Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 17, 1837, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 17, 1837 Page 1
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1 -V!l NOT T HE CLOliy OF O Ai SAlt; U V T T II E W E LFA 11 E OF HO ,TI E. BF IT. Si. STACY, FRIDAY, MAE? Cff-ff 1.7, 1837. VOB. X Wo. 508. THE INAUGURATION. Tho usual ccromoiiiufi having taken place at tho Cnpitot, Mr. Vnn Buret), from thn steps of tho portico uf the Capitol, made the following address : MR. VAN BUKEN'S INAUGURAL ADDRESS, Velio w Citizens: The prnclico of fill my predecessors im 'poses on tne an obligation I cheerfully ful fil, to accompany the first nml solemn act of my public trust with an avowal of the principles that will guide me in performing it, and an expression of my feeling? on as suming a charge so responsible and vast. 'In imitating their example, 1 tread in the ifootsleps of illustrious men. whoso superi ors, it is our happuioss to believe, are noi found on the executive calender of any country. Among lliciu we recognize I ho earliest and firmest pillars of the republics 'thosu by whom our national independence was first declared ; him, who above all oth ers, contributed" to establish it on the field of battle; and those whoso expanded intel lect and patriotism constructed, improved and perfected the inestimable institutions under which we live. If such men in the position I now occupy, felt themselves over whelmed by a sense of gratitude for this, the highest'of allmaiksof their country's confidence, and by a consciousness ol their inability adequately to discharge the duties of an office so diliieull and exulted, how much more must these consideration.-aflVci one, who can rely on no such clams for fa vor or forbearance. Unlike all who have proceeded me, the revolution that gave us existence as one people, was achieved at the period of my hinh i and whil-l I con template with grateful reverence, I hat mem. orable event, I lei I thai I belong to a later age, inn) lhat I may not xpecltny country men to weigh my act ion with the same kind and partial hand. So sensibly, follow-cit zens, do there cir cuinstatice? press ih m-t!vo.' upon me, that I should not dnrc to eon r upon my pal h of duly, tl d I not loo!; lor the generous aid of those who will be a-r-oeialed with me in die various and en-orduiaic branches of the Government; did I not repose with unwa vering reliance, cm t he patriotism, the in telligence, and the kindness, of a people who never yel deserted a public servant honestly laboring in their cause ; and above all, did I not permit myself humbly to hope for tho su-taioiog support ol an ever-watch ful and beneficent Providence. To the confidence and consideration de rived froir the.-e sources, it would bo un grateful not to add those which spiiug from our present fortunate condition. '1 hough not altogether exempt from embarrassment, that disturb our tranquilly at h.ime and threaten it abroad, yet. in all the attributo. of a grout, happy, and 11 .tirishing p oide, vc stand without a paralh I in the world. Abroad, we enjoy the respect, and, with scarcely an exception, the Ir.cndtlrp of ev ery nation; at home, u Inle our Government quietly, but i fliuiently, performs the sole legitimate end of political iiisliuilions, in doing the greatest good to the greatest number, we present an aggregate ol human prosperity turely not elsewhere to he loom). How imperious then, is- tho " ligation im posed upon every citizen, in his own sphere of ocsion, whether limiiei! or extended, to pxert him'elf in perpetuating a condition orti'ii.'"S n fiuguhirly happy. All the los eons'oThUt.jrv tM experience must he lost noun us. i! we a'o con nt io mist alone to the peculiar advantages wi' liaj'jicn to pos sess. Position and climate, ami ihc boiiul oous resources thai nature- has fcatteicd with to liberal a hand even toe diffused intelligence and elevated character of out people will avail us nothing, if we fail sacredly to uphold llniso political institu tions dial were wisely anil deliberately for med, with reference to every circumstance that could preserve, or might endanger, die blessings wo enjoy. Tin; thoughtful frani crs of our constitution legislaied for our country as they found it. Looking upon it with the eyes of stalesman and of pairiots, they saw all die sources of rapid and won dor fn 1 prosperity; but they saw also, that various habits, opinions, and