? - I l.J NEW YORK HERALD., i vi Vnrli, Hntur<la>. July '45. 1N4'>. THIS TTS32LT H3P.J1LD. VIEW OF STEAM SHIP GREAT BRITAIN. Portrait of Lord John Russell. The Wttkly Herald, m very valuable publication, will be ready at 8 o'clock this morning. It will contain all the late foreign news brought by the Cumbria and Great Britain ; Mr. Bennett's ; interesting letters from England ; the Oregon Treat*; the Congressional proceeding?, including the Tariff debate ; the interesting intelligence from Mexico and the Army ofOccupation, &c. fcc. In addition to this, it will be embellished with h splendid view of the steamship Great Britain in her new rig; and an excellent portrait of Lord John Kussell, the new Premier of England. Single copies sixpence each. News troiu the ttlo ( ramie. We received, t>y yesterday's southern mail, a batch of highly interesting letters from the Army of Occupation, wh h we give on the outside of iliis day's Herald. They came from our own correspondents. We have been at considerable expense in en^.igitij; gentlemen of acknowledged ability to write to us from the army, and we now have regular correspondents stationed at Matamoras, Point Isabel, Lometa, Reynosa, and shall dispatch one to Camargo It is our intention to giro the fullest and the most intere-ting intelligence from the Army of Occupation that can be obtained. The .Me* I can War an?l English Intervention ?The Influence of Commerce. There i< a great deal of interest felt in certain circles as to the course that Great Britain will pursue in the war with Mexico. By many it is supposed that if the United States should insist upon retaining possession of the California#, alter thoso 1 1 i J J ? t>iu>iih.i.-r liuu ijri-ii uunijufrou ana occupieu Dy our armies, and annexing them to the United State*, that England, and perchance France,would interfere and try to prevent such a proceeding; and If no other method would do, that they would resort to force to defeat the object. We acknowledge that we do not feel at all alarmed about any intervention on the part of England in our present difficulties in Mexico, although it may be well for us to be prompt in our movements towards the settlement of our war with that country. It is the policy and interest of all European nations, and particularly of England, to promote the civilization of the world, and open markets for their manufactures. Mexico, to say the most, is in a condition bf semi-barbarism,and confers no benefit on the rest of the world in the consumption of the produce of other countries, or in the exportation of the produce of her own climate or soil. The little benefit she does confer, is confined to the exportation of the wealth of her mines, and the trade in this respect is comparatively trifling to what it ought to be. If the California* were annexed to, and formed apart of our country, so much at all events of Mexico would be ;edeemed from its present state oi misfortune, and placed on a footing in every respect a? favorable for enjoying the advantages of commerce as the rest of theUnited States. The inhabitants would become producers as well as consumers, and the mineral resources would be developed under the influence of Anglo-Saxon enterprise and ingenuity. They would, like the rest of our people, become good customers for the manufactures of Great Britain, and would help to supply the famishiug population of that country with food in exchange for their manufactured goods, and with the raw material wherewith to keep its to ling millions in employment. The annexation of this part of Mexico would in fact be a benefit to Europe as much as the opening of the Chinese ports, and would help to carry ou' the policy of extension of commerce already so favorable with the English people. On this account, therefore, we think the English government would probably decline to interfere in any arrangement we might huve in view in this respect. But suppose they do interfere1? What then, and who cares 1 Pos tion of the N*w English Ministry.?Although it appears very probable that Sir Robert Peel has voluntarily surrendered the reins of office, yet it is by no means certain that the whigs will be able to retain their places long; and, indeed, it would appear that Sir Robert canteniplated such an event, in dissuading the Queen from a dissolution of Parliament. It is scarcoly possible for the new administratis to carry any important measure, as the lower house is now constituted. There is a large tory and conservative majority to contend against, and it is in Sir Robert Peel's power to checkmate every move of the new Premier. Will he do so 1 Had he been desirous that I^ord John Russell should have an opportunity of building up a stable and permanent administration,Jie would have advised u dissolution of Parliament, and a general Laotiou, which would have allowed the whigs to muster such strength as would have enabled them to carry out their policy triumphantly. As it is, Sir Robert has been defeated by his own party, m?n who, alter the excitement of their temporary irritation at the passage of the corn bill passes off, will be as steady opponents of whig principles as over. Of such men there is a majority in the present House; and it is more than probable that the new administration will be so hampered by their opposition as to find it impossible to carry out their policy. What then will be their course! ! Will they be induccd to resign? or will they remain passive until the termination of the present essien? The administration is not formed with a vie ^ to conciliate the opposition; and unless there is some secret understanding with the " young England" party, ministfrs must rely on whig support alone. It is true that Lord John Russell, while leader of the opposition, generously sustaii.ed Sir flohert Peel in some of his most important measures. Will Peel feel himself constrained to return the compliment 1 The tory protectionists 1 may give the administration a qualified and partial support, in order to mortify the late premier. The tory party is at present in a transition state, and we should not be surprised to hear of some of the most prominent members of it joining the whig ranks, through motives of ]>ersonal pique. Mr. D'laraeli, on* of the most energetic and successful assailants of the late administration, and more especially of Str Robert Peel, would require very little persuasion to induce him to join the ministerialists. His services would be invaluable, as ha is one of the first debaters of the day, and is one of the moat powerful orators in the House. It is, therefore, in view of all theae circumstances, impossible to predict the result of Lord John Russell's experiment to build up an administration under so many disadvantages. It will be readily perceived that if he maintain his posi noo, it will be but by tbe sutferaiice of his political opponents Qric* Sailiho ?The line brig Harriet, Captain Brown, arrived yesterday morning, in the short [mM|? cf five days fioai Bermuda, the quickest on record. We have by her, hies of the Royal (razttu, to the 14th, but as is usual, lull of eiuacts from United istaies papers. [ff- We give on our fourth page this morning, | ?he Report oi ihe Secretery of the Treasury, submitted to the Senate on Thur.