Newspaper of Burlington Free Press, March 31, 1837, Page 1

Newspaper of Burlington Free Press dated March 31, 1837 Page 1
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'it m NOT THE GLORY OP CjESAKJBUT THE WELFARE OF ROME. BY II. 15. STAC. THE STKANGER, AND HIS FRIEND. BY JAMES MONTOOMKHTi ESQ. Mutt. xxV. 2540. A poor wayfaring man of grief llatli often crowed mo on my way, Who sued tn Inutility fur relief That I could never nnewernay I hail not power In nek his name, Whether he went, or whence he came, Yet there was something in his eve That won my love I know not why. Once when my scanty men I was spread, lie enteer'd not a word he spnkc ; Just perishing from want of : I gave him nil; hu bless'd il, brake, And ntc, hut gave mo part again : Mine was an angel's portion llien, And while I fed with eager h.islc, The crust was manna to my taste. I spied him where a fountain hurst Clear from llic rock, his strength was gone The heedless water mocke'd his thirst. lie heard it, raw it hurrying on. 1 ran and raised the fiifiercr up, Thrico from the iJircam he drain'd my cup. Dipt, and returned it running o'er, I drank, and never ihurslcd more. 'Twas night, the floods were out, it blew A winter hurricane aloof; T heard his voice abroad, and flew To bid him welcome to mv inof ; I warme'd, I cloth'd I checr'd my guest, I laid him on my couch to rest, Then made the earth my bed, anil scem'd In Eden's garden while I dieam'd; Spirit, wounded, beaten nigh in death, I found him by the highway side ;. I rotis'd his pulse brought back his breath, Itcviv'd his spirit, and supplied Wine, oil, lefrcshmcnt ; he was heal' ; I had, myself, a wound conueal'd, Hut froom that hour forgot the smart, And peace bound up my broken heart. In prison I saw him next condemn'd To meet a traitor's doom at morn ; The tide of lyinij lounges I slemm'd, And hnanr' him, ' midst shame and scorn. My friendship's utmost xeal to try, lie ask'il if I for him would die? The flesh was weak, mv blood ran chill, But the free spirit cried, " 1 will." Then in a moment, to my view, The stranger d.irlcd in disguise ; 'The lokens in his hands I knew ; My SavioOU stood before mine eyes ! He spake, and my poor name he nam'd Of me ihnu not been asham'd ; These deeds shall thy memorial be ; Fear not, ihou didst them unto me." 0"We behevo the circulation of a few thousand copiea of Mint simple vol thrilling composition, "Too Deserted Wite. 'by Wr Tcrcival. would hu productive of as much or more benefit tnnn ns many I housand tctn neralicc tracts. Who could resist fuch natural and touching eloquence ns thi Are there anv who can read and under, stand, whose feelings are dead to such pic tureswho have neither tho head to com prehend nor tho heatt to appreciate such nppenls to the finest sensibilities? Platti burgh Republican. "He comes not I have watched the sun go down, Hut yet he comes noi once il was not so. He thinks not how these bitter tears do flow The while he holds his revel in the town. Yet he will come and chide, and I shall weep J And he will wake my infant I'm in his sleep, To blend its feeble wailing with my tears. 0 ! how I love a mother's watch lo keep Over those sleeping eyes, that smile which cheers My heart, though sunk in sorrow, fiVd and deep. I had a husband once, who lov'd mo now lie oyer wears a frown upon his blow, And feeds his passion on a wanton's lip, As bees, from laurel flowers a poison sip ; But yet I cannot hate. O ! there wcic hours, When I could hang forever on his eye, And lime who stole with silent swiftness by, Strewed, as he Inn t ied on, his path wiili flowr's 1 loved him llipn ho lov'd me loo my heart Still finds ils fondness kindle, if he smile ; The memory of his love will ne'er depart ; And (hough he often sting mi with a dart, Vcnom'd and barb'd, and waste upon the vile Caresses which his babe and mine should share ; Though he should spurn tnc, I will calmly bear His madness and, should sickness come, and lay Its paralyzing hand upon him, then I would with kiudness all my wrongs repay : Until the penitent should weep mid say, How injured and how faithful I had been." THE MULBERRY -DIFFERENT SPECIES. To tub Editor or tub Cui.tiv.vtou Sin Willi your leave, I avail myself of the columns of your widely circulated peri odical, to communicate to the silk cultunsts cif the country, some information which ap pears to me to hu of great importance to them. I nni oiiii of thosii who lirmly ho ltcvc, that the culture of silk in the United State?, is of immense interest, regarded cither as a national or individual concern, and I am rejoiced to 6co that this conviction lias already taken root, nnd is daily extend ing among the intelligent and patriotic cil zens, so as to ensure its success. It is my purpose to speak in this coinmu nication, of several species of the mulberry, and of the qualites