Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 4, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 4, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. X., No. ?15_Whole No. 3815. NEW YORK, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 4, 1844. Pilfr Two CttiU. THE NEW YORK HERALD. aogreoate circulation thirty-five THOUSAND. the greatest in the world. To the Public. THE NEW YORK HERALD?Daily Newspaper?t>ub lisbvd wary day of the yPar except New Year's Day and Fourth of July. Price 2 cents per copy?or $7 26 per annum-postages paid?cash in advance. THE WEEKLY HERALD?published every Saturday morning?price 6)? cents per copy, or $3 12 per annum?post ages paid, cash iu advance. ADVERTISERS are informed that the circulation or the Herald is over THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND, and increasing fait. It has the largest circulation of any paper in this city, or the world, and, is, therefore, the best channel for business men in the city or country. Prices moderate-cash in advance. PRINTING of all kinds eiecuted at the most moderate price, and iu the most elegant style. JAMF.S GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor or the Herald Establishment, Northwest corner of F ulton and Nassau streets. NEW LINE OF LIVEHIIOOL PACKETS. To sail from New York on the 2Gth aud Liverpool on the 11th of each month. ^ ^ 'm 0. M aMmmm THdm NEW YUHK. t t Fhin ROSCT1T8, Captain John Collins, Kth July. ? oluRICS^jj^ ** Oet. 8h p si DDONS'. Captain F? B. Cobb. 11th Oct. These ships are all of the first class, upwards of 1000 tons, built in the city of New York, with such improvements a., combine great sjieed with unusual conifart for passengers. Every care, has been taken in the arrangement of their accom modations. The price of passage hence is $100, for which am ple storwi will be provideaTTriese ships are commanded by ?,?r"ewed mastcre, who will make every exertion to give ge '"^Neither the'Captains or owners of the ships will be responsi ble for any letters, parcels or packages sent by them, unless re gular bills of laden are signed thereror. *"E^^COLClN^A^yM South stniet. New York, or to j c,. re ^"^ROWN finiPLEY ?t CO., Liverpool. Letters by the Packets will lie charged Wi cents |ier single letter .70 cents per ounce, and newspapers 1 cent each. inzrc " m m. m. FEwTUm haviTTPTTkets. Second Line?The Ships of this Line will hereafter leave New York on the 1st, and Havre on the 16th of each month, as lol lows, vii : From N(w Naw Ship ONEIDA, < 1st March, Captain 11* at y' u James Funck.f 1st November, BUip BALTIMORE, C 1st April, Captain 7 1st August, Edward Funck, 11st December, BhipUTICA, Sl,tS1*y' i - Captain. , 1st September, Frederick Hewitt, { 1st January N" ""Sf" 1 SSSu J. B. Bell, ( 1st February, v The accommodations of there ships are n0^?urP**M", ?om billing all that may be required for comfort. The price of cabin passage is $100. Passengers will be supplied with every requi site, with the exception of wines and liquors. , , , Goods intended for these vessels will tie forwardee by the sub scribers, free from any otlier than the expenses actually incurred on them. For freight Agents. pc No. 9 Tontine Buildinan, cor. Wall and Water ata. , ARtmNOEUESTS FOR 1S44. OLD ESTABLISHED PASSAGE OFFICE. 100 Pinp street, corner of South. w m m m. M. ?riH^ubscriber begs leave to call the attention of bis IrieuiU j and the public in general, to the following arrangemenu for , 1844 for Uie purpose of bringing out Cabin, 2d Cabin, and Steere age I'assengers, by the Regular Line of Liverpool Packets, sail ing tK UtT 6th, llth, lOtTi. 21st and 26th of every month. By j the London PackeU to saii from New York, the 1st, 10th and 20th?an(J from London on the 7th, 17th and 27lh of ench month. In connection with the above, and for_the P?"D*>?* of affording still greater facilities to passengers, the Subscriber has establish ."d a regular line of first class New York built, coppered and copivred fastened shipa, to sail punctually every week through. "p'or t(jp accommodation of persons wishing to remit money to their families or friends, drafts are given, payable at sight, ou the following .^^aY^k of Ireland, .Htj-ableat , ^ , Cork, Limerick, Clonmel, Londonderry, Sligo, Wexford, Belfast, Walerford, i i-ilwav Armagh, Athloue, Colersin, Ballina, Tr*l?-.., VoughiJ, Monaghan. Bunbndge, Ballymeua, Parsonstowii, Downpatrick, Cavan, Lurgau, Umagn. DiPigannon, Pan don, Ennu, Ballyshannon, Stmbane. Bkibbereeo, Mallow, Moneymore, (ootebill, Kilrusli, Dublin. Bcotlaud?The City Bank of Glasgow. England-Messrs. Spooner, Atwood St Co.. Bankers, London; R. Miirplw, Waterloo Road, Liverpool; payable in every town corner of South street, New York, Or Messrs. P. W. BYRNES St CO., 36 Waterloo Road, OOm'rc Liverpool. THE NEW LINK OF LIVERPOOL PACKETS. m rn. lo sail from New > ork oa theSTsTaudTrom Liverpool the 6th of each mouth :- ^ ^ New Ship LIVERPOOL, lliO tons, ? April 21 June C J. Lldridge. k Au^. 21 Oct. 6 N. Ship QUEEN OF THE WEST, Utf/ jaly <j 1260 tous P. Woodhouse. \ 21 Nov. 6 New Ship ROCHESTER, M0 ton*, v Lne' 21 Ang. 6 John Bnttou. SOct'r 21 Dec'r 6 Ship HOTTINOUER, 10J0 ton*, ^T^fl slpc. fi Ira Bursley. >Nov. 21. Jan'y.6 These substantial, fait sailing, first class Ships, all built in the city of New York, are commanded by men of experience and ability, aud will be despatched punctually on the 21st or ' '"TheirCabins are elegant and commodious, and are furnished ?with whatever cau conduce to the erue aud comfort of passen gers Price of Pawnee, $100. .... Neither the Captain* or owneri of these Ships will be respon aihle for any parcels or lockage* sent by them, unlet! regular bills of lading are signed therefor. Forfreightorp^e..fldyLh>|tMlN 9 87 South street, New York, or to FIELDEN, BROTHERS, St CO., j 14 re Liverpool. . PASSAGE FROM GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. ^ m M M ^^TsTHE bLAOs BALL Ore ui.u LINE Ur LIVERPOOL PACKETS. [Sailing from Liverpool on the 7th and 19th of every month.] Person! wishing to scud to the Old Country for their friends ran make the necessary arrangemenu with the Subscribers, anil have them come out in this superior Line of 1 ackeU, Sailing from Liverpool punctually ou the. 7 thi and I9tH of every month. They will also have a first rate . lass of American trading ships, sailing every six days, thereby affording weekly communication I'm in that port. One of the firm, (Mr. James D. Roche, 1 is there, to see that they shall be forwarded with care aud des ' 'should the parties agreed for, not come out, the money will be relumed to those who unid it here, without any reduction. The Black Ball or Old Line of Livepool PackeU, comprise the following inagnificeul Ships, v Tim OXFORD, The NEW YORK. CAMBlubGE, COLUMBUB EUROPE SOUTH AMERICA, ENGLAND, NORTH AMERICA With such superior and unequalled arrangemenu, Uw ouli s. ribers confidently look forward for a continuance of that sure port which has beeu extended lo llietn so many yean, mr which they an- grateful. . . . . Those proceeding, or remitting money to their relatives, can at all tunei obtain Drafu at sight for auy amount, drawn uirect ou tlir Royal Bauk of Ireland. Dublin, also, on Messrs. PRESCOT'T, OR6TE, AMES ?t CO. Bankers, London, which will lie paid on demand at any of the Banks, or their Branches, in all the principal towns throughout England, Ire laud, Scotland and M ales.