Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 3, 1846, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 3, 1846 Page 1
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THJ Vol. XII, No. 233? Whole No. 4478. THE NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES 60R00N BENNETT PROPRIETOR. Circulation---Forty Thousand. DAILY HKH \LD?Kvej-y Jay, Price 2 cenu |>er copy ' tT ' 8 per annum?pay nble in advance. WEEKLY IlKKAl.D? l'very Saturday?Pnee 6)4 e?ut* Per copv?43 12li centa iw unium?payable 111 advance. HKHALD lOU EIROPE?k.very Sieam Packet day. Phsv 6,'? ceuu per cop;*?00 per annum, payable in ad fanee. ADV RllTlflEMEMTB at the luioai prieee?alwaya cash B ad\ nice. ntiNTlNU of all kn.d? executed with beauty and de? patch. All letter* or communication!, by mail, addreaaed to the ( laMiihiumt, iou?t t><-1 n%( paid, or the 1 oati^e wili b? d? dieted from tjie auliacrimiou money rrr>it:-d. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Proprietor of the New Yon Hmtaiu KiTttujirmrnr, Ni*rti-VV#,r cort tdl ynltin mi,l Naxaan irr##ta >wd A SMALL genteel familvof quiet hibita, conaiati-;; of gentleman, wife, .md mother, with to obtain JiallbiMrt ol a house. Down town preferred. Pleaae addrti< De Lorenzo, atating particulara. and left at the Tribune office, will receive immediate attrntiou. ?1 3t*r WANTED. Sg\ Gentlemen and their wivea or aingle gentlemen, can he ccoinmojated with delit'iilfully aituuted rooma, by U-Vm"l>''l''?? a' 174 Broadway *h28 Iin'rc UOUi'lS A ML) SHOES. ^ THE aub<criber invites the attention of purchaiera to (Whii ex'enaive aaaortment of French Calf and Patent if Leather BooTa, OaiTi:na, 1(ho<;a.m, Praipa, StirPERa. etc , received week'y from hia manufactory at Shu Hinii, and manufactured expreaaly for tlie retail *i hade, and warranted in all caaea to give entire aatiafaction. I am now nianufacturinu forihe fill and winter trade a auperioi quality ol t,'oR? Sole amd Water Proof Boot*, to fiether with other articlea, comprising the moat extenaive tstifiuicm ever uiirrru in mis city, nil 01 w men inay Or found by (he rAckAGE or single run at the Ucror, 73 Maiden Lank. K. WILTSE. an30 1w*m MEW BOOT^AND SHOE STORE, 69 MAIDEN LANE, NEW YORK. J FINE Calf Citv Made Boou, for, $3 00 ; Kin# Calf Citv Made Dress for, 93 60 : Kine trench Dress equal to any boot in the city, $1 60. All onr boou warranted and equal to any now made. Every tliiuf else in our equally low. Jobbers anil others will please give as a call before purchasing; our stock isillmide uuder our own inspection ?nd bought for ruth, and therefore we can sell as low Ha any house in .his city. Boots nr tly footed for Si 50 ; repairing done in the stare. McQEARY 6c lfKJGINS, an26 lin*r C.'l Mii.l?n I oie, comer of Willi.nn >1. . FINE BOOTS, FOR $3 60, J City made, and are equal to those aold in other itorea for %$. Kiue h reuch Call Dress Boou for $4 60. equal to the best made, and sold in this city for $6 or $7. All Boou warranted to sire sati'laction. YOUNG k JONES, No. 4 Ann street, Near the American Mnieum. Quick sales and im&ll proliu ia oar motto.?4 Ann street. nn<3 'm'rrr fc.Si'i'Ai>LlnMt.U riilcKn Ai GUR-NEY'S NEW ESTABLISHMENT, 1S4 Fim.tcn Street, (Sun Bimldiko.) FIRST QUALITY BLACK FUR HAT $3 60 8HCOND " " " 3 00 FIRST O JALITY SILK HAT 3 00 SECOND " " " 2 60 r? THESE prices have been firmly established, and may be as implicitly relied on, as the beauty, style and finish oi the irtiele to which they api>ertain. The proprietor would respectfully ask the pnblic to teat the value of his Hau, by comparison with the productions ofanv otliet manufacturer in the citv. and believes no candid mind will leave the premise* dissatisfied with tlietn or theirprices. ault Im'rc T. T. GURNEY, 134 Fulton st. REMOVAL OF ROBERTSON'S PHCENIX ^ HAT AND CAF MANUFACTORY.^ i b * iiuurjiiH'irii wouiu reapeciiuuy nouiy me 10** [mblte, that he lias removed from his former location 103 10 89 Kul'on street. Having a much more commodious tore. Mid having otherwise increased his facilities, he is ccnlident of giving satisfaction to his former patrons. ROBKKTSON, Hatter, W Knlton St., *nl5 1m*m (between Wm and Gold.) ruu sale, """ Jl FIFE SADDLE HORSE. <t "W1JL.L. drive alio in carriage. It is just the right l"tt. ""* for ndiQtf 00 horseback. and hi>s been Ions f ^ > ? "?"* to the saddle Applr to B. Oalbraith, 2S PaiE Pi" a26tf?j?b PhK LAST PACKLi FROM KUKOPL M JlST RECEIVED one pair of English Swans. mfjs. ,wo pair English Phcasmts. two pair Chinese Silver ^^mPliessuiu. two pair Chinese liolden Pheasints, the a^BSplomxEe of the latter are equal Co the Bird of Paia ^^^<iise. For sale by A. OHIEVE, au23 2w m No. S, John street. New Yhrk. Afl KIN1J CHARLES SPANIELS.?Hi?, Black and ylB Tanned, very fine, just imported per ship St James, Jl Jl frnm London. Also, Three Shetland Ponies, suitable (or gentlemen's snua?vary docile, and perfectly manageable. For Sale by A GRIEVE, No. 4 John street, Importer and dealer in Birds. Cnirf. He. an? Im'rre GERMAN HARDWARE. A LARGE assortment of German Hardware, consisting of Scissors, ChissiW, Bnt'lier Knivea, (able Knives and Forks. Sa>vs, Plan* Irons, Halter Chains, Pocket Knives, Knitting Pins. I inbrella Frames, Sic. Also, Curtain Tina, Curtain Ornaments, Slatev tic., lias jnit been received by the undersigned^ and is offered for iale low, on accommodating terms to dealers. SUTKS AND SLATE PENCILS. 40 easas Slates, assorted N"a. I to6. 2, J. 4, 4, 5, 6. and Not. 3, 4 and 1. Also,!) casks Slate Peneils. Kor sile by GEORGE F. GERJING.T8 Maiden lane, Junction ofLib^ty street. Violin*. Guitars, Flutes, lie., constantly on hand. anil Im ec CLOCKS, FANCV GOODS AND GLAHSWAIIE. A Large assortment of Fancy Goods, Clocks, Violins, Guitars and Flutes; also Glassware, China, lie, will be told to dealers at reduced price*, at GEORGE F. GERDINO, *n29lmec 71 Maider lane. RANGES?RANGES. PIERCE'S First Premium New Patent Two Oven Ranges, combining economy, convenience <nil durability. These Ranges have always tiken the first premium at the Fair or the American lustitute, ami are universally acknowledged sopenor to any ever offered. All ranges aold by the proprietor are warranted in all reipecu. GEORGE PIERCE, au291w*mc Role Proprietor. 192 Broadway. TH K AMAZON WIGS, OR, GENTLEMEN'S Real Hemls of Hair, being the lateatand greatest improvement in the manufacture of Wig* and Benlps: and the subscriber is happy in being the first to introduce them here. They display the forehead and temples to nny height, a point in wig making never before attained.? They are composed of Teutilating or gossamer work. They fit on the bead oy a mechanical contrivance entirely new; they are pot on iu a moment. They immediately adapt themselves to the countenance, and at once become part and parcel of the livng man. Copy the address. E. rHALON, tl Broadway, opposite the sdM tm'ic Globe Hotel, under Jndson's Hotel. ILLINOIS BONDS. THE UNDERSIGNED, as agent for the Sure of Illinois, horebT gives notice, that ou and after Tuesday, the fir?t day of September n?*t, he will be prepared to pay to the holders of such holds of the Stste of Illinois, as are entitled mider the act of the Legislature, to participate in the proceeds of the one mill tax for IM5. the sum of three dollars and twenty-three cents upon each of the said bonds for SWOO. The overdue coupons due 1st of January, 1S42, must be pre tented to the undertirned (at the American Exchange Dank) on or after the 1st or September net:, in order tint the am not raid may he stamped thereon, ind a receipt given for the imonnt paid. 1). LKAVITT, au29lw*m Augutt 29, 18IS. WROUGHT NAILS. EiVt KEGS or 1M lb* each of 2% and 3 inch wrought nails (JUv 1st quality, are daily expected, and will be sold low, on delivery after 1st of December next, nt OEOROK F. OEIIDINO, ?a!9 lmec ?( Maiden lane, jnnction of Liberty st HLUELICK WATEK. JUST received, a fre?h supply of this celebrated medicinal water, Itom Holladav'a Bluelick Sp-ingt, in Kentucky. Its action upon the system is purgative, diaphoretic, diurihetic. and alterative i being possessed of greater variety of tubstaneM and in greater abundance, it stands at the head of the Hnliue Sulphur Waters in th>a country, and is identical with the Har owgate Springs of England Analysis furnished gratis. For sale by HENRY JOHNSON. Druggist, 273 Broadway. Granite Kutiding, sn?9 'w*rh comer of Chamber street. GOOD NKWS for smokers of A No. 1 Havana Began.? 