Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 29, 1848, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 29, 1848 Page 1
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TH VkOl? 9>ra 1V0!45. BY OVERLAND EXPRESS. vbws raow wbiico. SANTA ANNA'S POSITION RELATIVE TO PEACE. The State of Affairs between the American and Mexican Republics. ORDERS FROM GEN. SCOTT TO QUARTER ON THB ENEMY. lie, &e. be. [From the New Orleana Picayune Extra, Fob. 21.] The royal mail steamer Dee arrived at Ship Island on Sunday, the 30th Inst. from Vera Crut. She left Tampioo en the 11th, and Vera Crua on the ISth Inet. She had on board fire passengers for Havana, five for England, and t*n for thi? oity Among the latter ware Major Dimick. U. 8 A ; Dr WUey, fleet surgeon, U S. N.j M'tle Dlmler. The Dse had on board $180,000 in apeele, and 3M oeroona eoohlneal. The newa from Mexico by thia arrival la important. The oourier of the English Legation had arrived at Vara Crua, having l?ft the oapiUl on the 18th Inst?four davs later than our previous advioea. The American Star, ?f the 11th, oontaina the offioial announcement of the oonelueion of a treaty of peaoe under tne signature 01 senor nosa, ma Minister or noreign Relatione. There was yet no quorum of ths Congress at Querekaro, from which olty our date* are to the 10th inst, but m majority of the deputies in the olty are represented as approving the treaty The Star of tne ilth says that at meeting or the deputies on the 7th there were twentyfour present. It requires nearly thrioe this number to form a quorum General L?ne reaohed Mexico from Orizaba on the 10th inst, without further adventure Lieutenant O. A. Scott, of ths 4th Kentuckey Volunteers, is dead. General Smith's brigade was reviewed on the 10th Inst, by Major General Butler. ? Col. Clarke, with his command, was at Cuernavaea on the 9ih inst. Gen. Alvares was making great efforts to cut off his supplies, and the oolonel in turn was takiug every means to thwart the deeigns of the redoubtable commander of the Pintot. DESPATCHES AND TROOPS. The bearer of despatches for Gen 8cott, who left New Orleans on the steamer Virginia, took his departure from Vera Crua for the oapital the morning of the 12th Inst .under an esoort of about fifty dragoons, Capt. Taylor, or " Twiggs' Riflemen," Baltimore Volunteers. The detachment took up a letter mall for the army. Seventy-four men for tbe New York volunteers, under Lieutenant Hill, were landed at Vera Cruz on the 11th lust t rom the ship Maid of Orleans. POSITION OF APFAIRS BETWEEN THE TWO REPUBLICS. The following artiole was prepared by the Star, evidently for transmission to this country by the British courier. It appeared in the number of the 13th inst Many of our papers will go to the United States, and ferhars a few words in regard to the present position of he relatione between the two governments may be acceptable to our home readers. We are of opinion that the prospeot for an adjustment of the diffloulties between the two republlos was never more favorable than at this moment. It has been oSoially announoed by the Minister of Relations, at Querelaro, that a treaty of peaoe was signed on the 2d Inst. at Guadalupe, between Nioholas P. Trist, commissioner on tbe part of the United States, and Srs Cauto, Cuevas, and Atristlan, commissioners on the part of the Mexioanngovernment The document making this announcement i? conceived in a most exoellent spirit, and evinces a disposition on the part of Pena y Pena, to use the Influence of his high position, both with the people and the governors of tbe States, to unite all opinions in support of the treaty. The response of the governors to the oiroular of the minister, asking their oo-operation, will probably be shortly known, it does not appear that they have any mora knowledge in regard to the treaty than the mass of the people. The oahiaet at Queretaro very properly preserves a strict sllenos on the sub ?v 1UUUUIUBI Will on IIWIW ftUUIII Immediately upon the Mumbling of Congress. The President of the republic is usiug all hla influence for the uuion of the m-mbem for the performance ef their legislative duties Thus far hl? means have not bo*.? c .aniens urate with his efforts. But twenty-flva members bare yet appeared at the preliminary meetings, though It ia believed that the severe penalties ordered to be indtotad upon the recusant deputies will hava the efleet of aeouriog a quorum at no very distant Probably thara la as much known In the United States In regard to the treaty as in tbia city. By the mamas it ia generally belie**! that it was despatched to Washington by express. Immediately after its ratification by the eoiLmlssienera here. Several of the Mexican journals affirm that it yields California, New M?xico and i'exas. pays liTrt millions to our citizens for claims, and guarantees th? payment of fifteen millions to Mexico for the territory surrendered by bar. It la not worth while to speculate upon the alleged character of the treaty until we have something offloial before us upon whioh to form an opinion. Tbe Mexican provinces named are all in possession of our troopa at this time, and we bold them by right of ocoupation. California and New Mexico are a mine of wealth in themselves, and if the indemnity to the United Slat' s provided in the treaty be am pie,tbe general policy in the rmy of ooonpallon will be In favor of peace No one desires war fcr the mere purpose of oonqueat, and all, We feel oonfldent, will sanation an honorable settlement of existing differences We have taken soma pains recently to ascertain tbe sentiments or tbe army on this question, and we believe that two-thirds of it are in favor 01 an honorable peaoe : in cthtr words, tbey are ready A ? a-1? a.?? - -?? i-*-- < > Ua ?'->11 *4i eaiita<l mffnrtm i lid BUBMiiU tUB aiiUIJUlBblHItUU IU AMI icu-uu to oar* lbs attainment 01 this great ot>j?ct. We congratulate our reader* in the United States upon this iavotable aspect of the question, and we trust that nothing may occur to prevent its consummation to successful issue. P<?na y Pena if tbe man for the crisis, and it is the ardent hope of all Americans in Mexico, that he may be sustained by Congress and by the people. Letters from tiueretaro. *KD(i intelligent gentleman who are confers* it with thu state of affairs in that city, affirm that be will b< But we must await the event. The disposition of tbe troops continues nearly tbe faiuo as at the date of our last article for tbe states Colonel Clarke's brigade, however, has sinoe left tbe city for Cnernavae*. Alv?res, who hiis a considerable foroe in the Tioinily, is endeavoricg to embarrass him by cutting olf his Mipp>iee The stringent measures ot Col Clarke, however, will oouataraot the efforts of tbe Mexico.i geueral. Th? health of our troops Is not so good as we wlsli It were, the typhoid foyer prevailing to a considerable extent In some regiments, principally, however, among tbe now recruits As ib?y leave the oity ior the Interior, the health of the soldiers will no doubt muoh Improve. We may add that we learn that the 4th Kentucky Regiment baa applied for periui*sioa to occupy Paohuca. ami that fuUncingo, a delightful city, about tbe siie of Jalapa, some forty miles east of l'aohuca, will also shortly be oocupioi QUKRBTARO. We have uothipit of interest from (^ueretaro, though our rtat?e nr? to Wednesday Another meeting of tbe Deputies ia to he held to-morrow, There were various gents present trom tbe principal houaes in ihe city, of fering resources to tbe government. Tbe Minister ot the Treasury. however, bad no arrangement with any of tbrm, though much in uc?d of funds There is much life mid animation in the city, commerce wan reviving, and those who abandoned the government in it* mlafcr tun?s. were coining trom every part to otf?r their respects and obtain their salaries It would ream trom tola, that the g?n. ral belief that peace would roou corn*, vii creating confidence among the people and bringing about a better state of feeling. ? Star, Fch. 13. SANTA ANNA. loth* Star of the 13th we find the following artiole in regard to Hanta Anna 11 in ot much importance The Monitor of yesterday give* an extract of a latter written by a peraon of dlatlnctlon, which My*:?" Qen 8inU Anna haa asked tor a passport to enable him to leave the Republic, and haa recommended hia friends to Sustain a p.