Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, October 7, 1836, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated October 7, 1836 Page 1
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it 3$ NOT THE O I, O n Y OF C JE S A It J HUT THE W E'l. F A RE OF ROME. BY II. I?. STACY. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1836. VOI,. X No. 485. From die U. S. Gntciie. ELIJAH. 1 KINdS, XIX, 1113. On Horch't mount Elijah Hood, A hurricane swept by, Willi nolsp nil of n nulling (load, It echoed through ll'e sky. Tlie mountains reeled, ihe rurkt were rent, Desliuction filled llie world; TIib siuhlrarn pines nnd onks were beni, And nil in ruin hurled. Elij.ili stood lo hear the word, And looked lo sec a form, But naught lie paw, nnd naught he heard God was not in the norm. And mill he stood nn Horeb's mount, An rtirllirjmike shook ihe world, Mountain nnd river, rock nnd fount, Were in c'nfusion liurld, Elijah stood, nnd veil'd his face, Hit God's commands lo hear. But naught disunited ihe silent place, for (till God was not iherc. Again, n blaring fire came, forth. All emblem, (head, of wrnih ; And sweeping nn from south lo nirih. Consumed nil in iis path. Elij ill Imwed hi aching head, Now hiirsiing wiih desire ; Bui nil was silent as ihe dead, God was not in ihe fire. Again, theie rnmo n "still small voice," Ilornn softly on the nir. Which seemed lo say "rejoice, rej.iice, In whispers mild nnd clear, And o'er hi head, when lhat he heard, I lis mantle clnse he chew, Widi irtcrenre Imneil In hear God's word, For th it "small loice" he knew. And at the enhance nfihecntp, Wiih solemn n we he stood ; Jr.linv.di ihere his mandate gave, Kor in that voire was God. From ihe Al'iany Kvcning Journal. THE TIME FOIt DEATH. While musing over scenes of vanished bliss, That raided full in my :i tear lo dim I lie eye, My spirit longed its desiiny lo Irnce, "And touglil lo leai ii the lime lo die. In joyous jouh, when life on rainbow wingt Of gnl lcn promise, seems lo fljj Whrn rirrj hoursoine ucw-liorn pleasure liiinjs, I ai-ked my heart, is this the I lie time 10 die I Is it ivlwn luio halh now iis brightest spell, Tli it finie a lluis Inn to i lie fivoied few ; I g (his ii time to give our thoughts in demit, Or shade lie fuiiiic wiih so sad a hue 1 Is ii when age lias set its wiiheiing blight On all ihe v ig heart ilreniii'd hulaysgonehv; When love nnd fame h ue to-l iltetr magic, light, Oh, is nol ibis n welcome time lo die 1 Presumptuous wish ! to know ihe will of God, Or seek lo dir.iaie to bis w ise behest, Kallier I hnw hene.uh tin eh istenlng rod. And own I be lime ill iu i honse.t is ihe best. From llie Alcxanihia Gatelte. EMIGRATION TO THE WKST. Sprnkir.g of emigration reminds me ol nn inttnnco I wns once an eye-witness of. nnd winch perhaps il niny not be denned out of place here lo relnte. I had been irnvclling in the 'for wist,' not lor the pur. poso nfsoekitg n situalion on which In lo calc myFcIf for life, but rather as n travel ler, who nficr pursuing l be bent of bis ru rioaity thro' n land represented as flowing willi milk and honey, wn on his rolnrn to his friend?, with Ihe fullest conviction from what ho saw. that with all its imperfections, tliero was no place like home. ( had un derstood that a eenllemon, formerly of my native country wn living a short dilance rom where mode a stop, and 1 concluded. ns it ws not much out of my way, thot I would call and see him. Accordingly I set nut for Ihe residence of the emigrant, with a desiro lo see how ho wni established, and In nive them such information as I po-scs ped in relation to their frieniN ncro-s the mnnninins. I found my host engaged in Tnnnirimr the fires that had been buill nrntiiid hi dweiiin" at ebort distances, to ffAlrl I lit) rn nln from tlif! annovonce of the musquitocs; and it was singular tr one nol accustomed In tlio sight, lo see now well the dumb brutes understood this pre caution in their behalf. They walked lo find fro through the spaces between Ihe fires, lashing themselves with their brush es, nnd rubbing each oilier as they passed, iwilh an instinct almost remarkable. After contemplating this scene for a few moments, I was ushered inlo tliefniil house, but) log cabin of the emigrant, with .a cordiality