Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, February 10, 1837, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated February 10, 1837 Page 1
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NOT T II K GLORY OF C JE S A It ; HOT THE WELPA HE O F It O M E. BY II. I?. STACY. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1837. voir,. X No. 503 REV. DR. BEECIIER. Every truly great man has some peculi arities which mark his character. Hut no man living probably hag stronger- charac teristics, than the distinguished gentleman whose name heads our article. In giving them to our readers briefly, wo would say that wc introduced them not as a burlesque : for no one can have a higher estimate of the oftincss of his intellect, the purity of his intentions, and the power of his elo quence. Dr. IJeeclicr's personal appear ance is very significant. No one would suppose him a man of mind. He is short, and somewhat compactly built. His hair is cuarsc his forrhoud low his eyes small and twinkling his mouth compressed. - We presume no stranger over heard him preach without feeling at first sight disap pointed. When the Doctor enters I lie church it is upon a very fast walk, lie runs up the pulpit stairs wipes his spec taclescorrects his sermon with his pen cil, or gases about in ii listless manner. He reads Ins hymn in a careless off hand ttyle, and follows it with an extempore prayer, remarkable principally, for its terseness. From the manner in which he cuinincnces his sermon, one would think that he was not even a good reader. "Can Hint be Dr. Bceeher .'"--inquires the vial tor almost invariably. "He certainly has been overa stop, what a sentence! yes it I he." Dr. Beecher's mind when he bi'gms to discourtc, is like a pent-up river. It cannot endure the confinement. Tlio lush of thought, of argument, of im agery, is so poulbrful that it sweeps away every harrier. Aoio look at him. His C) es i xpaud and burn as though lighted by uneiirtlily fires his very body appears In mvcIIh Willi the increasing majesty und grandeur of the conceptions of his intel lect. lie looks fur the moment as though under ilie influence of direel inspiration. He if no lunger the listless man, but one of Gull's immortals. We have heard luni preach before uu audience ot five thou sand pel sons, when so overwhelming was the power of hi eloquence, one filth of that mighty mass have risen involuntarily on their feel, and stood clinging with convul sed grasp to the pews. Dr. Beecher's forte is debate. Ho needs an antagonist in order to ri.use him tliour ouglily. He needs nu quarter und asks none. It was once well said by n nervou writer, speaking of the celebrated discus sion between Beicher und Clianning a few years since, that the former used "a but 'tic axe of iron Hie latter, a quill plucked from the bird of paradise." The former had more euergy--the latter more polish. The one was in the field, with the armor of (Julian the other was in the closet pu) ishing ihe delicate weapons of'geniecl war fare. Dr. Beecher in Ins disscussions im pales his antagonist, und holds him writhing on the point of his spear up to the gaze of the public. The Doctor has no clerical dignity. Passing by his house one morning, wo saw him rush out, without any hat, his hair standing up like porcupine quills, his coat and pantaloons apparently in the last stage of consumption, crying out as he shuffled down I ho street in his btudy slippers. "Clams! Clams." We perceived that ho was after a man about a quarter of a mile from him who had the article for sale. He invariably did what no other clergyman, we presume in Boston would do went to market. On Ins wuy home he would stop to read the pupers, and in the forget fulness of the moment frequently leavu his pur chase behind him. His absent-mindedness was proverbial, lie would sometimes look ihiB most intimate friends in the face, and , not know t hem. One morning, when at Litchfield, ho arrayed himself in a new black suit presented by his parishioners, as he was in the course of an hour to go to a neighboring town to preach on ordination sermon. He thougt in the meantime he would go to thu barn and give his horse some hay. In the loft he found a new-laid egg, and put it in his coat pocket then another, and another until he had six or .eight. He walked into the room, took down his fiddle, paced hack and forth, and finally sat down "C-r a-c-k," wont the eggs ; his coat wa9 ruined. Wo givo these instances thousands more might bo men tionedas characteristic of the man. As a reaBoner, as a rough orator, wo know not his suporior. Detroit Courier. A Binn's Eve View or the Sor.An Sys tem. Suppose this earth to be a