NEW YORK HERALD. *evr fork. ???????>. *? !?*?. Miack J?kM?? JoMinallMM. (>n<- of the ?'* N-markabl# re?>?lut,ons now in ptoifrrw in lh?' iff" of 'hie city, i? !><timting !<> himn tr*?( itnrlt in a ??| stgni'H ?ni tnnnnrr W. aJlude to the increased detrfopuimt ot the disfinc t ion between the mere organ* ot ? /?,nn ud iwdivt dual interests and the great ind?-|*adeii( organ* ol public opinion. About twenty year- ago, all the journal* id New York were published in Wall firm, an.I were under the influence of Wall afreet i air re*!* Thua n pe culiarly narrow, exclusive and -character* i* given to the journalism ol tin.- great nt<*ir>>,K>ii? And such lor nmny year- w an the character of the New York pre** Hut 'lie in<le|wndeat cheap pre?4 arose and it became ?t on< >? the organ ol n more enlightened, philosophical and comprehensive pub lie opinion. Ai tins nioinent there ire three or lour journals published in the region ol \V II street, uid retaining the marks and character ol the old *> - teni?the Courifi and Emqmiiir, the Jomrnu I Commerce, ihe AVeniiig the Commetrnil A > vertiter, and the EryrtM The* inpri r> , re 'mt the views and opinions ot tinancinl clique* iu th >t street, and uniformly frat?mi?e rather with U> reign policy and toreign interest* than with American teehngs and American sentiment* Thus, on all questions intimately coiineiird with the growth, progress and triumph ot A men can Democracy, we find this species ot stock jobbing journalism re-echoing the old lory pre*- o| England, and actually contending agaui-t the princi ple* on which this republic is lounded The only true representation ol the New \ ork press?of American public opinion ol the progress of the age?of the mighty impulses now moving society in all directions, is that journalism located between the corner of Fulton and Nassau streets and Tammany Hall?the Herald, the Sun, the Trt. bum, and the True Sun. In this region, are pub lished daily about eighty thousand sheets, and pro bably double that number every week. And tins widely diffused journalism is entirely unrestricted? entirely uninfluenced by moneyed clique* It is be yond the reach of wealth, power, or party.as control ing agencies. It is the embodiment of the spirit of the republic and the spirit of the age. It is, in fact, the great director and exponent of the energy, im pulse, sentiments and opinions ol the United States The Medical Schools and Medical S?k iety ?This subject is becoming very interesting, juirli" cularly since the opening of the new University, and its progress during the last few years. At this mo ment there are about four hundred pupils at the new school, yielding an annual income ol seven oreiuht thousand dollars. At the old school, only about one hundred pupils have entered, and the income is. of course, proportionubly small. in point of medical talent, the two schools may be pretty much oh a par. Hut iti knowledge of the world, and tact in making an impression upon the public mind, the new school is vastly superior to its rival, whose managers,with the best means of mak ing themselves popular, yet want that courteousuess ?policy?knowledge ot the world, which only could enable them to be successlul. During the summer season, the professors of the new school, like regu larly educated diplomatists and politicians, travelled round the country, and made every effort, by cir culars and prospectuses, and personal application, to represent their institution as in a most flourishing condition, and by this means have collected pupils from all parts of the country. In the winter season, with a great deal of talent in the professors, they add to that soirees, to which the students are invited, and every degree of attention paid them. Their relatives, too, when they visit the city, are kindly cared for and patronized, and thus all the seductive arts of society are made to combine with medical education, so as to fill the classes. On the other hand, the professors of the old school belong to the old style, called laughably enough, the " highly respectable class of society," the " first settlers of New York"?the " real aristocracy of Manhattan"?and would as soon think of inviting the " old gentleman," horns, eloven-foot, tail, and all, as one of the students to their "highly respectable parties." The consequence of all this is, that the old school has very little popularity, although a great deal of talent, which, if properly managed on the modern principles, would be as productive as wc see it is in the new school. Curious Results of the Election.?The returns of the election in this State demonstrate, that it the whigs had taken the advice we gave them before the election, and selected the whigs from the native ticket, they would have had a majority in the As sembly?an event which would have put the party on its legs again, and have been very disastrous to the locofocos. Seeing this, the shrewd men among the whigs are loud in their denunciations of Greeley and the Tribune clique, who have deprived the i>arty of a victory which was so clearly within their grasp. Everybody knows, unless he is a blockhead, tha* n fight between the whigs and natives, since it must have taken place, would have been just as well on Senator, Register, and part of the Assembly ticket, as a fight on the whole; consequently, many dis. creet wings were desirous of adopting a union ticket in part, and being disgusted with the course taken> more than five thousand staid away from the polls, sufficient to have elected Mr. Bradish, as well as other parts of the ticket. The whig Assembly ticket, exclusive of those on the temperance ticket, received an average vote of 11,300, and the natives not on the tenqierance ticket received 8,700, making a total of 20,000 votes, given by thel two parties. 'J he highest democratic vote on the Assembly list, Titus, received 10,745, while Stevenson, tfie lowest, received 15,644. Thus it is clear, that if seven whig natives had been se lected from the native ticket, and placed on that of the whigs, those seven men would have been elect ed, probably by more than two thousand majority, making a large allowance of one thousand for the violent uncompromising whigs. D*t the whig party learn wisdom from this result. They can never expect success if they consent to be ed by the nose by the Tribune clique. Anti-Kkktism.?One of the most remarkable fea tures of the recent election is the triumph ol anti rentism in several of the anti-rent districts, in the face of all the outrages which have been recntlyper jwtrated in Columbia and Delaware counties. Pub lic opinion in these districts is, it would appear, still 1 increasing in favor of the anti-renters against the landlords. In fact, anti-rentisni seems to he breaking up tlie democratic parly in these regions, and we should not be surprised to see the same feeling spread in the western part of the State, where vast tiacts of land are held by land companies; for in stance, the Pulteney estate and the Holland Land Company. The progress of anti-rentism is aston ishing The eflect of such a fact as that presented hi the last election will not be without great effect on < lovernor Wright relative to the two misguided men in Delhi jail, under sentence of death, on]the SShli of this month J* AsntOMAHi.K Movemkits.?The season now opening promises to be unusually gay in tins me tropolis. A cliange uppears to have taken place in the fashionable.circles, and the theatre and the ball room will he crowded with elegance and fashion public display and public occasions of enjoyment, taking the place of the private musical parties, the miWiu and of last winter. In the theatri cal and musical world, we have now a great combination of the most distinguished talent The Keans?Ole Hull?