1'he " Habuirro House," 12 Beekman street, have now completed their arrangement! to furnish the lovers of the real aiomatic weed (aa well as dealers in tegart, hotel keepers fcc.jwith the best tejar the Havana products, and cheaper than aay other house in the United States, as Seaor Kivert it now at Hav?aa,and will permanently retide the.e for th? purpose nf manufacturing Segart.tuit.ible for tint market; flic urff of ia the highly important one of packing up the.hegari in the nine manner at the Chiaete : thereby pretectal the peculiar odor and aromatic flaror for which Havana Began have to loac been celebrated, which to this day ha* been entirely Reflected bv putting the Sfirart in ccdar boiet. thna imparting to the Herart the t?*d odo* anil di?ngreaabi* flavor of the cedar ; tint new and philosophical plan ha? been privately tried for D mnntht mil,?and of IU advantages the pnblir will in a thort tttnehe able to jadge for ibem?elvet. Ai toon a* the Ant invoice rmnet to hand they will be duly advertlted ; meanwhile the remainder of the old ttoea pur up on the <>ld plan, comprising a Tery choice and well telected a*?ortment, will be retailed at wholeiale pricet. nnd tola hy ihe thousand at from $1 to 13, lets than the limal rate*. ? all aad try them ! at the ILtbaneros Home, No. IS fieektnsn street. N.B. A ?>cond-hand ShowCaae for tale cheap. anM Iw'T TRAVELLING TRUNKS, lie. JOHN CATTNACH. Tronk Manufacturer. No. 1 Wall afreet, corner <1 Broadway, baa bow on hand aad coattaatr ly making a food assortment ol Traaka, Valitea, C arpet lUn, aad Aetchela.wholesale aad retail Alt*, a superior article of aok leather Trunks, tnitahle for American or Kuropcan 1 ravel, and Portmanteaus for ihe I'r.urK Mailt Pa tie* Order* tor the W e*t Indie*, Booth America, he., filled with deipetfh. mil lm*r r|>U f Al'KU BOX M-AKkHS,?2?,000 lt? Straw Board*, an If In ? and ?T Naaaan at. - FLAVORING EXTRACTS. Afreah mpplr of highly concentrated Kreneh Extract*, unci, a* VANILLA PjtACHT NECTARINE, ROBE! LEMON BITTER ALMOND, and tereral other*, for rt*?nrinjc Ice < rearm, Hlnncmauge, Cnatard*, etc., tnd|all liiud*ofl'Mtrft MOOREkTAYLOR. t!J 1m*m Importers, hc..% ! MiiHn lsn? N. Y. AMERICAN MANUFACTURED CUTLERY! WM. WILD, manufacturer of Cutlery, No. 16* Di?iro? xreet, New York, haa conn tan tly on hand a good a?, aoriment of 1.1. 3 and ? blade Km Tea of hi* own manefactmrm(, good and chop to the trade anH lm*rc 1 BELGIAN COOKING STOVES. 2 ?' c* ""Ji3r<? if Woiko. .alt imee W Malien laM. | ) f E NE NEV Bia&LY IHIOX1AS1 PROM TUK T? A n t T-I T /-> r At U'lU. THE CAPTURE OF CALIFORNIA BY T1IE AMERICAN NAVAL FORCES. MARTIAL LAW DECLARED BY THE MEXICANS. Skirmish Between Captain Fremont and his Party and the Mexicans. The following important news from the Paciric his been received by special despatches nl Washington. It appears that Commodore Sloat entered the harbor of Monterey early in July, and on the G'h, issued his proclamation to the inhabitants of California, calling upon them to remain peaceful, assuring them that he did not come as the enemy of ^nuiumia, uiu us mcir incnu ; mm uiey aro uestined to form part and parcal ol the great Federal Union of the United States; to enjoy the same rights and privileges as the citizens of those States. The proclamation is dated on board the United States frigate 3avannah, in the harbor of Monterey, and signed Johx 13. Sloat, Commavdtr-in-Chirf of I he U. S. Fnrcet in tht Pacific In addition to this. Captain Montgomery entertered the harbor of Yerba Buenn, and issued his summons to surrender to the inhabitant? of the country, in virtue of instructions from tho Commodore. These summons bear date July 9th. 1846. We have also news that Colonel Fremont's advanced posts had reached Sonora, to tho north of San Francisco. Gen. Castro, the Governor of the Province, advanced at the head of his troops to repulse them, but the gallant Colonel meeting him in person, tho Mexican force* retreated. The Califoruians are creatlv divided nmnno themselves. A junta met at Santa Barbara, headed by Governor Pico, proclaiming California an independent republic ; hereupon tho Mexican governor (Castro) declared the province under martial law. Affair* In Mexico* [fr'rom the Washington Union ] Annexed if '.he plan adopted and proclaimed by the inhabitant! and garrison of the city of Mexico, and acceded to by tho lata government on the Ath of August, 1846 : Akt 1. Instead of tho present Congress, another shall assemble composed of representatives popularly chosen according to the electoral law* in force for the election of 18-24, whose duty shall be as well to frame a constitution Tor the nation, adopting the form of government which they may doem in conformity with the national will, as to take charge of all matters relating to the war with the I'nited States and the affair of Texas and other frontier departments. The monarchical form of government which the nation evidently detests shall be excluded. Art. 3. All Mexicans faithful to they country, including those out of the country, are called upon to give it their services in the present national movement, for which purpose very particular invitation ii Riven to his excellency, the well-deserving Gon. Antonio Lope/, de Santa Anna, who is from this time recognised as generalin-chiet ol all the forces engaged and resolved to combat in ordor that the nation may recover its rights, secure its liberty, and govern itself. Aut. 3. Until the sovereign Congress shall assemble and adopt the requisite measures for the war, it will be the indispensable duty of the executive to dictate such measures as may be urgent and necessary to sustain with honor tho national flag, and this sacred duty must be discharged without the loss of a single moment. Art. 4. Within four months from the occupation; by the liberating forces of the capital of ths republic, tho Congress referred to in the first article must be assembled, fur which purpose it will be the duty of the general-in-chief to issue the order of convocation, in the terms indicated, and to take care that the elections pro0 -ed.with all posiible liberty. Art. 6. The existence of tho army is guaranteed, and it is assured of such attention and protection as a e due to the well deserving military class of a free people. Any one will be declared a traitor to the nation who shall endeavor to retard the assembling of the said Congress, snake any attempts against by infringing the liberty of its members, dissolve it, or suspend its sessions, or attempt tofoppose the constitution which it may establish, or the laws which it may enact in conformity with the present plan. The foregoing plan, with a preamble setting forth the causes and object) of the new revolution, was communi cated, on the 4th of August, by General Salas, the chief of the pronounced troops, to General Bravo, the acting President of the republic, and a correspondence took place which is not sufficiently interesting for transla tion. [From the Mexico Republicano, August 6.] Since the 3d instant, repeated notices have beea given to the government; but in the most reipectful terms, and almost in the tone of entreaty. Both these communications, and private letters addressed to Senor Bravo and Senor Quijano, t>y the general-in-chief of the pronounced force* in the citadel, remained either unanswered or were answered in an evasive manner by asking tor time, and seeking to gain time. The last time lixed upon lor giving a definite answer was two o'clock in the afternoon of this day, ( August fifth.) The general-inchief of the citadel waited until that hour, and having received_no answer, arranged his columns for the attack; but when they were about to execute the movement, the Oenerals D. Martin Carrara and 0. Jose Urrea presented themselves on the part of the government, and stated lhat (Jen D Benito Quijano was empowered as general in-chief to treat with the pronounce rs, if both parties should appoint commissioners to meet at a designated place. The general-inchiel of the pronounced forces drew up a new communication with this view, stating that the commissioners appointed on his part would attend before flvo o'clock in the after noon, in the convent of San Francisco, where they would await those appointed by (Jen. Quijano. The commissioners of the chief of the pronunciamento attended according to appointment; but those of the government, alter the lapse of more than an hour, had not made their appearance. In consequence of this, and of (Jen. Qmjsuo s having sent a new communication stating lhat a junta of war would meet at 7 o'clock in the evening, an t that a reply would be given in the course of the night, the gencrai-io-chief of the pronaunced forces determined to wait no longer, and commenced liis march with two strong columns, composed of some infantry, a liody of cavalry, and some light pieces, which, being arranged In the moat mcietn manner, anviinreii without meetwig any impediment, until tliey surrounded the palace, the forces occupying it being confined within the limit* of the principal ?