that told me where he was .raised. Ho had been a resident of this sipot about three years, and after incessant toil and innumerable vexations had succeed rd in building I he cabin in which ho lived, nnd had cleared about (en acres of land Ho had also got some flock around, hut the tormeniing mur-quitos had so worried .ihe cattle that their appearance indicated the greeted suffering- Ho informed me that tho purchase ol hit land and the ex pense of hie family, soma of whom had been .sick most of tho lime, together wild ox ,ponc incurred in improvements on Ihe place, .had exhausted all his mcan(. and he was then without ability to remove, altho' ho wee onxiou lo do to. The residence of our emigrant was about fifty miles from any other human habitation, wai accessible ly only ono wretched road and was render d still more intolerable by the unpleasant nnie. nfihR whin noor-will and frogs, And here in this dreary soliiudccnt ofTfrom the society which thoy loved and by which they were beloved, dwelt aa exceucm a rnau and as admirable a woman as over forsook abundance and happiness at home, arnopg rdends, to seek them tn a roller meas sure among ttrangors. He was. of respect able connexion! had received a good edit- cation, and studied law for a considerable time Willi a view ol making it a profession; t but distrusting his abilities, or finding the suit hackneyed or nvrrdone, and its ranks tilled up with a doubtful mixture of inatcri als, he (Icier mined like a wise man to em brace the profession of his fulhnre, and fol low the plough fur a living, Ho married a beautiful and excellent girl, was in a thriving way in the neighborhood in which he was born, and with his application and economy, would, no doubt, have succeeded to wealth. Bul the emigrating mania broke out in hi neighborhood and he fell a victim in it. He suld nut and willi two or three others, bent his way to the land of promise. Three yeat9 had now rolled round since his departure from his home, and he assured me tho whole pciod had boon ono of sickness ond disappointment. He had not despaired, for he wos nol of a temperament to despair ; but ho had lost much of the natural cheerfulness nfli'is dis position : was driven by necessity, it'to a sort of n stoical school of philosophy, tho't the world by no mean poetical, but a plain matter of lact concern, and that part of it called 'Mis weFt," in particular, not Iho tiling it was cracked up tn be. In fact, our hero was in the 'scar and yellow leaf,' not of years but of feeling; and it was in some such mood as this, while sitting at the table on the second ailernoon of my arrival, that our conversation turned up. m home and tho thousand associations connected with it. "We have not found things ai no expected," said Iho emigrant ir. a subdued lone, "but wo must bear with them and hope for something better in fu turn it is a long lane thot has to turn, and our prospects mav yet brighten up and eave ih nothing to be sorry for." "1 hey may brighten Up." said the wife, "but it will only bo when you and l are in in? prove, or tun old to en ov mom. rvuai prospi-rt have wo here to this wilderness, deprived of vvcu llie sight, much lest the intercourse of neighbors, that can compen sate for the sacrifices wo have endured ? Yes, our prospects may brighten; we may not nlways be as wc aro now, without neighbors and the pleasures of society; bul we shall nlway have something to oe sor ry lur, while Hie tricnds wc loved, anu me cencs we delighted in are stricken from our sight and no more to be enjoyed forev er. Here lijr articulation oecame imsiruc led her heart was full and siie gave way lo a flood ol tears. A9 soon as 1 could wipe awsy a little drop that had gathered in mv own eve. in spite of all that I could do, I turned to her stoic philosopher, but there was nothing of the t.toic in him his visions of wcallh. and all his anticipations of the future, had suddenly given way be fore tho simple but oflVcl log eloquence of his wife ho melted into tears. The scenes that begun, and the associa lions l li at cemented them are no longer present to the senses, and wanilng these disinterested and i:)disolub!e features, our after attachments are generally any thing bul of the heart there are persons, il is l rue, to