Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 9, 1855, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 9, 1855 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

, f-s, fj ity ftrrt greeted that glorious *' Tu .till ih?re " ,0???t app ause ) d? I ??' .kI um. ?( UN c?wm *?>? ?ty<? poitttw* *Vta ?* ' 7rT ??.>?> the aatlrn. of the eartn. *Mck w? ??* ?or o rj 6 Wh?.t ih it that OA - peo Loek kt onr h ,ub?i tawxl ?, .?* held. of wavng grava* whtu^ 5^^sk^~3W efe^fsgS^ k*uM Mi the elJn^llth?,'!,t,l^r?*0 b i v?u r?o ?*> -J?/rrSriSS: P?? race-tke co? "Jf ?/ t<f the -cuih-ra ' *n\ wtich border tt. British p<M galf, fio? tke try te?? m? , h? aouth? go wh-re r--?.SSr'?2 x. as sssfeS L ? ?yjfc tt ctftrf !?? ; k , iouu Union b? ni% <Cr"* J,vU ( S ?b?r. and ?r>? J* f' rTe,l (Great ?*UiueUeak.) *** 3i^wa-:?'X?2'S ssitn*'~ r ^rs*^^3^*'ss -4 u~. .w... *ssA*;iM eajejed kj ?" T;a wllich abuU the ^ rJ%rL^ ?:nv:hl- "SS? iVirn^obtclV^^^T^it^T !??i3??d seWte.' ?V'rrhUra?(wTar.o.Ht^ ?" **?t8 tBa ail varieties of ?e0ti0DH of tb-s e?untry. With freedom's toil beneath our '***? And freedom's k?xm?r streaming o ?r u , 1 Moid invoke "J brethren hi w, I woaM ?P?*1 * Ue Ungate of brotuerhool ?nd of P*'1^0'}*?; ttwn U *"?*??? " tb 9 nafotioa: If jourfathsrs tS,iaC5." '.( ?.?J ??"?'-> '?? ? ^,0D.?AU>?rnf?s, .! they encountered ?? *? ?L ?re and difiionhies of thtK primeval Una, Is i it pos . * t t...t t m ?f liber ' T, nurtured by their bio >d, !?uw?ted fey t! and their wcr?i tr^-u-es J?!\ ^Jtt#v?W Is it po-*ible, I ??T. ^at w- cannot h to be ?*?????' " "?T institutions wheh they suf Efe^s-Tirss?s35sj fifo! toSSi" -?V-r ?>? blool which wan poured out at Gull ord, a. S^dtTll F^towTand if our fV< hers ?t<od together upon and svtntful occasion, .boulder to aMliDK ea h other in the hour of o >nfli? I^ef wr^-and if theM glorlou* in.titutHH.., thl? kT^aur tnha'towf d on this Unl-n, wbiah was JLa Vw tValr blood Y" ((iTMt ipplttM.) If ou* ?Xri^? Northern States M>ddVe RM, ?? could meet toother in convention, in ^E^id^here a?ree WiaX sectional pr?jad>caS ^AtTof their country, and If *** <*^1 rCTth te UR that glo.,ou^ constitution under whieb w^ bs tocne -a Hfl&SS? aiadod* (li?od applanre, and cne<of VM. UiereU i ; i il.tkrln this U no mere occa'ion of festivity , )t w {?.????! ??> w" "> "jv'" ?'??>',%''? deep Jhll^by in tte Sgteto dty.' rte object of our X, u,i?k bUtnrv who ba? not be:ome ?' a proaelyte at to Jewlrt bl ry, assembled here tor ?%jf 'I W a holy purpose, and the only '?frL .wJk.mI cb ia whether we can bring 2Tnt b ef sacrifice to the common altur to save those SJIloe iMtituUons -rbich were purchased bj the blooi C??5iS5l?M?t "? "?? '"" """VS5; S2?r 1 acm'al to jou in concUeiOB-I ?PP?^ v- tho?e nlorious m^moriei of the p^t, 5* V T.recent and by the bxiiiht pr<wjwc'? 5i' -^^Ttb? sen^noe ) Bioth^rs, what are our ?Lir?? what the ^orifices required of us, f ?.f .,,, the sacrifice# of our fathers? It ia this tb?#e inatitntionn which have been tr*n*m<t S^!Ti,v\b.m wbiohhare .eaunM to u* ?"???; SJTto tr.e American ctix^n hU proud port w'm liri *wi enable him to wal* ??ot fc'ou^h all ?. .Vuou oi u? ~rth ?iui ?k??pssa sttZXS?. ?w^.AE?SfS ?" IP-Sfflff* nuBiUt* the saeiiflcea our f?UieTS maoe in ? S3S5S J ,Lni tbeee mutitutioas, and to trana 5. wrto fclk ?1S u? will ? o*trteti-m ?nd tTtlTiv (? rlorious Union. (Renewed cheers.) L?rt us Ammmt&*G Let n- make thoee nmall wcliocal aecrt sr;&s'JrM Wre ??cared the great prinoiple of wligioui ^J??doro, jTTamr ba"nf .li-ohar^ed oar duty we -HaU 4ie vMh the proud cowcioat'nees that owing to our efforts U l anoer for: v?r .h?U war. 0>r "Viand of the fires aad the home of the brave. Mr fiajnor then resumed his seat amidst enthuata* He demonstration ? of applnuse. Three hearty ch?era were given for tte "Old North ??*," and three mow to r "the Union." He PRKODian, renewed itpplauap. thtn tut ?WKii the iwconj regular toaat ? imifiit raled by Amerieans. J. B. Kkacd, Eeq of Md., re* ponded, an I a poke aub ataatially 11 follows ? Mi. Fiaaident and Amtri ?n brother* ? Upoa any ?th.r aceaaion tbaa on* like thin, I ahouhl ahrink Muk?d from your preeence. I oome liera to-day from fee South, a ({ranger, by countenance, to aluvxrt all of jii, bat in ever y one I re?ogni*a a friend anil a brother, (frtea af "good, good.") I oojj_a barn upon thia fettive mwiIod, from tba South, to gr*?t my Ara?rt?aa bro hare mt thia great rejjubho ? my American broth* an of tbe great American Vnioo? (applauae} ? and I foal proad that a native- bora eon of the r allant old Stat* of Mary land, tbat a tool thouldar to ahoulder with tbe other* of the TMmaen State*, ia tbe Revolution, a-ionld ba sailed ra la nbaaaemblr to reapond to thia national aenUment of '-America ruled by Aroerioana." (Load applause.) Mr. fraeident and brother*, when tnat n?n,im?nt 11 analyied, we And in it the principle which lie* at tbe foundation of all government*, ao-1 if it be the rock or the foundation upon which all government* aboild rut, how mach more abould It be the rook upon which American itberty a ho old be planted, aal open which our American government ahould proep?r and growl (Great applauae.) rir, 1 venerate ft, fer tt ia aot a novelty of the dny. Thank (ted I it ia na aa the fourth day of July, 1776. (lioud cheer a ) If tbare be a principle traamnttted to n? by the acte of our gallant farefathera on that day, it U thia principle, which meaka all ovar in latter* of liquid tiro. Yea. lira, If ttiere waa a principle that waa proclaimed when our facafatbera met In tbia olty to eevar ua from the yoke of toreiga bondage and opprenaiaa, it waa the princi pie that tfceaeefertn and forsver theae colonic*? declare 1 to be f?ae and independent State*? ekould be ruled aad fo ?**aad by fr*e bora American aitUeoa. (I,oul cha?n ) ***** I*1?0'?1* honored by all tbe aeeodation* of the paa*i ? !? a principle whoa* aponaora were the aignaa of lb* Declaration of independence, aad which waa bap Maad la th* blood that Bowed upon every battle Held of tha Revolution. (Cheer*.) Mr 1-reeldeat and Mlow aitteeaa.eoagi egated a* we are in thia year 1U$, in the a?*y af Philadelphia, from evary porUon of thia dearly leved aad much priaad I nion, let u* hope, let a* bellava wrth our friend from North Carolina, that tbe Mood of tbe Revolution ia aot axhauite<l, but tbat there la patriotism enough left in our vein* for u* ?.? ab*w, by our action h#ra, that American* InSeol to parpetaata thia hallowed principle? tlrnt Ame rica ah all be rul*d by Amerioaa*. (Loud oheera.) Mr. Preaident, it i* a principle which I caadidly b*Uev? ia entertained by tlie entire American p?ople and tiiat efcould pervade every part and portion or our govera asent. I want to aee the day whin oar executive, our ?iial and oar mlniatarial officer*, Khali all be native American dtiaena? (anthnaiaatie and protracted appbtuae)? man who** flrat breath waa drawn beneath the atripea and atar* of our country, and wha?* every princtpU of education haa been lnatllled beneath iU free matitutiona. (Renewed applanae.) I go further. 1 want to aee our gallant navy aad our gallant ahipe governed by aatlva born Amerind* ciMreua, and manna 1 by native barn gajaat American crew*. 1 want thit V 31 *lrlf. ?f canvaai that ahall be spread to the *? apvead fey native hand*; lhat the atart aad atripea which ahall be aalaed to the maathead an1 thor# nailed with the motta, "don't give up the a&in " aball b? ralacd by native American hanrta and tbat ha aaO*?tit ahip, wfth aaNa all aet and flag unfurled ahall be wafted bv the pure breezea of Heaven? the very hveath of Ood? white below, upon fte deck, ahall atand (he earn* freemen of America, breathing the earn* five air. I want to aee tba bannara of oar gallvit army? that ar my whleh, in paat etrvggia*, baa reflected eomnch glory rn ?wr oeuntry ? kcrM by ian cto haoia If ? strug gle a ball coaa* asd oar country aball ?<?? your a?o ay acrvio a, I want teat ?? ?WI o reh hhojM*r to ahoul der with our vrotbi r Amrrt an?, by Amirt canoth.<ra atil '.hat u victory ?.rj?u? our ??fi*rv> In tt?t itrnivl*i *? MiaH mn't vi(?r?r or if ?? tall tbat that flag (poinUi: p to the a'Rra ?o>? ?tr?p ?) au?li b? oar at raid in oar gallant ,?ruv?s. (i?ug continued ap plaute ) 1 waot this nationality to cover us. to sur round ui, to protiit us every ?l*r? - at hotn* abroo-l, m p?*ce in kit, in oar (ore gii I'lotitttooo. la tb? rvo r*?*n*?t'OB o( our gi/Veri lun t abroad. ( h*-rf ) I want to HAtiTr horn am-M^an nW?oi ?be ri'iirtwutttim ot thin navon ab'cau (E?o?i?k1 cbeera ) Tb? txuarl n ?