Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 10, 1846, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 10, 1846 Page 2
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. . " L1 '*"L..UJi|WB? NEW YORK HERALD. >, w Vurk, l liurxU), MpUnMr IO, IN4A. O'CmiMi ll'a C??i?viratou lu (He U>'lilK"< and Oriiuiitlnlloii of Yuung Irr'uml. There .ire two parties in England, equally op* po?ed t.) the independence of Iielund, the whigs and the conservatives There is a number of Irishmen in both par ies. These men are, as we have ?a d, opposed to the repeal oJ the act of union. O'Connell ha?, since 1340, deehtred that nether party had his confidence, and tint any hiahtnau who joined them could not have h>? support, " even tl" he were his own brother." .All this time 'he tories l>ave been in power, except f >r a very brief period. The repeal pariy is tota'ly distinct from both whigs and tone* O'Connell has often declared, in opposing a whig, that ha was a very worthy man, every w.*y -]u;ti uru ior n soui m tunittinrui, uui that ai h* w >?s a whig, he could not have his support Tome it the confluence of the people and !lu ii of the association, he shou d become ' * a repealer. L i John Russell came into power?the leader of '.lie v\ hut party?at the head of a whig admin r-.ition ; h insbll, and every member ol the ca1 .iot, tL'y opposed to the principle of repeal, hnv.'.ig often declared in his seat in parliament, 11??t the idea of seeking n repeal of the union was futile t>nd absurd ; this man came into power . tli Ins s u* .auti-republicanisin on his fore1 t l ; came into power stained with the political < . ' of !i . :i_r endeavored to etfVct a coalition w i i'i- ruiv of coercion, and of having a : . t 1j*s >i 'f? voted for the first reading ol a I'I -%v : i 'V )'iM [in u?h w th transportation to t'le I't nil settlements an Irishman found out ofhis h nt?e between sunr;?e and sunset; came into power vvitli -!j arm-' bill, a mr?t galling and insulting in if, a Ins hand. This is the man whom ( ' o noil |iro i ->'i r ced in favor of, in the faco ,e ii i . r ? .j -l - . at -1 VI "IT mi 'Uiim i ucu<ni(iauii9. i,uy> even in UIO c.i >1 Mi el, holding a tuboid nate office in tli-s administration, nil opposition whs withdrawn at !h<- eleventh hour, notwithstanding that gentleman's avowed hostility to repeal, and notwithstanding tint O'Connell had previously organised against him a most vigorous opposition. Th-- question will be a*ked, what is the cause ol O'Connell's sudden conversion 1 We shall fii st say what we think is not the cause. We do not believe that O'Connell expects, or wu-.'d accept place undertha government.? II.J l';is sieadily refused olfice all his life, and it i-i now too late for him tochnnge, on the threshold of th?i grave. Uesides, in a pecuniary point of view, kud otherwise, the voluntary annual tribute he reC'eHres, and the position he occupies as loader of a nation, are of far more solid gratification than the emoluments or the honors of any government oltice. He cannot '.-xpect to obtain repeal of the union from the present administration. Lord John Rus-cll has often declared that repeal is totally out of the question. He evidently looks upon the repeal agitaton as a game O'Connell is playing lor the purpose of obtaining something elseIn this light ho will undoubtedly treat it. O'Connell, therefore, cannot expe to attain his darling object by paying court to Lord John Russell. O'Connell is not what no was. Years have come upon him, and age jas lately done ii3 Wt>rk upon a constitution once singula 1 y robust. The dark shadow of approaching dissoluti n is on his once dauntless spirit.? That timidity incidental to age has beset him ' in the m.dst of his powerlut endeavors for the d sunt hral meat of his country. He is now become averse to troublesome dj?i utations wiib the gove nuieut, and ho is disposed to make terms for an instalment cl the liberties of his country, whore, a few years ago, he would not have treated lor ary h tig less than the whole. In the itifir in iy ol li s olU ago, tUe honinge done him by both whi^' and tory journals, is as swuet incense in his nosirils, and he is disposed to bandy compliments Willi those whom lie lias once met in all ttie panop y cf invective. He cannot repeat tho experiment of the monster meetings, and he is disposed o take Irom the government what is given him, and Or- thankful. lie has even secretly made up his mind to take something less than repeal, if repeal 1)3 unattainable by aiiy liut the easiest means. There are other considerations. He is courud by the whigs, and he teels it. He is now 111.Ik and honey where before ho was gall and worm-wood. His first object is to leave the succe?-:o;i of his leadership to his son John, and by c wl '--c og with tho whigs this can be most easily < ti -cted. O'Brien is opposed to the whigs? ill ii is?lie is a nationalist only, and therefore, if O'Connell be only a nationalist, it is but an cVimi ra--e between John O'Coimell and Smith O'Brien., If O'Connell can obtain any goi^d for lie and by coalescing with the whigs,it will so far tike the wind out of O'Brien's sails, and John O'Coimell may, at his father's death, ride in triumphant on his father's service*. Besides all thi-*, O'Connell remembers the politeness of the wings of the Melbourne administration. He rttinurliUei* that his relatives, even to the third uou lourm tfiuuve, were promoted to omce t>y l,jr<i Noiinanby, and the prospect of similar treatmoot by the now Lord Lieutenant Lord I3t ?bolough, till* his mind wub the most soatlung and urbane feelings towards the present administra- ( tion. Ail thej-e causes units to render O'Connell more dis,- o^ed to treat with the whigs (or i )ino go->dio Ireland. The inconsistency of his present and former sentiments towards the whigs, was continually kept before hi* eyes in the speeches of the "young Ireland" party. They boldly called upon O'Connell to redeem his pledges, and reject all connection with the whigs. At .tliii" O'Connell's jealousy took tire. To be lectured by a set of young men, he could not endure. To be crossed in his dailing object of a coalition with the whigs, and the consequent succession of lus son John, was not to be boine. rvn.: i - - v.. v until w?? ucuuming awitwarcUy popular, anil he must bo got rid of Of the means ndoptrd lor this purpose, we have before spoken. This is enough on Irish aflairs. NaTIO.mai. Cot'HTK&iks.?There are in our harbor, at this time, four foreign vessels of war?three from Holland, and one under tUe flag of Spain.? The Dutch vess Is arc at anchor off the Battery. On*" of the Hollanders arrived a fortnight since, and paid the UMial complimentary salute, but was t reated with neglect. The salute of the others was, after a disgraceful delay, returned from a fort in the harbor. Now we think it proper to ask whether we are not, nationally, on the best of terms with Holland, and if ?o, why has that government been insulted, and wby,have we been disgraced 1 In former years we have had the ship-of-the line North Ca rolina moored off the battery, to salute al new comers?to exhibit to our fellow citizens from the west, who support the navy but seldom see it? to exercise officers and men, and keep all hands in good health, and to save the ship from the dry rot. This year our harbor is left without its most attractive ornament?our visiters are insulted? the real well wishers of the navy are disappointed?the ship suffers an hundred times the pccu- | niaiy loss by rot?the seamen are smothered, the | boatmen lose their lively shillings, and parsimony reigns to tiir dis^face of the country. We believe that 11 our Secretary of the Navy knuw of this lie would I,, ve ordered th* North Carolina off the battery early in the season. Why ,t that it.. Dutch schooner-of- war Adler has not been invited up to the attvy >ar(1 fot her ,?pa.rsl S'.npped toa muntlmg the is alio wad to m^keher repairs at anchor ,n the North river expo-^d 10 the storm of the equinox, whilst the Mexicins, wuo had or years plundered us with impunity, were allowed the Jree use of evervth n? within reach to repair the very vessels now ure i y.ired against u?. MPPW-W LJMJMI lUI.'HI J JULJL . 