^aoe. and tha government of i . ria y Pena " The name piper cites an artirle in tha Constitution, pro Hbiiiugtb* President of th? Republic from leaving the territory while in the exercise of the supreme oomuiand. ?ni one year afterwards. Another Hu>?retare oorrespondeut of the ,W<tn<fr Intimates that Santa Anna'a official communication! in regard to hia passport, tko , will ha published. We hardly know what to make of this raovmeut of the ex-President, and at first wera inclined to rllacredit the statement altogether If It be true, however, that he reoommends hia friends to sup port the gi>veinment of Pena y evinces a very sudden change of opinion inSan'aAnna. We suspect that il' any .inch recommendation has been m?de. it ia for the purpose of securing a safe egress from the Itepnb to, rather than of giving any sincere support to the pacific policy of Per* y Pena We may add. while on thl* entjsct, that la Bandtra il'l fwhlo at Guanajuato, brings as a letter from the writer in this city, in regard to the late flight of Santa Anna from bis haoienda at Tehuaoan. It proceeds from the gentleman escorted by lanoers who was met hers by Oen. I,*ne on his wav trom Santa Anna'a realdeuoe The writ?r sajs he gave a wan fllty dollarn for hurrying across thf Held* to apprise the ex President of On Lane's approach, as?urlog the messenger that that distinguished functionary would pay htm still more handsomely. The letter continue*: I should add. that th? gorernineut of (jueretaro, in agr^^ment with Scntt, h?? reaolred upon the imprisonment of Oen. Hants Anna, in ordT to Remove the only obstacle In the way of oon' eluding a p-aoe. The government has been guilty o the btaokest of treason*. Men who have drawn theii blood froltn the heroen of the Independence, seek to shed that of tjhe Illustrious Oen. Bant* Anna, to remove hin from the scene as the only obetaole to the conclusion o a treaty of peaoe, And they are right, for Gen. Sauti Anna will never consent te the dishonor and infkmy o: his ooufitry The editor of Lit Bundrr/i adds that i treaty f>t peace ha* been signed, and that nothing li wanting* but the Imprisonment of Hanta Ana* W. give thewe paesagee for what they are worth, but thi reader i/lll observe that they are singularly at variano with thte statement* of the Monitor'! Queretaro norres poadeais. Botli the State and ntpitel of Oajaoa, whither Santi Anna /sought aa mjIiub, when M JaoUy panue4 ty Uea i. i ? i. ii .mm i. l i i in , 11 E- NE N?V Lin*, have refused to extend isy aid to the fugitive exPresident The turbulent genius of Hanta Anna, and hi* ambition for oomnand, says the writer, have destroyed the confidence of the'people la him, and no donbt trlren rlae to the step The General's horses war* compelled to tarn towards CoscutlaD.?Star, Fib. 13. QUARTKRIISU ON THK KNK.MY. We publish the followiug order of tien. Smith, leaa for ita importanoe here, than to show how thoroughly Otn Scott is o.rrylng into effrot the orders of our gorernment to quarter on the enemy:? Orrica or Citil and Militabt Oovkrnok J National PaUc?, Mexioo, Fob 4, 1H1H ) To insure tranquillity and good 'order la ttte neighborhood ot the city of Mexico, all that part of the territory commonly known as the yalley cf the basin of }lexioo, including the places hereinafter named, is annexed to the " Federal District," and placed under the jurisdiction of the Ayuntamiento of the city, for all purposes of police and revenue. The quota of the contribution to be paid by the City and Federal District, including the Valley, is $400,000 per num. and tne net $-26H,331, by the remaining part of the State oi Mexioo?all to b? paid in equal monthly portions, those of December and January beiug now due. The following Is a list of the subdivisions, town* ?.nd Tillages, included under this deiree In the Federal District : ? kast ok mexico Dlvitioni?Municipalities. Tvxoeco?Texoooo, Papalotla, Atengo, Aoolman, Chiautla, Chiooloapam, Tepetlastoo, Calpulalpan Teotihuacan?Teotlhuaoan, Oturnt a, Axapu.100, Temasoalapa, IVoamao. .San Cristobal Ko?Upec. Chaloo?Chaloo, Tialmanaloo, Ameoamsoa, Tepopula, X'ochltepe i, Ozumba, Totoiapa, Tlayacapa, Tlahuao, Ixtapaluoa, Ayotzlngo. west ok mexico. Divit ions ? Hum cipalities. 1'LALNKhAifTLA?Tlalnepantla. Tultitlan. Hulxouiln oa, Moute-B?jo. Vlouie-Alto. Nauoalpan Zumfanuo.?Zumpango, Tequis(iuiao,Nastlalpan,Tluoipoatia. Cuautitlai*.? Cnsutitlan, Tepotiotlan, T?oloyucan, IIu?buetoca, Tultepeo. Tlaltam ?Tlalpam, Xoobimllao, Coyoaoan, MilpaAlta, Toyahualoo. Had Angel, Santa Fe. Tulancinoo ?Tulanelngo, Atotoniloo K1 Urande, Huasoazaloya, Aooroohitlan, Tutotep?o, Tenango, Huchuetla, /inguiluca Pacuuca.?Paobuoa, Mlnwal Del Monte, Mineral Del Ohioo, Uempoala, Tizayucan. Aham.?Apam, Teprapuloo. By the Uovernor: ;U. P. HAMMOND, Seoretary The following is the latent order we see from uen Soott: IIcADquAaTKKS or thk Army, ) Mexico, Feb. 1*2, 1848. ) OKNEKAI. eROKB8-nO. 64 The 68th artiole of war direots that " all public stores Uken In the enemy'* oamp, towns, forte or magazines ? whether of artillery, ammunition," 8to.," shall be seoured for the serrioe of the United States," or th? orders of gorernment by treaty or otherwise Until the reoeipt of suoh superior orders, not a pieoe of captured artillery or ordnance, and no oaptured ammunition, or other materiel, will be taken from any of the torts or cities held by the Ameriean army in this Republic, except for immediate service in the existing war. By oommand of Mej Uen Soott: H. L 8GOTT, A. A. A. <i. ROBBKKY. A gentleman who came down from Toluoa yesterday, says that about midway botweea that place and this city, a small party of muleteers were attacked by banditti, and one or them kllleJ The robbers then took some dry goods and put off Our informant is an American, who left Toluoa in th? deligenee ia the morning About fifty guerrilleros, headed by a priest, stepped the diligence to look for Amerioans. but flu dirt.; none s they supposed, allowed it to prooeed on.?Star, Feb. 13. AFFAIRS IN THK INTERIOR. [ Spsoial correspondence of the Picayune ] Mexico, Jan 26, 1848.?The San Luis prononoiamento in likely to prove as abortive an the friends ot peace muld with Tha Governors of J?aoateoaa, iviiohoacan. Guanajuato and .Jalisco repudiate it, and Gen Bu?Uaiente, to whom the ommand of the revolted foroaa bad b?en offered, daolines the honor, suiting that he owes allegiance to the Supreme Government, whioh he is not iisposed to forfeit. In no part rf the country that haa been beard from has It met with the slightest favor; not rren in 8an Luis itself, the governor having been arrested on his attempt to promulgate it na a law.whon he resign?d Rosa.the Minister of Foreign Relations,baa published a document in answer to the pronunoiamento almost aa !V.^.,'U t}w President's qtpaase. J^l* frttfWrtWU* "inject of peace. It la~the drat time 1 have seen any thing favorable to a treaty of peace, coming from an official source. He pronounce* the San Luis plan a project for the dissolution of the republio, and rhowe the orimioality of dividing the foroea and weakening the reaonrces of the supreme government, at a moment when they are straining every energy to place tbe couutry in a proper poait on for defence. He saya the inevitable result of the movement, if successful, would be to leave tho republio w.tbout a government, aud subdivided into ao many conflicting powers aa to fall an eaay prey to the enemy. There were only 'twenty-five members of the new Congress at Queretaro on tbe 31st It seems to be impossible to get a quorum of members theie. some statin*; that they weie sick, and others declaring their inability to defray the expenses ot their journey. There was a preliminary meeting held on that day; at which one of the members present moved that t<;e anb-deputies be called in till tbe regulars shruU arrive, and another that the custom houses should tutniih them funds for their expenses. In Vert Cms there had been no election, and the on? which had been held in Osjaco waa .