- itt of ccaan itting the tiuat to 'orelgn han s hts b?en til*d. anu 1 am aibamcd to spaak of the failures that I, live btan wl iMrti) Hat for on*, I mil never a gree tfcut our eonntry ahall be reprtaentad. either at UairiJ cr by any otbi-r t&an wative horn cmt-ai. (l h??ra ) 1 want this tlag to be rmtiti by native arias, wb- t er it ? bull be nblurlw upon V a more polite ahorra ??l tpgland, upen the Uark ah?r- of Turtey orup 'i Hua hiau roil Any ? cere and every wb*re, wb*ra that tieg fball t? the lcpietentttiv* of our natinn?l>tr, I waot it* ttanlard btartr to Ke on of rnnm -an Mrth mil Ara-i I fan priBCiplta (Ctm> ) Mr. Pr?i<n)t ano felloe r.'tizrns, (inch a govirwerot tbua administered aid car mil tn?, mil be a national .? goverum^nt; and jet, for propoatag pc to a-'iDHiia'er it tbe oharg* ia brniKbt ana aa*. ua that we a/e aelfieti and prowiptifo Fir, i? ataed now as tbe ??ly buleara ag?in-t foreign opbm?N>n- thi? g?varnn?n? eimfHwa tbe obly rock o rafsty toi tbe r ppr< ??*d of evety nation and ol all clime*. But tb* prmcip ? Cetabl'a eu mi van* yrara ago, u about to be repit ctHinieu. Tbe e people may ivune here to en joy our aoil aad p?r'ako wit b ua of our liberties, hut the fifct ban goie 'crtb? anil it wvd'k no farmer aaoetiuu ? tbe l&ua* of tie A m-r ran people loan has already him aocorced it, wlurnet i? ?>a? be>-u carrtet ? tb'tt berealti r ?e will maragi- o?iro?o ?ITaira (Loud*ri ) We bar? land <Loui(b for all, an<* wiliexienn tb? protection of ear lawn and liberty to tbme who uny come htre from abroad. :>rd tbey may train up tbnr cblldren un ret our ieMttutiorn, to tliat. liert-aft'r the ? may heroaM A?r> ru au citir^n*. becana* with a 'he? ire "native and to tbe nunser born;" bat we ray to th?in, "whilst we xrart yoa tb<a buon of proUetion anrt the ??njoy writ of Mi eity . ao bold out to you no rolittoU r^bta; upon the contrary, we ray ibat ?? intend to grant \ on no fcrther political rinhte." ( rre^endoua cVeenog. > Tnl? ta tae pl'.ln tall of pla n native. horn American citicaa, met to getber in tbe city of 1 hilailelpbia am around ibe taa tive Wrd an" aerordmg to tbe old >idag?, ''there you may titd tba trntb." I />ay, tbei. fellow c tixena, act up to anil carry out tbf* princ'ple. It m endeared to yau, I nail bi-fore, by ail tbe hi lory of tbe pint. It ia the principle of our governm*nt. Acopt it anil carry it out, and tb k Do-fin, of which ruy fr ttid 'rom North Caro'ina (Mr l< tyir.T) baa ao el<X)ii?r?l/ ppoV?n, will be p?rpe tnal, it wi>l be for ev?r. and bv'our oiforta bore ?e sbili transmit it. uriiooptiir?d. in all its beauty, ite stretgtT, its vigor and i a pretexting power to the latest genera tlOBB. Grckt applaane, during which Mr. Ricar J resumed hit kcat. The Prisidkiit aonotTriced the third toast? Religioca, Ana culled upon E. A. Andrews, Esq., of New York, to rt spond to it. Mayor Jo.iiud then lift tbe chair: and his pi tee was Umiorarilv supplied by Benj. 11. Bretratsr, E*q , on* of the Vice Presidents. Mr. E C. A.vdrxws rose acd said : ? In obedience to your call, I ri.e, but under circum staiicrs ot greater emharavsinoDt th?ii eiver surroanied me in addressing an acd'euoe; I came fcera, sir, suppos ing that I was to be called upon to say a faw in reeponBe to the subject of na'.iouality, when lo ! on en tering the room and learning what the programme wax, I find that 1 was appointed to reupon.i to a sentiment o' fered to reilgiouu lihtrty- a subject of dveper interest, of more v.tal importance to us, to man, than any otbe.r wbirh can b? announced here or on any other occasion; for, sir, rtligioua liberty atat.ds connected not only with the highest, the tenaereat, th? ucst sawed Intereeta of time, with all its relations, but stands connected indis soluoly with all which conoerns man when be has parsed Vfjend the boundaries of the pretcnt ani entered upon the dread sccncs of another stite Mr. before even ut tering a few thoughts npun the subject, I shall crave your indulgence and the indulgence of my brethren as sembled here. in giving uftorunee to a thought or two on a ou'.-jtct on which I supposed It would have been my duty to address yoa at this time. 1 know that in the exercise of your charity toward* one pJarec' as 1 am, you ?11) listea to me on the subject of nationality, there are others to follow me who ere nett>n)y willing, bat desirous, to give utteran e to certain sentiment* en the great, the ntal t-.eme of reli gious liberty, to whom I know yoa wiil listen with tre&ler pleasure then you wcutd to anything wli<ch I could say upin tl)at theme 1 wish, however, to say a word or two to you on this subjectof nationality. I be lieve that there is an idea connected with this subject which in ruBdamental to, aad lies at the very founda tion of our movement si Americans, to piaoe oar coun try. ear nation, in that position to which she is entitled, and where, I trust. she wilt remain iu tin exer jlse of an tDfliiecre calculated to ' redeem, regenerate And disen thral" men, until all fVili in that which fills our hearts with gratitude to O.odon this occasion. (Ap j lauee ) Nationality, sir -by which we mean the laws of a healthy latioeal existence and growth ?is a subject the true understanding ot which u absolutely essential to a wipe and sueee s'nl political action Now, sir, at the very threshold of tola subject, we are met with a political theory (Some manifestations of impatience on seeing a manuscript produced ) Ame rican brethren. 1 do not propane to say anything particularly exciting or c?ptivat>ng, or calculated to at irict your attention mueh. But I beg of you to listen i to <he idea which 1 un'oU. If it be not truth fnndamea K?ntally, reject it, if it bs, I unk yeu to adopt it, de fend it, advocate It, illustrate It practically, carry it out, until in all our ac-Jons as a nation we furnish an il lustration of it to all tt>e nat ons of the earth- I say at tee very threshold of this subject wear* met with a poli tical thferv whi h .'erien th*t di"t'n-t nationalities ought to uist, and as<erts that the a'viuon of man!. lad into separate and U. dependent n-tionn is in a great msa suic arbitrary, atd adapted to auuer social and politi cal progress ? whi-h ass^rla that the "lay approaches when all these national diet-notion* will be swallowed up, and when citizen-hip will he ?n?ive with tbe world. (Appl-'-use ? In the wrong plaeo ) Now, saoh a thecry is, as you are all aware. advocated, not only by many political philosopher* ot the day, but by a potion even o! the pref* of our own country. The) endeavor to pereuad* oa that love of couatry is but a narrow prej'i die*, and that to fester national sentiment Is to rlo i wrong to the world at Urge. They M 1 us that tbe day is econ comiog wh-n there will be no nat'onal lines drawn: when tbe brotherhood of mm a ill put an end to all these national d'stinctioni, and piece all men bn a foo .ingof boc.h1 and polittoal ty .<ow, sir, if this theory be trae, if it he founded in truth, if it be true that the idea of nationality U about to become obsolete ? tf it ho trne that tbe idea of uni versal citizenship la about to be carried out, wbr, then, certainly, it is tolly i'or us to t*lk about the laws of na t.onal existence. Put, sir, tbid theory has no foanda tion in truth. Nationalities are neither accidental nor arbitrary in their existence. They exist by Divine ap- i poliitmtct. and are tto results oj those tixed natural laws w/>ic& form families. (Giles of ''Good.") This distinction of ra?e? lit* de~p In tho constitution of hu man nature, and can ne?er be blotted out. It is not. sir, the mere d<n?ions of countries br geographical lines, by any pbysisal boundaries, by Eionnttins or rivers, or liiVes or nea?, which divide peoples and raocs. No, tir; All up tbe Bxitisb Channel and make it a plain, wtll yon thereby ma.e an Englishman a Frenchmen ' HrWge o?*r tbe Danube, will yoa there by convert tbe Aus'.ran it to a Turk f (A votoe, "No air-ree.") Ho, ?lr, these distinctions he too deep tc be blatted out by any mere change of place or of clime. They are lupresAed upon the whole of own kind ? they are ena'amped on the fandam nlal laws of onr being ? they are written on the mind, tbe heart, the body of man. 1 do not ktioff, Mi. President, but I may be (ursuiog a oourse of remark not agreeable to my hearers, but I thought that perhaps a little ohan^e from the entbu?U?m,the beart inaplnttng, soml ab-orb n^ela quence to which you have he?n I'stoniug, might perhape be a rel<ef. 1 do oot know, however, but that my re- I mark* may be a Jittle too philoophlctl. a little toe dry, bnt believing, as I fo, in my soul, that there is a pro found truth here? a -rut b at the very foundation of ourtaovmenV? a trutb which .ihould beoar p?lar star In this whole glorious ellort for America's reaemt<tion and Am rite's triumph ? I have ventuied to be a little dulL fCiies cf "no, no, go on.") Nation*, sir, have a peon liar character, as well m individuals; and languages, custom*, manner*, institution*, all proclaim tbe power of national life. That inspired re:oru that (lod divite.1 to tbe Israelites their inheHtan.