ball of one foot in diameter; on that scale of pro portion the sun would bo one hundred feet in diameter, and the moon three in. ches. The sun would bo two miles from us the moon thirty feet Jupiter ton miles from Iho sun, and Hcrschel forty miles. The loftiest mountain on the surface of the earth, would be one eightieth of on inch in height. Host, Trans, StiAnp PitACTtCE. Mr. Reuben M. Whitney, has by all accounts played off a variety of fantastic tricks before the Com. mittcc of Investigation appointed by the House of Representatives. His Protest, which ho formally interposed, was a terri bly long winded ofiair, and very arrogant withal in its denunciations of the House and its Committee. During a recent ex amination, Ins insolence rose to such a height that Mr. Peyton felt himself called upon to take the gentleman in hand, and mcnance him with personal injury in re turn for his impertinence. The Washing, ton Correspondent of the New York Com mercial Advertiser, thus sketches whul transpired on the occasion. Whitney re fused to answer any of the questions which Mr. P. propounded to him in succession. In making his replies, his manner was far from respectful to the committee, or the gentleman who framed the questions; he would look nt them, (for you will hour in mind that the whole examination is conduc. ted in writing) then throw them aside with a remark that they were inquisitorial, or concerned him as an individual and de cline to answer. One of Mr. Peyton's questions was so framed as to require a direct statement whether Judge Taney did not refuse to countenance or recommend him for the situation ho now holds? This ho declined to answer, more particularly, he said, as the mover of the inquiry had de clarod that tlie charge was true, and he (Whitney) thought he ought to prove it." "This, you will remember, was the sub ject of the card Mr. Whitney lately pub lished in the Globe in which he pronounced the assertion of Mr. Peyton a falsehood and calumny. As Mr. Peyton, whose fear lessness and magnanimity arc known to the whole country, and will therefore require no vindication, did not condescend to notice this card, Mr. Whitney, doubtless, felt him self safe in exhibiting before the commit tee his poor spite against a man so much elevated above his miserable sphere. But Mr. Peyton did not allow this elnnnv tnilm insolent character of his general bearing, to pass unnoticed. He rose and began an appeal to M'. Garland, the chairman, on the insulting reply of the witness but very soon hroko off, and stopping up to Whitney, he addressed him thus: "You thief and no ii ii k ii ! if you dare to insult me here, before the committee, I'll put you to DEATH !" "Whitney, frightened out of his senses, made no reply. "You said in your card that I shield myself behind my constitution al privileges ; now, sir, I wish you distinct ly to understand that I waivo all privileg es." " "Mr. Garland, the chairman, here inter posed, to preserve order : and Mr. Peyton resumed his s-at. Mr. Whitney then rmc as if to speak, when Mr. Peyton command ed him to be silent, and declared that he should not answer except in writing. Mr. Wise here remarked to his friend, that Whitney was unworthy his notice, and at tempted to draw Mr. Peyton off from him, but Mr. P. said "no, I pay no attention to his cards, but when he insults me here in the coininitieo I will notice him, robber and thief as ho is." Mr. Peyton then turned to the chairman and reminded him that hitherto hn had treated Whitney respect fully. "I have treated him," said he, "as if ho were a gentleman, and I will not per mit him to insult me." " "Mr. Whitney was then ordered to with draw, nnd Mr. Hamer offered a resolution that the laBt answer of the witness should be returned to him, as it was no reply to the question, and was disrespectful to a member of thu committee. This resolution was adopted unanimously, so decided and strong was the conviction of every member that the demeanor and language of this "great man" wore improper and insulting. On Mr Whitney's return this resolution was read to htm, and his answer given back to him. lie then apologized, and expressed his re gret for any disrespect ho had manifested towards the committee." No two things differ more than hurry and despatch, Hurry is tho inarkof a weak mind, desnatch of a strong one. A weak man in office, liko a squirrel in a cage, is laboring eternally, hut to no purpose, and in constant motion without getting on one jot; like a liirnslilo, he is in every body's way, but stop nobody ; ho lalki a great deul. hut says very little ; looks into every thing but sees into nothing ; and has a hundred irons in the fire, but very few of them are hot, nnd with those few that arc, he only burns Ins fnngers. Zeuxis is said to have painted some grapes so naturally, that tho birds would come and pick at them. At anothnr time ho painted a boy laden with grapes, when tho birds again flew at them to cat them : ho was vexed at this, for said he, hud the boy been well painted, they would not have ventured so near him. The artist died of laughter at the sight of an old woman he had drawn. fj7-It is impossible to read the subjoined account, without feeling a thrilling interest in I ho subject of the story: Miraculous PrtEsKiivATioN.