whom one place is as dear ns an other, and who cnte bul little for any one eli-e, to that all goes smoothly with them selves. Such persons arc to be pitied ihcy ore os slrnngers in the world; who do not rest upon its green spots, drink not al Us iiimi refreshing fountain', pass the rich si enjoyments by unheeded, live nncared for, and die unwept. Fiom ihe llosiun Trumpet. IlEEOI.ESfMiMi IN PeCUMAKV MaTTKRS. Men are too Ircequrnlly heedless in regard lo their promises, you desire ono lo per- fodn some s:rvico for von ; ll may be la bur of some sort, or merely lha transaction ol certain business to which you cannot conveniently devote your personal at'ention. Ho promises very fairly; and nn the strength of his promise you neglect to pro. euro other assistance. Hut he tails to re deem his promise, and you suffer harm, be inu unablo to exprnic the de-ign without his asaikianco. Yet men are too ofien un conscious of the evil they occasion by micIi heedlessness. If they promise, with an honest intention to psrform, but are pre vented by some unforeseen and unavoidable obstruction, they are innocent. But when Ihey promise heedlessly, without any inten tion to porform, or seeing no prospect to perform, or not, caring whether thoy fulfil their promise or nol Ihcy manifest a crimin al disregard to faithfulness and truth, which is highly unbecoming the character of any one who makes the least pretensions to honesty. To the some class of offences belongs the neglect to pay jusl and honest debts Tliero nre iliose yho nfo always ready to incur debts, but u'lerly heedless about poy ing them. Whether thoy need on article: or not, they readily purchase, ll they can obtain it on a credit. They arc prodigal of promises. They will pay you at any time, just when it may best accommodate you, Hut when you hove opened your ac count, you cannot furcsco the timo when it will be closed. I do not speak ol those who are unable lo pay ; but of those who are able, bul so heedless and inconsiderate as either to lorgel Iho matter entirely, or to imagine it can make nn difference to you whether ihcy pay promptly or not. They renew l heir promises often, and break them as often j and you suffer harm from their heedlessness. And they alto will sutler harm, sooner oi later. They acquire tho name of black-payers, and find it more difficult to obtain credit than their neighbors, who perhaps have less property, bul aro more punctual. As lo thai class of debtors, who contract debts which they never intend tn pay, I on ly remark; if they contract such debts for nbsolule necessaries, tn preserve tho lives of their fumihos, they have an exctiso. uut ihev are ullerlv inexcusable if they pur chase what they do nol need, unless they intend to pay, and sea a reasonable pros- nod nfnavinrfor it. Are any of us guilty of such criminal hccdlcttncis? h. i I$Ql!!!l.r I111 " I indicates an unpardonable indifference to lilie feelings of ntir brclhtcn, and even to heir wanls and sufferings, t or ll uitcn occurs thai our necligenco in tho porform anco ol promises, or payment oi ueuis, is a mailer of serioui inconvenience to them. They oru disappointed ; and what is worse, they sometimes suffer loss or even distress through our fault. Knowing these tacts, if wo persist in such n course, promising what wo have no honest inteniion to per form and contracting debts, end then neg lecting to discharge Ihem according to promise, when wc might pay them without material inconvenience, wo manifest a criminal indifference to tho wclfaro of our brethren. If wo will comparo t,ho princi pies on which such conduct is founded, with tho requisitions of the gospel, wc shall discover o striking inconsistency between ihem. We shall be salisfiied that wc ore dcslitulo of that spirit of universal and fer vent love which the gospel requires. If wc hava been thus heedless hitherto, let its bo so no longer. Out let us rather obey tho apoUelic injunction ; "Render there fore to all their dues: owo no man any thing, but to love one another." Rom. xiii. 7, U. Scolding ViVEs.