# Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 16, 1847, Page 2

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NEW YORK HERALD. flaw August W, 1HT. the fall business. ARRIVAL OF 8TRANUIR8. As the business h?wd ^commencing, and af> our city is beginning to be thronged with merchants from all parts of the country in quest of goods, we shall re-commence to-day a daily list of the arrivals at the principal hotels, and continue to do so until the fall trade shall be over. Thia will be a great help to our city merchants, and will enable them to ascertain at a glance at what house their rc^u^ar customers may stop. W?* shall take eve^r pains to have these lists as correct as possible, and will for that purpose have the naiues copied directly from the J hotel registers. Our city merchants expect to qo a better business than they hsve done for a number of years past. We shall aid them as far as we can. W>rrlgn News. The French steamer Missouri is now in her sixteenth, snd the Cunard steamer Cambria is in her twelfth day. We may expect to receive news by either at any moment. The TMrtSctli Congress. We give in another column the names of the members ol the next Congress, ho tar as known. We shall add to thin list as the results of the several elections come in, until it is lull and complete. It will be seen that the whigs have the best chance lor a majority in the House of Representatives. Visits to thic Watering Pieces.?The wandering dispositions by which the people of America are characterised, was never more active than it is at the present time. Every railroad car, steamboat, omnibus and stage is crowded; and wherever you go piles of trunks, carpetbags, valises and band-boxes meet yon. It is almost impossible to get a bed in some places, while a room to a single person is out of the question. The landlords are delighted, and are as good humored as possible; mine host here and mine host there are amazed at the amounts they are amassing, and while they cozily count and deposit each day's gains, they feel happy and contented with themselves and the whole world. It is an undeniable fact that the more prosperous a people are, the more money they will spend in amusing themselves, and as summer touring is the most prominent amusement of our republicans, it follows that in prosperous times there will be more travelling than when the reverse is the case. Applying this rule, then, to the year 1&47, and it follows that we are more prosperous than we ever were, because there is more travelling than there ever was known before, after making due allowance for the increase of population. The watering places, of course, secure a great many of the travellers. At Saratoga it is comnuted there are some five thousand Htraiiirers: and ho full are the hotels, that many of them are obliged to lodge out in nice comfortable cottages, scores of those who ait at their tables. Niagara is crowded, so are Cape May and Nahant, although the sea serpent has not made his appearance at either of those points this summer. That great specimen of the genut s rpent,has a curious way with him. Whenever visiters are scarce, and landlords of course not in the beBt of humor, his snakeship is sure to make his appearance, and if a doubt is raised on the subject by any who have heard ktough snake stories before, the fuct is sworn (to before a "respectable justice of the peace," by a dozen or more " highly respectable and credible witnesses," who saw his snakeship on the surface of the water sunning himself, and that his appearance resembles more a long string of barrels than anything else they could compure it too. These deponents have been remarkably silent this year, and it arises, no doubt, from the fact that Nahant is full of visit The sea serpent knows more than he gets credit for. The watering places in Jersey, Long Branch, Keyport, &c., &c., are receiving their share of travellers and their money,while New Brighton, Fort Hamilton, lake Mahopac, &c., have no reason to complain of want of patronage. We have taken a great deal of pains to portray in the columns of the Herald, the scenes and events that daily and hourly occur at the watering places. Our correspondence has been more voluminous than it was at any other time, and we believe that life there has been richer than ever too. Travelling on Long Island Sound.?Persons not informed on the subject, cannot have an adequate conception of the immense amount of travel that daily takes place between the city of New York and the Eastern States, particularly Massachusetts. Every boat which leaves and arrives at this city, contains from two to three hundred, and sometimes four hundred, passengers. There is no more pleasant place to spend a few days in the warm weather than New England. To the citizens of New York it offers i>e culiar attractions, aa they have opportunities of seeing the innumerable factories and mills of every kind, for which it is so distinguished. They will hear the busy hum of industry from sunrise to sunset, and Bee every man, woman, and youth, employed in some way or other. If they are inquisitive, Jhey can be initiated into the art and mystery of wooden nutmeg manufacture?and see other curious things that are constantly turned out for the use and comfort of the people of the whole world. New England contains many places dear to the patriot and freeman. Faneuil Hall and Bunker Hill, Concord, Lexington, Dorchester Heights, in and adjacent to the city of Boston, are well worth visiting for the associations which connect them with our great revolutionary struggle. The means of reaching New England arc ample and cheap. There are four different lines of railroads, connected with this city by steamboat, to Boston. "We will give a summary of them for the information of the public. The first is the new route via Fall River; on this route are two splendid steamboats, the Ma6 sachusetts, Captain Brown, and the Bay State, Captain Comatock, which leave here daily at five o'clock, P. M. this route you can sleep till half past three or four o'clock in the morning, and have but forty miles of railroad. The chargc is four dollars?meals extra. The next is the Stonington line, consisting of the Oregon, Captain Thayer, aud the C. Vanderbilt, Captain Potter, which leave here at six o'clock, P. M. Travellers can sleep till twelve or one o'clock, and will have ninety miles of railroad < liargr the name as by the Kali River line. The next is the Norwich line, consisting of the steamer Wort-eater, Captain Williams, and the Knickerbocker, Captain Vaii Pelt, which laave here at five P. M. Travellerj can aleej> till twelve or one, and will have one hundred and foor miles of railroad. Fare four dollars. The next is the New Haven line, embracing the steamers Traveller, Captain Brown, and the Hero, leaving here at six, A. M? and through during the day. By this route there arc one hundred and fifty miles of railroad. On the morning line the fare is five dollar*?meals extruj There i* a new boat building for the Fall Kiver line, to take the place of the Massacbuaetts. 8he is equal to the Bay State in splendor and etrengih*'1 of ?bec? boata are ^tjong and !<ubf<itatinl hcMiutn.