111.1.U Mtt**** w ?An>?ee ?-0m readers are Htvare, We prosttmr, that a short time sine,* the government issued proposal* for the formation of a company, or regiment of sappers and miners, to be composed exclusively of mechanics, and which, when completed, would be mustered into the service of the United States, and lake part in prosecuting the existing war against Mexico. A* always has been the case with American citizens when called to the defence of their country, the number of mechanics required by the government for the proposed service was readily enrolled and mustered into service. The call had not to bo repeated, for at the first summons the required number of men tendered their services, and left their homes, their families, their old associations, and every thing hat a near and dear to them, ani took up the line of march for the enemy's country. So far?very good. vv mie uiese patriotic cuizrns are enuueu w uiu fullest credit lor the alacrity with which they obeyed their country's call, it must not be supposed that I y enrolling themselves among their country's defenders, they are for ever lost to the socieiy they left behind them, or that they deprived themsrlves of those rights and privileges which are the birthright of every individual born on American soil. This is far from being the cuse in the United States, although it is lamentably so in Europe. It behoves, therefore, the Government to throw its to.-terijig arms around those ol our citizens who rush to the cannon's mouth to serve and delond their country, and sea that they are protect! d in all iheir rights and privileges. We have been induced to in ke these remarks by reading the complaints made by the privates . of the new regiment company of sappers and miners, that we have referred to above. From what we have heard, the persons composing this regiment, are daily misused. This regiment was formed upon the condition that its members would, when organized, be on a superior footing to tho soldiers of the army, that they would receive higher pay than privates, and that they would receive a regular education under the United Suites Government, and be provided with everything necessary to conduce to their com On these conditions they enlisted, and entered the service of the United States for five years ; Uut when the facts of the case became known, it was discovered that certain persons in the employ of the government had sadly misrepresented the prospects of theso, our fellow citizens, who, tho moment they were under tho control of their superior officers, discovered, to their sorrow, that the glorious prospect under which they enlistedf vanished like a dream; and that instead of being superior in any respect to privates, tliey were only equal to them in point of rank, and inferior to them in point of comfort and enjoyment. If their represertations are to be credited, their clothing is poor and insufficient. Their diet is meagre and unpalatable, and their general treatment far different from what they expected when they joined the regiment. Misrepresentations were resurted to for the purpose of scilucing theso men from their quiet pursuits and avocations, by those empoweied by the government to enlist them, and the consequence is, that the best amoi>g them are finding themselves deceived. iiow inert? is no question uiu uiut wie government would never countcnance any proceeding of this nature on the part of its employees; but that such a proceeding has been resorted lo in the ease we have mentioned, there probably can be no question. How important, therefore, it is for the Secretery of War, ar the President, as the case may be, to employ Rone but persons of known character and respectability, who, by their pieviouslife and conduct, are incapable of resorting to such underhand means of filling the ranks of companies required by the government in prosecuting the war, lor a service like this. The New York Pu.ot-I^aunohks?No neglect or injustice can abate the zeal of the New York pilots to maintain their well-known superiority in skill, industry, and character. On the contrary, the blind opposition of the underwriters, and a few of their pensioners, has only tended to increase ihe energies of the pilots in serving the real interests of the commerce of the country. Not to be surpassed by any vessel afloat, Capt. James Mitchell, of this port, without the aid of the underwriters' coffers, has built and launched, at r>altimore, on the 6th inst., a pilot boat of the followii g dimensions, viz i fifty-three feet ketl, eighteen feet f?ur inchesbeam, seven feet depth of hold, measuring about seventy tons, and drawing ahout nine leet aft and six feet forward. She is named the P.ivid Mitchell, after a former pilot mill hnrlmr nnul^r nf flii* rmrf wlin in In* <lnr was most highly esteemed. The newspapers of Baltimore are in ecstacies i of admiration of the modwl of this vessel; and her builders, Messrs. John A Robb & Co., have immortalized themselves by improving upon the famous " clippers" of that port, which have been unrivalled. Mr. Robb served his lime in New York, and has obtained an enviable rep tution i for his skill, promptness, and moderate prices.? We congratulate the readers of the Herald upon this accession to the fleet of New York pilot boats ; for, during the inclemencies and shipwrecks of last winter, they were ever on the alert lor duty, to succor the distressed, and to beat allcreaiion Ln bringing us the latest news. We wish the David Mitchell, her gallant Captain, and her skilful builders all sotts of good fortune. The magnificent packet ship New World, was launched liom McKay's ship yard, at East Boston, on Tuesday last. The New World is the largest merchant ship ever built in the United States. She was modeled and constructed under the immediate superintendence of Captain Wil liamSkiddy, of New York, who is to command her, and than whom tliero is not in the country an individual who combines greater skill as a merchant, as a shipbuilder, and as a seaman, or who has higher qualifications as a gentleman. We venture to assert that the New World will be a lloating palace?combining every known improvement, with all that is comfortable and elegant. She is to sail from thia port, and her success is certain. Our New York shipbuilders must have a care for their well-earned laurels. Boston and Baltimore present powerful competitors. General Taylor not yet a Candidate for th* 1'rf.sidkncy.?By letters addressed by this hero to George FoUom, of this city, and D. M. I^ensinring and others, of Philadelphia, it appears that he has no desire to receive the nomination for the next presidency. General Taylor truly remarks j that the agitation of this question in his present responsible situation, would tend to embarrass . him in successfully prosecuting the existing war with Mexico. We agree perfectly with the Gencrnl in his remarks, lie must not have any obsta" cle thrown in his wuy to end the war, but like a patriotic citizen, as he is, he must consider himself at the disposal o( his fellow-countrymen when the war is concluded. sfkamsuir Southerner.?In our notice of this vessel yesterday, we ommitted to state that she was built for the able and enterprising firm of Spofford, Tilotson & Co., of this city, in conjunction with Captain Berry. The hull was constructed by the well-known and scientific naval architect, W. H. Brown, Esq. ; the engines?a credit to the mechanical genius of the country? by Messrs Ward, Stilltnan It Co. of the Novelty Works. We understand that a large number of her state rooms are already engaged for her first trip, on Saturday next. mmmmmmmmmmrnmmmmmimmmmmmmm lwriMifftw r*o* Tin Btm?w Wi?t T ??