^^. BROTHERS k ( 0. , ^6 Fulton stn'vt. New York, nftt door to the Fulton Bank.a N B ?The Old Line of Liverpool PackeU nail from this port for Liverpool on the 1st aud !9th of each month. Parties return ing to the Old Country will find it to their comfort SOU advan tage to releCt this favorite Liue for their conveyance, in prefer ence to auv other JIO. ?l ler l?r ill" L1*NwJ^.1Vhl<FU< t'ACKhlb. Ml Ml Ml ?tin I ri ...H n\ Li "JT iV '?I'",l*for Liverpool will hereaUcM IV CAA1B11IDOK, (lyaJ?rki n?"' l.A\rrV??l ?SO lon?, ) Oct I v . !? H-ENO^; H* : 8 n-oxFOKD, \% ? pi i ?w toi., ) .n'v L a??- w Th,MONTKZUMtlhboBei [ft*', - April ,g looo tout, ) y,)v. i? juL } The EUROPE, A'*' ^^.Vhroh.o M.y , GIB torn, 5 i>c. 1 jHI }f The NEW YOUK, (new")'*'' 1 Aug! 10 &Y 'j 340 "r' n r i ')ec', w Fib. The COLUMB^, r'i^tl '? fc ,? 0DA * r- . i'J?"- 1 Feh. in T^VOB^",RE<?-> '* Nov" '? "h r n ?. >i!?n- 16 M*?!i ! l>y ?ny veaarb in tt?iTrad* ' ?r '" thC,r fMt ",M"g qualities f*p?'npnct'"'aoi!''? he le.ctli't'M. !,'rn.of character and pruning the comfort anA cuiivrniniii f alwraya be paid to h,br"". - a?r siu-teare ? ii31iW.*iff3WKj i; ::'V r ?"* Provided, w ith the exception of wim-t ami , ,rril'',ol|'. Y1" Ij1." loluroiAh.fl by lb.- Steward., if rr! ,nred ,"?uor?> w,"di will Neither the captain or owneri ,7 i|M.J m , aible for any letters, parcel* or i.ii-1., , sl"l'? " ill he reapon regular hill* of laduifi are signed th.^fn,""1!1- Y "J" n"1"" ?age, apply to WMWor. F u fp-,ght or pas t . It. MAMIlAhL. :tt) Burling hill) N Y jWtf and of iiAlUNO, BKUTifejlS k c6., il'pool. ' FOR CAPE TOWN, or a I'ort ou Wot Coast of Africa.?The fine new British Urif NII.K, A Jam jflMBMYule, master, ioU tons burthen, wrill proceed as above, withiuiuiediaU: despatch, if a cargo oilers. Apply to tire Caplaiu, on boardi foot of Rosevclt strict, or to WOODHULL Us MINTURN, jy27 ec 87 South street. FOR HIO JANE1R0-f A88AGE brNLY?To esail luthAugust?The fast sailing Parket Ship GAS ?TON, Captain Bars tow, will positively sail as above, j or passage only, having splendid furnished accommodations, apply ou board, at Thome's store, Brooklyn, or to jykOHOi rc E. K. COLLINS 4t CO., .'16 South street. KUlaMlay. EXCHANGE ON ENGLAND, IRELAND, .SCOTLAND AND WALES.?The Subscriber has .rt all times for sale Drafts from XI to X1000, payable at all the principal Banking Institutions throughout ihe Luited Kingdom. JOflN 11ERDMAN, 61 South st. N. B. Passage to and from Liverpool ran be secured at the low est rates by any of the line of packets sailing on the 1st. Gill, lltli. 16th, 21sl and 26th of each month, oil application as above. jy24 ec FOR LONDON.?Packet of the loth August? .The splendid well know n Packet Ship TORONTO, I'.'aptaiu Otiswold, will sail positively as above, her regular (lay. The accommodations of this ship for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers, cannot be surpassed. Those wishing to secure berths should not fail to make early application on board or to W. St J. T. TA P.SCOTT, jy :in to alftrc *6 South street, corner of Maiden Lane. (?OK LIVKHPOOL?New Line?Regular Paekel of IGth August?The splendid, fast sailing Packet jShip SIDDONS, Captain Cobb, of 1 lull tons, will sail as aoore, her regular day. For freight or passage, having accommodations unequalled for splendor or comfort, apply on board at Orleans wliarf, foot of Wall street, or to Fa. K. COLLINS ?t CO, 56 South street. Price of Passage. $100. The Packet Slop SHERIDAN, Captain F. A. De Peyster, will succeed the Siddons, and sail 26th Sept. jy'jOrr ? FOR NEW ORLEANS-Packet of the 5th Aug. ?The splendid fast sailiug Packet Ship LOUISA, Captain Leavilt, will sail positively as above, her re , The accommodations of this ship for cabin, second cabin anil steerage passengers cannot be surpassed. Those w ish ing to secure births should not fail to make early application on board, foot of Maiden lane., or to W. ?t. J. T. TAPSCOTT, 76 South street, corner Maiden lane. The packet ship Oconee will succeed tlie Louisa, and sail on the Clin August, her regular day. a.1rc ""FOR NEW-OKIEAN8.?LOUISIANA AND ,NEW VORK LINE.?Regular Packet of lAtli inst. .?The very fast sailing New Y'oik Barton- VRR aptaiu Kelly, will positively sail as above, her regular day. For freight or passage, having handsome furnished accommo dations, apply ou hoard, at Orleans Wliarf. foot of Wall street, or to E. K.COLLINS (It CO., S6 South street. Positively no goods received after the evening of the |6th inst. A gouts in New Orleans?Messrs. Mullen and WoodrtilL who w ill promptly forward all goods to their address. The <fonesee, Capt. Miuot, will succeed the Vernon and sail 3th Sept. al FOR LIVERPOOL?Regular Packet of the 6th .August?The first class, fast sailing, regular Packet -Shin INDEPENDENCE, Cuptaiu Nye, will sail as above, her regular day. Having superior accommodations for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers. |iersous intending to embark should make immediate application on board, foot of Maiden l.aue, or to JOSEPH McMURUAY, 100 Pine street, comer of South. The Independence will be succeeded by the splendid Packet Ship Samuel liicks. Captain S. G. Bunker, and will sail on the 11th August, being her regular day. Persons desirous of sending for their friends, can have them brought out ill either of the above, vessels or ill any of the regular packets, sailing weekly, by applying as above, if by letter, post paid. P. 8. Drafts given, payable at sight for any amount, on the Provincial Baiik of Ireland, payable at the.iy respective branches throughout the country ; also, ou Messrs. Spooner, Atwooil it Co., hankers, London, payable iu every town in Great Britain. jy26 rc FOR BATH, GARDINER AND HALLOWELL. The new steamer PENOBSCOT, Captain cLrcv*sL^^Jv N. Kimball, leaves the end ofT wliarf, Boston, 3G^JEs9L.every Tuesday and Friday evenings, at 7 o'clock. Stages will be in readiness on her arrival at the above places, to convey passengers to the neighboring towns. jel.'i .'nn're SUMMER ARRANGEMENT. NEWARK *ND NEW YORK. FAKE ONLY 1S4I CENTS. THE NEW AND SWIFT STEAMER RAINBOW, CAPTAIN JOHN GAFKV. aMM yart On and after Monday. May 13, will run as LI. cl^slu . Jsfollows :?Leave NewaNt, foot ol Centre st, at 3CiaSKwK?7>s A. M. and lis P- M. Leave New York, foot of Barclay st. at 10 A. M. and 4 P. M. On Sundays?Leave Newark at 8 A. M. and 2 P. M. and New York at 10 A. M. and 4 P. M. Freight carried at very reasonable rates. _____ F>R -HREWNHUHY OCEAN HOUSE, LONG BRANCH, AND EATON TOWN LANDING. -aGt The Steamer SHREWSBURY, Capt. J. P P. ? |**C(irlis. will leave Catheriin- Market, for the places, every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday, at 10 o'clock, A. M. Returning?will leave Eaton Town landirg, every Monday, Weduesday and Friday at 11 o'clock, A. M. N. B.?Ou the arrival of the boat at Katontowu Landing, Stages will lie in readiness to convey passengers to any part of the country. j29 lw*rc FUEaSanT AND < H CAP KXCl RSIONS. SUMMER ARRANGEMENT. NKW BRIGHTON, rORT RICHMOND. (8TATKN ISLAND,) AND NKW YORK FKllRY. From I'ii-r No. I, North River, foot of Battery Place. The Slrambnol CIN DKKKLLA, will mo ax Ci- . Tt>... nl*follows. Daily, from May 2<Kli to October lit, 3L_JULjK.1?44 Leaves New York at 'J and It o'clock, A. M., at 3)4, 0 and II P. M. Leaves Port Richmond, at 20 tninulca to 3, and 10 miimtra to 10 A. M.; at 1, 4)? and Gja P. M. Leaves New Brighton at 8 and 10 A. M ; at 1)4, 5 and 7*4 P. M. On Sunday?Leavca New York, at 0 and 11 A. M.; at 3, fi and 8 P. M. Leaven Port Richmond, at 20 minutes to 8 and 10 A.M; at I, 4 and 1X\ P. M. New Y'ork, May 18, 1841. mvll fitn*rc NKW YORK, ALBANY AND TROY 8TKAMBOAT LINK. .MQ >331 FOR ALBANY AND TROY.?Morning Line from the foot of Barclay street, lauding jEa^lkCeSt intermediate places. The Steamer KMPIRK, Captain S. R. Roe, Monday, Wednes day and Friday Morning at 7 o'clock. The Steamer TROY, Captain A. Oorham, Tuesday, Thurs day and Saturday Morning, at 7 o'clock. Evening Line from the loot of Courtlandt street, direct. 