-e, rle?rly reveals the divine pnspoee that races and peoples should be preserved distinct, -o that th#lr peculiar eharacterlstlca might he fully develo|>ed, snd all that is good an! no ale In humanity might be brought te light. As In the fsmily circle Vie br'ghter and purer and holier aff-rc of our nature, that <lis.nterMt?-Jne?e of alTeetion and purity snd esrnesthtse of love, are awakened and man tested In the highest decree ? so In the nation? in the organised nation? we find correspond ng strength ard fervor of patriotism, a spirit of Cevot on and self sacrifice which never, never could involve effortc, which never could be called forth into existence to glad den and delight the human heart, were It not for the existence of distlnet nationalities. (Scne dis order and manifestations of inattention.) I do aot know that I am beard throughout tU? room. I will endeavor, however, to make myself heard for the few moments that I will longer oceupy your Wine The noblest virtues that oan adorn human Ity ?re the natural fruit of vtR'rous national life. Ne ver bae there existed a i atlon which has distiagulehel Itself by ite lofty tbouahte, which has be?n ths fruitful mother t f gnat men, inat has not oherisbcl In a htch degree tho iplrit of nationality, (Applause) WVre was that spirit ever more intense than in tbe Jewish na tion?the choeen people of Ood? and with what cxtvaflr divnry cere, with what, unparalleled anxie'v did the r great leader, their lawgiver, tinier tbe luiptraMoo of the throne of (iod himself, throw guanis an in t their nations II ty, In the form of enactments by wtiich tbsy wire to be govern odt ( Applause.) Iiow did tha'.r pros perity snd fiery rise or fall at e?*rv period of their na tional hlstoey j cat ia proportion to tnsir o.>?du>n~e or disobedience to tboee laws attered by tiod hianxelf for the preeer vatlon of tbe nationality of th< ir raie! And what people waj ever more strongly natioeal than the Greeks In their day* of proeperityV The ssme was true of Fomc In her days of greatness an I advancesieat. And so has it been with every nation which has existed and exerted an important influence on the destin es of the world. They have not labored to extinguish or suppress tbe seneimant of nationality, but rath?r to ?waken and strengthen a national spirit. .Vow in view ?f these trnvha, Is It notnt-aage to snpnoee that we most renress every sentiment of nationality^ So If we would e Speculate and degrade the nation and uatlt it to play an Important pari In the history of the world, we could not better manage It than by repressing the otwwi h of national sentiment. If our republic has already done anything worth* of h'stA'lc record? if her children have any claim* to renown, It is because she ha* made her Institution* to bear ths impress of her own greatne**. She has marked oat a course of h*r own, and her son* hare made her what she is ? /'great appianee) ? and made their name* eense animated by a true American ?pirlt. And If we are to have a great aatlonal future, we murt five the fuHeat possible acopo to ind-pen-teot and naSonal ?cti>o? Hie healthy growth of a?> nation wti?f he from wKatn outward. Cb? liMlthT iii v'ri of m natlo.' t? oni* *'?? pioeiri of unfolding tb>t ?)iot )?? ? h; .J?o in tlM (to lb* t.eal(b) giowtb of a nation must '?? liae tha gro ettl of the it.tely tree of t? ? ??!?'. Rov anaurrt would it ba to mil fcnge aod ureouib looeing s ah* -roncd * s?pu?g and call tb*t a tree, or to aall that sis.o eahirgaiaeBt a benltty k|iihwt? growth ! K^naUy rtJ.cul^n i* it to Nipb foreigner* and atietn inti an a->so liaUo-i and ca l th?t associinou a ??.t on. There m i*t t>*> an internal lower ?< cobes < n is ??? to construct a a* i ti<n. or you ha ve ? nl> a irob? r ot a nation. A sad lhill Is not a rock neither la an a<M!irihtage of a'iens a na tion W hat i? a nation Y It le a lh"ug unity, tbe parte of whlchar* bonnfl ti getber *ij tre law o t a common Iff. .No graft viil flourish unl' ?s the sap from taa not flow through it k veins -'o ih it witiicverv man wbo i? joined to a notion if he no nut ?'nak into its ipirit m<l bercme a p?rt of ita v. ry crga&izttion, h? ia but a deed branch, nr. tlioucti v on multiply tb*ae ?>!??? bj tbouaaidn and bur of tniusauds, you ad* neither fruitfulne?H nor i ta'nL'y to Ve nation wbicb receivea bun I pray God if 'he-n ideae ai>aml In jour mtnd an i Hod ?ppr**a< in your hearts, chat tNy w 11 find illustration in lhim wbo stand bore, whether they cr.rne iron 1 be (ela' o fialda of OaHforoi* cr from it> i urny trl '? of tin o-itu, or iron the cold regit mi of tbe Noivb. *?<l >eu will find tuat thla ?ei> tin ent b*a taken ?<>ot in tl>? national neart, and is btaiing fruit to the hi?ror oi tiod and the limy ot tbe cation (App'auf.) Wnat^vor there h great and glorious in on- kiatorio deeds and ioititntione ha- not been broii|?Ut to a* from wub out it baa com* f'um e i'bln Wliatevnr nine ?? can iirport, we cannot Import national virtues as we cao hat* ot K--o-a. (Apjilumi; anil Ui-gtr.e,- ) Vbe^e, *tr arc natiou*) vir'ur' , and tr.u t b>* 'Ue i?iur?lp'o'ii ',t ot 'be (oil Tfey inuct t' tb? oiferinj of tbo n*iii>o?l b??rt In 'orcluslon, br> bl'D I .?"l) open ?ou, in tM Dxine of all ttntta ca'eo'a'fd to N'rui^tt en, adorn b?au ti'j and (?-rp?-tuate tbv tiwtitu' o a ?men <*? lava an 1 b?ve t?on> to pro'i-o-, to c>. tiv-tte a w+tcb^iil spirit. (Apitaufr ) h .twitb?ta> ^hig nil fhe TiQneD?i>a whtnh bate i*rded to nuppre^iiin oor hiatory, tbuafar, ao<l to . in the riation I party no'4 to nrise oar Und, Hke K< abV ark. 'O contsin >li ktcds of l-vltiR ibivir*. atul w? are, tVanli God ? we are i.ttH ?. na ion (Applauif.) We ar? ir. na'ioD. It b?s been thought, hre hr*n, thit we wire only a eenfuaeo and be' ? rogeneoua ma^a of wp?o1 pi ople fr< m *11 laros. \\?it??i it. We -loaf that we are if*# tbe hand of dri-'i wiona "ouad together by no livintt tie. We ?r?. as j?ur fri>-no from tbe S'lany Fontb (Mr Rajnorj haa saut >o <*? ?r? ona peo ple. We bare a hiatory We ?r? hound together l>j the tire of a c-minon ancestry ^ e h*ve fu'tier* ro?KOti?? we bui'or. in wo<. se d^edg w glory We f*et oprsehei- to be Imka in a H?ing. tvei-growng rh.iu, ktound *binb it Is plraannt 'or tbe heai I m> a c?d<1 froai tte facred p?;*. an.' to go do wo wad in jovul hope of ? future wbicb ha* no ec TbU i our uatire laud, bil lowed by tbe a'hei of our str*a, co^taintog all ?h?t we noit love Other land* may te r'earer to the'e alteax Pot 1 ray we object not to it 1 glory 'n It ?nd when I h*ar a man wbo t? enjoying *?*? the patronage of ottr government and onr lawH ? wh o I Iwr a ui?n from a foriign latid, etoadihg ni> for h h rAtiee In ad, not rl'>ry irg in the history cf that lard ibisb gjive Mm birth. I am prepared to t?ta that man to tor heir- w to a uinr? cordial hog than I can bira wbo is >o rea ty to ren^uo'* tbe allig auce which be owea t ? tbe lav? no lcr wbicb he wan horn (ippiaosu.j 0' her lunila. I nay, may t>e iear to tba tl'en; but none caa be *o il>-ar to ua na thn land, for it ia imbroded in tbe memory of cbildhoo 1 : to it we have giren onr jou'hful and *tfe>-.tioni<, to it wr hare consecrated tbe str*rrtb of our maturer <ige; and to tb * I nion of Statea, which constitute* the glory and ?trrrgth of tbe Kepnhlic, wear* devi-ted. My heart hai tbrilled with pleasure, and bas risen with grvitu^e to high heaven, when at tbe call ol my broth-tr (Mr. Ray aor) jou bave here renewedly sworn allegUoca to it through iile to the last tour of your e-tiatenca ( Ap plauie.) men tal* aa they will of tb? dutien of uni veiga) brotherhood- all I bave to ??y if tbia, that that man whot-e heart paTpi'atea not wlt.b peculiar ntreogti ot atlect'On towards the land which gave him birth, to wards ibe gUdes he trad in child hood, towards tbe old roof tree? nbo lovss not to go ba-h to revive his early scsres, and awaken the echoes winch delighted nim of oW? tfc?t man, I aay, is nnworrhy of ctvil rgbta; patri otism ia to bim an unmeaning word, and love of country a sentiment which ia utterly alien to bl? soul 1 wai *o nnxirus, brethren, to bring out tbat one idea which seemed to me fundamental, tbat I subjeotei n^s^lf, I know, to ctnsure and criticism Mr President, I bave only this to aay ia connection wi b tbe toast, t??t from tbe commencement of our colon'al bi. tory to this day, there has been a progressive movement towards the perfect developement of the idea of religions liberty. (Applause.) I on. gentlemen of Massachusetts, have bail tome ancestors there who burned wit-bes. (Laughter ) Tb?re were sther instances of oppression in the colonial history of the oountry, which aru not to be wcaderea at By any v?aa who rea>ia witb a philo ropbic mind, or even wth a oanuiil spirit, tbe history of the times wbicb indnoed tbnn to leave their native Un^, and tbe iafluences uader which they settled the early evlonir s ol this country Bat, thank (>od, eveu the last remnant of this spirit baa Bed from the soil, and now we claim tofnrnishin onrgoterumenfc, inournt^teof socle ty, in ail our inetitotiina a pei fec.t illustration of the iJea of religiovs liberty. Yea under the oonatiiutum of the United Mates? coder xlie constitution of every Mate? there ia to day. according to my conception of reiig-oua liberty, a perfect illustration, a perf-ct oefenoe ot this grand fundamental idea 1 have an objection very pro perly, to wb?t ia calied the t*mpor*t authority of the church. 