--On a certain occa sion ii reverend fathor, who was preaching to a refined audience nn tho pangs of o guilly conscience, made use ol the follow ing very familiar simile: "An evil con scicnco is like a scolding wile." Uut he did not ttop there; he continued to draw oul every possible thread of his illustration to its full length. "A scolding wife, my brethren, will nol let you rest at homo or abroad, at dinner or at supper, in bed, or oven oul of bed ! Her litigious temper ond loud tongue, (which is worse than thunder lo the wine cask take all the juices ond sovnuriucss oul of iho ragouts you rat; all the sugar and sweetness nut of the cof fee you drink. Whether you go forth on fool or on horseback, or in a coach drawn uy four galloping horses, oil is one; she is always at your ekirts, lonowing you wiiitn crsocvor you go." To make home ii appv. Nature is in dustrious in adorning her dominions; and man to whom his beauty is addressed should feel and obev the le-son. Let him loo, be industrious in adorning his domain in making his home Ihe dwelling of his wife nnd children not only convenient and omfortable, bul pleasant. L t him. os far as circumstances will permit, bu indue trinus in surrounding it with pleasing ob iects in decorating it, within and without with things that tend to make it agreeable and attractive. Let industry make home the abode of neatness and order a place which brings sntisluclinn to every inmate and which in absence draws back the heart by the fond as'ociations of comfort and content. Let this bo done, ond this sacred spot will become nioro surely the scene of cheerfulness and peace. Vo pa rents, who would have your children ha poy be industrious to bring them tip in the midst of a pleasant, a cheerful, a happy home. Wasto nol your lime in accuinu latins wealth for them; but plant their minds and souls, in the way proposed, with Iho seeds of virtue and prosperity. CllEEHFlI.NK'S AND Mono-EN ESS. If we ore chei rlul and contented, all nature smiles wiih lis ; the air seems more balmy ihe sky morn clear, Ihe ground has a brigh ler g'eeti. Ihe trees have a richer foiloge ihe fliwers a mure fragrant smell, the birds sing more sweelly, and I In; sun, mono and sinrs all nnpear more beautiful. We lake our food with relish, and whatever it mav be, it pleases us. We foci bolter for it si run "cr anil livelier, and fil for oxer tinn Now. what happens to us if we are ill-tempered and discontented? Wh v. I here is not any lliiiiL' which can please us. We quarrel with our fond, with our dress, with our amusements, willi our companions, and with ourselves. Nothing comet right for us; ihe weather is either too hoi or too cold, too dry or too damp. Neither sun nor moon nor stars hsvo any beauty; ihe fields are barren, llie flowers luslrelu-s, and the birds silent. We move about like some evil spirit, neither loving nor beloved As habits of intoxication arc nol sunn or easily acquired, being in ino'l constitutions, especially in early years, accompanied with fits offear and headache, the young mav eas ily guard against thorn. I have sometimes (net with those who had made it a rule never to drink any thing stronger than wa tcr. who were respected on that very ac count; who enjoyed health and strength and vi'i5ar of mind, and gaiety of heart in an uncommon degree: and were so lar from considering themselves as under any painful restraint, that thoy assured mo they had no more inclination to taste wioe, i strong drink, than I had to eat a nauseous medicine. If I could prevail on my young friends to imitato tho example. I should do much good lo thoir souls and bodies, their fortunes and intellects ; and be happily in btrnmental in preventing a thousand vices and follies, as well as many of tho infirmi lies which beset the old age of him who has given way lo intemperance in ynutn. Time. Time wastes us too fast; every letter 1 traco tells me with what rapidliy life follows my pen; the days and hours ol il, moro precious than rubies, are flying over our heads like light clouds of a windy day nevor to return. Steele "N.y.dally not with Time.lhe wise man's treasure, Though fools nre lavish on't ihe fatal fisher Hooks souls wlule we waste moments. Truth. Tho study of truth is perpcl natlv ioinod with llielnvnof virtue; for there is no virtue which derives nol its origin from truth; as, on tho contrary, there ia no vim which ha. not its becining from tho lie. Truth is the foundation of knowl edge, and the cement of