'Hie Steamer SWALLOW, Captain A. McLean, Monday, Wednesday and Friday Keening, at 7 o'clock. The Steamer ALBANY, Captain R. B. Macy, Tuesday, Thursday and Saluiday Evening, at 7 o'clock. The Boats of this Line, owing to their light draught of wa ter, are able at all times to pan the liars, and reach Albany anil Troy in ample time to take tlie morning train of cars for tin east or wext. For passage or freight, apply on hoard, or at the offices on the wharves. ml7rrc FA UPLE'S LINE OF ATA? MBuA 1 SI FOR ALBANY. nMM Ait DAILY, Sundays excepted?Through direct, tL?Jp at 7 P. M.. from the Steamboat Pier between 1SF*& ??| Liberty streets. 'J'lie Steamboat KNICKERBOCKER, Captain A. F. St. John, Monday, Wednesday and Friday Kvenings at 7. The Steamboat ROCHESTER. Captain A. Houghton, on Tuesday. Thursday and Saturday Kvenings, at 7. At Five o'clock. P. M.?Landing at Intermediate Places. The Steamboat COLUMBIA, Captain Win. H. Peck, Mon day, Wednesday, Friday and Sutidav Afternoons, at 4 o'clock. The Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Captain R. G. Crut teuden, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Afternoons, at 4 o'clock. Passengers taking either of the above linea of boat will arrive in Albany in ample time to take the Morning Train of Cars for the east or west. The boats arc new and substantial, are fur nished with new and elegant state rooms, and for speed and ac commodations, are unrivalled on the Hudson, For passage or freight, apply on board, ur to T. C. Hehultze, at tlx*. Office on the wdiarf. jvl.'irc 'a +*?ir~'asL si ate N island FERRY. FOOT OF WH1TKHALL. The Boats will run as follows until furllier notice :? LKAVK NKW YORK : 6, 8, 9, 10, II. A. M.; 1. 2. 3>.' 4, r, 7, P. M. lkavk statFM Island : 7, 8, 9, 10, II, A. M.; 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 0, 7t4, P. M. On Sundays, every hour, from 8 A. M. to 7 P. M.?1 P. M. excepted. FORT HAMILTON AND NKW YORK. Leave New York, 6 A. M.; P. M. " Fort Hamilton 7>a H. M.; 4}a P. M. (Sundays excepted.) CLIFTON AND NKW YORK. Leaves New York' 6 A. M.; 2 and 3)i P. M. " Clifton, 7>, A. M.; 3)4 and 4>, P. M. .i'JU (S" ndavs excepted.) iU iHE TRAVELLING FUBLIU. PASSENGER ARRANGEMF.NT f'Oll 1844. The Subscribers having completed their arrangements, are now prepared to bring out passengers from Great Britain and In land by tile following first clan Packet Ships, one of which will leave Liverpool ou the 1st, Cth, lltli, 16th, 21st and 341th of each month:? Patrick Henry, New Y ork, Sheridan, Virginia, Liverpool, Cambridge, Montemma, Siddons, Geo. Washington, llnttingiier, Colnmhns, United States, Itaiscius, Ashbnrlon, Kngland, Europe, Stephen Whitney, Rochestijr, Independence, Yorkshire, Garriek, Samuel Hicks, (Jueen of the West, Oxford. Certificates of passage can le- obtained, and every iiiformalinu will de given to those scanting for tlieir friends, on application at either of our Offices. They will also lie prepared, on the aliening of navigation, to forward lamngsn ami their luggage to AI bail y and Troy, and via Kric ('anal to Buffalo, and all intermediate places. To all ports of the Upper Lakes. Via Oswego to Toronto, Port Ilo|ie, Cobnrg, Kingston, and all Jiarta of Canada West, l-rom Troy via Whitehall to Montreal and Oneliec, Canada Kast, ria Ohio Canal from Cleveland to Portsmouth, Cincin nati ami intermediate nl ino. South West via Philadelphia to Pittsburg, Cincinnati, Louis ville, and all parts on the Ohio River to St. Louis, Mo.; and to all parts of Ohio, Michigan. Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin Territory. REMITTANCES. For the accommodation of persons w ishiug to send money to their friends in the Old Country, H ARNDEN it CO. will give drafts oil any part of Engl ind, Scotland or Ireland, payable at sight, for sums of XI, ?5, ?.20, to ?109?or in any amount to suit the purchaser. OFFICES AND AGENTS. Charles Craft, 120 State street, Boston. B. W. Wheeler, Union Building, Providence, R. I. J. W. Mills, 3 Wall street, a ml Hi Front street, New York. N. G_ Howard, 43 South Third street, Philadelphia. Sandlord it Shoemaker, 7 Light street, Baltimore. Mil., ...... . Pittsburgh, Pa. L-S. Littlejnhn, II Exchange, Albany, N. Y. S. ( lark, I.V9 River street, Troy, N. V. ? Utica, N. Y. W. A. Cook, Syracuse, N. Y. Rochester, N. Y. W. H. Cook, buffalo. Si. Y. II. Fitr.hngh Si Co., Oswego, N. Y HARNDEN 8t ( O. J FOR '1 HE I K FT. JOHN WHY IT S js ||? place you ran?^v>a*"S find a great variety of Boots aad Shoes. Please kiTTliiui call, and yoii will find that, for cIumpim-m, watfti1**, fiuhio durability. In* stock is itnsiirpassrd by any in th?* cit> Store No. 13 Thud Avenue, bciwceii 7th and 8th stivts. jy3 lm*ec Iowa. [Correspondence of the Herald ] Bi.oominqton, Iowa, July 15, 1844. Rural J (fain?The IVeather and Crops?Politics in Gtntral and Party Legislation?Constitutional Reform Talked of?legislation in louen, with Sun dry Specimens Thereof?The Rise, Decline and Fall of the Mormon Dynasty - Sage and Sombre Re flections Thereon, as well as on this Globe in Gene ral James Gordon Bknnett, Esq 'Tib midsummer, the weather is hot, yet the air is clear, sweet, and ftnned hy tine refreshing breez es. The floods of rain abated about the first ot July?a dove returned with a branch from the Olive?and now the farmers have gone forth upon the dry land into their harvest field, and are cutting a most bountiful crop of winter wheat. The growth is exceedingly great, and although the heads are not filled as perfectly as usual, the crop will be more than an average one. The weather is most favorable for the harvest, which is of vast impor tance to the farmer after his crop has ripened. The corn is now doing well, but it will fall far short of an average crop. Politics begin to germinate?to put forth their tender buds, and rear theirgreen stalks in atuicipa lion of being transplanted for the tree of State. The candidates begin to show their patterns for a Constitution, and it is my opinion, if the Demo crats get a majority in the convention, they will produce a constitution ou a new and improved plan, and of course secure the " patent right," and make something handsome out of