Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 16, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 16, 1846 Page 2
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?" BBHW YORK HERALD ?r? -r~r-z-m.l > - l . ,-?? - ? ? -?- ?3 N?*? York, SaluitUjr, May 18. !???? Anul versa rlee. Scwdat, M?jr 17. < Uy Bll:? Society of New Vork-KInt Baptiit churob * unu ?t., Brooklyn, at half pait 7. Addreasea. Amtncan and Voreign Sabbath I'niou?TubernacU ?. .If )>??t 7 P. M Sermon by Rev. Albert Birmi, on th importance of the Christian Sabbath to young men. Mondat, Ma* 18. American Baptiit Publication Society?Flret Baptii Church, Brookh a. at 3 and half-past 7 P. M. Addreii ?a by Dr. Howell and other*. Tviidat, Mat 1?. Baptiit General Convention?Pierepont atreet Baptii Church, Brooklyn. Adjourned meeting at 10 o'clock A. M WCDHIIDAT. 90th. Annual Meeting of tha Board of Manager! of the Bap tlat General Convention, at 10 o'clock. Annual ?erraoi before the Board on Wednesday evening, by Rev. Georgi "W. Eaton, D. D , of Hamilton, N. Y., or Ker. Wm. Hague of Boston. Tiiumrur, 31it. The flrat meeting ot the American Baptist Missionarj Union will be held attlio iame place on Thursday morn ng, May 21, at 10 o'clock. CO- On account of the great demand on oui columns, wc ;fre obliged to leave out this morning a full report of the American Protestant Society. The Herald Supplement. The MtraJd Suj>pltmtnt of tills morning contain reports of the anniversary meetings of the Ameri can Female Moral Reform Society, the Societ] lor meliorating the condition of the Jews, tin Christian Alliance Society, the American Tem P?ranc? Union, and the New York Institution foi the Deaf and Dumb ; also, the continuation of tin Vial of John JoLnson for the murder of Betsej Bolt; Proceedings in the Circuit Court; Move ments of Travellers ; Letter from Albany ; Va rvties, and several columns of advertisements Served era tit to subscribers. THE WEEKLY HERALD. Hu IVukly Herald?tr> be published at 8 o'clock this morning?is embellished with three valuable engravings: one, a view of the city of Galveston ; the other two, maps of the seat of war on the Rio Grande. It will contain, as usual, all the news received from day to day during the week, embracing the highly important intelligence from the seat of war in the South-west, and the military movements in different sections of the country ; the war-message of the President to Congress, and the proceedings of that body ; letters from our Washington and other correspondents, &c. tic. For sale nt the desk, in wrappers, for ma.ling. Price, sixpence. Extra Weekly Herald. Au ortrs edition of the Wttkly Herald will lio issued on Monday nest, which will contain full reports of the proceeding! of the various religious and other societies whose anniversary meeting! occur previous to that day l it will alto contain the new a of the week, and the latest intelligence that may be received from the South west and elsewhere. This will be a very interesting and valaable publica tion, especially to thoie desirous of obtaining a faithful isoord of the proceedings of the different anniversary Meetings held during the present week. Agents and others will be supplied st the rates usually charged for the regular edition of the Wttkly Herald. Price of single copies, (in wrappers, if desired,) sixpence THE WAR WITH MEXICO. NEW YORK IN THE FIELD, THE MAYOR'S PROCLAMATION. Mayor's Office, ) New York; May 19, 1844. i Whereas, a preamble and resolution has this dav pass ed h b rang has of thef'ity Government, requesting the ... in cor.formitv with tho views impressed in the juOfMi fcxcellencr the President of the United uu'.r' tr ? ..ioh it is 'tatcif " that a state of war oxists be tw eoi the Government of Mexico and tho United States," to issue ms pu'-lsmation calling on all persons acting uad- r the city authority, and exhorting ail other of our fellow citiiei.sto observe faithfully the requirement* of the Pienidcat's proclamation, end our fellow ciUzens be longing to our military corps particularly, to hold them selves in readiness for any service which msy be legally retired of them? . jw, thc^fore, 1, Andrew H. Mickle, Mayor of the ci'; of Nev. York, do hereby, in pursuance of the fore g'vag. recommend to the inhabitants of this great and ix "ir tic city, to aid in carrying out the views expressed ti. he message of the President of the United States, as well as the unanimous expression given by the Common i.ouncil thereon. Believing, ss I do, thst in any emergency, one and all of our citizens are ever ready to respond to the legitimate calls of the Government, I therefore feel the greatest confidence that the same line of conduct will eharactesise our fellow citizens on this occasion, aa has ever heretofore been manifested. In testimony whereof, 1 have hereunto subscribed my neme, and have caused the teal of the Mayoralty to be hereunto aftxed, this fifteenth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-six. ANDREW II. MICKLE, Msyor of the City of New York. The Committee of Arrangements for'a meeting of cit izens in the Park, with the view of expressing a public opinion on the relation* of our country with Mexico, are requested to meet in the Mayor's office this evening, at ? o'clock. A. H. MICKLE, Mayor. From the Army. We give, to-day, some further particulars ol the mtuation of the army of occupation on the Rio Grande, with a map of the seat of war. It will be perceived that the camp of General Taylor ia entirely surrounded by the Mexicans, and separated from Point Isabel, about half way. A battle, and a bloody battle, must have taken plaoe before this time. The Mexicans probably made their first attack upon Point Isabel. Opinions here, among military men, differ wide ly on the probabilities of the result of a conflict. A few days will decide die first trial of strength between the Mexicans and Americans. The cur tain of blood is rising. The news will be pub lished in an EXTRA from this office, at uny hour It is roeeived. The Hewepaper Pre** and Use Mexican War. We have watched,with a great deal of interest and anxiety, the tone and spirit of*die newspaper press relative to the Mexican war. With a very few exceptions, the journals throughout the coun try, thus far, of both parties, speak in very ap propriate sentiments on this great crisis