all eocieticf. Causabon Suicide of a Qog. The United States Gazette has a story about a dog of stipe rior intelligence nnd untimely death, the substance of which is as follows: The dog in question was a superb fellow in for nm nd outward attraction, os ho was ainiabloaml intelligent. He had endeared himself to his master, ond by dint of long suffering and devotion, to his mistress, who was no lover of his kind. His master re sided near tho Norristown and Philadel phia Rail Road. Crcsar lived comfortably and ot his case, guarding them with the hdolity of his species. He was a dog of soma hrc ond liked an occasional frolic, albiel his general deportment was staid. sober, and an example tn all his race. One day, he was eyeing the poultry in the yard, anil tho mounting devil in his heart prompted him to make a dash among them. He yielded to the tempter, paunccd upon tho luckless fowls and killed one nut right. Tho deed was witnessed by his mistress, who proceeded incontinently to inflict cor- poral chssetiscmont on the murderer. He was belabored with a broomstick until he howled for pain. It was supposed that the punishment would euro him forever of tho habit or killing chickens. So it did. Hot it did more. From that moment, Caesar, was an altered dog. Tho pangs of his spirit were greater than the pangs of his body. Ho became low spirited, listless, and indifferent to the caresses to obtain which he would once have wagged himself out of his skin, Tho iron had entered into his soul. He had forfeited the good npin ion of those ho most loved. A few days after his disgrace, ho walked out to the rail road, about the time when the train was wont to pass by. A few minutes elapsed, and the cars came thundering on. He gavo one look towards his old home, then laid his neck on the rail, and in a few moments Caesar was beyond shame or in suit. JV. Y. Star, Formation of Coat and Iron. The im portant usc8ofcoal and iron, in adminUtra ting to the supply of our daily wants, give to every individual amongst us, in almost every mnmcnl.ol our lives, a personal con ccrn of which few are conscious, in me geological events of thoso distant eras. Wc arc oil brought into immediate con nexion with all the vegetation that clothed the ancient earth before one holf of its actual surface had yet been formed. The trees of the primeval forests have not. liKe modern trees, undergone decay, yielded back their elements to the earth and at mosphcrc. by which they were nourished. but, treasured up in subtcrancan store houses, have, been transformed into enduring beds of coal, which, to men, in these latter ages, hava become the sources of heat, light, and wealth. My fire now burns wiih luel, and my lamp is snimng with the light of gas. derived from coal hat has been buried for coootless ages in the deep and dark recesses of earth. We prepare our food and maintain our forges and fornaces, and Iho extraordinary power of our steam engines, with the remain of plants of ancient forms and extinct species, which were swept from Ihe earth oi c the formation of the transition strata was completed. Our instruments of cut lerv, the tools of our rm chanics, and the countless machines which arc constructed by the infinitely varied applications of iron, aro derived from ore, lor the most part coeval with or more ancient than the fue hv the aid which we reduce it to its metal lie state, and apply il to the innumerable uses in the economy of human life. Thus, from the wreck of forests that waved on the surface of the primeval lands, and from ferruginous mud thai was lodged at the bottom of the primeval waters, we derive our chief suoolies of coal and iron; those two fundamental elements of art and iudus try, which contribute moro t tin n any other mineral produclionsoMhe earth to increase the riches and multiply the comforts, and ameliorate iho condition of mankind. Buckland's Drigwatcr Treatise. At OLU INSTRUMENT AIT-LIED TO A NEW purpose. A man of much presence (if mind living near Aberdare, heard a thief breaking into his houso in the night, lie reached to a bottle of soda water on his mantle piece, and as soon as the fellow's head was visible, took deliberate aim anu cut Iho strinir. The cork hit him in the face, the stream followed, the thief think