it. There is one democratic sprout started wnich looks like "elect ing Judges of the Courts by the people. This would be very democratic, very ! Another twig goes for no incorporations. Another no State debt except in case of war. Another branch flourishes beauti fully, and in fact, 1 believe it is the main branch from which all the rest of the Democratic buds germinate, which goes for anything the dear people wish?anything to please the dear people. The Whigs say they want a constitution based upon true republican principles; that is, a high ta riff by which to gather the loaves and fishes?in ternal improvement, by which to run ahead of their opponents?ana a currency, by which they can travel. In three weeks from to-day comes the election, and then we shall know the outs aud ins. About the time I last wrote you, the Legisla ture ot Iowa held an extra session which lasted three days, and passed twenty-one acts. One act was, that there be no tession of the Legislature next winter, and that Congress be petitioned to ap propriate the amount of money which would have been expended by our usual session, to pay the ex pense of our Convention in the coming fall, and to pay some small debts. Another act was to change the qualification of voters from 6 months residence to the 20th of June, i. e. to admit all the emi } rants who came in the spring up to the 20th ot une, to vote at the August election. This has Irightened the Democrats very much, who think it possibl" that by the spring emigration their ma jority ot 1000 last year may be cut down to 0. The Mormon affair is truly the most extraordi nary ever placed upon the page of our country's history. The finding of the golden bible by Joe Smith; their doctrines; their followers; their set tlement at Kirtland ; their outrageous couduct there, axd their removal and settlement in Missouri; their high-handed and in'olerahle conduct, followed by an exterminating war by their neighbors; their settlement in Illinois; their crimes here committed; the massacre of Joe. and liyrum Smith by their enemies?all these things present themselves before us when we reflect upon the historv of the Mor mons. But, although they have been guilty ot all the crimes and evil doings which we can imagine, that does not in any manner mitigate the criminal ity of assassinating these offenders, while under arrest and iu keeping of the civil officers. It is al most u parallel caBe to that of a savage enemy, un der a flag of truce, decoying men into their camp, and then, like blood-hounds, falling upon and slaughtering them. I have just been into the neighborhood of their city, and have conversed with tnen of high-stand ing who are their strong opponents, and 1 am sorry to find that ninny, very many persons?J may say it is the prevailing sentiment in this vicinity?that tne killing the Smiths whs a good deed. I hiii utterly astonished, that enlightened people in this land of freedom and liberal laws, should so far dis regard the very laws which they have made, under which they claim protection, and in wliicn they place their highest confidence. The Salem witch craft was the height of tolly, but iliis not onl) equals it in folly, hut is blackened with crime of the deepest dye. Where is ihe progress of civili zation, humanity, philanthropy, and Ghristiunity 1 In what is now going on in the middle of the nine teenth century ; alas! there is great room for im provement. At the same rates of progress which we have made, from the days of the Sale in witch craft to the rise and decline and martyrdom of the Prophet Smith, how long will it take the world lo become one continuous and extended city of So dom. Oh. ye Sodomites of Illinois! that temple at Nauvoo shall long stand a monument of your crimes, as well as of their folly. The Mormons can select no leader as yet. There is neither wisdom, goodness, nor piety enough with them to effect any thing but diosention, disunion and dispersion. Cincinnati. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Cincinnati, July 23,1844. Dctcription of Cincinnati and Vicinity?Miami Canal Valley?Alatkets and Rtsourret? Ileal <>J the Weather?Aloequitoet and high lled-potlt? floodt of Water and JJc/uget of Politict. Have you ever visited the Queen City of the West 1 What a'wonderful place it is !?so different from what I had anticipated, that I will try to give you a description that others may be undeceived as well as myself. 1 supposed from its numerous factories, the large amount of German population, and its immense slaughtering establishments, of which we hear so frequently, that the city would resemble Pittsburg, with Us smoke and dinginess, an interior Pennsyl vania town in its architecture, and our suburbs in its] filth; but I find a magnificent city of (10,000 population ut least, laid out in regular squares like Philadelphia, all brick or stone houses and stores, principally three stories, and which would do no discredit to ourptincipal streets of business or res idences. The streets arc well paved, wiili broud Higged side-walks, and lined with trees on either side. It lies in a semi-circle of hills, which are ab iut two hundred feet high; the principal business street extends buck about one mile to the foot of ihe hill. The hills upon the Ohio generally ap proach and recede us her--, and ihe inerval is the famous bottom land There are generally two bottoms on the sarns interval, or as they are called here, first and second bottoms. Here the first bottom is about seven hundred feet wide. At the public landing you then ascend to the second by a gradual rise of about foriy feet. This is u little crowning, anil the water descends both ways ? That which runs back empties into a small stream which empties into the rivei at the S. W. end of the scnii-cirule. At the other end the Miami canal enters the river by several locks. This canal ex tends from this city to Fort Wayne, in Indiana, where it intersects ihe Wabash and KrieCanal. It is not quite finished at its northern termination.? When it is, it will open a direct communication withfhe lakes at Toledo. This and the Whitewater canal (which coines|out of Indiana and terminates here), attorda considerable water power. The toundries, machine sho|w, and ship-yards, or rather steamboat yards, support a large population, tint the greatness of Cincinnati i.s to be found in her lo cation, which is in the heart of the richest country yet peopled by civilized man. By a glance at the map you will see that it lies between the Great ana Little Miama?that the Licking of Kentucky empties directly opposite. "I his eitv commands the whole trade of the best part of North Kentncky, the SW, and 3K. ot Ohio and Indiana, and by information you know that in usual seasons this is the head of navigation for a Urge portion oi the season. The Gincinnatians had the wisdom to apply the funds the 8tatc gave th. m when money was plvnty, and every body rich, to the construc tion of McAdam Roads, five of which termin ate h? re. By these avenues their market is always dim dantly supplied. This is to reside in the cheap est city in the Union. The Pork houses are lug enough almost to hold mass meetings in. I supposed ihem to be