into which the republic is precipitated. The conduct of the President and the Cabinet (Mm boon treated with great tenderness by the lending journals of both parties, and with a forbearance and magna nimity highly honorable to the character of the American press. The general impression pro duced on the public mind, a* evolved by the press, is the necessity of a prompt and energetic prosecution of this war, with all the power com mitted to the Executive, in order to bring it to an honorable and early termination. There are, however, a frw solitary exceptions in American journalism to the general tone which we have discovered in the newspaper press throughout the country. Two of the leading pa pers in the Atlantic States, whose condrtct ap pears to us highly exceptionable, have been the JVhe York Tntrun* and the IVathinrfon Union-? By a singular want ot magnanimity of spirit?by the utter destitution of common propriety, we find these two journals?the organs of ooniraxy opinion??are yet the most prominent m developing a want of candor and magnanimity to this great crisis. The Union is the organ of the Exeoutive?the special, confidential, selected organ of the President. Yet, in the face of the moat magnanimous conduct on the part of the whigs, in both houses of Congress,with the excep tion of the paltry abolition faction, that journal has .he impudence, to call it by no harsher name, to charge a high and honorable minority m both houses with a want of patriotism?with an at tempt to embarrass the action of the American gn;ern'm nt. A more false and outrageous charge *va< )?'Vor invented by the father of lies to im ?^ character of the Saviour of the world wfc. "i }io was led to execution on Mount Calvary. 7n? tone and spirit of the Tribwu, in the oppo site direction, is just as reprehensible, and be longs to the same category ol selfishness and fa ai'icism as that which have characterized in "<? nwS0?. There axe seme sjaptems in ethet [ journals, belonging to both parties, of the Mine despicable temper towards their political oppo nents, in this great crisis. Something of this kind is observable in the Evening Journal of Albany. I But there is one tiling which has attracted our attention particularly, and that is the magnanimi ty and patriotism so boldly and so honorably de veloped m tlio Courier and Enquirer. Give the devil hi" due. Saltpetre is right for once?#52, (>00 has lost half its original corruption?and even the Webster forced loan of 96,000 comes out right end up. "Mary Magdalene in breeches, go thy way and sin no more." ?? W e are in the midst of a crisis which demands the united energies of the American paopli?the concentrated spirit of the revolution, in one great and noble effort. We are engaged in war with the military usurpers of a neighboring republic, instigated by European despotism, in order to put a stop to the progress of republican principles on this continent. At such a crisis, to stop to engage in sectional factions, and contemptible points or objections, is] treason to the country?treason to human nature, and treachery to the great princi ples ol liberty and human rights. Patriotism Up.?We Nbar it stated that the Empire Club has not been heard of since the demand for volunteers came from the South.? Phis is no doubt a slander by those who have been heaping libels for years past upon this famous band of patriots. The Empire Club owe it to themselves to come forth and make preparations to inarch directly to the Rio Grande?and they are going to do it, too. Captain Rynders and his Empire boys, have now an opportunity to put in practice some of the patriotism they have talked of for somo years past. Patriotism points to the Rio Grande?Eyes right! Dinner to the New Minister to Brrljn.?On 1 hursday last the Corporation gave a handsome entertainment to Major Donelson, at Nowlan's J Hotel. Previously, however, they took him to Blackwell's and Randall's Islands, the receptacles for the rogues, and showed liim some of our New York moral manufactures. Major Donelson made some eloquent specchac, and gave some patriotic toasts. National Fair at Washington.?This affair is probably knocked in the head, by the war with Mexico. It was got np for the purpose of manu facturing reasons against any alteration in the turiff; but the market is now glutted with reasons against any alteration, which will continue in operation for years to come. Those manufac turers who have despatched their products to the fair, may as well order them back again. The War in New York.?It will be perceive*I on reference to the proceedings before the Board of Common Council, yesterday, in compliance with a requisition from the Mayor, that New York is beginning to arouse to a sense of the importance of the present war crisis, and of the necessity of stenuously co-operating with the Executive in prosecuting the war with vigor. Departure of the American Minister to Ber un.?This evening, His Excellency A. J. Donel son, American Minister to Berlin, sails to-day in ihe Yorkshire, Baily, for Englund. Good breezes go with hiin. Tho captain of this packet w a gal lant fellow, and will keep tho Mexican cruisers at a respectful distance. Theatrical and Musical. Par* Theatre.?The walls of " Old Drury" were literally crammed full last night with the beauty, fashion, tarte. Intelligence, Jcc., of this great city. The occasion was Mrs. Mowatt's benefit, and the acting was worthy of the occasion and the audience. Mrs. Mowatt's Mrs. Hal le r i* a strictly original personation, characterized by great beauties and a few faults. Practice, long and labo rious practice, is, however, still wanting to perfect the stylo of this popular actress, and indeed it is only to be marvelled at that she should hsvo accomplished so much in so short a time. It is a great honor for her to have at tained in a few months a rank in the profession which others have to straggle as many years to approaoh. As the " Stranger," Mr. Vandenhoff was mora than usually effective and called down the greatest applause. Mr. Dy ott played Baron Steinfort remarkably well, as did also Mr. Bland the Count Wintersen. At the close of the " Stranger," .Mrs. -Mowatt, in compliance with the loud call of the house, came before the curtain, led by Mr. Vandenhoff, and each made a graceful bow of acknow legements for the