|N? Meyer?Miss Delcy?and a host of talent are now here. Vai.i;abi.k at Kt.m rtoNs.?The Potion Pott of yesterday lias the following: ? I'ulf. May be had at thin office at n rate cheap enough to ?atuly any committee." -lAv-'ftr* of BAfKHnmcv ?Th? Couriif 4 E* ?? n( this city has undertaken the task of elttri* dating the statistics ol bankruptcy. It gives the fol lowing analysis of Uie operations of the late bank rupt law: The following statement. furnished 1>y the Clerk of the 1'oiUd Mates District Bankrupt Court, lor the f astern District of New \ ork.) will e found interesting It appears there are thiee hundred and ninety petitioners who have not been dis charged, and three hundred and titty-six who ara oppos rd I'V creditors. Home of the statements are almost in credible . for instance, that out of the number of 'J.XjO bankrupts there should he 168 w hose debts wero over f loo,'Hal. and I f over a million each. The whole amount ol indebtedness issued out by tke operations of the law I.- iches the enormous amount of one hundred aud thirty m.llioiis five huudted and eighty thousand dollars. Whole number of bankrupts petitioning d,4C< Whole number of haukrupts petitioned against 84 Whole number '4,550 Number discharged 4,100 Not yet discharged 390 Oppose ! by creditors 358 They describe themselves as follows : Merchants. 748 Physicians -8 t forks 405 Lawyers 19 Mechanic* 374 Officeholder* 13 No occupation 181 Auctioneers I-' Brokers 85 Laborers.. 11 Partners 47 Victuallers 11 tientlemen 4l? Other occupations 590 Agents' 31 Residing iu the city el New York 1,900 Do. out ol the city do 850 There ere 40 |>etitioiiers whose debts are each under $1,000 There are Jr>* petitioners whose debts are each over $100,000 There ire I.' petitioners whose debts are each over $1,000,000 The total amount ol indebtedness is about $ldU,580,415 , The largest amount in one petition is about $5,781,000 Lowest $448,46 | The (' urnr, in enumerating the Josephs, who had some property, lorgoi to mention another very j important, but rather different ease?that of'Jantes VVaison Webb, now the proprietor ol the Conner .$? Ktnfuirer, whose schedule included over #200,000 ol debt, whilst his assets consisted of a tew old chairs and a table. The statement is, however, remarka ble, aud discloses in a very interesting and intelligi ble manner the state of society in this country as connected with bankruptcies. One hundred and twenty millions of indebtedness wi|ied otl at one sweep, in tins city alone ' This immense sum was the accumulation of years, and the way in which the vast indebtedness was incurred was generally by ex- 1 travagance in living and folly in speculation, it ' was eaten up and drank up, and worn and sj>ent in various ways, by parties who were enabled to go on Irotti year to year by running notes and paper money, and all that sort of thing, until they could not hold out any longer, and all hroke down in 1K57. Probably two-thirds of those in the list ot bank rupts were in a state ol insolvency for ten or fifteen years previous to their failure, and who can tell but at the present time there is just as much rottenness now in all those accounted rich in this metropolis ! ! We see the sume extravagance?the same folly?the same ex|>ensive mode of living. In another point ot view this statement is interesting. It the amount ot indebtedness was so great in the city of New York aloue, we may reasonably set down that of the whole country as at least five hundred millions.? And all this through foliy and extravagance. It is ' very true thtft houses were built?churches were built?ships were built?railroads were constructed, which still remain, but still there was an immense amount of ruin and destruction. The country is now in a very healthy condition, and any person who manages his utlairs with discretion,may readi ly make himself independent of easy in his circum stances. Hut no doubt we are commencing a new era, which, in ten or fifteen years, will create just as much indebtedness, perhaps, as that created by the fifteen years previous to the last great revulsion. Slew York Stale Klertlon. Noikmiur t, 18(5. Counties. Item. Whig, Xu- N. lie- .4nf t- Convrnt'n /.<?. tire. form. Rent. For. . Ig't.D. H . New York,... 16,286 11,700 8,614 543 ? 10,740 6 449 13 ? Albany 6,'28 6,U4 44 ? 1,274 2,767 315 ? ? Kiugs 256 ? ? ? ? ? ? 2 ? Unrein 261 ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? Monroe ? 1,137 ? ? ? ? ? ? 3 Orlraui ? 100 ? ? ? ? ? ? j Gruass^e ? 467 ?? ? ? ? ? ? 2 Oneida ? 600 ? ? ? ? ? ? 4 Montgomery.., 100 ? ? ? ? ? ? 2 ? Fulton 140 ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? Herkimer 1,340 ? ? ? ? ? ? 2 ? Otsego 300 ? ? ? ? ? ? 2 1 Madison 200 ? ? ? ? ? ? 3 ? Orange 700 ? ? ? ? ? ? 3 ? Onondaga .... 330 Oswego 200 Yates 155 Sullivan 118 ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 Colombia ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 3 ? j Clinton 300 ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? ! Chemung ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? Chenango.... ? ? ? ? _21 Couitland... . ? 60 ? ? ? ? ? 11 Dutchrss ? ____ ? ? 2 1 Franklin 124 ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? Greene 50 ? ? ? ? ? ? 11 Jefferson COO ? ? ? ? ? ? 3 ? Richmond.,.. 100 ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? Rockland ? _ ? ? 1 ? St. Lawrence. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 2 ? Schenectady.. Schoharie .... ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 Seneca 400 ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? Suffolk.'.'.'.'.'. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 2 ? Tompkins.,.. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 11 Ulster ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 2 ? Warren 232 ? ? ? ? ? ? 1 ? Westchester.. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 2 ? Cayuga Delaware - - - - 1,107 Broome ? 200 Livingston... ? 600 ? ? ? ? ? ? 2 Lewis ? '00 ? ? ? ? ? ? 2 Niagara....... ? 200 ? ? ? 2 Oulario ? 628 ? ? ? ? ? ? 3 Renssellaer... ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 4 Santoga ? 600 Washington... ? 1,512 Wayne ? 100 Tioga 3:10 ? Krie ? 1,130 Kites ? ? Wyoming.... ? 500 Total 29,168 36,286 8,670 543 2,382 13,507 6871 71 Amti-Rknt. Albany 3 Schoharie I Delaware 2 Total G Inijf.pkkhk.vt Dfmockat* T loga 1 Hkwatk?Democrats ? 25 Whigs 6 ivrr- Natives I T Actual Democratic Majority " W h? u gam 2 House?Democrats ? Whig. 52 Anti-Reuters 6 Irregular Democrats I Actual Democratic Majority , 10 The House last year stood 45 Whigs, 16 Natives, and 67 Democrats. Arrival of Packets.?The beautiful jiacket ship Liverpool, Capt. Eldridge, Irom Liverjiool, whence she sailed on the 8th?and the Argo, Cape An thony, from Havre, whence she sailed on the 2d tilt , arrived yesterday. They have thus made live rune over the Atlantic. J5oth had their cabins filled with first class passengers; and in addition, the Argn had two hundred in her steerage, and the Liverpool two hundred and fifteen. Mexico.?The last news from Vera Cruz, to the 2td uit., is of such a nature as to lead many to die belief that the difficulties between the Cnited Stale* and Mexico will soon be amicably settled. N]S>rtlliK IniclllKciirc Ladv Suffolk and Moscow.?These two fartamed animals come together to-morrow 011 the ' cntieviilr Track, L. I., for the last time this season. It may l>e rc collected that Moscow and l.ady Suffolk have trotted two races this fall, over tlie Beacon Course, each w in rung 11 race, and both making unprecedented time CiinlleugcK have since passed between the parties lor n match , hut the track could not he agreed upon lor the race They now come together over her favorite Hark for this purpose, to decide whether the "gray mare is the better horse or not." That there will he good sport is curtain. Foot Itacisr. at Ai.sanv ? It is announced, that a loot ruce will come oil ovei the Bull s Head < ourse, Albany, to morrow, ten, miles, for a purse of *400 The pedes trians that have entered are Mr. Gildersleeve, Amen can Deer, Seward, (Welch Bantum, Jackson, 1 arter ol Boston, and Steunrock, the Indian from Buffalo. There are two men in Albany in active training that enter for this race, and one in Hudson. Immediately after, a purse of two hundred dollars will he given, free lor ail pedes trians?three miles. A purse ol fifty dollars, a quarter of a mile. Flood in Skllivan Countv.?The Mnntirtu0 ll'ttlrhnutn gives an account ol the damage done by the recent high water in the town of Liheity, in that county. One large tannery belonging to J