Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 17, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 17, 1844 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Wew York, Iwnrlaf, November IT, ISM. Intelligence from Huropc. The Britannia is due at Boston to-day. Her new* will be half a month later. Tub Bible in the Schools, and the Bible in tme Procemion?One of the most melancholy desecratioua that we have aeen in tin way of political matters, is that of the Holy Bible mixing in public protections, and bearing the watch word of meu. many of whom utter the most violent and atrocious languige, and violate openly the great precepts of the holy book, which they have dared to take as the Shibboleth ot their party. We like the Bible in schools. There is its pro per place. We like the Bible in the parlor?in the closet?in every private apartment. We like the Bible in the Church. We like the Bible in every quiet place of sober and rational thought. But, of all ihtu?s that Is hypocritical and insulting to the nuje-ty of high heaven, we think the casting of the Bible into the dirty pools of politics, and mix* ing ol it up with the revelriesand blasphemies of sec tarian and political loaferism, is the most revolting. That is not the place for the Bible, no more than the dirty arena of politic* is the place for the robet? of htm wno minister* at the altar. Tan Abolition Clique in ihk Democbvtic Pa nr* ?We are very umch amused wiih the con teuitons of the abolition diqut belonging democratic party, who have opposed the annexa. tion ol Texas, attempted to throw the State into disorder on that question in the recent election, and who are represented by the Evtninf Pott an<i its coadjutors. This coneern ought, however, to be properly set down as one third abolition, and two third* "spot's," so that on every occasion where the prospect for the spoils it better than abolition, they are very willing to postpone the abolitionism untilsome more convenient opportunity, in order that the two-thirds appetite for the spoil# nav be fully satisfied. They have been very busy, duriig the last few days, attempting to explain the discrepancy between the vole lor Silas Wright, and that for Mr Polk, in this State. They endeavor to show that, but tor the popularity of Mr Wright, and the sinking of their anti-Texas opinions for the time, Mr. Polk could not have got the State of New York, and could not have been elected President All this is very idle now,when it appears by the re cent returns that Mr. Polk would have been elected without the State of New York, his majority being t v0 to one over Mr. Clay?one of the largest ever aiveu in this country, and tqual to any that Gen Jtckson, the " old hickory," ever got. So " young hickory" is not at all indebted to these good friend* of his, the abolition diqutt of the democracy ol New York, and we have no doubt that when he get, to Washington he will properly appreciate the conduct of these anti-Texas men in this region Thk Newspaper Prkss? Thk Party Prints What will the party p-tnts and the party newspapers now do in order to fill their columus with any degree of interest, now that the political contetl has terminated 1 During the past six months they have been rioting in their glory?enjoying a perfect t-aiiirii'ilia of abuse and vindictiveuess, and all kinds of abominations. In these remarks we in clude the journals of both parties, tor the locofoco prints were just as violent and venemous as thote of the whigs. At present the whig prints appear to be mourning for the los? of Mr. Clay's election with a degree ?i excruciating melancholy that is really laughable. Some propose to raise a statue to htm-some pro p ise to start him afresh in 1848-some propose one thing, and some propose anothei. Oa the other hand, the locofoco prints are full of ridiculous and idle boastings and twaddle. They have elected a lew President, and expect a new administration, but dare not, it seems, say a word about what measures they expect, what is to be done, or how they expect to carry on the government. This is all left open to the independent prese, and to it alone, just as was the discussion of the contest now terminated. I The Panic-?The Wall street papers still conti nue to give accounts of the breaking up of business arrangements, in consequence of the defeat of Mr. Clay, and additional improbable atatementa, with the view of creating a panic. If any manufactu rer have relinquiahed intended enterpriaea, or any capitalists, who had deaigned building factories, have shrunk back, that only keeps the field clear for existing establishments. But we know very well that no Bound, rational acheme has been aban doned in consequence oi the election. That result givea new hopea and freaher energy rather than the reverse. The proapects of increaaed foreign trade are brighter than ever, and many new ships will doubtless be laid on the atocka during the year. "Fancy atocka" may fall, but all legitimate branchea of trade, finance, and commercial enter prise in general, will not be affected one iota to their hurt; but will bound forward with greater freedom and success, now that the excitement is over. After the election of General Jackson, in 1832, a similar attempt to create a panic wbb made by cer tain monied interests. It waa aet on foot by the United Statea Bank, and concurred in by the whig; generally. But it only burned the fingers of the very men concerned in it. Foubiebism ?This sect of philosophers and re formers have been very quiet for the last six months, in consequence of one of the chief leaden being absent in France, and the other, Mr. Philoso. pher Greely being hard at work electing Mr. Clay Now that the election is over, however, and that there ia time and space to reform and to save the world, we expect that the Founerites will stir their stumps; and, indeed, to *how that we are not I mistaken in this, we may mention that we, have already seen a curious and remarkable letter in the Tribune?the organ ol the wet?from one of thfr apostles, who is now in Paris refreshing himself hi the very fountain head of Fourierism This iettei just published by Mr. Greely, who will probabl) hitnseh soon make a move in the great work, con deinns all governments and all existing forms ?