<|ii ne At this stage of affair*. General Qtiijano promised that hi? commissioner would attend at wine o'clock a* right in house No 10, in the firit street de I'l.iteru*. occupied by Dr. D. Pedro Vander-Linden, the director of the military board of health. In fact, almoit an hour before the ap|K>inted time, General* Ctrrert. Urrea, and D. Ramon .M 01 ale* appeared at commiuionem of the general commanding the force* of the government, aad on tlie part of those of the citadel, General* de Ptdro Lemu*, P. Antonio Vizcayno, and D. Ramtn I'achjco, heno niry intondantfOt the army. A loag di*cu<*ion wo* entered into, which lasted until half after one in the morning, and the result of which win, that the general in-chief o f the force* of the government was to accede to the plan proclaimed in the citadel, and every article of it; it being farther determined, on the part of the pronouncer*. that In consideration of the deference and respect for the national will manifeited by Senor Bravo, a* well * in testimony of the reipect due to hi* former services, he should be allowed, wl?le In the capltol, the diftinction ot a guard of honor, inch ai the ordinance assigns to captain*-general ; that neither he nor hi* miniater*, nor the chief*, officer*, and trooj who have cupported hi* cauae, (hould be moleited, and that immediately upon the ratification of tho plan, the government should ceaie it* function!, the troop* defending the palace to remain under the order* of Senor Sain*. The latter occupied the palace at three o'clock thii morning. The chiming of bells, the beating of drum*, and muaic of the military hand*, vivai from a large concour*e for (General Santa Anna, who I* invoked in the plan, and a *alvo of twenty-one gun* from the battery ot the citadel, at day-break, were the ttrit celebration of thi* event. A* yet 110 government ha* been organize!, aad the general-in-chief of the pronounced force* I* to continue in command until tho arrival of General Santa Anna, who i* expected within a few dar*. [F rom the N. O. Time*, Aug. 35] We iiaued the above intelligence in an extra, at an early hoar yesterday morning, *ince wlie* we have received a hill Ale of Vera Crtii paper* to the Iftth, and thoie from the capital to the 8th imtant. These journal* are principally occupied with details of the progre** and ultimata success of the revolution in favor of Santa Anna. The proclamation iaaued liy Gen. Taylor, to the inhabitant* of the Mexican Republic, appear* in most of the journals of to* country,and lorms a fruitful subject of comment lor the editors, who aflect to regard it, as may naturally be expected from their national vanity, with an air of disdain. *' The HonHot of the 8th contain* a long and forcible article on the recent revolution. It animadverts in no measured terra* of severity on the return of Santa Anna to declare* that having opposed hi* elevation, it will (till continue Ita opposition, unlee* assured that ad mMmmBBsmBsg^?ssss^Bs W YO mf .___ % V YORK, THURSDAY M< | versity And exile hare exercised a salutary influence on Ills character. We snbjoin very copious extract* from the Mexican print), *o a* to place before our reader* an detailed a synopsis of the interesting events in that quarter as the crowded state of our colttno* will permit Krom l these it will he perceived that tike Dronnnriamnnta innlr > iiluee in the citadel of Mexico ontbe 4th inst. The revo lution appear* to have been completely successful, and , consummated with a singular degree of unanimity. We ' have now only to await the programme of Santa Anna's | foreign and domestic policy. Wo have seen a letter from the city of Mexico <1 a toil the 8th, which makes no mention of Parades' imprisonment. and wo are therefore inclined to doubt the correctness of tho information contained in the lettor from Vera Cruz, which we published yesterday. By our la?t ac, counts. I'aredes had left the capital on the Slat ult, at the hca.l of 4000 troops, whence it maat be presumed that he waf pretty lar advanced on his way to the North when the revolution broke out. But tbia ia a matter of little moment. In the same letter above alluded to, it is stated that tome of the disaffected citizens of Monterey, in conjunction with a tew inhahiutitoof American origin, 1 who were ailed hy the crew of kia U. 3. sloop of war took possession of the city, hoisted American colors, au<) proclaimed the California* auneted to the Cnited States. Our render* will remember the account we published on Friday of the attack oil .Vlvurado by a portion of the blockading s<]U.idron iu the (Julf Tl?# hotom-tor, of the 10th. contains the Mexican versiou ofjAhe affair, which wo append. Pincr. or TH?: NuTiotAi Govra^, ) Mexico, \HfUst 7, 1848 ) With respect to tha Into affair at Alt^pado, in whicb a few vessels, detached from the Amerirflii squadron" bombarded that port, the Vera Cruz Lnconatar, of the 10th. contains the following intelligence from Alvaradv, dated the t)th. On the morning of the 7th instant, the whole of the onemy's ships of war stationed at Anton-Lizardo, . uii iuv ? !, which ciuku K'**1 iarm in me I town. Tho battalion of militia, and almost every man : of the population, immediately ran to tba Fort, which ii at the bar, intending to defend tho entrant* of tho river. At fo'ir F M. tho cnumy'sshipa opened their Are, buttheir hot, from a frigato and steam ship, did not hit tae Fort, going completely over it. Whilst their brger vesaela bombarded the Kort, a launch, with a gun in it, approached so near the shore that the crew wore able to hail aome few proplo who were close by, on a little eminence, but as the latter onlv waited for their landing, they did not reply, when the launch began to tire, whiuh waa return* od with apiiit, none of our inen being hurt, ea they used an eluvation hard by for a kind of parapet, or breaatwork. (Jen Don Juan Soto behaved most gallantly in the af fair. Me remained in the Kort at the bar l'rom morning until 10 at night, encouraging the militia and other armed citizens. At that hour lie returned to hie quarters Tor a little refreahmenta, but shortly after returned with Don Joa-quin Martinez, where they both remained, actively employed, all night Gen, Soto directed all the oi?r<itioni. Amongst tho military wh:> took part in the labors of the day, were Senors Rodal Hernundez and lli j? The enemy retired at night, and a few houra after, the Mexican ateamboat Srpluno, loaded with militia, arrived from Tlacutalpan Mie returned immediately for more men, whom she brought on the 8th, in the evening, bringing during her two trips, a reinforcement of two hundred men, without reckoning the officer*, who are among the ptiacipal citizens of Tlacotalpam The militia of Co?amaloapam oflVred their services, and the steamer is gone thither, boiug expected at Alvarado again on the lOtii in?t _ i ne eiunusiasm 01 an ranics was remaruante. Tney can, however, only prove useful in cane tho enemy should disombark, but they caanot prevent hi* entrance into the river, being without artillery. The only mean* we have to oppose him aro the brig Vera Cruzauo and two gun boats, tho only marine force at Alvarado. On the Oth, five of the enemy's vessels reappeared. Gen. Soto, and all under his command, exercise the greatest vigilance. No communication had been receivod at Vera Crux, from the General commanding at Alvarado. [From the Restaurador, Mexico, Aug. 