Gildeisleeve, with large ipinntities of leather and luirk, together with the account hooks, were swept oil'. The damage is esti mated at Irom d to $>8000 In addition to this, a number of bridges, mills, lutaber, Stc., wore swept down the stream. In Lumhetland, a Mr. 8t. John lost bis saw mill and IIKMl logs, worth ahqut $>1400. Tum 11.TON Cou.kur.?We have received h chLi logan of this institution for 1M4A-0. It exhibits the fol lowing summary : Resident giadiiates. .'I ; seniors, 'i6 , juniors, :i.s , sophomores, 17 , Ireshman, 29 , total, 139. Phis college np|a-ais to enjoy tho full confidence ol the jjit'iidi of education throughout New York. ThtftlHeaU. Pa*h ^Hritar -Last evening >!a<!airt? AtigtUi" made lier fifth abearance at the Park 'iu La Bayedei,-. Taking all the eircumstances into consideration, tiie inclemency of the weather, connected with the fact of iU beiug Satui Juy evening, which is proveibially the worit for theatrical* in New York, the house was re markably good. Madame Augusta met with an enthu siastic reception. The sylph like grace which tills her every motion, the airy lightness with which site trips over the stage, held the house in mute admiration until the grand trial dance, when the enthusiasm, which had been gatlieiiug among the audience, broke forth in a perfect cataract of applause. In this, all the beauties and fascinations which compose the diviue art of which Madame Augusta is so perfect u student, wore exhibited There was form kindled into life, for the sculptor, poetiy and music for the lover of these arts, and an exquisite grace and rapidity of motion pervading tha whole, which will ever win hearts and gain plaudits. At the dropping of the curtain, Madame Augusta was called out, and received the most rapturous applause. Mr Viulrews improves as Olifour, aud gave the music much better last night than he has 011 any previous oc casiou. The Unknown of Mr. Pearson we consider, on the whole, a creditable performance. The song, " Beats there a heart," and the duett with Miss Moss, of " O. Gauges' happy shore," were given with taste and spirit Miss Moss made a tolerable Ninka, and if sho could iid herself of certain very unbecoming motidns upon the stage, sho would become quite a favorite. Of the ? .>>/?< its ballet and chorus, we are sorry to say, we cannot speak in very high terms. Alter the opera, the capital petite comedy ot " Boots at the Swan" was performed As Jacob Karwig, Mr. Bass was irresistibly rich, nnd brightened the golden opinions which, as a comedian, lie lias won at the I'ark Mr. Uyott's performance ot Frank Frisky was also capitally done. Between the first and second acts of the petite comedy, Mad. Augusta appeared iu that fantastically wild, yet indescribably beaiitilul. Spauish dance of l.a Roinleja. Into this Mad Augusta threw the very soul of her lively gracefulness, nnd calloj down continued penis of applause from the whole house. (in Monday evening, the Keans, having returned trom their successful Southern tour, appear at the I'atk in Hamlet. Bowkky Thkatkk. ? Notwithstanding tho rain, the Bowery had an excellent house last night. The play of " Finest Maltravers" passed off with trial. J. It. Scott as Richard Darvil, drew down loud and frequent bursts o' applause. We have already spoken of him as oue of tho most versatile actors ou the stage, and he muiiitains his reputation. The drama of the " Idiot of the Shannon," in which Messrs. .Cony and Ulanchard sustain prominent characters, was well received, and the evening's enter' tainmeuls closed with tiie thrilling diama of " Black. Eyed Susan." To morrow evening Siiakspeare's tragedy of " Julius Caesar" will be presented ; Mr. Scott playing Marc Antony, and Mr. Davenport, Brutus. The cele' brated Rivers' family also make their lirst appearance The extraordinary and surprising feats of skill shown by these artistes, are calculated to astonish and bewilder every beholder. Tliey appear in a beautilul and new ballet, entitled "the " Knchanted Fountain," in which they will exhibit their singular feats of gymnastics, aerial cords aud splendid groupings of ancient statuary. The evening's pel lormances conclude with the drama of tho " Ko'.ilan Slave," in which Messrs. Cony and Blan chard, and their wonderful dogs Hector and Bruin per form. This is tho most magnificent bill presented this season, and will ensure an overflowing house. Madamk Al'oi sta.?This fair dansuctr is now engaged in preparing a new ballet, which will be brought out at tiie I'ark in a few days. A curious and somewhat piquant correspondence has taken place between manager Chip pendale of Baltimore, manager Pelby of Boston, and M. St. James, the husband of Madame Augusta, relative to engagements, terms and mode of payment of the fair dans t use. In the letter of M. St. James to Chippendale, he states, that " the want of liberality on the part of Messrs. Ludlow N. Smith, during the lirst visit of Madume Augusta to this country, was such as almost to preclude tho idea of an agreement between us at present, unless their views are considerably altered from what they were." Monsieur St. James then goes on to say, his wile is resolutely determined to avoid for the future the hea* vy losses she was subjected to by nearly all the mana gers witli whom she came in contact, during'her visit to the United States. Sho cannot consent to sacrifice her successes and benefits iu Europe, nor incur very heavy expenses in purchasing music (every ccore of operatic ballet or ballet tl'action amounting to almost $400) for splendid dresses, Sic., without receiving a fair remunera tion for her long toil and her incessant exertions. Ma dame Augusta, therefore, insists upon placing a person selected by herself in the box office of the theatre wbeie she is performing, who shall assist the treasurer in ma king up her proportion of the Dight's proceeds,which she is to receive at the end of the 1st act. For this purpose she will'ulso furnish her own tickets, stamped with her own suul. These terms, it appeals, were submitted to Mr. Pelby, manager of the National Theatre, Boston, who very unceremoniously and lacouically replied, that the " terms were outrageous, the conditions most insult ing," and he, therefore, "would have nothing to do with madame." This is certainly a very singular and funny affair. We should suppose .Madame Augusta has a perfect right to make her own terms, and get security for the perform ance of manugor's contracts iu all cases. But whether Managers wiO consent to any one's interfering with their Treasurer's accounts is their own business. Probably the true explanation of the difficulties which Madume Augusta labored under in obtaining ready and prompt payments from Managers for her arduous servi ces, is to be found in the fact that at the time of her for mer visit to this country, it was in a state of revulsion Banks had suspendod?States had suspended?Mer chants had suspended?and Managers of Theatres, in consequence of had houses, Sic. were also obliged par- I tially to suspend. Every thing at that time was going to ruin. But now things have changed?money is plenty? business is prosperous?theatricals are reviving?thea tres were never in a more flourishing condition. MadameAugusta.too, hasjvery much improved in force, and never looked more beautiful and captivating. Salaries in all theatres, we understand, are now prompt ly paid .according agreement, and we apprehend Augusta will lind no difficulty in obtaining her just demands ? ?She is deserving of success, and these difficulties will no doubt be amicably adjusted. Miss Bbamsox's Conckbt at Nibi.oY?Miss Josephine Bramson, a talented child of ten years, assisted hy her sister, aged seven, gives her farewell Concert on Tues day evening, at Niblo's Saloon ?on which occasion she wil lalso be assisted by Miss Wiudmuller, Mons. Louis Gibert, Mr. Austin Philips, and an orchestra comprising the first talent of the city, under the direction ot Mr George Loder? Mr. H. C. 