* ?ru gcitUMnanlv aud obliging, ?nd the waiters polite and civil. On the railroads travellers will meet with nothing to displeate them. They will receive every attention from the conductors and others employed. Such are the facilities for reaching New England. We recommend all who intend taking a summer tour for pleasure tnd for health to jump on board any of these boats, and pay a visit to the enterprising States of New England. French Steamer Phii.adelpiiia.?This elegant steamer left her dock yesterday morning at a quarter to nine o'clock, after having run up at the foretop the American flag with two tricolor flagti, the emblem of her nation. The departure which had been announced for eight o'clock, was delayed three quarters of an hour by a slight accident to one of her cables. After having slowly proceeded down the East river to the Battery, which was crowded with numerous spectators curious to see her, she tired u parting salute of four guns to the empire city, and then headed under full steam to the Quarantine,' where, after a short stoppage, she ituuuad tKn Vorrnnta at lialT naot eleven o'clock. The Philadelphia carried a very large mail, nearly 20,000 letters and newspapers, including a large number of the French Herald for Europt. These will most probably arrive in France in advance of the mail of the llibernia, which is to leave Boston this noon. There were thirtynine passengers?thirty-five in the first cabin, and four in the steerage. The cargo of the Philadelphia is composed principally of cocoa and whalebone. Captain Besson hopes to reach Cherbourg in thirteen days. We wish him a speedy trip and a quick return to our shores. Steamship United States.?This magnificent vessel, the first of the new New Orleans line, projected by Chas. 11. Marshall, Esq., and others, will be launched some day this week. We recommend all who wish to see what our American mechanics are capable of doing, to in spect this splendid structure, while she is on the ways, and before she goes in the water. There will be no difficulty in gttting on board of her, as there is a stuging by which all who wish to see her interior construction, can do so. The builders and owners are delighted with her, and will take pleasure in giving every facility topersons desirous of visiting her. VVe shall announce the day on which she will be launched as soon as it is fixed. Tlieati Icals. Ta?k Theathk.?Bellini's opera, " La Sonnambula," will be performed this evening for the benefit of Mr. Fraser ; and alsojthejwtite oomudy, ''Kiss in the Dark" There is every probability that the audlenoe on the occasion will be as large as any yet. Mr Fraser deserves a substantial token of estimation from the publio, and he will doubtless reoelve It. Bowcar Thiatse.?The patrons of the Bowery theatre will prepare themselves for the reception oi Mrs. Shaw, who enters upon an engagement at that establishment this evening 8he will make her first appearanoe as Margaret Kllmore, in " Love's Saerlfloe"?a character in which she is deservedly eminent. The nautical drama, " Inchoape Bell," or the Recluse and the Rover, forms the after-piece. Go early, if you wish to get a seat in the Bowery this evening. Paumo'i Opkra House.?The celebrated Ravel Kami ly oommence their farewell engagement In New York, at Palmo's Opera House, this evening. All the elegant and daring achievements on the tight rope?the admirable dancing, and vaudeville performances, in which they so ominently excel, will be given this evening, to-morrow, Thursday and Friday. The Ravels have engaged an excellent vaudeville company to assist them. Caitlv. Garden.?Castle Garden, large as it is, will I scB.rci.lv contain all who will desire to witness the excellent bUl ef amusements that is put forth lor this evening, and which will be performed by the oelebrated Lehman family, including Mr. Winther, and the vauderllle company, including Mr. Waloott?Mr. Holland, tic., ito. We refer our readers to the amusement columns for the particular*. French fic Helsor are determined to aecure a good share of patronage. Chatham Theatric.?The Adelphi company, who delighted the patrons of the Chatham for the last week, are to oommenoe their re-engagement thla evening, and will perform the laughable piece, " A Man about Town," *' The White Horae of the Peppera, or, the Iriah Guide,'' and " Born to Good Luck." In the last mentioned piece Mr. Brougham will slag the " Boys of Kilkenny," and the " Groves of Blarney." Blualcal. Minerva Rooms.?The Original Virginia Serena tiers consisting of Messrs. Myers, Winnemore, Kelly, Solomon | Sandford and Horn, will make their first appearance In thla city, this evening, at the Minerva rooms. Broadway. The programme includes some twenty of the most admired negro melodies, and a burlesque opera entitled "Stuffo." Admission twenty-five cents. Sporting Intelligence. Chauisoi to the World.?We find the following challenge to the world In a Columbus paper A Banter to the World.?We the undersigned, will match Miss Forte against any other race horse in the world, for an* sum from one to five thousand dollar* a side, half-forfeit?two mile heats?to be run over the Columbus oourse, the 1st day of November next. This proposition is open uqtll the -20th of September next?Jesse Ivey, A. B. Moore, F.A.Henry. Columbus, Mississippi, July '27, 1847. City Intelligence. The Weathkr.?Yeaterdav was such a dav as we are seldom favored with at this Mason of the jaw. The 'hermometer rose at its highest to 80 degrees, bnt we bad an agreeable breeze throughout the day which rendered the atmosphere cool. Hoboken, Wllliamsburghl Staten Island and various agreeable retreats in the vicinity and suburbs of our city, were crowded with citizens of all ages and sexes, enjoying the fresh air. The Chinese Junk.?We were informed by Captain Kellett, a day or two since, that the Chinese Junk will positively not remain open for exhibition, after this week. He has made up his mind to leave here as soon as possible, in order, if possible, to reach England before the equinoctial storms eommence. We are sorry that she will leave us so soon, for there are thousands of people in different parte of the country who would gladly avail themselves of the opportunity of seeing her, If she would remain here longer, or until it suited them to come to the city. The Kngllsh consignees have completed the arrangements for ner exhibition In London, Liverpool, he , and the risk of disappointment Mr. Kellett is not willing to run. Where are the Slates ??The two slaves, Jose da Coetaand Jose da Roche. who were both remanded to the custody of the captain of the vessel by Judge Kdwards, on the writ of habeat rorput for a further hearing. The oaptain supposing that tbey would be safer than on board his ship, oaused them to be locked up in the Kldridge street jail, under the charge of Joseph Cornell. one of the deputy Sheriffs. On last Sunday night, a week ago, the two slaves were bfcth abducted from the jail in a manner, too, which shows conclusively, that a wrong exists somewhere, which certainly calls for a i thorough Investigation. Why is it not doue ! Suicide. ?Coroner Walters was called yesterday to bold an inquest at No. bi Centre street, on the body of t'.dward Doberty, a native of Ireland, aged 19 years, who committed suicide in the upper story of bis dwelling, on Saturday night, by banging himself The deceased baa b??n quite intemperate for some time past, and made an attempt to hang himself about a week ago, when he was discovered, and his detigns frustrated by hi* wife. Verdict, in accordance with the foregoing facts. Aatronomloal Naiiunal Obikrvatorv, ; Waihisotok, August IS. 1847. ) 8IB?The now planet discovered on tb? dint day of July lMt, by the not Mr. Hencke who first discovered Astrea, iu observed here last ninht with the equatorial, and on the meridian with the west transit and German circle. It van tint observed the night before with the equatorial alone. The star of comparison nsed by this Instrument on each night la in K. A.?l?h. im f>,?s. 4.> (7 h mag ) fle?Bel's lone, J.?6. Apparent places of the new planet corrected for refrnrt ion by observations of August 10th and I Ith Mean tune, Washington. H. A. Decl. south. A. m. i. A. m s. A m ?. August 10 !> 33 2ifl 16 U 17 28 li M 3 IS AuriiiI II 8 17 3fl.fl 16 JJ 28.87 !