Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 15, 1847, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 15, 1847 Page 1
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T . ? THI -7?-w KB " ? Vol. XIII, Wo, 45-W1 alo R?, *644 THE~NE\vlORk HERALD.T. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Circulation?Forty Thousand. J D AILY HKKALU-e.Tery day. fric.2 per eopr?V IS per annum?uavaole m advance. ... _ WEEKLY Hkil ALD-fcT.n-Hatordw?rno. ?X eeett ' per cony?tl l'J)% *eat? pvr annum?payable la advanee. HERALD ETIR ttfUOPK-Kvery Steam Paeket day. p Price bjj cent, pet copy?ti 00 per annum. parable ia ad- h vau'*#. ' the aanal pneee?alwayi eaeb >i '- advance . ... . . , J< PRINTING of nU kiade e*e?nted with beaaty and dee- 'I patch. K All leiiera or communication*, by mail, addreaaed to the a. ec.ahlialunent, ninat bo poat paid, or the pottage will be de- tl ducted from the subecnpftoa money remitted tl JAMES OOK1. ON BENNETT. r< Proprietor of the | ?| New Voai He ball. EITA?i.i?HM*HT, p ""itli Vhi enraer nf Valine eed Nisiaa alraat* ri ar i . . . n ? b :<mv u-.' ?? AUi;i??ni)UAriUN?- JJ CHANGE OK HOURS _ WINTER ARRANGEMENT. Onmid after Monday, * Dee. 28. 1Mb. Trains will mil as follow*:? di Leave Jbaouai.rn?at 7 o'clock A. M. (?o?t?a train) for l>reenpnrt, daily, (except Sundays) (topping U ) Kartmncdnle sua Bt Oeorge'a Manor. " at 9% A M., daily, for Greenport and 'interne- *< d'.ate plaeea. * at 4 P M. for Karmingdale, daily. ' Lcatk Ueee-im.iit?r.t 6Jd A. M., daily aocommodatioa train u for Brooklyn. ' at JX P. M., (Boatou Train) or on the antral o( the t/oat f' 01 Norwi h, daily, (except Son- ~ ibyi,) c ppma at St. Oeorge'a Maar' and karmiugil tie. Leave Karmi vmdai.:' at A. M. daily, (except Ban day a,) aeconKnodoti >J train; and IS M. andSX '' M. Leave Jamaica -~w 8 o'ctnca A. M., 1 P. M., and 6)d P. >1 , for Brooklyn, or on the arrival of Button ? train. _ SUNDAY TRAIN8 will haraafter ran toThomopon Sta _ tiou? leave Brnuk'yn at ( A M for Thominon and Tntcrmeniata placet, (commencing Sunday the 8th Nevaaibtr, retain- t nig leave Thompton at S o'clock P. M., Karmingdale 2>f, { Jamaica 3)d. ! " Eare to?Bedford, eenta; East New Yark, 1?H; Race l Courie, 18V; Trotting Coarse. 18V; Jamaica, 21; BraanviiU, ? Slid: Hvde Park. (17 inilcii Clow.vill. (dnrin.? rh. ??- I hi tiou of Court) X; Hempstead, 37X; firaueh 37&; Carl* * Plice,44; Westbury, 44; Hicksville, 44; Farmingdale, <i2X; al Deer Pare,69: Thompson, M; Suffolk Station, tl; Lake Road 8,'atioo, >1 18V; Med ford Station, II I"V: Yaphank.Bl J7X; pi St. Oftorve't Manor, II 62X; Kiverhead, $1 t'.2X: Jaraesport, 111 f I SIM; Mattetuck, SI 63X< Cntchogue, SI 62X; Southold, . Si 62X; Oreonport Accommodation Train, Si TS; Boston , tram, S2 25. ?< StKgei are in readineas on trie arrival of Train* at the see*- (! ml Stations, to take passengers at very low fares, to all parts " of the U1anJ. 111 Baggage Crates will he in readiness at the foot of Whitehall street, to receive baggage ! r the several trains. M minutes ?| before the hoar of starting from the Brooklyn side. ' The steamboat "Statesman' leaves Ureenport for Has Har . boron the arrival of the Boston train from Brooklyn d25rh ^ _ NOTICE. * MI On and after Friday, November 20th, the u> steamboat SYLPH, Captain Braisted, will m 3kG^3aC39L tnakr the following trips to and from States Island until Inrther notice, vtt s? Leave New York i Leave Staten Island. At 9 A- M. At IX II A. M. I 10 1 P. M. I 12 M IX " 3 P. M. SX M I * X" nlti REGULAR MAIL LINE FOR BOSTON. VIA NORWICH A WORfMft 0gk C3C8TER, without change aJNi fOkrs or Baagage, or withouu^^^^H < h ? ^.crossing any terry. asaeagem taking their teats at Norwich, are insured their s ? ts through to Boston. This being the only in laud route ei tlr t communicates through by steamboat and railroad. L Passengers by this line are accompanied through By the conductor of the train, yho will have particular charge of their ai baggage, and who will otherwise give hit attention to their n.ite and eomfort. di This line leaves south side Pier No. 1, North Uiver, foot of oi Battery Place, daily, (Sundaysescepted)at 4 o'elock, P. M., ai and ai vet in Boston in time to take all the eastern trains. The uew steamer WORCESTER, Capt. Van Pelt, leaves ever> i uesaay, muratuy, and Saturdays, at 4 o'clock, I*. M. Th' stwemer CLEOPATRA. Captain Williams, leaves ~ rary Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, at 4 o'clock. P. M. * For fnrtlxr information, laqmre of J. H. VANOEKBILT, I Wo. a Battery Flare. Nnriti River. dSS tf ra gJi WINTER AH It A N OEM r. N Pa.?The oi Norwich. Worcester and Boston Hjjl Hoad m XaJilLdBL and Stem Transportation Line?The aub- k aeaiiu >1 strain propeller Trumbull, Captain Daniel Harms w will riiu regularly hetwe*u Norwich and New York, making Ir two passages a week; leaving New York from pier It E. R. ai Old Slip For freight, which will be taken at summer rates gi or p.msagu, having elegant accommodations apply to lha bi Captain, on board, or to ?. A. P'LL, Norwich, Conn., and to jfimT J. k v BHUhH 40 Snn'h at. New York. bMt&i; X'AIC.9 ,"i a i L. t.lia-., 1. 0?k FOR ALBANY AND TROY, VIA QuM^fc^aaM*Bridg-port and Hoosatouic Railroad. Dur- < XwiuQLinit Inst summer, the Hnusato ic Railroad J bns beeu lelsid with a heavy H Rail, from Bridgeport to ri the We.tern Railroad Through bv Daylight, daily (Bannay's sicepred; si t>k o'cloak. A. M. k The Steamboat MOUNTAINIt-ER, Capt. W. H Eraxee , I leaves the foot of Market street, E. R, far Bridgeport, Daily, " t '>S o'elick, A \1. No freight taken in the Passenger Liue. J." Passeugers take the Cars at Bridgeport,aod without chauge of Cars or Baggage ("rates, arrive in Albany uud Troy at J o'clock, P. >1. New Cars and Locomotive engines have been ' procured, and the Road is iu every respect eqnal to the beat .1 New England Road. (0 [CE* A Freight Liue by Steamers Nirarod, and Mohegan, (KUy?Freight Tariff same as last year?ror farther perVctUrs n qaire at the Office on Market street Pier, aud n at Livings on and Wells' Express, 10 Wall Street. J fe4 mi rC (). M. PERKY. Agent. 1 Bitl i ISil AND NOR I'll A.?lill " .*fr<3n>flH>CAN ROYAL M-sis. STEAM SHIPS ,l JjZ Ikon tons aud 410 horse power each, na . *?w^My8jfij(der contract with the Lores of the Admi ,e HIBEfLNlyC... Capt. A. Ryne C ALEDOFSA Cap. I. (J. Lott BRITANNIA Capt. J. Hewitt. w CAMBRIA Capt.C. H E. Jndkms . 4.CAD1A Capt.Wm. Harrison. ' II tail from Liverpool and Boston, Tit Halifax, sa follows:? ; Htbernia Feo. 1. 1*17 Hibevnia Jan. 4, 1847 .. Cambria March I, 1817 Cambria Feb. 4, 1*47 4t Uibemia April 1, 1847 Hiberuia Match 4, 1847 . ' hao* MoHkt. _ From Boston to Liverpool (180. From Boston lo Hall lax... , DO. a No bvrths secured until paid for. These ibipa carry ex J pene ice.l surgeons. No freight, except apecie, received oe di 4ey? of sailing. sfor freight, patiege, or any other information, apply to :e D. BHIGHAM, Jr.. Agent, pc At HAH.\pKW te CO.'B, 6 Wall at. be fi~/" la adaiaoa to the above line bet* eta Liverpool and Halifax, an-* Boston, a contract baa been entered i nco with or Her Majesty's government, to establish a line between Liverpool end New York direct The ateamehip* lor this setnine are now being built, and early next year due notice will c be given of the time when they will sum. Under llie new p| contysct the steniners will sail every Saturday dormg eight _ months, end every fortnight during the other months in the year. Going alternately between Liverpool, end Halifax u and Boston, and between Liverpool and New York. Jf> r M <iHbA'l' HlilL-vlN jsNiD 1Kb.LAND. ? pniVs, 'b PKRbON3 within* to remit money to oi ytlBf I^Vv England, Ireland, Scotland, or Walaa. will (t fcNL do well to apply to the aubtcribert, at the ' ffiT^-rd-V^ria old es abilities passage office. 275 Pearl U'httre rn luuul rirnfra ar* fnrniahail I'or Inrgr or ?mall amount* on the National Bank of Ireland, ;L Northern Banking Co. and .National Hank ot Scotland, payable nn demiud, ut the ntimer n* branchm throng oat both -1 cnuntriea. wit out riUcount; alao, on H O. MLYN k '"(J., Baukere, Condon, nuil ou (JKIMHHAW k OO., Liver- I Apt ly to H.\M'L TH 'MPSON k NEPHEW, M JU Im'rh Old Etcblitheil Paa?age Office. 27> Pearl ?t. rABMAOE FROM GREAT BKITAIN AND IRELAND. ih m. zMME J ARRANOk.Mk.iNiB FOR 1M7. PW. BYBNE k CO., Ok NEW YORK AND LI- w VI nro 'C, being >lie oldest and largeat ei'.abliahed home in Ihj eiiiigntling buaineaa, beg leave to call the at- ly tendon of'he public geuenlly to their tuperiar arrangements f of the ensuing year Puitou* deairou* of sending through W tnia h. n >e, or their Irienda retid'ni in the ' Old Country," I may safely depend'hey will have immediate despatch, and ??