iiistiliui ins. peculiar to tho various pori'iuiis of so vast a legion, were deeply fixed: Distinct sovereignties were in actual ex istence, whose cordial union was essential to the welfare and happiness of nil. Bu- tween many of them there was at least to some extent, n real iliversty ol interests na blc to bo exaggerated through sinister do signs. They differed in size, in population, in wealth, and in actual and prospective re source and power; they varied in the char icier of their industry and staple product iions ; uud in some existing domestic iti-ti- itntions, which, unwisely di-tiirbed, might endanger the harmony of the wh do. Most Careful were all these circumstances weigh oil, and die foundations of the Government laid upon principles of reciprocal conee eion and equitable compromise. Thojcal. ousies which the smaller btnlcs might en terlain of the power oft ho rest were allav cd bv a rolo of representation, confessedly unequal at the timu and designed lorcvor to remain so, A natural fear lhat the broad scone of general legislation might bear upon and unwisely control particular interest, was counteracted by limits strictly drawn around the action ol the federal an thorilv ; and to the people and the .States waslcfl unimpaired their sovereign power over the innumerable subjects embraced in the internal government of a just republic excepting such only as iieccsimly upper tain to tho concerns of the whole confeder ncy, or its intercourse as a united com rnunity, with the other nations of tho world . This provident forecast has been verified hv tirrfii'j Haifa century, looming with ex traordinary cuits, and clsvvhero producing nslonn nnii results, .'.ms possou along ; but on our institutions it has- loft no injurious rpark. Prom a 6mall community, wo havo risen to a people powerful in numbers and in stronglh ; but our increaso fjns gono Jinnd in hand the progress oljuat principles, the privileges!, civil nnd religious of tli0 humblest Individual arc sacredly protected at home ; and while the valor and fortitude of our people have removed far from us the slightest apprehensions of foreign power, i hey have not yet induced us, in it single instance, In lorgot what h right. Our commerce has been extended to tho remo lest nations, the value, and even nature, ol our product urns has been greatly changed ; a wide difference has arisen in the relative wealth nnd resource-, ol every portion of our country ; yt din spirit of mutual re gard and of faithful adherence to existing compacts, has continued In prevail jn our councils, and never long boon absent from our conduct. Wo havo learned by expe rience a fruitful lesion : lhat an explicit and undeviating adherence to the princi ples on which we set out, can carry us prosperously onwards through all thn con flicts of circumstances, and tho vicissitude insepenihl ' from the lapse of ears. The fineness I hat has t Inn attended our great experiment, is, in itself, a sufficient entie for gratitoilf, on account of the hap piness it has actually conferred, and the c.vampie it Iin- unanswerably given. Hut to m, my fellow citizens, looking forward to the far distant future, with ardent prayers and confiding hope-', this rclrespect presents grounds lor still deeper delight. It impresses on my mind a firm belief that die perpetuity of our institutions dopends upon ourselves; lhat, if we maintain the principles on which they were established, they are destined to confer their benefits on countless generations yet to come: and lhat America will present to every friend of mankind the cheering proof, that popu lar government, wisely formed, is wanting mi no element of endurance or strength. Fifty year ago its rapid failure was pre dicted, Latent nnd uiu.vnt rollablo causes of e'lssulution were supposed to exist, even by the wi-e and good; and not only did iinfiiindly or speculative theorists antici pate for u Ihc fate of past republics, but the fears of many on honest patriot over balanced his sanguine hopes, honk back on ihese forebodings, not honestly, but reluctantly made, and sec how, in every in stance, they have completely foiled. An imprfccl experience, during the struggles of the revolution, was supposed to warrant a belief that the people would not bear die taxation requisite to di-charge an immense public debi already incurred, and ;o defray the necessary expenses of die Government. The cost of two wars has been paid, not