5, 1846 | Proclamation by the General-inChief ol the army, exercising supreme executive power.?" Jose Mariano de Salm Brigadier General and commanding the free republican army, exercising supreme executive power, to all whom it may concern : "That, having consummated a most glorious revolution, most conformable to the national will, in order to proservo order, and for the purpose of making effective tho full regeneration ot the republic, so that in tranquility the defence ol the territory may be duly organized, I 'have thought it necessary to issue the following decree :? ' Any one who shall attempt any alterations in public order, or with arms in hands, shall disturb it, shall be tried bv authorities, corresponding to tho (gravity and circumstances of the offence. If he hold any public oiflce he shall be dismissed, and shall also be otherwise punished to tho utmost rigor of the law, and maJe repossible with the whole of his worldly means, for the injuries he may occasion, as well to the public as to individuals. Communications between his Excellency General Don Mariano Salai, commander of the insurrectionary forces in tho citadel, and their Excellencies Don Joso Joaquin Pesailo and General Don Ignocio Mora.?The liberating army : At day light this morning 1 raised the standard of inKiirrAr*tiAn in ihn ritadol with n nnrtinn of thia irarri on, in support of the plan which I have the honor to forward to you, believing it to be the only mean* of savini( the liberty and integrity of our territory, first usurped by the Texan colonist, and now inraded by the United States of North Amcrica. 1 will oat step to explain to you the reason* of justice, policy, and public exigency, on which my proceedings are founded, when it is sufficient to record the spontaneous enthusiasm with which tall the military bodies hare secondod the voices of their companions in arms, which proves that the plan is not ttaineJ with interested personal motives, its only tendencies being to rescue from anarchy an important portion of the human rnce.j Yon, youtselves, if you will listen conscientiously to the voice of reason and patriotism, will confess, that on our side are the most precious of our national interests, whilst, on your*, are rangei tho most pernicious principles. If you desire a proof that I do not deceivo myself in these impressions, open your hearts sincerely to your subordinates, when, not a dozen will be found to obey ycur order?. Thus, the army will be saved from schism, and at the last moment the city of Mexico will be preserved from a day of mourning and horror, which will assuredly happen if a gun is tired, through the obstinate blindness of tho few defenders of u disorganized government. I shall fail in my duty, and be recreant to humanity, if the melancholy state ol things now existing in the city of Mexico last much longer. I am resolved for all, if your Kxrellencies do not desist irom opposing tho most tarred of revolution!, and in virtue of thia. 1 appriie ou, that I shall proceed to attack you, if you do not, a* I hope, concur in the plan proclaimed, protecting, in the face of the whole world, that you, and you alone, will he responsible for the evil* which may ensue. (tod and liberty. JOSK MARIANO 8ALAS. Citadel of Maxico, Aug. 4, 1846. Orric? or Mimsrar or Fominn Arriim, > Oovr.a!?Mtti*T, AfCD Pom?k. ) Ex. Sir I have communicated to the Vice President, exercising the executive power, your note of thii day, communicating the fact of tho pronunciamtnto headed by you, with ? portion of the troop* itationed in thit capital. Hi* excellency command* me to ?ay, that the road by which hi* government proceed* ii that of the law : that he haa conducted it conformable to constitutional regulation*, and to tho real interest* of the nation; that the movement executed by you is contrary to the laws which his excellency has sworn to guard, paralyzing the measures which the government had taken to prosecute with activity the defence of the country ngninfti me unneu mate*. The deeds of hia excellency are written in the brilliant page* of the independence of the country, and are the fruit* of the ardent lore he hear* her. lie can never be held iespon?it>le for the blood which may flow, and the consequences of a pronunnamrnta which destroys all hope ot order in the republic. The plan you forward ii the same that has circulated for come time pait in various parts of the republic, whote etject in to excite the people; but it will be unsuccessful, aa the enlightened portion of the nation will spurn every attempt to obscure or destroy thrir liberty You are ordered, pursuant to direction* from tho Miniatry of War and Marine, to abandon the hoatile altitude you hare aiaumcd, and to preparo to march to the northern frontier, invaded by tho external enemies of the republic, where the services cf the armed forces are required. God and Liberty ! Mesi , Aug. 4, 1846. PK8AD0. Liberating Rirumcta Armv. Sta:?In the expoaition which the Ministry made to the Junta, called the National Congiess. it was stated that tho first care of tho President ad interim waa public opinion ; an expression worthy a Mexican, a veteran of the war of independence ; but the reception which the propositions received during their reading ought to have convinced your excallency that it waa not public opinion. The order which reigns in this fortress, or the part of the garrison, that haa almost without exception supported me, in comparison with tho petty number that still adhere to what is called the government, and which delicacy alone holds together xught to convince den. bravo, and the obstinate parti/.ans who surround him, that the movement executed hero to day IS ITBCIlfliy U10 BX|llontlUH ui me ..w? only ohject i? to reitate to the nation it* glory and ita frontier, with ita domeatic liberty, aacrificeri by the moat shameful detection that marka ita history. fc'or the *ttme reaaon, then, to prepare myielf for marching te the frontier with the faithful Mexican* who follow me, with the guaranties that will aaauie the triumph of the juatoat and moat neceeaary of causes, I caanot abandon the attitude which you term hoatile, and which ia nothing more than respouding to the call of our outraged country, in whoae name I supplicite your Excellency to deaiit from any longer oppioaing het defender!, which mait ultimately be useless I can only answer you a* I have replied to a communica'ion from Oenerai Mora?I reiterate the resolution I have taken, which will be supported by the army under my command. God and Liberty ! MARIANO SALES. ClTAt>SI.| Aug. 4, 4K P. M. Miinrav or Wm *i?n Mi sua?The Vice President having been informed of the hoatile position which yon have assumed in the citadel, he direct* me to minimon you to abandon it forthwith, restoring thereby quiet to the population, juttly alarmed by the tear ef the evil* which aimilar circumstances have caused them to suffer. If your Excellency, heedless Of the voice o( the Supreme Magistrate, perflate in the plan* you have formed, the Vice Preaident hepe* that you will not bo indifferent to i tke honor and welfare ol the nation,and will therefore im W" RK I DRNING, SEPTEMBER S mediately quit the citadel, ami repair to the town of Tlal- | iietmiiilu, with the troops under Tour order*, where you will roceivaord?r? to march to tu* frontier. By order of the Vice President, tio i and Liberty ! Mexico, 4th Auguit, 1846. MORA. To Ocn. M*r. 8alai. [From the New Orleans) Picayune, Augunt Ji.) The British (loop of war Daring, Captain Matson, arrived oil'the Batize Sunday evening from Vera C'rui, and ('apt. Mation und Lieut. Herbert came up to town yesterday morning with despatches from Mexico and a niHil from Vera '-'rut?all which were forwarded by the i?oh u Ilia i/aiiug naucu lium V CT? 1. TU?, on Iho 17th inst., and bring* very iiaportant iQtelli|eiu;o The government of Parades has been entirely over- : thrown, and he Uimtw?lf made prisoner. The citiei of Mexico and Puebla have both declared for Federation ! und Santa Anna. In ivgard to the latter we learn that the English merchant steamer " Arab" arrived OS" Vera Cruz the | morning of thu Kith inst, having on board (ien. Santa Amu ami hn fumily, Gen. Almonte, the ex-Minister* Kejon and Haro y Tainariz, Sr. D. Crescencio