-day last, in answer to a resolution of that body, on he 2f>th of June, 14 which we oMi the attention of our reader*. P M J J South Amktcam Rtv*r Navioatios ? Some time mnce, we were called upon to chronicle the i fact, that Vespasian Ellis, our late Chargt at Ve' nezuela, had obtained from the Venemelian government a charter-right lor the navigation ol the Orinoco for the space of twenty years. This is an ' important concession on the part of that government, mid is indicative not only of their general j liberality, but of the friendly spirit which they have always felt towards the citizens of the United i States. Verezuela, partly from the nature of her revolutionary contest, in which she was assisted by British and American volunteers, and partly from her geographical position, enabling her to hold a constant intercourse with the civilized nations of both continents, has far outstripped her sister republics of the south, in general intelligence and commercial prosperity. The application and management of steam, however, is fairly in the hands ot the Anglo-Saxon race, and the government ol Venezuela, in thus throwing aside national prejudices, and accepting the proposals of Mr. Ellis, have shown the intelligence and good sense for which their councils have all along been distinguished. They will soon reap the benefit oi their liberality. We know not whether the old veteran, Paez, has had any thing to do in this matter; but from the influence which he wields in almost every movement of the Curaquin government, we have little deubt but his advice will be found at the bottom of it. The navigation of the Orinoco by steam will be a source of g/eat weaJth not only to the people of Venezuela, but also to the inhabitants of n large tract of New Grenada. The vast Uanat through which the Orinoco takes its course, extend from the Atlantic ocean to the verv base of the eastern cordillera of the Andes; and although now covered with almost impenetrable forests, and peopled only by the rude Indiaun, and the hardly less rude Uaneroi, they are capable ot producing the most valuable growth of the tropics. On the eastern declivity of the Andes are many settlements of Spanish Americans, but in consequence of their position, they find no outlet for the product of their farms, and consequently no incentive to industry. A great depot established on the Orinoco, at the head of steam navigation, will soon become a market for their superfluous produce, and will in a few years create an agricultural spirit in the inhabitants of these broad llanat. Vast plains, susceptible of the highest cultivation, instead of remaining as they now are, the wild pasture ground of cattle, will soon be converted into cotton and sugar plantations, and the whole valley of the Orinoco will exhibit a new appearance. All this will be the result of American enterprise. We know not whether any action has yet been gone into in this great enterprise, but we hope that Mr Ellis is not the man to let it rest, and doubtless steps have almady been taken to accomplish the desired end. Time is a valuable consideration, when we look at the duration of the charter; and we hope that, in case he may require it, Mr. Ellis will receive such aid from his fellow-countrymen as will enable him to go through with his undertaking with cleverness and despatch. One thing is very certain, that by our becoming the carriers of merchandise on the Orinoco, we will also have it in our power to supply the imports ; and when the growing importance of the country is considered, it will at once be seen that this is a matter of no small importance. We may open a great market with the tlanerot of the Orinoco valley. The United States must now take the first rank in all commercial enterprizes. One of the Heroes ?Lieut. Luther, one of the gallant heroes of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, arrived in the city yesterday, and is now stopping at tho American Hotel. Lieut. Luther received several severe wounds in the brave and fearless discharge of his duty, so that he is obliged now to use crutches. We give Lieut. Luther a warm welcome to our city, assuring him that New Yorkers know how to appreciate ihe nobility of soul of the man who perils his life and limbs in defence of the honor ol his country. The Death or Captain Page?The Devoted Wife.?We give, in another column, a piece ol poetry, on the devotion of Mrs. Page to her wounded and dying husband. All will recollect the gallantry of Captain P., in the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma, ana all will recollect the devotion ol his wife, in her efforts to reach his bedside, to oheer and comfort his last moments. From the West Indies.?Wo have received files of the Royal Gazette, Nassau, to the 12th instant. On the 4th, in compliment to the States, the American flag and the British union jack, were displayed at the Hag staffs of the respective consuls. The shipping in the harbor followed the example. A rumor is currently circulated that the Admiral on the West India station had been directed to have the fleet in readiness, so ns to protect British commerce, and to watch the movements of the American squadron in the Gulf of Mexico. A fleet, we understand*has been also directed to ! nssemble in the neighborhood ol California. The Governor of the islands had prorogued the new House of Assembly to the 10th October. Sir F. Asten, at present in command of the West India squadron, would soon return home I on full promotion. Theatrical and Musical. Bowckt.?The melodrama! of " Raymond and Agnes, or the Bleediag Nun,'' and the " Yew Tree Ruins,'' ware performed last evening to quite a respectable audience. The latter piece improves on each repetition, and several of the perts admit of really good acting. Its chief success, however, consists in its strong cut end its scenic effect. Mr. Vacha's part of the miser is really excellent It is carefully studied and admirably acted ? Mr. Hadaway is irresistibly comic (as he always is) in the pert ol Pryce Pelican. We could scarcely understand a word uttered by Mr. Blanchard, although he certainly talked loud enough. He was loudly cheered, however, so we presume It was our fault. Mr. Neafie does not do so well in the part of Sir Wilfred Penruth, as in some others we have seen him in. He cannot be bnt respectable, however, in anything he undertakes. The bill of last evening will be repeated this evening w ith the same cast in each piece. v>aitlk ? imi ceugnuni retreat wu well at tended last evening, notwithitandiiig the heavy shower of rain. Tho?e preient quailed the invigorating breeze, the harbinger of health, as it floated across the bay. We enjoyed the dalicioua strains Irom the excellent orcheitra, whoie performances of several (elect and popular piece*, under the direction of Mr. C. W. Meyrer, was highly creditable. Strauss, Kossini, Weber, Bellini, and everal other distinguished composers, had lull and ample justice dona to them by the orchestra. The cosmoramaiare, ip themselves, a rich source of attraction. We know of no evening amusement, or source of popular attraction at preient in the city, where better value is given for the prioe than at Castle Oarden . Uo there and see. Mm Clabkk.?This young lady takes a benefit thi? evening at Niblo's. She appears on the occasion a* Lady Teazle, in the " School for Scandal," with Mr.Chippendale as Sir Peter, and with the remainder of the characters very powerfully cast. There it a host of volunteer talent, among whom are Dyott, Bland, Bellamy, Humer, Chapman, Cunningham and others. We trust that the theatre going public will, on this occasion, show their appreoiauouof ttie merits ol this young and talented girl. She has devoted herseli to her prolesuon with her whole soul, and hits already attained a high position on the New York boards, indeed.it is not too much te eay, that in her peculiar line of characters, she stands unrivalled. Misa Clarke has been laboring for eome time past under severe indisposition, superinduced by too arduous studv, frnm tk\m n! tviiifh ?h? ia ilnm li u' earnestly hope that fhe will meat Iron her many mends, this veiling, such a warm ami eut usiastic reception as will renovate her