in? il blond fell on his knees and roared for rnercy. He was suffered lo depart on promise of amendment. "What's in a JVime?" The clerks in tho English post offices are ingenious at detecting letters written with invisible ink on Iho covers of now( papers, and such like methods of avoiding the poymeni oi postage: but there is a class of expedients which puti their Ingenuity at fault-that of making tho letter a part of the name of the person addressed. A porson wanted to lot a friond in Dublin know lhat a shawl and letter sent by him had been received, and for this purpose directed a newspaper to William Shawt-iafe Gnt-ltlltr Humby. Esq., which, as it might or might nol be a name, could nol bo chargcd.--JV. Y, Eve. Post. Emigration. To givo the public at a distanco some idra of the tide of emigration setting wost, we would mention, says the Buffalo Journal of Monday last, that since yesterday morning, six steamboats have left this city, bound up tho lakes, to wit, tho New York, for Chicago, and the Gov. Marcy, Charles ToWend, United States, Oliver Newbury, and Gen. Porter for De troitall or which were literally loaded with passengers, and some of them bad lo leavo port before their time, to avoid the press of emigrants lo secure a passage. A Yankeo speculator is about In lake a drove of dogs from Canada lo New York for the purpo(e of killing them and obtain ing a premium of fifty cents a head. The rhnlern was rapinu in Italy at the last accounts (rom that country. OPENING OF FALL SCHOOLS n...l ,i ,i ea.. -.i -..u.. During tho months of Sent, and October the parents begin tn send the older chil. drcn to school: al this lime also, new books, aro purchased, and in most cases a new teacher employed. This is a good season of tho year lo make n change for the bol ter, and wn will with great earnestness and scincerily nsk the Scnool District a few plain practical questions; 1st. What wages have you, heretofore, given your teacher? Would it be choapcr, taking all things inlo consideration, to employ one of high or qualifications, if you have to pay him a little more? Can you spend your money in any other woy so wisely as in giving your children a good education ? What so essential to nur well being, as virtue and intelligence, in those around you ? Of all mei), who should be more virtu ous and intelligent, than that man, who educates and forms the character of your children? Will any thing but a higher salary so. euro higher qualifications ? If a well educated teacher saves school books, and above all, your children's time by advancing them faster ond moro cor rectly in their studies, can you not afTord to pay him moro t 2dly. What is the condition of your school house? Are the windows filled with glass? Are the clap-boards falling off? Are the doors thrown off from the bin gesi Is tho stove or pipe out of order? Are the school desks of the right c slruction Have Ihev back nieces? Aro thev cut full-of holes and ridges with tho penknife' lioc8 the school house leak rain and admit the wind ? Is this building located in a good place? .Tilly. What school books do you use? Can yon not select a better scries, than abide by these, freeing yourselves-from the perplexity of so much changing? 4thly. Uan you not elect school officers who arc competent, and will bo faithful In the interests of the school? Sthly. Con you nol keep your children more steadily al school ? Shall thoy this winter go to school one (lav. and stay at homo the nexir Uan vou not give them more than two or three inunths schooling, during the whole ran and winter? 6thly. will you not endeavor to visit the school once a week tins winter, and take a suitable interest in your teacher and his instiuctions ? Finally, will you not resolve when the fall school is opened to start anew on tlii.