'l'imm presiding at the piano i forte. The extraordinary talent displayed by this child ? who is said tr. play on the piano with all the rapidity, I tho precision and taste of an adult professor?is indeed remaikable. She certainly deserves a liberal patronage. Ukhi t or Mm. Valcxtiisk Mott, Jh.?The fashiona Mo circles of this city have been on the i/ut vice for some time past, in consequence of an intimation that was given out that this accomplished lady intended making her debut as a singer. Thuisday evening next is the time appointed, and from the exertions which are known to be making by her friends and admirers, to have her debut as successful as possible, there is ro doubt that she will t>e greeted by as great a number of the fash ionables as bus been assembled on any former cccasion in this city. Mrs. Mott has been living with her father in-law lot two years past, and the condition of her pri vate affairs, which we have nothing to do with, "Bi as signed us a reason for her taking this step. Those who have had the pleasuie of her acquaintance, represent her as in eveiy respect qualified lor the undertaking, and v. hut is still better, as deserving of any compliment tnat may be bestowed ujwiu her. Ilea* Ai.Kismra. When this wonderful Werman fust arrived in this city, he intended to remain here but six nights. Hut his success iias been so great and theic are -o many who still wish to see Inm, that he has con cluded to remain another week lie gave last night another one of his wondeiiul peiloriuunrra. the more of w inch we see, the more we can't understand any thing about them It should be born, m mind that llcir Alex ander i? no juggler but a iiimi, of deep scientific research. No one can led to be pleased and astonished with his per forma rices. A? hiSRi. I.aat evening th- F'.thinpiun burlesque company concluded their engagement at this fit-hionable place <1 amusement The laughable boileaqnen ol Htain de-lleeln and " liny I lure, ' kept the audience in a perfect roar 1 tn don ley evening the irresistible llr Valentine and th i Anglesea singers commence an engagement thurr Home of our most distinguished artists, including BruilfH, tiardmer and others intend shortly to give a I rompiiinentaiy conceit loi the benefit of Mr f iiadwick, , of Brooklyn an aged anil u > ?' deserving member ol the profession w ho is now not in the most prosperous cir ! cumstale ? It is ploba' ir ti a! Madame Otte will urute | in thi* woik ol bene wiener .Mr Hcbmidf. since the deelb of Mr Iferwig, has kind ly voltinleeted hi? ?"ti nil o the -i -on as leader of the oi< t estis of the Ifendri and Ifey.ln society, on condition tl. it the ? .inn pa) goes to' .Irs llerw g w hu h her huslltltd would have t..eels? I in 1 ?>? he had lived, and that the tiustees ol the society have unanimously a ? ?< opted his | oiler. I Mr. Tempieton is sirigi:,g in Boston w ith great success. The llsrn.oncor.s elo nl their engagement in Boston 1 on I- II lay evening Mr i niton, tin la'ighi g gas philosopher, is giving . exhibitions in Albany I Mrs II Hunt romn enr..I an engagement a few eve nings since at the Altieny .Musi um i Tiik Hi i ' mg wNti nu It win ruit s.--Thm city in nut alone m ictid with the rttiicuUute Militia l.-tw, ! as it appears t.y the lollowing notice, from Iticbmond, Ky . headed ' foil Jutithn tl I >tlum '1 " Whereas, e certain set of gentlemen, styling themselves the ' AIM rougeans,' are in the habit of disturbing my lawful mus I ten, presenting all kinds ol hideous and fentsstn pcarann , not in the lull and open view of the wnrld, I hut in si rret garbs, ere combined with (yells and gti maces, lor the pmpnsnof awing and intimidatilig me and j my troops, an I thcieby tendering lha Militia l.sw ol the | Ian I of nu ellei t Now.be it htiow n. that thermglead era ol this clan are well known to me. ami I do now dr Clare, HI the name of < tod and Highl, that I will defend myself and my troops i-ter hereafter from the assault* ol this Devilish < Ian and if I should perish in the conflict. I hope and trust lur the cause of my ? ounlry > liberty, that <iov (Iwsley will bring th. fantastic gentlemen to summary vengeance This shall he my last Warning ho the consequences on your ow n shoulders signed by the officer in commaad 0l4M|on ?r Mr. WrMUr t>n Origan, lh* t*' rift wnd JUtlvetim. Til^fe was a great whig meeting lit Koaton oil Friday evening, which was addressed bv the Hon Pan,,.| Webster. The Hutton Courier ol yesterday rives the lollowing report ot his speech. * . MniinniDii tliat there can be no mistake as to ,M tegare ThU is Kaneuil Hall-fllUd a? " *?' wher* we *r?- * u of otir fa,iiers_ tilled as we have wont to lie in in , tilled as we hope to see it by <e''" i"l Iron with men met together to consult upon the ' oiirchildrein.wi1 j f ,hd pent-fit und to protect r'Ct" uteres" 'o our common country He had not he best inUrw ^ ^ ,n,,tution o( the committee ' iTess hfs fellow citizens ou this occasion. I his was to add.es- li s leu ^ ^ ^ ^ ,lmt y ar after 1 for the last eighteen or twenty years, there had leeu'Jomc subject of Importance-some f.BU8?1.!0',l? ?f interest respecting the internal policy ot the go ^Irnment?agitating the public mind to make a crisis, i he would now say a few words on the present pos f"! of arthira ^le referred to the immediate elect,on which was to take place, and remarked that it there was any well founded objection to the presold Kxecutive ot this "State, it had failed to reach his cars. One meit promiuant duty of the geuernl government was to manage the loreign relations ot the country, ai'"1 the proper management of thorn was in a peculiai mun ?er o! the utmost importance at the present moment. But' there was one subject exciting iuterest now, of a nature ?o delicate and important to the peace and nappi ness oi the country, that it was not easy to apeak ot it in a public assembly, and it was necessary to treat it with jrivat cHie uutl diacretiou. The preservation of peace on honorable J?rm* wttS. 4 all times an object in itself highly desirable, but be tween two countries intimately connected, between two eieat commercial countries, peace should never be lightly not causelessly disturbed He would say a word oftwo on a subject which within a lew days had crea ted considerable alarm He alluded to Oregon. He asked what is this question ' How does it stand w as not necessary to go .uto a history of its discovery and the rights of the different parties ol claimants. It was enough to say that the proper settlement ol its hoiin laries had been in dispute lor nearly lorty > ears. There was now considerable alarm as to what measures one side or the other, the United states or Uraat Britain might take, and as to the consequences which might eu "The settlement of the claim to Oregon had always been and still wil a matter to he settled by negotiation. By a convention between the two countries theie had been a joint occupancy, first to Id ?. then it was renewed lot ten years, and then agum indefinitely, each party Lgrec.V to give notice to the other when the arrange ment should cease That notice has never yet been given by either party, and the subject ot the settlement fs still open to both, according to a treaty stipulation. Mr Webster wished to sneak very cautiou.ly. and hoped that the utmost care would be taken that hm ahoul..1 ot be misunderstood He would say, what all knew, that this is u subject for negotiation, for ducuiiiioii, for a"nic.a* ble settlement-it alwSys ha. been so ? 'ft ?rovernmelit ol this couulry lias several tunes, in luia, Hll anT"^ proposed a line of division lor a compro ""mV f?W# hitor*' a 1 i u tVd to the discussion which took nlacc in the British Parliament, ou the leception ol ' f?*J !lent folk's message ou this subject, the reports oi wh'^'j lie had read with intense interest; and he must say that the icmarks o! the British minister on that occasion were such us were proper, end made to ? temper becoming a lnige milided, liberal statesman He was disposed to adopt the woids of the Kngluh minister on that occasion, k this"country"Lad rights which ought to be, which should be and which must be lespectcd. He would not express an' opinion as to the maimer in w hich this could be set tled \>ut he had no doubt it could be settled honorably -?jrvriixF xsnfss United Mates and tw ice us many trom l.ngland , that in the coursc of a lew year, probably w.th.n be kinow ledge ol many now present, it would be settled by nil) to a bundled thousand people, mostly fromi this anil airreal many Iron* Ureal Britain?all. at any raie. Anglo-Saxons, The period, then, is not lar distant u-i,?i. from the shore* ol Western America, wo should ^ee springing up a great Pacific republican nation, which wouhf not consent to acknowledge allegiance cither to this country or to Kngland ; that tin* great re nubhc would probably adopt all the gieat pilnciples which we have inherited from our lather*. He would 1 4 i > d.it.