of their leaves as food for tho silk worm, and their resistance to the rigors of our northern winters. The Monus, or white Italian, it is certain, affords on excellent aliment for the worm, and at the panic time is capable of enduring our severest cold weather. The branches of this troo are sometimes affected by frosts, especially if tho autumn is unfa vorable, and tho wood has not bocn matur ed: but generally 6peaking, It is as hardy a treo as the apple. Tho silk produced from its leaves, is of a good quality, and well reeled and manufactured, makes beau tiful fabrics. If wo had no other 6pccies of the mulberry, wo ought to bo satisfied villi true kind. Much has been written nnd eaid nf the Chinese, or Monus MutrtcAUMS, nnd the expectations of the silk culturist have been highly excited as to tho great valuo and importance of this species. It is n beauti ful treo as regards tho size and brilliancy of its leaves; and tho facilty with which it can be propagated, nnd its leaves gathered, would strongly recommend it to notice and cultivation. The question nf the most im portance is, what are tho qualities of ils leaves? It i- well accertained, I lint the qunlily of silk depends on thu nutritive qualities nf the mulberry leaves. Count Dandaln, than whom inure u no Higher au thority, cays, that "tho leaves of the broad leaved white mulberry contain hut liltlc saccharine matter," and you make the re mark, winch I believe to be correct, in tho last number of the Cultivator, that "both the fabrics nnd raw silk from our native mulberry, although they do nut excel in softness and beauty, they appear equal to nny in strength and durability." Gen. Tnllmndgc's information, that the Italian sowing silk, which stands so high, is nei ther produced from the white mulberry nor the in n 1 1 ica 11 1 is, but from the indigenous mulberry of the country, tho black or Jlo rm Nigra, confirms the position that the quality of the silk, depends entirely on tho finality of the leaf. With these preliminary remarks, I state, 1 that I received a letter from Mr. Andrie Michaux, under date of the 4th of July last, at Paris, containing the following remarks "Tho Morus JUttlticaulis dots not answer tho expectation it raised. Already wo have ascertained that its leaves are not as suitable for tho nourishment of the silk of the common whitu mul berrytrce. A method litis been introduced, that promises to bo advantageous, and has succeeded so far very well. It is to graft or inoculate near the earth, or two or three inches above tho soil, the common white mulberry on the plants of the morus mulli caulis, two or three years old ; these grafts of the common white mulberry grow to the height of four or six feet the same year." To enable us to decide on the verily of this statement, I can only say, that Mr. Mi chaux had no possible motive to misrepre sent. His character stands mo high even for suspicion ; he is an eminent botanist and arborist, and his treatise on the trees of this country, attests to his ability in both departments. I received a visit in November last from Mr. Lewis Finnclli, one of the exiles from Lnnibnrdy in Italy. Ho arrived in tho U nitcd States during tho last autumn, in coin, pany with seven oilier exiles, in an Austri an ship of war. Mr. Fiunelli, is n well ed ucated and highly respectable gentleman, who had linen thirty yours engaged in the silk culture in Lumbardy. lie is intimitc ly acquainted with the entire process, from the rearing of the mulberry to the prepara lion ofthe silk for the loom. Hu inform ed me, without knowing of Mr. Michaux's letter, that the leaves of the morus niulti caulis were not considered as suitable fuod for the silk worm as the white Italian, and that the inulticaulis was used in Lombardy tis a mere recipient for tho graft or bud of thu white. I was struck with the coinci deuce of this intelligence, and communica ted to him the contents of Mr. Michaux's letter. I am not aware that we have any expo rience in the United States winch would justify our discrediting tho testimony oftwo gentleman otsuch nigh respectability. I'm. denco at least would sugge.