drooping |>owart, and serve to cheer her oo in the proeecutiou oi a proieaaion which ahe if 4*atiu*d,in do ordinary degree to ornament Re) moud and Waring'* menagerie wai to enter CUre Jmiu, uu uie J'Jd of July, in triumphal proeeaaton. liie Buffalo /Cjtprtst *ay? that De Meyer'* Concert in hat city, on Monday evening la it " wm attended by a full an., moil respectable audience Ol Uie j>ei 101 m<uoe, we launot undeitako to speak. It wai clear enough to eveij oue wuo saw it, however it might be wiUi those ?hu only heaidit, thai Mr. iie.tieyet knew himself nmster ol his wish uuieut?or a? the tianscenuentaiiat* would say ? had ' conqueied hia lack* " Tha Damoctatic Confer*** of tha Hth Congra??ional Duirict comuoseo of Kaj alto, Oraen and SomtiMt cotiuUe? Fann , liava nominated Daniel Wegaml, of Voneraet, for cou|r*ia. % gill II I I I I II DnMAil Railroad ArcMtht, With Low of Life. Our city was thrown into ptinlul excitement yesterday afternoon, by the report ot an acciden on the New York and Erie railroad, which spretu with the usual exaggeration of Madam Rumor but from the correct information we have beei enabled to collect, we give the following state ment: The locomotive, with the usual train of mill and baggage cars, was, with four passenger cart proceeding nt a rapid pace, till when within I short distance of the oridge near Turner's, i breakage in the wheel af the forward Daaaanrer ca parted the rails, and lat the wheelf down upon the crow ti?i of the bridge, which 1* thrown acroai a ravine o about twenty feet In depth, the wheel* striking witl tremendous force against the timber*, broke through th planking, and the first of the passenger car* wai precipi tated through the bridge, followed and cruihed by tni remaining three. The second car, indeed, was literall] incased in the preceding one; and it ia wonderful tha any within escaped with life. The locomotive and car preceding the passenger cars, met with slight injury The scene is represented by an eye witness to have beei one of dreadful norror and confusion. A mass of deal and lacerated bodies, mingled with the frarmenta of thi broken cars; the groans of the dying, and tne screams o the wounded, were awfully distinct in the usual loneli | ness of the glen. Where a few moments before all wai life and gayety, now was terror and death. Two passengers?Mr. Oeorge Stevens, a flour met chant ot our city, and a son of Dr. Crane, of Uoshanwere killed outright. From thirty to forty were more e less severely ^rouuded. One female bad her throat cut as if by a razor, from ear to ear ; from another thi shoulder blade projected several inches through thi skin ; but we retrain from th* horrible details, in thi ! hindermost car, were a young ladies' school, with the! teacher, on a pleasure excursion to Hoboken. Korttm ately, they all eacaped with but slight wounds?thougl the teacher was moro seriously injured ; but th* wholi scene must have been a terrible conclusion to th< bright anticipation of tkeir young and buoyant hearts On perceiving the effects of the accident, th* enginee detached the locomotive from the cars, and proceeded a full speed to Piermont for assistance ; and th* steam boa Arrow was de-patched to New Vork, and returned witl several sui geons from this city, who were sent up bj the company. The Kureka brought down six or s*ven of th* wound : ed Mr. D. H. Corwin, of the corner of Hudson am ! Chambers streets ; Mr. Stroud, of Ludlow street ; Mr Mark H. Newman, and Mr. Olivar, of Bloomingham ' wer* of th* number. The latter was oonvayed to th< | City Hospital. His conduct during the whole affair wai i stated to be heroic. Though his head was severely in Iured, and the bones of his legs laid almost bare from th< me* to the ancie, he was endeavoring to assist thos< under the crushed cars, until almost by force he was car ried awav ; not a murmur or a groan escaped him on kii passage down the river. Owing to the immediate leaving of the locomotive from the scene of the accident, we as yet are unabl* ta give an authentic list of all the injured ; though from what we h?r hn no that, of the man* wntindad none will be seriously affected. A* we stated before, it ii remarkable that, of the two or three hundred in th? cari, any escaped uninjured. The names of t>>? suffer era, as far as we have received them, are as follows :? Charles Stevens, of New York, killed. A son of Dr. Crain, of Ooshen, killed. Mrs. Conklin, of Otisville, badly hurt. Mr Oliver, of Bloominghain, Miss Sweet, of Mlddletown, Mr. Watkins, of " " Miss Watkins, " " Mr. Stroud, of New York, " Mr. Hyatt, " Mr. D. H. Corwin, " " Mr. Follett, " " Mr. Thompson, milk agent, " " Mr. Myera, a brakeman, " " Mr. Chas. Monell, of Ooahen, " We cannot but state that no blame, and much credit must be attached to the officers and agents of the Com pany during the whole unhappy affair. The breaking o: a wheel was not in their power to foresee; but the energj and care ahown afterwards deserve the highest pnise Mr. Loder, the President of the Company, went up in tbi Arrow immediately, to the scene of the accident, to ren der whatever assistance might be needed. During th< five years that the road has been in qperation. this is th( I first occasion that ever a passenger has been injured. Sporting Intelligence. I Trotting on the Harlem Track, Yesterday?-Th? I following was announced to come off, purse $80, milt heats, best three in five in harness:? J. W. Wheelan enters ch. m. Peytona. J. Spicer " br. m. Betsey Baker. J. Whelpley " . .b. g. New England. C. Carl " b g. Rob Roy. Betsey Baker and New England were the only two tha' appeared to contest the matter. Betsey was ably backec by W. Wheian; and J. Whelpley did as mucn as man could do under the circumstances to maintain his animal On the ground New England waathe favorite in the bet ting, previous to the start, but he soon fell short of hii position. A sudden change came over their dream and the mare became the favorite, ft to 4, G to 4 tc 10 to 4. but all ware shy. The Boston gents looked abroad for the first time since their visit. This was a fuli mile race. The first heat was won cleverly by (he mart in 2:63 The second heat very similar in H-.60H- Th< third heat, as the Irishman aaid, ditto, repeated tbe same over again, in It waa a most beautiful tro throughout, and all parties deserved infinite credit foi the parts they took City Intelligence. Excuriions To-morrow?The fine steamboat Heralc makes an excursion to-morrow, to Harlem. See adver . tisement. The Orus also makes an excursion to Shrews hnev nn/t f Anov TilanH hnatu tvill mn a* nana] aarp ! ral timet during the day. Stabbing.?A row took place yesterday afternoon at ( dog fighting establishment id Spring stieet, during whict a man who lived with Alderman Cottar and one whc lived with Mr. Belmont used knives, and one of then was stabbed, though not severely. This place it a grea j nuisance and w* understand that it has been complainec of to the Mayor, by a number of respectable citizens ii that vicinity. At our authority for the above tact w< give the following communication received laat evening A nother a fare at 10ft Spring it, July 34 140 a itabei mach came of be twen a man Lives with allmadon Cot ter and on* Libes with Mr Belmont at the Dog fiten as tablesment fibe or sx of the most respecteb nabera in th< street Load a Comp Yester day to the mare and nothi I Don it is ume ore it is not sef to pats the street. Thc Immigrant Societv.?The Committee appointee by the Board of Aldermen, at the instance of the Society to investigate a complaint made against some of tn< police magistrates, have made their report, which wilJ De presented at the next meeting ef the Board. Missinu.?A young man named James E. Lewis, step> : ped