only without a murmor, but with inn qual alacrity. No one is now left to dmihi that every burden will be cheer fully home dial may ho necessary to sus tain our civil institutions, or guard our lion or or our wol'iirc. Indeed, ail experience ha shown tint the willingness of die people to contribute to these ends in cases of emergency, has uniformly outrun the con fi'lonou of die representatives. In the eatly stages of the new Govern nieut, when all felt the imposing inllueucc, a they recognized the unequalled services of tho'lirs' President, it was a common sen. tioient. lint the great weight of his char acter could iilonu himl tho discordant ma tenuis i f our government together, and sivo us from the violence of contending fiction. Since Ins death, nearly forty years are gone. Party exasperation has been often carried to its highest point; the virtue nnd the fortitude of the people have soiiKtimcs been greatly tried ; yet our i-ys. tern, purified and enhanced in value by all it lias encountered, still preserves iis spirit of free nnd fearless discussion, blended with unimpaired fraternal feeling. The capacity of the people for self-gov ernment, and their willingness, irom a nign onse of duty, and without thns.o exhibi tions of coercive power so generally em ployed in otlier countries to submit, to all needful restraints and exactions of die mu nicipal law have also been favorably exem phfied in the history of the American Stales. Occasionally, it is true die ardor of nublic sentiment, outrunning the regular pro'TCs ot the jouicini iriuouais, or soouing io reach cases not denounced as criiinna by tho existing law, has displayed ilscll in ii inn oner ea Iculaiod to give pain to the friends of free government, and to eneoiir mm die hones of those who wish for its overt Inow. These occurrences, howovor ivo been far less frequent in our country ihun in any other of equal iiopu'alion on the Globe; and widi 'he ('illusion of intel ligence, it may well ho hoped that lliey will constantly diminish in frequency and violence. The generous patriotism and sound common sense, of the great mass of our follow citizens, will ossurely, in lime, produce this result : for as every assump tion of illegal power not only wounds the majesty of the law, but furnishes a pretext lor abridging the liberties of die people, the latter have the most direct and perma nent interest in preserving tho great land marks of social order, nnd maintaining, on all occasions, the inviolability of those eon siituiional and legal provisions which they themselves have made. In a Biipousod unfitness of our institutions for those hostile emergencies, which no country can always avoid, their friends Inuiid a fruitlul source or apprehension, their enemies of hope. While they fore saw less promptness of action than in Gov ernments differently formed. Ihoy overlook tho far more important consideration, that with us wur could never bo the result of individual or irresponsible will, hut must bo a measure of redress for injuries sus tained, voluntarily resorted to hv those who wore to bear tho necessary sacrifice who would consequently feel an individual in torosl in die contest, and whose energy would be comiuonsuiaio with the dilhcul lies to be ciicuunlered. Actual events have proved their error ; tho lust war, far from impairing, gave new confidence to our Government; nnd amid recent appro honsions of a similar conflict, wo taw that tho energies of our country would not be wanting in ample scasnli to vindicate its rights, Wo not possess, us wo should not desire Io pusses?, tho extended and ever ready military organization of other 1 nations; wc may occasinally suller in me outset for the v- aul of it ; but, among mi r selves, all doubt upon ibis great point has ceased, while a salutary experience will prevent a contrary opinion from inviting aggression from abroad. Certain danger was foretold from the ex tension of our territory, the multiplication of States, and the increase of population. Our system was supposed to be adapted on. ly to boundaries comparatively narrow. These have been widened beyond conjec ture; tho members of our confederacy are already doubled ; and the numbers oT our people are incredibly augmented. Tho al lot'lgcd causes of danger have long surpas sod anticipation, but none of the conse quences havo followed. Tho power mid influence of .the republic have risen to a height obvious to all mankind ; respect for thc'atithorily was not more apparent at its ancient, than it is at its present hunts : now and inexhau-tahlo sources of general pros penty have been opened; tho effects of distance have been averted by the inven tive genius of our people, developed nnd fostered by the spirit of our institutions; and the enlarged variety and amount of in tercsts, productions, and pursuits, havo strengthened the chain of mutual depen dence, and formed a circle of mutual bene fits, too apparent ever to bo overlooked. In justly balancing the powers of the Fedsiral and State authorities nearly insur mountable arose at tho outset, and subse quent collisions were deemed inevitable. Amid these, it was scarcely believed possi ble that a scheme of government, so com plex in construction, could remain uninju red. From time to lime embarrassments have certainly occurred; but how just is the confidence of future safety imparted b thn k'uowlodged that each in succession Ins been happily removed. Overlooking partial nnd temporary evils as inseparable irom the practical operation of all human institutions, and looking only to the gener al result, every patriot has reason to be satisfied. While the federal government has successfully performed its appropriate functions in relation to foreign affairs, and concerns, evidently national, that of every State has remarkably improved in protcc ting developing local interests andindividu al welfaro; and if the vibrations of author. ily have occasionally tended too much lo wards one or other, il is unquestionably certain that the ultimato operation of the entire system has been to strengthen nil the existing institutions, and to elevate our whole country in prosperity and renown. I he last, perhaps die greatest, ol the nroiiiinnnt. soorceH of discord nml .ii.-nntui supposed lo lurk in our political condition, was die institution of domo.-tic slavery. Our forefathers were deeply impressed with the delicacy of this subject, and they trea ted it with a forb "arance so evidently wise, that in spite of over sinister foreboding, it never, until the present period, disturbed tho tranquility of our common country. Such a result is sufficient evidence of the justice and patriotism of their course ; it is evident not to be mistaken, that an adho reuco to ii can prevent a'l embarrassment from this, ns well as from every other an dcipated cause of difficulty or danger. Have not recent events made il obvious to the slightest reflection, that tho least devi ation from the spirit of forbearance is inju rious to every interest, that of Immunity included ? Amidst the violence of excited passions, this generous and fraternal feeling has been sometimes disregarded, and, standing as 1 now do before my countrymen in this high place of honor and of trust, I cannot re frain from anxiously invoking my fellow citizen never to bo deaf to ils dictates. Perceiving before mv election, the deep in lercst. this subject was beginning to excite. I believed it a solemn du'y lully to inaUe known mv sentiments in regard to it; and now, when every motive for misrepresent n tiou had passed away, I trust that t hoy will he candidly weighed and understood. At least, they will be my standard of conduct in the path before mo. 1 then declared that if the desire of thoso of my country men who wore favorable to my election, was gratified, ''I must go into the Prcsi. detitial Chair tho inflexible and uiicom promising opponent of every attempt, on the part of Congress, to abolish slavery in die District of Columbia, against tho wish of tho slavoholdiug States; and also with a detorminolinn equally decided, to resist the slightest inlcrforcuca with it the Slates Where il exists." 1 submitted also to my fellow citizens, with fulness and frankness, the reasons which led me to this determination. The result authorises me to believe that they have been approved, and are confided to, by n majority ot the people ol the Uut led States, including those whom they most immediately affect. It now only remains tn ndd, that no bill conflicting with these views can ever havo mv constitutional sanction. I hose opinions hnvc been adon ted in the firm believe that they are in nc cordance with die sin rit that octuatod the venerated fathers of tho republic, and thai succeding experience has proved them to bo humane, patriotic, expedient, honorable and just. If the agitation of this subject was intended io reach