Bore*, ex-Donuty Irom Yucatan to the Mexican Congreis, and several other individual*. Upon the appoarance of the Arab off Vera Cruz, Commodore Conner repaired on board the steamer Priiureton, and an attempt waa made to intercept tho Arabfout tho morning was calm and she slipped in'o port without hindrance with her valuablo freight. Opinion* differ a* to tho intentions of the Commodore towards Santa Anna. *oine believing that he had r.o desire to interce|>t him. On this subject wo learn by lettbr* received by the U. 8. brig Perry, at Pentacola from Havana, that before Santa Anna left Havana, our Consul, Col Campbell, hail aconversation with him to the following effect. Col. C- i nquired if the General watinlavorof the war with the United States. To which the Gekieral replied, " You know how it is; if tho people of mv country are tor war, then I am with them; but I woulif prefer peace." Before leaving Havana, he requested and received from Col Campbell a letter of inttoduction to Commodore Conner Healaotook with him u valuable box of cigar*, intended aa a present forthe Commodore. Upon arriving off Vera Cruz, he took good care to waste no time in the presentation of his letter or cigars. But to recur to the revolution in Mexico. Our advices are somewhat meagre, but they are of the most authentic character so lar a* they go. We have teen a letter received by an eminent commercial house intimately connected'with affairs in Mexico from their correspondent in that city. From this letter it appeara that Gen Sal in and a portion of the garrison ot Mexico pronounced on the 4th inst., in favor of the Government of bautu Anna. Although (Jen. Bravj, the Vice 1'resldent, made some resistance, he wai compelled to yield early on the morning of the 7th in?t. (ten. Silas was invested with the command until the arrival of Santa Anna, supported by Senor (joraez Kariat as counsel lor. The latter used hit inilueoce with the Miniitera of I'aredes to induce them to continue in the discharge of their functions. The letter announcing the above intelligence urge* a? a scandalous shame, that while the revolution is going on in Vera Cruz and Mexico, Gen. Taylor ia advancing with his forces into the interior, opposed by no force ot any consideration This is denounced as the more disgraceful, inasmuch as by the consummation of the revolution, 3000 troops from Guadalajara anil 4000 from the city of Mexico are now at liberty to move at ouce to the frontier, and these united to the army of the North would be able to make head against the invaders. " The tame letter announces that somo adventurers Irom the United States, supported by the crew of a sloop of war, had taken possession oi the port of Monterey, iu < ahlomia, and the writer adds:?" Uod knows what will be the result of this jiovoment. as well as the invasion made by the way of New Mexico. In conversing with Captain Uat?on we learn that the intelligence of the success of our arms upon the Pacific was by no means new at Vera Crttx, it having been received many days before the Dai ing sailed for this port. We have-been permitted to take a copy of the followiue letter rebeivjd by a commercial house:? Vks* Cmuz, Aug. 18, lSlfl?* * * * * Mexico and Pnetila have since also pronounced for Federation and Santa Anna : Bravo'* government, hnrillv established. was overthrown, and lien. Sain bus put himself at the ltaad of the movement, un'il S.inta Anna may arrive. Tranquillity wit* soon restore !, (ionie/ Farias aided the parti/an* 01 Santa Anna to bring about the revolution. His iodi bar* come down here to welcome Santa Anna, who left Havana on the Hth in a Britiih iteamer called the Arab, accompanied by Almonte, Haro y Tamari/., Itfjon ami Bovei, and thus ought to be here every- day. General Parade* was taken a prisoner and ia kept in the citadol of Mexico lien. 8alaa hai issued already a letter ot convocation of Congress, on the principles of 18\!4, and the members aro to asaemble at Mexico on the 6th December next. The present conveyance carries the newi of the annexation of California to the United States, received last night by express at the British Consulate Sauta Anna, who had only been signalized when a postscript to the abova. letter was written, subsequently arrived and was received at Vera Cruz with every demonstration of enthusiasm and joy. B^V'e learn that Paredes was taten prisoner and confined, an it wai his manifest intention to employ the troops, equipped for the army ef the North, to oppose the advance of Santa Anna from Vera Cruz, instead of marching against General Taylor. The revolution in the city of Mexico followed immediately upon the announcement of tbe declaration in Vera Onuz on the 31st ult. Home accounts say that lien Paredes is confined in the Castle of 1'erote instead of Mexico." Although a few Mexican nauers were received bv the Daring, we were not 10 fortunate of to obtain tbe u*e of them, anil they were forwarded to Washington by yesterday's mail. [From th? New Orleans Delta, Aug. 35 ] We, yesterday, were incidentally informed that ono of the British Naval officers from the Daring, who came up to tlie city, said in a private conversation, that Santa Anns, had arrived immediately oil'Vera Cruz, before the Daring suited, amd that ( omConner had made him a prisoner This statement may not be correct, but when Santa Anna should have reached there?as reached there he has before this?wo cannot see how Com. Conner can reconcile it to his duty to let him past into Vara Cruz, unless, indeed, Capt Mackenzie had a purpose of visiting Havana, besides making inquiry in reference to the fitting out of privateers?unless, in other plainerlanguage, the government has the assurance of Santa Anna that on assuming power he will negotiate an honorable peace and on equitable terms. If there be not such an understanding it would be an act of magnanimity without precedent to let Santa Anna pass the blockade. Com. Conner is oil' Vera Cruz for the purpose of preventing the enemy from receiving succor or asaistarxe, whether in the shape of men, munitions of war,provisions, lie. Santa Anna goes there ostensibly to render th?m that assistance, and unless he has given our government a satisfactory guarantee that he goes not to prolong the war but to effect apeaca, it would be madness to permit him to land at Vera Cruz. As well?so far at the "principle involved is concerned?as well might an army often thousand men from Yucatan or elsewhere be permitted to make a peaceful entry. The Peace jtllaalon. I r iuiii mo now v/i ioiui i k.i; uue, aug. +a j If the letter* of the Secretary ol State to Commodore Conner and the Mexican Secretary of State were despatched by Midahipman Habersham, who left here on the Alabama last Wednesday- for Brazos Santiago," the (dm mod ore will probably nrst receive the des[>atches through the newspapers. The Daring will very possibly convey them nrst to the squadron. Army Intelligence. Nkw Orleans, Aug. 34, 1840. The intelligence from the city of Mexico, to the 8th Inst., is highly important. Gomez Fariez, Vice President under Santa Anna, who was expelled by him in 1833, and exiled from Mejtico, and remained in thi* city till Santa Anna was put down by Herrera, in the most abject poverty, declared against Parades and in favor of his old enemy, in the city of Mexico, about the 4th instant, backed by Genial Zalot or Talot, and some of the very troops that Taredes had raised. General Bravo held out in the city for four days, but without a blow being struck, surrendered The accounta'state, Parades, who had left the city, was overtaken, captured, rnd is now a prisonar in the castle at Mexico. Gen. Talos immediately issued a decree, convoking a Congress for the 6th of December next, agreeable to the nr^n,iiiWfln#nfn tin>*?r which thu r*vmIntinn hi<t rf. fee ted. An expreaa arrived at Vera Cruz on the 18th, on which day the Daring left, announcing the important fact that one of our rameli in the Pacific, had landed at Monterey, California, and taken peaceable poaneasion. 