out of his store in Tine street on Wednesday last 1 stating that he would be gone a few minutes, sines 1 whioh time he has not been heard from. Movements of Travellers. The spirit of travelling aeems to have again revived | The arrivals yesterday were numerous, and composei ; principally of families en their summer excursions. W< found at tne | American?Capt. Clarke, U. 8. Army ; H. Manequalt Charleston; 8. Jones, 8 Burns, K. Green, F. Cooke, Bal : timore ; E. Seabrook, 8. Carolina ; CapL Taylor, Di Vevdes, A. Luther, U. 8. A; 8 Hoffman, I*. (" hatt'elce Baltimore: J. Waldburg, Savannah; U.Conrad, New Or leana; H. Henrich, Hamburg; J. Day, Florida; Capt. Hill U.S.A. AsToa?M. Hansfield, C. Johnson, Utica; H. Willis Boiton; J. Reel, PhiladelphiaCapt. Heymour, R. Navy Halifax; H. Conrad, Philadelphia; H. Withrington, C Hughes, Baltimore; R Weill, Boiton; J. Crocher, Var mouth; M. Wallace, Baltimore; J. Ooree, South Alalia ma; T. B. King, Taunton; Colonel Hallii, Savannah; H Wortly, Norwich; Mr Ureenfall, B. A; H. Merritt, PitU bur^t.; A. Stewart, Quebec; J. Mather, Utica; A. Wood Chailoiton; J. Crotcher, Philadelphia; 8. Pewell, Texai O. Cadwallader, Philadelphia ; M. Chapin, Hartford ; C Symondi, Mam. City?M. Auitin. R. Whiting, Philadelphia; J. Stew art, Matagorda, Texai; J. Roie, Baltimore; J. b ox, Wor cotter; M. Homer. Cambridge; W. Angel, Watortown U. Sanford, Springfield; J. Veoder, Canandaigua; J. La ramaga. Angel Calderon de la Mexa, Lima; A. Lardner Philadelphia; R- McComb, Ohio; E. Handy, U. 8. N; T Thayer, D. Choate, Boiton; C. Demme, Philadelphia; C Chauncey, Rye; M. Laurens, S. C. Franklin-8. Halatead, Troy; J. Collwin, Vermont O Eicherich, C. Abel, Philadelphia; P. Barton, Connec tirut; A. Vanwenkle, do: D. Freeman, Jefferson, county , W. McClure, Camden; it. Jones, N. H; 8. Tracy, L'tica j J. McLean, A. McDonald, Montreal; C. Wentworth, K Kirtland, Georgia; E. Jenrkt, Savannah; C. Morrii, Bal timore; C. \V'amber?io, Charleston; J. MulhoUand, Bal timorc; E. Jackson, Newtown. Howard?J. Collini, C. Boolei, W. Hacher, Philadel phia; A. Beer, T. Mevor, Louisiana; F. Farnham, Waih 1 ington; M. Danforth, Louiiville; J. Kogg, Charleston, R Ketchum, N. H; J. Hild, J. Curtii, Boiton; J. Bradford Worcester; O. Hyde, Major Hohlin, Washington, J.Bar ritt, Wii. Territory; R Camp, Baltimore; H. Maion, Ca nada; W. Ilorton, Alabama; W. Whitcomb, Michigan R. Jamieion, Alabama; J.Fuiaett, Memphii; E. 1'aige Boiton. Common Plea*. Before Judge Ulihoelt'er. Jt'LT 24.? Tht i*r?itd*nf, Dirtetori, and C?. of thi Haverhill Bank vt. Day f Nrwrll? Thu came wai lummed up thii morning : the judge then charged the Jury, and alter a lengthened commentary on the evidence and the law of the caie, he told them that if at the time th? guarantee wai given, the defendant* undentood that they were obliged to have the biti of which the key ia compoied regularly chaaged, then the opening of the lock was not covered by the warranty, and the action could not be maintained. Thii apjieared to be the principal point in the ceae. Thi mry retired and in about an hour returned with a verdict for defendant!. United State* Circuit CourtThe July term commencei on Monday next Judge Nelion ii expected in town on Saturday or Sunday to open the Court. A grand Jury will be iworn in, after which the criminal calendar will be taken up. Steamship Gheat Britain.?'Thi? vewel arriv. oil Sandy Hook on the midnight of Monday, and at the quarantine harbor about 1 k. 90 m on thi Doming ol lut'iday, and wai detained there eeveral hours inronieqiience of the abeence of the boarding ph) lician ()?ing to hii negligence the paueiigeri and maii? bound to the north and eastward weia detained in New \ ork from 7 A ?1 until # P.M. Had thii ileepy ioc o: r.tculai iui t>?en attending to hii duty, the inaili would have i eat tied Boiton on Tueaday evening, in ateiid of U eiine day niormug Apoitciipt in the ATrw York Hrrnld wai the only intelligence of her arrival received here on I'ueiday. What weuld the New York l>ai>eri <a>, it >>ucli 1 ituies* should al nnv time dennve them u( Hie foreign ne*i npon the aimal ol a steamer at thu |ion ! tier*, uur excellent | Oktniu?ter, whenever a iteamar lim been uut 11 <it) i, ii lull; prepare! to detpatch bar tiMiii with the utmo?t lapiJity. Hera, nothin# ti lalt to ebance or gue*e-work , and ?o it (boulil be in New Vorlt Ntw to.keri, put u>at dootor aloof ( ? w#k# turn uy.~3o*tvn ?***, July H A \ ?*1 i?UU1-J--L- A '"liT* Mil httelllgMiM. i Jclt U-CKargttJ Forgcry-Officers Vandesaer and Stokely arrested VMtorday two individuala on a warrant, called Walter 8. Pynchan and Joshua French, alia* War it rea Wild, on a charge of forgery under the following , circumstancesIt appears theie Lwo gentlemen ware a redding in Troy acme short time aince, and put up at the .Mech?air?' Hall, kept by Mr. 8tiliek J. Halitead, whereat they contracted a bill for board, 11 French to the amount of $18. and Pynchon #16, and stepped out on* morning early without settling the same. Mr. Halstead learning that these two chap* were in New Vork. located in an auction shop, at No 180 it Broadway, came down to the city on the 7th inst. to eni deavor, if posiible, to procure hi* board bill; upon calling J to see them at thia auction shop, and demanding pay. they ' stated they had no money, but aaid they had a good note for $1&0, which they would gire him a* collateral ?ecur rity, dated at 90 iter*, and bearing date 6th of June, 1840, *j. purporting to bo drawn by O. Pynchon, merchant, real' ding at Great Bairington, Berkshire county, Massachu1 aetts, whom it sams is the father of Walter 8. Pynchon. ' Upon Mr. Halatood receiving thi* note, and not feeling exactly right, wanton to Barringten, to see Mr. Pyn8 chon, the reputed drawer, who, upon being ihown the r note, pronounced the nme to be a forgery Whereupon he returned to New York, and procured the arreat of the * accused, who ara both locked up in the Tonibi for ex" amination by Joalice Osborne. J Bigamy.?Offloor John Hanlon, of the third ward, er1 raited, yesterday, a man by the name of Francis Mulvi; hal aliaa Bagg, on a charge of bigamy. It appear* thi* man waa married to a young woman by the name of ' Ann Judd, on tho 10th of July, 1844, by the Rev. Mr. Laughlin, a catholic clergyman, at the houie of the catholic bishop,in Mulberry street; and waa again married on the 8th day of November, 1846, at 63 Willet ' street, by tho Rev Mr. Rice, under the name of Bagg. to Bridget Kelly, while hia first wife wa* itill living, l om mltted to priaoa by Juitice Oiborne lor trial. 3 Charge of Ptlit Prtlence$?Officer Stewart, of the J Lower Police, arrested ltwt night, a man by the name of ? Daniel Decatur Day, residing at No. OS Spring street, charged with obtaining a lot of dry goods, valued at be: tween $300 and $400, lrom Mr. Edward Murry, in Liberty iiiwi, iihhi nawsau, oy inse auu irauauient representationi. Justiee Osborne committed the accused to prison Tor examination. Stolen Yetltrday.?A gold lever watch was stolen yes' terday from the eating house of Mr. Oould, No. 10 Fulton itreet, 16 hole* jewelled; also gold key attached, with a to pa* atone, belonging to Mr. Caleb A. Carr. No ' arrest. Charge of Libel.?A complaint was made yesterday before Justice Osborne, by Dr. Harvy Burdell, dentist, No. 782 Broadway, against another dentist, said to be a broI ther, by the name of Qalan, Burdell, of No. >10 Broad> way, charging him with publishing several libellous arI tides in the Tribune and True Sun, wherein he was represented as having torn dewn various dentists signs around town, much to the injury of the complainant A [ warrant wasfplaced in the hands of officer Hays, of the lower police, for the arrest of tne accused. j