(lI .<,11 o n .< ,,n.> nr.1>?,{ The clergy of Guanajuato bar* published an inflammatory appeal to the people, calling upon them to arrest the progress of tbe invaders and avenge the incuts offered to their country. They attribute all the evil* they have hitherto suffered, to the >upineness and cowardioe of the people themselves ; but exhort them to buckle on their armor, and see if Provtdenee won't assist th*ra this time. Now, this Is all very fl&e and patriotic, but when ? e conaider that tbe insults and sufferlngathey cpeak of, u ire never been felt by them, and that they are not called upon to take part in the conflict, we may deteot a little selfishness in the exhortation General Cadwalader addressed a letter to tbe governor of the Stat* of Mexico, aeking for the St%te's portion of the revenue asaeaaed upan it by the Am?rioan uthorltiei1 The governor replied tbftt he would never lend hla co-operation to obtain It. Th- legislative aanembly have eapreaaed a with to the governor that some aotion might be had upon the subject. Santa Anna is still at T?hua*an. or waa on the 21at.? lie bad addressed another communication to the Mexican governm?>nt. complaining tbat bia report* or the totiona before the oity had not been correctly published, Sto Something in this addr-ss hna drawn lorth old Oeueral TeTres, who publishes a long anawer in 'he Monitor, in whinb he completely expoaea tbe oowardioe and incapacity of Santa Anna. It ia a pity General Lane Aiid Colonel Hays did not pay bim a visit on their way to Orizaba, aa tiiry mig'it have furnished him the subject for another vindication. Nothing has been heard from this ootnmand since ihey left Puebla. A letter from an officer of the 9th infantry, stationed at raohuca, stated that he had just returned from a 'r,.lun....n? fAffi. mill! frnm than. aftmr .L.f .?.?UU,U,U,aVU..,.V.V I ?rauta. The padre, however, had left the place mm t?n hours previous to their arrival, at the head of three >iundred men The Americans numbered about nine" iy. From another soutce I hear that ten thousand dollars were levied upon Tulanrlngn. I t egret J'o be comp-llad to* state the death of Msjor h i ward Webster, ol tiie Masaachusetts volunteers, and youngeU son of the Hon. Daniel Webster. He lett his native State as the senior eaptala of the regiment, and was subsequently ohosen to the post which ha held at the time ot his death lie w?s buried on Tuesday evening, and the soene at the grave was deeply Impressing, lie wti universally popular, and will be ?s universally mourned. His Interment here was but temporary, and bis remains will be conveyed for final sepulture to the iund ot his birth Four Me*lnans have been tried before a Oouncil of war on the charge of promoting desertions from the American army. Three were touud guilty, acd two were sentenced to hard labor, one for a month, and the other during the war. l'lie third was sentenced to be <hot,and the execution was to take [d*c* this mnraing; hut tieueral scott Reprieved him uutll Lie first of Kebruary Among the many games practiced by the leprros to defraud our soldiers, is the following rather ingenioa* "ne: ?They s e a soldier with silver, and immediately offer to exchange American gold v, ith him for the plain Nine times rut of ten the soldier gladly scoept* the proposal, and when th* ex ill ume is etf^oted they pretend to be dissatisfied with their am iunt, and demand their gold bank again. This being agreed to. they hand the soldier th < same number ?t dollars they eroeived from him -but nil counterfeit This new way of passing bogus tbey have practiced to a considerable extent; but the other day a party of five were detected iu the aot, and accommodated wlih quarters iu prison. Me iv nirt* Lhss^lcsf sf fit"./"i in an StiTi arrived her* on Sunday evening 1 not, with a Urrfe mail, ?nd hb escort or twenty dragoons A rather amusing incident occurred to him oo >h* road Wh?n they arrived at Nopaiun?n, about .1 o'clock 1m the morning. they hoard the well kuown Mexican hail of Quim tiiue" from a house In the pls*?, and bang went a couple of escopet* The advauo? party Immediately fell baok, and every preparation wa? made to oharire through the euemy. On entering the plaz* they wnr? (tnluta>i with a heavy volley, which fortunately injured no one, and Ihey inimedi tely charged upon the party, and drove th?m InRide a house VVhlle deliberating about breaking iu the door, a voice asked thera If they weie Yankees, ant* reply being made In Kugllnh, the door opened and Ool Dominguei poked hie beautiful face out Mutual explanation* were made, and th*y parted, eaoh party glad to know that the other* were not injure* Hart'* theatrical company from Vera Crn? in expected up here with theflr/it train It la said that ha will bring the Blangy, Dan Marble, Collin*, Sic , with hiui Mmco, Keb. 1, 1H48 There i* mme prospect ol a quorum being <-l>.nined at <4uer?Aaro by the 8th inat On the i4th ult. there were thirty-fomr deputies and twelve senator* there, and some fifteen mora left here yesterday. The Treaident bad sent out oiroular* to the members, begging th?m to come on, and the general Impreeeion Is that the preliminaries of a treaty of peace will be the first thing preisnted to than for oonaideration. Lai Dtbatei, published at Uueretaro, ha* a letter from one of Ita correspnndents, wliloh say* that 18 000 men, with ona thousand osnnon (a cannon for every fifteen men) had arrived at Havana, eonveyvd by foar ftpaoiah abiyt ol WM, (or U>? parpOM Of aMtottBf U?* W 10 V YORK, TUESDAY MO Mexleana In taking vengeance on tlie Yankees. The Utter wm doubtless written from tbla city. and emanated 1 from a oontemptlble olique who are atr .lining every nerve to prevent the consummation of a treaty ef pease, and who hare an organ here. It 1a composed of a number of foreigner* and some f?w Mexicans, who are enriching themselves by thc.r co'itr*ctn. and who look upon the withdrawal of the r.nny. uud r any circumstance*, I ai the moat rnlnoua thin? it..* ?---? - ? o ?? ? meir lntere-ts. Th?y are comparatively few 1* number*, hnwever, and have but little influence; but. the " al migbty dollar" being their object, tbey are indetstlgabi* lit their efforts to give that tone to the publio mind here, wbiohthey consider most conducive to their interests. Nor do they intend to con tit, e their movements to this oountry, as I understand that money has been subscribed, and ftgents sent on to established annexation papers in different parts of the United State*. I speak, of course, of the leaders of this party here?there being, doubtless, many sinoeremen in their ranks, who are opposed to peace trim a ootylotion that it wonld only result In restoring Mexico te her former position of a military despotism, and who look upon annexation, or ut least a military occupation, as the only mean* of relieving ber from the intolerable burdeu at misrule she has so long been compelled to enJure. The Governor and Vioe Governor of Han Luis have l)?i?n restored to their former positions, but the . ational Guard, under the control of the Legislature, have complete oommand of the Department The pronunoiamento appears to have fallen completely to tbe ground, uot having met with favor from any quarter of the Republic. Ulaguibel, the Governor of tbe State of Mexico, baa been arrested and thrown into prison by Alvarez The cause of this revolutionary movement does not appear to IkA Tarv nUnrlii + iA i- -",<l * *" l4" " ? .... j viav av < > "?u tu in uwiug [O IDS refusal of Oltguibel to release the State prisoners confined at Toluca, on the approach of the Americans.? These prisoners, 100 in number, arrival hern yesterday from Toluca, iu charge ot a oompany of the 3d drt^oons, under command of Lieut Dlvtsr. A priest and two or three Mex loans bad been arrested by Gen Cadwaladt-r. In the act of inoiting our aoldiers to desert. Qen. C. will probably be here in the oourse of this week. Col. N. 8 Clarke, with his brigade, left here this morning to oocupy Cuernavaoa, which lies about fifty miles to the southwest, and contains a population of about 8.000 His brigade oonsists of the 