***The schooner < ?lob?, Capt. ^relcy, tmlvtnl y?su?rday, from Demerara, bringing ut filet c' the Georgetown Gaz<ttct to the !i4th ult.f The only items ol interest to the American people, are a few paragraphs upon the workings of the Cooley system. Tlie system, under its present organization, seems to harmonize but little with the general feelings of the inhabitants, and from what we can learn, the good effects, so publicly and loudly indulged in, have fell far short of the expectations of us originators. An entire change in the existing rule*, for the better management of the Coolit-s in the West Indie*, is, or has been made. From a circular or order issued by ihe Governor, the planters of Trinidad are prohibited to admit to permanent employment any Indian laborers present i.g themselves for service, unless they can furnish from their late managers (rather master*) a certificate, a regular discharge, and a strict account of their conduct while under their control. This certificate may be withheld from the poor Indian or negro until it suits the capr ce or convenience of the employer.depriving him iri the meantimeot aMrueans 01subsis'ence. This is hutone instance ol'the justice of the ooly system. Many such evidences can be produced, which stamps it as one oi the blackest and wor-t sp'*cit*? of slavery; fostered nn<l encouraged by the t>tiil tnlhropy and love Great LSritmi to 'he iiinrinrj race, we remember relating u cu*?; which occurred a few weeks since at Tiinidad, on the nrrivnl of a cargo of Coolies, which, in point <it crin Iry unit inhumanity, is equal to nnv we hive ever hvard of? husbands separated from their wives, parents , frern their children, brothers from their si?ters, and all family ties mptur?d and disregarded by the sympathisers of the blnck rare. As another ! evidenC'*, we give a few of the rules lately adoptby the Governor ol Trinidad "1? It is recommended that no Manager should allow Coolie* to go on leave without furnishing them with a Tick, t signed by himself. specifying tho name, period of leave and locality to l>e visited. 4? Coolies, whose contract ha* expired, and who re fuse to renew with their late employers, are, notwithstan.lirg tiul li iju/I thrir tslalet unlit th-y b' firit fur. nith'il ux'rA difSarge certificalrt, in which the due nd. | jUMiront of thei) accounts i* to he noted, together with an- particularly had or good conduct for which they may, dining ti e year, huve been remarkable." [r is not a' all likely that these poor coolies will evi'r g.-t their certificates ol discharge from their ;a*lc r.rasters. Theatricals, Tabx THr*T*ic.?" Richard III." wn performed last evening to a crowded house, with all the stage effect given it by the gorgeous costumes, scenery and appointments used in its production last winter. We have already said that Mr. Kean's Oloster is, in our estimation, unmatched at presont on the stage. It was last evening as effective as usual The part of Elizabeth was clothoa with new beauties in the hanls of Mrs Kean. Wo cannot speak too highly of Miss Denny's impersonation of Prince Edward. The part was played better than we have ever seen it played before. Her sister's Duke of York was equally good. Dyott's Richmond was excellent. Stark's Buckingham was a very respectable piece of acting, although it might have been bettor. To night " Richard III." is repeated, with the farce of " The Barrack Room," in which Mr*. Kean takes the part of . Clarissa. To-morrow evening Mrs. Kean's benefit. Bowkrt Tiikathk.?The tragedy of the "Wife" and 1 the drama of the "Si* Degrees of Crime,* were performed at thil tboatre last evening to a very crowded house. Miss Dean as Mariana, tho wife, performed her part in a very creditable manner, and drew down repeated rounds of applause. The same may be said of Mr. Clarke, who took the part of Leon Gonzago, and of Mr. Booth, as Kerrurdo Gou/.ago, both of whom have earned a very flattering reputation. The drama of "Six Degree* of Crime," wound up last evening's performances. The bill this evening is "Komeo and Juliet," and the "Carpenter of Rouen " Miss Dean appears to great advantage ns Juliet?indeed, we consider it bar best character. ' Mr. Clarke will tako Komco, Mr. Neifie, Mercutio. This is an admirable cast, and one that will guarantee the tragedy being successfully played throughout. Greenwich Tiilatre.?Under tho liberal and efficient management of Mr. Freer, tho Greenwich Theatre has emerged from a s tate of comparative obscurity to be one of the best places of amusement in the city. Mr Kreer, at the commencement of his career, pledged himself to omit making no exertion to please hia patrons. The manner in which he has succeeded may he Judged I rum the patronage he receives. Mrs George Jones appaars here this evening as Mrs. Hollar, in " The Mran- t ger;" Mr. Freer, Mr Stevens, Mr Chapman, Mis* Drake, I and the rest of tho company, taking the remaining characters. The evening's amusements will conclude with the melo-dr.<matic comedy oi " Kob Boy," in which , Mrs. Jones will likewise appear. '' n..?_ TV. u..<r? ~. ?( riw:?: Vs An I Lr. UAnUB.ll.-AUV JJUUV Ut singers appear this evening and ainff their very entertaining negro airs; Mr. Holman lings some sentimental songs i and Mr. TUotnpron appears in two favorite dances. There are, moreover, dissolving views and fireworks, with which the entertainment closer We need add nothing to induce those who detire to spend a merry evening, to vi>it Castle Garden to niefht Howie's Mammoth Circi'S.?The people of Lyons, Yi enna, and Auburn have a tieat before thein of a rare and unique kind. The oelehiuted Madame Macarte, pupil of : the greet Francos!, of Paris. and decidedly the greatest female equentrian thai ever visited these shores, will appear l.eforo them They will be at Lyens on the 13th j September inst.; at Vienna on the 14th, and at Auhuru ; on the loth, 16th and 17th inst. | Titian' Venus is now at Utica. West's picture of Christ Healing the Sick, ha* been e?' hibiting in Albany- We believe it is to be taken nest >o j Annapolis, Md. Muelcai. The Afollohkows.?Masters Bullock and Cole and Miss Cole, the fivo youthful musicians who<e wonderful instrumental perform JMces wo have before noticed, and who, at the instance of several musical friends, have adopted the name at the head of tbn article, ore to give arother concert this evening at tpnlln I'all. upder the di?ec'ion of tbeii te?;iier, .\ii. Bc?: V'?> would advise all wl.o have not heard these wondisrful oh.Uien, to attend their conceit thii erering. mil \ e p>\ unse them tuev win lie not* ),ie.ii>ni hu> j ueir |?>i lect ami brilliant execution ia truly i?tonishing, conMJeiiog their years. rhriatj'a Minstrels, well known here anl elsewhere will be at Auburn on the 'A h, 17th, and lath iiut., during the great agricultural ia.1. Sporting Inttlllgtnte. Cbktbbtii lk Coi'ksk. -Great aport is anticipated today at thin course, a? Tour of our very t>eit horses will he brought together The betting was quit# brisk last eveninn, Amsricus being Offered Hgainst tha lielJ at evon. : Tlie friends of Moscow were taking all that oU'ereo at two to olio, that he wou\d beat Amaricus rupposing that the improvement in the wcatiier would ho iu bis tavor. i The mare, Dutchess, too bad her admirers, who were I laying out heir funds to the best advantage- and there weir a'*o many who helietcd that Peter .Smith would be sor ?wh?