> 7 11 ?i'i \ Ob?'r Prol'. Aagnst II.. 7 36 39 16 A3 SM::? Beechci mcf ridiauii?ab'sc i 01)?'r Prof Augim II 7 36 Jt 16 M 21.33 Major raerir disn pass's*. This planet U also an asteroid, and la the alzth of the system. It in of the 9.10 magnitude, and the telescope presents it without any disk Prof. Kumker, of Hamburg, in a letter of the 9th ult. communicated to me the liret intelligence with regard to this planet; but the weather has been anoh as to prevent an earlier observation upon It here. In looking over my observing book, I itnd that, from July itfth to August 10th, I have been enabled to observe during one night only. Kespoctfully, kc . VI. if. MAURY, Lieutenant United States Navy. Hon. Ji?0. Y. Ma sow , Keeretary of the Navx French Coin*. There was an error In your table of Krcneh money ? I The fraao Is rightly put down at too centime*. But when rou f ova to the fifth Ito* below this, you put down 'he i wo(!?< *( I ccot- - but lit rt-dj ?4|ue li noi '. *?* on*flftb *4 outrvof, ... a THK THIRTIBTH CORGSKM. Xh* HchaIC* Wbica taitaUca? lialf-Md-IIalf la amall ??plUU-Democrats in roman. 7\rm Term Mxpirtt. Ex?r.r Mainc. Ohiou. Jolm Kairti*ld, M}1 Doubtful, 1151 1 Jame? W Bradbury, 1(43 AltMIM. NiwHtMnmu. ArthuaP. Bagby, 1119 1 Charlea (J. Attn rum, 1(49 Democrat, 1153 John P. Hals, IB}] Miitiotrri. Vermont. Jefferson Darts, (urotily) 1151 William Vpham. 1149 Henry 8 Foote, 1153 Samuel S. Phelps, ltji , LoliiiaNa. maikchvutti. Ilenry Johnson, ll?'i Daniel fVabtter, . 1(51 S N Downi, 111] John Dani, 1U3 Abkaniai. Hiioui 'ilasd. A. H. Sevier, 1S49 Alter! C Greene, Ittl Chester Aahley, 1053 John H Clarke, 1(13 . Tunitn. Connecticut. Hopkins L. Tuiuey, 1151 Jolm M. Nilea 1119 Doubtfal, |IU J W. Huntington, 1(31 Kiiitick. N?w kox. John J. Crittenden, 1(49 John A. Dix, 1X9 Joseph H. Underwood, 1(53 Daniel 8 Dickiu.ou, 1(61 Ohio. Nbw Jkbikv. William Allen, 1149 Wm h Dayton, )()l Thoma? Corwin, llil Jacob tV. Miller, 1(13 Michiuan. Pkivivitlvatiia. Lewii Can, |P5I Si in. in Cametou, 1(49 AJ|>heu< Kelcli, 1(53 Daniel Sturgeon, 1(51 India**. DklawaU. K. A. H annex an, 1(49 John M- Clayton, lttl Jeue D. Bright, 1(51 Presley Spruance, 1(53 Illinois. Maiiukd. Sidney Breene, 1RI9 James .1. Pearce, 1(49 Stephen A. Douglaaa, 1I5J Hevtsdy Johnson, 1(51 Muaooni. Virginia. David R. Atchiaon, 1(49 Jamea M. Mason, l(il Thomas H. Benton, 1S51 Robeit M. T. Hunter, 1853 Florida. North Carolina J. D. Westeott, Jr. 1(49 George E Badger, 1(19 David L. Yulee. 1851 IV. P. Mangum, 1(53 Tex a*. South Carolina. Thomas J. Rusk, 1(51 A. P. Butler, 1(41 Democrat, 1(53 John 0. Calhoun, 1(53 Iowa. Urobijia Donb'ful, 1(51 Walter T. Colquitt, 1(49 Doubtful, 1(53 Home of Representatives. Whigs in Italics?Native* In small capitals -Democrats iu romau. Maine. North Carolina. 1 David Hammoiu, 1 T L Cliucinau, 2 2 N Boydm. 3 Hiram Belcher, 3 Daniel M. Barringer, 4 4 Jiugutlut H bheppard, i ? 5 Abuham Veuable, 6 ? 6 J. K. J. Danirl, T Hezekiah Williams. 7 lames J. McKay, Nkw Hamfihire. 8 Richard S Donncll, 1 Jimoi Tuck, 9 Da it (I Outlaw. 2 i lurl H I'eaales, South Carolina. 3 Jamet H'l/ion, l T. L. Clin^mau 4 Jama H Johnion 2 Richard h. Simoioo, Vkhmont. J Jo?eiih A. Woodward, 1 William lirnry, 4 A. D. 8im?, 2 Jacob Collamcr, 5 Ariniaiead Burt, 3 Qtorge P. Manh, 6 Ijaac E. Holmes, 4 Lucius B. Peck. 7 K.fia>nw?ll fthett. MASSACHUSETTS. . OfOROIA, 1 Robert C. WinlKrop, I Thomat B. King, 2 D P.King. - 2 Al'rad Warsou, 3 Jlmos Abbott, 3 John W. Joium, 4 J. (i Pai/rey, 4 ?U(r?i A. Harai.ou, 5 Charltt Huaton, ? John H. Lumpkin, | 6 Uforge Jisnmun, ? muw?h oubu. 7 Julius Rockwell, 7 Alexander H Stephens. 8 JoAn Q. -"dams, 8 Robert Toombs. I 9 strumas Hale, Alabama. 10 Joseph Grmntll. ? John Gayle. 1(h?db Iilikd. 2 Htnry W Milliard, 1 Henry Y. Cranston, 3 #. W. Hnrrii, 2 4 8 W. Iu?e, Connecticut. 5 tleo'Ee H. Hnuatou, 1 J timet Dixon, 6 W. H. W. Cobb, 2 Samuel D. Hubbard, 7 F. W. Bowden. J John Jl. Rockwell, Ahkanbii. 4 Truman Smith. 1 Hubert W Johuiau. Nr.W Vo*E. TKNNtaaKK. 1 Frederick W. Loid, 1 Andrew Jnhnaon, t II. C. Murphy, 2 W M Cocke, 3 Henry Nicoll, 3 John Crozier, 4 William B. Mac lay i 4 K. L W. Hill, 5 F Jl Tallmadge, S Ueorge W. Jouei, 6 D. 8. Jackioii, (i 7 William S'elson, 7 Meredith P. Gentry, 8 Cornelius Warren, 8 George IV. Barrow. 9 Daniel B. St. John, 9 10 Etianitn Sherrill, 10 ? 11 Peter H. Sylt ester, 11 12 Gideon Heyntlds, MiMimrri. 11 J. J Slingrrland. 1 14 Oilando Kellogg, 2 15 Hiduey La?rcnce, 3 ? 6 Hugh White, .4 17 George Peirie, Kentucky. 1? Joseph Mullin. 1 Lynn Boyd, 19 Wm l ulliui, 1 hamnel feyton, 20 Timothy Jeukina, 3 B I.. Clark, 21 (J A. Starkweather, 4 ?iylettHuckner, 2 i .-vuihuru Birdaall, i J H. Thorn pi on, 23 William Duer, 6 Green Jidams, 24 Daniel Gott, 7 Gamett Duncan. %b Harmon S Conger, I Charlei S. Murehead, 26 Wm. T. Lawrence. 9 Hi chard French, 27 John M }lolley. 10 John P. Gaines. 28 Eliat B. Holmes. Loi'iaiANA. 29 Hobert L. Hose, 1 30 Daniel Rumsey, 2 ? 31 Dudley Mart in. 3 32 Ptathan K. Hall, 4 ? 31 Harvty Putnam, Ohio. 34 Washington Hunt, 1 JameaJ. Farran, Ni.w JcaaRV. 2 David Fisher, I 1 James G. Hampton, 3 Robert C Schenck, 2 W A. Newell, 4 Richard 9. Camby, | 3 Joirpli tdiall. 6 William Sawyer. 4 Jo An ran Dyke, C Houolphui Dickinson, 5 Vudlry S. Gregory. 7 Thomas L. Homer, Pennsylvania. 0 James L Taylor. 1 l. c. Levin, 9 Thos. O Edward', 2 Joseph K. Ingersoll, 10 Daniel Duncan, J Charles Brown, 11 John K. Miller, 4 Charles J. InsertoU, 12 Samuel S. Vinton, i John Freedly, 13 James Richey, C J. IV. Hornbeck, 14 Nathan Evans, 7 A. R. Mcllvaine, IS William Keunon, 8 John Strnhm, 16 John D. Cummins, 9 William Strong, 17 George Fries, 10 Richird Brodhead, IS Lalimel Labm. 11 Chester Butler, 19 John Crowell. 12 David Wilmot, 20 Joshua Ii G> tidings, 13 Jamei Pollock, 21 Joseph M. Hoot. 14 George K. Eckert, Michigan. Ii Henry Net, 1 Robert McClelland, 16 Jasper E. Brady, 2 17 John Blanchard, 3 Kingsley L. Bingham. II Andrew Stewart, Indiana. 19 Job Mann. 1 flisha Embret. 20 John IHckey. 2 Thomas J Henley, 21 Moses Hampton, 3 J L Robinson, 22 J- If. Farrelly, 4 Caleb B, Smith, 23 James 'Ihompson, 5 Wm. W Wick, 24 Alexander Irvine. 6 George G. Dunn, Delaware. 7 K. fY. Thompson, I John fV Houston. 8 John Petit. Maryland. 9 Chaa. W. Catchcart, 1 10 William Rockhill. 2 ? Illinois. 3 1 Robert Smith, 4 ? 2 James V MeCleraard, 4 ? 3 Orlando B. Fickliu. 6 ? 4 John Wentworth. Virginia. 5 Win A. itichardson. 1 Archibald Atkinson, 6 Thomas J Turner, 2 Rkha<d Kidder Meade, 7 Abraham Lincoln. 3 Thomas S Flourney, x Missouri. 4 Henry P. Irving, 2 James tf. Bowlin, J William L. Goggin, 3 John Jameiton, 6 John M. Bolts. 4 James L Green, 7 Thomas H. Bayly, 5 Willard P Halt, IH.T.L. Beale.4' John S. Phelps. 0 John S Pendleton, Florida. 10 Henry Bedinger. 1 Edward C. Cabell. II J'.mes McDowell, Texas. 12 William P. Preston, 1 David 8. Kaufman, 13 Andrew S Pulton, 2 T. Pillsbury. 14 Hobert A. Thompson. Iowa. 16 IVilliam G. Brown. 1 Wm. Thompson, Wisconsin. 2 Shepherd Lefller. 1 ? Oregon. rUIKO IIIICUI|VIH)VII Charge of Buying Stolen Ooodi.?Constablq Joseph of the 4th ward, arrested Saturday night,'a woman called Margaret Heed, who keeps a suspicious " crib" at No. 61 Cross street, together with her barkeeper, David Winn, on a charge of buying and reoelvlng stolen goods from the fact, that on searching her premises the officer found several pieces of linen and other artloles, made up f linen Identified by Mr. Samuel Deman, No. 120 Nassau street, shirt depot, whose store was burglariously enUred'in April last by somefFive Point thieves, stealing therefrom ready made shirts and linen, valued at near $100. One of the shirts was found on the person of Winn when arrested. Justice Drinker held them to bail to answer. Jlrrett on a "ToucA."