>r*> it would b? located, w betlier mi tlieu'olumbiii ?eTo."urtT.er.outh. hut that a great and independent nation would arise on the .bores ol the Paciti' and at a period not to remote as man) persona might suppose, he was confident lie deprecated, thon, all stormv defiance on our side,,as well a. all lelerence oi the other to the great mnratime power ot Kngland, both of which promised only all the horrors ot wai, against which the spirit ot the age was altogethsr op P?Tha settlement' of the difiercnt claim* of the two countries theT should ho a matter of freo a?df..r?nd omicahle arrangement, the line of division should he dtawn so that w^e should go. along side by side. ... ? straight line to the I'acilio, not onlv to the loot of the Kockv Mountains, but over the ltocgy Mountaiu*. He would give no opinion as to what that 1 ne should bo but the United State* had repeatedly, in l?l?, in UM ??J ; in 18-J6 proposed the -19th degree ol Utitudo, and thi : offer on our part was an admission that it was a su >jl to negociate about, and not a matter outnel) Iroe trom j diMrUWeb.ter asked who was the man in either country j who wisreedyto bring about a war on this "luesHonun. | til he w a, ready to show that all other moan, of settle, men? had been tried in vain' Whoever be might be whether President or Knglish Premier, he could not without he was able to show that all other meani had been tried and failed, plunge the two countries ?"H> ??' and hold his shaking position an hour ailerwaids. VV ho ever should thus light up the flame. of war wou d kindle a conflagration that would extend over the whole glo e, he must look out for it, and expect to he consumedina general conflagration ol public opinion. He deprecated any alarm on tins subject, and alluJed to the excitement which bad been kindled at the south, and regretted the cause of it; it should be considered and discussed ... a , cool and calm manner. . . . He said that much of tho apoculation on this subject was but the exhibition ol grout natriotism on a small | scale, and that all such would tend to unsettle business, that threats and anticipations of war produced half a* much mischief a* war itself. What we want is a settled peace 111 speculations havinglor their object the lupture of our peaceful relations wore loading to consequences which no man could control. He wouTd adopt the motto of n former President ot the United States, and ask tor no'hing but what is right, while he would submit to no thing that was wrong, and he would not make any parti cular parade of patriotism for the sake ol effect. Mr Webster then alludod to the 1 unit, an attempt to repeal or alter which, it i. supposed, wi I be u.ade at the wming session o I Congress. How far it would succeed lie could not tell, but ho asked what we in Massachusetts could expect to gain by any change in the Uw^ot 14. He considered the great question to be, is the laboring ' in iu wellofl', are wages high, are the people in a good condition We have been referred by the locoloco party to the great manufacturing places of Lowell, and^ .Spring field and Dover, but lie would remark that if the tanfl should be destroyed, these places, and the rich manu facturers would not suiter the most; it was the shop manufacturers, the makers ot boots, and hats, and clothes, Stc who would suffer, and if the tarifl of 1H4 should he destroyed, not one of those who now lived by their la bors 011 the bench or at tho anvil, could exist a twelve month. Ho referred to tlie popular fallacy of au ad valorem duty being better and more e<|ual than a specific duty, and said that from the timo of Washington down to the present day, all our tariffs had resulted in an sveiage ail valorem duty of 34 per cent, and that according to the sliding horizontal scale of line trade, so much boasted of, so often spoken of in Kngland, it hail been demonstra ted that to tins day the tiiriifof Kngland produced an average ad valorem duty of forty-nine per cent. It was idle then to talk of an ail valorem duty of twenty per cent. Mr. Webster alluded to the separate organizations of the Liberty and the Native American parties. The former had voted against us at the last election, and by adhering to Mr. Biiney, had elected .Mr. I'olk, and se cured the annexation of Texas, which they professed to deprecate. The latter were bone of our bone, and flesh of our flesh; he asked what they expected to accom plish : they cannot elect their memheis of Congress, and he asked if they wanted to accomplish any thing that he had not striven to accomplish, if they would go further than lie in the cherished object of protecting America, and native American rights, within the limits' of the Constitution. (Some one in the crowd said, (food Native, Daniel.) Mr. Webster said, I think I am. I will go as lar as the farthest in the cause. lie said that every vote thrown on Monday next, lor any other than the whig candidates, wtuld deprive the whigs of so much power to accomplish tho wishes and objects of the native Americans ; that every man should vote conscientiously, and that although every one had a right 10 vote as he pleased, he had no right, more than a piror who gives a verdict on his oath, to vote contrary to what he knew to be for the support ol true principles. He concluded by exhorting every one to go to the polls 011 Monday next and vote the whig ticket ; to lay aside every other occupation, until that duty was ac complished, that after that day, when tho question -hould bo asked from Rhode Island to Oeoigia, and to Wisconsin?How does Massachusetts stand ' wo may he ahle to answer proudly-Look at her, and see how ?he stands ! Movement* of Travellers. Yesterday's urrivuls wero more numerous than any that appeared on the rcgisteis during tho past week, as the following summary will exhibit Amvkicsis.?C. Bachiis, Troy; W. Blanchard, Boston; i raig Biddlo, Philadelphia; O. II llaynurd, Baltimore; J. Jenkins, Philadelphia; li Isnrd, U.S.N.; II K Trapier, S i ; II. M. Michell, Charleston; Oeorge Nicholson, Va , It. W. Cogdell, Charleston; J. It. Addison, J. Bruyn, J, It. OohNhoroii^li. Indiana. Aits* T. Tilson, N. I.; Krcasleer, Canada; 11. Walh, Nantucket; i apt Kldredge, Packet ship Liver pool; H. Krizlle, N. J.; Dr. O Hum, Charleston ; C. Mixler, Boston ; H. Henderson, N. O. ; Kd Dickson, N J. ; Ira Harris, Albany ; I J. Day, N. O ; II James, Al bany , J Prltchard, Porto Hico ; W. 11. Bobbins, Howe ; John Davis, Indiana; W. N. Shrpliurd, Boston; J. (I Priest, St. Louis, A. Murdoch, Baltimore, A. Moils,Lon don , Mr. Bat-loch, Kngland , A. K. rick son, Rochester. Ksssii.i*. J. I Beach Wellahorough ; John Winn, Albany, Stephen Oriffln, W err cut own ; Naml Kendrick, Troy ; O Walsh, St Louis , L. Smith, Albany ; M. Al lery, St. Johns ; I. W Itiil/er, Poughkeepsie Omni J. c King, Boston; Mr. Reynolds, do.; J. Scholield, <lo. Ilnwsaiis I, b Wolfe, Liverpool; Paul Hamilton, Klies Haub, Columbia, Perm , ( .plain Crabtroe, New Orleans; Brian U'llara, I'grlo llico; Benjamin Dyer, Vlckaburgh. i A Hubbard, Boston; H. Owen, New (li Ivans, W O. Moody, do ; I! A Wyncoff, I'hila.; J II Stuart. < hnrleston, S C, W II Kager, Boston; W. II Star, K s schivelly, I'hila , Asher Taylor, Troy; A. K. Poncer, Larisingburgh; I Smith, Mass ; Dr. Huddleston, Troy, A Brewster. St Louis, J. lira.Ily, Burlington; M Waynes. I i.gland. Messrs, Katon and Davis, Boston; I it Hatfield st John s, N B , U Browne, Worcester; II Bryan, Halt imort At (senna every attorney taken an oath not to tin , Jertaku any cause he does not think Just. KclijflotH TlmM RH ? number of paper* in thi* city, ? bona oi? tefiiible object in taking care of religion and the spiritual want* ot the various sects of which they ate the accre dited organs. They also attend very rigidly to all at. tack* made upon their favorite creeds, dogmas and de nominations, as well as those Upon the hishops, deacons, eiders, Ike., who preside over them. Nor do they lail in taking up the cudgels in defence ol their own editoriul dignity, when occasiou requires. Many ol them are conducted with considerable ability ; but the majority are lame, feeble, uiul drag out a miserable, sickly exis tence. We have been looking over those published yesterday, and timl in the Churchman, the recognised organ of the "Bishop's" party, another leader in favor of : his reverence. 