*ra in the crowd. A goodly number will doubtIcks at it od the trot to-day Movement* of Traveller*. Th hotels yesterday were copiously replenished with afiiither accession of travellers from every section of he I'nion. The following names are selected from the respective registries : ? AnToK?Mr. \\ olfenste>n, Chicago ; Mr. Ilica, New , Hampshire : L. Deumas, Virginia; G. Graham, Washington ; I). Hicham, St Louis: J. Morse, Washington ; J. | An.liews, Philadelphia J. Cohen,Charleston ; D. Baker, Field, Nantucket; P. Mill*, Treves; Wra. Belcher, Sr. Louis ; M.Tuthill, Mobile; J. Harrison, Cincinnati : L Cannon. Troy ; II. Trumbull, Hartford ; Mr. Cumming, 6id Regiment, Montreal; A. Waterman, New Orleans ; J Gardner, Boston ; O. Marsh, Vermont ; Mr. Farreli, New Orleans ; W. Stone, Washington ; Mr. Lewes, Daytcu, Ohio City? J. Robertson, Georgia ; B. Vick, Upper Canada ; I P Hull, Vick'hu'-g ; C. Stevenson, TilflMi J. D. Ciro| rer, Cumberland, Kngland ; J htackpole. Boston : W, | Campbell, Virginia; A llalladay, do ; K. Mitchell. New Orleans ; J Palmer, Washington ; B. Sands, I' s N.; R. Oeorge, J Negus, Philadelphia ; J. McCulloch. Wilmington ; W. Bache, W. Morris, J. Stone, O. Me.Henry, Phi1 ladelphia ; B Whitehall, Virginia ; 8. A. Jewett, Richmond ; D Hudson. Ogdenxbuig F.1s klih.?A. Hicks, Massachusetts ; W. F.arl, Capt. Clairmont, Sta'en Island; J. Scorie, Waterbury ; O. Day, Philadelphia ; J. Rogers. St. Louis; J Webster, tieorgia ; F. Heiskill, Philadelphia ; T Hill, Montresl ; W. Chambers, Vermont; W. Davis, Albany ; W. Todd, Washington ; J. F.aman, Kingston; M. Sherwood, Buffalo j J. Miller, Ohio : (J. Whitney. Boston ; J. Upton, W. lireives, Philadelphia ; T Ross, Virginia ; A. Aveiy, Ohio ; G Betcher, Connortirut. Howard.?Dr Young, linnton ; O Will, Burlington ; J. Ljnd. Rhode Island ; Major Koss, J. Fleming, J. Krotherington, Kentucky ; D. Demarest, New Bedford ; E. King, England ; R < olbuin, Baltimore ; A. Git/, Pittsburg ; A Onlioine, Philadelphia ; I, Darin, Georgia ; C. Smith, Baltimore ; E. J. Halt, North Carolina ; George Collyer, I hiladelphia . J. Hayes, Geneva ; VV. Wood, Lockpor ; J. Mason, Rochester ; H. Dailev, Boston ; J. Wilton, ilayti; X. Bates, Boston ; M. Peumaton, Albany; i Mr. Gilmour, Canada; J. Wilson, Upper Canada; W. Gillespie, Philadelphia ; E. McKachian, Honduras ; H. I.amhert, Cambridge ; Mr. b out, 8t. Louis. Ji-dsoVs.?L. Kilbourne, Chailes Miller, Ohio; O. Love, Philadelphia ; Capt Knowlton, U. 8. A. ; W. Tarsons, Portsmouth ; E. ilulbrook, Boston ; C. Jones, Stonington ; T. Tompkins, Binghampion ; I) Smith, New York ; T. Parker, Vermo it: A. Hammond, Connecticut; D. Smith, Hartford : D. Claike, do. ; L. Barber, Indiana ; . J. Stephens, < anada ; N. Walton, Montpcliar; C. B. I Smith, Hartford. Blectlani. VeaMO.'st.?Only a few small towns remain to be ' heard from. In 194 towns the votes for governor are as ; follows : Katon (whig) 20.aM, Smith (dem.) Ift.BOrt, all others fl.JO-J.' There is probably no eUction by the peoi pie, but as the whigs will have the ascendancy in the Legislature, the whig candidate will undoubtedly be elected by that body. In the House, it is computed that the whig majority will be Iwtwoen forty and Bfty?and in the henate the whigs will ba about three to one. In tbe first Congressional district, Henry (whig) has a majority of more than sia hundred overall theotnen. In the Second, Judge Collamer falls little short of a majority In the third, Marsh haa a large majority over all others, ami in the fourth there Is no election. Peck (dem) leads some five hundred, but foils More than a thousand behind an election. ilf.mii?n mcaa* anujmta u'nt ki,l ! j rr at rkr Hvsiiju.?Th?A> ward police Wit MlUd : ! into requisition lest evening, kbout 7 o'clock, to iavtcti- I gale a revolting and horribW-Aa of murder committed by a man by tha nama of Calrin Ruia, upon hia wife Eliza, by cutting bar throat torn ear to ear, with iome iharp instrument, causing Mutant death It appears 1 fiom the clrcumstancea, thattliis unfortunate young wo- i ' man was boarding with Mi& JSuchanan, at 131 White (treat, where the bad bean Car'the U?t three weeks- her husband being a chair painff by trade, and waa is the employ of Mr How, at Albw}, who. wishing hia wife to reside with hint, be had aw her several letters re: guesting her to come up without delay, but omitting to , forward any money to defray fie r expenses. On these- j cond day of thia month ha wl^ta her another letter. e? ; pressing hia surprise and diatsQrfaction at her non arrival he having stated in this lette^hat he forwarded to | pay her expenses. This letter, it'#eems, had never been I received by his wife. Ruaa, iMwever, becoming unea?y I at not receiving an answer, atd%sd for this city to ascer- ! tain the delay, and arrived in tvWn yesterday morning ] about 6 o'clock, and proceeded m once to the room of bit wife, at No. 131 Whit* street,-where thev remained together during the day apparentht on very friendly terms, and were to have returned to Attany by the evening boat, but from the fact of a dress noting finished, which the j deceased was having made, tblfelore it wu concluded oy kuii 10 siay one unv longer to ouiani uiu uri'ss i ue inmates of the house ohservefRusi to be somewhat intoxicated in the court* of th# afternoon, an t they were known to be toother in the room t*twean 6 and 7 o'clock, and about ten miuutea before 7 o'clock a fall was heard in their room, by a person wf-n occupies the room underneath, who remarked at -the time " there ! Calvin , has knocked Eliza down," tod almost at the same moment, Runs was seen coming down stair* from the room, and smiled at Mr*. Buchanan as he pasted tho room door on the stairway. In a few iiinutes afterward*, Mrs. buI chanan ran up etair* to call Mra Rust to tea, and then I beheld the awful sight of tfci* poor creature weltering in ! her blood on the floor, wtiere she had been thrown by | this monster of a husband RusS has escaped, and is sup{ posed to have gone to Alltany by the 7 o'clock boat, as . ho s al lust seen in White street going in that direction ' He must be marked considerably with blood, and to ena I ble >iis arro?t mora readily, we Rive a description of his : person and dres*. Ru*? it a small sized man. of about 6 i feet 4 inches in height, hair and rather tandy whu-kors, about thirty tears ot age. wore a straw hat. a light nack. or hunting coat. Jkgnt pantaloons, and satin vest. This clothing flubst be s|*>tte<l with t<?. blood ot hi* victim ; alto he ha* left the Impression* of his bloody Angers on the door ofthe room where he committed the | bloody deed, and on MMiug down stairs,whero he touchI ed the sill of the window Is also stained with blood. The weapon used for thia horrible deed has evidently been carried off by the murderer, for nothing was found iu the room by which It could hare been executed. The deceased was a very pretty genteel young woman, of about '23 year* of age, and no cause can be assigned for the murder except jealousy and liquor combined ? | The partie* were married in Albany, a year ago the ' 3d of thi* month t her name was Trowbridge before j her marriage. Bat* is a native of Boston, where he has ! a brother reaiding at present The Coroner was called to hold an inqueat, and on examining the wound, he | found that the throat was cut from oar to ear, and with I such forpn am to nnnrlv anvfr thn heud from the hndv I An inquest will bo belli thisfoienoon Change in the Weather?The Blow.?About 12 o'clock on Tuesday night, a strong wind from the north east set in, and continue.! with considerable violence till yesterday morning, chilling the atmosphere, and making Warm clothing absolutely necessary. The thermometer fell during eight hours from b3 to 60 degrees. The weather now ooutinues cool, with high winds,whirl winds, 1 and cloud* of doat?strong evidences of dirty streets and the near approach of Kail During