-ThoTren. ton, N. J. Gazette gives an account of the astonishing escape of a man who was buried in a well near that place. His name was Carsticr. While at the bottom of the well, which was six feet below an old curb made of plank and boards placed perpendicularly, the loose sand began to cave in around him. Ho called to the men at the windlass to draw him up immediately. He sprang into the bucket and had been drawn hut u few feet above tho bottom of the old curb, when it was crushed in at the foot, until the tim hers coming against the bucket wore pre vented closing entirely. The earth above, loosened bv the slide, gave way (he entire depth of the curb, and pressed it in at the top. making a kind of pent house, in which thu buried man had no room to turn, but space enough to breathe. There was an aperture from the ovily in which he was enclosed seven feet in length, funned by the falling timbers to the surlaco of Iho caved earth, which fortunately served fur ventila tion and passing down nourishment. Above the caved earth to the surface of the ground it was about twelve feet; this space was protected bv a curb of timber placed in a square, horizontally. Inside of the enclo sure operations were commenced for liber ating the suffering man, who could be heard praying through the aperture. Square frames of 'he height of ordinary boards were formed inside of the top curb, and placed to protect the cavity made by the workmen. Every succeeding frame bavins to be made smaller and dropped inside of the one above, the workmen soon became so much cramped that it was impossible to dig any farther. This plan had to be aban dnned, when they were about lour feel from the man's head. Having become more composed in Ins mind, the buried man be gan to give directions to his friends above how to proceed in their work. Ho told them to begin on the surface of tho ground six feet distant from the first curb, and take out all the earth from the space that enclo sed it to the bottom ; then to sink that curb around the timbers that enclosed him, after the common fashion of digging wells; he said the caved sand and gravel could then he removed carefully, and that he might be liberated but not before the noon of the next day. This was about ten o'clock at night. Picks and shovels were collected in n short tune, and by eleven o'clock the task of breaking nn n (V..u,in surface oflhir ty feel in din muter, with the little excep tion of the siiace occupied in tho centre bv Ihe curb, whs commenced. The "round vas fr- sen to the depth of two nnd a h.i'f leet. As many men were placed upon the ground as could work, and for the first hour nothing seemed to be done. It was like working in stone. A circle of little holes, not larger than a hai.was all that the most active picking had effected. But cheered on and encouraged by two or three men. the citizens persevered in spite of difficul ties. About sixty remained throughout the night, and until late in the morning. The frozen ground was worn awuy particle by particle, until the soft earth was reached be low the surface, and then with wedges the space within I ho circle was broken up. Af ler this, the removal of the earth round the curb was rapid, and at daybreak they began to work inside of tho curb, and sink it grad. ually. About ten o'clock, the poor man put his hand through an opnningand shook hands with one of his deliverers. At half past eleven ho was drawn out. He was much exhausted, but still capable of walk ing; nnd was conducted up the platform, amid the cheers of the excited multitude. Ho wished to address thu crowd and thank them for their exertions, and was lifted up on u wagon that stood by. In a simple but feeling manner he thanked them again and again for their goodness and alluded to his feelings while buried alive lie thought for a while he would never get oot he prayed and felt Ihe sin of never praying, except when some great allliclinn has bc lallen us. All were still as death, listening and looking at n man who seemed to the vast assembly like one from another world the dead