-t to those who intend plaining the mulberry, to he better assured ol the qualities nf the mums mulli caulis, before they adopt it in preference to the while. The silks of Turkey have long been cel ebrated for their softness, richm'ss nnd bril liancy, notwithstanding the inferiority of their munupilatton, to the stilts of Franco and Italy. This can only be accounted for, by tho superior excellence of the Turkish Mulberry. Commodore Porter visited Broussa in 1032, and in one of his published letters, says : "We visited tin silk maiiu factories for which Broussa is so celebrated they are spread all over the city, but there is nothing that can lie called a sill; factory The weaving is nil done by job work, of so much the pculcc of 3-4th of n vnrd or thereabouts : and Ihete stuffs, so remarkable for their beauty, nxe wove in intserahlo little rooms, only largo enough lo contain the loom and iho weaver, or two weavers, as the case may be." Fortunately there are already trees grow ing in this country, from tin; seeds of the Bruussa mulberry. Mr. Chirles Itliiud some years American Consul at Odessa struck with the beauty and brilliancy ofthe Turkish silk, came to the conclusion, that it was attributable to thu mporior finalities of their mulberrv leaves ; and that hu could not confer n greater benefit upon hu conn try than in acquiring the s c 1 of this spe cios, ami planting it here. From tho local situation of Broussa, which is on elevated ground at iho base of Mount Olympus wiiosu tops are covered with perpetual snow, and from the hardiness of the mul berry trees growing there, ho concluded that it was adapted to our chmato and would resist our severest winters. He ob tuincd a quantity of tho Broussa seed, and committed them to tho care nnd cultivation ol David Ruggles, Esq. of Nowburgh, on the uuuson uiver.just above the Highlands, under tnc superintendence of Mr llugslos, ho has growing in his nursery, ten or twelve thousand trees, ot about three years old Through the kindness of these cronlloman I planted out upwards of a hundred of theso young trees, during tho last spring. Mr Ruggles assorts, (and from tho appearance of tho trocs ho sent mo, I can confirm his statement,) they are very hardy, nnd not ono of tho sovoral thousand growing in his nursery, has been a Heeled or killed by the two last scvorc winters. Thoso I rocoivcd wero alive and unaffected at their tops and branches; they sullurod little in trnnsplan ting, and but ono died. When thoy made now wood during tho sumtnor, it became 1 mature an ligneous, eo that when the cold'pencd that my corn was no! bid in a cor FRIDAY, M weather came on tho last fall, every part of tho troo was mature. My own observation convinces mo, that this species of tho mul berry is better adapted to our climate, than any other kind, and that it is hardier than tho white. Mr. Ithind is of opinion that this species flourishes best in an elevated locality, nnd that it does not require a rich soil. Thoso trees will not be in the market un til after n full trial of the qualities of their loaves in the nourishment of Iho silk worm; and if thoy answer the high expectations which Mr Khind cherishes, he will expect, and justly so in my opinion, to reap nn am I pie reward lor tho expense lie has been at and the trouble he has taken in introducing them into this country. It is my intention to feed n few worms exclusively on the leaves of thu trees I have, during the ensu ing season, and the result shall be made known. Commodore Porter informs us, that the silk worm is reared in almost every house in Broussa, the inhabitants devoting to that purpose ovcry room thoy can sparo. "The town (ho says,) is surrounded by plantations of mulberry for the use of the silk worm, and asses laden with tho limbs of which, may be every instant seen going to the city. These trees are planted in rows, not more than two or three feet apart, and are cut so low, that a mnn can reach tho topmost limbs, winch are all cut off every year as the worms require them." The l urks have set us an example wor thy of imitation. If the farmers in the neighborhood of our cities and villages would plant out mulberry trees, nnd supply the markets with the foilagc daily; what is to hinder a vast many families from rear ing the worm? I venture the assertion, that if families in modcrato circumstances in the city of Albany alone, could be thus supplied, silk to tho amount of ono million of dollars might be produced annually. In this calculation I include, ns a domestic employment, the reeling of tho silk from the cocoons also. This process has been considered one requiring long practical in struclion. The art of reeling a thread of qual size throughout, upon the reels in use in Italy and France, may and probably docs require very considerable experience; but American ingenuity has taught us bet tor. Brooks' reel, lately exhibited in thi; city, is believed to bo a great improvement on any foreign reel, and it was made evi dent that the art ol reeling on that reel i of very easy acquisition, whilst the work is admirably performed. What superadded comforts the families of our cities and villa gos might cnioy, if wo would learn to follow the example of the inhabitants ol IJroussa The farmers in the vicinity of our cities, would bo amply compensated for nil their expense and trouble in thu sale of tiic leaves ot the mulberry. 