the gale, many vessels at ancnor in the bay and at quarantine, were lorced from their anchorage and driven with violence against each other, owning damage in every instance where a collision took place The Havana packet ship Cristoval Colon, at auchior in the lower hay, was driven afoul of the brig Oaoeola, forcing in a great portion of the biig's bul wants. The ship sustained little or no damage. A sloop waf>seen going down the bay at a rapid rate De'ore the wind! she appeared to hare been at anchor off the Battery, and was blown eff while her crew wero absent. : She JTbs heavily ladea, and not a soul on board to guide 1 her. Apprehensions are entertained for tbo safety of atafce number of small coasting craft, which left yesterday . The blow must have been mora saver* outside I than is generally expected. I Thb Freedom or the Citt.?We learn that the hospitalities of the city to the Hon. Louis McLane, General Gaines, the Dutch Naval officers, Col. Mcintosh, lee. Sic., are to be given early In October, next month, probably In Castlo Garden. Thi Death or a Citt Newspaper.?The Afomin/; News, for sometimo the Republic, and afterwards a nursling of the democracy of this city, yesterday gave up the gbost. The decoased had for a long time been ailing | with an organic disease, which we believe several times threatened its existence. It was for some time dry-nursed by a chevalier Irom the inlom of Taris, and then by John L. O'Sullivan, on philosophical principles : but not thri vine, it was delivered up bv him iuto other keeping. , borne two or three mouths since, the pap upon which | it had hitherto been fed, was withdrawn from it by a de* | rree of some stony-hearted alderman, and given to Slum, | Bang U. Co But the poor neglected child, the Ntu>?, has . been suffered to drsg oil a miserable existence, d?)<eiident I for its support on the chanco bounty of some ciochetv I and visionary democrats, until it has at length sunk j under the cruel bereavment of its natural sustenance, I and quietly given up the ghost. It has literally " died , and made no sign." An inquest was held yesterday upon [ its remains, and we understand the verdict rendered was " exhaustion and want of sustenance " j A number of person* in deep mourning were observed 1 yesterday to parade that portion of Ann street opposite its late residence, win were tl.ought to be pallbearers, i or some persons connected with the funorul obsequies, i Upon enquiry, we learned that they were the printers of ; the defunct journal, and their appearance tu sable habili' menu may be accounted for by tno fact that they are the chiet mourners. Kmr ?A flro broke out, in the house No. 163 William 1 street, yesterday, about noon. The damago sustained | whstiifling. The engines were socn on the spot, and a profusion of water soon put a stop to the devouring element. Bninti. Piatt.?As our Ariel was coming down the Boweiy Isst evening, after (lading out the particulars of an elo]>cinent that took pltcc yesterday in the upper part of the city, be perceived several lailroad cars loaded with the rlilt of the city, who were dressed in robes of virgin white, and decorated with the choicest nosegays Alexander Wil-en, and other famous nurserymen. The ap|*arance of things indicating that something above the common run ol every day affairs was about to take place, he, true to his nature, pushed through the open win.low of one of the cars, and took a seat undiscover- j ed, in order to asccitiin what was in the wind, and re- j port all the sB) ingi and doings that took place while ho WHSpiexcnt. Ariel was no sooner cotntortably seated 1 than he overheard the charming lidies who partly com- j potod the jovial throng, talk over the marriage of the ; beautiful and angelic Mis? P to Mr F , wellknown in the neighborhood of Coti'ee (louse Slip as ene of our most indefatigable and enterprizing merchants, which marriage was to take place at Kast Chester jeI teiday evcuing, Ariel was in great glee at this informa- ' | tian, and leughed so heartily that bis whereabou s was I ; immediately ifiscnvered by a beautiful giilot 17. the con- : sequence oi w-hich was, that he I'ontiJereil it advisable to ' evacuate his ignition among the mounirlan' it laiin, 1 make an lione t able retreat, and run to the office air! detail all the intoimatiou ho had anjtiiied before any of he tolcgiaph companies got wind of it Thi? ho according1 ly Ui t. and thru took wing lor the scene of the mtrriage i ceremony, which he has promised as he w ill detail in a glowing manner. 1 tiiiTHtii srmtT.?1 liere 11 no public tboroughlare I in our whole city, that deserves more ol tlie aiteuuonof the mayor than this street. Thu, an every one i? aware, j forma the main artety between the lower and upper part ! ol the town, and is inconsequence the most crow.led of any of our public avenues, and notwithstanding thii, \ there is not one. ao completely monopolized, and lumbered up, by venders, of all description and character, of ' household commodities O..o m jy purchase upon the ; centre of the side walk in Chatham street, anr a. tide in . this line from a gridiron ton cradle. We alltida more | particularly to that part, ombracing James and Catharine , street! By the innumerable obstructions upon the aide walk, tlie residents of the Seventh ward are often forced \ to a great deal of inconvenience in order to avoid thii I intolerable nuisance. If his honor will condescend to 1 ' pay a visit to this scene of pots ami feather beds, he will . find our rematka to be correct, and worthy of hit moat j serious consideration. The Li hiilahv on Island.?The remaining rob : berof the gang who robbed the cottage of Mr. Kisk, at I Hockaway. ami who escaped when his comradea were | taken, was arrested last evening at Oowanus. The police 1 of Brooklyn deserve much credit for their exertions in this arrest They turned out with a determination to I cure this fellow, who wa* found to bo an old and notori- j ous burglar; and they afterwards refused to receive any | portion of tlio reward ottered by Mr. Kisk for his arrest I within tweut;-lour hours. The reward was divided 1 1 among those of the citizens who assisted on horse back thiough the day. He was taken to Queens' county, where the grand jury found bill against him, as wellaa j iu? uiuen. a uvu uiit ihci pim ? tu-murrvw. Nfabi.y Fatal.?A woman stepped overboard from the Jersey City terry boat, at the foot of Court land streot Jm<-t night. and wn near being drowned. There wa? not suliicirnt light to see when the boat was made fait to the dock. The authorities ahould tee to thia. Accidi*t.? Yesterday noon aa one of the girls attached to the printing office, or bindery. No. 3ft Ann itreet, waa crossing a plank aarelessly laid over the trap door of the second story, it rave way und precipitated her to the street floor : her fall was broken in some way by the nlank, which alas came down, and she received but little I injury. Her escape,however, was siiraculous. Within a lew days, threo or four such cases have come to our , ' knowledge, and all have in a measure originated in care- | I lessness, and fioa want of proper guards around these I hatches. Two of these occurrences took place in the immediate vicinity of the above. Coawr.i.its Do Bois.?We have now to add to the list i { of recent deaths, Cornelius Du Bois, at the age 70. lie , was a merchant of good standing tor more than forty tears,?was one of the original Directors of the Union on.l nrnminpnt actor in some of our mercantile societies andlhenevolent institutes. lie acquired no ample fortune, Vid retired a few yearn since Irom active pursuit!. fie wat a man ot quiet hahita, but a tliorouK*! merchant, and much respected for hi? unilorm good character and honrable dealings. Coaqpaa's Orrrta ? SuieiiU?The Coroner heM an imiueit yeaterday at No 144 Kim street, on the body of Kva A. Marillist, horn in Heading. Tenn., 4i yeon of age, who came to her death by cutting her throat with a razor. Her huiband was aitting reading the newa; pajier, taking his breakfast, i<nd neard something tall i down in the next loom, and on going to her he discovered hia wife with her throat cut, on the floor. Verdict accordingly. United State* Commlaaflonrra' OJBce. Before Commissioner Morton SrrT. 9.?J!f mult wllh a Oasmwi Wrap**.?Albert I C.oeke, Captain of the American krig Robert, was brought flv-fore the Commissioner yeaterday, charged with having committed an assault with a dangerous weapon, on a aeamsn named WUiiaai Williams, by striking aim with a beery stick of wood. Held to boll to answer OfcnitolafltrAl TaM* y J* TW <OSTU* 0* Jl'LY ami Arutfii Jniv. , , j lit. Appointment of general Taylor confirm*! by the U. S. fteuate, 11 M^jor General in ths U. S. A. Also, of Cel. Butler, of Kentucky, u Major General of TolunMn. d. Conttitutlonal fill of Bight* reporteJ to the Now York State Convention. 