1 The Protestant Churchman, of October 2.1th, having . declared in an editorial article, that the sentence of the late episcopal Court, w hich suspended Bishop Onder ! donk, " has been declared a good and legal sentence, by ; two of the very best Knglish civiliaus, tic." The editor of the Churchman proceeds'! to show tile fallacy and uu ' soundness of such an opinion, declaring that though the civilians had declared the indefinite suspension "good and legal," they could not so have pronounced it under the Constitution and Canons of the American Church, tlcc. in connection with this matter ol the Bishop, we liud the lollowing " We are happy to learn that the Right Rev. Bishop McCoskry has consented to comply with the request of the standing committee, to perform episcopalacts in this I diocese during the ensuing winter." The New York Observer has several articles in rela | tion to the Ronge movement in Germany, i SJ'i'he Freeman's Journal and Catholic Register, is glori | fying itself and going into ecstacies on the subject of the | removal from the office of Superintendent ot Common i Schools, of its quoudum friend, Dr. Reese, j St. Mart's Church.?St. Mary's Catholic Church, in I fourth street, between Walnut and Spruce, has been elegantly refitted and beautifully painted in Ireseo, by Mr. Monacliesl, the distinguished artist, and it is now one of the handsomest churches in the city of Philadelphia. In the centre of the ceiling there is a painting thirty feet by twenty, which represents the Assumption of the Vir gin. The paimelled compartment* of the ceiling uie filled with rich arabesque*, and at each of the four ungles of a rich border, aro placed emblematic figures of St. Mark, St. Matthew, St. l.uke, and St. John. Niched statues of the Saints, admirably painted, grace the walls, and giva a completeness to the adornment. Divine sorvice will be held in the church this morning, and the sermon will be preuched by the Rev. Dr. Constantine Pise, of New York. There will, therefore, he no lecture in St. Peter's Church here this evening. The course will be resumed on Sunday evening, ltitli Inst. Skhmu.v at St. Pktkr's Ciii'Hcii.?A sermon will bo jireacbed iu St. Peter's church, Barclay street, this morn ing at half past 10 o'cli mg at half past 10 o'clock, by the Very Rev. Dr. Power, after which a collection will be entered into for the be nefit of the Theological Seminary ol this diocese. The Truth Teller states, that to-day has been fixed for taking up the collection through all the churches of the diocese, in aid ofthe Chapel and Seminary at Kordham. Combrcratioff or St. Pktkr's Cathkukai,.?The 3on* secretion of this splendid new Cathedral in Cincinnati, took place on Sunday, the 2d Inst. We understand that upwaids of 4000 tickets were issued at 10 cents each, anil an immonse crowd attended in and around the building. The ceremonies occupied some four hours, aud are said to have been imposing. Archbishop Kccleston, assisted by Bishop Purcell and several other Bishops, officiated. Trio sermon was delivered by Rev. Mr. McClusky, coad jutor of New York: Text, l'sulms 81, vs. I, 2, 3 and 4 :? " How aniiuble are thy tabernacles. O Lord of hosts ! My soul longeth; yea, even fuintetli for the couits of the Lord: my heart and my fiesh crietli out for the living t ?od. Yea, the sparrow hath lound au house, and the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young, even thine altars, O Lonl of hosts, my King and my God. Blessed are they that dwell in thy house: they will he still praising thee." After the sermon, Bishop Poichres, of Mobile, celebrated high mass, aud Bishop Purcell pronounced the benediction. The weather wus unfavorable. A Ciii-rch Cask.?A case is on trial at Philadelphia in which the subject of contest is tho title to a lot of ground in 8outhwark. The defendants hold under the Second Presbyterian Church ?tho plaintiff is Bishop Keurick, of the ltomun Church, and he claims as purcha ser at un auction sale in 183G, receiving his deed from Rev. KzraS Kly. The Second Presbyterian Chnicli also derives title from Dr. Kly, but he alleges that the sale to them was conditional, and that the condition has been - broken. The case is expected to go to the jury on Mon- I day. There are 30 Churches in Albany, as returned by the 1 late census, viz Bapti it 4 Dutch Reformed 3 j episcopalian 3 Universalist 1 Picsbyteriuii 1 Unitarian 1 Congregational ..... 1 Jewish 1 Methodist (i Quaker I Roman ('atholic t Total 30 The aggregate cost of the churches, roal estate and improvements, sums up a* follows Baptist $04,000* Dutch Reformed.. $103,310 episcopalian 72,000 Universalist 24,000 Presbyterian 130,610 Unitarian 9,947 Congregational . . . 7,000 Jewish 3,200 Methodist 118,300 Quaker 6,400 Roman Catholic. . . 67,100 Total $634,947 The number of Clergymen resident in the city, as re turned by the census, is 42. The total amount of their foi salaries for the last year, including perquisites and use of real estate by them, is $33,070, These statistics tell a good story lor a city of 41,000 inhabitants. We may add, ttiut it is a tact noted as well by strangers us by citizens, j that Albany Chinches are almost Invariably well attend ed. Albanians are eminently a Church-going people. | And we doubt it any other city in the Union, of twice its : population, is possessed of Clergymon of moio talent . and eminence. City Intelligence. Konnrnv or Livixusto.** ii K?ri>:ii.?Up to yesterday morning there was no uccount of the detec tion of the parties who committed the robbery on the evening of the ?13?1 ult, and it is much to lie (eared that i all clue, lor the present is lost ; but, no doubt, in a short | time something will turn up, that will lead to the detec tion ot the |ier|>etrutora of this most daring robbery.? I There are certain traces which cannot fail of affording some necessary and valuable information relative to the affair, which the Messrs. Livingston & Wells have adop ted, that cannot fail of being successful eventually.? j Among the parcels lost on this occasion, and which hy publicity may utford the means of detecting the rogueR, are, one package directed to H. Dvvight, Jr. Ksq., til Wull street, New Voik, containing $ I ,49ti, among which were two packages of $100 each, and three packages of $100 each, I'loi-iiix liank of Hartford, Ct., mostly lives with a lew small notes. Also, $73 loose, most of which was al so I'hu-nix llauk, and which was wrapped with the above, and mmked $773 There was in this package, one dol- , lar of the liank of (iencsco, and fifty-five cents rolled up j and tucked into the package. The remaining $623, coun try notes, assorted, among which were bills of the fol lowing tianks : Rochester City liank, Commercial Bank, Bar k of Monroe, liank ol Ontario, Bank of (Jeiieva, Bank of Orleans, Livingston County Bank, Bank of Ulica.? Also, ono parcel marked " various banks," which were | all wrapped together, und marked $,V13. A package di- | rected to " l anal liank, Albany," containing $394. One i parcel of which was marked $119, containing u $60 hill ot the " Fulton liank" ol New \ ork ; the balance mostly Karmers'ami Drovers' Bank at Somen. The remaining $476 weie notes of country bunks, assorted. Among winch were Putchin liank, andO. Lee Ik Co 'a Hank, of Buffalo , Bunk of Rochester, l.ockport Hank and Trust Co , Karmers and Mechanioa' Bank of Genesee, and one parcel marked " vunooa banks," which were wrapped together and maiked $476. Both of the above named packages were murked on the lett hand upper corner " Paid Kx. Bk. ol Oenesae," and on the lower left hand corner " By Livingston fc. Weils." In addition to the above there was, trum the Commercial Bank of Roches ter, $1000, in $100 notes ol the Kaiuiers' and Manufactu rers' Bauk of I'oughkeepsie. Cit* Oriiix?M-its.?1There are certain city ordinances which forbid the casting of coal ashes, cinders, garbage and the like, in any of the streets or lanes of the city These ordinances have never been properly observed. The captains of police in each district are now distil Imting to every house in their dutiict. u copy m Die or dinances relating to this matter, ami we understand that 1 all inlmctions will be punished according to law. Drowxku.?On Kriday last, l>r. nichard K < ooke, of 1 Hohoken, N J , was drowned in the Kast river, near Bl.ickwell's Island. He had on black cloth pantaloons, black satin vest, and black stock lie has l>U.