>l society ; in fict, it is contains prrtty much th? same views as are entertained by John A C.illinj, the head mau ot the famous Skeneatelas commu nity, in the interior of this State. Indeed, all thest philosophers may properly be cUssed together, at their leading doctrineaare identical. They are preparing to commence the new move ment with energy and interest, as we observe thai a socialist eommnmy in this city advertises " a ten party and ball" on next Tuesday, at their elegant Hall in Grand street. Speeches, sentiments, song*, music, and the dance will make up the entertain ments It will be recollected that Robert Oweti was entertained at one of these great " tea par ties" before he left London This promises to bt some wuch philosophical, literary, and rel gtou celebration. Candidates fob Oppiob.?There will be a terri ble rueh of offiae-beKgdri to Washington, aasooi. as Mr Polk reaches that city on the 4 h of Marc I' next Great preparations are making here already. The great difficulty here is, that the Custom Hotl?? mid Post Office are filled with Tyler-men, arc whether Mr. Polk will keep them in is a matter <>? great suspicion, doubt, and anxiety. But th? struggle will be terrible in a few months, when al ?he begjars make then appearance at Washington, with their pennons cnt and dried. Dinner of tme Historical Society.?Th< annual dinner of the Historical Society will be gi ven at the new Hotel up-town on Wednexday n? xt It will uttract a very brilliant assemblage of th? literalt ol the city, and the union. John Quinc\ Adams, Daniel Webater, and other diatinguiahed men will he there. Who are the aecretariea of this body 1 We should like to report the proceed i n?s at thia dinner ?albeit we have formed a very distinct opinion? on ihe nature of the chargea (whether aa true or raise, grave or trifling) preferred aga'n-t Bishop Onderdonk, on the oiigm and design ot the pro secution, nor on the effect which it is likely to have on the Church, on the sccused party and on the prosecutors themselves. The tinie will when, if life and health are spared, we ahull feel at liberty to give a narrative of all the agencies which have led to the trial, and an opinion on all nutters contacted with it. Our only motive lor ddvertn g to the subject at present is a solicitude lor those distant readers whose fears may be excit ed by the announcement of thid new movement, and who may misconstrue our silence unless we explain the reason of it. All that we deem it I roper or ueedful to say to these distant aod anxious friends is, that we see no occasion for uneasiness, and wt feel entire confidence that the result of the approaching will be a new theme ot congratulation to all true friends of the Church There is that sympathy between the readers re lerred to and ourselves, that they will know how to understand us when we say that we have passt-d with them, and, God being cur helper, we hope again to pass in safety, through " changes una chances" which have been mucu more tormidno e an anticipation than the trial ot our beloved ana respeettd Bishop.?Churchmu*? There seems to be some error or misprint in the a*iove article froiri the Ciurchmun, and the prin ter's de\il or proof-reader at whose door it lays, deserves to be soundly rated for his stupidity in put ting fie im an ridiculous a position, and making htm do,in the most undisguised manner,the very thing which he condemns and deprecates. Where the misprint ia, would puzzle a Jesuit to discover, for the contradiction runs through the whole, but we think it probable that the article was intended to read somewhat as follows:?" While a judicial investigation is pendingor expected to come on, of grave charges against a Bishop, it is the du ty of a journalist, and especially of the Episcopal organ to offer such remarks as,with great profession of candor, shall tend to forestall the opinion, and bias the the judgment of the public on the question involved. We intend faithfully to follow this rule in the present instance. We do not mean of course to express any opinion on the effect which the pro secution is likely to have on the accused party or on the Church?that would be obviously improper The time may come when we will be free and at liberty to speak; but at present without in the ?lightest degree intimating our opinion whether the accused party is innocent or guilty; wnether he be acquitted or degraded, we deem it proper and needful to say that we feel entire confiience that the result of the trial will be a new theme ol c >ngratulation to all the true friends of the Church And although we would not for the world say aught to bias the minds of our renders on the one side or on the other, they will know hew to understand ?is tolerably well, when we say that we have often passed, and hope again to pass in safety through changes and chances which have been much more formidable in anticipation ihan the trial of our b< loved and respected Bishop." For the sake of the Bishop we hope that all the editors in tlie city who, like the editor of the Churchman " have formed a very distinct opinion" in the mailer, will not explain to their distant iriends, the reason of their silence in the significant way here suggested, lest in the process of avoiding all remarks that may tend to forestall public opin ion, the Bishop should be condemned before his trial commences. The Bankers or the United States ?This comparatively small class of men?numbering, per haps, two or three thousand all over the Union? have the entire management of the cntrency. Congress and the State Legislatures do not possesa the same extent of power. The bankera can raise and depress prices?make and mar fortunes?ex pand and curtail the financial reaourcea of the Lradinf interest at their discretion. Aa the people have decided against a National Bank, ought not Congress and the State Legialaturea to adopt aome measures to place the banking system more strictly under the control ot sound and immutable princi ples of financial science, so aa to prevent the evils which flow from individual indiscretion and indi vidual arbitrary power 1 An Inquiry and an Answer.?A correspondent asks if the statements about the erection of a "Herald's College," in this city, with John Quincy Adams, Granville Sharpe Pattison, and Arlington Bennett, aa officers, which have appeared in some of the papers, is true"! In leply, we atate that we don't know. John Quincy Adams was formerly a Professor in Harvard College, and it may be that he intenHa to end his literary career by heading another "college." We don't know, "It's all a matter of opinion Some folk* like an apple- some an mion " Sabbath Convention.?Another Sabbath Con vention ia to be held at Baltimore to-morrow. The men who got up these conventions mean well probably, but they do not take the wiaeat