* y mesne ? ill be t 'Ueu to tceveut detentiou in l.iver- j f pool. 1 be Packet s|up? of this Foe a e all of the flrit class eud enu.mauded by men ul aekuowledgt-d akul-one of wWi' h anil every five d iv? Arrangement* can alto be made 1(1 to fn ward gar*, direct, from Dubliu, Cork, Water- * ford, Louiloudairy,nnd iii-llaat. D'aft* a d Bills of Exchange, given for auy amount, paya- " bin 0:1 demand, without discount, at any ol the principal towua in the Uni ed Kingdom From the above arrange- p cunt-, tne subxrribir* continently expect that the patronage wbieh naa been ao liberally extended them lor many year* 61 i.-kt, will not he withheld the coming aeaeon of emigration kinnid ar.v of the partiea engaged tor, not embtik, the money J will be reranded ' ? cualotnarv. fl For further particular*, if by letter, (pott paid ) apply to et P. W. BYRNEB k CO., b# South tireet, corner of Wall. N. Y. F.DWARD HAUL, Agcut. ,B P W. BYRNEB k CO,, * jaAtut?rre Hi Waterloo Koad. Livernool. jjKfc"' TilEwNLY REGULAR LuNE UF GLAfDUW PACKETS I Wk J T. TAP8CO I'T beg to inform their frieada and the public, that they ic ayruta for the Regular Line '* ol (Harrow I'acketa, tailing Irom Ulaxgow on the Uth, and from New York on the lit of every month. The following 01 6r?t rlfuaihu* comutin tHa Iaha ? The BkOpVsBY, SARACEN. ' AO AM (ARK, ANN HARLEV J r?i?nu wit! ..ig to eem! (or their frieude in nay pert of J Pr .'land, on nave them brought oat in tho above utimed re Peckeu on reninnable trrcu 'J hey eeil from Glaegow pane- ei rr.aiiv ' u the 11: h of every mouth, aud ere commended by ei- cc rerieiiod i.aptainv aeeuetoined to the peaeenger trade, end noted it ineir kiodneee to paeeengere. For farther nartica tit are. apply to W. It J. T. TAP8COTT, ,IVr Snath "treat. Id door below Barling tllp. 01 KbT>IJTTANUtd TO lkfcUAND, fcc. ! ,h mz Mk ? McBRlDE, ji.. n*? remored hie utace to No. '* in Ut.ta'lwey, and contiuoei to remit money, iu nume large or inell, to peteone reetdtng in any part of Ireland, iu the lame ? manner at he and hie pcrdrceieor in buiin?ii have done for il>e Uat thirty y aaxe/uid more;alio to any partof England or r"'.V.e- remitted by let'-r, poet-paid, to the eulneriber, or Jj i x.uai; r ueooaited with In in, with tha nam* of the peraoa w or per nine in Ireland, England, or Scotland, to W mm it te te te eent. and neareet poet town, will be immediately trenemit- fa ltd and peid accordingly,gad a reeelpt to thet effect (tree fhreiraM to lee eendet JM la*re | | 5 NE NETC HAHITIME ACCOnnOOAYlOKI. JNITED STATE8 AND EUKOPEAN EMIGRANT OFFICE. && &&& ^TOOTKRN ADENj a A COMMISSION Wr^ CHANTS, No 67 South Strut /V?ii Vm-t rHE subscribers bavin' K'd long rinsrisnea ill tin hast|IMI,UI praptrad to offeravnry facility to tho?? wishing uii(i loior lr?in areiyhisit of Great Britain or Ireland, levre, and the German, Btlsian, and Holland porta on ay of which placet BiM? of Exchange ean be luruithed, in mi to suit. Fat?age can alio ba engage ' from Liverpool > Boston, ihilaCelphia, Baltimore, or Maw Orleans, direct, 'hose wishing passage from Mew York to New Orle-mt, looile, Charleston, Savannah or Texas, can at all tunes be ccommodated at the lowest r.tee To those rniigrat'sg to te VVest, the i ubscribers hsee unequalled arrangements for se forwardiug of passengers to the West, by tue different sates, sit: to Buffalo, and the intermediate land ugt, and II i arts ol the Canadas?Chicago. Milwaukia, Baltimore, ittabu'gh, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Ike., by steamboats, railtads and canal boats, of the first class?and great c-ra will e taken that passenaers will meet with no delay or Impoaion on the route. Letters (post-paid) will receive prompt Itenl.on. For further particulars, apply to M. P. O'HERN k CO ,57 Month street. ftlm*rre bdow Wall sweety FOR LIVERPOOL. ~* ^^^^ierior Bla^^^^Line rac^m^^CAMB^S^^^ 10 tons, Captaiu Hesbody, wi'l sail for Liverpool on luesiv next, the 16th of February, her regular day. . Cabin, and a faw seeoud cabin passcugara, can obtito paago with very anperior acc. mmodatrous, if earlv applicaon is made to the Captain on board, at loot of Bsekuiau rset, or t" the subscribers. . Those also senMug for their friends can secure their pasige to coma by the return of the Cambridge, which will ill from Liverpool on the first of April next, try epplyiug to HOCHE. BROTHERS fcOn , flOre 35 Fulton street, next Joor to Fulton Bault. J. MCMURK-AY'S ARRANOEMEN1S FOR 1H*T. i?i rj Js dft ILDEST ESTABLISHED PASSAGE OFFICE IN THE UNITED STATES. rHK SUBSCRIBER res pec fully brgs leave toteuder his sincere thanlu to hii nnmeroas friemla and the public ir their vrry liberal support he bat received for upwards ol verity years, end solicits a contiuaation of their couli leuce. The tier patch by whicn his passeiigers have been biought it, and the promptness by which his very uumeroat drafts ive been paid at the different banks, arc, he flatter* himself sufficient gaaraniee to the public for the faithful ice of any future contract* entered into with in in The following are the day* of catling of the regular iine ol i-krt* to and from Liverpool, via :-l?t, Gtli, lltn, ltith, 21at id 361 h of each month thr?nghout the year. In addition to the above regular hue a number of upleudid lip*, iucIi a* the Adirondack, Marmion, Rappahannock, Lisi ty, 8ea, Oreenock, Broom, and Ocean Queeu, will connue to *ail from Liverpool weekly ju regular aacce??iou, i?reby preventing the leaat poasibility of delay or detentiou i Liverpool. The regular line of London Packet* (ail from New York t the In, 8th. ltth and 24th ; and from Loudon on the 6th, Ilk, lltt, and 28th of each mouth througkoni the year Prranu* dxirona ol (ending for their friend* rending in le Old Country can have tnem brought out in any ol the jove rplendid veaael* on moderate term*. And for the accommodation of peraon* wiahmg to remit teuey to their familiea or friend*. I have arranged the payicuta of lay Draft* on the fo' lowing Bank* Armagh, Drogheda, Londonderry, Athlone, Dundalk, Lurgan, Bandon, Dungarvan, Monaghan, Belfaat. Dungannon. Mallow, Banbridge, Downpatrick, Omagh, Ballymena, Dublin, Paraonatown, Ballyahannon, Knniakillen, Rkibbereen, Ballina, Knnia, Sligo, Cork, Knuiacorthy, Btrabano, Coleraine, Kermoy, Tralee, Clonmel, Oalway, Wexford, Cavan, Kilkenny, Waterlord, Carlow, Kilruah, Youghal. Cooihill. Limerick, Snoland?Meiara. Bpooner. Attwoodk Co., Banker*, Lon| on ; Mrsara. Jaa. Beckett k Bon, and Mr. Richard Murphy, iverpool. Scotland?Tha City of Olaagow Bank, and all itabranchc* id Agencic*. (T7* I'aaaage* can alio be engaged from Liverpool to PhilaBlohla. Boainn. mil H*lrin,,ir,. I.u U-.? ii application being made personally, or by letter, poet paid, idreased to JOSEI'H M(.'MURRAY. Corner of Tine mid South streets, New York, Or, James Bkcket It Hon, and ) No. 1 Waterloo Road, Mr. Hichaku VluirHT, S Liverpool d33 r U^ION LINK OK alKETS TO AND MSyKKOM LI VEKPOOL.?The splendid and fait aailBfittlLing Packet ship KOLHESTEH. Cain. Tmu.aii.w nl til tiomiNew York on Vebmtry 18th, and from Liverpool on r about the lit or April ueit. The accommodations of tlna laguiliceut packet for comfort and coueeiiience it ie well uown are auperior to inoat other packet aliipe. Per-ons iihing to lecure bertha, or thoae about tending for their iends in any part of the old conntry, would do well to rimine toe Rocheeiera and her accoiuui"d*tions; before en,ging elsewhere. Early application ah.mid lie ui<de on oard, foot of Dover sriee'.or to W. fcJ.T.TAPBCOTT, IS Seuth street. Id door below Burling tin p. Oue of the above Line of P'ckelt will be deapatched twice week from I iverpool duijrg 'he season feliih ae-4 NOTICE.? The British bark MV ' uhKUItll, *Jf#y rom Glasgow, is dischraging loo;. i Hooserellat , Hlbuuder geneial order Cousigceas will attrud 10 the :ceit'i of their goods immediately. fell 3 rc FOR LIVERPOOL?To sail Hth Kebrua.y-TliiWMPWnew, sph ndid. iron steamship "SaKAH HANDS," HllbiW C. Thompson, master, having mnde her first lasnse in the midst of winter, with entire auccess, will be espatched on her return for Liverpool, on Wednesday, the itn iuat. E'or freight or passage, her cabins being unsnrissed lor room, elegance, aud convenience, apply on board aposite the Tobacco Warehouse, foot of Clinton street, or ROBERT KERM1T.76 South it. fell 3w*rrc _____ _ FOR NEW ORLEANS?Loquiant and New York line <f packets-?Positively the first and b only regular picket, to sail on Monday, 15th inat lie supeuor fast sailing packet ship WABASH, William athaway master, is now loading, aud will positively tail as i?ve, hrr regular day. For freight or pusage apply on board, at Murray's wharf, iot of Wail strest, or io E. K. COLLINS,M Snath at. Positively no freight received on board, after this Saturday renmg, I3tu iuat. Agents iu New Orleans, John O. Woodiufl' St Co , who ill promptly forward all goods to their address. N. B.?shippers may rely u|>oa this vessel sailing punctuly, as advertised. I'aiaeiigera h i thli thip will plcaae ba on board,at Murray'* >'h ill, foot of Wall atrcct, on Mouday, at 13 o'clock M. prea?