1 know, sir, tba*. it is cLlined that there exists a distinction tetweea what is termed tbe fcclo^iastical pewer and tha temporal power of popery . I do not to uadeiatand it. What it i? tbnt pcp*ry claims as its ?reat fnndsmental principle is, thai men shall not thiaa or themselves it ia that the cunsi-ieu -e of tr-tj liv n* man ia" subject to the control of tbe hierarchy. That hierarchy, rep?cdirg fiom the l ope ia bin thalr in Rome, to the humblest of that systca in tin I rut id States, under onr free govioment, hoMa it'elf accountable and subject to th* edicts, the bulls, tbe de cretals of the Pope, in respect to everything which can effect tbe ronfcience in every relation of life. TLay care not what ought to he the relations of husband or wife, parent oi child, mister or servant, ruler or sub jfet alien or citizen. They claim? and I defy o.intra oiction of tbia truth, and hold myself ready to produce autlioilty which Archbishop Hughes or no otb?r repre sentative of the church shall dare to contradict? to hold thimselves subject in all tne workings of ilieir cinscience, as to the cntie* grow og out of these rela'ions, entirely to the Hope Aod however jou may mean it, however you may attempt to modify it, hvwever jon may claim to harmonise It wi'i the g.nius of our constitution. I ask bow, if what I have uttered be ruo, ?e can adopt this system of enele><i?Hti csl authoii'y id temporal things, or bow we can support any man who adopts or sanction* th ?t system for aay position of civil authority under tbe government of thU repuVl'c? 1 ibov, sir, tbat el?sti.-it) of principle and of conscierce max.K*sted by the repre-entat.vep o.* that sys tem in all ages has be' n rrost remar abie: 1 know* air, tbat in 1bt< days of tbe Stuarts, for example ?if j may give one or two historical illustiationt- whlla p>p?ry eon'd prea h open rehelion to tbe po ?ej wbi:h govern ed in England, it could at th' same time perne-ute with exile, confiscation of property and death, the H.igu?not* of Frsnoe; I know tbat whiie Archbi-hop Egg' ?n Maryland, and Archbishop Hog' en in t? York ciai-n ttst tbe genius of thatsist>m isinperiect cacmooy with our sjsiem, which preparMw to (ducate In tbi> blijh est liberty all the nopulation of our oountry, yet, in Rome, on the hanks of the Titer, on tbe ban- s of*, be Po and in every Catholic conntrv wnere they bave the power, tbe mind of tbe people is kept degraoed, and in a etnte of brutal ignorance But I will som? to a jltse, 1 thank yon for the reception you have giv-n me and for tbe courtesy with which you have Ih^eneil to mv ad drees I ktow It was a dry >i*qaisit,-on, *>ut thank Mo' the Ami rioan mind has become awaheoed ''he im*i can heart kes b-rome interested in the sijj-ict, ant I know that that Proteetan* element which we wield *ia* a jiower to give ne success an.t perfeit triumph, not oirfy for the present but tbrongi all t-nx', until th? winding np of afTatra by Bim who hoida tbe deatioies of man. Applause ? tbe band playing "Home, aweet horns. " Tie Cdairmin then gave as the fourth tout ? Tba press. And called upon Mr. Ridge way, of Virginia, to fespond to it. Mr. Bidgrwat said ? Tlmt hi* vocation ?>? to wield ?be pen and not thn tongue, and fcs had bo *peeob to n>ke. He wouM, bo?ev?r, propose the health of om wr.o ?oul i bmi a *pe?cb. twr*u?? he was an orator and * poet, aa weil as a writer. He proposed ? The health 01 Geo. T. Prsatiee, of the Louisville Journal. (Great cheering and call* for Prentise ) Mr. Prentice was not present, but three cheers wore w?re nailed for, and given him right heartily One of the Vick-Primdknts then propaeed the heaHh of Mr. Judson Crane, of Kiohmuud, who ira< he sail, a gallant standard b?<?rer in the recent contest in Virginia - the State ef the natural bridge which Ood create! tor the Americana to march over to a noble victory (Cheers ) Mr. Ckaxr reaponded at some length. He said: ? Whan jour Vice President, in his knio-s?, spoke of me as one of the standard rH?M?r* in th* recent contest in Virginia, he did me ne ny>r* th?n Justice, if he meant to say that so tar ae 1 could I bore the standard of the p?nj whose r?.pre sentetivee are assembled here to night, wtta ?li une energv and courage of nay nature, and all the ability I coulti conmsnd. Iron where the Blue Ridge meuoUtn* lift their tope to heaven aa If in defiance, down to ;he shore where our rivers commingle their floods wtth toe saltwater of the ocean. (Gbeera.) But mine ww a labor of love, and not of profit or ambition. I we* n vclunteir in tl?e cause. If nv friend, Mr. WUe, oan boast of ore ranged long, I come here to-night with two, and indeed I did nit tbink i should be able V> be here at all. I believe I spoke more hours during the content tlwn ?ey man in the State evoept Mr Wis-, and I wish now I bad given six mon h* to (h ? aiare instead of one. (Cheer*. ) 1 should have rejoiced to have had an opportu nity of encountering Mr. Wis* bimsHlf during th< oirn pstgn, f?r although a touog- r and in all reeaeits a fee bler man than he is, 1 had a stronger aoi more glorious cau?e to u$liold_or>e which 1 tell you, poop's of the whole I'd nn, cr.mtrwndH Itself heart nod eo-il to the peop'e of Virgii, ia. (Loud cheer*.) end wh'ch only re quired to tytve been understood and fully explained to lave schjeved a glorious victory. (Renewed end pro tracted Bicerlrg.) I venture, howevr, sttll to *ay, al thourh Mr. Wine ia Governor. that the meralvietorf is with the American cause. Glance with "ae for a mo ment or two at the eenteet in Virginia. We opi ned oar campaign publicly only a month or two before the e'ec ticn. Mr. Wise had the whole campa gn to himself. A Vokt. ? He's n damned raecal too. ('heeraanl laughter.) Mr. C*>!??.? No, no, no; I will not do injustice t-> ? foe, even to fain a trtum jrti. (Ores of ' good "an l gr?at cheering ) He. h my friend. I proclaim It hers In Phi ladelphia I would not have met h'm if he bad no* l>*en my frKnd. For my foes, political and personal, 1 havs other arguments than worde. (Cheers ) He <ehn ?*j* he li a raacal is mlei*ken. 1 tell you he is not, b<it he if one of those mirguld'd men. one of thote son* of light and genins whose ambition ia hi* maeter, and he *e?a tilings wrongly in consequence. (Cheers. ) 1 1 yon want to know bow tt ia that Wiee can be a whig one day and a democrat another, there la no other solution of it ax eept that wi?h a ?i|tiAcnt Intollest. h? wants gnil atre aod direction. (Cheers.) I raid mm uo b?en jnhtiee (R?uewt-<i eaNfi.) Virgin a Km liStfcs axaact kn i?ride, and aha wru would dMt m bar U?ri?. d< * a man who iu a raaeal (Cheers again ) Pence)* >nd tricksters gala i><> ootholi on tc? noil of Virginia The first thing they want to a no v In if a B'tB'k heart ia right, ?nd H it b? they will tru?* fun *?*n ihnugb bit bead b?j be wrung (Ufettr*.) It ?t> is U>i- w?y that be voa nU triumph i? vfWkia ; bo wen a wriitt trom the prop)- bactatte ba waa to* on ly cnupcfl fur both udea. (Langhtor ) If ba h*d ba) aa uppottkt b?fcr? iba people. 