of the 8th July, 1804, he declares the opposition of Mr. Jefferson to the " relinquishment of any territory whatever eastward of the Rio Bravo." In the letter of James Monroe of the 8th November, 1803, he incloses documents which he says, "prove incontestably" that the boundary of Ivouisiana is " the Rio Bravo to the westand Mr. Pinckney unites with him in a simitar declaration. In a subsequent letter?not to a foreign government, but to Mr. Madiaon?of the 20(h April, 1805, they assert our title an unquestionable. In Mr. Monroe's letters, asSccretary of State, dated January 19, 1816, and June 10, 1816, he save none could'question " our title to Texas and he expresses his concurrence in opinion with Jefferson and Madison, " that our title to the Del Norte wis as clear as to the island ot New Orleans." In hie letter, aa Secretary of State, to Don On is, of the 12tli March, 1818, John Quincy Adams says: "The claim of France always did extend westward to the Rio Bravo"she always claimed the territory which you call Texas as being within the limits, and forming a purl of Louisiana." After demonstrating our title to Texas in this letter, Mr. Adams says: " Well might Messrs Pinckney and Monroe write to M. Cevallos, in 1805, that the claim of the United States to tlie boundary of the Kto llravo was as cleur as their right to the island of New Orleans." Again, in his letter of the 31st October, 181H, Mr. Adams says our title to Texas is " established bevond the power of further controversy." Here, then, by the discovery and occupation of Texas, as a part of Louisiana, by Lasalle, for Prance, in 1686; by the delivery of possession to us, in 1803, by ^paui and France: by the action of our government, from the date of the treaty of acquisition to the date of the treaty of surrender, (avowedly ao on its face ;) by the opinion of all our Presidents arid Ministers connected in any way with the acquisition, our title to Texas was undoubted. It was surrendered to Spain by the treaty of 1819: but Mr. Clay maintained, in his speech of the 3d April. 1820, that territory could not be alienated merely by a treaty; and consequently that, notwithstanding the treaty, Texas was still our own. In the cession of a portion of Maine, it whb asserted, iu legislative resolutions, by Massachusetts and Maine, and conceded by this government, that no {tortion of Maine could tie ceded by treaty without the consent of Maine. Did Texus assent to this treaty, or can we cede part of a territory, hut not of a .State 1 These are grave questions; they raise the point whether Texas is not now a part of our territory, and whether her people may not now rightfully ciutnt the protection of our government and laws.? Recollect this was not a question of settlement under the powers of this government, of a disputed lioundaty. The treaty declares, as respects Texas, that we "cede to his Catholic majesty." Commenting on this in his speech before referred to, Mr. Clay says, it was not a question of the power in case ol dispute "of fixing a boundary previouslyexiating." "It was, on (he contrary, the case of an avowed cession of territory from the United States to Spain " Although, .hen. the government may be competent to fix a disputed boundary, by ascertaining as near as practicable where it is; although, ulso, a State, with the consent of this government, as in the case of Maine, ruay cede a portion of her territory?yet it by no meuns follows that this government, by treaty, could cede a Territory of the Union. Could we by treuty cede Florida to Spain, especially without consulting the people of Florida 1 and, if not, the treaty by which Texas whs surrendered wa*, us Mr. , I.UIllCIIUCU) I IQHTI/i By the treaty of 1803, by which, we have Keen, Texas waa acquired by us from France, we pledged our laith to France, and to the people of Texan, never to surrender that territory. The 3d article of that treaty declares: "The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be incorporated in the Union of the United States, and admitted assoon as possible, according to the principles of the federal constitution, to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages, and immunities of citizens of the United ?'atep; and in the mean time they shall be protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property, and the relifion which they profess. Sucn was our pledge to ranee and to the people of Texas, by the treaty of purchase ; and if our subsequent treaty of cession to Spain was not unconstitutional and invalid, it was a gross infraction of a previous treaty, nna of one of the fundamental conditions under which Texas was acquired. Here, then, are many grave questions of constitutional power. Could the solemn guaranty to France, and to people of Texas, be rescinded by a treaty with Spain ? Can this government, by its own mere power, surrender any portion of its territory 1 Can it