-1v. at which time the ahip will aail. Shipper* will pleue eend in their hill* of lading imincdi'l'^e ticket bark HEBRON, Curt Oregg, will anceeed e WAB AWll. and ml dii her ragufnr day. 113 ih KtlH LON POM- 1 he new magnificent, I at (ailing B3DfV and favorite packet (hip (^lEBEC, buitlien liflio Hlflfa tona, Capt J. H. Willi.irna, will aail ou bar regular iy. tlia I61I1 of February. The accommodations for eabin, 3d cabin and steerage paangrra, aa to comfort, are unequalled bv any othervrsael iu irt: p* ranus intending to embark, would do well to go on >?rd and judge for ihrniaelvea before engaging elsewheir For further particular* apply on board, loot of vlaidrn Lap to JOSEPH MeMUHRAV, Corner of Piu* It Sou h > P. 8.? Peraona wiihing to bring their friend* from rl luntry, can do ao by thia veaael, on raaaouable teama, I . ring aa above. 13 re awa- KUK LI VERPOOL?New Line? Regular Packfor Febrnary 3$.?The inferior fa?j aail leg picket UAHKICK, Captain U. J. H. Traak, lUOe torn ullieu, will aail aabtive, herregnlir day For freight or laaage, having acchmmodationa uiiaurpaaaed far aplendar comfort, apply on board at Orleans wharf,'oot of Wall reet, orto EDWARD K COLLINS, 40 South atreet. Price of paaaage f 100. Tne packet chip ROBCIUS, A. Klilridge, muater, will icceeu tlia U*rrick,and aail 16th March, her regular day. i2 FOR NfcW OHLK MSB.?Looiaiana and New Hwk Yo k Line of Packe'S?Positively the lirit aud on I. KttM*rrgular Tarket to anion or before MouiHv, liih at-ur.?The auperior faat idling packet ahip WAHAeH. Mliam Hathaway, maater, la now loading, and will uhikjic, nor ICKUMT my. Kor freight or p.taaage. hiring linidxniie furniahe J irrotnudatloua, apply on board hi Murray'* rrharl. or to EDWARD K. COLLINS, M South at Podtively no freight received on board after Saturday renit g. ISih inat. Agent* iu >ew Orloau*. John O. Wordrufl and Co , ho wiH promptly forward all good* to iheir add eaa. N. Li. Shipper* may rely upou this venal *<u tug punctual' aa adrtrtiaed The packet bark Hebron ''apt. Orvgg, will anceced the fahaah, and aail her regular day. fetu^ LI v e.rti't JUL?The New Line?Atrwy gular Pnekemf Jlat r'ebrtt 'V ?The new, auperinr. MMblan-aailttig pocket ahip CONSTITUTION, 1,600 na burthen, Capt. John liriitou, will tail aa above, her reliar day. Kor freight or paaaage, having apleudid, large and comlorttla ata'e room* aud cabiu, apply to the explain on board, at eat pier Burlingaftp, or to WUULHULL k MINTUKN, 17 South at. The packet ahip ill) I'TlNOll EK. Mod toaa burthen, apt. Ira Buraeley, will aueeeed the Coaatitution, end aail i her regular day. Ilet March. )2i was KOR NEW ORLEANS?Louiaiana and New fjyV VorU Line ef Packet* ? Regular packet for MonBMeday, February Itth.?The aplendid Mat aail'ng pack tup HEBRON. Captain Uregg, will poaitt.eiy aail aa tore, her regular day. P or freight or peaaage, having handaome accommodation*, iply on board, at Otlenna wharf, foot of W all aticel, or to ? ... , . E. K. COLLINS, jh South at. Poaitively bo freight will be received on board after iturday eremag, Uih Keb'y. Agenta in New Orleana, John O. Woodruff k Co.. who ill promply forward all good* to their eddreaa jjl rh koiTliVerpuul ?i o nil on or pclote trie m> - kehruary .?The laat tailing, ft rat claaa alnp HBM?HUD80N, I aptaia Page u now loading and w II il aa above. iKor freight or paaaage, having gnoa aocomroodioni, apply on board, Orleana wnarl, loot of Wall aticet. to edward K. collins, id South * tract. aJMfr 'JrAl'SCOIi'S KORKION K .t i , H a N (IC. a N D rffi - ?" " or I.-1. ? - HLl"Un<l. Scotland and Wale*.-Per.oua wiihmg to mtt money to any part ol (.real Britain or Iralnnd. can proua drafu of t.ha anbaenbara payable at eight without dniunt in all the principal town, aa follow* i? In England? On Metar*. J Barnad Ik Co . Ltrorpool; Namal and Proriucial Bank of England and branch**. In lie'and?National Bank of Ireland and brauchee throughit. In Sootlaad?National Bank of Scotland and branch** roughout. Draft* con be forwarded by the pneket* of (he 6th, llth, h, J it and 2#th, or Royal Mail *(eamihip from Boiton on t proiitno. W. k J. T. TAPSCOTT, M South ?trret, rr rh aecnnd door wen of Burling alip. fAWAUt TO AND KRUM <iA L, WAY DIRECT. The aplendid new hark UlAiNCIS WATTS, ZSfWhiVihg the whole of her cargo engaged and going IHBfaon hoard, will *ail Willi despatch, utd learn (ial*r aooat the ttth March. ration* deeirou* of baring their friend* brought oat by tin* rotable opportunity, ibould make early ippncation to fT rk oerm?r?fWaa"and Smith (Mot* W YO T YORK, MONDAY MOR AFFAIRS IN ALBANY. I roioi k tiwl ODnnrrmiune LiuidLn life rnuuLcmiiutji Aiba.IT, Keb. M, 1817. In SenHt*. We have had a brilliant session to day; the pro-eed KM have bean peculiarly interesting. Both Houses hive beon engaged in debating the bill appointing and alary ing the commissioners. There have been tome able and elegant speeches, in the House particulsily, the galleries of which were crowded with beautiful women. In the Senate Mr Hahkh gave nntiee of his intention to iutroduce a bill to amend the law for the incorpora; tion of religious societies. i Mr Bahl.ow Introduced a very important resolution of instructions to the clerks of the sever si counties of this ] State, directing them to furnish the Senate with the numI ber and nature of trials in the several counties, together j with the number of indictments, and the number of persons bound over, the number of trials discontinued, lis., ; Src... during the year 184rt. The resolution was adopted. At 13 o'clock .VI, The Chaihmam announced the special order?the election oi a temporary President of the Senate. Mr. Hand moved that the temporary President be chosen vim rocs The motion was agreed to, and the Clerk called the names of il o Senators. Mr. Hacsus nuin'mted Joshua A Spencer. Messrs neucb. Kmmous, Kalsom, Uridley, Hall, Harris, Koggles, and Van Scboonhoven, nominated K K. Backus. Messrs. B.irlow, Burnham, Crook, Denniston, Hand, Jfthnlnn I,ni..? w..u I l> n_:,e i\ I?.- t i se d, Wheeic, Williams, arid Young nominated Albert I Lei'i-r I Mr. Lester hoving received a majority of aU the votes, ' wai decl.ired to he duly elected, and took the chair at I President of the Senate ad interim. In a very laconic i and beautiful apeech, Mr. Letter expressed hit gratitude | f >r the distinguished contideration evinced towards him I by h't colleagues, and promised to do bit duty at well at he wat able, i The I'aEMDtitT, on motion, appointed committees',to in; form the < Jo vet nor and Assembly, that the Senate had ! elected Albert Leatcr, 1'retident ad interim, of that body. And the Senate went into Committee of|the Whole on , thu hill reported by Mr. llacd, to provide f r the appointi merit of the legal commissioners, Stc. Stn. The Chsihman mid tiie question before the Senate was on stri'iing out the U'tU tcction, which authorises the (.'ommiktionera to employ a clerk. Messrs Kolsom nrd Younn approved the proposition. Messrs Joit.tioi?, IIaulow and Willumi oppoted it Mr. Kolsom suggested that John Duer who wug at the heud of thecoditying commiaaion in 192V and thin whom there wat no uian in this State better qualified lor the oflioe, bu l uol been a* yet nominated aa ono el theae Commiaaionera Mr Younu asked the Senator why ho (Kolsom) had not nominated Mr. Duer 1 Mr Kolnom replied, that when the proper time arrived he would urge his nomination. Mr Youmi rejoined that he would vote for Mr. Duer for the otftcH of codifier of the laws Mr. Kolsom aaid he waa happy to know that the Senator (Young;) would auatain Mr. Duar'a nomination; the frieuda of that distinguished citizen would also ha happy to know it. i un uuuiiiiuiwa 01 me wuoie senate appeared pretle| termineU to reject any positive and final proposition j whatever. Keveral unexceptionable one* were offered ; one by Mr Harris, te strike out the fifth section and insert a substitute authorising the Commissioners to employ as many clorks as they may choose, and appropri