1 tail you, that taateat of a majority of tea thousand in bis favor, th*re wojld hav? tt-?n a majority of tweny thousand tbe other way. (CkMii ) I derre yoa to r? then, that we open tti our oonvaaa oaiy a: out eo? mentb boore the elaatnon, and that tb>ee- 'ouitba o? the ftwo of Virginia did mot bear wh~t tbe American oanae waf. I to aot aay whn ? resporr<bk fo? it ; I nerely state the f??t. I aay the moral vfoHry la oura, becaueo, if the coateat bad boan betwen Wise and Klournuy akiae there cm ba no doubt that 1he faaoa oould have booa different Hat uafortu nately, the 8iate of Virginia Is cursed with little eourt houae politician*, running for the Leui?ia'aro a ad for Congrtss. who hare bo buein*?? to bo la eitber of thoa* bodi e (Laughter ) bt?t? Legislature influence tad CougrsMtuoal t- fluenee carried W>ao, and not mil A no r o.iiimii. Ike aural victory la oura iar anotter roe job ; we bul< e a capital trade with Mr Who; be look ell the f r?ignerr. and we took nearly all the nati?**. (laughter and cbeer*.) I am not fool lab enougu, er stupid rnouiih, to pre'end that I shojl-l not lite to have bad tbe absolute victory, aa well a* the ir orul Tidon ; but I VII you that, an ler al> the circum Marcec. be la wlcoste to bin no* alika (Cheer* ) ru? norai vtc'rry le ours for another rea-on N'?*.witti ?tan-Mng that Mr. Wine *o heroically o?clar?<l to the 1*M wmcut '.b?t lie would get t-reaty or thirty thoo (and majority, at<)l, if w? did n?t heat bim, w? netr'y scared h m out of bla boot-) (Isaunbter ) I *11 t*i yon ?r#lh*r reacoo wby we wvt* defeated. f-om? of our lr!mdi> very ImprndeDtly abowed our ttrengtb, and let out tt st we cou'C give 0,( 00 vote*, and eer'atnlf ,w-a iy crlhirtv thonaaud mora votoa were give* io Vir<io'ii tbi? tme ibaa wer? ever given he fir a ia anv election tl.fre the moral ?ic ory wae curs lor aaouter rea>oa, that the wno-XD of Virginia ano all tbe rmy? were witn va. (Great laughter and cheering ) Give ua another c Vance, and a) aw tbe wou? and "oy? to vote, ail joa will f?e a very <iilT*i?bt rei-nlt (Laughter.) the ge? tltirau nbo pr< p?>td the toait to ?hi-.h I am respond iif. acnoi nctd ihat 1 waa from Vlrg nla. l'bere ia a iKgct anktaie about 'hat Tbe rien>o<:ratle party, aiooe 1 lava httm a mat. now ??ate 'ewyenra. have coiaUnt Iy friifted aot t peninaeivaaly ihat I waa a Y an it e- ? a Kor'brrn born man Vbat the m&mb of thm iv, I do not knew; bat any aaa wbo get* up, tLeie to aivc>< ala aay canae aagiuet the live l?avea rr two fisher of tbe ^aoaocratle party, ia eitber -a d ? l abo'ttlcDiirt," or be waa "born at tbe Ninth " (Roara of lkugbUr.) It ??metiao?a requ rea a good deal of pluc? for a m?B thire 10 admit that be ever aaw a Northern bibb. (Renew, d la tighter.) A few word a more, aud i liave done 1 touch with bo willing hand a dwior ant ttr ng. but let me aay, aa a Ciion-'ov'ng man, tsat it ia with pa n that I b&ve sot board hero to night tbe vo'ee of N? w England. (Cbeera.) Am I to nndervtani 'hat tfcere ia no < oe tore from New England? (Crlee of "No, bo," anc cbt?r? ) Pi"? I want to hear 'rom Maaaachn latta. Ebe shall aot quit me. unteta by her o?n 'ret, volnntary act. (Cbeer*.) Whatever other South*ro n.?n may do, I wlil haog aronnd ber n**a anil p ovi with ber I will heae^ch her and feel that I do Go) aervice and freodom perviee in any peraoaal ?MridM 'I Kay male, (l.oud cbfen.) In coneluaion let me any that whatever may he tbe AOBteet* in the fntnre, taerv lire mtn enough ia Vlrgin'a - ho when they rightly un dem'and am fully ccmprehend our prinelpVa, *111 ral y arounii oi>r atavdarr, provided it ban maenbed npon it the Crnati'ntiou and tbo Union. (Groat shearing.) The Cijaikma* then read tbo folio wing eommanwation, wl ich was received with deafening applanae Concsrt Hill, Juno 7, 1856. The ladiea conse. ted with Ub'e ho 12 of the Floral Fair fur the benefit of the Northern Home for Frienlle*? Children, b.g the acceptance by tho gentlemen of th? American Banquet of the accompany in* eate aa a token ot their apprtemtkn of and sympathy for Ajd# tcao policy and Americas principles The cake which accompanied he note, waa sent Vi Mr. Barker's lodgings at the Girard H)uae, with th* compliments of the ladies. Mr. Joiin Hmw-a offered th* folio wieg resolution, which was unanimously adopted : ? Berolved. That tbe thanks of the "American Baa qu?t '* are bfreb* tendered to the ladles of tab'* No. 12 of the " Floral Fair " bow leing held at Concert la ) for the benefit of tbo northern Home for Frieajlen-i Children for tbe presentation of a 8sl*ndid and miagntfl cent cake aa a tok?n of tberr inVreeta in and sympathy for the soccers of " Ameneaa princi,;l-s," aa expresae 1 in their chaste and eloquent eommumcat^n. Tbe Chairmah stated that he bad been instrui'ed tr the Committee of Management to announce that tbe states would now bo called in t.helr alphabefital erinr, and that gentles en were expected to respond tor easb S'ate in the The first Stato ha was reqaoated t? call for vas ArkaEsas. (Cheers aid loud calls of ?Tike," " ?) Mr. Aldkkt Pike, of Arkanaaa, presented himse f aid wae greeted with immense cheering, thump ng of hoc lea and gbaatee on tbo tahls, waring of napkins on<l oilier it m?D*t ration* of applause an J delight. Wh?n si Irnee was restored he Mid .? . Giothrotii? The "t*fe trom which I con* is obo cf tithe rod*, wtHl 8?ates in tne haakwooJs, for which, so f? r f b cimSfri, wealth <ni icfl'i?nce la this con fed a ra > go. buMittje c?n be said. I am. tter-for*. quit* Mli'beri w.'.h the ep ?ee of five m na'#? allotted to me within which to speak We of the b*;k?oo t8 ham ai Dit nct? aid we arc all Americana. (Oh-erf.) We hava an id a tbat he who is oora upoa Amer.CiU ?o.1, aodi so American sun, is a 1 ttle tie ter and a litt!? rwbl-r Bin than aty ui + bom any where rl*> (Load cheers ) T r?c< guise, Mr President, jour o?n pride of blrta. but I d?i<> to ull you.her., that prcud as jou mtj be of hav II g fcttn born in PeBBrjlvasia or as my friend* whom I hate beard with ao much pleasure, may bo of bavin* tn-eo horn is liarjlaoi aad Virginia, ?nd other Stat-s of this I n;on, I feel mjfelf a little better than any of you because I was tarn in the good old Commonwetith of Darsiuliu'eUs. (Cheers ) Sir, I kiow itis the faabioq now to lalk about tbe "acciden of birth," but let me tell jou that we in th* hauk woods are not philosophers or nwiapbyi'icisi/B Wn-o not goto the books to learn what are He spring* of bom?n a tiou. No wiee statee mi n e vt r did. Lou* smsjs and lucubrations upon tboe? springs of actlm tbat govern th* human rase have Tibial cone good in the history of the world, and never will w* feel by instinct, and we are proud to feel it, that it is a merit In ds to have been born upon this soil of our* Mr. I*re*ident, when the great Kmperpr of fiacre said to th? army of Frenchmen in Kffipt '-from the tun mil of the pyramids forty centuries look down upon you," to whom did he address that speech? Was it to tie pyramids hoary with foity senturiea of age? No, It was io Frenchmen, and it waa because they were Fret c men tbat they bore the eagles of Franoe In tri umph over half of burope. Ho bills and bows. Op, men of Kert and Sutsex, was the Etgllaht'ry; and the drum heat of England is I srd all round the world. Let us then bare uie cry ' Up Americans, for your country and your principles." (< Wrs.) Von may utter loog philosophic*! disquiet t rts arout the human fnaity, and tell me as clten as yon pVane that he who comes to this cui.trj fiom choice is more deserving of credit thsn he wfcu wsa born here by necest-ity, but I tell yon tbat *te fame principle which has made th* nrhtocrrcy of England, .the great bulwark of that oountry? pride of Mfod?ia that which has governed the bumin raoe from the very beginning of the world. ( b?ers) I am proud of my good an^loStxon bfooi. If I h?d been born of that good old stock that first peop led Mew York and Pennsylvania, I should havebe*n proud of w\ Gerrnar blood; ant if 1 bad been born in tiouth Carolina, and bad bad the good 'ortnn* to he a descend ant uf tbe people whieh first peopled thst State, I ahoal l bav? been prrud of rqr Huguenot blood. Let every man fre proud of bis own blood and country. It is a feeling with whieh God has inspired us; and that feeling whici Gr.d baa put into the universal heait of the human raoe, is ngbt, because God has planted it there (Obeers. ) Tbat feeling ha* won all the treat victories of the worbi. That feeling it was that carried the army ot France into hurMa. Tbat feeling it was which urged Hey. with eaves t bonsai d men, to charye ?i*ty thousand Kursians, and cut bis way through them. It is that feeling which has carried the Sag of England all over 1 he world It Is tbat last net that we, en acoount of our own birth, and our own ancestry, are better than any one else. Prejudlse jou may? ca'l It, follf yon may call it; but destny that principle and you dentroy the mainspring of human im provement (Cbeern ) I care nothing about your theo ries. It is enough for the people of the Wos'ern coco try to V now, therein their rude hack wood*, "under tue shelter of ihoee glorious trees and breathtdf\hn free air of the prairies? it is enough for tbem to know that they are American born ctticens; end to believe, as they do in tbe Irmost fibres of their hearts believe, that beln* American born o tlzens, the world doe* not hold the<r rqusla. (Lend sheers. ) But 1 am trangreMdng beyond my five minuUs. (Loud cries of ? "Go on. ') Mr. 1'tericest, the fate of countries Is not decided by epeechee at c inner tables Here or somewhere else? for 1 <iox, 't knoar exactly wbat is going on? but here or somewhere else there tie pertie* trom everv portion of tke Union, North and South, and they *111 meet by-and ?je. 1 don't ssy anything about what Is going on. (laughter,) bnt we have ooeae together, one haulrM and fifty er two hundred gent eoen, or we will eomi' to getber by -and bye, (great cheering, which lasted for tome moments,) and we will meet, my brothers? am 1 not j our brother?? (sries of? "Yes yes," and cheers) ? we will meet, or we have met, or we are about tojmeet ?cnoewbere. (laughter.) 