the slaughtering houses, having frequent ly heard of their dimensions, but ihe slaughtering is done two miles out of the city, the Pork is dray ed to these houses when it is cut up and salted ? The manufacture of lard oil is curried on here, on an extensive scale; there is no ether oil iu use for lights or inachiuery; tor the latter it seems to answer a good purpose, but for the lights I preter Sperm. It may be I arn prejudic ed, und it may be there is a difference in the article; it is said that it is made at Cleveland? that it answers equally as well as sperm for all uses; there are only two objections to this city; it faces the South?hills surround it on thiee sides, and it is hot enough to roast eggs; no sea breezes as on our battery, and then, all high post bedsteads, cloth- d with the indispens ible musouito net; you go to sleep, lulled by the music of these Eolinn-?'tis delightful, especially if a few retire with you. The vineyards upon the hills in the vicinity, give them quite a European aspect; there is one owned by a German, whose name I have forgotten, whose vines and grounds bear the impress of superior knowledge in the business. The garden of Mr. Longworth, a gentleman of great wealth, is justly celebrated; everything that will come to perfection in this climate seems to be congregated here ; his green house contains ; ome rare exotics. You have accounts from the flood, but you do not know half of the sufferings or losses that the people of the great valliea of the west have, und are enduring ; evety boat that arrives brings some additional details?the papers have got tired of recounting them ; here, now, is a field for charity, instead of sending our thousands to the Heathen, who do not appreciate it; let us divert a portion at jeast, to our suffering and ruined countrymen. This is the place for politics?all kinds here are so jum bled together, that neither head nor tail can be made out of it; it is the half-way house for the Union ; the Texasspeculator, northern abolitionist, southern planter, and northern manufacturer, are her, and their politics are, as they deem n, for their interest. Yours, J. K. S3. Lowell, Mass. ICorregpondouce of tlio Herald J Lowell, (Mass.) July 28, 1811. To Jams* Gordon Bknnktt? As your valuable paper has so large a circulation in this place, I think an occasional letter lrom us would not only serve the public, but increase the good feeling toward your interest here. Since your visit two years since, and the bird's eye sketch which you published, much local interest has taken place, which now marks Lowell as u conspicuous city in this Union. We now have a population rising 25,000, on a territory of two miles square. The trade und merchandise of the place will now compare favorably with cities of an older growth. Our streets ure continually thronged with a busy multitude, which give life and iudustry to the region about. Our numerous churches, with their spires pointing towards heaven, betoken us u christian community. Little did the old Wuna lancet, when addressing the warriors of the i'aw luckeis, on the shore of the fair Merrimac, ever dream that a city would rear liself, and that over the sacred spot made dear to him, as being the last resting place of the spirits of his tribe. But so it is ?this city of spindles, this Manchester of Ameri ca, just merging into munhood,for ii hardly counts twenty-one years?yet it stretches with gmut strides its limbs of mushroom growth, and bousts the se cond city of New England. This is the result of Yankee shrewdness, with Yankee capital. The first proprietors incorporated themselves into the Locks and Canal Company, with a capital of $(>00,000. This company secured the soil ami wa ter power, dug the canals, and have from time to time sold out privileges to other companies for manufacturing purposes. By the rise of real es tate, by the sale of water power und the manufac ture st machinery, this company has become pro bably the most productive corporate company m the United States. Since this company was char tered it has sold out water powerund lands to four teen diflerentcompanies, with capitals each of from #(>00,01)0 to #2,000,000 All of this immense amount ol capital is new in successful operation making mostly cotton goods. These companies have all made dividends for the last six months, ranging from ten to twenty-five per cent per an nun, besides reserving each a fund sufiicient for any temporary emergency. The sale of stocks in these several companies range from par to loriy per cent above. There is no better stock off-red in tilt; eastern market, and none which meets with so prompt a sale. The income to mauiitacturers oi lers inducements to capitalists for in vesting, par ticularly at this time. A new company has lately j been formed, and a mill of very large dimensions is now erecting. Several companies are also ad- 1 ding largely to their mills, and the Lawrence Com pany is also erecting a mill of the largest class. In these additions the increase in goods nmde here will probably amount to nearly one fifth part this year. '1 he success hi building up this place, and the future prospect in anticipation of still multiply, wig our mills, and the satisfaction with which the slock owners have pocketed their large dividends all is computed to originate from a protective ta riff. Whether the tariff is the cause of the suc cess in manufacturing at present or not, one tiling is sure, these laige owners, these shrewd Yankees are crying, "protection, give us protection." Money is the root ol all evil, and as man is prone to evil no wonder that individuals, lrom mercenary mo tives, advocate what in the end shall redound to their welfare. 1 will not venture to say whether or not the country at large demand* a heavy lunli lor the public good, but certain it is that private in terest calls loudly for it Whatever benefits manu facturing, works for the interest of this city ; lor by it does it live and have h being. Henry Clay will find here one of his strong liolus; so w ill the Stuie go strong in his favor; while folk, Dallas and Texas will all have 'heir representatives, but will be in the rear. As for Tyler, our Postmaster once pretended to be his friend, but I fearhis love wills< on cease. Singular .is it muy appear, General Jos. Smith, were he alive, would get ten voles to Tyler's one in ibis shate. The liberty men are getting up a breeze in favor ef Mr. lhrney tor Hie President. They have started a very res|<eciable sized paper, which ap peared this day, ediied by J. G Whmier, some what known in these "diggins" as it poet. Air Garrison, of the Liberator, will oppose it, for not submitting to the no pariy. no law and order, which he advocates. The 4th instant was celebra ted in due order by the Washingtonians.and a pro cession a mile long, composed of many of the fair daughters, in white, with uncovered heads, the whole marching to the old-fashioned music of rub a dub, rub a dub dub?with banners waving, inscri bed to the various reforms. One young man we noticed bore a banner, whose position was some where in the centre of the Martha Wnshingtnni nns?on it was inscribed, "Love is Omnipotent "' What this meant I