1 he 1 urkish method of planting their trees is excellent. The mulberry should be kept headed down never suffered to grow higher than six feet, and the lateral branches pruned. In my opinion, their trees are set too close together; they should have sufficient air and sun, and live or six feet apart would give them both. Mr. Finnclli observed to me, that there should never be more than ono crop of worms raised in one season ; that plucking the leaves more than once in tho same sea son was injurious to the trees, as they re quired new foliage to repair the injury of the tirst plucking ; and that in tiombardy tins was an established principle. it, in any part ot this communication, 1 have said anything which may affect the interest of those who are propagoting tho morus mullicaulis for sale, I regret the ne cessity which has imposed it on me as a duty, to promulgate what I believe lo be both material and true. Yours, &c. A. SPENCER. DUTTON CORN. Northampton, Jan. 18, 1037. Judge Duel Dear Sir The following is the method of culture, and result of the seed corn purchased of you last autumn which, it you think proper, you arc liberty to give o place in the Cultivator Tlic variety is the twelve rowed early Dut ton, or Duel corn, and is tho best with which I run acquainted, particularly for latitudes north of 40o. on account of its early maturity, which is, I should say, two weeks earlier than the common or eight rowed kind. Out of "several acres of the latter, planted tho last season, I had not bushel of sound corn, it being destroyed by mo cany trosts, while the Uutton was ri pcued and harvested on the 20th Septcm ber, and did not give more than two per cent of soft corn. In the preparation of, the method of culture, &c. I pursued the cour60 Iroquently recommended by vou but was, through the wholo process, cx cecdingly annoyed in contending with old prejudices ond practises of laborers and others, who often rebelled, and were dis posed to place themselves conservator over mo, in spite of all resistance on my port. If their prophecies were to prove tmo, my corn would have been seven limes blasted. Grave doubts wero expressed as to tho advantage of tho roller, and in tho preparation of tho seed "whoever heard of rolling corn in hot tar; It will be seal ded, ruined, and never come up." It all came up however, and why ? Bccauso, bo nig ol tho early variety, it was wo rinen cd tho preceding backward season, tho re verso of which was much complained of in tho common Kind. Then, ngain, "it was too thick depond upon it, sir, when vou come to look for cars, you will find nothing but stalks; two feet "and a half! four stalks in a hill ! it is entirely ton much it will cover tho ground and you will got nothing." as to smnotn hoeing, or with nut lulls, it was a thing they had "strong doubts about." Tho cultivator, however was allowed to bo n "grand thing," nnd clean weeding presented no objections ; wero of courso was a long respite, and I has allowed quietly to enjoy the pleasant anticipation ol a good crop. It so hap Att CH 31, 1837. nor. but crew in an open field, was sub ject to the daily inspection of many a pas ser by, nnu i was much gratified by tho frequent remark, "what n fine piece of cornl" But when tho harvesting came, the objector says, "you have dono wrong in cutting it up, it is better to top it," and ngain, "you are to early, it will not harden." The fact is, however, it got thorougly hard, and brighter or better corn I never saw; it was cul tho 20th September, husked and weighed tnc lutri iNovemuer- Tho piece ground measured ono acre nnd fivo and half reds, and yielded eight thousand seven hundred nnd eleven and half pounds, n the ear, (winch, at 75 lbs. the bushel, allowed by the agricultural society,) gave ono hundred twelve and a half bushels to tho acre; also, four heavy two horse loads for well cured corn stalks, worth more than ton ofthe best hay PnEPAn.'TIOM OF THE CnoUND,MANUr.E,&C. I have a fino lot, containing six acres, lying cast, and in full view from my house, on which two or three years ago, 1 com. menced farming in miniature, on tho rota tion system, that I might judge ofthe com parativc profit ot good systematic culture, (by some laughed at his book knowledge,) compared with a slovenly and parsimonious habit, too oltcn persevered in, and 1 am so far much pleased with the result ; it speaks loud in favor of good husbandry. I am well satisfied, too, that you must feed your land if you would be fed yoursell. This lot has for many years, (fifty or more, for aught I know,) been undisturbed by the plough, from the erroneous opinion that good grass land should remain for the scythe only. The soil is mostly a warm sandy loam; some part of it, however, is lowaudwct; this I have overcome by thorough draining. (On this subject I may hereafter have something to say.) 1 prepared by deep ploughing last tall. part of tiie above lot, carted and spread up on it tho 10th of May, 38 loads of long un fermented stable dung to the acre, making five heaps to tho load, dropped at five yard distance each wav ; this, after being care fully spread, was passed over with a heavy roller, and afterwards well harrowed, plan ted the 15th of Ma, and ashed as it made its appearance abore ground. ESTIMATE 0E EXPENSES, &C. Dr. To ploughing with two yoke of cattle, 1 1-2 days, at g3, g4 50 Rolling and harrowing 1 1-2 days, single team, at g2, 3 00 oeea corn, l uu Preparing seed with tar. &c Planting, two davs, at jtl, 2 00 Three hoeincs. two davs each, at SI, 6 00 Horse and man I 1-2 davs. with cultivator, at jjl,50, 25 cutting and binding two days, at 5' 00 Picking and husking 7 days, at 41. 