1'erhape, sir, It raav be <n fotoe shady grtve, near the city of the Palmet to Ptate . or It may be In the GUy ef Monuments, under tbe shadow of tbe capltol, or In this glorious old city, wtere, in 17S7, a body mot together not superior In P*iriotiem to those who will meet or who have met on this present occasion. (Cheers and laughter.) It may be Id n city stf'l further north, the great commercial emporium of our conntry, or poiislbl/ in that city where raueull Pall still casts Its shadow upon tbe street*, upon tbe hill under whose shadows, I thank God, I was bom. (Great cheering.) Bir, wherever we have met, or wherever we may meet, or anybody aloe, known by ibe came of "native born American citlsens," may meet to consult for the or.mmon welfare of the country, there wfll be the little State that I represent, Wheeru) | and there she will counsel together With her alder aad w's?r elsters for the common weal, aad there she will utter through the mouth of any one Of her sons no single word tbatcruld wound tbe sen eiblH tie* or excite listings of arger or hostility in the breast of any other m?n. (Cheers) nut she will endeavor to apeak words of peace snd love; and having learned by many years , experience t>ai be le the wisest man who assigns the Vest snd p* rest motives to an human actions, an<l as In a free country no man baa any interest in overthrowing the Institutions of tbe country, or that great I'nton under which we all live and have our beinr? this Vnlon which, next to the Christian religion, Is the greatest Messing with which God baa ever vonehsafed to bleu this country, of our?? fMjMalaf these facte yen win 111 U? Htt'e State of Itkuw always ready t? ?efVr# that th* mm, tD? faults. the wniBM, the II HIMI ef tbeee wit* m?j meet toother to consult far -be ttuMB |*od ?'? but UWHII of patriotism, taking perbape, a wrong airee-iou. (Cheera ) Mr. si-lent un aiy brothers, ibomr you present tout platform npei> ?bi<-h every citizen of this republic cm ataad fl'B-ly aad sqnar?)y we will help to build it with yon; a*~ wh?B 1' ia built, with do blank in that platform which can offend any 'Hate '? this ^oriom oonfederacy of ours ? wth not a stogie prin-ipl* or teaet in ita ere*i with ehieb aij t-'tate in tnu 1'aion can justly Sad fault, or tegaTd an an aot of State offmoe ? Arkansas will stand d|?i> that ?Ut form as io*g aa a single plank of it remaias ana battle (or it* principle! to tbe laat. fEathuelaetc ap pause.) Mr Pt?? dent, i ? ill conclude wit n a wi?h? a wish which every heart will, I am sure, respond? that neither Si u nor I, nor oor children, nor our children's child reu i the latest generation, Bay ever be anfortanat? rsougn to see toe d*y wh?n ho who haa neon born under tie granite bill* cf hew Hamgah ro, or on the golden ?bore* of California, or in the savannas of the South, o J the of tb? We?t, or on the flowery plalna of 'eias orauoorlales in the Noithw*st, may not leel that It is a puUnt of nobility stamped on klm by the divine band of our treat Creator, that ho haa had the g<M* foitune to be oorn oa American soil and of Ameri ri n tartnta. (Enthnaisatle and protracte i elite ring.) The Htate of Alabtma wai next called oa. Kr Htuart respot-deil. ? He Slid : lb at wblle be waa proud of Alabama, which he repre e*n.ted here o night, he waa doubly proud of Philadel phia, ninth was bia native oity. (Applause.) My ?cutb, said he, waa spent In rolling oa the green of ?<;< prurience pquare, right in sight of the temple of rt.aeiitetMinai liberty I gathered the precepts which I mrriro to A la ban* here, and I am therefore proad of Philadelphia . This assemblage here to-night shows the ? ptv t ot Philadelphia, ita devotion to the Union, ita I r spita ity . it a greatness ; and I am oq unity proud of, Ala bum*, tie Un.ioi my adoption. When I left Philadel phia to go to Alabsma, 1 did not go to a foreign land; I went to m part oi my own aoun'ry, then the Territory of llui-isaippf. I helped to boiid np that 8tate Alabama, wbicb tut grown to beautiful proportions. She ia now past l>er in aery, and ia balding into manhood without a Ma n u oo b?r chancer. She stands now, Mr. Chalr ?an, the Union S'a'e of Alab ma, (applause,) without a a- il or a f tain upon her She haa nothing to boaat of in tb? way of <ie??i cf g'ory ; she ia to* young for that. All that she bss b-en able to do is to give a token at what it e would do If ooeaton required (Applause.) Fr>m tie hio (>t sure en a Poodny morning came the news that a ka?d of Americans was In danger-, anl en the Monday morning a steamer loaded wttb ?in railed for the port of danger. (Applauie ) We are tooyonrgto boast of deeds of history; bat we t sve > labs id ans from ail parti of the Union who are all true Americans (ApplauHe) Toe brcezia of the Gulf are cool and pleasant, the State ia industrious and prosperous tbe mrnn shines bright, and everything is I to pit oua We are enjoying all tbe blessings of Ameri can freedom. (Applause ) We are happy and content; but wc are sad m heart this day. And why? Our lnatitu t ovs are menaoed. There is a black clodd ia the North ? h'cb rose in In* las d We hope it will pass over, but we are no? mre of >t. I appeal to you, men of Philadel phia. t.i a>d in averting that danger. (Applause.) This Is my native city, ami I have therefore a ri<ht to appeal to j on. To you we look for protection; but first we pro tect oureelves. We bave strong arms to do so. Bat we ask you to prevent this thunderbolt from bursting over tv? country. We bave no rivalry with England. The danger threatens only tbe North. The fate of this country, I repeat, Is in the bands of Philadelphia. We a?k you to five our -nstitutions and the Union. We pto'ert ourselves, if necessary, but wa hope, with your aid that tbe cloud will be dissipated. (Applause.) The Chair next called upon the State of Connection t. Mr- Spkxbt waa called for, bat did not respond. Cali'orn'a waa next called on. Dr. Matbkwb responded : He aaid He came as tbe representative to this Convention, from the youngest nf tbe States of the Union. The State of M?ssscbui<etts bad been called on for an explanation and ejpci'or of her sentlmeats, and ahe had not an swered : be ?as willing to give her an opportunity. Ha ur der?tood that there was present a delegate from that ctet* (Got, Gardner) who had resisted the away of the abolition**.- there in refusing to sanction the dismissal of a Judge who bad performed his duty tinder the Consti tntirn, and ke therefore wished to yield, and to call 01 tbe '??ate of Massachusetts for an exposition of htr senti vents. (Applause and laughter, eeupled with cries for Gardner and WiUon ) The Chairmak? Tb compliance with the rejnert of the gentleman from California, I call on the Stab) of Masea ebusetta For some time tbere waa no response, and load cries were beard for Gardner and Wilson, bat neither of thee* worthies appeared. The Ceair ? The State *f Massachusetts has been called lor; will it answer? I ond dies of ' no" and "jes." Ibe Chair ? Answer, then. A VoiCTt? Thtee cheers for Governor Gardner. (No rcspense ) TLe Chair ? If Maseachuaetta will not anawer, Calif or dU mutt pioeeed. Mr. If atbiwr mntiictd to reepoad for California. He t b*sk*<l the aea*mblage, in the um ef that State, for the honor <)one ber. Be feed been s?nt on here to ex t?od tbe rikbt h.