enthusiastic applause manifested by the audience. The comedy of " rashion " was admira bly performed in conclusion. Mr. Chippendale, who had volunteered his services as Adam Truman, was received by the house with such deafening applause, that he be came somewhat embarrassed at the commencement, but finally proceeded with great effect Barrett sustained the part of Count Jolimaitre with great tact We ssy nothing of Mrs. Mowatt's Oertrude, as it would be superfious. In consequence of many persons having been unable to ob tain seats last night, the same bill is to be repeated this evening. Bowebt Theatbe.?The magnificent array ef attrac tions presented at this establishment last night were per formed throughout with great spirit The " Cradle of Liberty" is a most interesting national drama, and the personation of Mike Mainsail, by Mr. J. R. Scott, was well worthv of the enthusiastic applause which it ob tained. Clarke appeared as Tom Kakewell, in the " Rake's Progress/' and gave striking evidence of aaUve dramatic talent The performances to-night will consist of the thrilling drama of " L'rolino," Mr. Scott as the Count; the " Avenger," and the comedy of the " Lady and the Devil." The announcement of an engagement with Miss Julia Dean has excited no little interest among the play-goers of the city, who are anxious to witness the powers of this accomplished star of the theatrical fir mament in the West If report be true, she is one of the most promising members of her profession, and may I aspire to the attainment of a high rank among the ac tresses of the world. A complimentary benefit is to be given to Wm. E. Bur I ton. Esq., at the Chesnut street Theatre, in Philadelphia, ; on Monday evening. ! De Meyer's last concert, in New Orleans, is said to have been crowded. The Commercial 7\met says : " He performed with his wonted power, and was rapturously j applauded. The audience were in eostacies, and, per haps, from the fact that the sound was better in the thea tre, we thought De Meyer excelled himself on this occa sion. The ladies, (and a great ramny of the most fashion able, from every part of the qlty, were present, and some on the stage,) seemed entirely carried away at momenta." The Misses Sloman gave a final concert, in Mobile, on the 8th Inst City Intelligence. MiuiTinf. -The Scottish Guard, Capt. Cnitlo, and ilia 11 ui?ar?, will take a trip to Newark, on the 25th inst., in accordance with an invitation from the Newark City Ouard, and the wishe* of the citizen* generally, who are making considerable preparation! to do them honor. Din gle's Washington Drat* Band will attend the companies. A Row occurred yesterday, at a Peter Funk establish ment in Broadway, in consequence of a countryman being cheated out of about $100 The citizen* congregated together, and told the countryman that he haul better take the case of watche*, and go with an officer to the Chief of Police, and have him keep the watches a* collate ral security until the Kunk refunded the money. Kiar.?The fire about half-past one, yesterday morn ing, was ranted by Cie burning of a shed used for dyeing purposes, in the l*ar of No. 70 Allen street. Notwith standing tho prompt and arduous exertions of the firemen, the dye house was destroyed. Kibe.? A fire was ifiscovered yesterday morning, about half-past I o'clock, at No. 70 Allen street, occupied by Mr Thomas Smith, dyer. I>amage was but trifling. Was i5 N r.w Yoau?Mocc Acction Stokes.?During the la?t week, there has been a regular "bombandment of on* of the mock auction store* situated in Chatham street, some few door* from Tammany Hall, where the "covey*" have been kent completely at bay. by the well arrangnd plan* of a shrewd officer under|the Corpora tion. w hose placard operate* like magic upon them. No tooner doe* the "man of wind" open hi* bellows, with the well known cry of "just going, jn*t going," than th? sentinel at his po?t, exhibit* hi* placard and completely silences hi* batterie* by railing the (lege. Th* able fee { hqut displayed by this excellent general without an I army, i* worthy <w imitation in these day* of war. Coaonca's Orricr, May 1ft.?*4tci4tntol Dtaik.?The Coroner held an Inquest yesterday, at the boardinr house No. 8 Broadway, on the body of Jama* D. Dunn, born in I Albanv, N. Y , IB year* of age. who came to hisdeeth I under 'the following circumstances :?lt appear* that the deceased was on the lop of the house, and walked on to i the roof of the store adjoining the dwelling, when ad ; vancing rather too near the gllitor, hi* foot dipped, and ! he felTfrom the roof into th* yard, which caused instant 1 death Verdict accordingly. SuHAm Dtatk ?The i oroner also>eId an inquest at | No. M) Pitt street, on the body of a child 6 month* old, by . the name of Jama* B. Krear, who case to hie death by ! convulsion*, arising from previous disease, and the affects of laudanum, administered by his sister, a child of only III years of age. Verdict accordingly. , Di*i SiuUrniy.?The Coroner likewite held aa inquest f* M Bowetj, on the body of Janes M. Tiller, Born | in New \ ork, 34 year* of age, who came to hit death by i disease of the lungs. Baprams Court. ! Present the Chief Justice, Judges Beardsley and Jewett The Court was occupied th* entire of yesterday hear ing motion* and (wearing in the gentlemen who bad ! paaaed their examinations on Thursday We understand that amongst the candidate* was a colored man, who was rejected tot Incorrect answering wb P Hallett and Charles Uumtrer, tsq, were, on Thursday, re appointed Clerks of the Court for the en aittff three yevt LATE8T FROM THE ARMY ON] the rioTqrandeT mat POSITION OF POINT ISABEL. CONDITION OF THE CAMP. The following intelligence was received yef terday by Telegraph, '.and by mail, from Wash ington. I have conversed with Mr. R. F. Ogden, a wittier attached to the United Siatea Army, who has this^moment arrived on a Souther" boat. He left Point Isabel on ths 28th ultimo. There were then about 350 men at that post, wha could be defended on ; the armament consisted of two IS pounders, nine 6 pounders. Every man bad a musket, and the point was surrounded by a ditch four feet deep and six wide. Point Isabel was completely cut off from the army, having had no communication with them for two days. The guides started from the Point for the camp, but were