News from Oregon.?Two gentlemen, on their i return from Oregon, arrived in this city yesterday. One of them, Mr. Palmer, belongs to Indiana; the other, ' Mr. Smith, is from Ohio. From the latter gentleman we ' have obtained some information of a very interesting 1 character, as exhibiting the prospects of tne American > population in that quarter. These gentlemen, in com' pany with some fifteen others, left Oregon City on the 1 6th of March, and Or. Whitman's M issionary establishment, on the Wallawalla river, on the 14th of April.? This missionary establishment is represented as in a flourishing condition, and enjoying the confidence of the Indians. Oregon City contains a population of about 1 eight hundred. It contains two churohes, one a Methodist and the other a Catholic churah?two flour mills, and three saw mills. Oregon City is now the residence of Dr. McLaughlin, who has resigned his post in the ! Hudson Bay Company, and is actively employed in measures for the improvement of the territory. The canal around the Willamette Falls, for the erection of i which a bill passed the Oregon Legislature last year, it j is now proposed to convert into a railroad, and it is expected that this will be done in a year or two. The territory of Oregon itielf is represented to contain a population of about 7000, all prosperously employed, and > those who went to that country last year are represonted * as well satisfied with their situation. The intercourae between the Hudson Bay Companv and the Americans ' was of a very friendly character, though great interest was manifested, on both sides, as to the result of pending ? negotiations for the adjustment of the auestionor bound ary. It is the impression of our informant, that the > treaty arrangement will not be satisfactory to the ? Americans, but the Hudson Bay company seem to have anticipated very accurately the boundary which has been established. The country north of the Columbia, which has been generally represented as of a very poor , and indifferent quality, is not so regarded by our informant. It is susceptible of cultivation, and is cultivated to ' I a very considerable extent by the Hudson Bay company, who find a market for Wheat, at $2 SO per bushel, ia the Russian possessions. This party pursued the usual route, returning home. It is a broadly maiked wagon road, some ol tho difficulties of which, are soon to be obviated by contemplated improvements, in the region of the . Cascade mountains. Mr Smith gives a most melancholy [ account of the progress and suflerinss of the St. Joseph's company of emigrants, which left in 1?46, under the 1 pilotage of Mr. Meek. This comp. ny lost their way and ' endured incredible hardships. They were out forty rlnva Innirnr than iiatial oml hafnra Dalles ol the Columbia, some seventy-live of the com' pony had died. A ihort supply of provisions, and thai of the worst quality ?very poor cattle?produced what was called the "Camp Fever." Frequently, too, they were twenty-four hours without water lor the children or the sick. Of the number of those who died, we are supplied with the following names:?Wm. Henderson, of Mo ; John Noble, Mrs Leggett, i iss Butts, Mr. Moore, (baptist freacher,) John aanders, of 111; Duke Wilkes, John Harris, Mr. Moore, of 111.; Mr. Wilson, of Clay county; old Mr. Pugh his son, tho wife of William, and two children of the old man; Mrs Bryant of Mo., Miss . Stopheus, ol Iowa; old Mr. Hull, of Ohio; James Mallory, 1 of Mo.} Mist R Chambers, ? Noble, Mo.; Mary E. " Harris, H. Belden, of Caldwell county, Mo. Miss Parker, of Iowa ; Harvey Croumeli, of Mo.; Mrs. T. " Willaker, John King his wife and one child; Mrs. Straithoof, Mr. tarle, ol Iowa; D Watts, do ; Julia Ann Straitl hoof, Mrs. Jonea and daughter, the latter grown, Mrs. i Parker and child. Many children died whose names are > not given. On their return, the party met the advanced i company of the Oregon emigrants at Fort Laramie.? t They were getting on pretty well, but were ?uffering I from the depredations of the Indians upon their cattle. 1 The Pawnees were principally concerned in these out) rages, and on one occasion, attacked and killed one of the emigrants who was out in search of his cattle. The l person killed was from Henry county, Iowa, bv the name of Edward Trimble, llo and a companion by the name of Harrison, were fired upon from the grass, and > Trimble killed, and Harrison taken prisoner. They were, i however, discovered by two others of the party, who raised the shout, and the Indians flad. Mr. Trimble's I body was not found. He has left a wife and four small children. They would have returned with this ! Mtrtv hilt wnrA tiravanU.1 .4 i j- ..? uuiui ?w, uj I peculiar circumstauces. Mri. Trimble's friends may expsct her return aa speedily ai possible.? During lait winter, four American whaler* were lying ?t Vancouver's Island Of the number one waa the ahip Morrison, of Massachuiett*, end another the Lou vie, of 1 Connecticut Six of the men belonging to theae veiaels atole a whaling boat, end run away with it. The Indiana on the island would not permit them to land. They were compelled to put to sea?a atorm arose. end three j of them were drowned Their names were Kobt. Church 1 Frederick Smith, and Mr. Kice, of New London 8 The atock of gooda in Oregon,waa very much limited, and many arttclea were in demand Our Yankee frienda > might drive an advantageous trade by sending a ahip load of gooda thither, and receiving in return article* ol' trade which find a ready markot at the Sandwich Islands * For some articles, prices are very reasonable. Sugar ia sold for ten cents, and coffee for twenty centa?these ar* tides are obtained from the Islands. Coarse boots bring $5 to $6 per pair. > The Pawnees recently lost twenty-five men. from an > attack made upon them by the Sioux?and had their vli lagea burned, and numbers taken priaonera.?St. Lout* Republican, July 17. Trad* to Sakta Fe, California, and Orkoon. * ?Dr. Gregg, the author ot " Commerce ot the ' Prairies," in a letter to the editor of the Boonalick THmti, < givea the following important statement* :? " Indkpkndknce, June 30th, 1840. " The traders having left this place in detached p*:ties, as each proprietor Aniahed his preliminary arrangemcnta " and got nis gooda and chattels, freight, and cattle, ready * for starting, it 1* difficult to form a correct estimate of : their numbers or quantity, unlesa one had taken the ' pains of stationing himself upon the border at the opening of navigation, in the spring, and counted them when paasing. I nave, however, by minute and frequent inquiries, ascertained that there are ?it route upon the ? Santa Fe trail 916 wagona. * Still behind, and to start during the summer, | principally belonging to Mexican*, say. . ,150 " ' Small carriages, buggies, kc !>0 " ; ' ? 418 having on heard, as nearaa I can estimate it, an amount of merchandiae, costing a fraction over one million of dollars, which is more than treble that of any previoua [ season. " These vehicles, of varioua sorts, are accompanied by people as various?comprising traders and wagonera, ' hangers-on, and connoisseur travelers, loafera, and loungers, amonnting to about one thousand men. " The Oregon and California emigration (much the ' larger part of which is for the latter country) amount* ' to, men, women and children, about two thousand persons, and in all proboblhty, I think, at least 400 wagon* of all descriptions. ?? Tll*> im at-- ?- * ? jiuvu uidid uui unijr, iub auinmr 01 wmcD is ?