1st Infantry, under Major Miller, the l.rMh lufantry, under Major Woods, Lovell's battery and the Georgia mounted men. The Monitor of yesterday has a letter from Orizaba under date of January 9, whloh states that mo Am<rl cans had reached that plaoe, probably General Lane's command. He says that they attaoked Tehuacan and killed various persons of distinction, but that Sanla Anna had eseaprd to Huujuapan I yesterday paid a visit to Molino del Key, for the purpose of being present at a review of the troops there by General Butler. The 3d and 4th Tenneeseans. commanded by Colonels Cheatham and Waterhouie. and the 5th ludianans, under Colonel Lane, passed in review before the general and his stall, and elicited much commendation for their clean, neat app -aranci and soldier-like bearing. The turn out was small, how ever, being no more than UOO men for the three regiments Sickce.s and death have been busy among thevolanteers fur the lest fiw weeks, as their diminished numbers will testify. Col. Cheatham's line regiment, the 3d Teunesseeans, did not turn out more than 'JftO men, and it was originally nearly 1000 strong. The measles and erysipelas are the principal diseases, but the Utter assumes a more terrible form here than at home. The head and limbs swell to an enormous site, and it bears a strong reaemblanoe to the dreaded " bl.ick ; tongue " Happily, however, the number of men in the hospital is daily diminishing, and it is hoped that the pure air of the hills around the Molino will soon banish ull sickness from the troops encamped there. On Saturday last General Scott, accompanied by Generals Butler and Si.-.ith a visit to the village of Santa Ke. at the eoli '?ti?i f the ayuntamiento of this city. O- .rrivink' e they found mi elegant c llatlon i prea I - ir the ru of au old monastery, and they pMMd two or three hours most pleasantly. The situation ol a is uesoribi'd as a most romantic and heautif' , and the following q leer legend is told of theme ry It seems that in 16i)ti some Carmelite monks a r*luge from the troubles of tho world, mid bui muinuse abbey iu this secluded spot- a portion i t-ir vow bring never to admit a female within its w. At some subsequent period, however, a woman, i .gelled by the iustinot of mother Eve, succeeded in obtaining admittance to the monastery; but, being discovered, the monks fled in consternation, first solemnly ouriing the building; and now the only re' mains of the magnilioent pile is a heap of ruins. The offloers of the Massachusetts Regiment have held a meeting and passed resolutions expressive of their regret lor the death of Major Webster. Gens. La Ves* aud Jarero recently dined with Oen tiaction with whioh they wer. treat.' u. - - Jose de la Lu* Vega, the Mexican who was to hay* bM>n shot to-day for ctiolng our soldiers to desert, has received a further respite until the 8th. Tut Chdz, Feb 13, ltMd ? Sinoe writing you yssterday, I had an opportunity to look into a few oity of Mexico papers from the lat to the 0 th inst ., and although I cannot gather muoh of lmportanoe, I oan perhapa select a few items of interest. The Star fays that a court of inquiry haa fully exonerated Col. Miles lrom all blame whatever iu tbe loss of 'Ue puck ml*a whioh aocompanied hh command El f'uto de Uracils, a paper published at Uuer>-tsro, on the 3d inst. haa not a line in It that do?a not breathe de?th to the peaoe party of the oountry. aad its article, being fomwhat of the witty cider, oan be read and Uug&ed at by thoae who iee them The pap r ia rather too ainall to ellect the peace market to any considerable extent, and we shall not al^er our our tigurea from their present high and llrm tatate Several other .-rtisles in the Star have a teudenuy to show that the editor is oairvinoed that pcaoe will aoon be established. The S'ar alao makes the following exfracta from other pipers from the different parts of Mexico: [From la Bandera del Pueblo j The government of Pena y Pena, in order to show the people the necessity of making p?ace, has made an arrangement with Scott that the Amerioan troops chnll occupy all the principal capitals with the exoeption of (Jueretaro The moderate party have limited themselves for the 1 resent to making Pena y Pena dictator. The sauia paper aays this State (Agutsoalientea) haa pronounced against the government of t^ueretaro, according to the plan lasntd by th.i national guard, which we have before ut, in which they declare they will sustain said resolutions with arms in their hands. Chia ; tut has done likewise. L'i B'tud'ra concludes : " The treason of the government at Queretaro is every wnere perceptible, and publie opinion begins to espresn itself The towns will soon rise in mass against the odious invader, and the republic, from the struggle, will rise triumphant, if uot regenerated, as the illustrious Gen. Saula Anna said in itis uiemoi able manifesto ot the 16th of Auguet " In Duraugo the Indians still oontinue to be vory troublesome, and the governor was organizing a foice to put them down. A private latter from San Luis Potoai of January 39tU, says: " Paaee is perfectly restored here." But the pa pers do not contain a linn worth translating The Star ot the 4th has the following from the Ec? del Cotmiricn. of the 3d Inst : ? 4* Yesterday, a little after 1 o'clock, P M , was signed in the village of (tuadalope a treaty of peace, by Nicholas P 1'rist andSenores Couto, Cuevas and Atristain. We do not know tba particulars, but we know that Mexico will receive seven millions of dollars The rame paper saye:- We are assured that yesterday as soon as the treaty was agreed upon, expresses Irtifor Vera Uru* Cuernavaca aud Tolnca P.idre Jamuta his bten hovering about Pachuca, but lias evaded all attempts to arrest him The following item n also from tue S an ? It will be seeu by reference to an order in our paper ' :iat Luz Vaga has been pardoned by lien. Scott. [Correspondence of the N. O Delta | Vkha t.nt'i, Feb li, 184-4 -Captain M. Iv Taylor, " Twiggs' llitles,'' Is ordered to prooeed as speedily a' practicable, with his command, direct to tbe city of lexlce, as an escort to Mr. W C. Wbitehori.e. bearer of despatches from the war d*-partmei.t at Washington, to head quarters of the aruiy in Mexico. The hearer of despatches, it is expected, will arriva there on the inch instant <?eu. i wigg* nhk lesuea in orut-r to license iwo k?"? bling houses to the highest bidder lu ttim city, to be at nil tiuin subject to inspection by a person appointed for i n?l piiipoftp It seems lo uir, if tlii> I?? wished to tid tlie cit^ of " light-fingered fleutlemen,'' be would adopt tbe method of my triend Joshua, of the SeOoud Municipality?that of giving those who might be caught flaying, and could not show they llveii by honest industry, aitly day* in the Castle of San )uan de Ulua. Capt U *V. White, with a portion of the Louisiana battalion, left here a few aays ago with a tralu for Puebla The captain is to remain at the National Dridge until otherwise relieved, by order of Urn Twiggs. There is a gun tired here every night at 8 o'clock; Its obj?ot I cannot, imigine, as I see as many ne groes in the street, at a later hour, as I have previous to that time. Nothing Is heard as yet of tne train wbl oh left here some time ago under command of Col Danknrad. for Oriztba The train which left here ou tr'B 8th Inst , for tbe Cily of Mexioo, passed the National Bridge without meeting with any guerllUros. The committee of Are gentlemen, from the Siateot (Georgia, who have come here for the remaius of Col. Kch> Is, of the 13th infantry, who died at the Natioaal Bridge, left this morning for that place, with (.'apt Tay1 .r. tn receive the objeot of their miselou I'l'kbi.a, Mexico, kebruary 10, 1848 -An express has arrived w tbin tbe last ten minutes from Mexico, wi'h despatch** to onr government, and they are understo.