means to prevent the desecration of the sacred day. Legislative enactments cannot make men keep the Sabbath. Neither does the restriction of the innocent and healthful recreation ol the humble classes?the toiling mechanic's and laborers?on that day, whilst the rich are permitted to enjoy their pleasures without let or hindrance?promise much for the rationality and Christianity ot the measures proposed by these friends of the Sabbath. The Mexican War Steamers?We have been infoimed that these steamers will not aail for Bome 12 or 15 days. Their departure fuabeen poatponed in conaequence of the brig of war Santa Anna (which arrived here two weeks since) requiring some repairs. She will be taken upon the Sec tional Dock, foot of Pike street, where she will re (?eive the necessary repairs; after which being done, the whole three will immediatel sail tor Vera Cruz. It is a notorious fact that these steamers have been much improved since their arrival in this port, by our able and talented mechanics, and their ,>ower and general efficiency h is been increased. These v< seel*, officered unj ably manned, would (irove ugly customers. Hotels in Washington?We learn from Wash ington that the "National Hotel," in that me tropolis, formerly kept by Oadsby, has been opened in the most splendid atyle by Mr. Coleman, for merly ot the Aitor House. A good hotel Wat much wanted in that region. Whilst every large city in the country has been supplied for years past I with hotels ot the first character, Washington whb nill lagging far behind. Now, however, the lesideratum is supplied, und Washington will have t hotel equal to any in the whole Union. This is vt ry good news for the coming seasion ot Congress. Italian Opera ?The opening of the new season of Italian Ot>era is now set down by the advertise nent*, for ro-morrow evening, but we should not ?e at all surprised if it were to be postponed for a uightortw ) in consequence of the incomplete re organization of (lie orchestra It is very desirable hat ihe new opera with a new prima donna, and ?xher artists who make their dtbtU, the. orchestra h >u!d b- as full and complete aa possible. The present season promises to be one of the rri'ist successful that we have ever had. The house >n me opening night will no doubt be most hriI iaiit and fashionable, for it is one of the charac eristics of the Italian Opera, that on the choice light all the most beautiful and beat dressed of tht (?-male ititt of this city are brought out. On occa. ?ion of this opening, we intend to have one of our irtists to take h sketch of the appearance of tht opera house, Mnd i f which we w ill give a very beau tiful engraving in the next \Vnkiy Herald. Fashionable Arrival.?Col. Belknap and lady, of.the U S. Army, are at the City Hotel, w. Mjfr UtttM Wa Teaaeaaee and Louisiaaaare not yet quite'out of tbe miat. They may and may ant go tor Polk.? He ha*, however, three chancea for them te Clay's one. Presidential Election, Whole number of electoral voles 173 Necessary for a olioiee 131 Kitobks Ksccitko. Polk, Certain. Clay, Certain. Peaoivlruu .It Ohio 13 New Hampshire 6 Connecticut * S. Carolina t K. island 4 Virginia IT Maryland t New York M New Jersey 7 Michigan i Ren tacky 11 Georgia 10 N. Carolina II llliuois ? Massachusetts U Maine ? Vermont 6 Indiana. II Delaware 3 Missouri 6 Total 143 Total 92 RxTtiani to comk in. Polk, prokabU. Arkansas 1 Mississippi... 7 Teoneeeee 13 Louisiana I Alabama 9 ? Toul 38 Pennsylvania Election. [trriciu.] 1810 , ? -1844 Har'n. C B. Clay. Polk. Bim. Adam t4">l Arm trong I860 Allegheny 7680 Bearer 3)43 Bedford X9I0 Berk" 3481 Bradford 8631 Hucks, 470S Butler ? 1100 Cambria, 811 Centre 1440 Chewier. 3642 Clearfield <9* Clinton, 638 Columbia 1383 g'tmlwrland 1791 rawlWd, jona mm ? arbnn New Co. 444 Clarion 648 1366 Dauphin 3184 8187 Delaware, 1031 1313 Erie 3636 2061 Kilt New Co. Fayette 1733 Krauklin, 3386 Greene, 1330 Huutingtou 3826 Indiana, 1933 Jefferson, 47* lauiatt, 966 Lancaster, 9678 Lebanon 2369 Lehigh 24li3 Luzerne, 2776 Lycoming 1304 VlcKeau, 263 Mercer 3217 Monroe 343 Montgomery 4068 Mifflin 1226 Northumberland 1131 Northampton, 2846 Philadelpnia City 7633 Philadelphia County 10189 13303 13974 Perry, 1071 1970 1370 Pike 133 Purer, 110 S 'squehanna 1360 Schuylkill 1881 Somerset, 2 Mil Tioca 895 Union 1413 Venango 833 Warren 877 Westmoreland, 2778 Wayue 673 W ahiugton, 4149 Wyoming N< York 3792 Total 14)011 141671 160322 167314 3133 143678 161132 Whig majority, 349 Dem. maj 6382 Aggregate vote in 1844 331778 " " in 1818 18.693 Increase in four years 47U86 New Hampshire Election?[Complex*.] IflH <?1840.?> ? 1 SI Brlki! p., 2406 1459 ? * 2066 2558 372 2310 36*14 SnlUvau V.7.W7.V. 1931 1336 349 229# ?9? ?,'X? 3914 2331 616 4809 3620 ^"rton ?? mo 73 1037 404 Foorteen towns *** 2X *** 17163 17933 4116 31137 16036 17933 Dem. mijority, M30 M01 Aggregate row in .;8;?? Decrease in fonr years ????7 Sacked Music at thk Opera House?DrLard nbr'b Lecture.?To-night, at Pal-^o'e, Dr. Lard ner gives his celebrated lecture on the Philosophic cal Evidencesot the Truth of Christianity. A full orchestta and choir, comprising some of the great eat musical artists in this city, are engaged, and will perform several pieces of racred music. A more suitable way of spending the evening of the Sabbath, eould not be devised. In Boatoa and Philadelphia similar lectures were attended by vast crowds. Packit Ship Livekpool.?That noble and splen did ship, the Liverpool, arrived yesterday after noon, having had rather a long and tedious passage. Captain Eldridge says that the weather was ex tremely boisterous from the channel until he passed the Grand Banks. To the westward of the banks the weather was much more moderate. Capt. u. says that he had some thiity days ot stiff westerly gales, at times so strong as to admit of but little sail being carried. "The End of the World."