ating $750 per annum for the clerk's salary. All shared a like fate : all were rejected. Mr. You no, in some remarks, ontside the question before the Hetiate, suggested a collection of the Italian, the German, and the Hpanish codes of law, and the code Napoleon, in order to institute a comparison between them, and to select their best features, to be incorporated into the American code. The committee rose, without taking;the question upon the section The bill was made a special order for to-morrow at 13 o'clock, M. Assembly. Mr. Allmu presented the petition of Messrs. Ormsby and others,residents of New York/manufacturers of soda water and root beer, praying for a law to enable them to seize and take peesessiou of their beer bottles in certain cases! Mr. Pottlk moved to suspend the rules. Lost. sr revise. ihklisd. Mr. Bascom asked leave to introduce a resolution. Leave was granted, and the Clerk read the resolution ua follows Koiolved, That the committee on railroads bj Instructed to bring iu a bill to morrow morning, providing that railroads msy transport without payment of tolls, such flour, grain, and other provisions as may be contributed to mitigate suflerings trom famine in Europe ' Mr. it. made an irresistible appeal in favor of the resolution And the House adopted it unanimously. k t ilhuadt ? malvkriation. Mr llxvuLtn asked leave to offer a resolution. Cries of "reed." " read"?" what ia it 7" Tho Clerk read tli? resolution as follow* : ? Kt-solvuJ, That the lailroad conimlttre be instructed to inquire whether any discrimination or difference in charges tor transportation of good* over any railroad running in this St ito or partly in this State, be made in relation to the city or place lor which such goods are intended, and whether any delay in forwarding such goods it made with the lime relation, and that if there be any such disciimination or difference, or any such delay, that the said committee repoil the particulars thereof to tbis House, the railroad makiDg the tame, when sacbrailroad was incorporated and whether in their opinion the action of the proprietor* of auch railroad ia such as to make it proper and just to repeal the charter el the aaaie. The House passed the resolution. Mr. Hvassno asked leave to offer a preamble and resolution. I.eavo was granted. The preamble and resolution, after recapitulating the ! sufferings, and gradual extinction of the six netions of Indians, who have been removed west of the Missis tippi, respectfully requests the President of the United Slates, to allow them to return to their iriends. The resolution lies over, under the rule. mabried lunatics. Mr. Balcosi gave notice to the House of his intention to intioduce a bill to protect the rights of married men. THE EMIGRANTS. Then the House weut into Committee of the Whole on the bill, introduced by Mr. Uevelin, and published in yesterday's H*r?ld, idative to the bonding of emigrant passengers arriving in the port ol Mew York The committee, uf or making some slight vbrhsl amend I nents to the hill, lose, and reported it to the House; ud the bill was road a third time and passed?ayes 47, oea 0. JUDICIAL DISTRICTS. V combii od and energetic effort was tlien made to get Judicial Dlstiict bill heforo the House. The effort ucieuivu, mii*i iiuuHv um, iv^Hiuer wnu int ante bill, which were lent down to the House thif morninir, were both sent to a (elect committee, in order, if possible' to Ret at a plan of mutual agreement. A committee of conference, as 1 stated befoie, is the only alternative. TIIK I.IIKL COMMISSIONS US. And the Houso went into Committee ol the Whole on the bill reported by Mr. Duinell, trorn the committee on the Ju licUrv, providing for the appointment of Henry A. Foster, Alvah Women, and John A Collier as commissioners under the 17th section of the 1st aiticle of the constitution. Mr. Dkvkliiv?Mr. Chairman, I movo to strike out the name of " Henry A. Foster" and inseit Reuben H. Walworth. The Urcaaaa ? I move to insert the name of John Duet, lor the name of Mr. Foster Mr. N. B Smith?Mr. Chairman, I move to insert the name of Oerrit Smith! The Ch*i*m*n called the gentleman to order; the question waaou the motion made by Mr. Develin. A count was demanded, . f the Clerk announced that the motion to strike out was iejected. >lr HtlOoM gut tho lluor against some twenty mem Iters who were snuggling to catch the eye of the Chairman. Mr 11 nioved to strike out the li'st section ot the hill, Which provides that "Henry A Foster, Alvah Warden and Joint A Collier are hereby appointed commitsionera ot lfi? code," fee. He objected to thia aystem ot appointment; ho was opposed to a viva vuct election ? i he members oftbo two Houses must assemble and elect tlie-e others by joint ballot There were men in the democratic p>rty whom a | ortion of the whig partv on that door might bo disjosed to support for toese offices; menibert could not stand up and nominate a man aud act with (hut independence bd-1 freedom which vm iofiidd' Itialmaceae ol ttin nature. It waa delicate buaioeea, I and eveiy man ahouhl vote without reference to party trammel*. The Korulemaiiconcluded bia lematka, with an eloquent uu<l energetic argument in (evor ot hi* propoiition for a meeting of the two Hotitea to elect theae officers by Joint ballot. Mr. D*?r? hoped that the Houne would vote upon the lectionaof the hill separately; he wiahed to cant bia vote for good men: he belonged to that brunch rfthe nrofiaaiou which believed in the reaaonuble practicability ol codification With a viow of giving the committee ampin | time to aelect the proper men for the ottice, and to canI vaaa the billon ita merita he moved that the committee | riae and report progreaa. 1 Considerable contusion enaued? a "count" waa demanded. nnd tiie motion to rise and repot t waa rejected Mr. T. Smith wiahed to enquire of the Chairman i what question waa now before the committee. The CnaiaMAK aaid the question waa od atriking out the flrat section of the bill Mr. T. Smith aaid there waa no uoubt but that it would be proper to proeid# loi the appointment of tbeae com' miisioaeri by the Governor end Senate t He bed, however, oo object jou t# the propoaitjon ol the gentleman I from Seneca, (Uaacom) to go into e Joint ballot: but tliet | gentleman w?? the lett miin whom he would hove iu?' pected of e with toecrceu himeelf behind the bellot bo* 1 He htd honed tbet political conetderation* would not i have been allowed to enter into tbn matter, and to hazard (till farther the alight chancea which exiated, that able and proper nten would be choaen. He had made it a rule to take no pat t in the diaaenaiona of the democratic party; but he waa conattained to expreaa the hope that theao difHcultie* would not he permitted to affect or doleat the election of Henry A Porter, aa ona of the Commitaioner* on the Board of Codification. A aexarigular nnd toituoua djecuaaion upon iiraloeuat qu??tiona enauad The committee rear,without taking the question on tbo motion to atrike out the ftrat aection. And after going through private MU, tfca Houae %djJ turned RK J NING, FEBRUARY 15, IS flrilran War UREAL!) MILITAH Y CuRUWFONDEMCE MtTiMOkii, (Meslc >,) Jan J J, 1H47. Wt have at length reoeived newt from Oen. Taylor at Victoria. An expreia left that plaoe on the lMh, and ?.v?UIUIIC Vtl 1HD 4191, funding UNI|IBli:U?l IV IffU* Scott, sad iutelligcure tkat Gen. T. wii to leave for Monterey on the 18th. Ho was to taks with him May'a squadron, Bragg'* and Thomas'* batteriaa, and the Miaaiaaippi regiment of Col. L>avia All the reat of the regular (oroe had marched for Tampico. under General Twigg*. Immediately after the arrival of the Generalin-chief, despatches were lent to Mouterey and Saltillo. Meat ol the regular* at that place were put in march far the mouth of the river. They reached Matamora* in eleven dsya from Saltillo, nu almo t uiiprocedonted , march. Col Harney, of tho 3d regiment dmgoona. with five compact**, arriveJ hero yesterday, accompanied bv tho light batteiiea of f'ol. Duncan and Capl i ay lor. All are now arossiug the Rio Oiau le at this pu'nt, and will pro- 1 batily encamp near I'alo Alto for soma day* j At the mouth of the river i* already u large encamp- I ment of regular troop* Kight companiea of the mount- | i ed riflemen, und several ol infantry and urtiliery, are [ thvre, waiting for ordei*. and dulling constantly, to be prepared lot iliein. Thi* camp bus been named ulter the : I latnan'rd Pago, and is under the coouimnd of Major Sum nei lllriuluied iiersoa* have sometime* aty led him a ser/t'mf?cvrtaioly hi' vigorous h;iliils as n soldier are | well calculated to initiate into tlu ct> -tone* of cam , paigniug those toung gentli-men who wt-rn ?o cugoily jn eaeliig their claim* id Washington la t winter, for apjioiutmenta in the new regiment. They will And that work is to he done, and fatigue und piiv.ition endured. No out) knows pret'iselv what is til bo th.1 latum movn. ment, or when it run b? msdej but ihr >!