7 00 38 loads manure, at 2, 38 00 Carting and spreading, nt 25 cts, 0 5 g47 50 jjeuuet two-thirds tor tne succee ding crops in tho rotation, 31 Gl 15 89 20 bushels ashes, at 12 1-2 cents, 2 50 Spreading one day, at $t, 1 00 Interest on land, valued at gl50, 0 00 56 39 Cr. By 62 1-2 bushels corn, at, gl-50, 50 do. eecd do. at 2,00 2 do. soft do. at 50 cts. 4 loads stalks, 93 75 100 00 1 00 15 00 209 75 56 39 Deduct expenses, Profit, . . . $153 30 I have not had experience enough to know which is the most preferable, to plough old sward land in tho fall, and spread the manure on tho surluco the fol lowing spring, or to spread tho manure in tho spring before ploughing, and then turn it in. I think much may dopend on the season, in the first practice ; if the season should be dry, may not a goad deal bo dis sipated by the winds? and again, if it should bo wet, may not the roots reap a greater advantage than lay beneath the turf? I will thank you lor your views on the subject. Although 1 used my own teams, and hi red my labor by the month, at 12 to $14, yet in consequence of rainy weather, bro ken days, oi. c, 1 think it but right to charge tho fair price of labor by the day, both for man and team. In estimates ot this kind, the labor is frequently charged per day at tho average ot tho pneo per month, which makes quite a different re sult. The estimate of corn, at 1 50, may appear to many overrated, nevertheless il is a fact, that com of on inferior quality is selling with us at that price. Yours very respectfully, H. G. BOWERS. N. B. Sinco writing the abovo, it oc curred to me that, although in tho prepara tion ot seed corn, tar is rcccomuiended chiefly, as a protection against birds, it may also have another very important effect, (thereby saving a replanting in consequence of wet weather,) in providing a coat, im pervious to tho superabundant water, until tho sun shall, by its genial warmth, cause the germ tu disengage itself from its con finement, l The Beet Sugar business will rccoivo a generous impulso from the bounty of three cents per pound for fivo years, offered by thoact which has just passed our legisla ture. Il will enable tho Northampton Company to pay woll for thu beets and thus gonerously compensate the farmers. This company, by tho way, will commence operations oarly in May, or sooner, if Mr. Uuard returns from France. A suitable location for tho factory will bo found, bui dings erected end the machinery put in, in season tn use tho boct crop of this au tumn. The difficulty will probably be, in not obtaining enough ofthe raw materi al this fnll for their immediate consumption. Northampton Cottr. THE BEGGAR AT TIIE BARRIER DE PASSY Many years since, when I was a voung mnn about twenty years of ngc, I used vc. ry frenuntlv to spend n feunday with my mother, who resided nt Versailles, this be ing the only day of tho week on winch I could leave Paris. I generally walked as far as tho Barrier, and thence I took a sent in one of the public carriaccs to my moth cr's house. When I happened to be too early for the diligence. I used to stop and converse with n beggar whoso name was Anthony, and wha regularly to Ins station at tho Barrier de Passy, wlujre, in a loud voice, ho solicited nrms from every one who passed, with a degree of perseverance that was rcaly astonishing. I generally gave him a trifle, without inquiring wheth er he deserved it or not, pally because I had got into the habit of doing so and part ly to get rid of his importunities. One dav in summer, as I waited for the dili gencc I found Anthony at his usual post exerting his lungs, and bawling incesantly his acustotnod form of petition 'For the love heoven, bestow your nrms on a poor man Messieurs, Mndamcs, the smallest trifles will be grcatfully received.' While Anthony was in tins manner pouring forth his exclamation into the cars of every one who came within reach of Ins voice. u middle aged man of respectable parents joined us. He had a pleasant expression of countenance, was very well dressed, and it might be seen at a glanco that ho was a man in good circumstances. Here was n fit subject for tho beggar, who quickly made his advances, proclaiming in a loud voice his poverty, and soliciting relief. 