-d t ' co i'ftln ? Si^tiod treaty oi p?aoe between the two govern uiei.t* executed at Qnadalupe, near tbe city of Mexico, ou the :ti The precise terms an not known i'Ut you may rely upon it that we aro all very niuoh mistaken and deceived if a treaty is not now made, signed, and transmute\ by to-day's express to onr government at Washington. We have a little guerrillero fighting in this vicinity About six days ago, Lieut. Lilly, commanding ? detachment of Capt L? wis' Company Louisiana Mounted Voluut. ?rs. wsnt in pursuit of a party of the enemy on the road to Aoiaso^ue Lieut Lilly, on sight charged tnelr purty, ut inua twice m? loroe, ana lira or captured the whole party Kltieen of the enemy Wtre l?lt dead on the tlald. lb* balance made prisoner* In addition to thif, he captured their horse*. saddles, Kao word*, fioopcUa, ko lis. Thi?, Ilka all th? engagements la which the omumtid of Capt Lewi* ha* been participant*, hare proved them noble and gallant repro aentativea of tha chivalry of Louisiana la two or three day* aftarwardi, Lieut Lilly, while escorting de*patch?* to I'erote, with 16 or '.JO man, f*ll In with and capturod tan armed gaerrilletoes and delivered them to tha military authorities ei UU* oliy. >RK 1J RNING, FEBRUARY 29, 1 Th? command of Capt L?wla ia now attached to my oommao4. and proud I am of auch soldiers and gentlemm. 1 hare Ae?n them In the hottest and thickest of four oouteeted fights, and the man I* not yet known who faltered In tb? darkest, hour. If I had tima I would write many looldenta connected with our marohes through the State of Puebla. But the expreaa leaven in 15 minutes and I must cloae. We hung three giwrUleroes, or robbera. yesterday on the main Plsaa in this olty The people here are quit* favorably disposed to peace within the laat few week* N B ?I have juat thia moment bean credibly informed thnt the President of the Republic of Mexico has refused to recognize the aot of the Commissioners at Gaadalupe on the 3>1 Inst. 41 So there is no peace yet " FROM VKKA CRUZ. [From the N O Ploavune. Feb JO ] The U. S steam propeller Kuiora, Capt. Davidson, lelt Vera ('run on the 19th Inst -three day* later than our previous a<ivioe*--and came up the river ye*terda? morning Our letter* from Vera Crua are to the 13th in*t. the day of sailing of the Eudora An express arrived at Vera 'Jrua the morning of the 13th from Gan. Scott, having left the olty of Mexico the morning of the 9th ln?t.?a week after Mr Fraenar left there. The expre** i* (opposed to have brought down duplicates of the lespatohe* wli%h went forwerd by Mr Fraener The iollowlng in a /'jst of the Kndera'i oabln passenger* 'apt. Farrara, U 3. N ; Capt. Brevoort, U. 8. Marine*; Lieut. Hugh Held. 4th Tnnneisee regiment ; Lieut K. ('. Griffin, 34 artillery ; Lieut. J.J. Malory, U. 8. A. ; Lieut. T. H. H pey and Lieut J. Rlpav, U. 8?. A j Lieut. A B. Chun ton, Alabama regiment ; Lieut D B. Martin, IT S A ; Mwn WallinRham, Jaoobi, and Dull, from Vera Cruz ; aDd 80 discharged and sink soldiers After the ?Mve was in type, the sehooner Mississippi, apt Clark, arrived in port, from Vera Crui, having >ett thereon Monday, the 14th Inst. J>KSPATCHES FOR WASHINGTON. [From the N. 0. Delta, Feb -20.] We learn that a bearer of despatches, in three days fiom the oity of Mexioo, arrived at Vera ('rus previous to the sailing of the Kndora. The despatches oame ov> r on the Eudora, and were forwarded to Washington by yesterday'* mall. FOR THE SEAT OF WAR. [From the New Orleaus Picayune, Feb. 30.] i ue sieameuip new uneans. ( apt, AUld, will tear* the Bairaeka this morning for TeraCrux She will take over Capt. Shover and his new uattery of Artillery, gum, carriages, wagons, horses and every thing complete. ' apt Hbover, who has greatly diatinKulshed himself in the Mexican oainpatgn, will soon hare his aorps as floe as iiny in the servlait The following passengers g? over on tbe New Orleans : ~ Capt. Martin and clerk. Lieut J. L. Heuderaon, A L. l-'ober. Lewis L Southwark, Lieut. Stewart, Lieut Chester (with a (let*ohment of troops,) James Flower. James Brant, H. J Dnriy. ( apt Shover, M. Mann, H. B. Henuegar, Lieut. J. O Beokwith, K. L Dobleatein, K. P. Monroe, and E Hill. The sohr. Hornet. "Capt Atnett. will also leave for tbe Brazoa to-day with government stores. MILITARY INTKLLIGKNCJC. Brig. Oen. Jocea, of the South Carolina M'Mtia, proposes to be one of ten, each to raise a company to fora ? jrrgiuinub LU BC nt'UI, UH to lYJffXIOO, fcO I.Q0 rmlftl OI til? Palmetto regiment If an entire regiment oannot be raised, he proposes to matte up a (Ingle company, for the purpose cr rriieving any one company in the P?'metto regiment, who wi'l signify willingness to return home. NAVAL IATBLLIO*NCE. Orders w?re reotived here yesterday. for the sailing of the United States steamship Alleghany, Lieutenant Commanding W. W. Hunter. Tn? Alleghany is expected to sail to-day?destination the coast of Brazil Commander Charles Lownes. who Is ordered to the A Commodore L?nn M Powell.United States Navy, arrived here yesterday from Baltimore, and took lodging at the National Hotel.?Norfolk Dcmcon,Fcb. i!6. Albany, Feb. 27,1S48. The Report of the Legal Commissioners?A Re capitulation of several of its Principles and Voaition*?Mr. Clay, $-c. fyc. Oa Tuesday n'"xf, the Hoard of" Commissioners on Practice and Pleadings" will submit their first report to the Legislature. When we shall have iully experienced the benefits and blessings winch 1 am strongly persuaded will i result from the projected revolution in our system of dispensing justice amoug our fellow citi- J jeus wlioli ve occasion to resort to her tribunal, indebted for this important reform. it is a scheme which at its Inception was condemned by our most distinguished legal gentlemen, as unsound and utterly impracticable. Our ablest lawyers have, whenever their opinions have been solicited, denouue-d it in terms of reprobation; tliey have listened to the recital of the s vernl propositions of the It gal commissioners | urith chillinfT disdain: and thev have not hesi- . t ited to ridicule the contempjatrd reformation i:8 unwise ami uteublc IB nil its aspects. I 1 presume that we rinv sifely entertain the I opinion that the powerful opposition winch this J proposed legal reformation has experienced, has risen in a great degree from the tact that one of the l< uding and most important reforms which it proposes, will rather have a tendency to cut off those prolific sources from which our legal brethren have hitherto derived such enormous :tnd princely revenues. The encroachments which these commissioners hive deliberately determined to make upon a system of jurisprudence that has been the text book of the world for a thousand years, render itjme of the most extraordinary and important projects of the nineteenth century ; but the influence and importance of this reformatory movement will not be lully seen until it is actually substituted for the ancient uses and abuses under which we now live. The author and originator of this great reform, who is a young citizen of New York, Ims given a new impulse to the age. The report which these assiduous and energetic commissioners will submit to the LegitHature, will consist ol a simple act, which with their nutes, will make about two hundred and lifiy octavo pages. This act will be entitled " An act to simplify and abridge the practice, pro- i ceedings, and pleadings ot the courts of this State." It may be regarded as a part of a " code of procedure." which the commissioners design to submit, the wiiole of which will consist of lour parts. The act, after the title above noticed, proceeds as follows: ? 5)1. Wherein it Is expedient that the present forms of action* aud pleading* In oases at common law should bi abolished?that tt<* distinction between legal aud equitable remedies skould no lcug-r ocnUnue?and th t a uniform course of proceedings in all cas^s should be ?