? Officers Norris and Bloom, of the chief* offloe, arrested yesterday avoungman. calling himself Wm. Moore alias Bouquet, on a charge of "touching" a man by the name of Holton, on Krlday night last, of (305 in bank bills, while In a ''badger crib" located at No. 131 Cedar street, where he was in duccd to enter by a "she badger." called Caroline Smith, who is also arrested, and locked up on the charge. Justice Osborne locked him up for a further examination. Jlrrett on a charge of Highway Robbery.?Captain Horrigan and offleer MoCorde, of the flth ward, arrested on Saturday last a young man by the name of Stewart Wilson, on a charge of having knocked down a man in the city ol Albany some few months ago, Htealing from his person a gold watch, and baa since evaded tba eye of the police until Saturday, when tbe above vigilant o oers "nabbed" bim in Canal street. Captain Perry detained the accused to await a requisition trom the authorities of Albany. Charge of Slabbing.?Officer Allen, of the 10th ward arrested on Saturday night, a boy culled William Brown, on a charge of stabbing another boy by thf uamu of Thomas Ka*tburn, with a pen-knife, in the lefl arm, intticting a severe wound. Justice Kctchatn locked him up for trial Sttalivg Monry ?Officer Kelly, of the l*th ward, arrested on Saturday night, a fellow callrA Patrick Good man. ou a charge of stealing$17 from Michael King Juftloe Kctohaui lockcd him up for trial Miscellaneous. The distinguished architect, says the Buffalo Cummercial JUv tiirr, who from ronsoi? ntlounscruples, refused to furnish a plan for a Unitarian Church at Boston, called lately upon one of our citizens, to purchase lumber Unfortunately for the transaction of business, the Buffalonian professed tq have conscientious scruples against selling lumber to be used for Triultarian purpuses. The ship Vancouver, which cleared this forenoon for Canton, has as a part of her cargo, about 1000 bales domestles and 1630 pigs of lend.? Huston Traveller, Jlug. Ulh. An L LI) was conferred upon Samuel K. Vinton, M. C. of Ohio, at (he late Marietta Colleen commencement. Ten graduates. His stated in tbe l lay county Tribune, thai*- Colonel f)onlrhan, in his late speeuh at Independence, declared that he had not been a candidate for a political office In seven years, and would not be for the next seventyseven Bloody Baulk.?The frit, a paper published the number of the U4th ult, that it im creditably informed that morning, h* the paper ?u Rolng to pre**, that a bloody tight took plane at the Dorchete Bridge near tbu hue of the parish, on Thursday, the Jid ult, at 10 o'clock in the morning. There set mi to have been two parties, numbering Home twelve or llfteen men, who mutually agreed to lucut at thU bridge anu settle Home old difflrultn n by lighting with rifled. Two men were killed on the np?t. Their name*, were Hardy Miller, ad a Mr. 81mp*on. Mr. Watly reoeired a wouad In the abdomen, fuppoted to be mortal Mr Prlc* wai dangerously wounded Mr. Robert Rawyear* bad two finger* ?bot off, and *on>e other* were wounded, who*? naueitbe hit did oot learn fli* munwr who cam* tu Mlortm !*'? iiMillc-ftl *1(1 ?At? tU;it .'tut- 'air "hot* *i-t? flted The liTMMvt Cabal ?. Tut Orkc;oi> Hailboao.? We have published, heretofore, sererni elaborate article* oa the subject of connecting the Atlantic and the Paelflo oceans, by canal acrosa the Isthmus of Tehuaataper, and aa these essays appear to hare eielted a my strong Interest In the public mind, we extract the following review of the (object from the speech of Wis. M.Hall, Esq , at tha Chicago Convention, who advocated before that body the passage of resolutions in favor of the plan of Mr. Oeorge Wilkes, of this city, for a national railroad, through the great South Pass to the PaciOe, which resolutions were subsequently passed In committee of the whole. After demonstrating the importance of the subject he rose to discuss, Mr. Hall thus alluded to the successive efforts to turn the Isthmus to account A substantial experience had proved that whiobever nation should forestall the world in possession ol the shortest ronte to the riches of the East, would win the iliadem of comineroe and wield the sceptre of the seas. Hence the great struggle of contending powers for the last four centuries, and hence tbe proposal of the most sanguine even to cleave the continent itself to accomplish tbe des gn. Indeed, of latter years, though Britain with commendable enterprise still despatches her exploring squadrons to the North pole in the hope of attaining the oinject even through the Frigid Zone, it has generally been conceded that the direct " westward passage'' could only be accomplished by tbe separation or the Isthmus in the Gulf of Mexico. While, however, this opinion was strengthening itself upon the successive reports of every new expedition, a sesecret but mighty reformer was at work. A reformer, destined not only to OTerthrow all theories of physloal seience. but to grapple with the great glob* itself, to crush tne mountains with a conqueror's step, and make the rugged wilderness more humble to its purpose than tbe cringing sea. Men paused in tboir ordinary speculations to wonder at the terrific progress of this young Titan of the latter day. They saw him pluck out the forests, tear up and fling aside the seated hills, and with the rejoicing sons of progress in his train, made way into the body of the continent with a step of a bridegroem going to his chamber or a prinoe to occupy his Ihrnnn It ?ui th?n that: t.h? trrurul thnuifht hnruL Aim. ultaneoutily upon neveral minds that the generous mon iter who b?<l already made one half of the oontinent KUbjflet to Lis power, could alse pierce with equal ease the other half, and consummate In favor of the new people for whom he had already done so much, the brilliant hope which had so long possessed the Imagination of mankiud. The fancied advantage** of the Isthmus were forgotten or despised, and the most reluctant were ready to concede, that if the rail car could sail upon the surface of the land with more speed, more safety and less cost than the sbip could navigate upon the ooean, there waa no further need to seek for straits or permeating gulfs to enhance the peril and delay, or to narrow our advantages by a tedious deviation to some narrow point. It may seein strange, Mr. President, that with this brilliaut destiny before us?a destiny whioh oxtends its promise alike to every portion of tbe Kepublio, there ttheuid be those who agitato the almost obsolete idea of the Isthmus route. 1 can hardly bring myself to believe however, that a project so unwise and so at variance with our true interests, can be seriously entertained, but if it be, i think 1 may venture to advise its ostensible proposers to abandon it at onco. The close calculating, straight ahead spiritof our people will never be content to oircunmavigate half the oontinent in a perilous route, when they may go safely straight across it; nor will they consent to the expenditure of some fifty millions in a loreign country and for'foreign benefit, when the same amount may be spent among our o ?n people, and secure an avenue within our own control. I have said fifty millions, Mr. President for it will be seen that to the small good looking estimate for the Mexican canal, must be added the advantages we shall be obliged to resign in tbe treaty with Mexioo, to secure from a nation so Jealous in regard to territory, a right of way which tbey will be so reluctant to concede. '' But if we should conquer and possess the route ?" some gentleman may say in reply : " Well, Mr. President, if we should conquer it, and conquer on until we come to South America, I would still look up the entire line of ooast from permeation, and thus ensure the coursc of trade to tbe direct and consistent parallel of 44 degrees. Why need we deviate an inch to tollow the ooean, when the land will serve us better ? Why wish to pitch and toss upon the billows, at the rate of ten miles tue hour, when we cau more safely sail at tbe rate ol thirty and forty and fifty upon tbe land ? Why put to sea in tbe Atlantic, to strain almost side by side with England, for the same point,, and there wait with her and with the