compelled to return. The very latest advices left no doubt that Gene ral Taylor was completely surrounded. No dan ger is apprehended, however, to our gallant band except from starvation, they being strongly en trenched. It is said a more gallant officer than General Taylor never lived. The supposition was that the Texas volunteers from Galveston, by the steamer Monmouth would be the first to reach Point Isabel. Companies from Fort Pike, H and F, and from Fort wood under command of Col. B. K. Pierce, of 1st artillery, and company F. from Jefferson barracks, were to leave New Orleans on the 6th, Wednesday week last, and would probably reach Point Isabel in 70 hours. Capt. Thornton and Lieut. Mason were still missing, without any information as to their safety up to the evening the last express left the camp. There were no tidings of them then, nor none since. The New Orleans Tropic ol the 7th has Galveston dates to the 2d instant, by the Telegraph, at that port. She l<e ft Galveston on Sunday, 8<1 inst. at noon; at 4 P. M. met steam ship New York, about 50 miles from Galveston. The Civilian of 2d says:?"We understand that the U. S. schooner Flirt was endeavoring to get over the bar into Brasos St. Jago, in order to co-operate more effectually in the defence of the depot and position at the mouth of the river. Captain Sympton, of the Alert, was assisting in the object, having taken off some of the Flirt's guns, in order to reduce her draft of water. The steamer Monmouth left on Friday, 1st inst. for St. Jago, with a number of voluuteers for the army under Gen. Taylor. The short time of her stay was not sufficient for many, who desired to go. to get readv; but others will doubtless soon follow. Gen. Johnson has just reached town. He is a soldier in whom our citizens have confi dence as a leader, uad can doubtless raise a com pany or two in Galveston. I doubt not a general and immediate turn out of the hnrdy and experi enced citizen soldiers of Western Texas, to ho followed by the whole State as rapidly ns the oc casion which demands their services shall be come known. Gen. Taylor's camp is said to be surrounded by a vastly superior Mexican foroe; and cut off from its supplies at Point Isabel, where there are but 400 men, liable at any time to be taken. Arista is in command of the Mexican forces, which he as sumed on the 22d. He says he wishes to carry on the war in the European and Christian style. It wa? understood that Gen. Taylor would open upon Matamoras with his artillery on Tuesday morning, when his M*orks would be completed. General Taylor has not cried wolf until he has seen the animal; and those who go need not fear disappointment in finding the wfly beast, as am ple opportunity will doubtless present itself to those who desire to do so?on the other side of the Rio Grande, if not on this. Opinions are somewhat divided here as to the Bsition of our array on the Rio Grande, some lieving it to be very critical?others that there is no danger. For ourselves, we think there is no danger of a defeat to Ocn. Taylor's forces, in a regular battle, bxit that they are liable to considera ble annoyance and damage, owing to the distance of the location of the main body from their depot on the Gulf, and the difficulty and danger of keep ing up the communication, in the face of an ene my perfectly acquainted with the countrv, supe rior in number*, and well qualified for flying fo rays and rapid retreat. An auxiliary force of ''old Texans" may be of great service to Gen. Taylor, in his present position. They can move with celerity [equal to the Mexicans ; thev know the country, and, more important still, the Mexican character, and the wiles, werse than the arms, they will have to meet. [Correspondence of the New York Herald,] New Ostitis, May 7, IMS. While I write, every thing around ma waart s warlike aspect?-drum a are beating in every direction. flags'flylng from the vartoua readetvom, and compeniea of recruits marching through the streets We have had ao newa from Texas since Saturday morning, althoagh we are ia hourly expectation of receiving fresh Intelligences Strange aa it ?ey seem, after all the boasting of valor and patriotiam, but about 700 men have actually coma forward aa volunteer*?and the pretty volunteer compe tes who fere went to parade the streets on fine saa-ahiney days, ia well brushed clothes, glittering ,with gold lace, have not volunteered at all Some of ihe officers ha' e teluateered, sad a few of the Ben; bat net enough to V??U?t to any thing, if I eacept the oAeep, wfeeaie fellows. Hereafter these play companiei should be pelted with rotten egg* en parado days. There have t^S,!?^,p?tch?d^"^,? here yet' and unIeM the ?"??*?*? F}"1 t*?l* proverbial bravery, immediately de SfD* j TaiT r hM heon placed in a beau ttfnl ]<oiihon, and Point Isabel taken, with all the armv store.. About IOOflm? will be despatched to-da" in o? ?nwd,G*lv#*ton' "bout 200of whom are ?egu lars, and 97 MobJeana. The news by the Great Western ? ?>"Tate express on Tuesday morning, and wm in the hands of speculators all day. The sales or cotton amounted to about 5000 bales, at fair prices ? some say at an increase of Jc, per pound. The sales yes-' I I 'erd*y amounted to but 2000 bales, the news being in the hands of every body The sales to-day will be heavy. The Insurance offices have increased their rates on vea !? 'for fcorte north and cast of Florida, to 3 per cent. | Money is rather tight, freights have,of course, increased. J In Ntw Obleans.?