wo* at a loss to conjecture sit uated us he was, wilh the long row ol fair daugh ters Iront and rear What became of that chap bus not been learned, though there is much specu lation respecting his fate We are twenty-five miles from Boston, and con nected by the nest railroad in this country. It was built at an expense of some two and a h .if millions of dollars, and the slock is quick in market at rising thirty above par. ft is the most durably huili and probably doing the best business of any road in ?he country. Ihe fare on it is forty per cent higher tfrnn the average of roads. The public ur< obliged to pay more than the old stage fare. Rail roads are chartered for public convenience, hut this road certainly is an exception, for private spec ulation monopolizes every public interest. Low 'are, on all great thoroughfares of travel, not only induces the good will of the community, but gene, rally receives fair dividends If ? his is thr fact should not onr Legislatures act as guardians, an.'l sec that a sponging monopoly shall not exist with imnunity. Tl.e craps in Massachusetts will he good Most ol our produce coming in as it does from ilir wetr by ilie Western Railroad, it matters hut a trifle as to price Whether our crops are good or not, lor'the great West can flood us with the bounties that they grow. The Western Railroad, by reducing the price oi freight to h small sum, is feeding thr poor man. 'I his policy is in keeping wal, a good faith for public interest. Massachusetts is living now upon the bounties of the We.t, and that through the reduced fair of the Western Railroad. Compare (Ins with the Lowell and Bo*ton road. We have had a travelling Methodist minister lecturing on I'athetism, by the name of Le Roy * unorrUnd, from New York, notorious here h* hii Animal Magnrfizer. By jtint talking to his mi dience, and giving, as I suppose, certain squint* with Ins eyes-jtrttto > such a set of sleeper* no ?> ?? ever saw, (females, of course,) excepting the fid . ler that goes round wilh him. Now, all this is done with fl sanctimonious face, interspeiee.l with scripture, for their benefit, of course, and his inter est, ot course. Ought such men go st large. I tell you what, there is many a man who wears a hug. pair of wluskeis, and gold howed spectacles tli it can t be backed up by the whole Methodist breth ren, in their soft soap and flummery. Common sense appreciates all impostures in the light fti> y ought to stand. Frequently sensible men arc made dupe* of. Yours truly, John B.?jth, J*.,Ls^. Baltimore. (','om!i?poii'U nce ot the HeroM ) Bai.timore, July 20, 1S44. Baltimore, its Position, Political and Religious? Catholicism, versus '.Intolerance- Grandmother s Secret ? Tyler Picture Gallery?Amusements State of Partus?Weather, frc. J. G Bennett, Esq ? Baltimore from various causes, in loeked upon with great interest, by all parties of this wid< !y ex tended country. It is here the people of the L ulled States have been accustomed to send delegates, to determine upon individuals to hold the most re sponsible offices within their gift. It i? here Odd Fellowship had its origin, in this quarter of the Globe?here Free Masonry flourished?here, too, sits in the person of Samuel Eccleston, once a poor farmer boy, but now the Arch-Bishop of the Li.ited States, the supreme head ol the Catholic Chuich in this country ; unmolested by petty prejudice, and much respected and beloved,?and here exist, without doubt, a larger body ot the followers 01 John Wesley, than in any oiher city of the Union; and yet, notwithstanding the discord in feeliug, or action, exhibited by different religious and political denominations throughout the country?here, from its being the centre ot extremes in feelings which moot interest us, we might naturally look tor dis cord and disbattslaction?we find the spirit of the constitution most beautifully carried out; every person not only being permitted, but encouraged in the exercise of hiH or her religious views. It is a mistaken idea, that the body of the 1 ro testaut Church is arrayed against Catholics, or that the Catholic Church is selfish in its charities, and in its influence tending to enslave the iiiuid, and warp the republican principles of our govern ment, to prove w hich Wt beg leave to cite a few cir cumstances which almost every person is familiar Willi, hut which the prejudiced and bigoted ol our sect take pains to conceal. First, in regard to their selfishness. . . In 1832, when the cholera visited Philadelphia, the parsonage and school house attached to M Augustine's church, which has since been destroy ed by a mob, were converted into a hospital. Within its walls were three hundred und seventy patients, attended day and night by the sisters ot charity. Sixty-three ot the patients were Catho lics, the remaining three hundred and seven Pro testanis. '1 he same spirit ot indiscriminate chan ty was evinced by the sisters, when the cholera visited Baltimore; several ol their number tell vic tims to the disease, and their places were tilled by others, seemingly happy in being permitted to ex ercise the high and holy privileges to which their duty called iheni; so impressed wert the public au thorities ot ihe city with their noble und devoted realtor the poor und sick, that they tendeted re muneration und thanks. The latter was accepted, hut the former politely declined, and Gen. Meuart, who was then Mayor, erected a monument to the sisters who lost their lives. In the second place, it has been asserted by many ignorant and prejudiced persons, dial the Ca tholic religion is inimical to lree. institutionsto relute which, it is only necessary to state the fact, that ihe Republics ot Andorra und San Marino, the oldest in the world, still exist The former lies among liie Pyrennecs of Spain, und wuh founded more than ten centuries ugo by a Catholic Bishop The latter is situated on the Appenines ol Italy, about a day's journey troin Kome, and was found ed more than fifteen hundred years ago by a catholic monk. Many of us Beem to forget dial the liberty wt* now enjoy, and which the Cathohis ate stmu inw so hurd to demolish, we are indebted for, in part, to the devoaon und bravery ot Catholics? Latuyette, Rochambcati, Kosousco. Pulaski,Count DeUrasse, Be Kulh, Charles Carridl, ami Commo dore Barry, who waa the first Commodore appoint ed by Washington to our Navy, and w hose tomb may be seen in the rear of St Mary's Church, 4th hi., Philadelphia. Another fact worthy ot note i , that Pope Alexander 111, proclaimed in the tianiej I the third general council of Lute ran, held in 117.', "That ail Christians should he exempt from bond age." From this date nuy be traced the decline and gradual disappearance of serlism. Voltaire, that bitter enemy of all Popes, remuiks tbut Bus pontiff is entitled to tbe denial gratitude of hi> rope. The first declaration of civil and religions liberty that was ever made by a legislative body, was bv the Catholic colony of Maryland in the year 1(>19. But we will not enumerate, lest l>y so doing we tire ihe patience ol our readers; suffice it to say, that if throughout the country a greater spirit of charity could he manifested, it would tend