cut off a territory without the consent of its people, and surrender them and the territory to a foreign power 1 Can it expatriate and expel from the Union its own citizens, who occupy that terri tnry, and change an American citizen into a citizen of Spain or Mexico These are momentous questions, which it is not necessary now to determine, and in regard to which 1 advance at this time no opinion. Certain, however, it is, that, with the consent of the people of Texas, Congress can carry out the solemn pledges of the treaty of lHflB, anil admit one or more flutes from Texas into the Union. The question aa to Texas is, in any aspect, a question of the re-establishment of our ancient boundaries, and the re-possesaion of a territory most reluctantly surrendered. The surrender of territory, even if constitutional, is almost universally inexpedient and unwise, snd, in any event, when circumstances may seem to demand such a surrender, the territory thus abandoned should always be re-acquired whenever it may he done with justice and propriety. Independent of these views, we have the recorded opinion of John Quiney Adams. aa President, and llenry Clay, as Secretary of State, and also of (Jen. Andrew Jackson, us President, and Martin Van Huran, as Secretary of State, that Texas ought to he re-annexed to the Union. On the 28th of March, 1825, Mr. Clay^jn conformity with his own views, and the expres^nrections of Mr. Adams as President, directed a letter to Mr. Poinsett, our Minister at Mexico, instructing him to endeavor to procure from Mexico a transfer to us of Texan to the l>el Norte. In this letter Mr. ('lay says, "the President wishes you to effect that object.' Mr. Clay adda: " The line of the Sabine approaches our great western mart nearer than could be wished- Perhaps the Mexican government may not be unwilling to establish that of the If io Draasos de Dion, or the Rio Colorado, or the Snow Mountains, or the Rio del Norte, in lieu of it." Mr Clay urges, also, the importance of having entirely within our limits " the Red river and Arkansas, and their respective tributary streams " On the 15th of March, 1827. Mr. Clay again renewed the effort to procure the cession of Texas. In h is letter of instruction, of that date, to our minister at Mexico, he says: "The President has thought the present might bean auspicious period for urging .. naanfiafinn >* f MpXirn. fn hr. II (riff u rtf di Ithe two republic*." " we could obtain such a boundary a* we desire, the government of the United State* might be disposed to i>uy a reasonable pecuniary compensation. The boundary we prefer is that which, beginning at the mouth of the Kio del Norte in the sea, shall ascend thnt river to the mouth of the Rio Puereo, thence uscendnig this river to its source, and from its source by a line due north to strike the Arkansas; thence following (lie southern bank of the Arkansas to ita source, in latitude 42? north ; and thence by that parallel of latitude to the South sea." And he add*, the treaty may provide "for the incorporation of the inhabitants into the Union." Mr. Van Ruren, in hislctter, as Secretary of State, to our minister at Mexico, dated August 2ft, 1829, aays: " It is the wish of the President thai you should, without delay, open a negotiation with the Mexican government for the purchase ot so much of theprovinre ol Texas as ishrreinafterdescribed." "He is induced, by a deep conviction of the real necessity of the proposed acquisition,not only as a guard for our western frontier, and the protection ot New Orleagu, but also ?o secure forever to the inhabitants of the valley of the Mississippi the undisputed and undisturbed possession ol the navigation ot that river. The territory, of which n cession is desirdfcj by the United Slates, is all that part oj the province of Texas which lies cast ot a line beginning at the Gulf of Mexico, in the centre ol the de?ert, or grand prairie,which lies west ol the KioNuecea." And Mr. Van lluren adds, the treaty may provide "for the incorporation of the inhabitants into the Union." And he then enters into s long and powerful argument of his own, in lavor of the re acquisition of Texas. On the 20th of March, 1833, General Jackson throngh Mr. Livingston as Secretary of State, renews to our minister at Mexico the former "instructions on the subject of the proposed cession." On the 2d of July, 183ft. General Jackson, through Mr. Forsyth as Secretary of State, renew* the instruction to obtain the cession of Texas, and expresses "an anxious desire to secure the very desirable alteration in our boundary with Mexico. On the flth of August, istfi, General Jackson, through Mr. Forsyth as Secretary of Sute, directs our minister at Mexico to endeavor to procure for us, from that government, the following boundary, "beginning at I the Gull of Mexico, proceeding along the eastern

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