-k w ins- I kers, and hair of the ?uinn color Ills friends nil, r ii liberal reward for the recovery of his hod) Ai.srmixii Pav.vai.r xrr or llrmrti isi< III u,m - An evening pu|>er, among some statistics, states that in K.uiope the number oi deaf and dumb , arsons is 41 I ono lino, ami in the United states the number i? 14.000 onu How ignorant the world woubl I e upon matters and things in generul. wete it not for the news|ia|>er? Tliese statistics will receive a premium at the nest f ur St a k kt I'sviso. Tiie workmen have been paving the street opposite Park Row If they could h? allowed to extend tlieir Inbnrs of love into Broadway, it would I ? much pleasunter to th.< unf.ulunate indivnliiats who ure obliged to ride up and down th.it great thorough,.m Wii.l.is H. Ui.snrv Thi-. gentleman, toim-ily a ilia tinguishod police olticer ol Philadelphia, has taken up his residence in the 1st ward of this city. < oroh.h's Orrn r. Nov. h 1'nlul .4. ,i,b n/ Tie Coroner this afternoon hel I an inquest, in Sbuiut street, near Htnnton, on the body of -? rolon <1 f.-n, ? I.-. who came to her death, last evening,!') iiccideutull) t til ing down all iireun ay. S whir ii I >ml It Tno Coroner this m iming he) I m in quest at Nu I IS Itidge street, on the holy oi a ina i named Frederick l line, a native of Fiance, aged 00 years, who die I suddenly yesterday, while the family were absent endeavoring to obtain liis admission into Ihe hospital. Ai$Si\(itn,,tn Acciuknt took place in ir die lltl itiiKirc aiiw-rnill, in I'lnnki'ii'-s <'reek township, lit coming comity, Ph., on the U7th ult. A potty ol ?nrl> men, on the day the accident happened, tvi ie engage I m sliding saw*logs from the mountain to the public, ro i I The logs, which canto down end foremost, obtained hi immense vrlieity in the descent, and smashed every thing before them. Mr. David Met aslln, wlmse station was at the baso ol the bill, unfortunately it maiii-d in the passage ol the sli ling logs loo long, and when he observed one descending the mountain, i ndnuvored to avoid it, but as he sprang aside, lie notice I that the big had taken the same direction, and I lien lie essayed to i tin back, but slipped ami fell. Tho Inure timber instantly stl nek ono oi his legs .just above tlio knoo, carry nig w itli it the enp, and severing the leg jiisi In low, Irom the body, l'ne unfortunato siilferer died about jj hours afterwards. MttRnittt in Jrmrv ?The" Jf >7<?f //o//y Mirrm says, un ngcil man, n.itneil li'lm'Johnsnit, who Imi! been to New Lisbon, for a Ion I ofcorn, and while on Ins way home, on tho 44.1 tilt,, win attacked and beaten in a dreadful manner lie wav taken to his residence about three miles from llosu It iver, and died en the Friday fol lowing There was n large rut under his right i-iu his skull was very rntieh mashed, anil tin* fingers on one o| Ids hands were entirely burnt oil. All iniin ? ,t was held on the body, ami the Jury returned a veidict of murder by some person or pelsons unknown. A Untitle n nil i?iu-lttQ Knflt*?>n?l> We havr received a printed leitrr from tii* 1I<>p 3. A. Douglass lo A. Whitney, Esq., ot this city, dated Quincy, Illinois, Oct. 15th, 1845, relating to the project ot Mr. Whitney lor a railroad through Oregon to the Pacific Ocean. Thia is a curious and very interesting document, containing a good deal of sound sense and philoso pliy. We have no doubt the time will conn* when some pluuwill he adopted tor a continuouu line ot railroads from the Atlantic to the Pacilic Ocean The olan ol Mr. Whitney, and the suhstitute ol Mr. Douglass, are now both before the public, and others will, no doubt, tie submitted lo tiie next Congress, for their consideration iiud action We have made the following abstract ot the letter lor the henelit ol our readers:?Mr. Douglass, alter relerring to the proposed line of railroad through l<ppsr Canada to Detroit, where it will connect with the Central Railroad of Michigan, across the peninsula, in the direction of Chicago, ami the steps recently taken to ensure the completion ol the New York an J Krie Railroad, which wilt strike the l.ake at a point near the Pennsylvania line, and connect with the Iiostou ami Portland line at New York, says these roads may also he continued to Chicago, and thence to tho Mississippi. The first objection, therefore, to Mr. Whitney's plan, is his making the starting point Milwaukee instead of the more natural and direct one from Chicago '.o the South Pass of the llocky Mountains. Mr. Douglass next passes to the means proposed by i Mr. Whitney for carrying into effect his views, and rnen ; tions ?1st, his demand lor a grant of laud, sixty miles l wide, and stretching from Lake Michigan to the Pacific Ocean. This grant would amount to one hundred undj'orty-fourthousand square miles,or 92,ItiO.OOO acres The cost of the road is estimated at $60,000,00(1, to which $16,000,000 is added for repuiiH, making a total expendi ture of $06,000,000. To meet this sum, Mr. Whitnev asks for 9-2,100.000 acres ot land, which at ouc dollar and | twenty-five cents an acre,would make $116,200,000. De I ducting from this sum (says Mr. Douglass) the $06,000, 000, which you estimate as tho aggregate cost of con struction and repaiis, and you have the snug little sum Oi $00,200,000, as your individual profits, to compensate you for your time and trouble in superintending the work, lie is, therefore, of opinion that " tho scheme is too magnificent?the trust too great- the grunt of lands too extensive and the power over the rights and inteiosta of the people, states, territories and government, too monstrous to he confided to any citizen, no matter how virtuous, " enlightened and patriotic." Besides, Mr. Douglass thinks the plan is not feasible - it would lie difficult to obtain this immense giant ol land from Con gross, and secondly, to procure the assent of the States and territories through which it would extond, to the establishment oi such a tremendous engine of power within their limits. But passing over these obstacles, ho does not think Mr. Whitney would tie able to construct the road Besides, it is proposed to withhold the lands granted from sale or settlement for the present?to raisH the money to completo the work ou the pledge ol the lands : and as tli i work progresses, make sales on the line of that part which shall havu been completed to pay the interest ou previous loans and obtain menus for con tinuing operations. The effect of this would he to post pone tiie peopling of the country?to exclude all inhabi tants and improvements within thirty miles of the route on either side -and to keep tiie whole line a snvage wil derness until the road should have been constructed. Mr. Douglass proposes, thoretore, us a suhstitute for Mr. Whitney's plan,tlmt the Oregon territory be established, extending from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific. That tho territory of Nebraska be established, extend ing from the western borders of Iowa and Missouii to Oregon. That the route ot the proposed railroad he immediately surveyed and located from Lake Krie or the Ohio to tho Pacific. That Congress grant to eucli ol the Territories, Iowa, Nebraska, and Oregon the