80 California i* ourt! Hurza for our nide \ There ire tome abaqrd rumors in town, that California " hu annexed ittell to the United Stater" That ia, of couria. imposaible, and it ia barely poaaible that the haa declared heraelf in favor of the United state* 'Tis enough to knaw that the atars and stripes float in Monterey. iFrom the New Orleani Picayune, Auguat 14.J Chii**, Mixico, Augnrt 6, 184#.?China ia in the hand* of the Americana?not the (Trent *nd celestial Kmpire, with ita Banga and Whanga, ita Tint'a and Lings?but the little Tuebla or town in Mexico oi the aame name, aituatod on the Kio San Juan, aome sixty-five or aeventy milea above Camargo. lien McCnllocn, with fifty-fire of hi* men, arrived in aight off the place about 1 o'clock thia morning, after a forced march of over fifty milea. At the Rancho >le Hecate ho loamed, from a Mexican who had juat arrived, that Col. 8eguin waa in China with upwards of one hundred mounted men, and at once formed a plan for hia capture. Thia wa* yeaterday afternoon about two o'clock. Hiring the aame Mexican who brought the intelligence for a guide, our captain started off at a rapid pace, only halting a short time towards aundown to cool the horses' backa and make a " hasty bowl" ot coffee. Before reaching the large rancho or hacienda of El Toro, within three leagues Af/ liin. .... ? 1. - j..n completely, and it km found necessary to leave him Thia did not in the least alter McCnllocVa plana, for ho kept on at the same rapid pare. The hacieoda of K1 Toro extends fer a full half mile along the river and the wondering inhabitant* weie all out in front of t\eir huta a< we paaaed. Not a word waa exchanged, the Rangers riding aingle Ale and in ailence through the place. A little alter midnight the white belfry of the cnurch at China waa aeen noma half mile distant, the bright moonhrama blinging It oat in hold relief. A little farther on a halt waa called, twenty mon were left aa a rear guard, nnd with the reat of the company our captain moved on, circling the town and making towarda tho main Monte- : rey roa<l to rut ort any force that might endeavor to retreat We had j??t reached the opimelte aide of the town, and had amvrd at a large road, when the aharp ' crack i>f a riflo waa heard from the rear guard, now near a mile off. A halt waa callcd, atrict silence kept, and every ear waa ready to catch the reports of other ahots, for it waa at Arat surmised that the Mexicans had attacked our comradea 5 but net another gun waa discharged, and no sounds reached as save the barking of Innumerable I ERA I, 1846. dofci, every cur in the town having beon alarmed. Tho order had been given for both parties to enter tho place nt /InvlirAalr and nu it still lurknd an hour nr (wit nf dawn, we were halted m the road, and told not to lake either saddles or bridles from our horses. No farther alarm nave from the opposite aide, and hard aa was the road, and without blauket*, many of tho men were soon asleep while holding their animala?the long hard ride having brought on a latigue and drowiineas that could , not be overcome. With the flrat gray of the morning wa were again In the haddle. A delay of half an hour, chasing a couple of Mexican*. seen leaving tho town, made it broad day before we entered the pla/.a. an<l when there we found the reur guird already in quiet and peaceable possesion.? They had had all the lun and excitement on their aide, for it seemed that they had taken one prisoner, who wan caught endeavoring to apy out their position, and (he rifle had been diaaharged at two other*?fellow* on horteback?who were evidently reconnoitering, and who put ipun to thoir horses when ordered to halt. During the evouing following the report of the rifle, the prisoner escaped from the person guarding him ?thus ended the conquest of China by the Americans. Upon inquiry, it was now found that McCulloch wa* within an ace, as the saying is, of catching Seguin, and had not ?ome of hi* scout* or friends given him notice of the approach of the Hanger*, ho would fallen into their hand*. It wa* only at dark that he received intelligence ol our approach, wheu seventy-live of hi* men at once broke ami run for the chaparral. At 10 o'clock?(ome twa hours before our captain roachod the outskirts of the town?twenty-five more were in the saddlo and oil', and it i* said that Seguin himself was only two hundred yard* distant when the rifle wa* discharged at one of hi* pie*, and further, that he, too, made at onco for the chaparral as fast a* hi* horse would carry him. The Ilangera followed on the trail of the runawaya until n iinint wfli ranr.hAit whflrn Ihiv warn scattered.? Scouts of the onemy were seen on tne distant bill topi, I watching our advance, hut as it was deemed useless to pursue the fugitives further on tired horses, and they 1 knowing every foot of the country, we were ordered ' back to town, and are now occupying the very quarters recently filled by Seguin's men. Hjstary mentions but few instances where a handful of men have driven double > their number from it strong position, for such this roally is, without some show of resistance. Camargo, August !>, 1846.?I wrote you a hurried scratch from China, givuig an account of our trip to that plao?, and ol the night of Seguin and his men. McCul- I loch remained there but one day, occupying Seguin's quarters the while. We started on the Oth inst. for this ' placo, and arrived safe and sound yesterday morning, I without meeting with any resistance. It was thought j the Mexicans might rally, upon ascertaining the small forco of the Hanges, and attempt to cut them off at the Paso de Sacate ; but not an armed man was seen as we entered the place. Previous to our leaving China, our captain told the alcalde to give his best compliments to Col Heguin on his return, and further to inform him that he had called at his room on a visit, had remained there twenty-four hours, and regretted that he was compelled to depart without seeing him. In a few days, possibly he might return, when he hoped he might ftnj him at home. Se?;uin will not like that, for he is a proud and sensitive diow. f'.hinn is but a small nlnrf? mimliArinar nn* mnra thnn I 600 or 700 inhabitants I he principal part of the me", I o fur as I was able to judge. are gamblers, robbers and ! smugglers, and all looked surly and cross?not api>earing to like the idea of a handful of Rangers taking their town without a struggle From the highlands initio neighborhood we could distinctly see the high, blue ! moun'ains a short distance this side of Monterey, their ! summits looming far above us and seeming to pieice the I very heavens I wouldgirea good deal to catch a mouth- j tul of tue fresh air (hat is circling about their tops, ami ' imagine we shall all be climbing them in tho course of a ; few week*?no one cares how <|uick. The steamer Hatchee Kagle arrived here last evening, Gen. Taylor and his staff coming up on her. The talk j now is of an immediate movement towards Monterey, making a depot for provisions at somo point on the route ' Whether the army is to move by way of China, or is to | cross the San Juan at this place and march on the other j side of the river, has not yet been settled upon 1 believe. I There are now near 3,000 men, all regulars, encamped 1 here, and hosts of volunteers are rn route and shortly I expected?some of them this afternoon. The general impression among the best informed, as ' regards the chances of the Mexicans giving another bat- ! tie. is, that Oen. Taylor will have an opportunity of gain { tag fresh laurels at Monterey or near that place. Oil the < river the inhabitants appear friendly enough, but in the interior the case is different. Accompanying McCulloch on bis different scouts I have had a good opportunity of judging, and the general bearinsr and toi.eof the ' principal men has been as much as to say, " V'ou are 1 having your way now, and we must grin and bear it; in j a snort time you will be hurrying out ol the country at double quick time, with the Mexican soldier* in the ascendant?then we shall have our day." I do not believe, for one moment, that the conciliatory system can mako friends of these apple. They despise and hato us, | and nothing but their loar inducca them to conceal their real feelings. Aug. 10, 1146 ?There waa a grand parade of all the re- 1 gular troopa laat evening, and a magnificent show they ] made. (Jen. Taylor and atalt'paised the different regi- ' menti aa they were extended in line, and expresaed himaelf highly gratified with their appearance. Gen. Worth if drilling the men conatantly, and the masterly atyle in which they perform their evolutiona bents any thing yonr humble (errant has ever aeen in the way of military tactic*. Aug. 11, 1840 -One step towards Monterey is to be taken tomorrow Capt. Duncan's battery, accompanied by a small porffon ol McCulloch's men, leaves this place in the direction of the mountains, and by some road on the oppositj fide of the river. It may be looked upon only an a mo nnittanrr, although an artillery force is along. Of w itfevor befall them on the road, you shall tie made appointed all in good time. If the command does not take Mier in the route, it will go close to that place. News has reached here this morning to the effect that the city of Ouerero has pronounced in favor of the Uidtod States Government. The people of that place have all along been friendly towards the Americans, or have so seemed; but whether from any love they might bear them, or from fear of the encroachments of tbo Caman- I ches. is a matter I am not able to determine at this nr?