brought to life. He was not much injured by his situation in tho well, having stood in an upright position, but si ghtly bent forward. Having taken nnur ishmcnt frequently and hearing the good reports of his friends from time to time, his spirits were not much depressed, nfter the second mode ot liberation wns attempted lie went home yesterday afternoon to his wile noil children, who had not been infer med of his perilous situation. I cannot comprehend the sneers of witty runes, at what they call constancy. If be uigsaro united by any other consideration but love, constancy is of course impossible, and, I think, unnecessary. To a man who is in love, the thought of nn other women is uninteresting, if not repulsive. Constan cy is human nature. InMead of love IHng the occasion of all tho misery of this world, as is sung by fantastic bards, I believe that the misery of this world is occasioned by there not being love enough. Tins opin ion, at any rate, appears more logical. Happiness is only to be found in a recur, renco to the principles of human nature, and tiieso will prompt very simple manners, For myself, I believe that permanent unions of tho sexes should bu early encouraged ; nor do I conceive that gonural happiness can over flourish but in societies whero it is Iho custom for all males to marry at eighteen. This custom, I am informed, is not unusual in tho U. Status of America ; and its consequence- is a simplicity of man tiers, and a purity of conduct, which Euro pen ns cannot comprehend, hut to which thoy must ultimately have recourse. Pri meval barbarism ami cxtremo civilization must anve at the same results. Men, un der these circurnstunces, nro actunlcd bv t hoi r organization; in tho first instance, instinctively ; in thu second, philosophical ly. At present, wo are all in tho various gradations ottho intermediate state of cor ruption. Cotturiui Fleming PAKE CAReI "Take Cere," said the fellow of 300 pounds, as hotrod with his whole weight upon my gou'v toe "take care!" 1 had almost said devil take you, why did'nt you cry before but, thinking if I did, possibly lie might tread on it again, l got out ot the way as fast aa possible. It was nn awk ward lesson but let mo see if I can't im prove on it. Look heron minute citizens! mechanics! farmers! arc there no tender toes among you? there is there is what, says one, do you think every body has the gout, because Esq. Oakwood has it stay a moment, friend, till I explain and pcrad venture I may give you a seasonable cau tion. Take Care Mr. Merchant, it's a tempting time you are thinking about great specu laliuns, I know. There's the war coming on flour will (it may be) he in groat de mand abroad; do yen feel liko buying a lew thousand barrels for exportation? Well take care of your toes heavy debts and disappointments play tho mischief. Then the spring custom begins to come in look to your ledger do you book it? Take care of yourtoes, I say a bird in the hand i worth two in the bush. Beaccom. modating, but be honest to yourselves and to your creditors. Assignments make work for the printers to be sure, but, my word for it, they would rather ncad an ad vertisement with irjl,Acw Assortment" than with "Notice--A. l. has this day ex ccuted, Sic. lake jure, fur. Mechanic, 1 suppose times begin to be stirring with you and depend upon it there's a great deal in the manner in which you do business. Look to every tding yourself if you do this, one work u little with your boys besides, it will save you two journeyman's wages. Never disappoint a customer be as punctual to the hour as the sun. I'll warrant you to thrive. Be careful with your boys induce them to read a little, and by and by they will read much this will be worth more to them ! han swo freedom suits. Take care Mr. Farmer do you see how green your fields begin to look well there's a lino prospect, but are your fences light and strong? If they are not take care of yourtoes! Haifa dozen hungry cattle will do mischief it they can get in. A farmers merchandise thrives wlnf he sleeps. I've heard sn l iKSnti ii., ,ic.eiKia upon how long he sleeps like ma ny other shrewd maxims it needs to be qualified, before it is practised upon. Then I would say a word to you, which every one may be profitably reminded of now and then. How are your expenses regulated? I had an industrious friend, who shaved to Ihe shin, in trade, and lived sometimes on bread and milk to economize, but he fail ed ''He held on at the spiggot, and left the bung out" he kept a useless horse engaged in silly speculations, and some times look a frolic. I Ins will not do you must stop up every crevico where cash leaks out unnecessarily, or you won't