the sin unity ol our institutions, enough has occurcd to show that il has signally failed: and that in tin as in every oilier instance, the npprchon sions of the timid and the hopes of the wicked for die destruction of our Govern mcnt, are again destined to be disappointed Hero and there, indeed, scenes ot daugc rous oxcitemont have occurcd; terrifying instances ot local violence, imvo been wit ncssed; and a reckless disregard of th consequences of their conduct has exposed individuals to popular indignation ; but neither masses ol tho people, nor section of die con nt jy havo been swerved from their devotion to the bond of union, mid the principles it has made sacred, Il will ever he thus. Such attempts ol agitation may periodically return, but with each the I object will be belter understood. Thai predominating affection for our political sysiem wiiicn prevails throughout our tor ritorinl limits ; that calm and enlightened judgment which ultimately governs our people as one vast body will always ho at baud lo rei?i and control every effort, for- cign or demesne, which ouns, or would lead, to overthrow our institutions. What can he more gratifying than such retrospect as I his I Wc look hack on ob. tacles avoided, and dangers overcome; on xpectulions more than realized, and pros perity perfectly secured. To the hopes of the hostile, the fears of the timid, and tho doubts of the anxious, actual experience has given the conclusive reply. Wc have scon time gradually disp-'l every unfavora tile foreboding, and our constitution sur mount every adverse circumstance, dreaded at the outset as beyond control. Present excitement will, nt all times, magnify pres. cot dangers; bill true philosophy must each us Miat none more thrcatning than the past can remain to he overcome; and wo ought, for wo have nisi reason, to on. terlain rn abiding confidence in tho stabili. ly of our iiis-iitutiDiis, and an cntiro convic tion that, if administered in the trno form, character, and spirit in which they were stahhsliad t hoy are abundantly adcuuato to preserve to u and our children the rich blessings already derived from Ihcm : lo make oor beloved land for a thousand gen eration, that chosen spot where happiness prings Irom a pcrlect equality of political rights. For myself, therefore, I desire to de- clarc, (hat die principle thai will govern me in die high duty to which my country calls mo, is, a strict adherence to the letter and spirit of the constitution, a3 it was de igned by those who framed it. Looking back lo it as a sacred instrument carefully and not caaiW framed ; remembering that was t hrniiijhoin a wmk ui concession and compromise ; viewing it as limited to na tional objects ; regretting il as leaving to the people and thn Slates all power not ex phctly parted with; I shall endeavor to preserve, protect, and defend it, by anx iously referring to its provisions for direc tion in every action. To matters ot do. mcstic concernment which it has entrusted to tho Federal Government, and fo such as relate to our intercourse with foreign na i ions, I shall zealously devote myself; be yond those limits I shall never pass. I o enter on tins occasion, into a further or more minute exposition of oiy views on the various questions of domestic police. would he as obtrusive as it is probably on expected. Uolorc the sullragcs ol my countrymen worn ni"t'i upon me, i submitted lo them with great precision, oiy opinions on all the mosl prominent of heso subjects. I hose opinions I shall cn. dcavor to carry out wilh my utmost ability. Our cource ot foreign policy has been so uniform and intelligible, as to constitute a rule of executive conduct which leaves lit tie to my discretion, unless, indeed, I were willing to run counter to the lights of expo nonce, aiui the Known opinions of my con- tituents. We sedulously cultivate the Iriendslnp ol all nations, as Iho condition most compatible with our welfare, and the principles of our government. We decline alliances, as adverse to our peace. We desire commercial relation on equal terms, being ever willing to give a lair cqnivolent ior novainages received. Wo endeavor to conduct our intercourse with openness and sincerity; promptly avowing our obpets, and f.eitiiig to cstab so tnai mutual iranunoss winch is n beneficial in the dealings of nations as of men. wo have no disposition, and we disclaim all rigiit to meddle in disputes whethor internal or loreigo, lhat may mo lost other countries; regarding them ii their actual slate, as social communities, and preserving a strict, neutrality in nil i heir controversies. well knowing the tried valor of our people, and our cxhau.