-The Picayune of the 7th savs I J he ranks of the volunteer companies are still fillina np, but slowly. Last evening there were sevon full companies actually mustered into the service, and only 1 waiting to be equipped and ordered to march. Captain I r i? ,r*i*?4. "lree W1 companies, and a part of a rourth. Colonel Hunt has also raised two companies, we , believe, and Colonel Langdon is filling up his regiment, and there are a number of other corps nearly fnlL Two | companies of volunteers are expected from West Fell- i eiaaa to-day, on the Belle Creole. We learn that the steam echeoner Augusta sails from the barracks to-day ! with troops, and that the Oalveston. which sail* this after* noon, will also carry a number of companies. We learn ? trom the clerk of the steamboat Montgomery, from 8t Louis, that a battalion of United 8tates troops, from Jef ferson barracks, numbering about 900 men, were to start on board the steamboat Brilliant, and may be expected ' here to-day or to-morrow. The Tropic suggests that those in prison for petty of fences be released, on condition of volunteering for the war. The Picayune is of opinion that numbers of the ,wou}d volunteer, were they assured of resuming their situations at the close of the campaign : and calls on employers to make a pledge to that effect. The Wo Fivr.a tit Pepsacola.?A meeting of the citixens was held the other day, and, after some patriotic speeches, a register for the reception of volunteers was opened at the Mayor's office. On the Ath Inst., as we learn from the Democrat, Major Chase arrived at Penssola, with orders for the forces st*. tioned there under command of Col. Crane, to embark forthwith for the Rio Grande. The brig Virginia, Capt !? : ?"*. chartered for the transportation or the troops at 2 o clock, P. M., and at 4 o'clock had on board ballast, provisions, and men, with the steamer Gen. Taylor along 1 totowfherHo sea; for which unusual de spatch (says the Democrat,) too much praise cannot te "n? Co?. W. K. Latimer, of our navy yard. The Wab Ftn.isn at Natchex ?We learn from the Frtt Train, of the 6th Inst, that the receipt of the late I n?WI ""on* the army produced a very great degree of ex- 1 eltemenfamonrst the community. Several patriotic citi xens immediately raised the standard for volunteers, and a number had already enrolled themselves for the war. I The same paper adds : ''We learn that a requisition passed up the riyer yee- ' terday morning, directed to the Governor of this State for our quota of the 8,000 men caUed for by the comman- i der-in-chlef. The patriotic sons of Mississippi will re spond to this immediately, and we should be surprised, if before Gov. Brown's order is published, half the number needed were not already raised." [From the Mobile Register an 1 Journal, May 8.1 T? Kwisitioji on Alabama.?Lieutenant Lovel, of the U. 8. Army, arrived in town yesterday from New Or leans, with authority from Oen. Gaines, to receive aad muster into sen-ice volunteers from Alabama, for the frontier service. bearer of a letter to the committee appointed at the meeting of citicens In the theatre, (last Sunday eve of which the following is an extract: Head Qvabtebs, WiiTtas Division, ) ? ? . New Orleans, May 6, 1848. ( (JentleBien?I take much pleasure in acknowledging the favor of your letter of yesterday's date, receivedat 9 o'clock thia morning. I had made arrangements anticipating, In part, your views. I am glad thkt I have now time before the depar ture of the officer ordered to Mobile, to modify my i*. structlona io as to enable him to comply with your withes In a[l respects. T' ' I am much Indebted in behalf of oar government and couatrv to the chiva)>7 of Mobile for the prompt and efficient measures which you and your felfow-ohixene have tfcken to effort imroedirte succor to eur little come rnf.i nP?"?" Wo Grande, and particularly at ' Potnt IsaheL Nothing could have been better timed or MOe opportune than the sudden and unexpected advent P*/.Vr',,erdV morninK at the head of a gal lant band of Mobile volunteers, sufficient alone to heve given assurance in our srstem of giving strength to the national frontier on the first outbreak of war. TThe Gen eral. with his volunteers, were the very first to report to me present and ready for action. They will embark this morning with the U. 8. Artillery undor Lieut. Col. Pierce ana such other force aa may be ready. * I hare the h)nerto be, with great respect. Your obS. serst, ? . - ..... EDMUND P. GAINES, Major General L. 8. Army, commander - of the Western Division To the honorable Blanton MeAlpin, Mayor: James E ' Saunders, Esq., Collector; Gen. Walter Smith and others Mobile, AJabama. A letter from General Gaines to Governor Marti*, has also been forwarded to Tuscaloosa. The bearer from I g' w*e Adjutant General Lang, who left yesterday | Thepurport cf the communication is, aa we under stand it. to give notice that a request has been made upon , the aathoriues of Washington, to direct the concentra tion upon the frontiers of Mexico of 50 battalions, of BOO requesting the Executive of thia State to I facilitate the assembling of the troops which may be re- 1 quired by timely arrangements for the organizing of volunteers. Geti. Oaines In the meantime, think a Itim Porta* that three batfaliois should be immediately raiaed for service at Point Isabel. He further directs T . .r! y should Anally rendezvous, aad how they shall be provided with eros, supplies, fcc. In anticipation of the aetion or the Governor, General Lang has issued the following address, which he carriea with him for distribution on the route. The petriotie hearts in the interior will, without Fquestion, respond to this appeal, and Mobile will, aa heretofore, do her full duty. Te Aims ! To Aatrs !! Te Abms !!!?To the Oal -4WV Yepwo Maw or Alabama-? Hostilities have actual ly oomiaenced on the Mexican frontier Sixty-three of our men have been butchered or taken prisoners thar army under Oea. Taylor is surrounded by an enamv <-*. ported to be ? or 10,000 men. His communication? have been cut off with Point Isabel, the depot of his provi sione, aad he has in his camp at Matamoras raUonafor. Usl'tweety orthTrtVdayT ^ ^ .si ?it?n frLm MVor "ft^es upon 9? T^r. of AJ*bama tor volunteers, to be raised V h* ^ war. which MS to ryadervpm at Mobile, there to be eautoped aad auUjto Krt^ w*aa I Uali j ?'Wf Exoelleacy the Governor, I shall return Warrior and Tombigbee, and (hall X ?n ?tT#ry ^nd,ln< t0 fici!,^avsvolunteers ready ?o Join In this patriotic enterprise. ,,, . , , JAMES W. LANO, J'?!f)r0e"*r*10f tL# SUU of AW"* ./-I"?**-.1*?* gov?rnor issues his onler? they will be sent to the different town* on the Alabama river mn^nf SZ?T 'T Rich?*?*b?A meeting of the yoarnr Thur.da^ev?miua.; '? "?mbl* at City HVh ^ rai,in" v? SSar8-^Sgfcsyjlre T"* f?' or the Sou. of T6_ Vatontoera IbrTwai One ofWadUnitUm'i Xoldlera In the ChaJr-dreat BnUtuiaun. In pursuance to a call. a second meeting of vol unteers for Texas, took place at the Centre Hall Market. At an early heur, the haU and every ave nue leading thereto, wai crowded to excese-up wards of ten thousand persons being present in the hall and street. Samuel J. Camp, Esq. a re volutionary, andoaly surviving soldier of Washing ton, who fought at the battle of Princeton, was unanimously called to the chair ; on taking which, he made a brief but eloquent speech, which was received with great enthusiasm. He remarked that he had already passed through 82 winters? that he had been of some service during the rovo iS.n." u1"1 ,hei h?