'You need not bo a beggar unless you please,' said the gentleman, 'when you can have an income of 10,000 crowns.' 'You are pleased to jest,' answered Anthony By no means' said the gentleman,'! wa never more serious in my life Listen to me, my friend. You perceive that I am well dressed, and I tell you that I have ev cry thing that a reasonable man need de Hire.' "Ah ! sir, you arc a fortunate man 'Well, but my friend, I would not have been so if I had sat and begged as you are doing.' 'I have no other means of gain ing my living ' 'Arc you lame?' 'No, sir 'You arc not blind, or deaf, and vou cer tainly arc not dumb, ns every passer by can testify. Listen: I shall tell you my histo ry in a few words. Some fifteen or twenty years ago, I was a heggar like yoursell ; at length I began to see lhat it was verv (Its graceful to live on the bounty of others and I resolved to abandon this shameful way of life as soon ns I possibly could, quitted Paris I went into the provinces I bogged for old rags. The people were very kind to me, and in short time I re turned to Paris with a tolerably large bun die of rags of every description. I carried them to a pancr maker, who bought them at a fair price. I went on collecting, until to my great joy, my financics enabled mo to purchase rags eo that I was no longer forced to beg for them. At length, by diligence and industry became rich enough to buy an ass with two panniers, and thus saved me both time and iabor. Jly business increased, the paper makers found that 1 dealt honestly by them I never palmed off old rags for good ones I prospered, and see the result in place of being n poor despised beggar, 1 have ten thousand crowns a year, and two houses in one of the best streets in Paris. If, then mv friend, you can do no better, begin as rag merchant, and here,' he continued, 'is n crown to set you up in your new trade it is more than I had; nnd in addition please take notice, that if 1 find you here, another Sunday. I shall report you to tho police.' On saying this, the old gentleman walked off, leaving Anthony nnd myself in a great surprise. Indeed, the beggor had been so much interested in the history he had heard, that he stood with open mouth and eyes in astonishment, nor had he even power to solicit alms from two well dressed ladies who passed nt thai moment. I could not help being struck with the story, but I had no time to comment on it, as the dili gence had arrived in which I seated my self and pursued my way. From that pe riod I lost sight ofthe beggar, whether tho fenrof the police, or the hopes nf gaining ten thousand crowns a year, had wrought the change, I was not nware; it is sutll ciont to say, that from that day forward he was never seen at the Uarricr. Many years after, it happened that business called me to Tours. In strolling the city I stepped into a bookseller's shop to purchase a new work that had made some noise. I found three four young men, all busily employed, while a stout good looking man was giving them orders, ns ho walked up and down, with an air of importance. I thought I had seen the face of the bookseller, be fore, but whore, I could not for the mo mcnt tell, until he spoke, nnd then I dis covered him to be my old friend Anthony. The recognition was mutunl; he grasped my hand, and led mo through his shop into a well furnished parlor , ho lavished every kindness on me; and, finally gave mo his history from the timo we parted nt the Barrier. With the crown of the btraugur ho begun, ns ho had advised him, tu col lect rags; ho made money ; became lite partner of n paper manufacturer ; married li is daughter ; in short, his hopes wore ful filled) his ambition gratified, and ho could now count his income at ten thousand francs. He prayed overy day for blessings on his henafuctnr, who had been thu means of rinsing him from thu degruded condition of ti common heggar. Anthony is so con vinced of tho evil nnd sin of idleness, and of subsisting on tho alms of othors, lhat wlulo liberal and kind to those who arc VOL.. XIVo. 510. willing to work, no entreaties, no eupplica tions, ever prevailed on him to bestow a single sons on. those who would not help themselves. Ladies Companion. AMERICAN LADIES. Francis J. Grund, n German, who lived some years in this conntry, nnd published work on Geometry, has lustgone to fcng. land, where he has published u big book, entitled "The Americans." The following is n portion of his observations on the A moncan Ladies. The forms of American ladies are gener ally distinguished by great symmetry nnd fineness ol proportion; but their frames and constitutions seem to be less vigorous than those of the ladies ot almost any country in Europe. Their complexions which, to the south, inclining towards the Spanish, are, to the north, remarkably fair and