3 1. Arrival of important mwi Irom Mexico, received at tho l/trald office, announcing that the department of Jaliaco had declared in favor of Santa Anna Paarage j of the Tariff Bill in the Home of Representative* 4th. Celebration at New York with ttnutual iplendor . Oorernor Wright review* the military. Mb. Special and extraordinary express with foreign ' new* by the (teamahip Britannia to the A'?i* Ytrk Herald. | brining intelligence of the effect of the new* of the glonott* Victoria* obtained by the U State* troop* under command of Oen. Taylor, at the battle* of Palo Alto and Retaca de la Paima. Alto of th? death of the Pope of Rome? Revolution in Poland, Cth Threatened Revolution in Canada, in consequence of the introduction of the Corn Bill in the Houae of Commom, (Kngland.) 9th. The California regiment enrolled under the command of Col. Stevenson, who goe* to Waahioffton to receive hi* initruction*. Great speech of Mr. Dix on the Warehousing Bill lathe U. S Senate. 10th. Bill to incorporate the Texian nary with that of the United States, debated in the United States Senate and amended. Uth. General Scott's memorable " hasty plate of soup" letter to Governor Marcy discussed still by the letter writers at Washington. 13ih. The warehousing bill?ordered to be engrossed. The tariff bill introduced in the Senate. .>lr. Lewis opens tho debate thereon. C*1 Payne, one of the heroes of the late battle of Palo Alto, having receiv , ed a wound in the engagement, arrive* at Baltimore en | route for Washington, with tiuphies, fcc., from the seat of war. IStfi. Passageof the land graduation hill. 15th. Account of the dreadful lire at Nantucket, which destroyed property to the amoun*. of $390,090. Mrs. Spcu- ; cer shot by her husband in Jeney city. 16th. Secretary Bancroft summonses the follewing I Dost-captaius te Washington, Captains Stewart, ] Jacob Joaes, Morris, Rid^cly, Dowues, Btt'lard. Ap j Catvsby J,?n?s, Boltou. Shubrick. Kearney, Turner, Per- | ry, Joseph Smith, Hosseau. Geisinger, McKeever, Par- , ker, Mci'auley, Stringer, Breese. 18th News of the pss*ag>> of the English corn bill by j ihe Cambria, also of the dulcat of the IriMi concion bill, and tiio resignation of Sir Robert reel. wnh his concluding speech in Parliament en th? settlement of tin Ore gon ques'ion. Treasury note bill passed the United States Senate. 30th Speech of Mr Niles on the tariff bill. Oi'eat excitement in Washington on the subject of the tariff bill. 3ind. Arrival and highly lucccsstul trip of lha (<reat Britain, in 13 days and 11 hours from Liverpool to New . York 33rd. News from Mexico detailing tbe particulars o' the celebration of tho 4tli July by the army of invasion ; also with an account of the particulars in rotation to the refusal of five hundred Mexicans to serve in the Mexican army. 31th. Dreadful railroad accident on the New York and Erie Railroad, in which two of the passengers wero killed and several wounded. Mr. Webster'* great speech on the tariff bill. 30th. Resignation of Mr. Hay ward in the Seaate of the United States, Great excitement on the tariff question in Congress. 3Bth Passage of the Tariff Bill by the casting vote o he Vice President. 30th. The Tariff Bill as amended by the United State* Senate concurred in bv the House-of Kepreien. tative*. Landing of emigrant* for the month of July From Great Britain. 6 945 ; from France (chiefly Germans), 3,713 ; from Bremen, 1,036: from Belgium, 1,020; from Hamburg, 513 ; lroin Holland. 3M) ; from Norway, ?' p???.??? 1UOUIT. Int. Departure of the steamboat! Cambria and Great Britain for Europe: beta Uel; ai to their relative speed. Passage of the Warehousing Bill. Tallage of the SubTreasury Bill. 3d. Account of the taking of Camargo by the United 8tu*"s troopj without opposition. 3d. Vet} of the IUver and Harbor Bill by the Preiident Diaauiiioni in the public pren as to the truo interpretatioa of the Columbia navigation clause in the Oreren Treaty. Land Graduation bill paned by the United States Senate. 4th. Rumored Miuion of Teace to Mexico discussed in the public print*. 7th. Pasiage of the new Postage Bill. Alio, bill to authorise the Preiideat to inue Letters of Marque and Reprisal, in the erent of Mexico issuing the lame. 10th. Adjournment of Congress. News of the disbanding of the volunteers raised by General Gaines. Defeat of the Mexican Peace Bill. 13th. Rumored mediation of England in the Mexioan war. 10th. The President visits Old Toint. 19th. Arrival of the Calodoaia at Boston, bringing accounts of another attempt to assassinate the King of the French?the progress of free trai'e principle! in England ?tho cholera in London?the Repeal controversy in lieland?the sugar question in England. 20th. Departuie of the Great Western. 2 let. Accounts of the departure of Banta Anna for Vera Cruz. Anothor revolution in Mexico. Letter! of Marque granted against the United Statea by Mexico. 22d. Acquittal of Major General Otines, on chargea tried before a Court of Inquiry relative to an alleged breach of military law. 24th. Arrival of the Dutch achoonor of war Adler' Capt Knollaert, at New York. 97th r.ricL-?> moti-h h?li'?n *\,m Ct a>Ari?A TTninr. Clubi agaiiut till Canada commenced. Arrival of Dutch frigate Tasson. -JSLh. 1U abr.ipt termination in a low, when the Canadians withdrew from the ground, alleging that the laws of the game had been riouteo by one of the player* of the Union Club, named Dudton 31st. Splendid edition of the Herald far Eurajit, containing ail the iiunortaut newi of the day, forwarded to the steamer Caledonia, at Boston, in time ior her sailing day, on the Ut September. Board of Education. STATED MKETina. T U?