- inomentuus subjeel? Will you not begin then to give Una subi"ct moro aid, nure attention, than you have done ? The wholu slate of New York is awake to the subject al least, and the district that stays behind now, will deprive itself of many advantages. MR. VAN liUREN'S CORRESPON DENCE WITH THE POPE Mr. Cicognani, the American Consul at Rome wrote a letter to Mr Van Durcn, da ted May 1st, 1830, in which ha informs him of his official visit to the Pope. "His holiness received me," says Mr Cicognani. in the most benign manner, and oxprcssed the most favorable sentiments for the gov ernment as well as for the nation of Iho U- oiled Slates of America." Deparment or State. ) Washington, 20ili July, lSfiO. Ftlim Cicognani, Comul of tin United Statet at Home. Sir : Your letter ofihe Mill April, nnd llie lit of May, Ihe firil nnlicipaiing the favorable penli menu of A is Kolinett ihe I'ope, lownrds the Gov ernment of the United Stales, und ihe last confirm ing )our nniicipaiinns, have tieen received in ihii department and submitied lo the Pipsidenl, by whom I am directed lo convey lo hit llolintu ihro die (.line channel, nn assurance of satisfaction which he ileriies from lliis communication of die frank ami opinions cnieriained by the Apos tolic See towards the government and the penple( utul of the policy which vou likewise si.ue n't holi nets has adnpie'l, uiiil vvhich is so vvniihy of the head of a Christian Church, assiduously lo culti vate in his intercourse wiilifoteign nations, the re. laiions of iimily n ,d good Aill, sedutou-ty to nlMlaiu from all inierferenee with each oilier, except with Ihe bc.iigil views uftfTecling reconciliations between Ihem. Vou will accordingly seek an earlv opportunity lo make known lo the I'ope, in (he terms nnd man ner best sidled lu llie occasion, ihe light in which the President views the communication referred tu; and likewise joii will nssure him thai the President reciprocatit, to their fullest extent and spirit, the friendly and liberal sentiments enlertaineil hv Ail holiness towards die government and neonle of llie United Stales, liy those which he entertains iiiwanU die Apoiolic see anil the people ol llie Church : nnd il is llie President's wish lhat vou should offer Ait congratulations lo ihe Holy Fa. ther upon his recent succession lo the Tinra, not rom nnv liereauarv claim en ins nan. out limn llie preponderating influence which a juit estimate of Alt laienis ami vinut u.iu upon lie eniiiiiiteneci councils liy which dial high ilininciion was confer red, and uliicli nllonl lite besi pledge Hut Ins ponlificalft will be a wise and beneficial one. You will lake care likewise lo nssure Ais holi nest, in reference lo I lie parental solicitude which lie expresses in behalfofihe lloman Catholics in llie United Slates, lhat nil our eitiiens professing religion, stand upon the same elevated ground, which citizens ol nil other religious denominations occupy in icgaid lo I lie light of comcienre, ihnt of pei feet liberty, conlra distinguished fiom toleration, they are free, in common wilh iheir fellow cit izens ol nil oilier secis, iimi praciicu ine uorsuip best nilapied lo llieir reason or prejudices, nnd lhal iheie exists n pei feet unanimity of faiths in the U, Stales among religionists of all profession, us lo lha wisdom and policy of that cardinal feature of all our rniuiituenis nnd firms of Government ihose ol the United Slides ami seperuie stale or Ihe Union, by which llns inesiimiute right is Inimerly lecog nised.and the enjoy men! of il inviolably secured. I have given directions for Ihe transmission In you of ihe scis ol Congress which you request, by the curliest convenient opporiunily. In ike mean lime, I nm (ir, respectfully, Your obedient servant, MARTIN VAN UUREN- i In order that the i.totnAt. t entiments en pertained by his holiness the pope, toward ., . -j i- r .l. tr:..j the government and people of the United Slates of which Van Durcn speaks so high ly, may be understood, we lay them before tho reader jusl as they nro contained in the circular letter of his holiness: The following are extracts from pope Greg. ory s Vualical l.'