?'The only thing that has given satisfaction. This subject is the great painting of Annelli, at the Apollo Rooms, Broadway, which, it is gratifying to know, as a piece of art continues to draw numbers to view it. We recommend all who are desirous of seeing a specimen of genius, to go and witnraa it, as it will in a short time be removed. The inhabitants of other cities in the Union are vary pressing to have the opportunity of witneaaing it. Geneiml Sessions. Before Recorder Tallmadge, and Aldermen Winship and Hssbrouck. M. C. Patebsoh, Esq., Diitrict Attorney. Nov. 10?7YioJ of William Davit, late a night watch of the City Prtion, lor a felony, in aiding and promoting the escape of the oonvict Hoag?resumed from y esterday William G. Moody wsi recalled by the counsel for the defence.?Did not look up Smith on the night of the Ath ol August; the dog was chained with a chain live leet long; no person ceuld escape the dog if he waa chained, in an attempt to pas* down the stair way; a pe son could not hare Jumped over the railing of the stair way. aud avoid ml the dog; the iron gate to the prison could he unlocked or locked either from the outer or inner side; the iron gate was locked on the night of the escape Crott-txamintJ ?A keeper coming down with a pri soner could restrain the dog; Davis could do it: white washing was done in the 4(h corridor at night; tie jol i. fication in B .be's oell waa before Mr Cox had established .iiiy rules for the prison; It was at least a fortnight before Davis became a night watch of the mule department oi ihe prison; the remonstr nee against the re-appointment of Uavia was made about three or tout week* before tlx escape of lloag; while I was on the night watch I made it n rule, with hut one exception, to keep all the keys in my pocket; left Smith on the corr dor on I ha night of the escupeol Hoig. Wi LiaM Cn recalled by Mr. Joanan? Graham B H o*g, the broth* r of Alt x inder, visited his brother on the afternoon previous to hi* escape , aaw him either enter lug the priscn or leaving it Tbe wooden door to the prison unlocks both ways ; a person could step over the iron railing and avoid ihe dog,; nd so reach the prison door by a spring ; I usually was in tbe prison three or four times a day. and saw Hoag on the corridor in theal ternoou, antecedent to his ? scape ; no rule* ware made to govern the ionduct of .he deputy keepers until I mad. them alter my appointment. Hikiv M. Rscok recalled?The lights on the 0th ol Aug at weie more brilliant than they were last night ; the lanth rn on the west side of the prison being bun? differently ; It was n moonlight night ; witness stated he could see the dog but not the bottom of the stairs. (This declaration was made to cnirect a foimar statement made by him.) The witness also explained away another ??nor in his statement made about tbe dog ; be now mean' ?o say that no person could pa** the dog except kaepeis; witness has not conversed with any persons about tb. trial. The testimony at half past 11 o'clock waa exhausted on ho<h sides, and Mr. Jomdan commenced the summing npot the case on the part of the accused. He *poke lot ihmiI) three hours, and bis Arguments were of a cnnrac ter, which reflected much credit on his genius and tart as i sound lawyer in the adfreas to the Jury, when ha called lor an acquittal ol his client at their hand*. Af'er Mr. Josoar had concluded his speech, the Dis trict Attosnrv rose in reply. He was extremely elo quent and explicit He did not call for a conviction, if th? evidence t a at he had introduced to prove the guilt ol Davie waa incomplete. But in his solemn judgment, h< halieved from acaretul review of the subject, a d an un. biassed feeling as regarded the caae, that Davis wa? guilty, and considered it hia duty to ask for a conviction under'he circumstances in order that jnstice should be properly dispensed it was his daty to see that the guilt} were puulahed ; hut as a public prosecutor, it waa equally tiis duty to protect the innocent Tbe learned gentleman then went through every portion of the evidence, with clearness and precision, and after having concluded a v.ry learned addr>ss of two hours duration, satdown, being confident that tbe case on the partof the proaecu 'ion of the guilt of Davis, had been fully made out. After the District Attorney had concluded,tlie Recorder stated to the jury that, as it was the lad day in the week, he would take their decision as to whether hefiould de liver his charge to night, or defer It till MondflMiornlng The Jury ware unanimous as to deferring the^^ge, and the Court adjourned to meet on Monday, st Wo'clock, when this long and protracted case will be disposed of. Cemrt Calendar? Monday. Common Plbas?Nos. I to 9,(101 The Great Poor Rack ofer th* Beacon Conns*, Horoksn, To-Morrow.?The excitement continues to increase on this aflair. Numbers have arrived from difierent parts of the Union within the list two days, to be present on the occasion. There is little doubt but the attendance wiil be greater than at the previous race. The arrange ments made for the purpose of preserving the peace, and promoting good sport are first rate; and those who attempt to mar either may meet with such reception that they little dream of; they will find that the line of conduct pursued by certain gangs of rowdies on the former occasion will not be submitted to. The field stand has been re ersctid and examined by some eminent builders, who adjudge it to be now perfectly strong enongh to support the numbers it will contain. As to the other stands, their strength for all the purposes they are required was never doubted ; nor indeed was the other, until Borne of the numerous crowds which broke in on the day of the last race removed some of the uprights, which caused a portion of it to fall when there was not half the number upon it as there had been. The first race to take place is a race of three miles for a purse of $900-$50 to the second in the race. This race will take place at half-past one o'clock, at which time the pedestrians must be ready at the ringing of the bell. For this race, the following persons have entered to startWilliam Fo?l, J. P. Taylor, Ely Parker, Thomas'Greeu haleh, Stephen Morgan, Wm Carles, Edward Brown, Lewis Edwards, Ambrose Jackson, John :teeprock. Out of these some six or seven are certain to start for it ? here is very little doing in the bel ting way on this race ; the field is the favorite 100 to 76 ; 90 to 100 on Orcenhakh, if he goes for it ; 30 to 10?) nn hly Parker, the Indian, and the same on wm. Fowl and Ambrose Jackson ; the latter and the Indian against the field ; or Greenhalgh and the Indians, with the previous proviso as re spects the former: 8 to 1 taken on the Indian against the the field ; 100 to 75 the three miles is done within 30 minutes ; i to 1 it is not done in 15 minutes. The second race is for a purse of 91300, to run ten miles, for which the following persons have entered their names to start No 1?John Oil 'ersHsvs. 3-John Barlow, ) Ths two pedestrians, late 3?ttaoma* Greenhalgh, ) from England. 