- I sent writing. I believe, honestly, that the people of Uuerero have some intelligence, and are better disposed than those of any place on the river. Bv way of a letter from Mier, it would seem that McCulloch came even nearer having a brush with Seguin's men at China, than wat at first supposed. When the rifle was discharged at one ot' his spiel, his main command was not a mile off, and a general scamper at fence followed. Had there been daylight at the time, although it is now said they numbered over 300 strong, they would not have got oil' so easily. Varieties. Collision oi thr Norwich Railroad.?The can of the Long Island train, soon after they left Norwich for Boston, on Saturday afternoon, met the freight train, which was running out of time, and a fearful collision was the consequence. Both locomotives were injured, and can were (mashed, but the amount of personal injury was very small. Mr. Fishor, the conductor, had his collar bone broken in two places; the fireman escaped miraculously with some severe bruises, and some of the passengers were slightly injured. The train wa* detained until about three o'clock on Sunday morning, when it arrived in this city.?Boiton Courier, Aug. 31. More Murders ?The Richmond Republitan states that strong suspicion rests against Kpes, the murderer of Muir, of having also murdered h's own son, his motherin-law, and a Kentucky drover. A few years since an elderly lady?then an inmate, if wo understood correctly, of Kpes' house?was taken suddenly ill and died. At the death of this lady, it seems, a large estate was likely to fall into the hands ot Kpes, as guardiau of his chil- | <lron, who were to be the heir* tneir aecruea rem- , tivo. During the brief *icknn*i of the lady, Kpe* wa* i known to have adminiafered h done of medicine, or nomothing which he professed would Rive relief to her. The ; doac had been given but a ahort time, when *he conti- 1 nued to grow worie, and *oon expired. Nothing wa* thought et the time of the *u4den death of the lady? her friend* not dreaming for a moment that she had been unfairly dealt with. It 11 only lince the development* in the Muir enie, that suspicion ha* been excited towards Kpes, in rrgard to her death. It haa been only a ! few )"*ar?, too, idee n *on of K.'? wu killed, a> report- 1 ed at the time of hie death, by the accidental discharge of hii gun while he and hi* father. W. Dandridge Kpe*, were out hunting. The acco'int of young Knee' death, from the lipa of fu* own fathe*, beinc *o plauilble at the j time, no one of conr*e smpeotmt foul play; but now it | leem* that the *on wa* holr to ?ome property which i the father wiihnd to get in hi* own po**e*sion. Thi* I circumstance, taken in connection with othera, leave* ! very little doubt that Kpe* i? the murderer of hi* own on. Nor doe* thi* end the chapter of hi* orimei. Ha ia now suspected of having murdered a drover who ha* neither keen seen nor heard from aince he wa* known to have gone to K|>e*' hon-e to collect of Kpe* money for a number of hog* aold Thi* ha* been several year* ago, and, a* a pretty good evidence of suspicion being properly attached to* ler disposing of the Kentucky drover, the skeleton of a grown person wa* lately, within a week or to, wo believe, found in an ice hou e on the firm upon which Kpoa formerly resided. Information ha* been received at the State Department, from Uie comul of the United Mate* at Montevideo, of the death of Loring H, Humphriea, a mariner, and native of North Yarmouth, Maine, who died in that city, on the bth of March laat. An inventory of hii effects, and a draft on Kverett and Battelle, of New York, for the aum ol one hun Ired and (eventy-one dollar*, a balance of wagea due the deceaied, have been received at thia department. The draft haa been trammitted to the Treasury Department, to be holden in truit for the legal claimant*. The Chippewa Chief, Kahgegagahbowh, delivered an addraaa at Saratoga Spring*, to a crowded audienoa, on Thuraday avening last. Cook, the murderer of Reeve, in the theatre at Cincln nati, paired through 8t. LouJa, nn<i iook mr ... ton for Chicago a lew daya ago. John Armitrong, a merchant of Pitfaburg, wa? lately robbed in St. Lome, of $8t00. Benjamin Hill ha< been committed to priaon in Rending, Pa., for attempting to kill hia wife by cutting her bowela open with an axe. A negro in the Connecticut State I'rieon, named Wi|. en. lately attempted to kill the deputy warileu Walker. The latter wan (ererely wounded before the black fellow could be tecured. The Oovernor of Michigan ha? offered a reward of ?IKH) for the kppn henaion of Tanner, charged with the minder oi Juinea L. Schoolcraft LD. Price Two Centa. The I)rntl? of Ailflt. llu Mood on hei lip ! ?tand aside ye that love bar, And let tha air enter?how ulent her breath ! Her cheek hatii *rown paler an?l colder, and o?er Her delicate limb* ateal? the dampneaa of death. Cold ii her brow Whore the raven loT-ki cluiter? <aau Kar ova* now ' How divine it their lustre ! Back on the pillow hath fallen her head ! A shiver! u quiver O Uod?she ii dead t The startling announcement i* hailed with a rushing Of friends who crowd cluttering over the bed ! Wild accents are uttered, while tears hotly gushing Drop down 011 the colorless cheek of the uead. Hear tho heart liroken? How wildly they weep ! Woe-screams aie spoken Anguished aud deep ! Kvcry heart in the chamber is tilled with a sigh? Oh ! bitter if death w hen the beautiful die ! ( lose hor eyea tenderly?meaningless now la the gaze that once fired and won every heart" Cold in the touch of that colorless browCold are thoa? lips?one more kit* ere we partStill is ahe beautiful Robbed of her breath? Passively beautiful, Kven iu death ! No struggle waa there when from earth she waa riven She smiled on the angel who bore her to heaven ' Sadly wo weep, but our weeping ia vain? It can never recall the aweet spirit that'a parted? Never in life to behold her again, la the lot of the loved one, now desolate-hearted ; Silent and deep 1* her slumber now taken Say, from that aleep Will ahe ever awaken 1 ''.Hope and huve faith," by the promiae thus given? We shall meet her again, not in life, but in heaven ! MAYNK REID. New York city, Sept. 1, 1848. State Constitutional Convention.?Tuesday, September I.?The Comptroller sent a communication to tbo Convention staling the amount* paid to the judges of the Oyer and Terminer under part 4. chapter 1 title 1, section 13 of the R 8.?table and printed. Mr. Stephen! calleil up his resolution for the adjournment of the Convention and by content amended it *o that the Convention would agree to adjourn on the lait Tuesday of September ut noon. Mr. Young movedto lay the resolution on the tnhle. Lost 53 to 31. Mr. Brown moved to amend by substituting the first Tuesday of October. Curried. The resolution as amended was adopted without a divison Mr. White offered a resolution raising a telect committee to arrange the business to be transacted by the Convention Table. The Convention then proceeded further to consider the report of the judiciary committee; the question being on the 9th section :? The testimony in equity cuses shnll be taken, before the judge who shall hear and decide the case, in the same manner as testimony