< volopeinent* u( every day aro conti ibuiing tr, m lighten us on that point. O. P. Q. Ma i a mora* (Mexi. u), Jan. IB, 1 y 47. | Kor feveml ditvi we have received no uewu direct from Geuerjl Taylor's bead quarter*. We know that, etterhis letiogndc movement, in consequence of the re| ported advance of Santa Anna, he marched to Victoria, encountering no opposition Oeneral I'elterion reached Victoria about the ?a oe time. The thousand* of tioops which tho people ol the country said were waiting to I fall upon one or hotii of our column*, did Dot appear, ; though a alight disaster to Lieut. Colonel May ia report| ac. Tin* officer wui ordered to examine a mountain pan* to tho light of i Intril Taylor'* liue of march, and ,er thin purpoae tour conipanie* of dragoon* were detached Hit hnggnge truiu la rear wan attacked, and a few pack mule* captured. Slight a* this utl'.iiractually is, the .Mexican* will, without doubt, *u exaggerate a* to make for themselves a grent victory. It is certainly extruordinniy, when we consider the nature of the country in which our operation* are conducted, that more serious reveres* do not frt quently happen to us. Kor the true guctilla aystom, scarcely a country in the world offers the *atno advantages. So thick is the chapparal, that even along a level plain, and on the most frequented road, a considerable body of an enemy might conceal thcmselve*. Now they might attack a email party er a supply train inadequately protected, and in a moment, at the approach of a formidable force, disappear and, by ! their knowledge of every secret pain, eecure themselves against all possibility of capture. The fact is, Oeneral | Taylor's battles have inspired the enemy with a most salutarf terror of ?ur arm*. Kiom Rosace they fled affrighted, crying that we were very devil* incarnate At Monterey, hendlnl of troope, for such an object, took ' one of the strongest places on the American continent, delended by a force more then twice as large ea that of the assailants. These facts explain the other fact, that ! >1 I - A ' ' ' I .-?????. ?. mmuu| iiicu, uu auriniiiM Ol la! miliar ground, an kept la awe by the hundred* that now ; occupy Northern Mexioo. They aaem to regard n* ae I superior beings, not to be attacked bat by overwhelming numbers, and tinder circumstance* which leave no i doubt oi success In our country, iteameri, wegoo train* and detachment* oi' the enemy, would invariably ' be cut olf. I Major General Scott continue* at the Bra/.o*, indua; triouiiy preparing, it is suppoced, lor hi* luture movement. lis will probably call, from Haltillo and Monterey a conaiderable portion of the regular troop*, and | th*ir place* will be lupplied by the volunteer* now tinI d?r order* lor Mexico. About a thousand regular* are now encamped at the mouth of the river, con*i?ting ol , every arm, artillery, dragoon*, infantry, and riflemen ? . Th*y are drilling daily, commanded by Major Sumner I of the dragoon*. O. P. Q. [From the New Orlean* Delta, Feb. 0] She steamboat Scioto brought down from Cincinna'i yesterday, Capt Dodd and Lieut John*, with tldfl I/. 8. troop*?alio M?J Allen and Dr Kennedy, delegated by the Legislature of Ohio to take home the remain* of Gen. Hamer. NAVAL NIWX. [Correspondence ol tho New Orlean* Delta ] P*n**C0L4, Feb S, 1847. The U 8 ship Relief, Oacar Bullui, Lt Commanding, . i* new reedy for aee and will sail tin* evening or to morrow n?or; ing, positively. She haa on boaid all the mailt tor the -qoadr m in the Gulf. We are looking with I much anxiety for the next vessel from the squadron, which it 1* supposed will be the ateamer Princeton. 1 bad a conversation with an officer, who assures me, upon good authority, that the castle of San Juan de Uiloa will bo attacked, by land and see, within six weeks at farthest. We anticipate some hard fighting. The steamer Mi**i* aippi i* expected in the Gulf in about four week* or i sooner. THE CONQUEST OF SANTA KE?OPINIONS IN TEXAS. [From the Matagorda Herald, Jan. #.] i A little less than a year ago, a newipaner ws* started at the city of Aiutin, under the then very significant title of the New Era, having reference to the glerious ei>och begun anil characterized by the couauramution of annexation Thia paper w?i essetnially of the pure democratic achool ; in tact, to judge from Ita pr o!union of promises, and a certain aell important atyle of putting them forth, we looked to find in the New Era a political oracle of tlie moat perfect atamp. it seemed, it ia tiue, to bo of a peouliar iui gtnerie character?circling about in I a little eddy by ilteit, sbunniug all influence iroui the I alow moving current of events, and controlling and changing ita own faaciful gyration* with a whimsicality and rri) stery that-vould have been creditable to a professor of legerdemain. Vet through all these tortnosuies, the AT) to Km continued a good and oonsiatent democrat, and in the estimation of all?who thought only half as well of it, as it did of itself?was decidedly the paper of ! the party in this Hlate Our surprise was, therefore, al 1 most unbounded, when in its lest number we fooud that I on lh>< subject ot the conquest of Santa Ke, by (ieneral ' Kearny, the iA'rui ?r<i hud branched off on thn whig | truck, und joined in the hue and cry te hunt down the I government in general, and Mr. Folk in peiticular And, us is over the case in sudden political changes, the prosel) te becomes ten-fold more rabid aud loud mouthed , than bia new associates, end far outstiips them on every subject wherein decency und truth are considered ; rtr?H*W ? ? *? ' Seriously speaking, this aounds mora like tlie rant of n | disappointed office liuuter, than any tiling te have teen lor aomo tine ; and in any other view of the matter, it is positively diverting. In aay sense, it ii ae harmleea a piece of worn out inventive aa the New Era, or any other i changeling could ute, for the purpoee of working off the bile, and flitlng its political system for the new regimen it has to follow. We are right glad of this : and may entei tain no fears of danger to the Nrw Era. These sudden changes are aomelimca fatul. The New Era haa | passed its crisis, and we doubt net is by this time con j valeacent I tVe go as far aa any one can go, on the doctrine of State I rights, and we go aa tar ae the New Era in maintenance ef thu i ight of our Htato to tho province of Santa Ke. It whs part and parcel of Texas, before annexation; remain ed such at the time of annexation-, and is now by the further light ot possession ours The federel government know all this; and it is just because they did know it and did believe it, that they authorized and completed ita reoouipieat, and planed it under a temporary civil governI riieht:? two very important measure* which Texas i could not have effected ; and which she had, both by act 1 and word, requested tho United States to do Shall .VI r. ' folk ho slandered then, lor doing that which, if he had tailed to do, would moat assuredly havo proved hfni faithless and untiuul In the present attituJo of our uountiy'a settlement, tho province ol Santa Ke is wholly a ttmngor and alien to Texas, at least so far aa tho opem > tmii ul government is concerned; and so must remain for a long .line to cemu Whs it expected that tho govern menl would, upon Its conquest of thif distant teiritory, announce to Texas that Santa Fe wits reclaimed and ex pecied organization ui.dei tho Stale coi stitution; to have her ounues laid i ff, officers elected, and her representatives appoitioued I Why the very constitution of 'lexaa loibids the presumption. An idea so practically : inipo??ible, baa peiliap* vi?it?