blooming ; and, wltile young, by Tar the greater portion of them are decidedly handsome. A mark. d expression of intelligence, and n certain indescribable air of languor, probably the result ot the climate, loud to their counten ances a peculiar charm, in which it would be difficult, to find a parallel in Europe. An American lady, in her teens, is, perhaps, tho mostsylph like creature on earth. Her limbs arc exquisitely wrought, her motions are light and graceful, and her carraiagc at once eay and dignified. But these beauties, it is painful to Bay, arc doomed to an early decay. At the period of twenty four, a certain want of fullness in proportion is already percepti ble; and, once passed the age of thirty, the whole fabric goes seemingly into decay. As tho principle cause of the sudden de cline, some allege the climate; bnt I sub scribe it more willingly to i he great assi duity with winch American ladies dis charge their duties as mothers. No soon er aro they married than they begin to lead a life of comparative seclusion; and, once mothers, they are actually buried to the world. At the ueriod of ushering their children into society, they appear, indeed, once more, as respectable matrons; but they are then only the silent, witnesses of the triumphs of their daughters. An American mother is the nurse, tutor, friend, and counsellor of their children. Nearly the whole business of education devolves upon her: and the task is, in many instance--; beyond her physical ability. Thut, it is customary with many ladies in New England not only to hear their children re. cite the les-ons assigned to them at school ; but actually to expound to them, and as sist them in the solution of arithmetical and algebraic problems. There are mar ried la.iies who apply themselvcssorioU8ly to the study of mathematics and the clasics, for no oilier purpose than forwarding the ednrntion of their children; and I have known young men who imvo mureu col lege with no other instructions, in any of the preparatory departments, than what they received from their mothers. But this continued application lo the most ar duous duties, tho increasing care and wel fare of their children, and the consequent unreasonable confinement to the house and nursery, undermine constitutions, already by nature sufficiently delicate: and it ia thus, by the sacrifice of health and beauty, that American ladies pay to their offspring the sacred tribute nf maternal affection. No human being can ever requite the ten. iter care of a mother; but it appears to me that the Americans have, in this respect, obligations immeasurably greater than those of the inhabitants of any other country. ECONOMIES. Howln.tavc nil and candles Use sun light two hours in tho morning, and dis pense wiih caudles and lamps two hours after 9, P M. The morning sun-light is much cheaper and better than evening lamp light. How to sate expense in clothing. pur. chase that which is at once decent, and the most durable ; and wear your gar ments despite the frequent changes of fash, ton, till it becomes too defaced to appear decent: then turn it and wear it hence forth as long as it protects the body. A blue coat is as warm after fashion requires u green one, ns it ever wns A red shawl in fashion to day, is ns comfortable as a black one which fashions requires to morrow. A few years hence your fame will not depend upon tho style, color or quality of the broadcloth you wore in 1837. How to save time. Have a placo for every thing, and when you have done using il. return il to its place. This will save you much time in hunting after aticles which are thrown carlessly aside, and lie you know not where. How to save expenses in travelling. Cultivate the bump of inhabitiveness ; and if you want to go a mile or two, walk ra ther than hire an cstublismcnt at the live, ry stable. This will bo for tho health of your body, as well as n security of your purse from Inniniishuicnt. How lo save in Utile matters. Procur a Hook and keep un oxact account of all your expenditures. At the expirution of thref months, review the account and sco ho? much you have expended in four penny an j nino penny Hemes which you could ha! 0 done without ns woll ns not. Then see to it that eaeh ensuing quarter 6hall be min u just thoso things. In msny cases tho ( l gregato would be found more considera bio than you bo nwaro of, unless you 1 ;ept such an account. How to save your property, if your fi ,0uie should be consumed btJire. Get it ins" jred. No one is entitled to much charity aft er ho suffers loss, if ho neglects so easy a at cihod of securing himself. How to leave your family a sub tlancey if you should be lakecn away, Got y our jf injured, for such a mini as woulr pUce them in comfortable circumstance , ifier your decease. Banner

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