is taken upon tha trial of an issue at law. Mr. Brown moved, a* a substitute, the following:? Provision shall be mad<? by law for the taking of testimony in equity cases in open court, in the same manner as testimony is taken upon the trial of an issue at law ? cases proper for a reference may be referred to one or more auditors or referees and the legislature may provide for tho trial of issues of fact in all proper cases by a jury. The substitute was rejected without a count. Mr. Morris moved to amend the 8th section so that it woufcl read:? The testimony in all civil cases shall be taken in the same manner as testimony is taken in issues at law; ell trials of issues of fact shall be tried before a court and jury except'when parties agree to try tbn sa me by the court alone and also when the court is referred by au order of the oourt according to luw. Rejected. Mr. Dascom moved to modify the section so that it would read :? The mode of trial and of taking testimony in all classes of civil nauses shall he uniform as near aa may be, and the offices of Master and Kxaminer iu chancery are hereby abolished. Rejected. Mr O'Donor moved so to modify the section that it wouldreaa thus:? The testimony in equity cases shall be taken in like manner as in nctions at law. Carried. Mr. Mann then moved to add " the offices of Muter and Kxaminer in cnancery are hereby abolish ed" Carried, and as amended the section was agreed to?ayes 89. noes 6. The 10th section was passed over and tne Uth section providing for the removal, for cause, by both houses of the legislature, of the supraase court judges snd the judges of the court of appeals and other judicial officers by the Senate on the recommendation oi the Governor, was read. Mr. Mortis moved to amend the section so as to limit the cause ol removal to iuability arising after the election of a judge. Lost. Mr. Crooker proposed a substitute for the section providing for the removal, in the same manner, of all Judicial officers (except justices of the peace) for causes for which they would not be impeacned. Lost S4 to 39. Mr. Morris propoaed to amend 10 ai to allow parties complained of to introduco witncatea ai well to be heard in their defence. Carried A3 to 39. Mr Loomia propoaed a aubstitute for the whole lection, providing that any public officer might be removed by the Governor after trial and convic'.ion of any crime, groaa immorality, misconduct, or negligence in office, or inability to discharge ita duties. Loit, & to 76. Mr. Tallmadge propoaed a aubititute for the aection providing that the judgea of the court ef appeal a and aupreme court, nay be removed by a majority of all the member* elected te the Senate, on the recommendation of the Uevernor. No queation. Receai. Aitkknoon Hutio* ? The amendment! propoaediby Meaara Tallmadge and Perkin* were negatived. The amendment propoaed by Mr. Morri*, was reronaidered and negatived, end the 11th aection agreed to, 87 to II ? The 13th or alternative aection, providing for the appointment of juatices of the aupreme court, by the Governor and Senate, or by the elector* of the reapective -judicial district*? wa* then taken up. Mr. Swackhamer moved to itrike out the lection providing for the appointment of judge* Mr. Brown moved to amend so a* to provide for their election by general ticket Mr. Murphy moved to amend the amendment so as to provide for the election Skf in.iarmu in r?an*i*ttva uiut? diatrirtl. (th? linffll district ayatem.) After debate, and under the previoua queitioD, thin amendment wm.adopted, ayea 00, nay* *B Mr. Brown moved a re-coaaideration. Table. Adjourn, ed. .litany Jlrgut. THK COURT FOR THE CORRECTIOI* OF ElWII commences its session on Saturday next. The following are the Arat lixteen caunea on the calendar, ao far aa notea of iaaue have been received :?1. G. C. Do Kay and wife applta.,va. O. F. Irving, and al. reapta. '1. O. E. Kdwarda applt. va. II. A. Wrick, reapt 3. W. Small, va. Herkimer manufacturing company. 4. J McCullough, va. J. Moaa. 6. U. Call, va. The People. A Madiaon I run ranee company, va. J. Uatea. 7. The Schenectady Bank, va. J. N. Adama. 8. The Mohawk k. Hud aon R. R. Co., va, J. Brown. 9. H. Vandeaberr, va. P. Havena. 10. D. B Moaea et. al, ra. F. Mead aad al. 11. J. Muir and al., va. J. Muzzr. 19 Medical Inatltation of Geneva College, va. O. 8. Pateraon. is. F. Ray, v*. Victory Birdaeye. U. G. W. Stanton, va. G. W. .Stanton. IS. S Uuan, va. H. Thomaa and al. 10. D. Coonlay, va. 8. W. Coonley.?Jllhany jtrgui. Bravery or a U. S. Midshipman?At the late Are in Quebec, a most dramatic incident occurred. a ?? ?? u/lw kaentifiil an/i n/<??nmn1ie)ie^ mim it j Pierre, a* (be turned oat in the teqael, w?* *e?n by Ik* I multitude, (tanding at an open window in tbe third tory of the building, whither ihe had doubt, with the idea ol precipitating heraelfonthe pavement beneath. To all human appearance no aid could reach her. At thi* moment, cla*ping her hand*, ihe esclaimad ia heart-rending accent*. " My mother !" and immediately after, the word " William !" fell from her lipa in tofler tone*. A ruth wu heard at the extremity of the crowd; a young man, dreteed in fatigue of a U 8. " Middy," with one bound, into which he teemed to throw the concenliated energy of deipair and hope, reached a window in the builning, tome Ave feet from the (treat, from which, even then, the amoke and flame* wera belching tortli The anxiety and interett below were intenie. In a moment he made hi* appearance betide the lady,and (leaping her round the waitt again disappeared. In another moment be appeared at a window in the *econd tory, the lower ona being entirely enveloped by the devouring element. With tha rapidity of lightning ha laid down the lady, and took of hi* coat, tied the il^evea a* tight a* he could round hi* right foot, then *wung himaelf from tha window, holding on with hi* band*, aid a few worda to^he lady, whan ihe got upon hi* houlder*, and with n coolnei* and pretence of mind which would have dona credit to old Bluchar, dipped down to hi* lege, than aeited the coat, by which mean* i ?he came witbm ten feet of the ground, when the let go ! and wu caught in the arm* of several of the?pectatora I The hero of thi? little romance wa* then in the moil im minent danger, hanging ?t a diatance of wine twenty feet from the ground, holding by hi* h*nd?, and the flamna already acorchlng him. Death aeemed to be inevitable. He relaxed hi* bold and fell to the pavement, i lifeless, it i* true, but more from the itun of the fail .than real injury. Both were carried to the liou*o of 1 Miia St. Pierre'* mother, and in a few bom* wen. almoet I recovered. What give* the real romance to thi* incii dent i?, that the " William' had, *oma month* belora, i loen. loved and been aocepted ; *ecretly, it i* true, by the rich *nd beautiful Kate 8t. Pierre. The attach?eaf>, i it in aaid wa* (yea, and i*) mutual, but owing to the dteiritT in fortune, Mr*. St. Pierre Would notTi.Ua to tbo propoenla of young H . 'Tin ?aid th? tney are now to be married in a very abort time-making good the I word* of the poet? " Nona but the brave .laae^e tha fair." Thoik Humai? - The myatery of tha human heada found a few day* ilnce in a caller in Eighth Ureet above Cheanat, bai hern *olved. It appeere tha heed* were thoee of convict* who were executed aomo time aio. One of them vai that of a white man who martlets el hii wife in tha State of New York, and the ether tho head of a colored man who murdered hi* maater in tho st * to of Maryland. Both the head* ware obtained by Or. Wooater, a phrenologiat ol con?iderable notorioty, at great axpenie, and exhibited by him at tha Union Buildingi, K mhth and Cheatnut atreeta ? Phil A'iCliKS !->WATtUtsAMI Jr.H tLKI '1 hote who wiah to porrbaae Oold or Silver Watche*, Uold Chain*. Uoltl IVncili, Key*, kc., will fiad it greatly to their advaaltg* to call on the aabaenber. who I* aelling all dractiptiou* of the above retail, much lower than any other huaae in the city. Oold Watche* a* low aa IN aad g? each. Watchea and Jewelry vichanied ?r boa(ht. All watcne* warranted to krrp food time, or the moaoy refunded. t?. C. ALL.CS, Importer of Watche* aad Jewelry. Whole**)* aad retail, II Wall a treat, anil 1m*mc M ataira.

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