-t loss resources, wo nciuior anticipate nor tear my designed aggression; and, in too consciousness of our own iust conduct, wc feel a security thai wo shall never he called upon to exert our determination. never to admit no invasions of our rights, without punishment or redress In approaching, them, in the presence of my assembled countrymen, to make the solemn promise that yet remains, and lo pledge myself that I will faithfully execute tho office I am about to fill, I bring with me a settled purposo to maintain tho insli tutious o' my country, winch, I trust, wil ntnno for the errors I omit. In receiving from the people the sacred trust iwice confided to my illustrious pre docessor, and winch he has discharged so faithfully and so well, 1 know that I can not expeel to perform tho arduous task with equal ability and success. Dut united as 1 havo been in Ins counsels, a daily wit ncss of his exclusive and unsurpassed devo lion to Ins country's welfare, agreeing with him in sentiments which his countrymen have warmly supported, nnd permitted tn partake largely of his confidence, I may hope that somewhat of die same cheering approbation will be found lo attend upon in V path For him, I hut express's, with my own the wishes of all lhat ho may yet long live lo enjoy tho brilliant evening of his well spenl Hie; and, lor tnyscll, conscious ol but one desire, hiithlully to serve my country I throw fear, on its justice nil J Us kindness Ileyonil Umt, I only look to the gracious protection of the Divine Being, whoso strengthening support I humbly solicit, and whom I fervently pray lo look down upon us all. May it ho among tho dispensations of his provifdeiico to bless our beloved couu try with honors and with length oi nays may her ways bo ways of pleasantness, and all her paths be peace. After the address was delivered, an oath was administered to the President bv the Chief Justice; and Iho Vico President Secretary, and Members of tho Senate and Members of Iho Senate, preceded by I heir Sorgennt-at'Arms, returned to the Senate Chamber. Til E C U N N I N G F I S II E 11 ,M A N The following eastern tale, written by L. G. WilkiiH, En. is from Ladv Bless ington'sj Book of Beauty, r superb En sh Annual for K137, This fisherman had long followed hiq occupa tiou and supported a largo fimily by the sale of what he caught ; he was clrver and well versed in all cunning which is as common in the East, and lo which ncces sity obliged him to have recourse, lie had had the good tortuno to catch n khreel fa size rarely met with in that species ; nnd thinking it a pity that, so fine a fi-h nou lo be cot into small portions lor the market lo suit convenience of ordinary customers, ho resolved on presenting it to ns soverign, and repaired with tins proud specimen of his sport to tho royal palace. Io soooucr had he entered the door bu ncnth the sitting room of the sultan, than ho was summoned lo appear before him and explain the object of hi? visit. r ortnnc, said the fisherman, 'has given mo this fine khrect, which appeared to me of uncommon size and beauty, that I scrupled to send it to the market, -and knowing lhat no man's table was so well suited to receive it as your majesty. I havo brought il here to lay at your fect, and to beg you to nc copt it.' Makbool, Makoool tho gift is wel come,' said the sultan Here are an bun drcd gold mahboobs; take them and pros per.' t he grateful nnd delighted fisherman isscd the ground before him and retired; but scarcely had he left the room when the ultnna upbraided her husband for Ins extravagant generosity. 'IJow,' said she, 'could you think ol giv ing the man a hundred mahboobs for a paltry fiih ? A hundred mahboobs. Would not one he mri, n,o.-a man u h worm Had you given him five, the pro sent would have bren a noble one, and he would have had cause lo bless you, and to pray that your life may ' bo long ; but to throw away one hundred mahboobs io such a manner is absurd. I have no pa tience with you ; men have discretion. Do call him back and take them from him I desire that you do.' 'How,' said the sultan, 'can I take away a gift ? It would be unworthy of a in on arch.' iNot at at all : has not he who gives, a right to reclaim his gift ." 