^?r ofbein? the bearer of cOnbdcntial despatches from Washington durhiz ' an(^ health would now permit, he jvould be ready to head the gallant sons of 7^ to cut down tyranny in every shape. It afforded wmT?leasure to recommend a "gallant boy," G. w. Dixon, one who was everyway qualified to f ?n \? Blory nnd "nown. He had un der stobd that there were several hundred Mexi cans ready to join the standard of liberty; and that your commander, Washington Dixon, with ?ai?Il Pieta B"(- a \jFani8& Printer, already waited to revolutionize Mexico and aid you in ereoung a liberty pole, and placing thereon the star spangled banner. At the conclu^on of these remarks, Washington Dixon, who has alrsudy re Pf'/.f1 * commission from President Polk, was loudly called for from all parts of the house, and wno, on ascending the platform, was hailed Mr n per4feCt thl,n<Inr of enthusiasm. I* k.'/Lr. /JI j0M ?Cthe mo,t patriotic speecho* that hV ?^w?w ire L?n, ? ,ubJ??t of liberating Mexico. ? 5 i iW.M !? ,nt?Dtion. ^life was spared, to lead Mm^r1fhV hL the f,d ?I P"P?r bullet." and the strata gem* of emisaries, already in Mexico,(that when the air. nal was riven, a rush would be made from all port. ?> thatliwo"ld the " death knelftTles potism and make the sun of tyranny set to rise no la?i?nro? ??P 10 "? d,#y wh#n 8ir Howard Doug ?.P?fopoeWon, made to Parliament, for remodelling the woulJ hr.Hon, j adopting that of the United States, would be adopted. For it was his opinion, if something matter info^h 1 th^ would take thf ".1^ ln,? lbeir, ?*? hands and shatter the thrones of c>ary monarch of the old world. Ireland was now anx of?n|fM0r4fc11 op,.portunity ,0 write the " epitaph EritaTn fn '.. 1 ! tJjou?bt il * preposterous idea tor Great BrilSh !??? kV? whlp tilJ' n,Uon- w* mtde the British lion cower before us when we were in our in w* ha? ?rown t0 manhood, we could make her forest king quail in the dust A distinguished in ?l^.XjU,rU? rem.*rked?England is now standing wr^tt! . g w ?r,?lol7i but a ,harP v?'on may see ^r-#l2 <- p0.u ?r ^, 1the warning that Daniel inter .foF the Babylonish king. She is already repre .*? fLnT?' 7 a^uge pyramid of human hearts, .J,. , v.? b{*?dlnK "> agony, as thev are torn from H? bo,om' ofc.tbe toiling fighting millions. He continued on in a strain of eloquence for upwards of one hour and a half, which was often interrupted by cheers from all parts of the haU, and at the conclusions burst of applause imitating the descriptive sound of Qa- I oriel s trump, which was answered outsido by a vast con- I course o( spectators, among whom were many ladies, pa- i tnotic daughters of revolutionary matrons. ! After Mr. Dixon had done speaking,he recognized Capt l Kvkders in the roomjand mentioned the fact to the au dience. Nine cheers were given, and the Empire Cap lhen^pte?*toflowsr<;ed UPOa ,he ,Uml- He addre"ed fellow Citizens?Mere accident bronght me here in 1 tjwwf along Centre street, 1 saw numbers cominr up ftajrs I followed them to see what was doing. Mr. Dixon it seems recognized me when. I entered the room and after he mentioned my name the shouts of this numerous meeting forced me to come up and take mr itand upon this table. I can make but tow remarks, for I leel myself out of my own element before this meeting. Vet I am glad to see patriots assemble at any place and under any call. New Vork is the Empire cfty ? t he I Empire State. In her movements every citizen, from ! Maine to Texas (not Georgia now) are interested. She is .be heart of the nation?us such a heart beats, so will the pulse at the extremities of the arms of this Union beat, there i* to be a meetieg in front of the Exchange to morrow?I will be at that meeting, and will state my riews of war or hostilities in full. lam not prepared to le so to-night: but 1 will state this before I close?New 1 ork city ought to raise a certain portion of this army of 1 ^av" waited for older and more experienced J ??"'?,act. N<? ??ch action has yet taken placeT I now ml??-- * r,gf!?,Bt (look at the Htrald to-morrow .*?* my advertisement) coniisUng ? .hin m? whundred men to go to the seat of troubl* promises-shall hold out no other induce- : r g? wi,th me than thc ?aUsfacUon I ?Ji honest patnoU must feel, that they, to the best of their abilities, have done their duty ? Some of them who will go with me, if our country needs our services, perhaps J^re not drilled?they cannot hold a musket according to the books written by some of our numerous commanders in the New Vork State militia - but, feUow-ciUzens. I will tell you what these men that would go with me can do?they can take care of them seives?and as Ood is my Judge, I believe they will be found equal to the task of taking care of any Mexican force that may come in contact with them. 1 have done, and I must again say. that nothing but the urgent re quest of my fellow citizens before me, could have made me say the few words 1 have spoken. Here Mr.J. R-CaiTTK^Dcs, (a son of J. J. Crittenden, Senator in Congress from Kentucky) came on the stand, and said :?I am a stranger to you. (Cries of " you aint, we ve heard of your father.") Well, then, I take back the phrase of our Westerh region. I am not a stranger to you?I have read your history?have read of the acts of your forefathers in the old stormy days of "78. There is a speok now upon the horizon,but the speckwill become Lfii0.*! .rn? UtUe 'P?0* may come a storm that will startle this whole continent. Mexico is not alone: ?he is now acting at the instigation of powers that have for rears played upon the Chess board of Europe. Enr V? " Paying a new game of chess, and the first piece she has moved has been Mexico. How lour have we been insulted by Mexico ? Our merchants have been outraged, and their property seized and confiscated. Our ciuzens, without cause, or upon some trifling pretext, nave been seized and flung into dungeons, or locked up i in prison. Our Minister sent by the President to mtvj. peace, was grossly insulted?in fact, kicked out of .Mexico sens ctrtmonit; and even after all this, the gov ernment have waited; but the people who make the gov ernment will wait no longer. They have spoken, and i are now speaking in tones of thunder from New Orleans to New Vork, avenge the blood of our murdered conn trvmen. Here the speaker broke off, and said he would ! address the citizens to-morrow (Saturday) at 3 o'clock. . ?