-d no other brain in Texas, are that ot the slanderer of tlie President of the United State*, in the column* of the tVrw Are. ? [From the Austin (l'exa?) New Era, Jan 3 ] After a protracted absence oi nearly three month*, we have returned to our editorial labora, and avail ouraelvea oi the lit at number iaaued aince eur return, to account for the (lucrenancy between aome editorial! that appeared in the .V'm Kra and our profaned political predilections Upon leaving home, we requested a liiend in wboae Judgment and capacity we had entire confidence, to aelect matter and write auch editorial* an he might deem inter eating to our readera, without thinking of or inquiring into hia political preferencea. In the courae of hia labora headveited to the seixure and occupancy of Santa Ke by the troopaoitbe United States, and the eitabliabmeut of a territorial government in that poition ot thia State, and indulged in acme atricturea generally upenthe charaoter and capacity oi Preaideut Poik. The poaitioD taken by the pro lie Editor of the Kra, in relation to the e?tab Ushinaat ot a territorial government in Santa Ke, meets j our entire approbation ; the couduct of (Jan. Kearny in that matter la in derogation of the right* of the State ol f exas.and calla lor tha prompt interference of our Executive to protect tboae ughte. The menage of tha President give* no aatiafactory explanation oi tha matter : and we shall continue to remonstrate until we are satisfied that nothing i* intended to the prejudice of our righta in that poition of New Mexico claimed by Texxa. | From the Houston (Texas) Telegraph, Jan 4.] Several ot our cotemporariea complaio in bitter terms of the conduct of (Jeneral Ken us y and tha Proaidant, re I apecling the establishment of a territorial government ' In Held* Km. Tin* adilnr, nf II.? v.. ? A ! Uimorrti denounce thi* aa a Aigrent violation ol ttie State right! of Tela* Tha editor of the JVete Kr?, eapeciallj. complain* of it a* a high handed outrage upon the State government; and he centurei Preiident Pellc with ai much bitterneu and raaeor ai the federal oditora of the L'?te-.r display in then |>eriodioal diatribe* agaioet the adminiatratton. We Me no juit cenae for thaae complaint*: but, on the contrary, wa And in tha conduct oi the **#, cuhra renewad artdanea* of bit patriotitm, and an ear! seit ?l?h to ihui to Teat* tho Unite to which iho U SERA 147. Jmtljr entitled. He atete*, expressly, in hie annual Masa.ige, that he regards the Hio Orande aa the western boundary of Texas, and he reiteratea hi* determination to maintain her claim to the tarritoiy eaat of that river. He (tate* further, that the teriitorial governments eatubtishej in the newly conquered territorie of New Mexico and California, are ot a temporary character) and it is evldunt that ho intends, as soon aa circumstances will permit, to allow other governments to be established, cetiloi mable to the oonetitution and laws of the Union. Teisa, in accepting tho couJi'ions of tho joint resolution for snnexation, yielded her right to define her own boundury , tor intheQd article of thajoiut resolution, it is declared that the State of Texas is " to be formed subject to the adjustment by this government, (the general government) of all questions of boundary that inuy U1I?0 witn otaer governments " Texas, therefore. i having yielded the right to adjust her own bound try, mu>t ralv with coulideuce U|>on the justice o( the general government to secure the territoiy to which she is fairly eu- 1 tilled. Kor our part, we entertain uo fear that one jot, or j title, of the territory that rightfully belongs to Texts will i he abstracted by the geueral government to term a new territory, or be yielded up to the government of Mexico The president has so often expressed his determination to secure to Texas her limits to the Hio Grande, that we ure i confl.ieut ho will never sign any tros'y hill or resolution , that will in the least infringe the rights of 1'exat; sud wo , are confident, also, that a Urge majority of the aenatoraand representatives in Congress will assert and mmiitaiu the lights of Texas to all the territory she can with justice claim. 1 he establishment of a temporary terriloiial governmeat In Saute Ke, is uo evidence of a Jettre on the part of tha adminlstiution to infringe any right of Texas That government was established " it nrcettHaU ret " A territory containing fifty or a hundred thousand inhabitants, who never acknowledged tbe jurisdiction of Texas, but had always acknowledged that oi Mexico, was conquered, and its inhabitants, tu tha brief space of a few days, were brought under the government of the Union. It was absolutely necessary that they should have some government. The constitution and luws of Texas could not bo introduced and enforced , and rather than permit anarchy to prevail, General Kearney wisely established a temporary government to remain in lorce until auother cculd be formed with ttie sanction of the Congress, and ultimately with the sanction also of tha legislature of Texas. When peace shall have been re-established, and the boundaries of Texas adjusted by the governments of the United Mtates and Mexico, this territorial government will ha dissolved, and the jurisdiction of Texas will, doubtless,bo extended throughout overy portion oi Souta Ke, lying east of the Hio Grande. Attains In Oregon. [Krom tho Honolulu (S. I ) 1'olyueeian, Oct 3 ] It is really refreshing in this arid, enervating atmosphere. to see the ardor with which the Oregouians labor lor their new country. A trifle of their enthusiasm and hardy goaheaditiveness would do wonders tor our little kingdom; but the foundation for the sentiment ia wanting, though we have enough of uervu and muscle for the enterprise, provided it can ever have an opportunity to develope itself. An Oregoniou is a veritable lundlord; ho owns iha ?oil he turn* up, and considers himself fixture in the country It i( his home lleoca his zealous |>tt:ioiiini. He is laboring tor himself and hi* children, end each settler considers uioisulf oue of the fathers ol h great nation, te be honored in future egos, a* were the builders of Rome, and the Pilgrims that first trod Plymouth Rock. But here we are a migratory race Few think of this laud as their permanent home It is with most a mere mammon plantation ; as soon us the crop of dollars is ripe for gathering. they are off to their mother countries. Hence our buildings and improvements partake of an ephemeral character, and we are content to live uncomfortable here for the prospect of oomlort elsewhere. It Is impossible, under present circumstances, that foreign residents can hare a permanent interest iu the wellare of the country. Oregon is rapidly outstripping us in the developement of her resources and the rearing ol humaniting institutions. While our soil remains locked up in the hands of a few selfish, lntracta le holders, our national pace will bs snail-like, computed to the sister governments around us. Friends ol the native, exert yourselves to remove the paralysis?to cause the dry bones to more. The best youth will plough the waves rather than the earth, while tha former is invitingly free and the latter kept from thorn by unfounded prejudices and unraasonable restrictions. Never will natives or foreigners leal the binding lurce of homes, with all their stimulative, patiiotic associations, until they ran both fairly possessed, the (pint to cherish, improve ami de(eDil, will become active, und we shall aee among ua something of the zeal, activity and enterprise displayed at the Oregon. But while the p'esont mineral and tnjudicioua viewa are entertaiued hy the native landlords, both the government and people ate prevented Irem applying their energies to any extended useful purpose. We have often ha l oocaaion to utter these truths, und we cannot now refrain tiom reiterating them in view of the very dili'ereDt aspect of affairs in Oregon, consequent upon an enlightened laud policy. But we must siop lecturing, and let our readers judge for thamselvea ot Oregon aud her people. The Orogonians have lost nothing of their 4th of July propensities try a trip wastward. Orations, trainings, processions, liberty poles, salutes, dinners, Ice , figure largely in their papera lor that occasion. * * * The Oregon S/iicla!tr thus remarks upon the trade of Oregon and tho Islands: ? " i'ho fsiynrttaM regards many statements made in .Ymerican papers on the subject of Oiegon and the husiuess ol the Sandwich Islands and this country, as exaggerated, and calculated to mislead merchants, and thinks the Americans hare attached to Oregon an importance and value which it never did aud never will poaaeaa Perhaps friend Jarvea is not thoroughly acquainted with the Amencin cnaracter, and may not tie nware taut, while the Americana apeak of things in language that may seem to other natiooa highly extra VHgant, they art leally capable of effecting measures and accomplishing ends, which ara marvellous iudaed in the eyes of the ne m caunines, &c., V.c., and we hopa they wiil ioou | Jive to our Island friends, end h11 the world, a practical emonttration of their wonder working powers, by tab lug hold of Ortgou and nulling it all they have aver ro i presented it aa capable of being made?feeling well as ured that hia Hawaiian Majesty's subjects wnl autfer j nothing by the happy transtgrmation of Oregon troni aavage wilda to productive fiehle ; but, on the contrary, they will find their own wealth and commercial importance advaucing with our pro?perity We have no dispoiilion to nualead uuy peraou 'to their coat,'and are live to acknowledge the truth ot the editoi'a remaik, ibat, like themselves, we are ' leady to buy, hut have little to puy /' yet we are gratiSed to aea our inaana rapidly increaaing by a aucceaaful application of industry 10 the auperior natural advantages of Oregon." 