.Uer. "From Ihe polluted fountain of indifference, flows I hat nhused nnd erroneous doclrine, or raving in f, vor nod defence of 'liberty nnd conscience,' for which most pestilential error the course is niien to that entire and wild liberty of opinion which it eve ry where attempting Ihe overthrow of religious nnd civil institutions, nnd which Ihe unblushing imjiu- lencc of some hold fi.rlh n nn advantage to religion. Hence that pest of all others most to be dreaded in a State, unbridled liberty of opinion, been- lioiKne-s ol, and In"' ol noieny, viiiicu, according to llie exnciieiice of all ages, portend the downfall ol the most powerful and flourishing em pires." Iillicrto tends lint sorsl nnu never sunicteniiy i be execrated nnd detested libertu of the press. for llie dilTu-ioii of all manner of writings which some to fondly contend for, nnd to actively pro mole." "Ab meant must be omitted, at the extremity of the case calls for .ill our exertions lo ei(ermia(e the fatal post which spreads through so many worki nor can the materials of errors be otherwise destrojed ihan by flames, which consume the de praved clement of the cyil." Rem atik. There are few tilings con tained in the foregoing communication of Mr Van Burcn to the Pope of Rome, that require particular observation. The gen eral tenor and spirit of this letter is that of fulsome and sickening adulation. It is cvi- lent, beyond a doubt, from tho tone ofthit) letter, that Van Burcn ia extremely anxious tn court the especial favor of the Roman Catholics, that 'great and Christian church,' as he calls them, and especially anxious to create and maintain a friendly and cordial communication and intercommunication with "His Hjliness, Ihe Holy Father." And all this Mr Van Burcn docs not as a private man but as an officer of the govern ment fat it will be recollected that al the lime of correspondence he was acting as Secretary of Slate. To bring this matter home to our bosom", we need not osk our selves what would have been our feelings as American citizens, had Mr Van Bitren, as Secretary of Stato in this republican government, addressed the Presbyterian, the Methodist, the B.iptist, or any other denomination of Christians, even of our own country, in the complimentary and congratulatory terms with which he has addressed the PopeofR.ime? Aye, thcro is the rub. What would have been nur feelings in such a case ? The indignation of the American people of every name and every profession could not have found an adequate vent so jealous aro the people of the connexion bet ween church and stale. Then hnw shall wo look upon the case when the Romish church ii the creature that is so fondly wooed and fondly handled by Martin Van Buren, Secretary of State of the United States ? The reader will observe how remarkably well pleased Mr Van Burcn is with this arbitrament between contending nation?. If it means any thing whatever, it means ihnt the intriguer is willing to submit the difficulties that the United States may got into wiih other nations, and of course, a mong ourselves. In the award of his holi nest. What would be thought by patriots who admire our own civil institution, which have utterly divorced church and state af fairs, of the prup'iely of submitting to tho arbitrament of tho presbyterians or tho iiiethodists the d. faculties between Ohio and Michigan? Wo need not follow tho milter up. But Ihe is, hnw is the pnpi of Rmne to accomplish his benign view of ef fecting reconciliation ? About this matter there is some mystery and yel sotnorevola tion in Ihe intriguer's letter. Had wc the communication which tho pope sent tn the intriguer, all might be revealed. Wcleavu it to the reader to surmUc what tho 'par.icr' is which it is said 'hit holiness has adopted.' It is Van Burenistn to leavo such business in the dark. But we arc fanciful enough to deem that we can smeit something of the rat. especially when we refltct upon the Cath olic operations in this counlty einco tho date of this correspondence, in connexion with other clauses in Mr. Van Burcn'a letter. Mr Van Burcn expresses himself well pleased 'in reference to llie parental solici tude which lh holy father expresses in behalf of ll.o Roman Catholics in Ihe Uni ted Stales' with Iho friendly and liberal sentiments entertained by his holiness to wards the government and people of the United Slates. which, and such like, things. Mr. Van Burcn thinks "afTirds tho beM pledge thai this pontificate will be a wise nnd 6eie!cinJ ono" one "utrthy the head of a great and Christian church." g the policy then by this 'beneficienl' and parental regard' to build up in tho United States a great and Christian church.' to iho end lhal the 'head' thereof, may, through iho great body' of nonibars, effect ,thn reconciliation spoken of? Th'n lha

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