get your barrel full, though you pour into it ever so last. Take Care all of you ! I'vo fifty things to remind you of, but I have not time now logo over them all. Mr. Printer take care to keep a pleasant face on the gable end of your head piece, tho' your subscri bers laugh at the collection. Mr Lawyer, when you come across a couple of well dis. posed fellows, bickering over a dispute try and settle it without n jury. Mr. Doctor dont keep an honest industrious man off his legs longer than jou can help keep your medicine as much as pos-iblo for the fat flounders, who may as well be down as up lor all the good they do. And you pretty Miss, have I caught, yon laughing well, do 7jou take care don't you know what they say about May? There s many young fellow would give his eyes to never mind take care I say. THE EXPUNGED RESOLUTION. The following is the original Resolution passed in 1834, which a majority of the Senate have expunged from the records. It should be published in stnring letters in every paper conducted by a freeman: Resolved, That lte President in the late Executive proceedings in relation to the public revenue, has assumed upon himself authority $ power not conferred by the conilitution and Laics, but in dcroga lion of both. Originally pased Yeas 2G, Nays 20, The whole affair, says the New York Star, would be contemptible, were it not for the djep stain which it inflicts on tho characto,-and institutions of the country. At all events, some portion of the Press in the United Stales is still free has nut crawled to the feet of Adrew Jackson. For oursjlyes anil posterity, we renew and place on our file the hunest resolution struck fmm tho journals of tho Senate, and let us sco the power that shall compel us to expunge. Simplhity and integrity of the Swiss Mountaineers. A pcatanl named Franz, came one eve ning to luok for Gasper, who was mowing a meaduv, and said, 'iny friend this ia my harvest: thou knowest wo have a dispute about ths meadow : we know not to whom it properly belongs: to decide this quoi tiou I hate collected tho Judges at Seh witz, come then to-morrow with mo before ihcin.' Thou su3st Frantz, that I have mowed the meadow, 1 cannot be absent.' 'Audi cannot send away thu Judges, who havo fixed upon this day: Indeed, we should have known to whom it belonged helore it wos mown.' They had some little cnnlrn versy on tho subject ; but nt lust, Gasper said: 'I will tell ihco what thou shall do. Goto-mcrrow to Schwilz; give tho Judges my reasons and thine; and I shall save the trouble of going myself,' On this agree ment Frantz went to plead lor and against I himself, , and threw out the reasons on both "ides as well as he could. When th Judges had decided he went to Gasper! l lie meadow is thine, the sentence is in thy favour.' People the earth with such men, und happiness will dwell there. Swiss i ourisl. Most Horrible! ! We have received in formation from a credible source, that n Mrs, Moffn, wife of Calvin Mofiit of Bethel, this county, beat with rods her only child, a little girl five year old, to such a degree ns to cause her death in about twelve hours. It anncars that tho inhu man mother was hearing the child read, and because she did not pronounce the word decay properly, the rod was resorted to. On a post mortem examination the whole body was found beaten to a jelly i nu mure innn savage moincr is uiiuer bonds of one thousand dollars to appear and answer to the laws for the offence. Woodstock Courier. A Corespondent of the Brandon Telegrapl gives Some additional particulars of this hor riblo affair. "It appeajed that tho mother requested tho child to pronounce a word, Tho child failed Cully to comply with the mother's requisition. The mother then com mencod wbiping, which iho continued at dif fercnt periods from Tuesday evening, 17th ull. to Friday evening following. Tho little sufferer died on Sunday evening after. On Wednesday, the 25th, the woman was ariaigned before the grand jury for trial. Our informant was present at tho examina tion and afterwards conversed with l or 5 of tho principal witnesses. The woman was young, well dressed, rather intcligont appeal ing, yet maifestly of a sanguinary tempera menl her husband in good worldly circum stansos her relatives wealthy and rcspeeta bio- She was tho mother of several small children. Tho child whipped was her own and wasjreprcscnted by neighbors to be unu sually interesting. She had never bofoio been known lo bo cruel to her children It appeared in evidence that tho child was stripped of all its clothes and whipped on its naked skin. For aught that appeared, Ihe child was in health whan tho whipping com menccd. A physician was