|uite uncertain, although, including dragoon* and vounteera, infautiy and cavalry, it will, from preaent indications, amount to about three thousand man, accompanied by two hundred and fifty wagons. " Thus, we have about aix thousand aonla, with one i : thousand wagons, moving westward, across the great prairies, during the present summer, from this pert or our Frontier. How many may put off from other portions of our Western border I know no more than yon ; but rel port says that a large number of troops will leave Arkansas next month for oar South-wettern frontier and Mexico. Your friend, " JOSIAH OREOO." Supumz Court?July 21.?Preaent all the i | Judge* No 57H? Miller ad? the People?(Argued j esterdav.) New trial denied. T. Miller District Attorney, for the People. No. 43?Whitford and Wife vs ; Harkness?Motion to set aside nonsuit, snd for a new trial Mr Taber opened for plaintiff Mr Hill was heard on behelf of defendant: and Mr Taber in replv. New trial denied. No 44 -The People ex. rel. Martin va the | Mayor Ito. of Brooklyn?Demurrer to an alternative mandamus Mr Greenwood opened for the Relator ? Judgment for defendant on the demurrer Mr. Warning I and Mr. Elevens for defendants No 48 ?Clark ads. Mdridge and al ?Motion for a aew trial in ejectment Mr. , McMartln opened for delen<iant Mr. Stevens and Mr. Hammond were heaid lor plaintifl new trial grxnted ? No 40 ?Miller and al Shenier?Mo'lon lor n ntw trial on a bill of eireptions. Mr Hill opened for delendaut. AdJourne'l ? Ulic" Onirllt Hkavt Lo???A cnnal t>Oxt. in tnu/nf the tfeamboat San<lu?ky, having * fn-ixht <>60,000 worth of far?. ?> run loto and Bunk by another boat on Tues lay night, a few milea below Albany. The accident wu earned by a heavy aw ell in the rivar, ocr.aaioned bv ih? pacing of the ateamboat Hndaon or Troy. The loa< it ll ( atad, I will oot fall ?bort of $10,000, tUa fare l?ing gieatly | 4aaage4 by wat*r Th? Devoted Wl*. A floriow woman! Fit wife for a Koman? A ?pirit uncommon, j ft*** A thiDK from above. No caution or caring? No doubting, deipalring, Could keep her from daring Tito labor of love ! W'hen the hot *un was ihiniug, Her poor mate waa pining, On hie lone couch reclining, By night and by day. Whan the heard it, no danger Could check or could change her. To the land of the atranger She hastened away. She croiaed the dark billow, To alt by hia pillow? ro soothe and to mellow Hla anguish end pain. To nnur nnt hia rtntinn To ibar* hi? emotion? To prove her devotion, Again and again. Who would not be Jealous Of loved one to zealous ? And though they may tell us Of woman'a weak faith, When her heart has been given, On thia side of heaven, It cannot be riven But clings until death. Maths Rem. Court of General Suasions. Before Recorder Scott and Aldermen Gilbert and | , Stoneall John McKeon. Lsn.. Diitrict Attorney. Jul* 24.? Trial of Dr. Heine and .9. I.ynm continued. ?Thi? ca*e was rtmmed on the part of the proiecution thia morning, by calling to the stand Officer Josephs, i who deposed ai follows :?1 arrested Simmons, Lyons 1 and Dr. Heine; Lyons was arrested on Friday after the robbery at Dr. Heine's office, In Buane street; I saw Heine accompany a lawyer into the prison to see Simmons; Mr*. Cardoza told me that 8immons wished to see a lady residing in Division street; and that he also said he wanted to see Dr. Heine; Mr. and Mrs. Cardoza, and Dr. Heine went in to see him; after they same out ' of the prison Dr. H. told me that the money could be found in Catherine street, but that he did not w ish the person who had it exposed; Dr. Heine immediately went towardl Catherine street, but discovering that Mrs. CarI doza was watching he returned home; I left his house and went again towards evening, when Dr. Heine said that Lyons had told him that the money was under the stoop in Joseph Murphy's yard; Mr. Cardoza, Dr. Heine and myself went there and found about $806 were under the stoop alluded to. the money was given up to Mr. Cardoza; after arresting Lyons, I searched his trunk and | (English.) six penny piecei, (also Knglish coin,) which Lyons said he brought from England; I advised Cardoza to gat Dr Heine to go into the prison and see Simmons; Mr. Cardoza accordingly went in for that purpoae with Justice Osborne. Patrick Duoan, of No. 3 Chatham street, examined?I recollect the morning on which Mr. Cardoza was robbed; I know Lyons by sight; I have aeen him about the premises of Mr. Cardoza; I recollect having seen him itand- 1 I ing with Simmons on Mr. Cardoza'i stoop between 8 and j 9 o'clock on the evening previous to the robbery. The prosecution here rested, and F. A. Tallmadge, Esq. opened the case for the defence. At the clo?e of his remarks, the following testimony was adduced on , the part of the accused:? Mrs. L. Bi.aneenstmn examined?Dr. Heine is mj brother-in-law; I know Simmons bv sight; Lyons boarded at my house in Division street, for aoout two months prior to his arrest in June last. Mr. Cardoza called on me, and stated that Simmons wished te see me; this waa on Friday evening after the robbery; I went with Mr*. Cardoza into the prison, to see Simmons; he asked me where Lyons waa; I told him that Lyons had gone; he i then aaid tell Abraham (Lyons) to go down to Cardoza'i and settle the business; 1 asked him if Lyons knew anything about it; he said, " I told him last Tuesday where the money was;" he wrote a note, which I took, and afterwards destroyed; I did not read the note, not having ; an opportunity of doing so before I tore it up: Mrs. Cardoza was with me when I went to Dr. Heine's. 1 -Croft-Examined?While in the cell, Simmons whispered to me and requested me to go and t 11 Abraham Lyons to settle with Cardoza; when Mr. Cardoza came to see me about going into the prison to see Simmons; Lyons was in the house; 1 had no intimation, before I went into the prison and saw Simmons, that Lyons had had anything to do with the robberv; 1 had never heard Lyon's name mentioned in connection with it. Justice Osborne examined?I waa called upon by Dr. 1 ' Heine for permission to see Simmons; I declined giving him a permit, but accompanieJ him in; Mr. and Mrs. Cardoza were with him at the time; Simmons expressed a desire to speak privately with Dr. Heine, which he was permitted to do; Dr. Heine, on coming out of the prison, said that he thought he could get the money, if an officer went with him; I accordingly told officer Josephs to go with the doctor. Several other witnesses were examined In relation to : the character of the accused, ice. F. A. Tallmadhe, Esq , then proceeded to addreas the jury in behalf of Dr. Htine. He was followed by M. , Burke, Esq , for Lyons. John McKeon closed the case I on the part of the prosecution after which the subject was submitted to the jury, under a brief charge from the Recorder; but at a late hour no verdict had been rendered in the case. Indian Intelligence.?A volunteer company of sevt;nty-?ix men tia# been enrolled f.ir 12 months, 1 to garrison Fort Ciawford, at I'rairie du Chien, during the abaence of the regulars. A Kickapoo chief, called Little Dandy, who has long been very hostile to the whites, is raising a force, anj threatens hostilities, to revenge his wrongs whilst the regulars are gone. Some r JV. ?>,.? fied.? St. houit Era. July 17 Phalon'i Ma^lc Hair Dye, a new and Invaluable discovery, warranted neither to smut nor wash off, beiug Liquid Dye, which instantaneously changes the color of the hair to a beautiful brown or bl ick without injury to the hair or ski*. The great superiority of thia Dye coasts in | the aaay mode of application and instanteoua effect?all other dye> requiring from ten to twelve hours to prodnce any chance. Ita superior excellence will be apparent to every one upon a single application. Country geutlemen can have a bottle forwarded them by express, by sending cash enclosed to t. Phalon. 