'A right? ves but how mean it Would it not be said lhat Sultan Mustapha was capneious, and did not know his own mind ?' Woll, ilmn.' said the Eullana, 'make some excuse, but take the money you must.1 Yet what excuse can I make ? what can I say?' 'Say! oh ask him ifthc fi-h is a male or female and if lit answers a male, sav I wanted a female and if ho tolls von it is a female, say you wanted a male.' 1 he fisherman was sent tor and brought back. 'Tell mo,' said the sultan, is that fish a male or a female.' I bog your maieslv's nardon. it would be a disgrace to my beard if I 6poko an tin. truth ; this kind offish is both male nnri feniilc. The sultan could say no more ; die f; orman saved his hundred nnhboobs. a- 1 die plans of the angry sultana were defea icu. But seeing dial tho fisherman was aware of the snare that had been laid for him, admiring the ingenious manner in which he had extricated himself, the sultan dotib led tho present and once more dismissed him with good wishes for his prosperity- I tie indignation of die sultana was e::c : :- sivo ; all complaint however was in vain and she was silent. The fisherman walked slowly accross tho court, carrying the sack which contained Ihc money on his shoo dcrs ; but hearing one of tho gold coins frl upon the hard ground, ho stopped lo look tor it ; nnd alter having Fcnrchcd for H some time, found il and then proceeded on ins way. ,Look.' said the sultana, obsrvo tho nv aricoof that wretch ; one niahhoob' foil from his hag, and not content wilh Ihu 199 that remained, he has had the mranc.s i stop to pick il up, and even to toi m search uig lor it. Could he not have left it lor some of our servants who might chance to pass lhat way, and find it What a vile inonslcr ! Do call him back, and take it 'all away from him 1 would have him bastinadoed he really deserves to bo punished ; tho stick would be loo lenient for such a sordid creature. Bv your head ! I " 'Well, well, you shall he taMMicd. I really do think" his meanness deserves a severe punishment, and the money shall be taken from him.1 The fisherman was sent for and brought again into tho royal presence. ' Why,' said the sultan, 'could you not leave that one mnhhoob which fell to tin ground, and rest contented with tin 199 lliut remained ? Could you not spare it for sonic one, who accidentally pas dial wav, might havo found it, and blessed me for his good luck ? Are you so covet ous, and that too after all my liberality to you ?' It was originally my intention, replied the fisherman, to have done as you gesteil. 1 was actually otireuing my way resolved to leave die coin where it fell, when it occurred to me that your uitjesty' sacrctl head and revered name were in scribed upon it ; and I thought if any one happened inadvertently to put his foot upt n it ami tramp's upon thai bl sjed h a I mm name, the fault would havo been mine, and I should never havo forgiven myself (or. mv neglect in ravini? it out ue ground. With this reply tho Millan was tkhghif d and. inwardly couiending ins quiet ncss, he presented him with another two hundred mahboobs. Then, convinced Ins folly in permitting tlm imprudent in- to send through the mass an incessant torferenco of the queen, he issued n prec Isl'caui of the electric fluid. About three tarnation, that no man fur the future' weeks- af orwaids, Mr Crosse examined tho hotild on any ncoimt listen io ihu nd vice of his wife : a proclamation which, if rtuiior ho true, h said to havo decrease his; popularity with the wives rather more than il. increased it with Ihc husbands through, out Ins empire, nnd to hive led to insurrcc. don in public. and insubordination in private. HINTS TO VOUNG FARMERS. Consider your calling the most rlcvatOfl, and tho most, important ; but never bo above it, nor be afraid of the frock and the apron. Put off no buMtics3, which ought and can be done to-day, until tomorrow. As soon na the spring opens ant. the frost is out of the ground, put your fences in or- r, Plant no more ground than you can woll manure, and cultivate lo advantage. iever hire a man lo do a piece of work which you can do yourself. hvorv dav has its appropriate duties, at tend to Ihcm in succession. Keep no more stock, than you can keep in good order and that of the best kind. Never run into debt without a reasona ble probability of solving it at Ihc time agreed. Remember lhat economy and irrdustry are die I wo great pillars, the