alternate tertians of the public lands for a reasonable distance on each side ol the line of the road, and also to the States through which the route may pass, grants of public lands. All grants to be made on the ex press condition, that tho proceeds he applied to the con struction of the road; anil, also, on the further condition, tion, that the United States mnils, troops, supplies, and munitions of war, shall be lorever transported over said toad free ofcharge. These aro the principal features of the proposition of Mr. Douglass, lie adds : The line of the road being located, the caravans of emigrants would fo'low its course, from tiie desire to sottle in its vicinity, and avail themselves of the advantages of the apprecia tion of the land in value, and the facilities it would lire sent for markets. All the vacant lauds would he taken up and improved, and thus we would soon have a conti nuous line ol settlements from the Mississippi to the Pa cific, whose interests and necessities would alike call for the construction of the road. Brooklyn lntelllKCiico, Occasional Furors.?The best reporter* in the world ?and more especially those who seek most earnestly and industriously to do their duty to the newspapers with which they arc connected must necessarily make occasional urrois in their statements, incidental to their unavoidable confidence in the representations of indivi duals placed in high official public stations. If an acci dental mistake ba made?however unimportant and tri lling in its character?a set of jealous and envious jour nalists?and small potato publishers?are always found ready to grumble, complain, and carp; in the vnin be lief that they can, by such ridiculous and Utopian schemes, muku for themselves credit, capital, and fame. Those brief and hastily digested expressions ate in duced by some ill-natuicd and illiberal remarks which have been made iu consequence of u paragraph which appeared in this paper yosteiday, stating thut General U. B. Lamar, Ex-President of Texas, had purchased pro perty in Brookly n, and had become a permanent resi dent ot the city. It appears that the buyer of the houses and lots which wore sold on Friday last was Guise II. Lamar of Savannah, a southern millionaire, and nut the distinguished soldier and statesman whom we named in our original report. It may not he impioper to add that the information upon which our statement was predica ted was received from one of the most Vdnorablo, vene rated, and popular citizens of King's county. A Plkasino Incident.?At tho election on Tuesday last, the first district poll of tho Fourth Ward was held in a church, far away from all pluco* where refreshments could conveniently he procured. The amiable lady oh'oro iter Oaks, being informed of the dilemma in which the inspectors and clerks were placed, furnished them with a sumptuous repast; in return for which they sent to her an eloquently couched epistle, thunking her for her gen erous attentiou ta their wants, and expressive of their gratitude for hor well timed consideration. Coai. Dkalehs.?There is much difficulty and dissen sion among the people of Brooklyn and the coal mer chants of tue tamo goodly plaee, growing out of an al leged attempt on the part of the latter to make excessive and exorbitant charges for their commodities. The only way to correct this evil will he, for some enterprising dealers in the city of New York, to make offers to the householders of this city, to supply them with this neces sary article ol winter consumption, at lair and reasona ble charges. Public House Raffles?Winter has brought with i' many of its concomitant evils, the most serious and ag gravntoil of which are the numerous rattling abopa which are brought into existence, under the shallow pretext of giving to workiDgmen and mechanics chances of procuring poultiy"very cneap." This is but leading all who arc unfortunately seduced to take their chances on the "hazard of a dice," to expend their hard earnings in gambling transactions, lar worse than aru vontmed by experienced gamesters, in the most notorious saloon;,, conducted hy the most desperate and dangerous black legs in New York. Fkmht Commissioners ?It appears that the ?<c> >P . t ed to yesterday, which required the Goveri or gf thi State to appoint Kerry i ommissioiiurs, will no: ?.u.ant that high functionary to nominate gentlemen from any of the counties immediately ad jacent to New York. By tlua regulation, the latter county, as also the countios ol Kings, ijueens and Richmond, are debarred from having any representative i it tho Board of Commissioners, in oideido ensure, on all sides, strict and rigid impartiality. Thf. Brooklyn Cki.ls?These miserable cells, situat ed beneath tho public market, are dignified with the name uiid title ol tho "City Prison." A moro wretched hole or dungeon, is not to hu found in any place on earth, notwithstanding that all possible cleanliness and care are manifested by Mr. Pelletrau, the keeper of the establishment. It is, in fact, a pdnoo where rats of the most voracious description most do congregate, and where the Into of any poor wretch who may he incarce rated within its murky waits wist be hard indeed. Common I'lcas, ? Before a full Hooch. Nov. a. - Decisions. ? Gtrril Smith nits. Kit ? i M Smith, .iilminnti nli i r ?f John (J. Smith, itftrn,td. - This was an appeal Irani ? judge's order nt Chambers denying Defen dant's motion to sol aside Plaintiff's judgment and exe cution. Appeal dismissed with nit costs. Jonulhan kiqoi is (/targe K. 'fslrrii.?This case was brought ilp on motion to set aside, and vacate satl f iction Ot judgment before Judge Ingraham, who granted this application, to which objection is made, and was brought before ths I ourt in lull Bench, on argument. It wa? ordered, that if this money is paid into Court as security . tho execution is set aside and a feigned Dhiio allowed on iiujrmr ut of costs, if security is given. It Dc Icnd.iut settles with the Attorney,lie is to have a transfer ol any net uiity the Attorney holds ; but if Defendant de clines appeal is denied Willi fi? costs. Vr tings ads I'mr lodgment for Plaintiff'on demur rer Helen-Ian! may plead on payment ol costs. Do,?nAmy ?d- SirhoU.? Like case, like lulu. jv. uant C It inlhrop y? It'. Uinlitnii, tt alt,?Action on a proinlssaiy note lor $7:i;l W. upon winch a verdict was rendered in Invor of Plaintiff', subject to the opinion ol tins t ourt on a cbso to be made. Vetdict confirmed. S?l|?rllitr Court, Define Judge Oakley Vim s Ihtii/.'i i, k'iri ? This case (already tiolic ?d) ? I, being mi action of replevin to test the i iglit ol the j. allies to i quantity ill sul soda stored with Die dele,id inI at No 11; Liberty street. It appeared tlnit the p;u tu-s who sent the goods to the store withdrew I utii.' >1 tiiern Iroin time, to time until tho defendant demanded pay Ini the storage and refined in let any more go until lie lui I ii settlement, alleging that lie had a lieu loi the rem .titular. \s there were several claimants ot D,e guilds, the plsintitf as one owner brings this action ot replevin The jury tendered a verdict for defendant. indole Judge Vandcrpoel. I. -ml. II n moii ii Unit, rins case, already notic ? -I, taints adjourned over to Monday. Lini urv Vufgic < >1110 ?|)r ltaily uivea tin tli?* returns ot tit" Liberty vote ol tins Ntnlr in thirly '?iii i cou nt ii -. rhowiniT an increase of 7A.1 votos over Itirney's hi Mil The amount of the voto is fi,'i77 in said comities. 1 '.m imitation ?The town papers apeak of the lar;!'' nuuilu r ? ol cinigrunls who are constantly iuissmii. from all | ml- ol the I uiun to thut terntory. The erni grutiini from this State i especially active. The oditoi ol the fmeii City Hrpmttr says that he intely wet six te.o-is fioiu Pike couidy, well loaded with ' utensils ol husbandly, women, children, bud.eye lasses, and vnn oils nihrr descriptions of hoiisi-hold furniture." Twelvt teams mine weiednily expectcil liom Itoss rowdy, " \\ Hope Farm he met six teams hum Richland county, "Till they stated that they had .men seventy or eighty teams so mote tor Inwu, from KichhiiM!, Summit, Portage, t uyahogu, Union, end Lorain counties.