*?b,anf#- ?h" meeting here adjourned ! Saturday at 3 o clock, in front of the Exchange, simrinir ' as they marched out of the room? ^ | " We are a band of freemen, We are a band of freemen. We are a band of freemen, We are bound for Mexico." I Hioh Reward Orriacu.?The citizens ef Xenia, Ohfc, have increased the reward offered tor tlie detection of the I?rpetrators of the atrocious murders committed last Autust. to tour thousand dollars. Navigation ?f Uu Ohio tUver. Plaett. nan. Statt 0/ River. Cluoinoati May 8 12 feet, rUin*. Wheeling, May 8 13 feet Pitts burg, May 7 7 feet, falling. Louisville, May 7 9 feet, 3 inchoe Great Demand for We we >Phll?d^plil? Agents for the Herald. G. B. Zieber fc Co., 3 Ledger Build ing, 3d street, below rheiant. where advertieemeuu are re ceived, and where thoee wishing to subscribe will please f leave their uamee. and have the paper (erred regularly at their aiorea and dwellinca,immediately after the arrival of the | ear*. Terms, 7} eenu per month, fciotading the Sunday He rald; A3 cents without it. Single copies 3 cents. lin Twenty-Five Gent* each for Godey'a La dr't Book for May, 1M4. A few mimberi of the above want- < ed by H. LONG fc BROTHER, | Bookseller's Agents. 33 Ann at. Wrtfht'i Indian Vegetable Pills, In addi tion to their being one of the heit anti-hiliona medieinei in I the world, possess a power of removing pain which ia truly I astonishing. Four or five aaid Indian Vegetable Pills, taken every night 00 going to bed, will, in a short time, completely rid the body of those morbid humors which, if lodged in tbe iver, a*e the cause nf pain in the aide, eometimee extending through to the shoulder Made; difficulty of breathing, nauaee and aickneaa, loaa ol appetite, coativeneaa, indigestion, flatu lency, swarthy or yellow complexion, and other aymptoma of | *n inflammation or torpid state of the liver. Wnght a Indian Vegetable Pills also thoroughly cleanse the stomach and bowels of all btlious humora and other | parity; and therefore are a certain care for colda, dysentery', cholafa morbus, and every disorder of the mteatines. Ther | alto aid and improve digestion, and consequently give health and vigor to the whole frame, as well aa drive diaaaaee of ev?ry name from the body. Caution.?It should be remembered that a man tjy the name . Of Samuel Reed, who aella medilTlie purporting u> be Lmh?j> Pills, in Oay street, two doora east of Market street, II sin- I more, is not an sgent of mine, neither can I guaranty as gea aine any that he has for sale. The only security again at imposition is to purchase from no person unlees he csn show a certificate of agency, or at the Office and General Depot, No. 28* Greenwich stwt. New York. WILLIAM WRIGHT. Bathing, Halr-Drcaalng, Shaving, and Wig Making?PHALON, No.?I Broadway, in Judson'e long known at HI Broidway. eonceivin* that a finely arranged and well conducted bathing depmmwt was necesaary to com plete his arrangements for the comfort nnd ?convenience of his nameroas pttrone. nee now,the pleasure if informing them that such a dewdemum?where shaving, h nr-eutting, sham pooing andfeithiaf. can be earned on in style?may be foand at his new place, Judson's hotel, ia Broadway. Pie baths are nnsarpaased by any in the city for comfort convenience, and can accommodate IM persons ljot, Jtth^ifia brushes for aaeh person. kaemg MOOTBT MAAKKt Friday, Mmy 15?0 P. M Th? stock market to-day *u r*th*r quiet. but price* continue without much alteration. At the first board Reading Railroad bond* Improved | per cent; Reading Railroad, i ; Long Island. ) i Harlem, * ; Ohio 6e. J; end Canton, j ; Norwich k Worcester fell ofl J. At the second board Harlem improved J; Norwich k Worce*? ter, i ; Canton, }. N There ha* not been a very active demand for foreign exchange for thi* packet, aad the rate* for Sterling bill* ruled lower thanfor sometime past We quote prime bUl? on London at 9* a 9| per cent premium. On Pari*. tM] a 5f SO. The market cle*ed heavy at theM rate*. j The annexed rtatement exhibit* the quantity of certain i ttapLe article* exported from thi* port during the month 1 of April, diftlngulahing the destination. It show*the ' trade between thi* port and each country, in the*e'artl. j da*, it will be perceived that Oreat Britain and her de pencie* are our largest and moet valuabU |eu*toiner* for our principal agricultural *teple*. Our trade with Oreat Britain in the*e thing* 1* rapidly Increasing. and the fa cilitie* we shall enjoy under the new British tariff, will give animpetus to our export trade, and an outlet for our agricultural produot*, greator than ever before experi enced-, and a few year* will sulficc, at the rate realized within the part twelve months, to increase our export* at leart one a hundred per cent:? KiroRT* rao* the Port or New Yorx?DilTIWOlMSl* IffO TIIC DciTllf&TIOX. FOR APRIL, cCiU. To Oreat Britain. Clover Seed, lb* 200,007 Pork, bairels Ml Beef, tierces 1,530 Cotton, bales . 3,717 barrel* 260 Tallow. pouuds *3.** Tobacco, manu'd, lbs. 183,197 Oil Cat*, do 0^0,441 do.. 6,039 Corn, busnrlt H.UJ Flour, barrels <1.636 Tu, barrels .. ? *2 Wheat, bushels 04,283 Bean*, bushel*. ?.?? Ilrmp, bale* 023 Leather, poeuds Corn ideal, barrels... 1.411 Lard, do ... ti'lJ? Staves tperiti Oil. rdloa*.... 13,401 Rosin, barrel* 2.007 3,0?7 Wool, bales 33 Baiter, pounds *8 Hams, pounds 11.611 Wbsleboa*. do 7,040 Turpentine, birrels... 1,000 Potash, barrels.. 00 Peariash, do 40 Beeswax, rlolld? 1,414 To Franct. . Rice, pound* 146,014 Wool, bales... Cotton. bale*... ,.... 4.110 P*arla*h, barrel* ST WhuleUue, pounds... 28,810 Orease, wounds 10.914 Hides, No 21.746 Tallow, do *4,414 Rosin, barrels 771 Wax, do... 3,024 Lard, pounds 11WO Flour, barrels 21 Quercitron Bark, bass. 74 Potash, do Do hhds. II Lard, pound* 1.9*4 Ham*, pound* 7.