*tablfsned ; therefore, the people of the Stats ot New Vork. represented In senate and assembly, do enact as Inllows : [and here occurs a statement of th< enljects treated of in ths several sections of the first part of the act, precisely m follows :J oemkrai. DurniTiom tnn divisions Section 1. Divisions remedies 2 Definition of an aotion i< '? IUAHi?iA>i f\f m anHMihl TimAMdint " 4. Division of actions intooml and c imlual " ft Definition of a criminal action. " > Definition of civil action " 7. Civil *nd criminal remedies cot merged in each other. " 8 Subjects embraced in thin act Part two ot tliin act, or " code ot procedure," hegins a* follows : ? or CIVII. ACTIO*! [ And here follow* an enumeration of the rna'ter* treated of In the several title* of tbe aecond part, as follow*:] TiUe 1. Of tbe form of civil aotiona " "i Of the time of commencing civil tion* " 3 O'the par tie* ' 4 Of the place of trial. " ft Of the mar.ner of unmmencing civil actions " ?. Of the pleading*. " 7. Of provisional remedied. " 4. Of the trial and judgment. " 9. Of the execution of the judgment " 10 Oftheooste. "11. Of the mlscellaneoui proceedings " \ 2 Of appeal*. TITI.R I.?or THK roam #K CIVII. ACTION* , >1. The distinction between actions nt law and *uit n eijuity, and the form* of all *uch actio:)* i.nj suits, heretofore existing, are aboli?hed; and there shall be in this State, hereafter. bat one form of action for the enforcement of private right* ?nd the redress of private wrong*, which nhall be denominated a civil action ()i In such action, the party complaing *hati be known a* 'he plaintiff, and the advei?e r*rty a* thu defendant V1 Ajndgment recovered In any court of this State, *ball aot be the subject of an action between the *ame parties in the court* of this state, hut the remedy for II* enforcement shall be limited to proceedings in the suit In which It wag recovered, or supplementary thereto. M Keigned i?sues are abolished; and Instead thereof, la the cases where the power now exists to order a 'eigred issue, or wheu a (jueetlon of fact not put in issue hy the pleadings is to b? tried by a jury, ?u order for the trial may be made, stating distinctly and plainly the question of tftot to be tried, nd *b?ll he the only autho The foregoing section*, as you will see, are of the highest importance Another section of part t wo provide* that parties to a question in ditlereuce which might be the subject of a civil action, may, without action, submit the ease to any court having a jurisdiction, and the court shall determine the Vise, and render judgment thereon, hs it an action were depending. Auother section of this part provides that no person cH'er?*d as a witness shall be excluded by reasonof his interest in the event of the a< (ion. Without turther reference to the act, it may l?e said tha' the present report proposes to (;o so far simply as to tff-ct the entire abolition of the forms of action at common law, and a uniform course of proceeding, whether ot 1 - 1111 [ERA 848. egal orfquitable cognizance, and to make such other changes only as are necessary lo accomplish that object The act itself is dmwn up in lain and simple language, and it is condensed into the smallest possible space. I observed (lint the words "said" and "aforesaid" do not occur anywhere in the report, and it is easy to see that the commissioners have studiously avoided the use of any ol those obscure terms which seem to have been introduced into the old law treatises for the special benefit of learned lawyers, and in order that the laws miyht be so written that ignorant men could not read them. I feol that it is proper to state that in preparing this report, the commissioners have labored most indefrttiaably; so assiduous have they been both ni?ht and day, that two of th ir number have utterly exhausted their physical endurance, and have retired forrepose; the third,(Mr. Field) whose sinews are apparently iron, is stiii ut Ins post 1 understand that when the commissioners submit their report, they will be called to the bar of the two houses to explain and defend it. Mr Clay h.ts been invited to come to Albany una ueuver jonn tourney Aaamn tuuhmi ora tion. Thutrual ui'l Park Theatrh ? Everything la being brush-id up at the Park; all hands are at their posts ;*t he stock ooopany Is full and efficient, comprising all the old favorite*; Barry la at the helm an a tag* manager, and once more the drama will be performed in the good old fashioned style at time honored Orury. The performances commence to-morrow evening; Mr Booth, and Mr ami M>s Brougham are the stars, and " Rtohard the Third," and the fkrce of tha " Irish Lion," tba piecea in wbioh they appear. Suooesa attend them all. Bowkry Thkatrk.?The beautiful and affecting tragedy of " Cymbeline," from the pen of the immortal Shakspeare, was produced here last evening, and with entire snooese; realiaing the most eauguine expectations of the numerous admirers of Mrs. Hhaw's powerful talents, aa well as the acknowledged ability af Messrs Marshall. Barry, Clark, and the excellent st >ck com|>any attached to this popular theatre The oast was very judiciously chosen ; and the soenery ami costume in striot conformity with the plot and design of the piece The part of Imogen by Mrs. Shaw, was sustained with her wonted ability In her personation of thia difficult character, she displayed her high tragio powers, showing a correct conception ot the part, in which she was rapturously applauded The Interview ^ith Jaohimo, (Marshall.) where she Indignantly rejscts his dishonorable overtures, was admirablv performed. Her delivery of the passage? " Away! I do oondemn mine eara that have So long attended thee?was at onoe acointul and dignified Mr Marshall's Jaohimo, was a fine piece of acting ; and, indeed, the pinoe was altogether performed In a highly creditable manner by the compauy. The house w. * extremely crowded, notwithstanding the severity of the weather The same bill will be presented on this even ng, and there will be a jam houne, to witness the performance ot this beautiful tragedy, in connexion with the other attractions put forth for the oecasion. Chatham Thkatrk,?Last evening the splendid comedy of "London Assurance" ?ai brought ot)t at this theatre. The ?ta ,tt nanr. rement of this play was roost exoelli nt, si.;! no .p -n?e lias Ijuen spared to give the richest possible etHot to thia performance. Mlia Clarke and Mr. Walcot, both deservedly favorite actors, ommenced thslr engagement in the characters of Lady Gay Spanker and Sir Ilarcourt Courtly. Miss Clarke's Lady Gay waa sprightly and effective and Mr Walcot'a Sir Harcourt a highly amusing delineation of the old fop; and Illeld's Uatale was admirable Mr. Sutherland's Charles Courtly wrs til;o well performed; aud we must not omit expressing our approval of Miss H11 dreth's Urao.i Harkaway. In abort, the whole round of characters was ably sustained, and save entire satisfaction to a numerous and fashionable audience. This piece was sucoeeded by the drama of "Theresa, or the Orphan of Geneva," in wbioh .vir. Chanfrau personated the Advooate with his usual ability. This theatre has been thoroughly re-deoorated, and presen's a highly improved appearance. We are gratified to learn that Mr. t 'banfrau is determined that the Chatham shall undergo a complete theatrical revival; and the many excellent HAtiiTl who ftfitnnfVM hii nAmnanv will r?ml*r thu nmr. house jinf^rior"'to uone in this eUy or tha Valley." " *? *- ? Irish Eftmnoi ?We last evening Attended one of tbote moet music g eatertalnmeut#, and conside inn its attractive features, consisting of vocal and musioal gems, together with historical reminiscences, witty saylugs, and anecdotel of Irish obaraeter, we were surprised to lee the room so thinly attmded Others hare preceded Mr. Maiouo lUymoud In similar eatertainDjonts.and with infinitely less attraction. and yet they were well supported ; so we most argue that the splenJid abilities of this amiable and highly respectable family are not generally known, particularly to tbe frith community; for If they had lisen. the Brunettl Gallery could have been crowded every ulght Kor ourt-lves we viquld pity the admission money to h?ar the trio on the pi^uoforte. which is executed with the greatest skill and most delightful touches Tbe duetts of " Alley Croknr," and ' In th? moroiuK of life," are given with a sweetness and melody which him perf-etly turi'Mng. and the beautiful composition <f Moore, ' (Jing. sltg muaio was given," it rendered with such plaintive tone* and pure barmcny. that it is followed by reiterated cheers We hope to see it crowded on Wednesday ni,?ht next AroLLo.NKo.