4-J. P. Taylor, no s-Thomas McCabe, 6?John Underbill, 9? J. L T. Smith, S - wm Carle*, 10-Tboraas Ryan, 7-Janes Bradley, 11?John Steeprock, Indian. This race will take place at half npst 2 o'clock For tins race about eight, perhaps nine will ?tart?the field is the favorite at about pre vious odds; Gildersleeve and Barlow were against each other,with a considerable number of backers; five to one offered, to be taken on Steeprock against the field; eight to one against any others. Among the outriders McCabe, Corles, and Taylor appear to have the advantage in the betting as to taking one of the prizes ; ten to two the ten miles is not done in fittv-three minutes; ten to three it is not done in fifty-four, and ten to tour it is not done in fifty five; even it is done iu 57^. Various ugly rumors have been afloat for the last dav or two, but we believe without any foundation. We judge as we hope, that the best man will win?So be it. The pedestrians will be distinguished by their se veral numbers, which must be worn in a conspicu ous place?to start at the tap of the bell. At everv three minutes from the start, the bell will be struck as follows:?Three times when the pedestrian should be at the half mile, and six timet a) the mile, allowing each mile to be done in six minutes. Each pedestrian will be allowed two persons to assist them while running. There ia little doubt but that the attendance will be great, and therefore those who are desirous of witnessing the greatest piece of pedestrianism thut ever took place, had better go early. Let all lovers of true sport assist in keeping order, and there is no doubt but that fair and honest sport will ensue. Great Rack at St. Louis.?nik* Heats.? The Reveille of the 29th ult. furnishes us with the following graphic report of the performance. It came off at St. Louis on Monday, the 28th ult. We returned from the course late last evening, after a race of nine heats! which surpasses in interest and variety all our preconceived notions of a brilliant race, and throws in the shade all the great struggles that it has ever been our lot to witness. There were seven entries, six of which, at the sound of the bugle, made their appearance upon the ground?Kender, from lameness, having been drawn. The betting was as various as betters would desire it, and there was hardly any way that a speculator in search of a good chance could not have invested hia funds to either good oi bad ac - count. _ , . Cherokee Maid was first favorite, and the result will show how nearly she justified the expectations of her backers. SUMMARY. Monday, Oct. 38.?Cltiiens' Purse. $160?mile heats? bettS in 6 _ . _ , H. L French's br c Red Eagle, by Orey Eagle, dsm by Mo- ...... ses, 8 years old, 14861881 1 J. P. White's ch g Frosty, by Eclipse, dsm by Ratler, 6 ...... years old, 818131828 w Baird's ch h Magnate, by Eclipse, dam by Sumpter, 6 ....... years old, 801343083 T. O. Moore's gr m Cherokee Maid, by Msrmton, dam by .... Tecutnseh, 6 years old, 1 0 3 4 6 4 drawn wm P. Miles'b f Canopy, by Conflagration, dam by Sus sex, 8 years old, 6 8 4 8 8 r. e. J Frost's b f Lsdy Plymouth, by Flsgellator, dam by Eelipse, Lightioot, 6 y. o. 4 6 8 8 8 r. o. 8 L Berry's bf Ann Render, by Mingo, dam by Arab, 4 years old, dr. Time?3 03, 1 67, 3 00, 200, 301, 3 01, 2 01, 3 04, 3 04. The New Orleans Jockey Club Races, over the Matairie Course, commences on the Sd of dec ? The stable of Col. Johnson, of Virginia, under tht charge of the renowned Arthur Taylor, has reach ed as far South as Natchez For the great Four Mile Sweepstakes?Subscription 92000, free for all ages The celebrated Blue Dick, Midaa, Peytona, Rumn and Gallwey are entered. The Battle of Bunker's Hill, &c , continues to draw a goodly number of visitors at the Colise um, Broadway, and it deaervea to do ao, being n correct delineation of an important part in the his tory of this conntry. Literature, die. Leonard Scott & Co.'s republications or the British Reviews.?While the rest of the world have been engrossed with the recent elections these publishers have been busily engaged in is suing their re-prints, and we now find on our table Blackwood'a Magazine,the Foreign Quarterly, anc the London Quarterly Reviews for October. W< observe that ihe Foreign has made another assault upon this country, in the ahape of a review of Mr Peatherntonhaugh'a recent work. With this ex cep'ion, the number will, we believe, be louod aulficiently palatable. The London Quarterly con tains eight articles, all of average merit. We wer? i>nrucularly pleas*d with the delineation of the character of ihe late Dr Arnold, master of Rugby School. He was a man who was much misunder stood in his life-time, and the portraiture is as jusi as it is element. Forsier's recent work on the Historical Geography of Arabia, is reviewed at some length, and we commend the article to the perusal ol the philological student. For nther pa pers of more general interest, we cannot do better than refer the reader to the number itself. Strange Affair?thr English Mail?The mails for England, which closed at the Post Office in this City, on the 80th ult., together with the Newfound land, Canada, West India an.l Prince Edward's Island mails, now lie at the Post Otfice in Halifax, the steamer Acadia having lelt for England without thrm. This is certainly an odd affair, and the conduct ot her Majesty's Mail o(Hcer, on this occaeiou, cannot possibly t>e war rantahle, and we concur wi'h the Journal in saving that i wa shall be much disappointed if he is notaeveraly punish} lor his whimsical illusions of his own importance. The detention of the mails lor England, at Halifax, i? [ causing quite nn excitement throughout the Provinces ? St. John, N B , HtraU, Nov. 8 and 11. Earthquaee at sra.?We mentioned yesterdai that s chock of sn earthquake was experiencel at sea, on the20tli af October, by 'he brig new Yoik. from Demei ara. cspt- Hardia, ol the hsrque Louis*, whs arrived at this pott from Valparaiso, reports that he ai.d til his cr- w felt a shock very sensibly, on the same day, fn lat 43 47 N., Ion. 8 60 The two vessels were four hundred miles apart at the time, the New York vessel be ng about one hundred miles N. N. w. ol the Island ol Saba ? Baltimtri Amtrican Novkl Feature in Politics ?The inauguration of thp Governor ot Ohio, ifc dfcfmbw next, will pri??nt a novel feature The robe* of office will he trsm - ntd trom sou to sire-acting Governor Bartley (Demo cm!) will five place to Gov. Bartley, elect, his father, a Whig. Another Canal Steamer.?Another new canal steamer arrived here yesterday morning from New York ny the Delaware and Tlaritan Canal, on her way to Vir irinia Her wheels are on