whole crowd of commercial customers, our turn to be admitted through? It has been said, however, that the West will not be foroed t6 the Atlantic ooast, but will send its commerce down the Mississippi, and push it tbroughjinto the Pacific by the Isthmian route. Well, so it may, but if it does, it must still send it through sweltering heats and torrid latitudes, and who shall say that tbe returns ol Asiatic stores will get baok and ascend the Mississippi with the same facility ? Who sball say tbat the West will then carry for any but herself ? Tbe Northern railroad will roll the golden stream of oommeroe by their doors, but the Mexican canal will oonfer this advantage upon others, and while it does so, will not only deprive the West of its promise of tbe carrying trade, but open a passage in the continent to slip through foreign bottoms to oompete with W astern ships upon the Western ooean. ?vuy, Bir, tins is inn riv.n paa?ag? ; iumguiucani it is true, if tho railroad be built, but calculated to postpone the railroad and ita advantages indefinitely, and tc oblige the United States to maintain in common with other powers, tremendous fleets upon the pestilent coasts of the Gulf to preserve the Integrity of the grand canal. Reflect, sir, for a moment, and tell me if in time of wai we oould always hope to remain matters of this passage, or at any rate if we could remain so without cost? With these remarks 1 shall leave this portion of the subject, but it is not proper 1 should conclude it altogether, without stating my entire disbelief of the rumor, that this strange project of a Mexican canal can be seriously contemplated by our government. If it emanated from the government at all, 1 am rather inclined to regard It merely as a cabinet feeler, the whole object of which is to test the public mind, as to how far it will do ' to enlarge the boundaries of freedom" in a southerly direction. Indeed, 1 am disposed to asoribe it to anything, rather than to believe that an administration which is so extremely dubious on the constitutionality of national improvements, should risk burning its fingers by dipping its hands into the national treasury, to build a foreign improvement, in a foreign country, by foreign hands, and for foreign benefit. It may be said that they will not be able to compete with us in this way, but it must be borne in mind, that when this road is opened, the shortness of the passage around the world, will increase the carrying capacity ol the commercial marine trlbly beyond its wants. What before took four to five months to accomplish, will then require bat thirty-six dys : consequently one third the number of ships can do it Eur pe would, therefore, ?end her idle bottom! into the I'aclBc at the mere cost ol navigating them. Bgrton Countv, Ka., July 16,1847. The Slavery Queition.?Opinions at the South. In your weekly paper of 39th May, 1847,Is inserted th< substance of a speech made by tho Hon. Thomas H. Benton on the 13th May, 1847, at St. Louis, Missouri. In this speech 1 think the Senator has made use of the higt intellect with which nature has endowed him, to mystifj the people la respect to the precise views of John C. Cal houn, who moved the resolutions to which Mr. B. refers; and also In respect to the Interpretation the South oi slave States have,or mean to put upon those resolutions. By the ordinance of 1787, slavery was prohibited north west of the Ohio; and by the act of 3d March, 1820, It it prohibited north of 36 deg. 30 min., north latitude. These enactments the slave States acceded to, and looked upon the last concession to tyranny as a settle, ment to the question; but, as one concession to tyranny or rather to a power determined to deprive you of youi liberty, only begots more exorbitant demands, the aboil tlon party persevered, and again challenged the slar< States by the famous Wllmot proviso which)was attaohe< to IDA mree million uiu uu pmru ny iu? noun o Representative*?thin, If passed into a law, would havi e eluded all slave owners from the right to emigrate tc the territories of the United States. an well south ai north of 30deg. 30 min. north latitude; and it was timt for the slave States to come forward in defence of wha few rights yet remained to them south of that line The Wilmot proviso and Mr. Denton's speech, botl Inculcate the doctrine that the United States ia foreigi to her territories, and t convtrto, also that the publit domain is not the common properly of the United States The constitution of the United States, art. 4,iec. 3, cUus* I, says :?" The Congress shall have the power to dispotw of. and make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property belonging to the Unite States and nothing in thl3 c onstitution shall be so oon strued, as to prejudice nify claims of the United States or of any particular State.1' Ii Mr Benton is really s> much for the Union, as he says ho is, why did he not stigmatise the Wlim it proviso as a Ore brand? Tbli w*s the beginning oi th<- controveisy, and both that an/ the resolutions wore efforts to compel Congress to as surne, as to the first, the exercise of unconstitutional powers, and iu respect to the second, a position thai would at least guaranty to the slave States their commoi tights iu the Union, until they thought proper to givt them up, hs in 1787 and 1M0. I leave it to any man o "eme to sny. which would be more likely to subvert th< Union, the abolition proviso of the llouso, or the maulj stand of the slaves Mates by their rights and the oon stiiution in the senate ? Did the constitution creai< the Institution of slavery ? L)ld Congress create slaver* Did New York, Pennsylvania and Maseai husetU nreati slavery as three in one? If they ilid not, they cannot alio Slates created slavery eaeh for itself before they csn?< Ush it :forno man or set of men can destroy that which be longs to others, and escape with Impunity. The separat into the Union; and when they did oomo Into the Union was there an express agreement that the slave State should ue, at any time, excluded from the public domain The slave States did not ratify the constitution on thos terms, but they will stand by the compromise, provide! no attempt in made to force from mum luriner couurB slons. Mr. B. bu taken the ground that the sUv -States are the movers in this matter, whereas the resolu lions were brought forward in defence He has als taken the ground that they were designedly brought for ward as a Urn- brand, for the express purpose of dlsmeno hering the Union, naving an eve to the extensive con quests at th? South. Both ofwnloh are false. I ventur to say that the South, or slave States, with John C. Ca! houn at its head, will never refer to slavery, except 1 Uetenoe of their constitutional rights, atid thoy, (thai rights.) cannot be changed by any ngotist In creation. Fcrnonal and Political. We notice the arrival at the City Hotel, of Capt. I D. Shaw, United States Navy, who was the gallant Com mander of the United States schooner " Petrel." at th bombardment of Vera Crui. His services on that ooca ion have placed him in that position, In which the ooui try will feel a sure guantee of hii future services. Major Gemrftl ratterson, of the army of the Unit* i* now la Wwbington, In fln? health tod splrlti Mauel rewtru'l'u.cf (VrUand, hi?l-i<?M , r,u??rwrr by Om Ml/gty j^Mijr ef M?