80 far aa ti.ay relerred to thii country, the result haa proved their correctness. We aia now laboring under an overstocked meiket, merchants are becoming discouraged, prices of moat descriptions ot loreigu goods ere ruinously low, with the proaiectof still fur her depreciation It is quite true mat Oregon can loud a fleet 01 ships annually with wheat and timber-, but unless a mar kat can be found, they will prove ol slight advantage j beyond supplying their own wants. Our own market mils* be very limited, compared with what Oragon can supply. California will prove a rival country lor iheta staple exports, and both will bo obliged to seek lot addi tioual outletato their surplus produce. However, we do not moan to crouk, and have no doubt that Oregon enterprise will not only work wonders In that country, but kharpen our own wits a tiiflo. This wo havs se n, that despite all disadvantages, the truth! between the two couutriea increases. A list of court fees occup'es some flvo or six columns of the Sprctat.'T. All legal forms are printed in the same manner?" By Authority.'' Navigation ami Wkaltii in Tkxas.?The Trinity, the largest river in Texas, takes its rise within ten or twelve miles of Had Hiver al a point MO or 300 milee to the west of Kulton, whieh is nearly at the bend of River nver, from which place the course of this later stream is neat ly east and wast to its haad waters near tlia Rocky mnuntHina. It will therefore he scan that the Trinity, running 8 8. e. from boo to 1000 miles from our northern boundary to Oulveston bay. rpiite iotarpecti our whole territory, leaving to the en at about half the couutiea ol Texan, an J probably mora than hall tho piraent wealth and population ot the whole country. Th? concurrent taatimouy of all wtio hava hail the heat mean* of knowing, allow* taut the Trinity haa In en navigable ler light (lialt atcamata at laHat aix month! in the year tor tho lavt 10 or l'l yeara, aa tar up na the Kaatein or Boil d'Vrc f ork, a Umta ice of two or 61.O unlet Iroin itr mouth by tho cvuri.- 01 the river. Juat below the mouth ot tlua foik, at .Vliielieli'a Biutla, the fiom Ailtanaaa to Aunliu an.I Man Antonio croaa, at which terry there are now pa*aingd*uy acout rb wagone of emigrant* and other*. Tlua atalamaut ia made by a gautloman in thia city direct from that country. He repreteuti that wliole region, attending from Mitchell'* Blult'a to tho croas timhuia, aa oueol the moat fertile and heat 'in !)-., d diet icw in Taiaa, and aa now till.rig up by plantar* with unexampled rapidity. Thia region embrace* Mercer'n and i'atar'a ooloniea, the 'ormer having now at leuat 'J0i)0 and thelattai .moo fainilia*. Krom Khumii and and other countiea adjoining, WOO bale* ol cotton have beau wagoned thia aeaaon to Mhrevaport, a illatance ol from 160 to '160 mile*. Krom Mhrevaport the diatanca by water to New Orleena ia 1400 miiea, a gleet |>oition ot which la difficult and dangeroua navigation. The tuna cotton mignt reach the navigutde water* ot the Trinity with from 60 to 160 mile* of wagoning, and might thence be brought to (lalveaton with lei* than halt the above diatanee of bouting. Theia fact*, wbicb we believe era ?ub*taiitiellv conect. aie ccitainly worthy of tome con mdorrttion My the citizens of I Jolvuaton. 1* not Una city the natural outlet tor ttia produce ol the country ol which we have ipoken I And il it ii, is it not important that theae valuable privilege# ahvu'd he duly estimated,an J aectired with the least possible delay 1 - (lalmiimi ( 7'i.rea) Aries, Jan. 8. Varieties. Henry Bailey, of Boaton, committed suicide on the 13th lust. The steamer May Queen, ol Zaaesvllle, Ohio, *n buint le t woek, with 1,600 barrels ol flour on loard. Neurly all the loss eoveied by liisuraoc# One thousand horses are wanted at New Orleims, for the use of the Army to Mexico. John Rogers, an American seaman of Philadelphia, was killed in Malta, in May last Alexander P Karqubar committed auloide, by jumping ovetboard, at Pernainbnco, on the 3d ol laat October Joseph Farnum, of Peterborough, N. H , died at Tel, cahoana, on tho 1,1th ol Joly laat The Pr?t? state* that until the gathering in of the rext crop, France will he obliged to import et leait | ft,utiO <J00 hectolitres ol foreign wheat. i Mourn Carolina Gold.?A win ol gold, sup I to be one ol tho riohoit in tho United States, has bean discovered in the vicinity oC Aaheborougb, N C . J Thejre.^y rough ptooe*;, *?U1 yPeld ??0woiti of pare nm*+i MM ' LD. Mm *? OmmU, I Variu?r'iClub-Am?i1iiin Institute. Tcbidiv. i'eiruary ??Mr littn in the chair ? An adjourned meeting of theclab waa be Id Moot ding to dotic* yetterday, the primal y object of which waa to dieCom of the queetion laid over from the laat regular meetik - " The SoilitiK of Cattle " Tlu ?- i? _ _ ?? ? uum, u uatial, wui occupied in denltory raraurki, an ' the reading by the secretary of several n itric! communications t oue liom Mr. tppea ou ailk cultuie, and tha character of the compost necoa.ary (or the purpoaa of railing the tree ? Mr. klppe* importeJ forty tone of drawn beet, or the blood of cattle, which, mixed with lima, be considered an elfactual aubetitute for the preieut prooeaa Another,from an anon) atous correspondent. suggesting that tha mem bers of the cltth ahould iuetituta uti inquiry Into tha bail mode of kiln drying corn Alao one fiom Mr. J. Webb, giving the result of hia experiment* with tha palate crop, and attributing tha disease to itieecti. lie mowed tha topi olf iron a third of hia crop and aared il; the remainder mi ruined. Judge Vuu Wyck a id the una expert incut uad beeu tried without auoceif, which shewed tha capricious inture of tha diiaaae. A lattar waa read from A. H Hale on the efl'scte of brick amok# on vegetatio^^ "1 ha Chairman thought that all authentic facia upon tV subject ol the potato ahould bo attantlvaly consider? by tha club. A member remarked that ha had employed an Kugltahmun who could raiae potatoea in the open air, auJ havo Thaw ready (or the table in February. Here e diacuaaiou took place on the aubject of potatoea accidentally expoaed and lelt uncovered, apontaneoualy throw ing out a aound crop Mr Meiggi advocated the planttug of ine eye ulone, with the imalleat portion of the (ruit. Mr. Tall, liom the produce ol one potato#, which he obtained from Lake superior, by planting the ayea In poll, and in thrae waeka lifting them from tha peta into open ground, obtained from auveutocu hilla, to which I they were transplanted, three bualiels, and thoae only from two-third* ot a peutoe, or at tha rata of 1IU0 buahI ela to ih* acr*. flaming in February was warmly advocated, while covering tne seed with straw waa alio re| commended A member from Orange county thought that the heat from the tun waa deloleuous. Hare en arI gumenl incidentally occurred upon tha mertta of aalt I muck over tha contmeu inland ntuck, und the preference given iu nit) luiuier. nr. i en wee Here requested to tiuish the reading of kia Laeay on Lime, which wii inter rupted at the lent regular meeting. It would be difficult to lollow minutely tine experienced agriculturist in the comprehensive vie w? tie vxpiussed on Uiie occasien and UBjuat toward* bimaall, mora especially Bi hia valuable theoriea must come beloie Uia urmiDg community in more petrel term than a casual rapoit. it wUl ba suffl cient to s?y he '"'d down six important rulaa tor tlia guida?c? 01 lmmora in general iu ?tie uao of lime, from wliiok 'u* *" **'*,, deductions were drnwm? 1 Never use ""ly ,toue Uui0' contaiuioK magnesia 8. Never ?"e cauauc lime upon dry i?ndy upland. 3. Never uae any doiicnptioii upon undraiued land. 4. Always Pu* *' on l,u summer,'*bau the weather la dry, lu a palpable powder; plough jt under, aa often and hallow aa poaaiblo, nuaiug It thoroUghly wlth the surface ?oil. , , , 6 When calcined, to plough it under at once, in oHer that it may slak? i? the "oil, iu?te?j #f thw aurface only, by which many of its valuable Properties are Joet in the atmosphere. ti To place large quantities of cauatic lime npon landa overgrown with obnoxious weeds, coarae, uaeleae kerbage. wild grnaa, and obnoxious hoga, oil of which it immediately decomposes and converts into valuable haraiis, readily soluble in water. Mr. Prm. asserted th it liuie, injudiciously applied, reduces the organic remains of the aoil, and inat excess la this article should be avoided. Here the petiilen for th* agricultural school or college, was again pressed upeia tun attention of auch members aa did not aign it. At lata hour the aubier.t of the occasion nn the "doll ing or Catils,"in which Doctoti Underbill and Field showed the advantage* resulting from it, while Judge Van Wyck, traced to tho growing population on farm* in Europe, the necesaity of circumscribing the Irounderim of pasturage, and limiting them so aa to sustaia bjr the produce thoae dependent upon it for aubaiatence. Tbere was little advanced in the advocacy of the soiling system, that haa not already marked the discussion frequency helore on the same subject. It was universally admitted, aa |>oaaeasiag in every respect, merits that are aa equally universally acknowledged by practical experience, aa conducive to tbo health aod strength of the cattle, ax to the profit and convenience of the farmer* Tfie oluh adjourned to the third Tuesday of this month? announcing, "The proper management of kitchen gardens," as subject of discussi n for the neat meeting. Kortlgai Kxtracta. Kxrecrct) Supply or Gram in Fa a.-sou from ihk IJwrm Stats*.?Trio iYlonittur contains line following latter trem New York, of the 15th December! ?"The stock of flour on our market, according to the returns of tbo weekendiogon the 11th of December, was estimated at abont 450,000 barrels, or 895 000 ^oislrf oal quintals, of flour irom the west, end 35 ( 00 berrels, or 3O.H00 quintals, of fluur (torn the south The stook et Boston was about 130 000 barrels, or 114.400 quintals) and that at Albany nearly 80,000 barrels, or '18 4u0 quintals The rtorh at New York last year, at the same period, was 4*15 OdO barrels, or 355,100 quintals; and 375,000 barrels the year before. The export of flour from the let in the 13th of December amounted to 114 *47 barrels, er 100,6f>9 quintals; and that of grain to '17B 954 bushels or (H 130 bar to 1 it i ox " 1 hey write from Odessa, on the 13tb. i lath, end Mlh of December: ?' We have at this moman' in our harbour autl vessel*. a great number ot them not hiving I wen able to enter the channel are obliged to remam in the loads. Filly of those vessels have completed their cargoes, rind are only wai'ing a favorable wind to put to sea. The price of wheat varies from l*f 93c. to 14f. title per hectolitre, according to the quality; the price of freight lor .Ylara?illr* is 4f ftOo Dunng the month of September 714 000 hectolitres of wheat were exported. In October, upwards of i.ftOOOut! arrived .it Odessa, and the exportation, for want of vessels, only amounted to 37i 00U The stock ot wbeat is considerable, and one third has been already disposed ol The sales continue, but tbere is very little business doiag, i although the holders be very anxious to sell." The Mnniicur. Iikewiae, quotes the tolluwing letter from Constantinople ol the jtih and 'J'lih nit " We have at 1'ioncnt in the Bosj borua upwai la ut 300 vessels laden with wheat, which buve been wailing during the laat twenty days lor u northerly wind to all lor the Mediter ranaaii The auUa of coin made thia week amount to I ttt.Oni) hectolitrea, of winch 134 Odd are to be furnished | try the harbors ot Vola. Xeres, and Knos. J he price* l remain stationary, iiotwilhstansmi; the extent of these | purchases (fur stick amount* to 7lgt,(K)U hectolitres | Forty six eesiels, laden with grain, cleared tor Meraeillaa | N.tweun the i'Jd and the Jtlth Inst ; 30 moie had leit for that deatinotion, between tne lS.h anil 19th- in all serenty-aix vcnala in fourteen day a " Anothei letter, dated { Alexandria, the 59.h ult , elso (iithliihe 1 by the Afoaitewr, : siatea?" Commercial transactions are calm. Mot more , than 13 000 hectolitrea of giain of every deacription, 1 were sold during tne iuat ten days The quantity now | lying In the government stores amounts to at laaat 53U.OOO taectolnrea. Wo bare very lew retaela now fu our linrhor." , ^ French Hkvcm.'k ?Tito jManitutr publishes the following table of receipts of indirect taxea for the peat year : ? 1116 111* Keaistrnion duet, lie fr.114.Hl (f o fr.3i2.Ma oon Jtatnps ta.rtb 00'J W.JH.BOO I nttuins, nr-viiatinn, Itr la iat>,onfl inn r32.11*0 Kreach coloi.iai sugars ST,138,WRI 11,111.000 Korereu sugari, 11 lit,"00 U 116 000 * snort dura on suudriai, l.uW.000 I 701,001 j Suit dues (eitiarliou) M.9M #'0 17,000 Hull duel (i:oii?uui| tl >r>) 13,207 li?K) Potable liquors 1M.-74 U00 101,tM,000 I'mlie e?rrin|te? nod vther inn. fairs <1 UO.nOO W.IHS00# Tobacco sales lib Oil nflO 111 b% N0 | (iunpowdor aim Mil OOn 5,i(l,000 1 Letters and doty on tend inn nin uey SO.JM.OOtl ?0 427,000 Kor |M???i'Crri by the inslletvonteS 2,l?o.#00 J,30i,0eu Ditto, by mails and packet! 1,121.000 1.M2.W0 Total 021,291,MO 00 3 000.000 ? Showing an increase of 19.3S9,0(H> I'r. ( oin|wred with IM4 the increase is 34 427,000 fr. Snaumnr in tat Fa am h llrnin.-It Is a remark Me (act ill the history of France that since the tune ol l.vuis XIV., who succeeded bia istiier l.ouia XIII., there has not been .i amnio loatence ol the ciown descending directly from father to <nn I.ouis XV was the grandson of I.ouis XIV.; l.ouia XVI was nnn of thu grandsons of Louis XV ; the son ol I.ouis XVI. died (query, if not murdered in the temple). Napoleon did not succeed in Iran milting the lo litn only son, w no m?a at Schoenbruun Loun A VIII , brother to Louis X VI , h?1 hit brother ' Maries A , lor hi* *ucoe?for J he Duke ?l Orleans, I'rinco of Oi leans, Prince Royal, wee carried oil br an acoidenl ni unexpected ai it woa de|ilorabla, an<l Interrupted, it may bo aaiil, before even It coat rnenred, the order oi aucotiaiori under the now dynast) . Philippe I will not liava, as bn royal hair, n inn; it is his grandson, the Count da Tans, sou ot tho into ,r.)uke o Orleans, who ia to ho his boir presumptive to tho crown ? Sun Tmk Polar tirroiTioa.?Considerable npprehensien exists amongst the relatives and connexions of tlis son men engaged in Uta axpe.ition of the kilobits and Terror, which sailed fron the river in Judo last year, under the command of Hir John Kianklin and Cap'ain < rosier, ami many anxious applications have lately bueri made to tbo Admiralty on the subject No tidings bare boon reeetv d since last Decemhor, when fioni information obtained from Ksquimaux, and conveyed to the Danish settlements in Greenland, opposite Discos Island, and thence overland, the ex|?editioii w.ia preparing le winter in Gilbert'! sound. The last whaler lor the season has returned without bringing any intelligence, and Irom all account! this thnr second winter In the we, has set in at the north With grtat sevsiityL mrfen puptr A Vgraasv or tmv kasno Akmv ? One of the list commander* of the Impeilaf Uustd at Waterloo, Lieutenant-General - Count Roguvt, baa Juet died at the age of 70 Me waa one ot tho moat worthy and intrepiJ officer! ol' our old national army. Mia service! may La mentionsd in a few woids A private m the regi ment of Gulenm- In 17*9, at the age of Id; captain 10 170S ssnaral uf hrKude ill tho veer Vll , liauta..?nt gem aral in 1SI1 anil colonel of the lit legiment of the Imp*, iial hoot Guard* (la nw la all tba Italian campaign* from 1*9.1 to the yarn VIII , and *11 thoao of Ih# am pi re i from imia tolelo. Iu I8I J, duting tha rolreat from cow, be waa appointed to Ibe command ol tha Foot Imp* rial Wuarda He retained tha command ol thu Iririnci bl? phalanx during the campeign* of 111) a-1 1114 , Ls wa* at hit poet wn?u the laat shot we* bred at Waterloo He ?m in 30 campaign*, and received lira wound*. Co*n ri Cottoh--A iargtt cotton planter nonr 1 Vickalniig u?si rra, that he would prefer tnakiittf | Cot n at ibc, ytr bnahel, to cotton at He per lh .and ha* j eir?red t? plant Ida entira plaiitatitton m corn tbia ? aar, I it ha can contract for the nine at 33c. per btuhel lelurerod on the plantation, or ou tha bank of tin" i'?? A ! large corn operator oflerid lo coutiaii at 3Uc pec bnahel, but tne pertioa did ovt oloeo 7 hit ta ortba e# I reflection I /

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