-ibd cf fellowship to hi* brethren, and be now cid to The Order wan established there only ?vt- j far ego, and it now controfled Vlf the rote* of the S ate (Apilaace ) They bad a glorious mission to per'ojm l> re in thia convention of American freemen. Meeh bad been dene, but much still remained to be lose. Let us then be up and doing, With a heart for any fate; Still advancing, utill panning, Learn to labor and to wait. The next State caPed was the State of Delaware? Mr. Siuthjcrs responded. He sail:? Like b'B friend frtm Alabama, he b poke for a amu.ll **tate Delaware had been the flint to siffa the consti lotion of the United States, and be thought 0be had given the pledge that ahe would be the hut te violate it. (Applaure.) Delaware, he aaid, is bow anxion to hear f torn Masaachuretta; and I now in ber name call upon h?r to de fine bar position in the 3tatea of thin Union. (Laughter and applaoee.) Though small in territory, Delaware has a heart aa big as aav of her lister States Be was proud to repment little Delaware here to night; and repeating whst he had said, that she would be the last to rend asunder or violate the bonds of the consti tution, be would yield for Ma*sachuaatta, that she might be heard from as soon as possible. (Laughter, a ad cries forGardnei and Wileoa, but still no response.) The Rate of Flort'a woe next called on Major Wiijjam W a luck McCall responded. He said: ? The question of native Americanism is the proper lueetioa to talk of here. He was here as a delegate of one of the Statea of the Union, and would not bring side Irenes into the battle. He was a native American, and would boast of it. although Lis father was a Heotchnaa. A Voice? Good blood ) But he eouM boast that be imtelf had fought on tbe plain* of Mexico, and was still prepared to hhouker his maakat for the Union. (Applause.) In Savaaath they had a ceuneil of one hundred members (laughter), and eouid control the State. It was tbe land of gallantry and "party" wo men (reneved laughter), and it pVdged itatlf to the party and tbe U?'on, and vtvn oalled on it wonld bs roond " tk. re." In coaaluaioa, be gave a* a toast ? Ihe City ?f Vhi srtelphia? Tbe City of Brotherly love, and tl'? botbi d of native Amtrioaniem. (App'auae and oonUna ed lnughter ) After tb> ) sertimoal there were calls for " Brewster? Pr?-?rter," end gnat noise and excitement, durta; which the chair was heard quoting: ? Ordir U lleaven ? iret law, Ac. Gmilem'n. be continued, tbe next btata to be heard from u the ?? State of Georgia " I am kept hereto k<tp otder, and will not violate It. Will Georgia r? fp-.Li ? l>t lift apeak. Mr. Pot. responded ? He aaid ? That America had been charged withboas'fulaeae, hu*. any man who ba1 ?ucb aHtate at Georgia if to boait of, nn^ht ii'jt be atdnmed ef ik aiding ib the boast. They bad in tb>-ti tatf nine huodrer. mlTe* ef railroad, fo ir colleges for niaV s mi. I four no b*&e? for ffraal-s, all in sncctvefuul epe aU?o, w. all under Protectant 'n fiueace. f Applai'-e ) And lie thought that without the caxou Piet*ki*?t??lf:oo r..*Ha?on Wood woiM be bo letter than ttie i-pAuieh b oo) or tbe Mexican bloo.l. Ceotgia, he ??'<), wmh een Btially IW.t'staat and ia a few jrart tli f-'.?te woukl ccmpere 1b all the attain m'staef pregrnf*, w.:h any oiber In the UaiOA. She fca.t some .hftii./ uliMi uane* ia her hJit jry ? sa:h m Baldwin, Crawle'd, I'pihur and otiiera. Even i'0 wbo came thir?i frca? ntner >ta'e< were improved by tbe aojonra Mr Seyeiour, or Mew York, waa a GetrgU (ctoolmeat* r ??> was the v..k*ei Juntice of Indiana, an4, their eacce-' be a?erif ?d !n ?ome decree to some hincf peruiier it th? sir cf Georgia. But ih? waa oelenatad f?. r si n^ethina mtie tb?n ar*at men ? e-ie wa? oel?braU>d for ber dero'ion to the Ua*?. (Appiauee.) She hal aJwajn UBtCjM U e eh-tmpiOB of ireert' m and the cbam p'cul VltMpa. (a cvBclukloB, aad tn referenoe to tbe V Mjppca.'e'i to them in the laaguage ef that a EDple jMi'MMTeeag:? W"f?Jnsa, (pare thaS tree! Tmirh s-.t a nan e honchl In youth Itme)t?re4 me, An# I'll j rower it sow. (Applause.) The p?xt State cailel was New Hampshire <.o>e raor On.HY briefly r?vpoad?d. He said Re was an Aioe- iran. He boaatad not of blood, but he had a heart tbat tcpt hi* blood warm (A laugh.) He should )o<>k with contempt a pot the Kret maa who ?alked to tim about a < ieaolutjou of the Unioa. The I'n'cn canuot be diaeolved. (Cheere ) Suppose, said he, we were all to eomhiae together, and aay we woold <ii: to've the Union' the paopU would ditaolve u? pretty uuick. (Cheers and laughter.) He waa preud to know that thou vli New Hampshire talked very little about 1 blood," Mew Hampahire bora were acattered all over fie I nlon, and were everywhere found to be q ialiSed for the big heat potitlona. The laat contest ib New Hampshire wsa fought upon three issues; ene of these was of poeitlon to tne Pope and his creed, and another waa opposition to the destruction of the Missouri com pact ((T:eere.l But they of New Hamnahlre wanted no quairel with the Fnuth; they would take care of ihemrHvea; let the South do the aame thing. Ia con clusion, he repeated that the Uaioa would never he dial oh rt, for It waa Aatined by the Almighty for a blgher pvrpofe than had yet boea atcompiiahrd ? to carry the gwifel of the Son of God te the whole world. (Cheers.) The State of Illlaoii waa then eaNed. Mr. H.B. JiNMHoe, ef llliaole, ret ponded. He Mid:? He was aot eacld maa, bat he waa old enough to have 'been already sacsifieed? immolated upon the altar ef tbe union of these Statee. (Cheera.) He first exercised the great American right of suffrage by votiag for a bob of Kentucky fer the office of ProeUeat of the Uaited States (cbeeva), and ia IS 50 be wis defeated ha the ae veath Haaatwal district of MieMgao fer the aoie wn* ? - ?? ?? that kt ?u a tHNmtli*, l'?tun. Millard nHmore ??J ( Tiaste) Wsbater whig (U?>1 ch?*no*. ) H? had always rtood bv the Union, and be Intended im U stead by It. 1 Be was, bowe?r Md)uiO(M-DO Union envinc pell- , tviao Be believed the Imon would stand, and he did Mt b>lMT? that It waa in 'ha breasts of ??T pohMelene I mr d?BHOfuM Noitb t South, to dissolve It (Fntofc i d?dar?, said bo. u a r?pr??entative Mm Il? linois ttudin here upoo the aoil where iba Declaration ?f Indepeacence waa flrat promulgated, that the Union must and will, and ak all stand. (oiaani.) to eonala aloa, he would only aaj|tbat llllnoia, k?ld^fl^bando< Waiao ea tbe ea? aide aad efFlorida on the othar, woukt enrirole aU the S'etee of tbls Union inb? Bttidu| upon thi plitfotA of the ^iatiYe Amnoi p*'*/- ?_ * Indiana, Iowa and New Jersey were severally ?*1 ad, bat no r??ponses were ele cited from the representative* ef thoae States. The Chaiemajt than ealled Kentucky , whea thr?? rousing ebreere were given for the State af Kentucky. Mr. Btdke, to responding, said? The Kentucky delegation came here to acoevd Wrti'^ in the sentim?nt that 'Assert cans shall rule America. (Loud cheers.) With regard to the qusrt.qn? th? I n on. Ktntuckj. p-n^nf one band on her near*, an? pointing with tbe other to the atara and glttered a solemn ?ow that that atandyd ghaJl be borna no aa the Bag of tba country? the whole country? tho union of ttose 8Ut-js. (tenewsd oheeitof.) .?"? not tbe time for argument, hat Kentn^y hadlMUib^d upoe her banter a few max ma ofJ?te?'^i1" cant ion. One ef tn?M> waa, "l>t nobody on guard to n'gbt." (Great cheeriog^ ) He had enn plai'ie to Bake to 'hn Union oa behali of Kentuaky, and that wae that she would stand by this ^Tnlon go farther, aad aay that ahe would stick to tM Union right or wroag. (Thraa cbeera ) Louiaiana waa ealled, and Mr. a D. Bumcb responded. Mr. F. D. iun pledgad what is known aa the Poeket District ef Indiana, to funaiah 10,000 bayonets If neoea aary, for the protection ef the Union. (Cheer a.) The next state to order wai the State of Massachu setts. There were again loud eriea for Gardner and Wileon, but they wtre not repponded to by either af these ofli elale. Mr. Err, raee and waa nnrisrstood to aay : ? That although there ware aome men fond of "the riota Irmli breane and the ?we?t German accent, I***?"11 the gcoo old Eigliab tongue. Be dla not knew had a right to be btar 1 tere to night (Criee of go on.> II there wae anyth mr of w?