Jachin and Bonz, of tho farmer's prosperity. Never carry your notes in your pocket bnok, as the desk or trunk is n more appro priate place. Keep them on file and in or der, ready to be found when wanted. Never buy any thing at an aucticn be cause the article is .cheap, unless you have a n-e for it. Keep a place for your tools and your tools io I heir places. Instead of spending any rainy day at tho dram shops as many do lo their ruin, rc- piir u-liaiyvor u-.inlc monJing pout yOUT books. By driving your business before you, and not permitting your business to drive you, you will have opportunities to indulgo in innocent diversions. Never trust your money in the hands of that man, who will put his own to hazard. When interest on n debt becomes due pay it at lhat time, whether your creditor wants it or not. Never ask him to 'wait til! next week,' but pay it. Never insult him by saying, 'you do not want it.' Punc tuality is a key to every man's chest. By constant temperance, habitual mod erate exercise, and unaffected honesty, you will avoid tho lees ol lawyers and the sher iff, gain a good report, and probably add to your present existence, at least ten years of active life. When a friend calls lo sec you, treat him with the utmost complaisance, but if im portant business calls your attention, po litely excuse yourself, "and he will excuse you. Keep a memorandum book enter all notes whether received or given all mo. noys received or paid out all expenses, and all circumstances of importance. In December reckon and settle with all those wuli uhom voti have accounts pay your More-bills and mechanics, if not promptly done at the lime, which is boat of all. And lastly, when the frosts of winter shall lay an embarir - on jor operations, and die chill' ,t li'i.-'s nf old Boreas shall .-'oi -ii yuir casile. Id your fireside boa tdi.-o, and let tho long evenings be con sumed in social glee, or in the pursuit of tiseioi Knowledge. EXTRAORDINARY EXP E R I M E NT. The public are aware that Mr. Crosse has been recently pursuing a series of re. oarcbes into the process of chrvstallization by means of his galvanic batteries, and that In has ii. ado discoveries which have thrown n ifv hnllt unnn seionen Snmn weeks rigo ho prepared a silicions fluid lor die purpose of chryslalhzation. He heated a 11 in to a white heat, and then plunged it in water to pulverize it. I ho silex, thus reduced, was saturated to excess with mu riatic acid. The mixture was placed in a jar a piece oi lnnnol was suspended in it, one end ol which extended over the side, and thus, by capillary attraction, the liquor was slowly filtered, "fell into a funnel, and i hence dropped on a piece of iron stono from Mount Vesuvius, upon which were laid die two wires connected with cither pole of die battery. We should stalo that the iron-stone hud been previously heated to a white heal, so that no germs of life could havo existed upon it. Mr. Crosse made Ins daily observation of the wires lo discov. or the beginning of tho process of chrystal. Iizadon. On the I-lth day he saw some small while specks opon the stone. Four days afterwards they elongated, and assum. ed an oval form- lie concluded that they wero incipient chrystal--. Great was his surprise on the 'JJd'day lo find eight legs pn ji'Cting from each of these white bodies; still he could not behevo I hat they were liv ing beings : But on the SJGth day his sur prise was complete; there could bo no doubt t hey moved, they fed, they wero per. feet insects. E ghteen or twenty of them have since appeared. Many persons havo seen them, but there is no rccuid of such an insect. It is in form something like a mite. It has oighl legs, foifr bristles at tho tail, and Ihc edges ol tho body are very bristly. Its motions aro visible to the naked eye its colour is gray its substance is pulpy. It appears lo feed upon the silicions particles in the llmd. The uiosi extraordinary circumstance in this phenomenon is tho nature of tho fluid in which this insect lives and thrives. Tho aeid instantly destroys every other living being. But a second dial has confirmed Iho fact beyond a doubt. Another portion of silox was prepared in (he same manner, and re duced to a gelatiii 'iis form, but without tho acid. A coil ofsilvtr wire was suspended in il from one of the poles of tho battery. of. and tho other pole was also immersed, so aa

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