much to peace and happiness, and belter qualify us to teach our Children ihe holy doctrine ol love si-d charity, which Christ taught when upon this earth Nothing worth communicating has occurred in noli ic . The " Clipper" of Wednesday has a let ter from the Hon. Caleb Cushing, which remincs us of a little current chit-chat, told by Mrs. A to Mrs. B. with an injunction ol profound secrecy. Oh, the women! Miss Emily Harper, na y?ui know, 18 a grHiid daughter of CharleB Carroll, cousin to the Marchioness ot Wellesley, posst ss? <t in her own right of a very large fortune, and is withal handsome, amiable, n net intelligent. Ihe sparkling attractions of Miss Emily won upon iln* tender sensibility ol Master Caleb, and 44 moke In r ins wife he would but she,bein? a Rood catho ic, report savs, went to her Father Confessor, w, ... viewing the case in the same light in which .Jo. i Tyler viewed the United Mates Hank, nut his vrio upon it, and the lover sailed Willi an aching hcinr, leaving behind the impression that Miss llnng-t* <? Miee, or some other lovely daughter ot the crh. - tial empire, would become the haopy Mis C. Hot love is strong, stronger than death, and Caleb I. - lately written to Mrs. McTavish, a sister ot Lm.y Wellesley, to induce her to interest hen-rll m los behalf, proving unquestionably that his host in ? still the seat of warm, tender, and mellow passim.:-. As our old aunty says, well, well, we'll sec. The friends of Clay and Polk are active in hold ing ttieir barbacues. Those of John Tyler still h.i g w ith a desperate effort, and express themselves de termined to run him for rhe Presidency. Not it word is ?aid respecting his withdrawing pomtment of T? m Lloyd to tbe ofnc** ot count t? i for the port of Baltimore, is condemned by manv, more perhaps because ot the removal ol Mr. I tn< it ney, who was very popular, than any just ground lor the condemnation ol Lloyd. The cause ot the ureal interest taken by John Tyler and Ins son Robert in the repeal movement, is beginning to unfold itself. The acknowledged object of r- p- ? I in Ireland, is to obtain full and ample privilege.- I< r the catholic,church, and whoever aids become . r a matter of course, highly popular. The catholic vote in this country is very large, including tin principal portion of the Irish, German, and 1* rent u population. Theophilus Fisk, Esq., who has Ba l ed, or Will sail III a few days, its hearer ot ft; - ] patches, takes with him, to be presented to the ci v of Dublin, a large portrait of Robert Tyler A I young Clover, w hile at Washington p iinting tl.e President, was by litm engaged to paint the j . . trait of Rev.f John P. Donelati, a pliest of tab-i.t and influence. The piciure was executed at tlo* President's house, and there hangs at the pre ? ot time, intended and well calculated to woik. its way. For a few days back the weather has he i uncomfortably cold, and visitors to tin* springs nf -I elsewhere have been flocking into town in a? err t haste as thev left Theatricals are <h ad. l'eale's Museum is the principal, and in fact the only plan* of. amusement; Chippendale, John Sefton, m i other actors of note are there doing a profit d> ? business On Wednesday evening last a vio t thunder storm occurred. Several lives were '<? ', buildings and vessels destroyed or otherwise inji . ed from the effect of lightning. AniKt,. Another Dkaih.?An iDipipet whs held th * morning before Coroner Pratt, on the body i t J.-vi f'aawell, w I oili. d from wounds received about the ot taut month. It sormii Caswell ?aa in the alors ol W*U liarn Went, corin-r ot Itichmund anil Ann streets, miJ Irom Home cnuxe, Went etrnek Caswell, knocked li m ill w n, uml with iomi' luiitinct, hi nt luni must unmet' i lully, ami from tin' ilf'eCt ol the wound* received, i 11 ilti ii yesterday tifternoon Caawell w?? * married n n. Wont wee arrested on Friday, thu 98th ult. and brought h afore the t'olice Colli t, w hue lie wu? bound over to aw it tl.e lektilt ol thu wound* received liy Caswell.?liodm Timti, Jluf. i. From Campfai hv.?The Eiwehio, arrived yri. terdnv from Campenrhy, with intelligence to ti.e 19th iitat. We could not uather an item ot m-w* of i r than that all of Hmtriianat'a men had been Shot at Ti bunco. C8|.t. Petit, the commander of 'he van* el win h tsok over ihe revolutionists, i? at liberty, ulthough ? e crew, aix in numbr r, are in pi i*on. Among the pm it. g. r? by 'he Kintblo, wan 1, H Atmy, Kaq , recently rp pointed t ft Consul St l.agnna We hear it atated that tlie HMthoii'iea ot that place would not receive Mr A. .ri an capacity, on account ol a rumor that he hi I formerly tieen engageii m some revolution ague t Mexico ?A O. I'uayune, July '18 Cotton.?A bale ol the new cotton itient; ?! liy in on Wedneadny n oming, waa sold yesterday lor I'i centa per pound. It waa from the plantation oi A Doc . h erty, Ksq., of West Ki li iana, ami conaigrn d fo the hm. J. B lljineA' o , of thin city. The quality tr si fail to lully Ian.? A 0. Pic., July 10. Kingston, C. W. [Corr<:?ponJ?ace ot the Herald ] Kingston, C. W., July 2, IMF H'iutlter unii Agrii ullurc?Politict?'J he Governor in a " Fix"?\2th uj July?Cunailiun Dpinions on, anil Sympathy with, the United tain?Ad vance of Democratic Principles?Travellers, Amusements, anil Business, 4"' - J AMIS GojtDtlN Bennett, Esii.? LVur Sir?As 1 perceive you liuve corresj ondt nts iu almost every iiouk. uud corner of the world i r cept Cunada, and as your journal is extensively reud, and anxiously looked for, an occasional letter that would keep you inloriiied ot many events that you cannot glean Irom our newspapers, might prove acci ptuble to you and your " thirty-thousand rt ad ers" aa Bishop Hughes says. If you consider this worthy of a place in your columns,J1 shall often trespass on your good nature. 'J he weather is oppressively hot at present, al though very lavorable for tlie agriculturist, and the prospect ot the harvest is most lluttenng. In har vesting and farm w> rk generally, we hie about a fortnight behind our neighbors on the opposite American shore. The Governor General still manages to curry on the government of the Province without u ministry possessing the confidence of the people, and com plaints on the subject are beginning to be general. Both parties think that a movement o 1 some kind should be made, and arejnaiurally impatient at the long delay. Ills Excellency will soon have lo call Pailiamenl together, as (he time allowed by the constitution lias ne?rly expired, and he will have to form an administration ere that event takes place. The old ministry he will not take back it he can help it, and in all probability the people w ill not support his new onej'so that he is in a regular fix, and we have a very pretty prospect ahead. The oldgeutleman deserves a better late thun the one before htm, us be has displayed throughout the whole quarrel the most indi tunable courage pun. per severance. The conduct ot the late ministry,since the rupture, has doubtless embittered bun towards them. Instead ot acting temperately and modestly, as the occasion demanded, tliey have gone about the country holding public meetings, and spouting sedition to the r lollow* rs. The 12ih ot July?generally one of our lighting days, and the return ot which is always dteaded? passed ofl'unusually quiet this year The anniver sary of the battle ot the Boyne has invariably been attended by not and bloodshed, and the peaceably disposed nre well suttslied to see it sink into merit ed oblivion. The most laughable event?though at the time rather serious?that occurred on that day, wus at the Fails ot Niagara. A large i arty hit Toronto and Hamilton tor the balls eariy ttt the morning, to celebrate lite duy in a convivial and Patriotic manner. Behold their astonishment, when they approached their des tination, to tind drawn up on the celebrated heights of Queenston between one and two thou sand "natives"?not "Native Americana"?but stout hearted, hard fisted sons oi lite sod, urnn d with sticks, shovels, axes, scythes, guns, pistols, and "Biuriherin" shtlleluhs. The gslluiii Orange men were rather disconcerted hi such u manifesta tion, and some actually look across the river and claimed the protection ot yout glorious ".