each side forward the bucket* of which are on an sngle of 46 degrees. She is said t, he very speedy. Her name is the " Albemarle. Fhtlm. Timn, Not 18. Court of Errors, Nov. 16.?Senator Foster presiding, and 18 other Senators present. Court adjourned fill ? o*olook teMSorrow morning THe lUatlt. [From a Correspondent.] It la really amusing to read in the whig papers of thia city the causes which they aa&iga for ine defeat of their party in this Slate at the late Presidential election. Some of them attribute a to the. excese of naturalization, others to abolition, and finally, it is charged to the American Republicans; but lei me tell you, there is another cause much more powerful than that aligned by the whig papers, and that is the intolerance of the whig party to wards the conservatives. It cannot but be admitted by all candid mindt* that prior to about 1838, the whig party had been entirely unsuccessful in making any inroads into ?b? ranks of the democratic party. It was not uu k ? enalor Tallmadge came out and denounced their ultra measures that any formidable opposition array?d agaiast that phalanx. In consequence ot the untiring perseverance of Mr Tallmadge ana . ? .J1 .S l"e party obtained the ascendan iiatie lu an<* wa" triumphantly car Pr . 8 J can,P?ifn of 1840. electing a whig r!J" i . and C.0D8Je'*. ?d a whig Governor and Legislature in this State partJr ?a,ne into power, what th?yPiUr,Ue1 Why? they did the mag ^ ?f "appointing Mr. Tallmadge to the United S ates Senate, deeming it an act i.f f? .1 y ?V lr, par'f, and lul|V compenau t<ng the conservatives for all the aid whicfTthey had rendered to the whigs. Who, I ask but Mr Tallmadge himself, gave .hem the^r tomak, a Sena tori It whs through his instrumentality thai ihe whig party were more indebted for their sue cesa than to any other man, and in my judgement barely making him a Senator was n pintul compen' sat ion tor the services which he had rendced. After completing the overthrow of Mr Van Bn ren in 1840, the conservative party of thia Sidle reeling that they had accomplished the object of their organization, retired from the political field and left the whigs ?? ab o?o," to watch over the victory which they had been instrumental in achieving, and how well they have succeeded in retaining the advantagea gained by that victory, the aubaequent elections give the answer . Very aoon aftar General Harrison's inaugura tion, the Webster clique obtained complete ascend ancy over the President, and nearly all the offi ce* in thia city were filled by the eapecial frieads i, ,hat,**ntlenian. Senator Tallmadge was not allowed to have a voice in any appointment that wae made in this State, indeed his influence was considered rather detrimental than otherwise, and no conservative was permitted to hold any office while the Webster influence laated. Now, 1 ask, is it natural to suppose, that the conservative, smarting under the indignity which the whig par ty had offered to their leader, would feel disposed to buckle on their armor in 1844, and fight the bat lie for the whig cause aa they did in 1840 Is it Hot more natural to suppose that some of them would remain neutral, and others return to the de mocratic party. I am of opinion that a great ma jority of them have voted for Mr. Polk. Before the assembling ot the whig convention at Baltimore, in May laat, Mr. Clay and vary many of the gentlemen who were selected as delegates, were advisf d ky judicious politicians that the State of New York could only be carried against the democrats bv the same influences that were brought to bear in 1840, and in order to accomplish the same organization that existed during that cam paign, it was important that Mr. Tallmadge should be nominated for Vice President on the ticket with Mr. Clay. As soon as it was intimated that Mr. Tallmadge would nrobably be a candidate for the Vice Presidency, James Watson Webb and Chas. King came out in their respective papere and de nounced Mr. Tallmadge with all the abuse that they were masters of, and I am sorry to say that scarcely a whig paper could be found that possess ed independence enough to reaent the gross at tacks which these papers had thought proper to make. . In all human probability, these papers were con aidered by the convention as speaking the senti ments of the whig party of this State, and no man could be found who had independence enough to present the name of Mr. Tallmadge as a candidate The whig party, feeling great confidence in ihe popularity of Mr. Clay, thought there were enough "abovo" whigs to elect him triumphantly, without the aid of the conservatives. I am decidedly of opinion that the defeat of the whigs, at the recent election, is more to be attri buted to the vulgar abuse of the conservatives by the American, and Courier and Enquirer, than to any other cause. The State of Maine has also been lost to the whigs in consequence of the same prescriptive course, pursued by the whig party to one of the leading conservativesof that State. Other instance* might be enumerated in which attempts have been made by Webster's omnibus load of pipe layers to run over the little wheel barrow load of conserva tives. 1 trust, however, that I have assigaed rea sons enough tor one article, and may have occa sion to allude to thia subject again on a future oc casion. A Whig of 1840. Remakes.?We differ entirely from some of the arguments and deductions of the " Whig of 1840 " Captain Tyler and his men reason ao of the recent election?and so does John Jones?but we don't at all at all?Ed. Herald. Manufacturing in S?w York. James G. Bennkett, Esq.? Dea* Si*,? As the political excitement has somewhat abated, and men'a miada somewhat more prepared foi business pursuits, I would recommend to all person* having a practical knowledge of the manufacturing business to communicate to the public (and through your paper, if agreeable) the most advantageous specification for buildings for manufacturing pur poaea, either for the cotton or woollen manufac tory, together with viewa as to the most approved machinery; also the production of auch an eata bliehment, together with the number of operatives employed in the aame; and, as it has been shown to ihe satisfaction of minda of mature judgment, that ateam power has every advantage over water i?ower for manufacturing purposes, that a sur vey of thia island be made, and the bast location* be pointed out for factory buildings, together wuh such reasons and their qualificationa; also tht quantity of water the Croion can furnish the city and how much the authorities of the city would' deem prudent to allow for manufacturing purposes: all of which information being obtained, let u* look to the advantagea capitalists can render this city and community, by erecting such eatakliah meata. lat, You may say it would bring some twenty or more thouaands of mhabitanta ta this city. 2d, It would enhance the value af np town lota. 3d, It would create a demand tor the Croton water. 