>i<* he waa prond tojh? way ef anoea'ry tt waa, lhat In his own veins eonmed the bload ef tkirr Bre water, ene of the first who landed on Plymouth Kock. 1/ he had aught to be proud of to tba way ef American-am, It waa that ton yearaage ha had pledged hia lu'e, his fortune and hia lJ*!w that he would he true to natlye American prtoelplee. ( Appinuae ) If, then, with crops of pilgrim Wort to. W* ytlaa and with oati?e American principle* In hia heart, he baa not a right to bt htra by prescription, ha aaked who had f He, tt err fore, etoxl tiere to apeak for old MaaaaahaiatM Gad bltM bei ?! MafaachofetiB, with her Banker HJ1, her Oonsord, her Lexieaton; an' wbea they a ho old be forgotten rtie ?hou)d 'for,.', the Union and tha Unton forgather, bat not ^ore. (Applaase.) If Mawachn aetta bad been exaaperated U waa not her fantt; it was the fault of aome political demagoguee (applaaae) wh? bal come in^ohermfat, and made a huntia* ground for the exprees purpose of exae perating her citiiana I to? you Mr. Preaidtnt and brethren? he continued? that toe 'heart of VUfaichueeUa it right. (Ap^aaea, and ciie. of "good, good ") The old hilU ot .Barkahta and the canda of Caps Cod shall sink Into Ihe eternal deap an aeon aa the heart of Masaacbueetta ceaaea to threb for the Union. (Reiteratot appUuae.) Bat yon will reaol lect gentlemen, that when th >ae who goyern aa and who hold places of boiorin Waahington, conyert Maaaacnu aetta Into a bunting ground for the purpose of exasperat ing her people, she had a r gbt to b? exaepwatoa, and to reaUt It You would call her craven if aha did not. Bui ibo wUl come right If iflft olu Maa*acbu?ett? will ataad by Virginia. (<pplaua?, and craa of "tba-. > right.") Ave, and old Kentucky wJl find that tbe de?eendanta of those who eame dawm from Concord will aWnd by tht deacendanU of those who fought by their sides. (Cont nued applause) I ???, then, tbat if I hate a right to he here as a tone nativn American? aye, "native and to the manner born," and while tleae daetors are in consultation oytr poor I bfir tbat thef w*ll t ??McnUte btm, bat let niBi liye a man "natlye aad to the manner barn." (Thraa cheers for bam ) Massachusetts oan taka carn of herself. She will take care of herself; bn' t i ?t^ thn E.smv time she ?fkd all ber surters to eosw aad toke cara of bar. She can stand alone, and yet sbe wO nrt rt?d al no Shu dees rot wish to standalone. Ywucannot make ber staad alone. (A yolce, "Ho ?lr ree ") Thwa are three things ?r th's country which make this natton vuuhor to any other: and tb*ae three are the hc.nte, the school house and tht> homa; and Uieaa thraa things are natlre American principles. (Applause.) it Is the education of tae bead <n the school house, and of the tieert in the meeting haass, with that of mind and of feeU/ g in the home, which nukes us what wa ara. (np plauee.) And I ^o protend to say? not as has been said -here" to night, wbat would be the llrod wltnout Pro.eirtaniiam? but I say that the basis of all hterty Iks in the bible: and if It precious book there wouVi not be a speak of Uberty on the fate of this earth. Remember this as natiye Am? doctrine, that we educate our ch>ldren In tM pchtcl houte of a week day, that wo aduea to them to the meeting boi>s? tf a 8andiy, and that wa tb?m at be me all tba time. And that power alon* to heatile to thia Union which would toko that BIbl* away from us In eitbpr of tnese places. Gentlemen, I nam ? aid enough for old Maso. (Cries of no sir, go on, (? cn ) Mr Ely ?na?e e few forth- r remarks oa the aama subject ot school house, meeting hoaee, and home education. The next Slate to crier was the State of Maryland. Dr. Ohr responded. Ee said :? That though Mary Una had been brought forward aa * Catholic State, the recor \ had been falsified: Maryland never was a Catholic State, from her in^piion topho pre rent lour. The first population of Maryland was a Preabv tsrian cne. Tae first council that waa heM, wa? a Protestant ronncil Tha charter for that ooleny waa aranted by a Protestant King, and promised to a Pro testant man, although it 1s true, U Ml into the hands of a Catholic man. 11 therefore never was ? Oathollo g ate never was a proyln ie or eeloay; ana n# p?rmiPPd"tbe auemblage that in the Idea ^.of ntxt. It would be fouad not to be a (htholic State. Ho wiabed to set tbe record rght, that Maryland new waa and never will be a tatholio State. (Applause.) The Hute of Miisiseippi was nwet called, bat there wan no response. The State of Michigan followed In succession. Mr. Baucm. Dihtoh responded. He said:? Tbat inaamuch as Lttle had been said f<w ihe went, be would aay a few wcrds for that gan wae devoted to tbe Union, as he States of the Union were; but he presumed that what they wanted to bear about moat to night was. whether ahe was devoted to "bam." (Laughter.) At the tost election the State was carried In opposition to the ad ministtation, in apposition to the sffoftsof tinguiahed men, by tbe eflorts of the "et1** Aasertoan party. (Applause.) But the future of that party in that section of tbe eountry will depend entirely upon toe action to be taken bare in relation to the that body. lie thought tt right to stats fairly that unless thsy had a platform so constructed aa to comprehend more than tho one Idea of nativls* the^ y could never Pticceed tfcere. With a platform whlch shafl oppoae tbe measures of tbe admlnlstratiim, the north western States oonlii be tarried uodoubtedly but unlaae thej haa tbono iuu>i In connection, It was pericctiy im possible that they eenld do anything there. The u?xt State rolled on waa Missouri. Mr. Harris reipon*tod. He said:? That alncc f?#m hat' gose there, he ha-1 in ever/ in stance conquered. (Applause ) Tbat f tat? la equal to tbe ?mfiyt'LiT. She is eseret* to tha Union. she doe# net forget that her if'mlfplon into the Union endangered its p?rittuity, and Ue could pledge his honor in ssying tbi t the woull see thst every act of hers would be In accord with the existence of tbe Union. The thundei, he tail i* in the ekxtd? hghtniog in In the iky ? Sam l<a* fc!a band up behiid, and they would be sure to UnA 1 in the " other Hide of Jordan." (Loud laughter.) T ?y bad warn heatts beatirg in unison with those of other fr'Utat . There wm aot a Mntininot expressed hero tri d gbt wl ich was fot responded to by the State of Mipaor.rl: sad be couli assore them that at the nezi cl<v tlon they woulJ carry Ui State by a largo majority. In cnJaatnn. he gare a to?st, which, ho (uiJ waa ni t original with him ? Ttio perpeeuskion of ihe American Union is our motto? Aniericau rights our object, and ths American party sue cn^Bosia. The t'HKsroiarr.? We will new hear from the Emptro State. Mi. S. V. It. M%lh>ry will address us. Loud cries for ??Banker" an*1 great uproar. The pB/MbWiT ??d:? Orilsr, geatl?n? al I will preserve order. Mr. Mattery is .hr gentleman * bo h*e been selected, and Mr. MaUoty wiil address you. Mr. If tLTORY said: ? 1 an ttry happy to have an opportunity of address* Uk you n t>eh .11 Of tlie Enpire htaU, and proud of tho p- litira I occupy t.a the represented? ? of that State in p 'a it national bsjiquet. I eome to speak to yon at tv >? <n la*4 hour behal' of the Oast State in the Uaion-* trat it. pop ?) *t on, first in wealth . and first in buslneeo a'.ri comm- retail importance, lreioloe to see before me t? rejjr*f?ntetiv?t of si cry BUte In the Union, and 1 an* wiling tbat what I have to say liere this evening, shall he litsiO not only in New York and Philadelphia, bat by <\er> ritican in the United States of Americv For t* > a t. arc we assembled here? We have aeeomWod for tbe purpose of excha aging congratulations with atck <. tlieraa brothe??? not as representees of Individual (?tMM, b ?t as eompcneot ports of this groat Union. Wo have con.e here, ado eg etnor.thingft? peruana I shall bo accused of dltclosing secret*. but secrets will out, and I B? t as well do it? of tRtablishJng a platform On whioh tveiy American In this brood Union shall piaet him? If and stand Arm, now, henceforth and forever, cheer*. ) If I bad to construct a new fabric? on a which rhould challenge tho admiration of the coun trj ? I would ccmmence by laying for its chief founda lion end corner (tone, the brood and ample jruvwwuo of the constitution of those United Stotee. (Obeere. ) I would rear upon that foundation a structure composed of free speech, a free prese. free school*, and a frW pul pit. and I would pjace as the *p?ton? npon that s a per strnctnre, the open American Proteetont Able? (Cb?er?> ? the Bible thot can be reed and understood aad eon strued by tbe people as well as by tbe priests and tho Pope. As effort has been made in our State? and it in for lhat reason that my attention has been cUied toth*? Ices? sn effort bss been made, under the diotaMon of Archbishop Hughes, to abolish the American Protestant Bible from the csmmos schools of our State. n>at effort has bssn backed op by demagogues who are willing to do the bidding of Arflbblsboo Hughes. They are too no mereus for me to name them, but they are led on by one who has steed hlch ia newer and plaoe a* the representative of 'the Mate or New York. Let me tal theee gentle? n, hovers*, that the time for aeeooafe

Other pages from this issue: