Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, July 29, 1836, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated July 29, 1836 Page 1
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NOT THE GliOllY OF CSARi DUT THE WELFARE OF HOME. BY II. B. STACY. FRIDAY, .TUEjY 29, 1836. VOL. X No. 475. CIIEERI-ULNESS. Tr-anslattd from the German of Selia in the JJubltn University Magazine. B'te how the day benietli tiriglnly before ti t B'ue ii the firmament Ripen is the earth Orief haili no voice in (lie Universal chorus NHttire in ringing with tmiiiic nnd mirth i.ifi up I lie InokK that lire linking in sadness Gaze ! mill if lcuuty can rapture ill y soul, Virtue herself shall iillurp tliee to gladness Gladness! philosophy's guerdon and goal. Enter llie treniairips pleasure tinrdoses List I how she thrills in the nightinsnle's lay ! Breathe ! she is wafting the tweets from the roses ; , Feel! she is cool in ihe ri ulet'a play ; Tiiftp ! from the grape mid neriarine gushing Flows the ted rill in lie lje.m of ilio sun Green in the hill, in the flower-grot ei bliietiing, i Look I she is nlwnys and evervwhcie jiic. B.inish, then, mourner, the tears thai nre trickling Over the cheeks in u snoutii rosily utoouj ; AVIiv should a man like a girl or n sickling, Suffer his lamp In lis quenched in n lomli 1 Still may we liatlle for goodness nnd beauty ; Slid has phil inlhrnpy much to essay j Gli ry rewards the fulfilment of duty ; J lest will pavilion the end of our way, 'W hat ! though corroding and multiplied sorrows, Legion-like daikcu this planet of ours, Hi pe is balsam the wounded heart borrows Even when anguish has palsied its pmveis ; V lierefore, though I'ate play ihe part nfn traitor, Soar o'er the stars on the pinions of hope, I 'carles I v certain that sooner or later, Over Ihe stars thy desires tin 1 1 have scope. Look round about on the face of creation! Still is God's eaiih uiiclisioricd and bright : Comfort ihi caplitc's too long Iribnlaiiou. Tims shall thou reap thy ni ne pel feet delight, Love ! but if Io,k be n h illoned cinoiion, I'lirily only iis rapture should sham ; Lotp, then, wi ll willing nod deathless devotion, All that is just nnc! exalted and fair. Act ! for in action nre wi'dom and gloiy ; Fame, immortality ihee aie its cioi.n J WnuldVl thou illumine the tal lets ofstory, Build on acliieipinent thy dome of renown, Honor and feeling weie given to cherii-h, Cherii-h them, then, though all else should decay; Landmarks by these are never to perish, Stars that will shins on the duskiest day. Courage ! disaster nnd peril, once over, Freshen the spirit as showers the grove ; O'er the dim graves that I lie cj pi esses cover, Soon the Forgnl-nie-not in love, Courage,ihcn,fi iemU! though thu Universe crumble, Innocence, dieadless of danger lieneaih, Patient nnd trustful, and joyom and humble, Smiltt throtigli the ruin on darkness and death. AN AFFECTING MILITARY ADVENTURE IN FLORIDA. The following is the most minute sketch of thccircumstances connected with the un uccountoble neglect, and stay, nnd final res cue of the little, but brave band of soldiers, who were in the block house on the With lacoochcc. There ore many circumstances narrated hero and which we have not seen before, that gives a thrilling interest to the whole narrative. The mind of the little public here is much occupied with Mnj. Read's expedition to the Withlacoocho. Doth the Maj nnd the Governor deserve great credit for relieving forlv unfortunate young men from a very V.,.. I., tl.oi M; perilous Biiunimii. n inj. M'Lcmore (now dead) comma tided a party to tho Wilhlacoochee for the purpose of establishing n depot, was supposed would bo serviceable to Gen. Scott's army. A block house was built near a lime sink containing water, nnd communicating with the river. Provisions were deposited, and Capt. Holcmnn was Ijfi with obout forty five men in command. Tho distance from the bluck house to the river was about fif teen yards. By some unaccountable nrg leclthc parly was abandoned or overlooked when the army retreated, and wero often assailed by the Indians. M'Lcmore, when lie lelt them, promised to return in ten dayf, but these passed awoy, and many more and yet they were without news of the army or assistance from their friends. The Indians attacked them nearly every fifth day ; sometimes they laughed at them, taunted them, ridiculed the army, bade them ' come to the river and wash their feet;' and in directing their fire to the block house, sometimes deridingly cried out, 'eyes right ! eyes left ! port" holew ! ulioot !' On several occasions nlvei bulleli were fired from tho Indian rifles; and with combustibles attached to nrrows, they con trived lo set the tp of the block house on r . - rri.n hnaiirnd throw off their roof. Jiru i iic ui.dmh- and then suffered much from cxposuro to the weather. Yet. happily there was no sickness omong them; and though the sides of the building were riouipu uy nkh tho enemy, nono were killed or wounded within. Poor Holcman became, it is said, j ..i . ni lonct nnri iallv so : his re sponsibility was felt too severely, and his r- A , ,,,oo untnllleil. He lefLtllO rnino wan m .""-" ... . . - - - .- - ii. i ,iih n four mpn. lor the our- pose of procuring some limber with which : . l:- r..i',fir,nitnn nnd unq kil rd to improve ni iui. ." - - with several others, in n sudden and unex pected attack from the savages. After Ins .1 s I. i Un nlmria t hnrmnntf and pool! disci pline prevailed. A simple military code was auopieu ay wnitn Ced to perform his duty, and especially to be vigilant. Its rigorous enforcement saved tbe party from surprise and death. One ol tho regulations required no muskets lo be fired unless tho object was within reach, and tho aim sure. Many Indians were consequently killed, until at length, taught by experience, they maintained a more cau tiouB distance. Another of their rules re quired a few perfons to supervise those who were on guard, and lo shoot down without hesitation, him who did not strictly perforin the duties of Ilia watch.. Minor punishments were prescribed, and it is said inflicted on all for lessor offences. At length tho provisions wer& exhausted or spoiled, nod the corn icarcely fit to cat. Thoy rc- solved to send three of tticir nutnbor to seek lor aid. Tlio selection was by lot; tlio t lircc solemnly promised to return as soon ns possible If they were living men, and to cry aloud on their return within car shot, 'All's well!' They embarked in n canoe, perforated with bullets, at midnight, and made their way lo the month of the river, and Ihcnce along the coast to St. Marks. Their course down the river was one of difficulty nnd peril. They feared to use their paddles, or to bail the boa', which was half full of water, lest they should be heard by l he savages on the batiks when at sea. Their situation was littlu to be envied for the boil could scarcely be kepi above wa ter. From St. Marks they camo immcdi niely hither, and when the Governor iny'r led one of them to visit his family while the expedition fur the relief of his comrades was preparing, ho declined, saying he had promised lo think only of the relief of his suffering friend-", nnd ho would not tasto of the comforts of his home until that was accomplished, In a few days Maj. Read with eighty men, embarked in a steamboat nt St. Marks. As l lie boat could not pass the bar at the mouth of tho Wtthlacoocheo, a lighter was prepared, but she soon sunk. The Steamboat put back, and a long barge nnd a quantity of lumber wero procured. During the voyage the men fitted bulwnrks and oilier defences lo the barge. The mouth of the river attained, the barge pro corded up tho river as noiselessly as pos sible; but the moon was shining brightly, and the fires of the Indians were seen on the bank-; they encountered a single ob slacle a log in the stream it cut away and they proceeded. Tho parly in the block house were on that night very des ponding, and t (if y had determined, if aid did not arrive before the coming Saturday to leave their prison and attempt to make their way to Camp Kn.g. When iho noise of the approaching barge was first heard it was supposed that the Indians were coming on in force to a night attack, bui soon the signal 'All's well !' was heard, a deep silence prevailed in the block house, and for nearly a minute not a word was ulleri'd j then came the full burt-l of joy, a long, loud liuzzi! and loudly was it answer ed from the barge. Major Read was soon near enough to make the proper enquiries and gitre tne necessary orders. The par lies met; there was not a dry eye, tears flowed plentcoutdy. nnd ihe deliverers were embraced by the delivered. From the Philadelphia Gazette Extra. Sunday A o'dod; P. JI., July 17. Death of Uisiioi' White. Wo have this morning the painful duty to announce to our readers, tlio death of tho venerable Wii.mam White, D. D. Bishop of the l.piscopul Diocus of Pennsylvania, and Sfninr of that Church in the United States, and at his death, believed to be the oldest Protestant Bishop in the world. Bishop White was born (wo believe) in Maryland, on the '1th of April, 1740, so that he is more thnn 88 years of ngc. He was a sound Whig in political principles at the nine when the profession of such principles invo'ved important considerations. He was fur a longtime tho Chaplain of Con grcss, and when that body to avoid the victorious British, removed from one place to another, Mr. White shared in its re movals and ils peri's. lo thn year I78G, Mr. While and two ni her Episcopal clergymen repaired to England lo receive the office of Bishop. Mr. While and we think his reverend companions also were consecrated on the 4th of February, 1707, by Arch-Bishops of Unnicrbury and rork oilier prelates being present. Bishop White has consecrated every Bishop of the Episcopal Church in the U. Stales excepting only the Bishop of Michi gan, who has received consecration since tho confinement of this venerable friend to his church. Bi-hop White has been remarkable in his long life for th? faithful discharge of all his duties as a citizen, not ess than those of a clergyman; nnd il nei ther hentnor cold prevented Ins appearance in the sacred desk, so also the mutations of weather wero equally inoperative to keep him from the ballot box from public meet ings or religious or philanthropic occasions or even from a scene of conflagration, while he had strength to be of service to his fellow-men. The mojeslic form of tho venerable de ceased was seen until a short time before his death, in our vtrcets, with gratification by every citizen, nnd the respectful saluta tions of nil that addressed him, showed how general and how deep was tho respect which Ins long 1 1 to ot piety tiau inspired. The Bishop was one that seemed to con nect the present generation with the great and good that had passed away, and our citizens, (wo need not conhne the remark to the Episcopal denomination,) our citi zens fell a degree of jimttfiablo pride in tho consciousness that a man so loved and bo revered, was of their number. It is not strange, then, that duiing his last sickness thev should have inquired with eager ex pectancy for his health or that at his death there should have ueon a general gloom : a great and a good man had been taken awav, and it was seemly that the neoD o 'should lake it to heart." Bishop White, after lingering for a few weeks, died yesterday, about 15 minutes before 12 o' clock, noon retaining his mental faculties to the last moment. In the morning, several clergymen on their way to church called lo see turn, llo in' nuired nfter their health with his usual ur banitv of tone; and whilo surrounded by a few friends, oot of his immediato family, ho ceased to bo of them. There was no strug glo to mark tho moment of his spirit's did Million: hut he Dasscd from life as ho pas scd through it--ca!m and serene, and full of edification. Tho following Circular to receivers of public money, and to the deposits banks, providing for tho payment of government lands in gold and silver, has been issued by the Secretary of the Treasury. Tho effect of this prohibition will probably be to raise the value of those lands, which has been bought by means of drafts or certificates of deposit ; while il will not prevent the pots from extending facilities to government jobbers and speculators. Atlas. CIRCULAR. To Receivers of Public Jloney, and to the Deposite Banks. Treasury Dcpnrlmenl,July 1 1,1836. In consequence of complaints which have been inado of frauds, speculations, and mo nopolies, in the purchase of tho public lands, and the aid which is said to be given lo effect these objects by excessive hank credits, and dangerous, if not partial, facil ities through bank drafts and bank dnpos itos, and tho general evil influence likely to result to the public interests, and especially the safely of tho great amount of public money in the Treasury, and llio sound con dition of 'ho currency of tho Country from the further exchange of the nationai do main in this manner, and chiefly for bank credits and naper money, the President of tho United Stales has given directions, and you are hereby instructed, nfter tho 15th day of August next, lo receive in payment of the public lands, nothing except what is directed by tho existing laws, viz : gold and silver, and in tho proper cases, Virginia land scrip; provided, that till the 15th of De cember next, the same indulgences hereto fore extended as to the kind of money re ceived, may be continued for any quantity of land not exceeding three hundred and twenty acres lo each purchaser who is an actual settler, or bmin fide resident in the Slate where the sales arx made. In order lo secure tho faithful execution of these instructions, all Receivers arc strictly prohib led from accepting for land 6old, any draft, certificate, nrothur evidence of money, or deposilo. though for specie, unless signed by tho Treasurer of tho U. States, in conformity to tho net of April 24, 1820. And each of those officers is required to annex lo his monthly returns to this Department, the omnttnt of gold and silver respectively, as well as the bills rc ceived under the ft.regning exception ; nnd each deposite bank is required to annex to every certificate given upon a deposite of money, the proportions ot it actually paid in gold, in silver, and in bank notes. All former instructions on these subjects except as now modified, will bo considered a re maining in full force. " The principnl objects oftlw President in adoption; this measure being In repress al leged frauds, and lo withhold any counte nance or facilities in ihe power oflhe Gov ernment from tho monopoly of the public lands in the hands of speculators and capi talists, to the injury of the actual scltlcrs in the new Stales, and of emigrants in search of new homes, as well as to discour nge the ruinous extension of bank issue and bank credits, by winch thoso results are generally supposed lo bu promoted, your utmost vigiianco is required, nnd relied on, lo carry this order into cninplee execution LEVI WOODBURY Secretary of the Treasury. Wo do not speak of the measure which the above embodies, for we regard Ihe whole procedure which it indicates either as an experiment upon public credulity, to be used at I ho coining election, but to be abandoned before tho time comes for en forcing it, or as a measure of the same nr bit rary character as the removal of the public depositee in 1(533, emanating from the imperious will of ao irresponsible Mag islrate, the execution of which will not only effectually cripple tho depnsilo banks, but produce universally n derangement of all the business of tho country. jYiif. Int. The AnMV. There is somellvn:; now existing in this important branch of our Government which is wrong, and which threatens to strip our army of the most ex perienced and its most brave and gallant offi cers. In n General Order lately published we find a list of thirty resignations, which, saya the New York American, " large ns is ttiai nuiiiDcr lor so small n torce ns ours. ll docs not, ns wo havo reason lo believe. comprise one third of ih resignations ncto. ally on tile in tho war other-, awaiting the decision ofthc Commandor-in Chief. This is a state of things fitted to excite inquiry nnd inquiry would lead, we upprchend, lo tho cunviction, that the army is losing its high lone, under the discouragements of every sort to which it is exposed, both from thoso who, olliciallv, should be Us guardi- ons, and from public indifference. The spoils system, the odious, corrupting spoils system, which, of itself, should put Mr. Van Iiuren, ils groat founder nnd pro motor, under the ban of every honest man's opinion, is eating ils way into tho army; and even there, where Ihe spirit of honor and emulation in noble deeds, have been wonl alone lo rule, the discovery is made, and practised on, that parly subserviency may find its reward. Men wearing an honorable uniform have nol been ashamed to plead parly services, ns n consideration for advancement, or other favors. and ap pointments as recently in the organization of the second regiment of dragoons, and habitually, in llio selection of paymasters aro made, not for military merit, or servi ces, or acquirements, or education, but on sheer party mounds. This must, of course, both dishearten, and disgust, thoso who, having from early life devoted themselves lo a military career, ceo ravished from them by others, strangers to tho service, tho promotions they had looked to, through long years ol expectation, and itsvo the ot feci of subjecting ihe army, in eomc degree to the contemptuous estimate which men of honor and character are compelled lo form, under present circumstances, of thorrcncral class of office-holders. Moreover there has been a nirrcardlv spirit ofeconotny, not only in the compen nation of officers, but in restraining them from every sort of extra allowances, what ever the occasion. For- instance, young officers aro sent to a station where in order to preserve the appearance which should be inseparable from their rank, they must expend a considerable sum of their pay, in C,i .. .1.-! . . ! I lining up ineir quarters, Again anu again, however, has it happened, that iusl as these expenses were incurred, some change of posts or service would bo made, and the officer be transferred to another station, there to b compelled (o go lo tho samn expense, without a farthing's allowance for that previously incurred. And even when ordered into the field, and war is on fool. how little chance, for public favor, has o regularly trained officer, who goes obout his business with knowledge, but in silence against the multitudinous militia heroes. each one of whom has his friends and ad mirers ready to vaunt Ins prowess, to bla zon through a hundred channels his self- sacrificing patriotism, and to prove, in the event oi any untie, that all the merit be longs to the volunteers and militia. The popular car, ton, readily swallows such tales for they flatter the personal vanity of the mass, out of which these occasional forces are taken, and each one of whom thinks himself entitled to a portion of the glory. Add to tins, the Tact that the acquire ments and talents of a well educated offi cer will, and do, command in almost any other sphere, higher compensation and moro certain independence, than tlio Gov ernment allows, and it will cease to bu wondered at, that resignations arc common. Naval. It is said in the Army and Navy Chronicle, that "orders have been transmitted lo Philadelphia to havo '.hp ship of the line Pennsylvania immediately prepared for launching. It is to bo hoped she will be fitted for sea without delay. "Captain William V. Taylor has been relieved from the command of the U. S. ship Warren, on the West India station, in consequence of ill health; Capt. Wm. Merviue is under orders to tako passage in the Natchez, and on her arrival in Pensn cola lo report to Com, Dallas for the com mand ofthe Warren. Tho Warren is at present under the command of Lieut. S. F. Dupont. "Lieut. C. Boarman, likewise on account of ill heolth, has been relieved from the command of the schooner Grampus. No successor is yet ordered. The Grampus is under the temporary command ol Liicuf John Cassin "It is believed that Lieut. Wm. Ramsay will be nppouited lo tho command of the new brig Porpoise, lately launched at Bos ton. "Master Commandant Thomas Paino is under ordersto the navy yard at Pensacola Lieut. II. II. Cockn has arrived ot that place , and reported for duty as lieutenant ol the yard." Tho same periodical referring to tho re port that Capt. J. B. Nicholson was lo have the command of the Brazil squadron, with the Independance for his flag ship, pro nnunces tho report "premature," ond adds: "So far as we can learn, it is not undecided who is to have the command of our squad ron on the coast of Brazil, but il is nol even decided what vessel will be selected as the flag ship. It was rumored only a few weeks since, that Capt. Ballard was to hoist his flag on hoard the new frigate Columbia, destined for the coa-t of Bra zil." JVob Law on the Erie Canal. If we are not mistaken there is now and has been most of this season a line of opposition packet boats on this canal. A short time since the old line boatcamc up with the now line, and commenced beating it to pieces, injuring passengers who wero on board, and finally demolished her. We state thus much to enable tho reader to understand the following from n Buffalo paper : ThcLockporl Democrot p-ives a detailed account of this offair ; nnd, as is generally the case, applies the blame in Mis instance, to t lie uiu liine; tun remarks, and we be lieve justly, that "In the scries of quarrels , : l i . t- , . . i. : - - it i .i . which nave eu id mis auray, uom tines ore about equally implicated both have before threatened nnd dona violence to each other; and the conduct of both during the whole Reason has been disgraceful; passengers nave oeen annoyeu with their continual broils ; to match each other in rudeness and violence, the managers of the opposing uoats nave soi a nigii vaiuo upon the ac quisition of bullies and blackguards to com pose their crows. They have forfeited the good opinion and patronage of the public, and the effectual remedy is lo withhold from both any patronage, until they desist from disturbing the putiltc peace, trom ttoclicsler to Buffalo, with their violent contentions. riiere aro line boats with good accoinmo dot ions, and if they do not go so fast, life nnd limb will nol be endangered upon them- " The affray was renewed on Wednes day evening, by the Red Bird coming up to the old line with violence, and breaking in her stern, near Miuuieporl." Our eastern and western editorial breth ren will be doing the traveling portion ot community no more than justice, and at the same time a great benefit, by copying tho above paragraph; and then let travelers show plainly to both of these lines.t hat they believe in the truth of tho few lines which aro printed in italic, above, by promptly applying tho remedy therein mentioned. Only let this be done, and our word for it, a vory different description of packet boats, from tho present disgracofully conducted (worso than) nuisances, will ply on our ca nal next ecuon. Show them that they arc not to bo supported, and there is an end to them. The " sovereign people" of Now York alias tho mob it would seem, arc dctorinined lo brow-beat and control the Courts of that city, whenever it is nccessa ry for them to rescue from tho fangs of Justice one of their own beautiful asso ciates. Witness tho following from the Transcript of Saturday : Arqullal oj Joseph Jewell. Soon nfter nino o'clock on Thursday evening. Ihe Jury empannelled ,in the cafe of Joseph Jewell, indicted for the murder of Luceso I uis Lcuba, after being absent from tho -otirl room upwards of four hours, returned with n verdict JVof Quilly. Previous to the Jury bringing in their verdict, information was communicated to tho sheriff that in the event of tho prisoner being cunviclcd.cithei of murder or manslaughter, there wy old be a desperate attempt made by his frit-, s lo rescue him, and, to guard against tliu, no order wos 6enl to tho watch houe for fifty watchmen to bo in attendance when theJurv closed their deliberations. The mandate was promptly obeyed, and Ihe bar was completely surrounded with a double file ol watchmen, police officers, constables, and marshals. On the verdict of acquittal be ing pronounced by the foreman ol tho Jury, a murmur of approbation ran through thn audience assembled in tho court room, which, but for the presence of the large bndy of peace officers, would most proba b'y have increased to loud and vociferous applause. Hail Roads and Corporations. On tho third reading of a Rail Road Bill recently in the British Parliament, the Duke of Wellington made tho fullowing remarks, which may bo worthy the attention of the legislators of this country. "The Duke of Wellington honed that all the rail roads would be successful, but hr equally hoped that perpetual monopolies wouiu nol oe created by them. He was strnngly.of opinion that Parliament ought to insert, into loose nuts a Clause giving In government or to Parliament a power to reviso the enactments of the bills at any future time. Great injustice was done by the passing of many of the bills, and iin inenso inconvenience and expense occasion cd to many pnrlies. If the proprietors and future proprietors were to be permitted to be constituted perpetual monopolizing bo dies, the only way of ever getting the bet ter of them would bo by making fresh lines of road at great expense to the public, nnd inconvenienco to proprietors. lie had had tor some days a scheme under consideration r having rail road bills placed under the control of Parliament nt nny future period, nnd he hoped the proposed third reading would be postponed for a lew day, that he might have time to mature the scheme. He thought it was n measure that Gov ernmcnt ought to lake into their hands ; and if they did so, ho should bo happy to share in the responsibility of bringing for ward such a measure." Dying Rich In the expedition which sailed in the year 1805, under Sir Homo Popham, with a view of inducing sotn' of the Spanish colonies to throw off their allegiance ond declare their independence, it happened that in nearing tha island of Fernando Ooronha, about 100 leagues from Ihe coast of Brazil, several of the shins "ol on a shoal nnil some were wrecked, others seriously damaged. The- shoal consisted of a range of rocks facing the northward. behind which was a low bank of hard sand, just above the water, and tho two ships which were lost, went stem on tho rocks The Artillery transport 60on went to pieces but the Britnnin, a fine powerful ship, built of teak, held together long enough to nl low the crew lo be taken offby tho boats of tho other ships, that had taken the alarm and hove to. Two curious circumstances occurred in the loss of these ships, which 1 think worm relating. Tho Artillery transport which, as I said before, went right bow on the rocks, the bowsprit and jibboom projecting over tho rock on the sand. Along these the ollicers, artillery men nnd ship's company made their way. and uropl solely on the rock and sard. A inoug the last wbs Col. York, who coin mantled. Either from misiudsini; his dis tnnce nr through trepidation, he dropt too soon, jost reached the edge of tho rock, and flipped down between il and the ship. II had loaded his pockets with money, which carried him under water directly, and he was no moro seen, oeing the only person lost from tho ship. The Britannia being a very powerful ship, after the passengers were moved, it was thought that part of mo consignment (ol apanish dollars) might be saved and several barrels had been not on tho main deck, but Iho symptoms of orcaking up Decame so strong, that it was necessary lo abandon the object. Just be fore the last boat pushed off. a midshipman was sent back to ascertain if their might be still any body left on board. On gaining Ihe main deck, his surprise was great to sec one of the men there. This fellow had broken open several of tho dollar casks, and spread them out on n table cloth on deck, in the midst of which he was seated, with his weapon in his hand. "Hilloa, you sir," shouted the middy, "what aro you doing there I The ship is fast going to pieces !" "The ship may go," was the reply; "I have lived a poor rascal all my life, nnd am re solved to dio rich." To tho remonstrances of his visiter he turned a deaf ear, flourish ing his tomahawk to show it was "no mis lake." Tho officer left him, and he was the only man in that ship that died rich. Uni ted Service Journal. Importance or tub China Tiiadu. The tonnage engaged by the European and American nation" to China, might before Ihe opening of llio trade with Great Britain have been estimated in round numbers at 85,000; but. in the very first year of thn emancipated cotntnercc, a number of shin ping, nearly equal lo this ninount, cleared out from Canton for Iho United Kingdom alone. The native craft that is, the junks carrying on foreign trade, is supposed lo bo about 00,000 ton; hut tho valuo of their cargoes, consisting for the mo't part of coarse manufactures, and raw produce, is small compared with those oftho European and American shipping. From n tolerably intimate acquaintance with it, however, wo arc not dispo'nd to estimate its value nt more thnn g20 000.000. This, added to tho American nnd European commerce, will raise Ihe value of the whole foreign trade oflhe empire to about SO millions of dollars, or, in round numbers, to nearly 20 millions sterling. This shows Ihe great capacity of that country for foreign tradef which, we repeat, is yet in its infancy; it shows also the vast difference between the European, and thoso even of the best gov erned of the Asiatic nations; lor the esti mate quoted, considerable as it seems, is, afier nil, not cqatil to more thnn one fift'i part of the foreign trndo of the United Kingdom, of which the population scarcely nmnunts to one fifteenth part of that of China. Etlingburgh Cabinet Library. Suzar lieet.Wc learn that V. Lk Rat De Chaumont, Esq., who has recently re turned to this country from France, has imported several casks uf the sugar beet, with a view to its culture here, and pro bable manufacture of the article of sugar. Mr. Lc Roy, we understood, had several acre uf land prepared to plant a portion of this seed previous to its arrival the re mainder was for distribution. Wo should rrjoico lo hear of some person of enterprise engnging in the manufacture of sugar from the beet, in this country. We have too long paid tribute to the Indies, for an ar ticle which we have means and materials for manufacturing at home, and saving tho iinmen5o sum? of gold and silver which are now annually paid out, within our own farmers Wo observe that in Bucks county, Pa., W. Audenreid, E-q.' a distinguished agri culturist, has planted an acre with the sugar beet seed, and thai its growth is prosperous and luxuriant. The experiment of plant ing Hi sugar beet has olso he-en commenc ed in Schuylkill county. Wat. American. Distinction with a difference. "I havo no objection" said j leveller, "that ranks below inu should be preserved just as they nre nuw, but I wish to have none above ; and that is my notion ofa fair and perfect equal ity." An instance oftho distinction with out a difference was offered by the Irish man who. Iinving legs ol difltjrenl sizes, or. de rod Ins b ots to be made accordingly. His dirpctions wero obeyed, but as ho tried the smallest boot on the largest leg, he ex claimed, petulantly. 'Confound the fellow! I ordered htm to make one larger than tho other, and instead of that, he has made one smaller than the other." Coi.oNF.r. Hielbman. We have seen a letter from on officer confirming tho re pirl oflhe death of this gallant officer. Wo had still indulged hopes that he lived. Col. Hieletnan did not live to learn that he had bicn advanced and honored by the President. He has left n helpless wife and -ix young children, the oldest only eight years of ago. and nil without ony stoy but. Heaven. This brave officer's wealth was in his character and commission. If he had Inst his life in the battle ho fought so valiantly. Ins wife would have enjoyed his half pay for five years; but, finking under Ins untiring labors in a poisoned atmosphere his faintly nre shut out from all provision by the Government. Gl-be. Fever and Ague. A strong decoction of while ash bark, drank plentifully, on Ihe first symptoms of fever nnd ague, will gen erally have the effect of arresting tho dis-ea-,e. Wo havo for two seasons tried it with decided success, and have witnessed its beneficial rff'Cts on others. The rem edy may not be infallible, but it is worth a trial by those who aro afllicted with thot di-tre.s-iing complaint. We nre not suro that the white ash grows on the Inland, but it is quite plentiful on the Contu'Ciicut side of the Sound. Jamaica Farmer. Rats in London. Rats are numerous in London, and as their retreats are for the mot part under ground in the sewers, large nnd small, thoy aro not easily des troyedor at least, they would bo veiy difficult to exterminate. " Some few yeaia since several ciunnols made their e'-capo from one of iho prisons in London, by con triving to gel down into one of the main sowers, which emptied itself into tho Thames. After they had pursued their subterraneous route for some lntlu time, their progress was opposed by rats, wlnrli appeared in such numbers and allocked iho culprits so fiercely that they cried for help, and at length wore taken up through one oftho gratings nd conveyed back to pus on. A "Hemlock Eattr." An ingenious Yankee, according to the Lodi (N. Y.) Freeman, ill order lo atlrnrl thn n.,ti. -r the ciirinu, is exhibiting a bear at tho town of Wnverly, under the above sin. The animal, for thoamuspmnnt fii, talors being kept in a slate of such starva tion, mai ne uevours hemlock los with as ,v...Ai, r.A.i;.. a i .i ". . ' " iiui.ii iiinmr uouii muvrinan would gobble down the fat ofa green turtle. Joseph Bonaparte, formerly King of Nn. pics and afterwards ofSpain, now bcarino the title of tho Count Survelhers, nfter a residence in this country binco the downfall oftho French imperial dynasty, a period ol" more than 20 years, on Sunday look his fi. nal leave, and embarked for London in the packet ship Philadelphia, whence, it is tajd ho will nut return.

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