61 Broadway, Judson'a Hotel. Price SI per bottle, with full directions lor use, City gentlemen are invited to call at the depot and have their whisker dyed. Portable Drrmlnc Cear?In all that the name imports, compact and complrte?each article contained therein b?ing of the very best quality, and of ordinary dimensions, with addition of the Metallic Tablet Raxor Strop, sufficient in itself to recommend r. For sale at O. SAUNDERS It SON. 177 Broadway, Opposite Howard's Hotel. Rodger's Cutlery?Consisting of Poeket and Penknives, Scissors, Nail Files, he., of the most beautiful finish and unique patterns, can be obtained of O. SAUNDERS k SON 177 Broadway, A few doors above Courtlaadt street. i Plnmbe's National Daguerrlan Gallery, 951 Broadway, affords brilliant specimens of what industry and skill can accomplish. His name is a legion in Daguerrian tame, and the multitudes who visit his diflerent establishments in the course ol'a year, and the enthusiasm with which < they admire and extnl the almost speaking specimens there presented, is unbounded. Vie advise all who visit this city to look in at his gallery . i j WrlCht's Indian Vegetable Pill*, In addl- | tion^> being one of the best anti-bilious medicines in ( the world, possess a power of removing pain which is truly astonishing. Four or five <nid Indian Vegetable Pills, taken < , even-night on going to bed, will, in a short time, completely , rid the body ofthose morbid humors which, if lodged in the ltver, are the cause of pain in the side, sometimes extending < through to the shoulder blsde; difficulty of breathing, nausea and sickness, loss of appetite, costiveness, indigestion, tlaru lency, swarthy or yellow completion, and other symptoms of an inflammation or torpid state of the liver. Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills also thoroughly cleanse the stomach and bowels of all bilious humors and other impurity; and therefore are a certain cure for colic, dysentery, j cholera morbus, and every other disorder of the intestines, j They also aid and improve digestion, and conaequeutly give j health and vigor to the whole frame, aa well as drive diseases j of every name from the body. j Caution.?It should be remembered that Mr. Samuel Reed, j of Baltimore; Mr. John Dixon, of Eastern, Pa., and Messrs. j Browning It Brothers, of Philadelphia, are not agents of ourg, > sua as liiey parcnaie no wrignrs luuian vrgeusic nmu ; oar odiet, we cannot guaranty u genuine any medisine that j ; thy may have for sale. The only security acaiiut imposition ia to purchase from no persoa anleaa he can show a certificate of agency, or at the Office and General Depot, No. 2U Greenwich street. New York. WILLIAM WRIGHT. HONEY MARKKT. 1 Krlday, July !44?? P. M. j The itock market to-day was rather heavy, and price! j for eeveral of the fancies fell off a fraction. Norwich and Woroeater declined H per cent) Reading, \ , Penna 6'*, ; Ohio 6'i M ; Long Island improved ; while Harlem and Farmer*' Loan closed firm at yesteiday's 1 | prices. 1 At the eecond board there were only two or three 1 transactions, but prices were firm at quotations current ! In the morning. There if a movement going on in Har| lem calculated to put prices up several per cent above 1 j present rates. From some cause which we have never I been able to fathom, this stock has for sometime past ruled J ] very low, and at this time ranges furthor below the other fancy railroad stocks in the list than it should, if we take j into consideration for* moment its comparative value.? , There is a larger margin for a rise in this atock than in j any other, and we have no doubt but that the movement f now going on will reduce that margin very much. It i? J in a better state than the Norwich and Worcester, from , : the fact that its prospective value is greater. The annual a , receipts of the Harlem Company, from only twenty-five miles of road, were as large ae those of the Norwich , and Worcester from fifty-nine miles of road, and the monthly increase In the income of the former exceeds J that of the latter eeveral per cent t The Utica and Schenectady Railroad Company, have I declared aeml-aunual dividend of four dollara on each f hare, payable to New York atockholdera at the Phoenix r Bank, on the lot of Auguat. The Treaaury Note Rill haa panted both houaei of ^ Congreaa, and i* now a law. It will go immediately into j operation, and we expect every day to tee the new iaaue o of treaaurj notea in the market The Secretary of the Treaaury haa the power to iaatie them at an hitereit of ^ not more than Ave per cent, hut it will be hia aim to get a aa many of them into circulation aa poaaiMe. at a nominal ' rate of intere-t. for the purpoae of aecuring an iaau? that * will paaa into circulation and become part of the currency ( *> '? ir thai, uta hritin. ...| I VI lum wwuiiu J . I. - ?/ ? ? K?? VW..% interest they become immediately sought for invest- f ( ? ?, ?u, C?C?UU?M.. ? ( . ujIumc* to relieving ths money m?rk*t, and do not yr*r? to beneficial u antKypatad. By tha provitlont of thii act tha President haa tha " powar to borrow on the crodit of tha L*nited Hiatal such an amount of money ai ha may deem proper, he.," inatead of iasuing treasury notai, but tha probability if that tha full amount authorized will be raiaed by an iuue ef treasury notes, bearing a nominal rate of interest. The currency of the country requires an accession to ita volume of thi* amount, and in this shape, to raise tha average value, and to liquidate balances between differ ent sections of the country, by regulating our domeatio exchange*. An addition to tha circulating medium, to th? fall ?z. tent uf the issue will be secured, if merely a nominal rate of interest it paid, a* those redeemed from timo to time are to be re-issued, but not to excead the origins! amount. The} will be an addition to the currency much sought after, on account of being receivable for all government duet, and will, to a certain but limited extent, check tha demand for bills of city banks for that pur pom The Loan and Tm*?u?r Note Bill. Be it enacted, lie. That the President of the United States is hereby authotized to cause Treasury note* to be issued for such sum or sums as the exigencies of the government may require, and in place of suoh of the same as may be redeemed to cau?e others to be issued, but not exceeding the sum of $lu.000,000 of this emission outstanding at anv one time, and to be issued under the limitations and otlier provisions contained in the act entitled " An act to authorize the issi e of Treasury notes,'' approved the 13th of October, 1837, except that the authority hereby given to issue Treasury notes shall expire at the end of one year from the passage of this act. And be it further enacted, That the President, if in hia opinion it shall be the interest of the United States so to do, instead of issuing the whole amount of Treasury notes authorized by the first sectioi: of this act, may borrow on the credit of the United States such an amount of money as he may deem proper, and issue therefor stock of the United States for the sum thus borrowed in the same form and under the same restrictiOL*, limitations and provisions as are contained in the act of Congress, approved April 14, 184-2, entitled "An act for the extension of the loan of 1841, and for an mldition of Ave millions of dollars thereto, and for a'lowing interest on Treasury notes dueProvided however, That the sums borrowed, together with the Ti-easury notes issued by virtue of this act, shall not, in the whole, exceed the sum of ten millions of dollars And provided further. That no commission shall be allowed or paid for the negotiation of the loan authorized by this act; and, also, that tho said stock shall be redeemable at a period not longer than ten years from the issue