<?? ?This charming band, we regret to learn, give their last oonoert at tbe Tabernacle this evening, when, we hope, a doe appreciation of their splendid acquirements, as masieiaos and vooalists, will be seen by the house being crowded. Musiial ability, when recognized. at the ages of these children, should bt encouraged by liberal patrenage; for what tend* more to el*, vate the mind and charm the sense, than this beautiful n.nmnllihmmt' An imoressien mav orobablv eiist. that the pieces performed by the** children are n'mpte in their leatures; but we can assure the public, that they are suLed, in every way, to exeeutn the most difficult piece* that may be placed before them, ae will be seen by the programme We would simply say that the performance of the Grande Fantaiie tur hi, by the sweet and interesting little Anna Maria. I*, in itself, from the scientific and masterly style of its execution, worth the price of admission. Vve say. then, go aod judge fer y< urseWes; but we must add, yon will leave highly pleased with your visit to the Tabernaole. Ciacvs, Amfmithicat hk ? Kvery thing goes on well with the Circus company hem, and tbe usual amount of equestrian teats, fun. vaulting. Sto . is given every evening The manager has quite a small army of talent'd performers enlisted under bis banners, via: Muster John (Jlenroy. Turner, the Dulcimer placer, Williams, the Clown, I.a Belle Louise, the HolUnd Family of Acrobats, Lathorn*. Cole. Nixon and his pupils, Sweet, Bacon, the Mlss*s Wells. Stc. Wi;h all th*s? be makes out a fine hill every evening. To-night th-re is a capital one; and, by the way. the performances are for the benefit of Mr Bloomer, the police offlosr. Coolie a number of our first citizens have taken a great interest in getting a good home for Mr B . and we doubt not that the att: actions aod the occasion will sufflec to meet their wishes in this respeot Christy's Minstrels.?The real Buen" Vista triumphs of this bnud are inor?*slng every <>*,>?Qd no- ' thing but Christy's music and< hristy'ssongs are heard now a-days in the family circle They aie the favorite pieces of uiusic; the boy* whistle them In th? street, and even the musical botes are all made to play them In fact, such a fnrorr never before ha* been created hy a single band of singers They comment)* again this e?rnInc at Mechanics' Mall BReiDWAV Odkon.? Greely is very particular as to tn>" cn?r?o:or oi in? muir?u? wiju.u ulv?n but those Wfcirh n?modMi.ana chsste arc bri u^ht forward. This is right, as tbia epoch's of amiis>meut Is dege,.?r?|ing into were lioen'iousne**; anil if those who htve th? iaan*|{em?nt of them Jo not pause some wnat in their oareer, the community will uot tolerate them (JoMrLIMSMTART COKIKKT TO RkT. M?it I Mlll l'1 ? The numerous aii?J hlgMj respectable names whi'-h appear on the of arrangement* for this con cert, which will take piaee next Thursday evening at the Tabernacle. in guarantv sufficient for the manner in which it will be conducted ; and the worth and high standing of Mr Marcus in the community in tuch ae te entitle him to some such murk of esteem and rrspect frou hi* friend*. He ha* labored faithfully and arJu oualy in the cause of the poor emigrant ; and hi* quiet ' and unobtrusive deed* of jharity have caused him to be j beloved by all who know him. Many eminent perform- | er* have volunteered their service* on the occasion , and every thing combine* to afford a delightful evening'* amusement Mil* m. J Mahisi ?in Mb (<kohiir A Hovt, the blind inusioians. give their tenth semi-annual concert on Thursday evening next, at the ,\ln erv.? [looms T i great misfortune under which tb<-?n musicians labor iu the ios* of tbi most essential sense vl?: seeing, givs them a peculiar claim on the public Provijenne ha* softened thnir trials, however, by the bestowal on them of irreat musical tslenti: and se far as anything can re l'?y th? lo?s of rlxion thair mutlcal ?coompli?hm*nf? do Thry are graduate* ol oar m uniflcrut institution for th? blind. arid aTary our who wiliha* to aaa to what purfaction flue original talant can ba brought, by ?.h? couraa of instruction in this institution. ought to go and hear tliaaa pupil* naxt Thursday. at th<- Minarva Itooms Many piaeas of Mr Hovt'd composition will ba performed. and ha will also 'ing several ballads Minn .Marios will sing fom? of her finest song*. and tha I'hiloraalaans. who assist, will introdnca TariotM <(u?rtetlaa Alto gather, the concert will b? an admirable ona. To rim KuiToa or tri Hicrai.d? L)KAR8ia; -Th? artiela In your paper of yesterday, . Matin* that 1 h?4 challenged Mr StsTana, ot tha Bowe ry theatre, to fight a dual, la entirely uutrua I know l# suoh person ?a Mr. MoCulluin; conseiju ntly oould not hara authoriiad tha letter to wbieh hia Mgnatura la attached Tha nota (which. I understand. wan aant to Mr Starana.) waa probably fabrleatad by ?ob? par- j aou who thought ha waa perpetrating a capital joke. Vour?, raapaottilly, 1 llAUUtL9 W. MtlOHAN Ftbruarjrtptfe, tM7. Ll>. ? _____?- ? VHH fwv cut*. I l.?*w latel lluearr. Scphkuk t.'or?T, F?b 'it) ?"special Twin?Before Judge K imonds Decision*?yand'rpoel vi. Ltrd 4" iVnif-?Motion far nous danied. Wkit',hy her next friend, vi. WuUV ? Motion for allm ny denied Smalti/ ft. Eaton--Sum* n Sam* ? Injunction allowed until answer put in, and sft-r th?t Injunotloa di? solved, unit plaintiff left o his rem'dv at lnw Thot. Worrell ??. Helm if Af?rtW( ?In thin C?ns? three motion" were made on the part of defindant -tb* Qrst for leave to tile a supplemental ?inw?r; the pjpere before the oourt not being suiHelent. the motion was denied Theaecond.fnr an order to amend the issues The oourt. alao denied this motion on the gronnd that the issues ware already the subject of amendment and adjadloa tion by the court, and farther that the application was not brought before the oourt in a pr 'per firm The third application wae Tor an order that au additional allowance should be made to Mr*. Morr-U to enable her to proarcute her defence in tbis o?na? llpou this appiioa tion. hie honor delivered the fallowing opinion : This was a bill filed for a divorce. on the ground of adu(t?ry which wu deni?d in the answer, and the adultery or the husband then a?t up. Aftar the filing of the bIM, on the application of the defendant, a gross sum of t?AO was allowed her, to delray the expense o( her suit; ami for intermediate alimony, 'be was allowed the rent of a bouaeiu <'.ast llr^alway. thlcb w 14 l*c at $74<) year, and which, deducting taxes. Stc. yielded about $640. She now presented a petition lor an additional allow ance, to defray the espsuaea of the snlt, on the ground that thasnit had been vory severely litigated, and that the trial of iv feigned issue, which had been awarded, would Involve hm in much greater *xpena? than aba was able to piiy lit answer, the husband alleged that he. in coup?ny with apuMce magistrate, had round her in a lion** of a suspicions obaraoi er, locked up alone In a room with 111*11, which, in her couu'er affidavits, she admitted to be true, but deniad that ahe had been g?ll. tv of Alllllturv V0kt. r*flla*rl tn tivnUin *haa ?a<aaa <af w? baing Cher*, relirving that for the tri*l of tke feigned | lasue. The huphand further alleged that she had obtained fiom hi* house, on the day after ahe wait thus deti oted. varkua article* of his property, which be va land at $714 bat which she valued at >'.474; that withiu the eusuing two month*, he sent to her jewelry which be estimated at $40*, au-1 ?he about f'JOO. her wearing apparel about 9700, and varlcui other artioiM, such a* bnrses, carriages, harness, furniture, silver, which he valued at $1 lt!6, and eh* at $!?? > Besides all thin, he had, during the year, ailvauoed to her the sum of 9IM. I waa shown that plaiotitf wae worth from $1*0.000 to *300.000, and wae in the enjoyment of a clear income of $18,00)1 a year; that the defendant had no means, exc ipr. what she had derivrd from her husband, and a few srticies given to her by her pare ate on her marriage As by law, the husband becomes sailed of the wile's property, thero naturally Hows therefrom an obligation on his part to support and maintain her during oovtrture. and also in oase of a controversy between them, to afford her the means of asserting her rights against him. or defending herself u.ainst his attacks. This obligation must be faithtally erforced, or the wife would be left to the mercy of a proMigate or cruel husband. On the other hind, cere must be taken in the performance of this duty, leat a dissolute wile may be encouraged in disregardi >k her inerital oi l gations. To reconoile these conMictlug obligations is ordiuarll.v no dlfflcull task. It beoi'ines suop'y when both parties are to blame; when, M in this case, the huphaud. during marriage, supports and visits the orjaot of hi* past illicit intercourse, and the viife is found looked up alone with another man. in a house of doubtful reputation, and refuses, m she does, at least on this motion, to explain circumstances so suspicious. it frequently happens that the court, in exercising the discretion vested in it in such cases, is calletVupoii to sympathise with the innocent and the suffering, and may lawfully ir.duig* the feeling in (he allowance it It..,- mm U..m Ill n All ....,1 It 1. -- .li nappona, thai the court is called upou to puoish the guilty party through the iuoa instrumentality 8. C. ou appeal 7 Hill. 