|u? Boston, Aug. 14, 1M7. I hlaistchuMcltt l'olitict. No movement has jet been midi by the whlga of this State towards opening the campaign. I presume that we shall soon have a eall for a Whig State Convention published, and 1 hare as little doubt that such a Conveatlon will be numerously attended, aa I hare of Its being the seen* of quite aa animated a discussion as marked the sitting of a similar body last year. The " new whlgs" are in good splriU>nd are rusolutelylbent upon misohlef. If they can't have their own way. How much at heart they have the cause of the slave, it is nut possible to say; but it is very certain that they are making a rery pretty thing of it, In advancing their own ends. It is uncommonly pleasant to witness the disciples of a self-denying philanthropy so well rewarded for their exertions, in spit* or themselves; for to suppose that they are actuated by anything like selfishness in their movements, would be ungenerous, and contrary to what we all know of human nature. If these benevolent gentlemen obtain seats in Congress. high exeoutive offices, and the control of a party having vast means of influence, we aro to attribute such results to Frovidenoe, and bless It for making worldly suooess the child of a performance of a great duty. It reminds one of what Jerrold says of similar rewards of self-denial in the walks of private life Speaking of one of bis characters, he says?'1 He had the best oook, the rarest wines, the handsomest horses, the most superb wife!" It Is a pleasure to know this; it is a consolation to all who, like ourselves, look anxiously into the hearts of men,to find the temperate aDd the unworldly thus appointed:;io see them thus providentially rewarded. You will hear a good, lovely creature sing the praises of pure water?call it the wine of Adam when he walked in Paradise?when, somehow, fate has bestowed upon the eulogist the finest Burgundy. He declares himself contented ^with a crust, although a beneficent fairy has nudg a xai uuuncu or iwo in ms iiraer. abu men, jor woman, be uka?what la all beauty but skin-deep Dehold the lawful bed-lellow of the <juerlst; why, destiny baa tied him to an angel?a perfect angel, gave that, for a time she has laid aside her wings. Our heart thump*, our blood glows, when we find the lowly thus recompensed. Yes, it is delightful to aee those humble folk, who tunejtheir tongues to the honor of dry bread and water, competed, by the gentle force of fortune, to chew venison and swallow claret. But bare the abolition whig* of Massachusetts all these good things ' you may ask. Some of them they already possess, and it would seem that the remainder are about to be their's. There is no doubt that the abolitien element of wblggery is here fast obtaining the asoeudency; the best proof of which is, that (Jen. Taylor is no longer talked of by the party as its candidate for the presidoncy. Those who remember how effectually the abolitionists were floored in the whig convention of last year, but who have not paid much attention to our politics since that time, may be surprised ?n reading this; but? hat 1 say is true, if any opinion oan bsrelied upon that is formed from a careful perusal of whig papers, and from aonversing "with leading men of that party. The regular abolition wliigx are bold in their language, and do not hesitate to avow that they would prefer a democrat as sucoessor to Mr. Polk, to Oen. Tay lor, wn<n they declare, is asoutuern man wltn bouinum principles; and the democrat upon whom their eyes are turned, is no less a personage than Silas Wright, roinetime Oovernor of the State of New V ork. Tbe old whig*, it' not absolutely frightened at this, are disposed, at least, rather to eonoiliate the abolitionists than to denounce them; and they allow them, without contradiction, to flourish their charges of a new conspiracy against the north, by such men as Calhoun and Taylor, for that is precisely what all their writings amount to. Were the old whlgs to attempt to coerce their, abolition brethren alter tbe ancient fashion,il have no doubt the latter would leave the party in a body; and, should Col. Benton suoceed In forcing that gentleman upon the democrats as their candidate for the presidency, give their support to Mr. Wright. Hence the soft answer which turneth away wrath, is preferred in treating with them, rather than the rod prepared for the fool's back. Very little is said on the subjeot of electing a successor to Governor Briggs. That he will nave a successor is very evident; be has filled the plaee of "Supreme Executive Magistrate," to adopt the felicitous phrase of Gov. Morton, for four years, which is held by some people as reason enough lor consigning him to the agreeable shades of retirement. But there are other reasons for snelving him He has given unpardonable offence to the abolition whlgs, and they have booked him for doomed. The head and front of his offending consists in the part he took In tbe formation of the Massachuohetts regiment of volunteers, now in Mexioo. Governor Briggs did little enough, heavea knows, iu that business, and that little grudgingly, and ouly because be was and is too conscientious a man to disregard his oath of office. It is a pretty commentary on tbe everlasting gabble of our whlgs about the sacredness of the constitution, and the necessity which exists fcr having it administered by honest men, that they are ready to drop a man, whose only offence (if offence it be,) is that be did not disregard the constitution's requirements, and had an absurd distaste tor perjury. 1 believe that were the wbigs proper to rally firmly around Mr. Briggs, and refuse to allow him to be proscribed for an honest discharge of bis ofllolal duties, they would be successful, and would maintain themselves in power throughout ' New England for some years to oomc. But they have > uot tbe nerve to act boldly. Perhaps tbe near approach i of the presidential contest has rendered them more timid than usual. They are haunted with the idea that (l.un vuu.o ,<ufuatn,1 Ke oKnllflnnlsta In 1HJ.4 o rwt they are now running into tho fatal error of attempting to soothe those who will be satisfied with nothing short of the absolute control oi the party. It waa not abolitionism that defeated the whigs three years since. The ooalition oi the whigs with the " native Americans,'' it was that killed Henry Clay, and lad to the choice of J K Folk, that greatest act of electoral folly ever perpetrated since the bramble was chosen king of the trees. Mr. Abbot Lawrence is the favorite of the old whigs for the office of Governor; and they will not be remiss in any thing likely to bring about nis nomination, provided always that they do not run a great chanoe, in so doing, of forever offending their high mightinesses, the abolitionists. These latter prefer Mr. Stephen C. Phillips, of Salem, a red-hot abolitionist of the most ultra school. He Is the same gentleman whose nomination thoy so urgently pressed in the (Convention of last year. He has higher claim* now tUau he had then <0 their support, from his having written a foolish letter to Capt Korbes, of the Jamestown, in which he unpatriotically castigated the government of hia own country for the delectation oi foreigners. So furious are our abolitionists in their opposition to the Mexioan war. that they seem to have lost all American feeling, and are ready to clasp to their bosoms any man who may chanoe to nave distinguished himself by the warmth of his opposition t? his country's cause. They prefer Mr. Corwin for the i Presidency, not because he is a right-down, whole-souled fellow, which he is, however erroneous nay be some i of his political opinions; but because he made the bitr tercet and most able speech delivered in Congress against the war; and they are now ready to put Mr. i 1'nillips in nomination for Governor of Massachusetts, i because, ot all our publio men, he has given the most unmistakeable evidence of his vehement opposition to f all who have been engaged in the contest, from the President and Oen. Taylor down to the mildest drummer in the service. It would excite no surprise were Mr Phillips to receive the nomination, though the good men of the more reflecting portion of his party may prevent his suooess in the convention. Mr. Lawrenoe li the very > realization of a whig of the old school, and ought to receive the nomination. I will mention heie, that I have Kaaurf imam than Ana u.noa.d tk,. ?(.k initiation might fall upon Mr. Charles Hudnon, now, and i for several years past, a member of the U. 8. House of r Represent utlves. A more judicious selection could not, on many |accounts, be made, as Mr. Hudson is a thorough whig, and at the same time sufficiently an abolitionist in his ideas to please the great bulk of that section of the party. But, as he la a prudent and cautious man, I doubt If he Is very anxious to hare his name go before the convention. 1 Democrats here say that if their party were well ori ganized, and on its old footing, such as It was before i'olk and Morton succeeded in grinding it to dust, as it were between Mi* upper and the nether millstones, they would ' taking advantage of whlgtdissenslonii, carry the Htate next November. Perhaps so ; but I am inclined to think that it is precisely because of the tatai absence of dtrength from the democracy, that the whlgs are In a distracted condition. The wnigs can afford to indulge , In th t luxury of a family quarrel, now that there is no I great party pressing upon them, and ready to rush Into f any break that might happen to occur in thrlr line. It , was very different a few year* ago, whrn our demooracy , were used to poll some fifty-five thousand votes. Au 9 opposition of that degree of strength was to be kept from power only by presenting a united whig front to thetn r The best proof of the utter prostration of the democracy here, is to be found in the fact that tho whin* havd , ceased to be united, and that Lhi y do not condescend to , lake into account, in their calculation!, the exiUence of , any such party in their midst. They have no fear that the democrat* oan under any circumstances pro lit from , their dissensions Formerly, they regarded their adversaries with that degree of respect which power in any of its manifestation* must always command, as armed men, ready for any emergency, and panting for action and oonfldent of ultimate sucoeas; now, they do not look upon them as having pith and marrow enough to constitute a corporal's guard of respeotable scarecrows. ' Electric Tklf.okahi in E*a lank.?The ElectrlcTeletrraph i ompany is now erecting premises in Letltbury where the wlrvs from the different railway stations will be brought uuder tlie streets totbeirseverul departments. 1 and where tho publto will bare access for the comuiuiii' cation of messages with the principal towns of the Kingdom Wo were yesterday invited to the temporary of1 flees of the company In the Htrand, to insprot the instruments and apparatus constructed for the various opera' i.ions connected with the traiismlssioii of intelligence; ] tud the contemplated schemes, wneu brought fully into | ylay, premise to realise advantages to the m>-rcautil? world. as well as to private convenience, tho extent of which dud s all calculation. We were shown an apparatus by which it is proposed to furnish the principal sub[ Hcripilon-room* of the towns within the compass of the ' telegraphs, either laid, or laying down, with daily" ship, share._and Stock Kiohange lists, prices current, and all , other nuctuatlng DMWK of a 1IK?> kind. The machine by , which thin I* to be effected in capable of transmitting j Irora one tbounand to two thoussnil letter* a minute It j oonslsU of a mutal roller, upen which presses a ?pring in connection with the win extended between the two given points of communication. The roller being atn taohed to ouu pol# of the battery, and the earth to the other, the electric current flow* continuously down the 0 wire, but If a slip of paper, which is a nonconduotor, be placed between, with a series of heles punched out. upou ^ it, as long as the springs are separated from the roller by , the paper, no current p*sa?*, but the paper being d *a*u * rapidly along as the springs o<>me in contact with the l_ cylinder by pasMng a hole, a current of electricity traverses the wire, producing upon the paper at the other r end an analogous bluett mark. These rollers being set in motion by machinery so as to pass three or four thousand perorations a minute, arrange 1 according to a system. beneath tbe spring, a lengtuened correspondence , may be completed In a very short time The machines. it is said, will be sn Arranged, that the message will 11 y ' from one to the other,so as to transmit to more than uue plaoo at the same momunt. That all this will be accouipltshed there oannot be a shadow of doubt, for the example* that were submitted to us of the practical working of the Instrument were as satisfactory a* possible ? d suggesting no lem amazement than irati'tloatlon at the l. I velocity of th? ptoeemi, wUiuh will mortly, m It were, c I th* ettr?iniM<? ?.f kingdi-iu tigethn Tba ] iomi ta4 elM* itltk MW tf?trpp<11? wD) at i ??f f 1 ' ' ~??1 be pat into communication, It m?y not be uninteresting to enumerate; whllo others will be added mm the t<degraph*extendalong th? railway* now in progress. They are aa follow*:?Margate. Ram'gate, DeJ, Dover. Kolkestones, Canterbury. Maidstone, Toubridge, Go*port, Southampton, Winchester, Dorcheatar, Bristol, Gloucester. Cheltenham, Peterborough. Yarmouth, Huntingdon. Hertford, Northampton, Coventry.Blnningbam, Wolverhampton, Stafford. Chester, Llvarpool, Manchester, Lmeeater, Darby, Nottingham, Lincoln, Cheaterfleld, Hradlbrd, Wisbcaob, Lowestoff, Cambridge, Chelmsford. Ipawlch, Rotherham, Barnsqy, Wakefleld, Leeds, Halifax, Rochdale. Hull, York, Darlington, New?*rw'ck, Kbinburgh, Glasgow, Scarborough, Bridlington. Stamford, Norwlrh, St. ire*, Ware, Colcheater.? London Sea. dard, July 13. Collision on the Sot ni>.?We learn from George Kellinger, Enq., U. S. Mail Agent, that about four o'clock thin morning, aa the steamer C. Vanderbilt wa* off Huntington light, she was run Into by a sloop, the bowsprit of which peuetrated through the kitchen, carrying away soma of the staj?, and doing other damage. No blame is attached to either vessel, the fog being very dense. and every effort made to prevent the collision.?Bottom Travlltr,Jlvg 14. Richelieu Go.tl Fene?Dlnmoiul Point* The IKijmUnty of these pens liave. aorely perplexed the wiu of rival denlers; aod a? tliry cauuot inju'e tliein bv Inir competition, they are uow resorting to misrepresentation. The "Richelieu*," however, are not to be affected either by the cr-ift oi cunning of opponents. 'Ihry are foraile, $2 only, by B fc. WATSON k CO., 45 Williim street, one do..r lielow Wall street,opposite Merehuits Kxchauge, and J. Y. 8AVAGK, 9* Pulton street. Levi Browu's Pens,$l.a redaction of50 cents. Iliclielicu's, $2, cqunl to the best. Other Gold feus with silver peucils, from 75 ceuts to SI 50. Pens carefully repaired. Gold Pei???J? W. Oreaton A Co., 71 Cedar street, New ^York^ anil 45 Ch'stout^street.^ Philadelphia, wnoieojie mm icwi ucsini in <tu ?hivu ui vmju i cui, .ma Ould aud Silver Peu anil Pencil Csses, n.vite ilie attention of purchasers to their assortment The ureal reduction they have ecently made in their scale of pricea brings tht in now within the reach of all, ui .king their pricea full SO ceuts ou a peu leia thin ill* pricea of any other houses in the "nde. Any style of pen that their rivalj aell for$2, ORKATON 8c CO. will sell for $1 an. Traveling Drt(ilii|( Caul? 1'h. exceedingly small compass in which tlie subscribat-s have placed every tiling uecaaaarv for the toilet, without destroying their usefulness, and the haudaoine and substantial manner tu which they arc made, render these rases superior lo any manufactured. An exainiuatiou canuot fail of being satisfactory. U. SAUNDKHhftaON.m Broadway. Flue Cutlery?The Mubacrtbers' assortment embraces every possible variety pattern of Pen, 1'ocket, Desk, and Sporting Knife, with a large variety of clioice Razors, which will be warranted to the purchaser. Also, Scissor*. Nail Files, Tweezers, lie. . . a. SAUNDERS It SON. 177 Broadway, a few dbors above Courtlaudt st Harvey Burdcll, M. D , Dentist, has retarued to the city, where his professional services cau be obtained a i usual at nis office and residence, 362 Broadway. Teeth: Teeth J?Timid and nervous persons. with decayed aud aching teeth, who are dr? rous of having them extracted witnour pain, or those in want of teeth on atmospheric prtisure.will please call on Dr.Brown and Brother, and inhale the sleeping ?as. This is a safe and desirable mode to h?ve a'I painful operationi performed. Tootliach cured without pain 40 Tee h filled with white crmeut 50 DK. HROW x ?c BHOT1IKK, 109 Broadway, 5 doors above Grand street, west side. A Beautiful Article of Flour?We have examined some Flour at the store of Messrs. I) wight Johnson k Co., 104 Broad street, which is of a most superior tjnality. It was manufactured from selected wheat, expressly for family aud pastry use, by Mrssrs. Beaumont tic llolliiigsworth, of Zanesville. Ohio. It was in beautiful order, being well packed iu neat and well secured barrels. In fiuen?ss and color.it ei|U?lled, if it aid not surpass, any thing of the kind hitherto ottered iu this market for family use. We also learn that it is well adapted fur shipment to the West Iudies, as its good condition will guarrantce its kreping in any climate. The New York Inspectors have fixed the brand of extra quality upon it, which it so well merits. We understand that Messrs. Dwight, Johnson tic Co will con'inue to receive consignments of it from the ruterprizing millers, who deserve great credit for their skill and care iu ...nl, ... ,Mi,l? r?, r.,,,,1,. ..... ..,/l .1, ? as desire to use flour of * superior luality. will be able to yo. cure it ou very reasonable terms. Thine who liar* tneil it in die |<re aratiou of domestic bread aud pastry, speak of iu excelluat character iu the highest terms. A CONSUMERTeeth X TeetblUTeeth Inserted without jiaiu aud warranted good as the natural oues, for biting and mastication. A complete double set of best mineral ieet'< oil fine g'<ld plates, S50. A set of best miueral.on fine gold plutes, forth* upper jaw, to be worn by atmospheric pressu o.$30. Single tooth, from $1 to$A, by Dr. JO.mES, 170 Broadway, corner of Maiden Lane. SatMondiTu Navigation of Uu Ohio Klver. Placet. TSme. Slate of Louisville.. ,. .Aug. 9.., .4 feet fl In. falling. Wheeling. Aug. 10. . ..3 feet tiJLn. Pittsburg Aug. II... .3 feet 7 In. falling. Cincinnati Auk. 10.. . . G feet standing MOKTKY MARKET. Sunday, August 15?0 p. M. During the past week nothing ot mportanco hu transpired in the stock market. Prices generally havu been pretty firmly maintained, and holders have been pretty firm in their pretensions, there having been very few of the fancies thrown upon the market. The most important movement whloh we have notioed, is the steady depredation in Treasury notes. Slnoe the close of last week there has been a deoline of nearly two per oent, and the tendenoy is still downward. It was reported early in the week that the government brokers were selling these notes, through their agent in this oity, which with the oomplexion of the last quarterly report from the Treasury department, and the advices from the seat of war, hare depreciated the market value of these notes ery materially. The rapid inoraase of expenditures on acoount of the war, the immense amount of debt already contraoted, and the strong probability of that amount being very largely increased before hostilities with Mexico terminate, have induced many holders of Treasury notes to realise at preaent prloes, under the impression that they will sometime hence be able, if they wish, to oome in again aa purchasers at much less prloes than thoso now ruling. The loans made at previous sessions of Congress, were supposed at the time to bo sufficient to meet ail the expenditure* of the government on account of the war and every thing else, up to the 1st of July, 1848. The expenditure* for the quarter ending July 1st. .1847 amount to about fourteen millions of dollars more than the receipts, notwithstanding the receipts from customs and other sources, were near equal to the estimates. At this rate the last loan of twenty-three million?, (>'23,000,000) will be completely consumed by the ond of the present quarter?Ootober 1st, 1847. The first movement which Congress will be required to make will bo to provide ways and means to carry on the war, unless In the meantime we should succeed in buvlnx or conquering a peace. We must prepare for the creation of * debt much larger than that we are now burdened with. There 1( no escape from It. The War and Navy Departments are, however, keeping a strict aocount of the expenditures, and the Treasury Department is giving all the necessary credits lor revenue received, and other sources of Income. and the balance, whatever it may be, will have to be liquidated to the last farthing, by the government and the people of Mexico. The peoplaof the United States may rest assured that we shall reoelve from Mexloo a quid pro quo for every dollar of expenditure on aooount of this war, prinoipal and Interest, and a pretty handsome bonus Into the bargain. We shall, In a few days or weeks, have possession of all the prinoipal points in Mexico The next move, after having established a military government In those plaoes, will be to take possession of the gold and silver mines, and plaoe a large foroe to protect them, and increase the operators In working them. As soon as all these arrangements are perfected, It will become neocssary to establish a tariff of direct taxes, to be levied for the support of the army of occupation, necessary for the preservation of any form of government we may ohooee to give that country. The approaohlng session of Congress will settle all these questions, and It Is our Impression that some system will be adopted whereby the Treasury Department a*, Washington will be relieved of a vast deal of the outlay which has for the past eighteen mouths drained It so freely. Military contributions have, in all ages, been resorted to for the purpose of sustaining an invading army, and unless our government resort to the same system, and stop the expenditure) of money?raised by loans In our own oountry among the enemy, for supplies furnished our army, at most ruinous prlciia, there will be no end to the amount of public indebtedness a few months will create. 80 Inn? KB nin umwnrl from nna to three millions Of dollars per month, iu specie, among the enemy, the presence of our army will bo rather* desirable thing than an evil, a benefit rather than an Injury, to be encouraged ly the anemy rather than discouraged. The government of the United State* hare, from the commencement of the war, pursued steadily, amidst all | the opposition to the contrary, a conciliatory course; It i has purohaaed of the Mexicans and paid for every article necessary for the army, and avoided everything oalculated to Injure the non-combatants of that oountry. We must, as toon as the city of Mexico Is ocoupled by our foroee, abandon this method of carrying on the war or U will last till the orack of doom. We trust the Ki cutiveor Congress will bring about an Immediate revolutlon in this matter The doubt and uncertainty that exists relative to our aflalrs'wltli Mexico have bad rather a depressing influence 1 opon the stock market, and until something mora defln, ite Is known relative to the movement* of our army and the progress of the negoclatiou* reported to have been proposed by the Mexic tn Government, we cannot expect any Improvement in prices or in extent of transaction*. The annexed statement exhibit* the quotation* for the principal (took* In thl* oarket for eaoh day of the past week, miJ ?t the nlOM of tfa* trf ?k pr?*vbw it will b? j p#rc*lr?tl Mitt Imh irwhi no toatvrinl tfcrUHfli I