4th, It would relieve our banking financea from ao much indebtedneaa to the Eastern Statea for manufactured gooda. 5ih, It would find employment for thoae opera tivee, who, for exerciaing their elective franchiae, are now persecuted and turned out of employment by the Eaatern manufacturers; and fiually the great beneficial reaults which each and every one ol this community must eejoy by having that imme diate increase of population and business. Should you deem it judicious to communicate these views, I shall be pleased to write more on this subject. Yoars, truly. Common t leai. Before a lull Bench. Nov 16? Dkc*iuni? latrick O'Brien vs. David H Robert ton?This csute came upfor aigument on plaintiff', , lemurer to defendant'* pies Order-judgment lor plain tnou demurer,With liberty todefendant to immcIfD pa?. I roent of costs r 9 .laron Sergeant and oihtrt ad*. Elita Shtrp ?Motion ol plaiuliO lor judgment on dea urer aa Irivoluus. Order? . t<-mtiri.r not frivolous and motion aa tor frivolousneat denied and the argument on the merits to be submitted in vritmg, or thu demurer to be argued, as the {tallies maj Epenelut C. Cray vs. Chwrlu Newman -This was an appeal from taxation of co??. Order- appeal sustained; 'eduction from bill to be msde as within, to wit: $4 front delendsnt's hill. Ieaar H Smith and JtUra Howell vs. The odore A. Bar r*it and MonmuulH B. Hart.?This wns sn action ol raple Tin, involving a Sitpate about pro(ierty between two part ners, to recover the value ef the fixtures and a qaanlitt of cigars, snd liquor snd, taken uuder an execution bv the 81*riff A Ijourned ever. Ambeican Geoloot ?In a lecture on the Geolo gy of the I >niied States, recently delivered in Eng land by the celebrated Mr. Lyell, he ststed thst tho Oh if coal field extends for s length of sevsn hundred miles, am' that of Illinois is larger than the whole of England. The coal is formed In worksble beds of coaildi-rablt 'hickae** ; snd in one instsnce there is abed of coal fortv ? eet thick ?which comex up to the suriece and is qusrned iiae .(tone. Another branch of Mr Lyell'* lecture sat 'tis consideration of ths isceuion of the Fslis ol Nisgsn He exhibited a large pictorial ?oene reprstentii g the be '(the Niagara river, 'the ravine formed by the gradual wearing sway of the rocks by the wsters of the Fall* extends for seven mile*, and there is no doubt thst st ont iteriod the Niagara river fell >:ver the cliffs at Queemtown 'hree hundred feet high. The present htight of the Fall, is 170 feet, and the rate of recession is sbout one foot in * Iowa Marble ?A friend, who has recently re turned from the Far West, has left wuh ua a eneci ?neu of lows Marble, which differ* from sny thst we hive ?een in this section of tha country, by presenile* the sppearance of crystals of vsrlous .hspes The cam position is, of course, not new, trough rare in this sec ilon ?l country. The stone at the Lockport Work., New York, is of a similar composition, though of a diffu fit color Tne capitol of lews i* built of this marble, snd present* a very handsome appearance ^OTr/?.f' Manbpactoey.?The new cotton fac ?ory at Gloucester Point, N. J., i* fast spprosching oom P 1st ion Ths roof, which is of slste, is belsg laid, and it tha course of a week or two will be finished. Its appear snce from tha Delaware Is nobla. It goaa into operation in the -pring, giving employment to several hundred AnMkw Lttttr fttm Mr. Cl?Jr?W*? Uoa. To the Editob of tux Huald :? S:e:?Thinking that the true aentimenta about " naturalization" candidly expressed by Mr. Clay in a recent letter to me, may serve to show the in justice done to him at the polls bath by a large part of the " natives," and a still larger portion of the " adopted citizens, I take the liberty of respectful ly requesting the publication of the following cor respondence in your columns. I am, sir, with great respect, Your obedient servant, O. ox A. Sant'Anoblo. New York, Oct. 21,1844. Hon. Hrney Clay, Ashland, Ky i? Sir t? Or the fourth and fifth page of the accompanying pamphlet, I have stated the period, and related tho circumstances under which 1 first had the honor of becoming personally acquainted with you. My name and person, no doubt, have long since passed from your remembrance: you have, nevertheless, long had an ardent, but unknown, admirer is me. and I have thought that this was the fitting period for me to give evidence of it, by advocating your elevation to the Presidency of the Union. The press ot the country generally, and more es pecially that of this city, has ?et forth that the solution of tlie Presidential question, at present, depends entirely upon this State,and cnDsrqutntly. upon the remit in the city of New York Hence I have concluded, that, as there are many thousands of adopted citizens in this city, whose tuflritgea may cause the balance to turn in favor ot your holy cause, and whose credulity has heretofore been successfully practised upon by your uncon scientious adversaries, a salutat) leaton adminis tered at this ciitical moment might prove beneficial to your cause, and consequently of service to the Union. Actuated by these considerations, I have pub lished this pamphlet, and distributed it gratuitously from my own house, in accordance with advertise ments to that affect inserted in various American, French and Gsrmau newspapers; hundreds ot co pies, indeed, have already been put in circulation amongst those, whose cry was "Polk and DalUs," and I nave learned from many sources, with some pride but more pleasure, that very many of them have changed their watchword to " Clay and Fre linghuysen!" My work, certainly, is hardly worthy of your at tention ; but after a residence of twenty-one years is this country, almost always in sorrow and die. gust, I could not refrain from allowing myself the pleasure, en my seventy-first birth day, of telling some bitter but wholesome truths to the people; and thus taking the noblest revenge on that prover bial republican ingratitude, which is the distin guishing trait of those who have basely attempted to blacken the character of the only Ameriean, in whom I have found all the qualities necessary to make the Great Chief of a Great Nation. I ask indulgence for the liberty I have taken, and subscribe myself, sir, Your most obedient and respectful servant, O. dx A. Sant'Anqelo. Ashland, Nov. 5, 1844. Dear Sie:? I received your friendly letter of the 24th ultimo, with the pamphlet which accompanied it, for which please to accept my thanks. The good in tentions which animate you, and the able and en lightened views which you present, in regard to our foreign population, ought to be attended with the best and happiest effects. 