thereof. And be it further enacted, That the Treasury notes and the stock issued under the provisions of this act hall nnt hfiar a hivhAr rati* of than aiv n?r r?nt i>er annum, and no part thereof shall be disposed of at loss than par. And be it further enacted, That no compensation shall be made to any officer, whose salary is fixed by law, for preparing, signing, or issuing Treasury notes ; nor shall any clerk be employed beyond the number authorized by the act herein referred to. This bill waa called for by the real exigencies of the country, and it will relieve the government and the people from a vast deal of financial and commercial embarrassment. We have no fears of the currency becoming depreciated by the circulation of these notea, or of the Tolume of the ciiculating medium becoming too inflated. If the banks are relieved in any way by this policy of the government, and have abandoned all feara of an immediate drain of the surplus on deposit in specie, they will not, under existing circumstances, be disposed to expand very largely, or resort to a system of businesa different from that pursued for some time past, as they have before them the Independent Treasury bill, which will pass next session of Congress, if it should not get through and become a law this term. The Independent Treasury bill, with the most liberal specie provisions, and with the foil issue of treasury notes in the market, would operate as a very great and important check upon the banks. The existence of the teu millions treasury netes in the market, would bring the independent treasuiy bili moro gradually and more easily into operation, than it would otherwise be, but with all this the banks wonld hardly dare expand and inflate any of their movements to any great extent It is anticipated bv the opponents of the independent treasury bill, that the issue of treasury notes will annul that act and make it inoperative, or that it will be for the present abandoned. This, however, is not probable; and if the opponents of the new tariff bill were wiso, or had the least tact, they would use their most strenuous efforts to bring into opeiation, simultanously with the ad valot'um tariff?in the event of its passage?the independent treasury bill in its most stringent and restrictive state.? The adoption of the independent treasury act wonld be a greater protection to every important domestic interest of the country, even under the operation of the new ad valorum tariff, than they have ever realized under the present bill. We have for a long time advocated this policy. We have repeatedly proved conclusively that the value and volume of the currency had feore influence in regulating our foreign importations than all the tariff* ever proposed or adopted. If the whigs in Congress would use all their influence to increase the value of the circulating medium, by reducing its volume, and place such restrict ons upon the banks as would place the currency upon a complete s;*cie basis, while the democrats were tinkerir.g the tariff, they would annul all their reduction* ind secure a protection to the manufacturing classes greater than they have ever previously enjoyed, a protection so far beyond being reached by any ohange in id6 ianil mat it would be permanent. There it a ridiculous inconsittency In tke political principles of both partial. The policy they pursue la regard to one measure, cornea into direct coafliet with thoee pursued upon other meaaurea. Accordinf to the democratic oree<l, a low tarifl' will produce a am all or a large revenue, which ever may from time to time be re> quired. When the surplus revenue was large, the ery waa for a reduction in the tariff, for the purpose of ra ducing the revonue, now that the country is involved In heavy expenditures, and is obliged to ralaa a lean by an issue of treasury notes, and mare revenue U required, a reduction in the tariff is demanded, for the purpose of increasing the revonue. Here it an inconsistenoy that Lhat would make any one but a politician blush. On the Dther hand, according to the creed of the whig party, a protective tariff is necessary to build up and establish our manufacturing interests, and an inflated currenoy ia necessary to establish a proper system of oredits, and afford facilities to carry on commercial pursuits. They appear to lote eight of the faet that an inflated and depre* ciate# currency annuls the protective features of their t iriffa more effectually than any thing else?that one off* eta the other?that they are not consistent with eaotk Dther. There is an ignorance in our legislative halk in relation to measures connected with our commereial affairs, both foreign and domestic, that is truly lameg^bla It is not astonishing these laws are so imperfect. Old Stork Kxehanga. (2.000 Ohio (a, 1M0 t1* aha Harlem RR 5JU (2,000 Ky 6a, 3yrs 99 40 J do 53* IV0O0 Penna ia S7V SO d<j ,? jj (3,000 do ?T)5 50 io alt MJK H.OOO Readme Bda 7 J jj SO de Norfc WorRH 5t$ (S.000 Read Mort Bda 74 900 do At It.li.ni.Ul^aTr.rt H ? - - >0 do Fsrmsrs' Trait ti 50 do b60 3*& >0 do East Bostou (Jo US 54 do s00 5t W do IiOa| III HK 3oV 100 do Buiiui RR, b45 69 iO do 3#K 350 do 0OK M do M0 Sl>2 1M do (8$ M*oov*i Board. 50 (hi Ne* It Wot RR MU loo ah> Farmers' Lttn 10 30 do Harlem HK, aM 51% N?w MUxk Eiehanm, K5.000 Ohio 0s, 1000, s3 94* 2).hiNorkWor .3 V% M.000 do ?lfc 15 do M0 ll.nOO KyOs, blO ?S" 100 do cash 50 15 shs Morris Csnsl >15 Iti do sJO 50 10 do Harlem RR b3 53 married. On Thnradar evening. the 9M inat, by the very Rev. Dr. Power, Oaoaor. Hoan, Keq.. to Miaa Mart Julia Iiiii, daughter of Joseph Kecler, Eiq., all of thil city. Philadelphia popart will pleaae copy. Died, At 1 o'clock, on the morning of the 94th in?t, of con umption. Ai*? Hcohis, wife of James Hughe*. The friend* and acquaintance*, and thoae of bar irother, Edward Hughes, are respectfully invited to atend her fnnerel to-day (Saturday,) at 4 o'clock P. M.. rom her residence. No #8 Trinity place. Yesterday, the 34th inat.. IIkmht Miaitf, In the 64th ear of his age. His friends and those of his family are Invited to ttend bis funeral this forenoon, at 10 o'clock, from hi* ate residence, No 13!) Liberty street. Th* officers of It John's Urand Lodge, of which he was Orand Master, inJ the inemheriuf Independent Lodge No 7, will please neet at the Gothic (Masonic) Hall. Broadway, precisely tt 9 o'clock, preparatory to attending the funeral, and to irrnmoinv thft i?niin? of tK?lr , I Kr??K?p '? naica laland. Yesterday morning, 34th Inrt. Horace Corn, Co*, on of <:?pt David Cox, in the ISth year of hia age The friend* of the family are invited to attend hia fuleral tomorrow afternoon at 1 o'clock, from No. I ''enre treat, Newark, where hia remaina will be removed o the church in Hell villa, where the funeral terriee will >e delivered at > o'clock. At Tom:>kimville, staten laland, the 2id inet, Jclitts Cumkt, infant ion of John A. and Maria Bogart, agod Nontlm and one rier On H'riday, nth inat, Chablk*. ton of Charlaa J. and ilary Dougherty, a|(ed month* Tlie frien '? en I lelntivei of the family are renpeotfuly invito.i to attend the funeral ihi? (Saturday,) aliernuoil it 4 o'clo. V. fiom their residence, ?9 Chern Mr?et On Kriday mornin* J4thin?t., tUaaiaT VHnKvooit, langliter of the lute Wm L Vanderroort. 1 Iim relative* and fn* nd? of tlio fim>ly are invited to ittend the funeral without fuittiei inriiatioo. on satorlay af ernoon at 0 o'clock, irom No 1 Carioll Place, tlercker meet On Friday, 31th in?t, Mr? NUaoiarr. wife ofRi'-hird ,aia.une, aged 18 year*, native of Newtown, c.untr to? omon. Iielnnd The frienili of the family are r?qu??ted to atUB.l tba * 11 nentl to-morrow (4nnda>.) atumaon at 4 o'clock, from Mr l?t? r?a*]?aw>, M u Liver urwt.