called about three hours before the child expired, who testified lint mnriiflnniinn had manifestly then com menced and was progressing. Thero was also a post mortem examination of four physi cians. These all united in the opinion that all tho vitality of tho skin must havo been destroyed on tho back parts, from tho neck down to tho heels. Thero were numerous brui ses on tho head and face, and frequent and frghlful contusion of tho skin on different of tho body or ralhcrono common, general confusion throughout, from head to foot. It was tho opinion of tho physicians that no child could have recovered from such wounds. There was no attempt, on the part of tho defence, to disprove tho allegations and tes timony of prosecution. There was some effort which amountod to bet little, to make out that somo years ago tho woman was partially deranged. Our informant considers that the witnesses whoso testimony wont to condemn the arraigned, aro entitled to all credit for ''""ner is one in which my Slate has littlo , ... . , . ., , , intere.-t, as connected with a tax tor pro candor and fairness ,n rendering their state. .,.,;. u Qf mcnls York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Ohio, Intense interest was excited in tho commu- which ure principally concerned in this nity : it was, however, profound regret, un. uttcrable horror and deep gloom that was ap. parent, rather than anger or commotion. A bill was found against tho accused, on the chargo of manslaughter, and sho was bound over for trial at the next session of court, in tho sum of$1000 dollars. Connubial .'ljfection. A correspondent of tho Ncwatk Advertiser, gives the following interesting incidont, which tools placo (luring tho trial of Richard White, for selling fire lo the Treasury buildings, at Washington : In tho course of thu trial, iho most clover and celebrated thief takers havo been exam ined, and scenso of ingenious villany have been disclosed which havo inspinid us with wonder, approaching to admiration. There was a beautiful woman examined a Mrs, Hal J win to prove that sho overheard White tolling her husband that ho had succeeded in sotting firo to the Treasury. 'Where is your husband ?' asked the Counsel for tho prison ers, Shu paused for a moment, a hand beau, tifully formed of ivory whiloness was passed over her dark and drooping oyes, and then in a low voico answered, bu is in tho Stales Prison in Now Jersey.' 1 Andwcruyou not in tho Stales Prison ." ' Yes, when 1 went to sco my husband.' ' Hut wcro you not con. linod there for an infamous ofi'unco ?' 'No.' Woro you never charged with an infamous offunco ?' Thu Court suggested to Mrs, Baldwin, that sho was not compelled to answer that question. Sho paused, as if to summon alt her energy, and then lifted her head, c.vhih. iting a countenance lighted up with more than ordinary intelligence and energy, sho answered,'! will tell, l'es bir, I was char ged with taking tu my poor husband lo on ublu him to nscapo fium prison, and (raising her arm and her voico at llu samu lime) I did it' If you rail that an infamous offence, I do not,' Thoru was a sudden and univn rsal bursts of approbation from overy pait 0f thu Court room, lo recoinpeno this display of connubial dovntionand fidelity, and it could not bo repressed, until it had found full vent. There are learned men without wisdom, and wise men without learning. Yet learning is a means of wisdom, and a wise man will seek to increase in learning. Pedantry. Ignoranco I can bear with out amotion ; but tho afleciion of learning gives mu a tict of the splcn. Tho reason why many poopln fcnoie com paratively nothing, isbecausd they novur can bare to bo told any thing. SIffafi'ff at WL nfiljtiifltou. Mn.'H Bir.i, for reducing the revenue, though reported to the Senate on Friday last, has not yet reached us. Con siderable interest is manifested here to know something of its details. Mr. Wright ao companied the bill with no report from tho Committee on Finance, but made verbally many explanatory remarks, and presented a paper containing n nummary statement of the various articles on which a reduction was proposed to be made, together with the amounts of existing duties on said articles, nud the amounts of reductions.