>.nn, Esq. President, ia the Chair. The minutes of the former moeting were read and approved. CommunicationifromWard Commitiioneri, fc.?From the Olficera of the I4th ward, stating that the trustees were in debt for the schools of the ward, and asking for an appropriation of $1600 to pay such debts?referred. Communication from the Officers of the 11th ward, asking an appropriation for expenses incurred for repairs, and fitting up schools in the ward?referred. Communication from the trustees of Yorkville Public School, asking an appropriation of $400, for books, stationery, &c for said school?referred to select commit- i tee, consisting of Mossrt. Mason, Walker, and Quackenboss Mr. Dr^rtr movad the following resolution Resolved. That thw Corporation be requested to appropriate a sum of $1-2,600 for the puipote of buildiug a school home hi that w?rd. Mr. Fauiows wiiiheJttiat tha plana and speciQrations of the bullUinga should be flrst proem cd Mr. D??ny replied that the plana and specifications were procured, hut that the arcnuect had given tb?m thu day to a contractor, to look them over thu evening, otherwise they would he here. Ha hoped, theiefore, that the resolution would pj*?. Mr Kkllows, under tne circumstances stated br tha member for the 15th, contented to the passage of tha rosolution. llosin. Boswohth and Scdowicb ma 'e >oma remarks in opposition to tae resolution, uf'er whirh the yeaa and uaj a vvore called, an J a? it was found a quorum wa* not present, tha meeting was dissolved. Police Intelligence. Auoust 9?An ft on ftutpirfon.?An old State prison bird, called John Cowcn, waa arrested yesterday, by ' Conatable Wooldridge, of the <>th Ward, and offlc rOalamatar. of tha 8th Ward, in the act of endeavoring to tell a valise, containing three linen shins, a p*?lr of shoes, a lady'a linen bosom, and a mnalin del><ine dress, bine an 1 plaid, and an album belonging to 1 iaa C Kellm, for which an owner ia wanted. Apply to the above officers. I Thia old chap ia now nearly 60 years of age, and ia tha notorioue Cowen who waa tiled aoma yeara ago for having married twenty-seven women one after the other, and all living, for which offence he waa triad for bigamy, and sentenced to thu State prison Justice Drinker locked him up for examination. Stealing Linen?Ann Harrison and Samuel Carr ware both arreated for stealing a piece of linen irom the atore of Jamea fcuen, corner oi 3d Avenue and 23d streetLocked up for trialPolice Affair*. To tnc Koiroa or tni Njw Yobe Hcbalb. Deab Sia,? Your Police reporta of Tueadav morning contain a paragraph headed rowdyism ia Wllliamaburgh, staling that I had been arreatod for a violent assault aad battery on Herman Hanfield, proprietor of garden, in Wiiliaaaburgh. Aa a duty to myself and friends, I publish the following statement of the affair:? Last Sunday, while in Mr. Hanfield'a garden in company with my two young daughters, some boys in sport [ .|l_kl.. ... .r Ik. .... ? h._ VI r. II.-A. IA charged me id very ungentlemanlv manner with encouraging them , aotne womi ensued. when he struck me. Immediately the whole poise of waiters, bar-tendera and other* fall to work with chain, trayi, and other mistiles, and t???t ma in a most shameful manner. I had previously offered to pay any damage the bova had done, although they were entire strangers to ma; he would not listen to any thing like reason, aud 1 waa obliged to fight in lelf-defence. The statement concerning my being arrest'd ia altogether incorrect. I hare commenced an action for damages against Hanfield. Your*, Jams.s FAai.iT. Common Plena. Before Judge Daly. StrT. 9?Thoma$ Ftnlon v. Michael O'^onehw ? Thia was a proceeding undor the statute The plaintiff nr?nii.?i in Mnlhprrv street?thf* defoliant o(V : cupied a lot immedi?tely in the rear of pUintilT*. The premise* in di?pute aril tituate in the centre of >hc loti, find both partica claimed it on the 8th of Augmt l?at. The defendant caina there with * Rang of men. tore downthe fence, and took forcible poieeaaion, which ho ha* since i continued to keep Kor the delence, it "ought to he fhovn that the p-emiaen in diipute originally tmlonged : to defendant*, and that plaintiff' wai originally a irotpamer. Verdict for the plaintiff For plaintiff, Mr. Ketchaw ; for defendant, Mr Bosworth United States District Conrt. Herman Hy?? Geor/? H, Sr iman ?Wo hare a full report of thli case in type, which ia crowded out to-day. We ihall giro it to morrow. COTJRT FOR THK CORRECTION OF Errorb, Tuesday, S?*pt. 8, 1846 ? Present? Lt. Gov. Gardiner, Juitice Beardiley. and twenty Senator*. i No. I.?O C. DeKay ra. O F. Irving and al Mr F. B. i Catting concluded for re*pondent?, and Mr. D. Lord, Jr. waa heard on ?anin aide. No. 16.?O. P. Front ra. the Saratoga Mutual Fire Iniurmce Company. To ba paaaad without prejudice. ' ' .mmm C?Ort Af OtMNl MKUMU fii'or# Re??rd<r JfeoM, abd Al<l?rrr*n fUrt ftitd i&M Srfj. 9 ? f'urftiturr vf Hti/.?Albert S. Hj*yr? and John L HnmfftOuiVu, indict*! for obtaining goodi by falae pretence*, bailed by Lphraim B May nun) Id the tut", of $Si 0. Patrick Katen. indicted for an a*aault and bat' tery, 'allej by George Logun, in the lum of $100. John Gall?Khcr and George < aasidy, for aaaault and battery, amount of bail in each ca?e. $300. aurety John Matthew*. John Greater, for an amault and battery, bailed by Francia in the ?um of $100. ('harle* Garbtitt, tor a miademcanor. bailed by Alfred N. JuJah. in the *um of $5oO. John V. Secor, indicted for a misdemeanor, and bailed by Joseph N Barnea, ia the mm of $1 000. Patrick caa idy, indicted for an a*?ault and battery, bailed by Pa- i trick Murray, in the lum of $1 000. Edwin Ferguioa, indicted for an asiauit aud battery, and bailed by Jamea P. Decker in the auna of $-ioo. Michael Leary, indicted for an aaiauit and battery, bailed by John Builer in tlie turn of $aoo William O. Spencer* indicted for a misdemeanor, and bailed by John L Targee. in the aum of $1000. Frederic Cruzier, indicted for an u**ault and battery, bailed by Chriatian F. Mayr, in the mm of $-J00 Henry Haler, indicted for obtaining good* by lalae pretence*. bailed by George C. Huffmau and John Moilateller. each in the aua of $600. tiicnaei i/ouiui, luoitwu iui aim wwij, uaued bv Samuel Nichols. Jr., in tha sum ot $'209. and John V. Varick, flso Indicted for an assault and battery, and Vailed by kid ward Moor* in the mm of $JOO, severally falling to apiiear on being called to trial, their respective recognizance* were declared to be forfeited. Trial for Grand Lnrctny ?John McDonald Wll then placed at the bar for trial, on an indictment charging him with having, on the -i?th of July last, eutered the house of Harriet Frown, No 1*3 ill at street, an 1 stolen therefrom a gold watch, chain, and keys. al*o>a gold pencil case, wUich property waa alleged to be worth $130 On the part of the prosecution, the complainant deposed that oa the befove-named day. her servant, a colored woman, : came -own stairs and stated that robber had been in ' the house him! e?captd thiough a window wuh a chisel in hit hand. The colored servant of the complaisant next deposed, th'it while in an unpnr room of the hou?e. in front of die looking glass, she observed the reflection of a man in another room, the door of which was opposite the glass, and that on going into the room to see who it was and what he was about, she t.iw the prisonor, who instantly went out of the window and inaJ* his escape ; 1 when it wus discovered that a drawer b*' been forced open and robbed of the property in question ; that on passing througn Centre street the following day, she saw the pmoner?felt positive that he ? ii the simc pernor kI.c had seen in the ro^m of heremplo?-?r. eecorfllnglv followed hi a to a house in .Mercer stiee , a' J there c'ntiseil hit urreit by Prince John Davji, wbo, on bei.ig called to the ?tacd, testified, that in consequence of information imparted to him by the lust wi n?fi, he arte, ted tho uceiisci, who was at once ideatltied by 'hn colored servant. Oiiicers Applejard and wioimt oi the oi:> H ?rd, depoioi! that tLejr know the prisoner well by sight ; tsat hi* general character as fa. at thev knew any thing of it, wan decidedly bad; that t'.a; had frequently r em him at late hours of the night, at (rugdories and eytter '-cellar* in the 6ih ward, which were notorious resorts tor thieves and p incl prostitute*, and other pemons of t:ie most abandoned oh uacter. Oo tuepnrt ot the defence, an ativ.npt wai madu to pro .*e as alibi, in showing by a witness named Walter Adams, that the accused was with him at a distant pare of Grand street at the precise time at which the theft of toe jewelry w alleged to have taken puce, utner witnesses testltied to the previous good character of the defendant. The evidence beioe closed on both sides, J. W Green, Esq., proceeded to ad<:resa the jury in behalf of the prisoner At the closo of hii rcmaiks, the Distriat Attorney (ummoned up the case on the part of th4 people. The jury, however, after a long consultatiea, returned iato court, and intimated that they had been unable to , agree upon a verdict The court therefore diacuaiged the jury from further consideration ot the subject. The Court then aljnurtiod until to-morrow morning. Circuit Court. Before J?