1 am afraid that nil foreigners who eome to this couutry do not suffi ciently appreciate the blessings which it offers, and that they sometimes art with indiscretion. For one, I must say, that whilst I hepe the United Stales may always remain an asylum to the unfor tunate, the oppressed, and the persecuted of other climes, I hope that it will be ever governed by true and genuine American feelings, sentiments and interests. I pray you to Hccept, sir, my grateful acknowl edgements for the kind interest you take in the vindication ot my name and character from the foul and unexampled aspersions with which 1 have been assailed. I am, with great respect, Your friend and obt. servant, H. Clay. Mr. O de A. Sant'Anqelo. Corrections.?In Mr. Sant'Angelo's communi cation in the Herald of the 16th instant, the words, "Courts of Hapesburg," should read "Counts of Hapaburg ana at the end of the letter, the words, " vain assertions," should read " vain aspersions. Theatricals, Ac. Spalding's Equestrian Company are at Albany. The Baker family are giving Concerts in New burvport The Rev. Dr. Baird proposes to commence a course of lectures on the condition and resources of the several nations of Europe in Newaik next week Mr. Robert Grant proposes to give a course of four lectures at Washington Hall,tn the same city, on Chemistry and Mechanical Philosophy. Dr. Anderson administered the laughing gas for the last time in Roxbury, on Saturday evening last. Mr. Thompson, the comic dancer of the Naiional Theatre, Boston, it is hinted, intends to bring out some original pantomimes for the Christmas holi days. The Harmonian Family are giving entertain ments at Lyceum Hall, Lynn. Mr. Graves, the great German Magician, has been drawing good houses in Boston. The Etheopuu Serenade rs at Amory Hall, Bos ton, finished their Concerts last evening. They have sang every night for two weeks past to ex cellent houses. One of the Boston papera states that Forrest is performing a brilliant engagement at pre sent, at the National. It is the last he will perform in Boston, as he is on the eve of withdrawal from the profession to the enjoyment of private life. Mr. Henry Phillips gave a Concert at Lyceum Hall, Cambridge, last evening. He gives another in Providence on Tuesday next. Herr Cline is astonishing the residents of Sa vannah. Logan, the actor, took a benefit at Cincinnati on the 26th ult , but was unable to play himself, in conseqaence of having roptured a blood vestel ? He is not deemed to be in danger, and one paper says he had the best house of the season. Mantilini-ing a New Actor.?Mr. Field, of the St. Louis Reveille, himself a good actor, thus so liloquising over the anticipated debut of a novice apon the stage of that city. The paragraph is "demnibly Mantilini-ish." Read it. "Oh! all ye sylphs and seraphs! ye nvmphs and ye launt! ye dryads and ye hama-dryads! ye fairies and ye elvet! ye sprites and ye undines! ye gods and ye fishes! won't we go to the theatre to-night! The "mould of ferm" just called in upon us, it did! It's going to sing, it is! it's going to make a dem'd vocalist of itself, and put on tight pants, and show its propor tions before dem'd bright lights, and listen to "en cores," and "bravos, from its demnition sove reign acquaintance, it is! The dem'd fascinators will throng the boxes, and eye it demniblv, and ask if it'i? married, and tay they never heard such a dem'd vocal enchanter in all iheir dem'd lives,they will! Oh, dem! only to think of it! rolling up its dem'd eyes in expressive meaning, and pouring forth melodious gushings, and warming itself ap into n demnition state of song and rapture, and subduing 'em with "Em is my home." and stir ring'em up again with the "Brave ola Oak," and having its white gloves on, and its dem'd locks curled, and its timid smiles?and it's?it's?eh, dern!" The American theatre, New Orleans, opens on ^atuiday under the enterprising managers, Messrs. Place and Mueller, who have drawn together a respectable company, amongst whom are Mrs. Sef ton (now Mrs Jas. wallack, Jr.), and her hus band. The St. Charles theatre opens under Sol Smith and Ludlow, on the 15th insi. A portion of the. company has arrived. Cincinnati theatre closed for tlie season on the 26th ult., and the St. Louis on (he 2nd inst. Bliiz, in his "Conjurations," a short time since, in Lincoln, U S., was exhibiting: w hat is called the "gun trick," when a very foolish fellow who loaded the gun, and was about to fire it at our con pirer. put iu a bullet unobserved by the performer, and would actually have sent him 'tans ctrtmonie, to his long aceonnt, the fellow silt ponng that he whs a wizard m reality, and of course invulnerable A gentleman present, who observed the motions (>f the m in nb'iut to fire, mentioned it, and saved the eatastrophe. Mr. Whitney is giving entertainments at the Calvert Hall, Baltimore. The Philadelphia papers say they are about to bring out at one theatre, a new drama, domestic, ir gic, comic, didactical and philosophical, called "The Cataract of the Cayuga." it will be (re sented, we hear, on the evening of the 4ih March, and at an establishment where indecencies are not paraded oil the public stage. Barnes, the comic pantomtmist of Black Raven celebrity, isin Philadelphia The* last of Yankee Hill's entertainments took place last evening in Philadelphia. Benevolence ?We learn that our lamented friend, the late James Dawes, of this city, has left iy his will thehouxe and lot on which hn resided to the American B >?rd of Foreign M|?*inn? The property is v,lined at ftKHV The New Yo-k Otirrvtr Amu A. Jodden, late ul l,n.i < , >Vji. .111 county, Miss , de rested left t lie loilowi. * lit*' id In quests : ? A B C F. VI., flOUO; American Bible H a nt> . $ do Colonizitk n Sooiaty, $1000; do t.oma Missionary Society, ftliHW; do Sunday School Union. $M0: do Tiaet Society, Moo.- To tal, $MM.?Hfmtmrk J*>. Nor 1*.

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