<# Jerked Beef, do *7,M0 Butter,do.. 0,700 Rice, do 31.940 Flour,Wrels U0 Dry fcish, do 13,300 Cheese, pound* 1J? Pork, barrels 14 To St Domingo. Flour, barrels 1.411 Hams, pounds 0,3! Lvd, pounds 9,100 DryFidj, do l?Mtt Cheese, do 11,010 Butter, do. . ?.?? Pork, b*rreU 349 Beef, barrel* ? Rice, pounds 11,710 To Britiih Wtit India. Flour. barrel 3,042 Hams, do... l.JJJ half do 110 Laid, poena* 9,Ml Rice, pound* 79.042 Cora Meal, Pun*...... ? Butter, An 20.974 Do. barrel*.... 1.7W Cheese, do... ?.009 Tork. do 1.400 B. ?. Peas, bash ?0 Beef, do 1ST Com,'do 3.030 4# Tallow, pound* 906 H*y,bale* Live Stock? o?j?n m Sheep 330 ?*s 130 Oxea 19 Cows i Horsee ? To Britith North America. Flour, barrel* 7.802 Rye Flouw haneli... JP half do 1,462 Pork, barrel* ?.? Beef, barrels 319 half do 1? Tobacco, pounds 130,007 Butterpoands.........IIS,* Rice, do 0,946 Com Meal. barrel*.... Ill Wheat, buibel* 1.040 Com, bushel* U0 To 9p*nitK fFj*t Inditi. Flour barrels 400 Rice, pound* 70,411 Kfe.r"'"::::::":3 Jaafciit:: ::::: SS'kSiv??::::::: ' ? ? Pork, barreU. 73 Cheese, pound* W To Danith W*'t Dry Fish, pounds 40,670 Hour.hf bairels....... W B E. Teas, bush 440 Com Meal, barrel*.... 413 Hour, barrels 710 Do pun* ? Cheese, pounds 0,068 Pork, baiisis*. Lard do 2.209 Rye Flour, do OJ Hami, So 19,114 Rice, pounds 11,011 Butter, do 1.320 Beef, barrels SO To French JVtit Inditi. Corn Meal, barrels 300 Rice, pound* 29, 00 Beef, do 193 Beans,>bush 100 Do. half do 47 Com, do 014 Horsee 10 The whole of our export* of agricultural produot* from thi* port to foreign oountrie* i* by no mean* In ? eluded in the abor* table, a* we har* a large trade In those article* with South America, and many porta of Europe, not given. So far a? It goe* it ahow* the quantity taken by each of those countries. An election for Governor of Illinoi* take* place the first Monday in Anguat, and there 1* very little doubt but that a political revolution will sweep through that State* Not that there will be a change in party, (a* the Mate i* ?trongly democratic,) but the reform breach of the *mo party will probably come into power. The aba*** prac ticed under the preeent government, in the management . of the finance* of the Bute, particularly in relation to th* canal department, have been *o numerous and *o great, that a complete change in the State government It loud ly called for. Th* delay, extravagance aad mismanage ment, in the prog re ?? of the canal, *l?e* the n*w loan wa* secured, have been ** palpable that th* bondholder* are getting alarmed, and fear a complete failure of the new arrangement made for Its completion. There i* great danger of the amount of th* loan being used up be fore the canal is near completion, and the whol* object aimed at In negotiating loan lo*t There t* a rery great responsibility attached to the executive Kd government of the State, in relation to thi* matter, d some account should ha rendered to th?M inte rested. The parties Who; negotiated the loan, and who became personally pledged to a completion of the oanal in about two year* from the time of th* Ht advanco, have been compelled to stand by and see the whol* ma* cem grossly mismanaged, without the power to move ia the matter, and without the slightest hope of s**tng th*4r promise* carried out We havo seen letters from th# bond-holders, in which the greatest anxiety was meai? fested for information In relation to the present position of th* work, and in which th* gr*ate*t solicitude wa* expressed for th* suocos* of the enterprise, not only en account of the amount at i**u*, but oa sccount of ft* principl* involved. It wa* with th* greetert dlflloulty, and only with the moit determined perseveraaoe, that th* loan wa* raised to carry thi* canal to completion! aad It certainly wa* a very great thing to oraate confidence enough in the mind* of tho*e already holding bonds of delinquent States, to a luge amount, to obtain aa addi tional loan for a large sua. The condition* upon whloh the new loan was raised, and th* oircumstaacos under which it wa* negotiated, were such, that particular oai* should have been taken te carry out th* otyoct la vtew, and prop*r officers should havo boon appointed to supot* Intend the expenditure of the teaa negotiated. Thooa precautions were not taken; the seme parties have beon ap pointed to manage the concern who involved the State la the financial difficulties *h* I* *till suffering fromj aad wa have every reason to expect r**ult* now, similar te thoee experienced years ago. There appear* te have boon too muoh political favoritism in the appointment of person* te ?uperintend the progress of this work, and thi* aba** ha* been carried into every department connected with the Mncera. So glaring have been the abuse*, that a stroag party has been organized throughout the State, for the purpose of putting men Into offioe, from th* Governor down, pledged to a thorough overhauling of thi* depart ment, and in favor of a speedy aad oooaomical comple tion of the canal The gubernatorial oandldate of th# democratic party is opposed to th* present saporintea dent of the canal, and hi* election ensara* a complete chang* In the government of that important work. So far as we are able te judge from the facta ia our poastr sion, we can assure the bondholders that at pissset., the defeat of thoee now holding the rein* of power la that State, amounts to nearly a certainty. Thi* Is th* oaly favorable account we oan give of the podtton of *Shlr* in Illinois. Everything depend* upon a change to the management of the canal. 107 58 '5 91 1* 34 ? 3* 1. M " *? MX JO# 000 EXUUUMN. 100 Nor kww llit ?300 tond Board. 71H 100 Nor Ic Wore M JO do V\ M do n loo HvV 3? 50 is w no 31)2 100 31 <2 50 do MX ?15 M sl s Old W $1000 u 8*1,? 1500 Ohio 7? jooo Ohio ??. -00 (?o 1000 do 5000 do 1000 lad Dol Bd? i00 5000 HlinoiiOt, 30000 Paan 5* >30 20000 do 25000 do ?00 3M100 do 00 20000 do _ , 5000 Reading Bands 13000 do 2# ?h? Union Bank 350 ruwit' Tnirt M0 Mono Canal 150 do 50 do 100 Canton Co mw JO do M0 do lg> U*rltm Rfl. HO 150 do 600 do ?? (5000 Reading Bond* 50 in* C?'it?u Co 15 do 10 do 50 do 50 .do 50 L Island 1U do 100 do b3 New Stock EnkUHP* ? ahsUSBank 4 50 Far??iV Trust ft m 50 do e ? ?5NorfcWor ? ill loo Morrm Canal Bat 1|K 35 do Jg 411 75 dn r. IK ? io WJ 100 L Islwd RR ? 4o ' 1* do SlK 30 S? ? h * 7 33 "X 31 ! | 4 ?.v m a sit sU ?Pg i opt 8

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