'J 16. But no iiuch appeal is made ta ine by the circumstances of this e?se. as they appear on this application. Ho that it id strict rule whioh I am tf. apply and loses that Ita administration \? itrictiaimi juris. However guilty the wife may be, or rather, however prrgimut maybe the cimumataqcos of suapi uion her, ah* ta not y-t convicted, and until aha ahail be, aim ia entitled to th)> moan* of. defence aa wall aa ot support; ana uultssehe ha* means of her own, her iiusoand must furuirh the means of fair and impartial trial, as well aa or her subsisteaee? Wood vs. Wood, 9; p. jib Before final decree tbe court should later tern with the property with great caution, and deal it out to the wife inuoh more spnringiy than it would be proper to do alter the termination of tba iutt. Laurence vs Laurence 3, page 371. But ahn ia a prlvlleged anitor both aa to cnsts au<l alimony. Wilson Ta Wilson. 'J < onsiet 11. -204 If the wife has aultoient vroparty in her hands to defray the expenses of tba salt unil >????-* t..Ti' ??..ii? , u*t tk. good9. pago 6JV Thee* ar4*the pTluclptes gathered from the caaei whioh are to guide the dlaoration which tbe Court ia to exerolse in aucb oases. and It only remains to ?.>ply them Tbe wife hw no ohlldreu to support, but h?s an ailowanoe of intermediate alimony of ftilti a year, which was increased laat year by a volun t ry payment by her huaband to #H66. She haa her jewelry aud wearing apparel, valued at $1100. She had when shu leit her husband's house in January, 1*47, aocordlog to her own account. >40 in money, and within t*o monttia from that time, she rec-ired Irom him various a; tidies, valued at about >11V0 All thia, besides various articles wliicr. her sisters took from tbe house and delivered to her, which the huaband valnes at $7:14 aad she at $274 By hor own allowing, she has besides hjr intermediate alimeny of between $?H>0 and $706 a year, property derived fr?m her parents or het husband tixcoeding in amount $iAOO The alimony is more than ullV'ient f?r her c.omiottable support,and she evidently! therefore. Is in the position described in Oagood's ease, M u i.mtI'.it nilHf.leiit. ur.iDertv in her bands to a-lray t,h? expenneg of ttilg and to support beraelf lending tb? li'ixjtion In gucb a cw it was there laid down ?* ik rule,now wbicli i uut not at 1/oerty to depart, tnal Mi- husband should not b? called upon personally to adVHi re > r,y thing more until that property shall b? exhau?. I in us', therefore deny thin motion; but aa it. wu ru on the argument whether she would Laveangut to aell any of the property which she has obtained from her Iiunband, cbi* iu?y, if she shall be so airiged. bar** ai: order allowing ber to gell any of it, and 11 giTe a ><ood title to it 1 bin denial la, however without prejudice to the defendant ber-aller renewing tho application, in cag* the litigation should be prolracted b-yond her meang of oarrying it on rht I'fofilr, tx rri vt'J'fi? Iruitffi of the M'tKoiitt F-fiiftpal thurih Hrookly".- In this cage. a peremptory nian4atuug was granted at the January tern, to Induct tbe relator an paalor of th? t-eutenary Episcopal vlethodist t hurch, of Brooklyn, aud to put bim in possession of t >ie parsonage bonae The defendant* refused to obey tba mandamus, and an application was made '.big uioruing f r an attachment lor aonieuipt of cour'. .The relator g ciungei occupied the court the -ntire day The defen *nts counsel resist the m? tion ou the ground of having brought a writ of orri r. whicn they ecntend supersedes, or, at all eTentg slay the execution of the mandamug. Uvitkh Statks Circuit Cocar, Keb 18 ? Before Judge Uett?. ?The February tel in of the court comLieuced to day. aud the court opened by Judge Bvtta. One or two recognizances wrs eitfndad to neit term, sfter whluh lb jury w<m ilisohar.iej, ?nd the oourt proceeded to bear equity motion* Common Pi.r?< ?In the first branch of this court ouly two oaaeg were tried on* a cage of ageault and b?tt.-ry. and the oth-r c<n a promissory not#?neither were of any interest The gnoond branch was adjourned after the calendar wag called, no hulainega being ready Coiri Cai.kniiau Thin day?Cummin I'lrtt?1st fart. Nog 94, 75, 77, 81, 83, Mi, s7, 89. 91, 93. Seeond put-Noe 10-1,104. 1M0, 110, IIJ, HO, I'll, 114, 110, U*. 110, 181, 134, lJti, 59 Pu. ltlcwl nlrlilKCiK'e. VVhiu Tavlok Dki.kuatb* ? I>elegateg favorable to I < II I ayior SB Ilin wrn* oanuiaain iuv umiwui, I Iimd appoints in the foltnoluK *'ataa low* 4, Kentucky 14, T?bb?? ?? IS, Virglaia 17. North ( ?roll#H II. (??: <. 1 AVi.nH if Miiioirm.?The ?hi<(? of Malln* | i oiinty, Mo , heId a inn-linn lu MarabaH on th? 7th Hot , at which D-polulioni ??t? paeead f??crnt)U to tba riomioation of Ken Taylor lor th? rr??id*ijejr. KhOdk Island Dki.lca tkr to ih? bittimou Cowtk.nhon. Them** VV Dorr, Uotea I rieroa. Benjamin K i'huraton. una Orwia VVright h?T? i>a?ti churn democratic delegate* trim Rhode ialand. tu the Baltimore UOBTMltlOB. Thk Special Amotion r* I'r <r r ?.va*pa.? Kail r?t'lrnx ir?u th* countie* of lluck* and I.abigb. saiu ap an follow* : ? Trnltr, W. Bridget, If. Books 4,14 4 4 451 l.ebigh 9.971 '2 975 8,393 Majority for Bridge*. 18J How it Stand* ?Tba election of a d-mocret In the Lehigh district In thia ?t?>? anj tha death of John l^ulocy Adam*, make the present etate of partiea in the lower hoime of CongreM etand a* follow*:?Whiga 116; Democrat* 111 Whig majority*, la thi( ouloouticn, Mh?h I.evl land N'H <fthi?Sta*' and Mr Tuck, of New ilamjih.r? are claaaej aa whiirt I'hila. ftull'tin. A?/ocrnmk>t of nit: Omo [,mi?utu?i?Tha Ohio Legislature wan to adjourn on the 36th iuat. Thk L)uki. krtwikn Captains Wilkin and Cou.kt?The Albany Evening Journal, in not. icing tbi* duel. *ay? : The surviTor in this f?t?l duel, -* 4- * - W'lUn fit nnr S. r.*tii ( ft wr.ntw f pop or in* m' ii >' " ? 1 ? ? man of excellent ch^racUr and amiable deportment. IIm princlp.'es, education an I habits were "Och m ought t < have exempted hiui Irotn a conlliet to repugnant to hi* fr>flini<n But in the army there la no eecape from this falte code cf honor i apt Wilkla reoM>ed two challenges, both of wiiloh ha aoeeptei l'h? tirat termioatiHi fatally, and the ??ooud ?y pre*?nied by the arr- ?t of the parties I)i si. Prevwi'bd.?In relmio \ to the dual reported to bar* taken ptaoe between S Prentlje. of New Orl*an?, and Mr. Irwin, hut which ni -*tin<c Jid ut>* t?npUof, it. to Dai j that a challenge *** ?eut and aoee;>ted, and tha parties made two attempt* to meat Mali ot ter. but were arreeted by the ciwil authorities of Mam j'liii, and put unier bond* to keep the peace Fro* Fort Mann ?A St. Luuis paper laarns from a private latter that Meat. Seho'\ of Captain relt?.<-r'A company, shot hin ?alf on he itcli ult Tfi? 4?c?e*ad wat from Belleville, llllu< it, and wa? eoma I years elnoe a clerk in a store la St. Louie He bee |eU I a wiie and two children.

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