-tats ai d stripes," where, had their opponents followed them, we wottl ! in all probability have heard of n email edition ot the Philadelphia riots. The Catholics hud moie sense, however, and content* d th* m Belves with making those who did. remain shout lustily lor O'Counell, and "long lite to the Pope " The admirers ot King William and his " glorious and immortal memory," forgetting their old war cry of "No Suirender," actually shouted lor tl etr natural and inveterate enemy as loudly us their ter ror would permit them. All end**! quietly however? the Catholics made tracks lor the "Dogs" ol the Wet land canal, and the Orangemen returned home, rather chop-fallen to bo sure, hut swearing ven geance on some subsequent occasion. "Revenge is sweet," and they will bide th tr time. There is a greater affinity o| feeling between us Canadians and the citizens of the United Mates than you would have supposed possible a short time ago. We lake almost munch inter* st in yout ? ?<< htical and general t.Hairs as you do yourselves, and h.?d 1 a good opportunity, I would shout ac heartily for "Clay and Frelinghuysen" as the most incor rigible Whig in the Male of New York. The most friendly feelings are now cultivated between the two countries, and in u lew short years you will hardly be able to tell, in youriwregrtauUoris through this part ot tfe continent, whether you are treading tne soil of John Bull or Uncle bant. We are seri ous and attentive obs< rvers ot the lute pr* gi<-ts of events tu Philadelphia, and the v.hole ot ihe intel ligent class of tics community have a strong kin dred teeling with the "Native Americans," and ardently hope lor the consummation ol th* ir ob jects. The gradual advance ol democratic piinci pics over the continent will cuuse the ja ople of both countries to guard against the etude ami sla vish doctrines ot the Catholic Church?and this fellow teeling will draw us suit closer towards you, and learn us to udnnre >* ur independence and ? an dor. As instunc* s ol ute triendly feeling existing among us on the bord-r, I could inform you ot ex cursions and pleasure partus innumerable from and to the United Mates shore, ol many ol which you have doubtles.- In . id. Another excun inn will leave this town on Thursday next, for bat ken's llaibor, Mud as 1 intend going I will in my next give you a slight sketch ot our reception, and ol the general events of the day. A great many ot your citizens, from the sunny South, have passed through Kingston on their way to uud tlom tlie Falls. Tpe beautiful set liery * f our neighborhood? the thousand Islands? Peniten tiary, and last, though not least, f < rt Usury, (an entrance into vvlitt h can always be procured) in duce some ot tht ni to stay a few days among us. The tiavidling this season is very great, tuiive Kuigstoniaus will go-ahead, despite the Iocs ot the teat of (iovernrn* tit. < le Bull will give one or two concert.-, here next Week, on his route westward, and K.odn* y's c< m pany trom Montreal, and perhaps Ma* r<-ady, w ill pay ns a visit. We will have a Circus ((tiqiiny (Nicholls') here on Monday?the ' it* stupid act of our Parliament, levying a duty on horse - travelling through the Province, having bt ennuihfi. il by the Governor-General. 'J his will be quite a God-tend to the Circus companies, ns tl ey did not expect to come into Canada tit all this year, aril it is well known as Oil*' ot ttt*; most pr* liisbie rentes oil Itie continent. Mucready is playing in Montreal to densely crow<h d homes, billtbec, the celebrated delineator ot Yankee eccentricities, is iu town, and has he* n astonishing and delighting the natives with a s|*ecimen <1 his powers He goes hence to Monacal, and after playing ajshort (engagement, will sail tor England, a* I am informed. Business is rather dull here at pr* sent, hut that is not uncommon at this season ot tlie y* ur '1 lie loiwarding trade will soon lake a start, us the har vest ill the w? st is about over. The irregularity of the American mail is a source of complaint. 'Jne Herald very ol ten trusses, and when it does come We get three or tour together? although we have a dally mail. You will hear Irom me again soon, and hi the meantime, I remain, Yottr's, truly, Jt. b. Far m Nova Scotia.?We h>t\? r< aeivtd II at lax papers to the 1st mat. (in Saturday last the following preamble and re solution passed the House ot As-a? rubly ? Where ns information hua been obtained, that M?r Majesty's government has been solicited to transmit the mails by the Cunard line cl steamer* direct to Boston or New York, instead of to Halt tax as heretofore j which will tie prejudicial to thi.? and th? neighhormg provim es : JL'tolvtd, 't hat tits Kxcellenry, the Lieut, (Ijvi rnor b? respr Ctfully requested to s'ltimii to this lloiui' ?ti\ inlor maiion which ho may possess on tins r. 1 to It rec.t proper application to bo iiihiIc to Vice A Kir Chillies Adani ? 'ommamter in ( hief of II M N ivy on this station, for any iiifoririiition which tie uuiy lit 1 warranted in layii g tielur, tins House, tor its gu: I alien on this important tulip ct The answer to thi* was that the Lieut, (iovernor had received no information, and ihui the Admiral was a bee it Irom home. Some of the Halifax paper" exgn- a fenr? that the line of <teatnery will lie ordered to run dueet, either to New York or Boston Strike am own tub Saii.ok-?\ esterdav a 1 rire r.umti r ol sailois niarrhui in | i ci -ii'ti thiough ser e of the principal struts, sciomj -luol ?i it rvnsic, tanners, flag., natiocal emhletn? Ac tin am on a "stnhe'lur higher wag's. I he price ti.iw offered hv employers it 51.1 per mouth. They a?k fv? tpt.? Philadelphia (iazilte ./?*?? Amothkk ittoTKR Akkic ii:o.? A it in ru ling himself Thomas Met ow? n, ? a an.- n I .In ' >r? \ i Thompson, m -i> r ., , c|,a?r? l wi.h part CipUt ing in tliu Iste itots, in Mniin ok 'i i.e oaiy te tiiriony I.uinst the prisoner, \.I-tl,a: e no.,I ?? ... to III him ?..y th?t he flreil one ol it ? . o? > '! '? I'liliat he sliot at Wen.rsi < ?lw . It w. ? ? ? n I iu dt lault ol bail top Wui. J/uluii y i, . t At,1. . .n, i,

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