-- Having concluded his explanations, Mr. Clay said that he wanted, at this early stage of the bill, to sav only n word or two. I will begin, said he. with ex. pressing the regret I feel that no written report accompanies this bill, and that tho substitute with which we have been pre sented in iho verbal remarks of the Sena tor from New-York are not. as satisfactory as I think they might have been. In consid er i 1 1 y the amount of revenue which the wanisnr'any Government may require, two questions should be taken into view. 1st. The probablo amount nf the revenue to be received from ihe taxes; and in the second place, the probable amount of the public expenditure. If Congress have no knowl edge of these, how can they know what revenue is to bn raised, or what reduction may bu provided for? In both of these points, Ihe Senator from New-York has utterly (aded to furnish the Senate with anv information. By way of getting rid of presenting to ns the probable amount of revenue, tho Senator states that the Finance Committee are not able in offer any thing but uncer tain conjectures. But every man who has hitherto been charged with the finances of the country, whether a Secretary of the Treasury or the chairman of a Finance Committee, has supposed it important to go into conjectures or estimates on these subjects, and to approximate as far as pos sible to the truth, that the Government may be enabled to form some practical es timate ofihe ainonnt to which they may with propriety tax the People. Bui if tho Senator thinks he can ju-tify himself for this omission, how will he justify it to tho country, and to those great interests which are assailed by this bill, that wu have been furnished with no information touching the amount of public expenditure; and without information on cither point, how ha-i he come to the conclusion, that there does exist a redundant revenue, nnd that it is an evil so great to call for tho legislation of Congress? But I have not risen simply to express my regret at loo want of information under which we are invited to act I havo risen, at once, promptly to declare that I shall oppose, ns far as my voice and my vote can go, tins disturbance of the compromise arrangement made in march 1033, under which ihe country has flourished in an unparalleled degree, and on which all par ties h.'ive reposed, as being durable and peimaneut. In regard to the art icles of salt and spir i t on s liquors, both of which, but salt espe cially, are articles which cannot be touched I without a violation of thai compromise, the l'"--"ou. in my own htatc. some ot ilia irticio is uianulaelured, but we are so sit uated that the manufacture, as existing nmong us, derives no advantage from any protective duty. So far, therefore, as my constituents are concerned, I caro not a particle if the duty shall be repealed inloto. But I oppo.-e the measure, because I view it as what has often and expressively been denominated an filtering wedge; and be. cau-u it is well known that all encroach ments on the sy.-tem may be expected to commence under plausible pretexts. Tho article ol coal is an instance of this, in the depth ot winter, when during a season of intense cold, all are shivering for tho want of n mure abundant supply of fuel, thu cry is rawed to repeal the duty on for. eign coal. So salt is known by every body to be an essential article of human subsist' aiice, and it is seized upon as furnishing a plausible article on which the duty may bu reduced, or dispensed with altogether. But iftht-enro all nrticles covered by the couipromi-e, what security, what guar anty can Ihe country possess, that the work of reduction l- to slop at tins point? Will not ihe process, ere long, reach to cotton? and to woolens? Nay, are we not already notified, while, its 1 ndum, the Senator has brought us a bill less exceptionable than a cnrrci-punding ne which has been introdu. ceil else whero. that is not "autagonistical" (I belrveihe teim is) to that measure, that there is no hosiiliiy between the two; and, if the purpose shall not be effected by thm bill, for reducing the revenue to a sum not specified, that bill itself, or some kindred measure, niu-t bu resorted to. I want tho country in know what is its nctual condi tion. I want it to know whether that odU mis, that shocking h-t of nrticles, which has ju-t Iceu read by the Secretary, is to be brought up, session after session, for dis. ous-iou and gradual ucliuu, till tho wholo protective system is destroyed. Thecoun. trv has a right lo know whether the peace, effected by the compromise of lf!33, is to bo respected ; or whether ii is to ho assailed, first, hi respect to articles calculated lo ex cite public sympathy tu their favor, and t hun tlio-o morn important ones arc at length lo bu renchfd, which arc essential to tho prosperity of the uatmnal industry. I have now dlsrhagcd what I bohovrl lo bo a duty. Von havo tho power, both in this HoiiMi and thu oilier; you can do in lli jsi mallei us you think proper. Go on then. Disturb, distract iho country ; roagi.

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