<!gc Edmonds. The California Expedition in re Jvkn Cooke.?General hutheilind commenced summing up the case at 4 o'clock, jesterday evening, to which time the proceedings were adjourned. After some preliminary remarks, he said that if in the investigation of this ease any Intemperate languago had been iatroduced by him into the discussion, I do, sitid the general, from my soul rcgiet it. I regret it not only on my own account, but on account 4 of the veneration 1 bear to the honorable person on the S bench; and 1 would now, for my owo sake, and the sake of ray iriends, take it back, and have it buried in the , same grave with me. It arose from tho temperament of t my nature?from my impulsive feelings, nnd that henest zeal wHicb every high-miuaed man anouH nriag to the aid of uii oppressed client. Vour honor will remember it itt a cats mat oxcite l a great deal ol interest. You seo tha nuoiber of persons now congregated about tbe bench?jour honor saw my opponents here yesterday, . dretseii out iu ail their gewgaw finery anl t lappings, with tbeir bits ol gold lace on their shoulders, but if Tour honor will only let me, 1 will impeach their organization, aiid blow themselves and their bits of gold lace and their bits of paper to the seventh In-even ? Cowkt?.Vlr. Sutherland, you are wail :eiing from the question. Vou must confine yourself to tue points be- Jj lore me. 1 have, after a patient hearing of two day., Jj decided upon the point you are now arguing. Stthmiuo-This i? not a metier that can be driven J through a deal board, with a cambric needle. 1 want to ahow that you have violated the law. CouaT? 1 can't allow you to reverse my deciaion in a my own court. There is another tribunal for that pur- j pose Sutherland? I came hare to show you that you have I violated this man's rights, and denied bim common jus- 1 tice. CouaT?Mr Sutherland, yonr conduot is most extraor- r dinary It seems to me you have come here to indulge . your private feelings, to make unfounded assertions, and ' to insult the administration of justice. After being obliged to listen <o the general for abutit three quartets of an hour in the above strain, the courti ! adjourned to Saturday next. , The Tnormometer in Boaton on Sunday waa 97 in tbe . 'h,lle' * ======= -'-ill Berbe <( Castar, Matters, 1M Broadway? ? Fall Fialuons ? Bteue Sc Cottar ire now prepared f > ri libit afl to the public, aud the trade j-.ue ally, tiieir fall Fathioiafor lists, t.apa, kc. The Kaihiou for Hats it tomelhiaa emirelr KB new and will lie/ten by their iiueliibaJ ri tula*. WM and rice Lily cnnimrndt itaalf to l?>e tatte of a ditcntainatia< public by its anperior air of lightness and elegauce, aa well as by it?real intrinsic By rzteusiie iinpiovetnealt in their norfe of aaaafsetare ana macnin*, v, in?y. re enamei to proauce an a-licie el t tntf nud Ajish, and in shirt everything ia their liua will he found to ha ol auk a character and qialitf a< ea*aet ail o neat (ha ap.>roDation of b .lb wearera and deale ? Th-y are ready to eiacute *11 ordera lor aoodi in th?ir line with the utuie't punctuality and diap-tcb. B. Si O.alao are in the receipt of the latest Paria and London Kiahioui, and in addittou >tff?r a reene che eolleatiou of tasteful and elegant Paris mad* Fancy Article*, imrb a* Im fellas. Caaoa, Carpet Bags, Gloves, Toilet Apparetua,&c,&c. PldmlN Uagnerrlaii Gallery, SSI Broadway. The splendid pir.nrea in thia Oallery need acarceu a reel ?rk, fur a day ruelf paa e-in whi> h tkere are tint in-ay etidmces of the Profeaa >r'a *knl ?*jt k?fore an admiri ug pnnlic. It i< therefore a aetiled opiai.jn that be distances ever. ? tut ol the day in we ?p eador aid ac.immotioM of l?i? establishment, ai-d correctness a*d coloring of hi< Ddgueireoty pee. Portable *havltijf ( mm ?'* he moat parta* hie v,d at the same time the most complete a?d elegant arti tie now nMiioi'?<'turcd, h-iTntg every requiaite for a gentleraaa's toilet, and aa a tmrellicv r mpan on invaluihl* Kea ale by O. fcAL NDF. 8 It SON. 177 lirordw.y, A few door> >lnn? Con'tiandt atreet. Metallic Tablet llator Si. ?|>?Merchant? and ?th*ri a> ont parrhaaing article of tii a kind, wonld d< wall to rail l id ex ?mue a' the ,naiin>*r.torf tli? ? mna p it terna i.fleied, taeli being m?de of ih* lie-it m?*?r. ? v ir vaiy in| only io <>u'?ide finish UertiA'ate* <u proof cf then utility, ?i? in the p>?>easion of tiic isiret.lor, frem some the mo*t neirutil'C gentlemen in tnr country; a liberal die cent made to wholesal* purrhiutra. O. HAIFMjF.R;* * SON, 177 P*eadway. Plinlon'n Hn^le Ha r Ojre. a n*?t and InTalna^e di?corery, warranted neither io smut orwaabrff b*; * i Liquid Dye. which inaununejuily ehanreathe co!o of he hair to a I'enutifnl br?wa or black, without injury ri be kair or akin. The (Teat superiority of tnia Dye co. sista 1, the easymode ol application and laiautan' >oa effect.all #^>e dyea requiring lrcii? ten to twelve boar. to produce an. cn.i :g?, Ita auiwior excellence will l>e ippnreat to ever3 one upou a muglr application. Country gentlemen tu hat a bottle forwarded them by eapraea, by aeudinn easb, e< clo ed to fc. PhaJou tl Broadway, Judaou's H itel. Price ( Bar MM*. Wtta roll dir??!rj?n)? lor um. < ity ?wtl?mpn -r Jl wvititH ?tth* ^rotm4 H<?? ib?ir Bovt?? k Vawr* ?. 74 Oh Bum Nnct, **a*t for rHil?<t?4ph? , iri'Bii I ill...I iju iL I ' \nvti<nUon of thi Ohio Rlvtr. Platte Time. Stale / fitter. I ick iuuiAi Aug -Jfl. ? .? . 7 feat. ; W ittt'liug. A"? '20. ............ ?t fcllinf. Pi 'nbnrf, A K 21 4 feat L ? A I * ...... a fctt and rising. NONKl HAKKKT. VVcdn>Mla>', Sept. 0? B P. M. Stock* ware a littla batter to-day, ?al the isles to *oir$ eitcnt Morri* went op % ; Harlem ^ ; Norwich mm Worcester S' ; Reading % , Canton X ; Loug Mar cloned firm at yes'erdajr's price* At the second board thera wa* a fnrther improreraei in Morri* of X, o.hers closing nt the morning price* Counterfeit ona dollar bill* on the Rank of Indian 8ouih Bend Branch, payable to 9 L Jennings, letter I Ti||ii?3<?V i W|'? r?ruMup* "i?t**uiuu BIlOp, BT0 111 CITCQI tion They are well executed, but when compare I wi the genuine, the quality of the paper and engr.ivinA ? be found slightly delertire, and the abbreviated *# > Ca-h'r and Prea't hate no period* in the ccunterfei ; which are In the genuine. The entnei at the Cuatom llnnie of New Orleana 1 Anguat, were 111 ?ea?ols, viz : 89 aUipa, 30 barka, j briga, 0J achra , 1 aloopa, and 8 ateamera During ti came period lilt year 43 veaaela entered, viz : 10 ahipa bark*, 10 briga, 1.1 achra., and 7 ateamera. I Cleared during the aame time 1844, 74 Teatala, tit t 1 ?hip?, 7 barka, 7 brlga, 81 achra, A aloopa, and 0 ateame ' Amount of tonuaga 01,7 J0 ti Cleared during the aar time thia j ear, 188 reiaeU, viz: 41 ahipa, 90 barka, 1 briga, OS achra , 4 ?lonpa, and 30 ateamoia Tonnaf li i.'JSS 77. Increase of tonnage over 184 j. $00.A09 t Tk- ~t ??ll. ....1 J - ? .-< Ill WI Will mcifCU ! mo I anitl 1 our*- ?' offlca nt 0.?? ego, from th? opening of navigation September for j'eara 1844 and 1340, w ti ai follow* 1043 $67,-37 St ltU? ?i (S37 44 Fxceu over 1H4S VJ4.SOO 33 infarorof' Number of claarancaa immed for the nam* tima >? IB 48 1.304 181ft 1,1183 331 in favor of' Tha following will ahow tka amount of aoma of t principal article* of proper-y ahlpped by canal at Oawe from the op?nlng of navigation to lat S*pt?mk?MlM6

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